Nielsen Hayden genealogy

Henry Percy

Male 1421 - 1461  (39 years)


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Generation: 1

  1. 1.  Henry Percy was born 25 Jul 1421 (son of Henry Percy and Eleanor Neville); died 29 Mar 1461, Near Towton, Yorkshire, England; was buried , St. Dionis, Yorkshire, England.

    Notes:

    Earl of Northumberland. Summoned to Parliament from 14 Dec 1446 to 26 May 1455 by writs directed Henrico de Percy, chivaler, domino de Ponynges. Slain fighting for the king at the Battle of Towton.

    Henry married Eleanor Poynings Bef 25 Jun 1435. Eleanor (daughter of Richard Poynings and Eleanor Berkeley) died 11 Feb 1484. [Group Sheet]

    Children:
    1. Margaret Percy

Generation: 2

  1. 2.  Henry Percy was born 3 Feb 1393 (son of Henry "Hotspur" Percy and Elizabeth Mortimer); died 22 May 1455, St. Alban's, Hertfordshire, England; was buried , St. Albans Abbey, Hertfordshire, England.

    Notes:

    He was restored as Earl of Northumberland in 1416 and regranted his father's entailed estates. He was knighted by the king, to whom he remained faithful all his life. He was slain fighting for the Lancastrian cause at the First Battle of St. Albans.

    Henry married Eleanor Neville. Eleanor (daughter of Ralph de Neville and Joan Beaufort) died Abt 1473. [Group Sheet]


  2. 3.  Eleanor Neville (daughter of Ralph de Neville and Joan Beaufort); died Abt 1473.
    Children:
    1. 1. Henry Percy was born 25 Jul 1421; died 29 Mar 1461, Near Towton, Yorkshire, England; was buried , St. Dionis, Yorkshire, England.


Generation: 3

  1. 4.  Henry "Hotspur" Percy was born 20 May 1364 (son of Henry Percy and Margaret de Neville); died 21 Jul 1403, Shrewsbury, Shropshire, England.

    Notes:

    The holder of many offices and titles, he was knighted by Edward III in April 1377 along with the future kings Richard II and Henry IV, who were almost exactly his age. Not long after the latter ascended the throne, Henry Percy went into open rebellion, and was slain at the battle of Shrewsbury. His body was buried at Whitchurch, Shropshire, but was disinterred two days later to be exhibited in Shrewsbury. The head was cut off and fixed onto one of the gates of York.

    Henry married Elizabeth Mortimer Bef 10 Dec 1379. Elizabeth (daughter of Edmund Mortimer and Philippe of Clarence) was born 12 Feb 1371, Usk, Monmouthshire, Wales; died 20 Apr 1417. [Group Sheet]


  2. 5.  Elizabeth Mortimer was born 12 Feb 1371, Usk, Monmouthshire, Wales (daughter of Edmund Mortimer and Philippe of Clarence); died 20 Apr 1417.

    Other Events:

    • Alternate birth: 13 Feb 1371, Usk, Monmouthshire, Wales
    • Baptised: 16 Feb 1371

    Children:
    1. 2. Henry Percy was born 3 Feb 1393; died 22 May 1455, St. Alban's, Hertfordshire, England; was buried , St. Albans Abbey, Hertfordshire, England.

  3. 6.  Ralph de Neville was born Between 1364 and 1367 (son of John de Neville and Maud Percy); died 21 Oct 1425, Raby Castle, Durham, England; was buried , Collegiate Church of St. Mary, Staindrop, Durham, England.

    Notes:

    Aside from being the maternal grandfather of Edward IV, he was also the paternal grandfather (through his son Richard Neville, 5th Earl of Salisbury (1400–1460), and Alice Montacute) of the "Kingmaker," Richard Neville, 16th Earl of Warwick (1428-1471).

