Nielsen Hayden genealogy

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1  de Valletort, John (I9086)
 
2  (Unknown mistress of Richard of Cornwall) (I2358)
 
3  Tompson, John (I84)
 
4 "Fulcois is known only from a 1051×60 charter of Rotrou, count of Mortagne, which names a count Fulcois as his avus (usually "grandfather") [...] The relationship of Fulcois to Rotrou has been interpreted in different ways, resulting in widely varying conjectured genealogical connections for Fulcois. Nevertheless [...] it is probable that Fulcois was the paternal grandfather of Rotrou, and thus father of Geoffroy. Fulcois is given the title of count by his grandson, but there is no direct evidence of the region over which he was count. However, since Rotrou was count of Mortagne, it has been supposed that Fulcois was also a count of Mortagne, a reasonable presumption. There is no good evidence about the time in which Fulcois flourished. He may also have been the father of Hugues du Perche, which, if true, would make him an ancestor of the Plantagenets in the direct male line." [The Henry Project] Fulcois (I7642)
 
5 Comtesse de Melgueil. de Mauguion, Béatrix (I12688)
 
6 "David I was driven by a clear and consistent vision, pious and authoritarian, of what his kingdom should be: Catholic, in the sense of conforming to the doctrines and observances of the western church; feudal, in the sense that a lord–vassal relationship, involving knight-service, should form the basis of government; and open, in the sense that external (especially continental) influences of all kinds, religious, military, and economic, were encouraged and exploited to strengthen the Scottish kingdom. Alongside his eclecticism, David's strong sense of the autonomy of his realm and of his own position within it must be acknowledged. The surviving numbers of his charters, compared with those of his predecessors, surely point to an increase in the sophistication, and probably also in the activity, of government. During David's reign the administration of royal justice became more firmly established and was organized more effectively. Those who enjoyed their own courts were told that the king would intervene if they failed to provide justice. The addresses of royal charters and writs (Scottish ‘brieves’) show that from c.1140 justiciars were appointed. Although none is known by name, these officers were clearly the predecessors of the named justiciars of succeeding reigns." [Oxford Dictionary of National BiographyDavid I King of Scotland (I6369)
 
7 "'Goodwife Stearns Senior' was one of several Watertown residents warned to town meeting to answer for not 'attending their seats in the meetinghouse appointed them by the town.'" [The Great Migration BeginsBarker, Mary (I11483)
 
8 "'Shudrack Hopgood aged 14' was registered aboard the Speedwell of London, at Gravesend 30 May 1656, Robert Lock, Master, bound for New England." [Paul C. Reed and Dean Crawford Smith, "Dorothy _______, the Key in Our Search for Shadrack Hapgood," New England Historical and Genealogical Register, Volume 150, April 1996.] Arrived in Boston in July.

Killed by the Nipmuck Indians in King Philip's War, in "the Surprise of Captains Hutchinson and Wheeler at Brookfield." [Harvard History, quoted in The Hapgood Family]

Many variations of his given name--Shadrack, Shudrack, Sidrache, etc. Also Hopgood, Hapgood, Habgood, etc. 
Hapgood, Shadrach (I7034)
 
9 "...[T]here is no proved descent from any member of the Merovingian dynasty to any later medieval or modern person. They were subjected to the triple historical indignities of usurpation by the Carolingian Pippin, damnatio memoriae in the Carolingian accounts of that usurpation (such as Einhard's Vita Karoli magni), and finally the broad early-medieval problem of the scarcity of written records. The result is that a large and many-branched family appears to peter out in the historical record. The most accessible careful prosopography of this family is Christian Settipani's book, La préhistoire des Capétiens, Nouvelle histoire généalogique de l'auguste maison de France, gen. ed. Patrick Van Kerrebrouck, vol. 1 part 1 (Villeneuve d'Asq: Patrick Van Kerrebrouck, 1993). With detailed and thorough citations to both primary sources and the interpretive secondary literature, Settipani summarizes each (if not all) of the commonly claimed gateways from the Merovingian dynasty. The assertion that Bertrada, founder of the abbey of Prüm, was of Merovingian royal blood, is not implausible but it was a suggestion, first made by Maurice Chaume, based essentially on onomastics (the fact that members of her family appear to have used names also found in the royal dynasty)." [Nathaniel Lane Taylorof Prum, Bertrada (I1483)
 
10 "1310. Feb 28. Westminster. License to John de Merkyngfeld, king's clerk, to crenellate his dwelling house at Merkyngfekd, co. York." [Calendar of the Patent Rolls 1307-1313Markenfield, John (I7413)
 
11 "1394. July 10. Westminster. Pardon to Thomas, son of Thomas de Merkyngfeld, knight, imprisoned in the gaol of the late queen Anne's castle of Richmond, for the death of Peter Fraunke of Eryom, as it appears by the record of John Woderove and the other justices of gaol-delivery that he killed him in self-defence." [Calendar of the Patent Rolls 1391-1396Markenfield, Thomas (I11462)
 
12 "Guise Guerrajat; °~1177, a quelques biens près de Montpellier provenant de son père Domini Guidonos Garrechati [Archives Nationales, fonds Doat, Vol.38, fol.20-22]. Ses parents sont donc Gui de Pouget dit Guerrajat, Guido Guerregiatur, & Mathia et frère de Guilhem de Montpellier &1156 Mathilde de Bourgogne, voir les Guilhems, Seigneurs de Montpellier. Les parents de Gui de Pouget dit Guerrajat sont donc Guilhem de Montpellier &1129 Sybille di Saluzzo." [Ludovic Noirie, citation details below.] Guerrajat, Guise (I12576)
 
13 "Nepos Huberti." [J. Horace Round, citation details below.] Sheriff of London in 1125. Died on pilgrimage to Jerusalem. Roger (I1825)
 
14 "Sylvanus de Hersewella occurs in the pipe rolls of 1130 when he rendered an account of 1 mark in Yorkshire." ["The Yorkshire Family of Salvain," citation details below.] de Harswell, Silvan (I5846)
 
15 "[A]lias Joan Okeston, legally the daughter and heiress of Sir Alexander Okeston of Modbury, Devon." [Wikipedia] de Cornwall, Joan (I7647)
 
16 "A benefactor of Le Bec, Saint-Père at Chartres, Coulombs, and Saint-Evroul. [...] He became a monk at Le Bec and died there, but the dates of both events are uncertain." [Complete Peeraged'Ivry, Robert (I4041)
 
17 "A benefactor to the Abbey of Glastonbury; justice of Ford, and other lands in Somerset, Wilts, co. Hertford, and Essex." [The Wallop Family, citation details below.] de Brent, Robert (I8321)
 
18 "A charter of viscount Geoffroy of Châteaudun of 1031×2 names Melisende as his mother. [...] Thus, if the attribution of Fulcois as the paternal grandfather of Rotrou is correct, he would be the husband of Melisende." [The Henry Project] Melisende (I11096)
 
19 "A copy of the will for Francis Wheatley, dated 19 Oct 1808 [is] in the Wheatley Book. The will leaves property to his children, including several slaves. His wife is not mentioned, leading us to believe she died earlier. -- George Roberds (Roberds, Coleman and Related Families -- Ancestry.com)" [Quoted on Reed-Claggett-Neff] Wheatley, Francis (I2869)
 
20 "A daughter Matilda is known from a reference in Domesday Book". [Oxford Dictionary of National BiographyMatilda (I1247)
 
21 "A founder of Windsor, Conn.; later settled at Killingsworth, Conn.; was deputy Gen. court, justice, deacon; built 'Old Fort' at Springfield,Mass." [Ancestors and Descendants of Andrew Lee and Clarinda Knapp Allen]

"According to [Mormon Pioneer Genealogy Library] projections, the largest family in America today is the posterity of Robert White (b. ca. 1560) & Bridget Allgar, with a Mormon posterity of 430,000 and an American posterity of 29 million. The next five families are Edward Griswold and Margaret, Joseph Loomis and Mary White (daughter of Robert and Bridget above), Gerard Spencer and Alice Whitbread, Thomas Ford and Elizabeth Charde, and Thomas Bliss and Margaret Hulins, each with a Mormon posterity of 270,000 and an American posterity of 18 million." (Michel L. Call and Gary Boyd Roberts, "Mormon Pioneer Genealogy Library Acquired by NEHGS," 1985. 
Griswold, Deacon Edward (I1678)
 
22 "A Norman knight." [Ancestral Roots]

"Gilbert. The name of the father of the first De Lancaster is known, as is his apparent wife’s name Godith (mentioned in a benefaction of her son to St Mary de Pré in Leicester), but almost nothing else is known about either of them with any security. He is often referred to by genealogists with second names such as 'de Taillebois', 'de Lancaster', 'Fitz Ketel', or 'de Furness' (de Furnesio). However I can find no contemporary references like this. So like Eldred he is apparently mainly (or perhaps only) known from references to progeny, William de Lancaster I, and his brothers." [Andrew Lancaster, citation details below.] 
Gilbert (I10183)
 
23 "A Paphlagonian nobleman who may have served as governor of the theme of Moesia." [Wikipedia] Doukas, Andronikus (I4955)
 
24 "A piece of Lucca cloth was sent from the King's Wardrobe into Somerset, to be laid upon the body of the wife of Sir Richaerd Lovel on the day of her burial, 25 Feb 1318." [Complete PeerageSoules, Muriel (I2175)
 
25 "A tenant in chief in Essex." [Complete Peeragele Breton, William (I4152)
 
26 "A weaver of cloth, he was appointed Constable [of Portsmouth] for the terms beginning 1 June in the years 1668, 1674, and 1676; he also served in the colonial legislature in 1672 and 1678. On 12 Sept. 1680 he was of record as tax collector." [Ancestral Lines, citation details below.] Wilbore, William (I4436)
 
27 "A. E. Packe finds considerable variation in engraving and workmanship of the coins of the first three Norman kings, and suggests that the good coins were made with dies sent out from London and that some good and many bad coins came from dies made in the local mints. Die engraving was part of the 'mystery' of the goldsmiths. Packe finds a German influence in English die engraving and thinks that Otto was of German extraction. He notes that the moneyers were a distinct class from the die engravers. [...] In 1086, as recorded in Domesday Book, Otto the goldsmith (aurifaber) held the manor of Gestingthorpe in Essex in chief of the king. [...] After the death of William the Conqueror at Rouen on 9 Sept. 1087, his body was buried at Caen in the church of St. Stephen. William Rufus instructed Otto to erect a tomb over his father as a splendid memorial. Otto obeyed the king's orders and completed a tomb shining with gold and silver and precious style. The memorial survived without molestation until 1522, when the tomb was opened on instructions from Rome, and the body, after examination, was reinterred. But in 1562, the tomb was completely destroyed by the Calvinists, and the remains, except for one thigh bone, were scattered and lost." [F. N. Craig, "Descent from a Domesday Goldsmith." The American Genealogist 65:1, January 1990, p. 24.] Otto (I5543)
 
28 "Abiah's identity has long puzzled researchers. Mrs. Barclay eliminated many possible Abiahs from surrounding towns and concluded, after reading deeds and court records of the Ford family, their associates and relatives, that she was probably Abia Pierce, daughter of Capt. Michael Pierce of Hingham and Scituate and his first wife Persis Eames. In the families associated with the Fords the only 'Abia' was in the Pierce family. There is no proof of what became of Abia Pierce, who was living at the time of her father's will, 15 Jan. 1675, and was of the right age to have been the wife of Andrew Ford. She is mentioned twice in the Plymouth records, first in the will of a neighbor, Esther Woodfield, 27 May 1672, secondly in her father's will when she was still unmarried. Andrew Ford's daughter Abia, who married James Bearse, named a son Miall, possibly after her grandfather, Capt. Michael Pierce." [Elizabeth Cobb Stewart, Descendants of Andrew Ford of Weymouth, Mass., citation details below.] Abiah (I3298)
 
29 "Abraham Shaw, a clothier, came from Northowram, Halifax, Yorkshire, Eng., in the Anne, 1636, to Watertown, Mass. In Oct. 1636, his house and all his goods were burned and he removed to Dedham, where he had twelve acres and was called a planter. In Feb. 1637, he was granted 60 acres and the right to build a corn mill, and was one of the men appointed to govern the town. Freeman, 1637; constable, 1638. He married in Halifax, Eng., June 24, 1616, Bridget Best, who was bapt. Ovenden, Halifax, Eng., Apr. 9, 1592, daughter of Henry Best. Names of their children are from the church records of Halifax, Eng. He probably died in 1638, as his will was proved late in that year. It mentions his oldest son Joseph, dau. Mary, and calls John and Martha infants. His wife had died earlier." [Bassett-Preston Ancestors, citation details below]

H. Minot Pitman's article "Abraham Shaw of Dedham," in the New England Historical and Genealogical Register, 106:50, January 1952, set forth evidence that this Abraham Shaw was the Abraham Shaw born out of wedlock to Abraham Dobson and Jenet Shaw. But M. L. Bierbrier's "The Origin of Abraham Shaw of Dedham" in The American Genealogist 57:85, 1981, documents an entirely different and much more plausible Halifax origin for the husband of Bridget Best, a man who clearly owned land (and at least one coal mine!) in Halifax and elsewhere. It may be that the union discussed in Pitman's article produced the different Abraham Shaw who was alive in Cambridge, Massachusetts in 1641.

Bierbrier's model is further proved in Russell Franklin Shaw's article "The English Ancestry of Abraham Shaw of Dedham, Massachusetts, 1590-1638", which appeared in The Genealogist 10:86, Spring 1989 (actually published 1994). Russell Franklin Shaw brings to bear a mass of evidence viewed in situ in Halifax, Yorkshire, much of it from registers and legal documents that have yet to be transcribed and made public. 
Shaw, Abraham (I5690)
 
30 "According to the Candler Manuscript in the British Museum, George Moody was 'famous for his housekeeping & honest & plain dealing.' By his will of 5 Aug. 1607, he left Fryettes to his eldest son, George, with 'sixscore acres of arable land.' He made his son-in-law, Thomas Kilborne, residuary legatee and executor, and gave him in trust for eleven years (with remainder to testator's son George) various lands and tenements. Out of the profits of the eleven years, Kilbourne was to pay £200 to Moody's son Samuel, £200 to his son John, £100 to his eldest daughter Elizabeth, and 100 marks each to his other daughters, Sara, Margaret, Anne, and Mary. Moody must have held his son-in-law in high regard to trust him with this responsibility for the portions of his children." [Hale, House and Related FamiliesMoody, George (I1946)
 
31 "According to the Curtiss genealogy, Asahel and Elizabeth Armstrong lived at Poughkeepsie, and Newburg, New York, followed by the City of New York." [Port Byron HistoryArmstrong, Asahel (I7550)
 
32 "According to the memoir of his grandson Chrisman Harrison Parker, John fought in the War of 1812, and was at the Battle of New Orleans when the British General Packenham was killed." [Parker's Genealogy & History Establishment]

From the memoir of Chrisman Harrison Parker:

"I have heard my grandfather tell how the Torys came and robed his mother while that war was going on; - They come one day; and robed the house; - taking the bedding; emtying the feather-beds or ticks over the ground. The feathers come of them rising above the tops of the trees. They then went into the feild and striped the harness off the horse granfather was plowing, and led Him away. - By this time they had gathered the sheep and cattle; - and horses and drove them away. Lleving my great grandmother and her children destitute - undaunted she geathered leaves to sleep on; living as best she could. Clothed her children and cotten and Flaxe, garments of her own make; - The next morning after the robery; she geathered her children and all the hoes and went into the feild. Those who had hoes howed those who had none pulled weeds and grass: - at last the war ceased, and great grandfather come home, and settled down to honest toil. Where he lived and died.

"My granfather grew up in in North Carolina, and maired there, and when my father was three years olde mooved to Tennsee: where he raised his family. In the War of 1812. Granfather Parker, entered the servis of his country and was at Battle of New Orleans when Pakenham was killed.

"My mother, - Celety - Harrison, Parker lost two brothers in the War of 1812. I have heard my mother say grandmother Harrison kept the clothing of her two lost sons as long as she lived; and once a year would look them over; and weep as she folded them up and laid them carfully away." 
Parker, John M. (I4051)
 
33 "According to [Mormon Pioneer Genealogy Library] projections, the largest family in America today is the posterity of Robert White (b. ca. 1560) & Bridget Allgar, with a Mormon posterity of 430,000 and an American posterity of 29 million. The next five families are Edward Griswold and Margaret, Joseph Loomis and Mary White (daughter of Robert and Bridget above), Gerard Spencer and Alice Whitbread, Thomas Ford and Elizabeth Charde, and Thomas Bliss and Margaret Hulins, each with a Mormon posterity of 270,000 and an American posterity of 18 million." [Michel L. Call and Gary Boyd Roberts, "Mormon Pioneer Genealogy Library Acquired by NEHGS," 1985.]

"ROBERT WHITE of Messing, Essex, England who married Bridget Allgar and whose descendants immigrate to Connecticut. His parentage remains unknown. Best research remains: The Ancestry of Thomas Chalmers Brainerd by Thomas C. Brainerd; edited by Donald Lines Jacobus (Montreal, 1948); Mary Walton Ferris, Dawes-Gates Ancestral Lines, 2 vols. (n.p., 1943 and 1931); Genealogical Notes on the Founding of New England by Ernest Flagg (1926, reprint 1973), and 'The Children of Robert White of Messing,' NEHGR 55 (1901):22-31." [Martin Hollick, The Slovak Yankee, "Bogus Royal Lines For Gateway Ancestors From Whom I Descend."] 
White, Robert (I9083)
 
34 "Acting as hereditary constable ('castellan') of Lincoln, she defended the city against the baronial opponents of King John under Earl William of Lincoln, 1216." [John P. Ravilious, citation details below, citing King John by W. L. Warren (Methuen, 1981).] de la Haye, Nichole (I9483)
 
35 "Adelaide of Italy, also called Adelaide of Burgundy, was the second wife of Holy Roman Emperor Otto the Great and was crowned as the Holy Roman Empress with him by Pope John XII in Rome on February 2, 962. Empress Adelaide was perhaps the most prominent European woman of the 10th century; she was regent of the Holy Roman Empire as the guardian of her grandson in 991-995." [Wikipedia] of Italy, St. Adelaide (I9580)
 
36 "Admitted an inhabitant of Newport" 1638. Gardiner, George (I2260)
 
37 "After the 1639 death of her second husband the Rev. Robert Chamberlaine, Elizabeth (Scudder) (Chamberlaine) Stoughton 'came to New England with her children Elizabeth Scudder and Samuel and Joanna Chamberlaine, following her brothers Thomas and Israel Stoughton, and her son John Scudder, all of whom were here by 1635'. She was certainly in New England by 6 October 1644, when, as 'Mestres Chamberlin,' she joined the Rev. John Lothrop's church at Barnstable. She apparently moved to the Bay Colony shortly thereafter, for on 14 May 1645, the Massachusetts Bay General Court, calling her 'Mrs Chamberlin, widowe, sister to Mr Iraell Stoughton,' directed, '[u]pon weighty reasons moveing,' that she be allowed either a cow or £5." [Jane Fletcher Fiske, "A New England Immigrant Kinship Network," citation details below.] Stoughton, Elizabeth (I6860)
 
38 "After the battle of Lewes, in 1264, he was one of the knights entrusted with the defense of Windsor Castle. The King took his homage in 1265 for the lands held in chief then descending to him. Between this time and Mar. 1266 he became incapable of managing his affairs." [Complete Peerage]

On his death his lands were placed under the guardianship of Sir Robert Tibetot [CP XII/2, p. 90]. 
Luttrell, Geoffrey II (I10518)
 
39 "Alexander Edwards settled in Springfield in 1648, but removed to Northampton in 1653 where he had received a grant of land. He was granted land in Springfield in 1643 and 1645, "& besides ye 3d allotments to Alexander Edwards....there is 7 akrs now granted to him at his request as a free gift: in all he is to have 18 akrs, he requested ye said 7 akrs in recompence of a houselott which he thought was due to him when he married the widdow Searles" (Springfield Town Records). He held a minor town office in 1648 and 1649. After his removal to Northampton he was granted land there until he finally owned a considerable acreage. In 1658 he contributed toward the settling of the Rev. Mr. Mather, as the minister. With three others he built a gristmill in 1659 but sold his share in 1661, and in that same year he signed the church covenant. He also owned part of a lead mine. He lent his financial aid to Harvard College in 1672-3. In 1690 a fatal fever prevailed in the River towns, and eleven of the original settlers were its victims and among them was Alexander Edwards." [The Scott Genealogy, citation details below.]

Frederick C. Warner (citation details below) gives him as a son of "Rev. RICHARD EDWARDS of Wales, a minister of London, England", but cites no evidence.

As alluded to above, along with "Cornet" Joseph Parsons, another TNH ancestor, he was one of the four co-owners of the first mill in Northampton, and he was also one of the organizers of the first church there. 
Edwards, Alexander (I4712)
 
40 "Alexios Charon was a Byzantine official in southern Italy and the maternal grandfather of Emperor Alexios I Komnenos (reigned 1081–1118), the founder of the Komnenian dynasty. Very little is known about his life. His is only recorded in the history of Nikephoros Bryennios the Younger, who married his great-granddaughter Anna Komnene. Bryennios reports that 'Charon' was a sobriquet given to him for his bravery, referring to the ferryman of the underworld in Greek mythology, but the name is attested as an actual surname as well. On Alexios' career, Bryennios only reports that he 'handled the emperor's affairs' in the Byzantine provinces of southern Italy (the Catepanate of Italy) some time in the first half of the 11th century. The exact office that Alexios held is unknown; it has been suggested that he may have been the governor (catepan) of Italy, but his name appears in no other source." [Wikipedia] Charon, Alexios (I10520)
 
41 "Alexios I Komnenos, Latinized as Alexius I Comnenus, was Byzantine emperor from 1081 to 1118. Although he was not the founder of the Komnenian dynasty, it was during his reign that the Komnenos family came to full power. Inheriting a collapsing empire and faced with constant warfare during his reign against both the Seljuq Turks in Asia Minor and the Normans in the western Balkans, Alexios was able to halt the Byzantine decline and begin the military, financial, and territorial recovery known as the Komnenian restoration. The basis for this recovery were various reforms initiated by Alexios. His appeals to Western Europe for help against the Turks were also the catalyst that likely contributed to the convoking of the Crusades." [Wikipedia] Komnenos, Alexios I Emperor of Byzantium (I7141)
 
42 "Alice, yr. da. and coh. (the other was Beatrice, wife of Robert Mauduit) of Ralph Murdac, by Eve de Gray, Lady of Standlake and Dornford, Oxon. Alice was afterwards wife of Ralph Harenge." [Complete Peerage V:650, note (a)] Murdac, Alice (I8174)
 
43 "Allegedly killed by a crossbow bolt before 20 July 1213 while besieging a castle in Gascony." [Burke's Peerage] Wake, Baldwin (I3466)
 
44 "Allegedly one of the daughters and coheirs of Roger de Neville, of Redbourne, Lincolnshire." [Royal Ancestryde Neville, Beatrice (I511)
 
45 "ALLERSTON was soke of the king's manor of Pickering in 1086, and was still a member of the honour of Pickering in 1661, being held by fealty, rent and suit of court Before the Conquest it had been held by Gospatric, but it was surveyed among the king's lands in 1086. Gospatric was the son of the thegn Aschil son of Ecgfrid. e is said to have married a daughter of Dolfin son of Thorphin and had a son Gospatric." [VCH York North Riding, citation details below.] Gospatric (I12298)
 
46 "Although she is usually called Matilda, she was born with the name Eadgyth (Edith), as Orderic Vitalis notes." [The Henry Project]

From the Oxford Dictionary of National Biography:

Reared at Romsey Abbey in Hampshire but never having taken religious vows, Matilda was the orphaned daughter of Malcolm III (Canmore), king of Scots (d. 1093), and his celebrated queen, the saintly Margaret (d. 1093), and, through Margaret, a direct descendant of Edmund Ironside and the West Saxon kings. Matilda's marriage to Henry would thus have pleased both Scots and Anglo-Saxons. More importantly, however, it reinforced Henry's claim to the throne by providing his children with a direct hereditary link to the old English royal line. The blood of both Alfred and William the Conqueror would flow through them. By an odd chain of circumstances, Matilda was also the god-daughter of Henry's brother, Duke Robert Curthose. [...]

She became a widely admired queen, presiding competently as regent over England during Henry's frequent sojourns in Normandy and, through her patronage, making the English royal court a centre for writers and musicians. She commissioned the writing of a history of England by the monks of Malmesbury Abbey, for example, and thus became a benefactor of the great historian William of Malmesbury. She may also have given her patronage to the unknown writer who produced the first major poem to be written in Anglo-Norman French, the Voyage of St Brendan. Moreover, as a spiritual disciple of Anselm, Matilda used her close relationships with both the archbishop and her royal husband to intervene with some effect in the complex negotiations over lay investiture. The impression conveyed by her letters is that while her love of Anselm was deep and genuine, it was exceeded by her devotion to her husband and his policies. 
of Scotland, Matilda Queen Consort of England (I7410)
 
47 "Although [Hervey de Glanville] was not from the family's eldest line, he was prominent in the shire court of Norfolk and Suffolk, and a man of that name was also one of the four leaders of Anglo-Norman forces who in 1147 attacked Lisbon, then under Muslim control." [Oxford Dictionary of National Biographyde Glanville, Hervey (I5982)
 
48 "Amongst the most eminent Norman families in the train of the Conqueror was that of Beauchamp, and amongst those that shared most liberally in the spoils of the conquest was Hugh de Beauchamp, the companion in arms of the victorious Norman, who obtained grants to a very great extent from his triumphant chief, as he appears at the general survey to be possessed of large estates in Hertford, Buckingham, and Bedfordshires, was the founder of this illustrious house in England. This Hugh had issue, Simon, who d. s.p.; Payne, ancestor of the Beauchamps of Bedford, that barony having been conferred upon him by William Rufus; Walter, but some doubts have been thrown upon the question of his having been son of Hugh, Sir H. Nicholas stating him to have been 'supposed of the same family'; Milo, of Eaton, co. Bedford; Adeline, m. to Walter le Espec, Lord of Kirkham and Helmesley, co. of York." [Burke's Peerage, and cum grano salis as usual. There's no evidence that the first Hugh de Beauchamp was a "companion in arms" to the Conqueror. For another, at least according to the Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Simon de Beauchamp doesn't seem to have dsp'd.] de Beauchamp, Hugh I (I741)
 
49 "An extract from a Pedwardyn charter, confirmed by a Bardney charter, proves that John de Braytoft was son as well as heir of Walter. Lansdowne M.S., 207 c., f. 120. 'Know, &c., that I, John son of Walter de Braitoft have given, &c., to Ranulph son of Eudo de Friskeney for his homage and service a certain site of a mill in Weynfiet, with the mill, &c., to Ranulph and his heirs.'" [Massingberg, citation details below.] de Braytoft, John (I12013)
 
50 "An important Nottinghamshire magnate and a nephew of Oliver Sutton, bishop of London (1280-99)." [Mirror in Parchment: The Luttrell Psalter and the Making of Medieval England, by Michael Camille. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1998.]

"He went to Gascony during the campaigns of 1295-6, during which time he committed his lands to the custody of his great uncle, Oliver de Sutton, Bishop of Lincoln. [...] In 1308 he released to the Dean and Chapter of Lincoln the services they owed him from lands in Allerton (in Edwinstow), Nottinghamshire, out of regard for Oliver Sutton, late Bishop of London, of blessed memory, of whose consanguinity he is, and to Oliver de Sutton, uncle of the same Richard, both canons of Lincoln." [Royal Ancestry -- in other words, Mirror in Parchment is in slight error; the bishop was his great-uncle, not his uncle. That his uncle was a "canon of Lincoln", also named Oliver, no doubt contributes to the confusion.] 
de Sutton, Richard (I3168)
 
51 "Ankaret (married 2nd Sir Thomas de Ferrers and died 8 Oct 1361), daughter of William Boteler, of Wem, Salop." [Burke's Peeragele Boteler, Ankaret (I11146)
 
52 "Anna Komnene, commonly Latinized as Anna Comnena, was a Greek princess, scholar, physician, hospital administrator, and historian. She was the daughter of the Byzantine emperor Alexios I and his wife Irene Doukaina. She wrote the Alexiad, an account of her father's reign, which is unique in that it was written by a princess about her father." [WikipediaKomnene, Anna (I7330)
 
53 "Anna, born ca. 1028, long outlived her husband and after his death ran the family as its undisputed matriarch. Anna became involved in conspiracies against the Doukas family, whom she never forgave for taking the throne in 1059. Later she also played a major role in the successful overthrow of Nikephoros III Botaneiates (r. 1078–81) and the rise of her son Alexios to the throne. After that, and for about fifteen years, she served as the virtual co-ruler of the empire along her son. She then retired to a monastery, where she died in 1100 or 1102." [Wikipedia]

"As empress-mother, she exerted more influence and power than the empress-consort, Irene Doukaina, a woman whom she hated because of past intrigues with the Doukas family." [Wikipedia]

"Under the Komenian dynasty, women continued to not only retain their roles set by previous empresses but made great strides in founding monasteries, patronizing churchmen, theologians and literary figures and being more assertive in imperial administration: most prominent in such roles were Anna Dalassene and her contemporary, Maria of Alania. Anna Dalassena is memorialized in Judy Chicago's The Dinner Party." [Wikipedia] 
Dalassene, Anna Regent of the Byzantine Empire (I1119)
 
54 "Another family resident near Nottingham, the Pierpoints, present a similar picture of stagnation. They came originally from Pierrepont, near Grandcourt in Picardy, and settled at Hurstpierpoint in Sussex soon after the Conquest; but it was not until the marriage, in the second half of the thirteenth century, of Sir Henry Pierpoint (steward of the castle of Knaresborough which belonged to Edmund of Almaine (d. 1300), earl of Cornwall) to Annora, daughter and eventual heiress of Sir Michael Manvers (d. 1255) of Holme Pierrepont, that a branch of the family became major Nottinghamshire landholders. In addition to the valuable manor of Holme (subsequently known as Holme Pierrepont), she brought to Sir Henry the south Yorkshire manor of Anston, and the couple also made several purchases: from Sir Ralph Salvayn, the manor of Holbeck Woodhouse in north-west Nottinghamshire; from Sir Richard Weston, the manor of Weston near Tuxford; and from Sir Robert Tibetot, the manor of Sneinton near Nottingham. They made further acquisitions at Ashover in Derbyshire and Langford near Newark. Their son, Sir Robert (d. 1334), a notable soldier and keeper of Newark Castle, added a manor at Rolleston, also near Newark, granted to him by his father-in-law, Sir John Heriz (d. 1299), in free marriage. Thereafter, it was not until c. 1469, when Sir Henry Pierpoint (d. 1499) finally acquired the manors of Gonalston, Widmerpool, and Tibshelf, once of Sir John Heriz and over which Sir Henry's grandfather, Sir Henry (d. 1452), had been in dispute with Ralph (d. 1456), Lord Cromwell, that any significant addition was made to the very considerable estates the family held at the end of the thirteenth century, and it was not until the marriage in 1601 of Robert Pierpoint (1584 - 1643), later first earl of Kingston-upon-Hull, that the family again married an heiress." [Political Society in Lancastrian England: The Greater Gentry of Nottinghamshire by S. J. Payling, citation details below.] de Pierrepont, Henry (I2485)
 
55 "Apparently born before 1007, he was the illegitimate son of Sancho III of Navarre by his mistress Sancha de Aybar. Ramiro was reputed to have been adopted by his father's wife Mayor after he was the only of his father's children to come to her aid when needed, although there is no surviving record of these events and the story is probably apocryphal." [Wikipedia]

"Ramiro's exact status is vague. He was called king by his vassals, neighbors, the church and even his sons, yet he always referred to himself simply as Ranimiro Sancioni regis filio (Ramiro, son of King Sancho). Likewise, in his two wills, he refers to his lands as having been given him in stewardship: in the first by García, and in the second by God. He is called regulus (rather than rex used for García) and quasi pro rege (acting as if king) in charters from Navarre. Due to his growing independence and the small size of his Pyrenean holdings, he is sometimes called a 'petty king', Aragon a 'pocket kingdom'." [Wikipedia] 
Ramiro I King Of Aragon (I4423)
 
56 "Arduin married a woman named Vmille in the Necrologio Sanctæ Andreæ Taurinensis, probably Emilia or Immula." [Wikipedia] Vmille (I8211)
 
57 "Arrived about 1632 with Isaac Razilly; major of governor Charles de Menou d'Aulnay (commandant of Port-Royal) in 1654, back to France after capitulation of Port-Royal 1654-06-16; brother-in-law of Jacques Bourgeois the father." [Genealogy of the French in North AmericaDoucet, Germain (I262)
 
58 "Arrived [at Weymouth] about 1650 with wife Avis." [Robert Charles Anderson, The Great Migration volume VI, p. 28, distinguishing this William Read/Reed from the subject of his sketch.] Reed, William (I966)
 
59 "As sheriff of Chester he witnesses two deeds (dated 1-5 Edward II., between 1307 and 1312) now in the Record Office, but he has not been included either in the official list of sheriffs or in Ormerod's." ["The Grosvenor Myth", citation details below.]

Accompanied William de Mobberly in arms in Edward II's war against the Scots. 
le Grosvenor, Robert (I2267)
 
60 "At Woburn, Mass., John Nutting married, 28 Aug. 1650, Sarah Eggleton, and Samuel Blodgett married, 13 Dec. 1655, Ruth Eggleton. Savage and others have suggested these two were also daughters of Stephen Iggleton, but, as Mr. Arthur G. Loring has pointed out, in 1674 Nutting and Blodgett agreed to support their mother-in-law Jane Cole, widow of Isaac Cole. She was born around 1600, was formerly wife of James Britton, and evidently still earlier the wife of one Eggleton, by whom she had Sarah and Ruth." [French, citation details below.] Jane (I4541)
 
61 "Barbara Phelps (later Allen) arrived in Mesa in 1879 and a 16-month-old infant. At age 12, she received an accordion for Christmas. She then earned money by playing with her father, Hyrum Phelps, for dances in Lehi, especially at Christmas. In later life, she organized the Granny Band, which performed at events around town." [Images of America: Latter-Day Saints in Mesa, by D. L. Turner and Catherine H. Ellis. Charleston, SC: Arcadia Publishing, 2009.]

A memoir by Barbara Ann Phelps Allen:

My parents were Hyrum Smith Phelps and Mary Elizabeth Bingham Phelps. I was born August 26, 1877 at Montpelier, Bear Lake County, Idaho. I was just sixteen months old when the family reached Mesa. The first house Father built was on the east side of Hibbert Street between 1st and 2nd Avenues.

Among my first recollections of this place was the first Sunday School I attended, It was held in the school house, a one-room adobe. Hannah Peterson (Miller) was the teacher. We recited the alphabet from cards. We were seated on a low bench in front of the room. I attended my first Primary with my sister Lucy. We were very devoted to each other. One never went without the other. Each week we listened anxiously while the secretary read the program for the following week, but we were never on it.

When I was nine years old, the school put on a program and every child in the room was given a part but me, I felt disgraced, and I never even told my mother. I always remembered the feeling I had and in the sixteen years I presided over the Primary I always favored the backward child and never slighted anyone to my knowledge.

Father built a long room on the back of the house to accommodate the growing family. Grandma Bingham lived with us awhile before moving into a house on Broadway just east of Mesa Drive. We children were staying with her after Father was taken to Yuma to the penitentiary. The officers came there one night looking for Mother; they had a warrant, and Grandma wouldn't take it, so they threw it on the floor. I thought she wasn't very polite.

When I was twelve years old, Mother gave me an accordion for Christmas. I soon learned to play it. A few years later, she and Lucy gave me a larger one which I kept until after I was married.

One time Father went to Tempe and bought a bolt of cloth called Zephyr gingham; it was a beautiful plaid. As I remember, five of us girls had dresses alike. Lucy and I always dressed alike. Most people thought we were twins. The first M.I.A. I attended had only one class for everyone. Pres. Charles I. Robson told the story of Joseph Smith's first prayer. That was the first time I had heard it, and I have never forgotten how it impressed me.

Soon after this Lucy and I were asked to sing at one of the meetings. We sang, "Write Me a Letter from Home.' After that I think we were asked to sing at every public entertainment held in Mesa until after I was married. Lucy and Grandma Phelps bought us an organ which I learned to play by ear. Father and I played for the dances at Lehi a few times. I earned $2.50 over the Christmas holidays playing out there. I left my organ there during that time so I wouldn't have to carry it back and forth. Lucy and I joined the choir when I was sixteen, and I sang with them for twenty years. I memorized 200 hymns besides the anthems we sang.

I well remember the first dress I made; it was a real pretty blue and I wore a blue ribbon around my waist. Mother's sister, Anner LeSueur sent me the ribbon because they told her I looked so much like her. In the summer of about 1891 there was a conference held at Pinetop, and Mother and Aunt Clarinda in company with quite a large group of saints, attended. Brother William took them. It took six weeks to make the round trip. Amy was about four years old. While they were gone, I made Amy a dress. I made it a plain tight waist with a full skirt that came nearly to her ankles, and it was so tight I could hardly fasten it. She had it on when mother came and when mother saw her she began to cry, and she said Amy looked like we had starved her. One night at a dance, John S. Allen, known as Seymour, came into our lives. He rushed across the floor, came up to me and said, "Come on , Caddie, let's dance." Then he saw his mistake, and after an apology, asked me to dance. From then on he never failed to dance with Lucy and me. Later on he began making regular visits to our home, but we did not know which of us he was most interested in. We had a lot of good times together. One night he asked if he could take me home. Up to this time he had never taken us any place. He had a lady friend and we were just side issues, but after this night we knew which was his favorite.

John S. and I kept company for about nine months and were married on Oct. 2, 1895. We had a quiet wedding at our home on the corner of Hibbert and East First Avenue. Only close relatives were invited. The ceremony was performed by Bishop James Malen Home. We stood at the head of the table, and the guests were seated around it, ready to partake as soon as the ceremony ended. Mother and Lucy had cooked a very fine dinner. When we went through the kitchen to be married, Mother and Lucy were standing by the stove. Mother was crying and Lucy looked sad, but I couldn't see anything to feel sad about. One week after we were married, we started in company with Eli and Medora Openshaw for the St. George Temple. It took six weeks to make the round trip.

When we returned home we started housekeeping in a two-rooms of the house built for Warner and Fannie Allen. It was here our first child, Charles Ashael, was born July 31, 1896. At this time the monthly fast meeting was held on the first Thursday of the month, and he was blessed by Grandpa [Charles H.] Allen.

We moved into a 2-room lumber house with a lean-to on the back that Father had built on 20 acres Grandpa Allen had given Seymour at the corner of Broadway and Stapley. On Feb. 15, 1898, Blanche was born. When she was four months old, J. S. was called on a mission to the Southern States. He left in June and I milked eight to ten cows while he was gone. Esther stayed with me and cared for the babies all the time. Mother was very good to me. I used to wonder how I could get along without her. I did all the sewing for the six girls, Lucy, Hattie, Amy, Esther, Clara, and Gertrude. At this time Lucy was working in Johnson's store and did a lot to help the family.

I was blessed while J. S. was gone. We all enjoyed good health. When it was time for him to be released, I went to Utah in company with my parents, Father Allen and his wife, Annie. Uncle Perry Bingham met us at Price, Utah and took us to Vernal where I stayed until I heard from John S., then I went on to meet him in Cove, Utah. After we returned home, Seymour and Warner went into partners and bought eighty acres on Baseline. Hyrum Loren was born Oct. 7, 1901 and Barbara Oct. 5, 1903.

John R. was born Oct. 29, 1905 and was just a few months old when Seymour sold the 20 acres and bought 60 acres two miles east of Mesa on the Apache Trail from Mr. Lamb. This was where Gove Liahona was born July 26, 1907. Then John Seymour was called on another mission, this time to the Eastern States. President Ben Rich was his mission president both times. I was left this time with more work and more responsibilities. Ashael was a big help to me. One of my sisters stayed with me most of the time and helped.

J. S. came off his mission June 1909, and Mary was born Sept. 1,1910. On March 27, 1912, Eldred Phelps was born, but lived only six weeks. This was the first real sorrow to come to us. July 8, 1914 Russell Hoopes was born. In the Summer of 1915, we moved to a 320 acre ranch four miles south of Gilbert.

Seymour had gone into partners with his older brother Warner and acquired a 320-acre farm four miles south of Gilbert. This was entirely alfalfa at the time but was later planted to cotton.

December 2, 1915 Ashael left for a mission to the Southern States and June 5, 1916 Ben Rich Allen was born, and November 5, 1917, Joseph Seymour was born. Two babies were born while Ashael was away.

When Joe was about eight months old, I took a little motherless baby, Robert Southers, four months old, to raise. I kept him nine months, then his aunt, Mrs. Ellingbow, wanted him so badly that J. S. told me I shouldn't be selfish and keep him, so I let her have him.

After several years the depression came on and we decided J. S.'s brother, Benjamin, should live with us for a couple of years. J. S. sent him on a mission. Chancy, Seymour's older brother, lived with us a lot. October 11, 1920, Della, our twelfth and last child was born three days after Loren had left for a mission. He labored in Louisiana.

We struggled along for several years. The depression came on and we decided to rent. The boys wanted to finish school. As J. S. couldn't run the ranch alone, he decided to rent it out. We bought us a home in Mesa at 48 West Second Street and lived there for a year or more.

J. S. and his brother Jim took a job building a fence along the railroad. It was at this time that the next great sorrow came when Della died of mastoid infection Nov. 21, 1925.

We sent Gove on a mission to the Eastern States and in February 1935 we sent Russell to the Samoan Island to fill his mission. Before he returned home, we sent Ben in March 1938 to Argentina. All our family have very fine companions. We are very proud to have them to associate with. In all our family gatherings, they are with us one hundred percent. We are very proud of our family and their families, and always pray for their success in righteousness.

October 29, 1945, we held our Golden Wedding Anniversary, the first time all the family had been together for a long time. For the reception, Ashael came from the Spanish American Mission, Ida from Los Angeles, Russell from Kirtland, New Mexico, and Mary from Vallejo, California. We had a dinner at the ranch home. All ten of the family and twenty-seven of the grandchildren were present. We all had a lovely time. After this gathering Ida was called to labor with Ashael in the mission, taking George with them.

My mother was very strict about us attending our duties and being punctual. Because of this, the Sunday School Superintendent called me to be a substitute teacher when I was quite young. When I was seventeen I attended Conference and they reorganized the Stake Y.L.M.I.A. and I was surprised when they sustained me as secretary. I served in that capacity for twelve years underfive presidents, Ann Eliza Leavitt, Jannett Johnson, Lulu Macdonald, Fannie Dana and Mary Hibbert. Soon after I was released, I was chosen stake secretary for the Relief Society. I held that position for about six years. I was released to be president of the Mesa First Ward Relief Society. I served about a year and we moved to Gilbert. There was no Gilbert Ward then, and we were in the Chandler Ward. After this I served about sixteen years as president of the Primary for Chandler, Gilbert, and Mesa Wards. I was superintendent of Religion Class in Gilbert the same time I was President of the Primary. At this time John R. was attending high school in Gilbert and he assisted me with religion class.

We rented our ranch and bought us a home in Mesa, but stayed only a year or so. At this time I was president of the Primary in Gilbert and Bishop Haymore asked me to preside there until Barbara came home from vacation, and before she came I was made president of the Mesa First Ward Primary. I presided over both of them for about six weeks. I have been president of the Gilbert Relief Society two different times, second counselor to Grace Nielson and then president in the Mesa First Ward Relief Society, second counselor to Adelaide Peterson in the Stake Primary, and I held several other positions. Now at the age of seventy-four, I am a Relief Society district teacher and a Guide teacher of four boys in the Primary of the Mesa Ninth Ward. I am very thankful for the many opportunities I have had to serve.

March 1942 was the Centennial celebration of the Relief Society, and the General Board requested that pioneer stories be brought before the public as much as possible. I was president of the Gilbert Relief Society at that time. I read several good stories and decided to put them into a pageant. I had fine cooperation, and it turned out to be a success. We played it in six different wards. I also wrote two other pageants which were very successful, an Easter pageant and one on the restoration of the Aaronic Priesthood. In doing this work I received some of the greatest joy of my life. Another thing that I enjoyed a lot was putting on entertainments with the Primary children. I found a lot of work doing these things, but when it was all over, there was unspeakable joy that came to us seeing the happiness that came to the children.

