Nielsen Hayden genealogy

John fitz Gilbert

Male Bef 1109 - Bef 1165  (< 56 years)

Generations:      Standard    |    Vertical    |    Compact    |    Box    |    Text    |    Ahnentafel    |    Fan Chart    |    Media    |    PDF

Generation: 1

  1. 1.  John fitz Gilbert was born before 1109 in of Cherhill, Wiltshire, England (son of Gilbert); died before 29 Sep 1165.


    Also called John the Marshal.


    "John FitzGilbert the Marshal of the Horses [...] was a minor Anglo-Norman nobleman during the reign of King Stephen, and fought in the 12th century civil war on the side of Empress Matilda. Since at least 1130 and probably earlier, he had been the royal marshal to King Henry I. When Henry died, John FitzGilbert swore for Stephen and was granted the castles of Marlborough and Ludgershall, Wiltshire during this time. Along with Hamstead Marshal, this gave him control of the valley of the River Kennet in Wiltshire. Around 1139, John changed sides and swore for the Empress Matilda. In September 1141, Matilda fled the siege of Winchester and took refuge in the Marshal's castle at Ludgershall. While covering her retreat from Winchester, John Marshal was forced to take refuge at Wherwell Abbey. The attackers set fire to the building, and John lost an eye to dripping lead from the melting roof.

    "In 1152, John had a celebrated confrontation with King Stephen, who had besieged him at Newbury Castle. After John had broken an agreement to surrender, Stephen threatened to kill his son, whom John had given as a hostage. John refused, saying he could make more sons, but Stephen apparently took pity on the young boy and did not kill him. The boy grew up to be William Marshal, 1st Earl of Pembroke, a legendary figure in medieval lore, and one of the most powerful men in England."

    Family/Spouse: Sybil de Salisbury. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]

    1. (Unknown) Marshal
    2. William Marshal was born about 1146; died on 14 May 1219 in Caversham, Oxfordshire, England; was buried in Temple Church, London, England.

    Family/Spouse: Aline Pipard. Aline (daughter of Walter Pipard) was born in in of Wootton Bassett, Wiltshire, England. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]

    Family/Spouse: Alice de Coleville. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]

    1. Juliane Marshal died before 1248.
    2. John le Marshal was born in in of Chirton, Wiltshire, England; died before 27 Jun 1235.

Generation: 2

  1. 2.  Gilbert died about 1130.

    Other Events:

    • Alternate death: Bef 1131


    King's Marshal. Royal Serjeant and Marshal to Henry I.

    1. 1. John fitz Gilbert was born before 1109 in of Cherhill, Wiltshire, England; died before 29 Sep 1165.