Nielsen Hayden genealogy

Gilbert de Clare

Male Abt 1180 - 1230  (~ 50 years)


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Generation: 1

  1. 1.  Gilbert de Clare was born Abt 1180 (son of Richard de Clare and Amice of Gloucester); died 25 Oct 1230, Penrose, Brittany, France; was buried , Tewkesbury Abbey, Tewkesbury, Gloucestershire, England.

    Notes:

    Earl of Hertford. Earl of Gloucester.

    Along with his father, he was among the 25 Magna Carta sureties, as such excommunicated by Innocent III on 16 Dec 1215, despite the fact that he was by then among the group negotiating with the king for peace.

    Fought on the side of Louis of France at the Battle of Lincoln, 19-20 May 1217; taken prisoner by his future father-in-law William Marshal and subsequently released, his lands restored. In later life, led various armies against the Welsh.

    Gilbert married Isabel Marshal 9 Oct 1217. Isabel (daughter of William Marshal and Isabel de Clare) was born 9 Oct 1200, Pembroke, Pembrokeshire, Wales; died 17 Jan 1240, Berkhamsted, Hertfordshire, England; was buried , Beaulieu Abbey, Hampshire, England. [Group Sheet]

    Children:
    1. Amice de Clare was born 27 May 1220; died Bef 21 Jan 1284.
    2. Richard de Clare was born 4 Aug 1222, of Clare, Suffolk, England; died Jul 1262, Ashenfield, Waltham, Kent, England; was buried , Tewkesbury Abbey, Tewkesbury, Gloucestershire, England.
    3. Isabel de Clare was born 2 Nov 1226; died Aft 10 Jul 1264.

Generation: 2

  1. 2.  Richard de Clare was born Abt 1153, of Clare, Suffolk, England (son of Roger de Clare and Maud de St. Hilary); died Between 30 Oct 1217 and 28 Nov 1217.

    Other Events:

    • Alternate birth: Abt 1155
    • Alternate death: Nov 1217
    • Alternate death: 28 Nov 1217

    Notes:

    Earl of Hertford and of Gloucester. Also styled Earl of Clare.

    Along with his son Gilbert, he was one of the 25 Magna Carta sureties.

    Richard married Amice of Gloucester Abt 1180. Amice (daughter of William fitz Robert and Hawise of Leicester) died 1 Jan 1225. [Group Sheet]


  2. 3.  Amice of Gloucester (daughter of William fitz Robert and Hawise of Leicester); died 1 Jan 1225.

    Notes:

    Also called Amice fitz William.

    According to RA, she was not "recognized" before her death as "Countess of Gloucester," despite CP's assertion to this effect. All contemporary charters and other documents involving her refer to her as countess of Clare, i.e., Hertford.

    Children:
    1. Maud de Clare died 1213.
    2. Hawise de Clare died Aft 1234.
    3. 1. Gilbert de Clare was born Abt 1180; died 25 Oct 1230, Penrose, Brittany, France; was buried , Tewkesbury Abbey, Tewkesbury, Gloucestershire, England.


Generation: 3

  1. 4.  Roger de Clare was born 1116, Tunbridge Castle, Kent, England (son of Richard fitz Gilbert de Clare and Alice of Chester); died 1173; was buried 1173, Stoke by Clare Priory, Suffolk, England.

    Other Events:

    • Alternate birth: Aft 1115, of Clare, Herefordshire, England

    Notes:

    Also called Roger Fitz Richard. 2nd Earl of Hertford, but generally styled Earl of Clare.

    Roger — Maud de St. Hilary. Maud (daughter of James de St. Hilary du Harcourt and Aveline) was born , of Field Dalling, Norfolk, England; died 24 Dec 1193; was buried , Priory of Great Carbrooke, Norfolk, England. [Group Sheet]


  2. 5.  Maud de St. Hilary was born , of Field Dalling, Norfolk, England (daughter of James de St. Hilary du Harcourt and Aveline); died 24 Dec 1193; was buried , Priory of Great Carbrooke, Norfolk, England.

    Other Events:

    • Alternate death: 1195

    Notes:

    Also called Maud de St. Hilaire du Harcouet.

    Children:
    1. 2. Richard de Clare was born Abt 1153, of Clare, Suffolk, England; died Between 30 Oct 1217 and 28 Nov 1217.
    2. Aveline de Clare was born Abt 1172; died Between 22 Nov 1220 and 4 Jun 1225.

