Nielsen Hayden genealogy

Elizabeth de Burgh

Female 1332 - 1363  (31 years)


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Generation: 1

  1. 1.  Elizabeth de Burgh was born on 6 Jul 1332 in Carrickfergus Castle, Ireland (daughter of William de Burgh and Maud of Lancaster); died on 10 Dec 1363 in Dublin, Ireland; was buried in Austin Friars, Clare, Suffolk, England.

    Notes:

    Countess of Ulster.

    The earliest surviving record in which Geoffrey Chaucer is named is a 1357 entry in the account book of her household, in which Chaucer is the recipient of clothing and a small gift "for neccessaries at Christmas." He appears to have been one of her retainers, possibly a page, and was connected with her household until at least 1360. When Prince Lionel came of age in 1359, her household and his merged and Chaucer became one of his retainers.

    Elizabeth married Lionel of Antwerp on 15 Aug 1342 in Tower of London, London, England. Lionel (son of Edward III, King of England and Philippa of Hainault, Queen Consort of England) was born on 29 Nov 1338 in Antwerp, Brabant, Flanders; died on 17 Oct 1368 in Alba, Piedmont, Italy; was buried in Austin Friars, Clare, Suffolk, England. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]

    Children:
    1. Philippe of Clarence was born on 16 Aug 1355 in Eltham, Kent, England; died before 8 Jan 1378; was buried in Wigmore Abbey, Herefordshire, England.

Generation: 2

  1. 2.  William de Burgh was born on 17 Sep 1312 (son of John de Burgh and Elizabeth de Clare); died on 6 Jun 1333 in Le Ford (now Belfast), Ireland.

    Notes:

    Summoned to Parliament from 10 Dec 1327 tp 15 Jun 1328 by writs directed Willelmo de Burgh. Murdered at Le Ford (now Belfast) by Richard de Mandeville, John de Logan, and others.

    William married Maud of Lancaster before 16 Nov 1327. Maud (daughter of Henry of Lancaster and Maud de Chaworth) died on 5 May 1377. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]


  2. 3.  Maud of Lancaster (daughter of Henry of Lancaster and Maud de Chaworth); died on 5 May 1377.
    Children:
    1. 1. Elizabeth de Burgh was born on 6 Jul 1332 in Carrickfergus Castle, Ireland; died on 10 Dec 1363 in Dublin, Ireland; was buried in Austin Friars, Clare, Suffolk, England.


Generation: 3

  1. 4.  John de Burgh (son of Richard de Burgh and Margaret); died on 18 Jun 1313 in Galway, Ireland.

    John married Elizabeth de Clare on 30 Sep 1308 in Waltham Abbey, Essex, England. Elizabeth (daughter of Gilbert de Clare and Joan of Acre) was born in Nov 1295 in Caerphilly, Glamorgan, Wales; died on 4 Nov 1360. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]


  2. 5.  Elizabeth de Clare was born in Nov 1295 in Caerphilly, Glamorgan, Wales (daughter of Gilbert de Clare and Joan of Acre); died on 4 Nov 1360.
    Children:
    1. 2. William de Burgh was born on 17 Sep 1312; died on 6 Jun 1333 in Le Ford (now Belfast), Ireland.

  3. 6.  Henry of Lancaster was born about 1280 (son of Edmund "Crouchback" and Blanche of Artois); died on 22 Sep 1345; was buried in The Newarke, Leicester Castle, Leicester, Leicestershire, England.

    Other Events:

    • Alternate birth: Abt 1281, Grosmont Castle, Monmouthshire, Wales

    Notes:

    Also called "Tortcol"; also called Henry Plantagenet.

    Earl of Lancaster. Earl of Leicester.

    Steward of England; Constable of Abergavenny and Kenilworth Castles 1326; Chief Guardian of the King 1327; Captain-General of the Marches towards Scotland 1327; Councillor of Regency 1345.

    Summoned to Parliament by writs 6 Feb 1299 onward.

    "Served against the Scots and in Flanders, at the siege of Carlaverock in 1300, among the barons forcing restrictions on Edward II's powers, joined the queen's party in 1326 and captured the king later that year, knighted Edward III at his coronation, became blind in about 1330, but continued to participate in public affairs and as a counselor of the king." [Ancestry of Charles II, citation details below.]

    Henry of Lancaster and Maud de Chaworth were great-grandparents of both Henry IV and his queen, Mary de Bohun.

    Henry married Maud de Chaworth before 2 Mar 1297. Maud (daughter of Patrick de Chaworth and Isabel de Beauchamp) was born on 2 Feb 1282; died before 3 Dec 1322; was buried in Mottisfont Priory, Hampshire, England. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]


  4. 7.  Maud de Chaworth was born on 2 Feb 1282 (daughter of Patrick de Chaworth and Isabel de Beauchamp); died before 3 Dec 1322; was buried in Mottisfont Priory, Hampshire, England.

