Nielsen Hayden genealogy


Matches 1,001 to 1,500 of 7,966

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1001 From Swamp Yankee from Mystic by Roy N. Bohlander (1980):

Edward Stallyon came with his wife Margaret to New London with the others in 1651. Unlike many of them he stayed in town for over thirty years. He must have done well with his trading sloop from the beginning, for in 1660 he had one of the few stone houses in town. Very much the businessman, in 1673 he was fined 30 shillings for sailing his vessel from New London to Norwich on the Sabbath. In 1680 he had a new 30 ton sloop Edward and Margaret built by Hugh Mould.

About 1684 he built a house on the Pleasant Valley Road in Groton. It is still standing, and believed to be the oldest house in town. His daughter Deborah married James Avery, Jr. Edward died as he had lived--on the water. In May of 1703 he drowned while crossing the river to New London in his dugout canoe. Although he married three times, his daughter was his only heir. 
Stallion, Edward (I1705)
1002 From The Bingham Family in the United States, citation details below:

Jeremiah was born in the Franklin section of Norwich, New London Co CT where his parents, Joseph and Rachel Ween Bingham, then lived. Based upon his date of entry into military service, he was probably born on 17 Apr 1760, but the Norwich records cite the name James, and not Jeremiah. [PNH: see note below.] By 1776 Jeremiah was apprenticed to Henry Baldridge in Bennington VT, but when the army recruiting sergeant came to Bennington, Jeremiah broke his apprentice agreement and joined the army. He served his first thirty-four months in Maj. Allen's company of Col. Rufus Putnam's MA regiment of the Continental Line, 20 Feb 1777 to 31 Dec 1779. He signed up for another year and a month, consequently, his final date of service was 31 Jan 1781. He would have been almost twenty-one when he was discharged. Jeremiah returned to Bennington where he stayed until about 1784 and then followed his uncle Jeremiah to Cornwall, Addison Co VT.

Jeremiah married in Cornwall, Mary Ives, 27 Nov 1786. The next month, they purchased nearly four acres adjoining their house lot. Near the end of 1788 when Jeremiah received his back military pay, he bought twenty-five acres from Edward Harris. This deed is most intriguing as it also recorded Harris's gift of five acres to Joseph Bingham. Joseph could have been Jeremiah's father or brother.

The births of Jeremiah and Mary's first three children were recorded in Cornwall, but not the births of the other children. The 1800 U.S. census for Cornwall credited the family with three boys under 10, one girl under 10, and one girl 10-16. The family was also enumerated in Cornwall in 1810. Several Cornwall deeds between 1789 amd 1793 indicate that Jeremiah sold portions of his twenty-five acres. In 1794, he bought thirty-four acres from Jared Ives, but sold it five months later in 1795. That deed was the last record for Jeremiah in Cornwall. His pension application file contains a statement by his uncle Jeremiah of Cornwall that he lived "here" in 1806 and his son, Aaron, stated that he died in 1813 during the late war with England.

Mary, his wife, married second, Abner Whipple, about 1820. Jeremiah's sons Reuben, Lucius and Jeremiah lived in Ontario, Canada in the late 1820, but by 1840 they had returned to the U.S. and all three lived in Knox Co IL. Son Jeremiah moved on to IA in 1845 where his mother Mary died.


We are a little skeptical about Donna Bingham Munger's assertion that "[b]ased upon his date of entry into military service, he was probably born on 17 Apr 1760", since, as Munger observes, "the Norwich records [for a Bingham birth on that date] cite the name James, and not Jeremiah." It seems clear from records cited by Munger herself that James Bingham was a separate individual. We find it entirely plausible that Jeremiah was born in 1761, was an apprentice at fifteen, and ran away to join the army at approximately sixteen.


Some online sites state that this Jeremiah Bingham fought in the War of 1812 as well as in the Revolution. We believe this is based on a misreading of son Aaron's 1849 statement, referred to in our entry for Jeremiah Bingham's wife Mary Ives, that Jeremiah "died during the late war with England in 1813." It seems clear that Aaron was merely noting the period of history during which his father died, not claiming that he father actually fought in that war. Most notably, after their mother's death, Aaron Bingham and his brothers Jeremiah, Joseph, and Lucius Augustus Bingham put a great deal of energy into proving their father's Revolutionary War service in order to obtain their portions of their mother's pension. If their father had also fought in the second war with England, this surely would have been mentioned in their various statements about his military history.

Jeremiah may, however, have been a recruiter during the war of 1812. Via Barbara Nielsen, we have a photocopy of a federal Bureau of Pensions form, undated but clearly produced between 1900 and 1909, since the pre-printed date line on top of the document reads "Washington, D.C., 190__". The top of the document is a form letter aimed at persons who have written to the Bureau in search of information about an ancestor's service in the Revolution or the War of 1812, and it requests that the correspondent please fill out the form at the bottom of the page and return it. The form at the bottom has been filled out by one Perry P. Young, requesting information about the service of this Jeremiah Bingham, and in the "additional information" space, Young writes that "family tradition" says that Jeremiah Bingham was a recruiter for the war of 1812. Young also states as a matter of fact that three of Jeremiah's sons, Calvin, Perry, and Joseph, fought in that war. 
Bingham, Jeremiah (I1293)
1003 From The Bingham Family in the United States, citation details below:

Joseph was only ten months old when his father, Thomas, died in 1710. His uncle Jonathan was appointed his guardian in 1713 when Joseph's father's will was probated. But his mother, Hannah, had married, second, Daniel Tracy, who became the only father Joseph would have known.

At age twenty-two, Joseph married Ruth Post. They were admitted to the Second Church in Norwich, also called the Franklin Church, 4 Jan 1736. Their children Mary, Eunice, Joseph, Stephen, and Esther were also baptized in the Franklin Church. The family lived in the Franklin section of Norwich for over twenty years.

Joseph fought in the French and Indian War in 1758 as a 2nd Lt, 8th company, 2nd regiment under Capt. John Durkee and Col. Nathan Whiting and in 1759 as 1st Lieutenant, 3rd company, 4th regiment under Major John Durkee.

When Joseph left military service, he moved his family to Charlemont, then Hampshire Co MA, with the first party of settlers. This may have been as early as 1760 or as late as 1764. Children Lucretia, Jeremiah, and Calvin moved to Charlemont, with their parents. Esther and husband, and Lois and husband either went with Joseph and Ruth or joined them later.

About 1773, the two youngest sons, Jeremiah and Calvin, went to Bennington VT where they purchased a partially cleared farm which had an unfinished house. They soon brought their parents to live with them. Joseph and Jeremiah joined the First Church in Bennington 3 May 1776. Jeremiah and Calvin were voted freeman 10 Sep 1778 and as of 21 Jan 1779 Joseph was a freeman in Bennington. At the annual town meeting 31 March 1779, the freemen voted to pay Joseph Wilkins £4.04 for keeping Joseph Bingham's wife in 1770 (sic?).

When Joseph was a young man he was described as being six feet two inches tall, not fleshy, with a keen penetrating eye, an indomitable will, and uncommon muscular strength. He was a church member and deacon for many years, his conversation abounded in moral and religious instruction and he was a man of prayer. Thus it was that recovering from a broken hip at age sixty-eight, Joseph had his son Calvin carry him to town and from there called the older men, women, and children to the church and led them in prayer during the Battle of Bennington, Saturday 16 Aug 1777. Joseph's hip healed and he lived for ten more years.

From Early Vermont Settlers to 1784, citation details below:

Joseph enlisted as a private in Maj. William White's Company of Norwich on 12 September 1755, promoted to sergeant on 22 October, and discharged on 13 December 1755. Sgt. Joseph served now Lt. Col. William White from 5 April to 3 December 1756, and at one point was listed as sick at Fort Edward. Lt. Joseph next served "on command" [i.e. not on active duty at that date] Capt. John Durkee of Norwich in the 9th Company dated at Fort Edward on 19 October 1758 and again dated Norwich on 23 April 1759.

Joseph Bingham (1709-1787) = Ruth Post (1711-1796)
Jeremiah Bingham (1748-~1841) = Abigail (d. 1817)
Sylvia Bingham (1778-1812) = Aaron DeLong
Abigail DeLong (1799-1862) = Luman Field (1794-1846)
Lucinda Field (1819-1899) = William Heath (1815-1882)
James W. Heath (b. ~1847) = Alma Miranda Rhodes (1845-1904)
Charles R. Heath (1872-1933) = Alice Adaline Maria Oriel (1874-1902)
Charles F. Heath (1901-1980) = Nellie Marie Brandt (1900-1988)
Charles Richard Heath (1938- ) = Sarah Sheeran (1940- )
Sarah Louise Heath Palin (1964- ) 
Bingham, Deacon Joseph (I903)
1004 From The Bingham Family in the United States, citation details below:

Joseph's birth on 14 Apr 1738 was recorded in the Norwich records, but he was baptized on 16 Apr in the Franklin church. He grew up in the Franklin section of Norwich and may have served in the militia in the French and Indian War. When he was twenty-one he married Rachel Ween 5 Jul 1759. In 1760, their first child was born and the birth recorded in the Norwich records under the name James. Joseph's other children's births are not recorded in Norwich and other records have not been found to document Joseph's life after 1760. Neither are there records for James. However, it is known that Joseph's parents moved to Charlemont MA in 1760 and to Bennington VT between 1773 and 1779 and that Joseph's son, Jeremiah 2nd, was an apprentice in Bennington in 1777.


A document at claims that "Joseph served in the French and Indian war as a Quartermaster of a troop of horses, fifth regiment in May 1757. He was Cornet in Oct 1761, and Lieutenant in Oct 1764."

"The town of Bennington voted each year from 1768 to 1771 to aid Joseph who has been under confinement. This Joseph, wife Rachel, and their named children were warned out of Bennington in 1768. The town discussed moving Joseph back to Norwich and to try to recover costs from Norwich in 1770. The town, again, voted assistance for the doctoring, nursing, and board for Joseph in 1771." [Early Vermont Settlers to 1784, citation details below.]

The town records of Charlemont, Massachusetts show payments in Dec 1773 to "Joseph Bingham, for work at the Road 6/ [shillings/pence], Calvin Bingham, for work at the Road 13/6, Daniel Kinsley, for work at the Road 30/6." If these Binghams are ours, this would be more likely to be this Joseph, as his father Joseph was 64 in 1773. 
Bingham, Joseph (I6762)
1005 From The Bingham Family in the United States, citation details below:

Thomas died age forty-two. As Thomas's widow, Hannah refused to administer his estate on 8 July 1712 when inventory was filed, brother Stephen was administrator. Thomas's will was filed 26 Sep 1713; distribution of personal and real property valued at £1401 was to wife and children.

Thomas's early death compared to his siblings has caused much speculation. This genealogy, however, shows a pattern of early male death in selected heirs of Thomas. Cause of death was invariably heart disease, or more specifically, endocarditis. Evidence points in favor of a genetically transmitted rheumatic fever ending in early heart attack for those who survived childhood. 
Bingham, Sgt. Thomas (I3825)
1006 From The Bingham Family in the United States, citation details below:

With his brothers Reuben and Jeremiah 2nd Jr., and his mother and her second husband, Abner Whipple, Lucius Augustus and his family moved west to near Brockville, Upper Canada about 1829. None of them appeared on the NY 1830 federal census. The group remained in Canada until the late 1830s when they decided to embrace the Mormon religion and moved to Henderson, Knox Co IL, near Nauvoo. They may have passed through Oswego Co NY where brother Aaron lived. Lucius, Reuben, and Jeremiah 2nd Jr. were all enumerated on the IL 1840 U.S. census. By 1850, part of the group had moved on to near Council Bluffs, Pottawattamie Co IA, but it is not clear what happened to Lucius Augustus. He was not named on the IA 1850 federal census, but his oldest son was. There is also a record of a child born to him and second wife Rebecca White at Harrison Co IA in 1853. Instead of going on to Utah, Lucius Augustus remained in IA and died in 1857. 
Bingham, Lucius Augustus (I2443)
1007 From The Chetwynds of Ingestre, citation details below:

Adam de Chetwynd of Cublesdon, the youngest of the three brothers, was a very weathy man. He was one of those younger sons who, combining the local banker with the country lawyer, had great opportunities of enriching themselves by money-lending or by purchasing bankrupt estates, now and then. In a contemporary deed he is addressed as "Our beloved Clerk." It may have been as a means of improving his security for the repayment of loans that at the Shropshire Assizes in 1272, Robert de Momford, lord of Idsall, publickly acknowledged a debt of 50 marks due to him; Thomas Corbet of Tasley owning to another of 100s. and Robert Bolyter (Botiller) of Wem, another of £10 8s 0d. In that year he was living at Prestwood in the forest of Kinver in Staffordshire, where he was nearly caught in the meshes of the Forest Law. At the pleas of the forest in 1286 a presentment was made by his kingsman John FitzPhilip of Barlaston, the chief forester, that in 1272 Ralph de Wastenays of Tixall and Philip le Barynton of Creighton, hear Uttoxeter, had come into the forest on the Sunday after St Hilary with greyhounds and bows and arrows, and took a hind and a feccon (fawn) of a hind and carried the venison to the house of Adam de Chetwinde, who is now dead (1286). The others did not appear, but Wastnays was arrested by the sheriff and committed to prison till the case could be heard by the freeholders (the Swan-mote), but the final sentence had to be deferred till the judges came round. This was not till fourteen years later, when the offenders were fined 40s and ordered to find sureties. In March, 1274, Adam was the King's Escheator in Cheshire and North Shropshire. During his tenure of office, Ellesmere Castle escheated to the King by the death of Hamo le Strange in the service of the Cross [in Palestine], and Chetwynd was put in charge. The jurors of Pemhill, the Hundred in which Ellesmere was situated, made a presentment that Chetwynd had appropriated 100s worth of timber provided for the building (or repair) of the Caslte and carried it to his own house at Aldredescote. But if Aldredescote is Alscot or Aldrescote in Wrockwardine Hundred, which was another manor of Hamo le Strange, Chetwynd may probably be acquitted of the charge of using timber for his own purposes. In October 1275, he was employed with Roger le Ross in assessing the Fifteenth in Gloucestershire, a tax voted by Parliament; and in March, 1279, he was in a commission with William Bagod and Master Adam de Bobinton, the counsellor, to enquire into the conduct of the sheriff of Staffordshire in compelling persons to take the degree of knighthood.

Adam de Chetwynd is usually designated as of Cublesdon, but it is impossible to say exactly what rights he held there. Walter Chetwynd, writing in the latter half of the 17th century, says: "The lord of Cublesdon have ever since the time of Edward I held certain lands within that manor by service of a Knight's fee and £5 of yearly rent, of the Chetwynds of Ingestre, but what lands they are or by whom first granted I have not been able to discover." Cublesdon or Cubleston (now Kibblestone) was a large manor containing a number of hamlets in the parish of Stone. It was held by the Pantulfs, barons of Wem in Shropshire, under Roger Montgomery, Earl of Shrewsbury, soon after the Conquest. One William de Pantulf gave the canons of Stone the tithes, which his predecessors had kept for themselves - for the maintenance of a priest to say mass "in his chapel at Cublesdon"; from which we may infer that the Pantulfs had a manor house there. Pantulf's son, another William, who had an estate at Hales (Sheriff Hales) in Shropshire as well as Cublesdon, died in 1253, leaving a widow, known as "Alyse Lady of Halys," and an only daughter Roesia or Rose, married to William Trussell who was slain at Evesham in 1265. William Trussell, their son and heir, was born in 1261, and was consequently a minor at his father's death, but was of full age when his mother died in 1294, and succeeded to her estates at Cublesdon and Hales. Meantime Chetwynd and his wife Eva may have been in occupation of Cublesdon, holding it of the Lady of Hales. He is found buying estates all round, as Eva did after him. William Trussell took up his residence there afterwards, for he had a park at Cublesdon in the 4th Edward II, when some of the Swinnertons were charged at the assizes with breaking in vi et armis and chasing and taking 20 bucks and does, for which William claimed £100 as damages. The same day they broke into Vivian de Staundon's park at Fenton near Stoke. The Trussells lived at Cublesdon for many generations. Another William was one of the adherents of Thomas Earl of Lancaster, and fled the kingdom, but afterwards returning with Queen Isabel, 20 Edward II, was chosen Speaker of the House of Commons. HIs grandson, Sir William Trussell, "then residing at Cublesdon," was made admiral of the fleet from the mouth of the Thames to Berwick on Tweed, and 16 Edward III was summoned to Parliament as a baron. Another, Sir John, attended the Black Prince at Poictiers, but died the same year at Cublesdon, leaving Margaret, wife of Fulc de Pembruge, his daughter and heir, then only 14 years of age. After which Sir Fulc dying childless, his estate passed to Sir Richard Vernon of Harlaston, who took the name of Pembruge, and after him to Sir William Trussell of Acton Trussell. Though Cublesdon was so long their residence there are no remains of a house, but I think there can be little doubt it stood at the bottom of the valley opposite Kibblestone Hall.

. . . Adam Chetwynd also purchased rents at Hilderston in 1278 from Burnel, Bishop of Bath and Wells, for which he paid the bishop 200 silver marks. His son John was mesne-lord of Hilderston in 1284. The Hugfords were his tenants there. It afterwards passed to the Belves (33 Edward III) and from them by a daughter to Sir Robert Sheffield, Knight, Recorder of London, whose son passed to away to Gilbert Gerard, Mater of the Rolls, temp Elizabeth. Adam also bouth lands at Berry Hill and Barlaston - all lying within the compass of a day's walk from Cublesdon - from his kinsman, John FitzPhilip, the chief forester, which he settled on his son John and his heirs, with remainder to his other children in succession. We have seen him purchasing the wardship at Chetwynd, and he had two other wardships at Tixall and Ipstones. Just before his death he appeared in person before Ralph de Hengham, the Chief Justice of England, at Maer, to answer a complaint of Richard de Okeover and his wife that he had unjustly deprived them of a messuage and lands at Ipstones. He proved that the heir was in ward to him and still under age. Chewynd died in the autumn of 1282, for on the 28th December, his widow, Eva de Oswaldestre, appealed to the king at Rhuddlan Castle in North Cymru, where he was holding his first Welsh Parliament, to complain that the sheriff had unjustly deprived her of her rights. Thereupon an enquiry held at Stafford in January, and the jurors found her entitled to the custody of Tixall, Ipstones, Weston, and Chetwynd, for they all had been given her by her husband some time before his death. 
de Chetwynd, Adam (I5387)
1008 From The Chetwynds of Ingestre, citation details below:

Reginald de Chetwynd, the son of the first wife, was an acolyte when he was presented to the rectory of Chetwynd, but if I have rightly interpreted the Plea Roll quoted above, he must have been born prior to 1292, and at least six-and-twenty when he was inducted and allowed a year's dispensation to study. An acolyte in the Roman Catholic Church is not necessarily a boy. The term was applied to any young person whose mind was set upon Holy Orders. The practice of conferring livings on youths of even tender age, and allowing them to retire for study afterwards, was not uncommon in Langton's episcopate. We have seen how the elder Reginald surrendered his estate to his cousin in 1318. Five and twenty years later (1344) another fine was enrolled at Westminster between Sir John and his son the parson of Chetwynd. By the first settlement the younger Reginald would become next heir at his father's death, but as a priest he could neither hold land himself nor could his daughter, being held to be illegitimate, though at this time many of the English clergy were married and living with their families in their parsonages, just as their successors do now. A common legal fiction must therefore be devised to ensure the inheritance to his daughter. Accordingly, a suitable match having been first provided for the young lady, and Sir John having recognised his son's right under the former settlement, Reginald granted his estate back to his father for life, with remainder afterwards to Richard, son of Adam de Peshale, and his wife Joan. Thus the priest's daughter is ingeniously kept out of sight, and Sir John's estate, passing direct to Peshale at his death, was saved from the Church, "that great gulf," as Blackstone says, "in which all the property in the kingdom was in danger of being swallowed up." Once more we hear of Reginald when he exchanged livings with John de Downton of Kynnersley in 1351, but he returned to Chetwynd at his death. Captain Symonds describes the monument he saw in 1645--"In the middle of the chancel a flat stone, an ancient cross with floreated staff resting on a lion. On the right side of the cross a circular shield bearing the coat of Chetwynd."

Gough also saw it in 1790, and describes it as "that of a priest entitled to bear arms." The church which Gough saw was a plain brick structure adjoining the house, pulled down a few years ago. 
de Chetwynd, Reginald (I2565)
1009 From The Farwell Family:

"He is buried in South Nashua, N. H. At the time of his death the town of Nashua, N. H., was a part of the old township of Dunstable, Mass. When the boundary dispute between Mass. and New Hampshire was settled this change in name was brought about. [...] Joseph Farwell is styled in the Old Dunstable records 'Ensign Farwell.' He was, immediately after his settlement in the town, employed in various offices in the town business. He was selectman in 1701, 2, 5, 7, 10, and also at earlier dates, highway surveyor in 1706, and on important committees in 1702, 7, 12, 16 and 17. In 1710 Ensign Farwell, Thomas Lund and Joseph Blanchard, selectmen, petitioned the Assembly for aid in supporting the ministry, and in 1711 it is recorded that they received £10 from the Assembly towards payment of salary of Mr. Paris. He was 'Ensign' of the Chelmsford Military Co., 1687-1695."

From Diana Gale Matthiesen's site, Joseph Farwell's will. [Dated 13 Nov 1711, probated 16 Jan 1722-1723. Sourced to "the Winslow Farr Sr. Family Organization web site". It would seem to prove that Hannah Learned was alive on 13 Nov 1711, rather than dying in 1695 as I previously recorded.]

In the Name of the Lord God Amen Joseph Farwell of The town Dunstable in the County of Middefs in the province of the Massachulets Bay in Newengland yeoman being of Sound and Perfect memory praise be given to god for the same yit knowing the uncertainty of this Life on Earth and being Desirous to Settle things in order Do Make and ordain this to be my Last Will and Testament. Hereby Revoking all former Wills by me made and signed to be null and of none Effect icc In Primas My Soule I give unto the hand of allmighty god that gave it in sure and certaine hopes of Eternaul Life through our alone Lord and Saiover Jesus Christ and my body to the Earth from whence it came to be Deceantly Interred at the Discretion of My Executors x hereafter Named and after my funerall expences and the Debts satisfied And Paid What Worldly goods it hath pleased god to Endow me with all I Do give and bequeath in manner as followeth Item I Do: give unto My beloved Wife Hannah Farewell all my moveable goods both within the boufe and abroad of all sorts Whatsoever to be at her disposall for ever excepting one paire of Andirons. Item I do give and bequeath to my Son Oliver ffarewel and to his Heirs executors Administrators for ever the one half of My housings and Lands which I have now in my possession when he shall Attaine to the age of twenty one years allso I do give to him one paire of Andirons: Aflso I do give and bequeath to him my son Oliver Farewell and to his Heirs the other part of all my Houfings and Lands which I have in pofselsion after my Deceafe and after the Deceafe of my Wife Hannah ffarewell if in the meanetime of our Lives he doth take the whole care of us Both And to provide all things comfortable and Necefsary for us both in sickness and in health and to bestow upon us or either of us A decent Burial: Hereby Authorizing and fully Impowering my Beloved wife Hannah If arewel and my son Henry ffarewell to be whole and sole executors Joyntly and Severally of this my Lash Will and Testament In Witness Whereof I have hereunto subscribed as Witness my hand and ieall the thirteenth Day of November Anno Domin one thousand seven hundred and eleven, and in the tenth year of her Majestie's Reighn of E

ssigned sealed And published

to be the Last will and testament of Joseph I farewell

In presence of us

Ames Chever
Samuel Moody
John Meriam. jr.

Before signing and sealing it is to be understood that all my other Children both sons and Daughters have Received their full portions of me allready

Jofeph farwell Seal 
Farwell, Ensign Joseph (I2979)
1010 From The Friend, volume 69, no. 33, 7 Mar 1896, p. 258:

Earliest Friends in America.

While engaged upon a family genealogy I have come upon some items relating to very early Friends in this country. I send these to The Friend hoping not only that they will interest its readers, but also that some among them may be able to add to our store of information, and thus help to determine who were the earliest Friends in America.

Mary Fisher and Anne Austin landed in Boston in Fifth Month (now Seventh), 1656 and were supposed to have been the first Friends to visit this country. After five weeks of imprisonment they were banished to Barbadoes, without having had any liberty or been allowed to converse with any one except their persecutors. Two days after they sailed for Barbadoes, still prisoners, eight more English Friends landed at Boston, and these also were cast into prison, where they remained for eleven weeks, when they were sent back to London. These are the first Friends of whom history tells us; but that there were Friends in fact if not in name, in the town of Sandwich, Mass., before that time there appears no doubt.

In the year 1653 Edward Perry of Sandwich, was married to Mary, daughter of Edmond Freeman, by Friends ceremony. The exact date we do not know, as the leaf upon which it was afterwards recorded in the record book of Sandwich Monthly Meeting, by the clerk (Edward Perry himself), is gone from the book. But this marriage is indexed as the first in those records. The record of the marriage of the sister of Edward Perry to Robert Harper is still to be found in this old book. It reads as follows:

"Robert Harper and Deborah Perry took one another in marriage in ye third moneth of ye yeare one thousand six hundred and fiftye and foure: 1654".

The wording of this record would indicate that they took each other after the custom of Friends, and that they were not married by either minister or magistrate. 
Perry, Deborah (I5007)
1011 From The Great Migration Begins:

"John Hewes arrived in Scituate in 1632. He was a surveyer of highways in 1652 and 1653, constable in 1659. He built a 'small plain palisado house' in Scituate before September 1634, then build a second house in 1636 and sold the first one to John Cooper. (There was another John Hewes, junior to this one, in Scituate, probably the one called 'the Welshman.')

"John requested admission 6 Mar 1638 and was addmitted freeman 3 Dec 1639. Hew was surveyer of highways in 1652 and 1653, constable 1659." 
Hewes, John (I4859)
1012 From The Gresleys of Drakelowe by Falconer Madan (Oxford, 1899):

[Peter de Gresley] married Johanna, daughter and co-heiress of Sir Robert de Stafford and a lineal descendant of the Toenis. Very shortly after her husband's death, she was forcibly abducted from her manor of Drakelowe, which had been assigned to her by her eldest son, and carried off to Swinnerton by Sir John de Swinnerton and others. There she was detained for a long time, and it is certainly noticeable that we hear nothing of her for some years after this event. Justice was slow, and not till 1321-4 was Sir John brought to trial, when he produced a pardon from the King dated May 25, 1310! However, before 1320 Johanna must have escaped, for she was then the wife of Sir Walter de Montgomery (a connexion of the Swinnertons), who died in 1322 or 1323. The violence of the times can be as well gathered from the following single incident as from a catalogue of crimes. On Sept 23, 1323, Johanna is found abetting her sons Peter and Robert de Gresley in the murder of Sir William de Montgomery, son of her late husband Sir Walter "on the high road under the park of Seal!"

Philippa the widow of the murdered man procured the arrest of all three, but they were acquitted! Again in 1333 she was accused of murder and again acquitted. After these records -- and they are only samples -- one is not surprised to hear of her own strong-box being broken into at Drakelowe in 1323-4. At last in or before 1342 her turbulent life is ended.


[Note: Rosie Bevan, in reproducing the above passage on SGM, 24 Nov 2002, noted that Madan's death date for Sir Walter de Montgomery is incorrect and that in fact he appears to have been alive when his son William was murdered.] 
de Stafford, Joan (I3333)
1013 From The History of the County Palatine and City of Chester, by George Ormerod (citation details below), volume 1, pp. 476-77:

[Sir Hugh de Dutton] also had the magistracy, or rule and authority, over all the letchers and whores of all Cheshire, granted unto him and his heirs, by John constable of Cheshire and baron of Halton, as freely as the said John held the same of the earl of Chester, saving the right of the said John to him and his heirs; which are the very words of the deed, only rendered by me in English. Lib. C. fol. 154, h. So that he holds it, as it were, under the baron of Halton, who reserves his own right by a special reservation.

This privilege over such loose persons was granted first under Roger Lacy constable of Cheshire, under Richard the First, by Randle, surnamed Blundevill, earl of Chester, in memory of his good service done to the earl in raising the siege of the Welsh-men, who had beset the earl in his castle of Rothelent in Flintshire; for the constable having got a promiscuous rabble of such like persons together, and marching towards the said castle, the Welsh, supposing a great army to be coming, raised their siege and fled. So saith the ancient roll of the barons of Halton. Lib. C. fol. 85, b. Monasticon Anglicanum, 2 pars, pag. 187. This roll saith, that rabble consisted of players, fidlers, and shoe-makers. The deed here toucheth letchers and whores. The privilege and custom used at this day by the heirs of Dutton, is over the minstrelsie and common fidlers, none being suffered to play in this county without the licence of the lord of Dutton, who keeps a court at Chester yearly, on Midsomer-day, for the same, where all the licenced minstrels of Cheshire do appear, and renew their licences; so that the custom seems to have been altered to the fidlers, as necessary attendants on revellers in bawdy-houses and taverns.

And it is to be observed, that those minstrels which are licensed by the heirs of Dutton of Dutton, within the county-palatine of Chester, or the county of the city of Chester, according to their ancient custom, are exempted out of the statute of rogues, 39 Eliz. cap. 4. 
de Dutton, Hugh (I9367)
1014 From The History of the Descendants of John Dwight (citation details below):

He was a farmer and town surveyor and "a man of means," residing at Belchertown, and of a decidedly religious turn of mind, and much given to theological speculation. He left behind him many essays on religious subjects. […]

Capt. Justus Dwight was a tory of the negative sort. Although thinking that the hour for colonial revolution and independence must and should one day come, he did not feel that it had arrived when those around him shouted and thundered that it had. Although remaining at home, he hired another to represent him on the battle-fields of strife. 
Dwight, Capt. Justus (I18230)
1015 From The Old Families of Salisbury and Amesbury [citation details below]:

He recd. "children's land" 1659, meeting house seat 1667; signed petition of `680; "show-shoe man" 1708, etc. 
Huntington, John (I5656)
1016 From The Old Families of Salisbury and Amesbury [citation details below]:

William Huntington, "planter," of Salisbury and Amesbury, m. Joanna Bailey. He was commoner and taxed in S., 1650, recd. land in S. 1654; one of the first settlers of A., 1654-5, where he recd. land 1654-64, a "township" for his son, 1660; meeting house seat 1667; freed from training 1670; oath al. Dec, 1677, etc. He d. ab. 1689. Wife Joanna liv. 1662, per. dead in 1663, as Jarrett Haddon and Isaac Colby then testified to her consent to a deed. 
Huntington, William (I5664)
1017 From The Origins of Some Anglo-Norman Families, by Lewis C. Lloyd. Charles Travis Clay and David C. Douglas, eds. [Leeds: Harleian Society, 1951]:

The family were well-known and extensive under-tenants of the Ferrers earls of Derby, and descended from Ralf [de Bachepuz] who in 1086 held of Henry de Ferrers in Berkshire and Derbyshire. The distance of Bacquepuits from Ferrieres-St-Hilaire, the caput of the Norman barony, is 35 kil., and moreover it was held of the counts of Evreux. On the other hand the count of Evreux received but little land in England at the Conquest, and in 1086 he held lands of small extent in Berkshire and Oxfordshire, on none of which were there enfeoffed under-tenants. In such circumstances it would be natural that a man from Bacquepuits seeking fortune overseas should attach himself to a neighbouring baron who had obtained such vast estates in England as had Henry de Ferrers. When to this is added the fact that no other Bacquepuits is known to exist the provenance may be considered to be reasonably certain. 
de Bakepuiz, Ralph (I8742)
1018 From The Winthrop Woman, a historical novel by Anya Seton (Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1958):

"There's Will now," Elizabeth cried, suddenly catching sight of his tall figure standing at the gate and talking to someone. "Isn't he splendid in that new scarlet coat? I had a time getting the everlasting leather jerkin off him."

Anneke laughed. "Bess, you look at your husband, eager as a girl vith her first sveetheart. And at your age, lieveling!"

"Aye -- " said Elizabeth breathing deep. Then she added slowly, "Why, he's talking to the young widow Thorne, she seems to be the first arrival."

Anneke glanced sideways at her friend, and knowing Elizabeth as she did, sensed a withdrawal, though Elizabeth's face showed nothing. Anneke examined the widow Thorne who was very pretty, had dark curly hair, and a roguish smile. She was demurely droved in black, with a plain white collar. She looked about twenty-five. Anneke had never seen the young woman before and was struck by a resemblance to someone. In a moment she realized to whom. In coloring, and height, in the tilt of the head while laughing up at Will, there was a suggestion of Elizabeth as she had been when Anneke first met her in Watertown over twenty years ago.

"Do you see much of this widow Thorne?" asked Anneke, carefully counting the stitches on her needle.

"From time to time," said Elizabeth, and went on with some incoherence. "Susannah Thorne lives over in Maspeth with her father Mr. Booth, rather lonely for her, and she comes to visit the girls. The Thornes were Dorset folk so Will and Susannah often reminisce too. I expect she'll marry soon again."

"No doubt," said Anneke, knitting fast while she had an uneasy thought. Will Hallet was only thirty-nine, and men of about that age were susceptible. Her Toby was much younger than she, but it did not matter, since romantic passion had never been their bond, and she neither inquired nor cared what he did on his voyages. When Will and Susannah Thorne walked over to them, Anneke favored the pair with a sharp stare. But Will gave his wife his usual warm attentive look, while Susannah cried in sincere pleasure, "Oh, Mrs. Hallet, I'm so glad to see you! What a wonderful day for Hannah's fete!"

Elizabeth smiled, and pressed Susannah's hand with extreme cordiality because the thoughts which had just occurred to Anneke, she had already suffered many times; ever since she had first seen the pretty young widow, and the resemblance to her younger self, and Will's unconscious response to it.


William Hallet was the third and final husband of Elizabeth Fones, who had previously been married to Henry Winthrop and Robert Feake. After Elizabeth died in 1655, William Hallet married Susanna (Booth) Thorne, as her second husband. The marriage ended in divorce in 1674. 
Booth, Susannah (I6821)
1019 From Van Zee, Babcock, Brooks, Valentine and related families by Valentine Van Zee (citation details below):

"RICHARD VALENTINE was most likely a young man between twenty-five and thirty years when he arrived at Hempstead, as one of the earliest settlers. He died there between October 1683 and 1685. Whether or not he was married at the time he arrived cannot be determined by the few remaining records; if not, he would have married soon after. No record has ever surfaced which give us the name of his wife. Over the years her first name has been given as Jane, Mary and Deborah. Some of the confusion may have originated with the census of 1698 which lists the "Widow Valentine as head of household, residing with her is her son Nathan, and a Jane Valentine, (unidentified). Mary, probably stems from the Cheesman connection, see below. The best guess is that her name was DEBORAH; not only is it also presented by earlier researcher, but in addition is a name carried down through subsequent generations. She was still living in 1704/5, when her son, Richard, made certain provisions for her.

"It has been suggested that Richard may have been born in Lancashire County, England. Various researchers on the subject have stated he was a lineal descendant of Richard Valentine (Valentyn/Le Valentyn) of the Parish of Eccles, Lancashire, England, a proven ancestor of the New England Valentines. It has been proposed that he came to this country with the Winthrop-Saltonstall party to Watertown, Massachusetts. Said to have settled first at Wethersfield, Hartford County, Connecticut in 1634, from where he joined the New Haven colony and crossed the Long Island sound to Hempstead in 1644. To date no records have been found that substantiate any of these claims." 
Valentine, Richard (I1803)
1020 From a page at, no longer online:

"Henry H. Seabrook was one of the founders, and served as managing director and treasurer of the Keyport [New Jersey] and Middletown Point Steamboat Company. The Keyport and Middletown Point Steamboat Company was incorporated in 1852 by Mr. Seabrook, DeLafayette Schenck, and Thomas V. Arrowsmith. He also served as Keyport's second Postmaster from 1841-1856. Mr. Seabrook also had other business interests in Keyport." 
Seabrook, Henry Hendrickson (I22149)
1021 From Bonnie Johnson, Susanna North Martin:

During the first 23 years of her marriage, Susanna's name appears twice in public records. In 1647 or 48 she was fined 20 shillings for an unnamed offense and in 1667 her husband George objected to her seat placement in the meeting house. Perhaps he felt it was below her station.

From Wikipedia:

In 1669, Susannah was first formally accused of witchcraft by William Sargent, Jr. In turn, George Martin sued Sargent for two counts of slander against Susannah, one for accusing her of being a witch, and another for claiming one of her sons was a bastard and another was her "imp". Martin withdrew the second count, but the Court upheld the accusation of witchcraft. A higher court later dismissed the witchcraft charges.

From Bonnie Johnson, op. cit.:

George [Martin] was awarded (in what appears to be a public insult) the amount of "a white wampam peague (colonial currency) or the eighth part of a penny damage" by the magistrates.

From Kate Murphy, Susannah Martin:

At the same time as the first accusations of witchcraft Susannah and her husband were involved in a series of legal battles over her inheritance. In [1667] her father, Richard North, died leaving two daughters, a granddaughter and his second wife to share his sizable estate. To the surprise of Susannah and her sister, they received only a tiny portion while the bulk of the estate passed to his second wife, who died soon after her husband. Susannah's stepmother left the majority of North's estate to his granddaughter, continuing the exclusion of Susannah and her sister. From 1671 to 1674 Susannah's husband and her sister pursued a series of appeals, all of which were ultimately unsuccessful.

From Rebecca Beatrice Brooks, Susannah Martin: Accused Witch from Salisbury:

[W]ith the death of her husband in 1686, Susannah was left a poor, defenseless widow. When she was accused of witchcraft for the final time in 1692, she had no one to come to her rescue.

According to Susannah's arrest warrant, she was accused by the afflicted Salem village girls: Mary Walcott, Abigail Williams, Ann Putnam, Jr., and Mercy Lewis.

Since they lived in different villages, it is not known how these girls knew Susannah, but it is possible they heard about her bad reputation from others and made the decision to accuse her.

After her arrest in Amesbury on May 2, Susannah was brought to Salem where she was questioned by Judge John Hathorne and Judge Corwin and twice underwent a humiliating physical examination in an effort to find a witch's teet that prosecutors believed witches used to feed their familiars.

No such mark was found but the examiner did make a note that "in the morning her nipples were found to be full as if the milk would come," but later in the day "her breasts were slack, as if milk had already been given to someone or something."

