Nielsen Hayden genealogy

Alexander II, King of Scotland

Male 1198 - 1249  (50 years)


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Generation: 1

  1. 1.  Alexander II, King of Scotland was born 24 Aug 1198, Haddington, East Lothian, Scotland (son of William I "The Lion", King of Scotland and Ermengarde de Beaumont); died 8 Jul 1249, Kerrera, Argyll, Scotland; was buried , Melrose Abbey, Roxburghshire, Scotland.

    Alexander — (Unknown mistress of Alexander II). [Group Sheet]

    Children:
    1. Marjory of Scotland

    Alexander married Joan of England 19 Jun 1221, York, Yorkshire, England. Joan (daughter of John, King of England and Isabel of Angoulême, Queen Consort of England) was born 22 Jul 1210, Gloucester, Gloucestershire, England; died 4 Mar 1238, York, Yorkshire, England; was buried , Tarrant Keynston Abbey, Tarrant Crawford, Dorset, England. [Group Sheet]


Generation: 2

  1. 2.  William I "The Lion", King of Scotland was born Abt 1142 (son of Henry of Scotland and Ada de Warenne); died 4 Dec 1214, Stirling, Stirlingshire, Scotland; was buried , Arbroath Abbey, Angus, Scotland.

    Other Events:

    • Alternate birth: 1143

    Notes:

    Earl of Northumberland 1152-7; Earl of Huntingdon 1165-74.

    "Two of his charters, which he issued in his minority, show that he was then using his mother's name of Warenne." [Royal Ancestry]

    William married Ermengarde de Beaumont 5 Sep 1186. Ermengarde (daughter of Richard I de Beaumont and Lucy de l'Aigle) died 11 Feb 1233; was buried , Balmerino Abbey, Fife, Scotland. [Group Sheet]


  2. 3.  Ermengarde de Beaumont (daughter of Richard I de Beaumont and Lucy de l'Aigle); died 11 Feb 1233; was buried , Balmerino Abbey, Fife, Scotland.

    Notes:

    Complete Peerage VI:645 has her as a daughter of Richard de Beaumont by Constance, illegitimate daughter of Henry I. This is corrected in CP XI, appendix D, page 116, and XII:1, page 768, note (j). Constance was Richard's mother.

    Children:
    1. Margaret of Scotland was born Between 1187 and 1195; died Bef 25 Nov 1259; was buried , Black Friars, Holborn, London, England.
    2. 1. Alexander II, King of Scotland was born 24 Aug 1198, Haddington, East Lothian, Scotland; died 8 Jul 1249, Kerrera, Argyll, Scotland; was buried , Melrose Abbey, Roxburghshire, Scotland.


Generation: 3

  1. 4.  Henry of Scotland was born Abt 1114 (son of David I, King of Scotland and Maud of Northumberland); died 12 Jun 1152; was buried , Kelso Abbey, Roxburghshire, Scotland.

    Other Events:

    • Alternate birth: Abt 1115

    Notes:

    Earl of Northumberland and of Huntingdon. Also called Eanric mac Dabid; Henry of Huntingdon.

    "Henry, earl of Northumberland (c. 1115–1152), prince, was the only surviving adult son of David I (c. 1085–1153), king of Scots, and his queen, Maud (or Matilda) (d. 1131), widow of Simon (I) de Senlis. From c. 1128 his name was linked with his father's in governance, and in 1144 he appears as rex designatus ('king-designate'). Although the exact significance of this style is unclear, it seems certain that he had formally been proclaimed as future king; and in practice from the 1130s 'David's was a dual reign...with joint or at least coadjutorial royal government' (G. W. S. Barrow, ed., The charters of King David I: the written acts of David I king of Scots, 1124–53, and of his son Henry earl of Northumberland, 1139–52, 1999, p. 34). This partnership--though Henry was self-evidently the junior partner--had momentous consequences for the Scots monarchy's power and prestige. Henry shared fully in David's policies of modernization by which Scotland began to be transformed into a European-style kingdom, and above all he was inseparably associated with his father in furthering historic Scottish claims to 'northern England'. Leading vast armies against King Stephen, they made extensive gains at his expense." [Oxford Dictionary of National Biography]

    Henry married Ada de Warenne Aft 9 Apr 1139. Ada (daughter of William II de Warenne and Isabel de Vermandois) died 1178. [Group Sheet]


  2. 5.  Ada de Warenne (daughter of William II de Warenne and Isabel de Vermandois); died 1178.

