Nielsen Hayden genealogy

John of Gaunt

Male 1340 - 1399  (~ 58 years)


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Generation: 1

  1. 1.  John of Gaunt was born in Mar 1340 in Ghent, Flanders (son of Edward III, King of England and Philippa of Hainault, Queen Consort of England); died on 3 Feb 1399 in Leicester Castle, Leicester, Leicestershire, England; was buried in St. Paul's Cathedral, London, England.

    Other Events:

    • Alternate birth: 6 Mar 1340, Ghent, Flanders
    • Alternate death: 3 Feb 1399, Leicester Castle, Leicestershire, England

    Notes:

    Duke of Lancaster. 527 other titles. Richest European individual of his day.

    By his first wife, he was a great-great grandfather to Isabelle of Castile; by his second wife, he was a great-grandfather to her. And the parents of the Spanish wife of his retainer Walter Blount were GX3-grandparents to Ferdinand I.

    John married Blanche of Lancaster in May 1359 in Reading Abbey, Berkshire, England. Blanche (daughter of Henry of Grosmont and Isabel de Beaumont) was born about 1346; died in Sep 1368; was buried in St. Paul's Cathedral, London, England. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]

    Children:
    1. Philippa of Lancaster was born on 31 Mar 1360; died on 19 Jul 1415 in Odivelas, near Lisbon, Portugal.
    2. Henry IV, King of England was born in 1367 in Bolingbroke Castle, Lincolnshire, England; died on 20 Mar 1413 in Jerusalem Chamber in the abbot's house near Westminster Abbey, Westminster, Middlesex, England; was buried in Canterbury Cathedral, Canterbury, Kent, England.

    John married Constance of Castile on 21 Sep 1371 in Roquefort, near Bordeaux, Guienne, France. Constance (daughter of Pedro I, King of Castile and Maria García de Padilla) was born in 1354; died on 24 Mar 1394. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]

    John married Catherine de Roet in Jan 1396 in Lincoln Cathedral, Lincoln, Lincolnshire, England. Catherine (daughter of Payne de Roet) was born about 1350; died on 10 May 1403 in Lincoln, Lincolnshire, England; was buried in Angel Choir, Lincoln Cathedral, Lincoln, Lincolnshire, England. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]

    Children:
    1. John Beaufort was born about 1371; died on 16 Mar 1410 in Hospital of St.-Catherine-by-the-Tower, London, England; was buried in Canterbury Cathedral, Canterbury, Kent, England.
    2. Henry Beaufort, Cardinal of England was born about 1374; died on 11 Apr 1447 in Wolvesy Palace, Winchester, Hampshire, England.
    3. Joan Beaufort was born about 1379; died on 13 Nov 1440 in Howden, Yorkshire, England; was buried in Lincoln Cathedral, Lincoln, Lincolnshire, England.

Generation: 2

  1. 2.  Edward III, King of England was born on 13 Nov 1312 in Windsor, Berkshire, England (son of Edward II, King of England and Isabella of France, Queen Consort of England); died on 21 Jun 1377 in Sheen Palace, Richmond, England; was buried in Westminster Abbey, Westminster, Middlesex, England.

    Edward married Philippa of Hainault, Queen Consort of England on 24 Jan 1328 in York Cathedral, York, Yorkshire, England. Philippa (daughter of William III of Hainault and Jeanne de Valois) was born about 1314; died on 15 Aug 1359 in Windsor, Berkshire, England; was buried in Westminster Abbey, Westminster, Middlesex, England. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]


  2. 3.  Philippa of Hainault, Queen Consort of England was born about 1314 (daughter of William III of Hainault and Jeanne de Valois); died on 15 Aug 1359 in Windsor, Berkshire, England; was buried in Westminster Abbey, Westminster, Middlesex, England.
    Children:
    1. Edward of Woodstock was born on 15 Jun 1330 in Woodstock, Oxfordshire, England; died on 8 Jun 1376 in Westminster Palace, Westminster, Middlesex, England.
    2. Lionel of Antwerp was born on 29 Nov 1338 in Antwerp, Brabant, Flanders; died on 17 Oct 1368 in Alba, Piedmont, Italy; was buried in Austin Friars, Clare, Suffolk, England.
    3. 1. John of Gaunt was born in Mar 1340 in Ghent, Flanders; died on 3 Feb 1399 in Leicester Castle, Leicester, Leicestershire, England; was buried in St. Paul's Cathedral, London, England.
    4. Edmund of Langley was born on 5 Jun 1341 in Kings Langley, Hertfordshire, England; died on 1 Aug 1402 in Kings Langley, Hertfordshire, England; was buried in Church of the Dominicans, Langley, Hertfordshire, England.
    5. Thomas of Woodstock was born on 7 Jan 1355 in Woodstock, Oxfordshire, England; died on 8 Sep 1397 in Calais, France; was buried in Confessor's Chapel, Westminster Abbey, London, England.


