Nielsen Hayden genealogy

Cecily Bonville

Female 1461 - 1529  (~ 69 years)


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Generation: 1

  1. 1.  Cecily Bonville was born Between 1460 and 1461 (daughter of William Bonville and Catherine Neville); died 12 May 1529, Shacklewell, Hackney, Middlesex, England.

    Cecily married Thomas Grey. Thomas (son of John Grey and Elizabeth Woodville, Queen Consort of England) was born 1451; died 20 Sep 1501. [Group Sheet]

    Children:
    1. Thomas Grey was born 22 Jun 1477; died 10 Oct 1530.

Generation: 2

  1. 2.  William Bonville (son of William Bonville and Margaret Grey); died 31 Dec 1460, Wakefield, Yorkshire, England.

    Notes:

    Executed immediately following the Yorkist loss at the battle of Wakefield.

    William married Catherine Neville 1458. Catherine (daughter of Richard Neville and Alice Montacute) was born Abt 1442; died Between 22 Nov 1503 and 25 Mar 1504; was buried , Ashby de la Zouche, Leicestershire, England. [Group Sheet]


  2. 3.  Catherine Neville was born Abt 1442 (daughter of Richard Neville and Alice Montacute); died Between 22 Nov 1503 and 25 Mar 1504; was buried , Ashby de la Zouche, Leicestershire, England.
    Children:
    1. 1. Cecily Bonville was born Between 1460 and 1461; died 12 May 1529, Shacklewell, Hackney, Middlesex, England.


Generation: 3

  1. 4.  William Bonville was born 12 Aug 1391, Shute, Devon, England (son of John Bonville and Elizabeth Fitz Roger); died 18 Feb 1461, St. Albans, Hertfordshire, England.

    Other Events:

    • Alternate birth: 1392
    • Alternate birth: 12 Aug 1392, Shute, Devon, England
    • Alternate birth: 31 Aug 1392, Shute, Devon, England
    • Alternate birth: 13 Aug 1393
    • Alternate birth: 30 Aug 1393
    • Alternate death: 19 Feb 1461

    Notes:

    From Wikipedia:

    Bonville was knighted before 1417 during the campaigns in France of King Henry V. He was Knight of the shire for Somerset in 1421, and for Devon in 1422, 1425 and 1427. In 1423 he was appointed by the king as Sheriff of Devon. He was Seneschal of Aquitaine at various times from 1442 to 1453, and Governor of Exeter Castle from 1453–61. In 1443 Bonville was retained to serve King Henry VI for a one-year term and in 1449 was retained to serve the King at sea. He was summoned to Parliament from 10 March 1449 to 30 July 1460 by writs directed, for the most part, Willelmo Bonville domino Bonville et de Chuton ("To William Bonville, lord of Bonville and Chewton"), by which he is held to have become Baron Bonville. On 8 February 1461 he was nominated to the Order of the Garter.

    In 1441 riots resulted from a dispute over the Duchy of Cornwall between Bonville and Thomas Courtenay, 13th Earl of Devon, and on 14 December 1455 the two sides fought the Battle of Clyst Heath near Exeter, which resulted in the defeat of Bonville, the sacking of Shute and injury to a number of persons.

    Bonville was to all outward appearances loyal to King Henry VI during the Wars of the Roses until he joined the Yorkist side at the Battle of Northampton in July 1460. Both his son, William Bonville, and his grandson, William Bonville, 6th Baron Harington, were slain at the Battle of Wakefield on 31 December 1460.

    Less than two months later in 1460 the Yorkists suffered another defeat at the Second Battle of St Albans, where Lord Bonville and another Yorkist, Sir Thomas Kyriel, were taken prisoner by the victorious Lancastrians. The two men had kept guard over King Henry VI during the battle to see that he came to no harm. The King had been held in captivity by Richard Neville, 16th Earl of Warwick, and transported in the train of the latter's army, but had been abandoned on the battlefield. In return for their gallantry the King promised the two men immunity. However Queen Margaret, who was present at the battle, remembered that Lord Bonville had been one of the men who had held King Henry in custody after the Battle of Northampton in July 1460, and wanted revenge. Disregarding the King's promise of immunity, she gave orders for the beheading of Lord Bonville and Sir Thomas Kyriel the next day, 18 February 1461. It is alleged that she put the men on trial and appointed as presiding judge her seven-year-old son, Prince Edward. "Fair son", Margaret is said to have inquired, "what death shall these knights die?" The young prince replied that they were to have their heads cut off, an act which was swiftly carried out, despite the King's pleas for mercy.

