Nielsen Hayden genealogy

John de Mowbray

Male 1310 - 1361  (50 years)


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Generation: 1

  1. 1.  John de Mowbray was born 29 Nov 1310, Hovingham, Yorkshire, England (son of John de Mowbray and Aline de Brewes); died 4 Oct 1361, York, Yorkshire, England; was buried , Friars Minor, Bedford, Bedfordshire, England.

    Other Events:

    • Alternate birth: of Axholme, Lincolnshire, England

    Notes:

    Governor of Berwick-on-Tweed. He was summoned to Parliament by writs from 10 Dec 1327 to 20 Nov 1360.

    One of the commanders of the English army at the Battle of Neville's Cross. Present at the Siege of Calais.

    Died "of pestilence" [Royal Ancestry].

    From the original Dictionary of National Biography (article by James Tait):

    MOWBRAY, JOHN (II) de, ninth Baron (d.1361), son of John (I) de Mowbray, was released from the Tower, and his father's lands were restored to him, on the deposition of Edward II in January 1327. Though still under age he was allowed livery of his lands, but his marriage was granted, for services to Queen Isabella, to Henry, earl, of Lancaster, who married him to his fifth daughter, Joan. His mother's great estates in Gower, Sussex, &c., came to him on her death in 1331. Henceforth he styled himself 'Lord of the Isle of Axholme and of the Honours of Gower and Bramber.' The De Brewers inheritance involved him in a protracted litigation with his mother's cousin, Thomas de Brewes which had begun as early as 1338, and was still proceeding in 1347. Mowbray had also had a dispute before his mother's death with her second husband, Sir Richard Peshall, touching certain manors in Bedfordshire, &c., which he and his mother had granted to him for life, and in 1329 forcibly entered them.

    Mowbray was regularly summoned to the parliaments and 'colloquia' from 1328 to 1361, and was a member of the king's council from the former year. In 1327, 1333, 1335, and again in 1337, he served against the Scots; but there is little evidence for Dugdale's statement that he frequently served in France. In 1337, when war with France was impending he was ordered as lord of Gower to arm his tenants; next year he had to provide ships for the king's passage to the continent, and was sent down to his Sussex estates in the prospect of a French landing. According to Froissart, he was with the king in Flanders in October 1339, but this is impossible, for he was present at the parliament held in that month, and was ordered to repair towards his Yorkshire estates to defend the Scottish marches. Next year he was appointed justiciar of Lothian and governor of Berwick, towards whose garrison he was to provide 120 men, including ten knights. In September 1341 he was commanded to furnish Balliol with men from Yorkshire. On 20 Dec. 1342 he received orders to hold himself ready to go to the assistance of the king in Brittany by 1 March 1348, and Froissart makes him take part in the siege of Nantes; but the truce of Malestroit was concluded on 19 Jan., and on 6 Feb. the reinforecments were countermanded.

    At Neville's Cross (17 Oct. 1346) Mowbray fought in the third line, and the Lanercost chronicler loudly sings his praises: 'He was full of grace and kindness -- the conduct both of himself and his men was such as to redound to their perpetual honour'. Froissart, nevertheless, again takes him to France, with the king. In 1347 he was again in the Scottish marches. On the expiration, in 1352, of one of the short truces which began in 1347, he was appointed chief of the commissioners charged with the defence of the Yorkshire coast against the French, and required to furnish thirty men from Gower. The king sent him once more to the Scottish border in 1355. In December 1359 he was made a justice of the peace in the district of Holland, Lincolnshire, and in the following February a commissioner of array at Leicester for Lancashire, Nottinghamshire, Leicestershire, Derbyshire, and Rutland. This, taken with the fact that he was summoned on 3 April 1360 to the parliament fixed for 15 May, makes it excessively improbable that he was skirmishing before Paris in April as stated by Froissart. It is possible, however, that the Sire de Montbrai mentioned by Froissart was Mowbray's son and heir, John.