    Ralph married Joan Beaufort Bef 29 Nov 1396. Joan (daughter of John of Gaunt and Catherine de Roet) was born Abt 1379; died 13 Nov 1440, Howden, Yorkshire, England; was buried , Lincoln Cathedral, Lincoln, Lincolnshire, England. [Group Sheet]


  4. 7.  Joan Beaufort was born Abt 1379 (daughter of John of Gaunt and Catherine de Roet); died 13 Nov 1440, Howden, Yorkshire, England; was buried , Lincoln Cathedral, Lincoln, Lincolnshire, England.

    Notes:

    Countess of Westmorland.

    Children:
    1. 3. Eleanor Neville died Abt 1473.
    2. Anne Neville died 20 Sep 1480; was buried , Pleshey, Essex, England.
    3. George Neville was born , of Scampston, Yorkshire, England; died 1458, Kislingbury, Northamptonshire, England.
    4. Richard Neville was born 1400, Raby, Durham, England; died 31 Dec 1460, Pontefract, Yorkshire, England.
    5. Cecily Neville was born 3 May 1415; died 31 May 1495, Berkhamsted Castle, Hertfordshire, England; was buried , Fotheringay, Northamptonshire, England.


Generation: 4

  1. 8.  Henry Percy was born 10 Nov 1341, of Warkworth, Northumberland, England (son of Henry de Percy and Mary of Lancaster); died 19 Feb 1408, Bramham Moor, near Tadcaster, Yorkshire, England; was buried , York Cathedral, York, Yorkshire, England.

    Notes:

    Earl of Northumberland. From Wikipedia:

    Henry Percy was originally a follower of Edward III of England, for whom he held high offices in the administration of northern England. At a young age he was made Warden of the Marches towards Scotland in 1362, with the authority to negotiate with the Scottish government. In February 1367 he was entrusted with the supervision of all castles and fortified places in the Scottish marches. He went on to support King Richard II and was created an Earl and briefly given the title of Marshal of England. Between 1383 and 1384 he was appointed Admiral of the Northern Seas. After Richard elevated his rival Ralph Neville to the position of Earl of Westmorland in 1397, Percy supported the rebellion of Henry Bolingbroke, who became King as Henry IV.

    On King Henry IV's coronation he was appointed Constable of England and granted the lordship of the Isle of Man. Percy and his son, Henry Percy, known as "Hotspur", were given the task of subduing the rebellion of Owain Glynd?r, but their attempts to make peace with the Welsh rebels did not meet with the king's approval.

    In 1403 the Percys turned against Henry IV in favour of Edmund Mortimer, 5th Earl of March, and then conspired with Owain Glynd?r against King Henry. The Tripartite Indenture was signed by all three parties, which divided England up between them. Glynd?r was to be given Wales, and a substantial part of the west of England, Northumberland was to have received the north of England, as well as Northamptonshire, Norfolk, Warwickshire, and Leicestershire. The Mortimers were to have received the rest of southern England, below the river Trent.

    The Percy rebellion failed at the Battle of Shrewsbury, where Hotspur was killed. Since the earl did not directly participate in the rebellion, he was not convicted of treason. However, he lost his office as Constable. In 1405 Percy supported Richard le Scrope, Archbishop of York, in another rebellion, after which Percy fled to Scotland, and his estates were confiscated by the king.

    In 1408 Percy invaded England in rebellion once more and was killed at the Battle of Bramham Moor. Percy's severed head was subsequently put on display at London Bridge.

    Henry married Margaret de Neville 12 Jul 1358, Brancepeth, Durham, England. Margaret (daughter of Ralph de Neville and Alice de Audley) died 11 May 1372; was buried , North Allerton, Yorkshire, England. [Group Sheet]


  2. 9.  Margaret de Neville (daughter of Ralph de Neville and Alice de Audley); died 11 May 1372; was buried , North Allerton, Yorkshire, England.

    Other Events:

    • Alternate death: 12 May 1372
    • Alternate death: 13 May 1372

    Children:
    1. 4. Henry "Hotspur" Percy was born 20 May 1364; died 21 Jul 1403, Shrewsbury, Shropshire, England.

