Nielsen Hayden genealogy

Richard Fitz Alan

Male Abt 1313 - 1376  (~ 63 years)


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Generation: 1

  1. 1.  Richard Fitz Alan was born Abt 1313, of Arundel, Sussex, England (son of Edmund Fitz Alan and Alice de Warenne); died 24 Jan 1376, Arundel, Sussex, England; was buried , Lewes Priory, Sussex, England.

    Notes:

    "Steward of Scotland, 1326-1336; Justice of North Wales, 1334-1376; Sheriff of Carnarvonshire 1339-1343, 1346-1347; Admiral of the West, 1340-1341 and 1345-1347; Sheriff of Shropshire, 1345-1376; commanded the 2nd division at the battle of Crécy, 26 Aug 1346, and was at the fall of Calais, 1347; assumed the title of Earl of Surrey, 1361, upon the death of his maternal aunt, Joan, widow of John de Warenne, Earl of Surrey." [The Ancestry of Dorothea Poyntz, citation details below.]

    Called "Copped Hat."

    A pair of memorial effigies depicting Richard Fitz Alan and his second wife Eleanor of Lancaster can be seen at Chichester Cathedral. They lie side by side, a lion at his feet and a dog at hers. In a note of tenderness that makes one wonder if the sculptor knew the couple, he has his right hand ungloved, and her right hand rests lightly upon his.

    These effigies were celebrated in 1956 by Philip Larkin in his poem "An Arundel Tomb," the last lines of which are quoted on Larkin's own Poet's Corner memorial stone in Westminster Abbey.

    Richard married Isabel le Despenser 9 Feb 1321, Havering-atte-Bower, Middlesex, England. Isabel (daughter of Hugh le Despenser and Eleanor de Clare) was born Between 1312 and 1313. [Group Sheet]

    Children:
    1. Edmund Fitz Alan was born Abt 1329, of Chedzoy, Devon, England; died Bef 12 Feb 1382.

    Richard married Eleanor of Lancaster 5 Apr 1345. Eleanor (daughter of Henry of Lancaster and Maud de Chaworth) was born Abt 1318; died 11 Jan 1372, Arundel, Sussex, England; was buried , Lewes Priory, Sussex, England. [Group Sheet]

    Children:
    1. Joan Fitz Alan died 17 Apr 1419.
    2. Alice Fitz Alan died 17 Mar 1416.
    3. John de Arundel died 15 Dec 1379, In the Irish Sea; was buried , Lewes Priory, Sussex, England.
    4. Richard de Arundel was born 1346; died 21 Sep 1397, Cheapside, London, England; was buried , Church of the Austin Friars, London, England.

Generation: 2

  1. 2.  Edmund Fitz Alan was born 1 May 1285, Marlborough Castle, Wiltshire, Engand (son of Richard Fitz Alan and Alice di Saluzzo); died 17 Nov 1326, Hereford, Herefordshire, England; was buried , Haughmond Abbey, Shropshire, England.

    Other Events:

    • Alternate birth: 1 May 1285, Marlborough Castle, Wiltshire, England

    Notes:

    Also called Edmund Arundel. Earl of Arundel. An opponent of Gaveston, he became one of the Lords Ordainers, and one of those before whom Gaveston was tried before he was killed. Edmund Fitz Alan was also among the magnates who refused to help Edward II against Scotland, resulting in the disaster at Bannockburn. However, around the time his son Richard was betrothed to Hugh Dispenser the Younger's daughter Isabel, Fitz Alan began a rapprochement with the king. This would ultimately result in Fitz Alan's execution on the order of Roger Mortimer. According to a one account, a blunt sword was ordered, and his beheading took 22 strokes.

    "Though he was never canonised, a cult emerged around the late earl in the 1390s, associating him with the 9th-century martyr king St Edmund. This veneration may have been inspired by a similar cult around his grandson, Richard Fitz Alan, 11th Earl of Arundel, who was executed by Richard II in 1397." [Wikipedia]

    Just to drive home the point that association with the Despensers never works out for anybody, in 1344 his son Richard sought and obtained an anullment from his marriage to Isabel le Despenser, on the grounds that the betrothal had been inflicted on him in childhood and without his consent.

    Edmund married Alice de Warenne Aft 30 Dec 1304. Alice (daughter of William de Warenne and Joan de Vere) died Between 1330 and 23 May 1338. [Group Sheet]


  2. 3.  Alice de Warenne (daughter of William de Warenne and Joan de Vere); died Between 1330 and 23 May 1338.
    Children:
    1. Mary de Arundel died 29 Aug 1396.
    2. Aline de Arundel died 20 Jan 1386.
    3. Elizabeth de Arundel died 11 Mar 1384.
    4. Eleanor de Arundel died Bef 30 Mar 1347.
    5. 1. Richard Fitz Alan was born Abt 1313, of Arundel, Sussex, England; died 24 Jan 1376, Arundel, Sussex, England; was buried , Lewes Priory, Sussex, England.