    Bonville was not attainted, as within three weeks of his death the Yorkist King Edward IV came to the throne. Bonville's widow, Elizabeth, was assigned a substantial dower in recognition of his services to the Yorkist cause.

    From the Oxford Dictionary of National Biography:

    While his extensive and complex inheritances led to some violent disputes with neighbours during these years, these were on nothing like the scale of disorder that was to characterize Bonville's notorious conflict with the Courtenays during the 1440s and 1450s.

    This power struggle was triggered by the appointment of Bonville in 1437 as royal steward in Cornwall for life. This was seen by the young Thomas Courtenay, thirteenth earl of Devon, recently come of age and in possession of a severely reduced inheritance, as a serious challenge to his own regional authority. The bitterness of the strife that grew from this was symptomatic of a change in the local balance of power and wealth that had over a generation tilted against the Courtenay earls (the traditional leaders of west-country society) in favour of a small group of powerful gentry among whom Bonville was pre-eminent.

    Violence reached an alarming level during the summers of 1439 and 1440, and the situation was worsened by a serious blunder on the part of the government--the appointment of the earl to the stewardship of the duchy of Cornwall, a post so similar to that held by Bonville as to be hardly distinguishable from it. Urgent attempts at even-handedness and arbitration failed, and the dispute was only temporarily resolved by the appointment of Bonville as seneschal of Gascony in December 1442, thereby removing him temporarily from the scene (he sailed from Plymouth in March 1443 but was back in Devon by April 1445). Even though the government, coming increasingly under the influence of the duke of Suffolk, was careful not to antagonize the earl of Devon, the latter was clearly seen to be the principal culprit. Bonville's connection with Suffolk grew stronger. He was a member of Suffolk's entourage at Margaret of Anjou's betrothal ceremonies at Rouen in May 1444, and married his daughter Elizabeth to one of Suffolk's henchmen, Sir William Tailboys. This development culminated in the parliament of 1449, when Bonville was raised to the peerage as Baron Bonville of Chewton.

    Antagonisms hardened after the fall of Suffolk in 1450. The earl of Devon attached himself to the duke of York, and felt confident enough in the summer of 1451 to risk an encounter in the field with Bonville (and his ally, James Butler, earl of Wiltshire). Despite much plunder and violence, a major showdown was avoided when York's unexpected arrival in the west country persuaded the earl of Devon to lift the siege of Taunton Castle, which Bonville had made his headquarters. Although temporarily imprisoned (as were Devon and the other principal malcontents), Bonville was soon able to exploit the dramatically changed political situation that followed the humiliating submission of York and Devon to the king at Dartford on 3 March 1452.

    Between 1452 and 1455 Bonville became the dominant force in west-country politics [...] and the king personally reinforced his position by staying at Bonville's house at Shute on his progress through the west country in the summer of 1452. Bonville was confirmed as steward of the duchy of Cornwall in 1452 (the post that had triggered the violence in 1439), and appointed constable of Exeter Castle in 1453, both posts to be held for life. [...]

    These partisan appointments of Bonville to positions within the earl of Devon's traditional zone of influence forced the earl to take increasingly desperate measures [...] [T]he enmities that had grown over more than twenty years proved irresolvable. The death in 1458 of Bonville's old adversary afforded him little comfort. The new earl of Devon [...] quickly gained favour with Queen Margaret, and this presented enormous risks for Bonville and his family.

    William married Margaret Grey Aft 12 Dec 1414. Margaret (daughter of Reynold Grey and Margaret de Ros) was born Abt 1399; died Aft May 1426. [Group Sheet]


  2. 5.  Margaret Grey was born Abt 1399 (daughter of Reynold Grey and Margaret de Ros); died Aft May 1426.

    Other Events:

    • Alternate death: Aft 1426

    Children:
    1. Elizabeth Bonville died 14 Feb 1491.
    2. 2. William Bonville died 31 Dec 1460, Wakefield, Yorkshire, England.

  3. 6.  Richard Neville was born 1400, Raby, Durham, England (son of Ralph de Neville and Joan Beaufort); died 31 Dec 1460, Pontefract, Yorkshire, England.