  3. 10.  Edmund Mortimer was born 1 Feb 1352, Llangoed in Llyswen, Breconshire, Wales (son of Roger de Mortimer and Philippe de Montagu); died 27 Dec 1381, Dominican friary, Cork, Ireland; was buried , Wigmore Abbey, Herefordshire, England.

    Notes:

    Earl of March. Earl of Ulster.

    From Wikipeia:

    An infant at the death of his father, Edmund, as a ward of the crown, was placed by Edward III of England under the care of William of Wykeham and Richard Fitzalan, 10th Earl of Arundel.

    The position of the young earl, powerful on account of his possessions and hereditary influence in the Welsh marches, was rendered still more important by his marriage on 24 August 1369 at the age of 17 to the 14-year-old Philippa, the only child of the late Lionel of Antwerp, Duke of Clarence, the second son of Edward III.

    Lionel's late wife, Elizabeth, had been daughter and heiress of William Donn de Burgh, 3rd Earl of Ulster, and Lionel had himself been created Earl of Ulster before his marriage. Edmund inherited the title Earl of Ulster on Lionel's death.

    Therefore, the Earl of March not only represented one of the chief Anglo-Norman lordships in Ireland in right of his wife Philippa, but Philippa's line was also the second most senior line of descent in the succession to the crown, after Edward, the Black Prince and his son, King Richard II of England. John of Gaunt, younger brother of Prince Edward, had become the 1st Duke of Lancaster and thus the source of the House of Lancaster's claim to the throne.

    This marriage had, therefore, far-reaching consequences in English history, ultimately giving rise to the claim of the House of York to the crown of England contested in the Wars of the Roses between the Yorks and the Lancasters; Edward IV being descended from the second adult son of Edward III as great-great-grandson of Philippa, countess of March, and in the male line from Edmund of Langley, the first Duke of York and the fourth adult son of Edward III.

    Edmund Mortimer's son Roger Mortimer, 4th Earl of March would become heir presumptive to the English crown during the reign of Richard II.

    Mortimer, now styled Earl of March and Ulster, became Marshal of England in 1369, and was employed in various diplomatic missions during the next following years. He was a member of the committee appointed by the Peers to confer with the Commons in 1373 - the first instance of such a joint conference since the institution of representative parliaments on the question of granting supplies for John of Gaunt's war in France.

    He participated in the opposition to Edward III and the court party, which grew in strength towards the end of the reign, taking the popular side and being prominent in the Good Parliament of 1376 among the lords who supported the Prince of Wales and opposed the Court Party and John of Gaunt. The Speaker of the House of Commons in this parliament was March's steward, Peter de la Mare, (1294-1387 of Little Hereford, Hereford), who firmly withstood John of Gaunt in stating the grievances of the Commons, in supporting the impeachment of several high court officials, and in procuring the banishment of the king's mistress, Alice Perrers. March was a member of the administrative council appointed by the same parliament after the death of Edward, the Black Prince to attend the king and advise him in all public affairs.

    Following the end of the Good Parliament its acts were reversed by John of Gaunt, March's steward was jailed, and March himself was ordered to inspect Calais and other remote royal castles as part of his duty as Marshal of England. March chose instead to resign the post.

    On the accession of Richard II, a minor, in 1377, the Earl became a member of the standing council of government; though as husband of the heir-presumptive to the crown he wisely abstained from claiming any actual administrative office. The richest and most powerful person in the realm was, however, the king's uncle John of Gaunt, whose jealousy led March to accept the office of Lord Lieutenant of Ireland in 1379. March succeeded in asserting his authority in eastern Ulster, but failed to subdue the O'Neills farther west. Proceeding to Munster to put down the turbulent southern chieftains, March was killed at Cork on 27 December 1381. He was buried in Wigmore Abbey, of which he had been a benefactor, and where his wife Philippa was also interred.

