Nielsen Hayden genealogy

Eleanor of Castile, Queen Consort of England

Female 1240 - 1290  (50 years)


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Generation: 1

  1. 1.  Eleanor of Castile, Queen Consort of England was born 1240 (daughter of Fernando III (St. Fernando), King Of Castile, León, Galicia, Toledo, Córdoba, Jaén, and Seville and Jeanne de Dammartin); died 28 Nov 1290, Hardby, Nottinghamshire, England; was buried , Westminster Abbey, Westminster, Middlesex, England.

    Other Events:

    • Alternate birth: 1241, Burgos, Castile, Spain
    • Alternate birth: Abt 1241

    Notes:

    Countess of Ponthieu.

    Eleanor of Castile, first wife of Edward I, was a daughter of Ferdinand III, King of Castile, Leon, and Galicia, and the French noblewoman Jeanne de Dammartin, suo jure Countess of Ponthieu. Although her marriage (in 1254) to then-prince Edward was a political match designed to affirm English control of Gascony, the couple were unusually close; she even accompanied Edward on the Fourth Crusade, where he was wounded at Acre in Palestine. She was notably well-educated and maintained her own scriptorium, the only one in northern Europe at the time. Her preference for Spanish-style home decorations, kitchen utensils, and personal comforts had a great influence on English domestic life. She brought a considerable personal fortune to her marriage, and grew it all her life through shrewd purchases of lands and manors; although this had a negative effect on her personal popularity, her husband always encouraged her in it.

    Her heart was buried in the Dominican priory of Blackfriars in London, along with that of her son Alphonso. Her entrails were buried in Lincoln Cathedral.

    Eleanor married Edward I, King of England 18 Oct 1254, Abbey of Santa María la Real de Las Huelgas, Burgos, Castile, Spain. Edward (son of Henry III, King of England and Eleanor of Provence, Queen Consort of England) was born 17 Jun 1239, Westminster Palace, Westminster, Middlesex, England; died 7 Jul 1307, Burgh-by-Sands, Carlisle, Cumberland, England; was buried , Westminster Abbey, Westminster, Middlesex, England. [Group Sheet]

    Children:
    1. Joan of Acre was born 1272, Acre, Palestine; died 23 Apr 1307, Clare, Suffolk, England; was buried , Austin Friars, Clare, Suffolk, England.
    2. Margaret of England was born 15 Mar 1275, Windsor, Berkshire, England; died Aft 11 Mar 1333, Brabant; was buried , St. Gudule, Brussels, Flanders.
    3. Elizabeth of England was born 7 Aug 1282, Rhuddlan Castle, Flintshire, Wales; died 5 May 1316, Quendon, Essex, England; was buried , Walden Abbey, Essex, England.
    4. Edward II, King of England was born 25 Apr 1284, Caenarfon, Gwynedd, Wales; died 21 Sep 1327, Berkeley Castle, Berkeley, Gloucestershire, England; was buried , Abbey of St. Peter, Gloucester, Gloucestershire, England.

Generation: 2

  1. 2.  Fernando III (St. Fernando), King Of Castile, León, Galicia, Toledo, Córdoba, Jaén, and Seville was born Between 5 Aug 1201 and 19 Aug 1201, En route between Salamanca and Zamora (son of Alfonso IX, King of León and Galicia and Berenguela I of Castile, Queen Of Castile & Toledo); died 30 May 1252, Seville, Andalusia, Spain; was buried , Cathedral Santa María, Seville, Andalusia, Spain.

    Other Events:

    • Alternate birth: 1199
    • Alternate birth: 1200
    • Alternate birth: 30 Jul 1201, Monte de Valparaíso, Spain
    • Alternate birth: 5 Aug 1201, Monte de Valparaíso, Spain
    • Alternate death: 15 Mar 1252
    • Alternate death: 30 May 1253

    Notes:

    Canonized in 1671 by Clement X. His feast day is 30 May.

