Nielsen Hayden genealogy

Rev. Solomon Stoddard

Male 1643 - 1729  (85 years)

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Generation: 1

  1. 1.  Rev. Solomon Stoddard was born on 4 Oct 1643 in Boston, Suffolk, Massachusetts (son of Anthony Stoddard and Mary Downing); died on 11 Feb 1729 in Northampton, Hampshire, Massachusetts; was buried in Bridge Street Cemetery, Northampton, Hampshire, Massachusetts.

    Other Events:

    • Alternate birth: 27 Sep 1643, Boston, Suffolk, Massachusetts


    From Hale, House and Related Families by Donald Lines Jacobus and Edgar Francis Waterman (citation details below)::

    He went to school in Cambridge to the famous Master Corlet. He was graduated at Harvard College in 1662, and was chosen Tutor of the College, 25 Nov. 1666. He is the first Librarian of the College on record. His health becoming impaired by too close application to his studies, he went to Barbados as Chaplain to Governor Serle. There he preached to the Dissenters.

    In 1669 he was planning a voyage to England and was to embark on the following day, when a request from the church in Northampton, Mass., caused him to change his plans and to go thither. On 4 Mar. 1669/70, the town voted him £100 annually if he settled with them, but he did not formally accept tor nearly two years, and was ordained 11 Sept. 1672. Soon after coming to Northampton, he married the young widow of Rev. Eleazer Mather, his predecessor in the pastorate.

    He was skilled in the learned languages and had a great reputation as a scholar. As a minister he was remarkably successful in gaining converts and in retaining the respect of his congregation. He was above the average in height, with good features and a venerable presence. He had a strong constitution, was seldom ill, and was a constant preacher for sixty years.

    A considerable number of his writings were published. The Doctrine of Instituted Churches in 1700 maintains that the Lord's table should be ac cessible to all persons who are not immoral. This brought him into conflict with the conservative Mathers, and as late as 1709 the subject was discussed in pamphleted sermons on either side of the controversy. The subject was ably treated by Stoddard, and his influence on the churches of Connecticut and of the river towns of central Massachusetts is seen in their adoption of the "Half-Way Covenant," which permitted the baptism of children of baptized but "unconverted" parents who were not full church members.

    In his old age, his grandson Jonathan Edwards became his colleague, and eventually his successor in the pastorate of the Northampton church. Oddly enough, it was the turning of Edwards from his grandfather's liberal doctrine towards a stricter Calvinsim which caused the Northampton church to dismiss him.

    Solomon married Esther Warham on 8 Mar 1670. Esther (daughter of Rev. John Warham and Jane) was born before 8 Dec 1644; died on 10 Feb 1736 in Northampton, Hampshire, Massachusetts; was buried in Bridge Street Cemetery, Northampton, Hampshire, Massachusetts. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]

    1. Esther Stoddard was born on 2 Jun 1672 in Northampton, Hampshire, Massachusetts; died on 19 Jan 1770 in East Windsor, Hartford, Connecticut.

Generation: 2

  1. 2.  Anthony Stoddard was born about 1614; died on 16 Mar 1687 in Boston, Suffolk, Massachusetts.


    Probably born in London. A linen draper of Boston by 1639. In 1641 he is listed in the records of the Skinners Guild of London as being in New England.

    A holder of many public offices, he has said to have served Boston as a deputy to the general court at more sessions than any other individual. As constable, on 7 Sep 1641, he refused to serve a warrant against Francis Hutchinson and was fined. At his death he was called the "ancientest shop-keeper in town."

    Anthony married Mary Downing about 1639. Mary (daughter of Emanuel Downing and Anne Ware) was born about 1618; died on 16 Jun 1647 in Boston, Suffolk, Massachusetts. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]

  2. 3.  Mary Downing was born about 1618 (daughter of Emanuel Downing and Anne Ware); died on 16 Jun 1647 in Boston, Suffolk, Massachusetts.