The Lord has been good to me for which I am grateful. We have been relieved of pain through prayer and being administered to many times. My first relief came when I was first married. I had an ulcerated tooth which was so severe I didn't think I could stand it any longer. John S. administered to me and relief came instantly. Another time when I was alone on the ranch with the little children, I became very sick. My head pained so badly at times I wasn't conscious. John was nine years old. He went off by himself and prayed for me. All at once a quivering feeling went through my body and with it went the pain. I couldn't account for it until he told me he had prayed for me. John had been instantly relieved twice when his father administered to him when he had gathered ears.

One time when we had been helping the Chandler Ward top maize to pay off on their piano, we came home after dark and found Loren crying with pain. As he drove the cows around the haystack, they loosened the derrick fork and it swung around before he knew it, striking him on the leg and puncturing the bone. The pain was so severe he couldn't stand to have us walk across the floor. He immediately called for his father to administer to him, which he did, and the pain left as he took his hands off, and it never returned. For these and many more blessings too numerous to mention, I am grateful. 
Phelps, Barbara Ann (I1455)
 
62 "Barison I or Barisone I was the giudice of Arborea from around 1038 until about 1060 and then of Logudoro until his death sometime around 1073. He is the first ruler of Logudoro of whom we have any real knowledge. His whole policy was opposition to the Republic of Pisa and support of monastic immigration from mainland Italy." [Wikipedia] Barisone Giudice of Arborea and Logudoro (I1931)
 
63 "Based on the deed below, it has been suggested that Robert's wife may have been [named] Sarah. However, Sarah was not mentioned in his will and was probably deceased at that time.
6 Feb. 1746 -- Deed Bk 14, p 24, Peter Taylor and his wife, Dorcas, of Norfolk County, Va. to Richard Bunting of Norfolk Co. for 25 pounds current money a tract of 50 acres of land on the south side of the Western Branch of the Elizabeth River, in (Newby's or Hubey's) Neck joining the lands of John Joyce and Richard Taylor being the land said Richard Bunting sold to Peter Taylor. Sign. Peter Taylor and Dorcas Taylor (X), wit. Ralph (Fenter), SARAH CULPEPPER (X her mark), Elanor Tart. Transcribed by Clyde T. Colbert
"It is interesting to note that each of her sons, Robert, Jr., Joseph, and Benjamin, named a son Benjamin. In the case of Joseph and Benjamin, at least, it would appear that they each named their first born son, Benjamin. Various naming conventions were used by different cultures in the South, but in Virginia, first born sons were most often named after a grandfather. (See Albion's Seed, Four British Folkways in America, by David Hackett Fischer.) So perhaps the father of Robert's wife was named Benjamin." [Culpepper Connections
Sarah (I6710)
 
64 "Basset, Alan (d. 1232), administrator, was one of the three sons (probably the youngest) of Thomas Basset (d. c. 1182). He founded the Bassets of Wycombe, and was a noted servant of Richard I, John, and Henry III. In 1197 Richard I sent him on a diplomatic mission with William (I) Marshal to the counts of Flanders and Boulogne to detach them from their allegiance to King Philip of France, and shortly afterwards, with his elder brother Thomas, he attested as surety for Richard in France concerning the king's treaty with the count of Flanders against Philip. Between 1197 and 1199 he witnessed six more of Richard's documents in France. Following Richard's death, he was soon in attendance upon John; Alan, Thomas, and Gilbert Basset were all described as barons when they witnessed the homage of the king of Scots to John at Lincoln on 22 November 1200. In 1202 and 1203 Alan witnessed ten of John's charters in France, and, between 1200 and 1215, twenty-five royal charters in England. Remaining loyal to John, he is often recorded in that king's service, and received such rewards as numerous quittances of scutage. In 1215 he was named in Magna Carta as one of the 'noblemen' whose counsel the king relied upon, and he was among the royalist barons who attended John at Runnymede. He appears to have accompanied John on his expedition to the north of England in the winter of 1215 - 16. He was in Henry III's service by 14 December 1216. In 1217 he fought at the battle of Lincoln, and helped to pacify the kingdom afterwards, and in 1220 he was one of three ambassadors sent to France to arrange a four-year truce. He was still in royal service in 1228, but died late in 1232." [Oxford Dictionary of National BiographyBasset, Alan (I6694)
 
65 "Basset, Thomas (d. c. 1182), justice, belonged to a distinguished family of royal servants which began with Ralph Basset (d. 1127?), the brother of Thomas's father, Gilbert (d. in or before 1154). Thomas Basset had entered Henry II's service by 1163. His first known post in the royal administration was as sheriff of Oxfordshire (1163 - 4). A baron of the exchequer from 1169 to c. 1181, he was an itinerant justice in the south and west in 1175, and again in 1179; in December 1180 he joined the justiciar Ranulf de Glanville and other royal justices at Lincoln in approving a final concord. He was custodian of the honour of Wallingford for the king from 1172 to 1179. He witnessed royal documents in England fourteen times between 1174 and 1179, and he was with the king in Normandy, c. 1181, attesting at Barfleur. He died shortly afterwards, perhaps in 1182." [Oxford Dictionary of National BiographyBasset, Thomas (I3291)
 
66 "Benjamin Wallingford, the twelfth child and the youngest son of Nicholas, the immigrant, like his father became a Master Mariner and for some time followed the shipping trade. Evidently, he grew tired of the sea for in 1708, he purchased a tract of land in Prince George's County, Maryland. This tract consisting of two hundred fifty acres lay along the Potomac River and it was known as Wallingford's Purchase." [Henry Beckett, citation details below.] Wallingford, Benjamin (I1338)
 
67 "By order of King John, he was starved to death with his mother in the dungeons of Windsor Castle in 1210." [Royal Ancestry] Wikipedia says they were subsequently transferred to Corfe Castle in Dorset and died there. Ancestral Roots and CP place their deaths "at Corfe or Windsor Castle". de Briouze, William (I10745)
 
68 "Came in the Hopewell, 3 Apr. 1635, as a member of a group with certificates from Stanstead Abbott, co. Hertford." [Hale, House and Related FamiliesDay, Robert (I3259)
 
69 "Came to Lynn in 1630, freeman 7 Sep 1638, removed to Reading 1644. Nicholas lived in Lynn ten years during which time he was the representative to the General Court from Lynn." [Pane-Joyce Genealogy, citation details below.]

Differing slightly, Marcia Wiswall Lindberg (citation details below) says "[H]e probably came about 1637 with his wife and three small children. Alonzo Lewis, in his History of Lynn (Lynn, 1890), 119, has Nicholas in Lynn in 1630, but the first official record is on 13 Mar 1638 when he was one of the 100 settlers who received allotments of land in the 'six-mile grant.'" 
Brown, Nicholas (I2315)
 
70 "Captain James Avery was a man of affairs in his section, serving as deputy to the General Court for New London six terms, was commissioner of the peace, captain of the train band, and counselor to the Pequot Indians. He appeared before the General Court in 1695, in behalf of the inhabitants of the east side of the river, who wished to establish a church, and that was the beginning of the church in Groton." [A Modern History of New London County, Connecticut, citation details below.] Avery, James (I7486)
 
71 "Cecilia was given as an oblate to Ste Trinité in 1066, professed in 1075, became abbess in 1113, and died in 1126." [Oxford Dictionary of National BiographyCecily (I949)
 
72 "Charles Allen, of Strawberry Bank (Portsmouth), N.H., is first mentioned as a participant in the distribution of land to inhabitants 'unto the year 1657.'" ["Charles Allen and Some of His Descendants", citation details below.]

From "Old Norfolk County Records", citation details below:

Ante-nuptial agreement between Charles Allin (mark) of Portsmouth, in ye county of Dover, and Susana Hugins, daughter of John and Bridgett Hugins of Hampton. He conveys to her housing and 50 acres of land in a place called Greenland in ye town of Portsmouth, bounded by Phillip Lewis, Willi : Davis and Patent land. If said Susanna die without children by me then property to go to my daughter Mary Allin whom I had by my former wife. I appoint my friend Anthony Austen of Rowley, trustee. Dated Feb. 13, 1666. Wit: John Huggin and Mehitable Dalton. Ack. 14 : 12 : 1666, before Sam : Dalton, commissioner.

Transcribed by Martin Hollick, The Slovak Yankee: Deed of Charles Allen

To all people to whom these presents shall come, know ye that I Charles Allein of Greenland of ye Town of Portsmouth in New Hampshire Husbandman for, and in consideration of ye love and affection, which I beare towards my well beloved son Daniel Allein, have given, granted, and by those presents, do freely clearly, and absolutely give and grant to my well beloved son Daniel Allein, his heirs, executors, administrators, and assigns, all and singular my farme of land and meadow ground, lying, and being in Greenland in ye Town and province aforesaid, butting and bounding as followeth: beginning eight rods from ye land was formerly Philip Lewis's running North West and by west to a hemlock forty fower rod, and from thence South and be West to a white oak so marked and upon ye same points to a cart path being about thirty five acres further: and, seven rods to a hemlock to ye same cart path marked to ye Eastward of a house formerly called William Davis's house and from thence along the cart path north eight rods of ye mill dam and from thence upon a straight line to ye first beginning and containing about fourty acres more or less and all woods, trees, orchards, houses, barns, rights, priviledges, and appurtenances thereunto belonging. To have and to hold ye same and all moveables, and chattels to my aforesaid son, Daniel Allein, his heirs, executors, administrators, and assigns forever, and grant by these presents, before ye ensealing hereof, order my well beleoved son Daniel Allein to pay these legacies as follows, viz. to my two daughters Susanna and Martha five pounds a piece in good current pay, six months after marriages; and to my son John ten pounds and a horse, as he comes to ye age of twenty one years. And as to my son Charles, I have formerly given him his portion in land, as will appeare under my hand; and further I now order my Son Daniel Allein to maintain my own person with appropriate meat, drink, washing, and lodging, during my naturall life and at my decease to bury me decently; and further my order is to my Son Daniel Allein that he pay my son Jude ten pounds in good pay; and in formation to all and every part hereof, I have put my hand and seal this fourteenth day of September in ye year of the Lord God, seventeen hundred and five.

Signed, Sealed, and Delivered in ye presences of us witnesses: Abraham Lewis; Ebenezer Johnson

Charles Allein (by mark)

Recorded on 7 October 1705

Hollick remarks: "This is a wonderful example of a colonial deed for life support that also acts as a quasi-will. By this document we can infer his wife is dead and that his children are Daniel, Jude, Susannah, Martha, and John. Susannah and Martha are not yet married and John is less that 21 years old." 
Allen, Charles (I5454)
 
73 "Clues to the identity of Martha, the wife of Gideon Mead (Enos, Jonathan, John, John), may be found in the journal of her grandson, Reuben McBride, now available in the L.D.S. Library in Salt Lake City; leading to the conclusion that Martha was a daughter of Jonathan and Abigail (Mead) Fiske of Greenwich, Connecticut. Among the relatives listed in Reuben McBride's journal are his great-uncles and great-aunts, i.e. brothers and sisters, with their spouses, of his four grandparents: Samuel and Margaret McBride, who emigrated from Ireland before 1766 to Saratoga County, New York, and Gideon and Martha Mead. By tradition, Margaret's maiden name was Brown, leaving only Martha's surname in question. Two of the great-uncles were Jonathan and David Fisk, which suggests that they were related by blood rather than by marriage, and just might be brothers of Martha. Gideon Mead, born about 1744, belonged to the Greenwich, Connecticut, family, and finding a Fisk family of the same period and area, with children named Jonathan, David and Martha, was not difficult. They were among the six minor children named in the will of Jonathan Fiske who died in Greenwich in 1756, their mother being Abigail Mead, a daughter of David and Abigail (Leosee) Mead. Although there is no birth record or marriage record for Martha, she was a minor in 1756 and apparently of legal age when she sold her inheritance in 1767, signing the documents with her mark. With the sale of her property, Martha Fiske disappears from the genealogical scene, but three years later, Martha, wife of Gideon Mead, gave birth to her second child Abigail in Nine Partners, Dutchess County, New York. Logically, the sale of Martha's property might well have coincided with her marriage to Gideon Mead and their removal to a new home in Nine Partners." [Virginia McBride, "Martha Fiske, the Wife of Gideon Mead." The American Genealogist, July 1969.] Fiske, Martha (I2960)
 
74 "Commissioned Lieutenant by Governor William Shirley, in 1742, but what military service he performed is not known." (Harvard History, quoted in The Hapgood Family.) Hopgood, Lt. Shadrach (I5321)
 
75 "Constance, named also Maud, who married Roscelin de Beaumont, hereditary vicomteé of Maine, styled Vicomté de Beaumont, Lord of Beaumont-le-Vicomté (alias Beaumont-sur-Sarthe), Fresnay and Ste.-Suzanne, son of Ralph de Beaumont, by...sister of Guy de Laval. Henry I gave South Tawton (Devon), to Roscelin de Beaumont in marriage with his daughter Constance. They had 2 sons." [Complete Peerage XI, Appendix D, p. 116.] de Beaumont, Roscelin (I93)
 
76 "Constantine Angelos was a Byzantine admiral and panhypersebastos of Philadelphia, the commander of the Imperial Fleet in Sicily, who married Theodora Komnene (born 1097) in 1122, the youngest daughter of Emperor Alexios I Komnenos and Irene Doukaina. According to the near-contemporary Niketas Choniates, Constantine was brave, skilled and handsome, but of lowly origin. He was the son of one Manolis Angelos from Philadelphia and had three brothers: Nikolaos Angelos, Michael Angelos and Ioannes Angelos, a military leader in Italy." [Wikipedia] Angelius, Constantius (I7215)
 
77 "Daniel McBride married Abigail Mead, who was born in 1770 in Dutchess County, New York. She descended from the Quaker Mead and Fiske families of Fairfield County, Connecticut. Abigail joined The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints in 1833, almost 10 years after Daniel's death, as did most of their 9 children, and, after living in Kirtland, Ohio and Nauvoo, Illinois, emigrated to Utah in 1847, one of the oldest persons to cross the plains to Utah in that first settlement year." [Our Crandall and Beckstead Ancestors]

It's notable that Abigail Mead was descended from Meads on both sides -- her father was a Mead, and her mother's mother was one as well.

Out of all of TNH's Mormon pioneer ancestors, she may or may not have been the first to be baptised into the church, but born in 1770, she was certainly the oldest. She was born before the Revolution and lived to see the Salt Lake Valley.

From Our Crandall and Beckstead Ancestors:

About 1829, Abigail heard of the mysterious visions of the Prophet Joseph Smith, and wholly believed in them. She was baptized a member of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints on June 25, 1833. The entire family also joined the church.

In the spring of 1835, they sold their farms at great sacrifices and traveled to Kirtland, Ohio to be with the rest of the Saints. The trip was made by stagecoach and canal boat, which took about six days.

They donated liberally to the building of the city of Kirtland and to the temple. With six of her children, Abigail enjoyed the heavenly manifestations given at the dedication of the Kirtland Temple on March 27, 1836. Her son, Reuben, became the custodian of the Kirtland Temple.

She received her patriarchal blessing from Joseph Smith, Sr. on June 8, 1836. The following is the body of the blessing:

"My aged sister, in the name of the Lord Jesus Christ, the Redeemer of the world, and by the power and authority of the Priesthood, I lay my hands on thy head; and on the heads of thy posterity, confer a blessing. Thou hast had sorrow and affliction out of which the Lord is delivering thee. He has established thy faith. Thou has obeyed the Gospel of the Savior. Thy name is been written in the Lamb's Book of Life. Thou art of the lineage of Abraham. If thou holdest on thy way, the time will come when thou, like Job, shall see God, in the flesh, standing upon the earth. Thou shalt see angels and receive the communication of the Holy Ghost. Thy children shall stand in the covenant, by the power of God, thou shalt go to Zion, and be in good health. Thy mind shall be strong and rejoice in thy God. Thou shalt not want for the things of this life. Give up thyself to God and thou shalt see they redeemer, who thou desirest to know. Thou shalt be a member of the Celestial World. I seal these blessings upon thy head. I seal these things up to eternal life. Amen and amen."

Abigail endured the persecutions attending the twelve thousand members of the church in their migration to Nauvoo, Illinois. [...]

Abigail assembled with the huge crowd when Joseph led his famous Nauvoo Legion, in their elegant uniforms with their plumed hats, through the streets of Nauvoo for the last time. She heard his famous farewell address, with unsheathed sword, pointing heavenward in defense of his followers, from the top of an unfinished building.

Shortly after the Prophet was martyred, with deepest sorrow, she was able to view his remains, along with thousands of tear-stained companions. [...]

Abigail was present on August 8, 1844, when the mantle of Joseph Smith fell upon Brigham Young. She heard Brigham Young's declaration that he was the rightful leader of the Saints and would lead them safely to the tops of the Rocky Mountains, as predicted by the martyred Prophet.

Abigail was endowed on January 28, 1846, in the Nauvoo Temple. She was among the Saints expelled from Nauvoo, who made their homes in tents, covered wagons, and hurriedly erected log cabins across the Mississippi River.

She joined the first emigrant company to follow Brigham Young, leaving Elk Horn on June 17, 1847. She endured the inconveniences of the long trek in this huge company of fifteen hundred men, women, and children, who were in five hundred sixty wagons, with five thousand head of stock. They traveled between four to eleven miles a day, taking turns by the hundreds in leading the caravan.

On September 4, 1847, they rejoiced in meeting Brigham Young and his party, who had come to lead them into the Salt Lake Valley. Three days later, a great feast was arranged, concluding with a dance; an Indian attack followed. It was the latter part of September when they arrived in the Salt Lake Valley.

Abigail was described as a short, rather stout, fine old lady with a square face and a fair complexion. 
Mead, Abigail (I4128)
 
78 "Daughter and heir of William de Courcy (or ?Geoffrey de Crimes?) by Maud, daughter of Robert d'Avranches." [Royal Ancestryde Courcy, Hawise (I5109)
 
79 "Despite persistent, unsupported claims to the contrary, there is no evidence that her name was Hannah Rolfe; this probably arises from confusion with 'Hannah Rouf [probably Rolfe],' 1st wife of her son Thomas." [The Great Migration: Immigrants to New England, 1634-1635, Volume II, C-F, pp. 147-48.] Hannah (I6918)
 
80 "Doge Pietro designated his son Otto as his successor, and when Pietro died in 1008, Otto (sometimes known as Ottone) became, at sixteen, the youngest Doge in Venice's history. Otto turned out to be much like other members of his illustrious family, especially in his love of pomp and power, and he further advanced his dynastic ambitions by marrying a daughter of the Hungarian King Istvan. Doge Otto Orseolo wasted little time in his efforts to secure his family's position. Between 1017 and 1026 he engaged in a number of highly questionable activities, including the appointments of his brothers Orso and Vitale as Patriarch of Grado and Bishop of Torcello, respectively. These shenanigans worried the patricians of Venice, who engineered a coup d'etat in 1026 that sent Otto off into exile in Constantinople." [A Traveller's History of Venice, by Peter Mentzel. Interlink Books, 2006.]

[Note: Otto's wife was a daughter of Géza of Hungary, not of Géza's son Stephen I (in Hungarian, Istvan). The confusion may have arisen because Géza's baptismal name was also Stephen/Istvan.] 
Orseolo, Otto Doge of Venice (I3854)
 
81 "Domesday tenant of Sprotborough and other West Riding manors under Roger de Busli." [Complete Peerage V:519.] de Lisours, Fulke (I496)
 
82 "Drahomíra of Stodor (Czech: Drahomíra ze Stodor; c.?877 or 890 – died after 934 or 936) was Duchess consort of Bohemia from 915 to 921, wife of the Premyslid duke Vratislaus I. She also acted as regent of the Duchy of Bohemia from 921 to 924 during the minority of her son Wenceslaus. She is chiefly known for the murder of her mother-in-law Ludmila of Bohemia by hired assassins." [Wikipedia] of Stodor, Drahomira (I7667)
 
83 "Dugdale tells us that Eustache de Hache was at one time 'a menial servant to Edward I.' If so, he soon rose to great honor, for he was a knight in 1279, and later a baron, being summoned to Parliament five times between 1299 and 1305, the year before his death. He was at the battle of Falkirk in 1298, also at the siege of Caerlaverock two years later, and is mentioned in Walter of Exeter's poem:--

"Banniere bel appareille
Jaune a crois rouge engreille
La Eustace de Hache esteit"

[History of the Manor and Parish of Saleby, citation details below.] 
de Hache, Eustace MP (I12393)
 
84 "Dugdale, Baronage, Vol. ii, p. 38, says that Eve was daughter of Payn de Chaworth, but he gives no proof. Payn was a close associate of Robert during the wars against Simon de Montfort, he was with Robert in the Crusade and the name Payn was borne by Roberts 2nd son. Payn was, however, aged only 13 or 14 in 1258 and d. s.p. or s.p.s. before 20 September 1279, when his brother Patrick was his heir. Assuming a Chaworth marriage, it seems likely that Eve was Payn's sister and daughter of Patrick Chaworth by his wife Hawise de Londres. In a ped. of Tybotot in Thoroton's Notts, Vol. i. pp. 203-04, Robert's wife is called Eve, daughter of P . . . de Chaworth. In the Visitation of Notts, Harl. Society, p. 124, Eve, daughter of Patrick and sister of Payn and Patrick Chaworth, Lords of Kidwelly, appears as the wife of Sir John (sic) Tiptofte. Payn himself mentions his sister Eve in a grant made by him, Trin. 1270, to the monks of Blanchland, in South Wales. In April 1283 Robert made a grant to Mottisfont Priory, Hants, of which the Chaworth family held patronage. The grant is sealed with the arms a saltire lozengy, legend 'S. Roberti de Tibotot'. He bore silver, a saltire engrailed gules." [Complete Peeragede Chaworth, Eve (I219)
 
85 "Duke of Gothia," says The Henry Project in deliberate quotes.

"Raymond was a member of the dynasty of counts of Toulouse, in which the name Raymond was common. However, the exact identity and ancestry of this Raymond is enmeshed in the confusion of various Raymonds of Toulouse in the tenth century [see, e.g., Framond (1993) and Settipani (2004) for two different reconstructions of the genealogy of the tenth century counts of Toulouse]. The marriage may perhaps be dated about 1075, but there is much uncertainty about this." [The Henry Project] 
de Toulouse, Raymond (I6205)
 
86 "Eadgyth was initially buried at the Monastery of Mauritius in Magdeburg. Her remains may thereafter have been transferred to Magdeburg Cathedral, but it was believed that the 16th-century tomb was most likely a cenotaph. However, recent excavations of the tomb at Magdeburg Cathedral, directed by Professor Harald Meller and Dr Veit Dresely of the Landesmuseum fur Vorgeschichte in Saxony Anhalt, revealed a lead coffin bearing Eadgyth's name and recording the transfer of her remains in 1510. Inside the coffin, lay a female skeleton wrapped in silk, aged between 30 and 40." [Blog of History Today, 20 Jan 2010, describing Eadgyth as "possibly the oldest member of the English royal family whose remains have survived."] Eadgyth (I6696)
 
87 "Eadnoth the Staller (d. 1068), landowner and administrator, is addressed in a writ of Edward the Confessor, relating to Hampshire and dated between 1053 and 1066; his attestation is also found on two spurious charters for 1065 and he was probably at the beginning of his career in the 1060s. Stallers were members of the royal household and Eadnoth is elsewhere identified as the Confessor's steward; he seems also to have served as a royal justice. He continued in the service of Harold II and then of William I until he was killed in 1068 at Bleadon at the head of a force defending Somerset against an invasion by the sons of Harold." [Oxford Dictionary of National BiographyEadnoth (I3044)
 
88 "Eadweard's nickname of 'the Elder' is not contemporary, but was assigned later to distinguish him from the two other Anglo-Saxon kings of that name." [The Henry Project] Eadward "The Elder" King of Wessex and Mercia (I11264)
 
89 "Early in 1421, Richard Waterton, son and heir of John Waterton, Nicholas Harewood and William Withornwick, executors of John Waterton's will, petitioned Henry V for letters discharging them from the custody of some gold cups and other plate which had been pledged to John Waterton as a security for his wages during the Agincourt campaign. On 2 May 1421, Richard son and heir of John Waterton, esquire, and his executors had a pardon from the king of "all debts, accounts, prests, receipts, liveries, wastes, stripments, dilapidations, exiles, trespasses, impeachments, misprisions, losses, actions, complaints, demands, farms, arrears, concealments, fines, issues and amercements" which seems to have covered just about everything except murder. [...] Richard Waterton later married Constance Asshenhul and was the ancestor of the Waterton family of Burn (in Brayton), Walton, Cawthorne, and Minsthorpe (in South Kirkby), Yorkshire and Corringham, Lincolnshire." [John Watson, "The Two John Watertons - Part 2", 2 Nov 2014, post to soc.medieval.genealogy.]

Probably died in the Battle of Towton, according to John Watson.

Feet of Fines: CP 25/1/280/159, number 24 [via John Watson on SGM]:

1 July 1436, County: Yorkshire. Place: Westminster. Date: One week from St John the Baptist, 14 Henry VI. Parties: William Asenhill', knight, querent, and Richard Waterton' and Constance, his wife, deforciants. Property: The manors of Byrne, Walton', Calthorn' and Mansthorp'. Action: Plea of covenant. Agreement: William has acknowledged the manors to be the right of Constance, as those which Richard and Constance have of his gift. For this: Richard and Constance have granted to William the manors and have rendered them to him in the court, to hold to William, without impeachment of waste, for the life of William, of Richard and Constance and the heirs of Constance, rendering yearly 1 rose at the feast of the Nativity of St John the Baptist, and doing to the chief lords all other services. And after the decease of William the manors shall revert to Richard and Constance and the heirs of Constance, quit of the heirs of William, to hold of the chief lords for ever. 
Waterton, Richard (I10886)
 
90 "Edmund held an official position as church warden of the parish at Donhead St. Andrew. Nevertheless, he was fined in 1636 and sentenced to do public penance for attending 'nonconforming' sermons outside his parish. He was also reprimanded in 1637 for going to church in Shaftsbury, where his brother, Thomas, lived." [The Goodenow Family Association]

Emigrated with his family April 1638, on the Confidence out of Southampton.

Deputy, for Sudbury, to the Massachusetts General Court nine times between May 1649 and January 1681.

"Sudbury was attacked by the Indians during King Philip's War, and he probably commanded the Goodnow Garrison, which probably was, as garrison houses often were, his own home fortified as part of the defenses of the town. Contemporary records speak of a retreat to 'Captain Goodanous Garrison.'" [James Cox Brady and His Ancestry, citation details below.] 
Goodenow, Capt. Edmund (I8209)
 
91 "Edward Fisher was an original settler of Portsmouth, where he had various allotments of land. He served as constable, member of the town council and deputy to the General Assembly. He died in 1677, his wife Judith outliving him for some years. His will appointed the senior John Briggs as 'overseer' of his estate, and made a bequest to his daughter, Mary Fisher. A receipt for this legacy in 1682 was signed by Mary Briggs and her husband Thomas." [The Howland Heirs, citation details below.]

"FISHER, Edward, of Po. Will dated 18 Sep 1665, proved 5 Oct 1677, pg 151. Mentions: Wife Judith Fisher. 3 Daughters Ruth Potter, Hanna Briggs, & Mary Fisher. Receipts were given for legacies from father-in-law Edward Fisher's will by Thomas Briggs of Dartmouth husband of Mary Briggs, John Potter of Warwick husband of Ruth Potter, & John Briggs of Po. husband of Hanna Briggs 6 Jan 1682." [Rhode Island Genealogical Register 3:23, "Abstracts of Portsmouth Wills"] 
Fisher, Edward (I45)
 
92 "Edward lived at Moat Farm in Ash, Kent. He was the primary beneficiary and executor of his father's will, suggesting that his older brother Peter was physically or mentally incapable of serving as head of the family." [Amelia Morrow, from Connections: Morrow, Porter, Sanders, etc.]

Birth derived from the fact that he was recorded as age 75 in May 1570. 
Stoughton, Edward (I12311)
 
93 "Elder John Whipple, [...who] was a clothier (cloth manufacturer) of good estate, emigrated with his children to New England about 1638 and settled in Ipswich, Massachusetts. Here he became a man of local distinction, holding the offices of deacon and elder in the Ipswich Church, and serving as deputy of the Massachusetts General Court in 1640, 1641, 1642, 1646, 1650, 1651, 1652, and 1653. About 1640 he built a subtantial frame dwelling house in Ipswich which still remains in its ancient form and fine preservation, one of the oldest houses in New England, and is now owned and occupied by the Ipswich Historical Society." [Simon Stone Genealogy]

Ancestor to, among others, Susan B. Anthony, Clara Barton, Calvin Coolidge, Robert Goddard, James Russell Lowell, Charles Pratt (founder of the Pratt Institute), William Whipple (a signer of the Declaration of Independence), and Brigham Young. 
Whipple, Elder John (I4660)
 
94 "Elis III m. Maud, daughter of Morice fitz Robert fitz Hardinge, of Berkeley: which Elis III owed 100 marks 'pro fine terre sue' in 1166 and died before Michaelmas 1190, when William le Mareschal owed 140 marks for the custody of the lands of Elis Giffard. Elis III was son and heir of Elis II (who became a monk in Gloucester Abbey), by Berta (living 1167), sister of Walter de Clifford, of Clifford and Glasbury, and daughter of Richard fitz Ponce. In 1130 Elis II rendered account of 100 marks of silver for the relief of his father's lands, being son and heir of Elis I, by Ala, his wife. Before 1096 Elis I had succeeded his father Osbern Giffard, the Domesday tenant of Brimpsfield, Stoke, Rockhampton, Elston, Orcheston, etc." [Complete Peerage V:639, note (c)] Giffard, Elias III (I123)
 
95 "Elizabeth's ancestry is uncertain. She might possibly have been the daughter of Thomas White (1599-1665) who is known to have had children John, Elizabeth, and Thomas. John White called Bartholomew Ingolbritson 'my loving friend' and he was also godfather to Henry Culpepper Jr."
[Culpepper Connections
Greene, Elizabeth (I5413)
 
96 "Elizabeth's husband was a fur trader, lawyer, first judge of Hampshire County Court, and a founder of Northampton, MA." [Freeman Family Lines, from the files of Stephen M. Lawson (via the Internet Archive Wayback Machine)]

From the Wikipedia article about Joseph Parsons, Jr.:

"Joseph Parsons, Jr. (1647-1729) was an early settler and prominent colonial leader in Northampton, Massachusetts. [...]

"Parsons, Jr. was involved in several business enterprises in and around Northampton, including grist mills, sawmills, and iron. He later became active in politics; in 1696, he was commissioned as one of the four judges on the Hampshire County Court of Common Pleas, which at the time included all of Western Massachusetts. He served in this capacity until 1719. Parsons, Jr. also served as a representative in the Massachusetts General Court; he represented Springfield in 1706 and 1708, and Northampton from 1711-1715, 1717, 1721, and 1724. In addition, he held several other minor offices; in 1700, he was appointed as the first town moderator in Northampton history, and he also served as justice of the peace for a number of years.

"Throughout most of Parson, Jr.'s life in Northampton, Solomon Stoddard was the pastor of the church. However, by 1725 Stoddard was 82 years old and unable to fulfill all of his pastoral duties alone. So, the town voted seven members onto a committee to find a suitable candidate to assist, and upon Stoddard's death, replace him as pastor. Joseph Parsons, Jr. was one of the members of this pastoral search committee, which ultimately chose Jonathan Edwards, whose tenure as pastor would lead to the Great Awakening."

It's not mentioned in the Wikipedia article, but Joseph Parsons and Elizabeth Strong were also ancestors of early Caltech rocket scientist, JPL co-founder, and Aleister Crowley disciple Marvel Whiteside "Jack" Parsons (1914-1952), famous for having (1) welcomed the pre-Scientology L. Ron Hubbard into his life, (2) having his wife, yacht, and savings stolen by Hubbard, and (3) later dying as the result of a chemical explosion in his garage. 
Parsons, Joseph (I9587)
 
97 "Ellender" is the spelling in the Leo Hayden family Bible. Hayden, Eleanor (I6994)
 
98 "English knight and landowner, from 1400 to 1414 Member of the House of Commons, of which he became Speaker, then was an Admiral and peer. He won renown in the Hundred Years' War, fighting in many engagements, including the Battle of Agincourt in 1415. He was an English envoy at the Council of Constance in 1415. In 1417 he was made admiral of the fleet. On the death of Henry V he was an executor of Henry's will and a member of Protector Gloucester's council. He attended the conference at Arras in 1435, and was a Member of the House of Lords sitting as Baron Hungerford from January 1436 until his death in 1449. For some years he was Treasurer of England." [Wikipedia] Hungerford, Walter MP (I12976)
 
99 "Ernald de Bosco [...] took the side of the barons against King John, for which act of rebellion the sheriff of co. Northants on 15 Aug., 1216, was ordered 'to take the lands of Ernald de Bosco because he was with the king's enemies.' He speedily made his peace with the king and his lands were restored to him by royal command on 4 September in the same year. [...] On 16 Feb., 1253, Ernald was appointed justice of all the king's forests this side Trent with a salary of 100 marks yearly as long as he remained chief justice, at the same time he was appointed warden of the castle of Sauvey at a yearly rent to the exchequer of 5 marks." [George Farnham, citation details below.] du Bois, Ernald (I9259)
 
100 "Eve de Briouze, da. and coh., heiress of Abergavenny. She m., after 25 July 1238 (when his father, William de C., obtained her wardship and marriage together with the custody of Abergavenny and the other lands falling to her share), and before 15 Feb. 1247/8, William de Cantelou, of Calne, Wilts, and Aston Cantlow, co. Warwick. He d. at Calstone, Wilts, 25, and was bur. 30 Sep. 1254, at Studley Priory, co. Warwick. Writ of extent 15 Oct. 1254. She d. in 1255, about 20 and before 28 July." [Complete Peerage I:22-23] de Briouze, Eve (I6487)
 
101 "Even though her late husband had constructed a tomb in St. Dunstan's Church in Cranbrook for both of them, she requested burial in the churchyard of St. Dunstan's Church in West Peckham. Possibly she had moved to West Peckham during the thirty years of her widowhood, and felt no connection with Cranbrook." [Todd Whitesides, Findagrave.comBaker, Agnes (I12327)
 
102 "Fernán González was the first autonomous count of Castile, son of Gonzalo Fernández de Burgos, who had been named count of Arlanza and the Duero around the year 900, and by tradition a descendant of semi-legendary judge Nuño Rasura. His mother Muniadona was so well remembered that the later Counts of Castile would sometimes be recorded by Iberian Muslim scholars as Ibn Mama Duna (descendant of Muniadona)." [Wikipedia] González, Fernán (I9979)
 
103 "Finn Arnesson (died c. 1065) was a Norwegian nobleman and advisor to both King Olaf II of Norway and King Harald III of Norway and later served King Sweyn II of Denmark." [WikipediaArnesson, Finn (I3057)
 
104 "FITZGERALD, MAURICE (d. 1176), one of the conquerors of Ireland; son of Gerald de Windsor, chief follower of Arnulf Montgomery and castellan of Pembroke Castle (1093-post 1116), by his wife Nest (q.v.), daughter of Rhys ap Tewdwr. Maurice and WILLIAM, two of the sons of Gerald and Nest, and lords respectively of Llanstephan and Emlyn, came into prominence as leaders of the Anglo-Norman settlers in West Wales against the great revolt of the native princes in 1136. In 1146 they were at the head of the unsuccessful attempt to recover Llanstephan Castle from the Welsh. Later in his career Maurice Fitzgerald took part, with his half-brother Robert Fitzstephen (q.v.), in the conquest of Ireland. In 1169 he landed in Wexford with his followers and led the English contingent against Dublin. He finally settled in the cantref of Kildare which earl Richard granted to him for his services. It is said that his wife (living in 1171) was Alice, granddaughter of Roger de Montgomery. Maurice, who was a brave and modest man of few words, d. at Wexford c. 1 Sept. 1176. [William d. 1174.]" [Dictionary of Welsh Biography]

"His brother, Bishop David, granted him the Stewardship of St. Davids hereditarily. Under Stephen [between 1136 and 1146] the sons of Gerald were hard pressed by the Welsh in their effort to dislodge the Norman interlopers from the lands they had seized. The occasion of Maurice's going to Ireland, where he and his descendants were to flourish so exceedingly, was the promise, in 1167, of Dermot MacMurrough, the dispossessed King of Leinster, to give Wexford to him and to his half-brother, Robert FitzStephen, if they would help him to regain the kingdom -- a promise which he duly honoured. Preceded by FitzStephen, and accompanied by his nephew Raymond, Maurice landed at Wexford in 1169 with two ships of armed followers, and with the aid of his Norman allies Dermot recovered Dublin. The coming over of Henry II, and the political dispositions which he made, fettered the progress of the Geraldines; although at his departure [Easter 1172] the King left Maurice one of the three keepers of Dublin. After spending some time in Wales, Maurice returned to Ireland, where the Keeper, Earl Richard, Strongbow, was consolidating the Normans in the face of the Irish by making them grants of land in fee, and by arranging marriages between members of the factious families. There is no record of his marriage. He d. 1 Sep 1176, at Wexford." [Complete Peerage X:11-12] 
fitz Gerald, Maurice (I6378)
 
105 "Flavius Magnus was a Roman Senator of Narbonne (then Narbo). He was appointed Consul of Rome with Flavius Apollonius in 460 by the Emperor Majorian, and later served as praetorian prefect of Gaul in 469.." [Wikipedia] Flavius Magnus Consul of the Roman Empire (I6738)
 
106 "Flavius Probus , a Roman Senator and a vir nobilis of Narbonne, then Narbo, was a man of literary taste and precocious ability. His father was Flavius Magnus, Consul of Rome in 460. He was a friend of Sidonius Apollinaris from their schooldays." [Wikipedia] Flavius Probus Senator of Narbonne (I3230)
 
107 "Following their marriage, they resided initially at Braughing, co. Hertford, and, sometime after 1545, they removed to Puckeridge, in the adjacent parish of Standon, co. Hertford." [Douglas Richardson, "New Light on the English Ancestry of William Chandler and His Cousin, Margaret Chandler," citation details below.] Page, John (I4525)
 
108 "For all practical purposes, Thomas Axtell received only a pittance in the 1638 will of his father. This suggests that, at the tender age of just 20, Thomas had already received his portion, or that he had been apprenticed out in such a way that his estate was already established, or that father and son had come to some insurmountable difference of opinion. It might also be that Thomas's uncle Henry Axtell had bequeathed a good legacy to Thomas and father William found it unnecessary to add to it. Whatever the cause, Thomas's English prospects were sufficiently bleak by 1641 that he considered taking his small family across the ocean to New England." [Ancestry of Eva Belle Kempton, volume III, citation details below.]

Emigrated sometime between 1641 and when he took the Sudbury oath of allegience, 9 Jul 1645. 
Axtell, Thomas (I4491)
 
109 "Francis Marbury (sometimes spelled Merbury) (1555-1611) was a Cambridge-educated English cleric, schoolmaster and playwright. He is best known for being the father of Anne Hutchinson, considered the most famous (or infamous) English woman in colonial America." [Wikipedia]

Author of the 1579 play The Contract of Marriage of Wit and Wisdom
Marbury, Rev. Francis (I4117)
 
110 "Francis Nelson, youngest son of John and Hendrickje (Vander Vleet) Nelson, was born, probably in Mamaroneck, about 1691; died after 13 November, 1750. Until about 1 May 1716, he resided at Mamaroneck ('The Place of Rolling Stones'), at that time he purchased of Colonel Caleb Heathcote, lands in the Manor of Scarsdale, and shortly removed thereto. He was assessor of Scarsdale in 1723. He conveyed, by consent of his wife Ann, 8 October 1733, all his lands in Scarsdale, which he had purchased from Colonel Heathcote, to William Barker of Mamaroneck; and removed to the Highlands of Dutchess County, which had been accomplished by the 31 August. 1736. He purchased of his brother, Polycarpus, an interest in the Great or Lower Nine Partners, a certain tract of land (vide supra). Mr. Nelson was one of the first commissioners of roads for that part of Dutchess which is now Putnam County, 1744. In 1747 Francis Nelson's name disappears from the tax-list of the South Ward of Dutchess County, and in 1750 it last appears on the County Records." [The Nelson FamilyNelson, Francis (I26)
 
111 "From his will, we learn that he was a prosperous property owner and that he held a lease on a mill in nearby Wormingford, Essex." [Fifty Great Migration Colonists of New England, citation details below.] Barker, Richard (I9032)
 
112 "From later evidence we know that Reginald was granted the manor of Great Wymondley, in Hertfordshire, by King William [I or II] after the estate had escheated to the Crown. The land was held 'by serjeanty', namely, by acting as cupbearer at the king's coronation. The Argenteins and their descendants continued to perform this service for more than 600 years, and as a result they bore arms showing three silver covered cups on a red field." [Chris Phillips, citation details below.] de Argentein, Reginald (I1192)
 
113 "Garcia Sanchez I appears as king about 929, and is sole king from 931, although his mother Toda served as regent until he overthrew her control with the help of her kinsman, Abd ar Rahman III. He then continued to rule, largely under the thumb of Abd ar Rahman until the latter's death in 961, and on to 970. [...The nickname] 'the Trembler' is more in line with the life of Garcia I, who after expelling his mother spent his entire reign trembling under the thumb of Cordoba without putting up any resistance, and not to Garcia II, who though unsuccessful, stood up to Cordoba and tried to escape from their yoke." [Todd A. Farmerie, citation details below.]

From Leo van de Pas's site:

Garcia was born about 919, the son of Sancho I Garcés, king of Navarre, and Toda Aznárez. He was the king of Pamplona from the death of his uncle Jimeno Garcés. As he was just six years old at the time of his father's death, his uncle succeeded, and it was only in 930, the last year of the latter's reign, that Garcia appears with the royal title, though this was probably just a courtesy. On Jimeno's death in 931 the 12-year old Garcia succeeded, with his mother Toda serving as regent. This regency ended in 934, when his first cousin Caliph Abd-ar-Rahman III intervened on his behalf, and Garcia began to rule as sole king. 
Garcia Sanchez I "el Tremuloso" King of Navarre (I10348)
 
114 "Gentleman and vestryman for the chapel at Ash, also called a farmer at Colston." [Findagrave.com page for Richard Exhurst, by Todd Whitesides.] Exhurst, Richard (I12319)
 
115 "George de Cantelou, only s. and h.; b.. 29 Mar. 1252, at Abergavenny. He m. (cont. ratified by the King, i Sep. 1254) Margaret, da. of Edmund (de Lacy), Earl of Lincoln, by Alasia, da. of Manfredo, Marquis of Saluzzo. He was knighted 13 Oct. 1272, and had seizin of his lands 25 Apr. and 1 May 1273. He d. s.p., 18 Oct. 1273. His widow was bur. in the Church of the Black Friars at Pontefract." [Complete Peerage I:23] de Cantelowe, George (I1652)
 
116 "George was a yeoman farmer of 'Colmans', Whitsun Green, Stonham Aspal . The original house has been expanded over the centuries and is now known as "The Red House". His nuncapative will dated 01-Dec-1623 left all of his property to his wife and made her his executrix." [The Plymouth Colony Pages] Packard, George (I1041)
 
117 "Géza (c. 940 – 997), also Gejza, was Grand Prince of the Hungarians from the early 970s. He was the son of Grand Prince Taksony and his Oriental-Khazar, Pecheneg or Volga Bulgarian-wife. He married Sarolt, a daughter of an Orthodox Hungarian chieftain. After ascending the throne, Géza made peace with the Holy Roman Empire. Within Hungary, he consolidated his authority with extreme cruelty, according to the unanimous narration of nearly contemporaneous sources. He was the first Hungarian monarch to support Christian missionaries from Western Europe. Although he was baptised (his baptismal name was Stephen), his Christian faith remained shallow and continued to perform acts of pagan worship. He was succeeded by his son, Stephen who was crowned the first King of Hungary in 1000 or 1001." [Wikipedia] of Hungary, Géza (I3922)
 
118 "Gilbert de Culcheth, probably a son or grandson of Hugh son of Gilbert, held the manor [of Culcheth, Lancashire] in 1242. He was killed in 1246 by unknown malefactors, and the township was fined because it made no pursuit." [The Victoria County History of Lancaster, citation details below.] de Culcheth, Gilbert (I10259)
 
119 "Godchild of Hélène Boullé according to will of Champlain. She was at Tadoussac on the July, 7th (Voyages de Champlain). Dates of 7th (DGFQ), 16th and 20th seem to be presumed, likely matching the arrival at Québec of Hélène Boullé." [Genealogy of the French in North AmericaDesportes, Hélène (I580)
 
120 "Gondioc, also called Gundioc and Gundowech, was King of the Burgundians following the destruction of Worms by the Huns in 436, succeeding Gundahar. In 451, Gondioc joined forces with Flavius Aetius against Attila, the king of the Huns, on the Catalaunian Plains. Gondioc married the sister of Ricimer, the Gothic general at the time ruling the Western Roman Empire." [Wikipedia] Gondioc (I7646)
 
121 "Graduated at Harvard College and was ordained as pastor of the Congregational church in Stonington the day before his marriage. He was ordained 10 September 1674. He was associated with the First church from 1665-1719. He was a chaplain, 1676, in King Philip's War; Commissioner on Boundary with Rhode Island, 1699 and 1701. He was one of the trustees mentioned in the Act of 1701 that established Yale and was a Fellow of Yale 1700-1719." [Stanton Genealogy Database, citation details below]

Anderson, Great Migration, confirms Harvard College 1659.