Generation: 3

  1. 4.  Edward II, King of England was born on 25 Apr 1284 in Caenarfon, Gwynedd, Wales (son of Edward I, King of England and Eleanor of Castile, Queen Consort of England); died on 21 Sep 1327 in Berkeley Castle, Berkeley, Gloucestershire, England; was buried in Abbey of St. Peter, Gloucester, Gloucestershire, England.

    Other Events:

    • Alternate death: 22 Sep 1327, Berkeley Castle, Berkeley, Gloucestershire, England

    Notes:

    Widely held to have died 21 (or 22) Sep 1327 in Berkeley Castle, but Ian Mortimer has presented arguments to the contrary that seem to us not easily dismissed.

    Edward married Isabella of France, Queen Consort of England on 25 Jan 1308 in Boulogne-sur-Mer, Pas-de-Calais, France. Isabella (daughter of Philippe IV "the Fair", King of France; King of Navarre and Joan of Navarre, Queen of Navarre; Queen Consort of France) was born in 1292 in Boulogne, France; died on 22 Aug 1358 in Hertford Castle, Hertford, Hertfordshire, England; was buried in Church of the Grey Friars, London, England. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]


  2. 5.  Isabella of France, Queen Consort of England was born in 1292 in Boulogne, France (daughter of Philippe IV "the Fair", King of France; King of Navarre and Joan of Navarre, Queen of Navarre; Queen Consort of France); died on 22 Aug 1358 in Hertford Castle, Hertford, Hertfordshire, England; was buried in Church of the Grey Friars, London, England.
    Children:
    1. 2. Edward III, King of England was born on 13 Nov 1312 in Windsor, Berkshire, England; died on 21 Jun 1377 in Sheen Palace, Richmond, England; was buried in Westminster Abbey, Westminster, Middlesex, England.
    2. Joan, Queen Consort of Scotland was born on 5 Jul 1321 in Tower of London, London, England; died on 7 Sep 1362; was buried in Church of the Grey Friars, London, England.

  3. 6.  William III of Hainault was born about 1286 (son of John II of Hainault and Philippa of Luxembourg); died on 7 Jun 1337 in Valenciennes, Nord-Pas-de-Calais, France; was buried in Church of the Franciscans, Valenciennes, Nord-Pas-de-Calais, France.

    Notes:

    Count of Hainault, Holland, and Zeeland.

    William married Jeanne de Valois on 19 May 1305 in Chauny, Aisne, France. Jeanne (daughter of Charles of France and Margaret of Anjou) was born about 1294; died on 7 Mar 1342 in Fontenelles, Burgundy, France; was buried in Abbey of Fontenelles, Burgundy, France. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]


  4. 7.  Jeanne de Valois was born about 1294 (daughter of Charles of France and Margaret of Anjou); died on 7 Mar 1342 in Fontenelles, Burgundy, France; was buried in Abbey of Fontenelles, Burgundy, France.

    Notes:

    As a widow she became abbess of Fontenelles.

    Children:
    1. Margareta of Hainault was born on 24 Jun 1310; died on 23 Jun 1356 in Le Quesnoy, Nord, France.
    2. Johanna of Holland and Hainault was born about 1312; died in 1374.
    3. 3. Philippa of Hainault, Queen Consort of England was born about 1314; died on 15 Aug 1359 in Windsor, Berkshire, England; was buried in Westminster Abbey, Westminster, Middlesex, England.


Generation: 4

  1. 8.  Edward I, King of England was born on 17 Jun 1239 in Westminster Palace, Westminster, Middlesex, England (son of Henry III, King of England and Eleanor of Provence, Queen Consort of England); died on 7 Jul 1307 in Burgh-by-Sands, Carlisle, Cumberland, England; was buried in Westminster Abbey, Westminster, Middlesex, England.