    Other Events:

    • Alternate birth: Abt 1620


    Emigrated on the Mary and Jane in May 1633, in the care of Governor William Coddington. [Hale, House and Related Families]

    1. 1. Rev. Solomon Stoddard was born on 4 Oct 1643 in Boston, Suffolk, Massachusetts; died on 11 Feb 1729 in Northampton, Hampshire, Massachusetts; was buried in Bridge Street Cemetery, Northampton, Hampshire, Massachusetts.

Generation: 3

  1. 6.  Emanuel Downing was born before 12 Aug 1585 (son of George Downing and (Unknown) Bellamy); died after Nov 1660 in Edinburgh, Midlothian, Scotland.

    Other Events:

    • Baptised: 12 Aug 1585, St. Lawrence, Ipswich, Suffolk, England
    • Alternate death: 1659, Edinburgh, Midlothian, Scotland
    • Alternate death: Abt 1660, Edinburgh, Midlothian, Scotland
    • Alternate death: Aft 1660, Edinburgh, Midlothian, Scotland


    A lawyer of the Inner Temple, in London. He came to New England in 1638 with his second wife, Lucy, and settled at Salem, but returned to England several times and ultimately died in Scotland.

    A son by his second wife, Sir George Downing, held various positions under Cromwell: minister to Holland, secretary to the Treasury, and Scout Master General of the Parliamentary army.

    From Abandoning America (citation details below):

    Emmanuel Downing was a lawyer of Inner Temple, London. He married Lucy, a sister of John Winthrop, in 1622. He had grown up in Ipswich and attended Trinity Hall, Cambridge. He worked in Dublin for a time but came back to London in 1626. He was an adventurer in the Massachusetts Bay Company from the start, and acted as the Company's attorney in England. He also looked after John Winthrop's business interests after Winthrop left for New England in 1630. Some of Downing's children -– James, Mary and Susan -– preceded him to New England, c. 1633. Emmanuel and Lucy Downing emigrated in 1638, with their son George Downing, at Winthrop's encouragement.

    Downing, an investor and entrepreneur as well as a lawyer, settled in Salem, Massachusetts. He was admitted to the church on 4 November 1638, and as a freeman on 14 March 1638/9. He became recorder of deeds for Salem on 7 October 1640, and kept that office into the 1650s. He was active in town government and often acted as a representative at the Massachusetts General Court. Before Hugh Peter, Thomas Weld and William Hibbins returned to England as agents for Massachusetts in 1641, Downing briefed them on legal matters relating to the colony's charter.

    Downing seems to have made three visits to England before he returned home for good in 1654. He was in England on business, c. October 1642 to c. June 1643. On this occasion he acted as an attorney for Adam Winthrop, and aided John Winthrop Jr (with Hugh Peter and Thomas Weld) to promote investment in the Saugus ironworks. Downing returned to New England but set sail for England again in December 1644. On 25 February 1644/5 he reported his arrival in London. The Massachusetts General Court had directed him to gather evidence against Thomas Morton. He also handled business for the Saugus ironworks, including the recruitment of Richard Leader as manager. Downing was associated with a scheme promoted by Hugh Peter and Thomas Weld, to send poor children from England to New England. Downing fell under suspicion (with Nehemiah Bourne) of pocketing some of the money raised by Peter and Weld. He sailed for New England in May 1645 and was back there by August. With Bourne, Thomas Fowle and Robert Sedgwick, Downing led a petition against laws restricting the presence of strangers and prohibiting anabaptists, arguing that these colonial policies were deeply unpopular among the godly in England. His son George Downing left New England for good in 1645. Before long, Downing visited England for a third time: he was there in May 1647, but came back to Boston by June 1648. Downing was keenly aware of temptations to return to England: he had heard John Davenport and Theophilus Eaton might go; he knew Hugh Peter was urging John Winthrop Jr to take up opportunities back home.