    Notes:

    Or Adeline.

    From the Oxford Dictionary of National Biography:

    Her public role as first lady of the Scottish court (there was no queen of Scotland from 1131 to 1186) was originally limited by her numerous pregnancies; but her fecundity averted a catastrophe when Henry, the expected successor to the kingship, died prematurely in 1152. During her widowhood she enjoyed in full measure the respect and status to which she was entitled as mother of two successive Scots kings, Malcolm IV and William the Lion. After Malcolm's enthronement as a boy of twelve in 1153, she figured prominently in his counsels and was keenly aware of her responsibilities. According to the well-informed William of Newburgh, Malcolm's celibacy dismayed her, and she endeavoured, albeit fruitlessly, to sharpen his dynastic instincts by placing a beautiful maiden in his bed. She was less frequently at William the Lion's court from 1165, no doubt because of the periodic illnesses that obliged her to turn to St Cuthbert for a cure.

    Ada's cosmopolitan tastes and connections reinforced the identification of Scottish élite society with European values and norms. Reginald of Durham regarded her piety as exemplary, and she played a notable role in the expansion of the reformed continental religious orders in Scotland. If she had a preference, it was for female monasticism, and by 1159 she had founded a priory for Cistercian nuns at Haddington, apparently at the instigation of Abbot Waldef of Melrose (d. 1159). Her household attracted Anglo-Norman adventurers, and she personally settled in Scotland knights from Northumberland and from the great Warenne honours in England and Normandy.

    Children:
    1. Aleida of Scotland died Aft 11 Jan 1204.
    2. 2. William I "The Lion", King of Scotland was born Abt 1142; died 4 Dec 1214, Stirling, Stirlingshire, Scotland; was buried , Arbroath Abbey, Angus, Scotland.
    3. Margaret of Huntingdon was born Abt 1145; died 1201; was buried , Sawtrey Abbey, Huntingdonshire, England.
    4. David of Scotland was born 1152; died 17 Jun 1219, Jerdelay, Yardley, Northamptonshire, England; was buried , Sawtrey Abbey, Huntingdonshire, England.

  3. 6.  Richard I de Beaumont was born 1120-1130 (son of Roscelin de Beaumont and Constance of England); died Aft 1194; was buried , Abbaye d'Étival-en-Charnie, Pays de la Loire, Sarthe, France.

    Other Events:

    • Alternate death: Aft Aug 1199

    Notes:

    Vicomte de Maine.

    Richard married Lucy de l'Aigle Bef 1177. Lucy (daughter of Richer de l'Aigle and Beatrice) died Aft 1217. [Group Sheet]


  4. 7.  Lucy de l'Aigle (daughter of Richer de l'Aigle and Beatrice); died Aft 1217.
    Children:
    1. Constance de Beaumont died Aft 1226.
    2. 3. Ermengarde de Beaumont died 11 Feb 1233; was buried , Balmerino Abbey, Fife, Scotland.
    3. Raoul de Beaumont


Generation: 4

  1. 8.  David I, King of Scotland was born Abt 1080 (son of Malcolm III Canmore, King of Scotland (Alba) and St. Margaret of Scotland); died 24 May 1153, Carlisle, Cumberland, England; was buried , Dunfermline, Fife, Scotland.

    Other Events:

    • Alternate birth: Abt 1085

    Notes:

    "David I was driven by a clear and consistent vision, pious and authoritarian, of what his kingdom should be: Catholic, in the sense of conforming to the doctrines and observances of the western church; feudal, in the sense that a lord–vassal relationship, involving knight-service, should form the basis of government; and open, in the sense that external (especially continental) influences of all kinds, religious, military, and economic, were encouraged and exploited to strengthen the Scottish kingdom. Alongside his eclecticism, David's strong sense of the autonomy of his realm and of his own position within it must be acknowledged. The surviving numbers of his charters, compared with those of his predecessors, surely point to an increase in the sophistication, and probably also in the activity, of government. During David's reign the administration of royal justice became more firmly established and was organized more effectively. Those who enjoyed their own courts were told that the king would intervene if they failed to provide justice. The addresses of royal charters and writs (Scottish 'brieves') show that from c.1140 justiciars were appointed. Although none is known by name, these officers were clearly the predecessors of the named justiciars of succeeding reigns." [Oxford Dictionary of National Biography]

    David married Maud of Northumberland Bef Jul 1113. Maud (daughter of Waltheof and Judith of Lens) was born Abt 1072; died 1130; was buried , Scone, Perthshire, Scotland. [Group Sheet]


  2. 9.  Maud of Northumberland was born Abt 1072 (daughter of Waltheof and Judith of Lens); died 1130; was buried , Scone, Perthshire, Scotland.