    Mowbray died at York of the plague on 4 Oct. 1361, and was buried in the Franciscan church at Bedford. The favourable testimony which the Lanercost chronicler bears to the character of John de Mowbray is borne out by a piece of documentary evidence. In order to put an end to disputes between his steward and his tenants in Axholme, he executed a deed on 1 May 1359 reserving a certain part of the extensive wastes in the isle to himself, and granting the remainder in perpetuum to the tenants. This deed was jealously preserved as the palladium of the commoners of Axholme in Haxey Church 'in a chest bound with iron, whose key was kept by some of the chiefest freeholders, under a window wherein was a portraiture of Mowbray, set in ancient stained glass, holding in his hand a writing, commonly reported to be an emblem of the deed'. This window was broken down in the 'rebellious times,' when the rights of the commoners under the deed were in large measure overridden, in spite of their protests, by the drainage scheme which was begun by Cornelius Vermuyden in 1626 and led to riots in 1642, and again in 1697.

    Mowbray's wife was Joan, fifth daughter of Henry, third earl of Lancaster. His one son, John (III) de Mowbray (1328?-1368), was probably born in 1329, and succeeded as tenth baron. Before 1353 he had married Elizabeth, the only child and heiress of John sixth lord Segrave, on whose death in that year he entered into possession of her lands, lying chiefly in Leicestershire, where the manors of Segrave, Sileby, and Mount Sorrel rounded off the Mowbray estates about Melton Mowbray, and in Warwickshire, where the castle and manor of Caludon and other lordships increased the Mowbray holding in that county. The mother of Mowbray's wife, Margaret Plantagenet, was the sole heiress of Thomas of Brotherton, the second surviving son of Edward I, and she, on the death of her father in 1338, inherited the title and vast heritage in eastern England of the Bigods, earls of Norfolk, together with the great hereditary office of marshal of England, which had been conferred on her father. Neither her son-in-law, John de Mowbray the younger, nor his two successors were fated to enjoy her inheritance; for the countess marshal survived them, as well as a second husband, Sir Walter Manny, and lived until May 1399. But in the fifteenth century the Mowbrays entered into actual possession of the old Bigod lands, and removed their chief place of residence from the mansion of the Vine Garths at Epworth in Axholme to Framlingham Castle in Suffolk. John III met with an untimely death at the hands of the Turks near Constantinople, on his way to the Holy Land, in 1368. His elder son, John IV, eleventh baron Mowbray of Axholme, was created Earl of Nottingham on the day of Richard II's coronation; his second son, Thomas (I) de Mowbray, twelfth baron Mowbray and first duke of Norfolk, is separately noticed.

    John married Joan of Lancaster Between 28 Feb 1327 and 4 Jun 1328. Joan (daughter of Henry of Lancaster and Maud de Chaworth) was born Abt 1312; died Aft 1345; was buried , Byland, Yorkshire, England. [Group Sheet]

    Children:
    1. John Mowbray was born 25 Jun 1340, Epworth, Lincolnshire, England; died 17 Jun 1368, Thrace, near Constantinople; was buried , Church and Convent of St. Mary Draperis of Pera, Constantinople.

Generation: 2

  1. 2.  John de Mowbray was born 4 Sep 1286, of the Isle of Axholme, Lincolnshire, England (son of Roger de Mowbray and Rose de Clare); died 23 Mar 1322, York, Yorkshire, England; was buried , Church of the Dominican Friars, York, Yorkshire, England.

    Other Events:

    • Alternate birth: 21 Nov 1286

    Notes:

    Summoned to Parliament by writs from 26 Aug 1307 to 15 May 1321.

    Hanged after the Battle of Boroughbridge, in which he sided with Thomas, 2nd Earl Lancaster, against Edward II.

    From the Oxford Dictionary of National Biography:

    In 1311 on the death of Roger Lestrange, the second husband of his paternal grandmother, Maud de Beauchamp (d. 1273), Mowbray was entitled to succeed to her share of the lands of her father William (II) de Beauchamp of Bedford in Bedfordshire (including Bedford Castle), in Buckinghamshire, Cambridgeshire, and Kent. This represented the largest accrual of land since the original grants made to the Mowbrays in 1106. It is somewhat curious that, at some time before Lestrange's death, possibly at the time of Mowbray's marriage, William de Briouze had petitioned the king to allow Mowbray to enfeoff his father-in-law with all the estates that Lestrange was holding by courtesy. In 1316 Mowbray secured a licence to grant the Beauchamp manors of Hawnes, Stotfold, and Willington, Bedfordshire, to Briouze for life and in the first collaborative action with Edward II's favourite, Hugh Despenser the younger, Briouze agreed to allow the king to grant the reversion of Mowbray's manors to Hugh. In the same year Briouze secured a licence to settle his Sussex lands upon John and Alicia, expressly excluding the lordship of Gower from the settlement, possibly because he was considering its sale. Although in June 1322 a royal commission of inquiry stated that Briouze had never given Gower to Mowbray, it does appear that by a special grant, of unknown date, Briouze had given the couple the lordship, with reversion to Humphrey (VII) de Bohun, fourth earl of Hereford.

