Nielsen Hayden genealogy

Adam Tyrwhit

Male Abt 1411 - Abt 1452  (~ 41 years)


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Generation: 1

  1. 1.  Adam Tyrwhit was born about 1411 in of Kettleby, Lincolnshire, England (son of William Tyrwhit and Constance St. Quintin); died about 1452.

    Family/Spouse: Elizabeth Lumley. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]

    Children:
    1. Robert Tyrwhit was born in in of Kettleby, Lincolnshire, England; died in 1457.

Generation: 2

  1. 2.  William Tyrwhit was born about 1390 (son of Robert Tyrwhit and Isabell Kelke); died in 1450; was buried in White Friars, London, England.

    Other Events:

    • Alternate birth: Abt 1398
    • Alternate death: 7 Oct 1451

    Notes:

    Fought at Agincourt, 25 Oct 1415. Knight of the shire for Lincolnshire in March 1416, 1423, and 1426; sheriff of Yorkshire 7 Nov 1435 to 8 Nov 1436. Knighted by 22 Jul 1418.

    The Oxford Dictionary of National Biography article about his father Robert Tyrwhit states that Robert's son and heir William was "thirty years old at his father's death", which would mean William was born about 1398. But this creates chronological problems both for William's first marriage and for the life of his son and heir Adam.

    The History of Parliament has William marrying Constance "by Nov. 1410", and furthermore says that William "died [...] on 7 Oct. 1451, leaving a son named Adam as his next heir. The latter did not live long enough to derive much benefit from his inheritance, and within the year he was succeeded by his own 22-year-old son, Robert."

    It seems to us more likely that the Oxford Dictionary of National Biography article is deriving William's age at his father Robert's death from some document (such as an inquisition post mortem) that states that William was at least thirty years old when Robert died -- IPMs often seem to entail "at least" statements of that sort -- and that William could well have been born much earlier, say around 1390. While the Oxford Dictionary of National Biography gives no birth date for William's father Robert Tyrwhit, it does say that he "appears in chancery records as a JP and commissioner in Lincolnshire and Yorkshire from the early 1390s", and, later, that William was his eldest son and heir. So a circa-1390 birthdate for William is entirely plausible.

    This would mean that William married Constance by 1410 at age twenty or so; that his son and heir Adam was born in 1411 or 1412; and that Adam was old enough by 1430 or so to father his own heir Robert, which accords with the History of Parliament statement that Adam died "within the year" of his father William's 7 Oct 1451 death, and was succeeded by his 22-year-old son Robert.

    From the History of Parliament:

    The Tirwhits owed much of their importance in Lincolnshire to the successful career of Robert Tirwhit, the distinguished lawyer, who became a King's serjeant in 1399 and a justice of the king's bench nine years later, being also then retained as a councillor for the duchy of Lancaster. That he was in a position greatly to advance his own son's interests seems certain, for at the time of the latter's first return to Parliament in 1416, he was active on the bench in both Kesteven and Lindsey (as well as elsewhere) and thus probably played no small part in influencing the electors. William Tirwhit was, however, already a figure of some consequence in his own right, notwithstanding his early involvement in the unsuccessful rebellion led by the Percys against Henry IV in 1403. Royal letters of pardon had been granted to him two years later (probably through the intercession of his father), and, somewhat chastened by the experience, he returned to live quietly for a while at Kettleby, acting occasionally as a witness and feoffee for local landowners, including Sir George Monbourcher and his wife Elizabeth, the heir of Gilbert Umfraville, titular earl of Angus. It was during this period that he married his first wife, Constance, and received from his father an estate in the Yorkshire village of Thorngumbald. Despite the mediation of his maternal uncle, Roger Kelk, a dispute with one of his neighbours led, in November 1410, to a violent affray, as a result of which the judge himself went to law, claiming damages of £40 from his son's assailants. The case never reached a verdict, presumably because pressure was brought on the defendants to settle out of court; and in April 1412 William was confirmed in possession of these holdings, together with the manor of Wrawby in Lincolnshire, which also appears to have been settled upon him when he married. It is uncertain whether William took part in his father's celebrated attack upon William, Lord Roos, which incurred the wrath of the 1411 Parliament and led to the public humiliation of the judge, but he may well have been one of the armed men who attempted to ambush Roos 'in manner of war.' His rather belligerent temperament found a more legitimate outlet once Henry V's plans for an invasion of France got under way, and in April 1415 he was retained by the King to serve with three archers for the forthcoming campaign.

    Shortly after his return from France, Tirwhit entered Parliament for the first time. A year later, in the spring of 1417, he and Sir Richard Hansard (who was one of Justice Tirwhit's leading supporters in his dispute with Lord Roos) were arraigned at Lincoln on an assize of novel disseisin, but they managed to avoid appearing in court. The prospect of foreign conquests took him abroad once more in the following July as a member of King Henry's second expedition to Normandy. On this occasion he served with one mounted lance and three archers in the retinue of Robert, Lord Willoughby, for whom he was later to act as a trustee. The next four years were spent in France where he distinguished himself sufficiently to receive a knighthood and be made captain of three captured enemy castles. He apparently relinquished his command soon after the death of Henry V, and was back in England by September 1423, when he once again stood for Parliament, along with his old friend, Sir Richard. Although he was returned for the third (and last) time in 1426, Tirwhit clearly remained somewhat under the shadow of his father, and it was not until the latter's death, while still in office, that he came to occupy a dominant position in the county community. This was largely because of the dramatic improvement in both his finances and his territorial influence which followed his succession to the remaining family estates.