"The Reverend James Noyes resided with the family of Thomas Stanton, Sr., until ordained 11 September 1674. The following day Rev. Noyes married Miss Dorothy Stanton, daughter of Thomas and Ann (Lord) Stanton. Rev. James Noyes was chaplain with Captain George Denison's expedition that captured Canonchet, Chief sachem of the Narragansett Indians, April 1676." [From http://www.werelate.org/wiki/Person:James_Noyes_%282%29, quoting It's About Time: Chronological, Historical, and Genealogical Research Notes on Some of the Maternal Ancestors and Descendants of America (Spilman) Mears (1846-1935), compiled by William L. Decoursey.] Another participant in that expedition was Capt. James Pendleton, a 10X-great grandfather of TNH, who was also present at the Rev. Noyes's ordination on 10 (or 11) Sep 1674. In Everett Hall Pendleton's 1956 volume Early New England Pendletons, With Some Account of the Three Groups who Took the Name Pembleton, and Notices of Other Pendletons of Later Origin in the United States, we read about the aftermath of that expedition: "While [Pendleton] seems to have had something substantial out of this adventure, his spiritual advisor, the Rev. James Noyes, of Stonington, was not so fortunate. Six months later he sent a long and rambling letter of complaint to John Allyn, the colony's secretary at Hartford, alleging that although he had been engaged 'three times in the warr service' he had received no compensation whatever, either in money or in prisoners. And he seemed particularly annoyed that some captive girl of fourteen years had not been sent him as requested, such a prize, no doubt, commanding a premium in the slave market."

Also from http://www.werelate.org/wiki/Person:James_Noyes_%282%29:

The First Congregational Church (later called the Old Road Church) of Stonington, Connecticut was established, 3 June 1674, with nine members: Rev. James Noyes, Thomas Stanton, Sr., Thomas Stanton, Jr., Nathaniel Chesebrough, Thomas Miner and his son Ephraim Miner, the brothers Nehemiah and Moses Palmer, and Thomas Wheeler. Thomas Miner was the first deacon.

The pier slab that for over a century has been over the grave of Rev. James Noyes of the old Wetequequock burying ground, Stonington, Conn., was relettered at Doty's marble works in the 1890s. The following is the inscription on it

"In expectation of a joyful resurrection to eternal life here lyeth interred the body of the Rev. Mr. James Noyes aged 80 years who after a faithful living of the Church of Christ in this place for more than 55 years deceased Dec. ye 30, 1719-20. Majesty, meekness and humility here meet in one with greatest charity. He was first pastor of the Road Church and Society." 
Noyes, Rev. James (I335)
 
122 "Guaimar III (also Waimar, Gaimar, Guaimaro, or Guaimario and sometimes numbered Guaimar IV) (c. 983 - 1027×31) was the Lombard prince of Salerno from around 994 to his death. Under his reign, Salerno entered an era of great splendour. Opulenta Salernum was the inscription on his coins. He made Amalfi, Gaeta and Sorrento his vassals and annexed much of Byzantine Apulia and Calabria." [Wikipedia] of Salerno, Guaimar III (I10289)
 
123 "Guaimar IV (c. 1013 - ass. 2 or 3 June 1052) was Prince of Salerno (1027-1052), Duke of Amalfi (1039-1052), Duke of Gaeta (1040-1041), and Prince of Capua (1038-1047) in Southern Italy over the period from 1027 to 1052. He was an important figure in the final phase of Byzantine authority in the Mezzogiorno and the commencement of Norman power." [Wikipedia]

Assassinated by the his wife's four brothers. 
of Salerno, Guaimar IV (I355)
 
124 "Guilford (among others) thought that Samuel Allen of Braintree might be a son of George [Allen, b. abt 1585], but the Samuel Allen who acted in 1656 with Henry Allen was apparently one of [that] George Allen's younger sons, and therefore too young to be Samuel of Braintree. Samuel, son of George, disappears after his deed of 1656." [The Great Migration BeginsAllen, Samuel (I1199)
 
125 "Guy de Balliol [was] established in England in the 1090s by William II on lands partly carved out of the forfeited earldom of Northumbria and almost certainly in return for support rendered in William's campaigns on the eastern frontier of Normandy in 1091 and 1094. Of the several families of the Balliol name (or its derivative forms) in medieval Britain and France, Guy and his successors originated from Bailleul-en-Vimeu near Abbeville in the county of Ponthieu, outside the boundary of the duchy of Normandy, in an area which later became part of the deartement of the Somme. Their Picard associations remained strong throughout the eight generations of the family's history down to the death of Edward Balliol in 1364." [Oxford Dictionary of National Biographyde Balliol, Guy (I8515)
 
126 "Had a grant of the manors of Aldithley (or Audley), Talke, &c. co. Staff. temp Stephen, from Nicholas de Verdun." [Complete Peerage I:337, note (c)] Liulf (I5804)
 
127 "Had livery in 1167-8." [Complete Peerage IV:118, note (c).] Deincourt, John I (I2718)
 
128 "Had livery in 1217." [Complete Peerage IV:118, note (c).] Deincourt, Oliver II (I6217)
 
129 "He accompanied Hugh le Despenser on his mission to the King of the Romans, June 1294; was appointed, 1 March 1296/7, to receive clergy in Lincolnshire into the King's peace; was summoned for service beyond seas, 1297, and continually against the Scots, 1299-1310; fought in the King's division at the battle of Falkirk, 22 July 1298; Constable of Rockingham Castle and Keeper of the forest between Stamford and Oxford, 17 January 1298 / 9-August 1307. He was summoned to Parliament from 6 February 1298/9 to 16 June 1311, by writs directed Ade de Welles, whereby he is held to have become Lord Welles or Welle. He was at the siege of Carlaverock, July 1300; joined in the Barons' letter to the Pope, 12 February 1300/1; was granted free warren in his demesne lands, 28 January 1301/2; served again in Scotland, 1303-04 and 1310; was summoned to attend the Coronation of Edward II, 18 January 1307/8; a Commr. de walliis et fossatis, co. Lincoln, 18 July 1310." [Complete Peerage V:439-40.]

"He went abroad with Hugh Despenser on a royal embassy to Germany in 1294. The date of his entry into the royal household is not known, but he was listed as a banneret of the king's household from 1297 to 1306. In 1297 he was among those appointed to receive fines from those clergy who wished to re-enter the king's protection during Edward I's dispute with Archbishop Winchelsey. It seems certain that he continued to support the king during the developing political crisis in that year; he participated in the fruitless royal expedition in Flanders in the autumn with a retinue of one knight and twelve squires. Two of the latter were knighted in the course of the campaign. Welles fought with Edward at the battle of Falkirk in 1298. In 1299 he was given custody of Rockingham Castle and was made keeper of the royal forests between Oxford and Stamford, a clear sign of royal favour. In the same year he was summoned to parliament as a baron. In 1300 he was present on the Caerlaverock campaign in Scotland, serving with a contingent of three knights and nine squires. He served in Scotland again in 1301 and in 1303–4. His involvement in the Scottish wars continued under Edward II, with service in the campaign of 1309–10. He was also summoned regularly to parliament." [Oxford Dictionary of National Biography
de Welle, Adam MP (I5071)
 
130 "He accompanied Robert, Duke of Normandy, on a crusade in 1096, and was with Bohemond on the advance from Nice in Bythnia. [...I]s said to have died on a pilgrimage to Jerusalem." [Royal Ancestryde Gournay, Gerard (I9156)
 
131 "He acquired a considerable landed estate in Suffolk, chiefly by purchase, from 1558 on. He lived in a house called Fryettes in Moulton, which he had bought from the executors of one Roger Fryette, and which was afterward the 'mansion house' of his eldest son." [Hale, House and Related FamiliesMoody, Richard (I2012)
 
132 "He adopted the surname 'Willoughby' from his estates." [Robert O'Connor, 16 Jun 1999, post to soc.genealogy.medievalWilloughby, Richard (I2959)
 
133 "He and his mother suffered forfeiture of their lands for rebelling against King John, receiving them back in October 1217." [John Watson, citation details below.] Brito, William (I4607)
 
134 "He and his three eldest sons saved the life of the young duke William at the time of the revolt by Guy of Brionne and others a few months before the battle of Val-ès-Dunes in 1047." [Peter Stewart, soc.genealogy.medieval, 10 May 2016] de Ryes, Hubert (I10526)
 
135 "He arrived in Newbury in 1637, and established himself at Bartlett's Cove. He brought with him an old 'Breeches Bible' which was still extant around 1937. [...] He was literate and taught his own children." [Ancestral Lines from Maine to Virginia, citation details below.] Bartlett, Richard (I5915)
 
136 "He built the castle at Aumale." [Complete Peerage I:351, note (d)] Guerinfrey (I3469)
 
137 "He came to England in or after 1066, and was granted large estates in the west confiscated from various Englishmen. In 1084 he was sheriff of Somerset, and he was still, or again, in office in 1086; when he held more than 50 manors in Somerset, 11 in Dorset, 1 in Devon and 1 in Wilts. He built a castle at Dunster (Somerset), which was the caput of his barony. In Normandy he probably held the lands subsequently in the hands of his successor. He was a benefactor to Bath Abbey (1090-1100)." [Complete Peerage XII/1: 36-37; superseding the account given in CP IX:17-18.] de Mohun, William (I5469)
 
138 "He comes into notice first circa 1142, when he attested his father's charter to Bruton. The Empress Maud's grant of an earldom to his father apparently was not recognised by Stephen, for William is never styled Earl. He was a benefactor to his father's foundation at Bruton and confirmed the gifts of his father and grandfather to Bath." [Complete Peerage IX:18.] de Mohun, William (I3634)
 
139 "He distinguished himself in the war with Scotland, 1294-8, and was taken prisoner at the Battle of Stirling 11 Sept. 1297. He was summoned to Parliament from 2 Nov. 1295 to 26 October 1309, by writs directed Roberto filio Rogeri, whereby he is held to have become Lord Fitz Roger." [Royal Ancestryfitz Roger, Robert MP (I7064)
 
140 "He enlisted in the Weymouth Militia in King Philip's War, Capt. Torrey's company, Dec. 1, 1675." [Genealogy of the Descendants of John Whitmarsh, citation details below] Whitmarsh, John (I7401)
 
141 "He escaped from captivity with his three brothers in Jan. 1218, due to the influence of their uncle, Gilbert de Clare, Earl of Gloucester and Hertford. He promptly initiated proceedings in the king's court against his uncle, Reynold de Brewes. [...] JOHN DE BREWES, lord of Gower, was killed by a fall from his horse near Bramber, Sussex, shortly before 16 Jul 1232." [Royal Ancestryde Brewes, John (I3423)
 
142 "He gave evidence in the Scrope-Grosvenor trial in 1386, stating that he was twenty-eight years old and had been armed for nine years. He had served in the expedition against the Scots under the Duke of Lancaster in 1383, and again under the King in person in 1385." ["The Yorkshire Family of Salvain," citation details below.] Salvain, Gerard (I10537)
 
143 "He has been proven by the Culpepper Y-DNA test project to be the progenitor of about 80% of American Culpeppers." [Culpepper Connections]

It has been plausibly speculated, but never proved, that John Culpeper (1637-1674), early emigrant to Virginia, was the father of this Henry Culpepper. If so, that John Culpeper's 3X-great grandparents John Culpepper (d. 1480) and his wife Agnes Gainsford would be the most recent common ancestors of PNH and TNH.

John Culpepper (d. 1480) = Agnes Gainsford
Walter Culpeper (1475-1524) = Anne Aucher (1480-1533)
William Culpeper (1509-1559) = Cicely Barrett (1512-1559)
John Culpeper (1531-1612) = Elizabeth Sedley (1534-1618)
John Culpeper (1565-1635) = Ursula Woodcock (1566-1612)
John Culpeper (c. 1637 Harrietsham, Kent - c. 1674 Virginia)
possibly father of
Henry Culpepper (1633-1675), 9X-great grandfather of PNH 
Culpepper, Henry (I4548)
 
144 "He is said to have married Joan daughter of John de Swillington, which is not improbable, as the Swillingtons occur as witnesses to a considerable number of the early charters, and Hugh de Swillington was a pledge for Roger's son, circa 1205." [The Calverley Charters, citation details below.] Scot, William (I4410)
 
145 "He joined the rebellion of his brother-in-law Waleran, Count of Meulan, in 1123, and took part in the unsuccessful attempt to relieve the castle of Vatteville in March 1124, but shortly after escaped from the battle of Bourgthéroulde, where the rebels were defeated. Later in the same year he made his peace with the King, and thereafter received considerable grants of land in England. A writ of Geoffrey, Duke of Normandy, is addressed to him between 1144 and 1150, and in 1150-1151 he witnessed at Rouen the charter of Henry, Duke of Normandy, for the town of Rouen. In 1153 his lands in Normandy and, those of his brother, Roger le Bègue, were overrun, and laid waste by Simon de Montfort, Count of Evreux. At some time before 1162 he, with his wife and son Waleran, gave to the abbey of Haute-Bruyère three modii of meal from the mills of his castle of Ivry." [Complete PeerageLovel, William (I6615)
 
146 "He lived at Eastchester and Fox Meadow, Scarsdale." [Settlers of the Beekman Patent, citation details below.] Appleby, Joseph (I3823)
 
147 "He m. before 1335, Mary Davenport, living 1325 (19 Edw. II), said by Ormerod to have been a daughter of Henry Davenport." [John Blythe Dobson, MainwaringMainwaring, William (I11241)
 
148 "He may have died in England by 1638, but [he] was certainly dead by 1669. Court records suggest that he was in Rhode Island in 1643, but no further record of him has been found in New England." [Wilcox, citation details below.] Cory, John (I12384)
 
149 "He may have reigned alongside his supposed father Barisone I between about 1064/1065 and 1073 or so. He was probably the father (alternatively, uncle or brother) of his probable successor, Marianus I." [Wikipedia] Tanca, Andrew Giudice of Logudoro (I765)
 
150 "He probably [...] came over in 1633, with the Rev. Thomas Hooker, the first minister of Hartford." [Hyde Genealogy, citation details below.]

An original proprietor of Norwich, Connecticut. 
Hyde, William (I4451)
 
151 "He prospered as steward of certain manors, probably in the service of William, Lord Vaux of Harrowden, & invested in lands; at the same time, for social reasons, he entered his 4 sons in a London guild, the Skinners Company." [The Blackmans of Knight's Creek, citation details below.] Freeman, Henry (I10927)
 
152 "He reached a high position at Court and this may account for the reference in Shakespeare's King John to a de Burgh as the King's Chamberlain." [A Guide to the Parish Church of Saint Augustine of Canterbury, citation details below.]

According to Wikipedia on Walton Hall, West Yorkshire, the Thomas de Burgh who married Sara Neville was "the Steward of the Countess of Brittany, Duchess of Richmond." Early Yorkshire Families (citation details below) calls him "steward of the honour [of Richmond] under duchess Constance." 
de Burgh, Thomas (I2676)
 
153 "He served as a churchwarden of Great Bromley in 1552 (a mark of local distinction)." [Don Stone, "Our Patrilineal Heritage".] Stone, Simon (I5819)
 
154 "He served in King Philip's War, 1675, a lieutenant in Upham's Company." [Bassett-Preston Ancestors, citation details below] Shaw, John (I5015)
 
155 "He served on the grand jury of Dutchess County in May 1746; was overseer of Crum Elbow Precinct April 1749." ["Dirck Jansz Van der Vliet of Flatbush, New York"] Nelson, John (I10711)
 
156 "He settled early in the Town of Bedford in the Province of New York, and was one of the resident proprietors of Bedford in 1692. On the eighth day of April, 1704, a Royal Patent, from the Governor-General of New York, was granted for the Town of Bedford, in which David Mead was mentioned as one of the original grantees." [History and Genealogy of the Mead Family, citation details below.] Mead, David (I7273)
 
157 "He used as his coat of arms three bars, a lion passant in chief, as evidenced by his seals. He m. (1) Joan, daughter and coheiress of William Praers, of Baddiley, near Nantwich, by whom he had one son and one daughter. He m. (2) before 1355, Elizabeth Leycester, living 1404 (6 Hen. IV), daughter of Nicholas Leycester, of Nether Tabley, by the latter's wife Mary Mobberley, living 1405 (6 Hen. IV), sister and coheiress of Sir Ralph Mobberley, and daughter of William Mobberley, of Mobberley, sheriff of Cheshire in 1319-20 (13 Edw. II). They had five sons and three daughters." [John Blythe Dobson, MainwaringMainwaring, William (I1970)
 
158 "He was a custodian of the lands of the Archbishop of York, 1183-90, a justice itinerant, 1184 and 1187-89, farmed the lands of William Paynel, 1185-88, and levied tallage, 1187-89. He was an advisor of Maud, Countess of Warwick." [Complete Peerage]

"The [Vavasour] family, of which there were several branches, descended from Malger, who at the Domesday survey held land at Hazelwood, par. Tadcaster, Edlington and elsewhere of William de Percy, and who witnessed a charter of Alan de Percy to Whitby, 1100-c. 1115. William le Vavasour, king's justice, held 2 knights' fees of the old feoffment of William de Percy II in 1166, and half a knights' fee also of the old feoffment of the honour of Skipton, the Percy lands having been considerably extended and the Skipton lands in Craven having been acquired. In a charter to Bolton priory, 1175-90, with the consent of Robert and Malger his sons, he confirmed land in Yeadon of the gift of Robert son of Malger his uncle (avunculus). It can be deduced that William was a grandson of Malger the Domeday tenant, but it is uncertain whether this was by maternal or paternal descent. The balance of evidence, including Dodsworth's statement that William's father was named Malger, suggests that Malger of the Survey had two sons Robert and Malger, William being the heir of Robert who presumably died without issue." [Early Yorkshire Families, citation details below.] 
le Vavasour, William (I567)
 
159 "He was a farmer, and was chosen, 1718, 'surveyor for town, county, and countrey roads,' in 1720, constable, and in Dec., 1722, in connection with Capt. Ashley, Joseph Dewey, and Israel Dewey, was 'chosen to dignifie the seats in the meeting house, which dignification the townsmen confirmed by a voat.'" [History and Genealogy of the Family of Thomas Noble, citation details below.] Noble, Mark (I2002)
 
160 "He was a member of the Legislature, sheriff of the county, and State Treasurer for many years." [Parker in America, citation details below.] Parker, Charles (I3848)
 
161 "He was a soldier in King Philip's War from Woburn, Mass. In 1681 he removed from Marshfield to [Little Compton] where he was a constable by 1685." [Little Compton Families]

Notes posted to familysearch.org, no author given:

Josiah Closson - Mary Williamson

Josiah Closson was born about 1655 probably in New England. Various family traditions indicate another generation in America before Josiah. The names of Alfred and Eleazeer and another brother who came from England have been mentioned. It has been supposed that his parents were Daniel Closson, who died, 2 July 1702, and his wife Elizabeth Closson, who died, 6 Dec. 1705. However, according to the Tiverton, Rhode Island records, the name, Daniel, does not appear again in the early generations of the family. {Note: Surname is a variant of Close, a topographic name for someone who lived by an enclosure of some sort, such as a courtyard in town or a farmyard in the country, originally from Late Latin clausum, past participle of cla udere (to close, shut).}

The first record of Josiah Closson is found in the records of the town of Woburn, Massachusetts, 24 Jun 1676, and the journal of John Hull, Treasurer of War for the colony. (The name was spelled Clarson, Clopson, or Cloyson). He was a soldier in King Philip's war from the town of Woburn serving under Capt. Joseph Syll and garrisoned at Chelmsford, however he was not a citizen of the town when was enlisted. This means that he was probably a servant or hired laborer at the time.

It was the custom of the times for the towns to assess the payment of their own soldiers to the families left at home. Josiah was about 21 years old at the time and not married, so the question arises: In whose interest did Josiah "Clarson" assign his wages to in the town of Woburn?

There were 140 male citizens in Woburn when the war began. In Dec. 1675, 13 soldiers were impressed from Woburn and three more on 22 Mar. 1676. Later Woburn furnished 45 others. Of the 61 persons enlisted from Worburn 14 (Peter and John Bateman, Chamberlain, Clopson, Coddington, Crisp, Fletcher, Hood, the 2 Parkers, Roberts, Simpson, Wallis and Wilkinson) were probably not citizens of Woburn when the War began but were servants or hired laborers who were persuaded to enlist for the town. Of these, Clopson, Roberts, Wallis and Wilkinson returned and were taxed in Woburn after the War had ended.

Josiah did not stay in Woburn long as the Marshfield, Massachusetts records show that he married Mary Williamson there on 10 Mar 1678/1679. She was born 7 Jul 1654, the daughter of Timothy Williamson and Mary Howland. We do not know why Josiah went to Marshfield unless he met Capt. Timothy Williamson during the war. A daughter was born to Josiah and Mary, 1 Dec 1679 and their son, Timothy, 5 Jan 1680/1.

Col. Benjamin Church, the leader of the Plymouth forces in King Philip's War, owned land and had started to build a home in Little Compton before the War broke out. After the War Col. Church returned to Little Compton and continued the settlement. His associates were residents of Marshfield and Duxbury and it was natural that Josiah should follow his famous leader there. Thus, we find that

Josiah had moved to Little Compton about 1682 when the town was incorporated and opened for settlers. His second son, Nehemiah, was born there, 1 Feb. 1682/3. The "Grate Lots" or the main part of the town were given to the incorporators so he purchased several of the "15 acre lots" of which each of the proprietors drew one. He lived in the Quicksand Ponds area in the southeast part of Little Compton.

In 1682 a decree was issued to the elders of the colony churches to take turns and visit Seaconett (Little Compton) for the preaching of the word of God. The next year the Plymouth Court directed the town to raise £15. For the support of the Minister. The people held a town meeting and sent word to the Court that they would not raise the money. In Oct. 1685 the Court issued a peremptory order, thus: "To the Constable of Little Compton. Whereas the Town of Little Compton has – manifest their refusal of obedience not only in neglect but contempt – You are then in his Majesty's name required to summon the inhabitants of your town personally to appear at his Majesty's Court at Plymouth March next then and there to appear to answer the Contempt aforesaid." Josiah Closson was serving as constable at this time. The town was fined £20. for neglect and contempt. The fine was paid.

Deeds recorded at Taunton, Bristol Co. Mass.:

23 Nov 1694 – Matthew Howard of Little Compton for £6. New England money sells to Josiah Clauson of Little Compton land there east of Cole Brook Line, 1/2 part of a share formerly belonging to Josiah Cooke of Eastham.

31 Dec 1694 – Peter Taylor of Newport, Rhode Island, Cordwainer, for £7. 6s sells to Josiah Clauson of Little Compton, husbandman, 1/4 of a whole part or share in Little Compton lying east to the Cole Brook Line.

23 Dec. 1695 – William Southworth of Little Compton, Yeoman, for £23. New England money, sells to Josiah Clauson lot No. 19 (10A) among the Ten Acre Lots at Coxet River and 1/2 meadow lot at Coxet River in Little Compton.

All of the above deeds recorded 10 Jan. 1699/1700.

Josiah died intestate, 13 Feb. 1698/9, at 44 years of age. The Court appointed his widow Mary Clawson Administrix.

Inventory of the Estate dated 6 Mar. 1698/9 – £77. 15s 00d.

Debts owed by the deceased exibited 10 July 1700. – £10. 01s 05d.

Land as follows:

1 whole meadow lot on Barkere Neck No. 16 2 1/2 acres

1 whole 10 acre lot No. 1910 acres

1/2 of 15 acre lot No. 32 7 1/2 acres

1/2 of 10 acre lot No. 34 5 acres

1/2 of 20 acre lot No. 14 10acres

1/2 of 4 acre lot No. 13 2 acres

Total 37acres

Under the law of inheritance all children are in one degree but the eldest son has an acknowledgment for his seniority of birth, which generally amounted to a double portion. The homestead appears to have remained intact for the widowed mother's use until after her death between 1721 and 1726 when distribution was made. Josiah Closson had 8 children, all were miners at the time of his death. As there is no further record of the first daughter or of his youngest son, Josiah Jr., it is believed they died before Josiah's death or at least before the distribution was made after their mother's death. As his estate seems to have been divided into seven parts, two for Timothy and one each for the other five children.

Children of Josiah Closson and Mary Williamson:

(a daughter) Closson, born 1679, at Marshfield, Plymouth, Massachusetts. Died young

Timothy Closson, born 5 Jan 1680/1, at Marshfield, Plymouth, Massachusetts; married about 1704, Martha Wilbore, daughter of Joseph Wilbore and Ann Brownell.

Nehemiah Closson, born 1 Feb 1683/4, at Little Compton, Plymouth, Massachusetts; married about 1709, Elizabeth Banks.

Mary Closson, born 5 Jan 1687, at Litttle Compton, Plymouth, Massachusetts; married about 1707, John Bull.

Caleb Closson, born 16 Apr 1688, at Little Compton, Plymouth, Massachusetts; married about 1712 at Freeman, Bristol, Massachusetts, Anna ______; he died after 1746 in Little Compton, Newport, Rhode Island.

Hannah Closson, born 31 Aug 1690, at Little Compton, Plymouth, Massachusetts.

Nathan Closson, born 3 Feb 1693/1694, at Little Compton, Plymouth, Massachusetts; married Alice Hart;

Josiah Closson, born 16 Jan 1696/1697, at Little Compton, Plymouth, Massachusetts, probably died young.

Reference: William G. Closson, "The Josiah Closson Family of New England," 1952, pp. 1-157. 
Closson, Josiah (I10829)
 
162 "He was a successful wool merchant who purchased piecemeal a coherent manorial estate in the south Nottinghamshire vill of Willoughby on the Wold." [Robert O'Connor, 16 Jun 1999, post to soc.genealogy.medievalBugge, Ralph (I3924)
 
163 "He was a wealthy yeoman whose will, dated 1506 and probated 1510/11, specified that his body should be buried 'in the chirche of moche Brymley.'" [Don Stone, "Our Patrilineal Heritage".] Stone, Simon (I5325)
 
164 "He was admitted to the Inner Temple in 1576, he being specially admitted by Parliament at the request of his brother, George Wyatt." [Royal AncestryWyatt, John (I6271)
 
165 "He was an adherent of the King in the Barons' War. In 1267 he was one of the keepers of the Isle of Wight. On 2 March 1267/8 he had a grant of a weekly market and yearly fair at his manor of King's Carswell, co. Devon. In 1277 he took part in the Welsh campaign, and was one of the barons of West Wales guaranteeing the peace with Rhys ap Meredith. The castle and honour of Lampadervaur, with all the King's lands in co. Cardigan, were committed to him in March 1277/8. In 1282 he was again in the Welsh wars. On 6 October 1283 he obtained a pardon for the arrears in his account when he was bailiff in Wales, and in January 1284/5 he had a protection on going beyond the seas. He was appointed on various commissions. In 1293 he was keeper of the forest of Braden. The following year he was appointed marshal of the army sent against the Welsh, for that expedition, during pleasure." [Complete PeerageMoels, Roger (I8158)
 
166 "He was an original proprietor of Hartford, Connecticut, though he seems not to have gone there with the first settlers. He was, however, a member of the Hartford contingent which took part in the Pequot War, 1637, and received a lot there in Soldiers' Field in recognition of his services." [Hale, House and Related Families]

"[He] was a Patentee of Connecticut Colony named in the Royal Charter of 1662." [Hale, House and Related Families, entry on his son-in-law William Pratt] 
Clark, John (I1435)
 
167 "He was apprenticed to Walter Taylor, a man of violent and quarrelsome temper, from whom he and another apprentice, Thomas Johnson, ran away before their time was out, which resulted in all three being admonished by the court in April, 1664, together with his father, Sergeant Hoyt, with whom he had taken refuge. He took the oath of allegiance before Captain Bradbury on December 5, 1677." [Massachusetts and Maine Families in the Ancestry of Walter Goodwin Davis, citation details below.] Hoyt, Thomas (I5605)
 
168 "He was baptized at St. Mary's on May 2, 1637 (seven months before Oliver Cromwell and his wife Elizabeth had their daughter Frances baptized there). In 1657 Gabriel received twenty pounds by his father's will. No further mention of this Gabriel appears in the Ely records. After the Restoration of Charles II in 1661, many who had benefited from the Commonwealth and who were likely to be punished by the reinstated Bishop Wren sought greater economic opportunity in the American colonies. According to a handwritten note on the back of a portrait of Thomas Leggett (1755-1843), painted in 1843, Gabriel arrived in New York [New Amsterdam, until 1664] in 1661." [Leggett of Ely, Cambridgeshire, England and West Farms (Bronx), New York] Leggett, Gabriel (I6936)
 
169 "He was buried at his own foundation of Valle Crucis , the last Cistercian monastery to be founded in Wales." [Dictionary of Welsh Biography, citation details below.] ap Gruffudd, Madog (I6408)
 
170 "He was constable of Stamford in 1221, and it was he, probably, who served in 1225 as a justice of the forest for the perambulation of the Forest of Rutland. The date of his death is not known, but an incomplete entry on the Pipe Roll of 1230 suggests that his son Ralph had then succeeded him." [VCH Rutland, volume 2, pp. 242-250.] de Normanville, Ralph (I7152)
 
171 "He was keeper of Norton Castle, in what is now co. Radnor, and fought under Richard I in Normandy in 1194. In 1195 he was in charge of the castle of Bleddfa in the March, now co. Radnor. In 1196 he and Roger de Mortimer of Wigmore were defeated near Radnor by the Welsh prince Rhys. He married Mabel, daughter of Robert Marmion. He was assessed to the third scutage of the army in Normandy in 1196, and seems to have been living in the early part of 1197, but d. s.p.m., before Michaelmas that year." [Complete Peeragede Say, Hugh (I9373)
 
172 "He was killed in combat by a certain Gautier, son of Hamelin de Langeais, in or before 1039." [The Henry Project] Maurice (I8625)
 
173 "He was probably a grandson of the Hugh Fiske named in Laxfield records in 1340-1341 and 1345/6." [Myrtle Stevens Hyde, citation details below.] Fiske, Hugh (I3068)
 
174 "He was probably knighted at the coronation of King Richard II which he is known to have attended. He was M.P. for Shropshire in 1373, 1393-1394, 1401-1402, 1411-1412, and for Staffordshire in 1377, 1380, 1381-1382, and was Sheriff of Shropshire in 1418." [Walter Goodwin Davis, citation details below.] de Peshale, Adam (I3062)
 
175 "He was sum. for service in Scotland in Jan. 1257/8, and in 1260 was ordered to be at Chester to serve against the Welsh, being appointed in Dec. with James de Audley to dictate, on the King's behalf, the terms of the truce with Llewelyn. He appears to have sided with Henry III, at any rate in the earlier days of the opposition of the Barons." [Complete Peeragede Mowbray, Roger (I1263)
 
176 "He was sum. for service in Wales, 1257, and later, to 1283. In 1261 and 1264 he was sum. to London and to Oxford, to the King's support cum equis et armis; and, in 1283, to the Assembly at Shrewsbury, which does not rank as a Parliament." [Complete Peeragede St. Amand, Amauri (I7844)
 
177 "He was summoned to Parliament from 16 August 1308 to 14 Feb. 1347/8, by writs directed Willelmo la Zouche and from 26 Dec. 1323 Willelmo la Zouche de Haryngworth." [Royal Ancestry]

Pardoned in 1313, along with his son Eudes, for their involvement in the death of Piers Gaveston.

"His opposition to Edward II's government included involvement in the summary execution of Piers Gaveston in 1312, for which his proposed pilgrimage to Santiago de Compostela in 1317 may have been intended as an act of atonement. William's talents, however, were expressed mainly through military exploits. From 1301 he saw frequent service against the Scots. He also campaigned in Ireland and Gascony and had, too, experience in the law. In May 1330 he was justice in eyre in Derbyshire but had to be replaced before the end of the month because of ill health. Although his disease was believed to be incurable, he did recover, and continued to play a role in local administration and on the king's council (1337)." [Oxford Dictionary of National Biography
la Zouche, William MP (I2291)
 
178 "He was summoned to Parliament from 20 July 1332 to 1 June 1363. In 1340 he was appointed a justice in cos. Notts and Derby to hear and determine the oppressions committed by the king's ministers and others. He was a commander at the Battle of Neville's Cross 17 October 1346. On 14 May 1347 he was summoned to join the King before Calais. He was the principal warder of the King of France when that monarch was a prisoner in England in 1359-60." [Royal Ancestry]

From Complete Peerage IV:120:

William (Deincourt), Lord Deincourt, grandson and h., being 2nd but 1st surv. s. of John Deincourt, who was s. and h. ap. of the last Lord, but d.v.p. The King took his homage and he had livery of his grandfather's lands, 7 Feb. 1326/7, being then aged 26 and more. He did homage and fealty to the Archbishop of York for his lands in Burnby, 11 Feb. 1326/7. On 20 Feb. 1327/8, after the death of Joan, wife of Hamon de Mascy, he obtained possession of the messuage, &c., in Elmton, above mentioned, as the right heir of Edmund Deincourt, his grandfather. He was sum. for Military Service against the Scots from 5 Apr. (1327) 1 Edw. III to 23 Dec. (1355) 29 Edw. III, to Councils from 24 Aug. (1336) 10 Edw. III to 20 June (1358) 32 Edw. III, and to Parl. from 20 July (1332) 6 Edw. III to 1 June (1363) 37 Edw. III, by writs directed Willelmo de Eyncourt, Deyncourt, or Dayncourt. Appointed a justice, in cos. Notts and Derby, to hear and determine the oppressions committed by the King's ministers and others, 10 Dec. 1340: he was then a banneret. A commander at the battle of Neville's Cross, 17 Oct. 1346, being one of those who were thanked, 20 Oct. following, for their services. On 14 May 1347 he was sum. to join the King before Calais. He was the principal warder of the King of France when that monarch was a prisoner in England, 29 July 1359 to 24 May 1360, at Somerton Castle, co. Lincoln(c), and afterwards at Berkhamstead Castle, the King being removed to the latter place in Mar. 1359/60, by order of the Council, there being a scare of a French invasion. He m, before 26 Mar. 1326, Milicent, 1st da. of Sir William La Zouche, of Harringworth, Northants [Lord Zouche], by Maud, da. of Sir John Lovel, of Titchmarsh, Northants, and Minster Lovell, Oxon [Lord Lovel]. He d. 2 June 1364. His widow's dower was ordered to be assigned, July I364. She d. 11 June 1379.

(c) King John's removal to Somerton was preceded by a deplorable incident. For certain evil-doers broke into the Castle, tapped the casks of wine which had been placed there for the King's use, drew off (extraxerunt) most of the wine, and left the taps running (fausetta aperta), so that the rest of the wine was lost, in nostri contemptum et grave dampnum ac contra pacem nostram. (Patent Roll, 33 Edw. III, p. 1, m. 14 d). 
Deincourt, William MP (I7996)
 
179 "He was wounded and captured at the battle of Evesham 4 Aug 1265. He was pardoned for all trespasses 28 Jun 1277, and recovered part of his father's lands." [Royal Ancestry]

"Peter de Montfort participated in his father's treasons and was taken prisoner at the battle of Evesham, but being allowed the benefit of the Dictum of Kenilworth, he was restored to his paternal inheritance -- and afterwards enjoyed the favour of King Edward I, in whose Welsh wars he took a very active part." [Sir Bernard Burke, Dormant, Abeyant, Forfeited and Extinct Peerages, 1883] 
de Montfort, Peter (I5861)
 
180 "He [Giles de Erdington] married Elizabeth, younger daughter and coheir of William de Tolthorpe, of Tolthorpe, Rutland, by Alice, daughter of Sir Ralph de Normanville, of Empingham in that county. He was living 10 June 1359. His widow died 26 May 1375." [Complete Peerage V:87-8] de Tolethorpe, Elizabeth (I2131)
 
181 "He [John Giffard] married, 1stly, Maud, widow of Sir William Lungespee, of Amesbury, Aldbourne, and Trowbridge, Wilts, Canford, Dorset, Bicester, Oxon; Brattleby, co., Lincoln, &c. (who died between 23 December 1256 and 3 January 1256/7), and daughter and heir of Sir Walter de Clifford, of Clifford co. Hereford, Cortham, Salop, &c., by Margaret, daughter of Llewelyn ab Iorwerth, Prince of North Wales. She, who was living 1 December 1281, died s.p.m., not long afterwards." [Complete Peerage V:639-44]

[footnote in CP to the above:] Maud Lungespee notified the King that John Giffard had abducted her from her manor of Canford, Dorset, and taken her against her will to his castle of Brimpsfield, and there detained her. John appeared before the King, and professed himself ready to prove that he did not abduct her against her will, and offered a fine of 300 marks for the marriage already contracted, as it was said, between them, provided she made no further complaint against him. On 10 March 1270/1 the King ordained that if she were not content, the said fine should be void,and John should stand his trial at a month from Easter. And as she was too unwell to appear before the King, commissioners were sent to inquire into the truth of the matter, and to certify the King thereof. John and Maud, and her Ist husband, William Lungespee, were all descended from Richard fitz Ponce. Why John Giffard should have referred to himself as being of the race of Le Lungespee as in the proof of age mentioned above he is said to have done--is not explicable; unless, indeed, the sobriquet was derived from the family of Clifford. 
de Clifford, Maud (I6902)
 
182 "He [John Lestrange] is said to have married Lucy, daughter of Robert Tregoz." [Complete Peerage XII/1:350-1]

CP uses the "is said to have married" formulation, above. Richardson's Royal Ancestry, in the entry TREGOZ 3 (Sir Robert de Tregoz m. Juliane de Cantelowe), says "they had one son, John, Knt. [Lord Tregoz], and allegedly one daughter, Lucy (said to be wife of John le Strange, of Knockin, Shropshire." But having her be the daughter of that particular Robert de Tregoz doesn't work chronologically at all; this alleged Tregoz descent is only plausible if we make her the daughter of his father, Robert de Tregoz who m. Sibyl de Ewyas.

(Note that AR8 shows this Lucy's parentage the same way we do.) 
de Tregoz, Lucy (I10687)
 
183 "He [Piers de Montfort] married, in or before 1228, Alice, daughter of Henry de Audley. He died as stated above, 4 August 1265. Alice survived him." [Complete Peerage IX:123-6] de Audley, Alice (I7002)
 
184 "He [Richard de Lucy] married (1200-1204) Ada, eldest daughter and coheir of Hugh de Morvill, forester of Cumberland and lord of the Border barony of Burgh. He died s.p.m., early in 1213, and was bur. in the priory of St. Bees. Before 10 March 1217/18, his widow had married Thomas de Multon, of Multon, near Spalding, who, within a few months of the death of Richard de Lucy, had offered 1,000 marks for the custody and marriage of his daughters and heirs; these two daughter she married to his two sons by a former marriage--vix. Amabel, the elder, to his son Lambert, and Alice, the younger, to his son Alan de Multon. Ada, the relict of Richard de Lucy, was living in 1230." [Complete Peerage VIII:248-9, XIV:456] de Morville, Ada (I9680)
 
185 "He [Thomas de Multon] married, 1stly, possibly circa 1190, Sarah, daughter and heir of Richard de Flete (son of Josce de Flete), by Juliane, who brought him the manor of Fleet, Lincs." [Complete Peerage IX:399-401] de Flete, Sarah (I369)
 
186 "Henry de Haydock gave half an oxgang of land in Norcross to Richard son of Sir Richard le Boteler and Ellen his wife, Henry's daughter." [VCH Lancaster volume 7, "Townships: Marton", footnote 16.] de Haydock, Ellen (I10255)
 
187 "Henry married Sybil de Mandeville, the daughter an unknown de Mandeville and Alice Giffard, and a niece of Walter Giffard, bishop of archbishop of York and Godfrey Giffard, bishop of Worcester. Alice (Giffard) Mandeville was apparently the 'favorite sister' of Walter Giffard based on the multiple gifts to her found in his Register. Bishop Godfrey Giffard named 'lady Sybil de Bodaringham, my niece' in his will of 1302." [Joe Cochoit, 26 Apr 2011, citation details below.]

Citations for the above:

Register of Walter Giffard, lord archbishop of York (A.D. 1266-1279), ed. William Brown (1904). Surtees Society vol. 109, p. xiii.