    Fernando married Jeanne de Dammartin Bef 31 Oct 1237, Burgos, Castile, Spain. Jeanne (daughter of Simon II de Dammartin and Marie of Ponthieu) was born Abt 1220; died 15 Mar 1279, Abbeville, Somme, Picardy, France; was buried , Abbey de Valloires, Abbeville, Somme, Picardy, France. [Group Sheet]


  2. 3.  Jeanne de Dammartin was born Abt 1220 (daughter of Simon II de Dammartin and Marie of Ponthieu); died 15 Mar 1279, Abbeville, Somme, Picardy, France; was buried , Abbey de Valloires, Abbeville, Somme, Picardy, France.

    Other Events:

    • Alternate death: 16 Mar 1279, Abbeville, Somme, Picardy, France

    Notes:

    Countess Of Ponthieu, Montreuil, and Aumale.

    Children:
    1. 1. Eleanor of Castile, Queen Consort of England was born 1240; died 28 Nov 1290, Hardby, Nottinghamshire, England; was buried , Westminster Abbey, Westminster, Middlesex, England.


Generation: 3

  1. 4.  Alfonso IX, King of León and Galicia was born 15 Aug 1171, Zamora, León, Spain (son of Fernando II, King of Leon, Galicia, and Extremadura and Urraca of Portugal); died 24 Sep 1230, Villanueva de Sarria, Spain; was buried , Cathedral of Santiago de Compostela, Galicia, Spain.

    Other Events:

    • Alternate birth: 1166

    Notes:

    Called "el Barboso," "the Slobberer," supposedly because he was subject to fits of rage during which he foamed at the mouth. Despite this, he is also notable for having founded the University of Salamanca and for convening what was arguably the first parliament in Western Europe that included representatives of the urban bourgeoisie. Our theory is that he was a marooned time-traveler from the future: if you found yourself stuck in twelfth-century Spain, you'd foam at the mouth once in a while too.

    From Wikipedia:

    In spite of the democratic precedent represented by the Cortes and the founding of the University of Salamanca, Alfonso is often chiefly remembered for the difficulties his successive marriages caused between him with Pope Celestine III. He was first married in 1191 to his first cousin, Theresa of Portugal, who bore him two daughters, and a son who died young. The marriage was declared null by the papal legate Cardinal Gregory for consanguinity.

    After Alfonso VIII of Castile was defeated at the Battle of Alarcos, Alfonso IX invaded Castile with the aid of Muslim troops. He was summarily excommunicated by Pope Celestine III. In 1197, Alfonso IX married his first cousin once removed, Berengaria of Castile, to cement peace between León and Castile. For this second act of consanguinity, the king and the kingdom were placed under interdict by representatives of the Pope. In 1198, Pope Innocent III declared Alfonso and Berengaria's marriage invalid, but they stayed together until 1204. The annulment of this marriage by the pope drove the younger Alfonso to again attack his cousin in 1204, but treaties made in 1205, 1207, and 1209 each forced him to concede further territories and rights. The treaty in 1207 is the first existing public document in the Castilian dialect.

    The Pope was, however, compelled to modify his measures by the threat that, if the people could not obtain the services of religion, they would not support the clergy, and that heresy would spread. The king was left under interdict personally, but to that he showed himself indifferent, and he had the support of his clergy. Berengaria left him after the birth of five children, and the king then returned to Theresa, to whose daughters he left his kingdom in his will.

    Alfonso married Berenguela I of Castile, Queen Of Castile & Toledo Bef 17 Dec 1197, Valladolid, Castile, Spain. Berenguela (daughter of Alfonso VIII, King of Castile, Toledo, and Extramadura and Eleanor of England) was born 1171; died 8 Nov 1244; was buried , Abbey of Santa María la Real de Las Huelgas, Burgos, Castile, Spain. [Group Sheet]


  2. 5.  Berenguela I of Castile, Queen Of Castile & Toledo was born 1171 (daughter of Alfonso VIII, King of Castile, Toledo, and Extramadura and Eleanor of England); died 8 Nov 1244; was buried , Abbey of Santa María la Real de Las Huelgas, Burgos, Castile, Spain.