From Kate Murphy, op. cit.:

During the course of her examination and trial 15 of Martin's neighbors accused her of afflicting them through her specter, by pinching them or causing their farm animals to die. The Reverend Cotton Mather believed her to be "one of the most impudent, scurrilous, wicked Creatures in the World." Brave and outspoken, Martin refused to allow her accusers to shake her convictions. Standing in the courtroom, confronted by girls seemingly writhing from "afflictions" they blamed on her, Martin maintained that she only "desire[d] to lead my self according to the word of God." Asked what she then made of the afflicted girls, she courageously suggested that they might be the ones under the devil's influence, reminding the judges that, "He [the devil] that appeared in the sam[e] shape a glorifyed saint can appear in any ones shape." Her vehement denials made no difference; the court only took her defiance as proof of her reprobate character.

See also the testimony against her by William Brown (1615-1706) and Jarvis Ring (1658-1728).

From Bonnie Johnson, op. cit.:

On Tuesday, July 19, 1692 Susanna Martin, Sarah Good, Rebecca Nurse, Sarah Wilde, and Elizabeth Howe were taken from their cells, put into a cart, and driven to Proctor's Ledge. While Rebecca Nurse prayed, Rev. Nicholas Noyes exhorted Sarah Good to confess saying, "You are a witch, and you know you are a witch." She replied, calling him a liar and saying that she was no more a witch than he was a wizard and...if you take away my life, God will give you blood to drink." Tradition says that Rev. Noyes died of an internal hemorrhage, bleeding profusely from the mouth.

From David L. Greene, "Salem Witches III: Susanna Martin", citation details below:

In 1711, the General Court granted compensation to many of the victims or their heirs, but Susanna's children made no application to the authorities and they received nothing. Susanna was not among those whose attainder was lifted.

From John Greenleaf Whittier, "The Witch's Daughter":

"Let Goody Martin rest in peace;
I never knew her harm a fly,
And witch or not, God knows -- not I.

"I know who swore her life away;
And as God lives, I'd not condemn
An Indian dog on word of them." 
North, Susanna (I5796)
1022 From Chris Phillips, Some Corrections and Additions to The Complete Peerage:

Alice was a kinswoman of Queen Eleanor, presumably through a descent of her father from the queen's Fiennes cousins [J. C. Parsons, The Court and Household of Eleanor of Castile in 1290 (Toronto, 1977), pp. 48-50]. John and Alice were married by 28 March 1287 [ibid., p. 50, citing P.R.O. SC 1/45/46], and Alice was still living in Easter Term 1309 [M. S. Arnold, ed., Select Cases of Trespass from the King's Court, 1307-1399, vol. 1 (Selden Society 100, 1985), pp. 126, 127].

Alice is one of a group of four "damsels" of the chamber who appear frequently throughout Queen Eleanor's wardrobe account book for 1289-90 and in one entry are described as kinswomen of the queen. That Alice's kinship came through her father is indicated by a reference in 1286 to the lord (dominus) de la Plaunche as a kinsman of the queen [Parsons, loc. cit., p. 50, citing P.R.O. E 101/352/4, m. 4]. A descent from the queen's Fiennes cousins is suggested by the later presence of a family known as "de Fiennes de la Plaunche" in the Boulonnais, bearing arms similar to those of the Fiennes family. 
de la Plaunche, Alice (I2387)
1023 From Descendants of Richard Coomes:

September 3, 1796, Nelson County marriage bond: William Coomes -- Rachel Coomes, bond Richard Coomes
From Daviess County records, the will of William Coomes -- written in May 1834 -- probated in June 1844. Wife: Rachel. Daughters: Teresy Wallace, Mary Margaret, and Elizabeth Coomes. Sons: Charles, Felix, Benedict, and William Peter Coomes.
William was one of the first Catholic settlers in Daviess County, arriving at a time when the county was still a wilderness.  Early Church records reveal that William often used his home as the first meeting place in the county for those first Catholic settlers. He sold land on 2 October 1837 for the building of a new church.
An early lawsuit of Daviess County, dated Feb 3, 1816 indicates that William was in Daviess County prior to 1830 to survey land and purchase property. The lawsuit references lots purchased in Owensboro on May 6, 1817, yet the first recorded deed in the courthouse is dated Aug 12, 1835.
William's will was written on May 8, 1841, but not probated until July 3, 1844. Noted on the original document at the courthouse that a fire destroyed the original document and that the family requested it be copied in its originality back into the will book. His son, Felix, was the administrator of his estate. 
Coomes, William John (I10779)
1024 From Donald Lines Jacobus, "The Four Spencer Brothers -- Their Ancestors and Descendants" (citation details below):

Michael(1) Spencer, baptized at Stotfold, Beds, England, 5 May 1611, died at Lynn, Mass., in 1653; married Isabel ______, who died at Salem, Mass., 9 Oct 1674, having married second, Thomas Robbins, a carpenter, of Salem, born about 1618, living 1681. Robbins married second, 11 Mar 1674/5, Mary (Gould), widow of Richard Bishop.

Michael is the only one of the four brothers of whose family we lack a complete account. Administration on his estate was granted, 29 Nov 1653, to Gerard Spencer, who was also then living in Lynn, and Gerard was called his brother when he brought in the inventory. The estate was small and was ordered sold "for the bringing up of Michael's children." On 30 Nov 1654 we read that Thomas Robbins of Salem had some of the estate and, with the consent of Gerard Spencer, was to keep it, as Robbins had a child of the deceased to bring up, Michael, aged six years. This is almost certain evidence that Michael's widow had married Robbins, especially as in 1657 she is mentioned as having a young son.

It is possible that Isabel was not the first wife of Michael Spencer, and that he had more children than have been discovered. His proved son Michael settled in East Greenwich, R.I., where a John Spencer had earlier settled. That, and the fact that John named a son Michael, establishes a presumption that John was an older son of Michael of Lynn. There is, moreover, some direct evidence. The will of Michael(2) of East Greenwich in 1723 named his friend and kinsman Major Thomas Fry and Thomas Spencer overseers. The latter was a son of John(2), and obviously chosen because he was a relative. Major Thomas Fry was a prominent man, later Deputy-Governor. Michael Spencer witnessed a deed, 11 Mar 1688/9, which this Thomas Fry of East Greenwich had from his father, Thomas Fry, Sr. On 14 July 1710, Thomas Fry deeded to his "cousin" John Spencer, for love, 13 1/2 rods for a burial place. This was John(3) Spencer Jr., son of John(2). It thus appears that both Spencer families of East Greenwich, those of John and Michael, were related in some way to Thomas Fry.

The notion that John Spencer of East Greenwich was nephew of John Spencer of Newbury has already been considered and dismissed as false in the first chapter of our account. We conclude that John was son of Michael(1). 
Spencer, Michael (I2931)
1025 From Donald Lines Jacobus, "The Four Spencer Brothers -- Their Ancestors and Descendants," citation details below:

"The recorder in entering the burial of Ann Spencer, widow, paid her respect by the following tribute: 'the good hospitality keeper; and she did give to the towneship of Edworth ii of her best bease [beasts] to be lett to ii pore folks in the towns for iii s. a cow & the parson & churchwarden to have the letting of them & the distributing of the money to the poor & to se the stock maintained etch of them to have iii d. of the vi s. for the panes to se this truly done acording to her last will.'

"Her will, dated 13 June 1560, proved 21 Apr 1561, calls her Widow, in Edworth, Beds., and names her son Gerard (aged 17); son Michael, to have the chest that was his brother John's; John Spencer, son Michael's child, to have £20; Elisabeth Lymer, to have £4 at marriage; Alice Aystin, to have a calf; servants; for the mending of "London Brygge waye," 10 s.; brother Edward's children, to have the £1 that he borrowed of her, and the barley he gave her sons to his children; Nicholas Merryll and John Merryll his brother, to have the barley their father gave her sons; and the poor of Edworth, to have the gift already mentioned. Michael Spencer was a witness.

"From this will we gain the impression that our Spencer family at that period was of the yeoman class, and somewhat better off than the average village family of the time and place. Whether they were in origin a younger branch of an older gentry family, or a more humble clan which by industry and good fortune had improved its lot, we are not in a position to affirm. It would be necessary to prove the parentage and more remote ancestry of John Spencer, Sr., by documentary evidence, before claiming any specific connection with any other Spencer family in England. From the terms of the will, it would seem that Anne's brother was Edward Merryll or Merrill, and that this was her maiden name. A search of Merrill wills might confirm this conjecture." 
Clark, Anne (I936)
1026 From her Find a Grave page (citation details below):

She was most probably the Johanna Greenslade baptized at St. Sidwell Parish, Exeter, Devonshire, England on Feb 4,1621/2, the daughter of Thomas Greenslade and Johan Baker Greenslade, though this is not conclusive. Her parents are not found in New England records, even though she married James Avery in Massachusetts. 
Greenslade, Joanna (I6435)
1027 From his Find a Grave page:

A graduate of Dartmouth College, he was a medical missionary to the Nestorians in Urumiah, Azerbijan Province, Persia. He had just returned to Persia on a second mission to the Nestorians when he died suddenly.

He was married to Catherine (Myers) Wright, and the father of Lucy Myers (Wright) Mitchell and John Henry Wright. His daughter Lucy was one of the first American women in the field of archaeology, and a published author, despite the gender bias that kept her out of many scholastic venues. His son John was a classical scholar, author, and educator. 
Wright, Austen Hazen (I21375)
1028 From his obituary in the Palm Beach Post:

Francis was born in 1933 in Buenos Aires, Argentina. He attended the French School of Buenos Aires, received his bachelor's degree from the University of Buenos Aires, and both a Masters and a Ph.D. from Michigan State University in Agricultural Economics. He spent most of his professional life working for the World Bank as an economist. His last post was as Chief of Mission of the Bank in Dhaka, Bangladesh with the rank of Ambassador. After retirement, he lived fifteen years in Savannah, Georgia where he became the diocesan representative to the Episcopal Relief and Development Agency. He also played USTA tennis at the local, state, regional and national level. On the tennis court, he was known as both a keen competitor and true gentleman. After moving to Florida he competed briefly until illness prevented his playing. He also tutored students in French and Spanish at "Paul's Place," an after-school program for at-risk students. 
Levy van Gigch, Francis Santiago (I9198)
1029 From Jacobus, The Bulkeley Genealogy:

"Mr. Anthony Irby was first cousin of Olive Irby, the wife of Rev. Edward Bulkeley, and mother of Rev. Peter Bulkeley. Mr. Irby's wife, Alice Welby, was sister of Richard Welby who was married at Whaplode in 1595 to Frances Bulkeley, daughter of Edward and Olive and sister of Peter. Hence, Peter Bulkeley not only was cousin of the Irbys of Whaplode, but his brother—in-law (Richard Welby) was brother of Mrs. Anthony Irby, the wife of the head of that house.

"Mr. Irby studied law, was a member of Lincoln's Inn, and was admitted to the bar, 10 Feb. 1577/8. He represented Boston, co. Lincoln, in Parliament three times during Elizabeth's reign, and in 1603 (1 James I), and was one of the Masters in Chancery in the reign of King James I.

"It has been foolishly asserted in Thompson's History of Boston, in Collins' Peerage, and other works, that he purchased the manors of Moulton, Fitzwalter and Medietas Dominorum from Robert Radcliffe (Lord Fitzwalter and Earl of Sussex) on 13 Oct. 1538. This date was at least several years before he was born. The purchase could apply to his grandfather Anthony Irby (died 1552), but it seems quite evident that the Moulton lordship came by inheri­tance through the later Anthony's mother from the Serjeant family."

[Note that in fact Alice Welby was Richard Welby's half-sister, not sister, a fact unavailable to Jacobus when The Bulkeley Genealogy was written.] 
Irby, Anthony (I12294)
1030 From Jesse Adams's application for a Revolutionary War pension, 20 Sep 1832:

"[S]tates he was mustered into service at Kingston in the state of North Carolina under Capt John Whitley and Matthew Crellars Lieutenant under Col Wm Caswell and marched monks corner in South Carolina thence to the White Cliffs in view of Augusta and down through Augusta and down near the mpouth of Briar Creek in pursuit of the British and when they got there they had taken up the bridge and that our enemy was stationed between Briar Creek and the Savannah River until the British army marched -- and marched around and came down on the back of our troops; that he was sick at the time of the battle of Briar creek and was not at the same -- he then returned home to Franklin co North Carolina 1781."

From the Hammonds Family Tree page:

"In 1769 there is a record of deed of land in Bute Co., N.C. (Also shows deeds in 1774 and 1777 where he sold land.) Jesse Adams served in the Revolutionary War. He applied for a pension in 1832 while living in Humphreys Co., TN. In 1810 he is in the Nash Co., NC census. He moved that same year and is in the Smith Co., Tn census. In 1820 they are still in Smith Co.

"They then moved to Humphreys Co., TN shortly after that because Jesse Hammonds and his wife Martha Mourning Adams married there in 1823. Jesse Adams died in Humphreys Co., TN on Dec 6, 1835, he was 82 years old! Nancy Alice (Nica) continued to live there until some of her children along with Jesse and Mourning moved to Gibson Co. around 1850. She then lived with some of her children. They had 12 children and they migrated through TN, KY, GA, AL."

Note that Bute County, North Carolina was carved out of Granville County in 1764. 
Adams, Jesse (I7275)
1031 From Leo van de Pas:

Béla was born about 1016, the third son of Vazul (Basil) 'the Blind' of Hungary, and younger brother of András I, who was crowned king after the Vatha pagan rising.

In 1048 András conferred on Béla one third of Hungary as appanage ('Tercia pars Regni'), making him Duke of the Nitrian Frontier duchy, with Nitra its capital, and which included the southern Slovakian Nitrian principality and the north-eastern historic Hungarian Bihar region (not identical to the later Bihar).

The two brothers shared power without incident until 1053, when András fathered a son Salomon. Thereafter András became determined to secure the throne for his son and to displace his brother. András therefore had Salomon, Béla's nephew, crowned future king in 1057. According to legend, András placed before Béla a crown and a sword, representing royal and ducal power, respectively, and asked Béla to take his choice. Knowing that choosing the crown would mean his life, Béla instead selected the sword. In 1059 Béla fled to Poland where he was received by his brother-in-law Kazimierz I Karol, king of Poland, brother of Béla's wife Richeza. Béla and Richeza had eight children, of whom five would have progeny, and two, Geisa I and Lászlo I, would be kings of Hungary.

In 1060 Béla returned to Hungary and defeated András I to become the new king. After András' death, Béla was crowned king on 6 December 1060. During his brief reign he concerned himself with crushing pagan revolts in his kingdom. In 1063 Béla died in an accident when his throne's canopy collapsed. After his death the Holy Roman Emperor Heinrich IV installed András I's son Salomon as the new king, and Belá's sons had to flee to Poland again. 
Béla I King of Hungary (I850)
1032 From Leo van de Pas:

Gerberge was the wife of Heinrich von Schweinfurt, Markgraf auf der Nordgau. According to the chronicle of Thietmar von Merseburg, Gerberge was the sister of an otherwise unidentified Otto, and that is evidently the slender thread on which various authors have tried to base her ancestry. The statement that she was the daughter of Heribert, Graf im Kinziggau, assumes that this Otto was Otto von Hammerstein (a plausible, but unproven, conjecture), and other guesses as to the identity of this Otto can lead to other guesses for her parentage. "Unknown" would appear to be the safest choice. 
Gerberge (I5044)
1033 From Leo van de Pas:

Mahaut was born in the mid to late 1160s, the only child of Archambaud VIII de Bourbon and Alix 'Ducissa' de Bourgogne. Her father, the heir apparent to Bourbon, died in 1169 without ever inheriting the lordship. Her grandfather Archambaud VII, sire de Bourbon, died in 1173. Since Mahaut was his only surviving grandchild, she inherited Bourbon in her own right.

Before 1183 Mahaut married Gaucher IV de Vienne, sire de Salins et de Bracon, son of Gérard I, comte de Mâcon et de Vienne, and Guyonne de Salins. After he returned from the Third Crusade, they frequently quarrelled. In the end he became violent and had her locked up. She fled to her grandmother's estate in Champagne. During her escape she allegedly also used violence, and for this she was excommunicated by Archbishop Henri de Sully of Bourges. After she arrived in Champagne, she asked Pope Celestine III for a divorce from her husband, arguing that Gaucher IV and she were close relatives and that the marriage therefore had been inadmissible. The pope charged the bishops of Autun and Troyes and the abbot of Monthiers-en-Argonne with investigating her claim. These men found that Mahaut and her husband were third cousins, as they were both great-great-grandchildren of Guillaume I, comte de Bourgogne, and that therefore her claim that they were too closely related was justified. The pope granted the divorce and also lifted the excommunication. Mahaut and Gaucher had a daughter Marguerite who became the second wife of Guillaume I, comte de Forcalquier, and then married Josserand, sire de Brancion, but did not have progeny.

In September 1196, only a few months after her divorce, Mahaut married Guy II de Dampierre, seigneur de Montluçon, son of Guillaume I de Dampierre and Ermengarde (Basilie) de Mouchy. Thus the Bourbonnais fell to the house of Dampierre. Mahaut and Guy had six children, of whom Archambaud VIII, Guillaume, Philippe (Mahaut) and Marie would have progeny.

The marriage lasted 20 years, Guy dying in 1216. Mahaut died on 18 June 1228, twelve years after her husband. After her death, her daughter Marguerite from her first marriage claimed the lordship of Bourbon. Guy had initially recognised Marguerite as heir to Bourbon, but he later claimed the lordship for his oldest son Archambaud VIII. In the end Archambaud prevailed. 
de Bourbon, Mahaut I (I12874)
1034 From Leo van de Pas:

Ratpoto I was a count in the Upper Traun valley (Traungau). His years of birth and death are not recorded. In 977 he received properties through the Church in Salzburg and he is mentioned on 1 October that year. His holdings were confirmed by Emperor Otto III on 8 October 984. He was the founder of the house of Ratponids (Ratpotonen). Little is recorded about his life.

The Ratponids were counts in the Traungau and Nordgau, related to many noble families of southeastern Germany, including the house of Hohenstaufen, of the Welfs and of Zähringen. The Ratponids were among the most powerful and influential families in the Holy Roman Empire through the 11th and until the mid-12th centuries. They owed their rise above all to the Salian emperors. Their power started to wane with the transfer of imperial authority to the Hohenstaufen. 
Ratpoto I (I5815)
1035 From Leo van de Pas:

The first members of the Roquefeuil family appear around 900, and can be traced to the counts of Barcelona, who ascended to the throne of Aragón. In this era the family owned extensive lands in the department of Aveyron, Gard and Hérault in the Languedoc region of the south of France, and its men referred to themselves as barons de Roquefeuil and vicomtes de Creyssels. _Le Spicilège_ of Charles-Louis Montesquieu refers to a Roquefeuil who was an important figure in the time of Hugues Capet. Under a codicil of 21 February 1002, Henri de Roquefeuil founded the hospital of Notre Dame du Bonheur on the mountain of l'Espérou. In 1032 Séguin de Roquefeuil gave to the abbey of Saint-Guilhem-du-désert, diocese of Lodève, extensive lands in the counties of Lodève and the Rouergue. In 1080 Raymond de Roquefeuil made a large donation to the same abbey. This first house of Roquefeuil continued until Geoffroy de Roquefeuil, who had a daughter Adelais but no male heirs.

About 1150 Adelais married Bertrand d'Anduze, sire d'Anduze, seigneur d'Alais, son of Bernard IV d'Anduze, sire d'Anduze, de Leques, de Portes. A condition of the marriage was that the children born of it would in perpetuity carry the name and arms of Roquefeuil. Adelais and Bernard had two sons, Bernard VI and Raymond I, both of whom would have progeny. The elder son Bernard continued the line of Anduze, while the second son Raymond inherited from his mother and founded the second house of Roquefeuil.

The Anduze were a powerful dynasty established in the Cévennes. It was probably a branch of the house of the counts of Toulouse. Like the Anduze, their cousins the Roquefeuil struck their own coins in the mint works of Sommières around 1236.

The related branch of the Roccaful served the kings of Aragón and participated in the 'Reconquista' of the Spanish against the Moors. 
de Roquefeuil, Adelais (I12669)
1036 From Leo van de Pas:

The oldest representative of the house of Arpajon, one of the great families of Rouergue in the Middle Ages, was Bernard I d'Arpajon et Calmont-Plantcage, a younger son of Hugues I, vicomte de Lodève, comte de Rodez, and Ermengarde de Creissels. He is mentioned in the cartulary from 1200 of the abbey of Bonnecombe, to which he made several donations, and which was in the jurisdiction of his brother Hugues comes Arpajon, bishop of Rodez.

He is also mentioned in the agreement reached near Capdenac in 1180 between Raymond VI, comte de Toulouse, and Pierre, abbot of Aurillac. In 1170 Bernard confirmed the donation made by his mother Ermengarde to the monastery of Nonenque. He was present at the investiture of his father Hugues as Count of Rodez, and the mortgaging of several castles in 1208 to Raymond VII, comte de Toulouse. 
d'Arpajon et Calmont-Planteage, Bernard I (I12694)
1037 From Ormerod's History of Cheshire:

Hamon Massey, the first baron of Dunham-Massey, held the towns of Dunham, Bowdon, Hale, Ashley and half of Owlarton, in Bucklow Hundred, under Hugh Lupus, earl of Cheshire, in the reign of William the Conqueror; all which one Edward held formerly, as appears in the Doomsday Book.

This Hamon also had Maxfield Hundred, Bronhale and Podinton in Wirrhall Huncred, at the same time, and other lands. He also had a son, also named Hamon, who was his son and heir, and a second son named Robert Massey who witnessed the first Randle's charter of confirmation to the abby of St. Werburge in Cheshire, about 1124. 
de Massey, Hamon (I7133)
1038 From Skillington et al., citation details below:

Emett, whose brother, William Welle, was in holy orders, belonged to the old school of churchmanship; she not only left the customary fourpence to Lincoln Cathedral and to her local church, but she endowed a mass and left other money to Cossington church. It is not difficult to picture the day of her funeral: family and friends were early at church for the dirge and mass that preceded the burial and then went home for breakfast.

After the meal a little party of relatives and neighbours went through the three rooms of the house valuing its austere equipment, and out onto the land to price the stock and implements. Then they would return to the house, gather round the table again, the one among them who could write occupying the only chair, and so make out the inventory. 
Welle, Emett (I17761)
1039 From Skillington et al., citation details below:

John Webster III, whose domestic life was punctuated by a pathetic succession of lyings in and layings out, appears to have married shortly after his grandmother's death. His bride, Isabel, died in childbed within a year and he married again very soon, for another babe was laid in the churchyard before sixteen months were out. In those days, when no man could run a farm or a business without a helpmeet, he would not be accused of inconstancy.

He prospered in business; the accounts show that he ranked extra land and that he was taxed quite highly for parish purposes. He became, after the squire and the parson, a leading man in the village; in fact, his name appears next after theirs in the articles of agreement made in 1585. It is interesting to note that these rules, that were "to conynew for ever," were drawn up at a time when England was in greater peril than she was ever to be again until 1940. 
Webster, John (I17755)
1040 From Skillington et al., citation details below:

[William Webster's] eldest son, John, took up his freedom in 1509/10, when he would probably be in his early twenties. He paid the Lay Subsidy in Syston in 1524 and his name appears on the Musters there in 1540.

John Webster I became tenant, under the priory of Ulverscroft, co. Leicester, of a farm in Cossington about 1535, and in 1544 he went to law about it. His opponents, Thomas Chamberlain and William Chamberlain, were probably his friends, who joined him in a collusive suit to secure his title. It is significant that Thomas Chamberlain and William Chamberlain were witnesses to the will of Emett Webster, John's widow. In 1554 John bought this house and farm, where he had lived for some years. His name appears twice in the churchwardens' accounts: in 1545 he paid rent for a piece of land (a butte) and in 1549 he held the office of churchwarden. 
Webster, John (I17759)
1041 From Stott, "The Higginson Family" (citation details below):

He was baptized at St. Giles Cripplegate, London, 25 October 1565, the son of "Mr. Overton," as recorded in the parish register. Valentine's father was likely a near relative of Bishop William Overton, who presented Valentine with positions within his diocese. [...]

Valentine matriculated at Magdalen Hall, Oxford, 17 November 1581, at the age of 16. He received a B.A. 30 March 1597 and M.A. 9 July 1590. He was installed prebendary of Tarvin, Cheshire, by William Overton, Bishop of Coventry and Lichfield, on 31 October 1592. He was installed vicar of Bedworth, Warwickshire, by Bishop Overton on 5 July 1600. Valentine held this position until his death. He was also Archdeacon of Derby from 1603 to 1617. During Britain's Civil War, he was one of thirty Puritan ministers who took refuge in the city of Coventry to escape Royalist persecution. He was described by his son-in-law, Rev. Samuel Clark, as "a constant, and painful Preacher of God's Holy Word." Clark described Isabel as "a gracious Woman, and an excellent Huswife, who took oft the whole burden of Family affairs, both within, and without Doors from her Husband, that he might with the more freedom attend his Holy Calling." 
Overton, Valentine (I14850)
1042 From the Dictionary of Mormon Biography:

"Allen, Charles Hopkins, 1830-1922 [...] Born at Burton, Cattaraugus County, New York, 1830. Father converted to Mormonism and family moved to Kirtland, Ohio, c. 1835-36. Left for Missouri but for want of means stayed in Illinois. Living in vicinity of Springfield when visited by Joseph Smith and party, c. 1843. Lived near Carthage in June, 1844. Baptized, 1844. Family moved to Nauvoo after martyrdom. Visited Carthage Jail on the way. Stopped at Camp Creek for a while. Moved to Iowa, 1846. Spent some time at Winter Quarters. Farmed at Keg Creek near Kanesville, 1847-52. Brother served in Mormon Battalion. Operated ferry across Missouri River, 1849. Operated mill another season. Traveled to Utah, 1852. Mountaineer at Ft. Bridger offered them $1,000 for first bushel of grain matured in Salt Lake Valley.

"Settled at Provo City. Operated David W. Roger's sawmill. Built fort at Blacksmith Fork. Released from that mission and returned to Provo, 1853. Ordained teacher, 1853. Journeyed to San Bernardino, 1855. Trouble with meddlesome Indians en route. Freight trip to Salt Lake City, c. 1857. Returned to California. Trip to Carson Valley via San Francisco. Spent winter there. Discovery of Comstock Lode. Returned to San Bernardino. Visit to Utah, 1862. Traveled to Florence to bring company of immigrants west, 1863. Returned to California to sell property, 1863-64.

"Settled in Cache Valley, Utah. Married Elizabeth Adelaide Hoopes, 1864. Lived in Richmond several years, then moved to ranch. Ordained elder, went to temple. Presided five years over Coveville Branch. Advised to move to warmer climate. Settled at Mesa, Arizona, 1882. President and director of Mesa Canal Company. Ordained high priest, 1882. Member of Maricopa Stake High Council. Apparently also counselor to stake president. Served in Lamanite mission fifteen years. President of high priests' quorum, 1885--. Trips to Logan Temple. Death of wife, 1889. Married Annie Eliza Jones, 1890. Allen family reunion, 1898. Second anointing, 1900." 
Allen, Charles Hopkins (I10941)
1043 From the Bowne House Historical Society:

"...[W]e do not know what caused John Bowne with his father, Thomas, and sister, Dorothy, to leave Lime Tree Farm in Matlock, Derbyshire, England to travel to Boston in 1649. After a few years, John left Boston for New York, and by 1661 had built his home in Flushing on land purchased from the Matincock Indians for eight strings of wampum (about $14). He married Hannah Feake, the niece of Governor John Winthrop of Massachusetts and cousin of Governor Robert Winthrop of Connecticut. John and Hannah had 8 children. After Hannah's death in 1677, he married again and had 8 more children.

"John Bowne is best known for his courageous defense of religious freedom. Flushing was then part of the colony of New Netherland, and its town charter, granted by the Dutch West India Comapny in 1645 guaranteed 'liberty of conscience.' When Governor Peter Stuyvesant prohibited the practice of religions other than the Dutch Refored Church, town leaders delivered the Flushing Remonstrance to Stuyvesant, challenging his edict, which was aimed chiefly at Quakers. In 1662, John Bowne openly defied the ban and allowed Quakers to hold services in his home. Bowne was arrested and imprisoned, and when he refused to pay a fine or plead guilty, Stuyvesant banished him to Holland, where he argued his case successfully before the Dutch West India Company. Stuyvesant was ordered to permit dissenting faiths to worship freely. John Bowne returned home victorious in 1664, and the principle of religious freedom was established in the New York Colony. His actions and those of his fellow residents of Flushing established principles that evolved into the Bill of Rights of the United States Constitution."

[POSTSCRIPT: I like how the hero of the tale is John Bowne, who "openly defied the ban and allowed Quakers to hold services in his home," rather than his wife Hannah Feake, who ACTUALLY HELD THE DAMN SERVICES. Hannah was a Quaker preacher and had converted her husband. As ever, thoughtless writing leads to a version of the story in which the woman's efforts are inconsequential. --pnh] 
Bowne, John (I5997)
1044 From the Dictionary of Welsh Biography:

RHYS ap TEWDWR (d. 1093), king of Deheubarth; grandson of Cadell ab Einion ab Owain ap Hywel Dda. In 1075 he took possession of Deheubarth on the death of his second-cousin, Rhys ab Owain ab Edwin. In 1081 he was dislodged by Caradog ap Gruffydd , but later in the year, with the help of Gruffudd ap Cynan, he was firmly reinstated after the historic battle of Mynydd Carn. In the same year William the Conqueror made a demonstration of power in South Wales, traversing the land as far as S. Davids; it is reasonably certain that during the visit the two kings came to an agreement as to their future good relations, which lasted to the end of William's reign. A few years later it is recorded that Rhys is paying the king £40 a year for Deheubarth, thereby becoming a vassal of the Norman Crown and establishing a precedent with lasting consequences on Anglo-Welsh relations.

Henceforth, with the exception of the closing tragedy of his career, Rhys had only to contend with the jealousies of his fellow princes. In 1088 he was attacked by the young rulers of Powys and was obliged to seek refuge in Ireland, but he soon returned and, with Danish help, decisively defeated his opponents (see Madog, Rhiryd, and Cadwgan ap Bleddyn). Again in 1091 he was opposed by a group of his own vassals in Dyfed, who sought to restore the kingship to the senior line of Hywel Dda in the person of Gruffydd ap Maredudd ab Owain. At Llandudoch (S. Dogmaels) on the Teifi the rebels were defeated and Gruffydd killed. Meanwhile the Norman conquest of the south had gathered a new momentum after William's death in 1087, and among the territories then being over-run was the old kingdom of Brycheiniog. It was while resisting the Norman advance in this all-important approach to his own dominions that Rhys was killed in uncertain circumstances near Aberhonddu (Brecon).

He was virtually the last of the ancient kings of Deheubarth, and it was in a different political setting that the power of the dynasty was eventually revived by his grandson -- Rhys ap Gruffydd. He m. Gwladus, daughter of Rhiwallon ap Cynfyn. He was survived by two sons, Gruffydd ap Rhys and Hywel, and by a daughter, Nest. 
ap Tewdyr, Rhys King of Deheubarth (I8443)
1045 From the New York Genealogical and Biographical Record, July 1942, p. 162:

Henry Glover = Helena
Mercy Glover = Maj. Moses Mansfield
Abigail Mansfield = John Atwater
Abigail Atwater = Thomas Hall
Thomas Hall = Lydia Curtis
Ambrose Hall = Mehitable Beach
Ambrose Hall = Clarissa Willcox
Clarissa Hall = Leonard W. Jerome
Jennie Jerome = Randolph Churchill
Winston Churchill

From Reverend John Beach and John Sanford and Their Descendants, by Rebecca Donaldson Beach (1898):

The first records of our branch of this family open at once on an interesting early controversy and an intimate connection with some of New Haven's most notable colonists, Henry Glover, who was at once supporter and critic of the governmental system, and prominent in the growing business interests of the town. Dr. Bacon, in his "Historical Discourses," writes: "Concerning Henry Glover's seeking reconciliation with the Church, for the scandalous evils for which he was cast out, and the Church's receiving of him again, the 11th day of the 6th month 1644. Henry Glover having acquainted the elders with his desire of being reconciled e/c e/c," a long and intricately worded setting forth follows, the gist of which being that his case is brought before the elders, and the next Lord's day he is appointed to speak before them. After morning service, the ruling elder rose and desired the rest of the elders would remain; this being done, the door was closed and the matter brought forward, and Henry Glover, who still stood without, was invited in to plead his cause; he "acknowledged the several facts for which he was cast out, and the rules he had broken, and showed also how many temptations he had been exercised with from Satan since he was cast out,...and also expressed his earnest desire of being reconciled to the Church." So they conferred together as to whether his repentence was genuine and how he had borne himself, and neighbors were asked to testify. Goodman Chapman "spoke something tending to clear him," but no one accused him; however, they decided to wait over another week and see that everything was as it should be. The wisdom of this hesitation may be evidenced by the manner of its reception by the impatient sinner, for the report goes on to say: "Henry Glover, standing up by a pillar, went hastily down, when he saw it was deferred till the next Lord's day, and he let some words fall which had the appearance of discontent." However, he again apologized, and was finally received in full, an address, a long prayer, and the following absolution pronounced by the pastor, Mr. Davenport: "Henry Glover, I do in the name of the Lord Jesus Christ, and by power delegated from Jesus Christ to his Church, pronounce thee absolved and set free from the sentence of excommunication under which thou hast stood bound, and do restore thee to the liberties and privileges of this Church which thou formerly did'st enjoy." Dr. Bacon says: "I know not where to look for a more copious illustration of the duties performed by the ruling elder in the primitive New England churches." Doubtless it would now call a smile could we discover the catalogue of sins for which Mr. Glover was forced to make so complete a humiliation. 
Glover, Henry (I17530)
1046 From the Breckinridge (KY) News, February 2, 1898:

Mr. Joseph Lewis, father of Henry J. Lewis of this city, is lying critically ill at the home of Mr. Sexton Newton on the pike. He is not expected to survive many more days, and is in his Eighty-fifth year.

From the Breckinridge (KY) News, March 2, 1898:

Mr. Joseph Lewis, father of Henry J. Lewis who resides in this city, died at the home of Sexton Newton Sunday morning at 6 o'clock. Mr. Lewis had possibly reached the four score mark. He had been in feeble health for some time and the end was expected. His remains were taken to Hardinsburg Monday and interred in the Catholic cemetery.

[Both via Selma Sam Wiesenberg. William Sexton Newton (1848-1920) was Henry Isaac Newton's brother.] 
Lewis, Joseph O. (I11487)
1047 From the London, Kentucky Mountain Echo, 1899:

"July 1899: The remains of Mr. Ell Williams were laid to rest in the cemetery at Rough Creek on the the 29, also the remains of Mrs OLIVE PATRICK, the aged wife of Rev Andrew Patrick, were interred at the same place on the 30th. Bro. Patrick is the oldest minister in this section of the country, being 94 years of age, and has been in the ministry nearly 70 years." 
Manning, Olive (I11687)
1048 From the Louisville, Kentucky Catholic Advocate, 4 Sep 1847:

"Died, at her residence, near Owensboro, Ky., on Tuesday, 22d August, Mrs. Rachel Coomes, in the 74th year of her age. The deceased was relict of the late Wm. Coomes.

"The deep anguish and pain felt by her relations and acquaintances, will be much relieved when they reflect on her many virtues, and the manner in wich she prepared herself for her final dissolution. After a long life spent in the practice of religion, finding her end approaching, she called for her confessor, who administered to her all the last rites of her holy religion. On the evening of the 23d she was interred in the county cemetery, in the presence of the pastor of the congregation and a large collection of relations and acquaintances, who will long remember the pious example she has left for their imitation. May she rest in peace."

From Combs-Coombs &c:

Rachel m. William COOMES.

Sept.3, 1796 (Nelson Co, KY Marriage Bonds) William COOMES-Rachel COOMES Bond -- Richard COOMES

08 May 1834 -- Jun 1844 (Davies Co KY) Will of William Combs. 8 May 1834, wife Rachael, children: Charles, Mary, Elizabeth, Felix, Benedict, William Peter, Trese WALLACE, ex: Felix Combs wit: Henry & Benjamin READ (Abstracted by Combs Researcher Jean Smallwood who also provided the following:)

From "Davies County Kentucky Records #1, Marriages 1815-1848, Deaths 1852-1861, Wills 1815-1850" by Researchers:" Will of William COOMES -- written May 1834 -- probated Jun 1844. Wife Rachel. Daughters: Tesesy WALLACE, Mary Margaret, and Elizabeth COOMES. Sons: Charles, Felix, Benedict and William Peter COOMES

Notes: Combs Researcher Joe Lewis adds that Rachel's husband, William, was the s/o William COOMES, Sr. b in Charles Co MD, who came to KY (Harrods Station) in spring of 1775. A submission to "Kentucky Ancestors," KY Historical Society quarterly, vol. 30 #2, 1994-1995, page 79, ROSTER OF FIRST KENTUCKY ANCESTORS, submission by Researcher Henry D. Paine, includes birth dates of 13 March 1769 for William and 9 Oct 1775 for Rachel, his source unknown. 
Coomes, Rachel (I7733)
1049 From the Oxford Dictionary of National Biography:

Craghead, Robert (c. 1633–1711), minister of the Presbyterian General Synod of Ulster and author, was born in Scotland to unknown parents and graduated MA from the University of St Andrews in 1653. In 1658 he commenced his ministry in Donoughmore, co. Donegal. In 1661 he was one of thirty-six Presbyterian ministers in Ireland ejected from his parish for refusing to conform to the established church. He remained with his people and contrived to exercise an effective ministry among them. The troubles of 1689 drove him and his family into the besieged city of Londonderry, and from it to Glasgow, where for a time he ministered in a congregation.

On 1 July 1690 he was called to be minister of the Presbyterian congregation in Londonderry, and remained there until his death. The bishop of Derry from 1691 to 1702 was William King, afterwards archbishop of Dublin. King had already crossed swords with Joseph Boyse, minister of Wood Street congregation in Dublin, on the subject of Presbyterian worship, hoping to persuade his readers to follow his own pilgrimage from Presbyterianism to Anglicanism. His representations of Presbyterian practice were factually incorrect, and Craghead felt impelled to answer them in two pamphlets, An Answer to a Late Book Intituled 'A Discourse Concerning the Inventions of Men in the Worship of God' (1694) and An Answer to the Bishop of Derry's Second Admonition to the Dissenting Inhabitants of his Diocese (1697). Neither work reveals Craghead as a particularly effective controversialist. His replies to King are orderly, thorough, and factual. They contain a wealth of information about Presbyterian life and spirituality, and especially about Presbyterian public worship. They confirm the very large numbers attending Presbyterian services in north-west Ulster at this time. While Boyse and Craghead display common purpose in their defence of Presbyterian forms of worship, it is fascinating to discern contrasting views on points of detail. Boyse reflects the broader and more English practice of Dublin Presbyterianism, while the stricter Ulster-Scot ethos of northern congregations is firmly embodied in Craghead's work. Craghead's pamphlets lack the grace of Boyse's writing, and the fire of good polemic, but are none the less an important contribution.