Will of Godfrey Giffard, Bishop of Worcester A.D. 1301, by J. M. Hall. Transactions of the Bristol and Gloucestershire Archaeological Society, vol. 20 p. 139-154. 
Giffard, Alice (I7609)
 
188 "Henry Winthrop did not accompany his father to America in 1629 but followed him on the Talbott, arriving at Salem on July 2, 1630. On the same day, seeing a small boat across a bay he attempted to swim over to it but, being seized by cramps, was drowned in full sight of his friends, none of whom were able to swim." [Genealogies of Long Island Families]

Elizabeth Fones married, as her first husband, Henry Winthrop; her sister Martha Fones was the first wife of Henry Winthrop's brother John Winthrop the Younger. Elizabeth and Martha's mother was Anne Winthrop, sister to John Winthrop the elder, first governor of the Massachusetts Bay colony and father of Henry and John (the younger). Thus two pairs of siblings married their first cousins. 
Winthrop, Henry (I9765)
 
189 "Henry [...was] probably the [son] of a John Scudder who was dead by 18 October 1584, when his widow Margaret deeded property at Sutton at Hone and Horton Kirby to her son Henry Scudder, carpenter." [Jane Fletcher Fiske, "A New England Immigrant Kinship Network," citation details below.] Scudder, Henry (I442)
 
190 "Her heart was buried in the choir of the conventual church of the Minoresses at Nogent-l'Artaud." [Royal Ancestryof Artois, Blanche (I7842)
 
191 "Her name is given frequently as 'Kenny,' but the only evidence for her surname in the record of [John Dunham's] second marriage, where he is called 'widower of Susanna Keno'." [The Great Migration BeginsKeno, Susan (I54)
 
192 "Her name, Maria, is only known from a charter confirming the donation of the church of S. Michele in Therricellu to Montecassino on 20 May 1136." [Wikipedia] Ebriaci, Maria (I4328)
 
193 "Herle's wife, Margaret, is first mentioned in a final concord relating to their joint acquisition of the reversion to lands at Bourton-on-Dunsmore in Warwickshire in 1311. She was dead by 1339, when William sought a licence to grant property to Garendon Abbey in Leicestershire in return for the provision of a monk to celebrate mass for William, his son Robert, the deceased Margaret, and William's deceased brother Robert. There seems to be no contemporary evidence to support Nichols's suggestion that Margaret was the daughter of Philip Courtney, or other later suggestions which make her the daughter and heir of one William Polglas." [Oxford Dictionary of National BiographyMargaret (I10131)
 
194 "His father died at a young age, and Demetrios' oldest brother Georgios became head of the family. Georgios corresponded with Eirene, daughter of Anna Komnene (discussed above) and Nikephoros Bryennios, and arranged for Demetrios to be raised in Eirene's household as a companion for one of Eirene's sons and as a family servant. Anna was probably then spending much time at the Kecharitomene Convent, founded by her mother, but not yet permanently living there. 'The convent Kecharitomene, overlooking the Golden Horn, gave our historian the serenity she probably never enjoyed in the imperial palace.' According to her eulogy by Georgios Tornikes, she gathered about her there 'a philosophic circle whose work she inspired and directed.' Anna's daughter Eirene, widowed at a fairly early age, collaborated with her mother. Thus Demetrios Tornikes, raised in Eirene's household, was near the center of Anna Komnene's intellectual orbit. Demetrios no doubt also absorbed much about etiquette and protocol as a child. His association with this family continued, and his career culminated 'in the office of the logothete of the drome, effectively foreign minister of the empire.'" ["Eirene?, First Wife of Emperor Isaakios II Angelos, Is a Probable Tornikina and Gateway to Antiquity," by Don C. Stone and Charles R. Owens, citation details below.] Tornikes, Demetrios (I12400)
 
195 "His father gave Swine and Winestead in Holderness to his brother William (see the coheirs of Roger Lord Lascelles)." [Complete Peerage, VII:21, footnote (l) to Alexander de Hilton, "1st s. and h. ap." to Robert de Hilton.] de Hilton, William (I10800)
 
196 "His first wife, whom he married about 1539, was perhaps A DAUGHTER OF ROBERT PERPOYNT of Dedham. She was probably identical with AGNES, wife of Henry Sherman the elder, who was buried in Dedham 14 October 1580." Perpoynt, Agnes (I4789)
 
197 "His heart was buried before the Lady altar in the church or chapel of the Hospital of Sandon, Surrey." [Royal Ancestryde Percy, William (I2183)
 
198 "His name is given only in Robert of Torigny's additions to [Gesta Normannorum Ducum by Guillaume de Jumièges], which states that after the death of William, Sprota was forced to become the concubine of a very rich man called Esperleng, who held mills at Vandreuil [GND (Rob. Tor.) vi, 17(38) (vol. 2, p. 175)]. But his existence is guaranteed by other sources which state that count Rodulf was a half-brother of Richard by the same mother [GND iv, 20 (vol. 1, pp. 134-5); see also Dudo iv, 77 (p. 171), who calls him a brother of Richard]." [The Henry Project, citation details below.] Esperling (I4868)
 
199 "His wife was a widow in 1741." [The Hapgood FamilyHopgood, Deacon Nathaniel (I2934)
 
200 "Hubert de Munchensy, possibly the same Hubert, but more probably his successor, lord of Edwardstone, in 1115 gave its church and 2/3 of the tithes of Staverton and Stanstead to Abingdon Abbey, and it was probably this Hubert who gave to Castleacre Priory 2/3 of his tithes of Clay and Holkham. The feudal importance of the family was increased by a grant from Henry I of some of the fees of Godric dapifer. The donor of Edwardstone church became a monk at Abingdon, and married certainly twice, 1stly, possibly an heiress of Godric; later, Muriel, widow of the father of William de Bachetone, and daughter of Piers de Valoignes, sheriff of Essex and Herts in 1086, by Aubrey, sister of Eudo dapifer." [Complete Peeragede Munchensy, Hubert (I5844)
 
201 "Hugh de Mortimer attested a charter by Gerold, Abbot of St. Lucien at Beauvais [1100-28], in the time of Stephen, Count of Aumale. When King Stephen, circa 1140, granted to the Earl of Leicester the town and castle of Hereford et lotum comitatum Herefordisc., the fees of Hugh de Mortimer were with others excepted. In 1144 he initiated the reconquest of the Marches after the revolt of the Welsh on the death of Henry I, by successfully reoccupying the cantreds of Maelienydd and Elfael, and repairing the castles of Cwmaron and Colwen. In 1145 he captured and imprisoned the Welsh prince Rhys ap Howel, and in 1146 he slew Meredith, son of Madog ap Idnerth, late chieftain of Elfael and Maelienydd. In 1148 he blinded his prisoner Rhys ap Howel." [Complete Peerage]

"The two Hughs are not always easily distinguishable in the sources, but it seems clear that the elder Hugh was involved in local Herefordshire feuds arising from the contest between Stephen and Matilda. That he was on the whole a supporter of Stephen may be deduced from that king's exception of Mortimer's lands in Herefordshire from the grant of that shire to Robert, earl of Leicester, probably made in 1144. He was also involved, and with some success, in episodes in the long struggle between the marcher lords and the Welsh for the cantrefs of Maelienydd and Elfael in Powys. [...] Information in the Wigmore chronicle has allowed a depiction of this Hugh as 'a swashbuckling, choleric man given over to pleasures and amusements, an evil-tempered and wilful lord, a quarrelsome neighbour, and a lusty warrior'." [Oxford Dictionary of National Biography
de Mortimer, Hugh (I7758)
 
202 "Hugh Giffard's position as constable of the Tower of London and guardian of the Lord Edward, and his wife's as nurse to the royal children and accoucheuse to Eleanor of Provence, ensured court connections for their children." [Oxford Dictionary of National Biography on their son Godfrey Giffard, bishop of Worcester.]

"Hugh was tutor to the sons of Henry III; his sudden death, from apoplexy, in 1246, is described by Matthew Paris." [Liberties and Communities in Medieval England, citation details below.] 
de Giffard, Hugh (I9343)
 
203 "Hugh Phiton or Fyton had a grant of Rushton and Eaton, with various privileges, from John Scot earl of Chester; but this grant being voided by felony, (by which we are probably to understand the uncompromised result of one of the affrays common in that turbulent period,) the said manors were re-granted to John de Gray." [Ormerod, citation details below.] Fitton, Hugh (I1459)
 
204 "HUMPHREY DE BOHUN [nicknamed 'with the beard'], came to England with William the Conqueror. He married three times, but the names of his wives are unknown. By his various marriages, he had three sons, Robert, Richard [de Meri], and Humphrey, and two daughters, including Adele." [Royal Ancestryde Bohun, Humphrey (I9179)
 
205 "I think he was killed in a car accident."--Jeannette Hayden White, Robert Lawrence (I1352)
 
206 "Ida the wife of Albert III of Namur may have belonged to the ducal family of Saxony, as often asserted, but her origin is not certain." [Peter Stewart, SGM, 17 Jun 2016] Ida (I9371)
 
207 "Identified as a barber, he appears in a list, made in 1539-1540, of free tenants of the borough of Tewkesbury, Gloucestershire, as holding a tenement in the tenure of William Dewey, in the area of Alle Keylane all the way to the High Cross Cersus, towards the Avon River. He also held a tenement on Oldebury Street across Oldbury Field at Le Toll Booth that was in the tenure of Elice Prist. He was one of fifteen freemen of Tewkesbury, including the curate and the stipendiary priest, to appear in a bishop's visitation list in 1548." ["The Probable Origins and Ancestry of John Crandall", citation details below.] Crondall, Edward (I756)
 
208 "In 1116-27 the king confirmed to Wiliam fitz Otto the goldsmith all the land which had belonged to his father in Benfleet, Chaleusang (not identified), Childerditch, and Lisson Green, the 'ministerium cuneorum' (the dies) and all other offices and lands and tenements in London and outside, to be held by the same service which Otto his father used to render." [F. N. Craig, "Descent from a Domesday Goldsmith." The American Genealogist 65:1, January 1990, p. 24.] fitz Otto, William (I5513)
 
209 "In 1130 Humphrey (II) de Bohun still owed relief for his father's land, plus 400 marks for the purchase of a royal stewardship. As steward he witnessed charters of Henry I towards the end of his reign, and also King Stephen's Oxford charter of liberties in 1136. However, he deserted to the Empress Matilda on her arrival in England in 1139 and successfully defended his castle at Trowbridge against the king. In 1144 he received from the empress confirmation of his lands and of his 'stewardship in England and Normandy', with a grant of other estates. He was loyal to the Angevins in the civil war, witnessing as steward both for the empress in the 1140s and for Henry II, before and after his accession as king, between 1153 and 1157. However, during the year 1158 he was deprived of former royal demesne which he was holding in Wiltshire. None of the royal charters he attested can with certainty be dated to 1158 or later, and it may be that he fell out of the king's favour. On the other hand he was present at the promulgation of the constitutions of Clarendon in January 1164. He was dead by Michaelmas 1165, when his son Humphrey (III) de Bohun owed 300 marks as relief." [Oxford Dictionary of National Biographyde Bohun, Humphrey (I8404)
 
210 "In 1166 he was a tenant of Simon, Earl of Northampton for six and one-fifth knights' fees; he made gifts to the abbey of Louth Park and the priories of Sempringham and Greenfield, Lincolnshire." [Medieval English Ancestors of Robert Abell, citation details below.] William (I9127)
 
211 "In 1198 he held 'Lilleston' by service in the king's mint, and land in the hundred of Spelthorn in Middlesex by serjeanty of the dies in London." [F. N. Craig, "Descent from a Domesday Goldsmith." The American Genealogist 65:1, January 1990, p. 24.] fitz Otto, William (I1897)
 
212 "In 1267 his men and those of Roger de Mortimer adhered (redidderunt se) to Llewelyn. He had protection in February 1262/3 on going to the Welsh wars; and in the autumn of 1264 he surrendered Richard's Castle to Montfort. Like the other Lords Marchers, he appears to have taken the King's side in 1264 and 1265, and was consequently rewarded. On 9 August 1265, just after the battle of Evesham, he received custody of the manor and forest of Feckenham, co. Worcester; in November 1266 a charter for a market and fair at Burford and free warren at Wichbold; and at about the same time a charter to make Burford a free borough. In 1272 respite of pleas was allowed him in co. Hereford while he came to the King's Parliament at Westminster." [Complete Peeragede Mortimer, Hugh (I102)
 
213 "In 1270, for his da. Hawise, [Amauri de St. Amand] bought the marriage of Simon, s. and h. of William de Montagu." [Complete Peerage XI:297, note (f)]. de St. Amand, Hawise (I7841)
 
214 "In 1277 he acknowledged that the service of one knight's fee was due from the barony of Shipton Montagu, to be rendered by himself and a serjeant, in the expedition against Llewelyn. In 1280 he was in prison for a forest offence. He was engaged in the Welsh wars in 1282 and later, and in July 1287 was thanked by the King for his service in West Wales, being ordered in Dec. to go thither again instead of to North Wales. On 28 June 1283 he was summoned to attend the assembly at Shrewsbury. In. 1290 he made a settlement of his estates by surrendering them to the King, and receiving a re-grant with remainders to his sons William and Simon. In June 1294 he was summoned to attend the King on urgent affairs concerning Gascony, whither he was sent immediately, and where he apparently stayed till the beginning of 1297. While on this service, in 1296, when the English were besieged in Bourg-sur-Mer, he took a relief ship through the line of French, vessels and brought about the raising of the siege. In November 1298 inquiry was ordered into the crimes of men alleging themselves to be in his service, to his scandal and loss. In 1299 and in many later years he was summoned for service against the Scots; in September of that year he was appointed custodian of Corfe Castle, being replaced in February 1300/1 by Henry (de Lacy), Earl of Lincoln. He was summoned to Parliament from 29 December 1299 to 16 October 1315, by writs directed Simoni de Monte Acuto, whereby he is held to have become Lord Montagu. In July 1300 he took part in the siege of Carlaverock, where he brought up the rear of the third division, and after the capture of the castle was sent to Ireland, probably for provisions. On 12 February 1300/1 he joined in the Barons' letter to the Pope, as Simon, lord of Montagu. In October 1302 he went again to Gascony with John de Hastinges, and was still there in 1303. At Thurlbear, in June 1304, Aufrica de Connoght, heiress of the Isle of Man, quitclaimed all her rights therein to Simon de Montagu, knight. On 30 January 1306/7 he was made captain and governor of the fleet, against the Scots, and was in Scotland, with his son William, in February, being consequently excused attendance in Parliament. He was summoned to attend the Coronation of Edward II, 25 February 1307/8. He appears to have been in favour with the new King, for in 1309 he was made custodian of Beaumaris Castle. In August 1310 he was again admiral of the fleet against the Scots. He had licence to crenellate his house at Yardlington, Somerset, in 1313. In August 1315 he was ordered to remain in the North during the winter campaign. In these later years he was appointed on various commissions--of the peace, oyer and terminer, &c." [Complete Peeragede Montagu, Simon MP (I7839)
 
215 "In 1277, being then a knight, he served for his father in the campaign in Wales, and in 1287 was going into Wales on the King's service with the Earl of Gloucester, when he was accompanied by his illegitimate elder brother, John Lovel of Snorscombe. Both had letters of protection going abroad in July 1287 and June 1288. In 1294 he served in the short campaign in Gascony; in 1295 was again under the Earl of Gloucester, with his brother Thomas; and in 1296 was marshal of the army in Scotland. In 1297 he was active in public service. He was summoned to Parliament from 6 February 1290 to 26 August 1307, by writs directed Johanni Lovel and later Johanni Lovel de Tichmershe, whereby he is held to have become Lord Lovel. He was summoned to the campaign in Scotland in 1298, in which Edward defeated Wallace at Falkirk, but did not serve; summonses to serve in person were continued till his death. In 1301, as lord of Docking, he joined in the Barons' letter to the Pope. From March 1302/3 he was again in Scotland on the King's service, and his wife with him. In July 1304 it was 'the nobleman, Sir John Lovel, knight,' to whom Sir William Oliphant surrendered the keys of Stirling Castle after the fierce three months' siege. In November following he had licence to crenellate his mansion of Titchmarsh. In 1306 he was lieutenant of the Earl Marshal of England. He was summoned to attend the Coronation of Edward II in February 1307/8, and in 1309 to a Council at Westminster, in which year he joined in the letter to the Pope. In March 1309/10 he was one of the magnates who declared that the permission to appoint Lords Ordainers should not be taken as a precedent, nor prejudice the King or his heirs." [Complete PeerageLovel, John MP (I8831)
 
216 "In 1340 he was at the siege of Tournay. He served in the French campaign in 1347 in the retinues of Sir Michael de Poynings; and of Henry, Earl of Lancaster. In 1354 and later he was on commissions of the peace in co. Lincoln, and, from 1364 on commissions of oyer and terminer and of array. In December 1355 he was summoned for the defence of the country against the Scots. In 1358 he gave land to the Austin Friars of Stamford, and in 1362 granted the manors of Bescaby and Saltby, co. Leicester, to the Abbot and convent of Croxton. In 1359 he took part in the King's great expedition into France. He gave evidence in the Scrope and Grosvenor trial in 1387, being then 70 years of age." [Complete Peerage]

Buried "before the rood screen at St. Andrew's, Irnham, Lincolnshire." [Royal Ancestry
Luttrell, Andrew (I4154)
 
217 "In 1459 there was an assignment from the old trustees of the Wentworth property, of whom Walter Calverley was one, to a new set of trustees (No. 371). This transaction no doubt indicates the coming of age of John Wentworth's son, Walter's grandson, which would show that he was born in 1438." [The Calverley Charters, citation details below.]

If this is so, it suggests that the younger John Wentworth was born in approximately 1415-1420, thus about ten or fifteen years old when his wardship and marriage were sold in 1430 and 1431. This would also suggest that the elder John Wentworth died in same range, 1415-1420. 
Wentworth, Thomas (I9596)
 
218 "In 1687 John Mead was elected constable [of Stamford], then the most remunerative as well as the most important office in the gift of the townsmen." [History and Genealogy of the Mead FamilyMead, John (I6463)
 
219 "In 1736, John Breed, Junior, was made Captain of the 3rd Military Company at Stonington. He was also a Deacon of the church. [...] Capt. John Breed served as Representative from Stonington in 1735, 1741, and 1746. He was a Selectman in 1736, 1740, and 1764." [Marcia Wiswall Lindberg, citation details below.] Breed, John (I6063)
 
220 "In addition to being a mariner, Bennett (Hodsoll) Freeman's father was a major supplier of planking and other wood products to the Royal Navy. John Hodsoll was given the use of the Navy's utility vessel George, a large barge, for carrying such products to the naval shipyards at Dartmouth. He had his own wharf downstream and on the opposite side of the Thames. In addition, he evidently was the John Hodsoll listed as an investor in the Virginia Colony (3rd Charter of 1612)." [Richard L. Bush, "English Ancestry of Bennett Hodsoll", citation details below.] Hodsoll, John (I8704)
 
221 "In c. 1266, as widow for the second time, she ignored both husbands on her seal and had herself represented riding side-saddle carrying just her father's shield." [Peter Howarth, citation details below.] de Stuteville, Joanne (I5638)
 
222 "In May 1272 he joined the army of Philippe III 'le Hardi', king of France, and joined in the king's campaign against Roger Bernard III de Foix, comte de Foix, vicomte de Brulhois. He founded a convent of Benedictine nuns at Millau on 6 May 1297, which took the name of Our Lady of Arpajon. With his wife Marabilie de Cénaret, Hugues had at least three children, of whom Bérengar I would have progeny." [Leo van de Pas, citation details below.] d'Arpajon, Hugues I (I8045)
 
223 "In the 51st and 52nd of Henry III., 1267, Stephen de Hampton held half a knight's fee in Burcester, who died this year, and left Alice, his daughter and heir, fifteen years of age, married to Walter de la Poyle, which family gave name to Hampton Poyle." [A Guide to the Architectural Antiquities in the Neighborhood of Oxford, citation details below.] de Hampton, Alice (I12388)
 
224 "In the brief Parliament of 1372 he sat as a representative of Staffordshire." [The Gresleys of Drakelowe, citation details below.] Gresley, John MP (I6398)
 
225 "In the Indian wars of his period he bore an active and foremost part, ranking as captain. He was in charge of the three towns, New London, Stonington, and Lyme, during King Philip's War, and in the stubborn fight at South Kingston, Rhode Island, Sunday, December 19, 1695, against the Narragansetts, he commanded the friendly Pequot Indians. He was equally prominent in civil life, serving as selectman twenty years, was commissioner of the peace, twelve times elected member of the General Court, and filled many temporary positions on committees and commissions. [A Modern History of New London County, Connecticut, citation details below.]

Early settler of Stonington. A memorial bust of him sits atop a column in Avery Memorial Park in Groton, on Poquonnock Road just south of US highway 1. 
Avery, James (I7600)
 
226 "IN the time of the Norman Conqueror Robert Marmion, having, by the gift of that King, the Castle of Tamwort Com. Warr. with the Territory adjacent; thence expelled those Nuns he found there, unto a place called Oldbury (about four miles distant). After which, within the compass of a Twelvemoneth, as it is said, making a costly entertainment at Tamworth Castle, for some of his Friends, amongst which was Sir Walter de Somervile, Lord of Whichover (in Com. Staff.) his sworn Brother; it hapned, That, as he lay in his Bed, S. Edith appeared to him in the habit of a veiled Nun, with a Crosier in her hand, and advertised him, That if he did not restore the Abby of Polesworth (which lay within the Territories belonging to his Castle of Tamworth) unto her Successors, he should have an evil death, and go to Hell: And, that he might be the more sensible of this her admonition, she smote him on the side with the point of her Crosier, and so vanished away. Moreover, that, by this stroke being much wounded, he cryed out so loud, that his Friends in the House arose; and finding him extreamly tormented with the pain of his wound, advised him to confess himself to a Priest, and vow to restore them to their former possession. Furthermore, that having so done, his pain ceased; and that, in accomplishment of his vow (accompanied with Sir Walter de Somervile, and the rest) he forthwith rode to Oldbury; and craving pardon of the Nuns for the injury done, brought them back to Polesworth; desiring, That himself and his friend Sir Walter de Somervile, might be reputed their Patrons; and have burial for themselves and their heirs, in the Abby, viz. The Marmions in the Chapter-house, and the Somerviles in the Cloyster." [Sir William Dugdale, The Baronage of England, 1675] de Somerville, Gaulter (I8830)
 
227 "Isabel was da. and h. of Alan de Bocland, of Egg Buckland and Hooe, by Alice, yr. da. and coh. (the other was Beatrice, wife of Robert Mauduit) of Ralph Murdac, by Eve de Gray, Lady of Standlake and Dornford, Oxon. Alice was afterwards wife of Ralph Harenge." [Complete Peerage V:650, note (a)] de Bokland, Isabel (I3266)
 
228 "Isabel was descended in some unknown manner from Roger le Bigod, Earl of Norfolk, the Magna Carta baron, from whom she inherited an interest in Wotton near Edenham, Norfolk." [Royal AncestryPatrick, Isabel (I3171)
 
229 "Isabel, da. and h. of Walter de Bolebec, Lord of Whitchurch, Bucks. m., as his 1st wife, Aubrey (de Vere), 2nd Earl of Oxford (who d. s.p. legit. in 1214), and d. s.p.1206-7. Isabel, da. of Hugh and sister of Walter de Bolebec abovenamed, coh. to her niece, Isabel, Countess of Oxford, and widow of Henry de Nonant, m. Robert (de Vere), 3rd Earl of Oxford (who d. 1221), br. and h. of Aubrey. She d. 3 Feb. 1244/5, being ancestress of those later Earls of Oxford, who, from Tudor times, adopted the style of Viscount or Baron Bolebec, or Bulbeck." [Complete Peerage XIV:95, completely replacing the text of the entry in II:203.] de Bolebec, Isabel (I13025)
 
230 "Isabel, da. and h. of Walter de Bolebec, Lord of Whitchurch, Bucks. m., as his 1st wife, Aubrey (de Vere), 2nd Earl of Oxford (who d. s.p. legit. in 1214), and d. s.p.1206-7. Isabel, da. of Hugh and sister of Walter de Bolebec abovenamed, coh. to her niece, Isabel, Countess of Oxford, and widow of Henry de Nonant, m. Robert (de Vere), 3rd Earl of Oxford (who d. 1221), br. and h. of Aubrey. She d. 3 Feb. 1244/5, being ancestress of those later Earls of Oxford, who, from Tudor times, adopted the style of Viscount or Baron Bolebec, or Bulbeck." [Complete Peerage XIV:95, completely replacing the text of the entry in II:203.] de Bolebec, Isabel (I13018)
 
231 "It has been surmised that she was illegitimate, but there is no evidence on this point, the fact that she did not succeed her brother in the earldom in 1120 being no proof of illegitimacy." [Oxford Dictionary of National Biography]

"Geva cannot have been a legitimate daughter, as otherwise she would have been heiress when her paternal half-brother drowned in the White Ship without issue. The palatine earldom of Chester then passed to the family of the viscounts of Bayeux through Geva's paternal aunt, Hugh's sister." [Peter Stewart, SGM, 21 Sep 2017] 
of Chester, Geva (I2426)
 
232 "It is probably this John who, in 1631, signed his name to the agreement with several other Braintree men to join the settlement at the Isle of Old Providence, which is off the coast of South America. In 1641 the Spaniards drove the English from the two Islands of Providence, and this is probably why John Wilbore and his two brothers were admitted the next year to land called Hollis Grove, which is partly in Braintree and partly in Bocking." [Benjamin Franklin Wilbour, "The English Ancestry of Samuel Wilbore, of Boston, and William Wilbore, of Portsmouth, R.I.", citation details below.]

"The Providence Island colony was established in 1631 by English Puritans on what is now called Isla de Providencia, about 200 kilometres (120 mi) east of the coast of Nicaragua. Although intended to be a model Puritan colony, it also functioned as a base for privateers operating against Spanish ships and settlements in the region. In 1641, the Spanish overran and destroyed the colony." [Wikipedia
Wilbore, John (I5059)
 
233 "It should be noted that the Register of Walter Bronescombe calls him son and heir of Philip de Bodrugan; this is clearly an error and should properly be grandson and heir." [Joe Cochoit, 26 Apr 2011, citation details below.]

From The Complete Peerage II:199:

Henry Bodrigan was sum. to Parl.. 26 Oct 1309, by a writ directed 'Henrico de Bodrigan', but he had been dead 9 months when the writ issued (a). [...]

He m., before 26 Oct 1288, Sibyl, widow of Piers le Power, sister and heir of Walter de Mandeville. She, who was then aged over 24, was living 18 July 1304, but d. in or before 1308. He had livery of her lands and of those of his uncle, William Bodrigan, in 1308. He d. Jan 1308/9. Writ for IPM, 23 Jan, 2 Edw. II. None of his descendants were sum. to Parl.

(a) Although the House of Lords has been very liberal in conferring peerages on gentlemen living about this time, who would have been much surprised to learn that they enjoyed that honour, yet the House has never yet held that a summons to a dead man created an hereditary Barony descendible to heirs general. 
de Bodrugan, Henry (I6389)
 
234 "Ivor West stated, in June 2002, that Elis IV and his sister Bertha were the children of Elis III by an unknown wife, not by Maud." [Chris Phillips, Some Corrections and Additions to the Complete Peerage.]

From Complete Peerage V:639:

Sir John Giffard, of Brimpsfield, Badgeworth, Stonehouse, Stoke Gifford, and Rockhampton, co. Gloucester, Elston, Orcheston St. George, Sherrington, Ashton, and Broughton Gifford, Wilts, son and heir of Sir Elis Giffard, of Brimpsfield, &c. (who died shortly before 2 May 1248) (c), by his 2nd wife, Alice, sister of Sir John Mautravers, of Lytchet Matravers, Dorset.

(c) In 1221 this Elis stated that "Osbertus Giffard, antecessor suusqui venit ad conquestum Angl' tenuit manerium de Bimesfeld' . . . et post eum Elias flius suus . . . et post eum Elias filius illius Elieet pater suus." At least one generation is here omitted. The Elis living in 1221 was son and heir of Elis III, by Maud, daughter of Morice fitz Robert fitz Hardinge, of Berkeley: which Elis III owed 100 marks 'pro fine terre sue' in 1166 and died before Michaelmas 1190, when William le Mareschal owed 140 marks for the custody of the lands of Elis Giffard. Elis III was son and heir of Elis II (who became a monk in Gloucester Abbey), by Berta (living 1167), sister of Walter de Clifford, of Clifford and Glasbury, and daughter of Richard fitz Ponce. In 1130 Elis II rendered account of 100 marks of silver for the relief of his father's lands, being son and heir of Elis I, by Ala, his wife. Before 1096 Elis I had succeeded his father Osbern Giffard, the Domesday tenant of Brimpsfield, Stoke, Rockhampton, Elston, Orcheston, etc. 
Giffard, Elias IV (I10237)
 
235 "Jacob Butler served as a constable in Chowan County, North Carolina in 1734. In 1738 he was first elected as a member of the Vestry at St. Paul's Church in Chowan County. On 10 July 1742 he submitted to the Vestry a certificate for 8 wolf scalps, wildcat hides and 477 squirrel pelts and 'prayed he might be allowed for the same as the Law Directs.' That year he collected one bounty of 1 pound, 13 shillings for 66 squirrel pelts and an additional 20 shillings for a wildcat hide. [The Descendants of Thomas Pincerna, Progenitor of the Butler FamilyButler, Jacob (I1661)
 
236 "John (de Botetourt), Lord Bortetourt, grandson and h., being s. and h. of Thomas de B., by Joan (living 18 Jan. 1326/7), da. of Roger de Somery, sister (and coh. of the considerable estates) of John [Lord] Somery, which Thomas de B. was s. and h. ap. of the late Lord, and d. v.p., in 1322. He, who was aged 4 in Aug. 1322, and 7 in Dec. 1324, had livery of his lands (1341) 14 Edw. III, having had livery (though then a minor) of his mother's lands 16 July 1338. He distinguished himself in the French wars. He was sum. to Parl. from 25 Feb. (1342) 16 Edw. III to 3 Feb. (1385) 9 Ric. II. [...] He m., [...], before 31 May 1347, Joyce, da. of William Zouche, formerly Mortimer [Lord Zouche of Mortimer]. She was living 4 May 1372. [...] He d. 1385, and was bur. at Halesowen, when any Barony which may be held to have been cr. by writ, became dormant, but the right thereto, according to modern doctrine, would appear to have devolved, as under. Will, as Lord of Weologh, pr. 1386 at Lambeth." [Complete Peerage II:235, as corrected by Volume XIV.]

Even subsequent to the corrections in Volume XIV, CP is still mistaken in claiming (in passages replaced above by ellipses) that this John Botetourt had as his 1st wife Maud de Grey, daughter of John de Grey, 1st Lord Grey of Rotherfield. Details here
Botetourte, John MP (I4874)
 
237 "John (de Neville), Lord Neville, son and heir (a), had writs of livery of his father's lands in England and Scotland, after doing homage, October 1367. He was a captain under his father at the battle of Nevill's Cross, 17 October 1346, and was knighted about April 1360. His life of public service was as active as his father's. He served in Aquitaine, 1366 and the following years, and numerous commissions issued to him, December 1367 onwards. In 1368 (September, October) he was joint ambassador to France. K.G. 1369. In 1369 and 1371 trier of petitions in Parliament; Admiral of the North, July 1370, and in November following joint commissioner to treat with Genoa; steward of the King's household, 1372. In July 1372 he sailed for Brittany on an expedition protracted for want of reinforcements. He was then for several years engaged in Scotland and the Marches. In December 1377 he had a patent of the keepership of Bamburgh Castle for life; and in 1378 licence to castellate Raby and Sheriff Hutton in 1382. He was made keeper of Fronsac Castle, on the Dordogne, 3 June, and Seneschal of Gascony in June 1378. Returning to England, he became Warden of the Marches (as above), and in 1381 conservator of the peace, co. Durham and Sedbergh; joint commissioner to treat of peace with Scotland, May 1383 and March 1386/7. In July 1385 he was under orders to accompany the King to Scotland." [Complete Peerage]

"He was presumably of age when a recognizance was made to him in January 1351/2. His age of 40 and more at his mother's death on 13 Jan. 1373/4 supports this conclusion." [The Ancestry of Charles II, citation details below.]

John de Neville and Maud Percy were great-grandparents of Edward IV and Richard III, making them the most recent common ancestors of TNH and Elizabeth II:

John de Neville (1330-1388) = Maud Percy (d. 1379)
Ralph de Neville (1364-1425) = Joan Beaufort (1379-1440)
Cecily Neville (1415-1495) = Richard of York (1411-1460)
Edward IV (1442-1483) = Elizabeth Woodville (1437-1492)
Elizabeth of York (1466-1503) = Henry VII (1457-1509)
Margaret Tudor (1489)-1541) = James IV (1473-1513)
James V (1512-1542) = Mary of Guise (1515-1560)
Mary, Queen of Scots (1542-1587) = Henry Stuart, Lord Darnley (1545-1567)
James VI and I (1566-1625) = Anne of Denmark (1574-1619)
Elizabeth of Bohemia (1596-1662) = Frederick V of the Palatine (1596-1632)
Sophia of Hanover (1630-1714) = Ernest Augustus, Elector of Brunswick-Lüneberg (1629-1698)
George I (1660-1727) = Sophia Dorothea of Celle (1666-1726)
George II (1683-1760) = Caroline of Ansbach (1683-1737)
Frederick, Prince of Wales (1707-1751) = Augusta of Saxe-Gotha (1719-1772)
George III (1738-1820) = Charlotte of Mecklenburg (1744-1818)
Edward, Duke of Kent and Strathearn (1767-1820) = Victoria of Saxe-Coburg (1786-1861)
Victoria (1819-1901) = Albert of Saxe-Coburg (1819-1861)
Edward VII (1841-1910) = Alexandra of Denmark (1844-1925)
George V (1865-1936) = Mary of Teck (1867-1953)
George VI (1895-1952) = Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon (1900-2002)
Elizabeth II (1926- )

boldface: monarchs of England, Great Britain, or the United Kingdom
italic: monarchs of Scotland
boldface & italic: James IV and I, king of both

TNH is therefore 19th cousin once removed to Elizabeth II, no doubt sharing that distinction with literally hundreds of millions of other people. 
de Neville, John (I11514)
 
238 "John and Margaret Goodenow are tentatively identified as the parents of Thomas Goodenow, primarily based on chronology and geography. No direct evidence either supports or excludes this connection. Thomas owned property in Ebbesborne, as seen in the inventory of his estate forty years after the death of this John Goodenow, and was likely the Thomas named in [John Goodenow's] will." [The Ancestry of Eva Belle Kempton 1878-1908, Part III, citation details below.] Goodenow, John (I7097)
 
239 "John Babington married a Cambridgeshire bride, but served as a tax collector in Nottinghamshire in 1382, was styled as 'of Rolleston' in a mainprise of 1386, and was buried in the church at East Bridgford." [Political Society in Lancastrian England: The Greater Gentry of Nottinghamshire by S. J. Payling, citation details below.] Babington, John (I10420)
 
240 "John Breed was the 10th settler at Stonington, buying land from his future father-in-law, Gershom Palmer. He was a leather tanner by trade." [Marcia Wiswall Lindberg, citation details below.]

From "Ancient Burial-Ground at Stonington, Connecticut", citation details below:

The tombstone of Mr. John Breed is a large upright slab of blue slate stone, the inscription being as clear and distinct as it was the day it was cut. It is as follows:

In memory of a pious pair
This carved stone is erected here
viz. of Mr. JOHN BREED & his wife
MERCY who lived together in ye
marriage state in a most religious manner
about 64 years & then decd leaving
a numerous offspring, he in ye year
1751 about 90 years of age & she in
ye year 1752 about 83. erected in ye
year 1772. 6 of their children then
living.

Behold th' Righteous live long on earth
And in old Age resign their Breath
They & their Ofspring here are blest
When don with life they go to rest. 
Breed, John (I11195)
 
241 "John de Clinton, 2nd Baron Clinton; fought with the royal army which defeated Edward II's cousin Thomas, Earl of Lancaster at Battle of Boroughbridge 16 March 1321/2, knighted by 1324." [Burke's Peerage]

"He and his brother, William, were squires in the household of Queen Isabel of France, wife of King Edward II, in 1311-12." [Royal Ancestry]

"John de Clinton, 2nd Lord Clinton, b. c 1300, d. c 1335; m. by 24 Feb 1328/9, Margaret Corbet, daughter of Sir William Corbet of Chaddesley Corbet, co. Worcester. She was living 1343. John de Clinton, 2nd Lord Clinton was son & heir of John de Clinton (son and heir of Thomas de Clinton by Maud, daughter of Sir Ralph Bracebridge of Kinsbury, co. Worcester), b. c 1258, d. 1310, 1st Lord Clinton; m. c 1290 Ida, daughter of Sir William de Odingsells of Maxstoke by Ela, daughter of Walter Fitz Robert. She was 1st daughter, b. c 1270, living 1321." [Ancestral Roots]

"John (de Clinton), Lord Clinton, son and heir born probably in, or shortly before 1300. He fought, 16 March 1321/2, ex parte Regis, at Boroughbridge. Knighted before 1324. From 27 January 1331/2 to 1 April 1335, he was summoned to Parliament, the words 'Mortuus est' being added to the last writ. He married, before 24 February 1328/9, Margery, daughter of Sir William Corbet, of Chaddesley Corbet, co. Worcester. He died about 1335. His widow was living May 1343." [Complete Peerage III:313] 
de Clinton, John MP (I8394)
 
242 "John Denison moved to Bishop's Stortford before 1566, for in that year he was 'collector for the poor' in Bishop's Stortford and in 1582 paid a tax in Stortford." [Spencer Miller, "Willie, Denison and Abbott Families", citation details below.]

He was a tailor. He died of the plague. 
Denison, John (I8800)
 
243 "John Exherst, husbandman of Staplehurst was among those pardoned in July 1450 after Cade's Rebellion. He must have been at least 25 to have even been slightly involved. John moved to Canterbury by 1478, when he was admitted as a freeman there. He was a brewer in Canterbury and lived in St. Paul's parish" [Todd Whitesides on findagrave.com]

"Richard Exhurst's father John retained his land in Staplehurst, but in his later years he seems to have lived in Canterbury, where he was recorded as a brewer on his admission as a freeman of the town by redemption (purchase) in 1478. Chronologically, it is possible that John was the John Exhurst, husbandman of Staplehurst, who was among those pardoned in July 1450 after Cade's Rebellion. Around 1480 John Exhurst, citizen and brewer of Canterbury, and Sir Thomas Bouchier, knight, of Leeds, were involved in the arbitration of a dispute concerning the ownership of some oxen. On 26 June 1487 John Exhurst, John Waller, and others witnessed a deed in Canterbury. In his will John Exhurst described himself as a brewer of St. Paul's parish in Canterbury. He requested burial within the monastery of St. Augustine by Canterbury and gave 6s. 8d. to the making of a new bell there. John Exhurst died between 20 March 1492/3, the date of his will, and 15 April 1493, the date it was proved." ["The Exhurst Ancestry of the Stoughton Siblings of New England," by Adrian Benjamin Burke, John Blythe Dobson, and Janet Chevally Wolfe. Part One, New England Historical and Genealogical Register, Volume 165, October 2011.] 
Exhurst, John (I12321)
 
244 "John Fitz Alan, feudal Lord of Clun and Oswestry, Salop, s. and h. of John Fitz Alan of the same, by his 1st wife, Isabel, 2nd sister and, in her issue, coh. of Hugh, and da. of William (d'Aubigny), Earls of Sussex, &c, abovenamed, suc. his father (whom his mother had predeceased) in 1240. To him, by writ dat. 27 Nov. 1243, was awarded (in right of his deceased mother) the Castle and Honour of Arundel, whereby (according to the admission of 1433 abovenamed) he must be regarded as de jure Earl of Arundel. He obtained possession, 26 May 1244, of his paternal estates in Salop on payment of £1000. By the title, however, of Earl of Arundel he never appears to have been known (either in his lifetime or afterwards), although he lived 24 years after the acquisition of that Castle and Honour. In an award dat. Friday after the Circumcision 1258, he is expressly called Dominus de Arundel (i.e. Lord of the Honour of Arundel), and in the Fine Roll, 10 Mar. 1261/2, he is called Baro noster, while in his Inq. p. m. he is described (merely) as Johannes filius Alani, and the endorsement says that he held a quarter of the Earldom of Arundel. He took part in the Welsh war 1258, and, though sometimes leagued with the Barons against the Crown, was, while fighting on the Royal side, taken prisoner at the battle of Lewes, in 1264, together with the King. He m. Maud, da. of Theobald le Botiller, by his 2nd wife, Rohese, da. and h. of Nicholas de Verdun, of Alton, co. Stafford. He d. 1267, before 10 Nov. Will dat. Oct. 1267. His widow m. Richard d'Amundeville, and d. 27 Nov. 1283. He was living 1286/7." [Complete Peerage I:239-40, as corrected by Volume XIV.] Fitz Alan, John (I4244)
 
245 "John I Chichester married in about 1365 Thomasine de Raleigh (d.1402), daughter and heiress of Sir John De Raleigh. He was lord of the manors of Treverbin in Cornwall and of Beggerskewish and Donwer in Somerset. According to Sir Alexander Chichester, Bart., he was the son of Sir Roger Chichester, who was knighted in 1346 at the Siege of Calais and later fought at the Battle of Poitiers in 1356. According to the Heralds' Visitation of Devon his father was John Chichester, 7th in descent from Walleran de Cirencester alias Chichester, himself descended from a brother of Robert of Chichester, Bishop of Exeter in 1155-1160. According to the Ledger Book of Tor Abbey, in 1237 Walleran did homage to William de Raleigh for the manor of South Pool." [WikipediaChichester, John (I8057)
 
246 "John Komnenos was a Byzantine aristocrat and military leader. The younger brother of Emperor Isaac I Komnenos, he served as Domestic of the Schools during Isaac's brief reign (1057–59). When Isaac I abdicated, Constantine X Doukas became emperor and John withdrew from public life until his death in 1067. Through his son Alexios I Komnenos, who became emperor in 1081, he was the progenitor of the Komnenian dynasty that ruled the Byzantine Empire from 1081 until 1185, and the Empire of Trebizond from 1204 until 1461." [Wikipedia] Komnenos, Ioannis (I5937)
 
247 "John le Strange II, son and heir. In 1196/7 he acquired rights in land at Knockin, Salop, from his cousins, daughters of his uncle Guy. In 1198 he took the place of his cousin Ralph, who was ill, in the King's servlce. In 1204 the King asked Llewelin, Prince of North Wales, to grant John a safe conduct to go to and return from him. In 1206 he had sent his knights overseas. In 1212 he was concerned in the management of Album Monasterium; and was returned as holding the manors of Nessa nd Cheswardine of the grift of King Henry II. In 1213 he was given the custody of the castle of Carreghova; and in 1214 was sent to Llewelin to exact an oath to keep the truce. In 1216 the King committed to him the counties of Staffs and Salop during pleasure, and directed that he was to be treated as sheriff; and in the same year he was to have the manor of Kidderminster during pleasure. In March 1217/8 he was, with Hugh de Mortimer and Henry de Audley, directed to give safe-conduct to the Magnates of North Wales, that they might do homage at Worcester; and in the same month the sheriff of Staffs and Salop was directed to give him an aid from the counties for strengthening his castle at Knockin. On 7 June 1218 he was present at the dedication of Worcester Cathedral. In January 1223/4 he was granted a market at his manor of Hunstanton. On 29 August 1226, as John Lestrange senior, he was granted a pardon for debts and the vill of Wrockwardine for his maintenance during pleasure, for his services to the King and his father; and on 2 September he was appointed to sit with the Bishop of Hereford and others at Album Monasterium to accept the surrender of lands by the Prince of North Wales. He married Amice. He was dead by 20 January 1233/4, when his son did homage." [Complete Peerage XII/1:349-50] le Strange, John (I1439)
 
248 "John married Jane. According to [great-grandson] Chrisman Parker's memoir, John and his wife raised their children in North Carolina, where their family farm was raided by the Tories while John was away fighting for his country's freedom, and where John lived out his days. Many people believe that our John who later moved to Tennessee and then Kentucky was the John Parker who married Elizabeth Carrell in Wilkes County, North Carolina, on January 9, 1793 and was bondsman for the marriage of William Parker and Candace Austin there on October 28, 1801; that his father was the John Parker who died leaving a will in Wilkes County in 1791, naming his wife Mary, step-daughter Maryann Coons, and his children John, William, James, and Diana. That may be true, but since there are so many Johns and Elizabeths, it's difficult to be sure that you've got the right people." [Parker's Genealogy & History Establishment]

The memoirs of his great-grandson Chrisman Harrison Parker (1823-1914) state that this John Parker was born in England. 
Parker, John (I2824)
 
249 "John Mawle was a prosperous clothier with considerable property in and around Nayland and across the Stour River in Essex County." [Fifty Great Migration Colonists of New England, citation details below.] Mawle, John (I10282)
 
250 "John Mayo of Northamptonshire, who matriculated in the University of Oxford as a commoner's son from Magdalen Hall 28 April 1615, aged 17, but took no degree, was probably identical with the emigrant of that name who became colleague minister to John Lothrop at Barnstable in 1640, first pastor of Eastham in 1646, and first minister of the Second (North) Church in Boston 9 November 1655. Increase Mather was his colleague. Overseer of Harvard College. Dismissed in 1673 on account of age; died at Yarmouth in May 1676." [Samuel Eliot Morrison, The Founding of Harvard College, citation details below.]

Emigrated to New England with his wife and children sometime between 1638 and 1640 (sources differ). His duties as an overseer of Harvard College were by virtue of his role at the Second Church.

The Second Church at which Mayo was first minister was also known as the "Old North Church" -- but it isn't the church, or the congregation, called the "Old North Church" today. Mayo's church was on North Square, across the street from what is now called "Paul Revere's house." The church building in which Mayo preached was demolished and rebuilt on site in 1677, and this second building was dismantled for firewood by the British during their occupation of Boston during the Revolutionary War. The building now widely called "Old North Church", officially Christ Church in the City of Boston, is a separate congregation; it was built in 1723.

His successors as minister at the Second Church were Increase Mather and Cotton Mather. 
Mayo, Rev. John (I1114)
 
251 "John Mead was somewhat irascible. Spencer P. Mead, following De Mille, related a traditional anecdote from John's later years of how he threw a Quaker who had offended him into the Mianus River. In the mid-1650s, he was chastised by the court for various misbehaviors, including slander and making a false accusation against Richard Law, constable of Stamford; the court stated that 'they did not remember that they mett wth such a case since they say as a court, wherin their hath bine so much mallic(e) and bitterness of spirit...'" ["The English Origin of William Mead", citation details below.] Mead, John (I9636)
 
252 "John Seymour spent his first eleven years in Cove before his family moved to Mesa, Arizona. He has been extremely active in missionary work and colonization. He has made his livelihood by farming and canal building. His first mission was in the Southern States; the second in the Eastern States; and the third in the Southwest Indian Mission among the Pimas. He and his wife have financed twenty-one years of missionary work and have contributed funds for temple work. No request from the church was refused whether great or small. He has been a faithful ward teacher for fifty years without missing one month. While supporting one missionary he prospered greatly and was so encouraged that he supported two more after the first had returned. His financial status reversed and he became almost bankrupt, barely able to keep the missionaries out. Later he was asked why he had not become discouraged in the Gospel because of this situation and he replied, 'Whether I get rich or go broke while I keep a missionary out doesn't change the fact that the Gospel is true.'