    Edmund married Philippe of Clarence Abt May 1368, Reading, Berkshire, England. Philippe (daughter of Lionel of Antwerp and Elizabeth de Burgh) was born 16 Aug 1355, Eltham, Kent, England; died Bef 8 Jan 1378; was buried , Wigmore Abbey, Herefordshire, England. [Group Sheet]


  4. 11.  Philippe of Clarence was born 16 Aug 1355, Eltham, Kent, England (daughter of Lionel of Antwerp and Elizabeth de Burgh); died Bef 8 Jan 1378; was buried , Wigmore Abbey, Herefordshire, England.

    Other Events:

    • Baptised: Eltham, Kent, England

    Notes:

    Countess of Ulster.

    Children:
    1. 5. Elizabeth Mortimer was born 12 Feb 1371, Usk, Monmouthshire, Wales; died 20 Apr 1417.
    2. Roger Mortimer was born 11 Apr 1374, Usk, Monmouthshire, Wales; died 20 Jul 1398, Kells, Meath, Ireland; was buried , Wigmore Abbey, Herefordshire, England.

  5. 12.  John de Neville was born Abt 1330 (son of Ralph de Neville and Alice de Audley); died 17 Oct 1388, Newcastle-upon-Tyne, Northumberland, England; was buried , Durham Cathedral, Durham, Durham, England.

    Other Events:

    • Alternate birth: Abt 1331
    • Alternate birth: Between 1337 and 1340

    Notes:

    "John (de Neville), Lord Neville, son and heir (a), had writs of livery of his father's lands in England and Scotland, after doing homage, October 1367. He was a captain under his father at the battle of Nevill's Cross, 17 October 1346, and was knighted about April 1360. His life of public service was as active as his father's. He served in Aquitaine, 1366 and the following years, and numerous commissions issued to him, December 1367 onwards. In 1368 (September, October) he was joint ambassador to France. K.G. 1369. In 1369 and 1371 trier of petitions in Parliament; Admiral of the North, July 1370, and in November following joint commissioner to treat with Genoa; steward of the King's household, 1372. In July 1372 he sailed for Brittany on an expedition protracted for want of reinforcements. He was then for several years engaged in Scotland and the Marches. In December 1377 he had a patent of the keepership of Bamburgh Castle for life; and in 1378 licence to castellate Raby and Sheriff Hutton in 1382. He was made keeper of Fronsac Castle, on the Dordogne, 3 June, and Seneschal of Gascony in June 1378. Returning to England, he became Warden of the Marches (as above), and in 1381 conservator of the peace, co. Durham and Sedbergh; joint commissioner to treat of peace with Scotland, May 1383 and March 1386/7. In July 1385 he was under orders to accompany the King to Scotland." [Complete Peerage]

    "He was presumably of age when a recognizance was made to him in January 1351/2. His age of 40 and more at his mother's death on 13 Jan. 1373/4 supports this conclusion." [The Ancestry of Charles II, citation details below.]

    John de Neville and Maud Percy were great-grandparents of Edward IV and Richard III, making them the most recent common ancestors of TNH and Elizabeth II:

    John de Neville (1330-1388) = Maud Percy (d. 1379)
    Ralph de Neville (1364-1425) = Joan Beaufort (1379-1440)
    Cecily Neville (1415-1495) = Richard of York (1411-1460)
    Edward IV (1442-1483) = Elizabeth Woodville (1437-1492)
    Elizabeth of York (1466-1503) = Henry VII (1457-1509)
    Margaret Tudor (1489)-1541) = James IV (1473-1513)
    James V (1512-1542) = Mary of Guise (1515-1560)
    Mary, Queen of Scots (1542-1587) = Henry Stuart, Lord Darnley (1545-1567)
    James VI and I (1566-1625) = Anne of Denmark (1574-1619)
    Elizabeth of Bohemia (1596-1662) = Frederick V of the Palatine (1596-1632)
    Sophia of Hanover (1630-1714) = Ernest Augustus, Elector of Brunswick-Lüneberg (1629-1698)
    George I (1660-1727) = Sophia Dorothea of Celle (1666-1726)
    George II (1683-1760) = Caroline of Ansbach (1683-1737)
    Frederick, Prince of Wales (1707-1751) = Augusta of Saxe-Gotha (1719-1772)
    George III (1738-1820) = Charlotte of Mecklenburg (1744-1818)
    Edward, Duke of Kent and Strathearn (1767-1820) = Victoria of Saxe-Coburg (1786-1861)
    Victoria (1819-1901) = Albert of Saxe-Coburg (1819-1861)
    Edward VII (1841-1910) = Alexandra of Denmark (1844-1925)
    George V (1865-1936) = Mary of Teck (1867-1953)
    George VI (1895-1952) = Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon (1900-2002)
    Elizabeth II (1926- )

