Nielsen Hayden genealogy

William de Briouze

Male - 1211


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Generation: 1

  1. 1.  William de Briouze was born , of Briouze, Normandy, France (son of William de Briouze and Bertha of Hereford); died 9 Aug 1211, Corbeil, near Paris, France.

    Other Events:

    • Alternate birth: of Bramber, Sussex, England
    • Alternate death: Sep 1211, Corbeil, near Paris, France

    Notes:

    "William was the most notable member of the de Braose dynasty. His steady rise and sudden fall at the hands of King John is often taken as an example of that king's arbitrary and capricious behaviour towards his barons." [Wikipedia]

    "William de Briouze, Lord of Briouze, Bramber, Brecon, Over Gwent, &c., s. and h. He m. Maud De St. Valery, "Lady of La Haie." In consequence of his well-known quarrel with King John, his lands were forfeited in 1208, and his wife and 1st s. starved to death in the dungeons of Corfe (or of Windsor) in 1210. He d. at Corbeil near Paris, 9, and was bur. 10 Aug. 1211, in the Abbey of St. Victor at Paris." [Complete Peerage I:22]

    "He slaughtered Seisyll ap Dyvnwal (abovenamed) and a host of unarmed Welshmen, in the castle of Abergavenny in 1175, in revenge for the death of his uncle Henry of Hereford [Brut y Tywysogian, R. de Diceto, etc.). Seisyll was owner of Castle Arnold, and is said in an inaccurate version of the Brut to have captured Abergavenny in 1172, the slaughter being dated 1177 (The Gwentian Chronicle, Cambrian Arch. Assoc, p. 137). But the better version of the Brut (Rolls Ser., p. 218; Y Brutieu, in Welsh Texts, ed. Rhys and Evans, 1890, p. 330) on the contrary, states that Seisyll was captured in 1172 by the garrison of Abergavenny. (ex inform. G. W. Watson.)" [Complete Peerage I:22, footnote (a).]

    William — Maud de St. Valéry. Maud (daughter of Bernard de St. Valéry and Matilda) was born Abt 1150; died 1210, Windsor, Berkshire, England. [Group Sheet]

    Children:
    1. William de Briouze died 1210, Windsor, Berkshire, England.
    2. Reynold de Briouze was born , of Abergavenny, Monmouthshire, Wales; died Between 1227 and 1228.
    3. Bertha de Briouze
    4. Margaret de Briouze was born Abt 1181; died Aft 25 Jun 1245.

Generation: 2

  1. 2.  William de Briouze was born Abt 1100, of Bramber, Sussex, England (son of Philip de Briouze and Aenor); died Abt 1180.

    Other Events:

    • Alternate death: Aft 1179
    • Alternate death: Abt 1192
    • Alternate death: Abt 1193

    Notes:

    Sheriff of Hereford, 8 Apr 1173-75.

    "Briouze-Saint-Gervais (formerly Braiose), arrond. of Argentan, dept. of Orne. His descendants spelt the name Brewes. In some 25 early references to this name, not in charter latin, it appears as Breouse, Breuse, or Brewys (the last of which still exists as a surname), but never as Braose, the form adopted in peerages, for which it seems doubtful if there be any good authority." [Complete Peerage I:21, note (e).]

    "William de Briouze, Lord of Briouze in Normandy, and of Bramber, Sussex, s. and h. of Philip de B., of the same, by Aenor, da. and h. of Juhel son of Alvred, Lord of Barnstaple and Totnes. He m., in or before 1150, Bertha, 2nd sister and coh. of William of Hereford abovenamed, being da. of Miles of Gloucester, 1st Earl of Gloucester. Sheriff of Hereford, Easter 1173-1175, at which earlier date probably he already possessed the Lordship of Over Gwent. He was living in 1179." [Complete Peerage I:21-22, as corrected in volume XIV.]

    Chris Phillips' Corrections and Additions to The Complete Peerage notes that Miles was earl of Hereford, not of Gloucester.

    William married Bertha of Hereford Abt 1150. [Group Sheet]


  2. 3.  Bertha of Hereford (daughter of Miles of Gloucester and Sibyl de Neufmarche).

    Notes:

    The first heir to Miles of Gloucester as was his son Roger of Hereford, king's constable, who died as a monk in 1155

    His brother Walter of Hereford, king's constable, died 1157-59.

    His brother Henry of Hereford, king's constable, died 1159-63, slain on an Easter eve by Seisyll ap Dyvnwal at Castle Arnold near Abergavenny.

    His brother Mahel of Hereford, king's constable, died sometime after Jan 1164.

    His brother William of Hereford, king's constable, died before 1166, mortally hurt by a stone dropped from Bronllys Tower, co. Brecon.

    Which is how the honor of Abergavenny passed to their sister Bertha and to her husband William de Briouze.

    Children:
    1. 1. William de Briouze was born , of Briouze, Normandy, France; died 9 Aug 1211, Corbeil, near Paris, France.