    Notes:

    5th Earl of Salisbury. A Yorkist, he was beheaded by Lancastrian forces following the Battle of Wakefield.

    Richard married Alice Montacute. Alice was born 1407; died Bef 9 Dec 1462. [Group Sheet]


  4. 7.  Alice Montacute was born 1407; died Bef 9 Dec 1462.

    Notes:

    Also called Alice Montagu.

    Children:
    1. 3. Catherine Neville was born Abt 1442; died Between 22 Nov 1503 and 25 Mar 1504; was buried , Ashby de la Zouche, Leicestershire, England.
    2. Eleanor Neville was born 1447; died Bef 1471.


Generation: 4

  1. 8.  John Bonville was born Abt 1371, of Chewton, Somerset, England (son of William Bonville and Margaret d'Aumarle); died 21 Oct 1396.

    John married Elizabeth Fitz Roger Bef 18 Oct 1377. Elizabeth (daughter of John Fitz Roger and Alice) was born 15 Aug 1370, of Chewton, Somerset, England; died 15 Apr 1414. [Group Sheet]


  2. 9.  Elizabeth Fitz Roger was born 15 Aug 1370, of Chewton, Somerset, England (daughter of John Fitz Roger and Alice); died 15 Apr 1414.

    Other Events:

    • Alternate death: 16 Apr 1414

    Children:
    1. 4. William Bonville was born 12 Aug 1391, Shute, Devon, England; died 18 Feb 1461, St. Albans, Hertfordshire, England.

  3. 10.  Reynold Grey was born Abt 1362, of Ruthin, Denbighshire, Wales (son of Reynold de Grey and Eleanor le Strange); died 30 Sep 1440.

    Other Events:

    • Alternate death: 18 Oct 1440

    Notes:

    Governor in Ireland; Privy Councillor to Henry IV.

    Summoned to Parliament by writs, 6 Dec 1389 to 26 Sep 1439.

    Reynold married Margaret de Ros Aft 25 Nov 1378. Margaret (daughter of Thomas de Ros and Beatrice de Stafford) was born , of Helmsley, Yorkshire, England; died Bef 1415. [Group Sheet]


  4. 11.  Margaret de Ros was born , of Helmsley, Yorkshire, England (daughter of Thomas de Ros and Beatrice de Stafford); died Bef 1415.
    Children:
    1. Elizabeth Grey died Bef 1434.
    2. 5. Margaret Grey was born Abt 1399; died Aft May 1426.

  5. 12.  Ralph de Neville was born Between 1364 and 1367 (son of John de Neville and Maud Percy); died 21 Oct 1425, Raby Castle, Durham, England; was buried , Collegiate Church of St. Mary, Staindrop, Durham, England.

    Notes:

    Aside from being the maternal grandfather of Edward IV, he was also the paternal grandfather (through his son Richard Neville, 5th Earl of Salisbury (1400–1460), and Alice Montacute) of the "Kingmaker," Richard Neville, 16th Earl of Warwick (1428-1471).

    Ralph married Joan Beaufort Bef 29 Nov 1396. Joan (daughter of John of Gaunt and Catherine de Roet) was born Abt 1379; died 13 Nov 1440, Howden, Yorkshire, England; was buried , Lincoln Cathedral, Lincoln, Lincolnshire, England. [Group Sheet]


  6. 13.  Joan Beaufort was born Abt 1379 (daughter of John of Gaunt and Catherine de Roet); died 13 Nov 1440, Howden, Yorkshire, England; was buried , Lincoln Cathedral, Lincoln, Lincolnshire, England.

    Notes:

    Countess of Westmorland.

    Children:
    1. Eleanor Neville died Abt 1473.
    2. Anne Neville died 20 Sep 1480; was buried , Pleshey, Essex, England.
    3. George Neville was born , of Scampston, Yorkshire, England; died 1458, Kislingbury, Northamptonshire, England.
    4. 6. Richard Neville was born 1400, Raby, Durham, England; died 31 Dec 1460, Pontefract, Yorkshire, England.
    5. Cecily Neville was born 3 May 1415; died 31 May 1495, Berkhamsted Castle, Hertfordshire, England; was buried , Fotheringay, Northamptonshire, England.