"His wife, Barbara Phelps, came to Mesa from Montpelier, Idaho when she was a year old. They suffered the rigors of pioneer life including a smallpox epidemic. She recalls having her shoes blacked with soot and grease before she could go to Sunday School and Primary. She was energetic and capable with a nice singing voice. Their marriage has been humble and devout. Ten of their twelve children grew to maturity and are active in the Church. She milked cows to support herself and family and to supply her husband while he was on two missions. She joined her husband on his third mission and they did a splendid job among the Indians at Santon, Arizona. She has worked in all the auxilaries and at present, at the age of seventy-five, she is still teaching Primary." [Ancestors and Descendants of Andrew Lee and Clarinda Knapp Allen]

"Allen was proud of his large family of 12 children, which included [his] seven sons. While living in Gilbert, in 1934, he organized and coached the Allen family basketball team and challenged any family in the church to a game." [Images of America: Latter-Day Saints in Mesa, by D. L. Turner and Catherine H. Ellis. Charleston, SC: Arcadia Publishing, 2009.] 
Allen, John Seymour (I5008)
 
253 "John Waldron is spoken of in John Heard's Will as 'my prentice.' When a boy, he was taken in an 'unfair' manner from a seaport in England, by a 'seafaring man named Heard,' doubtless John Heard, with whom he lived at Dover. He used to drive the cows past the house of Mrs. Mary Home (not the widow of William, killed in Dover by the Indians, in 1689, as is some times stated), granddaughter of John Heard, who lived on the 'upper factory road,' a mile above the falls, where Stephen Palmer (who married, in Dover, 24 April 1825, Abigail Home) lately lived; from whom he received many kindnesses, which were continued until he became a man, and finally her husband. It was said that he was a distant relative of Major Richard Waldron, who was killed in 1689, but nothing is known of such a connection. His wife was Mary, daughter of John and Mary (Heard) Ham; she was born 2 October 1668; married, 1st, 30 June 1686, John Home, who was probably the John Home who was the son of William Home killed in the massacre of 1689; and 2d, 29 August 1698, John Waldron. John Waldron's Will, made 12 May 1740, was proved 30 July following." [The Wentworth GenealogyWaldron, John (I2478)
 
254 "John Walker came to New England in 1633 and was made a freeman in Boston, 14 May 1634. There he resided for several years and in 1637 was among those who accepted the teachings of Mrs. Anne Hutchinson. On this account he was disarmed and compelled to leave the Colony. He fled with Roger Williams and others to Rhode Island in 1638, and on the 7 Mar. 1638 was one of those who signed the compact of civil government. The following year he removed to New Haven, Conn., where he was also one of the later signers of the covenant of 1639, and took oath of fidelity in 1644. He shared in the various allotments of land there, having a home lot there on the West Creek and lands elsewhere." [Ancestors and Descendants of Andrew Lee and Clarinda Knapp AllenWalker, John (I8798)
 
255 "John was a farmer; prominent and leading citizen. Deacon for many years. Served on important civil committees. Deputy 1690. Captain 1712. Served in the Narragansett War." [The Griswold Family: England-America, citation details below.] Griswold, Deacon John (I2755)
 
256 "JOHN [...] perhaps m. (1) by 1670, MARY _____, for the will of Mrs. Frances Stebbins of Hartford, 20 May 1670, gave some of her clothing to Mary Day, and no adult person of that name is known (since John's sister Mary was then Amry Ely and living in Springfield), unless this refers to his wife; certainly m. by 1690 (and probably much earlier) SARAH BUTLER, dau. of Thomas and Sarah (Stone) Butler." [Jacobus, Hale, House and Related FamiliesMary (I885)
 
257 "John's wife Mary was not his stepsister Mary Webster, as has frequently been claimed." [The Great MigrationMary (I5989)
 
258 "JOSIAH BOLTON, father of his family, was born in eastern Tennessee, December 22, 1822 and died January 18, 1909. He was a member of the Regular United Baptist Church for 50 or more years, the last 25 years spent in preaching the gospel."
[http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GRid=8295286] 
Bolton, Josiah (I11892)
 
259 "jphjr47 Family Tree" on Ancestry has him b. 1639 in Brest, Finistere, Bretagne, France. Perrier, Laurent (I744)
 
260 "Justiciar of England 1261; one of the deputation of the Barons to the Council of Lyons 1245; Constable of the castles of Oxford, Bristol, Corfe, and Sherburne; Sheriff of four counties; made prisoner with 'tuenti wounde' at Lewes, 1264, and imprisoned by De Montfort at Dover Castle, but was liberated after the battle of Evesham, 1265; was one of the arbitrators by which the 'dictum de Kenilworth' was drawn up; a member of the King's Council 1270; d. 'Bonae Memoriae' 1271." [The Wallop Family, citation details below.]

The Oxford Dictionary of National Biography has him as the son of a wife of Thomas Basset preceding Aline de Gai; they name this wife "Alice de Gray," but they also note that "the similarity of [the names Alice de Gray and Aline de Gai] is such that the possibility that Alan had only one wife cannot be excluded." 
Basset, Philip (I1161)
 
261 "Keats-Rohan [...] suggests that Roger had only one wife. She also refers to a charter of of the time of Henry I (therefore 1100 or later) of Roger and Adelisa for Rochester Priory, attested by their children William, Humphrey, Gunnor and Matilda; on the hypothesis of the Complete Peerage, this would imply that the first wife survived at least until 1100, despite the suggested birth date of around 1095 for Hugh, seen as a son of the second marriage." [Chris Phillips, Some Corrections and Additions to The Complete Peeragede Tosny, Adeliza (I3589)
 
262 "Killed with her husband and a child coming from Longmeadow to Springfield, 20 Mar 1676." [Hale, House and Related FamiliesLeonard, Sarah (I1133)
 
263 "Kinswoman and co-heiress of William Goth." [Royal AncestryAveline (I8326)
 
264 "Known in his youth as Lachlan, his preference in adulthood for being known as Roland, the Norman-French equivalent of Lachlan, symbolizes the spread of foreign influences into Galloway which followed the overthrow in 1160 of his grandfather, Fergus of Galloway." [Oxford Dictionary of National Biography]

Hereditary Constable of Scotland. 
fitz Uchtred, Roland (I6316)
 
265 "Laurence held some position in the bishopric of Durham, probably the bishop’s forester." [John Watson, citation details below.] de Pontop, Laurence (I11280)
 
266 "Le Grand." Duc de Bretagne; Comte de Vannes. He was probably the only king of Brittany (rex Brittaniae) to hold that title by legitimate grant of the emperor. de Bretagne, Alain I (I12939)
 
267 "Led Scots to Hexham 1296; in prison at Berwick 1297; Sheriff of Northumberland 1315-17; took part in Middleton's rebellion 1317." [The Wallop Familyde Swinburne, Adam (I2636)
 
268 "Leo van de Pas, in April 2002, pointed out that both Alasia's parents were members of the del Vasto family; her mother, Luisa, appears in modern Italian works as "Aluigia", and Alasia's maternal grandmother is given as Menzia d'Este [citing Dizionario biografico degli Italiani, vol. 1 (1960) and F. Cognasso, Il Piemonte nell'eta sveva (1968)]." [Chris Phillips, Some Corrections and Additions to The Complete PeerageMenzia (I883)
 
269 "Lived at Concord for a time after the burning of Groton, but returned before 1693, and again lived near Captain Parker, presumably at the old home of his father." [The Nutting Genealogy, citation details below.] Nutting, John (I11225)
 
270 "Lucy of Bolingbroke (died circa 1138) was an Anglo-Norman heiress in central England and, later in life, countess of Chester. Probably related to the old English earls of Mercia, she came to possess extensive lands in Lincolnshire which she passed on to her husbands and sons. She was a notable religious patron, founding or co-founding two small religious houses and endowing several with lands and churches. [...] Lucy, as widowed countess, founded the convent of Stixwould in 1135, becoming, in the words of one historian, 'one of the few aristocratic women of the late eleventh and twelfth centuries to achieve the role of independent lay founder.'" [Wikipedia]

Much controversy has ensued over her parentage. Appendix J to volume 7 of the Complete Peerage sums up the state of play in 1929: "The parentage of the Countess Lucy is one of the unsolved puzzles of genealogy. The only direct statements about it are in the Peterborough Chronicle and the pseudo-Ingulf’s Chronicle of Crowland, which agree in saying that she was daughter of Aelfgar, Earl of Mercia, and niece or grandniece of Thorold, sometime Sheriff of co. Lincoln. All that is certainly known is that she was niece of Robert Malet of Eye and of Alan of Lincoln, and that Thorold the Sheriff was a kinsman." The essay goes on to state that a good but not conclusive case can be made for her parents being Thorold the sheriff and an unnamed daughter of Robert Malet.

The ODNB calls Lucy merely "heir of the honour of Bolingbroke". In 1995 Katharine Keats-Rohan made a case for the Thorold hypothesis, but Rosie Bevan argued on SGM that "the main sticking point [...] is that although Lucy is mentioned a few times as Thorold's heir she is not named as his daughter." Bevan went on to propose that the incomplete evidence could as easily be used to argue that Lucy's parents were William Malet (son of Robert) and a daughter of earl Alfgar III.

The one point on which everyone appears to agree is that one of Lucy's parents has to have been a Malet, because in 1153 the future Henry II promised the honour of Eye to Ranulph, earl of Chester, to be held as "Robert Malet the uncle of his mother [i.e., Lucy] held it." 
of Bolingbroke, Lucy (I317)
 
271 "Manuel Erotikos Komnenos was a Byzantine military leader under Basil II, and the first fully documented ancestor of the Komnenos dynasty. His origin and parentage is obscure. He is only mentioned in the sources as leading the defence of Nicaea in 978 against the rebel Bardas Skleros, and as an imperial envoy to him 11 years later. He had three children, late in life. The eldest, Isaac, became emperor in 1057–1059, and the youngest, John, was the progenitor of the Komnenian dynasty as the father of Alexios I Komnenos." [Wikipedia] Komnenos, Manual Erotikos (I10662)
 
272 "Margaret was the daughter of John Penn, mercer of London, who names his wife Alice, sons John, Thomas, and Ralph, and daughters Alice and Margaret in his 1450 will. He also mentions Thomas Fereby, brother of his wife. Several documents demonstrate that Alice (Fereby) (Penn) (Brayne) Newbury was the mother of Ralph Penn. The 1454 will of Alice's father, John Fereby of Paul's Cray, names his son Thomas, his wife Alice, and John and Alice, son and daughter of John Penn. If John and Alice were Penn's oldest son and daughter, as the order of the bequests in Penn's will suggests, Penn's wife Alice, who survived her husband, must have been the mother of all of his children." ["The Exhurst Ancestry of the Stoughton Siblings of New England," by Adrian Benjamin Burke, John Blythe Dobson, and Janet Chevally Wolfe. Part Two, New England Historical and Genealogical Register, Volume 166, January 2012.] Fereby, Alice (I12351)
 
273 "Margaret [...] was evidently near related to John Hussey, Knt., Lord Hussey, of Sleaford, Lincolnshire, who referred to one of their sons as his 'kinsman' in 1536." [Royal AncestryBoys, Margaret (I9275)
 
274 "Margret H. Deser" is the name as given in the Leo Hayden family Bible.

The transcription of Leo Hayden's family bible, in "Bible records of Basil Hayden (Basil Robert Hayden, 1774-1833)," Kentucky Genealogical Records Book, GRC Book Series 1, volume 319, pp. 84-87, gives her birth date as 8 Oct 1809 and her brother Joseph's as 4 Apr 1809. At least one of these has to be wrong. 
Hayden, Margaret (I3867)
 
275 "Married the heiress of Ightfield, Shropshire." [Kay Allen, citation details below]

William Mainwaring (d. <1500) = Margaret Warren (b. 1401)
Thomas Mainwaring (d. 1508) = Joan Sutton
John Mainwairing (d. 1518) = Joan Lacon (d. 1524)
Richard Mainwaring (d. 1558) = Dorothy Corbet
Arthur Mainwaring (d. 1590) = Margaret Mainwaring
Mary Mainwaring (~1541-1578) = Richard Cotton (~1539-1602)
Frances Cotton (d. >1630) = George Abell (d. 1630)
Robert Abell (~1605-1663) = Joanna (d. >1682)
Caleb Abell (~1647-1731) = Margaret Post (1653-1700)
Experience Abell (1674-1763) = John Hyde (1667-1727)
James Hyde (1707-1793) = Sarah Marshall (1720-1773)
Abiah Hyde (1749-1788) = Rev. Aaron Cleveland (1744-1815)
William Cleveland (1770-1837) = Margaret Falley (1766-1850)
Rev. Richard Falley Cleveland (1804-1853) = Anne Neal (1806-1882)
(Stephen) Grover Cleveland (1837-1908) 
Mainwaring, William (I2573)
 
276 "Mary Exhurst was born about 1507, the daughter of Richard and Joan Roberts Exhurst. Joan was Richard's second wife. About 1536, she married Edward Stoughton. They had three sons. A lawsuit initiated in 1556, brought by Walter Mayne against Edward Stoughton and his sons Francis and Thomas, confirms that Richard Exhurst was the father of Edward Stoughton's wife, Mary Exhurst, who was the mother of Francis Stoughton. One of the documents in the suit asserts that Mary was the daughter of Richard's second wife, Joan. It names the husbands of Bennett, Mary and Elizabeth Exhurst as Thomas Aldye, Edward Stoughton and Alane Mathewe respectively. Thomas Aldye and Bennett had a daughter, Margerye, and Edward Stoughton and Mary had sons Francis and Thomas. After Bennett and Mary died, Margerye married John Monnynges. Walter Mayne says that Richard Exhurst had two daughters by his first wife, Bennett and Elizabeth, and two daughters by his second wife, Joan; Mary and another Elizabeth. He also says that both Mary and the Elizabeth who married Alane Mathewe were the daughters of Joan. The language of the lawsuit indicates that Mary was dead by 1556. She was probably buried in the churchyard of St. Nicholas' Church in Sandwich, Kent." [Findagrave.com page for Mary Exhurst, by Todd Whitesides.] Exhurst, Mary (I12312)
 
277 "Mary is mentioned in her husband's will, as his wife and also is shown to be the wife of Jacob Butler in the deposition of David Butler which was attached to the will of Jacob by his son Christopher, when seeking probate of same on 17 January 1745. (Chowan Co., NC County Court of Pleas and Quarter Sessions Minutes, Jan 1/45; NC Archives Call No. C.024.3000) [The Descendants of Thomas Pincerna, Progenitor of the Butler FamilyMary (I1673)
 
278 "Matthew Howard of Maryland: given a fanciful conspiracy-theory (literally) descent from Henry VII, in a 1976 historical novel (!) by Maryland genealogist James Moss. The other theory in print is the older one by Harry Wright Newman; both are groundless. Newman's theory is patently false; the Moss theory may have a grain of truth in some distant cadet connection to the ducal Howards of Norfolk, but there is no evidence beyond the questionable armory." [Nathaniel Lane Taylor, here]

Matthew Howard and his wife Anne are also ancestors of the science fiction and fantasy writer John M. Ford (1957-2006), of the poet Vachel Lindsay (1879-1931), and of Frank and Jesse James.

Matthew Howard (1609-1658) = Ann (1612-1659)
Elizabeth Howard (1639-1672) = Henry Ridgely (1627-1710)
Sarah Ridgely (1667-1727) = Thomas Odell (1671-1721)
Henry Odell (1694-1738) = Ann Prather (1706-1738)
Thomas Odell (1726-1759) = Keziah Offutt (1735-1783)
Baruch Odell (1755-1789) = Margaret Offutt (1760-1820)
Cassandra Odell (1780-1832) = John Austin (1770-1857)
George Austin (1821-1867) = Amanda Thomas (1827-1899)
Christopher Austin (1854-1933) = Laura Ashford (1869-1957)
Bessie Iris Austin (1894-1967) = John William Ford (1900-1964)
William Darrell Ford (1931-2003) = Janet Harley (1930-living)
John Milo Ford, known as John M. Ford (1957-2006)

Matthew Howard (1609-1658) = Ann (1612-1659)
John Howard (1645-1696) = Susannah Norwood (b. 1620)
John Howard (d. 1704) = Katherine Greenbury (d. 1704)
Katherine Howard (b. 1697) = Orlando Griffith
Sarah Griffith (1718-1794) = Nicholas Dorsey (1712-1780)
Rachel Dorsey (1737-1805) = Anthony Lindsay (b. 1736)
Vachel Lindsay = Annie Quisenberry
Nicholas Lindsay = Martha Cave
Vachel Thomas Lindsay (b. 1843) = Esther Frazee
Nicholas Vachel Lindsay, known as Vachel Lindsay (1879-1931)

Matthew Howard (1609-1658) = Ann (1612-1659)
John Howard (1645-1696) = Susannah Norwood (b. 1620)
John Howard (d. 1704) = Katherine Greenbury (d. 1704)
Katherine Howard (b. 1697) = Orlando Griffith
Sarah Griffith (1718-1794) = Nicholas Dorsey (1712-1780)
Rachel Dorsey (1737-1805) = Anthony Lindsay (b. 1736)
Anthony Lindsay (1767-1831) = Alice Cole (1769-1818)
Sarah Lindsay (1803-1851) = James Cole (1804-1827)
Zerelda Elizabeth Cole (1825-1911) = Robert Sallee James (1818-1850)
Alexander Franklin James, known as Frank James (1843-1915)
-- and his brother --
Jesse Woodson James, known as Jesse James (1847-1882) 
Howard, Matthew (I3448)
 
279 "Maud, suo jure Countess of Angus [S.], da. and h., m. John Comyn, who, in her right, became Earl of Angus [S.], and d. s.p. in France, 1242. She m., 2ndly, in 1243, Gilbert de Umfreville, Lord of Prudhoe and Redesdale in Northumberland, who may, in her right, have become Earl of Angus [S.]. He was s. and h. of Richard de Umfreville, of the same, and did homage for his father's lands 8 Jan. 1226/7. He d. shortly before 13 Mar. 1244/5, and was bur. in Hexham Priory. His widow m., before 2 Dec. 1247, Richard de Douvres, of Chilham, Kent, s. and h. of Richard fitz Roy, an illeg. s. of King John." [Complete Peerage I:146] of Angus, Maud (I218)
 
280 "Maybe soldier (regiment of Carignan) (cs 329.03), notary." [Genealogy of the French in North AmericaFleuricour, Jean (I10928)
 
281 "Member of Parliament for the borough of Boston, 1552, 1554-57, and 1563." [The Bulkeley GenealogyIrby, Leonard MP (I12266)
 
282 "Merchant bourgeois (marchand bourgeois)." Fleuricour, Jean (I917)
 
283 "Mercy, m. Nicholas Whitmarsh of Weymouth." [Chamberlain, History of Weymouth, listing Mercy Reed, daughter of William Reed and Esther Tomson.] Nicholas Whitmarsh was her first husband, not her father as incorrectly stated in many sources. Reed, Mercy (I3261)
 
284 "Mormon church religious leader. Apostle of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. Joseph Smith told him, 'Brother Amasa, the Lord requires your labors in the vinyard.' He replied, 'I will go.' This kind of dedication characterized his life, nearly fulfilling one hundred missions in thirty-five years. He marched with Zions Camp, stood in defense at Far West, and served jail time with Joseph Smith. He was called to the Twelve following the apostacy of Orson Pratt who had been excommunicated. When Elder Pratt had been reinstated to the Church and his former position, Joseph called him as counselor replacing Sidney Rigdon. While on a mission to Europe with Charles C. Rich, he was accused of preaching heresy and repented, however, a few weeks later he again began preaching such and was released from the Quorum of the Twelve and excommunicated. He later associated himself with the Godbeites, a Mormon splinter group, and died having never returned to the cause in which he sacrificed so much." [FindaGrave.comLyman, Amasa Mason (I2867)
 
285 "Near the end of his life, John added to his estate a substantial purchase of land in Ticehurst and Etchingham in Sussex. Documents recording the purchase suggest that John was a draper who may have recently achieved the status of esquire through his land purchases." ["The Exhurst Ancestry of the Stoughton Siblings of New England," by Adrian Benjamin Burke, John Blythe Dobson, and Janet Chevally Wolfe. Part Two, New England Historical and Genealogical Register, Volume 166, January 2012.] Roberts, John (I12326)
 
286 "Nephew of Roger II of Berkeley, for whose land he accounted in 1129/30. He was succeeded shortly afterwards by his son Roger III. Founded the Cistercian abbey of Kingswood, colonized from Tintern, at the request of his uncle Roger in 1139, subsequently confirmed by his son Roger III." [Domesday Descendants, p. 321] de Berkeley, William (I4143)
 
287 "Nicholas de Moels, whose parentage is unknown, appears to have been from an early age in the court of King John, and was an official actively employed in the King's service both in embassies and the field. In 1217 the manor of Watlington was granted to him 'for his sustenance in the king's service,' and similar gifts followed. In April 1223, he was sent to Poitou on an embassy from the King, and again in the following January. In the summer of 1223 he served in the King's expedition into Wales, and in the following year at the siege of Bedford. In January 1224/5 he was one of the ambassadors sent to Cologne to treat of a proposed marriage between Henry III and a daughter of Leopold VI, Duke of Austria. In July 1226 the land of Little Berkhampstead was granted to him, and this and other estates were later confirmed in fee. He also, by his marriage with a wealthy heiress, Hawise, one of the daughters and heirs of James de Newmarch, acquired Cadbury and other manors in Somerset and the neighbouring counties, thus becoming one of the greater landowners. In 1227 he was in Gascony on the King's service, and a joint ambassador to the Count of Flanders; in March 1228 was charged with negotiations as to the truce with France, and in November of that year, at Westminster, witnessed Henry's grant to the Bishop of Chichester of land in 'New Street,' now the site of Lincoln's Inn. In April of the following year, as miles noster familiaris, he was a plenipotentiary to treat of peace with Louis IX of France, and was again going to Gascony in the King's service. He was sheriff of Hants and custos of Winchester Castle from July 1228 to March 1231/2, sheriff of Devon, 1234-1236, of York, Easter 1239 to Michaelma 1241, and of Kent, March to October 1258. He was granted the custody of the Channel Islands in 1234, and was keeper the bishopric of Durham during part of the vacancy after the translation of Bishop Richard le Poer, 1237. At the Coronation of Queen Eleanor, in 1236, he and Richard Siward, milites strenui, carried the two royal sceptres. In 1242 he was ambassador to the King of France with Ralph FitzNicholas, and later in the year joined the English King in Bordeaux. In September 1243 Henry III, returning to England, left Nicholas de Moels as seneschal of Gascony. In the following year he inflicted a defeat on the King of Navarre. In 1245 he was appointed keeper of the castles of Cardigan and Carmarthen, and in the same year was constable of Pembroke, Haverford, Kilgarran and Tenby. In 1246 and 1247 he was in the wars of Wales and was seneschal of Carmarthen, and in February 1248/9 was added to the commissioners to deal with the King of Navarre. As 'Nicholas de Molis, king's clerk,' he had a grant of free warren in his demesne lands in Cadbury and Mapperton in January 1250/1. On 16 June 1252 he was sent into Gascony with Roscelin de Fos, Master of the Templars in England, as conservator of the truce between Simon de Montfort, Earl of Leicester, and Gaston, Viscount de Bearn. He was engaged in Wales in connection with Henry's futile expedition in 1257, and in 1263 received his last military summons to the muster at Hereford against Llewelyn. In January 1257/8 he was appointed constable of Dover Castle and Warden of the Cinque Ports. He was constable of the castles of Rochester, Canterbury, and Winchester in 1258, of Sherborne in 1261, and of Corfe in 1263, and one of the King's serjeants in Windsor Castle 1263-64. He was on the King's side in the Barons' War, and was ordered, 4 July 1264, to deliver Windsor Castle to John, son of John, the custodian appointed by the Barons." [Complete Peeragede Moels, Nicholas (I8163)
 
288 "Not to be confused with his 1st cousin, Sir John Fortescue, lawyer who became Chief Justice in England." [Ancestral Roots] This confusion is present in A History of the Family of Fortescue in All its Branches, citation details below. Fortescue, John (I7889)
 
289 "Nothing is known of the family background of Waleran's first wife, Oda. All we know of her for certain is that she was mother of five children by 1024 and after her husband unsuccessfully tried to get their marriage annulled she died as a nun at Notre-Dame de Coulombs by 1033. You can safely disregard any internet genealogy that includes her as a sister of Herluin of Conteville, or that traces the lineage of a Jean of Conteville through imaginary Baldwins of Blois." [Peter Stewart, citation details below.] Oda (I10402)
 
290 "Of Philips Precinct, Dutchess County." [The Nelson FamilyDavenport, Thomas (I1736)
 
291 "Oliver de Vaux accompanied King John to Ireland 1203, later opposed John, hence his lands forfeited, though they were restored him by Henry III c. 1218; Justice itinerant c. 1234; married Petronilla, widow of Henry de Mara and William de Longchamps, and died after 1244." [Burke's Peeragede Vaux, Oliver (I1233)
 
292 "On 24 Dec. he was sum. as Robert de Ros to (de Montfort's) Parl. in London." [Complete Peerage]

Knight of the shire 1261 & 1265. His bowels were buried at Belvoir and his heart at Croxton Abbey. 
de Ros, Robert MP (I7079)
 
293 "On 25 March 1235, Gerard Salvain was appointed one of the collectors of a tax of a fortieth in Yorkshire. On 17 July 1235, Gerard Salvain and Thomas de Lucton were made collectors of an aid in the East Riding of Yorkshire. On 17 November 1235, Gerard Salvain was made one of the king's coroners in Yorkshire. In 1239, Sir Gerard Salvain was a justice and witnessed, at York, a charter of Monk Bretton Prior." ["The Yorkshire Family of Salvain," citation details below.] Salvain, Gerard (I5775)
 
294 "On 5 March 1666/67, the General Court, presided over by Gov. Thomas Prence, fined Arthur Howland, Jr. £5 for 'inveigling of [Gov. Prence's daughter] Mistris Elizabeth Prence and makeing motion of marriage to her, and procecuting the same contrary to her parrents liking, and without theire consent, and directly contrary to theire mind and will.' He was also ordered to find sureties for his future good behavior, and 'in speciall that hee desist from the use of any meanes to obtaine or retaine her affections as aforsaid.' On 2 July 1667 Arthur Howland, Jr. 'did sollemly and seriously engage before this Court, that he will wholly desist and never apply himself for the future, as formerly he hath done, to Mistris Elizabeth Prence in reference unto marriage.' In spite of his pledge not to speak of marriage to Elizabeth Prence again, on 9 December 1667 Arthur Howland, Jr. married Elizabeth Prence, and thus the governor acquired Quaker in-laws. Many of the other Howlands continued their Quaker ways in the new town of Dartmouth, but Arthur Howland, Jr. remained in Marshfield, and on 5 June 1671 he was made constable of Marshfield, where presumably his duties could have included seeing that Quakers fully complied with the law." [Plymouth Colony: Its History & People, 1620-1691, by Eugene Aubrey Stratton. Salt Lake City: Ancestry Publishing, 1986.] Howland, Arthur (I3915)
 
295 "On April 7, 1732, Thomas Thorne was chosen as an overseer of highways, and on Aug. 6, 1754, he registered his earmark (Hempstead Town Rec. 4:98 & 425). His name appears occasionally in Hempstead as a witness to deeds and other legal papers. Although he died two years after the Declaration of Independence, nothing has been found regarding his political opinions. His will, executed Feb. 20, 1778, and proved Oct. 17, 1778, leaves to 'my dearly beloved Wife Mary' household furniture and plate; 'all my hogs, my riding chair, and my Negro wench Teen'; and during her widowhood the dwelling house and farm, together with 'Negro man Jack' while she occupies the farm; but if the farm is sold or rented out 'then I give the said Negroman Jack to my Sons Amos, Richard, and Thomas, equally to be divided among them.'" [Genealogies of Long Island FamiliesThorn, Thomas (I8353)
 
296 "On the 1870 Mortality Schedule for Bullitt Co. KY is: Elizabeth Cheshire died October 1869, Bullitt Leaches KY. Died at 84 of dropsy of the heart. b. VA. Right age and place to be Jonathan's wife." [Dupaix, citation details below.] Hollis, Elizabeth (I8448)
 
297 "On the 26th of May, 1209 [Sir Robert Bertram] fought a duel in armour at Porchester with Ralph de Clere concerning land in 'Eddeston' and 'Holm,' which Ralph had guaranteed to him and his wife Mabel; he won the contest and Ralph acknowledged William the prior of Hexham, to be the owner of these lands. [...] [Robert Bertram] married Mabel or Mabilia, who it is said married first Ralph de Clere and had a daughter and heiress, Agatha de Clere, and apparently she retained this name, possibly for reasons of dowry, but who was the Ralph de Clere who guaranteed to them the lands mentioned above? In 1214/5 Mabel de Clere rendered an account for £197 18s. 4d., for having custody, as is contained (in the preceding roll), probably her son and lands, in the treasury, 50 marks and the escheators of York had rendered £7 17s. 5d. of the issues of the land of Robert Bertram her husband and again in the same year, she rendered account for three fees and Robert Bertram had her heir in custody. She occurred in 1219/20 and 1229/30 as mother of Richard Bertram. There is nothing to show why she retained the name of Clere, but she did not remarry." [Ogle and Bothal, citation details below.] de Clere, Mabel (I3791)
 
298 "Originally born with the name of Carloman (after his paternal uncle), he was renamed Pépin in 781 when he was named as king of Italy by pope Hadrian." [The Henry Project] Pépin King of Italy (I8166)
 
299 "Otto [...] did not appear in connection with the dies. Gibbs, p. 136, prints a charter of Theobald of Lisson Green, goldsmith and engraver of the dies for the money of England, dated before 1200, who may have been the family representative in this generation, but no other reference to this Theobald has been found." [F. N. Craig, "Descent from a Domesday Goldsmith." The American Genealogist 65:1, January 1990, p. 24.] fitz William, Otto (I5503)
 
300 "Pepin's father is named Carloman by the Chronicle of Fredegar, the chief source for his life." [WikipediaCarloman (I8330)
 
301 "Perhaps count of Maurienne." [Wikipedia] Amadeus (I738)
 
302 "Peter Orseolo, of Rivo Alto, Italy, served as commander of the Venetian navy before becoming doge of Venice in 976. In this office he rebuilt the fire-ravaged Saint Mark's Cathedral, funding the work from his own wealth. From Constantinople he obtained for the cathedral's high altar what is considered the earliest known example of a gold altar cloth. He also founded a hospice for pilgrims. But after governing for only two years, Peter suddenly disappeared from the city during the night of September 1-2, 978. He fled his prestigious station to devote the rest of his life to God, traveling over five hundred miles westward to enter the Benedictine monastery of Cuxa, at the foot of the eastern Pyrenees, along the French-Spanish border. As he neared the monastery, Peter took off his shoes and walked the remaining steps of the journey bare-footed. As a monk, he excelled in humility, devotion to prayer, charity, and self-denial. Thereafter, Peter's zeal for even greater perfection prompted him to obtain permission to live in solitude a short distance from the monastery." [Catholic Online]

Canonized 1731 by Clement XII. 
Orseolo, St. Pietro I Doge of Venice (I3893)
 
303 "Philip de Orreby, presumably elder son by 1st wife, born circa 1190, was witness with his father to Earl Ranulph's charter to William de Cauntelo, as Philip de Orreby the younger. He married Leucha, daughter of Roger de Mohaut (son of Robert de Mohaut by Leucha his wife), and d. v.p., leaving a daughter Agnes, who in or before 1227 was her mother's heir." [Complete Peerage X: 169-70] de Orreby, Philip (I3547)
 
304 "Philip married Hannah Sessions, a member of the Society of Friends, at the [Joseph] Fisher home in Philadelphia." [On Footings From the Past: The Packers in England]

From "Certificates of Removal Received at Philadelphia Monthly Meetings of Friends, 1682-1750," in The Literary Era: A Monthly Repository of Literary and Miscellaneous Information, volume 7, 1900, pp. 52-53:

James Sessions, from Mo. Mtg. at Witney [England], dated 5 mo. 10, 1682.

Hannah Sessions, from Witney, dated 2 mo. 10, 1682. 
Sessions, Hannah (I7668)
 
305 "Possibly daughter of William Saint Clair, of Hamerton, Huntingdonshire." [Royal AncestryMaud (I12307)
 
306 "Presumably one of the Flemings who settled in Pembrokeshire under Henry I." [Complete Peerageof Ros, Godebert "The Fleming" (I7062)
 
307 "Probably a daughter of Capt. Richard Wright." [Thomas and Anna (Wright?) Burnham of Hartford, Connecticut", citation details below.] Wright, Ann (I5495)
 
308 "Probably he was the Thomas Welby who was Mayor of Boston, co. Lincoln, in 1643." [The Bulkeley GenealogyWelby, Thomas (I12256)
 
309 "Probably" the father of Nicholas, according to J. J. Alexander (citation details below). And according to the same source, not the same John Keynes d. 1419 whose daughter married John Speke and whose pedigree appears in The Wallop Family (volume 2, p. 469, "KEYNES II"). Keynes, John (I8442)
 
310 "Ralph (de Neville), Lord Neville, 2nd but 1st surviving son, was aged 40 and more at his father's death. He was taken prisoner with his younger brothers at Berwick in 1319. He had begun his long career of public service and official work already in 1322, when he was constable of Warkworth Castle, and serving in the Marches under the Earl of Carlisle. In 1324 he was appointed with the Earl of Angus to escort the envoys of Robert Bruce to York, to treat of peace, and in 1325 commissioner to keep the truce in Northumberland. At the time of his father's death he was already steward of the King's household. In the following January he indented to serve Sir Henry Percy, and in July was commissioned to take over the keepership of the Forest beyond Trent. He was present at the surrender of Berwick Castle to Edward III, July 1333, and again with the King in Scotland in 1334 (June-October) and in the summer of 1335; joint commissioner, 1333 and 1334, to Edward Baliol's Parliament, to demand confirmation of covenants, and in 1334 Warden of the Scottish Marches, some time sole and some time with Percy; in the same year chief of the justices in eyre of the Forest (Notts and Yorks) for that turn; in 1335 he was made keeper of Bamburgh Castle for life, and by Mar. 1336/7 was a banneret. In July 1338 and June 1340 he was appointed on the Council of Prince Edward as Keeper of the Realm, and (by the Bishop) overseer of the keepers of the temporalities of the see of Durham during his absence on the King's service. He commanded the first division at the victory of Durham, or Nevill's Cross, 17 October 1346, where King David of Scotland was taken prisoner; and took part in the naval success against the Spaniards off Winchelsea, 29 Aug. 1350." [Complete Peerage]

Unmentioned by CP, but he was educated at Oxford. He was the first layman to be buried at Durham Cathedral, in recognition of his role in the victory at Nevill's Cross. 
de Neville, Ralph (I1704)
 
311 "Ralph Basset, s. and h. of the above, served in the French and Scottish wars. He suc. his father 4 Aug. 1265. He held lands of Ralph Basset of Weldon 1284/5; he was sum. to attend the King at Shrewsbury, 28 June (1283) 11 Edw. I, and was sum. to Parl. 23 June (1295) 23 Edw. I to 10 Apr. (1299) 27 Edw. I, by writs directed Radulfo Basset de Drayton whereby he is held to have become Basset of Drayton. He m. Hawise. He d. 31 Dec. 1299, and was bur. at Drayton." [Complete Peerage II:2] Basset, Ralph MP (I4145)
 
312 "Ralph de Camoys, s. and h. of Ralph de C. (d. 1259), by Asceline, heiress of Torpel, Northants, was aged 45 and more at his father's death. Constable of Pevensey Castle 18 July 1264. He was sum. to Parl. 24 Dec. (1264) 49 Hen. III, by writ directed Radulfo de Cameys. Such summons, having issued in rebellion, should not, however, constitute a peerage dignity. He d. before 11 Mar. (1276/7) 5 Edw. I, when the writ for his Inq. p. m. is dat." [Complete Peerage II:506] de Camoys, Ralph MP (I3339)
 
313 "Ralph de Ferrers, said by Pole to be the founder of the family. If true, then he married Sibilla de Pyn, daughter of William de Pyn [...]" [Todd A. Farmerie, 1 Feb 1999, post to SGM]. de Ferrers, Ralph (I11116)
 
314 "Ralph de Neville, a younger son of Alan aforesaid, is known only as being father of Hugh the Forester." [Complete Peeragede Neville, Ralph (I901)
 
315 "Ralph de Neville, who had from Walter de Gand (d. 1139) lands in Fordon, Filey, Muston and Righton (which the Countess Alice confirmed to his son Geoffrey); which Ralph, with consent of his wife Hawise and son and heir apparent Geoffrey, made to Rievaulx Abbey a grant of Land in Righton, in the Gand fee of Hummanby, which was confirmed by Gilbert de Gand; and for the soul of his wife Avice, with consent of his son and heir Geoffrey, gave land in Filey to Bridlington Priory. Ralph de Neville founded, before 1164, a priory at Hutton Rudby, Yorks, upon the 'liberum maritagium' of his wife with consent of Adam de Brus, the overlord, and of Arnold de Percy, to whom the service upon her portion was due." [Complete Peeragede Neville, Ralph (I4873)
 
316 "Ralph de Neville, who [1100-1120] held 10 carucates in Lincs from Peterborough, and, about 1114, witnessed the foundation charter of Bridlington Priory by Walter de Gand." [Complete Peeragede Neville, Ralph (I6705)
 
317 "Ralph, who in 1086 held Scotton [Essex] and Manton [Lincolnshire] of [the Abbot of] Peterborough, and possibly Habrough, &c., from Alfred of Lincoln." [Complete Peeragede Neville, Ralph (I8258)
 
318 "Randolf or Ranulph (sometimes called, seemingly in error, Ralph, son and heir of Robert de Neville and Mary his wife, was born 18 October 1262, and was heir to the Neville estates on the death of his grandfather, in 1282 (having livery under writ of 11 January 1283/4), and to his mother's inheritance, April 1320. He was summoned, 15 July 1287, with horses and arms to a military council at Gloucester (before Edmund, Earl of Cornwall, in the King's absence abroad), and to attend the King at Westminster, June 1294. He was summoned to Parliament from 24 June 1295 to 18 February 1330/1, by writs directed Ranulpho (and Radulpho) de Neville, whereby he is held to have become Lord Neville. For service in Scotland he was summoned 1291 and in later years; for service in Gascony, 1294, 1297 and 1324; and against the rebels under the Earl of Lancaster, 1322. His seal, as Dominus de Raby, was attached to the letter of the Barons to the Pope, February 1300/1. In 1303 he was chief of the delegates summoned by the King to set forth the grievances of the people against the Bishop of Durham. He, or possibly his son Ralph, was commissioner of array in Durham, 1322, in the North Riding of Yorks, 1324, and in Northumberland, 1324 and 1326; in 1325 Keeper of the Peace and one of the specially appointed keepers of the coast in Northumberland, and in 1326 one of the commissioners to impress shipping in the ports of that county. He m., 1stly, Eupheme, daughter of Robert Fitzroger, Lord Fitzroger (see Clavering), and, 2ndly, Margery, dau. of John de Thweng, by whom he had no issue. He died shortly after 18 April 1331." [Complete Peerage IX:497-8.]

Dugdale says of him that "It is reported of this Ranulph, that he little minded Secular business; but, for the most part, betook himself to conversation with the Canons of Merton and Coverham; as also, that he committed Incest with his own Daughter, and that Richard de Kellaw, Bishop of Durham, did for that crime compel him to do publick pennance." According to footnote (b) of the CP account quoted previously, this took place in 1313.

A slightly different version of the incest story is found in the 1875 Preface to Volume III of The Register of Richard de Kellawe, Lord Palatine and Bishop of Durham, 1314-1316, by the volume's editor, Sir Thomas Duffus Hardy. Hardy devotes nearly a page to the conviction and punishment of Ranulph's daughter Anastasia for her adultery with John de Lilleford, dwelling at length on how "proving contumacious, sentence of the Greater Excommunication was pronounced against her." This sentence was subquently commuted by the bishop and replaced with six weeks of elaborate public penance. But "[t]his unhappy woman's troubles seem not to have ended even with this promulgation of her shame and disgrace. On the 9th of November following, a mandate was issued by the bishop for the condemnation of Sur Ranulph de Neville, knight, who had been 'judicially convicted of the crime of incest and adultery with the said Anastasia, his daughter, and wife of Sir Walter de Fauconberg;' to appear in the parish church of Aukland, on the Monday after the feast of St. Andrew the Apostle, there to receive penance for the said crime and for the further offence of contumacy. Sir Ranulph failing to appear, on the 16th of the following month, a mandate was issued, directing him to be excommunicated, in the Galilee at Durham, and all parish churches within the archdeaconry of Durham. We have no further details of this lamentable story. Sir Ranulph de Nevill, of Raby, was a baron of Parliament by writ, succeeded his grandfather Robert, in 1282, and died in 1331. It is only just to add, that Sir Ranulph seems habitually to have been in disfavour with the church; as for other, and apparently, trivial offenses, he had been pronounced excommunicated in the month of August before; but on the Tuesday after Michaelmas day had been absolved. On the 13th of October following, we find him again cited, 'for certain crimes and excesses which he has confessed,' to appear before the bishop or his commissaries, in the Galilee at Durham. In this instance, the nature of his offenses is not named."

There certainly seems to have been no love lost between the Neville family and the Durham ecclesiastical establishment. Dugdale reports that shortly after Ranulph assumed his inheritance in 1282, he had a feud with the prior of Durham over the terms of a customary presentation of a stag to the priory on St. Cuthbert's Day. And we see from his CP entry that in 1303 "Ranulph was chief of the delegates summoned by the King to set forth the grievances of the people against the Bishop of Durham." The incest case happened in 1313. In 1318, Ranulph's eldest son Robert attacked and killed Richard Marmaduke, seneschal to the bishop, on the Old Bridge of Durham. All of which suggests a cycle of offense and reprisal. (Later in the same year, Robert was killed by James, earl of Douglas, in single combat to which Robert had dared the earl.)