Craghead's other writings were of a devotional and practical kind. His Advice for the Assurance of Salvation (1702) and the posthumous Walking with God (1712) have both been lost to posterity. His Advice to Communicants was first published in Glasgow in 1695, and was reprinted several times. It was an attempt to deal with many of the problems and difficulties felt by the ordinary people with whom Craghead worked as a pastor. It is a rich treasure house of Christian devotion and evidences the scrupulous care given by Craghead and others of his generation to the doubts and questions of his people. Through all his writings runs a firm Calvinist theology. Craghead married Agnes, daughter of the Rev. John Hart, minister of Taughboyne, and they had three sons: Thomas, Robert, and Samuel. Craghead died in Londonderry on 22 August 1711. 
Craighead, Rev. Robert (I20496)
1050 From the Oxford Dictionary of National Biography:

Pantulf, William (d. 1112?), baron, was one of Roger de Montgomery's tenants in the district of Hièmes in the diocese of Sées. The tenurial relationship between these two families existed as early as 1027 - 35. His mother's name was Beatrice, and she held lands 'apud Fossas' (not identified). Pantulf received large grants of land, and held authority in Roger's earldom of Shrewsbury, founded after 1071, but his lands were worth considerably less than those of the earl's other major tenants: the sheriff, Picot, and the Corbet family. He held eleven manors in Hodnet hundred, and Wem was their head.

In 1073-4 Pantulf was in Normandy, and gave the two churches of Noron, near Falaise, to the abbey of St Evroult, with 40 marks to establish a priory at Noron, and tithes of all the churches which belonged to him. The monks of St Evroult contributed £16 to a pilgrimage to the shrine of St Giles, near Nîmes, which he was about to make. On 23 October 1077 he was present with William I at the consecration of the church at Bec, and then went with Robert, a former abbot of St Evroult, to serve Robert Guiscard in Apulia. He was treated with honour, and was offered a gift of three cities if he would stay, but he returned to Normandy.

In 1077 Earl Roger suspected Pantulf of complicity in the murder of the Countess Mabel, Roger's wife, who had deprived Pantulf of his castle of 'Piretum' (Peray en Saonnais). Pantulf had had dealings with the murderer, Hugh d'Iglé, and took refuge with his family in the monastery at St Evroult. He submitted to the ordeal of hot iron before the king's court at Rouen, was acquitted, and gave four silk altar cloths from Apulia to St Evroult as a thank-offering. After the murder his estates had been confiscated by Earl Roger, but in 1086 he was in possession of twenty-nine manors in Shropshire, and others in Staffordshire and Warwickshire. After the death of William I, in 1087, Pantulf revisited Apulia, and in June 1092 gave the relics of St Nicholas to Noron. After becoming earl of Shrewsbury in 1098 Robert de Bellême deprived him of his lands, but when Bellême rebelled in 1102, Pantulf offered him his services. They were rejected, and he turned to Henry I, who put Stafford Castle in his custody with 200 soldiers. Pantulf detached Bellême's Welsh ally, Iorwerth ap Bleddyn, by negotiation, and he persuaded the garrison of Bridgnorth to surrender to the king. The king restored Pantulf's lands and gave him the fief of Roger de Courcelles as his reward for these services. 
Pantulf, William (I1797)
1051 From the Oxford Dictionary of National Biography:

Saltonstall, Sir Richard (1521?–1601), merchant and local politician, was born in Halifax, Yorkshire, the second son of Gilbert Saltonstall, a yeoman, and was apprenticed to Richard Stanfield, a prosperous member of the Skinners' Company, of which he became free in 1551. By 1571 he was well established as one of the leading exporters of cloth to the Low Countries, but his activities extended beyond their traditional bilateral trade with northern Europe, making it serve broader multilateral interests. He became one of the largest traders with Spain, and elbowed his way into membership of the Spanish Company in 1577. His partnership's imports from Iberia were valued at £2956 in 1584, but he continued to import large quantities (as much as £6000-worth from Hamburg and Stade in 1587–8) from northern Europe in the later 1580s. Saltonstall was also a member of the regulated companies trading to Turkey (1580), Russia (1586), and the Levant (1592), although it is not clear whether he was an active trader in these areas. In later years he became involved in customs administration, securing the lucrative post of customer of London by 1598, in which he was assisted by his son Samuel. His subsidy assessments suggest that he was numbered among the top seventy-five citizens in terms of his wealth, and he was reported to be worth £20,000 in the 1590s. [...]

He was active in both the management of the Company of Merchant Adventurers and the Skinners' Company and in the government of the city. He assisted John Marsh, governor of the merchant adventurers, in negotiations with Alva's government in the Netherlands in 1570, and was himself acting as governor of the company by 1585, and undertook the delicate negotiations with Stade and Hamburg over the location of the English staple in 1587 and 1588. First elected warden of the Skinners' Company in 1568, he served as its master four times (1589–90, 1593–4, 1595–6, and 1599–1600), though on the last occasion he required a deputy because of his deteriorating health. He was a common councillor from 1571, and served as a governor of St Thomas's Hospital from 1571 to 1578 and as its treasurer from 1575 until 1577. His business acumen ensured that he was frequently called on by the privy council to arbitrate commercial disputes and (especially in the 1590s) to assist in the provision of exchange facilities for the crown. He also served as MP for the city of London in 1586. He was elected alderman of Aldgate ward on 26 September 1588 and moved to Tower ward in 1592, where he served until his death. He held the office of sheriff in 1588–9 and of lord mayor in 1597–8. By the time of his mayoralty the worst of the difficulties of the 1590s had passed, and he oversaw the implementation of the new poor law legislation which led to a doubling of the rates in London. However, the war in Ireland continued to make demands on the city's resources, and much of the administration's energies during this time was consumed in the pursuit of tax defaulters. 
Saltonstall, Richard Lord Mayor of London (I15763)
1052 From the Oxford Dictionary of National Biography:

"[A] Norman who made a great fortune for himself in the conquest of England. He and his brother Ilbert, from whom the Lacys of Pontefract were descended, shared a Norman estate centred on Lassy, from which they were named and which they held as men of the bishop of Bayeux. In England, however, they were independent operators, and Walter, who clearly already had a military reputation, was set up by King William in the southern Welsh marches alongside Earl William fitz Osbern in 1067. [...]

"On the rebellion of Roger de Breteuil in 1075, Walter de Lacy remained loyal to the king and helped ensure that the revolt failed, no doubt being additionally rewarded in the aftermath. From 1075 he was the leading baron in the region [...] A benefactor of Gloucester Abbey, he also founded and endowed the collegiate church of St Peter in Hereford. Walter died on 27 March 1085, perhaps (as later family legend had it) falling off the scaffolding while inspecting the building works at another favoured church in Hereford, St Guthlac's. He was buried in the chapter house at Gloucester Abbey." 
de Lacy, Walter (I4000)
1053 From the Oxford Dictionary of National Biography:

"[H]ead of a Northumberland family that had held Ogle in the barony of Whalton since the mid-twelfth century. Because for seven generations the eldest son was named Robert there are difficulties attributing exploits to the correct individual. Robert Ogle or his father, Robert (b. c. 1280), acted as messenger for stocking Mitford Castle in August 1318. Similarly one or other was pardoned in 1329 by Edward III for acts committed in the late rebellion (of Henry, earl of Lancaster). [...]

In 1335 he was a commissioner of array both in Northumberland and in the regalian liberty of Hexhamshire, where he was bailiff. This was revoked in May in respect of Newcastle, where the community had agreed with the king to serve at sea against the Scots. Meanwhile Robert was amassing land throughout the county. In May 1341 Edward III granted him as 'king's yeoman' licence to crenellate his house at Ogle, with free warren in all his demesnes. The same year he was one of the commissioners to assess and levy the ninth in Northumberland. Whether he was responsible for an assault on the army of David II, king of Scots, that was laying siege to Newcastle in November 1341, has been doubted. In May 1344 he was commissioned to array the men of Northumberland against the Scots, renewed in April 1345.

It may have been this Robert Ogle, or more likely his son with Isabel Fernielaw, Robert (III), who participated in the defence of Cumberland in 1345 with the bishop of Carlisle and Sir Thomas Lucy, and served as seneschal of Annandale for William de Bohun, earl of Northampton and constable of Lochmaben. It was the elder Robert who was thanked by Edward III for his part in the battle of Neville's Cross on 17 October 1346 and commissioned to bring down to the Tower of London Scottish prisoners captured there. These included the earl of Fife, Henry Rameseye, and Thomas Boyd, whom he was reputed to have captured personally. Conjointly with Robert Bertram, father-in-law to his son, he was also to deliver John Douglas, brother to the earl. [...] On 10 December 1346 Robert Ogle senior was ordered to attend a council at Westminster to consider business concerning the state of England and war in Scotland.

In 1355 he was in charge of Berwick, under Lord Greystoke, where his son, Robert, was killed in the attack whereby the Scots captured the town but not the castle. 
de Ogle, Robert (I4175)
1054 From the Oxford Dictionary of National Biography:

"[S]on of the Roger de Lacy disinherited and banished in 1096. He had succeeded his father on the family's Norman estates of Lassy and Campeaux by 1133. He returned to England and was with King Stephen at Easter 1136, but was disappointed of any hope of recovering those of his father's extensive lands in the Welsh borders [...]

"In the civil war Lacy sided with the empress: in 1138 his kinsman Geoffrey Talbot fortified Weobley (one of Lacy's chief castles) unsuccessfully against Stephen; the two then led an army which attacked Bath. [...H]e profited from the anarchy which prevailed in the southern marches and in the end recovered most of his father's lands. [...]

"In 1158 or 1159 Lacy resigned his lands to his eldest son, Robert (who was himself succeeded by his brother Hugh de Lacy in 1162), and joined the templars. At Whitsuntide 1160 he was in France with the templars who guaranteed the peace treaty between Henry II and Louis VII. Later in 1160 or 1161 he had reached Jerusalem and he became preceptor of his order in the county of Tripoli, where in 1163 he was among the leaders of a crusader army resisting Nur-ad-Din." 
de Lacy, Gilbert (I162)
1055 From the Oxford Dictionary of National Biography:

A leading supporter of Simon de Montfort, earl of Leicester (but no relation), [Peter de] Montfort was technically not a baron, for he held little directly from the king. He was, however, a substantial magnate. His chief seat was at Beaudesert, a low hill above Henley in Arden in Warwickshire, where extensive earthworks of the family castle still remain. Another important base was at Preston in Rutland.

In 1166 Montfort's great-grandfather, another Thurstin de Montfort, had held ten fees from the earl of Warwick, which made him the second greatest of his tenants. The connection with the earls of Warwick, however, played no discernible part in Peter's career, partly because the earldom was held from 1242 until 1263, in right of his wife, by a Poitevin favourite of the king, John de Plessis, who established few local roots. Much more important for Montfort was the family of his grandfather William (I) de Cantilupe (d. 1239), whose principal residence was at Aston Cantlow, only 4 miles from Beaudesert. His father died in 1216 and Montfort spent many years as Cantilupe's ward, developing what was to be a lifelong friendship with his son Walter de Cantilupe, bishop of Worcester from 1238 to 1266. The fleurs-de-lis of the Cantilupe coat of arms were incorporated into Montfort's seal.

It was probably ties of neighbourhood that drew both Montfort and Walter de Cantilupe into the circle of Simon de Montfort, for Beaudesert and Aston Cantlow are respectively 9 and 12 miles distant from Kenilworth, after 1244 Earl Simon's great base in England. In 1248 Montfort was in Earl Simon's retinue when the latter went out to Gascony as seneschal and thereafter there are numerous instances of the close connection between the two men. Peter de Montfort attested many of the earl's charters and was probably often in his company; in 1259 he was named as an executor of Simon de Montfort's will. His faithful service was rewarded with a grant of the manor of Ilmington in Warwickshire. Part of that service was doubtless to help Earl Simon build up his following of midlands knights, for Montfort was well connected locally -- in 1260-62 six knights of Warwickshire and Leicestershire acted as his pledges.

From 1254 onwards, while Montfort remained close to Earl Simon, his career developed independently. He was employed by Henry III on diplomatic missions, was given an important command in the Welsh marches, and by 1257 was on the royal council. He was also closely connected with Edward, the king's son, whom he had accompanied to Spain for his marriage to Eleanor of Castile in 1254. Fear of being ousted from Edward's entourage by the king's Poitevin half-brothers perhaps gave him a personal interest in the political upheaval of 1258, which began with the half-brothers' expulsion from England. In that upheaval Peter de Montfort played a leading part. He was one of the seven magnates whose confederation in April 1258 began the revolution; he was one of the baronial twelve who were to draw up the plans of reform; and he was one of the council of fifteen set up by the provisions of Oxford to govern England in the king's name. In all these capacities Earl Simon was a colleague. However, unlike the earl (who withdrew to France), Peter de Montfort accepted the king's recovery of power in 1261, and in the following year served the king and Edward as custodian of Abergavenny, which he tried in vain to protect from the attacks of Llywelyn ap Gruffudd. None the less, when Earl Simon returned to England in April 1263 and raised once more the standard of the provisions of Oxford, Peter de Montfort joined him. This time he was to remain with him to the end. When the civil war commenced in March 1264, he was in command of the Montfortians in Northampton and was captured when the town fell to the king on 5 April. Released after Earl Simon's great victory at Lewes (14 May), Peter de Montfort was one of the council of nine imposed on the king (June 1264) and thenceforth played a major part in the direction of central government. In September he was one of those appointed to negotiate with the king of France and the papal legate in the abortive hope of finding some political settlement. His rewards during this period of power included a grant from the king of the manor of Garthorpe in Leicestershire. Montfort accompanied Earl Simon throughout his final campaign and died with him at the battle of Evesham on 4 August 1265. [...]

The support Peter de Montfort gave Earl Simon was of the first importance. While a close personal friend and follower, he also enjoyed his own power base in the midlands and an independent career in the service of the king and his son Edward. He possessed considerable abilities as a soldier, diplomat, and councillor. It is highly significant that Earl Simon retained the loyalty of such a man to the last. 
de Montfort, Peter (I2835)
1056 From the Oxford Dictionary of National Biography:

Fitzgerald, Gerald fitz Maurice (d. 1204), magnate, was a son of Maurice Fitzgerald (d. 1176). He accompanied his father to Ireland and he and his brother Alexander were with him when the Norman garrison in Dublin was besieged in 1171 by Ruaidri " Conchobair, king of Connacht and claimant to the high-kingship. John, son of Henry II, as lord of Ireland confirmed to fitz Maurice c. 1185 - 9 the half cantred of Uí Fáeláin which included Uí Máel Rubae, Rathmore, Maynooth, Laraghbryan, Taghadoe, and Straffan (in Kildare), which had been granted to him by his brother William (d. c. 1199); and also lands in Uí Glaisin in the kingdom of Cork which had devolved to him as heir of his brother Alexander, who had been enfeoffed by Robert fitz Stephen. At some time between 1194 and 1204 Philip of Worcester made to fitz Maurice grants of land in what are now counties Limerick and Tipperary.

Gerald fitz Maurice married Eva (d. c. 1225), daughter and heir of Robert of Bermingham, who had been granted Uí Failge (Offaly) by Richard fitz Gilbert, earl of Pembroke and lord of Striguil (known as Strongbow), and succeeded to the lordship of Offaly in right of his wife. He died before 15 January 1204, when Meiler fitz Henry, justiciar, was ordered to give wardship of his heir, custody of his castles, and lands (including the castles of Lea and Geashill in Uí Failge) to William (I) Marshal as lord of Leinster. He was to be succeeded by his son, Maurice Fitzgerald (d. 1257), who had come of age by 1215. His widow, Eva, married Geoffrey fitz Robert (d. 1211), lord of Kells, and Geoffrey de Marisco, justiciar. Gerald fitz Maurice Fitzgerald was ancestor of the earls of Kildare, later dukes of Leinster. 
fitz Maurice, Gerald (I1859)
1057 From the Oxford Dictionary of National Biography:

He was probably of age by 1222, which suggests a date of birth about 1200, and first appears in royal service in 1233-4 as constable of St Briavels, Gloucestershire. He joined the royal curia, and was appointed knight-deputy to the earl marshal and marshal of the household.

The Gascon campaign of 1242–3 proved a turning point in Langley's career. On his return he was given custody of the honour of Arundel. From late 1244 to early 1250 he was associated with the general forest eyre conducted under the headship of Robert Passelewe (d. 1252). On 4 March 1250 he was made chief justice of the forest on both sides of the Trent, an office which he exercised for two and a half years until 25 October 1252. As a forest justice he earned some notoriety. According to Matthew Paris, Langley had gained a reputation for parsimony while marshal of the household. Now he was to be particularly zealous in the interests of the king. Langley's northern eyre was a very lucrative one, and undoubtedly caused murmurings.

By 1252 Langley was at the height of his power and high in royal esteem, being a particular favourite of the queen. A member of the council, he functioned as a guardian of the king's young daughter, Margaret, queen of Scots, during 1252–3, but made himself unpopular in Scotland and was removed. Then in March 1254 he took responsibility for the English and Welsh lands of the young Prince Edward. This proved to be a disaster, however, for he provoked the Welsh rising of November 1256. Paris says that he conducted himself here in a typically high-handed manner, while the Dunstable annalist writes of him as trying to bring Wales under English law, and ordering the introduction into that country of shires and hundreds, while boasting before the king and queen that he had the Welsh in the palm of his hand. Out of favour with the king, he was eventually pardoned on 14 February 1258. In 1262 he was one of the auditors investigating the accounts of Prince Edward's bailiffs. He was unpopular, however, with the opposition baronage, and was among those royalists whose lands were pillaged in the spring of 1263. 
de Langley, Geoffrey (I3307)
1058 From the Oxford Dictionary of National Biography:

Henry Heydon, also a common lawyer, was knighted at Henry VII's coronation in 1485 and married Anne (d. 1510), daughter of Sir Geoffrey Boleyn of Blickling, Norfolk. He was survived by three sons, the eldest of whom, John Heydon (1468–1550), inherited the Norfolk and Kent estates, and five daughters, for whom he arranged good marriages.

Many prominent sixteenth-century East Anglian families (such as the Townshends, Pastons, and Jenneys) owed their rise to a successful fifteenth-century lawyer of humble origins, but even by these standards the rapid ascent of the Heydons is remarkable and owed much to the opportunities and tenacity of the first John Heydon. In the pedigree devised by Clarenceux king of arms for Sir Christopher Heydon in 1563, the family tree before the first John Heydon is fictitious: and the arms of Sir Christopher himself were derived from those of the Hertfordshire Heydons, who were unrelated to the Norfolk family. 
Heydon, Henry (I21126)
1059 From the Oxford Dictionary of National Biography:

Her short life was dominated by her illustrious elder brother, the godly gentleman John Bruen, who had care of Katherine and ten of her siblings, bringing them up in an atmosphere of strict household discipline and rigorous religious observance. About 1599 Katherine married another of the self-professed godly, William Brettergh of Brettergh Holt, near Liverpool, with whom she had one child, Anne. The two shared an extraordinarily pious lifestyle at Little Woolton in Childwall, Lancashire, reading at least eight chapters of the Bible every day and hearing two sermons on Sundays whenever possible, and she appears to have stiffened his resolve in withstanding the hostility, mockery, and harassment of the parish's strong Roman Catholic minority, organized by a local seminary priest, Thurstan Hunt, and the lord of the manors of Speke and Garston, Edward Norris. In turn, William Brettergh's attempt as high constable of West Derby hundred to apprehend recusants within the parishes of Huyton and Childwall in May 1600 provoked not only a full-scale riot but the maiming of Brettergh's cattle on two separate occasions over the following months.

However, it is Katherine's premature and agonizing death rather than her short life which brought her most fame, and which provoked the biographies that provide virtually all the evidence of her godly lifestyle. At the age of twenty-two she succumbed to an unknown illness, and on her deathbed suffered from a terrible crisis of faith, during which she raged against God's unmercifulness and threw her Bible repeatedly to the floor. She died on 31 May 1601. Her agonies formed the centrepiece of a polemical account of her embattled life appended to the two sermons preached by William Harrison and William Leigh at her funeral in Childwall church on 3 June 1601, published together in 1602 as Death's Advantage Little Regarded, of which five editions had appeared by 1617 and a further two by 1641. Harrison in particular attempted to explain her deathbed anguish as the consequence of a diabolical assault on her virtue rather than a providential punishment for sin and hypocrisy. As a result her death became not only a gigantic struggle between God and Satan for her soul, but also, through a pamphlet exchange (of which the Catholic side has unfortunately not survived), a furious debate between Romanists and puritans over which religion could promise the more merciful death. From this perspective the conspicuous absence of any reference to Katherine's deathbed crisis in William Hinde's elaborate biography of her older brother, published in 1641, seems striking, perhaps even deliberately evasive.

From the 1885-1900 Dictionary of National Biography:

Her biographers are indignant at the imputation that she died despairing. She was buried at Childwall Church on Wednesday, 3 June, as appears from the title of the little book which forms the chief authority as to her life: Death's Advantage little Regarded, or the Soule's Solace against Sorrow, preached in two funerall sermons at Childwall, in Lancashire, at the buriall of Mistris Katherine Brettergh, 3 June 1601. The one by William Harrison, the other by William Leygh, B.D., whereunto is annexed the christian life and godly death of the said gentlewoman, London, 1601. There is a portrait of her in Clarke's second part of the Marrow of Ecclesiastical History, book ii., London, 1675, p. 52, from which it seems that her puritanism did not forbid a very elaborate ruff. The face is oval, the features refined, the hair closely confined by a sort of skull-cap, over which towers a sugarloaf hat. 
Bruen, Katherine (I15974)
1060 From the Oxford Dictionary of National Biography:

Mortimer, Roger (I) de (fl. 1054 - c. 1080), magnate, may never have set foot in England but was the progenitor of the Mortimer family whose importance in English history lasted until the male line died out in the early fifteenth century. His parentage is not certain, and different theories have been put forward to account for the evidence, in particular a charter attestation by a 'Roger, son of Ralph de Warenne', and the statements of the earliest genealogist of the family, Robert de Torigny, in the early twelfth century. Most plausibly Roger was the son of Ralph (I) de Warenne and his wife, Béatrice, who is shown to have been a niece of Duke Richard of Normandy by the later statement of Archbishop Anselm that the Warennes and the dukes then shared an ancestor four generations back on one side and six on the other. That parentage would make Roger (I) de Mortimer a second cousin once removed of Duke William, the conqueror of England. In any case he was certainly related in some way to the ducal house.

From Complete Peerage IX:266-7:

Roger de Mortemer, Seigneur of Mortemer-sur-Eaulne in Normandy, was one of the leaders of the Norman forces at the battle of Mortemer in 1054, but having assisted the escape of one of the French prisoner, Ralph, Count of Montdidier, to whom he had done homage, he was exiled and his lands confiscated. He was afterwards reconciled to Duke William and some of his lands were restored to him, though not Moretmer, which had been given to his consanguineus William de Warrene; Saint-Victor-en-Caux thereupon became the caput of the Norman honour of the family. He is said to have founded the abbey of Saint-Victor-en-Caux. He was living in 1078 or later, but was dead in 1086, when his son Ralph appears in Domesday Book. He married Hawise (c).

(c) Hawise and Ralph her son gave land in Mers in the diocese of Amiens to the abbey; in 1192 Theobald, Bishop of Amiens, confirmed this gift at Mers. The fact that Hawise held land at Mers in Le Vimeu explains the homage done by Roger de Mortimer to Ralph, Count of Montdider, and suggests that the marriage was earlier than 1054, the date of the battle of Mortemer. Since Hawise and her son join in this gift, she appears to have survived her husband. 
de Mortimer, Roger (I10194)
1061 From W. J. Hardy, "Essex Charities." The Home Counties Magazine, 1:300, 1899:

Inquisition taken at Kelvedon, 7 August, 42 Elizabeth. The jury say that John Marler, late of Kelvedon, gentleman, by his will, dated 20 June, 7 Henry V., A.D. 1419, devised that two "rentayres" wherein "Petronell and one John Owen did then inhabit," should for ever be upheld and repaired "to harbour and lodge poor people," and if they should not be so kept, then he willed that two new "rentayres" lately [built] between the tenement late John Gerard's, and the garden called Brendhouse Garden extending towards Kelvedon church, being then in the hands of his feoffees and executors, should remain and be so employed to the upholding of the two "rentayres." And also one acre of meadow lying in Broad Mead in Kelvedon, which was purchased of Robert Durward. And also 5s. yearly rent out of the lands formerly John Graye's, lying near Inford Mill; and 4d. yearly rent out of the lands of John Tunbye lying at Boundshill. The which acre of meadow, two tenements, newly erected as aforesaid, to be let to farm without any income taken, and the rents employed as follows, viz.: -- "To pay the friars, to sing mass at his obit day 2s., and to rehearse his name in the pulpit, and Joan his wife, and Alice at Fenn, his mother, and the sexton to ring ever end to the solempe mass ever more lasting, 6d.; the parish clerk and the holy water clerk to help to say the mass and to sing by note, either of them, 4d. And if they be out of the way or do it not, then not to have it. The over plus of the said rents issuing out of the said lands, etc. (the almshouses being maintained in good repair, "with the well at Keldon Tye and porch over it and ropes and buckets to it,") to be bestowed by the executors to the poor of the parish of Kelvedon, "as well to such as for shame cannot ask, as to others within the parish of Kelvedon."

Which lands and rents he willed should never be sold, nor the profits taken to the use of John his son, but "ever more lasting" remain in the hands of six honest and sufficient men of the parish of Kelvedon.

The jury found that the two new rents called Starborowes, the acre of meadow in Broad Mead, the 5s. rent out of land called Grayes, and the 4d. rent out of the land of John Tunbye, were not employed to the uses specified but to private uses, viz.: -- Mr. Beston holds the two new tenements, Leonard Aylett the acre of meadow, John Aylett part of the lands called Grayes, and ----- Pitman, "in the right of a child," holds the tenement, sometime John Tunbye's, now called Wren Park; and that the two said "rentayres," were not repaired by the executors of the said John [Marler] according to his will.

An order was made at the Lion at Kelvedon 19 January, 43 Elizabeth, by which it was found that Richard Blennerhasset and others were surviving feoffees of the premises, and that they permitted the profits to be mis-employed, carried away, and converted to the private uses of Thomas Beston and Leonard and John Aylett, contrary to the gift of the said Marler. It was ordered that the claim of the said Beston and the others in the premises, should be immediately vested in the said surviving trustees, to hold to the intent that the profits should be employed to the charitable purposes above mentioned.

It was further ordered that the said 5s. rent from the said tenement, etc., called Grays, and the said 4d. from Boundshill should for ever be paid by the landsholder of the premises to the said Blennerhasset and the others, "and to the overseers of the poor people of the parish of Kelvedon," at the Annunciation of our Lady and at Michaelmas; and that the same rents should be employed according to the true intent of the said John Marler. 
Marler, John (I3326)
1062 From Wikipedia ("John Twynyho", retrieved 12 Sep 2018):

"John Twynyho (c.1440 - 30 September 1485) (alias Twynyhoe, Twynihoe, etc.) of Cirencester, Bristol, and Lechlade, all in Gloucestershire, was a lawyer and wealthy wool merchant who served as Recorder of Bristol, as a Member of Parliament for Bristol in Gloucestershire in 1472-5 and in 1484 and for the prestigious county seat Gloucestershire in 1476. In 1478 he was Attorney General to Lord Edward (the future King Edward V), eldest son and heir of King Edward IV." 
Twynyho, John (I17651)
1063 From Wikipedia ("William Greville", retrieved 12 Sep 2018):

"William Greville (died 1 October 1401) (alias Grevel, Graville, Grevill, etc.), of Chipping Campden in Gloucestershire and a Citizen of the City of London, was a prominent wool-merchant and is the ancestor of the present Greville Earls of Warwick. The Latin inscription on his ledger stone in Chipping Campden Church, which he rebuilt at his own expense, describes him as flos mercatorum lanar(iorum) tocius (totius) Angli(a)e, "the flower of the wool-merchants of all England". [...] He was amongst the richest and most influential wool merchants of his era and was the leading purchaser of wool from the Cotswold Hills." 
Greville, William (I17645)
1064 From Wikipedia:

Archelaus Smith was a tanner, shoemaker and early settler of Barrington, Nova Scotia. [...] In the spring of 1760 Smith began planning to move his family from their home in Chatham to a new home in Barrington, Nova Scotia. He was to be one of the earliest settlers in the area, along with Solomon Smith, Jonathan Smith, and Thomas Crowell. He spent the summer of 1760 fishing, and during that time, determined native hostility in the Barrington area was too threatening, and so he changed his mind about moving. However, his wife Elizabeth was unaware of his change of heart, and took it upon herself to travel to Barrington with her family before her husband returned to Chatham. It is possible that they crossed paths, but certainly he was delayed in returning to Barrington. When he finally got there, he found his family being cared for by friendly natives, the same people he had feared.

Smith was one of the original proprietors in the area, settling at Barrington Head in the fall of 1760. In fact, the first three houses at Centreville were called "the Housen", and belonged to Archelaus Smith, Simeon Gardner, and Jonathan Covell. "Housen" was Anglo-Saxon for houses. Smith's home was nearly opposite the old meeting house. In 1773 he moved to Cape Sable Island, where he and his family occupied almost all the land from Northeast Point to West Head (a distance of five miles). He also held a tract of land at Lower Clark's Harbour, Cape Sable Island (known then as Stumpy Cove), a large part of Hawk Point, and a great meadow in the centre of the island. He took over land that had been forfeited and abandoned by Joseph Worth, and built a home near the shore, a little north of where the Centreville Baptist Church would later stand. Around 1776 he moved to a house near the shore on Cape Sable Island, near the spot where just before 1981 Job Kenney would build the house that stands today. It is a short distance from the Centreville Baptist Church.

Smith had a fair education, and was highly respected by other settlers. He was known as a "good, quiet, easy, patient man", and was chosen over several years to be clerk of the proprietors, as well as a community magistrate and a surveyor. By trade he was a tanner and a shoemaker, using lime made from mussel shells to cure leather. He was very religious, belonging to the Presbyterian church, and no food was cooked in his house on Sundays. Before a minister came to the island he conducted prayers for the community, and when necessary, buried the dead.

Smith died 3 April 1821 in Centreville, Cape Sable Island, Nova Scotia. He is probably buried in the Centreville Cemetery, but his grave is unmarked, so in 1998 a stone in honour of Smith and his wife was erected there. In addition, a museum on Cape Sable Island has been established in his memory, containing historical artifacts, photos, and genealogical data of area families (largely compiled by Margaret Messenger). 
Smith, Archelaus (I20146)
1065 From Wikipedia:

Deacon Edward Convers was an early Puritan settler in the Massachusetts Bay Colony, and was one of the founders of Woburn, MA.

He built the first house and first mill in Woburn. Convers was very active in town affairs, serving as one of its first selectmen. He served on "every committee and had a part in every movement that had this new settlement in view." He also helped establish Charlestown. He was one of the colony's wealthy landowners, and was a farmer, miller and surveyor.

[...] He and his family arrived in Salem, Massachusetts, with the Winthrop Fleet on June 12, 1630, in the early stages of the Great Migration.

He also founded the First Church of Charlestown, and established the first ferry from Charlestown to Boston. The ferry operated where the Charles River Bridge is now located, and was referred to as the "Great Ferry" (to distinguish it from a smaller ferry operating between Charlestown and Winnisimmet). Convers died on August 10, 1663, in Woburn, Massachusetts. 
Converse, Edward (I15013)
1066 From Wikipedia:

Gui Guerrejat ("the warrior") was the fifth son of William VI of Montpellier. When still a boy, in 1146, he inherited the castles of Paulhan and le Pouget from his father.

After the death of his brother William VII, around 1172, Gui served jointly with John of Montlaur, bishop of Maguelonne, as guardian of his nephews, particularly of William VIII who had inherited the lordship. In this capacity Gui and John attended the conference at Mezouls in 1174 at which Raymond V of Toulouse and Alfonso II of Aragon negotiated an agreement with the young William VIII. In October 1174 Gui was at Alfonso II's court at Lerida. In 1176 he was among those present when the will was read of Ermessende of Pelet, countess of Melgueil. In 1177 he joined Bernard Ato V of Nîmes and Agde, Countess Ermengarde of Narbonne, and his nephews William VIII and Gui Burgundion, in an alliance in opposition to Raymond V of Toulouse, who now ruled Melgueil as widower of Ermessende of Pelet.

According to her Occitan vida (in the Biographies des Troubadours), the trobairitz Azalais de Porcairagues was the lover of Gui Guerrejat; her one surviving poem seems to be addressed to him. 
de Pouget dit Guerrejat, Guy (I12577)
1067 From Wikipedia:

He earned his Bachelors (1873) and Masters (1876) at Dartmouth College, New Hampshire. After junior appointments (first in Ohio and then at Dartmouth) in 1886 he joined Johns Hopkins as a professor of classical philology. In 1887, he became a professor of Greek at Harvard, where, from 1895 to 1908, he was also Dean of the Graduate School of Arts and Sciences.

Some of Wright's most notable works are A History of All Nations from the Earliest Times (1905), a 24–volume history of the world; the translations Masterpieces of Greek Literature (1902); and The Origin of Plato's Cave (1906). He was active in the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, the American Philological Association, and similar organizations. From 1889 to 1906 he co-edited the Classical Review (later Classical Quarterly) and from 1897 to 1906 he was chief editor of the American Journal of Archaeology.

In 1893 Wright met the Indian Hindu monk Swami Vivekananda, who greatly influenced him; Wright described Vivekananda as "more learned than all our learned professors put together." 
Wright, John Henry (I20867)
1068 From Wikipedia:

Ignatius Jordain was an English merchant and politician who sat in the House of Commons between 1621 and 1629.

Jordain was born at Lyme Regis, the son of William Jordain and his wife Elizabeth Ryder. He was baptised at Lyme Regis on 17 August 1561. When he was young he was sent by his friends to Exeter, to be brought up as merchant. In 1576, his employer sent him to Guernsey, where he was converted to puritanism. In 1599 he was appointed bailiff of Exeter. He became a member of the corporation in 1608 and was receiver of Exeter in 1610 and Sheriff of Exeter in 1611. In 1617 he became mayor of Exeter. He was also J.P. for 24 years. In 1621, he was elected Member of Parliament for Exeter. He was deputy mayor in 1624 when all the magistrates fled the city because of the plague. He was re-elected MP for Exeter in 1625, 1626 and 1628 and sat until 1629 when King Charles decided to rule without parliament for eleven years. In parliament, Jourdain succeeded in having bills passed penalising adultery, Sabbath-breaking and swearing.

Jordain was a devout puritan. He was said to have read the Bible at least 20 times and Acts and Monuments seven times. He attempted to introduce temperance legislation and was considered the scourge of the alehouses in Exeter. When the proclamation regarding rebellious practices in Scotland was read in Exeter Cathedral in 1639, he was one of three men who put their hats on in protest. Jordain was also indifferent to worldly wealth and proud of his humble origins. He claimed "I came, but with a six-pence in my purse to this city; if I had had a shilling in my purse, I had never been mayor of Exeter." He dismissed threats of lawsuits that would leave him with a groat by saying that would be only two pence less than he had when he arrived in the city. 
Jourdain, Ignatius Mayor of Exeter (I18367)
1069 From Wikipedia:

John Paston was the son of William Paston, Justice of the Common Pleas, and Agnes Berry. After he succeeded his father in 1444, his life was marked by conflict occasioned by a power struggle in East Anglia between William de la Pole, 1st Duke of Suffolk, and John Mowbray, 3rd Duke of Norfolk, and by his involvement in the affairs of his wife's kinsman, Sir John Fastolf. A number of his letters survive among the Paston Letters, a rich source of historical information for the lives of the English gentry of the period. [...]

In 1455 he was elected as one of the Knights of the Shire for Norfolk, but did not take a seat in Parliament as the Duke of Norfolk 'insisted on his own nominees being returned'. In 1457 he paid a fine for declining a knighthood. In 1458 Paston, his brother William and others were accused of 'riotous behaviour', and the Duke of Norfolk headed a commission charged with arresting them. From 1460–6 he was Justice of the Peace for Norfolk, and was elected as a member of parliament in 1460 and again in 1461. In 1461, as a result of conflict with Sir John Howard, then Sheriff of Norfolk, he was briefly imprisoned in the Fleet. In 1464, in connection with his involvement in the estate of the late Sir John Fastolf, he was accused of trespass, outlawed, and imprisoned in the Fleet.[12][1] In 1465 he was imprisoned in the Fleet for the third time, again in connection with Fastolf's estate.

Much of Paston's time from the mid-1450s had in fact been taken up by his position as adviser to his wife's kinsman, 'the ageing, wealthy, and childless Sir John Fastolf'. In 1456 he was appointed one of the feoffees of Fastolf's lands. In June 1459 Fastolf made a will which provided that his ten executors found a college in Caister. However, after Fastolf died on 5 November 1459, Paston claimed that on 3 November Fastolf had made a nuncupative will giving Paston exclusive authority over the foundation of the college, and providing that, after payment of 4000 marks, Paston was to have all Fastolf's lands in Norfolk and Suffolk. Relying on the nuncupative will, Paston took possession of the Fastolf estates, and resided at times at Fastolf's manors of Caister and Hellesdon.

Paston's claim to the Fastolf lands was challenged by the Duke of Norfolk, who seized Caister in 1461; by Sir William Yelverton and Gilbert Debenham, who claimed the manors of Cotton in Suffolk and Caldecott Hall near Fritton; by John de la Pole, 2nd Duke of Suffolk, who claimed two Norfolk manors, Hellesdon and Drayton, in 1465; and by Lord Scales, who in January 1466 forced officials of the city of Norwich to seize Paston's property there in the king's name, alleging that Paston was a 'serf of the crown'. In 1464 a legal challenge to Paston's executorship under the nuncupative will was mounted by William Yelverton, one of the ten executors who had been appointed under Sir John Fastolf's written will; however the case was still undecided at the time of Paston's death.