    Somewhat precipitately, Mowbray entered Gower in 1320 without royal licence, possibly because he had discovered that his father-in-law was proposing to sell the estates; Bohun indeed had paid a deposit on the lordship. Clearly without scruples, at about the same period Briouze was also bargaining with Roger Mortimer of Chirk, Roger Mortimer of Wigmore, and, most dangerous of all, Hugh Despenser the younger. For the latter, as lord of Glamorgan, acquiring neighbouring Gower was an attractive prospect, so he used Mowbray's entry without a licence to persuade the king to seize the lordship. Mowbray argued that as the lordship was a marcher territory where the king's writ did not run, he had had no need of a licence. In this he was supported by the other marcher lords, ever anxious to maintain marcher immunity and by then fearful of Despenser empire building in south Wales. Mowbray's reaction was violent and briefly successful. He ignored the king's order to him and twenty-nine other lords not to assemble and joined in the ravaging of Glamorgan. It was probably on this account that he was accused of the murder of John Iwayn, although later John Fornaux confessed to Iwayn's decapitation. Edward II was forced to give way; Mowbray attended the parliament that condemned the Despensers in July 1321 and on 20 August received a pardon.

    John married Aline de Brewes 1298, Swansea, Glamorganshire, Wales. Aline (daughter of William de Brewes and Agnes) was born Abt 1290, of Bramber, Sussex, England; died Bef 23 Jun 1324. [Group Sheet]


  2. 3.  Aline de Brewes was born Abt 1290, of Bramber, Sussex, England (daughter of William de Brewes and Agnes); died Bef 23 Jun 1324.

    Other Events:

    • Alternate death: Bef 20 Jul 1331
    • Alternate death: 20 Jul 1331
    • Alternate death: Bef 21 Aug 1331

    Notes:

    Also called Aliva.

    "Aline (probably in fact the younger da., aged about 8 in 1298) m. 1stly, in 1298, at Swansea, Sir John de Mowbray, of Axholme, co. Lincoln [Lord Mowbray], who was hanged at York (after the battle of Boroughbridge), 23 Mar. 1321/2. She m., 2ndly, Sir Richard de Peshale, and d. before 21 Aug. 1331." [Complete Peerage II:303-04, as corrected by Volume XIV.]

    Children:
    1. 1. John de Mowbray was born 29 Nov 1310, Hovingham, Yorkshire, England; died 4 Oct 1361, York, Yorkshire, England; was buried , Friars Minor, Bedford, Bedfordshire, England.


Generation: 3

  1. 4.  Roger de Mowbray was born Abt 1257, of the Isle of Axholme, Lincolnshire, England (son of Roger de Mowbray and Maud de Beauchamp); died 1296; was buried , Church of the Friars Preachers, Pontefract, Yorkshire, England.

    Other Events:

    • Alternate birth: of Thirsk, Yorkshire, England
    • Alternate death: Bef 21 Nov 1297, Ghent, Flanders

    Notes:

    Summoned to Parliament by writ 24 Jun 1295, and again 26 Aug 1296.

    Summoned for service in Wales, 1282 and 1283; in Scotland, 1291; on the King's service in Gascony, Sep 1294.

    Roger married Rose de Clare Aft 15 Jul 1270. Rose (daughter of Richard de Clare and Maud de Lacy) was born 17 Aug 1252; died Aft 1315; was buried , Church of the Friars Preachers, Pontefract, Yorkshire, England. [Group Sheet]


  2. 5.  Rose de Clare was born 17 Aug 1252 (daughter of Richard de Clare and Maud de Lacy); died Aft 1315; was buried , Church of the Friars Preachers, Pontefract, Yorkshire, England.

