Nielsen Hayden genealogy

Philip Tyrwhit

Male Abt 1510 - 1558  (~ 48 years)


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Generation: 1

  1. 1.  Philip Tyrwhit was born about 1510 (son of Robert Tyrwhit and Maud Tailboys); died in Nov 1558.

Generation: 2

  1. 2.  Robert Tyrwhit was born about 1482 in of Kettleby, Lincolnshire, England (son of William Tyrwhit and Anne Constable); died on 4 Jul 1548 in Kettleby, Lincolnshire, England; was buried in Wrawby, Kettleby, Lincolnshire, England.

    Notes:

    Sheriff of Lincolnshire 1519-20, 1523-4, 1540-1.

    Entertained Henry VIII and his court in Kettleby on 8 and 9 Oct 1541. According to Notices and Remains of the Family of Tyrwhitt (citation details below), Tyrwhit "hanged the trees on the way from Kettleby to Brigg with carcases of sheep and beasts (oxen), to show that he could feed all comers."

    Robert married Maud Tailboys before 14 May 1509. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]


  2. 3.  Maud Tailboys (daughter of Robert Tailboys and Elizabeth Heron).
    Children:
    1. Katherine Tyrwhit was born in in of Kettleby, Lincolnshire, England.
    2. Robert Tyrwhit was born before 1504; died on 10 May 1572; was buried in Jun 1572 in Leighton Bromswold, Huntingdonshire, England.
    3. 1. Philip Tyrwhit was born about 1510; died in Nov 1558.


Generation: 3

  1. 4.  William Tyrwhit was born about 1456 in of Kettleby, Lincolnshire, England (son of Robert Tyrwhit and Jane Waterton); died on 9 Apr 1522; was buried in Lincoln Cathedral, Lincoln, Lincolnshire, England.

    Notes:

    Sheriff of Lincolnshire 1481-2, 1494-5, 1500-1, 1517-18; King's esquire; Steward of the Manor of Barton on Humber, Lincolnshire.

    Knighted at the Battle of Stoke, 1487; made a banneret at Blackheath, 1497.

    William Tyrwhit (d. 1522) = Anne Constable (d. >1518)
    Agnes Tyrwhit (d. >1522) = Thomas Burgh, 3rd Baron Burgh (1487-1550)
    William Burgh, 4th Baron Burgh (1522-1584) = Catherine Clinton (d. 1621)
    Thomas Burgh, 5th Baron Burgh (1558-1597) = Frances Vaughan (d. 1647)
    Catherine Burgh (1600-1646) = Thomas Knevet, 5th Baron Berners (1596-1658)
    Elizabeth Knevet (1608-1670) = Sir John Rous, 1st Bt. (1608-1670)
    Sir John Rous, 2nd Bt. (d. 1730) = Anne Wood (d. 1736)
    Sir Robert Rous, 4th Bt. (d. 1735) = Lydia Smith (d. 1769)
    Sir John Rous, 5th Bt. (d. 1771) = Judith Bedingfield (d. 1794)
    Louisa Judith Rous (1770-~1804) = John Brereton Birch (d. 1829)
    Rev. Henry William Rous Birch (1794-1854) = Lydia Mildred (b. 1798)
    Selena Acton Birch (1829-1880) = Rev. Richard Henry Bicknell (1823-1869)
    Constance Rosalie Bicknell (1869-1941) = George Augustus Auden (1872-1957)
    Wystan Hugh (W. H.) Auden (1907-1973)

    William married Anne Constable. Anne (daughter of Robert Constable and Agnes Wentworth) was born in in of Flamborough, Bridlington, Yorkshire, England; died after 1518. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]


  2. 5.  Anne Constable was born in in of Flamborough, Bridlington, Yorkshire, England (daughter of Robert Constable and Agnes Wentworth); died after 1518.
    Children:
    1. 2. Robert Tyrwhit was born about 1482 in of Kettleby, Lincolnshire, England; died on 4 Jul 1548 in Kettleby, Lincolnshire, England; was buried in Wrawby, Kettleby, Lincolnshire, England.

  3. 6.  Robert Tailboys was born about 1441-1451 in of Kyme, Lincolnshire, England (son of William Tailboys and Elizabeth Bonville); died on 31 Jan 1494; was buried in Kyme Priory, Lincolnshire, England.