During the latter years of his life, Paston fell out with his eldest son and heir, John. He died at London on 21 or 22 May 1466, and was buried at Bromholm Priory, Norfolk. 
Paston, John (I21130)
1070 From Wikipedia:

Little is recorded about Thorgil in historical texts. Most of what was recorded is in reference to his children, two of whom were parents of royalty. Thorgil's cognomen Sprakalägg can be translated into English as "Strut-leg". In the Icelandic Knýtlinga saga he is also called "the fast". In the 11th century, English historian John of Worcester provided a pedigree for earl Beorn Estrithson that made his grandfather 'Spraclingus' a son of 'Ursius' (i.e. urso, Latin for bear or Bjørn in Danish, Björn in Swedish).

Two 13th-century writers relate folklore that derives Thorgil from the mating of a bear with a noblewoman. Danish historian Saxo Grammaticus recorded that the son born to such a union was 'named after his father' (i.e. called 'bear' - Ursius/Björn) and in turn became father of 'Thrugillus, called Sprageleg'. The Gesta Antecessorum Comitis Waldevi copies John of Worcester's pedigree but makes the Ursius, father of 'Spratlingus', an actual white bear. The 14th-century chronicle sometimes attributed to John Brompton tells a very similar tale relating to the birth of Björn, called Boresune (bear's-son), father of Siward, Earl of Northumbria, and this may represent the original form of the longer, chronologically impossible pedigree of Siward found in the Gesta that erroneously identifies Björn Boresune with Thorgil's grandson, Beorn Estrithson. It has been suggested that the role of a bear in their immediate ancestry may represent a tradition shared by relatives rather than that two independent families at about the same time both co-opted the same ancient Norwegian legend for their immediate ancestry, that Björn Boresune and Thorgil may have been brothers.

In the 18th century, Danish historian Jakob Langebek suggested this bear story was allegorical, and that the brutish 'Wild' Björn, father of Thorgil, was a reference to Jomsviking brigand leader Styrbjörn the Strong (Styrbjörn Starke), depicted by sagas as the son of Olaf Björnsson, king of Sweden. Styrbjörn's wife in the sagas is stated to have been Tyra of Denmark, the daughter of Harold Bluetooth, king of Denmark and Norway. No primary source supports this royal ancestry for Thorgil, a connection almost impossible to maintain because of the chronological inconsistencies. 
Sprakalaeg, Thorkill (I8663)
1071 From Wikipedia:

When the Connecticut Charter of 1662 forced the New Haven Colony to merge with Connecticut in 1665, Treat led a group of dissidents who left the colony. They moved to New Jersey in 1666 where they were joined by other dissidents from Branford, Connecticut, another part of the former New Haven Colony. The dissidents from Branford were led by Abraham Pierson, Sr. Robert Treat wanted the new community to be named Milford, New Jersey. Pierson, a devout Puritan, preferred the name New Ark, and this place is now known as Newark. Robert himself returned to Milford, Connecticut in 1672 and lived there the rest of his life.

Treat headed the colony's militia for several years, principally against the Narragansett Indians. This included participating in King Philip's War in 1676. He served on the Governor's Council continuously from 1676 to 1708.

First elected Governor in 1683, Treat was supplanted by Sir Edmund Andros in 1687, making Connecticut part of the Dominion of New England. Treat is credited with having a role in concealing the state's charter in the Charter Oak, and resumed his job as governor when the dominion scheme fell apart in 1689. He was re-elected annually until being defeated by Fitz-John Winthrop in 1698. 
Treat, Robert Governor of Connecticut (I14497)
1072 From Wikipedia:

William Bradford was an English Separatist originally from the West Riding of Yorkshire. He moved to Leiden in Holland in order to escape persecution from King James I of England, and then emigrated to the Plymouth Colony on the Mayflower in 1620. He was a signatory to the Mayflower Compact and went on to serve as Governor of the Plymouth Colony intermittently for about 30 years between 1621 and 1657. His journal Of Plymouth Plantation covered the years from 1620 to 1657 in Plymouth. [...]

William Bradford's most well-known work by far is Of Plymouth Plantation. It is a detailed history in journal form about the founding of the Plymouth Colony and the lives of the colonists from 1621 to 1646. Bradford's journal is described as a retrospective account of his recollections and observations. The first work was written in 1630; the second was never finished, but "between 1646 and 1650, he brought the account of the colony's struggles and achievements through the year 1646." As Walter P. Wenska states, "Bradford writes most of his history out of his nostalgia, long after the decline of Pilgrim fervor and commitment had become apparent. Both the early annals which express his confidence in the Pilgrim mission and the later annals, some of which reveal his dismay and disappointment, were written at about the same time." In Of Plymouth Plantation, Bradford drew deep parallels between everyday life and the events of the Bible. As Philip Gould writes, "Bradford hoped to demonstrate the workings of divine providence for the edification of future generations."

In 1888, Charles F. Richardson referred to Bradford as a "forerunner of literature" and "a story-teller of considerable power." Moses Coit Tyler called him "the father of American history." Many American authors have cited his work in their writings; for example, Cotton Mather referred to it in Magnalia Christi Americana and Thomas Prince referred to it in A Chronological History of New-England in the Form of Annals. Even today it is considered a valuable piece of American literature, included in anthologies and studied in literature and history classes. It has been called an American classic and the pre-eminent work of art in seventeenth-century New England.

The Of Plymouth Plantation manuscript disappeared by 1780, "presumably stolen by a British soldier during the British occupation of Boston"; it reappeared in Fulham, London, England. Philip Gould states, "In 1855, scholars intrigued by references to Bradford in two books on the history of the Episcopal Church in America (both located in England) located the manuscript in the bishop of London's library at Lambeth Palace." A long debate ensued as to the rightful home for the manuscript. Multiple attempts by United States Senator George Frisbie Hoar and others to have it returned proved futile at first. According to Francis B. Dedmond, "after a stay of well over a century at Fulham and years of effort to [e]ffect its release, the manuscript was returned to Massachusetts" on May 26, 1897. 
Bradford, William Governor of the Plymouth Colony (I19976)
1073 From: 'Colleges: Wolverhampton, St Peter', A History of the County of Stafford: Volume 3 (1970), pp. 321-331:

Throughout the 13th century the royal chapels were struggling to establish their exemption from episcopal jurisdiction. The church of Wolverhampton secured this privilege with less difficulty than other royal chapels of the diocese. It owed its success principally to Giles of Erdington who first appears as Dean of Wolverhampton in 1224. Erdington made his career in the royal service and became one of the most distinguished of Henry III's judges. His legal skill is evident in the agreement he negotiated with the new Bishop of Coventry and Lichfield, Alexander Stavensby, immediately after the bishop's consecration in 1224. This formalized the traditional but unwritten privileges asserted earlier by Peter of Blois. It recognized the dean's right to appoint to the prebends in his church, institute his clergy, and correct them; it admitted the bishop's intervention only on neglect of correction and after an official admonition, and even then allowed him no right to procurations. On the other hand it recognized that the bishop was entitled to be received with honour, to celebrate, preach, and confirm in the church, and to hear difficult cases and appeals from the parish.

Under the protection of this agreement Wolverhampton enjoyed its privileges unchallenged during the episcopates of Stavensby and his successors until 1260 when Bishop Meuland attempted visitation. Erdington obtained a royal prohibition and in order to defend the agreement of 1224 invoked a papal bull which Henry III had obtained in 1245, exempting royal chapels from episcopal jurisdiction. The dispute ended finally in 1292 when the bishop recognized that all seven royal chapels of his diocese were exempt from ordinary jurisdiction and directly subject to Rome, and reserved only his right to be received with honour, to preach, ordain, consecrate, and confirm in them.

Erdington also defended the financial interests of the college. He had boundaries perambulated, transactions recorded, and property rights defended in the courts. In 1258 he obtained from the king the valuable grant of a weekly market and an annual fair to be held at Wolverhampton. He secured the goodwill of local landowners by concessions of privilege and of land and promoted good relations with the townsmen by granting his burgesses in 1263 the right to hold their burgages freely by hereditary title with the same privileges and liabilities as the burgesses of Stafford. Perhaps the last benefit the college received from Erdington was an endowment for the maintenance of a chaplain at Wolverhampton. He died probably at the end of 1268, after having held the deanery for at least 44 years. 
de Erdington, Giles Dean of St. Peter College (I2151)
1074 From: 'Parishes: Tickencote', A History of the County of Rutland: Volume 2 (1935), pp. 275-281:


The tenant holding at all events a part of the manor of the Grimbalds was Henry, son of Richard de Tickencote, who was granted 6 bovates of land here for a fifth of a fee. Henry de Tickencote had licence to export bread in 1224. Before 1234, however, the manor had passed to William le Daneys, who, with his overlord Robert Grimbald, consented to the presentation to the church of Tickencote by the abbot of Owston (co. Leic.). William had married as his second wife Mabel, who was apparently heiress of the Tickencotes, as on the death of William in 1250 his widow Mabel had the custody of the manor until the majority of the heir, John, which occurred in 1253. John in that year had seisin of the manor, which had been in the king's hands on account of the debt owing from William de Plessetis, who had a lien on the manor from William le Daneys, saving the dower of Mabel. John le Daneys seems to have died without issue before 1263, when lands in Tickencote were settled on Mabel for life with reversion to William, son of Richard le Daneys, brother of Mabel's husband William. William, son of William son of Richard, had a son Brice le Daneys, who with Isabel his wife was holding lands in Tickencote in 1287. Brice held aquarter of a fee and Hugh de Bussey half a fee there in 1305. Before 1311, however, Brice had acquired the manor, which he settled in that year on himself and Joan, probably his second wife. Brice was knight of the shire for Rutland in 1312 and took a prominent part in the affairs of the county. In the same year he was involved in a suit against Grimbald, son of Grimbald Pauncefort, heir of Brice's cousin, Ella le Daneys, as to lands in Hildesham. Brice died before 1344, when Oger Daveys (Daneys) released to his brother Roland all claim to the manor of Tickencote and all other lands which formerly belonged to Brice in Empingham. 
le Daneys, William (I8751)
1075 John P. Ravilious quotes from Keats-Rohan's Domesday Descendants, regarding her son Richard de Camville:

"His mother was a daughter of Alberic de Vere (cf. Rot. de Dom. 84 an note; Comp. Peer. x, App. J., n. j.), as may be inferred from the descent of his Domesday manor of Hildersham as the marriage portion of Matilda de Ros, daughter of Richard; Matilda granted land there to Clerkenwell priory, c. 1190 when her daughter Beatrice became a nun and the grant was confirmed by Alberic III de Ver (Cart. Clerkenwell, 24-26)."

"[Alberic de Ver was father] possibly also of a daughter who was mother of Richard de Camville." [K. S. B. Keats-Rohan, Domesday People
de Vere, (Unknown) (I3055)
1076 John Watson, 2 Dec 2010 post to SGM:

From memory (which gets worse over the years). Robert de Grey, holder of Rotherfield in 1166, had two or possibly three younger brothers, Anketil (II), William and probably Thomas. I would think that the more likely candidates for the father of John de Grey bishop of Norwich and his sister Hawise are either William or Thomas. Hawise married a Mr. somebody-or-other and had at least three children, Robert, Walter (Abp. York) and Eve (married Wm. Brito). Her children took their mother's name of de Grey - probably to stop the family name dying out - her two sons, Robert and Walter being the only male heirs of Anketil (I) de Grey who held Rotherfield at Domesday. Anketil (II)'s heir was his granddaughter Eve, daughter of his son John, who married Ralph Murdac. In this scenario - Robert and Walter de Grey would be the first cousins of Eve Murdac.

Now if we could only work out who Mr. somebody-or-other was, the picture would be complete. 
(Unknown de Grey) (I6054)
1077 John Watson, soc.genealogy.medieval, 5 June 2017:

William de Beauchamp (died 1170) confirmed Walter his father's grant of land and tithes to Worcester Cathedral priory, including a virgate of land held by Alfred, chaplain of Urse d'Abetot, his grandfather.

William's mother was a daughter of Urse d'Abetot, but I have not seen any contemporary evidence that her name was Emmeline. Dugdale identified her from a register of the dean and chapter of Worcester which is now lost.

"Willelmus de Bello campo omnibus ministris suis et ballivis de Wirecestre scira salutem, Sciatis me concessise et confirmasse donationem illam, quam pater meus Walterus fecit Priori et Monachis de Wirecestria de una virgata terrae quam Elfredus capellanus Ursonis de Abbetot avi mei tenuit. Et volo, ut teneant eam liberam et quietam de geldis et omnibus secularibus exactionibus, sicut elemosinam patris mei et matris meae. T. Isnardo, Rogero de Lenz &c." William Hale Hale, Registrum sive Liber Irrotularius et Consuetudinarius Prioratus Beatae Mariae Wigorniensis (London, 1865), 92a. 
d'Abetot, Emmeline (I2721)
1078 Joseph Fogle, lunatic

Passed Feb. 6 1832
An act for the benefit of Joseph Fogle, of the state of Kentucky, a lunatic.

Preamble, WHEREAS, it appears to the General Assembly, by the memorial of James Hancock, of Nelson county, in the state of Kentucky, and the several documents and proofs therewith exhibited, that Joseph Fogle, of the same county and state, has been duly found to be a lunatic, as well by an inquisition duly taken by the circuit court of Nelson county, in the state of Kentucky aforesaid, as also by an inquisition taken according to law by the county court of Frederick county in this state, sitting as a court,of chancery, that the said James Hancock, was duly appointed and qualified as the trustee of the estate of said lunatic, lying and being in Kentucky, as well as of his person, and that a certain William Fischer, of Frederick county aforesaid, was also duly appointed the trustee of the estate of the said lunatic, lying and being in this state; that the said William Fischer took upon himself the burthen of the said trust, having executed his bond for the faithful performance thereof in the penalty of eight thousand dollars, and is now in possession of all the property of the said lunatic in this state, consisting of about four thousand dollars in money; that the said William Fischer is willing to be discharged from the further performance of the said trust, and to pay over the funds in his hands to another trustee who may be authorised to receive it, and to execute a valid acquittance for the same; and it appears right and proper that the whole estate of the said lunatic should be put within the control of the court having jurisdiction of his person, and where his family also resides — Therefore, Trustees to pay & receive. Section 1. Be it enacted by the General Assembly of Maryland, That the county court of Frederick county aforesaid, sitting as a court of chancery, be and it is hereby authorised and empowered to order and direct the saidn William Fischer, trustee as aforesaid, or any future trustee of the above mentioned Joseph Fogle, within the jurisdiction of said court, to pay over and transfer any money or property belonging to the estate of the said Joseph Fogle, to any trustee that may now or hereafter be appointed by the circuit court of Nelson county aforesaid, in the state of Kentucky, to receive the same; Provided, that the said court of Frederick county sitting as aforesaid, shall be satisfied that the trustee applying for any money or other property by virtue of this act, has executed a bond to the state of Kentucky, with security approved by the said court in Kentucky, conditioned, as well for the faithful conveyance of such money or property, or the value thereof in money, to the person or persons entitled to receive the same, as for the performance of his trust in that state.

[Much, much more at A Fogle Family History.] 
Fogle, Joseph (I6745)
1079 Mark Crocker's will, from

I give unto my wife the following property (viz) one good horse and one side saddle, I give her also the following notes of hand, (and direct my executor to collect the same and pay it over to my wife as soon as convenient after they fall due) our note on I. H. Day & R C Henley for Ten dollars due the 9th of Oct 1857 our note on W N Hammonds for Twelve dollars due 26th Dec. 1857 our note on C C Hammonds Seventy dollars & 30 cents due 26th December 1857 our note on J W Conner & David Conner fourteen dollars & 60 cents due 26th December 1857 our note on A. M. Will & C C Hammonds for four dollars & 17cents due 26th Dec 1857 our note on J M Witherspoon & A G Pearco Two dollars and 20 cents due 25th December 1857 our note on J B Driskill for one dollar and 20 cents due 25th December 1857 and our note on Thomas H Witherspoon for forty dollars due 22nd July 1857 all of Said note were taken for property sold,belonging to my wife before our marriage. give and bequeath unto my said wife in addition to the above, three beds Steads, and furniture sufficient for the three beds Six choice chairs one folding table, one cupboard & one bureau (the ones that she brought to my house) all the table and kitchen furniture that she brought to my house after our marriage 
Crocker, Mark (I943)
1080 Mentions of Charles Ewing in Hayden/Rapier and Allied Families by Mary Louise Donnelly:

"Early records in the State of Virginia show speculators named William Oldham, Charles Ewing, Peter and Adam Shepherd, and others secured thousands of acres of land in the region of Pottinger's Creek, Rolling Fork Creek, Cartright's Creek, Hardin's Creek, etc., in what is now Nelson, Washington, and Marion Counties in Kentucky. The Catholic pioneers purchased their property from these speculators." [pp. 17-18]

"The deed (Book 3:77) for Basil Hayden's property was recorded on [3 Dec 1785] in Nelson County, Kentucky and reads as follows: 'Know all men by these presents that we Isaac Morrison and Charles Ewing both of Nelson County and State of Virginia are held and firmly bound to BASIL HEYDON of the State of Maryland in the penal form of two hundred and fifty pounds current money of Virginia to be paid to the said BASIL HEYDON his heirs Ex. or Admin. and to the true payment whereof we bind ourselves our heirs and Executors firmly by these presents sealed with our Seales and dated this third day of Dec. one thousand seven hundred and Eighty five - The condition of the above obligation is such that if the above bounded Isaac Morrison and Charles Ewing their heirs Ex. or Adm. or either of them do and Shall will and truly convey or cause to be Conveyed unto the above mentioned BASIL HEYDEN his heirs Exs. or Adm. a certain tract of Land situate on the north side of Pottingers Creek adjoining Phillimon Lee (Phillip Lee) on the East Containing three hundred acres of land by a good and Sufficient deed a good Sure and Indefeasible estate of Inheritance in Fee Simple on or before the twenty fifth day of December one thousand Seven hundred and Eighty seven and that without further Delay then the above obligation to be void otherwise to remain in full force and virtue in same.' (The deed was signed by Isaac Morrison and Charles Ewing and the witnesses present were Philip Lee and Charles Hayden.) Then the following was recorded: 'This Bond from Isaac Morrison and Charles Ewing to BASIL HEYDEN was acknowledged by the said Morrison and ordered to record' (Signed Ben Grayson Cl. C.)" [p. 40]

"BASIL purchased additional land on Pottinger's Creek. By the 1799 taxes he owned 525 acres of land and 24 slaves. He purchased additional land from Charles Ewing and Nicholas Woods." [p. 42]

"HENRIETTA HAYDEN, 'the widow of BASIL HAYDEN,' married secondly on 2/4/1805 Charles Ewing (Nelson County Marriages 1:63). Concerning this Father Badin writes to Bishop Carroll on 2/20/1805, 'The widow HAYDEN who has disgraced herself in marriage, has renewed her past scandals and finished by marrying heterodoxum coram heterodoxo (a protestant by a protestant)." [p. 43]

"Probably an earlier letter of Father Badin written to Bishop Carroll on 8/13/1798 refers to her previous scandal, 'Mr. Rohan who is keeping school on my land has among his school-boys a subject that might become a clergyman were not the illegitimacy of his birth an obstacle to it. I thought proper to inform you of his virtue & talents, & also that the parents are willing & in some degree able to procure him a liberal education. He belongs to MR. HAYDEN's family, tho he be not his father: he is twelve or thirteen years of age.' This refers to William Hayden, mentioned in BASIL HAYDEN, SR.'s will as Henrietta's son. Whether he was the son of Charles Ewing, whom Henrietta immediately married seven months after BASIL's death, can be surmised." [p. 43]

"The marriage of HENRIETTA HAYDEN and Charles Ewing did not last long. In a Judgement in Nelson County for 1808 and 1809 HENRIETTA EWING vs Charles Ewing and Mary Flint. 'Since Charles Ewing continued to live in a State of adultery with said Mary in shameful violation of his marriage vow & agreement with Henrietta, Henrietta asks for a divorce.'" [p. 43]

"From EARLY TIMES IN WASHINGTON COUNTY, KENTUCKY by Orval W. Baylor (p 9) 'Charles Ewing came to Kentucky around 1785. He was a well-bred, well educated and cultured gentleman.' Charles Ewing first owned 600 acres on the north side of Hardin's Creek which he sold to Jereboam Beauchamp. In 1787 he purchased a 500 acre tract lying on the north side of the Rolling Fork. 'On a knoll overlooking a big bend in the river he erected a large two story log house; and there he lived to a ripe old age.' Charles Ewing was one of the first justices of Washington County. He served two terms as a legislator from Washington County and then retired from public affairs. According to the 1799 tax lists Charles Ewing owned 8,748 acres of land in Washington, Nelson, Green and Lincoln counties in Kentucky." [pp. 43-44]

From The Political Club, Danville, Kentucky, 1786-1790: Being an Account of an Early Kentucky Society from the Original Papers Recently Found, Volume 9, by Thomas Speed (Danville, Kentucky: John P. Morton, 1894):

"A strong family bearing the Ewing name removed to the West from Virginia at an early day. Baker Ewing was in Danville in 1785, and about the same time General Robert E. Ewing located in Tennessee. From 1793 to 1800 Charles Ewing represented Washington County in the Kentucky Legislature. Reuben Ewing and Young Ewing were members of the second Constitutional Convention. Reverend Fines Ewing was a noted Presbyterian minister in 1810. Baker Ewing, who was a member of the Political Club, was sent to the Virginia Legislature as the member from Lincoln County, Kentucky, in 1778. He was further honored in 1792 by appointment as Register of the Land Office, being the first incumbent of that office. In 1802 he represented Franklin County in the Kentucky Legislature. The Ewing family was one of great prominence in Russellville. Ephraim M. Ewing, a son of General Robert E. Ewing, located there, and was a leading lawyer. From 1835 to 1846 he was Judge of the Court of Appeals. His son, Presley Ewing, a brilliant young man, died before he attained his prime, but not until he had been sent as a representative to the National Congress. Doctor U. E. Ewing removed from Russellville to Louisville, where for many years he was a distinguished physician and most useful citizen. A son of Doctor Ewing bore the name Baker Ewing. The daughters of Doctor Ewing all married distinguished men.

"General Thomas Ewing, of Ohio, was born in Virginia in 1789, and no doubt belonged to the same family with those who came to Kentucky. Many of the most prominent men in the country are connected by marriage or blood with the Ewing family. Among them may be named Honorable Adlai Ewing Stevenson, Vice-President of the United States; Honorable James S. Ewing, Minister to Belgium; Honorable Andrew Ewing and Edwin H. Ewing, of Tennessee, the former being the father of Mrs. Henry Watterson, of Louisville. General W. T. Sherman married a daughter of General Thomas Ewing, of Ohio."

[The mother of Adlai Ewing Stephenson (1835-1914), 23rd Vice President of the United States, was Elizabeth Ann Ewing (1809-1889).] 
Ewing, Charles (I5641)
1081 Note attached by "stashyc" to William Hayden in her public tree:

Basil Hayden Sr. and his brother William Hayden, sons of George Hayden (d. 1754) were living in Kentucky at the time of their mother Charity's death. Neither were mentioned in Charity's will of 1791. Elizabeth Hayden (d. 1761), the boys' grandmother, left [land to] just the two oldest children of her deceased son George [...]

"Item I bequeath to my two grandsons William Hayden & Basil Hayden sons to George all that part or parcell of Land whereon William Morgan now lives known by the name of Shankes Resque containing 102 acres more or less to be divided Equally between my two grandsons as above mentioned". According to the Rent Rolls (43:105) Basil sold his share to his brother William on 9/17/1767.

Accompanied his brother Basil to Kentucky in 1785.

Deed recorded 3/31/1789 (Deed 2:59-60) in Nelson County, Virginia (became the state of Kentucky in 1792) records William Hayden['s] purchase of 400 acres of land "...beginning in James Cloyds line..." (on Pottinger's Creek).

William Hayden's will was proved null and void in the case "Hayden Heirs vs Hayden Executors" files 1794. The names of all of William Hayden's heirs were given in the court case (A:191-192) in Washington County, on 2/22/1796. When the heirs sold William Hayden's land, Bennett Hayden was not named as he had given whatever was to come to him from his father's estate "to my sister Mary Hayden" - dated 4/10/1794 (Deed A:178 Washington Co., KY). 
Hayden, William (I1344)
1082 Owensboro Messenger Inquirer, 21 Feb 2011:

Norman Hayden, 82, of Owensboro passed away Friday, Feb. 18, 2011, at Owensboro Medical Health System. Born in Daviess County, a son of the late James U. and Mary Edna Fischer Hayden, he graduated from St. Joseph High School and in 1955 founded Norman Hayden & Sons Dozer Service, spending his entire career as an excavating contractor. Mr. Hayden was a member of St. Martin Catholic Church and its Men's Club, the Knights of Columbus and the Farm Bureau. A wonderful husband and super dad, he was a fan of UK basketball and NASCAR. In addition to his parents, he was preceded in death by his brothers and sisters, John D. Hayden, Vincent Hayden, Doris Jane Hayden, Mildred Ivey and Betty Ann Oberst.

Mr. Hayden is survived by his wife of 26 years, Judy Bivens Hayden; his sons, Jimmy Hayden (Kim), Phil Hayden (Cheri) and Keith Hayden (Melissa), all of Owensboro, and Ron Hayden (Kim) of Philpot; his daughters, Debbie Sheperis (Cary Colman) of St. Louis, Denise Bartlett (Ed) of Philpot, Vickie Sipes (Dean) of Owensboro and Cathy Menchise (Mike) of Charlotte; his stepchildren, Billy Bivens (Angie) of Owensboro and Patti Bivens Swingle (Bill) of Newburgh; 13 grandchildren; four stepgrandchildren; 10 great-grandchildren; four stepgreat-grandchildren; his brother, Delbert Hayden of Bowling Green; and his sisters, Lucille Wright, Sue Hill and Carol Cecil, all of Owensboro.

The funeral Mass for Mr. Hayden will be 11 a.m. today at St. Martin Catholic Church. Visitation will be from 9 to 10:15 a.m. today at Glenn Funeral Home and Crematory. Burial will be in St. Raphael Cemetery. Expressions of sympathy may take the form of contributions to Hospice of Western Kentucky or the Memorial Fund of St. Martin Catholic Church. Messages of condolence may be placed at 
Hayden, James Norman (I8921)
1083 Owensboro Messenger, 7 Apr 1907, page 9:


Is Record of Young Curdsville Couple.

Among them are three sets of twins -- Four Boys and Four Girls

If All People Followed Their Example Owensboro Would Extend From Hardinsburg to Henderson.

Whether there is race suicide in process of perpetration in this country or whether there is not, there is a young couple in Daviess county, eight years married and parents of eight children. If their example were followed by all the people in Daviess county this section would shortly be such a city that Main street would extend from Hardinsburg to Henderson. It would be a city that could furnish wives for the womanless of the West and soldiers for the armies of the world.

These young people are Mr. and Mrs. Clarence Hayden of the Curdsville neighborhood. Mr. Hayden is the son of Mr. and Mrs. J. S. Hayden, his wife was, before her marriage, Miss Fannie Newton. Both are members of well known and highly respected families. Mr. Hayden is a farmer by occupation and is prosperous.

Of their children four are boys and four are girls. Among them there are three pairs of twins. The first was a boy, then came twins, then a girl and then came twins again, two boys. Saturday, on the eighth anniversary of their marriage, a third pair of twins came, bringing the total number of children to eight. The latest twins are girls.

Mr. Hayden is thirty-three years old and weighs 125 pounds. His wife is twenty-nine years old and weighs 150 pounds.

This record has probably never been surpassed in Daviess county. There is a case on record of a couple in this same section of the county who had five children in a year—but this was maintained for only one year. It was nearly forty years ago. In January, twins were born to them, and in December of the same year triplets were born. But Mr. and Mrs. Hayden have the record for recent years.

The father of Mr. Hayden brought the news of the birth of the latest pair of twins to Owensboro yesterday afternoon.

Owensboro Messenger, 9 Feb 1908, page 9:


And Leaves a Widow and Eight Children

Clarence Hayden died of heart trouble at 1 o'clock Saturday afternoon at his home at Rome, after an illness of several months. His death, while sudden, was not unexpected. He had been in poor health for some time. Mr. Hayden was twenty-eight years old and a respected farmer of the Rome section. His wife, who was before her marriage Miss Newton, survives him, with eight children. The funeral will take place at 9 o'clock Sunday morning from St. Raphael's church. The interment will be in the church cemetery. 
Hayden, Clarence Eugene "E. C." (I4248)
1084 Owensboro Messenger, Wednesday, 24 Nov 1915:


The remains of William U. Hayden, formerly of West Louisville, who was killed in an explosion while acting as chief gunner's mate on board the Decatur at Cavite, Philippine Islands, about the middle of last September, arrived Tuesday morning and were taken to St. Joseph, where the funeral was conducted from St. Alphonsus Catholic church, with interment in the church burying grounds. The deceased was the son of Mr. and Mrs. J. S. Hayden, both deceased, and has several brothers and one sister. Mr. Hayden served many years in the army, enlisting the last time in the navy at San Diego, Calif., May 4, 1913. 
Hayden, William Urban (I1040)
1085 Post to SGM, 26 Aug 2007, by Alan Grey:

To this could be added the Maud who married Thomas de Tolethorpe (died c. 1290). She is said to have been the daughter of Brice Daneys [VCH Rutland, Vol. 2, p. 238] but I have not seen a primary source for the statement.

The chronology of the Tolethorpe family would indicate to me that if Maud was of the Daneys family, then she was the sister, rather than daughter, of Brice. Her son William de Tolethorpe was in possession of the knight's fee in Tolethorpe in 1291 (i.e., born before 1270),and so Maud was born before (probably several years before) 1255, I suppose. For his part, Brice cannot have been born much before 1250 if he flourished from 1272, but lived until after 1318/21, especially since he was the great-grandson of a man whose brothers still flourished in the 1240s and whose children (Brice's grandfather's generation) were born in the 1230s (as per your post). Thus, Brice cannot be Maud's father, but perhaps he could be a brother. 
le Daneys, Maud (I1124)
1086 Quoted in G. Andrews Moriarty, "Genealogical Research in England: Lothrop", The New England Historical and Genealogical Register 84:437, October 1930:

From the Records of the Court of Star Chamber
[Preserved in the Public Record Office, London]

Petition [undated] of James Carter and his wife Agnes and Thomas Layton and his wife Isabell states that they are seised of one acre of customary land in the manor of South Dalton, co. York, with appurtenances in Chery Burton, co. York, called Coke Merys, as of fee in right of Agnes and Isabel, whereon in 24 Henry VIII [1532-33] they sowed good wheat, which prospered till it was ready to be reaped, and that they then reaped a great part of the wheat, bound it in sheaves, and made thirty stooks, each containing twelve sheaves, according to the custom of that country, and intended to reap the rest. But now John Lawthrop, William Bynkys, Robert Lawthrop, William Patton, and John Burne, of their malicious and riotous minds, with clubs, staves, swords, daggers, pikes, etc., by force of arms, about Monday sennight next after the Feast of the Assumption of the Blessed Virgin [15 August], 25 Henry VIII [1533-34], entered the land, took away the wheat which had been reaped, and reaped and carried off the rest, making assault upon James Carter, beating and wounding him, and putting him in jeopardy of his life. Petitioners pray for a writ of subpoena for Lawthrop and the rest to appear before the King's Court at Westminster. (Star Chamber Proceedings, Henry VIII, vol. 9, no. 61.)

Answer [undated] of John Lowthorp to the petition of James Carter and the others sets forth that the matter of the petitioners is determinable within the Court of the Provost of Beverley, within his lordship of South Dalton, as the land specified is a parcel of the manor of South Dalton. Said Lowthorp denies that he is guilty of any riot or any other misdemeanor. Further, if he had committed any such riot or misdemeanor, the King, by authority of Parliament, has pardoned to all his subjects all riots and misdemeanors committed before 3 November last, before which time the riot is said to have taken place. He prays that the petition be dismissed with costs. (Ib., Henry VIII, vol. 9, no. 62.) 
Lowthroppe, John (I1206)
1087 Rosie Bevan, 29 Mar 2015, post to SGM:

I can offer a few more details into the disputed inheritance and Geoffrey's ancestry.

In 1346-48 Henry of Pytchley, a monk at Peterborough, compiled a register of the abbey holdings from which there is an account of the disputed inheritance. The following is a précis.

Geoffrey de la Mare married three wives. From the first he had two sons, Geoffrey and Brian, and two daughters, Joan and Mabel. His second wife had a daughter named Maud, afterwards wife of Hugh de Cressy. However, because it was said that his son, Geoffrey, had previously had a pre contract with his second wife and had known her carnally, Geoffrey senior procured a divorce through the archdeacon of Essex. Afterwards Geoffrey junior and Brian died during the lifetime of their father. He married a third time, Cecily, who bore him another son named Geoffrey, posthumously. In 1345 the daughters and their husbands brought a suit for the de la Mare inheritance claiming that there could not have been a divorce because the second wife was mad so she could not authorise a deed of proxy, therefore Geoffrey was illegitimate. In the fine that ensued Hugh de Cressy and Maud recognised that Maxey and other tenements were the right of Geoffrey and quitclaimed their interest in them to him for 200 pounds. [W. T. Mellows, ed., Henry of Pytchley's Book of Fees (Northamptonshire Record Society, 1927), p.35-40.]

Geoffrey senior's ancestry can be gleaned from a plea in the Court of Common Pleas in the Michaelmas term of 1294 of Geoffrey de la Mare against the abbot of Peterborough claiming his right to the office of constable as held by his predecessors. Geoffrey gave the following descent from his great grandfather Brian de la Mare, from whom it descended to Geoffrey as his son and heir. From Geoffrey it descended to Brian his son and heir. Brian died without issue and it descended to Peter his brother and heir. Peter died without issue so it descended to his brother and heir Ralph. Ralph died without issue so it descended to Geoffrey his brother and heir. Geoffrey died without issue so it descended to Peter his brother and heir (evidently there were two brothers named Peter in the family). From Peter it descended to his son and heir Geoffrey, the plaintiff.

In the ensuing quitclaim of 1296 Geoffrey describes himself as "Galfridus de la Mare miles filius domini Petri de la Mare in Makeseye" confirming this paternity. [Sandra Raban, ed., The White Book of Peterborough (Northamptonshire Record Society, 2001), pp.1-2.] 
de la Mare, Geoffrey (I12033)
1088 Santa Maria Times, 20 Apr 1889:

Death of Grandma Thorne.

A few weeks since in company with her daughter and son in law, Mr and Mrs Samuel Conner, Grandma Thorne left this city for Central City, Nebraska; her intended future home. Five days after her arrival, it is said that she placed her head in her hands and passed peacefully away. Grandma was 92 years old and the trip was too great for such an aged body. Had she remained in California it is quite probable that she would have lived to the great age of 100 years. Mrs Thorne was the mother of Mrs Curtis of Santa Maria. She was born in Vermont in 1797. At the age of 20 years she was married to Harry Nicholson and shortly afterward moved to Pennsylvania, where they lived for many years, rearing a family of five children. While there Mr Nicholson died and a few years later she married Richard Thorne and shortly (about 1880) she removed to California. where she resided until a few weeks since and where she was a second time left a widow. 
Martindale, Mercy (I312)
1089 Steven M. Lawson:

He lived at Exeter, Devonshire, England in 1633, and at Dorchester, Suffolk Co., MA in 1635. With a corrected reading of Winthrop's Journal [ref. TAG 74:225], Thomas is identified as arriving from Barnstable, Devonshire aboard the 'Regard' in 1634. The revised entry for Nov. 13, 1634 is:

The Regard, a ship of Barnstable, of about two hundred tons, arrived with twenty passengers and about fifty cattle.

One thing I think fit to observe, as a witness of God's providence for this plantation. There came in this ship one Marisfeild, a poor godly man of Exeter, being very desirous to come to us, but not able to transport his family. There was in the city a rich merchant, one Marshall, who being troubled in his dreams about the said poor man, could not be quiet till he had sent for him and given him £50, and lent him £100, willing him withal, that, if he wanted, he should send to him for more. This Marsfeild grew suddenly rich, and then lost his godliness, and his wealth soon after.

Thomas settled at Windsor, Hartford Co., CT by 1637, and was living there in 1642 when he sold some of his land. On Oct. 14, 1642, Thomas was relieved of his entire estate to pay debts incurred, probably from a shipping venture begun in 1640 with Henry WOLCOTT, Samuel WAKEMAN and the WYLLYS family [TAG 74:127]. In late 1642, he is said to have "withdrawn" from Windsor, and may have died then. No further record is found and Savage states "Perhaps he was lost at sea."

Note: The Wyllys family referred to is that of Governor Samuel Wyllys of Connecticut. 
Marshfield, Thomas (I8357)
1090 Steven M. Lawson:

In 1649, as the "widow Marshfield," she resided at Springfield, MA, being previously from Windsor, CT, and having three children -- including one married daughter. She was accused of being a witch, and brought court action against Mary Parsons for making a false accusation. Mary was sentenced to be whipped, and to pay £3 to Goody Marshfield "or and towards the reparation of her good name." 
Mercy (I230)
1091 Stewart Baldwin, at The Henry Project, states that "The parentage of Ida remains unknown":

While it had been known for some time that the mother of William was a "countess" Ida, her identity was only recently proven. As one of two known contemporary English countesses named Ida, the wife of Roger Bigod had already been a prime candidate [see Paul C. Reed, "Countess Ida, mother of William Longespée, illegitimate son of Henry II", TAG 77 (2002), which was going to press just as the crucial discovery was made]. Convincing proof of her identity as the wife of Roger Bigod was only recently discovered by Raymond W. Phair, who announced his discovery in the soc.genealogy.medieval newsgroup on 3 July 2002, and then published it in The American Genealogist [Raymond W. Phair, "William Longespée, Ralph Bigod, and Countess Ida", TAG 77 (2002), 279-81], citing a list of prisoners after the Battle of Bouvines in 1214, in which Ralph Bigod was called a brother of the earl of Salisbury. The parentage of Ida remains unknown, but see Reed (2002) for the possibility that she might have been a daughter of Roger de Toeni and Ida of Hainault.

Douglas Richardson's Royal Ancestry (2013) gives Ida de Tony as a daughter of Ralph de Tony and Margaret of Leicester. Richardson set forth his arguments for this in a 2008 post to soc.genealogy.medieval, reproduced below:

From: Douglas Richardson
Subject: Ida de Tony, wife of Roger le Bigod, Earl of Norfolk, and mother of William Longespee, Earl of Salisbury
Date: Wed, 3 Dec 2008 06:32:55 -0800 (PST)

[...] For conclusive evidence that Ida, wife of Earl Roger le Bigod, was a member of the Tony family, see Morris, The Bigod Earls of Norfolk in the 13th Century (2005): 2, who cites a royal inquest dated 1275, in which the jurors affirmed that Earl Roger le Bigod had received the manors of Acle, Halvergate, and South Walsham, Norfolk from King Henry II, in marriage with his wife, Ida de Tony (citing Rotuli Hundredorum 1 (1812): 504, 537). Morris shows that Earl Roger le Bigod received these manors by writ of the king, he having held them for three quarters of a year at Michaelmas 1182 (citing PR 28 Henry II, 1181-1182 (Pipe Roll Soc.) (1910):64). This appears to pinpoint to marriage of Ida de Tony and Earl Roger le Bigod as having occurred about Christmas 1181.

