Nielsen Hayden genealogy

Robert fitz Roger

Male - 1212


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Generation: 1

  1. 1.  Robert fitz Roger was born , of Clavering, Essex, England (son of Roger fitz Richard and Alice de Vere); died 1212.

    Other Events:

    • Alternate birth: of Warkworth, Northumberland, England
    • Alternate death: Bef 22 Nov 1214
    • Alternate death: Bef 22 Dec 1214

    Notes:

    Also called Robert de Warkworth. Sheriff of Norfolk from Michaelmas 1190 to Easter 1194, and again from Michaelmas 1197 to Easter 1200. Friend and counselor of King John.

    Robert married Margaret de Chesney. Margaret (daughter of William de Chesney and Gila) was born , of Horsford, Norfolk, England; died 1230. [Group Sheet]

    Children:
    1. Alice fitz Robert was born , of Warkworth, Northumberland, England; died Bef 12 Apr 1225.
    2. John fitz Robert was born , of Warkworth, Northumberland, England; died 1240.

Generation: 2

  1. 2.  Roger fitz Richard was born , of Warkworth, Northumberland, England (son of Richard and Jane Bigod); died Bef 31 Dec 1177.

    Other Events:

    • Alternate death: 1178

    Roger married Alice de Vere Aft 1144. Alice (daughter of Aubrey de Vere and Alice de Clare) was born Bef 1141; died Aft 1185. [Group Sheet]


  2. 3.  Alice de Vere was born Bef 1141 (daughter of Aubrey de Vere and Alice de Clare); died Aft 1185.

    Notes:

    Also called Alice (or Adeliza) of Essex.

    Children:
    1. 1. Robert fitz Roger was born , of Clavering, Essex, England; died 1212.
    2. Alice fitz Roger died Aft 1190.


Generation: 3

  1. 4.  Richard

    Richard married Jane Bigod. [Group Sheet]


  2. 5.  Jane Bigod (daughter of Roger I le Bigod and Adeliza de Tosny).
    Children:
    1. 2. Roger fitz Richard was born , of Warkworth, Northumberland, England; died Bef 31 Dec 1177.

  3. 6.  Aubrey de Vere was born , of Great Addington, Northampton, England (son of Aubrey de Vere and Beatrice); died 15 May 1141, London, England.

    Other Events:

    • Alternate birth: Bef 1090, of Hedingham, Essex, England

    Notes:

    "Slain in a riot in London." [Complete Peerage]

    Also known as Alberic; Albericus de Ver.

    From the Oxford Dictionary of National Biography:

    "Vere, Aubrey (II) de (d. 1141), administrator, was the son and successor of Aubrey (I) de Vere and Beatrice, his wife. While the family was from Ver, south of Coutances in Normandy, there is no evidence that Aubrey senior or his descendants held lands either there or in Brittany, with which they retained ties. The elder Aubrey was most probably the younger son of a Norman lord who prospered in England after the conquest, becoming a royal chamberlain. Probably born in the early 1080s, Aubrey junior married Alice (d. 1163?), daughter of Gilbert de Clare, before 1107. He was to become one of the most prominent royal administrators of the later years of the reign of Henry I and the early years of Stephen. It is likely that Aubrey (II) began his administrative career as royal chamberlain, possibly inheriting that office from his father when the latter died c.1112. By 1121 he was sheriff of Essex, and, later in that decade, of London and Middlesex. The extent of the king's confidence in de Vere is evident in his appointment as joint sheriff, with Richard Basset, to the custody of eleven counties in 1129-30. This unprecedented situation was probably part of an effort to collect arrears and to adjust the shrieval farms. While the king had levied one fine of 550 marks and four war-horses against him for having allowed a prisoner to escape, and another of at least 100 marks for permission to resign the shrievalty of Essex and Hertfordshire, these fines had gone largely uncollected -- another sign of royal favour. In 1133 Henry I bestowed the hereditary office of master chamberlain of England on de Vere; the office was to remain in the de Vere family until 1703. Although his royal service was primarily confined to England, he was at least twice with Henry I in Normandy.

    "When Aubrey de Vere's son William de Vere asserted that his father was 'justiciar of all England', and privy to important royal secrets, he seems to have meant that his father had travelled extensively as a justice, rather than that he had been chief justiciar of the realm. William of Malmesbury describes him as causidicus -- a pleader or advocate -- and skilled in the law. De Vere may have served as an itinerant justice under Henry I; he certainly did so in Stephen's reign. He had accepted Stephen's rule by Easter 1136, and when the king was summoned before an ecclesiastical council after his arrest of Roger of Salisbury and other bishops in 1139, he sent de Vere as his advocate. Aubrey de Vere was killed in a London riot on 15 May 1141, perhaps while supporting his son-in-law Geoffrey de Mandeville, first earl of Essex (d. 1144). [...]