    boldface: monarchs of England, Great Britain, or the United Kingdom
    italic: monarchs of Scotland
    boldface & italic: James IV and I, king of both

    TNH is therefore 19th cousin once removed to Elizabeth II, no doubt sharing that distinction with literally hundreds of millions of other people.

    John married Maud Percy Bef 1362. Maud (daughter of Henry de Percy and Idoine de Clifford) was born Abt 1345, Alnwick, Northumberland, England; died Bef 18 Feb 1379; was buried , Durham Cathedral, Durham, Durham, England. [Group Sheet]


  6. 13.  Maud Percy was born Abt 1345, Alnwick, Northumberland, England (daughter of Henry de Percy and Idoine de Clifford); died Bef 18 Feb 1379; was buried , Durham Cathedral, Durham, Durham, England.

    Other Events:

    • Alternate death: 18 Feb 1379

    Notes:

    Richardson's RA has them married "before 1362." The Ancestry of Charles II says their marriage contract was dated July 1344.

    Children:
    1. Eleanor Neville died Aft 1441.
    2. Thomas Neville died 14 Mar 1407; was buried , Worksop Priory, Nottinghamshire, England.
    3. 6. Ralph de Neville was born Between 1364 and 1367; died 21 Oct 1425, Raby Castle, Durham, England; was buried , Collegiate Church of St. Mary, Staindrop, Durham, England.

  7. 14.  John of Gaunt was born Mar 1340, Ghent, Flanders (son of Edward III, King of England and Philippa of Hainault, Queen Consort of England); died 3 Feb 1399, Leicester Castle, Leicester, Leicestershire, England; was buried , St. Paul's Cathedral, London, England.

    Other Events:

    • Alternate birth: 6 Mar 1340, Ghent, Flanders
    • Alternate death: 3 Feb 1399, Leicester Castle, Leicestershire, England

    Notes:

    Duke of Lancaster. 527 other titles. Richest European individual of his day.

    By his first wife, he was a great-great grandfather to Isabelle of Castile; by his second wife, he was a great-grandfather to her. And the parents of the Spanish wife of his retainer Walter Blount were GX3-grandparents to Ferdinand I.

    John married Catherine de Roet Jan 1396, Lincoln Cathedral, Lincoln, Lincolnshire, England. Catherine (daughter of Payne de Roet) was born Abt 1350; died 10 May 1403, Lincoln, Lincolnshire, England; was buried , Lincoln, Lincolnshire, England. [Group Sheet]


  8. 15.  Catherine de Roet was born Abt 1350 (daughter of Payne de Roet); died 10 May 1403, Lincoln, Lincolnshire, England; was buried , Lincoln, Lincolnshire, England.

    Notes:

    Frequently called Katherine or Catherine Swynford, after her first marriage to Hugh Swynford, even in the context of her subsequent marriage to John of Gaunt.

    Children:
    1. John Beaufort was born Abt 1371; died 16 Mar 1410, Hospital of St.-Catherine-by-the-Tower, London, England; was buried , Canterbury Cathedral, Canterbury, Kent, England.
    2. 7. Joan Beaufort was born Abt 1379; died 13 Nov 1440, Howden, Yorkshire, England; was buried , Lincoln Cathedral, Lincoln, Lincolnshire, England.