    Other Events:

    • Alternate birth: 1253
    • Alternate birth: Aft 1254

    Children:
    1. 2. John de Mowbray was born 4 Sep 1286, of the Isle of Axholme, Lincolnshire, England; died 23 Mar 1322, York, Yorkshire, England; was buried , Church of the Dominican Friars, York, Yorkshire, England.

  3. 6.  William de Brewes was born , of Bramber, Sussex, England (son of William de Brewes and Aline de Multon); died Bef 1 May 1326.

    Notes:

    "Sir William de Brewes or Brewose, Lord of Bramber and Gower, s. and h., by 1st wife. Having done homage, he had livery of his father's lands, 1 Mar. 1290/1. He was sum. cum equis et armis from 14 June (1294) 22 Edw. I to 18 Apr. (1323) 16 Edw. II, to attend the King wherever he might be, 8 June (1294) 22 Edw. I, to attend the King at Salisbury, 26 Jan. (1296/7) 25 Edw. I, and to Parl. from 29 Dec. (1299) 28 Edw. I to 18 Sep. (1322) 16 Edw. II, by writs directed Willelmo de Brewosa. As Willelmus de Breuhosa dominus de Gower, he took part in the Barons' letter to the Pope, 12 Feb. 1300/1. he m., 1stly, Agnes. He m., 2ndly, before 24 Apr. 1317, Elizabeth, da. and h. of Sir Raymund de Sully, of Sully, co. Glamorgan. He d. shortly before 1 May 1326, having alienated his lordships of Bramber and Gower to his son-in-law, John de Mowbray. His widow, who was aged 20 and more at her father's death in 1316/7,(«) d. s.p., before 24 Aug. 1328." [Complete Peerage II:302-03, as corrected by Volume XIV.]

    William married Agnes. Agnes died Bef 1317. [Group Sheet]


  4. 7.  Agnes died Bef 1317.

    Notes:

    Volume XIV of CP names her as Agnes.

    Children:
    1. Joan de Brewes died Bef 23 Jun 1324.
    2. 3. Aline de Brewes was born Abt 1290, of Bramber, Sussex, England; died Bef 23 Jun 1324.


Generation: 4

  1. 8.  Roger de Mowbray was born Abt 1220, of Thirsk, Yorkshire, England (son of William de Mowbray and Avice); died Bef 18 Oct 1263; was buried , Church of the Friars Preachers, Pontefract, Yorkshire, England.

    Other Events:

    • Buried: Friars Preachers, Pontefract, Yorkshire, England
    • Alternate birth: Abt 1220, of the Isle of Axholme, Lincolnshire, England
    • Alternate death: 1266
    • Alternate death: Abt Nov 1266, Axholme, Lincolnshire, England

    Notes:

    "He was sum. for service in Scotland in Jan. 1257/8, and in 1260 was ordered to be at Chester to serve against the Welsh, being appointed in Dec. with James de Audley to dictate, on the King's behalf, the terms of the truce with Llewelyn. He appears to have sided with Henry III, at any rate in the earlier days of the opposition of the Barons." [Complete Peerage]

    Roger married Maud de Beauchamp Bef 1257. Maud (daughter of William de Beauchamp and Idonea de Longespée) was born , of Bedford, Bedfordshire, England; died Bef 4 Apr 1273; was buried , Church of the Friars Preachers, Pontefract, Yorkshire, England. [Group Sheet]


  2. 9.  Maud de Beauchamp was born , of Bedford, Bedfordshire, England (daughter of William de Beauchamp and Idonea de Longespée); died Bef 4 Apr 1273; was buried , Church of the Friars Preachers, Pontefract, Yorkshire, England.
    Children:
    1. 4. Roger de Mowbray was born Abt 1257, of the Isle of Axholme, Lincolnshire, England; died 1296; was buried , Church of the Friars Preachers, Pontefract, Yorkshire, England.

  3. 10.  Richard de Clare was born 4 Aug 1222, of Clare, Suffolk, England (son of Gilbert de Clare and Isabel Marshal); died Jul 1262, Ashenfield, Waltham, Kent, England; was buried , Tewkesbury Abbey, Tewkesbury, Gloucestershire, England.