Generation: 3

  1. 4.  Richard Fitz Alan was born 3 Feb 1267, of Arundel, Sussex, England (son of John Fitz Alan and Isabella de Mortimer); died 9 Mar 1302; was buried , Haughmond Abbey, Shropshire, England.

    Notes:

    Also called Richard de Arundel. Earl of Arundel.

    From Complete Peerage, I:240-41:

    Richard fitz Alan, feudal Lord of Clun and Oswestry and [according to the admission of 1443], Earl of Arundel, only son and heir, born 3 February 1266/7, and was only 5 years old at his father's death. He had seizin of his lands 8 December 1287. According to Glover he was created Earl of Sussex (a) in 1289, when he was knighted and "received the sword of the county of Sussex" from Edward I "ut vocatur Comes;", but it seems more probable that this creation was as Earl of Arundel (b). At all events no more is heard of the former title (Sussex) as connected with this family, but only of the title of Arundel. On 12 February 1290/1 there is a grant to him as Richard Arundel, Earl of Arundel. In October 1292 he was summoned by a writ directed to the Earl of Arundel, and was summoned to Parliament 24 June 1295, by a writ directed Ricardo filio Alani Comiti Arundell, ranking him as junior to all the other Earls. He fought in the Welsh wars 1288, in Gascony 1295-7, and in the Scottish wars 1298-1300, being present at the siege of Carlaverock in 1300. He signed the Barons' letter to the Pope, 12 February 1300/1.

    (a) "The Earldom of Sussex must at this period have been a subject of contention between the De Warrens and Fitz Alans, for John de Warren, Earl of Surrey, was receiving, at the very time that this investiture occurred, writs directed to him as Earl of Sussex. John de Warren was perhaps the greatest noble of the time in which he lived, and his power and influence may have operated to induce Fitz Alan to abandon his claim upon the Earldom of Sussex and to adopt that [i.e. the Earldom of Arundel] by which his descendants have ever since been known." (Courthope, p. 29).

    (b) It is worthy of remark, in connection with the very doubtful right, either of his father or grandfather, to the Earldom of Arundel, that it was not till 1282, viz. sometime after their death and during this Earl's minority, that Isabel, Countess of Arundel, widow of Hugh (d'Aubigny), died. It would almost appear (possibly owing to the largess of her dower) that the Earldom was not dealt with during her lifetime. A somewhat parallel case occurs, later on, in the same family, when Richard, Earl of Arundel, who, in 1347, had suc. his maternal uncle the Earl of Surrey, did not assume the Earldom of Surrey till the death of Joan, widow of the afsd. Earl, in 1361.

    Richard married Alice di Saluzzo Nov 1282. Alice (daughter of Tomasso di Saluzzo and Aluigia del Vasto) was born , of Saluzzo, Cuneo, Piedmont, Italy; died 25 Sep 1292; was buried , Haughmond Abbey, Shropshire, England. [Group Sheet]


  2. 5.  Alice di Saluzzo was born , of Saluzzo, Cuneo, Piedmont, Italy (daughter of Tomasso di Saluzzo and Aluigia del Vasto); died 25 Sep 1292; was buried , Haughmond Abbey, Shropshire, England.

    Notes:

    Also called Alasia di Saluzzo; Alasia del Vasto di Saluzzo.

    "Along with her aunt Alasia de Saluzzo who married Edmund de Lacy, 2nd earl of Lincoln, in 1247, Alasia was one of the first Italian women to marry into an English noble family. Her marriage had been arranged by the late King Henry III's widowed queen consort Eleanor de Provence." [Leo van de Pas]

    CP has her buried at Todingham Priory, but Chris Phillips's compilation of corrections to CP includes Douglas Richardson's note in Jan 2002 that "the bodies of both Richard and Alesia were at Haughmond Abbey, Shropshire, by 1341, when provision was made for 12 candles to burn in the church of Haughmond around their tombs."

    Children:
    1. Alice de Arundel died Aft 12 Dec 1325.
    2. Margaret de Arundel died Bef 1354.
    3. Eleanor de Arundel was born Abt 1284, Arundel, Sussex, England; died 1328; was buried , Beverley, Yorkshire, England.
    4. 2. Edmund Fitz Alan was born 1 May 1285, Marlborough Castle, Wiltshire, Engand; died 17 Nov 1326, Hereford, Herefordshire, England; was buried , Haughmond Abbey, Shropshire, England.