For evidence that Ida de Tony was the mother of William Longespee, Earl of Salisbury (illegitimate son of King Henry II of England), see London, Cartulary of Bradenstoke Priory (Wiltshire Rec. Soc. 35) (1979): 143, 188, which includes two charters in which Earl William Longespee specifically names his mother as Countess Ida. Furthermore, among the prisoners captured at the Battle of Bouvines in 1214 was a certain Ralph [le] Bigod, who a contemporary French record names as "brother" [i.e., half-brother] to William Longespée, Earl of Salisbury [see Brial, Monumens de Règnes des Philippe Auguste et de Louis VIII 1 (Recueil des Historiens des Gaules et de la France 17) (1878): 101 (Guillelmus Armoricus: "Isti sunt Prisiones (capti in bello Bovinensi)...Radulphus Bigot, frater Comitis Saresburiensis"); see also Malo, Un grand feudataire, Renaud de Dammartin et la coalition de Bouvines (1898):199, 209].

As for Countess Ida's parentage, it seems virtually certain that she was a daughter of Ralph V de Tony (died 1162), of Flamstead, Hertfordshire, by his wife, Margaret (b. c.1125, living 1185), daughter of Robert de Beaumont, 2nd Earl of Leicester [see C.P.7 (1929): 530, footnote e (incorrectly dates Ralph and Margaret's marriage as "after 1155" based on the misdating of a charter --correction provided by Ray Phair); C.P. 12(1) (1953): 764 - 765 (sub Tony); Power, The Norman Frontier in the Twelfth and Early Thirteenth Centuries (2004): 525 (Tosny pedigree)].

For evidence which supports Ida's placement as a child of Ralph V de Tony, several facts may be noted. First, Countess Ida and her husband, Roger le Bigod, are known to have named children, Ralph and Margaret, presumably in honor of Ida's parents, Ralph and Margaret de Tony [see Thompson, Liber Vitae Ecclesiae Dunelmenis (Surtees Soc. 136) (1923): fo.63b, for a contemporary list of the Bigod children]. Countess Ida was herself evidently named in honor of Ralph V de Tony's mother, Ida of Hainault. Next, William Longespee and his descendants had a long standing association with the family of Roger de Akeny, of Garsington, Oxfordshire, which Roger was a younger brother of Ralph V de Tony (died 1162) [see C.P. 8 (1932): chart foll. 464; 14 (1998): 614; Loyd, Origins of Some Anglo-Norman Fams. (1951): 2; VCH Oxford 5 (1957): 138; Harper-Bill, Dodnash Priory Charters (Suffolk Rec. Soc. 16) (1998): 34 - 37, 39 - 40, 72 - 73; Fam. Hist. 18 (1995 - 97): 47 - 64; 19 (1998): 125 - 129]. Lastly, Roger le Bigod and his step-son William Longespée both had associations with William the Lion, King of Scots, which connection can be readily explained by virtue of King William's wife, Ermengarde, being sister to Constance de Beaumont, wife of Countess Ida's presumed brother, Roger VI de Tony [see C.P. 12(1) (1953): 760 - 769 (sub Tony)].

William the Lion was likewise near related to both of Countess Ida's presumed parents, her father by a shared descent from Countess Judith, niece of William the Conqueror, and her mother by a shared descent from Isabel de Vermandois, Countess of Surrey. Roger le Bigod and William Longespee were both present with other English relations of William the Lion at an important gathering at Lincoln in 1200, when William the Lion paid homage to King John of England [see Stubbs, Chronica Magistri Rogeri de Houedene 4 (Rolls Ser. 51) (1871): 141 - 142].

Thus, naming patterns, familial and political associations give strong evidence that Ida, wife of Earl Roger le Bigod, was a daughter of Ralph V de Tony.

A later post from Richardson in the same thread:

From: Douglas Richardson
Subject: Re: Ida de Tony, wife of Roger le Bigod, Earl of Norfolk, and mother of William Longespee, Earl of Salisbury
Date: Mon, 8 Dec 2008 11:28:47 -0800 (PST)

Morris says that Ida de Tony was a ward of the king when the king married her to Roger le Bigod. That presumably means she was not yet 21 at her marriage, which occurred at Christmas 1181. If so, she would have to have been born no earlier than 1160.

Also, to be a ward of the king, your father would have been a tenant in chief of the king who left a minor heir in custody. The only requisite Tony male in this time period that would appear to fit that description would be Sir Ralph de Tony (husband of Margaret de Beaumont), who died in 1162, leaving a minor son, Roger. An estimate for a birth of Sir Ralph de Tony is hard to determine, but he was conceivable born as early as 1130, and probably no later than 1135. We know his parents were married in the reign of King Henry I who died in 1135.

As for the chronology of other parts of the Tony family. Sir Ralph de Tony's sister, Godeheut de Tony, wife of William de Mohun, had a grandson and heir, Reynold de Mohun, born about 1185. So Godeheut de Tony was born say 1135, give or take. Sir Ralph de Tony's younger brother, Sir Roger de Tony, had his son and heir, Baldwin, born about 1170. So Sir Roger was born say 1140, give or take.

In any case, the fact that Ida de Tony was a ward at the time of her marriage would seem to clearly indicate her parentage.

An email from Todd A. Farmerie to Marianne Dillow, reproduced in the same thread as Richardson's two posts above (the archives of the thread are somewhat jumbled, making it hard to tell the exact order of posts). It summarizes Farmerie's reservations about Richardson's identification of Ida de Tony's parents. In the scheme that Farmerie considers equally probable, Ida's parents would be Ralph de Tony's father Roger de Tony and Roger's wife Ida de Hainault:

I think you already had others point you to the group archives. Let me just say that this is not about confidence in an individual's work. It is a legitimate difference of opinion, two people, each equally qualified, using the same data, and reaching different conclusions.

I didn't want to get into another round of argument in the group, as it has been argued several times before. Briefly, though, everything that has been said about her being child of Ralph would also apply to her being sister of Ralph. All of the names, all of the associations, etc.

Whether she was daughter or sister comes down to how old you think she is, and we have no evidence. Thus, virtual certainty is a bit of an exaggeration. That she was of this immediate family is pretty safe, but which generation, there is room for doubt.

Let me also say this, and I just offer it at face value. This is not the first 'near certainty' that has been proclaimed with regard to her parentage. For years it was argued that it was almost certain she was a completely different person. Then a new piece of evidence comes out and we have seamlessly switched to a different near certainty. Basically, when someone says that something is a virtual certainty, they are doing it either because they think it is absolutely certain, and are simply recognizing that all history has a minute chance of revision, or alternatively, because they know it isn't certain, but they have convinced themselves that it is the right answer and are trying to make it sound better than it really is. This is not a 99.99% certainty, it is a 75% likelihood, coupled with a strong gut feeling and some gilding of the lily. That, at least, is my view.

I guess my real point is, don't take anything at face value. Mr. Richardson has made some insightful hypotheses. As far as I know, he was the first to guess that Ida, wife of Roger de Toeny was identical to Ida, mother of William Longespee. He had no evidence for it - it was just a strong gut instinct that led him to the right answer when proof was found a decade later. He has also reached some conclusions that are nothing but wishful thinking (such as his first 'certain' ancestry of Ida, which we now know is completely false). Both were expressed with equal certainty. Mr. Richardson is not unique in this. The same is true of others here, myself included. Don't just accept what anyone says. Look at all of the different opinions and ignore who is saying what, just take what seems the best solution from it, no matter who offers it.

Even if only one person has suggested a connection, look at the evidence and try out some other possibilities and see if they will fit as well. No one is right all the time - everyone has their biases, and to be good at this, it is important to move beyond the individual opinions and reach your own conclusions from the original data. (Sorry to preach.)

Finally, a post from the same thread setting forth a chronological argument for Richardson's position, and giving a reasonable guess as to her year of birth:

Subject: Re: Ida de Tony, wife of Roger le Bigod, Earl of Norfolk, and mother of William Longespée, Earl of Salisbury
Date: Mon, 8 Dec 2008 10:54:13 -0800 (PST)

[...] Girls as young as 12 were considered marriageable during this time period, and since we have no firm dates for either Ida's birth or that of her son William, she might've been as young as 15 or as old as her twenties by the time she gave birth to him. Unless someone happens upon a charter in which William de Longspee helpfully provides his exact date of birth and that of his mother, we will probably never know for sure. All we know is that she went onto have at least eight children with Roger Bigod; assuming no twins, Ida was bearing children at least until about 1190. As M. Sjostrom points out, it's stretching the chronology to the breaking point to get Ida de Tony to be the daughter of Ida of Hainault.

I think a reasonable time for Ida de Tony would be a birth c. 1160, her son William born 1175-1180, marriage to Roger Bigod in 1181, at which point she was bearing his children until the early 1190s or thereabouts, when she would've been in her thirties. 
de Tony, Ida (I683)
1092 The following is a transcript of a paper written by genealogical researcher and 5th great grandaughter of Frances Jane Coomes, Rita Mackin Fox:

While conducting research on the life of Kentucky pioneer Frances (a.k.a. Jane) Coomes (a.k.a. Combs, Coombs, Coombes)--Kentucky's first teacher, among other achievements--the status of women in American history became very clear. I experienced firsthand the frustration of trying to discover the story of one Kentucky pioneer who had the misfortune of being born a second-class citizen--a woman. For Frances and other women in American history, very few historical documents exist to tell us what their lives were like. When a woman's accomplishments were deemed noteworthy enough to be included in a civil document or historical record, she usually was referred to in connection with her husband's name because, upon marriage, almost all women in colonial and federal America were viewed as being one legal entity with their husbands.

While Frances Coomes had many historical accomplishments in her own right, she is referred to in most state history books only as Mrs. William Coomes. Her maiden name is unknown. Some researchers believe her to be a Lancaster, others a Greenleaf or Greenwell, and yet others a Mills. But I have yet to see any solid proof for any of these surnames. I hope one day to find her marriage record--which is probably in Maryland or Virginia--but I know many other Coomes researchers have already tried and failed to turn up such evidence.

Kentucky historians and Coomes researchers can't even agree on her given name--Frances or Jane. There was a plaque erected in her honor during the 1930s at Fort Harrod State Park in Harrodsburg (also referred to in this paper as Harrod's Town, its original name), Ky., which referred to her as Jane. Several deeds in Nelson County, Kentucky, the first of which was dated 10 March 1789, refer to her as Frances. To illustrate the confusion, at Frankfort's Department of Libraries and Archives, there are two biographical sketches on her in the vertical files--one under Jane, the other Frances. The "Jane" file lists her achievement as being Kentucky's first schoolteacher. The "Frances" file describes her role as Kentucky's first woman physician. Both mention her being the first Anglo in Kentucky--woman or man--to manufacture salt. Because she is called Frances in the only primary documents I have found, I will use that name, unless citing a source that names her otherwise.

With that established, let me share what I have learned of my ancestor, Frances Coomes, my maternal fifth-great-grandmother. In the process, I hope to give my reader a glimpse of the life of a pioneer woman on the Kentucky frontier.

Frances makes her marks on Kentucky history

Frances's husband William is credited, along with Dr. George Hart, an Irishman and physician, as being one of the first Catholics in Kentucky. Of course, they actually were the first Catholic males, as the entire Coomes family emigrated at the same time. Along with Frances, their nine children are overlooked as being among the first Catholics in Kentucky. All of their children were born before the family emigrated to Kentucky circa 1775-76. Like so many other questions yet to be answered, the exact date of Frances and William's arrival at Harrod's Town is in dispute. Martin Spalding and others give 1775 as the year. However, Frances's arrival is not included in the following passage from Allen's History of Kentucky: "In September 1775, three more ladies arrived in Kentucky, and, with them their husbands and children settled in Harrodsburg, to wit: Mrs. Denton, Mrs. McGary, and Mrs. Hogan." The Fort Harrod entry in the Kentucky Encyclopedia reads: "Among the pioneers who arrived in 1776 were Jane Coomes, who started a school and taught for the next nine years...." But all sources agree that the Coomes family was in Kentucky by 1776, the year Kentucky County, Virginia, was created by the Virginia Assembly. Harrod's Town served as the county seat.

Frances began to make her place in Kentucky history soon after entering the region. Spalding, writing in 1844, cites information provided by Frances's son, Walter A. Coomes, who said he was about 16 years old when he arrived at Harrod's Town. Spalding reports that William Coomes was born in Charles Co., Md., and later moved to the south branch of the Potomac River in Virginia. (It is not yet known if they were married in Maryland or Virginia.) The Coomes family emigrated from Virginia to what is now Kentucky together with Abraham and Isaac Hite. Spalding shares this glimpse of Frances's first historically noteworthy activity:

"On their way through Kentucky to Harrod's Station, the party encamped for seven weeks at Drilling's (sic) Lick, in the neighbourhood of the present city of Frankfort. Here Mrs. Coomes, aided by those of the party who were not engaged in hunting, employed herself in making salt--for the first time, perhaps, that this article was manufactured in our State."

George Morgan Chinn describes the salt-making event as follows (although her being Irish is not yet proven):

"While the party was camped near Drennon's Lick, Mrs. Coomes, a resourceful Irish Catholic...collected a few kettles and directed the boiling of salt water from the spring. The Indians had long used this method for obtaining salt, but for the early settlers it was hardly a practical solution. Even if heavy and precious iron kettles large enough for the project could be obtained, it took from 800 to 1000 gallons of the salty spring water and days of feeding the hot fires under the boiling kettles to produce one bushel of salt--comparable in value to 20 British shillings, a good cow and calf, or 1000 pounds of tobacco."

Needless to say, Frances was an invaluable person to have along on the Wilderness Trail from Virginia, through the Cumberland Gap, and into Kentucky. She proved even more valuable once she arrived at Harrod's Town. According to one biographical file in the Library Extension Division, she is credited as being the first woman physician in Kentucky. The sketch reads:

"There she practiced medicine and surgery, and she was in wide demand on the frontier as an obstetrician....From Maryland she had brought her meager supply of medicines. These she supplemented by making her own from herbs. She dispensed calomel, her principal drug, sparingly. As a substitute, she boiled an extract of white walnut until it became a sirupy (sic) mass, and then made pills of it."

This biography, which cites Dr. John A. Ouchterlony's Pioneer Medical Men and Times of Kentucky as its source, also describes two examples of Frances's healing practices. She successfully treated a case of clubfoot in one of her grandchildren, who had been born with her or his toes touching the shin bones. Frances bandaged the deformed feet daily until they were normal. Another treatment is described in greater detail:

"... that of a man who came to her from Virginia for treatment of an ulcer. She informed him the treatment would be severe, but he consented. She provided an operating table of hewn timber, constructed to enable the patient to be strapped down. She used clay to fashion a dam around the diseased tissues and then applied a powerful escharotic (sic) by pouring hot boiling lard over the affect[ed] surface. It was a crude procedure, but the principle was sound. And the patient was cured."

Dr. Ouchterlony is quoted as writing that Frances "certainly was the first female who ever practiced medicine in Kentucky, and according to some was the first of either sex to exercise the beneficent functions of the healing art in our State." The sketch stated (though it did not attribute the statement to Ouchterlony) that "it is assumed she may have practiced medicine before her neighbor, Dr. Hart, had an opportunity to do so, although it is believed that she had the benefit of his instruction and perhaps the use of whatever medical library he possessed."

At Harrod's Town, the Coomes family lived outside the fort, but used the fort for protection during sieges and attacks by Indians, which continued long after the Coomes family moved on to Nelson County. The first of the attacks began in March 1777, when the fort came under continuous attack by Indians. Several Kentucky histories, including Spalding's, recount the narrow escape of William Coomes in an attack outside the fort in which one of his Harrod's Town companions was killed.

Frances occupied part of her time in Harrod's Town as a teacher and is credited with being Kentucky's first educator. "Mrs. Coomes, at the urgent request of the citizens, opened a school for the education of children." The need was great, according to a fall 1777 census of the fort that shows nearly one-third of Fort Harrod's population was under the age of ten--58 white and seven black children. (It is not known if the black children, possibly slaves, were provided instruction.) Present-day Kentucky historian Thomas D. Clark described Mrs. Coomes' school as "nothing more than a dame school without significant implications of the English system of education. Her youngsters of Fort Harrod were taught to read and write from paddles with the alphabet inscribed upon them and from the Bible texts."

The Library Extension Service biographical sketch quotes a Lexington Herald story about the school as follows:

"Her texts were the New Testament and crude wooden paddles, which took the place of horn books of Queen Elizabeth's time, on which the letters of the alphabet and figures were printed. It was a blab school where all studied aloud, their swaying bodies keeping time to the tune of their A B Cs. A dunce stool stood in a corner; a rod for chastising the negligent nearby. The seats were made of puncheons or logs cut lengthwise, set up on peg legs, there were no backs. That little school room was built of round logs with no chinking between them. It had a dirt floor, only one window, covered with a doe-skin instead of glass, and a slab door hung on deer throngs."

Kathryn Harrod Mason describes horn books as "a paddlelike affair made of clapboard and a piece of horn, which was steamed and flattened to provide a smooth writing surface." Mason adds the following anecdote:

"Mrs. Coomes called the children with a brass bell that had once hung around the neck of a cow she had brought across the Wilderness Road."

While Frances left no diary behind, we can get a glimpse of her daily life in this description of the typical pioneer woman in Kentucky:

"Woman was something more than man's helpmate on the frontier ... 'it is not known whether the man or woman be the most necessary.' ... She was both mistress and servant, matron and nursery maid, housekeeper and charwoman, dairy-maid and cook....Custom and necessity united to lay upon her the duty of providing for every household need that the rude agriculture of the period did not supply, and in all the multifarious activities which engaged her skill and energy, she labored unaided by labor-saving machinery. And so she milked the cows in all weather, while sturdy men and boys watched an operation too effeminate to enlist their service; churned the butter and pressed the cheese; carried the tube to the spring and caught rain-water for the weekly 'washing' from the eaves in troughs and barrels; made her own soft-soap; washed, picked, carded and dyed the wool; pulled, broke, hatcheled and bleached the hemp; spun the thread; and wove the cloth; contrived and made the garments; reared her children; nursed the sick, sympathized with the distressed and encouraged the disheartened laborer at her side. In all this, and above it all, woman was the tutelar saint of the frontier."

Frances in later years

Spalding reports that Frances and William remained at Harrod's Town for nine years. By 1783, William had obtained a grant for 1,000 acres in Jefferson County on the Cox's and Stewart's creek watercourses. This land helped form Nelson County in 1784. William was deeded this land in December 1784. He became a prominent Catholic landowner in this area and is mentioned often in deeds, court records, and the marriage bonds of his daughters and sons. Frances seems to have slipped into obscurity, only mentioned by given name in a few deeds between 1789 and 1813 and identified as William's wife.

The Coomes family Bible gives the date Frances died as 25 April 1816. William passed away on 6 Nov 1824. No will was probated nor is there a record of their estate being settled in Nelson County. Several of their children had moved on to Daviess and other counties, so it is possible they did not die in Nelson County. But they might not have had any property left to be divided. In 1813, William and Frances divided 1,646 acres of their land among eight of their nine children, excluding only Nancy Ann.

While this paper has to come to an end, my search for Frances's story goes on. Primary records, particularly marriage, deed and will records may hold many clues, if only I can find them. Perhaps I'll even find mention of her in the diaries and records of her neighbors. But I already am quite proud of all Frances managed to accomplish--not the least of which is the feat of getting her name mentioned in any record in our state's male-authored history books. 
Frances Jane (I6678)
1093 The mysterious Theophilus Whale[y]:

From The Genealogical Dictionary of First Settlers of New England, by James Savage, volume IV:

Theophilus Whale, Kingston, R. I., came from Virginia with wife Elizabeth about 1676, had Joan, Ann, Theodosia, Elizabeth, Martha, Lydia, and Samuel; but it is thought that if not more, the eldest two were born in Virginia. Great uncertainty attaches to almost everything he said or did, as is found often in regard to those who emigrated from a distant country and lived to great age. Potter says he knew Hebrew, Greek, etc. and died about 1719/20, aged about 104. It would have been strange if more than one myth had not sprung out of his grave. My first exercise of caution would be to examine the means of reducing his years by 20 or near, for his only son, it is said, died about 1782, and it is quite improbable that when he was born the father was much beyond 70. Beside that his wife died 8 or 10 yrs. before her husband. Dr. Stiles in the exuberance of his conjecture that was requisite to sustain his credulity supposes he may have been one of the regicides. But we know the names of all who acted in that tragedy, as well as of those who were nominated and declined to act or withdrew as did several after participating some hours in the mockery of trial before its end, among all of whom is not that of Theophilus Whale. Some of those misguided men would have resorted to any other part of the world, sooner than Virginia. Samuel Whale, only son of Theophilus, had two wives, first a Hopkins, then a Harrington, as Potter reports; and that his children were seven: Thomas, Samuel, Theophilus, James or Jeremy, John and two daughters, and that he died about 1782.

From Barnum Family Genealogy, 1350 to the Present, a little more willing to credit various legends and suppositions:

Theophilus Whalley/Whaley came to Rhode Island from Rappahannock County, Virginia, where he sold his plantation in 1665. He was university-educated and born of wealthy parents, waited upon hand and foot by servants until the age of 18, by his own reported testimony. He was in Virginia before he was 21, and served there as a military officer. He returned to England to serve in the Parliamentary army under Oliver Cromwell, who may have been a close relative. If his real identity has been deduced correctly (see below), his regiment took part in the execution of Charles I in 1649, and its commander, an officer named Hacker, was later executed. Some sources suggest that Theophilus was actually Robert Whalley--brother of Edward Whalley, one of the two regicide judges who fled England and were concealed for some time in--among other places--Hadley, Massachusetts. If this is true, "Theophilus" was an assumed name, designed to cover his past after the ascension of Charles II to the throne in 1660.

About that time, "Theophilus" returned to VA and bought land there, where he married Elizabeth Mills (1645-1715) and where two or three of their children were born. Sometime between 1665 and 1680 he came to Rhode Island, settling at the head of Pettaquamscutt Pond in Narragansett. He never spoke of his past while living in Rhode Island and made his living there by fishing, weaving, and teaching (he knew Greek, Latin and Hebrew). He seems to have avoided public notice and public office, though he sometimes penned deeds and other legal documents for less literate neighbors. Mysterious visits to his home by distinguished men from Boston and elsewhere enriched the humble life he had chosen to lead. During Queen Anne's War, a warship dropped anchor in Narragansett Bay and its captain, a kinsman of Theophilus Whaley bearing the same surname, sent a boat to Whaley's landing to invite him aboard for dinner. Whaley at first accepted, but changed his mind and did not go, explaining to a friend afterward that he feared a trap had been laid to take him back to England. This story seemed to confirm the suspicions of his contemporaries that he was himself one of the regicide judges--a suspicion that inexplicably persisted long after the movements of fugitive judges Goffe and Edward Whalley had become well known.

He was on the tax rolls of Kingstown in 1687 and on 6 September of that year he was taxed 35s 11d. He acquired 120 acres at East Greenwich on 30 Jan 1710, conveyed to him from the proprietors of the tract of land now comprising West Greenwich. On 20 Feb 1711 he and his wife Elizabeth deeded to their only son Samuel for love, etc., that same 120 acres. He moved, in the latter part of his life, to the house of his son-in-law Joseph Hawkins.He was buried with military honors near the home of that son-in-law in West Greenwich.

Theophilus Whaley's children were Joan, Ann, Theodosia, Elizabeth, Martha (b. 1680), Lydia, and Samuel. Only Martha's birth date is known for certain, but all the children were born after his return to Virginia about 1660.

From the site of the Jamestowne Society:

Oct 17, 2012 NOTE: In years past, Mr. Whalley was accepted as a Qualifying Ancestor for the Jamestowne Society. However, evidence of his residency/service does not meet current standards of proof. Therefore, ancestry from Mr. Whalley is no longer sufficient for membership in the Society.

The story here of the early years (before 1680) of Theophilus Whaley (Whalley, Whale), who died around 1720, is based to a large extent on information gathered by Reverend Ezra Stiles, later president of Yale College, in interviews with persons who had known him in their youth. This narrative was included in a volume listed below published in 1794. A particular cause of this inquiry was the fact that one of the judges or regicides who condemned King Charles I was named Edward Whalley, and the possibility that Edward and Theophilus might be the same person fueled much speculation.

The assembled recollections gathered indicated that Theophilus Whalley had been born in England to a wealthy family in 1616, received a university education, arrived in Virginia before 1637 and served as an officer in the Indian Wars, returned to England during the Civil War and was an officer in the Parliamentary Army in a regiment that was present at the execution of Charles I. (A book entitled The Army List of the Roundheads and Cavaliers, 1642, published in 1863 lists a Theophilus Willey as an ensign in the regiment of Sir William Fairfax of the Parliamentary Army.)

At the time of the Restoration he returned to Virginia, married Elizabeth Mills and had children, and around February 1680 left Virginia and subsequently settled for the rest of his life in the Narragansett area of Rhode Island. His stated reason for this move was the pressure of religious differences as he was a Baptist in an Anglican colony.

Notations in the records of Old Rappahannock County relevant to the search for Whaley's Virginia years include (1) the will of John Mills in 1665 bequeathing a cow to his daughter Elizabeth; (2) a March 30, 1674 sale by Theophilus and Elizabeth Whale of a parcel of land that they had been granted by Governor Berkeley; and (3) a September 1674 grant by Governor Berkeley to Theophilus Whale and another person of 400 acres of land, which was then sold January 2, 1675. The will of Richard Clark in January 1677 made Theophilus Whale his executor, gave Whale his "woodland ground" and gave his goddaughter, Elizabeth Whale, a cow calf. Further, Whale was involved in two land transfers in January 1680, and finally in the following month he conveyed to Robert Beverley all of his land in Rappahannock County including the place where he had been living, and appointed an attorney to confirm the same, signing the action "Theophilus Wealle".

After arriving in Rhode Island in 1680, the records show in 1710 a grant of 120 acres of land in East Greenwich, Rhode Island, where Whale died and was buried shortly before 1720. With regard to his possibly being the regicide Edward Whalley, that issue appeared to have been put to rest at the time of the American Revolution when Thomas Hutchinson, the last royal governor, stated that Edward Whalley had died and was buried in Hadley, Massachusetts.


"Theophilus Whaley of Virginia and Rhode Island", by G. Andrews Moriarty; Virginia Magazine of History and Biography, Vol 66, pages 76-79.

History of Three of the Judges of Charles I, Major General Whaley, Major General Goffe, and Colonel Dixwell and with an account of Mr. Theophilus Whaley of Narragansett, by Reverend Ezra Stiles, 1794. 
Whaley, Theophilus (I9306)
1094 The text below is from the Combs-Coombs &c. site, which is in general an exemplary work of cooperative genealogy.

Nothing is known of Richard Coombs' ancestry, and very little about his early years. According to Maryland transport records, he was transported in 1676 by one Edward COOKE, Mariner (Lib 15, fol. 383) It remains unknown to whom Richard was actually indentured in Maryland (assuming he was indentured). According to both Kelly's "Hamilton Family," page 14, and Sr. Mary Donnelly's "Imprints," Richard married an Anne SHIRCLIFFE, but the source for this statement remains unknown.

Richard was born ca 1653/4 according to depositions he gave in Charles county in the early 1700s (see that county) and died before 1747 (Land Liber Z-2, p. 160). He has yet to be found in any records with any other Combs other than his own descendants, even though his descendants are found owning land originally owned by Phillip Combes of Charles County (by 1656), and associating with the same families as the Combes of St. Mary's County (descendants of Abraham Combes and Enoch Combes).

In 1703, twenty-seven years after his arrival in Maryland, Richard purchased 200 acres of Green's Inheritance from Robert and Mary GREEN (Land Lib Z-1, fol. 70). He also acquired the tract "Addition" from William GREEN (as repayment of a debt?), and purchased part of the tract, "Christian Temple Manor."

Richard's children, none of whom are proven other than William who inherited his land, are believed to be:

William, b ca 1700, d. Sept. 1783, Charles County, Maryland, m. Winifred ENSEY (d/o John and Winnefred)
Richard, Jr., d. Jan. 1752, Frederick County, Maryland
Thomas, d. Jan. 1753, Charles County, Maryland, m. Elizabeth WHARTON
Eleanor, died Frederick County, Maryland, married (1) Dennis DOHENY, and (2) John CLEMENT 
Coomes, Richard Thomas (I10630)
1095 Todd A. Farmerie, 26 Apr 2016, post to soc.genealogy.medieval:

I would suggest for Iberia that the cutoff for the most stringent level of evidence with every generation solidly documented would be at Ramiro I in Asturias; Gonzalo, father of Count Fernan Gonzalez in Castile; Garcia, father of Sancho I in Pamplona; Galindo, father of Count Aznar I in Aragon; Lope, father of Raymond I of Ribagorza and Pallars; and Sunifred, father of Wifred I in Catalonia. 
Iñiguez, Garcia I King of Pamplona (I1178)
1096 Todd A. Farmerie, 26 Apr 2016, post to soc.genealogy.medieval:

I would suggest for Iberia that the cutoff for the most stringent level of evidence with every generation solidly documented would be at Ramiro I in Asturias; Gonzalo, father of Count Fernan Gonzalez in Castile; Garcia, father of Sancho I in Pamplona; Galindo, father of Count Aznar I in Aragon; Lope, father of Raymond I of Ribagorza and Pallars; and Sunifred, father of Wifred I in Catalonia. 
Galindo (I3140)
1097 Todd A. Farmerie, 26 Apr 2016, post to soc.genealogy.medieval:

I would suggest for Iberia that the cutoff for the most stringent level of evidence with every generation solidly documented would be at Ramiro I in Asturias; Gonzalo, father of Count Fernan Gonzalez in Castile; Garcia, father of Sancho I in Pamplona; Galindo, father of Count Aznar I in Aragon; Lope, father of Raymond I of Ribagorza and Pallars; and Sunifred, father of Wifred I in Catalonia. 
Ramiro I King of Asturius (I9740)
1098 Todd A. Farmerie, 9 Jun 2002, post to SGM:

Eustachie was suggested by Charles Evans to be illegitimate daughter of Eustace, son of King Stephen. This conclusion was based on onomastics and kinship. Eustachie is specifically stated to have been a kinswoman of King Henry II, and is found in several modern sources as Eustachie of Champagne. Eustachie being the female form of Eustace, Evans argued that the only time that Eustace/Eustachie was associated with Champagne was following the marriage of King Stephen to Matilda of Boulogne, daughter of Eustace III of Boulogne. He then chose Eustace, Stephen's son (and Henry II's second cousin) to be father of Eustachie. (It is unclear why Eustace was preferable to Evans over his brother William.) That, anyway, is Evans' suggestion.

The problem with this is that I have traced back her being called Eustachie "of Champagne", and cannot find anything contemporary that calls her this. Where does it come from, then? (One possibility is that this somehow derived from a misunderstanding regarding the nickname of her husband, Anselme "Campdaveine.") If "de Champagne" is non-contemporary, then the primary reason for attaching her to the Champagne/Boulogne family disappears.

It is in this context that we can view the suggestion of Kathleen Thompson, (apparently again based on onomastics and kinship), that Eustachie was daughter of William Gouet (III) by his wife Mabel. This would make her, on her father's side, granddaughter of Eustachie, wife of William Gouet (II), explaining her given name, and on her mother's side, granddaughter, through an illegitimate daughter Mabel, of King Henry I, making her (half-) first cousin of King Henry II. Thus this solution accounts for both the kinship and onomastics.

The take-home message here is that Evans based his conclusion on scant evidence, at least some of which appears to have been flawed. There is an alternative that explains the existing material at least as well, and doesn't require the invention of an illegitimate child of Eustace IV of Boulogne, otherwise thought to have d.s.p. 
Eustachie (I10042)
1099 Unsourced and unattributed note posted to on 27 Feb 2014:

The origin and immigration data for the Richard Hardy of Stamford, CT is unknown. It is believed that he may be the same person as the Richard Hardy who was in Concord, Massachusetts Bay Colony in 1639. There is speculation that his first wife, name unknown, died in Concord after giving birth to twins.

Information concerning whether these twins survived cannot be located, but in Family Tree there is an unsourced record, with no parents listed, for a Richard Hardy born in Concord in 1639.

Richard Hardy was probably a fairly early settler of Stamford, Fairfield County, Connecticut, and gave name to the low grounds just west of the harbor, which was known as "Hardy's Hole." In 1642 he owned land "adjoining a lot sold to James Swead." In 1645 Richard Hardy sold John Holly, Sr, seven acres of land at Norwaton River with house thereon.

Richard Hardy was married to Ann Huested or Husted of Stamford prior to 1650. They were parents of one son and seven daughters

In 1662 he was declared a "freeman" of Connecticut. In 1666 he was elected as Selectman, for the community of Stamford and served three years. He also represented Stamford three years in the General Court of Hartford.

In March, 1682-1683, he he gave his son Samuel a house and land. In his will, on record at Fairfield, CT, dated 21 July 1683 and probated in November, 1684, he made bequests to his daughters: Mrs. Elizabeth Pearson, Hannah Austin, Susanna Sherman, Sarah Close, Ruth Mead, Mary and Abigail. 
Hardy, Richard (I11579)
1100 Wikipedia:

Born in England, a younger brother of John Stoughton, he emigrated to New England in 1632. He settled at Dorchester, of which he was admitted a freeman on 5 November 1633. He was chosen representative for Dorchester in the assemblies of 1634 and 1635.

When the colony was disturbed by the Antinomian Controversy, Stoughton wrote a book which attacked the constitution of the colony and offended the general court. The author somewhat strangely petitioned that the book might be "forthwith burnt, as being weak and offensive." In spite of Stoughton's subsequent submission, he was declared incapable of holding office for three years. This sentence, however, was remitted in 1636, and Stoughton was chosen assistant in 1637.

He was entrusted with the command of the Massachusetts force against the Pequot Indians, where he took brutal measures. Stoughton was annually chosen as assistant till 1643, and in 1639 he, together with John Endecott acted as a commissioner on behalf of Massachusetts to settle a boundary dispute with Plymouth Colony.

Stoughton visited England towards the end of 1643 or the beginning of 1644, returned to America, and crossed again towards the end of 1644. He was then appointed a lieutenant-colonel in the parliamentary army, and soon afterwards died at Lincoln. His children included William Stoughton, best known as the chief magistrate of the Salem witch trials. 
Stoughton, Israel (I10089)
1101 [The following was written by Will Armstrong, a descendant of Virgil Leo Newton and Ellen Cornelia Ryan.]
Known to my family as Grandmother Newton, and to her other grandchildren as Mam, she was a loving, stern woman.

From what I understand of her parents, her mother, Liz Beavin Ryan, was a devoted Catholic. In those days of her marriage at St Romuald, and thereafter, Liz was unable to attend mass regularly due to the fact she lived in a rural part of the county. And the fact that mass was said once monthly didn't help. Also causing problems was the fact her husband, Tom Ryan, was himself a professed agnostic and did not support his wife's religious life. None of their children were baptized, as a result.

Scores of her schooling were published in the Breckenridge News, showing her to be one of the higher performing students in mathematics, outdone only by her older sister Fan.

So, when Grandmother married Grandpap in 1888, the first thing she did was become baptized into the Catholic church. Her aunt, Genirose Askins, was her sponsor. I learned this fact from the then-priest's own handwritten notes, currently housed at the Breckinridge County archives. Following baptism, she married Grandpap.

All of their children were raised in the church. 
Ryan, Ellen Cornelia (I164)
1102 Fille du roi. Auvray, Madeleine (I5076)
1103 Fille du roi. Bonheur, Marie (I7853)
1104 A Genealogical and Historical Record of the Descendants of John Pease says that he "sickened in the midst of making preparations for building, and died 'suddenly,' July 8, 1689. His wife had died just ten days before; his daughter Abigail died one day later, July 9. This many deaths so close together suggests the possibility of a fast-moving infectious disease. Pease, John (I17363)
1105 A Genealogical Sketch of the Early Lombards has him as "Thomas Lumbert" and makes him a son of Jedediah and a grandson of Thomas. Lombard, Thomas (I14017)
1106 A Genealogy of the Ingersoll Family in America states that he was indeed baptized "aged near fifty."

He was driven from Falmouth by the ongoing conflicts with the natives, removed for a time to Charleston, and came to Gloucester soon after 1700, where he worked as a shipwright. 
Ingersoll, Samuel (I16068)
1107 A History of Northumberland, Volume XII, by Madeleine Hope Dodds (1926, citation details below) gives this Robert de Felton as a son of a "John l'Estrange of Litcham, Norfolk". Chris Phillips is dubious:

From: "Chris Phillips"
Subject: Early Feltons (was: The Grey sisters of Heton)
Date: Sun, 23 Jun 2002 10:13:30 +0100

[quoting his own post of 17 June]

> The vol. 12 pedigree also shows a father for Robert and William:
> "Robert (of Felton), to whom his father granted in 1260/1 half
> the manor of Litcham, saving the manor house" [citing Eyton,
> Shropshire, vol.x, p.274]. Robert has a sister "Alice, to whom
> her father granted half the manor of Litcham and the advowson."
> The father of Robert and Alice is shown as "John L'Estrange of
> Litcham, Norfolk" [citing the Hunter Blair article, p.76].

A bit more searching shows that this suggestion, that the father of William and Robert de Felton was Robert, son of John Lestrange, is actually rather a bizarre one.

The text accompanying the "revision" of the pedigree in the History of Northumberland turns out to be lifted, more or less word-for-word, from the article by Hunter Blair in Archaeologia Aeliana, 3rd series, vol.20. The basis of the claim is:

(1) that on heraldic evidence the Feltons of Northumberland were closely connected, "either by blood or by marriage" with the Stranges of Knockin, and that "therefore they took their name from Felton (now West Felton) near that place".

(2) John L'Estrange about 1260/1 gave his daughter Alice half his manor of Litcham, Norfolk, with the advowson of the church, and the other half to his son Robert [citing Eyton, vol.10, p.274, a reference I haven't seen]. Hunter Blair continues "It seems to me either that Robert was surnamed of Felton, which appears the more probable, or else that Alice had married a Felton, of which I can find no proof."