  3. 6.  William fitz Robert (son of Robert of Gloucester and Mabel fitz Robert); died 23 Nov 1183; was buried , Kernsham Abbey, Somerset, England.

    Notes:

    Earl of Gloucester. Governor of Wareham Castle, 1144.

    "After Henry II's accession in 1154 William's status with his royal cousin began to change. The honour of Eudo Dapifer, which Henry had earlier promised to the earl's son, was given to another. Gloucester understandably yielded place of honour at court to members of the royal family like the king's brother William, and even to Robert, earl of Leicester, who was chief justiciar; but William was also regularly outranked by his uncle, Reginald, earl of Cornwall, who held no central administrative office. In the 1150s there is evidence of a certain ambivalence in Henry's government about Gloucester's right to be exempted from geld and other remittances. The earl's infrequent court appearances indicate that he was becoming a political outsider. Even though he was ultimately favoured by the bountiful royal fiscal patronage accorded to members of his class, served as a royal justice, and was promised that he would enjoy all the estates his father had held, William was to die with his career, earldom, and house in ruins." [Oxford Dictionary of National Biography]

    William married Hawise of Leicester Abt 1150. Hawise (daughter of Robert of Meulan and Amice de Gael) died 24 Apr 1197. [Group Sheet]


  4. 7.  Hawise of Leicester (daughter of Robert of Meulan and Amice de Gael); died 24 Apr 1197.

    Notes:

    Also called Hawise de Beaumont.

    Children:
    1. Isabel died 14 Oct 1217.
    2. 3. Amice of Gloucester died 1 Jan 1225.


Generation: 4

  1. 8.  Richard fitz Gilbert de Clare was born Abt 1090, Hertford, Hertfordshire, England (son of Gilbert fitz Richard de Clare and Alice de Clermont); died 15 Apr 1136, Abergavenny, Monmouthshire, Wales; was buried 1136, Chapter House, Gloucester, Gloucestershire, England.

    Notes:

    Also called Richard de Clare; Richard of Ceredigion.

    "Surprised and slain by the Welsh." [Royal Ancestry]

    Richard — Alice of Chester. Alice (daughter of Ranulf le Meschin and Lucy of Bolingbroke) died Aft 1148. [Group Sheet]


  2. 9.  Alice of Chester (daughter of Ranulf le Meschin and Lucy of Bolingbroke); died Aft 1148.

    Notes:

    Also called Adeliza la Meschin. "[Richard fitz Gilbert's] wife was rescued from the Welsh by Miles of Gloucester." [Complete Peerage]

    Children:
    1. Rohese de Clare
    2. Alice de Tonbridge died Aft 1138.
    3. 4. Roger de Clare was born 1116, Tunbridge Castle, Kent, England; died 1173; was buried 1173, Stoke by Clare Priory, Suffolk, England.

  3. 10.  James de St. Hilary du Harcourt was born , of Field Dalling, Norfolk, England (son of Harscod); died Bef 1154.

    Other Events:

    • Alternate death: Abt 1154

    Notes:

    Also called James de St. James. Holder of both English and Breton lands.

    James — Aveline. [Group Sheet]


  4. 11.  Aveline
    Children:
    1. 5. Maud de St. Hilary was born , of Field Dalling, Norfolk, England; died 24 Dec 1193; was buried , Priory of Great Carbrooke, Norfolk, England.

  5. 12.  Robert of Gloucester was born Abt 1090 (son of Henry I, King of England and (Unknown mistress or mistresses of Henry I)); died 31 Oct 1147, Bristol, Gloucestershire, England; was buried , Priory of St. James, Bristol, England.

    Notes:

    Earl of Gloucester. Also called Robert de Caen; Robert fitz Roy; Rufus; Robert "The Counsel".