    Notes:

    Also called Maud de Chaorces.

    Children:
    1. 3. Maud of Lancaster died on 5 May 1377.
    2. Joan of Lancaster was born about 1312; died after 1345; was buried in Byland, Yorkshire, England.
    3. Henry of Grosmont was born in 1314; died on 23 Mar 1361.
    4. Eleanor of Lancaster was born about 1318; died on 11 Jan 1372 in Arundel, Sussex, England; was buried in Lewes Priory, Sussex, England.
    5. Mary of Lancaster was born about 1320; died on 1 Sep 1362; was buried in Alnwick Abbey, Northumberland, England.


Generation: 4

  1. 8.  Richard de Burgh was born about 1259 (son of Walter de Burgh and Avelina fitz John); died on 29 Jul 1326 in Monastery at Athassel-on-the-Suir, Tipperary, Ireland.

    Notes:

    Earl of Ulster. Lieutenant of Ireland.

    Richard married Margaret before 27 Feb 1281. Margaret died in 1304. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]


  2. 9.  Margaret died in 1304.
    Children:
    1. 4. John de Burgh died on 18 Jun 1313 in Galway, Ireland.
    2. Joan de Burgh died on 23 Apr 1359.
    3. Elizabeth de Burgh died on 26 Oct 1327 in Cullen, Moray, Scotland; was buried in Dunfermline, Fife, Scotland.
    4. Eleanor de Burgh was born in 1282 in Wales; died after 1326.

  3. 10.  Gilbert de Clare was born on 2 Sep 1243 in Christchurch, Hampshire, England (son of Richard de Clare and Maud de Lacy); died on 7 Dec 1295 in Monmouth Castle, Monmouthshire, Wales; was buried in Tewkesbury Abbey, Tewkesbury, Gloucestershire, England.

    Other Events:

    • Alternate death: 1299

    Notes:

    Called "Red Gilbert" and "The Red Earl". Earl of Gloucester. Earl of Hertford. Steward of St. Edmund's Abbey. Held, among many other manors and lordships, the lordship of Glamorgan, one of the most wealthy holdings in the Welsh Marches. Built Caerphilly Castle.

    A turbulent figure who fought on both sides of the Second Barons' War of 1263-64, first alongside Simon de Montfort at the battle of Lewes (where according to some accounts he personally took Henry III prisoner), and then on the side of the king, commanding one of the royal divisions at the decisive battle of Evesham where de Montfort was killed.

    His subsequent relationships with Henry III and Edward I were complex and fraught. As one of the two or three most powerful non-royal individuals in the realm, he was both a desirable ally and also the very model of the kind of overweening subject that Edward was determined to tame -- and ultimately did.

    As a side note, it is worth noting that while de Clare was still allied to the baronial party, he led the massacre of the Jews at Canterbury, which took place while other rebel leaders were conducting similar massacres in London. Ian Stone writes in "The Rebel Barons of 1264 and the Commune of London," quoted here: "The Dunstable annals report rumours that the Jews of London were preparing to betray the citizens: they had Greek fire to burn the city, copies of the keys to the city gates, and subterranean passages to each gate. Such tales were used to excuse an outbreak of looting and murder. One chronicler says that the Jews were suspected of betraying the barons and citizens, and almost all were killed. Another says that the Jewish quarter was pillaged, and any Jews who were caught were stripped, robbed and murdered. Estimates of the number killed range from 200 to 500, with the remainder forcibly converted or imprisoned (or, looking at it another way, the rest were saved by the justices and the mayor, who sent them to the Tower for protection). The chronicler Wykes, who tended to be less favourable to the baronial party, singled out the baronial leader John fitz John, who was said to have killed the leading Jew, Kok son of Abraham, with his own hands, and seized his treasure. Fitz John was then forced to share the proceeds with Simon de Montfort. It is possible that de Montfort was taking the Jewish treasure, not to enrich himself, but to finance his forces. At the same time, the cash of Italian and French merchants, deposited in religious houses around London, was also seized and taken to the city."

    Gilbert married Joan of Acre in May 1290 in Westminster Abbey, Westminster, Middlesex, England. Joan (daughter of Edward I, King of England and Eleanor of Castile, Queen Consort of England) was born in 1272 in Acre, Palestine; died on 23 Apr 1307 in Clare, Suffolk, England; was buried in Austin Friars, Clare, Suffolk, England. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]


  4. 11.  Joan of Acre was born in 1272 in Acre, Palestine (daughter of Edward I, King of England and Eleanor of Castile, Queen Consort of England); died on 23 Apr 1307 in Clare, Suffolk, England; was buried in Austin Friars, Clare, Suffolk, England.

    Other Events:

    • Alternate death: 7 Apr 1307
    • Alternate death: 28 Apr 1307, Clare, Suffolk, England

    Notes:

    Also called Joan of England.