It should also be noted that Dugdale's characterization of Ranulph as "little minding Secular business" accords oddly with the eventful life of military and civilian service set forth by Complete Peerage. And yet this characterization appears elsewhere. T. F. Bulmer's 1890 History and Directory of Old Yorkshire states that this Ranulph "was so indolent and careless in the management of his affairs, that his mother settled Middleham and the rest of her manors on her grandson, Robert Neville". One wonders if we aren't simply picking through the tattered leavings of a 700-years-gone propaganda war. 
de Neville, Ranulph MP (I2314)
 
319 "Ranulf the Moneyer, whose antecedents are unknown, first appears in 1035 when, Robert I of Normandy having died on his way home from Jerusalem, the Abbot of Le Mont St. Michel sold to Ranulf the mill of Vains which the Duke had given to the Abbey." [Complete Peerage XII/2:268.] the Moneyer, Ranulf (I8810)
 
320 "Removed to Newark, New Jersey," according to John Keep of Longmeadow, Massachusets 1660-1676 And His DescendantsMiller, Jacob (I5062)
 
321 "Removed, with his father, to Wakefield, N.H. about 1770." ["Charles Allen and Some of His Descendants"]

His wife's identity is unknown; she was not "Content Stockbridge" as reported in Ancestors and Descendants of Andrew Lee and Clarinda Knapp Allen by Gerald R. Fuller. [See New England Historical and Genealogical Register 135:129, 1981.] 
Allen, Samuel (I8457)
 
322 "Repeatedly convicted for recusancy as late as 1616." [Todd Whitesides, 11 Jan 2008, post to soc.genealogy.medieval.] Norwood, Alice (I4161)
 
323 "Resigned [as archdeacon] on the death of his father and succeeded him as count of Rethel." [Ancestral Rootsde Réthel, Gervase Archdeacon of Reims (I8414)
 
324 "Reynold de Briouze, next br. He had seizin of his father's lands 26 May 1216, but gave up Bramber in or after 1220 to his nephew John, s. and h. of his 1st br. William. He m., 1stly, Grecia, da. and in her issue coh. of William Brieguerre or Briwere, by Beatrice de Vaux. He m., 2ndly, 1215, Gwladus Du, da. of Llewelyn ap lorwerth. Prince of North Wales, by his 2nd wife, Joan, illegit. da. of King John. He d. between 5 May 1227 and 9 June 1228. His widow m., 2ndly, Ralph de Mortimer, of Wigmore, who d. 6 Aug. 1246, and was bur. at Wigmore Abbey. She d. at Windsor in 1251." [Complete Peerage I:22] de Briouze, Reynold (I2005)
 
325 "Reynold de Lucy, ancestor of this family, was probably a near kinsman of the great justiciar Richard de Luci. He was associated with the county of Cumberland as early as 1158. From 1168 to 1175 he was in charge of the Honour of Peverel of Nottingham; and was keeper of Nottingham Castle when it was taken and burnt by Earl Ferrers in the rebellion of 1174. In 1181 he was in Ivry. In 1187, he escorted Henry II's granddaughter, daughter of Henry the Lion of Saxony, from Southampton to the Continent. He was present at the Coronation of Richard I in September 1189." [Complete Peerage]

That Reynold / Reginald de Lucy was a son of Richard de Lucy the justiciar has been shown by Rosie Bevan and Peter G. M. Dale in their paper "Reginald de Lucy, Son of Richard de Lucy, King's Justiciar: New Perspectives" (citation details below), in which they transcribe a copy of the original charter of gift by Richard de Lucy to the church of Holy Trinity, London of 20 shillings rent from his vill of Newington, Kent, for the soul of his wife Rose, witnesses to which include "Geoffrey de Lucy and Reginald his brother." This copy was "found in a folio entitled A Collection of Deeds and Seals comprising copies of charters and seals commissioned by the English antiquary, Elias Ashmole", and the authors carefully document its provenance and connection to the original, which probably perished in the fire in Elias Ashmole's rooms in Middle Temple in 1679.

Bevan and Dale also opine that the 1199 death date given for Reginald / Reynold de Lucy may actually be that of his son Reginald, and that this Reginald may have died earlier. 
de Lucy, Reynold (I5497)
 
326 "Richard de Lucy's only known wife was Rose, who died sometime before Queen Maud's death in 1152. Queen Maud and her son and heir, Eustace, witnessed a notification by Richard that he had, 'granted to the canons of Holy Trinity, London, in frank almoin, 20s. yearly rent from Niweton [Newington] for the soul of Roheis his wife, who is buried in their church...'" ["A Rose by Any Other Name: Another Daughter of Richard de Lucy," citation details below. Notwithstanding this, King Stephen's wife Maud actually died in 1151.] de Boulogne, Rohese (I961)
 
327 "Richard de Lucy, son and heir, in 1200 gave 300 marks for his relief and to have his inheritance in Copeland and Cambs, and for leave to marry where he would; also for the portions of the lands of his mother Amabel held by his aunt Alice, then wife of Robert de Courtenai, and his cousin Hawise, Countess of Aumale. He was one of the magnates who in 1201 refused personal service overseas with King John, and paid 15 marks in lieu thereof. About 1202 he granted a release of 'duretol' in Allerdale. In 1204 he and his wife Ada obtained a charter to them and her heirs of the forestership of Cumberland, as formerly held by her father, without partition to her sister Joan, and of the esnecia of the said Ada. Both he and his wife were benefactors of the monasteries of St. Bees, Wetheral and Calder." [Complete Peerage VIII:248-9] de Lucy, Richard (I8520)
 
328 "Richard Sperry was a proprietor of New Haven in 1685 and a member of the 'Night Watch.'" [Spooner Saga, citation details below.]

"[T]he most famous incident involving Richard Sperry concerns the regicide judges, Edward Whalley and William Goffe. They had been denied amnesty for their part in the execution of Charles I and were being pursued for retribution by agents of his son, the restored King Charles II. New Haven was, perhaps, the most Puritan of all the colonies and, accordingly, Whalley and Goffe fled there for protection in the late spring and summer of 1661. In the period between May 13th and June 11th, they hid in the 'Judges' Cave' near the West Rock. Atwater's history [Edward E. Atwater, History of the Colony of New Haven to its absorption into Connecticut, 1881] states that this was located about a mile from Sperry's farm and that he and his family provided them with shelter in inclement weather as well as food, which it is told they left on a nearby stump. From a tradition handed down in the family, it has been said that Whalley and Goffe left the cave on June 11th because they had been frightened by a wild animal (supposedly they saw the 'glaring eyes' of a 'panther' at the entrance of the cave). However, this is probably merely a legend since Atwater makes no mention of it and indicates that they left their hiding place and showed themselves openly so that Davenport and others who might have been thought to be concealing them would be relieved of suspicion. It is not known where Whalley and Goffe went between June 11th and the following 22nd, however, on the latter date they returned openly to New Haven. At this time, they considered surrendering to the authorities, but by June 24th on the advice of friends they had changed their minds and, again, went into hiding at the Judges' Cave. Undoubtedly, as before the Sperry family provided sustenance for the regicides. Atwater reports that they remained in secret at the West Rock until August 19th 'when the search for them being pretty well over', Whalley and Goffe went to Milford where they stayed two years and afterward went to Hadley, Massachusetts. They were never captured by royal agents." [David R. Evans, Richard Sperry, immigrant. Evans's essay at that URL is a good overview of the facts and legends around Richard Sperry.]

It has been persistently asserted over the years that Richard Sperry's wife Dennis was the daughter of the affluent London merchant Stephen Goodyear who emigrated to New Haven in or before 1638. In 1646 Goodyear's wife embarked back to England and was lost at sea. Goodyear himself returned to London in 1656 and died shortly thereafter.

It appears to be actually the case that Sperry's passage to New England was paid by Goodyear, that Goodyear had a house built for Sperry on the Connecticut lands that Goodyear had purchased, and that Sperry farmed those lands for Goodyear and later acquired them in his own right. Certainly all of this makes sense if Sperry was the man who married "the boss's daughter", as W. M. Bollenbach puts it in The New England Ancestry of Alice Everett Johnson (citation details below). Unfortunately no record exists to confirm this, and no "Dennis" or variant thereof has ever been found listed among the documented offspring of Stephen Goodyear. 
Sperry, Richard (I5397)
 
329 "Robert de Cherleton was of record attesting Uppington deeds from about 1220 to 1265. He served on juries in 1243, 1246, 1249, 1253, 1259, 1260, and 1262. Records of the time refer to Robert son of William Cherleton." [Medieval English Ancestors of Robert Abell, citation details below.] de Cherleton, Robert (I13092)
 
330 "Robert de Mohaut (de Monte Alto) or of Mold, cousin and heir. He was son of Ralph, dapifer or steward of Earl Hugh and his successors, which Ralph was brother of Hugh FitzNorman. He was known as 'le Blakestiward' or Sir Robert de Mohaut the Black Steward. He defeated the Welsh, who were overrunning the Palatinate, 3 September 1146, at Nantwich, and received various grants from the Earls of Chester, including Hawarden, which became the caput of the barony. In 1160 he was one of the farmers of the Earl of Chester's lands, and accounted as such up to 1162." [Complete Peeragede Mohaut, Robert (I3046)
 
331 "Robert de Mortimer was son of Robert de Mortimer of Essex. It was either the father or the son after his father's death, the date of which is not known, who took part in the third Crusade, perhaps in personal attendance on Richard I. From 1200 onwards the son appears to have been frequently at court In 1203 he was excused scutage on Woodham and Amberden, probably in consideration of personal service; and in May 1206 had a grant of land in East Ham, Essex. From the time of his marriage (in 1210), by which he acquired the barony of Burford and Richard's Castle, he was active in the duties of a Lord Marcher, and in that year was in the King's service in Ireland. In 1213 he made an offer to serve the King with 10 knights, of whom he himself should be one, if the King would acquit him of the fine for having his wife. The same year he was one of the commissioners to inquire in Herefordshire as to the losses sustained by the clergy owing to the King's quarrel with the Church. In 1214 and 1215 he was again abroad with the King, to whom he remained loyal throughout the differences with the barons. About this time he and his wife were in some way disturbed in possession of her inheritance. He was at Hereford with King John in July 1216. He took part in the Council called at Bristol within a month of that King's death, and was active in assisting the return of the 'perverse' to their allegiance in the early days of Henry III. The last order issued to him, of which there is record, was on 26 January 1218/9, when he was required to assist the sheriff of Hereford in taking the castles of Grosmont, &c., from Reynold de Braose. He was still living in Easter term 1219, when he pledged himself to discharge the scutage due on Richard's Castle." [Complete Peeragede Mortimer, Robert (I1234)
 
332 "Robert de Ros, who bore the unexplained nickname of Furfan or Furson, s. and h., a minor, was in ward to the King in 1185, when his lands were in the custody of Ranulf de Glanville. He had livery of the lands in 1190. In Normandy he was bailiff of the royal castellany of Bonneville sur Toques. As son-in-law of William the Lion, King of Scotland, he was of his escort into England, Nov. 1200, to do homage, and again in 1209. He appears to have obeyed the summons to muster at Porchester for an expedition to Normandy, May 1205. In Feb. 1205/6 he proposed to make a pilgrimage to Jerusalem. He was serving with the King in Ireland in 1210. In 1212 he had taken, or was believed to have taken, the 'habit of religion,' but in the following year was certainly in the King's employment. Sheriff of Cumberland, 1213-15. One of the 12 Barons named as guarantors in John's letters to the Archbishop of Canterbury, and the bishops with him, overseas, May and June 1213, on the lifting of the excommunication. In Nov. 1214 he was joint commissioner to preside at the doing of homage to William (de Forz), Count of Aumale. Although he had been so closely associated with the King, he was one of his most vigorous opponents in the matter of Magna Carta, and of the 25 elected to see that its provisions were observed; and Robert and his son were included in the Bull of excommunication, Jan. 1215/6. In Nov. 1217 he had returned to his allegiance, and was one of the escort of Alexander II to England; in 1218, and later, the Cumberland estates were confirmed to him. In 1221 he was one of the barons called upon for help in the siege of Skipsea Castle. He was one of the assessors of an Aid in Feb. 1224/5, and witnessed at Westminster the confirmation of Magna Carta and the Forest charter. He m. at Haddington, early in 1191, Isabel, widow of Robert de Brus (d. v.p.s. of Robert de Brus II), illegitimate da. of William the Lion, King of Scotland. He d., or, as a Templar, retired from secular life, before 23 Dec. 1226, when his son did homage for his lands." [Complete Peeragede Ros, Robert (I4007)
 
333 "Robert Feake became mentally unable to handle his life and spent his last thirteen years under the care of the town of Watertown, which disbursed £90 in town funds and petitioned the court for another £12 after his death for his funeral." [Early Families of New England Study Project, citation details below.] Feake, Lt. Robert (I6570)
 
334 "Robert Guiscard (c.?1015 - 17 July 1085) was a Norman adventurer conspicuous in the conquest of southern Italy and Sicily. Robert was born into the Hauteville family in Normandy, went on to become Count of Apulia and Calabria (1057-1059), and then Duke of Apulia and Calabria and Duke of Sicily (1059-1085). His sobriquet, in contemporary Latin Viscardus and Old French Viscart, is often rendered 'the Resourceful', 'the Cunning', 'the Wily', 'the Fox', or 'the Weasel'. In Italian sources he is often Roberto il Guiscardo or Roberto d'Altavilla (from Robert de Hauteville)." [Wikipedia]

The Byzantine historian Anna Comnena described Robert Guiscard:

"This Robert was Norman by birth, of obscure origins, with an overbearing character and a thoroughly villainous mind; he was a brave fighter, very cunning in his assaults on the wealth and power of great men; in achieving his aims absolutely inexorable, diverting criticism by incontrovertible argument. He was a man of immense stature, surpassing even the biggest men; he had a ruddy complexion, fair hair, broad shoulders, eyes that all but shot out sparks of fire. In a well-built man one looks for breadth here and slimness there; in him all was admirably well-proportioned and elegant...Homer remarked of Achilles that when he shouted his hearers had the impression of a multitude in uproar, but Robert's bellow, so they say, put tens of thousands to flight." [The Alexiad of Anna Comnena, trans. E. R. A. Sewter (London: Penguin, 1969), p. 54.] 
Guiscard, Robert (I9474)
 
335 "Robert Lestrange; acquired Chawton after death of his brother Hamon, and Wrockwardine in the latter's lifetime; married Eleanor, daughter and coheir of William de Blancminster (modern Whitechurch, Salop) and predeceased her 12 Oct 1276." [Burke's Peerage]

Crusader about 1270, according to AR. 
le Strange, Robert (I3279)
 
336 "Robert Marmion, son of Roger Marmion, which Roger at the time of the Lindsey Survey, circa 1115-18, held land in Lincolnshire, rendered an account of 176£ 13s. 4d. for relief on his father's lands, of which 60£ had been paid by Michaelmas 1130. He was granted by Henry I, circa 1129-33, free warren in Warwickshire as his father had it, especially at Tamworth. With his wife Milicent he granted the church of Polesworth and other property to the nuns there, and the vill of Buteyate to Bardney Abbey. In 1140 Geoffrey, Earl of Anjou, besieged and destroyed his castle of Fontenay. A prominent figure in the anarchy of Stephen's reign, he evicted the monks of Coventry and profaned their church. [...] He died in 1143 or 1144, being slain in warfare with the Earl of Chester." [Complete Peerage]

From the Oxford Dictionary of National Biography:

Marmion took King Stephen's part in the struggle with the Empress Matilda. In 1140 he appears as castellan of Falaise, where he successfully held out against Geoffrey, count of Anjou. His own castle at Fontenoy-le-Marmion was destroyed as a reprisal. In England he was in contention with William de Beauchamp over the castle and honour of Tamworth, where he had received a grant of free warren from Henry I.

Marmion faced a more formidable opponent, however, in Ranulf (II), earl of Chester. Here the struggle centred on the town of Coventry. Marmion was no mean figure himself militarily, being described as a warlike man, almost unequalled in his time for ferocity, adroitness, and daring, renowned for his many successes far and wide. At Coventry he expelled the monks and fortified the priory, using its stone buildings as a fortress from which to launch frequent attacks on the earl's castle. He also covered the field between the two with ditches to impede the enemy's forces. It was an act of desecration from which the chroniclers were soon able to draw a moral. The story is told in outline by Henry of Huntingdon, referred to by John of Salisbury, and given detail by the later twelfth-century chronicler, William of Newburgh. When the earl came with a considerable force to relieve the castle, Marmion's forces went out to engage him. During the action he was thrown from his horse into one of his own ditches. As he lay immobilized, with a broken thigh, he was decapitated, in full view of all, by a common soldier of the opposing army. He was apparently the only man killed in the action, 'crushed under the weight of divine judgement' (William of Newburgh, Historia rerum Anglicarum, ed. R. Howlett, Rolls Series, 1884, 1.71). This occurred about 16 September 1144. Marmion was buried at Polesworth, in unconsecrated ground as an excommunicate, and was succeeded by his son Robert. His widow, Milicent, married Richard de Camville. 
Marmion, Robert (I5144)
 
337 "Robert Pantulf (fl. 1130), according to the cartulary of the nunnery of Caen, robbed the nuns of 6 pounds of silver. In the Bedfordshire pipe roll for 1130 an entry is found concerning a trial by combat between him and Hugh Malbanc, whose estates were contiguous to Robert's." [Oxford Dictionary of National BiographyPantulf, Robert (I1407)
 
338 "Robert Ring was born in 1614 in Marlborough, Wiltshire, England and traveled to the Massachusetts Bay Colony in 1638 as an indentured servant on the ship the Confidence. That same year English colonists traded enslaved Pequot Indians they had defeated in war for the first cargo of African slaves brought to Massachusetts. Unlike the group of slaves arriving from the West Indies, Ring's period of servitude was not for life. Indeed, his contract was remarkably short compared to the typical indentured servant who served 7 years in exchange for passage to the New World. In 1640, just two years later at the age of 28, Ring became a freeman. After acquiring head right land in Salisbury, Mass., he returned to England for a period of 8 years and then came back to the colony. Upon his return he initiated and won a suit against Essex County which had tried to reclaim his land while he was absent. He established a fishing business on what came to be known as Ring's Island and also was a cooper and a planter." [Natalie J. Ring, "Ancestors, Indentured Servitude, and the Salem Witch Trials"] Ring, Robert (I6055)
 
339 "Robert Royce, an early settler in Stratford, CT, had land recorded there in his name as late as 1658, though he appears to have removed to New London, CT a year before that date. He was constable in 1660, and in the folowing year represented New London in the General Court. [...] It needs to be reaffirmed that the New London man was a separate individual from Robert Royce of Boston, with whom he has been persistently confused. Robert Royce of Boston left a widow Elizabeth; Robert Royce of New London died in 1676, leaving a widow Mary." [Janet and Robert Wolfe Genealogy]

Robert Royce (d. 1676) = Mary (d. 1696)
Nehemiah Royce (~1636-1706) = Hannah Morgan (1642-1706)
Lydia Royce (1680->1746) = Daniel Messenger (~1683-1751)
Susannah Messenger (b. 1704) = Ebenezer Hopkins (1699-1784)
Tabitha Hopkins (b. 1745) = Abiathar Millard (1744-1811)
Phoebe Millard (1781-1831) = Nathaniel Fillmore (1771-1863)
Millard Fillmore (1800-1874) 
Royce, Robert (I9193)
 
340 "Robert Tybotot, son and heir, born 1228, did homage and on 23 January 1249/50 was given seisin of his lands in Essex. On 3 May 1254 he was granted protection to go to Gascony, but is not further mentioned until 13 May 1260, when he was granted a rent in Eston, near Grantham, by the Lord Edward, who also gave him, 10 May 1263, all the manor of Nettlestead, Suffolk. In April 1262 he was ordered to return Shopland to the heir of Baldwin de Ostewic and he witnessed a deed of John de Burgo, 4 July following. During the conflict between the Crown and Simon de Montfort Robert Tybotot was a staunch supporter of the Lord Edward. After the defeat of the King at Lewes on 14 May 1264, he was among those supporters of the Crown who held Bristol against the Earl of Leicester. His name appears, in July 1264, among those who were said to be coming to aid the King, he joined in a raid to rescue the Lord Edward from imprisonment in Wallingford Castle, and in September 1264 he and others were ordered to surrender control of the castles of Marlborough and Ludgershall. In December 1264 Simon de Montfort and the Earl of Gloucester led an army against Bristol, but when the town surrendered Robert and his associates were allowed to establish themselves in Salisbury Castle, and the Earl of Leicester was forced to compromise with the garrison of Salisbury. In February 1264/5 Robert Tybotot and a companion were granted safe conduct to come to the King's household, and in the following March Robert and other persons were granted protection, provided that they did not join the King or the Lord Edward unless requested to do so by the King's Council which was controlled by Simon de Montfort. During the period of unrest after the battle of Evesham, 4 August 1265, Robert seized many lands which were later restored to their rightful tenants. However, when peace was finally restored his faithfulness to the Crown was rewarded. In October 1265 he was given the house of Philip le Taylur in the City of London, in the following month he became lord of Carbrooke, Norfolk, and in January and August 1266 the manors of Allesley and Fillongley, co. Warwick, Carlton Castle and Caenby, Lincs, passed under his control. Constable of Porchester Castle, November 1265 to April 1266. He was granted timber in 1267, received rights of free warren on his demesne lands, March 1268/9, and obtained control of Kingsbury, co. Warwick, October 1269. In February 1269/70 he became guardian of the lands of Geoffrey Lutterel in place of the £30 annual rent which he had been receiving from Bristol; and the manor of Streethall, Essex, also passed to his control. On 13 July 1270 he was among those who were granted protection for 4 years to accompany the Lord Edward on the Crusade, arrangements were made for the care of his heirs if he should die and attorneys were appointed to act during his absence. When he returned, the Archbishop of Canterbury was ordered by the Pope, 29 April 1273, to pay him 600 silver marks towards his Crusade expenses. In January 1274/5 he was appointed Constable of Nottingham Castle and Keeper of the forest of Bestwood, offices which he held until his death, and in September 1279 he became Keeper of the town of Nottingham. King Edward granted him many favours. In May 1275 he became guardian of the lands and heirs of John de Moese, and in September of the lands of Lucy de Meinill; he was granted the marriage of the heir of John de Mohun, July 1279, and obtained possession of the manors of Langar and Barnston, Notts, in 1285. He was named in October 1275 to supervise the collection of the fifteenth in Norfolk and Suffolk; was one of the Keepers of the Bishopric of Norwich in 1278; and in July 1279 he was ordered to enquire in Norfolk and Suffolk concerning those who were spreading evil rumours about the King. He was one of the keymen of the conquest and administration of Wales. In November 1276 he attended the Council which decided to declare war against Llewelyn; and in November 1277 he was one of the English representatives to negotiate the peace of Conway, to swear to the English observance of the peace and to conduct Llewelyn to meet Edward at Rhuddlan. He was summoned for service in Wales in 1277 and 1282; was at Westminster, September 1278, when Alexander, King of Scotland, did homage to Edward I; and was at Acton Burnell, Salop, Michaelmas 1283, when the Statute of Acton Burnell was promulgated. From 8 June 1281 till his death he was guardian of the King's lands and castles in West Wales and Justice of West Wales. He was nearly captured in March 1282, when the castles of Llandovery and Carreg Cennen, co. Carmarthen, fell to the Welsh. In the same month he was appointed captain of West Wales, but on 10 April 1282 he was placed under the command of the Earl of Gloucester there and in March 1283 he was ordered to serve against the Welsh in Merionethshire. The rebellion of Rhys ap Maredudd of Dryslwyn and Dinefwr in 1287-88 was crushed by Robert, who captured Newcastle Emlyn in January 1287/8. After the rebellion Maredudd ap Richard ap Maredudd of Elfed appeared before him to submit to the King. In June 1288 or 1289 Robert resisted the attempt of the Earl of Pembroke to seize the commote of Ystlwyf and in 1292 he granted the commote of Mallaen and Kylsaen to the sons of Madoc ap Arandor. Although there is no evidence of him being summoned to Parliament, he was present in pleno parliamento on 29 May 1290, when consent was given for the levy of an aid, and he was ad parliamentum to which the men of Yarmouth complained in the same year. In 1291 he was one of the mainperners for the Earl of Hereford in the dispute with the Earl of Gloucester and he was summoned for service against the Scots, 1291 and 1297. He attended the meeting at Berwick-on-Tweed, October 1292, to decide the claims of Bruce or Balliol to the Scottish throne, was at Tuggrall, Northumberland, December following, when the Great Seal passed to the care of John de Langton, and witnessed the homage, of Balliol to Edward I at Newcastle-on-Tyne, 26 December 1292. In June 1294 he was granted protection to proceed with the King to Gascony and mustered at Portsmouth, August following. During the expedition he was director of finance and one of the councillors of John of Brittany, King's Lieutenant in Gascony. He acted with John de St. John, Seneschal of Gascony, on diplomatic missions and was appointed to conduct negotiations with the King of Castile. In 1295 he just managed to escape from the town of Risonces, when it was captured by the French, and he remained in royal service in southern France until the end of 1297." [Complete Peeragede Tibetot, Robert (I413)
 
341 "Roger de Berkeley [...] who completed the building of the Castle of Berkeley. He suffered much in the wars between Stephen and the Empress Maud, at the hands of Walter, son of Miles, Earl of Hereford. He was deprived of the Manor of Berkeley, &c., about 1152, apparently for refusing to recognise the authority of either party, though he was soon afterwards restored to the Honour of Dursley. He d. about 1170, leaving issue. The Castle and 'herness' of Berkeley were granted by the King as under." [Complete Peerage II:124. "As under" refers to the entry on his son-in-law's father Robert fitz Harding.]

"de Berchelai, Roger III: Son of William of Berkeley, whom he succeeded after c. 1141. He was deprived of part of his barony at the end of Stephen's reign, with Robert fitz Harding being the beneficiary. He reorganized his barony to centre upon Dursley, Gloucestershire. He died after 1177 leaving a son Roger IV (d. 1190) and a daughter Alice, wife of Maurice fitz Harding. Father also of Oliver, according to Earldom Gloucester Chh., 288." [Domesday Descendants, p. 321] 
de Berkeley, Roger III (I11094)
 
342 "Roger de Berkeley, styled Junior, br. of Eustace of Nympesfield, both being not improbably sons of the above Roger, Senior. He is said to have begun the building of the Castle of Berkeley in 1117. He d. before Michaelmas, 1131." [Complete Peerage II:124, as corrected in Volume XIV.]

CP XIV's correction to the above entry consists of changing "he began the building of the Castle of Berkeley in 1117" to "he is said to have begun", etc. A note in brackets says "Lord Berkeley wrote to the then editor in 1924, expressing his opinion that the castle was not begun till about 45 years later."

CP also has this Roger de Berkeley as the father of the third Roger de Berkeley, whereas Keats-Rohan has the third Roger as the son of this Roger's nephew William.

Berkeley Castle is of course most noted in English history as the site of the imprisonment and probable murder of Edward II. 
de Berkeley, Roger II (I3573)
 
343 "Roger de Lacy, who rebelled against William II in 1088 and again in 1094–5, after which he was dispossessed and sent into exile, though the king allowed his brother Hugh to succeed." [Oxford Dictionary of National Biographyde Lacy, Roger (I3884)
 
344 "Roger de Wellebi, defendant land suit in Weston 1218; feudal retainer or steward of Thomas de Multon 1225." [Maddison's Lincolnshire Pedigreesde Wellebi, Roger (I4057)
 
345 "Roger, held in Ryngesthorp, Barkston, by military service under William de Keen circa 1252; held in Multon; died before 1256." [Maddison's Lincolnshire PedigreesWelby, Roger (I2897)
 
346 "Royal sergeant and usher living at the place du Château à La Rochelle (sergent royal et huissier demeurant à la place du Château à La Rochelle)." Moitié, Jacques (I9364)
 
347 "Said by some to be son, and by others to be brother and heir of Hugh de Vernon." [Ormerod, citation details below.] de Vernon, Warin (I11024)
 
348 "Said to be a daughter of Domnall Mór Ua Briain, King of Limerick." [Royal Ancestry]

"According to one Irish source de Burgh was married to a daughter of Domnall Mór Ó Briain, which is consistent with the fact that he was frequently accompanied by his Ó Briain allies, hereditary enemies of the Mac Carthaig and the Ó Conchobhair, in his numerous campaigns in Desmond and Connacht. Presumably this alliance gave him the means to prosecute his territorial interests in Desmond and Connacht, while leaving his castles on the Thomond frontier secure from attack." [Oxford Dictionary of National Biography
(Unknown) (I4544)
 
349 "Said to be the daughter of Hugh de Pierrepont." [Royal Ancestryde Pierrepont, Beatrix (I9194)
 
350 "Said to have been poisoned for her infidelities." [John Blythe Dobson] Bertila (I2280)
 
351 "Samuel and Sarah Marshfield of Springfield, Mass., known to be brother and sister, have generally been placed by probability as children of Thomas Marshfield of Windsor. No guardianship appointments are found for them, but they would have had no inherited property in this country if the insolvent Thomas was their father, and they may have been indentured to Windsor families by the Selectmen. Neither named a daughter Priscilla, but Samuel named his eldest son Thomas." [Hale, House and Related FamiliesMarshfield, Sarah (I1256)
 
352 "Sancho Garces I founded the second dynasty to rule Pamplona by supplanting the previous dynasty in 905, and ruling to 925. [...T]he description of Sancho Abarca in the traditional account is one of a strong warrior who stood up to, and even defeated the Muslims, and this clearly describes Sancho I and not Sancho II." [Todd A. Farmerie, citation details below.] Sancho Garcés I "Abarca" King of Navarre (I1447)
 
353 "Seigneur de Roquefeuil, Castelnau-de-Monratier, etc." [Dennis Beauregard, citation details below.]

"Seigneur of Roquefeuil and Blanquefort." [Ludovic Noirie, citation details below.]

Antoine de Roquefeuil and his wife Delphine d'Arpajon would appear to have been second cousins; it would be good if someone could locate the dispensation. 
de Roquefeuil, Antoine (I7187)
 
354 "Served in King Philip's War and participated in Turner's Falls Fight under Capt. William Turner." Edwards, Benjamin (I4696)
 
355 "She came to England probably with her mother and half-siblings Samuel and Joanna Chamberlaine. On 10 Nov 1644, the Boston Church granted to 'our sister Elizabeth Skuddar' a letter of recommendation to the Church at Barnstable. 'John Lathrop the sonne of our sister some time or formerly called Elizabeth Skuddar' was baptized 7 Dec 1645. The baptismal record continues 'now the wife of one John Skuddar,' an error for 'Lothrop' that is mentioned by Savage and noted in the published version." [Jane Fletcher Fiske, "A New England Immigrant Kinship Network," citation details below.]

"[Elizabeth Scudder's] parents were John SCUDDER and Elizabeth STOUGHTON.  Many genealogies say that her parents were John's brother Thomas Scudder and sister-in-law Elizabeth Lowers. But their daughter Elizabeth married Henry Bartholomew and they had ten children between 1641 and 1658. Elizabeth died 1 Sep 1682 in Salem. There were two Elizabeth Scudders. Her cousin Elizabeth died 28 Feb 1700 in Salem." [Miner Descent]

Genealogist Gary Boyd Roberts on the (literally) hundreds of notable descendants of the Scudders and Stoughtons:

www.americanancestors.org/immigrant-stoughton-siblings/

www.americanancestors.org/descendants-henry-scudder/

Samuel Lathrop (1621-1700) = Elizabeth Scudder (1625-1700)
Abigail Lathrop (b. 1665) = John Huntington (b. 1666)
Martha Huntington (1696-1779) = Noah Grant (1693-1727)
Noah Grant (b. 1719) = Susanna Delano (1724-1806)
Noah Grant (1748-1819) = Rachel Kelley (d. 1805)
Jesse Root Grant (1794-1873) = Hannah Simpson (1798-1883)
Ulysses Simpson Grant (1822-1885) 
Scudder, Elizabeth (I4668)
 
356 "She is called Hedwig 'of Mossa' (died on 1 June in an unknown year after 1100, perhaps ca 1112)." [Peter Stewart, citation details below.] of Mossa, Hedwig (I229)
 
357 "She is probably the Anna Smith who married William Puttrell at Alford on 10 June 1612. Richard Smith's death and his widow's apparent remarriage may account for the indenturing of their daughter Judith." [Sanford, citation details below.] Goodwin, Anna (I675)
 
358 "She married, second, at St. James, Bristol, 25 May 1622, JOHN ROOME, a merchant, with whom she evidently emigrated to Rhode Island. Her name appears in Rhode Island records as Ann, Anna, and Annis. In 1667 she deeded to her grandson William Corrie property in Bristol which had belonged to her late husband, and document confirming the deed in 1669 refers to William's father as John Correy, deceased." [Wilcox, citation details below.] Wauker, Agnis (I12422)
 
359 "She may be daughter of George Willard." [The Pilgrim MigrationWillard, Deborah (I8994)
 
360 "She may have been the proprietrix of the lands of Hirsel, of which she gave a portion to the nuns of Coldstream." [The Scots Peerage, citation details below.] Derdere (I8474)
 
361 "She must have married young, as after her husband's death her sons wished to find her a second husband, 'timentes ne quia adhuc juvenis erat a consortio viri se abstinere non valeret.' She devoted herself, however, to good works, founding a hospital at Ivry, and to religious exercises, having learned the psalter by heart in her youth. Finally she took the religious habit and settled as a recluse beside the abbey of St. Martin at Pontoise, where she died in the odour of sanctity on the third of June; the Martyrology of Chastellain, cited by Depoin, gives the year as 1115. In spite of her undoubted piety, the monks of Saint-Père-de-Chartres accused her of forcibly seizing land which had been given to the abbey by her mother's sister Gertrude, but, as they seem to have contented themselves with leaving the matter to Divine justice, one is tempted to suspect that a merely human judge would have decided in her favour. It may be noted that she is described as 'uxor Rodberti militis de castro Ebroico'." [Complete Peeragede Gallardon, Hildeburge "The Blessed" (I513)
 
362 "She took the veil shortly before 18 June 1293." [Complete Peerage II:2] de Somery, Margaret (I4725)
 
363 "She very probably was from a Cotentin family." [K. S. B. Keats-Rohan, Domesday PeopleBeatrice (I10417)
 
364 "She was a daughter of William Beauchamp and his second wife Idonea, daughter of William Longespee, a natural son of king Henry II." [F. N. Craig, "Descent from a Domesday Goldsmith." The American Genealogist 65:1, January 1990, p. 24.] de Beauchamp, Beatrice (I4838)
 
365 "She was a younger sister of John Backus who was to marry Thomas [Bingham's] sister, Mary." [The Bingham Family in the United States, citation details below.] Backus, Hannah (I9570)
 
366 "She was buried on 11 September 1291 in the Abbey of St Mary and St Melor, Amesbury on 9 December. The exact site of her grave at the abbey is unknown making her the only English queen without a marked grave. Her heart was taken to London where it was buried at the Franciscan priory." [Wikipedia] of Provence, Eleanor Queen Consort of England (I10311)
 
367 "She was nearly related to Hugh de Port of Basing [Hampshire]" [Complete Peerage]. de Port, Emma (I1143)
 
368 "She was of record as preparing to go to Santiago on pilgrimage in 1336." [Medieval English Ancestors of Robert Abell, citation details below.] la Zouche, Maud (I4924)
 
369 "She was possibly nee Abbes as is suggested by her will, in which case she was the daughter of George Abbes of Stoke Nayland who died testate in 1554, mentioning children under the age of 18 but not naming them. George Abbes also mentioned his sister-in-law, Elizabeth Abbes, and her children who were also under 18." [Fifty Great Migration Colonists of New England, citation details below.] Margaret (I3878)
 
370 "Sheriff of Notts and Derby, for 7 weeks, February-March 1194. About that time, before the King's return to England, he supported the justiciar against John, Count of Mortain, and, with the Earl of Chester, besieged Nottingham Castle. Shortly afterwards he took part at Richard's second Coronation, 17 April, being one of the four Earls who bore the canopy. After the King's death, he was at the Council of Northampton, which declared for John as Richard's successor: he was present at the Coronation, 27 May 1199. On 7 June 1199, the King restored and confirmed to him the third penny of all the pleas pleaded per vicecomitem de Dereby, unde ipse Comes est, as amply as any of his predecessors had had the same, to hold, to him and his heirs for ever, and with his own hand girded him with the sword as an Earl. On the same day the King gave him Higham with the hundred and a half, and the park of that town, and Newbottle and Blisworth, as his right and inheritance which descended to him as right heir of the land which was of William Peverel, to hold, to him and his heirs for ever, by the service of a knlght's fee. And the Earl quit-claimed the residue of the land which was of William Peverel to the King, and paid 2,000 marks for his charter. He was present at the Coronation of Henry III, 28 October 1216. On 30 October the King granted him the castles of Peak and Bolsover, co. Derby, with the homages, and on 16 January 1216/7 the manor of Melbourne in that co., to hold till the King was 14 years of age. He assisted the Regent to raise the siege of Lincoln Castle, 20 May 1217, and with his brother-in-law, the Earl of Chester, commanded the royal forces which took and razed the castle of Montsorel. In June 1218 he went on Crusade. He was warned, 26 June 1222, to surrender the castles of Peak and Bolsover before Michaelmas. Sheriff of co. Lancaster and Keeper of the honour of Lancaster, 30 December 1223 to 2 January 1227/8. He accompanied the King in the expedition to Brittany and Poitou, April to October 1230. On 19 January 1230/1 he was given the custody of all the lands of the Normans in England which were of his fee. He was at the Council of London, February 1231/2. He was summoned for Military Service against the Scots 15 May 1244, by writ directed W. de Ferar' comiti Derebi." [Complete Peerage]

Died of the complications of gout. 
de Ferrers, William (I5914)
 
371 "Sheriff of Yorkshire. Governor of York Castle. By 1332 he had established himself in the service of Henry, third earl of Lancaster (d. 1345), acting as constable and steward of the earl's honour of Pickering and serving with the earl's eldest son, Henry of Grosmont (d. 1361), on a series of successful military campaigns—in Scotland (1336), Brittany (1342), and Aquitaine (1344, 1345–6). The substantial rewards of this service (a fee of £20 as steward of Pickering and an additional £40 retaining fee) enabled Sir Ralph to expand the Hastings family estates, both in the North Riding, where he purchased the manors of Slingsby, Howthorp, and Colton, and in Leicestershire, where he acquired estates at Newton Harcourt and Welford. A series of royal privileges, including free warren in all his lands (1329) and a licence to crenellate and impark his new residence at Slingsby (1344), underlined his increased status and prosperity, while the acquisition of the advowson of Sulby Abbey, Northamptonshire, in 1343 allowed the Hastings family to treat this Premonstratensian house as their mausoleum—both Sir Ralph and his eldest son requested burial there. Appointed a keeper of the peace in the North Riding in 1332, Sir Ralph served as sheriff of Yorkshire between March 1337 and October 1340 and was closely involved, during his tenure of the shrievalty, in implementing Edward III's schemes for the regulation and financial exploitation of the wool export. He died in November 1346, less than a month after he had led the rearguard of the army that defeated the invading Scots at Neville's Cross." [Oxford Dictionary of National Biography]

"Sir Ralph de Hastings, of Slingsby, Co. Ebor., was the son and heir of Sir Nicholas Hastings, who was descended from a younger son of an Earl of Pembroke. His mother was Emeline, daughter of Walter de Heron. He was Sheriff of Yorkshire in 1337 and 1340, and Governor of the Castle of York. He married Margaret, daughter of William de Herle, one of the Justices of the Court of Common Pleas, and died of wounds which he had received at the battle of Neville's Cross on the 17th of October, a month before the date of his will. He had, as it appears, taken in the battle of Neville's Cross a prisoner of importance, whom, or rather whose ransom-money, he bequeaths." [Testamenta Eboracensia, citation details below; but note that Nichols' Leicestershire, which we follow in this instance, shows Emeline de Heron as his great-grandmother, not his mother.]

Richardson's Royal Ancestry (2013 edition) calls him "Hugh de Hastings," but queried via email, Richardson graciously acknowledged the error and provided several references confirming that the husband of Margaret de Herle, father of Ralph Hastings MP, was indeed named Ralph. 
de Hastings, Ralph (I10207)
 
372 "Sigrid the Haughty." Possibly, but not certainly, the same individual as the daughter of Mieszko I of Poland and Doubravka of Bohemia who, some claim, married Sweyn Forkbeard of Denmark and was the mother of Canute the Great. Storråda, Sigrið (I3757)
 
373 "Since the publication of Goodwin's Genealogical Notes in 1856, the early wife of Gerard who was mother of his children has always been named as Hannah. The present compiler follows these authorities, though confessing that he has not seen an original or quoted contemporary record so naming her. Still, such a record may exist." [Donald Lines Jacobus, "The Four Spencer Brothers -- Their Ancestors and Descendants," citation details below.] Hannah (I851)
 
374 "Sir Giles Daubeney, of South Ingleby, South Petherton, &c., and h., by 1st wife. On 14 Oct. 1351 he had letters stating that, though born out of the King's allegiance, he might nevertheless enjoy his inheritance. In Oct. 1357 he bought the manors of Kempston, Beds, and Tottenham, Middlesex, from William Daubeney and Philippe his wife, for 200 marks. Sheriff of Beds and Bucks, 1379-80. Knight of the Shire for Somerset, 1382, 1383, and 1384. He m., soon after 5 Jan. 1358/9, Alianore, da. of Sir Henry de Wilington, of Umberleigh, Devon, Poulton, co. Gloucester, &c., by Isabel, da. of Sir John de Walesbreu, of Lamellen and Lancarfe, Cornwall. He d. 24 June 1386, at Barrington, Somerset. 1386. His widow's dower was ordered to be assigned, 8 Aug. 1386. She d. 6 Aug 1400, and was bur. at Kempston." [Complete Peerage IV:97-8] Daubeney, Giles MP (I7524)
 
375 "Sir Hugh le Despenser of Loughborough, Burton, Hugglescote, Freeby, and Arnesby, co. Leicester, Parlington and Hilliam, co. York, Sibsey and Aukborough, co. Lincoln, Ryhall and Belmesthorp, Rutland, s. and h. of Sir Hugh le Despenser, of the same (who d. between 23 Feb. and 30 May 1238). He was b. in or before 1223. Had respite of knighthood, 11 July 1244. On 7 Nov. 1255 he was appointed Constable of Horston Castle for five years from the preceding Michaelmas. In Apr. 1257 he accompanied Richard, Earl of Cornwall, to Aachen, for the latter's coronation, on 17 May, as King of the Romans. At the Parl. of Oxford, in Jun 1258, he was one of the twelve elected by the Barons to redress grievances, and also one of the twelve elected to treat with the King's Council in Parl. Appointed Justiciar of England, 25 Oct. 1260, being the nominee of the Barons: he was deprived of his office by the King, May or June 1261. Attended Montfort's Parl. at Oxford in Apr. 1263. Appointed Justiciar of England and Constable of the Tower of London, about 15 July 1263, by the Barons, with the assent of the King. In Mar. 1264, when Constable of the Tower, he led the rioters who sacked the mansion at Isleworth of the King of the Romans. Was at the battle of Lewes, 14 May 1264. Appointed, by the counsel of the Barons, Constable of the Castles of Devizes and Oxford, 12 July, of Orford Castle, 18 July, and of Nottingham Castle, 15 Dec. 1264. Was appointed an arbiter to consider the peace between the King and the Barons, 11 Sep. 1264. He was sum. for Military Service against the Welsh, 14 Mar. (1257/8) 42 Hen. III and 25 May (1263) 47 Hen. III, by writs directed Hugoni le Despenser Justic' Anglie. He was appointed an arbiter between the Earls of Leicester and Gloucester in May 1265. He m., in or before 1260, Aline, da. and h. of Sir Philip Basset, of Wycombe, Bucks, Compton-Bassett and Wootton-Basset, Wilts, &c., Justiciar of England, by his 1st wife, Hawise, da. of Sir Matthew de Lovaine, of Little Easton, Essex. He joined the Earl of Leicester in his last campaign, and with him was slain at the battle of Evesham, 4 Aug. 1265. He was bur. in Evesham Abbey." [Complete Peerage IV:259.] le Despenser, Hugh MP (I166)
 
376 "Sir John de Oggill was leagued with the rebel barons against Henry III, and so was probably at the siege of Northampton and the battles of Lewes and Evesham, and, according to an escheat of 49 Henry III., his lands were 'extended' (?). He, however, soon recovered his estates, which, whilst his father was alive, could not have been great, ancl moreover he and Gilbert de Oggill were, 51 Henry III, jurors upon an inquest taken at Stannington, respecting lands forfeited in this county by the celebrated Simon de Montfort, earl of Leicester, the leader in the revolt, and he was then a knight, as also in the same king's reign, when he, Sir John Widdrington, and Sir Hugh Gubium witnessed a charter at Ellington, and he also appears as a witness in 1272 concerning Whittonstal." [Ogle and Bothal, citation details below.] Ogle, John (I3886)
 
377 "Sir Peter de la Mare, the father of Geoffrey, drowned in the Menai Strait on 6 November 1282, along with with several hundred other English soldiers fighting against the Welsh." [John Watson, 2015, citation details below.] de la Mare, Peter (I12034)
 
378 "Sir Ralph d'Aubigne, or d'Aubeney, of South Ingleby, co. Lincoln, Seigneur de Landal in Brittany, yr. br. and h. of Philip d'Aubigne, of Ingleby (who d. before 20 Dec. 1224), and s. of Ralph d'Aubigné, of Ingleby, by Mahet or Maud, De Montsorel, Seigneur de Landal. He was a minor, 12 Oct. 1229. Was nephew and h. of Philip d'Aubigné who d. s.p. in the Holy Land, 1236, and was bur. there, of South Petherton, Barrington, and Chillington, Somerset, sometime Warden of the Channel Islands, who gave him Petherton, of which he had livery, having done homage, 7 Dec. 1234. He was not yet a knight, 15 Aug. 1247. Was with the King in Gascony in 1253. In 1276 he quitclaimed to the King, for 100 marks, all his rights in the honour of Monmouth. He was on the King's service in Wales in 1277 and in 1282. He was sum. for Military Service, 14 Mar. (1282/3) 11 Edw. I, and to attend the King at Shrewsbury, 28 June (1283) 11 Edw. I, by writs directed Radulfo de Albiniaco. He m. Isabel. He d. shortly before 25 Jan. 1291/2. His widow was living 4 Aug. 1294." [Complete Peerage IV:93-94] d'Aubigné, Ralph (I7383)
 
379 "Sir Ralph Daubeney, of South Ingleby, South Petherton, s. and h., b. 3 Mar. 1304/5. On 2 July 1323 the King notified to the Duke of Brittany, the Bishop of Dol, and all others, that Ralph was heir of Elis. Having proved his age, the King took his homage, and he had livery of his father's lands, 21 June 1326. Was knighted and had robes as a banneret, 16 Jan. 1 326/7. He was sum. for Military Service against the Scots, 27 Mar. (1335) 9 Edw. III, and to a Council, 25 Feb. (1341/2) 16 Edw. III, by writs directed Radulfo Daubeny or Daubeney. He was taken prisoner by the Scots, and was not released till after 6 Oct. 1337. Was in the King's division at the battle of Crecy, being in the retinue of the Bishop of Durham, and was at the siege of Calais in the retinue of the Earl of Huntingdon. He m., firstly, before 27 Jan 1332/3, Alice, 1st da. of Sir William de Montagu, of Shepton Montague, Somerset (Lord Montagu), by Elizabeth, da. of Sir Piers de Montfort, of Beaudesert, co. Warwick. He m., 2ndly, before 8 Feb. 1345/6, Katherine, 3rd sister and in her issue coh. of Thomas de Thweng [4th Lord Thweng], clerk, of Thwing and Kilton, co. York, and da. of Sir Marmaduke de Thweng [Lord Thweng], by Isabel, da. of Sir William de Ros, of Ingmanthorpe, in that co. She d. between 20 Apr. 1364 and 28 May 1374. He was living 18 Aug. 1371, and (it is stated) in Dec. 1378." [Complete Peerage IV:97-98, as corrected in volume XIV.] Daubeney, Ralph (I7787)
 
380 "Sir Ralph de Vernon, priest, rector of Hanwell, who before ordination had one daughter." [The Blackmans of Knight's Creek, citation details below.]