    Other Events:

    • Alternate death: Between 1130 and 1131
    • Alternate death: 1131
    • Alternate death: Bef 1132

    Notes:

    Also called Maud of Huntingdon.

    Children:
    1. 4. Henry of Scotland was born Abt 1114; died 12 Jun 1152; was buried , Kelso Abbey, Roxburghshire, Scotland.

  3. 10.  William II de Warenne (son of William de Warenne and Gundred of Flanders); died 11 May 1138, Lewes, Sussex, England; was buried , Lewes Priory, Sussex, England.

    Notes:

    Earl of Surrey; usually styled Earl of Warenne. Advisor to King John at Runnymede.

    William married Isabel de Vermandois Aft 5 Jun 1118. Isabel (daughter of Hugues le Grand and Adèle de Vermandois) died 13 Feb 1131. [Group Sheet]


  4. 11.  Isabel de Vermandois (daughter of Hugues le Grand and Adèle de Vermandois); died 13 Feb 1131.

    Other Events:

    • Alternate death: Bef Jun 1147
    • Alternate death: Bef Jul 1147

    Notes:

    Countess of Leicester. Also called Elizabeth de Vermandois.

    Royal Ancestry says she was living c. 1138 and that she died "13 (or 17) February, sometime before June 1147, when her son, William de Warenne, 3rd Earl of Surrey, left on crusade." Several sources say she died in the priory of Lewes, Sussex.

    Children:
    1. Gundred de Warenne died Aft 1156.
    2. 5. Ada de Warenne died 1178.
    3. William III de Warenne was born Abt 1119, Warwick, Warwickshire, England; died 19 Jan 1148, Laodicea, Anatolia.
    4. Reynold de Warenne was born Abt 1126, of Attlebridge, Norfolk, England; died Aft 1179, Lewes Priory, Sussex, England.

  5. 12.  Roscelin de Beaumont (son of Raoul de Beaumont and (Unknown) de Laval); died Aft 1145.

    Other Events:

    • Alternate death: Bef 1176
    • Alternate death: 1176

    Notes:

    "Constance, named also Maud, who married Roscelin de Beaumont, hereditary vicomteé of Maine, styled Vicomté de Beaumont, Lord of Beaumont-le-Vicomté (alias Beaumont-sur-Sarthe), Fresnay and Ste.-Suzanne, son of Ralph de Beaumont, by...sister of Guy de Laval. Henry I gave South Tawton (Devon), to Roscelin de Beaumont in marriage with his daughter Constance. They had 2 sons." [Complete Peerage XI, Appendix D, p. 116.]

    Roscelin married Constance of England Bef 1130. Constance (daughter of Henry I, King of England and (Unknown mistress or mistresses of Henry I)) died Aft 1175. [Group Sheet]


  6. 13.  Constance of England (daughter of Henry I, King of England and (Unknown mistress or mistresses of Henry I)); died Aft 1175.

    Notes:

    Also called Maud. She was definitely a natural child of Henry I. According to some sources, her mother was Isabel de Beaumont, wife of Gilbert "Strongbow" Fitz Gilbert, Earl of Pembroke (also called Gilbert de Clare). This relationship is not confirmed in Royal Ancestry's extensive coverage of Henry I's many illegitimate offspring, although her marriage to Roscelin de Beaumont is noted.

    Children:
    1. 6. Richard I de Beaumont was born 1120-1130; died Aft 1194; was buried , Abbaye d'Étival-en-Charnie, Pays de la Loire, Sarthe, France.

  7. 14.  Richer de l'Aigle

    Richer — Beatrice. [Group Sheet]


  8. 15.  Beatrice
    Children:
    1. 7. Lucy de l'Aigle died Aft 1217.