    Other Events:

    • Alternate death: 15 Jul 1262, Ashenfield, Waltham, Kent, England

    Notes:

    Earl of Gloucester; Earl of Hertford; High Marshal and Chief Butler to the Archbishop of Canterbury; Privy Councillor 1255, 1258; Warden of the Isle of Portland, Weymouth, and Wyke, 1257.

    From the Oxford Dictionary of National Biography:

    Richard de Clare was a minor at the time of his father's death, and heir to one of the greatest collections of estates and lordships in all of England and Wales. His wardship and marriage were thus matters of the keenest interest to the politically powerful and ambitious of the day. The justiciar Hubert de Burgh, using his position in the government of Henry III, managed to have custody of Richard assigned to himself. On Hubert's fall from power in 1232, the king transferred custody of both Richard and his lands to the new royal favourites, Peter des Roches, bishop of Winchester, and his nephew Peter des Rivaux. Hubert de Burgh's wife, in an apparent effort to rescue the family fortunes, secretly married Richard de Clare to her daughter Margaret; but the marriage was apparently never consummated, and was in any event mooted by Margaret's death in 1237. In the meantime both Peter des Roches and Peter des Rivaux had themselves fallen from power in 1234, and thereafter King Henry kept the wardship in his own hands, although allowing custody of at least some of the Clare lands to be secured by Richard de Clare's uncle Gilbert Marshal, earl of Pembroke. During this time the king began searching for a suitable marriage. A proposed arrangement with the great French comital family, the Lusignans, fell through, and in 1238 Richard de Clare was married to Maud, daughter of John de Lacy, earl of Lincoln. The prime mover in the marriage negotiations seems to have been the king's brother, Richard of Cornwall, who was Richard de Clare's stepfather, having married the widowed Isabel Marshal in 1231. Notwithstanding his marriage Clare remained the ward of the king until 1243, when he came of age and received both official seisin of his inheritance and formal dubbing to knighthood.

    The complexities, intricacies, and rivalries involved in the story of Richard de Clare's wardship are an excellent case study of the stakes and resources at issue when contemplating the lives of the upper aristocracy in the thirteenth century. A connection to Richard de Clare was a prize well worth pursuing at full tilt. His inheritance was vast. [...] Richard de Clare was, by every criterion--annual income (close to £4000), knight's fees (nearly 500), and both the sheer number of and the strategic location of his estates and lordships--easily the richest and potentially the most powerful baron, next to the members of the immediate royal family, in the British Isles (excluding Scotland) as a whole.

    From Wikipedia:

    He joined in the Barons' letter to the Pope in 1246 against the exactions of the Curia in England. He was among those in opposition to the King's half-brothers, who in 1247 visited England, where they were very unpopular, but afterwards he was reconciled to them.

    In August 1252/3 the King crossed over to Gascony with his army, and to his great indignation the Earl refused to accompany him and went to Ireland instead. In August 1255 he and John Maunsel were sent to Edinburgh by the King to find out the truth regarding reports which had reached the King that his son-in-law, Alexander III, King of Scotland, was being coerced by Robert de Roos and John Balliol. If possible, they were to bring the young King and Queen to him. The Earl and his companion, pretending to be two of Roos's knights, obtained entry to Edinburgh Castle, and gradually introduced their attendants, so that they had a force sufficient for their defense. They gained access to the Scottish Queen, who made her complaints to them that she and her husband had been kept apart. They threatened Roos with dire punishments, so that he promised to go to the King.

    Meanwhile the Scottish magnates, indignant at their Castle of Edinburgh's being in English hands, proposed to besiege it, but they desisted when they found they would be besieging their King and Queen. The King of Scotland apparently traveled South with the Earl, for on 24 September they were with King Henry III at Newminster, Northumberland."