    Other Events:

    • Alternate birth: 18 Jun 1239, Westminster Palace, Westminster, Middlesex, England
    • Baptised: 21 Jun 1239
    • Alternate death: 8 Jul 1307, Burgh-by-Sands, Carlisle, Cumberland, England

    Notes:

    Edward Longshanks, Hammer of the Scots, conqueror of Wales. Although he is acclaimed for his many administrative accomplishments and for establishing Parliament as a permanent institution, he also expelled the Jews from England; significant numbers of them returned only 350 years later. He was tall (6' 4"), personally intimidating, and rigid in personal morality, in marked contrast to most earlier post-Conquest English rulers.

    Edward married Eleanor of Castile, Queen Consort of England on 18 Oct 1254 in Abbey of Santa María la Real de Las Huelgas, Burgos, Castile, Spain. Eleanor (daughter of Fernando III (St. Fernando), King Of Castile, León, Galicia, Toledo, Córdoba, Jaén, and Seville and Jeanne de Dammartin) was born in 1240; died on 28 Nov 1290 in Hardby, Nottinghamshire, England; was buried in Westminster Abbey, Westminster, Middlesex, England. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]


  2. 9.  Eleanor of Castile, Queen Consort of England was born in 1240 (daughter of Fernando III (St. Fernando), King Of Castile, León, Galicia, Toledo, Córdoba, Jaén, and Seville and Jeanne de Dammartin); died on 28 Nov 1290 in Hardby, Nottinghamshire, England; was buried in Westminster Abbey, Westminster, Middlesex, England.

    Other Events:

    • Alternate birth: 1241, Burgos, Castile, Spain
    • Alternate birth: Abt 1241

    Notes:

    Countess of Ponthieu.

    Eleanor of Castile, first wife of Edward I, was a daughter of Ferdinand III, King of Castile, Leon, and Galicia, and the French noblewoman Jeanne de Dammartin, suo jure Countess of Ponthieu. Although her marriage (in 1254) to then-prince Edward was a political match designed to affirm English control of Gascony, the couple were unusually close; she even accompanied Edward on the Fourth Crusade, where he was wounded at Acre in Palestine. She was notably well-educated and maintained her own scriptorium, the only one in northern Europe at the time. Her preference for Spanish-style home decorations, kitchen utensils, and personal comforts had a great influence on English domestic life. She brought a considerable personal fortune to her marriage, and increased it all her life through shrewd purchases of lands and manors. Although this had a negative effect on her personal popularity, her husband always encouraged her in it.

    Her heart was buried in the Dominican priory of Blackfriars in London, along with that of her son Alphonso. Her entrails were buried in Lincoln Cathedral.

    Children:
    1. Joan of Acre was born in 1272 in Acre, Palestine; died on 23 Apr 1307 in Clare, Suffolk, England; was buried in Austin Friars, Clare, Suffolk, England.
    2. Margaret of England was born on 15 Mar 1275 in Windsor, Berkshire, England; died after 11 Mar 1333 in Brabant; was buried in St. Gudule, Brussels, Flanders.
    3. Elizabeth of England was born on 7 Aug 1282 in Rhuddlan Castle, Flintshire, Wales; died on 5 May 1316 in Quendon, Essex, England; was buried in Walden Abbey, Essex, England.
    4. 4. Edward II, King of England was born on 25 Apr 1284 in Caenarfon, Gwynedd, Wales; died on 21 Sep 1327 in Berkeley Castle, Berkeley, Gloucestershire, England; was buried in Abbey of St. Peter, Gloucester, Gloucestershire, England.

  3. 10.  Philippe IV "the Fair", King of France; King of Navarre was born before May 1268 in Fontainebleau, Seine-et-Marne, Île-de-France, France (son of Philippe III, King of France and Isabella of Aragon, Queen Consort of France); died on 29 Nov 1314 in Fontainebleau, Seine-et-Marne, Île-de-France, France; was buried in Abbey of Saint-Denis, Saint-Denis, France.

    Notes:

    King of Navarre as Philip I, 1284-1305. King of France as Philip (Philippe) IV, 1285-1314.