    Emmanuel Downing's fourth journey to England was his last. He received a letter from Hugh Peter in the winter of 1652/3, asking him to come to England, with his wife Lucy. He suspected 'George would have us retorne, and putts Mr Peters upon the invitation'. On 25 September 1654, Emmanuel Downing declared he intended to travel back to England with Robert Sedgwick within two months. He sailed that winter. Stephen Winthrop reported, 11 March 1654/5, that Downing had recently arrived in London. By this time George Downing's star was rising as scoutmaster-general in Scotland. Emmanuel Downing joined him there and quickly became clerk to the new Council of Scotland, established in May 1655 (of which Samuel Desborough was also a member). Later, Downing welcomed Fitz John Winthrop to Scotland. His wife Lucy and daughter Martha joined him in Edinburgh by 1658. Emmanuel Downing died in Edinburgh in 1659. Lucy Downing lived on in England until her death in 1679, in straitened circumstances -- reliant on her son George, who was notoriously rich and notoriously mean.

    Emanuel married Anne Ware on 7 Jun 1614. Anne (daughter of James Ware and Mary Brydon) died before 1622. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]

  2. 7.  Anne Ware (daughter of James Ware and Mary Brydon); died before 1622.


    Sister to James Ware, the noted Irish antiquary.

    1. 3. Mary Downing was born about 1618; died on 16 Jun 1647 in Boston, Suffolk, Massachusetts.

Generation: 4

  1. 12.  George Downing was born about 1552 (son of George Downing and Cecily); died between 17 Jan 1611 and 24 Mar 1611 in Ipswich, Suffolk, England; was buried in St. Lawrence, Ipswich, Suffolk, England.

    Other Events:

    • Alternate birth: Abt 1556


    B.A. from Queen's College, Cambridge, 1573-74. M.A. from Corpus Christi, 1577. Master of Ipswich Grammar School, 1589-1610.

    George married (Unknown) Bellamy. (Unknown) died before 1 Dec 1610; was buried on 1 Dec 1610 in St. Lawrence, Ipswich, Suffolk, England. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]

  2. 13.  (Unknown) Bellamy died before 1 Dec 1610; was buried on 1 Dec 1610 in St. Lawrence, Ipswich, Suffolk, England.


    "Evidence is inconclusive regarding George's wife's name. On the Downing family chart in Suffolk Manorial Families, her surname is given as Bellamy, with no given name included. Many Bellamy wills have been read, with nothing helpful about her discovered. The wills revealed, however, that son Joseph's wife's sister married a Bellamy. Could this connection have been misinterpreted?" [Myrtle Stevens Hyde, citation details below.]

    1. 6. Emanuel Downing was born before 12 Aug 1585; died after Nov 1660 in Edinburgh, Midlothian, Scotland.

  3. 14.  James Ware was born in in of Dublin, Ireland; died on 14 May 1632 in Dublin, Ireland.


    He was the father of the noted Irish antiquarian Sir James Ware. The entry on his son in Alfred Webb's 1878 Compendium of Irish Biography says "His father, Sir James Ware, came to Ireland in 1588, in the train of Sir William Fitz William, Lord-Deputy. Amongst other appointments, he secured a patent for the lucrative post of Auditor-General of Ireland, which, with the interval of a few years during the Commonwealth, continued in his family for three generations. He was knighted by James I, and in the [Irish] Parliament of 1613 sat as member for Mallow. 'Having lived a very strict and truly religious life, he died suddenly (which was his constant wish for many years before) as he was walking home through Fishamble-street to his house in Castle-street, in 1632.'"

    James married Mary Brydon. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]

  4. 15.  Mary Brydon (daughter of Ambrose Brydon).


    Said by George E. McCracken (citation details below) to have been "sister of Sir Anthony Bridon or Brydon of Maidstone, Kent."

    1. 7. Anne Ware died before 1622.