    Other Events:

    • Alternate birth: 1451
    • Alternate death: 30 Jan 1495

    Notes:

    MP for Lincolnshire 1472-75, 1478; Sheriff of Lincolnshire 1480-1.

    The attainder of his father was reversed in 1472. He was admitted a member of Corpus Christi Guild at Boston, Lincolnshire in 1488.

    Ancestor of George Washington:

    Sir Robert Talboys = Elizabeth Heron
    Sir George Talboys = Elizabeth Gascoigne
    Anne Talboys = Sir Edward Dymoke
    Frances Dymoke = Sir Thomas Windebank
    Mildred Windebank = Robert Reade
    Col. George Reade of VA = Elizabeth Martiau
    Mildred Reade = Augustine Warner Jr.
    Mildred Warner = Lawrence Washington
    Augustine Washington = Mary Ball
    George Washington = Mrs. Martha Dandridge Custis

    Robert married Elizabeth Heron before 1467. Elizabeth (daughter of John Heron and Elizabeth Heron) died before 30 Jan 1495; was buried in Kyme Priory, Lincolnshire, England. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]


  4. 7.  Elizabeth Heron (daughter of John Heron and Elizabeth Heron); died before 30 Jan 1495; was buried in Kyme Priory, Lincolnshire, England.
    Children:
    1. 3. Maud Tailboys


Generation: 4

  1. 8.  Robert Tyrwhit was born in in of Kettleby, Lincolnshire, England (son of Adam Tyrwhit and Elizabeth Lumley); died in 1457.

    Other Events:

    • Alternate birth: Abt 1430, of Kettleby, Lincolnshire, England
    • Alternate death: Between 1457 and 1458

    Robert married Jane Waterton. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]


  2. 9.  Jane Waterton (daughter of Richard Waterton and Constance Assenhall).
    Children:
    1. 4. William Tyrwhit was born about 1456 in of Kettleby, Lincolnshire, England; died on 9 Apr 1522; was buried in Lincoln Cathedral, Lincoln, Lincolnshire, England.

  3. 10.  Robert Constable was born in in of Flamborough, Bridlington, Yorkshire, England (son of Robert Constable and Agnes Gascoigne); died on 23 May 1488.

    Other Events:

    • Alternate birth: 4 Apr 1423, Holme-upon-Spalding-Moor, Yorkshire, England

    Notes:

    Knight of the shire for Lincolnshire 1459, and for Yorkshire 1478.

    Sheriff of Yorkshire 1461-3; Sheriff of Lincolnshire 1466-7; Justice of the Peace for the East Riding of Yorkshire 1453-88. Possibly Mayor of York at some point (not confirmed).

    Joan Kirby, in The Plumpton Letters and Papers (Camden Society, 5th Series 8, Royal Historical Society, 1996), says of him "A political trimmer, he remained on the East Riding bench throughout every revolution from 1453 until his death." Another source calls him an "administorial 'Vicar of Bray'."

    In an odd side note, he was part owner of a pirate ship in 1473, which we know because he was ordered to pay compensation for its attacks on Scottish shipping.

    GX3-grandfather of the English poet and Catholic recusant Henry Constable (1562-1613), best known for Diana, one of the first sonnet sequences. The descent:

    Sir Robert Constable, judge, diplomat, and MP (1423-1488)
    Sir Marmaduke Constable, soldier and courtier (1457-1518)
    Sir Marmaduke Constable (1480-1545)
    Sir Robert Constable, soldier and MP (1495-1558)
    Sir Robert Constable, soldier and MP (1522-1591)
    Henry Constable (1562-1613)

    Robert married Agnes Wentworth. Agnes (daughter of Roger Wentworth and Margery le Despenser) was born in in of Nettlestead, Bosmere, Suffolk, England; died on 20 Apr 1496. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]


  4. 11.  Agnes Wentworth was born in in of Nettlestead, Bosmere, Suffolk, England (daughter of Roger Wentworth and Margery le Despenser); died on 20 Apr 1496.
    Children:
    1. 5. Anne Constable was born in in of Flamborough, Bridlington, Yorkshire, England; died after 1518.
    2. Marmaduke Constable was born in 1443 in of Flamborough, Bridlington, Yorkshire, England; died on 29 Nov 1518; was buried in Flamborough, Bridlington, Yorkshire, England.