What makes this bizarre is that, as far as I can see, the John L'Estrange who made a grant to his son Robert and daughter Alice about 1260/1 -- if that date's correct -- must have been John Lestrange III of Knockin (d. bef. 26 March 1269)* [Complete Peerage, vol.12, pt 1, pp.350,351].

[* John Lestrange II was already dead, and the son and heir of John Lestrange IV was not born until around 1254.]

John Lestrange III did have a son Robert (d. on or before 12 October 1276) [CP vol.12, pt 1, p.341], but this Robert is well documented as the ancestor of the Lords Strange of Blackmere. He was succeeded first by his son John (d. 1289), then by another son Fulk (b. c.1267). I can't see any indication that Robert called himself "Robert de Felton", or that he had sons called Robert or William.

Instead, the Complete Peerage explains the Strange connection by saying that Robert, the presumed elder brother of William de Felton, married Hawise (elsewhere called Maud), a daughter of John Lestrange IV [CP vol.5, p.290]. The later inquisition post mortem of Thomas de Felton (1381) is abstracted by CP as "the only authority for the pedigree", and says that John Lestrange gave the manor of Litcham to Robert de Felton and Maud his wife, and their heirs male (with reversion to the Stranges), and that Roger Lestrange in 1381 was s and h of Roger, s and h of John, s and h of John, s and h of the John who made the gift - that sequence implies the gift was made by John IV.

The CP scheme looks reasonable enough, although from the CP account it looks as though there's nothing in the sources to specify Hawise's relationship to the John Lestrange who made the grant. It is a bit odd that Robert's wife is called Hawise in the contemporary records but Maud in Thomas's inquisition post mortem. The other point is that It would leave the Feltons of Edlingham without a descent from the Stranges, so the similarity of the Felton and Strange coats of arms would have to be explained by the Feltons being tenants, rather than descendants of the Stranges.

Apart from that, the only clue to the Feltons' ancestry I've seen is provided by Blomefield (Norfolk, vol.10, p.10), who says that the Robert who held Litcham in the 1290s was presumably the same man who was knighted with the Prince of Wales about the same time, who was described as "Robert, son of Robert, son of Pagan". This seems to be connected with the extracts from the Dictionary of National Biography, quoted by Ian Fettes, according to which the common ancestor was "Pagan of Upper Felton, Northumberland" (though the Strange link indicates West Felton in Shropshire as the place of origin). However, if I've understood correctly, according to the DNB, Robert and William (usually assumed to be brothers) were first cousins, the sons of William and Robert respectively, who were the sons of Pagan. Obviously more information is required to sort this out.


Update: In Octpber 2016, John Watson conjectured from heraldic and property evidence that this Robert de Felton married a Maud le Strange, daughter of John le Strange and Joan de Somery, and that Maud was the mother of this Robert's son William. Following Watson's hypothesis entails adding only Maud and her parents to this database; if Watson is mistaken, TNH is still descended from all four of Maud's grandparents along other lines. 
de Felton, Robert (I3773)
1108 Alguacil Mayor of Toledo. Gomez Perez (I3655)
1109 Ancestors and Descendants of Andrew Lee and Clarinda Knapp Allen gives only the year of his birth, and says he died "between 28 Feb and 20 May 1726".

John Fuller and Mehitable Rowley were 3X-great grandparents of LDS founder Joseph Smith, and great-great grandparents of Smith's close associate Oliver Cowdery (1806-1850). 
Fuller, John (I8944)
1110 Ancestors of Amyntas Shaw (citation details below) names his wife Rebecca. Later researchers say her identity is unproven, although John Staples did have a daughter named Rebecca born at Weymouth 27 Nov 1639. Staple, John (I14594)
1111 Ancestral Roots 223:37 identifies her as "Isabel Scott, dau. of Richard Scott" -- creating an extra muddle on top of the several already-difficult Heron issues. The real Isabel Scott was the paternal grandmother of the Elizabeth Heron who (with papal dispensation) married this Isabel's son John Heron. Nothing is known of the ancestry of the Isabel who married William Heron who was killed in January 1428. Isabel (I1596)
1112 Ancestral Roots and other sources to the contrary, he was probably never married to Philippa of Toulouse (1073-1117), wife of William IX of Aquitaine. Wikipedia's article on Philippa of Toulouse cites two sources to this effect:

"Szabolcs de Vajay, 'Ramire II le Moine, roi d'Aragon et Agnes de Poitou dans l'histoire et la légende', in , 2 vol, Poitiers, 1966, vol 2, p 727-750; and Ruth E Harvey, 'The wives of the first troubadour Duke William IX of Aquitaine', in Journal of Medieval History, vol 19, 1993, p 315. Harvey states that, contrary to prior assumptions, William IX was certainly Philippa of Toulouse's only husband. Vajay states that the marriage to an unnamed king of Aragon reported by a non-contemporary chronicler is imaginary even though it has appeared broadly in modern histories, and likewise he cites J de Salarrullana de Dios, Documentos correspondientes al reinado de Sancho Ramirez, Saragossa, 1907, vol I, nr 51, p 204-207 to document that Sancho's wife Felicie was clearly still married to him just months before his death, making the marriage to Philippa several years earlier, as reported in several modern popular biographies of her granddaughter, completely unsupportable." 
Ramirez, Sancho V King of Aragon; King of Navarre (I8339)
1113 Ancestral Roots and Richardson's Royal Ancestry have a 54-year spread between their two different death dates for Emma of Mortain. of Mortain, Emma (I4192)
1114 Ancestral Roots calls her "Maud de Mandeville", and Complete Peerage's foldout chart of the earls of Essex (volume 5, between pages 116 and 117) places her in a way that can be, but shouldn't be, read as suggesting that she was a daughter of Geoffrey de Mandeville, Earl of Essex, d. 1144.

Todd A. Farmerie, 11 Jun 2002, soc.genealogy.medieval:

This is the case I had in mind the other day, of a connection almost certainly wrong, probably drawn from other secondary sources assumed to be reliable, while these in turn were derived from the chart of the Earls of Essex in CP. In this chart, Maud is placed under a horizontal line connecting Geoffrey's children, but is not connected to that line. This placement was certainly done solely for the purposes of graphical arrangement, and was never intended to display relationship. However, as far as I know, no one has ever published this "correction".

What has been published are studies of Geoffrey Fitz Piers, son of "Peter de Ludgershall" and "Matilda". These follow in detail the manipulations that Henry II took to ensure that the Mandeville birthright, represented by Beatrice de Say, grand-niece of Geoffrey, Earl of Essex, came to his favorite. This man, Geoffrey Fitz Piers, was specifically said by a contemporary chronicler to be of insubstantial origins. Now if Geoffrey Fitz Piers was maternal grandson of Earl Geoffrey, and nephew of the recently deceased Earl William de Mandeville, then he would neither have been of lowly origins, nor would Henry have had to manipulate the status of the Say heiress in order to justify Geoffrey coming into the Mandeville inheritance -- he would have been the legal heir. Simply put, this connection is wrong on so many levels, that it would require a higher burden of proof than for a connection that does not have so many strikes against it. 
Maud (I6700)
1115 Ancestral Roots calls her "prob. dau. of Robert de Ferrers, d. 1139." de Ferrers, (Unknown) (I141)
1116 Ancestral Roots gives two different dates for this marriage: 149-24 says "abt. 1105" and 155-23 says "abt. 1100". Family F507
1117 Annals of the Lords of Warrington (citation details below) says he was a knight of the shire for Lancashire in 1297 and died in the same year, but neither of these claims appear to be true. CP says that Henry died before his father, who died in 1280; this is why William's successor was William's grandson, Henry's son William (d. aft 1230). le Boteler, Henry (I528)
1118 Archaeologia Aeliana, 4th series, lists her as a daughter of Thomas de Lucy and Isabel de Boltby. Craster (citation details below) calls her "daughter of Sir Thomas de Lucy, first baron Lucy of Cockermouth." There seems to be more recent doubt that this was the case. Alice (I7739)
1119 Bourgeois and merchant at Rouen. le Barbier, Henri (I5926)
1120 BourgeoisMarsolet, Nicolas (I5631)
1121 Complete Peerage, Ancestral Roots Peerage, Ancestral Roots, etc., show her as Hawise de Vitré, daughter of André I de Vitré (1055-1139) and Agnes de Mortain, but Keats-Rohan in Domesday Descendants says "there is no convincing evidence of her identity." Hawise (I5037)
1122 Complete Peerage (VII:464) calls her "Ermentrude [? De Lisle]". Ermentrude (I13270)
1123 Complete Peerage and Ancestral Roots give her as a daughter of Sir Edmund Mortimer, 7th Baron Mortimer of Wigmore, by an unidentified first wife, but various discussions on SGM and elsewere led to a consensus that this is chronologically improbable and that her parentage must be regarded as unknown. See also this page on Chris Phillips' site.

More recently, on 17 Dec 2017, Douglas Richardson posted to SGM evidence that she was a daughter of Roger le Rous and his wife Eleanor de Avenbury. Both pieces of evidence have to do with the known fact that her first husband was Walter de Balun, who died in 1287. In 1296 one Isolde sued Reynold de Balun in the Court of Common Pleas regarding the manor of Eastington, Gloucester, which she claimed as her right and which she was in fact holding at that time. Reynold de Balun was Walter de Balun's brother and heir. The record identifies Isolde, the plaintiff, as "daughter of Roger le Rus." The other document is a record of Walter de Balun and his wife, Isolde, being enfeoffed with the manor of Much Marcle, Herefordshire by Roger le Rous. Between these two it seems clear that the wife of Hugh de Audley, widow of Walter de Balun, was a daughter of Roger le Rous. 
le Rous, Isolde (I3233)
1124 Complete Peerage and Ancestral Roots give her as a daughter of Sir Edmund Mortimer, 7th Baron Mortimer of Wigmore, by an unidentified first wife, but various discussions on SGM and elsewere led to a consensus that this is chronologically improbable and that her parentage must be regarded as unknown. See also this page on Chris Phillips' site.

More recently, on 17 Dec 2017, Douglas Richardson posted to SGM evidence that she was a daughter of Roger le Rous and his wife Eleanor de Avenbury. Both pieces of evidence have to do with the known fact that her first husband was Walter de Balun, who died in 1287. In 1296 one Isolde sued Reynold de Balun in the Court of Common Pleas regarding the manor of Eastington, Gloucester, which she claimed as her right and which she was in fact holding at that time. Reynold de Balun was Walter de Balun's nephew and heir. The record identifies Isolde, the plaintiff, as "daughter of Roger le Rus." The other document is a record of Walter de Balun and his wife, Isolde, being enfeoffed with the manor of Much Marcle, Herefordshire by Roger le Rous. Between these two it seems clear that the wife of Hugh de Audley, widow of Walter de Balun, was a daughter of Roger le Rous. 
le Rous, Isolde (I3233)
1125 Complete Peerage and Medieval English Ancestors of Robert Abell give Isabel de Periton's mother as Sarah, wife of Adam de Periton. But Douglas Richardson demonstrated in a 26 Aug 2018 post to SGM that Sarah was Adam's second wife and that his first wife was named Cecily. "Given that Isabel de Welle had a daughter by the name Cecily and not Sarah, it seems to me that Cecily, 1st wife of Sir Adam de Periton, is more likely the mother of Isabel de Welle, rather than Sir Adam's 2nd surviving wife, Sarah, as alleged by Complete Peerage. It should also be noted that the given name Cecily occurs repeatedly in later generations of the Welle/Welles family, but not the name Sarah." Cecily (I8359)
1126 Complete Peerage describes him as "probably" the father of Gilbert and Alan. "Geoffrey de Neville in or before 1146 was lord of the fee in which the church of Scothern lay, and held Walcut 'cum appendiciis suis.'" de Neville, Geoffrey (I5412)
1127 Complete Peerage erroneously gives her as a daughter of her maternal grandparents, Albert III, Comte de Namur, and Isa Billung. Reflecting more recent proofs, Ancestral Roots and Royal Ancestry both give her the correct parents. of Chiny and Namur, Ida (I3662)
1128 Complete Peerage I:145: "[Gillebride] seems to have m., 1stly, a da. of Gospatrick, Earl of Dunbar." On chronological grounds, we make her a daughter of the Gospatric who d. 1166. of Dunbar, (Unknown wife of Gillebride, Earl of Angus) (I1698)
1129 Complete Peerage IV:118, note (c), says of this Alice Murdac only that she was "sister of Ralph Murdac." We've followed Leo van de Pas and Jim Weber in making her a daughter of the Ralph Murdac who was married to Beatrice de Chesney. Murdac, Alice (I1575)
1130 Complete Peerage IX:258, note (j), on this Robert de Mortimer: "Robert the father on his marriage received Little Woodham (Woodham Mortimer) in Essex from Henry II by the service of 1/2 fee and probably Amberden (in Debden) as another 1/2 fee. In 1190/1 he, or his son, was assessed to the scutage of Wales for one knight's fee of the Honour of Peverel of London in Essex. Woodham and Amberden were held by Robert the son in 1212 as one fee. The father's marriage presumably took place in or before 1168, when he was pardoned a debt in the account of the sheriff of Essex. It is not easy to distinguish this Robert from his son Robert at a time when either might have been the tenant of Woodham, or to distinguish them from their namesake and contemporary Robert de Mortimer of Attleborough. [...] There seems to have been as close a connection between the Mortimers of Attleborough, and their said overlords as between Robert of Essex and the King. It would appear likely that it was Robert of Essex, the protege of Henry II, who witnessed at Valoignes the later version of the treaty of Falaise, some time in the early months of 1174, as being in the train of King Henry, while William de Mortimer of Attleborough was one of the hostages under that treaty for William the Lion -- Earl of Huntingdon until his deafeat at Alnwick in July 1174; also that it was Robert of Essex who, at Le Mans, witnessed a charter of Henry II, dated 1175-81 or 1177. That there was a close connection between the families of Attleborough and Richard's Castle is suggested by heraldic evidence; by the recurrance in both families of the names Robert and William (Hugh probably came in at Richard's Castle from Say); and by the few details that are known about a shadowy Pernel de Mortimer, who seems to have belonged to both families. Of her it is known that before 1199 (probably before May 1194) she held land in Dengey Hundred, in which are Woodham Mortimer and Amberden, which later was given to Tiltey Abbey; that in July 1199, as a widow, she was duing R. del Ech for dower in Cambe (where Mortimers of Attleborough had large holdings); and in 1203 levied a fine with William de Buckenham as to the advowson of Buckenham and land there -- a Mortimer of Attleborough manor." de Mortimer, Robert (I19)
1131 Complete Peerage VI:645 has her as a daughter of Richard de Beaumont by Constance, illegitimate daughter of Henry I. This is corrected in CP XI, appendix D, page 116, and XII:1, page 768, note (j). Constance was Richard's mother. de Beaumont, Ermengarde (I6040)
1132 Complete Peerage VIII includes a two-page "Chart Pedigree (Partly Conjectural) of Mautravers" following page 576. In it this John Mautravers' father is conjectured as another John who appears on Somerset and Wiltshire pipe rolls from 1158 to 1169. His father may have been Walter Mautravers who was fined for his wife's inheritance in Leicestershire and appears in other records in Berkshire. His father was likely a younger Hugh Mautravers, not the Domesday tenant but a son of the same who have land near Preston, Somerset to Montacute Priory. His father was the aforesaid Hugh who held "Lytchett (afterwards Lytchett Mautravers), Woolcombe, and other manors in Dorset and Wilts, land at Yeovil, &c., Somerset, and in Gloucestershire, from William, Count of Eu; in Somerset he also held Preston, &c., from Alfred de Ispania." Mautravers, John (I2553)
1133 Complete Peerage volume I contains some misinformation about this Isabella. Kathryn Warner has shown that rather than being alive in 1300, she died before 1 Apr 1292. This is in fact corrected in CP volume XIV. Uncorrected, however, is its confused account of her subsequent marital history. Douglas Richardson, in a 2016 post to SGM, demonstrated that contrary to CP, she did not marry Ralph d'Arderne after the death of her first husband John fitz Alan; rather, the Isabel who married Ralph d'Arderne was the widow of an entirely different John Fitz Alan, of Wolverton, Buckinghamshire. Our Isabel "occurs in various records as the unmarried widow of John Fitz Alan, of Arundel, from the time of his death in 1272 up through 1284-5, when she is on record as having presented to Cold Norton Priory, Oxfordshire. She subsequently married (2nd) on 2 September 1285, to Robert de Hastang, as indicated by the historian, Scott Waugh, Lordship of England (1988): 131-132, who states as follows: 'It turned out that Henry III had granted the right of her [Isabel's] marriage to her father, that after he died his executors accepted her fine for the right to marry whomever she pleased, and that she had married Robert de Hastang on 2 September 1285.'" de Mortimer, Isabella (I3273)
1134 Complete Peerage's chart on page 317 of volume 4 identifies this Renaud de Courtenay as the father of Reynold de Courtenay who married Hawise and died in 1194, but as far as we can determine, this Renaud and that Reynold's father are different individuals. References: Richardson, Royal Ancestry, volume 2, p. 314, Courtenay line; Richardson, Royal Ancestry, volume 4, page 222, Nevers line; Peter Stewart, post to SGM, 28 Jan 2003. Stewart quotes an early SGM post, from William Addams Reitwiesner pm 23 May 2002, summarizing Herbert Furman Silversmith's argument against identifying these two men as a single individual: "First is the chronology, as the English Reginald was born about 1125, while the French Reginald's parents were married around 1095. Second is their personal characters, the French Reginald being a glorified bandit while the English Reginald escaped the notice of any chroniclers, and is known only through charters. Third is their social status, the French Reginald being a nephew of the Count of Odessa and having a daughter who married a son of the King of France (who took her name of Courtenay), while the English Reginald was only the lord of a not very large manor, not a baron, and not even a knight. The fourth is that there is no actual evidence to support the suggestion that they were the same person -- the connection was made by Cleaveland in his 1735 Courtenay genealogy and has been repeated uncritically ever since." de Courtenay, Renaud (I8146)
1135 Custos pacis for Shropshire and Staffordshire, 1264.

"Ralph Basset, s. and h. of Ralph B. of Drayton, co. Stafford, and of Colston Basset, Notts, was sum. to Parl. 24 Dec. (1264) 49 Hen. III, by writ directed Radulfo Basset de Drayton; which writ however, having issued in rebellion, should not create a peerage dignity. He m. Margaret, da. of Roger de Somery, of Dudley, Basset, co. Worcester, by his ist wife (to whom she was da. and coh.), Nicole, da. and eventually coh. of William (d'Aubigny), Earl of Arundel. He d. 4 Aug. 1265, being slain at the battle of Evesham fighting against the King, who, however, continued the estates to his widow and son, as her father had fought for the King at Evesham. His widow m., before 26 Jan. 1270/1, as 2nd wife, Ralph de Cromwell, of Cromwell, Notts, and West Hallam, co. Derby, who d. shortly before 18 Sep. 1289. She took the veil shortly before 18 June 1293." [Complete Peerage II:1-2] 
Basset, Ralph (I3283)
1136 De jure 6th lord Kyme; see the entry for his wife Eleanor. Tailboys, Henry (I3089)
1137 De jure Lord Marshal. Summoned to Parliament from 4 Dec 1364 to 16 Feb 1379. de Morley, William (I19053)
1138 Early Yorkshire Charters volume 10 (citation details below) shows her to be a sister of Aubrey/Albreda, and therefore a daughter of William Espec. Espec, Hawise (I10547)
1139 Early Yorkshire Families (citation details below) says that Roger de Flamville was Juetta's second husband, and claims that her first husband was the earlier Adam de Brus who died in 1142 or 1143. But this creates a number of chronological problems. For instance, if Juetta married the older Adam de Brus, their daughter Isabel (wife of Henry de Percy, d. 1198) could not have been born later than ca. 1143, and would thus have been at least 103 years old when she died in 1246. It seems vastly more plausible that Juetta's first husband was Roger de Flamville, who died in 1169, and her second husband was the younger Roger de Brus who died in 1196. In this model, the estimated birth dates and known death dates of all her children by both husbands make much more sense. de Arches, Juetta (I10969)
1140 England Births and Christenings, 1538-1975 gives his baptismal date as 26 Dec 1722. Couch, Anthony (I12145)
1141 Fille du roi.

Also called Anne Seigneur. 
Leseigneur, Anne (I757)
1142 Fille du roi.

In 1676, she was godmother to Madeleine Boismé, who would grow up to become her daughter-in-law.

Born about 1641 according to the 1681 census; about 1628 according to her burial. 
Têtu, Madeleine (I1557)
1143 Fille du roi.

Or Hue. 
Hus, Marie (I6309)
1144 Fille du roi.

Or Isabelle. Or Roy.

Born about 1640 (census 1666), 1641 (census 1666), 1642 (census 1667) (m 1688) or 1641 (census 1681). 
Leroy, Élisabeth (I1717)
1145 Fille du roi. Perrault, Anne (I315)
1146 Fille du roi. Lemesle, Catherine (I712)
1147 Fille du roi. Lefebvre, Élizabeth Agnès (I1400)
1148 Fille du roi. Fourrier, Jeanne (I5145)
1149 Fille du roi. Pédenelle, Françoise (I5551)
1150 Fille du roi. Moitié, Marguerite (I8041)
1151 Fille du roiBeaudin, Catherine (I5133)
1152 Genealogy of the Bisbee Family (citation details below) gives their marriage date as 14 Nov 1745.

With his brother Luther, Ebenezer Bisbee moved from Plymouth county to Plainfield in western Massachusetts. They were among the first settlers of Plainfield. He was chosen selectman in 1788 and served for fifteen years thereafter. His death date is unknown to us. 
Bisbee, Ebenezer Sr. (I11122)
1153 George S. Hayden (deceased), one of the pioneers of Daviess County, Ky., was born near New Hope, Nelson Co., Ky., Nov. 15, 1810, a son of George and Mary Elliot Hayden, natives of Maryland who came to Washington County, Ky., at an early day. They had a large family and George S. was the youngest. George S. was reared on a farm in Nelson County and was married there to Miss Delphenia Elder, May 4, 1833. She was a daughter of Dr. Guy and Mary (Birch) Elder. The summer following his marriage he came to Daviess County, settling on his farm in Upper Town Precinct. His wife died here in October 1839. They had three children, James D., born May 3, 1834, died June 2, 1837; Lucy A., born Aug. 11, 1836, is the wife of Wilferd J. Hayden; Mary V., born Sept 9, 1838, wife of John H. Payne, both residing in Upper Town Precinct. June 2, 1810, Mr. Hayden married Miss M. Teresa Burch. She was born in Hardin County, Ky., March 17, 1822, a daughter of John H. and Mary A. (Greenwell) Burch. After their marriage, Mr. and Mrs. Hayden settled on the old farm in Upper Town Precinct where his wife still resides and where he died May 4, 1876. They had a family of thirteen children - Virginia A., born March 11, 1841, married Wm. H. Monarch; Robert H., born Dec. 20, 1842, died Sept. 16 1878; Margaret E., born Feb. 14, 1845, married John W. Hagan who died Oct. 26, 1882; J. Artelia, born Feb. 11, 1847; George S. Jr., born Jan. 25, 1849, died Dec. 31, 1852; Nannie T., born March 11, 1850, married S. W. Osborne; C. W., born April 15, 1853, resides on the old homestead with his mother engaged in farming; Eva E., born May 16, 1856, married William W. Blandford, Jan. 23 1883; Joshua B., born April 2, 1858, is employed in the "Famous" clothing house of St. Louis, Mo.; H. Walter, born March 22, 1860, is a farmer and stock dealer of Curdsville Precinct; Frank X., born May 5, 1862; George S. born April 8, 1865; and Teresa G., born Feb. 22, 1868. The last three reside at home with their mother. The family are all members of the Catholic church. Mr. Hayden was not only one of the pioneers of Daviess County, but was a good neighbor and a representative citizen, loved and respected by all who knew him. [History of Daviess County, KentuckyHayden, George Samuel (I4373)
1154 History of Wallingford mistakenly gives her as "Lois Royce." Royce, Love (I9464)
1155 J.u. Prince of Antioch.

AR8 has him marrying Constance "abt. 1152/3" and dying in 1137, a good trick. 
de Châtillon-sur-Loing, Renaud (I11671)
1156 Jure uxoris viscount of Beaumont. de Brienne, Louis (I16516)
1157 Landon Genealogy (citation details below) and Maynard H. Mires (citation details below) both call her the daughter of Rev. John Youngs, Presbyterian minister of Southold, L.I. Youngs, Martha (I22532)
1158 Lincolnshire Pedigrees calls her Margaret Ayscough. Ayscough, Elizabeth (I21346)
1159 Mayordomo Mayor to King Fernando II.

From Leo van de Pas:

Gonzalo Osorio, also known as Gonzalo Osórez, was a noble member of the house of Flainez as the son of conde Osorio Martinez and Teresa Fernández.

Although Gonzalo did not hold the rank of count, he succeeded his father in the tenencias (fiefs, tenancies) of Villalobos, Mayorga, Ribera, of Zamora and Valderas. He was lord high steward of Fernando II, King of León from 1176 to 1178 and in 1187.

The name of Osorio's wife is not recorded, but he had four sons and three daughters, of whom only Osorio is recorded with progeny.

Like his mother, Gonzalo was a benefactor of the Order of Hospitallers, but he applied for and received a loan from the order. In his will he left a sum to the Order but he died about 1180 before repaying the loan, and his sisters Aldonza, Sancha, Constanza and Jimena gave the town of Ribola to the Order to settle the debt. 
Osorio, Gonzalo (I3619)
1160 McArthur-Barnes Ancestral Lines and Clifford L. Stott's article "The Chaplin Family of Co. Suffolk" (citation details below) both state that he was baptized at Hitcham, Suffolk on 13 Feb 1615, but Randy A. West ("Alice Freeman", etc., citation details below) points out that the same child is recorded in that parish register as being buried 25 Feb 1616.

Thomas Parke = Dorothy Thompson
Robert Parke = Mary Rose
Margaret Parke = Benjamin Rockwell
Margaret Rockwell = Josiah Blodgett, Jr.
Hannah Blodgett = David Burroughs
Tyler Burroughs = Anna Pratt
Abner Tyler Burroughs = Mary Rice
George Tyler Burroughs = Mary Evaline Zieger
Edgar Rice Burroughs (1875-1950)

(Thus, ERB is a seventh cousin twice removed to Tom Whitmore.) 
Parke, Thomas (I14586)
1161 Medieval English Ancestors of Robert Abell (citation details below) says he "was Lord of Morton at the Inquest of Bradford Hundred taken in 1255." Justiciar of Shropshire. Corbet, Richard (I4793)
1162 Medieval English Ancestors of Robert Abell has the daughter of Fulke le Strange and Eleanor Giffard marrying "Bryan de Cornwall of Kynlet," with no mention of Griffin Warren. Elsewhere (p. 267), he has Gruffith Warren marrying "Matilda le Strange, daughter of a Lord Strange of Blackmere." le Strange, Maud (I2716)
1163 Memoirs of the Danvers Family (citation details below, p. 221-222) makes what seems to us a good case that Agnes was a second wife and not the mother of Katherine Foliot. Agnes (I6886)
1164 Middlesex Pedigrees calls her Mabel Angerville. d'Angerville, Isabel (I21813)
1165 Middlesex Pedigrees calls him William Bellers. de Beler, Hamo (I21806)
1166 Moore and Allied Families (citation details below) states that "it is thought" that she died at Hartford, Connecticut. Smith, Agnes (I17751)
1167 New England Families Genealogical and Memorial (citation details below) calls her "Jemima Weed"; this is probably due to the Rev. Elijah B. Huntington's mistranscription in his 6 Apr 1797 Registration of Births, Marriages and Deaths of Stamford Families.

Although Nicholas Knapp Genealogy doesn't, in its entry for Sarah Knapp, list Jemima among her children with Ebenezer Mead, in its entry for Moses Knapp it calls Jemimah Mead "dau. of Ebenezer Mead and Sarah (Knapp)." Meanwhile, Spencer P. Mead's History and Genealogy of the Mead Family of Fairfield County does in fact list Jemima as a daughter of Ebenezer and Sarah, and records her marriage to Moses Knapp. So Jemima and Moses were first cousins, both grandchildren of Caleb Knapp and Hannah Smith. 
Mead, Jemima (I3605)
1168 Notes of Terry Families says "He is a painter, and lives in Windsor, Conn."

Civil War service: Corporal, Company D, 16th Connecticut Infantry, Connecticut Volunteers. He was a wagonner. Enlisted 14 or 24 Aug 1862; fought at Antietam and Fredericksburg; mustered out 18 Dec 1862. 
Marks, William (I17310)
1169 Noyes-Gilman Ancestry (citation details below) says she was probably related to Abigail Gibbs, wife of Jireh Swift, but not a sister. Gibbs, Joanna (I15036)
1170 Old Families of Salisbury and Amesbury (citation details below) says "He served at Louisburg, 1745, with other Ames. men." Presumably this is the Siege of Louisbourg, when "a New England colonial force aided by a British fleet captured Louisbourg, the capital of the French province of Île-Royale (present-day Cape Breton Island) during the War of the Austrian Succession, known as King George's War in the British colonies." Hadlock, James (I5546)
1171 Perhaps the mother of this William Cramphorne's children. Cycelie (I2201)
1172 Protovestiarios, protoproedros, and domestikos ton scholon (Domestic of the Schools) of the Byzantine Empire. Doukas, Andronikos (I4884)
1173 Record of the Descendants of Francis Whitmore of Cambridge, Massachusetts mistakenly calls her "Mary Eliot." Eliot, Rachel (I13701)
1174 Royal Ancestry: "Said to be a daughter of William Deincourt, Lord Deincourt." But the Margaret Deincourt (b. 1344) who was the daughter of William, 2nd Lord Deincourt is well-recorded (AR, MCS, CP, etc) to have been married, 1st, to Robert Tibetot, and 2nd, to John Cheyne. And she died in 1380, before the 1396 given for Walter Tailboys' marriage to this Margaret. Margaret (I8878)
1175 Royal Ancestry and various other sources give this Hugh de Morwick's wife as a Juliana, sometimes asserted as a daughter of "Robert de Reveley." But in 2016 Andrew B. W. MacEwen, John P. Ravilious, and Rosie Bevan, in "Gang Warily! Juliana de Reveley and the Randolphs: A Cautionary Tale" (citation details below) established that this was a "false genealogy derived from scribal error", that "Robert de Reveley" was a later construct, and that this Hugh de Morwick's wife and the mother of his daughters was Agnes de Heyford, daughter of Roger de Heyford and Margery Gobion. de Morwick, Hugh (I2015)
1176 Royal Ancestry gives the date of their marriage as 23 April 1290; Complete Peerage as 30 April; the ODNB as "early May." Family F6425
1177 Royal Ancestry identifies her merely as an unnamed daughter of Norman Darcy, wife of _____ Swynford. Darcy, Margaret (I3412)
1178 Royal Ancestry shows her as a daughter of Hugh de Hastings and Margaret de Everingham, but a footnote points out both a lack of positive proof for this and the existence of evidence suggesting she may have been a member of the Fastolf family of Norfolk instead. The entries for John Rochford in the History of Parliament and the Oxford Dictionary of National Biography shed no light on either possibility for Alice's parentage, noting only that she appears to have been a cousin of one Richard Newton of Boston, Lincolnshire. Alice (I14367)
1179 Settlers of the Beekman Patent calls her Beletje Jacobs van Vleckenstyn. van Vleckesteijn, Belitje Jacobs (I5107)
1180 Settlers of the Beekman Patent calls her Sophia (Fytje) Hendrics Wiltsie. Wiltse, Sophia Hendricksen (I4621)
1181 Settlers of the Beekman Patent calls him Theunis Thomas Quick de Metsaeler. Pane-Joyce Genealogy calls him Teunis Thomaszen de Metsaeler.

He was a mason. He and his wife were in New Amsterdam by around 1640. 
Quick, Theunis Thomaszen (I4936)
1182 Seventy Quorum Membership, 1835–1846, entry on his son Edward, has him as "George (John?) Johnson". Johnson, John (I8391)
1183 Sherman Genealogy (citation details below) mistakenly calls her "Sarah Gardner." Gardner, Hannah (I14545)
1184 Simon Stone Genealogy says merely that she outlived her husband, who died 27 Feb 1783, while John Dennis Farwell's The Farwell Family (1929) gives no death date for her at all. But the headstone in the Groton Old Burying Ground for "Mary Stone relict of Dea. James Stone", seen on Find A Grave, clearly says "March" and "1804". I can't make out the day of the month from the photograph. Farwell, Mary (I4731)
1185 Sparapet (hereditary grand constable) of Armenia, 753-775. Killed, along with much of Armenia's other military leadership, by the forces of the Abbasid caliphate at the Battle of Bagrevand in 775. Bagrevand is in what is now eastern Turkey. Smbat VII Bagratuni Prince of Armenia (I384)
1186 Suo jure Countess of Boulogne and Lens. of Boulogne, Maud Queen Consort of England (I1867)
1187 Suo jure Countess of Lincoln. of Chester, Hawise (I1295)
1188 Suo jure Countess of Pembroke. Wikipedia: "When Isabel was dying she asked to be buried next to her first husband at Tewkesbury Abbey, but Richard had her interred at Beaulieu Abbey, with her infant son, instead. As a pious gesture, however, he sent her heart, in a silver-gilt casket, to Tewkesbury." Marshal, Isabel (I4890)
1189 Suo jure Countess of Salisbury. Longespée, Ela (I3544)
1190 Suo jure Lady Segrave. de Segrave, Elizabeth (I2464)
1191 The Ancestry of Dorothea Poyntz calls her "Eleanor Fitzpiers." fitz Reynold, Eleanor (I15744)
1192 The Ancestry of Dorothea Poyntz calls her "Joan Sturdon", but [Royal Ancestry] says she was a "daughter or kinswoman of William de Latimer, Knt., 3rd Lord Latimer, of Corby, Northamptonshire." Joan (I16650)
1193 The Ancestry of Dorothea Poyntz calls her Elizabeth de Corston. Fitz Elys, Elizabeth (I11283)
1194 The Ancestry of Dorothea Poyntz calls him "William de Corston." Fitz Elys, William (I11458)
1195 The Ancestry of Dorothea Poyntz calls him Edward Fitton. Fitton, Edmund (I15833)
1196 The Ancestry of Dorothea Poyntz gives her as a daughter of Sir William Wayland, knight of the shire for Somerset in 1307, who died 20 Mar 1327. de Weyland, Katherine (I19833)
1197 The Ancestry of Dorothea Poyntz gives her father as Hugh Cotton of Rudheth, but says her mother is unknown. de Cotton, Margery (I10434)
1198 The Ancestry of Dorothea Poyntz omits this generation. Fitz Elys, William (I11341)
1199 The Ancestry of Dorothea Poyntz, citing the Metcalfe-edited visitations of Essex and William Rutton's 1891 Three Branches of the Family of Wentworth, calls him "Roger Bissett." Bissett, John (I7135)
1200 The Ancestry of Eva Belle Kempton 1878-1908, Part I (citation details below) calls her "Mary." (Unknown first wife of William Bullard) (I22285)
1201 The Ancestry of Eva Belle Kempton 1878-1908, Part III (citation details below) gives her death date as 16 Apr 1704, citing "Sudbury VR, 306" as its source, but this seems to be an error, as the 1903 publication of the Vital Records of Sudbury, Massachusetts, to the Year 1850 (citation details below) clearly says, on page 306, that "Mary [Goodenow], w. Capt. John" died "Apr. 14, 1704". Axtell, Mary (I4320)
1202 The Ancestry of Eva Belle Kempton II (citation details below) establishes that he came from Ogborne St. George in Wiltshire, based on the will of his sister Millicent who died there in 1659 after bequeathing her full estate to "my brother William living in Newberry in New England." He may have been the William Titcomb baptized at Ogborne St. George on 7 Nov 1613, and he was perhaps a son of the Thomas Titcomb buried there on 5 Jul 1630.

Robert Charles Anderson finds no record of him prior to his appearance at Newbury in 1639, but The Ancestry of Eva Belle Kempton II says that he took the oath of supremacy and allegiance at Southampton, England, on 24 Mar 1634, "to pass for New England in the Mary and John of London, Robert Sayres, master." He was one of the six left behind to oversee the transportation of cattle on the Hercules, which departed Southampton on 16 Apr 1634. 
Titcomb, William (I5884)
1203 The Benjamin Family in America (citation details below) shows her as a daughter of Lt. William Clarke and Sarah Lumbert/Lumbard, but this seems to be without proof. Robert Charles Anderson (citation details below) calls her only "Sarah _____". Sarah (I17917)
1204 The Blackmans of Knight's Creek (citation details below) calls her "Hillar", in double quotation marks. (Unknown daughter of Richard Silveyn) (I8527)
1205 The Blackmans of Knight's Creek calls her "a niece of Stephen de Garlande." de Garlande, Agnes (I2543)
1206 The Blackmans of Knight's Creek calls him "Roger Banastre." Banastre, Robert (I6945)
1207 The Chetwynds of Ingestre asserts that this Elias was a descendant of an Elias de Oddeston who was a son of John de Verdun (1226-1274) by his first wife, Margaret daughter of Gilbert de Lacy. John, Margaret, and Gilbert certainly existed -- by his second wife, Eleanor de Bohun, John de Verdun is an ancestor of your genealogist's spouse -- but we find no trace of the existence of the alleged "Elias de Oddeston." de Verdon, Elias (I16185)
1208 The Coucher Book, Or Chartulary, of Whalley Abbey (citation details below) calls him "Urian de Sancto Petro." de St. Pierre, John (I15223)
1209 The Gardiners of Narragansett has Peter Wells and his wife Elizabeth Sweet dying, respectively, 16 Sep 1757 and 13 Sep 1757, but a correction on page 249 says that these are the death dates of a different Peter Wells and Elizabeth Sweet, who m. 2 Jul 1746. This other Peter was the son of Jonathan Wells of East Greenwich and the other Elizabeth was the daughter of Richard Sweet of West Greenwich. Wells, Peter (I3987)
1210 The History and Antiquities of the County of Leicestershire calls her "Agnes." Sister and sole heir to Ralph le Muer, lord of Covenham and Calthorp. le Muer, Margaret (I5447)
1211 The History of the Descendants of Elder John Strong (citation details below) mistakenly calls her Elizabeth Allen. Allen, Sarah (I18211)
1212 The History of the Descendants of John Dwight (citation details below) mistakenly calls her Mehitable Ingram. Ingram, Rebecca (I18284)
1213 The Phelps Family in America and Their English Ancestors says that "she was an English woman b. 1656". Martin, Grace (I9894)
1214 The Wallop Family gives her surname as "Archdeacon." l'Arcedekne, Florence (I7927)
1215 The Wallop Family [citation details below] calls her Agnes de Beyle. Agnes (I5910)
1216 The Wallop Family [citation details below] calls her Margaret de Greystoke. de Greystoke, (Unknown) (I6421)
1217 The Wallop Family [citation details below] gives his surname as "Archdeacon"; The Parochial and Family History of the Deanery of Trigg Minor [citation details below] gives it as "Lercedekne alias Archdekne." Complete Peerage gives the three generations above him as "l'Arcedekne". l'Arcedekne, Richard (I8110)
1218 The Wentworth Genealogy, English and American shows Hannah Chesley as a daughter of James Chesley and Mehitable Waldron, and says that she "married (his first wife) Rev. Avery Hall, pastor of the church in Rochester, N. H., from 15 October 1766 to 10 April 1775; and had two children", but it gives her no birth, death, or marriage dates.