    Philippe married Joan of Navarre, Queen of Navarre; Queen Consort of France on 16 Aug 1284 in Notre-Dame, Paris, France. Joan (daughter of Enrique I, King of Navarre and Blanche of Artois) was born about 14 Jan 1271 in Bar-sur-Aube, Aube, Champagne-Ardenne, France; died on 2 Apr 1304 in Château de Vincennes, Val-de-Marne, Île-de-France, France; was buried in Church of the Grey Friars, Paris, France. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]


  4. 11.  Joan of Navarre, Queen of Navarre; Queen Consort of France was born about 14 Jan 1271 in Bar-sur-Aube, Aube, Champagne-Ardenne, France (daughter of Enrique I, King of Navarre and Blanche of Artois); died on 2 Apr 1304 in Château de Vincennes, Val-de-Marne, Île-de-France, France; was buried in Church of the Grey Friars, Paris, France.

    Other Events:

    • Alternate birth: 14 Jan 1272, Bar-sur-Seine, France
    • Alternate death: 2 Apr 1305, Château de Vincennes, Val-de-Marne, Île-de-France, France

    Children:
    1. Philippe V, King of France was born in 1291; died about 2 Jan 1322.
    2. 5. Isabella of France, Queen Consort of England was born in 1292 in Boulogne, France; died on 22 Aug 1358 in Hertford Castle, Hertford, Hertfordshire, England; was buried in Church of the Grey Friars, London, England.

  5. 12.  John II of Hainault was born in 1247 (son of John d'Avesnes and Adelaide of Holland); died on 22 Aug 1304; was buried in Church of the Franciscans, Valenciennes, Nord-Pas-de-Calais, France.

    Notes:

    Also called Jan II d'Avesnes. Count of Hainaut, Holland, and Zeeland.

    John married Philippa of Luxembourg. Philippa (daughter of Henry of Luxembourg and Margaret of Bar) was born about 1252; died on 6 Apr 1311; was buried in Church of the Franciscans, Valenciennes, Nord-Pas-de-Calais, France. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]


  6. 13.  Philippa of Luxembourg was born about 1252 (daughter of Henry of Luxembourg and Margaret of Bar); died on 6 Apr 1311; was buried in Church of the Franciscans, Valenciennes, Nord-Pas-de-Calais, France.
    Children:
    1. 6. William III of Hainault was born about 1286; died on 7 Jun 1337 in Valenciennes, Nord-Pas-de-Calais, France; was buried in Church of the Franciscans, Valenciennes, Nord-Pas-de-Calais, France.

  7. 14.  Charles of France was born on 12 Mar 1270 in Vincennes, Val-de-Marne, France (son of Philippe III, King of France and Isabella of Aragon, Queen Consort of France); died on 16 Dec 1325 in Le Perray-en-Yvelines, Île-de-France, France; was buried in Eglise de Jacobins, Paris, France.

    Notes:

    Count of Valois. Count of Anjou by his marriage to Margaret of Anjou. Through his later marriage to Catherine I, titular empress of the Latin Empire, he was titular Latin Emperor of Constantinople from 1301 to 1307, though he ruled from exile and exerted authority only over the Crusader states in Greece.

    "[A]n irresponsible adventurer, he did the papal cause little good when campaigning in Sicily as Captain-General for the Church." [The Ancestry of Charles II, King of England (citation details below)]

    Charles married Margaret of Anjou on 16 Aug 1290 in Corbeil, near Paris, France. Margaret (daughter of Charles II, King of Naples, Sicily, and Jerusalem and Maria I, Queen of Hungary) was born in 1272; died on 31 Dec 1299; was buried in Church of St. Jacques, Paris, France. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]


  8. 15.  Margaret of Anjou was born in 1272 (daughter of Charles II, King of Naples, Sicily, and Jerusalem and Maria I, Queen of Hungary); died on 31 Dec 1299; was buried in Church of St. Jacques, Paris, France.

    Other Events:

    • Alternate birth: Abt 1273

    Notes:

    Countess of Anjou and Maine in her own right; Countess of Valois, Alençon, Chartres, and Perche by marriage.

    Children:
    1. Philip VI, King of France was born in 1293; died on 22 Aug 1350 in Abbey of Coulombs near Nogent-le-Roi, Eure-et-Loir, France; was buried in Abbey of Saint-Denis, Saint-Denis, France.
    2. 7. Jeanne de Valois was born about 1294; died on 7 Mar 1342 in Fontenelles, Burgundy, France; was buried in Abbey of Fontenelles, Burgundy, France.