  5. 12.  William Tailboys was born about 1415 (son of Walter Tailboys and (Unknown first wife of Walter Tailboys)); died on 26 May 1464 in Sandhills, Newcastle-upon-Tyne, Northumberland, England; was buried in Grey Friars Church, Newcastle-upon-Tyne, Northumberland, England.

    Other Events:

    • Alternate birth: 1418
    • Alternate birth: Abt 1416-1419, of South Kyme, Lincolnshire, England
    • Alternate death: 20 Jul 1464, Newcastle-upon-Tyne, Northumberland, England

    Notes:

    "The identity of William's mother is unknown, but his father married in 1432 Alice, daughter of Sir Humphrey Stafford and widow of Sir Edmund Cheyne, which made him one of the wealthiest men in Lincolnshire, and he was also very active on local commissions." [Oxford Dictionary of National Biography]

    Justice of the peace in Lincolnshire and Northumberland, 1441 onwards. Knight of the shire for Lincolnshire 1445. King's esquire. Captain of Alnwick Castle 1462. Styled "Earl of Kyme" upon inheriting the castle and estate of Kyme.

    Described in the Oxford Dictionary of National Biography article on his father-in-law William Bonville as "one of Suffolk's henchmen," referring to William de la Pole, 1st Duke of Suffolk, beheaded 1450. Described in the first line of his own Oxford Dictionary of National Biography entry as "Tailboys, Sir William (c.1416–1464), landowner and gang leader."

    From Foundation: The History of England from its Earliest Beginnings to the Tudors by Peter Ackroyd (New York: Thomas Dunne Books, 2011):

    John Paston wrote of one hired gang that 'no poor man dare displease them, for whatsoever they do with their swords they make it law'. He had direct experience of such violent behaviour. In a petition to the archbishop of York he wrote of 'a great multitude of riotous people, to the number of a thousand persons or more' who 'broke, despoiled, and drew down' his manor house at Gresham; they 'drove out my wife and servants there being, and rifled, took, and bore away all the goods and chattels'. The gang then fortified the manor, and kept out Paston himself as well as the king's Justice of the Peace.

    Another gang, commanded by William Tailboys, was under the protection of Suffolk; it will be remembered that Suffolk, with the queen, helped to control the council of the realm. Tailboys and his 'slaughterladdes' were accused of three murders as well as charges of trespass and assault; but Suffolk helped him to escape justice. 'On lordship and friendship', it was said, 'depends all law and profit.' The spirit of misrule prevailed over the land, and the king could do nothing about it.

    From Wikipedia:

    William Tailboys, de jure 7th Baron Kyme (c. 1415-26 May 1464) was a wealthy Lincolnshire squire and adherent of the Lancastrian cause during the Wars of the Roses.

    He was born in Kyme, Lincolnshire the son of Sir Walter Tailboys and his first wife. Sir Walter had inherited considerable estates in Northumberland and Lincolnshire (with the main estate being at Goltho, Lincolnshire), and had been High Sheriff of Lincolnshire in 1423. William gained a reputation as a troublemaker, continually disputing with his neighbours, particularly Lord Cromwell, the ex-Treasurer.

    He was Justice of the Peace for Lincolnshire and for Northumberland from 1441 and in 1445 became Knight of the shire for Lincolnshire. However his unruly character led to his temporary imprisonment in the Marshalsea, London in 1448 for a series of murders and trespasses. He was also accused of having attempted to murder Lord Cromwell in the Star Chamber in 1449.

    He espoused the Lancastrian cause and was knighted at the Second Battle of St Albans in 1461. He also fought at the Battle of Towton in 1461, escaped and was declared a rebel and had his property confiscated by King Edward IV. He was with Queen Margaret in Scotland in 1461 and was Captain of Alnwick Castle for the restored King Henry VI in 1462.

    In 1464 he fought at the Battle of Hexham, where the Lancastrian forces were totally routed, but managed to escape the field. He was later discovered hiding in a coal pit near Newcastle with some 3000 marks (2000 pounds) of Lancastrian funds which had been intended as pay for the army. He was taken to the Sandhills in Newcastle and there beheaded.