    *****

    In July 1258 Richard de Clare and his brother William both fell ill. The Oxford Dictionary of National Biography describes contemporary reports that this was due to an attempted poisoning, "supposedly instigated by King Henry's uncle, William de Valence, earl of Pembroke, in retaliation for Clare's support of the baronial reform movement; and Valence's purported agent in the plot, Clare's seneschal, Walter de Scoteny, was tried and hanged." William died, but Richard survived with the loss of his hair and nails. In 1259 Richard was appointed chief ambassador to the Duke of Brittany, presumably in hopes of frightening the duke by sending a hairless, nailless creature to his court. Three years later, Richard died at Ashenfield, Waltham, Kent, on the 15th, the 16th, or the 22nd of July 1262. It was again bruited about that he had been poisoned, this time by the Queen's uncle Peter of Savoy, but the Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, noting that "the annals of Tewkesbury Abbey are the single most valuable literary source for the reconstruction of [de Clare] family history for this period", points out that "the silence of the Tewkesbury account on this point strongly indicates that such rumours were unfounded."

    In a perfectly medieval series of postmortem events, Richard de Clare's body was borne to the Cathedral Church of Christ at Canterbury, where his entrails were buried before the altar of St. Edward the Confessor; it was then taken to the Collegiate Church of Tonbridge, Kent, where his heart was buried; finally, what remained of his body was taken to Tewkesbury Abbey in Gloucestershire where it was buried in the choir at his father's right hand.

    Richard married Maud de Lacy Abt 25 Jan 1238. Maud (daughter of John de Lacy and Margaret de Quincy) died 1288-1289. [Group Sheet]


  4. 11.  Maud de Lacy (daughter of John de Lacy and Margaret de Quincy); died 1288-1289.

    Other Events:

    • Alternate death: Aft 1288
    • Alternate death: Bef 10 Mar 1289

    Children:
    1. Thomas de Clare was born Between 1243 and 1248; died 29 Aug 1287, Ireland.
    2. Gilbert de Clare was born 2 Sep 1243, Christchurch, Hampshire, England; died 7 Dec 1295, Monmouth Castle, Monmouthshire, Wales; was buried , Tewkesbury Abbey, Tewkesbury, Gloucestershire, England.
    3. 5. Rose de Clare was born 17 Aug 1252; died Aft 1315; was buried , Church of the Friars Preachers, Pontefract, Yorkshire, England.

  5. 12.  William de Brewes was born Abt 1224, of Bramber, Sussex, England (son of John de Brewes and Margaret verch Llewelyn); died 6 Jan 1291, Findon, Sussex, England; was buried 15 Jan 1291, Sele Priory, West Sussex, England.

    Notes:

    "Sir William de Breuse, s. and h. of John de Breuse, Lord of Bramber and Gower, by Margaret, da. of Llewelyn ap Iorwerth, Prince of North Wales. He suc. his father in 1232, before 18 July, and was of full age before 15 July 1245. He was sum. cum equis et armis from 14 Mar. (1257/8) 42 Hen. III to 14 Mar. (1282/3) 11 Edw. I, and to attend the King at Shrewsbury, 28 June (1283) 11 Edw. I, by writs directed Willelmo de Breuse, Brehuse, or Brewes. He is recorded to have sat in the Parl. of Apr.-May 1290, whereby he may be held to have been Lord Brewose. He m., 1stly, Aline, da. of Thomas de Multon of Burgh-on-Sands, Cumberland, by Maud, da. and h. of Hubert de Vaux, of Gilsland in that co. He m., 2ndly, Agnes, da. of Nicholas de Moels, of Cadbury, Somerset by Hawise, widow of John de Botreaux, yr. da. and coh. of James de Newmarch, of Cadbury afsd. [See Moels.] He m., 3rdly, in or before 1271, Mary, da. of Robert de Ros of Helmsley, by Isabel, da. and h. of William d'Aubigny, of Belvoir. He d. 6 Jan. 1290/1 at Findon, West Sussex and was bur. at Sele Priory 15 Jan. His widow, whose dower was settled by deeds dated 21, 23 Mar. 1290/1, d. shortly before 23 May 1326." [Complete Peerage II:302, as corrected in Volume XIV.]

    William married Aline de Multon Bef 1253. Aline (daughter of Thomas de Multon and Maud de Vaux) died Bef 1268. [Group Sheet]


  6. 13.  Aline de Multon (daughter of Thomas de Multon and Maud de Vaux); died Bef 1268.

    Other Events:

    • Alternate death: Bef 1271

    Children:
    1. 6. William de Brewes was born , of Bramber, Sussex, England; died Bef 1 May 1326.