Heard-Hurd Genealogy calls her "Mary Chesley", but concurs with other sources in calling her husband Avery Hall and her daughter Mehitable Hall. 
Chesley, Hannah (I5714)
1219 The Wentworth Genealogy (1878) omits this generation, and has Alice Bissett, heir of John Bissett of North Elmsall, marrying the John Wentworth who was brother to this John Wentworth's grandfather William Wentworth (d. 1308), and North Elmshall passing to that John's nephew John (this John's father) after the older John died without surviving issue. We have placed Alice Bissett here instead based on the notes of John P. Ravilious and Brice Clagett. Note that neither of them (to our knowledge) give a name for her father. Wentworth, John (I8444)
1220 Wetmore Memorial says she was sixth in descent from the Rev. John Cotton, first minister of Boston. Warner, Elizabeth (I16083)
1221 Wetmore Memorial says that Sarah Taylor Boerum's "great-grandfather, William Boerum, nephew of the patroon Simeon Boerum, equipped at his own expense, a company of dragoons during the Revolutionary war, and commanded them in person." Boerum, William (I16155)
1222 Youngs Family and Ancestors of Welding Ring both give his year of birth as 1545, but this appears to be based on a misreading of sixteenth-century numerals. The record of his ordination at Norwich Cathedral on 21 Dec 1599 says, translated from the original Latin, "Christoferus Younges Bachelor of Arts in his twenty fourth year, made curate of Carlton juxta Kellshale." A second record, on 6 Jun 1600, ordains as a priest "Christoferus Younges deacon, Master of Arts, formerly admitted, in his 25th year, curate of Carlton juxta Kellshall in the County of Suffolk."

He was a graduate of Cambridge -- B.A. 1596, M.A 1599.

In the chancel floor of the church at Southwold is a brass tablet inscribed:

Yonges, Rev. Christopher (I17451)

Arrived in Massachusetts 2 Nov 1631, on the Lyon.

Early Massachusetts settler whose personal life and wild habits of owning her own property scandalized Puritan society. She wound up living on Long Island with her third husband. She is the subject of a quite good 1958 historical novel by Anya Seton called The Winthrop Woman.

The real indictments laid against her by her detractors were: (1) the suggestion that she began her relationship with her third husband before while still married to her second one (true) and (2) the suggestion that she was not legally divorced from her second husband when she married her third one (probably untrue). Added piquance was provided by the fact that her third husband had been her second husband's business manager. It seems clear, however, that her second husband (1) went insane and (2) essentially abandoned her.

Elizabeth Fones (~1610->1655) = William Hallett (~1616-~1706)
William Hallett (1648-1669) = Sarah Woolsey (1650-1727)
Sarah Hallett (b. 1673) = George Phillips (1664-1739)
George Phillips (1698-1771) = Elizabeth Mills (1706-1768)
Samuel Phillips (1782-1806) = Sarah Mills (1734-1795)
Hannah Phillips (1756-1834) = Daniel Brush (1744-1805)
George Phillips Brush (1775-1829) = Polly Keeler (1780-1865)
Emeline Keeler Brush (b. 1821) = Harvey Woodworth (b. ~1813)
Louisa Mart Woodworth (b. 1842) = Thomas George Maxwell (b. 1835)
James Willard Maxwell (b. ~1901) = Adele Thompson (b. ~1903)
Mary Maxwell (1929-1994) = William Henry Gates, Jr. (b. ~1926)
William Henry "Bill" Gates III (1955- ) 
Fones, Elizabeth (I5176)
1224 A "gateway ancestor," through her mother, but not (yet) a direct ancestor of any of the root persons in this database. Wyllys, Amy (I19431)
1225 A "kinswomen of Henry III", according to Complete PeerageHelisant (I14332)
1226 A founder of East Greenwich, Rhode Island, he was granted land for his service in King Philip's War.

"He evidently came here directly from Newport, where he had been made a freeman in 1668. His wife was Susannah Griffin."
[The History of East Greenwich, Rhode Island 1677-1960]

Torrey calls him "Dr. John Spencer." 
Spencer, John (I3416)
1227 A banker of London. Halliday, Simon (I16986)
1228 A baron of Henry, earl of Warwick. Possibly a grandson of Hugh II de Montfort of Montfort-sur-Risle and his wife Alice de Beaufort. See note on this Thurstan's son Thurstan. de Mundford, Thurstan (I5507)
1229 A baron of the bishopric of Durham. Conyers, Roger (I21469)
1230 A benefactor to the canons of Cockersand. de Worsley, Richard (I16740)
1231 A blacksmith and gunsmith who came to Northampton in 1659. Served as town clerk, magistrate, selectman, deputy to the General Court and town treasurer. Pomeroy, Deacon Medad (I18379)
1232 A blacksmith, he represented Saybrook several times in the general assembly of Connecticut.

Referred to as "late deceased" in a document dated 13 Jan 1725/6, reproduced on page 347 of F. W. Chapman's The Pratt Family (citation details below). 
Pratt, Ensign John (I22349)
1233 A Boston merchant and banker who grew wealthy on railroad investments.

From the Diary of Charles Francis Adams, 24 July 1836:

"In the evening Mr. and Mrs. I. Sargent came in for the first time. There appears to be a disposition on their part to cultivate our society which I would not reject, and yet to me he is not interesting." 
Sargent, Ignatius (I5172)
1234 A brief article about him as a diarist, "a busy man of affairs, devoted to his wife and family, at the center of a network of inter-related clans," can be found here on the NEHGS's Vita Brevis blog.

An ancestor of John and John Quincy Adams. 
Winthrop, Adam (I8568)
1235 A brother of the Byzantine emperor Nikephoros III Botaneiates, whose family claimed descent from the Byzantine Phokas family but whose immediate ancestry is hazy. Synadenos, Theodul (I21264)
1236 A butcher, he was in Charlestown before 1640. Nash, Robert (I22230)
1237 A Byzantine military leader in Asia Minor. Angelos, Andronikos Doukas (I7180)
1238 A canon of Canterbury Cathedral. Byrd, Rev. Richard (I18554)
1239 A carriage maker. Prence, Thomas (I169)
1240 A Christian concubine, variously asserted as Basque or Frankish. Muzna (I8254)
1241 A churchwarden of Binfield in 1616, his clear signature suggests he was an educated man. Swaine, William (I20441)
1242 A citizen and mercer of London. Lord Mayor of London, 1465.

Sheriff of London (jointly with John Styward), 1456. Alderman of London, 1457-78. Knighted by Edward IV on 21 May 1470, following a successful defense of London against a company of bandits led by Thomas Fauconbridge.

MP for London 1459, 1469, 1472-75. 
Verney, Ralph Mayor of London (I20011)
1243 A cleric, he occurs in Domesday for Suffolk as a tenant of Bury St. Edmunds. Ailbold (I14432)
1244 A close ally of John, who appointed him Archbishop of Canterbury; the rejection of this appointment by higher ecclesiastical authority was for many years a source of tension between John and the church. de Grey, John Bishop of Norwich (I7143)
1245 A cloth merchant of Halifax. Saltonstall, Gilbert (I14430)
1246 A clothier in Braintree, Essex. Owner of much property there, including houses, orchards, and fields. Marsh, John (I2252)
1247 A clothier. He inherited copyhold land in the manor of Chevythorn, Tiverton from his father; at his death he had five manors in Devon and Cornwall and much other property. Prowse, John (I18672)
1248 A commander at the Battle of the Standard, following which he was created Earl of Derby by Stephen. de Ferrers, Robert (I1616)
1249 A cooper. Merriman, George (I2107)
1250 A count and farmer (hacendado) in Tierra de Campos. Oláliz, Fáfila (I12942)
1251 A count. Diaz, Alfonso (I12947)
1252 A courtier and survivor at the court of Henry VIII, perhaps best described as a combination of Littlefinger and the Vicar of Bray.

"[H]e was an astute courtier who served in the royal household (he was vice-chamberlain to all save the first of Henry VIII's wives) and on military expeditions to the Scottish borders and France, as well as in local affairs. He sat in the parliaments of 1529 and 1539 as a knight of the shire for Wiltshire, and in that of 1542 as a burgess for Wilton. Probably during his association with Thomas Cromwell he began the family tradition of strong protestantism, and at the dissolution he gained much former monastic land in and near Wiltshire, especially the site of Stanley Abbey and sixteen of its manors. He built an imposing manor house at Bromham, which was said to be almost as large as the king's new court at Whitehall, and which remained the family's chief residence until demolished during the civil war. [Oxford Dictionary of National Biography
Baynton, Edward (I21494)
1253 A descendant of Harold II, King of England.

He and his wife Anna/Agnes were 5Xgreat-grandparents to Philippa of Hainaut, wife of Edward III. 
Béla III King of Hungary, Croatia, Dalmatia, and Rama (I21258)
1254 A descendant of Robert II, king of France (d. 1031); see The Royal Descent of 900 Immigrants by Gary Boyd Roberts (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2018), volume 2, p.855. Leete, William Governor of the New Haven Colony; Governor of Connecticut (I12213)
1255 A Domesday tenant in chief in Cambridgeshire and Bedfordshire. Suggested by K. S. B. Keats-Roham as the probable father of Reginald, but this is not known for certain.

"At this time the name David -- like many other Biblical names -- was evidently very uncommon both in Normandy and England. Only one other land-holder with this name is mentioned in the entire Domesday Book: David 'Latimer', or the Interpreter. Keats-Rohan suggests that this David, who was a tenant of William de Braose in Dorset, was probably identical with the David 'de Argentomo' of Cambridgeshire and Bedfordshire. William came from Briouze-Saint-Gervais, in the arrondissement of Argentan, and feudal relationships in Normandy were often replicated in England after the Norman Conquest." [Chris Phillips, citation details below.] 
de Argentein, David (I4567)
1256 A farmer and blacksmith. Franklin, Thomas (I20879)
1257 A farmer of Bethlehem, Connecticut. Thompson, Amos Hard (I13385)
1258 A favorite of Henry III.

"Amauri de St. Amand was in the King's service, March 1216/7. In 1226 he was serving in Ireland. In 1230 he fought in Henry's expedition overseas; in 1231 was joint constable of castles in co. Pembroke, and joint negotiator of a truce with Llewelyn. In 1232, joint Keeper of St. James de Beuvron (La Manche); in January 1232/3, the King's messenger to the Duke of Brittany; by July, a knight; later in 1233, on official service in the Marches of Wales. The King's Steward or joint Steward, 1233 certainly till 1240; January 1233/4, joint Constable of the Marches; in May, Keeper of Hereford, &c., acting as sheriff until 1240; Keeper of St. Briavel, &c., June 1234, with renewals till his death; in July, in joint control of the King's expenditure in Brittany. In June 1239 he was one of the nine godfathers of Prince Edward. He married, 1stly,-----; and, 2ndly, between July 1214 and Dec. 1222, as her 5th husband, Iseult, daughter of William Pantulf of Breedon, Leics (died 1194), by Joan, daughter of Piers de Goldington and Eve his wife, and (perhaps after the death s.p. of a brother) her father's coheir and ultimately heir. He died between Easter and September 1241, on the journey to the Holy Land on which he set out in 1240, with Simon de Montfort, as followers of Richard, Earl of Cornwall." [Complete Peerage
de St. Amand, Amauri (I9299)
1259 A fellow with an illuminating pedigree. Clark, Albert C. (I12191)
1260 A footnote (c) to CP's entry on her son Sir Ralph Bulmer says that she "was aged 15 at the feast of St. Hilary (probably b. at Theophania or Tiphaine, i.e., Epiphany), 1268/9." St. Hilary's feast day is January 13. Citing the Oxford dictionary of English Christian Names by Elizabeth Gidley Withycombe (1947), the Wikipedia article about the given name Tiffany says that it is "an English form of the Greek Theophania. It was formerly often given to children born on the feast of Theophania, that is, Epiphany." Epiphany is traditionally celebrated on January 6. de Morwick, Tiphaine (I2236)
1261 A forester of Macclesfield forest, 1287. Downes, Robert (I1408)
1262 A founder -- according to some accounts, the founder primus inter parus -- of Southold on Long Island. Youngs, Rev. John (I22545)
1263 A founding settler of Portsmouth, Rhode Island, he became its first recorder and served various other roles in the town's government. Wikipedia entry here".

"PHILIP, Roxbury, came in 1633, a single man, freem. 14 May 1634, first on the list aft. Gov. Haynes, m. Sarah Odding, d. of John Porter's w. by former h. went home early, but soon came again, and was led away, says the ch. rec. to familism by Porter, disarm. Nov. 1637, and banish. next yr. went to R. I. there sign the compact of civil governm. Mar. 1638, was Secr. or Recorder of the Col. 1648, and was rep. 1656. See Callender, 30. As secr. he was happy eno. to have a descend. at 1857, prob. at seventh generat. fill. the same post; but I can hardly indicate the line. He had Samson and Samuel, perhaps more." [James Savage, A Genealogical Dictionary of the First Settlers of New England]

According to Ancestral Lines (citation details below), he and his wife were ancestors of Herbert Hoover and Winston Churchill. 
Sherman, Philip (I4724)
1264 A Frankish nobleman who came to Italy in the early tenth century. Count of Auriate from about 906 to his death. Roger (I3411)
1265 A graduate of Cambridge, he was rector of Stevenage from 1598 to his death. Pratt, Rev. William (I5247)
1266 A graduate of Princeton in 1765, he was the Congregational minister of the parish of Westminster, in Canterbury, Connecticut, for over thirty years. Staples, Rev. John (I14523)
1267 A high official who held the titles of megas droungarios and pansebastosKamateros, Andronikos Doukas (I14223)
1268 A Huguenot, from France. Blanshan, Matthew (I21207)
1269 A justice for Berkshire in 1226. de Englefield, Alan (I13357)
1270 A justice itinerant. de Englefield, John (I12092)
1271 A justice of England, but not, as sometimes asserted, the chief justiciar. Died as a monk.

From the Oxford Dictionary of National Biography:

"Basset, Ralph (d. 1127?), justice, was included by the chronicler Orderic Vitalis in his list of new men raised from the dust by Henry I, men allegedly of obscure birth who rose by their service to Henry and acquired great wealth in the process. He came from Montreuil-au-Houlme near Argentan in Normandy, not far from the abbey of St Évroul where Orderic was a monk and to which Ralph was a benefactor. In England either Ralph Basset the justice or an earlier namesake was in 1086 an under-tenant of Robert (I) d'Oilly at Marsworth in Buckinghamshire and Tiscot in Hertfordshire. He could also have been connected with Robert d'Oilly in Normandy, given that Robert may have come from Ouilly-le-Basset. [...]

"Between 1110 and 1127 Basset was one of the most prominent of Henry I's justices, and was described by the chronicler Henry of Huntingdon as one of the 'justices of all England', a description which indicates the geographical scope of his authority, as opposed to those who acted for the king only in their own locality. As such he was an early example of a royal justice who conducted local visitations to investigate the administration of the king's rights, setting a precedent for the later general eyres. Two sessions where he presided have become well known. The first took place at Huntingdon, where a man named Bricstan was brought to trial for concealment of treasure, a case reported by Orderic Vitalis. At the second, according to the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle, Basset was responsible for hanging forty-four thieves in 1124 at 'Hundehoge', probably Huncote in Leicestershire." 
Basset, Ralph (I7280)
1272 A king's assessor in 1394 and 1400. Danvers, Richard (I10918)
1273 A king's justiciar. Brito, Ralf (I1544)
1274 A kinswoman in some fashion to queen Eleanor of Provence, wife of Henry III. Isabel (I13054)
1275 A kinswomen, in some manner, of William de Edington, Bishop of Winchester. de Cormailles, Gouda (I18096)
1276 A knight of St. John of Jerusalem. de Cotton, Hugh (I2163)
1277 A law counsellor in Ipswich and steward of Charles Veysey, gentleman, and his wife Katherine, for the manor of Toppesfield Hall in Hadleigh, Suffolk. Hamby, Robert (I21325)
1278 A lawyer of the Inner Temple, in London. He came to New England in 1638 with his second wife, Lucy, and settled at Salem, but returned to England several times and ultimately died in Scotland.

A son by his second wife, Sir George Downing, held various positions under Cromwell: minister to Holland, secretary to the Treasury, and Scout Master General of the Parliamentary army.

From Abandoning America (citation details below):

Emmanuel Downing was a lawyer of Inner Temple, London. He married Lucy, a sister of John Winthrop, in 1622. He had grown up in Ipswich and attended Trinity Hall, Cambridge. He worked in Dublin for a time but came back to London in 1626. He was an adventurer in the Massachusetts Bay Company from the start, and acted as the Company's attorney in England. He also looked after John Winthrop's business interests after Winthrop left for New England in 1630. Some of Downing's children -– James, Mary and Susan -– preceded him to New England, c. 1633. Emmanuel and Lucy Downing emigrated in 1638, with their son George Downing, at Winthrop's encouragement.

Downing, an investor and entrepreneur as well as a lawyer, settled in Salem, Massachusetts. He was admitted to the church on 4 November 1638, and as a freeman on 14 March 1638/9. He became recorder of deeds for Salem on 7 October 1640, and kept that office into the 1650s. He was active in town government and often acted as a representative at the Massachusetts General Court. Before Hugh Peter, Thomas Weld and William Hibbins returned to England as agents for Massachusetts in 1641, Downing briefed them on legal matters relating to the colony's charter.

Downing seems to have made three visits to England before he returned home for good in 1654. He was in England on business, c. October 1642 to c. June 1643. On this occasion he acted as an attorney for Adam Winthrop, and aided John Winthrop Jr (with Hugh Peter and Thomas Weld) to promote investment in the Saugus ironworks. Downing returned to New England but set sail for England again in December 1644. On 25 February 1644/5 he reported his arrival in London. The Massachusetts General Court had directed him to gather evidence against Thomas Morton. He also handled business for the Saugus ironworks, including the recruitment of Richard Leader as manager. Downing was associated with a scheme promoted by Hugh Peter and Thomas Weld, to send poor children from England to New England. Downing fell under suspicion (with Nehemiah Bourne) of pocketing some of the money raised by Peter and Weld. He sailed for New England in May 1645 and was back there by August. With Bourne, Thomas Fowle and Robert Sedgwick, Downing led a petition against laws restricting the presence of strangers and prohibiting anabaptists, arguing that these colonial policies were deeply unpopular among the godly in England. His son George Downing left New England for good in 1645. Before long, Downing visited England for a third time: he was there in May 1647, but came back to Boston by June 1648. Downing was keenly aware of temptations to return to England: he had heard John Davenport and Theophilus Eaton might go; he knew Hugh Peter was urging John Winthrop Jr to take up opportunities back home.

Emmanuel Downing's fourth journey to England was his last. He received a letter from Hugh Peter in the winter of 1652/3, asking him to come to England, with his wife Lucy. He suspected 'George would have us retorne, and putts Mr Peters upon the invitation'. On 25 September 1654, Emmanuel Downing declared he intended to travel back to England with Robert Sedgwick within two months. He sailed that winter. Stephen Winthrop reported, 11 March 1654/5, that Downing had recently arrived in London. By this time George Downing's star was rising as scoutmaster-general in Scotland. Emmanuel Downing joined him there and quickly became clerk to the new Council of Scotland, established in May 1655 (of which Samuel Desborough was also a member). Later, Downing welcomed Fitz John Winthrop to Scotland. His wife Lucy and daughter Martha joined him in Edinburgh by 1658. Emmanuel Downing died in Edinburgh in 1659. Lucy Downing lived on in England until her death in 1679, in straitened circumstances -- reliant on her son George, who was notoriously rich and notoriously mean. 
Downing, Emanuel (I15389)
1279 A lawyer. Cotton, Roland (I14071)
1280 A London mercer. Sheriff of London in 1441. Rich, Richard (I20730)
1281 A lord in Languedoc, possibly in what is now Salvetat-sur-Agout. de Fargues, Jacques (I4735)
1282 A lot of trees show this individual as "Andrew Jackson Patrick." We're dubious, because in 1805, the famous Andrew Jackson (1767-1845) was not yet a figure after whom many people were naming their children. He had served one term as Tennessee's lone member of the House of Representatives, subsequently being elected to the Senate from Tennessee, but he resigned his Senate seat after a single year. By 1805 he was merely a judge of Tennessee's Supreme Court; his military successes and his time on the national stage were well off in the future.

We think the idea that his name was "Andrew Jackson Patrick" comes from confusion with his nephew Andrew Jackson Patrick (1824-1886), born in the year of Andrew Jackson's first Presidential campaign, who certainly was named that. The census listings we've seen for this individual, however, simply call him "Andrew" or "Andy". 
Patrick, Rev. Andrew (I11686)
1283 A maidservant, she arrived in 1632. Short, Rebecca (I11397)
1284 A major early Mormon, appointed in 1849 to the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles. Organizer of multiple settlements in Utah, Idaho, and California. Subject of two books, Leonard J. Arrington, Charles C. Rich: Mormon General and Western Frontiersman (1974) by Leonard J. Arrington, the pre-eminent modern historian of Mormonism, and Charles Coulson Rich: Pioneer Builder of the West (1936) by John Henry Evans. Rich, Charles Coulson (I89)
1285 A mason. Born about 1587 (census 1666), 1589 (census 1666), 1587 (census 1667).

"MARIN BOUCHER... left France from Dieppe in April 1634 with a Robert Giffard group which included Jean Guyon, Zacharie Cloutier and Gaspard Boucher and his family." More at A Point in History.

From Wikipedia:

Marin Boucher (1587 or 1589–1671), was a pioneer of early New France and one of the most prolific ancestors of French Canada, being the ancestor of most of the Bouchers of North America, particularly in the Province of Quebec, Northern New Brunswick, Ontario and Western Canada. [...]

The Bouchers were stonemasons and carpenters, skills which were valuable in the early colony. Because of some work done for Samuel de Champlain, the Founder of the colony, Marin Boucher was deeded Champlain's clothes in his will when he died. He was also a witness in a dispute over stolen property in which his relation Gaspard Boucher was the plaintiff. [...]

The Bouchers arrived as part of the Percheron immigration movement, consisting of a mix of families and single individuals from the region of Perche, at the time part of Maine province, brought over to New France in 1634 to colonize Beauport, a seigneurie granted to Robert Giffard, physician to the colony. Marin Boucher and his son François migrated aboard the ship St-Jehan under the command of Captain Pierre Nesle, which arrived in Quebec on June 4, 1634. His wife and younger children arrived the following year. 
Boucher, Marin (I1811)
1286 A member of parliament, whether by writ or as a shire knight we're unaware. Lyons, John (I13675)
1287 A member of the Inner Temple, he was knighted after the battle of Stoke. Littleton, William (I13566)
1288 A member of the royal household from 1443 to 1460. M.P. in 1447. Escheater of Norfolk and Suffolk 1464-65. Clere, Edmund (I16930)
1289 A memoir of his daughter Mary Elizabeth Bingham, by her daughter Barbara Ann Phelps, calls him "Calvin Perry Bingham."

From The Bingham Family in the United States, citation details below:

Calvin and his family were with the earliest Mormon groups to move across America. The oldest child of Lucius Augustus, Calvin was born in NY, lived in Upper Canada as a child, and by 1840 when he was thirteen, lived with the Mormon group in Henderson, Knox Co IL. About 1848, probably in IA after the Mormons moved to Pottawattamie Co, Calvin married Elizabeth Lucretia Thorn. He, his wife and her entire family, mother and siblings lived in one household in 1850.

Between 1853 and 1867, Calvin and his family lived in several different UT settlements. They then lived for about ten years in Montpelier, Bear Lake Co ID before returning to Box Elder Co UT by 1880. After Calvin died in AZ in 1883, wife Elizabeth moved to Vernal, Uintah Co UT where she lived with grown children William and Alice in 1900.

Posted to by user NORDSEEKER, with the remark: "This account was written by their great grandson, Wes Martin. I don't know where he got all the information, but I found it typed on the back of a family group sheet in his genealogy book."

"Calvin Bingham was the son of Lucius and Sarah Stone Bingham. He was born Sept. 7, 1827 in Fowler, St. Lawrence County, New York. He was the oldest of eight children: four brothers--Benjamin, Augustus, Perry, and Prosper-- and three sisters: Emeline, Lucy, and MaryJane.

"His mother died about 1849. His father remarried but never came west to Utah. Calvin was baptized into the Mormon church at the age of seventeen in Bannock County, Illinois in 1844.

"Elizabeth Lucretia Thorn was the daughter of Ashael and Sarah Lester Thorn, born in Monrovia, Cayuga county, New York on March 25, 1832. She was the second child in a family of ten: three boys--William L., Richard, and Isaac, and seven girls--Maryann, Sarah, Nancy, Lydia, Abigale, Barbara Ann, and Elizabeth Lucretia. Her mother died about 1852 and her father re-married Elizabeth Lusk, a widow. They came west with his family.

"Calvin and Elizabeth were married December 18, 1848 in Pottawatamie, Iowa. Sarah and Calvin were born to them here. In 1853 they and several other members of the Thorn family moved west to Utah settleing in the West Weber area (now known as Uintah). Their third child, Mary Elizabeth, was born here. While living in Uintah, Calvin was called to serve in Col. Johnson's army. They were among the saints that made the move south--leaving their homes to be burned if necessary. On returning they settled in Farmington, Utah, where Lucy Melissa, their fourth child, was born. Later they moved to Three Mile Creek which is now known as Perry, Utah. In about 1857, the Ashael Thorn family moved here too and they built their homes near each other. Barbara Ann, their fifth child was born here. Three years later in 1860 they moved to Hyrum, Utah.

"Being among the first settlers in Hyrum, they took an active part in civic and church activities. Calvin became the first Bishop of Hyrum and was loved and remembered by people for a great many years. Two more children were born to them here, Anna Marie and Ashael.

"In 1865 they were called to settle the Bear Lake, Idaho area. They settled in Montpelier where due to very harsh winters, they lost their crops. Very discouraged, they returned to Hyrum, Utah. Their son, William Augustus, was born here in Montpelier.

"About 1868 they returned to Montpelier. Elizabeth taught the first school in town--teaching out of their small log home. Another daughter, Lydia Emeline, was born to them here. Later, they built a large home on the banks of the creek that ran through town. Their last two children were born here--Orissa Vilate and Alice. Orissa Vilate died at nine months old. Also at this residence, their daughter, Lucy Melissa Bigham Williams, died after giving birth to a baby girl. She was only eighteen years old. This two week old baby girl was raised by her grandparents, Calvin and Elizabeth.

"In 1878, the Binghams, their married son and daughters, and a large group of other people left Montpelier intending to go to Arizona and settle an area there. But upon reaching Salem, Utah, they decided to stop there for a year or so. The Perry Bingham family and the Robert H. Williams family were among those that settled in Salem for that short time. In 1880, with several other families including the Alonzo Bingham family, Calvin and Elizabeth headed for Arizona again. They stopped in St. Johns, Arizona where their daughter, Anna Marie and husband William were living. They stayed there until 1891 when they moved to St. David, Arizona. Arriving on Christmas Day, they joined others of the original group who had settled that area and started up a freighting business. This business engaged in the freight business between Benson, Tombstone and Bisbee. Although Calvin was a blacksmith by trade, he found freighting more profitable. So he bought a team of large horses to go with the team he already had, and followed this occupation for a little more than a year.

"Calvin Bingham left his home with a wagon loaded with freight for Bisbee, about 56 miles from St. David. On the following day, May 27,1883, while going down a steep grade, his freight wagon upset pinning him under the wagon and causing his death.

"His body was brought home by three men from his ward. Funeral services were held in the ward at St. David May 29, 1883. Speakers were Patriarch P.C. Merrill, President David P. Kimball, J.H. Martineau, Bishop Henry Horn, and S.B. Merrill, who all spoke highly of the integrity, faithfullness and honesty of Calvin. After the death of her husband, Elizabeth Lucretia Bingham, with her family consisting of the younger children Ashael, William, Emeline, Lucy Jane, a grand-daughter, and Alice moved to Mesa, Arizona where her three oldest children, Clarinda, Mary Elizabeth Phelps, and Calvin Perry Bingham lived. She had only been there a short time when another sorrow came into her life. Ashael, then 23 years old, had an appendicitis attack and died just four months after his father's death.

"The family spent three years in Mesa and then returned to their former home in Montpelier, Idaho. Then in 1888 they moved to Vernal, Utah where Lucretia spent the remainder of her life. She was a faithful LDS woman and worked in the Relief Society organization. While in Montpelier she had been called to work among the sick and dying. She helped make burial clothes and to dress and lay out the dead. She underwent many hardships of the early pioneers. She learned to be thrifty and to economize so she could feed and clothe her family. It is said that when she bought a piece of calico, she would tear a quilt block from it for the quilt she was making. She made very nice quilts that were the envy of her friends and neighbors. Thread was expensive, so she would ravel out cloth to sew her blocks together with. She taught her 11 children to be thrifty and industrious too. She passed away at her home in Vernal Nov. 28, 1903 as a result of a heart attack." 
Bingham, Calvin (I9917)
1290 A memoir of the life of Laura Clark Phelps and her daughter Mary Phelps Rich, written by the latter, is here.

A memoir of the life of Laura Clark Phelps, written by Morris Calvin Phelps, is here.

From "Courage a legend as she faced mobs," by John L. Hart, Church News, "Authorized News Web Site of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints", 19 Jun 2004:

History sometimes turns on small, even unknown, hinges and personalities. Such is the case with Laura Clark Phelps, a little-known Church member of deep personal courage who stood up to mobs as she and her husband, Morris Charles Phelps, experienced the brunt of mob and civil persecution in Missouri from 1832-39.

Laury, as she called herself, was born to Timothy Baldwin and Polly Keeler Clark in New Fairfield, Conn., on July 28, 1807. When she was about age 17, she met her future husband. He had come to Lawrence County, Ill., to visit his Keneippe relatives. They were married two years later, in 1826. They were living in the Chicago, Ill., area, when they heard news of a new religion and of a prophet who translated a book from gold plates. They heard further that their friends Isaac M. Morley and Edward Partridge had joined this new religion and missionaries were on their way to Chicago. Not long after, Elders Lyman Wight and John Correll arrived and found the Phelps to be eager listeners and believers who were baptized in 1831. (History of Morris Phelps, unpublished, compiled by descendants and written by Rose Openshaw.)

Within a year the couple responded to the call to relocate in Missouri. They arrived in Jackson County in 1832, and made a home near Independence. They were given land on "a little prairie" outside of town where they homesteaded for a year and a half. In the fall of 1833, they had their first taste of mob oppression.

Mobs were not unusual on the American frontier during the 19th century. Vigilante action was the unwritten law and it was broadly exercised at the whim of community leaders for various causes.

The conflict began in Independence when the original settlers became alarmed as converts with different beliefs came pouring in and established essentially a well-ordered, free and closed community that contrasted dramatically with the existing open, unruly slave-state frontier. (See Encyclopedia of Mormonism, Church History, p. 344-350.)

In the first mob response, "between 40 and 50 persons in number, many of whom were armed with guns, proceeded against a branch of the Church, west of the Big Blue, and unroofed and partly demolished 10 houses; and amid the shrieks and screams of the women and children, whipped and beat in a savage and brutal manner, several of the men: while their horrid threats frightened women and children into the wilderness." (History of the Church 1:426.)

The Phelpses fled with most of the saints in bitter cold to Clay County. While in Clay County on a rented farm, they were visited by Joseph Smith, who held meetings in their home and blessed their children. Brother Phelps was called on a mission to Indiana, Ohio and Illinois where among his converts were his wife's parents. He also stopped to help build the Kirtland Temple, and, receiving an inheritance from his parents, established a farm and started a store. (Phelps History.)

Again the mobs came in a similar manner, and the Prophet advised, "We know not what we shall be called to pass through before Zion is delivered and established" (HC 1:450).

They fled to Far West, Mo., where Brother Phelps purchased a farm on June 2, 1837. Sometime afterwards, between the end of October and the first of November, Joseph Smith arrived at the new settlement to conduct Church affairs. During that time, mobs again pressed forward. One day they began chasing Joseph and one of his brothers, likely Hyrum, and the two ran from the mob and sought refuge in the Phelps home.

"Laura hid them in her house behind the clothes curtain," wrote her husband later. "When the mob rushed in and their leader said, 'Where are they? We know they are here. We saw them come,' she answered calmly and with apparent unconcern. 'No, gentlemen, they are not here, but you are welcome to look all you want to.' She tried to look unconcerned while the mob made a hasty search and left." (From Morris Phelps diary, courtesy Daughters of Utah Pioneers.)

Heber C. Kimball would later recall that in 1839, "my life was sought at Richmond, and...she interceded with my pursuers, who were nearly 30 in number, and actually convinced them that I was another person, altogether, and the pursuit was stopped." (Obituary, Times and Seasons, Vol. 3, No. 9.)

Trouble escalated as the settlers organized a militia to fight back, leading to what was known as the Battle of Crooked River. Following this, local authorities took prisoner Joseph Smith and other Church leaders, among them Morris Phelps. Left alone as the mob came, Laura Phelps ran out to protect her young daughter, Harriet, and said, "Shoot all the animals you desire, but leave my little girl alone." (History of Laura Clark Phelps by Morris Calvin Phelps.)

With her husband confined to the Richmond Jail, Laura and the children left as refugees, expelled from the state by Gov. Lilburn Boggs' extermination order. She took her children in a wagon. It overturned "with my children under the load, but hurt them but little -- I can safely say this day I am not sorry I ever joined the Church...We have to be tried like gold seven times tried," she wrote in a letter to her family in Chicago.

After finding her parents in Iowa, she made a home for herself and the children in an old horse stable. When she received a love poem from her jailed husband in which he compared her with his "star," she resolved to visit him and help him escape. So, accompanied by her brother, she rode a little mare some 150 miles through difficult and hostile Missouri to the Columbia Jail, to which the prisoners had been transferred.

At the Columbia Jail, the case had been continued because no witness appeared against them. The jailer bragged that several prisoners died in jail of old age without the benefit of a hearing. On July 4th, 1839, the prisoners were to try to "gain our liberties or be in paradise before the close of that eventful day," wrote Parley P. Pratt, one of the three incarcerated. Laura Phelps did not participate, but waited at the jail. That dusk, as Richmond citizens continued their Independence Day celebration, the escape plan was enacted. When the evening meal was served, the prisoners caught the open prison door and thrust it wide. Morris Phelps, the more athletic of the three, grabbed the jailer while Pratt and the other prisoner, an ailing King Follett, dashed out. However, Phelps, who was weaker than he supposed, was held fast by the jailer and his wife, who was loudly sounding alarm.

Laura Phelps later said she thought she was praying silently, but her husband heard her shout, "Oh, Lord God of Abraham, Isaac and Jacob, deliver thy servant!" He said hearing that, he felt strong as a giant, and "thus cleared" himself. (History of Laura Clark Phelps.)

Parley Pratt and Morris Phelps both made good their escapes. (See Autobiography of Parley P. Pratt, pp. 301-323.)

Once again, Laura Phelps was left behind to fend for herself among hostile Missourians. The jailer and his wife threatened her with instant death but instead sent her outside to face a mob that had gathered. She faced the abusive group in silence, but the volume increased as a group of searchers returned with captured King Follett riding her mare and sidesaddle.

During this, a little boy who watched became extremely distressed at the way she was being treated. He ran home and told his parents, the Richardsons, who took her into their home. Mr. Richardson later recovered her saddle and horse and after 10 days she rode with the mail carrier back to Illinois. Sewed into her skirts was the manuscript of Parley P. Pratt's Key to Theology.

After a period of recuperation, the family settled in Macedonia, Ill., where Morris Phelps built a home. She, however, had in premonition a vision of what trials lay ahead for the saints and "she often said to me that she could not endure the trouble that was ahead," remembered her husband. (Phelps diary.)

On Feb. 2, 1842, after suffering from overexertion and exposure, a fatal illness came -- likely pneumonia -- and she died suddenly, five months before her 35th birthday.

Her days were shortened "by unparalleled cruelties" but "she manifested to the world that no sacrifice was too great for her to make for the cause which she espoused," said Elder Heber C. Kimball at her death. (Obituary, Times and Seasons.)

In a family ceremony held May 6, 2004, about 70 of her many descendants gathered at city cemetery No. 1 in Nauvoo, Ill., and placed a marker in her memory. Among her relatives is Anne Clark Pingree, second counselor in the Relief Society general presidency, who spoke of her in a conference address in October, 2003. 
Baldwin, Laura Clark (I342)
1291 A mercer of Peterborough. Edward, Peter (I9096)
1292 A merchant and ship owner of New Haven, he held several different public offices during his career. Trowbridge, Thomas (I18654)
1293 A merchant of Kingston-upon-Hull. de la Pole, William (I12834)
1294 A merchant of New Haven. Arnold, George Sumner (I13383)
1295 A merchant of New Haven. He and his wife Ann Eliza Sears were second cousins once removed, he a great-grandson of Stephen Miller (1699-1785) and Anna Goodrich (1711-1777), and she a great-great granddaughter of the same couple. Arnold, Ebenezer (I13381)
1296 A merchant of the Salters' Company, London, and a parishioner of St. Lawrence Jewry, where he was sideman in 1615 and, from 25 Jun 1632 to 25 Jun 1633, churchwarden. Bisby, William (I19599)
1297 A merchant. Registrar of probate, 1698-1702; selectman in 1704. A lieutenant in 1797, his estate settlement calls him "captain." Higginson, John (I14544)
1298 A miller and innkeeper. Saxton, Thomas (I17740)
1299 A miller, he emigrated 1635 with his first wife and their children on the Defense. His English origins are unknown.

Also known as Francis Wetmore.