    Other Events:

    • Alternate birth: Abt 1179-1180
    • Alternate birth: Abt 1180
    • Alternate birth: Between Jan 1180 and Jun 1180
    • Alternate birth: Bef Aug 1180, Burgos, Castile, Spain
    • Alternate death: 8 Nov 1246, Las Huelgas, near Burgos, Castile, Spain

    Notes:

    Also called Berengaria.

    "The couple separated due to consanguinity in 1204, after which she returned to her father's dominions, where she became regent for her younger brother, Enrique I, King of Castile. She abdicated the throne of Castile 31 Aug 1217, in favor of her son, Fernando." [Royal Ancestry]

    "Starting in 1198, Pope Innocent III objected to the marriage on the grounds of consanguinity, though the couple stayed together until 1204. They vehemently sought a dispensation in order to stay together, including offering large sums of money. However, the pope denied their request, although they succeeded in having their children considered legitimate. Her marriage dissolved, Berengaria returned to Castile and to her parents in May 1204, where she dedicated herself to the care of her children." [Wikipedia]

    Notes:

    Annulled by Pope Innocent III on grounds of consanguinity.

    Children:
    1. 2. Fernando III (St. Fernando), King Of Castile, León, Galicia, Toledo, Córdoba, Jaén, and Seville was born Between 5 Aug 1201 and 19 Aug 1201, En route between Salamanca and Zamora; died 30 May 1252, Seville, Andalusia, Spain; was buried , Cathedral Santa María, Seville, Andalusia, Spain.
    2. Alfonso was born Between 1203 and 1204; died 6 Jan 1272, Salamanca, Salamanca, Spain.
    3. Bérenguère of Castile-León was born 1204; died 12 Apr 1237, Constantinople.

  3. 6.  Simon II de Dammartin (son of Aubrey II de Dammartin and Mahaut of Clermont); died 21 Sep 1239; was buried , Abbey de Valloires, Abbeville, Somme, Picardy, France.

    Notes:

    Count of Aumale.

    Simon married Marie of Ponthieu Sep 1208. Marie (daughter of William II Talvas and Alix of France) was born 17 Sep 1199; died Sep 1250, Abbeville, Somme, Picardy, France. [Group Sheet]


  4. 7.  Marie of Ponthieu was born 17 Sep 1199 (daughter of William II Talvas and Alix of France); died Sep 1250, Abbeville, Somme, Picardy, France.

    Other Events:

    • Alternate birth: Between 1195 and 17 Apr 1199
    • Alternate birth: Bef 17 Apr 1199

    Notes:

    Countess of Ponthieu and Montreuil. Also called Jeanne.

    Children:
    1. Philippa de Dammartin died Between 14 Apr 1277 and 1281.
    2. 3. Jeanne de Dammartin was born Abt 1220; died 15 Mar 1279, Abbeville, Somme, Picardy, France; was buried , Abbey de Valloires, Abbeville, Somme, Picardy, France.


Generation: 4

  1. 8.  Fernando II, King of Leon, Galicia, and Extremadura was born 1137 (son of Alfonso VII, King of Leon and Castile and Berenguela of Barcelona); died 22 Jan 1188, Benavente, Italy; was buried , Cathedral of Santiago de Compostela, Galicia, Spain.

    Fernando married Urraca of Portugal 1165. Urraca (daughter of Affonso I Henriques, King of Portugal and Mafalda of Savoy) was born Abt 1150; died 16 Oct 1188, Bamba, near Valladolid, Castile, Spain; was buried , Monastery of San Juan Bautista of the Knights of St. John, Bamba, near Valladolid, Castile, Spain. [Group Sheet]


  2. 9.  Urraca of Portugal was born Abt 1150 (daughter of Affonso I Henriques, King of Portugal and Mafalda of Savoy); died 16 Oct 1188, Bamba, near Valladolid, Castile, Spain; was buried , Monastery of San Juan Bautista of the Knights of St. John, Bamba, near Valladolid, Castile, Spain.