Generation: 3

  1. 4.  Philip de Briouze was born Bef 1066 (son of William I de Briouze); died Between 1131 and 1139.

    Other Events:

    • Alternate birth: Abt 1070

    Philip — Aenor. Aenor (daughter of Juhel) was born , of Totnes, Devon, England. [Group Sheet]


  2. 5.  Aenor was born , of Totnes, Devon, England (daughter of Juhel).

    Other Events:

    • Alternate birth: Abt 1084, Barnstaple, Devon, England

    Children:
    1. 2. William de Briouze was born Abt 1100, of Bramber, Sussex, England; died Abt 1180.

  3. 6.  Miles of Gloucester was born Abt 1100 (son of Walter fitz Roger de Pîtres); died 24 Dec 1143; was buried , Llanthony Priory, outside Gloucester, Gloucestershire, England.

    Notes:

    Constable and hereditary sheriff of Gloucester. Constable of the Court to the Empress Maud. Created Earl of Hereford 25 Jul 1141. Killed in a hunting accident.

    Also called Miles Fitz Walter.

    Miles married Sibyl de Neufmarche 1121. Sibyl (daughter of Bernard de Neufmarché and Nest ferch Osbern) was born , of Brecon, Breconshire, Wales; was buried , Llanthony Priory, outside Gloucester, Gloucestershire, England. [Group Sheet]


  4. 7.  Sibyl de Neufmarche was born , of Brecon, Breconshire, Wales (daughter of Bernard de Neufmarché and Nest ferch Osbern); was buried , Llanthony Priory, outside Gloucester, Gloucestershire, England.
    Children:
    1. Margaret of Hereford died Bef 29 Sep 1197; was buried , Llanthony Priory, outside Gloucester, Gloucestershire, England.
    2. 3. Bertha of Hereford
    3. Lucy of Hereford died Aft 1219; was buried , Llanthony Priory, outside Gloucester, Gloucestershire, England.


Generation: 4

  1. 8.  William I de Briouze (son of Gunnor); died Between Dec 1093 and Mar 1096.

    Other Events:

    • Alternate death: Between 1093 and 1096

    Children:
    1. 4. Philip de Briouze was born Bef 1066; died Between 1131 and 1139.

  2. 10.  Juhel was born , of Totnes, Devon, England (son of Alvred).
    Children:
    1. 5. Aenor was born , of Totnes, Devon, England.

  3. 12.  Walter fitz Roger de Pîtres (son of Roger de Pîtres); died Abt 1126, Llanthony Priory, outside Gloucester, Gloucestershire, England.

    Notes:

    Also called Walter of Gloucester. In Domesday as a tenant-in-chief. Hereditary sheriff, and probably constable, of Gloucestershire.

    Children:
    1. Maud of Gloucester
    2. 6. Miles of Gloucester was born Abt 1100; died 24 Dec 1143; was buried , Llanthony Priory, outside Gloucester, Gloucestershire, England.

  4. 14.  Bernard de Neufmarché was born , of Nuef-Marche, Normandy, France (son of Geoffrey de Neufmarche and Ada de Hugleville); died 1093.

    Other Events:

    • Alternate death: Between 1121 and 1125

    Notes:

    Lord of Brecon, according to CP, which cites Round, Ancient Charters, no. 6.

    From the Oxford Dictionary of National Biography:

    He was in England by 1086-7, witnessing William's 'foundation charter' to Battle Abbey. He does not appear in Domesday Book. Between 1086 and 1088 he was granted lands in Herefordshire (including Burghill, Brinsop, and Much Cowarne) by either William I or William II. At about the same time, Bernard married Nest (also known as Agnes), daughter and heir of the Herefordshire lord Osbern fitz Richard, and granddaughter of the north Welsh king Gruffudd ap Llywelyn. [...]

    In 1088, Bernard de Neufmarché participated in the rebellion against William II, joining the force which attacked Worcester. He may have been drawn into the rebellion by his father-in-law, and was apparently not punished for his actions. Also in 1088, he seems to have embarked upon his conquest of the minor Welsh kingdom of Brycheiniog, for late in 1088 he made a grant of Glasbury in Brycheiniog, together with Much Cowarne church, to St Peter's, Gloucester. This may have been a 'first fruits' offering. By 1093, Bernard was probably in possession of the Welsh capital of Brycheiniog, Talgarth, and in that year, the south Welsh king Rhys ap Tewdwr was killed near Aberhonddu by the Norman invaders of Brycheiniog. His death cleared the way for Bernard to annex the whole region, establishing himself and his feudal vassals in new castles and fiefs there.

    Bernard — Nest ferch Osbern. [Group Sheet]


  5. 15.  Nest ferch Osbern (daughter of Osbern fitz Richard and Nest verch Gruffydd).

    Notes:

    Also called Agnes.

    Children:
    1. 7. Sibyl de Neufmarche was born , of Brecon, Breconshire, Wales; was buried , Llanthony Priory, outside Gloucester, Gloucestershire, England.