    "His family was to prove one of the longest lasting in the history of the English aristocracy. His eldest son was made earl of Oxford in the year of Aubrey (II)'s death, and although its descent was several times transmitted through collaterals, and twice interrupted by forfeitures, the title nevertheless passed to no fewer than nineteen successive descendants, until the twentieth earl, also Aubrey de Vere, died without a male heir in 1703."

    Aubrey married Alice de Clare Bef 1106. Alice (daughter of Gilbert fitz Richard de Clare and Alice de Clermont) died 1163, St. Osyth Priory, Essex, England. [Group Sheet]


  4. 7.  Alice de Clare (daughter of Gilbert fitz Richard de Clare and Alice de Clermont); died 1163, St. Osyth Priory, Essex, England.
    Children:
    1. Juliana de Vere died Aft 1185.
    2. Rohese de Vere was born Abt 1110; died 1166.
    3. Aubrey de Vere was born Abt 1110, of Hedingham, Essex, England; died 26 Dec 1194; was buried , Earls Colne Priory, Halstead, Essex, England.
    4. 3. Alice de Vere was born Bef 1141; died Aft 1185.


Generation: 4

  1. 10.  Roger I le Bigod was born Abt 1045; died 8 Sep 1107, Earsham, Norfolk, England; was buried , Norwich Cathedral, Norwich, Norfolk, England.

    Other Events:

    • Alternate birth: Abt 1050
    • Alternate death: 10 Sep 1107, Earsham, Norfolk, England
    • Alternate death: 15 Sep 1107, Earsham, Norfolk, England
    • Alternate death: Bef Aug 1221

    Notes:

    Earl of Norfolk.

    "Roger Bigod was one of the tight-knit group of second-rank Norman nobles who did well out of the conquest of England. Prominent in the Calvados region before 1064 as an under-tenant of Odo of Bayeux, he rose in ducal and royal service to become, by 1086, one of the leading barons in East Anglia, holding wide estates to which he added Belvoir by marriage and Framlingham by grant of Henry I. His territorial fortune was based on his service in the royal household, where he was a close adviser and agent for the first three Norman kings, and the propitious circumstances of post-Conquest politics. Much of his honour in East Anglia was carved out of lands previously belonging to the dispossessed Archbishop Stigand, his brother Aethelmar of Elham, and the disgraced Earl Ralph of Norfolk and Suffolk. Under Rufus -- if not before -- Roger was one of the king's stewards. Usually in attendance on the king, he regularly witnessed writs but was also sent out to the provinces as a justice or commissioner. Apart from a flirtation with the cause of Robert Curthose in 1088, he remained conspicuously loyal to Rufus and Henry I, for whom he continued to act as steward and to witness charters. The adherence of such men was vital to the Norman kings. Through them central business could be conducted and localities controlled. Small wonder they were well rewarded. Roger established a dynasty which dominated East Anglia from the 1140s, as earls of Norfolk, until 1306. Roger's byname and the subsequent family name was derived from a word (bigot) meaning double-headed instrument such as a pickaxe: a tribute, perhaps to Roger's effectiveness as a royal servant; certainly an apt image of one who worked hard both for his masters and for himself." [Christopher Tyerman, Who's Who in Early Medieval England, 1996]

    Roger married Adeliza de Tosny. Adeliza (daughter of Robert de Tosny and Adelaise) died Aft 1136. [Group Sheet]


  2. 11.  Adeliza de Tosny (daughter of Robert de Tosny and Adelaise); died Aft 1136.

    Other Events:

    • Alternate death: Aft 1130

    Notes:

    "Keats-Rohan [...] suggests that Roger had only one wife. She also refers to a charter of of the time of Henry I (therefore 1100 or later) of Roger and Adelisa for Rochester Priory, attested by their children William, Humphrey, Gunnor and Matilda; on the hypothesis of the Complete Peerage, this would imply that the first wife survived at least until 1100, despite the suggested birth date of around 1095 for Hugh, seen as a son of the second marriage." [Chris Phillips, Some Corrections and Additions to The Complete Peerage]

    Children:
    1. Maud le Bigod died Bef 1139; was buried , Wymondham Priory, Norfolk, England.
    2. Cecily le Bigod
    3. 5. Jane Bigod
    4. Hugh I le Bigod was born Abt 1095, of Earsham, Norfolk, England; died Bef 9 Mar 1177; was buried , Thetford Priory, Norfolk, England.

  3. 12.  Aubrey de Vere was born , of Vair, Ancenis, Loire-Atlantique, France; died 1112; was buried , Earls Colne Priory, Halstead, Essex, England.