    William married Constance St. Quintin before Nov 1410. Constance (daughter of Anselm St. Quintin) was born in in of Brandsburton, Yorkshire, England; died before 1 Sep 1431. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]


  2. 3.  Constance St. Quintin was born in in of Brandsburton, Yorkshire, England (daughter of Anselm St. Quintin); died before 1 Sep 1431.
    Children:
    1. 1. Adam Tyrwhit was born about 1411 in of Kettleby, Lincolnshire, England; died about 1452.


Generation: 3

  1. 4.  Robert Tyrwhit was born in in of Kettleby, Lincolnshire, England (son of William Tyrwhit and (Unknown) Grovel); died on 6 Jan 1427; was buried in Chancel of Bigby church, Lincolnshire.

    Other Events:

    • Alternate death: 6 Jan 1428

    Notes:

    Justice of the King's Bench from 1408 to his death.

    "The Tirwhits owed much of their importance in Lincolnshire to the successful career of Robert Tirwhit, the distinguished lawyer, who became a King's serjeant in 1399 and a justice of the king's bench nine years later, being also then retained as a councillor for the duchy of Lancaster." [History of Parliament]

    From the Oxford Dictionary of National Biography:

    He was brought up to the law, and appears in chancery records as a JP and commissioner in Lincolnshire and Yorkshire from the early 1390s. He was created a serjeant-at-law in the 'call' of serjeants in 1396 and was appointed a king's serjeant in 1398. From 1398 to 1411 he acted as a justice of assize on the midland circuit. On 9 October 1398 he was one of those who were given power of attorney by Henry, earl of Derby (afterwards Henry IV), on his banishment, and he was also a member of the council of the duchy of Lancaster. On Henry's accession in 1399 Tyrwhitt was reappointed king's serjeant, and in 1403 was required to lend the king £100 to enable him to resist the Welsh and Scottish rebels. As a serjeant, Tyrwhitt was retained by many magnates and institutions, including John, duke of Lancaster, Richard Beauchamp, earl of Warwick, the towns of Beverley and Grimsby, the dean and chapter of Lincoln, and Selby Abbey. On 4 May 1408 he was appointed a justice of king's bench and knighted. From January 1410 until his death he acted as a trier of petitions in parliament.

    In 1411 a dispute broke out between Tyrwhitt and the tenants of William, Lord Ros of Helmsley, about a right of pasture at Melton Ross, near Wrawby, Lincolnshire. It was agreed to submit the quarrel to the arbitration of Sir William Gascoigne (d. 1419) at Melton Ross; but on the day appointed Tyrwhitt, in spite of his judicial position, appeared at the head of 500 armed men, denied that he had ever agreed to arbitrate, and drove off Lord Ros's adherents. Tyrwhitt was summoned before parliament, where he was made to accept the award of arbitrators nominated by Ros, who determined that he should publicly apologize to Ros, and provide two fat oxen, two tuns of Gascon wine, and twelve fat sheep for consumption by the latter's tenants. Tyrwhitt nevertheless retained his position on the bench. He was, however, transferred as justice of assize from the midland circuit (which included Lincolnshire) to the northern circuit in 1412, possibly as a result of the Ros dispute. At the accession of Henry V and Henry VI he was reappointed justice of king's bench, an office he retained until his death.

    Robert married Isabell Kelke. Isabell (daughter of William Kelke and Isabel Monson) was born in in of Barnetby-le-Wold, Lincolnshire, England. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]


  2. 5.  Isabell Kelke was born in in of Barnetby-le-Wold, Lincolnshire, England (daughter of William Kelke and Isabel Monson).

    Notes:

    John Higgins has pointed out (on soc.genealogy.medieval, 10 Jun 2017) that the Tywrwhit and Kelke pedigrees in Maddison's Lincolnshire Pedigrees differ as to the Kelke wife and father-in-law of Robert Tyrwhit the justice, and that "[a]ll the usual accounts of the Tyrwhit family--including HOP, ODNB, and the 1862 book by Robert Philip Tyrwhitt cited earlier in this thread--appear to have relied solely on the Tyrwhit pedigree while overlooking the Kelke pedigree." Higgins notes that the Kelke pedigree, showing Robert Tyrwhit's wife as Isabell, daughter of William Kelke of Barnetby-le-Wold, "offers a solution which is chronologically satisfactory." The Kelke ancestry given here is largely based on Maddison's Kelke pedigree; the usual caveats about vistation-derived pedigrees apply.

    Children:
    1. 2. William Tyrwhit was born about 1390; died in 1450; was buried in White Friars, London, England.

  3. 6.  Anselm St. Quintin was born in in of Brandsburton, Yorkshire, England.
    Children:
    1. 3. Constance St. Quintin was born in in of Brandsburton, Yorkshire, England; died before 1 Sep 1431.


Generation: 4

  1. 8.  William Tyrwhit was born in in of Kettleby, Lincolnshire, England (son of Robert Tyrwhit and Agnes Wycliffe).

    William married (Unknown) Grovel. (Unknown) (daughter of John Grovel) was born in in of Harpswell, Lincolnshire, England. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]


  2. 9.  (Unknown) Grovel was born in in of Harpswell, Lincolnshire, England (daughter of John Grovel).
    Children:
    1. 4. Robert Tyrwhit was born in in of Kettleby, Lincolnshire, England; died on 6 Jan 1427; was buried in Chancel of Bigby church, Lincolnshire.

  3. 10.  William Kelke was born in in of Barnetby-le-Wold, Lincolnshire, England (son of William Kelke and Margaret Barnetby); died between 24 Feb 1419 and 14 Nov 1419.

    William married Isabel Monson before 25 Jun 1406. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]


  4. 11.  Isabel Monson (daughter of John Monson).
    Children:
    1. 5. Isabell Kelke was born in in of Barnetby-le-Wold, Lincolnshire, England.