    Fought at Brémulé, 20 Apr 1119, where Henry I defeated Louis VI. Present at the death of Henry I in Dec 1135. Commander-in-chief for the Empress Maud from 1139 on. From Complete Peerage: "In 1140 he burnt Nottingham, and in Feb. 1141 he and his son-in-law, Ranulph, Earl of Chester, relieved Lincoln and took Stephen prisoner, sending him to Bristol. He accompanied Maud in her progress to Winchester and London, and when the citizens drove her out fled with her to Oxford. He took part in the fighting at Winchester and helped Maud escape from the city, but was captured 14 Sep. (1141) at Stockbridge and taken prisoner to Rochester. Shortly afterwards he was exchanged, without concessions on either side, for Stephen, who was set at liberty on 1 Nov., and Robert then joined Maud at Bristol, and with her proceeded to Oxford. In June 1142 Maud sent him over to her husband, Geoffrey of Anjou, to urge him to invade England. It would appear that on this occasion Robert entered into a treaty of alliance with Miles of Gloucester, Earl of Hereford. Geoffrey declined to help until he had conquered Normandy, whereupon Robert joined him in his campaign. On hearing that Maud was besieged in Oxford, Robert hurried back to help her, taking with him her son, afterwards Henry II. He captured Wareham and other places, and on Maud's escape from Oxford he and Henry met her at Wallingford, and they went to Bristol, which was Robert's chief residence till 1146. In 1143 Robert defeated Stephen at Wilton, and in 1144 blockaded Malmesbury, Stephen refusing battle; but Maud's party was now so much reduced that Stephen was able to take Faringdon, which Robert had fortified. In the spring of 1147 Robert took Henry, Maud's son, back to Wareham and sent him over to Anjou; and in the same year, he founded Margam Abbey." Shortly thereafter he died of a sudden fever, in the priory of St. James in Bristol, which he had earlier founded; his death effectively ended Maud's military campaign. The Dictionary of National Biography (1909) said that "his sister's cause almost invariably prospered when she allowed him to direct her counsels, and declined as soon as she neglected his advice."

    He was highly literate, a patron of scholars and chroniclers such as Geoffrey of Monmouth and William of Malmesbury, the latter of whom wrote the Historia Novella at his request. An enemy, Baldwin Fitz Gilbert, called him someone who "threatens much but does little, lionlike in his speech, but like a hare in his heart, great in eloquence but insignificant through laziness", which is pretty much the same insult lobbed by all of history's meatheads at people who are, like Robert, both well-spoken and ruthless at war. When Ralph Peters calls the slayer of Osama bin Laden, warlord of Libya and Afghanistan, commander of a secret empire of unimaginable violence, a "pussy", it's the voice of Baldwin Fitz Gilbert we hear. No matter how many cities you burn, if you also talk like an intellectual, some people will feel that you've let the meathead side down.

    Robert married Mabel fitz Robert Bef 1122. Mabel (daughter of Robert fitz Hamon and Sibyl de Montgomery) died 29 Sep 1157. [Group Sheet]


  6. 13.  Mabel fitz Robert (daughter of Robert fitz Hamon and Sibyl de Montgomery); died 29 Sep 1157.

    Notes:

    Also called Mabel Fitz Hamon.

    Children:
    1. 6. William fitz Robert died 23 Nov 1183; was buried , Kernsham Abbey, Somerset, England.
    2. Matilda of Gloucester died 29 Jul 1189.
    3. Mabira de Caen was born , of Gloucester, Gloucestershire, England; died Aft 1190.
    4. Robert fitz Robert was born , of Conarton in Gwithian, Cornwall, England; died 1170.

  7. 14.  Robert of Meulan was born 1104, Meulan, Ile-de-France, France (son of Robert of Meulan and Isabel de Vermandois); died 5 Apr 1168; was buried , Leicester Abbey, Leicester, Leicestershire, England.

    Notes:

    Earl of Leicester. Also called, but only by later historians and genealogists, Robert de Beaumont.

    Twin brother of Waleran, Count of Muelan, 1st Earl of Worcester. After their father's death, the two brothers were raised together in the royal household. Much detail on his career here.

    Justiciar of England, 1155-1168.

    Robert married Amice de Gael Aft Nov 1120. Amice (daughter of Ralph II de Gael) died , Nuneaton, Warwickshire, England. [Group Sheet]


  8. 15.  Amice de Gael (daughter of Ralph II de Gael); died , Nuneaton, Warwickshire, England.

    Notes:

    Also called Amice de Montfort.

    She died as a nun in Nuneaton Priory. Complete Peerage says she died after 1168. Royal Ancestry says she died on a 31 August, year uncertain.

    Children:
    1. Robert de Bréteuil was born , of Leicester, Leicestershire, England; died 1190; was buried , Durazzo, Greece.
    2. Isabel of Leicester died Aft 1190.
    3. 7. Hawise of Leicester died 24 Apr 1197.
    4. Margaret of Leicester was born Abt 1125; died Aft 1185.