    Other Events:

    • Alternate birth: Abt 1151

    Notes:

    "Su última aparición en la documentación medieval fue en 1211 cuando donó a la Catedral de Zamora la villa de Castrotorafe que había recibido como parte de las arras entregadas por rey Fernando en 1165." [Spanish-language Wikipedia]

    Children:
    1. 4. Alfonso IX, King of León and Galicia was born 15 Aug 1171, Zamora, León, Spain; died 24 Sep 1230, Villanueva de Sarria, Spain; was buried , Cathedral of Santiago de Compostela, Galicia, Spain.

  3. 10.  Alfonso VIII, King of Castile, Toledo, and Extramadura was born 11 Nov 1155, Soría, Castile, Spain (son of Sancho III, King of Nájera, Castile, and Toledo and Blanche of Navarre, Queen of Castile); died 22 Sep 1214; was buried , Abbey of Santa María la Real de Las Huelgas, Burgos, Castile, Spain.

    Other Events:

    • Alternate death: 5 Oct 1214, Gutiérre Muños, Arévalo, Spain
    • Alternate death: 6 Oct 1214, Gutiérre Muños, Arévalo, Spain

    Notes:

    Also Lord of Gascony. "Defeated by the Moorish Almohad invaders in 1195, but defeated a combined army of the kings of Leon and Navarre the same year. Won a great victory over the Moors at Navas de Tolosa, 1212." [The Ancestry of Dorothea Poyntz, which gives the date of his marriage to Eleanor as September 1177, unlike other sources which date it to September 1170.]

    Alfonso married Eleanor of England Sep 1170, Burgos, Castile, Spain. Eleanor (daughter of Henry II, King of England and Eleanor of Aquitaine, Queen Consort of France; Queen Consort of England) was born 1161; died 21 Sep 1214; was buried , Abbey of Santa María la Real de Las Huelgas, Burgos, Castile, Spain. [Group Sheet]


  4. 11.  Eleanor of England was born 1161 (daughter of Henry II, King of England and Eleanor of Aquitaine, Queen Consort of France; Queen Consort of England); died 21 Sep 1214; was buried , Abbey of Santa María la Real de Las Huelgas, Burgos, Castile, Spain.

    Other Events:

    • Alternate birth: 13 Oct 1162, Domfront, Normandy, France
    • Alternate death: 25 Oct 1214, Burgos, Castile, Spain

    Notes:

    Also called Leonor.

    "Of all Eleanor of Aquitaine's daughters, her namesake was the only one who was enabled, by political circumstances, to wield the kind of influence her mother had exercised. In her own marriage treaty, and in the first marriage treaty for her daughter Berengaria, Eleanor was given direct control of many lands, towns, and castles throughout the kingdom. She was almost as powerful as Alfonso, who specified in his will in 1204 that she was to rule alongside their son in the event of his death, including taking responsibility for paying his debts and executing his will. It was she who persuaded him to marry their daughter Berengaria to Alfonso IX of León. Troubadours and sages were regularly present in Alfonso VIII's court due to Eleanor's patronage." [Wikipedia]

    Children:
    1. 5. Berenguela I of Castile, Queen Of Castile & Toledo was born 1171; died 8 Nov 1244; was buried , Abbey of Santa María la Real de Las Huelgas, Burgos, Castile, Spain.
    2. Urraca of Castile was born Between 1186 and 1187; died 3 Nov 1220, Coimbra, Portugal.
    3. Blanche of Castile, Queen Consort of France was born Bef 4 Mar 1188, Palencia, Castile, Spain; died 1252, Melun, Seine-et-Marne, France; was buried , Maubuisson Abbey near Pontoise, near Paris, France.

  5. 12.  Aubrey II de Dammartin was born Abt 1130 (son of Alberic I and Maud); died 19 Sep 1200, London, England.