    "The agreement for Joan's marriage to Gilbert de Clare, earl of Hertford and Gloucester, was made in 1283. Gilbert and his first wife, Alice de la Marche, had had only two daughters; this marriage was dissolved in 1285, and a papal dispensation for the marriage to Joan was obtained four years later. Gilbert surrendered all his lands to the king, and they were settled jointly on Gilbert and Joan for their lives, and were then to pass to their children; if however the marriage was childless, the lands were to pass to Joan's children by any later marriage. The wedding took place at Westminster in early May 1290." [Oxford Dictionary of National Biography]

    Because of this agreement, Joan remained in control of the estates following Gilbert's death in 1295. Her father intended for her to marry Amadeus V of Savoy, but instead she secretly married Ralph de Monthermer, a squire of Earl Gilbert's household whom she had previously persuaded her father to knight. "She is reputed to have said 'It is not ignominious or shameful for a great and powerful earl to marry a poor and weak woman; in the reverse case it is neither reprehensible or difficult for a countess to promote a vigorous young man.'" [Oxford Dictionary of National Biography] Her enraged father slapped de Monthermer into prison and seized all of Joan's lands, but through the mediation of Anthony Bek, Bishop of Durham, father and daughter were reconciled and her estates restored to her. Subsequently the king "became much attached to his new son-in-law, who was summoned to Parliament as Earl of Gloucester and Hertford during the minority of his step-son Gilbert de Clare." [Royal Ancestry] De Monthermer went on to serve in a variety of offices and military roles.

    Notes:

    Royal Ancestry gives the date of their marriage as 23 April 1290; Complete Peerage as 30 April; the ODNB as "early May."

    Children:
    1. Margaret de Clare was born about 1292 in Caerphilly, Glamorgan, Wales; died on 9 Apr 1342; was buried in Queenhithe, London, England.
    2. Eleanor de Clare was born in Oct 1292 in Caerphilly, Glamorgan, Wales; died on 30 Jun 1337.
    3. 5. Elizabeth de Clare was born in Nov 1295 in Caerphilly, Glamorgan, Wales; died on 4 Nov 1360.

  5. 12.  Edmund "Crouchback" was born on 16 Jan 1245 in London, England (son of Henry III, King of England and Eleanor of Provence, Queen Consort of England); died on 5 Jun 1296 in Bayonne, Aquitaine, France; was buried in Westminster Abbey, Westminster, Middlesex, England.

    Notes:

    Earl of Leicester; Earl of Lancaster; Earl of Derby. Steward of England 1265; Keeper of the Isle of Lundy 1266; Warden of Sherborne Castle 1267; Lieutenant of Pothieu 1291; Lieutenant of Gascony 1296.

    Nearly King of Sicily.

    Summoned to Parliament by writ 24 Jun 1295; definitely far from the most interesting thing that ever happened to him.

    Edmund married Blanche of Artois on 18 Jan 1276 in Paris, France. Blanche (daughter of Robert of France and Mahaut of Brabant) was born about 1248; died on 2 May 1302 in Paris, France; was buried in Church of the Cordeliers, Paris, France. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]


  6. 13.  Blanche of Artois was born about 1248 (daughter of Robert of France and Mahaut of Brabant); died on 2 May 1302 in Paris, France; was buried in Church of the Cordeliers, Paris, France.

    Notes:

    "Her heart was buried in the choir of the conventual church of the Minoresses at Nogent-l'Artaud." [Royal Ancestry]

    Children:
    1. Thomas of Lancaster died on 22 Mar 1322 in Pontefract, Yorkshire, England.
    2. 6. Henry of Lancaster was born about 1280; died on 22 Sep 1345; was buried in The Newarke, Leicester Castle, Leicester, Leicestershire, England.

  7. 14.  Patrick de Chaworth was born about 1254 in of Kidwelly, Carmarthenshire, Wales (son of Patrick de Chaworth and Hawise de London); died before 7 Jul 1283.

    Other Events:

    • Alternate birth: Abt 1254, of Kempsford, Gloucestershire, England
    • Alternate death: Abt 7 Jul 1283, Kidwelly, Carmarthenshire, Wales

    Notes:

    Also called Patric de Chaorces, Patric de Cadurcis, Payn Chaworth. Accompanied Henry III on a crusade to the Near East in 1269.

    Patrick married Isabel de Beauchamp. Isabel (daughter of William de Beauchamp and Maud fitz John) died before 30 May 1306. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]


  8. 15.  Isabel de Beauchamp (daughter of William de Beauchamp and Maud fitz John); died before 30 May 1306.
    Children:
    1. 7. Maud de Chaworth was born on 2 Feb 1282; died before 3 Dec 1322; was buried in Mottisfont Priory, Hampshire, England.