"Warine Vernon, elder son of the 4th Baron, had no male heir and his extensive estate was divided between his daughters and his brother Ralph, Rector of Hanwell. Ralph's son, also Ralph b 1241, was reputed to have lived so long he earned the soubriquet The Old Liver." [Wikipedia] 
de Vernon, Ralph (I10544)
 
381 "Sir RICHARD WILLOUGHBY, Kt., M.P., of Willoughby & Wollaton, Notts., & Risley, Derbys. He was knighted in 1312. He was a Pleader in the Court of Common Pleas, from 1301. He rose to be appointed Chief Justice of the Court of King's Bench in Ireland, 1323. Died 1325." [Robert O'Connor, 16 Jun 1999, post to soc.genealogy.medieval]

"[I]t was [Richard Willoughby d. 1290's] son, another Richard, who accelerated the family's advance into the ranks of the more substantial county gentry. A pleader in the court of common pleas from 1301, he rose to the office of chief justice of the bench in Ireland in 1323. This success, although modest compared with that later achieved by his son, enabled him to extend the family's estates far beyond Willoughby and its immediate neighbourhood, chiefly, and in a manner typical of judicial families in this period, at the expense of an insolvent knightly family, in his case, that of Morteyn, lords of Dunsby in Lincolnshire, Wollaton in Nottinghamshire, and Risley in Derbyshire. In 1310 his son, Richard, was married to Sir Roger Morteyn's daughter Isabel, and thereafter the Willoughbys acquired a large part of the Morteyn patrimony from both Sir Roger and Sir Roger's son, Sir William." [Political Society in Lancastrian England: The Greater Gentry of Nottinghamshire by Simon J. Payling, citation details below.] 
Willoughby, Richard MP (I6372)
 
382 "Sir Thomas Culpeper was a member of Parliament for Kent in 1382 and 1383 and sheriff in 1393 and 1394." [The Family of Twysden and Twisden, by John Ramskill Twisden, 1939. Page 42.]

"Sir John [i]'s eldest son, Sir Thomas Culpeper (d. 1429), was a Kentish JP, sheriff in 1394, and MP in 1382 and 1383. His marriage to Eleanor, daughter of Nicholas Green, brought her father's manors of Exton, Rutland, and Isham, Northamptonshire, to the family. By the time he died he was possessed of property in Lincolnshire, as well as in Warwickshire, Rutland, Northamptonshire, Kent, and Sussex. His will leaves no doubt as to his wealth. He left his body to be buried in Bayham Abbey, on the Sussex side of the border between Sussex and Kent, where an alabaster tomb had been prepared for him (his son Nicholas was also to seek burial there). As well as making a large number of bequests to religious houses, and leaving a total of £440 in cash to his sons, he provided for legacies to members of his household, who included a butler, a cook, a baker, and 'Malyne my little chambermaid', who received 20s. towards her marriage. A reference to another son, Richard, who had been buried at Pontoise in Normandy, suggests that at least one member of the family had served as a soldier in France. Sir Thomas's will also shows that he had married again; his second wife was Joyce, the widow of John Vyne, and she survived him." [Oxford Dictionary of National Biography
Colepeper, Thomas MP (I12361)
 
383 "Sir Thomas’s grandfather twice represented the county in Parliament and also served as sheriff continuously between 1363 and 1368." [History of Parliament, on his grandson Thomas Hawley MP.] Hawley, William MP (I4617)
 
384 "Sir William de Breuse, s. and h. of John de Breuse, Lord of Bramber and Gower, by Margaret, da. of Llewelyn ap Iorwerth, Prince of North Wales. He suc. his father in 1232, before 18 July, and was of full age before 15 July 1245. He was sum. cum equis et armis from 14 Mar. (1257/8) 42 Hen. III to 14 Mar. (1282/3) 11 Edw. I, and to attend the King at Shrewsbury, 28 June (1283) 11 Edw. I, by writs directed Willelmo de Breuse, Brehuse, or Brewes. He is recorded to have sat in the Parl. of Apr.-May 1290, whereby he may be held to have been Lord Brewose. He m., 1stly, Aline, da. of Thomas de Multon of Burgh-on-Sands, Cumberland, by Maud, da. and h. of Hubert de Vaux, of Gilsland in that co. He m., 2ndly, Agnes, da. of Nicholas de Moels, of Cadbury, Somerset by Hawise, widow of John de Botreaux, yr. da. and coh. of James de Newmarch, of Cadbury afsd. [See Moels.] He m., 3rdly, in or before 1271, Mary, da. of Robert de Ros of Helmsley, by Isabel, da. and h. of William d'Aubigny, of Belvoir. He d. 6 Jan. 1290/1 at Findon, West Sussex and was bur. at Sele Priory 15 Jan. His widow, whose dower was settled by deeds dated 21, 23 Mar. 1290/1, d. shortly before 23 May 1326." [Complete Peerage II:302, as corrected in Volume XIV.] de Brewes, William MP (I3329)
 
385 "Sir William de Brewes or Brewose, Lord of Bramber and Gower, s. and h., by 1st wife. Having done homage, he had livery of his father's lands, 1 Mar. 1290/1. He was sum. cum equis et armis from 14 June (1294) 22 Edw. I to 18 Apr. (1323) 16 Edw. II, to attend the King wherever he might be, 8 June (1294) 22 Edw. I, to attend the King at Salisbury, 26 Jan. (1296/7) 25 Edw. I, and to Parl. from 29 Dec. (1299) 28 Edw. I to 18 Sep. (1322) 16 Edw. II, by writs directed Willelmo de Brewosa. As Willelmus de Breuhosa dominus de Gower, he took part in the Barons' letter to the Pope, 12 Feb. 1300/1. he m., 1stly, Agnes. He m., 2ndly, before 24 Apr. 1317, Elizabeth, da. and h. of Sir Raymund de Sully, of Sully, co. Glamorgan. He d. shortly before 1 May 1326, having alienated his lordships of Bramber and Gower to his son-in-law, John de Mowbray. His widow, who was aged 20 and more at her father's death in 1316/7,(««««) d. s.p., before 24 Aug. 1328." [Complete Peerage II:302-03, as corrected by Volume XIV.] de Brewes, William MP (I3325)
 
386 "Sir William Hawley was chief steward of the north parts of the duchy of Lancaster for some seven years. Sir William was indeed a loyal retainer of John of Gaunt, and drew up his will at Bayonne, in 1386, having gone there as a member of the expeditionary force with which Gaunt hoped to secure the throne of Castile." [History of Parliament, on his son Thomas Hawley MP.] Hawley, William (I4613)
 
387 "Slain in a riot in London." [Complete Peerage]

Also known as Alberic; Albericus de Ver.

From the Oxford Dictionary of National Biography:

"Vere, Aubrey (II) de (d. 1141), administrator, was the son and successor of Aubrey (I) de Vere and Beatrice, his wife. While the family was from Ver, south of Coutances in Normandy, there is no evidence that Aubrey senior or his descendants held lands either there or in Brittany, with which they retained ties. The elder Aubrey was most probably the younger son of a Norman lord who prospered in England after the conquest, becoming a royal chamberlain. Probably born in the early 1080s, Aubrey junior married Alice (d. 1163?), daughter of Gilbert de Clare, before 1107. He was to become one of the most prominent royal administrators of the later years of the reign of Henry I and the early years of Stephen. It is likely that Aubrey (II) began his administrative career as royal chamberlain, possibly inheriting that office from his father when the latter died c.1112. By 1121 he was sheriff of Essex, and, later in that decade, of London and Middlesex. The extent of the king's confidence in de Vere is evident in his appointment as joint sheriff, with Richard Basset, to the custody of eleven counties in 1129-30. This unprecedented situation was probably part of an effort to collect arrears and to adjust the shrieval farms. While the king had levied one fine of 550 marks and four war-horses against him for having allowed a prisoner to escape, and another of at least 100 marks for permission to resign the shrievalty of Essex and Hertfordshire, these fines had gone largely uncollected -- another sign of royal favour. In 1133 Henry I bestowed the hereditary office of master chamberlain of England on de Vere; the office was to remain in the de Vere family until 1703. Although his royal service was primarily confined to England, he was at least twice with Henry I in Normandy.

"When Aubrey de Vere's son William de Vere asserted that his father was 'justiciar of all England', and privy to important royal secrets, he seems to have meant that his father had travelled extensively as a justice, rather than that he had been chief justiciar of the realm. William of Malmesbury describes him as causidicus -- a pleader or advocate -- and skilled in the law. De Vere may have served as an itinerant justice under Henry I; he certainly did so in Stephen's reign. He had accepted Stephen's rule by Easter 1136, and when the king was summoned before an ecclesiastical council after his arrest of Roger of Salisbury and other bishops in 1139, he sent de Vere as his advocate. Aubrey de Vere was killed in a London riot on 15 May 1141, perhaps while supporting his son-in-law Geoffrey de Mandeville, first earl of Essex (d. 1144). [...]

"His family was to prove one of the longest lasting in the history of the English aristocracy. His eldest son was made earl of Oxford in the year of Aubrey (II)'s death, and although its descent was several times transmitted through collaterals, and twice interrupted by forfeitures, the title nevertheless passed to no fewer than nineteen successive descendants, until the twentieth earl, also Aubrey de Vere, died without a male heir in 1703." 
de Vere, Aubrey (I2737)
 
388 "Soldier (La Tour company, regiment of Carignan). [...] Born about 1642 (census 1681) or 1623 (burial 1707)." [Genealogy of the French in North America]

His father and mother's names are unknown, only that his father's surname was Bessette and they were married before 1642 in Cahors. 
Bessette dit Brisetout, Jean (I750)
 
389 "Sometime after [10 Jun 1278], members of Eleanor's household petitioned the king, stating that she was mad and an imbecile, and requested a suitable wardship for her." [Royal Ancestryde Bohun, Eleanor (I2394)
 
390 "Sometime between 1631 and 1635 John Lake's wife, Margaret (Reade) Lake, left him and emigrated with her sisters and their families to New England, taking with her two daughters, Ann and Martha Lake. For many years she lived with the family of her brother-in-law, Governor John Winthrop, Jr., at New London, Conn., and is mentioned repeatedly in the Winthrop family correspondence. The last decade of her life was spent at Ipswich, Mass., in the home of her daughter, Martha (Lake) Harris, and of her brother—in—law, Dept. Gov. Samuel Symonds. In 1654, Rev. Hugh Peter, Mrs. Lake's step-father, wrote from London to John Winthrop, Jr.: 'John Lake is alive and lusty'; and in 1657 he stated to the same correspondent: 'John Lake lives still.' On January 18, 1661/2, Mrs. Lake wrote from Wendham, to her brother—in-law, Governor Winthrop, who was in London: 'Might I not bee troublesome to you I would have desired yors. to have done mee yt courtesy as to have inquired concerning my husbands death, & how he ended his dayes, as also to have inquired of my cousen Thomas Cooke, whether hee knew whether their was any thing left mee or no....I would desire you inquire whether my sister Breadcale (sic) who dwells in Lee (Leigh), in Essex, bee living. You may heare of her, if liveing, at Irongate where boats weekly come from Lee.' No will of John Lake has been found." [Massachusetts and Maine Families in the Ancestry of Walter Goodwin Davis, citation details below.] Reade, Margaret (I3869)
 
391 "Sometime constable, probably to the Count of Aumale, lord of Holderness." [Complete Peeragede Ros, Robert (I7318)
 
392 "Speculated to have been a daughter of the Count of Rouergue based on the introduction of novel names into the family." [Wikipedia] Richilda (I11183)
 
393 "Speculated to have been daughter of a Count of Toulouse or Rouergue based on the names given to her children." [Wikipedia] Letgarda (I3969)
 
394 "Spencer Miller reports that John Wylley married Joan Marsead; however, the original register clearly shows that her maiden name was Marshall." [William Wyman Fiske, "John Wall of Bishop's Stortford," citation details below.]

"Joan died after 19 Feb 1591, when she witnessed the baptism in Thorley of her granddaughter Elizabeth, daughter of George Wylley." [William Wyman Fiske, "The Wylley and Cramphorne Families of Hertfordshire," citation details below.] 
Marshall, Joan (I5307)
 
395 "Stabbed to death by an unknown assailant." [Wikipedia] Chilperic I King of the Franks (I7445)
 
396 "Stephen was a mariner and in 1606 was admitted to the freedom of Yarmouth by Bailiff Crowe. This was a courtesy allowed to only one person each year by each bailiff." [The Tracy Genealogy, citation details below.] Tracy, Stephen (I6437)
 
397 "Su última aparición en la documentación medieval fue en 1211 cuando donó a la Catedral de Zamora la villa de Castrotorafe que había recibido como parte de las arras entregadas por rey Fernando en 1165." [Spanish-language Wikipedia] of Portugal, Urraca (I5716)
 
398 "Suffered forfeiture of his lands twice. His lands were escheated to the Crown at Easter 1183. In March 1193 he suffered forfeiture and was imprisoned for supporting John's rebellion. He evidently died in prison." [John Watson, citation details below.] Brito, Robert (I10596)
 
399 "Sunifred was the Count of Barcelona as well as many other Catalan and Septimanian counties; including Ausona, Besalú, Girona, Narbonne, Agde, Béziers, Lodève, Melgueil, Cerdanya, Urgell, Conflent, and Nîmes; from 834 to 848 (Urgell and Cerdanya) and from 844 to 848 (others). He may have been the son of Belló, Count of Carcassonne, or more probably, his son-in-law." [Wikipedia]

Todd A. Farmerie, 26 Apr 2016, post to soc.genealogy.medieval:

I would suggest for Iberia that the cutoff for the most stringent level of evidence with every generation solidly documented would be at Ramiro I in Asturias; Gonzalo, father of Count Fernan Gonzalez in Castile; Garcia, father of Sancho I in Pamplona; Galindo, father of Count Aznar I in Aragon; Lope, father of Raymond I of Ribagorza and Pallars; and Sunifred, father of Wifred I in Catalonia. 
of Urgell, Sunifred (I7517)
 
400 "Sybil was a lady of the Queen's chamber in the retinue of Eleanor of Castile, but whether she held this position before or after the death of her first husband is not certain. She perhaps became known to the queen as her family held one half of Eltham, while the other half was royal demesne and the site of the royal palace at Eltham. In 1270, Henry III 'kept a public Christmas at his palace of Eltham, being accompanied by the Queen, and all the great men of the realm.' Sybil is frequently found in the household records of the Queen Eleanor beginning in February 1286, though an earlier connection to the Queen may be indicated by her marriage to Peter Le Poer. [...] Sybil married Henry de Bodrugan sometime before the IPM of her brother Walter de Mandville was taken on 6 November 1288. Henry de Bodrugan was in the expedition to Gascony in 1286 with King Edward, which was also accompanied by Queen Eleanor and a large number of the royal household. It is possible that it was while traveling with the king and queen that the match with Sybil was made. Queen Eleanor was well known for matchmatching of cousins and women of the queen's household to well landed English nobles. It is also possible that the Bodrugans' strong religious connections played a roll (marrying the niece of two powerful bishops to a major benefactor of Glasney College and the brother of the archdeacon of Cornwall). The first child of Sybil and Henry was born 6 January 1290 at Bodrugan, co. Cornwall. It may be that Sybil remained in the household of Queen Eleanor for a time after her second marriage as Sybil's children were still with the queen's children in 1289-90. Eleanor died in November 1290 and her will includes a bequest 'to Sybil, wife of Henry de Boderingeham, of the marriage of John le Power, son and heir of Peter le Power, tenant in chief, her former husband.'" [Joe Cochoit, 26 Apr 2011, citation details below.] de Mandeville, Sybil (I1579)
 
401 "Tamsen, widow of James Chesley, and daughter of Deacon Ezekiel Wentworth." [Genealogical and Family History of the State of New Hampshire, citation details below.] Wentworth, Tamsen (I7933)
 
402 "Tancred of Hauteville (980-1041) was an 11th-century Norman petty lord about whom little is known. His historical importance comes entirely from the accomplishments of his sons and later descendants. He was a minor noble near Coutances in the Cotentin. Various legends arose about Tancred which have no supporting contemporary evidence that has survived the ages." [Wikipedia] of Hauteville, Tancred (I1635)
 
403 "That Edmund and Edith died just a few days apart, suggests that they may have been caught up in a contagion." [The Ancestry of Eva Belle Kempton 1878-1908, Part I, citation details below. Scullard, Edmund (I7137)
 
404 "That he was a man of considerable social standing and prestige in Northampton county is indicated by the fact that he is first mentioned in 1473 as an executor of the will of John Stafford, Earl of Wiltshire, a younger son of Humphrey Stafford, the powerful Duke of Buckingham. William Marbury married about this time into the prominent family of Blount. His wife Anne, daughter of Sir Thomas Blount and Agnes Hawley, was niece of Sir Walter Blount, Lord Mountjoy, K.G., who in 1467 had married Anne Neville, the widow of Humphrey Stafford, Duke of Buckingham. Sir Walter Blount, his wife Anne, Duchess of Buckingham, and William Marbury were co-executors of the will of Anne's son, John, Earl of Wiltshire. In the will, dated April 21, 1473, the Earl of Wiltshire made William a guardian of his only son, Edward, then age three: 'Also I will pray William Marbury to be attendaunte to my sonne and he to have rule about him.' It was William's brother, Robert, however, who attended the second Earl in the capacity of gentleman-usher for a period of twenty-five years." [The English Ancestry of Anne Marbury Hutchinson and Katherine Marbury Scott, citation details below.] Marbury, William (I1374)
 
405 "The ancestry of the Ingleby line can be traced from a younger sibling of William 'I' d'Aubigny (the husband of Cecilia). Charter evidence indicates this was likely a brother, whose wife was previously married to NN de Chauveni (or Chauvigny): it is also possible given the occasional changes in toponyms that a sister of William had married, with her issue chosing either d'Aubigny or de Chauveni as a surname. Helias or Elias d'Aubigny was one son, whose brothers were Iwen d'Aubigny (also Iwen de Chauveni in some charters) and Geoffrey de Chauveni." [John P. Ravilious, citation details below] (Unknown son of Main d'Aubigny) (I4458)
 
406 "The ANTHONY MARTELL and ANTHONY BASTIEN families, with a group of French Canadians, had migrated from Canada to Kaskaskia in 1851, and settled southwest of Oraville [in Jackson County, Illinois] in 1858." [Genealogy Trails, Jackson County, IllinoisBastien, Antoine (I3146)
 
407 "The Black." Count of Anjou.

Died while returning from a pilgrimage to Jerusalem. 
Foulques III "Nerra" (I6273)
 
408 "The Breed Family" (citation details below) says they were married 8 June 1691, but Buys (citations details below) gives the date and place we show, citing the records of the First Congregational Church (the "Road Church") in Stonington. Palmer, Mercy (I11303)
 
409 "The circumstances of his death by misadventure -- he was accidentally poisoned through medicine prepared by a Cistercian monk -- are fully described by Giraldus [Brackley Deeds]. His heart was bur. with that of his mother at Brackley." [Complete Peeragede Quincy, Robert (I6632)
 
410 "The cold hard fact was that marriages among gentry during this period were generally only objected to if the parties objected (one could endow whatever church, priory or house with lands to make up for the sins [e. g., Holy Trinity (Abbaye-aux-Dames) and St. Stephen (Abbaye-aux-Hommes) in Caen]. This is exemplified in that James de Audeley held the wardship and marriage of the heir of de Mascy (Hamon). James died, endowing the guardianship on his mistress, Alice (de Mohun) (de Clinton) de Beauchamp, who wedded Hamon de Mascy to her daughter Isabel de Beauchamp. The story goes that she died on her wedding night before consumation. Alice then married Hamon to the next daughter, Mary de Beauchamp. He later [after four children] divorced her on the grounds that the marriage was not lawful (you get the gist), and married Joan de Clinton (! -- still unlawful, technically). The heir, Hamon, was declared a bastard, but the sisters and their heirs eventually inherited the ancient barony of Dunham Massey." [Paul C. Reed, 21 Feb 1998, citation details below.] de Beauchamp, Mary (I4090)
 
411 "The date of her death is unknown, but it can be no earlier than 1057, or later than 1073, as Bishop William of Roskilde (in office 1057–73), officiated at her funeral." [Wikipedia] Estrid Queen of Denmark (I2275)
 
412 "The death by drowning of William Atheling, King Henry's only legitimate son, on 25 November 1120 transformed William Clito's fortunes. He was now the obvious male heir to England and Normandy, and a significant party of Norman aristocrats adopted his cause. Henry's problems became worse, as his son William Atheling had been betrothed to Matilda of Anjou, daughter of Count Fulk V of Anjou and Fulk wanted her dowry, several castles and towns in Maine, returned, which Henry refused. Fulk in turn betrothed his daughter Sibylla to William Clito giving him the county of Maine, between Normandy and Anjou, as her dowry. King Henry astutely appealed to canon law, however, and the marriage was eventually annulled in August 1124 on the grounds that the couple were within the prohibited degrees of consanguinity." [Wikipedia] Clito, William (I3629)
 
413 "The Devil." Duke of Normandy. Robert I (I5420)
 
414 "The Exile." Also called Wygnaniec. "[O]f the House of Piast, Duke of Poland in Krakow and Silesia" [Szabolcs de Vajay, citation details below]. Wladislaw II King of Poland (I1786)
 
415 "The family held a tenancy in the honour of Gloucester. It is stated (Complete Peerage, xi, 368n) that the descent was from Richard (if his first name is correctly recorded) de St. Quintin, a knight of Robert FitzHamon at the conquest of Glamorgan c. 1090. His relationship to Herbert de St. Quintin I, from whom the family descended, is uncertain, but they were probably father and son, Herbert's son being named Richard." [Early Yorkshire Families, citation details below.] de St. Quintin, Herbert (I5087)
 
416 "The Fat." Louis VI King of France (I4558)
 
417 "The Ferryman." [Culpepper ConnectionsCulpepper, Benjamin (I7942)
 
418 "The Fratricide"; "The Towhead". Count of Barcelona. "Killed while hunting in the woods of Perxa del Astor." Berenguer, Ramon II (I4482)
 
419 "The Great." Count of Barcelona. Berenguer, Ramon III (I10790)
 
420 "The Great." Prince of Wales; Prince of Aberffraw; Lord of Snowden. Died as a Cistercian monk. ap Iorwerth, Llewelyn Fawr (I4929)
 
421 "The Hairy", or in Catalan, Guifré el Pilós. Count of Urgell (from 870), Cerdanya (from 870), Barcelona (from 878), Girona (from 878, as Wilfred II), Besalú (from 878) and Ausona (from 886).

"Wilfred was of Gothic lineage from the region of Carcassonne. Tradition claims he was born near Prades in the County of Conflent, now Rià, in Roussillon, France." [Wikipedia]

"By 884, the Muslims had become increasingly uneasy by the expansion of the Christian counties to the north. Wilfred had established defensive positions or castles in Ausona at Cardona, Bergueda, and Vall de Lord; some were even south of the River Llobregat in the Vall de Cervelló. Essentially the frontiers of Wilfred's counties had now extended too far to remain irrelevant. The Muslim ruler Ismail ibn Musa ibn Qasi fortified Lleida in response. Provoked by this, Wilfred attacked Ismail at Lleida. The attack however was a disaster. The historian Ibn al Athir describes the massacre of the attackers by the city's defenders. Buoyed by this success, Ismail's successor Lubb ibn Muhammed ibn Qasi attacked Barcelona in 897. Wilfred died in battle on 11 August 897." [Wikipedia]

"Wilfred the Hairy has become a figure of importance for contemporary Catalan nationalists. Nineteenth century European Romanticism looked to the medieval world for references and links to modern national and cultural identities, and in the context of Catalan nationalism and its search for its historical foundations in a distant and idealised past, Wilfred soon arose as a figure of independence, the de facto founder of the House of Barcelona, and, by purported extension, one of the forefathers of the latter Catalonia. One of the legends that has arisen around his person is that of the creation of the coat of arms from which the Catalan flag (the Senyera) derives today. After being wounded in battle (some versions say against the Moors; others, the Normans), the Frankish king Charles the Bald rewarded his bravery by giving him a coat of arms. The king slid Wilfred's blood-stained fingers over the Count's copper shield, and thus was the Senyera first born, with its four pallets in Gules on Or. As much as this legend is popular and extended, there is no historical evidence to support it." [Wikipedia] 
de Barcelona, Wilfred "the Hairy" (I7220)
 
422 "The identity of William's mother is unknown, but his father married in 1432 Alice, daughter of Sir Humphrey Stafford and widow of Sir Edmund Cheyne, which made him one of the wealthiest men in Lincolnshire, and he was also very active on local commissions." [Oxford Dictionary of National Biography]

Justice of the peace in Lincolnshire and Northumberland, 1441 onwards. Knight of the shire for Lincolnshire 1445. King's esquire. Captain of Alnwick Castle 1462. Styled "Earl of Kyme" upon inheriting the castle and estate of Kyme.

Described in the Oxford Dictionary of National Biography article on his father-in-law William Bonville as "one of Suffolk's henchmen," referring to William de la Pole, 1st Duke of Suffolk, beheaded 1450. Described in the first line of his own Oxford Dictionary of National Biography entry as "Tailboys, Sir William (c.1416–1464), landowner and gang leader."

From Foundation: The History of England from its Earliest Beginnings to the Tudors by Peter Ackroyd (New York: Thomas Dunne Books, 2011):

John Paston wrote of one hired gang that 'no poor man dare displease them, for whatsoever they do with their swords they make it law'. He had direct experience of such violent behaviour. In a petition to the archbishop of York he wrote of 'a great multitude of riotous people, to the number of a thousand persons or more' who 'broke, despoiled, and drew down' his manor house at Gresham; they 'drove out my wife and servants there being, and rifled, took, and bore away all the goods and chattels'. The gang then fortified the manor, and kept out Paston himself as well as the king’s Justice of the Peace.

Another gang, commanded by William Tailboys, was under the protection of Suffolk; it will be remembered that Suffolk, with the queen, helped to control the council of the realm. Tailboys and his 'slaughterladdes' were accused of three murders as well as charges of trespass and assault; but Suffolk helped him to escape justice. 'On lordship and friendship', it was said, 'depends all law and profit.' The spirit of misrule prevailed over the land, and the king could do nothing about it.

From Wikipedia:

William Tailboys, de jure 7th Baron Kyme (c. 1415-26 May 1464) was a wealthy Lincolnshire squire and adherent of the Lancastrian cause during the Wars of the Roses.

He was born in Kyme, Lincolnshire the son of Sir Walter Tailboys and his first wife. Sir Walter had inherited considerable estates in Northumberland and Lincolnshire (with the main estate being at Goltho, Lincolnshire), and had been High Sheriff of Lincolnshire in 1423. William gained a reputation as a troublemaker, continually disputing with his neighbours, particularly Lord Cromwell, the ex-Treasurer.

He was Justice of the Peace for Lincolnshire and for Northumberland from 1441 and in 1445 became Knight of the shire for Lincolnshire. However his unruly character led to his temporary imprisonment in the Marshalsea, London in 1448 for a series of murders and trespasses. He was also accused of having attempted to murder Lord Cromwell in the Star Chamber in 1449.

He espoused the Lancastrian cause and was knighted at the Second Battle of St Albans in 1461. He also fought at the Battle of Towton in 1461, escaped and was declared a rebel and had his property confiscated by King Edward IV. He was with Queen Margaret in Scotland in 1461 and was Captain of Alnwick Castle for the restored King Henry VI in 1462.

In 1464 he fought at the Battle of Hexham, where the Lancastrian forces were totally routed, but managed to escape the field. He was later discovered hiding in a coal pit near Newcastle with some 3000 marks (2000 pounds) of Lancastrian funds which had been intended as pay for the army. He was taken to the Sandhills in Newcastle and there beheaded.

From the Oxford Dictionary of National Biography:

Nothing is known of William Tailboys's early life but he may have been 'the young layman by name Tailboys' who was living at Bardney Abbey in 1437 and 'did most foully browbeat and scold' one of the monks there (Virgoe, 462). By 1441 he was one of the king's household retainers, and remained so until at least 1448. His inheritance of his father's lands brought him election as knight of the shire for Lincolnshire in 1445 and appointment to the Northumberland and all three Lincolnshire commissions of the peace. But he rapidly became involved in a series of disputes which led to a great deal of violence. By 1448 he and his followers were accused of involvement in three homicides and many other crimes. Tailboys saw Lord Cromwell of Tattershall Castle as his greatest enemy and John, Viscount Beaumont, and William de la Pole, duke of Suffolk, as his patrons. When writs of exigent were issued against Tailboys and his followers in 1449 Suffolk persuaded the sheriff of Lincolnshire, Mauncer Marmyon, not to execute them, promising Marmyon a pardon -- incidents that formed part of the charges against Suffolk in his impeachment in 1450. Near the beginning of the parliament of November 1449 Tailboys and his band of 'slaughterladdes' assaulted and allegedly tried to kill Lord Cromwell at a meeting of the king's council. The Commons, perhaps inspired by Lord Cromwell, brought an impeachment against Tailboys -- the first for over half a century -- demanding that he, 'named and noysed for a comon murderer, mansleer, riottour and contynuell breker of your peas', be put in the Tower of London, to stay there for twelve months while actions could be brought against him (RotP, 5.200). The king was forced to agree to the main clause and it is clear that this impeachment formed the model for the much more serious impeachment of the duke of Suffolk in January 1450, also perhaps inspired by Lord Cromwell.

[...] Tailboys remained in the Tower for a year and then in the custody of the sheriffs of London for another four years. After the Yorkist victory of St Albans in 1455 Tailboys received a general pardon and was restored briefly to the peace commission in Kesteven. He was certainly much damaged by his years of imprisonment, even though in 1457 Lord Cromwell's executors forgave him much of the £2000 awarded seven years earlier. His activities over the next three years seem to have been equally violent and in the Coventry parliament of 1459 the Commons petitioned that he, then living at Enfield, and other criminals be imprisoned.

As the civil wars grew closer, however, Tailboys's influence in Lincolnshire, where he presumably remained friendly with Viscount Beaumont, became increasingly important to Henry VI. He served loyally on the Lancastrian side during the last four years of his life, being knighted in February 1461 at St Albans, where Lord Bonville, whose daughter, Elizabeth (d. 1491), he had married, was executed. He fought at Towton, defended, then surrendered Alnwick, and finally fought at the battle of Hexham in May 1464. After this battle he was discovered hiding in a coalmine near Newcastle with some 3000 marks intended for the Lancastrian forces. He was executed on 20 July 1464 at Newcastle and buried at the Greyfriars in Newcastle. 
Tailboys, William MP (I2994)
 
423 "The Illustrious." Progenitor of the Babenberg dynasty in Austria.

"In 994, Leopold travelled to Würzburg to mediate a dispute between his cousin Henry of Schweinfurt and Bishop Bernward von Rothenburg of Würzburg, one of whose knights Henry had seized and blinded. At a tournament held on 8 July, Leopold was hit in the eye by an arrow directed at his cousin. Two days later, on 10 July 994, Leopold died from his injuries." [Wikipedia] 
of Austria, Leopold (I10065)
 
424 "The Inquest as to Knights' Fees in 1212 found that Willelmus de Monte Caniso tenuit Gurtreston...et fruit quondam dominicum Regis, et data fuit antecessoribus predicti Willemi per Henricum Regem avum domini Regis [a not uncommon description of Henry I in official records of the time of King John]. This seems to purport rather that land, which had been Godric's, passed to the Munchensy family than that Hubert, son of Godric, who witnessed a lease to his brother Ralph, 1134-40, assumed the name of Munchensy as has been supposed. Godric dapifer -- ie. steward -- held in 1086 many lands in Norfolk and Suffolk both in fee of the Crown and as the King's steward, including Gooderstone (Gurreston), Wramplingham, Winfarthing and Rockland; Bergh and Appleton he held of the Bishop of Ely, and had a lease of Little Melton from the abbey of St Benet Hulme; in Essex he was in charge of Great Sampford for the King. He was a prominent figure in East Anglia already in 1080, and in 1087 and later was sheriff of Norfolk and (or) Suffolk. In many of his Domesday holdings his predecessor in 1066 had been Edwin, teinus dominicus regis Edwardi, who, with his wife Ingrid, had given Little Melton to St Benet. The fact of Godric's thus succeeding to the lands of Edwin, coupled with the name of his wife -- also Ingrid -- suggests that Godric had married the daughter of the pre-Conquest holder. Godric and his wife also gave Little Melton to St Benet; and Ralph, son of Godric, and his wife Letseline, and, after his death, his widow Basile, held leases of that manor from the abbey for their lives. The lease of Basile, interpreted in the terms of that to Ralph, proves that he must have d. s.p. The cartulary also records the names of Ralph's brother Eudo and nephew Lisewy." [Complete Peerage IX:411, note (h).] Godric (I1341)
 
425 "The IPM of John, heir of Griffin de Warren reports his death 4 Feb. 1412/3, leaving son and heir Griffin aged 13. Griffin's IPM reports his death 5 Oct. 1415, heir sister Margaret aged 13. A couple of years later, her proof of age gave her bapt. 11 Jun. 1401." [Todd A. Farmerie, citation details below.]

Noting the above because some sources show Margaret Warren as a daughter of Griffin Warren and Margaret Corbet, which is shown by the above to be incorrect. Notably, Richardson's Plantagenet Ancestry (2nd ed., 2011), p. 591, has Richard Charleton's wife as "ELIZABETH MAINWARING, daughter of William Mainwaring, of Ightfield, Shropshire, by Margaret, daughter of Griffin Warren, Esq." But his later Royal Ancestry, 2013, correctly (in the Mainwaring chapter that begins volume 4) shows Margaret as a "daughter of John Warren". 
Warren, Margaret (I1424)
 
426 "The last payment made to [William Parsons] was on 19 February 1653/4, after which payments were made to the widow Parsons from 19 March 1653/4 through 15 April 1655. On the last date the widow Parsons was marked 'in siknes,' so she probably died soon after. Whether this widow was Margaret Parsons cannot be determined." ["Were Joseph and Benjamin Parsons and David Wilton of Beaminster, Dorset, England, the New England colonists?" by Gerald James Parsons. New England Historical and Genealogical Register, April 1989, v. 143, pp. 101-119.] Hoskins, Margaret (I953)
 
427 "The LeMays were closely akin to Huguenots, although this family appears to have been Catholic." Much more about Michel Lemay and his family at A Point in HistoryLemay, Michael (I4992)
 
428 "The lords of Bradninch held Clyst St. George of the Pomeroy family; so Sir William de Tracy's wife likely dau. of Henry de Pomeroy, seen 1156, lord of Berry Pomeroy, Devon, by ROHESE (195-26). Rohese was a sister of REGINALD FITZ ROY (121-26), Earl of Cornwall, a bastard son of King Henry I." [Ancestral Roots, 124A:29, "Prepared for an earlier edition by Douglas Richardson."] de Pomeroy, (Unknown) (I6612)
 
429 "The most important member of a tightly knit family group was Ranulf's younger brother William le Meschin (d. 1129x35). William went on the first crusade, where he is mentioned, as 'William son of Ranulf le vicomte' at the siege of Nicaea in 1097 (Ordericus Vitalis, Eccl. hist., 5.59). In Cumbria William le Meschin was first given charge of Gilsland, which he failed to hold against the Scots, and then Egremont (the barony of Copeland). He built the castle at Egremont, and close by on the coast he founded the priory of St Bees, a further daughter house of St Mary's, York. William le Meschin married Cecily de Rumilly, the daughter of Robert de Rumilly and heir to the barony of Skipton in Craven, west Yorkshire, thus creating a substantial cross-Pennine estate. William and Cecily were the founders of the priory of Embsay, which later removed to Bolton in Wharfedale. In addition to the two baronies of Egremont and Skipton, William le Meschin acquired tenancies in several counties, the more significant held of his brother in Lincolnshire (where the Lindsey survey of 1115 - 18 provides detailed record) and in Cheshire. William remained closely linked with Ranulf, whom he survived by just a few years, dying before 1135. An elder son, Matthew, having predeceased him, William's heirs were successively his younger son, also called Ranulf le Meschin, and three sisters, Amice, Alice, and Matilda, who in the course of a total of seven marriages comprehensively dismembered the estate." [Oxford Dictionary of National Biography]

"William le Meschin, Lord of Copeland, br. of Ranulph, 1st Earl of Chester, yr. s. of Rannulf, Vicomte of the Bessin, m. Cicely de Rumilly, Lady of Skipton, da. and h. of Robert de Rumelli, of Harewood and Skipton, co. York (see ped. of Lisle in vol. viii, between pp. 48 and 49), and had 3 daughters and coheirs. (1) Alice, Lady of Skipton, who m., 1stly, William fitz Duncan, s. of Duncan II, King of Scots. See Clay, Early Yorks Charters, vol. vii, pp. 9—10. They had one s., William, 'the Boy of Egremont', who d. in the King’s ward after 1155, leaving his 3 sisters his coheirs: (i) Cicely, as in the text; (ii) Amabel, Lady of Copeland (called in the Pipe Rolls and elsewhere, Comitissa de Couplanda, who m. Reynold de Lucy (see vol. iii, pp. 247-8, sub Lucy); (iii) Alice de Rumilly, Lady of Allerdale, who m., 1stly, Gilbert Pipard, Sheriff of cos. Gloucester and Hereford, and 2ndly, Robert de Courtenay, Sheriff of Cumberland and d. s.p. (see vol. ix, pp. 527-8, sub Pipard). Alice, Lady of Skipton, m. 2ndly, Alexander FitzGerold. (2) Avice, Lady of Harewood, who m., 1stly, William de Courcy III, 2ndly, William Paynell, of Drax, co. York, and 3rdly, William de Percy of Rougemont, in Harewood, co. York (see vol. x, p. 319, sub Paynel, and p. 439, sub Percy). (3) Maud, m. 1stly, Philip de Belmeis, of Tong, Salop., and 2ndly, Hugh de Mortimer, of Wigmore, co. Hereford (see vol. ix, p. 271, note sub Mortimer (of Wigmore), and vol. xii, part 2, pp. 930—1, sub Zouche.)" [Complete Peerage I:353, footnote (d), as thoroughly corrected in Volume XIV.] 
Meschin, William (I2094)
 
430 "The name is derived from Cressy near Bellencombre in the Pays de Caux, not from Crécy-en-Ponthieu." [Complete Peeragede Cressy, Roger (I12031)
 
431 "The name of Henry's wife is not known, though both Sibylla and Clémence have been suggested. Based purely on onomastics, historian Szabolcs de Vajay proposed that she was the daughter of Berenguer Ramon I, Count of Barcelona and his third wife, Guisle of Lluca. If this is true, Henry would have been married in Barcelona while on crusade." [Wikipedia] (Unknown wife of Henry I of Burgundy) (I10005)
 
432 "The name of [Sybil de Mandeville's] father remains uncertain. In the 1288 IPM in Bedford, Sybil was found to be the heir of her brother Walter de Mandeveille's 1/6 share of the manor of Lutton, co. Bedford; Godfrey, bishop of Worcester claimed the manor of Alerynton (Alkerton), co. Oxford which he said he gave to Walter de Mandeville with the provision it should revert back to him if Walter died without heirs of his body. As a clue to the ancestry of Sybil and Walter, Walter had previously held the portions of the manors of Eltham, Woolwich and Mottingham, however he exchanged these for 1/6 of the manor of Luton with John de Vesci. One half of Eltham was anciently given to the Mandeville family but its exact descent to Walter de Mandeville is not known. However, in 1255 John de Marisco answered for the fee of Woolwich under Ralph de Mandeville. It seems a good possibility that Sybil and Walter are the children of this Ralph de Mandeville. Though at least one web site makes them the children of was Edmund de Mandeville citing 'A Survey of the Cathedral Church of Worcester (London: 1736.).' Neither this Ralph nor Edmund have yet been identified in the main Mandeville family as of yet." [Joe Cochoit, 26 Apr 2011, citation details below.] (Unknown de Mandeville) (I5604)
 
433 "The office of the mint restored to the younger Otto in 1101 was that of Cutter of the Dies. At this time at least forty local mints were at work. The dies were distributed from London, where there is reason to think they were cut." [F. N. Craig, "Descent from a Domesday Goldsmith." The American Genealogist 65:1, January 1990, p. 24.] fitz Otto, Otto (I5522)
 
434 "The old Ring homestead in Mass., once owned by [the grandfather of Reuben French Ring b. 1801] was sold to Daniel Webster and became a part of the Marshfield estate." [A History of Brooklyn, Susquehanna Co., Penn'a: Its Homes and Its People by E. A. Weston. Brooklyn, Pennsylvania: W. A. Squier, 1889.] Ring, David (I2447)
 
435 "The Old". Count of Barcelona. Berenguer, Ramon I (I3400)
 
436 "The Old." Duke of Burgundy.