    Other Events:

    • Alternate birth: Bef 1040, of Ver, Manche, Normandy, France
    • Alternate death: Abt 1112
    • Alternate death: Bef 1113

    Notes:

    Tenant of the bishop of Coutances in Normandy, 1086. Sheriff of Berkshire after 1106.

    "Aubrey de Vere I was almost certainly a Norman who derived his name from Ver in the Cotentin and probably had connexions with the adjoining duchy of Brittany. He was born probably before 1040. The Conqueror granted him, with other lands, the great estates of an English thegn named Wulfwine in Essex, Suffolk, and Cambridge. In 1084 he attested a royal charter for Lessay as Aubrey the Chamberlain. In 1086 he held in chief 14 estates in Essex, with 2 houses and 3 acres in Colchester, 9 estates Suffolk, 7 in Cambs, and 2 in Hunts. He also held Kensington in Middlesex and two properties in Northants of the Bishop of Coutances, land in Hunts of the Abbey of Ramseyand land in two places in Essex of Count Alan of Brittany. The head of his barony was at (Castle) Hedingham in Essex, where he had planted a vineyard. It is usually assumed that he is identical with, and not the father of, the Aubrey de Vere who attested a writ at Westminster (September 1102 to Easter 1103 and a charter for Abingdon (1101-06). Not later than 1106 he was acting as sheriff of Berkshire, being styled simply Aubrey. Within the next few years he was acting as a justice in Northants, being styled Aubrey the Chamberlain, and as sheriff of Berkshire, being styled Aubrey de Berkshire. At the dying request of his eldest son, not later than 1106, he gave Abingdon Abbey his church of Kensington with its appurtenances and 2 hides and 1 yardland; but as he resided mostly in Essex, he founded a priory at Earls Colne as a cell of Abingdon. He seems to have held 1 1/2 knights' fees of the Abbey of St. Edmund. He married Beatrice, whose parentage is unknown. He died before 1113 (almost certainly in 1112), at Colne Priory, and was buried with his wife in the church there." [Complete Peerage X:194-5]

    "The first Aubrey de Vere was a Domesday tenant of the powerful Breton tenant-in-chief Count Alan Rufus, and was among a handful of Alan's Bretons who were also tenant-in-chief of their own fees. Aubrey's family probably came from Vair in Ancenis, in the Nantais; he occurs among a group of men from the Nantais in a charter given by Conan II c. 1050. He is usually assumed to have originated at Ver because he held land in 1086 of the Bishop of Coutances. [...] There is a real possibility that other de Ver families in England could have originated in the Cotentin, but the mass of evidence indicating Aubrey's Breton origins is overwhelming." [K. S. B. Keats-Rohan, Domesday People]

    Aubrey married Beatrice. Beatrice was buried , Earls Colne Priory, Halstead, Essex, England. [Group Sheet]


  4. 13.  Beatrice was buried , Earls Colne Priory, Halstead, Essex, England.

    Notes:

    "She very probably was from a Cotentin family." [K. S. B. Keats-Rohan, Domesday People]

    Children:
    1. 6. Aubrey de Vere was born , of Great Addington, Northampton, England; died 15 May 1141, London, England.
    2. (Unknown) de Vere

  5. 14.  Gilbert fitz Richard de Clare was born Abt 1060 (son of Richard fitz Gilbert and Rohese Giffard); died 1117.

    Other Events:

    • Alternate birth: Bef 1066
    • Alternate death: 1114

    Notes:

    Also called Gilbert de Clare; Gilbert de Tonbridge. Earl of Clare.

    "The Welsh annals note his death in 1117." [Royal Ancestry]

    Gilbert married Alice de Clermont. Alice (daughter of Hugues and Marguerite de Montdidier) was born , of Clermont, Oise, Picardie, France; died Aft 1136. [Group Sheet]


  6. 15.  Alice de Clermont was born , of Clermont, Oise, Picardie, France (daughter of Hugues and Marguerite de Montdidier); died Aft 1136.

    Notes:

    Also called Adelaide de Clermont; Adeliza de Clermont-in-Beauvaisis.

    Children:
    1. Baldwin fitz Gilbert was born , of Bourne, Lincoln, Lincolnshire, England; died Aft 1154.
    2. 7. Alice de Clare died 1163, St. Osyth Priory, Essex, England.
    3. Rohese fitz Gilbert died Bef 1166.
    4. Margaret fitz Gilbert died Aft 1185.
    5. Richard fitz Gilbert de Clare was born Abt 1090, Hertford, Hertfordshire, England; died 15 Apr 1136, Abergavenny, Monmouthshire, Wales; was buried 1136, Chapter House, Gloucester, Gloucestershire, England.
    6. Gilbert "Strongbow" fitz Gilbert was born Abt 1100; died 6 Jan 1148; was buried , Tintern Abbey, Monmouthshire, Wales.