    Other Events:

    • Alternate death: 20 Sep 1200

    Notes:

    Count of Dammartin-en-Goële. Chamberlain of France 1155-1160.

    Also called Alberic II; Albri de Luzarches.

    Aubrey married Mahaut of Clermont. Mahaut (daughter of Renaud II de Clermont and Clemence de Bar-le-Duc) died Oct 1200. [Group Sheet]


  6. 13.  Mahaut of Clermont (daughter of Renaud II de Clermont and Clemence de Bar-le-Duc); died Oct 1200.

    Other Events:

    • Alternate death: Aft Sep 1200
    • Alternate death: Aft 1218

    Notes:

    Also Mathilda; Mathilde; Marie; Maud; Mabile.

    Children:
    1. Juliane de Dammartin died 1238.
    2. 6. Simon II de Dammartin died 21 Sep 1239; was buried , Abbey de Valloires, Abbeville, Somme, Picardy, France.
    3. Agnès de Dammartin died Aft 1244.

  7. 14.  William II Talvas was born Abt 1171 (son of Jean I and Beatrice Campdavaine); died 4 Oct 1221.

    Other Events:

    • Alternate birth: 1179
    • Alternate birth: Aft 1178
    • Alternate death: 6 Oct 1221

    Notes:

    Count of Ponthieu & Montreuil.

    William married Alix of France 20 Aug 1195. Alix (daughter of Louis VII, King of France and Constance of Castile, Queen Consort of France) was born 4 Oct 1160; died 18 Jul 1218. [Group Sheet]


  8. 15.  Alix of France was born 4 Oct 1160 (daughter of Louis VII, King of France and Constance of Castile, Queen Consort of France); died 18 Jul 1218.

    Other Events:

    • Alternate birth: Abt 1170
    • Alternate death: Aft 18 Jul 1218

    Notes:

    Also Aalez; Aaliz; Aelois; Aalis; Aalaidis; Alais. Countess of Vexin.

    Ancestral Roots has her as a daughter of Louis VII by his third wife Adèle of Blois (whom they call "Alix of Champagne"); Richardson's Royal Ancestry, with evidently better documentation, has her as a daughter of Louis by his second wife, Constance of Castile. But Szabolcs de Vajay's comprehensive 1989 survey of the Iberian Burgundians, "From Alfonso VII to Alfonso X: The First Two Centuries of the Burgundian Dynasty in Castile and Leon -- A Prosopographical Catalogue in Social Genealogy, 1100-1300" (in Studies in Genealogy and Family History in Tribute to Charles Evans on the Occasion of His Eightieth Birthday, ed. Lindsay L. Brook. Salt Lake City: Association for the Promotion of Scholarship in Genealogy, 1989) says that Constance of Castile's daughter Adelaide by Louis VII died in infancy. We're going with Richardson on the (weak) basis of his research being more recent.

    Update: Peter Stewart, on SGM in October 2016, argued here, here, and here that "Alberic of Troisfontaines specified that Alix, the wife of Guillaume of Ponthieu, was the daughter of Louis VII by his Spanish second wife ('rex iste Ludovicus de prima uxore sua Alienor, quam dimisit, duas habuit filias ... De secunda quoque uxore, que fuit Hyspana, duas similiter habuit filias, primo reginam Margaretam Anglie et comitissam Aaliz, quam duxit Guilelmus comes de Pontivo')," and that there is no good reason to doubt this, particularly since if Alix had been a daughter of Louis VII's third wife, "Alix would have been (on her supposed mother's side) a third cousin of Richard, by common descent from William the Conqueror."

    Stewart also argues that Alix cannot have married William II Talvas before August 1195 (rather than 1185 as stated in AR8) "because she was detained in England by Henry II for some years after the rupture in 1191 of her long betrothal to his son Richard. (She had been sent to England as Richard's promised bride in 1174.)"

    Children:
    1. 7. Marie of Ponthieu was born 17 Sep 1199; died Sep 1250, Abbeville, Somme, Picardy, France.