    From the Oxford Dictionary of National Biography:

    Nothing is known of William Tailboys's early life but he may have been 'the young layman by name Tailboys' who was living at Bardney Abbey in 1437 and 'did most foully browbeat and scold' one of the monks there (Virgoe, 462). By 1441 he was one of the king's household retainers, and remained so until at least 1448. His inheritance of his father's lands brought him election as knight of the shire for Lincolnshire in 1445 and appointment to the Northumberland and all three Lincolnshire commissions of the peace. But he rapidly became involved in a series of disputes which led to a great deal of violence. By 1448 he and his followers were accused of involvement in three homicides and many other crimes. Tailboys saw Lord Cromwell of Tattershall Castle as his greatest enemy and John, Viscount Beaumont, and William de la Pole, duke of Suffolk, as his patrons. When writs of exigent were issued against Tailboys and his followers in 1449 Suffolk persuaded the sheriff of Lincolnshire, Mauncer Marmyon, not to execute them, promising Marmyon a pardon -- incidents that formed part of the charges against Suffolk in his impeachment in 1450. Near the beginning of the parliament of November 1449 Tailboys and his band of 'slaughterladdes' assaulted and allegedly tried to kill Lord Cromwell at a meeting of the king's council. The Commons, perhaps inspired by Lord Cromwell, brought an impeachment against Tailboys -- the first for over half a century -- demanding that he, 'named and noysed for a comon murderer, mansleer, riottour and contynuell breker of your peas', be put in the Tower of London, to stay there for twelve months while actions could be brought against him (RotP, 5.200). The king was forced to agree to the main clause and it is clear that this impeachment formed the model for the much more serious impeachment of the duke of Suffolk in January 1450, also perhaps inspired by Lord Cromwell.

    [...] Tailboys remained in the Tower for a year and then in the custody of the sheriffs of London for another four years. After the Yorkist victory of St Albans in 1455 Tailboys received a general pardon and was restored briefly to the peace commission in Kesteven. He was certainly much damaged by his years of imprisonment, even though in 1457 Lord Cromwell's executors forgave him much of the £2000 awarded seven years earlier. His activities over the next three years seem to have been equally violent and in the Coventry parliament of 1459 the Commons petitioned that he, then living at Enfield, and other criminals be imprisoned.

    As the civil wars grew closer, however, Tailboys's influence in Lincolnshire, where he presumably remained friendly with Viscount Beaumont, became increasingly important to Henry VI. He served loyally on the Lancastrian side during the last four years of his life, being knighted in February 1461 at St Albans, where Lord Bonville, whose daughter, Elizabeth (d. 1491), he had married, was executed. He fought at Towton, defended, then surrendered Alnwick, and finally fought at the battle of Hexham in May 1464. After this battle he was discovered hiding in a coalmine near Newcastle with some 3000 marks intended for the Lancastrian forces. He was executed on 20 July 1464 at Newcastle and buried at the Greyfriars in Newcastle.

    William married Elizabeth Bonville. Elizabeth (daughter of William Bonville and Margaret Grey) died on 14 Feb 1491. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]


  6. 13.  Elizabeth Bonville (daughter of William Bonville and Margaret Grey); died on 14 Feb 1491.
    Children:
    1. 6. Robert Tailboys was born about 1441-1451 in of Kyme, Lincolnshire, England; died on 31 Jan 1494; was buried in Kyme Priory, Lincolnshire, England.

  7. 14.  John Heron was born between 1415 and 1418 (son of William Heron and Isabel); died on 29 Mar 1461 in Towton, Yorkshire, England.

    Other Events:

    • Alternate birth: Abt 1418, of Ford, Glendale, Northumberland, England

    Notes:

    Knight of the shire for Northumberland. Keeper of Bamborough Castle; Sheriff of Northumberland 1451-2, 1456-7.

    Knighted by 1455. Fought on the Lancastrian side at the battle of Wakefield, the second battle of St. Albans, and the battle of Towton; slain at the latter of these. Following his death he was attainted for having taken part in the execution of Richard, Duke of York, and all his estates and dignities were forfeited.

    John married Elizabeth Heron after 11 Jul 1438. Elizabeth (daughter of William Heron and Elizabeth Ogle) was born about 1422; died after 1471. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]


  8. 15.  Elizabeth Heron was born about 1422 (daughter of William Heron and Elizabeth Ogle); died after 1471.

    Notes:

    Married by papal dispensation dated 11 Jul 1438.

    Children:
    1. 7. Elizabeth Heron died before 30 Jan 1495; was buried in Kyme Priory, Lincolnshire, England.