"In 1025, with the death of his eldest brother Hugh Magnus, he and Henry rebelled against their father and defeated him, forcing him back to Paris. In 1031, after the death of his father the king, Robert participated in a rebellion against his brother, in which he was supported by his mother, Constance of Arles. Peace was only achieved when Robert was given Burgundy (1032). Throughout his reign, he was little more than a robber baron who had no control over his own vassals, whose estates he often plundered, especially those of the Church. He seized the income of the diocese of Autun and the wine of the canons of Dijon. He burgled the abbey of St-Germain at Auxerre. In 1055, he repudiated his wife, Helie of Semur, and assassinated her brother Joceran and murdered her father, his father-in-law, Lord Dalmace I of Semur, with his own hands. In that same year, the bishop of Langres, Harduoin, refused to dedicate the church of Sennecy so as not "to be exposed to the violence of the duke." [Wikipedia] 
Robert I (I2512)
 
437 "The Redeless"; "Unraed" (Ill-counseled). Æthelred II "Unræd" King of England (I4601)
 
438 "The Shepherds were not Friends, but living so near the Meeting-House they gradually became 'somewhat convinced of the truth' and later a famous Friend Minister was called to the home of Mary Bryce Shepherd who was gravely ill and died apparently in the faith. Later on, her husband and family all joined the sect which worshipped so near to them, and where they neighbors gathered on First and Fifth days." [Wing Family of America rootsweb tree]

"Daniel Shepherd was chosen the first school master in old Dartmouth. He was said to be a near relative of that 'sweete, gratious, heavenly-minded, soul-ravishing minister,' Mr. Thomas Shepherd, as he was ecstatically described." ["Five Johns of Old Dartmouth," by William A. Wing.] 
Shepherd, Daniel (I5237)
 
439 "The transepts both contain chapels or chantries. In the north is the Markenfield Chapel and in the south the Mallory Chapel. The former was dedicated to St Andrew and was the burying place of the Markenfields of Markenfield Hall, a fine old fourteenth century house still standing about three miles away on the Harrogate Road. The tomb and effigies in the Markenfield Chapel are those of Sir Thomas Markenfield and his wife who lived in the reign of Edward III. He wears plate armour and a curious collar of park palings with a stag couchant, which has been thought to indicate that he was a ranger or park keeper, and of the party of the House of Lancaster. Close by this monument is an old stone pulpit of Perpendicular design, much worn by weather. It was perhaps an open-air pulpit attached to a stone cross in the churchyard. The Markenfields came to an end apparently with the attainder in 1569 of Thomas Markenfield, who took a part in the Rising of the North, and got his estates confiscated for his pains." [Ripon Cathedral, by William Danks. London: Isbister & Co., Ltd., 1899.] Markenfield, Thomas (I6286)
 
440 "The wife of George Denison & a godly young woman dyed of a feaver & consumption." [The Great Migration BeginsThompson, Bridget (I11092)
 
441 "The Younger". Favorite of Edward II; ultimately convicted of treason. "Outside the city he was stripped and then reclothed with his arms reversed, and he was crowned with stinging nettles. Condemned to death as a traitor, on 24 November 1326 he was drawn on a hurdle to the gallows, and then hanged from a height of 50 feet. Still alive, he was cut down and eviscerated before finally being beheaded. His head was displayed on London Bridge; his quarters were sent to Bristol, Dover, York, and Newcastle. In December 1330 Eleanor de Clare received royal permission to collect her husband's bones and inter them in Tewkesbury Abbey." [Oxford Dictionary of National Biographyle Despenser, Hugh MP (I12415)
 
442 "The [Trussebut] family descended from William Trussebut who, as Orderic records, was among those of ignoble parentage promoted by Henry I. He occurs in Normandy in 1126 and as castellan of Bonneville-sur-Touques in 1138. The supposition of Dugdale and others that he was son of Geoffrey son of Pain, the founder of Warter priory and holder of the manor of Market Weighton, cannot be acepted; but the succession of the Trussebut family to Market Weighton by right of succession from Geoffrey son of Pain, as recorded in a case of 1204, suggests that William Trussebut married Geoffrey's sister." [Early Yorkshire Families, citation details below.] Trussebut, William (I11573)
 
443 "There are at least 2 baptisms of a Jeanne Chebrat, around 1627. This one is kept as the more likely because Charles de Menou has a seignory in the area." [Genealogy of the French in North America]

Parentage: Genealogy of the French in North America says her parents were "maybe" Antoine Chebrat and Françoise Chaumoret who married in La Chaussée, Vienne, about 1620. 
Chebrat, Jeanne (I330)
 
444 "There is a strong tradition held by the different branches of this family that Francis' wife's name was Mary Skinner, and there may be some semblance of truth in their belief, but on the 8 October, 1733, if the instrument be correct drawn as entered on the county records, his wife was Ann. Francis may possibly have had two wives, surely there were children aplenty for any two women to mother (14), and as Ann's name does not appear until late in the life of Francis, it may be that the legendary Mary Skinner was the first, and Ann later." [The Nelson FamilyAnne (I72)
 
445 "There is a written record stating that William Noble was the father-in-law of Samuel Haight. In the same record is a quote that states that William had no issue of his own body. This may have met that William had no male issue to inherit his lands. William's wife, Mary, may have been the mother of Sarah, making William Sarah's stepfather. It is also possible that she was adopted by the Nobles. If any of this is true, Sarah's maiden name could have been Noble. At present, Sarah's maiden name must remain unknown. There is definitely a relationship between Samuel and William even after his death as Samuel is in charge of the estate and is the one petitioning the court in matters relating to William's will." [Kathy McCurdy, Ancestral Lines of Our FamilySarah (I9089)
 
446 "There is no evidence to support the often repeated conjecture that her surname was 'Stream.' Elizabeth's surmane does not appear in any records and Stream was not a usual surname in East Anglia." [The Plymouth Colony Pages] Elizabeth (I962)
 
447 "They moved to Tenterden before 1563, when they had a child baptized in the parish church, and Hatch was a church warden there in 1565." [Massachusetts and Maine Families in the Ancestry of Walter Goodwin Davis, citation details below.] Hatch, Thomas (I5820)
 
448 "This Agnes was widow of Richard de Percy, of Topcliffe, co. York, who d. shortly before 18 Aug. 1244. She was his 2nd wife. The Lady Agnes de Percy gave the manor of Steeping, co. Lincoln, to Edmund d'Eyncourt her s. and h., and his heirs, by deed dated 20 Edw. I. She d. before 20 July 1293. The effigy on her seal wears a dress charged with billets and a fesse dancette (Deincourt), and holds up two shields, the dexter charged with 5 fusils conjoined in fesse (Percy), the sinister with a saltire (Neville of Raby)." [Complete Peerage IV:118, note (d).] de Neville, Agnes (I5052)
 
449 "This assumes the identity of Isabel, wife of William le Blount, as the widow of Henry Lovet [...] CP only states it as a possibility, but Croke provides other support for this identification, including the use of Beauchamp arms by Isabel's son Piers le Blount." [Nathaniel L. Taylor, "Cassandra Elizabeth Taylor's royal descents."] de Beauchamp, Isabel (I5840)
 
450 "This John had livery of his lands, 19 Sep. 1246, and was s. and h. of Oliver (who had livery in 1217), by Nichole, to whom Nichole (1st da. and co. of Richard de la Haye, and wife of Gerard de Caunville) gave Duddington in free marriage; which Oliver was s. and h. of Oliver (aged 24 in 1186, m. Amabel, and d. in or before 1201), son and heir of John (who had livery in 1167-8, and d. 6 Nov. 1183), by Alice, sister of Ralph Murdac. John was s. and h. of Walter, s. and h. of Ralph (who m. Basilie), s. and h. of Walter d'Aincurt, the Domesday lord of Blankney." [Complete Peerage IV:118, note (c).] Deincourt, John (I8549)
 
451 "This William was s. and h. of John, s. and h. of Humphrey Franc Chevaler, who in 1220 was alleged, by Ralph and Olimpia, to have held temp. Henry II 5 hides in Imber, Wilts, which were the right of Olimpia as Humphrey's heir (Idem, vol. ix, p. 341). In the time of Abbot Thomas Carbonel (1179-1205) Wymark, widow of John Franc Chevaler, gave lands to St. Peter's Abbey, Gloucester, for the souls of her husband and her s. William, with the consent of her s. Robert and of Olimpia, da. of her s. William. This gift was confirmed by Ralph de Wilington and his wife Olimpia." [Complete PeerageFranc Chevaler, William (I7679)
 
452 "Thomas Appelbee was a first settler of Hastings and was on a petition dated 26 July 1662." [Settlers of the Beekman Patent, citation details below.] Appleby, Thomas (I12090)
 
453 "Thomas Burnham, of Hartford and Potunke, was born in England in and had evidently been educated as a barrister before coming to the New World. Here he carried on the practice of law, and was, evidently, according to records, a man of determined character. He carried on the practice of the law in the colonies, and among other cases, successfully defended Abigail Betts, who was accused of witchcraft, by which act he incurred the displeasure of the Puritan authorities and was prohibited further practice of the court 'for saving her neck.' He then erected a garrison house at Potunke, purchasing the land directly from the Indians. In 1659 he purchased of Tantonimo, chief sachem of the Potunke tribe, a tract of land now covered by the towns of South Windsor and Hartford, on which he resided, and a portion of which still remains in the possession of his descendants. What amounted to practically a feud with the authorities continued during most of his life, they continuing to call into question his title to the land which he held by deed from the Indians and he as consistently appealing to the law of England as against the highly theocratic form of government which the Puritans had established here. It would appear that in this contest Thomas Burnham was successful, as his large estate afterwards divided between his children and remained practically wholly in their hands. A portion of this tract was held by him under the will of Uncas, chief of the Mohegan tribe of Indians, and an ancestor of that famous Uncas who figured so prominently in the stories of Fenimore Cooper." [American Biography: A New Cyclopedia, citation details below.]

Notwithstanding many sources' statements to the contrary, Thomas Burnham's forebears are unknown. See "The Confusing Origins of Thomas Burnham" by Mary Stanford Pitkin, which summarizes some of the problems. 
Burnham, Thomas (I2264)
 
454 "Thomas Faucomberge of Skelton who died in 1407 had a younger brother, Sir Roger Faucomberge, who predeceased his brother. Sir Roger's heir was his son Sir Walter Faucomberge, who is mentioned in the ipm of Thomas Faucomberge (CIPM, vol. 19, no. 386). Sir Walter Faucomberge died on 1 September 1415 (CIPM, vol. 20, no. 298-9). Unfortunately the ipm of Walter does not mention his heirs, and neither does his will (Early Lincoln Wills, 120) so the trail breaks at this point, but it seems likely to me that this Sir Walter Faucomberge was the father of Sir Roger Faucomberge (d. Jun 1455), Isabel, wife of Gerard Sothill and Constance wife of Anthony Nuthill. " [John Watson, citation details below.] de Faucomberge, Isabel (I6180)
 
455 "Thomas was presented to the Bishop on 19 Nov 1627 by the churchwardens of Wye for teaching school without a license. He was presented at every subsequent court until 9 Jun 1628 when he procured the necessary license. The date of his emigration to New England is not known for certain, but he probably came with his brother William, on William's second trip to New England in the Castle in 1638. He settled at Scituate and was freeman 5 Mar 1638/9." [Elizabeth French, "Genealogical Research in England: Hatch", citation details below.] Hatch, Thomas (I4867)
 
456 "Thomasine Raleigh (daughter and sole heiress), married firstly Sir John Chichester; secondly Sir William Talbot. Her Inquisition post mortem states that she died on the Monday following the feast of St Peter ad Vincula, 1402. A very worn stone effigy of a lady, said by Pevsner to be from the 14th century, exists in Arlington Church, under a low arch recessed into the north wall of the chancel. Lysons (1822) suggested this represented 'a female of the Raleigh family', and it may therefore represent Thomasine." [WikipediaRaleigh, Thomasine (I8063)
 
457 "Thurstan de Montfort, son and heir, was a minor when he succeeded his father in or before 1199. In 1205 the King took his homage and gave him his land on condition that he demised it for two years to William de Cauntelo. In the summer of 1206 he was abroad in the King's service. In 1210 he was serving the King in Ireland; and in 1214 he was excused the scutage of Poitou, because he fought himself. He appears to have joined in the rebellion against John, and in March 1215/6 had letters of safe conduct on coming to the King." [Complete Peeragede Montfort, Thurstan (I6674)
 
458 "Took part in the conquest of Ireland under Henry II." [Complete Peeragefitz Godebert, Robert (I6928)
 
459 "Tradition says Edla was the daughter of a West Slavic tribal chief from Northern Germany. She was brought to Sweden as a prisoner of war c. 1000 at the same time or a little before, the arrival of Estrid of the Obotrites (Estrid av obotriterna). King Olof Skötkonung married Estrid but also fell in love with Edla and took her as his mistress. She became the mother of Emund, Astrid, and probably Holmfrid." [Wikipedia] of Wendland, Ethla (I1163)
 
460 "Umberto married Ancilla (Auxilia or Ancilia). She may have been Ancilla of Lenzburg, the daughter of the master of ceremonies of Burgundy. Alternatively, Ancilla may have been a daughter of Anselm and Aldiud, and thus a member of a northern Italian dynasty known as the Anselmids." [Wikipedia] Ancilla (I740)
 
461 "Very little is known of the early history of the Blossomville family, especially in connexion with this parish. Gilbert de Blossomville, the Domesday tenant, appears to have been succeeded by a Robert de Blossomville, who, about 1150, gave lands in Cold Brayfield to Harrold Priory, Bedfordshire. In 1185 William de Blossomville sued Gerin de Charleton for lands in Turvey, but his successor, Robert de Blossomville, is the first mentioned in connexion with Newton, where in 1202 he quitclaimed half a virgate to William Miles. Simon de Blossomville was living in 1232; by 1255, when Gilbert de Blossomville owned land here, the place was already known as Newton Blossomville. The line seems to have ended in a female heir, Alice de Blossomville, who with John Druel, probably her son, in 1265 granted to Simon de Blossomville and Maud his wife for life lands in Newton Blossomville with reversion to the granters." [The Victoria County History of Buckingham, citation details below.] de Blossomville, Alice (I7166)
 
462 "Walter Culpeper of Goudhurst esquire and John Culpeper gentleman, his son, appear in the list of adherents of Jack Cade in 1450. [...] John married the heiress of the Bedgeburys and so acquired their estate. He was knighted, was sheriff in 1467 and died in 1480." [The Family of Twysden and Twisden, by John Ramskill Twisden, 1939, page 42. A note on page 49 reads: "See a paper on 'Jack Cade's followers in Kent' by William Durrant Cooper F.S.A in the Arch.Cant., Vol VII p.233, to which is appended a list of the names of those pardoned taken from the Patent Rolls of 28 Henry VI."]

"Sir John [iii] Culpeper (d. 1480), had an eventful public and private life. In January 1459, together with his brothers Richard [ii] Culpeper (d. 1516) and Nicholas [ii] (d. 1510), he was ordered to be arrested by the sheriffs of London and brought before chancery to answer allegations of riot and other offences; these may have been politically motivated in the dying days of Lancastrian rule. Certainly, Sir John [iii] proved himself a loyal servant of Edward IV. He was knighted by December 1466, and the following November he appeared on the Kentish bench. In October 1468 he was appointed to the commission to muster Lord Scales's retinue at Gravesend, and the following month he was pricked as sheriff of Kent. From October 1469 until April 1470 he appeared on several commissions of array in the south-east, alongside his brother Richard, but during the readeption of Henry VI he was absent from both commissions of array and the county bench. He returned to public life after Edward's victory at Barnet in April 1471, in which month he was once again arraying soldiers in Kent, and in June he reappeared as a JP. The same month one Thomas Miller, a gentleman of Marden, Kent, and perhaps a Lancastrian die-hard, was alleged to have led a rebellious host against him. He went on to serve on numerous commissions throughout the early 1470s." [Oxford Dictionary of National Biography]

Sometime between 1457 and 1461, John Culpepper's brothers Richard and Nicholas travelled from Sussex to Kent with a pair of sisters, Elizabeth and Margaret Wakehurst, daughters of John Culpepper's wife Agnes Gainford by her deceased previous husband, Richard Wakehurst. At some not much later point, Richard married Margaret and Nicholas married Elizabeth, possibly in London. Shortly thereafter, the sisters' grandmother Elizabeth Wakehurst (maiden name lost to history) alleged in a petition to Chancery court that the two brothers, aided by John Culpepper, had in fact abducted the two sisters through force of arms, and that moreover John Culpepper was further culpable because as their stepfather he had "promysed on the faithe and trouthe of his bodye and as he was a gentylman" that he would protect the sisters.

Of course the allegation was about money. Both sisters were the only remaining heirs of grandmother Elizabeth's husband Richard Wakehurst, MP and justice of the peace, who had died in 1455. His only son, Agnes Gainsford's first husband Richard Wakehurst the younger, had predeceased him. So what you have is:

* Elizabeth, grandmother of the two sisters, widow of Richard Wakehurst the elder;

* Agnes Gainsford, Elizabeth's onetime daughter-in-law, who is now married to...

* John Culpepper, whose two brothers have "abducted"...

* Elizabeth and Margaret Wakehurst, granddaughters of Elizabeth and sole heirs to their grandfather's estate.

Much more detail on this can be read in "Abduction: An Alternative Form of Courtship?" by Julia Pope, a good paper with a misleading title presented at the International Medieval Congress, Kalamazoo, Michigan, May 2003. The upshot is that the only evidence that the sisters were "abducted" against their will, making "grete and pittious lamentacious and weping" as they were "toke and caried away" "with force and armes, riotously agense the Kinges peas," was the grandmother's claim that they had been. All other evidence points to it having been a voluntary elopement supported by a significant number of the sisters' relatives, including their mother and stepfather.

For several reasons, the grandmother's claim was an astute strategy, both in her legal battle to maintain control of her husband's estate and in the war of local public opinion. The Culpeppers were already a bit notorious for building their family fortune by marrying heiresses, so there was some pre-existing disposition to regard them as upstarts. Also, contrary to modern popular belief, voluntary elopement was not considered illegal under late medieval English law, and according to Pope, the record of actual case law shows that consent, specifically the bride's consent, had great bearing on actual outcomes, notwithstanding the preferences of her family. (Note, however, that in her Imprisoning Medieval Women: The Non-Judicial Confinement and Abduction of Women in England, c.1170-1509, published in 2013, Dr. Gwen Seabourne argues in detail that the medieval concept of "consent" cannot be assumed to map reliably onto our own.) At any rate, Elizabeth had plenty of incentives to claim that her granddaughters had been carried off kicking and screaming by armed men.

Yet ultimately Elizabeth lost. The court declined to overturn the marriages. She died in 1464, and both couples returned to Sussex shortly thereafter, where they lived out their lives, managing to inherit substantial portions of their Wakehurst grandfather's estate despite various legal challenges from their grandmother's allies over the next twenty years. To all the evidence, while the marriages divided their kinship network, the larger portion of support went to them. Richard and Margaret left no issue, but the funeral brass commemorating the family of Nicholas and Elizabeth Culpepper, ten sons and eight daughters, has been described as "so crowded as to look like a poster warning against rush hour travel."

-----

If (as has been plausibly speculated but never proved) John Culpepper (1637-1674), early emigrant to Virginia, was the father of Henry Culpepper (d. 1675), 9X-great grandfather of PNH, this John Culpepper and his wife Agnes Gainsford would be the most recent common ancestors of PNH and TNH.

John Culpepper (d. 1480) = Agnes Gainsford
Walter Culpeper (1475-1524) = Anne Aucher (1480-1533)
William Culpeper (1509-1559) = Cicely Barrett (1512-1559)
John Culpeper (1531-1612) = Elizabeth Sedley (1534-1618)
John Culpeper (1565-1635) = Ursula Woodcock (1566-1612)
John Culpeper (c. 1637 Harrietsham, Kent - c. 1674 Virginia)
possibly father of
Henry Culpepper (1633-1675), 9X-great grandfather of PNH 
Culpepper, John (I12331)
 
463 "Warin de Munchensy, brother and heir, unmarried and apparently a minor at his brother's death, gave the King 2,000 marks, to have his inheritance, 23 December 1213. He was involved on the side of the Barons against King John, and his lands were forfeited; but he returned to his allegiance by November 1217. In 1221 he accompanied the King to the siege of Byham; was serving in Wales with his brother-in-law, William, Earl of Pembroke, in 1223, with the King overseas, October 1229 to April 1230, in Wales at the end of 1233, and in Gascony 1242-44, taking part in the battle of Saintes. In May 1244 he was summoned against the Scots, and in June 1245 for service in Wales; in August 1252 for service again in Gascony, which he evidently performed, having respite for aid in respect of that expedition. He was at Dover on 26 December 1254, the day Henry III appears to have crossed from Boulogne. His very rich inheritance and feudal influence were augmented by his first marriage [to Joan Marshal]." [Complete Peeragede Munchensy, Warin (I8960)
 
464 "Warine de Lancaster [...] was royal falconer, and ancestor of a family known as 'de Lea' or 'de Lee'. He was contemporary with Henry II. That he belongs in this family [the family of Gilbert and his son William I de Lancaster --pnh] appears to be undisputed, but how? In one charter concerning Forton in the Cockersand Chartulary Henry his son speaks of the land granted to his father Warine by "'his uncle' William de Lancaster, which another charter makes clear to have been William de Lancaster I. Was it Henry's uncle or Warine's? Here we presume Warine's, as he was active in the late 1100s, so the same generation as William de Lancaster II. Henry Warine's son granted Forton to the monks of Furness for the souls of William de Lancaster, Warine de Lancaster and Mabel, Warine's wife, Richard Fitton father of his own wife Margaret, &c.; Harl. Chart. (B.M.) 52 I, 1. But these sources do not name Warine's father. (The source of Farrer's assertion that his name was Gilbert is unknown.) It appears that he already possessed the demesne and wood of Forton in the time of William I, which he then passed on to a son Roger, who in turn passed it on to another son Adam. Might Warine have been a son Gundred de Warrene and William? This might explain his importance despite not being the main heir?" [Andrew Lancaster, citation details below.] de Lancaster, Warine (I184)
 
465 "Was a weaver; removed about 1770 to Wakefield, N.H. from Stratham." ["Charles Allen and Some of His Descendants", citation details below.] Died aged 98, at the home of his son Abner (1748-1835). Allen, Samuel (I10100)
 
466 "Was in military service; died fairly young." ["Eirene?, First Wife of Emperor Isaakios II Angelos, Is a Probable Tornikina and Gateway to Antiquity," by Don C. Stone and Charles R. Owens, citation details below.] Tornikes, (Unknown) (I12402)
 
467 "We do not know whether Isabel was the mother of Reginald's children -- indeed, there seems to be no evidence at all about the identity of their mother." [Chris Phillips, citation details below.] Isabel (I3378)
 
468 "When he got too old to farm it himself, Sampson deeded over his land to Jesse and lived with Jesse and his family." [Parker's Genealogy & History Establishment] Parker, Jesse F. (I11731)
 
469 "When Henry, Duke of Normandy (Henry II), made promises of great grants to Ranulph, Earl of Chester, in 1153, the fees of Hugh de Mortimer (and those of others) in Staffordshire were excepted. On succeeding to the throne in December 1154 Henry required from Mortimer Bridgnorth Castle, which had been in his hands for many years; he refused to surrender it, whereupon the King proceeded in person first to Cleobury, which he took and destroyed, 17 June 1155, and then to Bridgnorth, which was taken after several days' vigorous assault on 7 July. Some time before 1161 he or his father conceded to Foucarmont gifts made by Hugh and William de St. Germain. In 1167 he was fined £100 in Hants because he refused at the King's command to give up to one of his own knights certain animals taken in distraint when security was offered. He figures in the returns of knights' fees in Normandy of 1172 as owing service of 5 knights and holding himself 13 1/2 knights' fees. The foundation of Wigmore Abbey was completed before Hugh's death. He was also a benefactor to the Templars in Lincolnshire." [Complete Peerage IX:270-2, XIV:488]

"Hugh (II) de Mortimer's rising was one of several against the new king at this time, largely prompted by Henry's demand for the return of alienated royal lands and castles. But resistance was unco-ordinated: there was no co-operation, for instance, between Mortimer and his neighbour Earl Roger of Hereford. It was at Easter 1155, according to the Battle Abbey chronicle, that Mortimer, 'estimating the king to be a mere boy and indignant at his activity' (Searle, 159–61), fortified Bridgnorth and refused to submit to royal orders. The king promptly placed Bridgnorth, Cleobury, and Wigmore under siege, surrounding Bridgnorth Castle with a rampart and ditch, so that Mortimer could not leave it. With no choice but to surrender, therefore, on 7 July he made his peace with the king, at an impressive assembly of lay and ecclesiastical magnates. He was treated lightly, for whereas the earldom of Hereford was allowed to lapse when Earl Roger died, also in 1155, Hugh de Mortimer soon recovered Bridgnorth and Wigmore (Cleobury had been destroyed), and retained the privileged status of a tenant-in-chief. The fact that King Henry was himself frequently active in Wales may subsequently have had a constraining effect on Mortimer's activities there. In any event, after 1155 he seems to have turned his attention to the affairs of Wigmore, and especially of its abbey." [Oxford Dictionary of National Biography
de Mortimer, Hugh (I848)
 
470 "When seventeen years of age he served in the Colonial forces in King Philip's War; in the Spring of 1676 he was in Capt. John Whipple's company, scouting along the Connecticut River, receiving £3-8-6; in the Summer of 1676 he was in Capt. Jonathan Poole's company on garrison duty in the Connecticut Valley towns, receiving £1-11-0; his name also appears under Watertown soldiers credited £3-3-6. (Bodge's 'Soldiers in King Philip's War,' pp. 283, 260, and 376.)" [Simon Stone GenealogyStone, John (I5177)
 
471 "When the Earl of Leicester lost control of Breteuil in 1141, Arnold III de Bois followed his lord across the Channel and settled permanently in England. There he was the first of several De Bois men to hold the important post of Keeper of the Royal Forest as well as the first recorded De Bois family member to serve as a Leicestershire steward, a title that became hereditary." [Kathryn A. Smith, citation details below.] du Bois, Arnold (I4063)
 
472 "Who appears as a donor to Woburn Abbey" [Moriarty, citation details below].

"Recently deceased in 1165." [Honors and Knights' Fees, citation details below.] 
de Lucelles, Hugh (I10521)
 
473 "Who held his mother's property jointly with his brother Robert in 1625." [Todd Whitesides, 11 Jan 2008, post to soc.genealogy.medieval.] Cole, Thomas (I1744)
 
474 "Wife of four husbands, and the ancestress of important comital families through three of her marriages, Adélaïde, alias Blanche, was also briefly queen of France, and the mother of another French queen. Yet, in the early nineteenth century, scholars were still confused about her identity. Her story has to be pieced together from various records which, for example, mention an Alaiz, mother of count Pons de Gévaudan, or a Blanca, wife of Louis V, king of France, or an Adelaidis, cui prenomen erat Candida, mother of queen Constance, and only in hindsight is it clear that these records refer to the same woman. The discovery of the work of the historian Richer in the 1830's added a key piece to the puzzle by mentioning three of Adélaïde's marriages, but historians were slow to take advantage of the new information. Nevertheless, by the late nineteeth century, historians had accepted that Adélaïde, alias Blanche, daughter of Foulques II of Anjou, had been successively married to Étienne de Brioude (at the time often incorrectly called count of Gévaudan), king Louis V of France, and Guillaume I (or II) of Provence, and that she was the mother by the last of queen Constance, wife of king Robert II of France, although the marriage to Raymond of "Gothia" was still widely doubted. More recently, in the face of clear proof that Adélaïde was the mother of Guillaume "Taillefer", count of Toulouse, it has been recognized that her marriage to the obscure Raymond was genuine." [The Henry Project] of Anjou, Adelaide-Blanche (I5496)
 
475 "William Daubeney (probably Ralph's twin br.) succeeded to the estates in Brittany. This William was knighted in Jan. 1326/7. He was an attorney in England for the Duke of Brittany, 1336-40, and Steward of his Earldom of Richmond. The King granted him the reversion of the manors of Kempston, Beds, and Tottenham, Middlesex, for life, 2 Nov. 1333, and in fee, 19 Mar. 1336/7. He m. Philippe, and had licence to be jointly enfeoffed with her of 3 of these manors, 15 June 1344. He lost, for a time, his lands in Brittany. As seigneur de Landal, he made a grant to the Abbey of La Vieuville on Friday after St. Mark [27 Apr.] 1358, with the consent 'de Philippe nostre tres chere et bien aimee compagne et de Mahaud nostre fille.' He d. in Apr. 1370, Thursday the vigil of the Annunciation [24 Mar. was a Monday] 1370/1, or 6 Dec. 1371, according to different inquisitions, at Trenay [near St. Neot], Cornwall: leaving a da. and h., Maud, aged 26 and more or 30 and more in 1374, and then the wife of Olivier de Montauban, chr., Seigneur de Montauban in Brittany. She was heir to Landal and to lands in Aubigné, and was living 29 May 1388. Philippe lost her inheritance in Brittany, and was living in England 22 Sep. 1373." Daubeney, William (I1489)
 
476 "William Daumarle the younger's wife was named Agnes, not Ellen or Helen or Isabel as reported by various online genealogical databases." [Douglas Richardson, 1 Dec 2006, post to soc.genealogy.medieval.] Agnes (I4729)
 
477 "William de Briouze, s. and h. by 1st wife. He m. Eve, da. and in her issue coh. of William (Marshal), Earl of Strigul and Pembroke, by Isabel, suo jure Countess of Pembroke. He d. 1 May 1230, being hanged by Llewelyn abovenamed. His widow d. before 1246." [Complete Peerage I:22, as corrected in Volume XIV.]

Hanged by Llewelyn, Prince of Wales, after intrigues with Llewelyn's wife.

"He was discovered in Joan's chambers, accused of being her lover, and promptly and publicly hanged. While the story that William and Joan were lovers has been generally accepted, the Annals of Margam (in T. Gale, ed , Historiae Britannicae et Anglicanae Scriptores XX (Oxford, 1687), 2-18, [anno] MCCXXX) implies that the 'intimacy' was devised by Llywelyn to avenge himself on William for political injuries inflicted not only by William but by the entire Braose family; the execution was hailed by the Welsh as a vindication of a blood-feud against the Braoses dating from at least 1176. Indeed, shortly after the execution Llywelyn wrote to William's widow Eva and to William Marshal, Earl of Pembroke, Eva's brother, stating, in effect, that so far as he was concerned, the intended marriage between Llywelyn's son Dafydd and Eva's daughter Isabella could go forward as planned, and that he could not have prevented the Welsh magnates from taking their vengeance. See J. Goronwy Edwards, Calendar of Ancient Correspondence concerning Wales (Board of Celtic Studies of the University of Wales, History and Law Series, 2)(Cardiff, 1935), pp 51-52, nos. XI.56a, 56b. The marriage in fact took place three months later." [William Addams Reitwiesner, "The Children of Joan, Princess of North Wales," The Genealogist 1:80, Spring 1980.] 
de Briouze, William (I9948)
 
478 "William de Merlay, a serjeant to Geoffrey, Bishop of Coutances; he gave the lordship of Morwick to the monks of Durham." [The Blackmans of Knight's Creek, citation details below] de Merlay, William (I10482)
 
479 "William de Mohun died in October 1193, perhaps abroad." [Royal Ancestry, also "The Trowbridge Ancestry", citation details below.] Some sources say Jerusalem. Contemporary records show that he made a pilgrimage there but do not clarify where he died. de Mohun, William (I5752)
 
480 "William de Moion, Lord of Dunster, was heir of William de Moion abovenamed, but his exact relationship is uncertain. In 1131 he was at the Council of Northampton. Before the death of Henry I he held more than 30 knight's fees. In 1138 he held Dunster Castle for the Empress Maud. From this stronghold he committed such ravages on the countryside that King Stephen marched against him in force; but finding Dunster Castle impregnable he left a blockading force under Henry de Tracy, who is said to have curbed William's depredations. In 1141 he joined the Empress and was almost certainly at Winchester when she was elected Queen of England on 8 April. Probably soon afterwards, and certainly before 24 June 1141, Maud created him Earl of Somerset. He was with her at Westminster, about 20-24 June, and fled with her to Winchester, where he fought for her during the siege (August-September). His subsequent career is obscure. He founded a priory at Bruton (Somerset), possibly in or soon after 1142; and he was a benefactor to the priories of Bridlington and (possibly) Taunton. He married Agnes, daughter of Walter de Gant. He d. probably in or before 1155. Stephen did not recognise his Earldom, and as Henry II did not grant a new charter to William or his son, the Earldom of Somerset (so far as it existed) lapsed at or before his death." [Complete Peerage XII/1:37-9.] de Mohun, William (I8984)
 
481 "William de Ros, 2nd Lord (Baron) de Ros of Helmsley, Sheriff Yorks 1326, one of the two Barons, representing the entire class of Barons or magnates of the realm, who at Kenilworth Jan 1326/7 informed Edward II of his deposition; member of Council of Regency Feb 1326/7." [Burke's Peerage]

"He was sum. to Parl. 20 Nov 1317 till 21 Feb. 1339.40." [Complete Peerage
de Ros, William IV MP (I10336)
 
482 "William Herle began practising as one of the serjeants of the common bench in Michaelmas term 1299, and seems to have been one of several serjeants called to the common-bench bar at that time. Final concord authorizations and law reports show him in regular attendance in the court until 1320. His success at the bar is also shown by the fact that early in the reign of Edward II he was retained by the city of London as one of its counsel, and that in 1315 he became a king's serjeant. Early in Michaelmas term 1320 he replaced John Benstead as a junior justice of the common bench and around this time he was knighted. For three terms in 1321 he was absent from the court while sitting as a justice of the London eyre, hearing civil pleas and quo warranto cases with the chief justice, Hervey Staunton. Otherwise he served continuously as a junior justice of the common bench, until he replaced Staunton as chief justice of the same court early in Hilary term 1327. He left court after Trinity term 1329 to serve as chief justice of the Nottinghamshire and Derbyshire eyres of 1330-31, but returned to the common bench, as its chief justice, in Easter term 1331; he relinquished this post at the end of Trinity term 1335, though he lived for another twelve years. [...] His heir was his son Robert, who died without issue in 1364, when the Herle lands passed to Ralph Hastings, the son of Robert's sister Margaret." [Oxford Dictionary of National Biography]

"He was a benefactor to the monastery of Newminster, where his obit was annually solemnized." [Hodgson, citation details below.] 
de Herle, William (I10261)
 
483 "William of Breteuil was Benedictine abbot of Breteuil, near Beauvais, France. He rebuilt the monastery after it had been nearly destroyed by the Normans. He was the eldest son of William FitzOsbern, 1st Earl of Hereford. He was held captive and tortured by Ascelin Gouel de Perceval 'Lupus', Sire d'Yvry, until he finally granted his daughter Isabella de Breteuil's hand in marriage to him." [Wikipedia]

Feast day: July 14. 
of Breteuil, St. William (I3593)
 
484 "William Salvain, probably son of Silvan, occurs in the pipe rolls in Yorkshire in 1165 when he paid a sum of 8s. 4d. representing five eighths of a knight's fee and in 1168, when he was holding one knight's fee jointly with Guy de Ver. Between 1165 and 1185, William Salvain, was a witness to a deed of Hugh, bishop of Durham." ["The Yorkshire Family of Salvain," citation details below.] Salvain, William (I5813)
 
485 "William Walcher (or just Walcher, sometimes Walchere or Walker; died 14 May 1080) was the bishop of Durham from 1071, a Lotharingian, the first non-Englishman to hold that see and an appointee of William the Conqueror following the Harrying of the North. He was murdered in 1080, which led William to send an army into Northumbria to harry the region again." [Wikipedia] Walcher Bishop of Durham (I11793)
 
486 "William was the most notable member of the de Braose dynasty. His steady rise and sudden fall at the hands of King John is often taken as an example of that king's arbitrary and capricious behaviour towards his barons." [Wikipedia]

"William de Briouze, Lord of Briouze, Bramber, Brecon, Over Gwent, &c., s. and h. He m. Maud De St. Valery, "Lady of La Haie." In consequence of his well-known quarrel with King John, his lands were forfeited in 1208, and his wife and 1st s. starved to death in the dungeons of Corfe (or of Windsor) in 1210. He d. at Corbeil near Paris, 9, and was bur. 10 Aug. 1211, in the Abbey of St. Victor at Paris." [Complete Peerage I:22]

"He slaughtered Seisyll ap Dyvnwal (abovenamed) and a host of unarmed Welshmen, in the castle of Abergavenny in 1175, in revenge for the death of his uncle Henry of Hereford [Brut y Tywysogian, R. de Diceto, etc.). Seisyll was owner of Castle Arnold, and is said in an inaccurate version of the Brut to have captured Abergavenny in 1172, the slaughter being dated 1177 (The Gwentian Chronicle, Cambrian Arch. Assoc, p. 137). But the better version of the Brut (Rolls Ser., p. 218; Y Brutieu, in Welsh Texts, ed. Rhys and Evans, 1890, p. 330) on the contrary, states that Seisyll was captured in 1172 by the garrison of Abergavenny. (ex inform. G. W. Watson.)" [Complete Peerage I:22, footnote (a).] 
de Briouze, William (I7525)
 
487 "William, probably the son of William, occurs later in the twelfth century. Between 1185 and 1195, William Salvain and Gerard his brother witnessed a deed of William de Aton. Between 1190 and 1210, William Salvain gave to St. Peter's hospital, York, a toft at Thorpe le Street (Ruhthorp). About 1205, William Salvain and Peter his brother witnessed a deed of Robert son of William Constable of a gift in free dower to his wife Ela, daughter of Fulk de Oiri." ["The Yorkshire Family of Salvain," citation details below.] Salvain, William (I5783)
 
488 "Within the limits of the parish of Malpas, and comprehended in the original barony, is the township of Egerton. When the Saxon counties had been formed, this part of Chesire, as we learned from the Domesday Book, belonged to Edwin, Earl of Mercia, a grandson of Earl Leofric and Lady Godiva. After the battle of Hastings, the Saxon rights were transferred by the victorious Norman to his sister's son, Hugh d'Avranches, surnamed Lupus, the pious profligate whom he had created Palatine Earl of Chester. Malpas was selected by him as the site of one of the numerous fortresses with which, at regular intervals, he strenghthened his Welsh border, and was given by him, with other estates from the forfeited lands of Earl Edwin, to his natural son Robert Fitz-Hugh, whom he created Baron of Malpas, and who was one of the eight barons of his Parliament." [County Families of Lancashire and Cheshire, citation details below.] Fitz Hugh, Robert (I3750)
 
489 "Witnessed King Stephen's charter of liberties as royal steward in 1136." [Oxford Dictionary of National Biographyde Beauchamp, Simon I (I2146)
 
490 "Wulfnoth Cild (died c. 1014) was a South Saxon thegn who is regarded by historians as the probable father of Godwin, Earl of Wessex, and thus the grandfather of King Harold Godwinson." [Wikipedia] Cild, Wulfnoth (I2316)
 
491 "Younger brother of Grigor/Krikorikios, prince of Taron. [...] Grigor had pledged loyalty to the Byzantine emperor Leo VI but was apparently suspected of feeling greater loyalty to the 'chief prince of the Saracens.' [...] This suspicion led the emperor to require hostages from Grigor. Apoganem was sent by his brother Grigor as a hostage to Constantinople, where Apoganem was entertained by the emperor and honoured with the rank of protospatharios before being freed. Apoganem later returned to Constantinople and became a patrikios (patrician). The male-line ancestry of Grigor and Apoganem (and that of the father of Georgios, Demetrios, and Leon Tornikes) traces back to Smbat Bagratouni, killed in the Battle of Bagrevand in 775. Smbat was Armenia's sparapet (grand constable, i.e., hereditary supreme military commander); his wife was a daughter or (perhaps more likely) sister of Samuel Mamikonian, a descendant (through two lines) of Tiridates the Great, the king of Armenia who made Christianity the state religion early in the fourth century. (Samuel also descended from Gregory the Illuminator, who converted Tiridates the Great to Christianity.) Though some details are unclear, Tiridates the Great clearly descended from many of the royal dynasties of antiquity." ["Eirene?, First Wife of Emperor Isaakios II Angelos, Is a Probable Tornikina and Gateway to Antiquity," by Don C. Stone and Charles R. Owens, citation details below.] Apoganem (I12407)
 
492 "[A] cousin of Sidonius Apollinaris, daughter of Thaumastus." [Wikipedia] Eulalia (I4411)
 
493 "[A] Gallo-Roman aristocrat with likely ties to the Merovingian court." [Wikipedia] Gallo, Maurilion Patrician of the Roman Empire (I11488)
 
494 "[A] strong supporter of King Stephen. He was taken prisoner at the Battle of Lincoln in 1141, when his lands were seized, but returned in 1143. Henry Fitz Empress in 1153 promised Ranulf, Earl of Chester, Peverel's lands, on condition of his support, whereupon Peverel, it is said, poisoned the Earl of Chester a few months later. William became a monk and his lands were seized by Henry II in 1155." [VCH Rutland, volume 2, "Parishes: Empingham," pp. 242-250.] Peverel, William (I4937)
 
495 "[A]dmitted as a freeman of Portsmouth in 1673. He was a member of Peleg Sanford's troop of horse in 1667 and doubtless engaged in Indian fighting. [...] Thomas Briggs died in 1720, leaving an estate inventoried at slightly in excess of a thousand pounds. In 1694 he was listed as one of the fifty-six Proprietors of Dartmouth." [The Howland Heirs, citation details below.] Briggs, Ens. Thomas (I6264)
 
496 "[A]mong the most prominent west-country gentry in the late fourteenth century, serving as MP for Devon and Somerset on ten and seven occasions respectively, and receiving a large number of local offices and commissions. He was a liveried retainer of the leading regional magnate, Edward Courtenay, earl of Devon, a close political and family bond that was destined to be violently sundered in the mid-fifteenth century." [Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, entry on his namesake grandson]

According to the History of Parliament: MP for Somerset, 1366; Devon, 1371, 1376, 1378, 1379, Nov 1380, 1381, May 1382, Oct 1382; Somerset Oct 1383, Apr 1384; Devon Apr 1384; Somerset Nov 1384, 1386, Feb 1388, 1393, 1395; Devon Jan 1397, Sep 1397; Somerset 1399; Devon 1402. He was also elected for Devon in Oct 1377 but was on active service overseas, so his seat was taken by Thomas Pomeroy. Not counting this last, this comes to twelve times for Devon and nine times for Somerset.

Sheriff of Somerset and Dorset 1 Nov 1381 - 24 Nov 1382; of Devon, 15 Nov 1389 - 7 Nov 1390.

"The Bonvilles, of French origin, established themselves in Devon shortly after the Conquest and by the end of the 14th century their wealth and standing in the county had become second only to that of the Courtenays. The antagonism between the heads of the respective families in the mid 15th century, which expressed itself on the battlefields of the Wars of the Roses and ended in the extinction of the main Bonville line, was exacerbated if not caused by jealousy of the material prosperity of the Bonvilles, for which Sir William himself was largely responsible. At his death in 1408 he was holding some 40 manors, and extensive lands and rents, in Cornwall, Devon, Dorset, Somerset and Wiltshire, providing his grandson and heir with an income sufficient to justify his elevation to the House of Lords. Such material assets led Sir William into wide fields of public service and military enterprise. In 1369 he served under the duke of Lancaster at Caux and later at Boulogne, and in October 1377 he was again absent overseas and unable to take his seat in Parliament. His military career, however, was only an interlude in a remarkably active political life: beginning in 1366, Bonville sat, either for Devon or Somerset, in 20 out of the 33 Parliaments convened in the next 36 years. His position in the West Country, if not already evident from this near monopoly, may be gauged by the frequency of his appointments to royal commissions, some of which were of major importance." [History of Parliament
Bonville, William MP (I7365)
 
497 "[A]n architect of the 'Auld Alliance' and in 1301-3 Guardian of Scotland." [Tim Powys-Lybbe] de Soules, John (I3517)
 
498 "[A]ssumed the name of DE STAFFORD upon becoming seised of the barony." [Complete Peerage]

CP (XII/1:170) notes that Eyton said that this Hervey "was certainly descended from Bagot, who held Bramshall under Robert de Stafford in 1086." 
Bagot, Hervey (I7165)
 
499 "[A]ssumed the name of Mowbray. Was, when a boy, at the battle of the Standard, 1137; went with Louis VII of France to the Holy Land 1147; rebelled against Henry III 1147, and had his castles of Thirsk and Kirkby Malzeard taken and destroyed; went again to the Holy Land; founded Byland Abbey." [The Wallop Family]

"Roger de Mowbray; helped defeat invading Scots at Battle of the Standard 1138; supported King Stephen in period of the Anarchy, fighting on his behalf at the Battle of Lincoln Feb. 1140/1; joined Second Crusade 1147; rebelled against Henry II 1173 and allegedly escaped to Scotland following rebels' defeat, but submitted 1174; again went on Crusade 1186, captured by Saracens 1187 at the Battle of Hittin but ransomed; married Alice, daughter of Walter de Gant and widow of Ilbert de Lacy, and died 1188 in the Holy Land when on the point of returning to England." [Burke's Peerage] 
de Mowbray, Roger (I8927)
 
500 "[A]ttended the King to Gascony 1276-7, and to Scotland; Knight of the shire for Somerset 1296-7." [The Wallop Family, citation details below.] de Brent, Robert MP (I8324)
 

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