  3. 6.  William de Warenne was born , of Medmenham, Buckinghamshire, England (son of John de Warenne and Alice de Lusignan); died 15 Dec 1286, Croydon, Surrey, England; was buried , Lewes Priory, Sussex, England.

    Other Events:

    • Alternate birth: 15 Jan 1256, of Bromfield, Denbighshire, Wales
    • Alternate death: 15 Dec 1286, Croydon, Surrey, England

    Notes:

    Killed at a tournament; said to have been ambushed and slain by rivals.

    William married Joan de Vere 1284. Joan (daughter of Robert de Vere and Alice de Sanford) died Abt 23 Nov 1293; was buried , Lewes Priory, Sussex, England. [Group Sheet]


  4. 7.  Joan de Vere (daughter of Robert de Vere and Alice de Sanford); died Abt 23 Nov 1293; was buried , Lewes Priory, Sussex, England.

    Other Events:

    • Alternate death: Bef 24 Nov 1293

    Children:
    1. 3. Alice de Warenne died Between 1330 and 23 May 1338.


Generation: 4

  1. 8.  John Fitz Alan was born 14 Sep 1246, of Arundel, Sussex, England (son of John Fitz Alan and Maud de Verdun); died 18 Mar 1272; was buried , Haughmond Abbey, Shropshire, England.

    Other Events:

    • Alternate birth: 14 Sep 1246, of Clun, Shropshire, England

    Notes:

    Chief Butler of England.

    "John Fitz Alan, feudal lord of Clun and Oswestry, and (according to the admission of 1433 abovenamed) Earl of Arundel, only s. and h., b. 14 Sep. 1246. He did homage for his estates 10 Dec. 1267. He, also (as Courthope remarks), though '22 years at his father's decease, was never known as Earl of Arundel, and it is incredible that, if he had ever borne that title, as annexed to the Castle and Honour, the fact would have been omitted in the inquisition which finds him to have died seized (1272), 56 Hen. III, of that Castle and Honour held by the 4th part of a Barony.' He m. Isabel, da. of Roger de Mortimer, of Wigmore, by Maud, da and coh. of William de Briouze, of Brecknock. He d. 18 Mar. 1271/2, and was bur. in Haughmond Abbey, Salop." [Complete Peerage I:240]

    John married Isabella de Mortimer Bef 14 May 1260. Isabella (daughter of Roger de Mortimer and Maud de Briouze) was born 14 Sep 1246; died Bef 1 Apr 1292; was buried , Haughmond Abbey, Shropshire, England. [Group Sheet]


  2. 9.  Isabella de Mortimer was born 14 Sep 1246 (daughter of Roger de Mortimer and Maud de Briouze); died Bef 1 Apr 1292; was buried , Haughmond Abbey, Shropshire, England.

    Notes:

    Complete Peerage volume I contains some misinformation about this Isabella. Kathryn Warner has shown that rather than being alive in 1300, she died before 1 Apr 1292. This is in fact corrected in CP volume XIV. Uncorrected, however, is its confused account of her subsequent marital history. Douglas Richardson, in a 2016 post to SGM, demonstrated that contrary to CP, she did not marry Ralph d'Arderne after the death of her first husband John fitz Alan; rather, the Isabel who married Ralph d'Arderne was the widow of an entirely different John Fitz Alan, of Wolverton, Buckinghamshire. Our Isabel "occurs in various records as the unmarried widow of John Fitz Alan, of Arundel, from the time of his death in 1272 up through 1284-5, when she is on record as having presented to Cold Norton Priory, Oxfordshire. She subsequently married (2nd) on 2 September 1285, to Robert de Hastang, as indicated by the historian, Scott Waugh, Lordship of England (1988): 131-132, who states as follows: 'It turned out that Henry III had granted the right of her [Isabel's] marriage to her father, that after he died his executors accepted her fine for the right to marry whomever she pleased, and that she had married Robert de Hastang on 2 September 1285.'"

    Children:
    1. 4. Richard Fitz Alan was born 3 Feb 1267, of Arundel, Sussex, England; died 9 Mar 1302; was buried , Haughmond Abbey, Shropshire, England.

  3. 10.  Tomasso di Saluzzo was born 1239, Cuneo, Piedmont, Italy (son of Manfredo III di Saluzzo and Beatrice of Savoy); died 3 Dec 1296.

    Other Events:

    • Alternate birth: Abt 1240, of Saluzzo, Cuneo, Piedmont, Italy
    • Alternate birth: 1244
    • Alternate death: 1299

    Notes:

    Fourth marquis of Saluzzo. "Built a great palace for his family in 1270. In the battle of Roccavione in 1275 he caused Charles d'Anjou to lose Piedmont; fought Savoy in 1290." [The Ancestry of Dorothea Poyntz, citation details below.]

    Tomasso married Aluigia del Vasto 1258. Aluigia (daughter of Giorgio del Vasto and Menzia) died 22 Aug 1291. [Group Sheet]


  4. 11.  Aluigia del Vasto (daughter of Giorgio del Vasto and Menzia); died 22 Aug 1291.

    Notes:

    Also called Aluyisia; Aloisia; Luisia; Luigia; Alusia di Ceva.

    Children:
    1. 5. Alice di Saluzzo was born , of Saluzzo, Cuneo, Piedmont, Italy; died 25 Sep 1292; was buried , Haughmond Abbey, Shropshire, England.

  5. 12.  John de Warenne was born Aft Jul 1231 (son of William de Warenne and Maud Marshal); died Abt 29 Sep 1304, Kennington, near London, England; was buried , Lewes Priory, Sussex, England.

    Other Events:

    • Alternate death: Abt 1305

    Notes:

    Earl of Surrey. Constable of Bamburgh, Hope, and Pevensey Castles; Warden of the Maritime Ports of Surrey and Sussex 1295. Commander of the army at the battle of Stirling, where he was defeated by the Scots. Present at the siege of Caerlaverock.

    "John de Warenne, 6th Earl of Surrey (1231 – c. 29 September 1304) was a prominent English nobleman and military commander during the reigns of Henry III of England and Edward I of England. During the Second Barons' War he switched sides twice, ending up in support of the king, for whose capture he was present at Lewes in 1264. Warenne was later appointed a Guardian of Scotland and featured prominently in Edward I's wars in Scotland." [Wikipedia]

    "In July 1270 he quarreled in Westminster Hall with Alan la Zouche, Knt. and attacked him so violently that he died on 10 August following, his son escaping with difficulty. The earl fled to his castle at Reigate, Surrey, pursued by Prince Edward, and begged for mercy. On 4 Aug 1270 he was pardoned upon his agreeing to pay a substantial sum to the king." [Royal Ancestry]

    John married Alice de Lusignan Aug 1247. Alice (daughter of Hugh X de Lusignan and Isabel of Angoulême, Queen Consort of England) died 9 Feb 1256; was buried , Lewes Priory, Sussex, England. [Group Sheet]


  6. 13.  Alice de Lusignan (daughter of Hugh X de Lusignan and Isabel of Angoulême, Queen Consort of England); died 9 Feb 1256; was buried , Lewes Priory, Sussex, England.

    Other Events:

    • Alternate death: 2 Feb 1266, Warren, Sussex, England

    Notes:

    Also called Alfais, Alix de Lusignan.

    Children:
    1. 6. William de Warenne was born , of Medmenham, Buckinghamshire, England; died 15 Dec 1286, Croydon, Surrey, England; was buried , Lewes Priory, Sussex, England.
    2. Eleanor de Warenne was born 1251; died Aft 1282; was buried , Sallay Abbey, Yorkshire, England.

  7. 14.  Robert de Vere was born Abt 1240 (son of Hugh de Vere and Hawise de Quincy); died Bef 7 Sep 1296; was buried , Earls Colne Priory, Halstead, Essex, England.

    Notes:

    Earl of Oxford. His heart was buried at Grey Friars Abbey, Ipswich.

    "He joined the rebellion of Simon de Montfort and was knighted by him before the battle of Lewes, 14 May 1264. He was captured at the battle of Kenilworth, 31 July 1265 and later released." [The Ancestry of Dorothea Poyntz, citation details below.]

    Robert married Alice de Sanford Bef 22 Feb 1252. Alice (daughter of Gilbert de Sanford and Lorette la Zouche) died 7 Sep 1312, Canfield, Essex, England; was buried , Earls Colne Priory, Halstead, Essex, England. [Group Sheet]


  8. 15.  Alice de Sanford (daughter of Gilbert de Sanford and Lorette la Zouche); died 7 Sep 1312, Canfield, Essex, England; was buried , Earls Colne Priory, Halstead, Essex, England.

    Other Events:

    • Alternate death: Bef 9 Sep 1312, Canfield, Essex, England

    Children:
    1. 7. Joan de Vere died Abt 23 Nov 1293; was buried , Lewes Priory, Sussex, England.
    2. Alphonse de Vere was born Bef 1262, of Aston Sanford, Buckinghamshire, England; died Bef 20 Dec 1328; was buried , St. Albans Abbey, Hertfordshire, England.