From The Whitmore Genealogy (1907), pp. 13-14:

"Francis came to this country probably during the 1630's, and had established his residence at Cambridge prior to 1648, as about this time he married, at that place, Isabel Parke. Brooks, in his history of Medford, tells us he owned property in Cambridge near the Plains, Charlestown near the Menetomie River, near Dendruck Meadows; also in Medford and Lexington. His house stood on the dividing line between Lexington and Cambridge, and is mentioned in the Act of division. His name, with that of his wife, appears on a petition in favor of an old woman charged with being a witch, so he can hardly have been of the extreme Puritan party, though a member of the church. Francis served in King Philip's war; was Selectman and Constable in 1668 and 1682. In his will he makes provision for the education of his ch., thus early evidencing that regard for edu. that is so marked a family trait."

For what it's worth, Francis probably did not arrive in the 1630s, or he'd be covered in Robert Charles Anderson's Great Migration series. 
Whitmore, Francis (I16124)
1300 A North Carolina private in the Revolution. Flynn, Thomas (I1714)
1301 A nun. It is said that the night before William de la Pole surrendered to the Franco-Scottish forces of Joan of Arc (12 Jun 1429), "he laye in bed with a nonne whom he toke oute of holy profession and defouled, whose name was Malyne de Cay, by whom he gate a daughter, now married to Stonard of Oxonfordshire." de Cay, Malyne (I19017)
1302 A peasant. Kresina (I3761)
1303 A pioneer of evidence-based genealogical research, he spent the last two decades of his life in England researching the English ancestry of various American families. In 1869 he was one of the founders of the Harleian Society. In 1877, Columbia University granted him an honorary LL.D in recognition of his genealogical work. Oxford University followed with another honorary degree in 1881. His literary executor was George Edward Cokayne, Norroy King of Arms, founder of the Complete Peerage.

His connection to the maintainers of this database is that, under the sponsorship of Chicago mayor and sometime congressman John Wentworth,* he performed the primary research establishing with reasonable certainty the medieval ancestry of the New England immigrant William Wentworth (1616-1697), one of TNH's "gateway ancestors."

His other connection, mostly demonstrating that all of human history is a gigantic tangled knot, is that his first published literary work was a volume of poetry entitled Greenwood Cemetery and Other Poems (1843), the title poem of which is absolutely about Green-Wood Cemetery in Brooklyn, New York, whose bounds stand half a block from where this database's maintainers lived from 2004 to 2018.

I stand upon Mount WASHINGTON, and gaze
Enraptured on the view within my sight:
The city's spires--its broad and noble bay--
Lie, like a vivid panorama, spread
By master hands in lines of glowing life:--
Turning, the restless ocean meets my eye
And faintly, when the southern breeze is full
I hear thy roar, far sounding Rockaway!

* In an entirely gratuitous Mormon connection, before entering electoral politics this John Wentworth was a journalist, and in that capacity he wrote to Mormon founder and prophet Joseph Smith with several inquiries about Mormonism. Smith's answer, known in church history as the "Wentworth Letter," is now considered one of the foundational documents of LDS belief. 
Chester, Col. Joseph Lemuel (I18626)
1304 A planter and husbandman. Stone-Gregg Genealogy (citation details below): "For love and good will to the Quakers, he conveyed to them, in 1707, the site on which their meeting house was subsequently built." Barnard, Thomas (I5588)
1305 A possible "gateway ancestor" of Teresa, depending on whether his grandmother Marthe de Saint-Paul (~1609-1664) was a daughter of Abel de Saint-Paul and Claire de Crespon.

Acte d'Abjuration, 20 Jan 1686.

Arrived in Quebec 1 Aug 1685 aboard La Diligente, as a "sergent dans la compagnie de Renaud d'Avesnes des Meloïzes." [De Carufel]

From Our French-Canadian Ancestors, volume 5, by Gerard Lebel, translated by Thomas LaForest, translation cleaned up by me:

Jean-Baptiste SICARD de Carufel, son of Pierre and Marie de FORGUES (FARGUES), descended from a noble family originating in Haut Languedoc.

By October 1685, Louis XIV, who had been hounding the Huguenots for five years, revoked the Edict of Nantes and huge waves of Huguenot refugees fled France. Many of the Protestants who remained in France converted to Catholicism. Although we know Jean was not Catholic--he renounced the 'religion pretendue reformee' in 1686--we have not yet determined whether the young man and his family were Protestant, Huguenots or Albigeois Cathares.

At the age of 19, Jean-Baptiste joined the marine troops under the command of Capitan [Écuyer] Francois-Marie-Renaud d'Avesne des Meloizes. The Company, recruited by the new governor, Jacques-René Brisay de Denonville, was integrated into a 500-man detachment that left the port of La Rochelle in 1685 aboard La Diligente. During the Atlantic crossing scurvy and typhoid claimed 60 victims. Eighty more soldiers were hospitalised at the Hotel-Dieu--already overcrowed with 300 fever patients--upon their arrival in Quebec on August 1, 1685. [In 1685 the population of New France was 10,725 French and 1,538 settled natives.] After only a few weeks' rest, Denonville and his men left for Fort Frontenac (Kingston). The Governor found the colony in terrible disarray--hundreds of colonists had abandoned their land to become coureurs de bois. In addition to the challenge of social reform, the English surrounding the French possessions, and [the] Iroquois, were ever-present dangers.

The first mention of Jean's presence in New France is the act in the Notre-Dame de Quebec church register dated 20 January 1686 in which the young nobleman renounced his faith. According to the "Acte d'Abjuration", Jean SICARD, native of the parish of St. Jacques in the city of Castres-d'Albigeois in Haut-Languedoc, a sergent in the regiment of Renaud d'Avesnes des Meloizes, recanted from the pretended reformed religion [a fait abjuration de la religion pretendue reformee] before Jean Baptiste De LaCroix de St-Vallier, Bishop of Quebec. Witnesses were Jacques deBRISAY de Denonville, Governor, Lieutenant General of the Army, Quebec and his wife Catherine Courtin.

On June 13, 1687, at the head of 832 marine troops, more than 900 militiamen and 400 indigenious allies, Denonville headed up-river, resolved to crush the Tsonnontouans who, with arms furnished by the New York English, were harassing the colony in the southern Lake Ontario/Niagara region. (Fort Denonville was built 'on the same side as Fort Conti, which is today the site of Fort Niagara, USA, opposite Niagara-on-the-Lake.') Before returning to Montreal, Governor Denonville left about 100 men under the command of Raymond Blaise des Bergeres de Rigauville. Scurvy and the Iroquois wiped out all but Blaise and twelve men. [Although not documented, it is probable that the young Sicard de Carufel took part in the manoeuvres, as Capitan Raymond Blaise was his commanding officer and among the twelve who survived the winter of 1687-88.] From 1690 to 1720 the fort was abandoned.

Towards the end of 1688, shortly after returning to Montreal, Raymond Blaise des Bergeres replaced Captain Francois Lefebvre-Duplessis-Faber as the head of the troops stationed at Fort Louis in Chambly. A duel between the two men on July 15, 1689 landed both in prison. They were tried the next day in Montreal. On November 16, the Souvereign Council absolved them and ordered Lefebvre to pay Blaise 600 pounds in damages. According to the transcript, Jean SICARD de Carufel, first sergeant in the Company, was called to care for Blaise des Bergeres' wound. On August 4 of that year, August 4, one thousand five hundred Iroquois attacked Lachine down river from the mission of Mont Royal [Montreal] killing 400.

A marriage contract prepared by the notary Etienne Jacob, and signed 25 November 1694, states that, at the time, Jean was a sergeant in the Company of Michel Leneuf de la Valliere. Two days later, Sergeant Jean SICARD de Carufel married Genevieve, daughter of Jacques RATTE and Anne MARTIN (grand-daughter of Abraham Martin dit l'Ecossais, a royal pilot--the property of Martin, called the Plains of Abraham, adjoined the famous plateau where Wolfe and Montcalm battled). The ceremony in the parish of Saint Pierre de l'Ile d'Orleans was officiated by the Abby Dauric and witnessed by the widow of Genevieve Ratte & groom's father Pierre Sicard; Jacques Ratte and his wife, Anne Martin (the bride's parents), Jacques Gosselin (Jacques Ratte's brother-in-law or step-brother), and Pierre Roberge. In addition to the dispensation of two bans, due to Sicard's military career he had to seek permission from the Governor-general to wed.

Jean returned to France in 1696 and, on May 22, in a ceremony held before a notary in Castres, the noble Jean SICARD, lord of Farguettes, officer in the Marine Troops in Canada, declared his loyalty and respect for his father, Pierre Sicard, and, in addition to words of affection and courtesy by Pierre, was emancipated and declared free to make his own decisions.

Jean returned to Nouvelle France and, on March 18 1704 after living ten years in Saint-Pierre d'Orleans, had the sale of property to his brother-in-law, Pierre Ratte, notarised by Etienne Jacob. At the time of the birth of their fifth child, Louis, in March 1705, Jean and Genevieve were living in Maskinonge in the seigneurie des Legardeur de Repentigny. The Governor, Marquess Philippe de Rigaud de Vaudreuil (1703-1726), and the intendant Francois de Beauharno, officially granted Jean Sicard the fief de Carufel on April 21, 1705 in an 'acte de concesson.'

The domain, two leagues [a 'lieue' is an old unit of measure about 4 km] across by the same depth, was in the area now known as Saint Justin. 'De l'espace de terre qui reste dans la riviere Maskinonge, dans le lac St. Pierre, depuis celle qui a este cy-devant concedee au sieur Le Gardeur jusqu'au premier sault de la dite riviere, ce qui contient deux lieues ou en iron de front sur pareille profondeur En titre de Fief et seigneurie, haute, moyenne et bass e justice.' In return, that same day (21 April 1705) Jean, an officer in the troops of the marine detachment, made an act of faith and hommage for the fief and seigneurie to Marquess de Vaudreuil and Francois de Beauharnois.

Under the French seigneurial regime, seigneurs were duty-bound to promote colonization by providing 'immigrants with favourable conditions for the settlement and agricultural development ...' [Translated] 'From the time he took possession of his fief,' wrote l'abbe Hermann Plante, 'the lord of Carufel attempted to establish himself; but the timing was not good. In 1705, it was difficult to move away from the Saint Lawrence River. The clearing of the seigneurie in Maskinonge wasn't advanced enough to provide for colonisation... fear of the Iroquois still existed. The peace treaty signed four years earlier in Montreal between the French and the savages buried the hatchet but the Indians' hypocritical temperment made attracting settlers difficult. The 1701 treaty, still unproven and providing no guarantees, did little to aid the lord of Carufel in attracting settlers to move far from the river... But the lord was aging,' adds l'abbe Plante, 'he didn't want to die before realising the profits from his land.' After vain attempts to attract his companions to follow him, around 1720 Jean (who would have been about 54 years old) travelled up the Maskinonge River, the only route at the time, and, with his sons, began working on the south-west side about a quarter of a league from the Maskinonge fief. In a statement/ennumeration of 19 February 1723, Jean declared a sixteen foot square house enclosed by a pallisade and three acres of workable land. Few seigneurs could afford to live off their annual rents and, unless a seigneurie has 25-50 settled families, maintenance costs generally surpassed revenues. That same year, Jean, who continued his military career while clearing the land, was promoted to the rank of Ensign of the Troops of the colony. It is believed that he continued to work his land for another nine years--at least until 1732. There are also several transactions recorded in the minutes of Pierre Petit including an agreement August 16, 1728 with the Ursulines of Trois-Rivieres ending a land boundary dispute.

[On] 27 January 1737, the land-clearing septuagenarian made his testament in favour of his children. Four years later, in 1741, Jean SICARD de Carufel witnessed the sale of portions of his land as his children sold their share to their brother-in-law, Jean-Francois Baril-Duchesny, spouse of Genevieve. The old officer-colonist-lord descended from the French aristocracy did not survive long afterwards. He died in August 1743 at the age of 77.

It is interesting to note that although Jean-Baptiste and Genevieve would not have benefited from Louis XIV's King's gift for males who married before age twenty and females before sixteen, they would have likely received the three hundred livres to those with ten children. [Fathers of twelve children received four hundred livres.]

Eight of Jean's ten children married before their father's death; the others married in 1745 and 1751. 
Sicard de Carufel, Jean (I7433)
1306 A powerful magnate of Leòn. Allegedly the paternal grandfather of Ximena Diaz, wife of El Cid, through his son Diego, supposed to be Ximena's father. But see the note from Todd Farmerie in our entry on El Cid. Flaínez, Fernando (I12233)
1307 A probable "gateway ancestor" of Teresa and GFS, depending on whether the mother of her great-great grandmother Joan Roberts (~1484-1548) was in fact Isabel Culpepper (d. 1491), as seems circumstantially likely.

"After the 1639 death of her second husband the Rev. Robert Chamberlaine, Elizabeth (Scudder) (Chamberlaine) Stoughton 'came to New England with her children Elizabeth Scudder and Samuel and Joanna Chamberlaine, following her brothers Thomas and Israel Stoughton, and her son John Scudder, all of whom were here by 1635'. She was certainly in New England by 6 October 1644, when, as 'Mestres Chamberlin,' she joined the Rev. John Lothrop's church at Barnstable. She apparently moved to the Bay Colony shortly thereafter, for on 14 May 1645, the Massachusetts Bay General Court, calling her 'Mrs Chamberlin, widowe, sister to Mr Iraell Stoughton,' directed, '[u]pon weighty reasons moveing,' that she be allowed either a cow or £5." [Jane Fletcher Fiske, "A New England Immigrant Kinship Network," citation details below.] 
Stoughton, Elizabeth (I6860)
1308 A prominent clothier in Dedham, Essex. Settled in Dedham about 1534. Not a son of Thomas Sherman of Yaxley, Suffolk.

Ancestor of Roger Sherman, founding father, the only person to sign all three of the Great Articles of State which created the United States -- the Declaration, the Articles of Confederation, and the Constitution. First Senator from Connecticut.

Henry Sherman (1512-1590) = Agnes Perpoynt (d. 1580)
Henry Sherman (1545-1610) = Susan Lawrence (1548-?)
John Sherman (?-1616) = Grace Ravens (1591-1662)
John Sherman (1612-1691) = Martha Palmer (?-1700)
Joseph Sherman (1650-1731) = Elizabeth Winship (1652-1731)
William Sherman (1692-1741) = Mehitabel Wellington (1688-?)
Roger Sherman (1721-1793) = Rebecca Minot Prescott (1742-1813) 
Sherman, Henry (I4787)
1309 A prominent clothier in Dedham, Essex. Settled in Dedham about 1534. Not a son of Thomas Sherman of Yaxley, Suffolk.

Henry Sherman (1512-1590) = Agnes Perpoynt (d. 1580)
Edmund Sherman (1548-1600) = Ann Pellatte
Edmund Sherman (1577-1641) = Joan Makin
Hon. Samuel Sherman (1618-1700) = Sarah Mitchell
Deac. John Sherman (1651-1730) = Elizabeth
John Sherman (1687-1727) = Emm Preston
Hon. Daniel Sherman (1721-1799) = Mindwell Taylor
Hon. Taylor Sherman (1758-1815) = Betsey Stoddard
Charles R. Sherman (1788-1829) = Mary Hoyt
Gen. William Tecumseh Sherman (1820-1891) 
Sherman, Henry (I4787)
1310 A prosperous brewer and burgmaster, called "gentleman," albeit perhaps illiterate. Owned a malthouse, a spring, and substantial land. Axtell, William (I5538)
1311 A prosperous Lincolnshire landowner. Cumberworth, Thomas (I11639)
1312 A religious dissenter who evidently managed to evade persecution. A 1675 entry in the diary of Samuel Hubbard refers to a "testament of my grandfather Cocke's, printed in 1549, which he [Cocke] hid in his bed straw lest it should be found and burned in Queen Mary's days." Cocke, Thomas (I5253)
1313 A royal judge of some sort, details not known to us. de Lexington, Richard (I9006)
1314 A royal official of some sort, according to the ODNB entry on his son-in-law William Mauduit. de Hanslope, Michael (I11268)
1315 A royal servant, clerk and auditor to queen Elizabeth. Overton, Richard (I19583)
1316 A Salem merchant. Naval officer and Collector of Salem, 1772. Moriarty lists his second wife, Catherine Berry, whom he married 29 Sep 1752, but not his presumably first wife Mary Osborne. Lorinda B. R. Goodwin lists both wives, although she spells the second one Katherine. Turner, John (I15989)
1317 A senior financial official, the "clerk of the pipe", in the Court of Exchequer. Cavendish, Thomas (I21445)
1318 A ship-builder. He emigrated with his wife Philippa and perhaps their son James at some point prior to 1632.

He appears to have been a fantastically wilful and stubborn man. In the midst of dire financial problems, he publicly declared his disdain for the recently-restored Charles II, and no record of the rest of his life can be found. The best guess is that he, as Dawes-Gates puts it, "accepted the imprisonment and then disappeared." 
Stevens, William (I18459)
1319 A shipwright. Sanders, Thomas (I18486)
1320 A sister of John Purrier, who named "syster Laughton" in his will of 28 Aug 1558. Purrier, (Unknown) (I5284)
1321 A soldier in the La Fouille company, regiment of Carignan. Banhiac dit Lamontagne, Françoise (I752)
1322 A son of his father's second marriage; his mother may have been named Hannah or Anna. Brooks, Samuel (I13739)
1323 A stock fishmonger of London, he and his parents came from Brampton in Huntingdonshire. Brampton, William (I15681)
1324 A subtenant of Mortimer of Wigmore. de Sodington, Ralph (I8210)
1325 A supporter of Simon de Montfort, he was taken prisoner at the battle of Northampton (April 1264). Farrer (citation details below) says he was "probably exchanged for a prisoner taken at the battle of Lewes." In 1268, after Evesham, his manor of Knaptoft, Leicestershire was given by the king to Hugh de Turberville, but he subsequently recovered it. Gobion, Hugh (I10443)
1326 A supporter of Simon de Montfort. de Drayton, Baldwin (I13224)
1327 A supporter of the Empress Matilda against Stephen.

Complete Peerage IX:120, in a footnote about his brother Robert, says "Robert was probably the son of Thurstan de Mundford, who, as one of the barons of Henry, Earl of Warwick, attested the Earl's charter to Abingdon in the days of Abbot Reynold, who d. 1097 (Chron. Abingdon, Rolls Ser., vol. ii, p. 21). This Thurstan was very possibly of the house of Montfort of Montfort-sur-Risle, but the connection has not been proved." 
de Montfort, Thurstan (I2437)
1328 A supporter of the Empress Maud. Paynel, Ralph (I8049)
1329 A tax collector in Devon; knighted 30 Apr 1238. Ralegh, William (I20099)
1330 A tax receiver for the Archdeacon of Liege. Rombouts, Jan (I21187)
1331 A tenant in chief in Essex in 1086, holding 30 aces in Rivenhall in the hundred of Witham, 90 acres in Felsted in the hundred of Hinckford, and 280 acres in Great Baddow in the hundred of Chelmsford. His surname appears to be an "oath name" like Godsave or Godhelp. Deus salvet dominas, Roger (I7805)
1332 A thegn. Aschil (I12340)
1333 A typed family FGR sheet (probably by Joan Van Syckle or Nancy Jonckheere) has their marriage date as 30 Oct 1844. So does Descendants of John Parker by Wynell Morrison. Patrick, Sarah "Sally" (I4895)
1334 A very strange surname. We note that "Jolly" is a not-uncommon Cornish surname, however. Jelly, Mercy (I22620)
1335 A wealthy clothier of Cranbrook, Kent. Included in this database mostly because the name "Smallhope Bigge" is awesome. Bigge, Smallhope (I13790)
1336 A wealthy merchant in the Barbados trade. In 1668 he bought land from Ann More (or Moore) in Salem, on which he built the actual House of the Seven Gables. Turner, John (I16025)
1337 A weaver. Merriman, Thomas (I6763)
1338 A weaver. Merriman, Gregory (I11378)
1339 A yeoman, he was churchwarden of Billingsborough in 1620-21. Dickinson, John (I18323)
1340 A yeoman. Mentioned in the will of Raph Dicke of Enford, 1582; taxed 1597 and 1609. A churchwarden in Boyton in 1620. Dyer, Ralph (I17058)
1341 A.B. Harvard College, 1658. Assistant to his father in proselytizing Native Americans. He was the first pastor at the First Church in Newton, Massachusetts. Eliot, Rev. John (I18512)
1342 A.B. Harvard College, 1737. A merchant in New Haven, in 1760 he moved to Spencer, Massachusetts where he owned a mansion house and was much in public life. In 1770 he moved to Upper Middletown, Connecticut, where he died. Eliot, John (I18504)
1343 Abbot of Saint-Médard de Soissons; count of Omois. Heribert "The Old" (I3642)
1344 Accompanied Barbarossa on the Third Crusade and died on the way. Floris III (I21080)
1345 Accompanied John of Gaunt on many expeditions to France and Spain. de Hastings, Hugh (I13628)
1346 Accompanied John of Gaunt to Britanny in 1378. Summoned to Parliament by writs, 17 Dec 1387 to 3 Oct 1400. le Despenser, Philip (I7554)
1347 Accompanied Richard I on the Third Crusade, 1191. Commanded 100 knights at Acre. Sheriff of Buckinghamshire and Bedfordshire, 1214. According to Royal Ancestry, he died in Rouen "after donning the garb of a Templar and discarding it by apostasy." de Gournay, Hugh (I7740)
1348 Accompanied the Black Prince in France in 1368; in the following year he was with John of Gaunt at Calais and in Gascony. Chetwynd, William (I16180)
1349 Accompanied Thomas, Earl of Buckingham, in aid of the Duke of Brittany against the French. Knighted in the camp before St. Omer's. Paulet, John (I8421)
1350 According to "Among the Royal Servants," this Richard Thimbleby and the individual given here as his son (d. 1522) might be the same person. Thimbleby, Richard (I1035)
1351 According to "Among the Royal Servants," this Richard Thimbleby and the Richard Thimbleby given as his father (b. abt. 1445) might be the same person. The same source notes that he died holding Holton in le More plus Irnham, Belesby, and Horsington.

"In 1489 he was made exempt for life from being put on assizes and from being made assessor 'on trustworthy testimony that he suffers from internal ulcers caused by his horse running with him against an oak.'" [Royal Ancestry
Thimbleby, Richard (I9126)
1352 According to "vanboerum2", he died at sea, and was at one time acting commander of the U.S.S. Constitution.

This appears to be born out by his epitaph in Green-Wood Cemetery:

BORN AUGUST 12, 1796.
NOVEMBER 2, 1842.
Boerum, William (I16093)
1353 According to "vanboerum2", he was an art and coin collector.

The Army and Navy Journal report of his wedding to Annette Wetmore describes him as "of the 9th N.G.S.N.Y., and formerly of the 6th U.S. Cavalry [...] Major Wetmore has a large acquaintance in the Army, having served as an officer of the 6th U.S. Cavalry from 1872 to 1876, and since maintained pleasant associations with his former comrades." 
Wetmore, William Boerum (I16076)
1354 According to Wikipedia, "By 1800, Cloutier had 10,850 French-Canadian descendants, the most of any Quebec colonist, according to marriage records studied by the Historical Demography Research Program of the Université de Montréal."

Descendants include Madonna, Celine Dion, the Dionne quintuplets, Robert Goulet, Angelina Jolie, Jack Kerouac, Beyoncé, Avril Levigne, Alanis Morisette, Camilla Duchess of Cornwall, and Prime Ministers Louis St-Laurent and Pierre Elliott Trudeau. Specific descents for some of these people are given here (in French, but the trees are easy to follow). A descent for Beyoncé Knowles is here. Other descents, such as Trudeau family's, can be teased out of this site by using its relationship search function.

According to Eastman's Online Genealogy Newsletter, descendants of Zacharie Cloutier carry a higher-than-average risk of developing Oculopharyngeal Muscular Dystrophy. 
Cloutier, Zacharie (I3636)
1355 According to Vernon DuBar, Louis Joubert and Emile Bastien were married on 14 Apr 1864, and Louis Joubert's cause of death was "atrophic cirrhosis of the liver."

DuBar also places Joubert as a Union soldier in Company I, 6th Illinois Cavalry. The National Park Service database confirms a Louis Joubert from Illinois in that unit, as does Find the Best.

The 6th Illinois Cavalry fought at the Battle of Port Hudson (22 May 1863; 10,000 Union casualties, 7,500 Confederate casualties); the second Battle of Franklin (30 Nov 1864; 2,633 Union casualties, 7,300 Confederate casualties); the Battle of Nashville (15 Dec 1864; 3,061 Union casualties, 6,500 Confederate casualties); and the minor engagements the Second Battle of Memphis (21 Aug 1864) and the Battle of Okolona (22 Feb 1864).

Thomas Shawcross adds further service details, at least some of which seem to have been obtained in correspondence with Vernon DuBar:

JOUBERT, Lewis Private Ava Nov 19, 1861. Re-enlisted as Veteran. [PNH note: I don't know what "Ava" indicates.]

JOUBERT, Lewis Veteran Jackson Co. Mar 30, 1864. Mustered out Nov 5, 1865.

Further notes from Shawcross, possibly passed on from DuBar:

[...] In researching this family, one must keep a very open mind as to how the surname was spelled. The surname was French, and the spelling of the name appears to have many variations. This is typical of many French surnames. It seems that Americans who were not of French descent were completely baffled by the French names and almost never able to spell them correctly.

Illinois marriage record:

Jul 1870 census Ora P.O., Killion Pct., Jackson, IL family 144
In this record, the surname looks like INBART, but was probably JUBART. He is listed as b. France.

Jun 1900 census Ora, Jackson, IL family 159. Listed as Louis JOUBART. Son George and family are family 160.

Apr 1910 census Ora Twp., Jackson, IL family 165 listed as Louis SHUBAR.

Discrepancy: The Jun 1900 census Town of Ora, Jackson, IL lists the birth date of Louis as Feb 1841. His death certificate says he was b. 16 Feb 1842 to Moses JOUBERT and Julia LEOVLYE. The informant was Mrs. Charles McCormick of Decatur, IL. She was his daughter Julia.

1880 Census Place: Ora, Jackson, Illinois
Source: FHL Film 1254214 National Archives Film T9-0214 Page 27A
Relation Sex Marr Race Age Birthplace
Lewis JUBART Self M M W 39 CAN.
Occ: Farmer Fa: CAN. Mo: CAN.
Eliza JUBART Wife F M W 39 TN
Occ: Keeping House Fa: KY Mo: KY
Elnora JUBART Dau F S W 14 IL
Occ: At Home Fa: CAN. Mo: CAN.
Fredline JUBART Dau F S W 12 IL
Occ: At Home Fa: CAN. Mo: CAN.
John JUBART Son M S W 9 IL
Occ: At Home Fa: CAN. Mo: TN
George JUBART Son M S W 7 IL
Occ: At Home Fa: CAN. Mo: TN
Julia JUBART Dau F S W 5 IL
Occ: At Home Fa: CAN. Mo: TN
Moses JUBART Son M S W 3 IL
Occ: At Home Fa: CAN. Mo: TN

Jun 1900 census Town of Ora, Jackson, IL family 159, listed as JOUBART.

Obituary from the Decatur Review, Saturday evening, 20 Dec 1919:

The funeral of Louis Joubert was held at 10 o'clock Saturday morning at the residence of his daughter, Mrs. Charles McCormick, 1042 West Decatur Street. The services were conducted by Rev. Elisha Safford, pastor of Westminster Presbyterian church. There was a large attendance, members of Dunham post, 141, G. A. R., being present in a body and conducting their ritualistic exercises. The music was furnished by Mrs. Corydon C. Nicholson and Mrs. Homer Bateman. The active pallbearers were J. B. Stocks, Roy Phillips, Samuel Phillips, C. E. Hildreth, W. Linhurst and T. J. Wright. The honorary pallbearers were Jacob Hanes, Henry Barnhart, L. W. Nichols, J.T. Beldon, Samuel S. Welfley and J. T. Francis. The interment was in Greenwood cemetery. 
Joubert, Louis (I9953)
1356 According to Vernon DuBar, she was also known as Addie. DuBar spells her first name "Vedeline." Frequently spelled "Vitelline" in other records. Joubert, Viteline (I5306)
1357 According to Thomas Shawcross, she died of "childbirth fever" after giving birth to her third child, Louis. Viteline was her second. Bastien, Emilie (I3533)
1358 According to Reed-Claggett-Neff, "John sold his plantation in Charles Co, MD in 1790, came to Kentucky in 1793, settled at Fredericktown, Washington Co., KY." Wheatley, John (I1217)
1359 According to A History of Brooklyn, Susquehanna Co., Penn'a (citation details below), she was "a sister of Mrs. Jacob Tewksbury", presumably referring to Molly Wainwright, wife of Jacob Tewksbury b. 1767. Anna (I6785)
1360 According to Ancestral Roots, Fulk Paynel "m. an heir (poss. a dau., Beatrice) of William Fitz Ansculf (from Picquigny), his Domesday tenancy-in-chief, later known as the barony of Dudley, Worcester." Fitz Ansculf, Beatrice (I2764)
1361 According to Complete Peerage, either Engenulf or William. (Unknown brother of Robert de Ferrers d. 1139) (I10598)
1362 According to Complete Peerage, he was "probably s. or grandson" of Aslen. "Between 1122 and 1125, and again in 1132, he witnessed charters of Nicholas de Stafford to Kenilworth Priory." fitz Aelen, Robert (I4706)
1363 According to Domesday Descendants, "staller to Edward the Confessor." fitz Wimarc, Robert (I5113)
1364 According to Gray Genealogy (citation details below), she was "a kinswoman or connection of Thos. Wickes of Salem." Elizabeth (I18544)
1365 According to History and Genealogy of the Family of Thomas Noble, citation details below, both Ebenezer Bush and Miriam Noble "joined Westfield church March 19, 1727," and both were "cut off as a Separate, Sept. 5, 1750." Bush, Ebenezer (I9731)
1366 According to History of the Town of Goshen, Connecticut (citation details below), she was a "sister to the father of Gov. Tilden." Tilden, Lois (I15432)
1367 According to Magna Britannia (vol. 6, pp. 430-431), she was "one of the co-heiresses of Sir Thomas Pyne", a holder of the manor of Shute, "anciently called Schete", but her specific relationship to Thomas Pyne is unstated. de Shute, Hawise (I4911)
1368 According to Mayflower Families in Progress: William Brewster (citation details below), she probably died in Rochester, Massachusetts, and her marriage to Savory Clifton probably took place in Sandwich around 1689.

"On 10 Apr 1725, (her mother) 'Patience Burge of Rochester, widow of Joseph Burge,' acquitted and discharged to (her son) Benjamin Burge, yeoman, and (her daughter) Dorothy, the wife of Clifton Savory, 'my right in a share of land in Middleboro, which was formerly in the right of Governor Prence...I am heir to a part of the same.'" [Mayflower Families in Progress: William Brewster, citation details below.] 
Burgess, Dorothy (I4915)
1369 According to McCallums [citation details below], his mother was a McEwen. McCallum, Archibald (I18091)
1370 According to Royal Ancestry (citation details below), Thomas Holford and Jane Booth were married by dispensation, being related in the 3rd equal and 3rd and 4th mixed degrees of affinity. What we can see is that Jane Booth was a G3-granddaughter of Maud Swynnerton (b. 1370) by her third wife John Savage, and Thomas Holford was a G4-grandson of Maud by her second wife William Ipstones. Holford, Thomas (I15187)
1371 According to The Ancestry of Charles II, King of England (citation details below), he "likely" fought at Bannockburn and "probably" died 19 Jul 1333 at the battle of Halidon Hill. More, Adam (I20200)
1372 According to The Ancestry of Eva Belle Kempton 1878-1908, Part I (citation details below), this Elizabeth was "possibly" the mother of Sufferanna Haynes. Elizabeth (I6092)
1373 According to The Blackmans of Knight's Creek (citation details below), Robert de Grey "was granted Rotherfield by his brother Walter de Grey, archbishop of York."

More detail in this 2 Dec 2010 John Watson post to SGM:

In 1086 Rotherfield Greys was held by Anketil de Grey under William FitzOsbern (d. 1071). The mesne tenancy of Rotherfield Greys descended presumably through Anketil's son Richard to his grandson Robert, who held the manor in 1166 and who apparently died childless. Thereafter the manor passed to Robert's nephew John (d. by 1192), his brother Anketil's son. John's daughter and heir Eve married the royal judge Ralph Murdac, who was lord in 1192 but whose lands were forfeited in 1194 for rebellion. Rotherfield Greys was restored to Eve and her second husband, Andrew de Beauchamp, probably before 1200. Although not without heirs, before 1240 and possibly as early as 1215 Eve gave the manor to her kinsman Walter de Grey, archbishop of York, who settled it on his brother Robert de Grey.

[VCH Oxfordshire Texts in Progress (Rotherfield Greys) - Nov 06 - © University of London] 
de Grey, Robert (I11625)
1374 According to The Blackmans of Knight's Creek and The Ancestry of Dorothea Poyntz, he and his wife died on the same day, which to our minds suggests some sort of pestilence. Quatermayne, Thomas (I11197)
1375 According to The Livezey Family (citation details below), he and his wife came from Tayne in Staffordshire and emigrated to Pennsylvania in 1699 as fellow-passengers with William Penn on his second voyage.

In 1707 he built the first mill at Wells Ferry, now New Hope, in Bucks county, Pennsylvania. 
Heath, Robert (I20271)
1376 According to The Parochial and Family History of the Deanery of Trigg Minor [citation details below], he was knight of the shire for Cornwall, 1332. But Complete Peerage says that "none of [Thomas l'Arcedekne's] descendants were ever sum. to Parl. in respect of this Barony." CP, and The Wallop Family, both note that this John l'Arcedekne was summoned to a Council 1341/2; presumably this is one of those councils not held to have been a true Parliament.

"Sir John l'Arcedekne, of Ruan Lanihorne, aged 25 and more at his father's death, had livery of his lands 15 Sep. 1331. He was sum. to a Council 25 Feb. (1341/2) 16 Edw. III. He served in the French wars 1345. He had pardon 6 Nov. 1351, and again 26 May 1352, for having escaped from Launceston Castle, where he had been imprisoned. He m., by Papal disp. dated 23 Dec. 1327 (being within the fourth degree of consanguinity), Cecily, da. and h. of Jordan Haccombe, of Haccombe, Devon, by Isabel, da. of Mauger de St. Aubin. She was living in 1365. He was living 30 Oct. 1370/1, and d. before 21 Dec. 1377. Will pr. at Clyst 27 Jan. 1390/1 [sic]." [Complete Peerage I:187, as corrected in volume XIV.] 
l'Arcedekne, John (I8182)
1377 According to The Wattles Collection (citation details below), he was taken prisoner at the Battle of Dunbarin 1650, and arrived in New England in 1652 as a prisoner on the John & Sara. He was then sold to Samuel Richardson of Woburn.

Killed in King Philip's War. 
Wattles, John (I3373)
1378 According to The Wentworth Genealogy (citation details below), the will of Ezekiel Knight "gave to his wife Mary all his estate for life; at her death, two thirds were to go to son Ezekiel Knight, jr., and one third to daughter Elizabeth Wentworth, of Cocheco." Evidently there were exactly two and only two Elizabeth Wentworths in Cocheco at the time, thus establishing that Ezekiel Knight was the father of either the wife of Elder William Wentworth or of the wife of his son Ezekiel. We show him as the former, but either way he's a direct ancestor of TNH.

"He was Commissioner for the town of Wells 1654, 1662, 1663; on the grand jury 29 June 1654; one of seventy-one petitioners to Oliver Cromwell, 12 August 1656, that they remain under the Massachusetts government in 1663, was one of the Associate Justices, and when the authority of the King's Commissioners ended (which continued from 1665 to 1668), he was immediately re-chosen. [...] In 1661, 1 July, it was 'Ordered by this Court that,' while Wells was without a minister, 'Ezekiel Knight and William Hammond shall duly attend the place of public meeting on the Lord's day, and they improve their best abilities in Speaking out of the Word of God, Praying, Singing of Psalms and reading some good Orthodox Sermons.'" [The Wentworth Genealogy]

"Of Puritan inclination, he gained great prominence on the ascension of Massachusetts [over Maine]." [Genealogical Dictionary of Maine and New Hampshire, citation details below.] 
Knight, Ezekiel (I10678)
1379 According to Wetmore Memorial, she was descended from the martyred Rev. John Rogers, and from Connecticut governor George Wyllys.

Some sources locate her as the daughter of a Joseph Wright of Middletown, but the Middletown records appear to clearly show her as the daughter of William Wright and his wife Lucy (or Lucia). 
Wright, Mary (I16085)
1380 According to a Fulham genealogy quoted by Douglas Richardson, "Edward Goddard...was once very wealthy but afterwards much reduced by oppression during the civil war. He belonged to the Parliament side, his house was beset and demolished by a company of cavaliers, who also plundered his substance. He escaped through the midst of them in disguise but died soon after." Goddard, Edward (I15069)
1381 According to a memoir by his son Noah, this Noah Packard was "one who assisted in the Revolutionary struggle with Great Britain, in obtaining American Liberties; he was in the American army at the taking of General Burgoine and his army." Packard, Noah (I3824)
1382 According to a note written on the back of a group photo of the Coston siblings, he died of (presumably the complications of) epilepsy. Coston, John Francis (I10027)
1383 According to a spirit-duplicated document in the papers of Paul Leslie Crandall (d. 1987), probably by Warren Packer, Eve Williams was "said to have lived in Fayette County, Pennsylvania at the time of her marriage to Moses Packer." Williams, Eve (I2639)
1384 According to Alice D. Serrell (citation details below), he served in the American army in the Revolution and was granted land near Brooklyn, New York. Swayze, Joseph (I22571)
1385 According to an email from John Watson quoted on Jim Weber's site, Isabel de Fernielaw -- who is given in CP merely as "sister of John de Fernielaw" -- was probably also a sister of Thomas de Fernielaw, Chancellor of York, and all three siblings were probably the issue of one Robert de Fernielaw. de Fernielaw, Isabel (I734)
1386 According to Bartlett (citation details below), her husband's cousin Thomas (b. 1583), son of his farther's brother John Chandler (b. abt. 1525), was also buried on 11 Mar 1607, which to us suggests a local outbreak of pestilence -- not at all uncommon in southern England in the first decade of the seventeenth century. Page, Joan (I14676)
1387 According to Benjamin Sulte (citation details below), in 1600 he did homage to Henri IV for the fief of Carufel. In 1615 and again in 1621, the fief of Carufel was set afire as part of the wave of religious conflict then sweeping southern France. Sources differ as to whether he died in 1619 or during or after the siege of Carufel in 1621. Sicard de Carufel, Jean (I2076)
1388 According to Bill O'Reilly of the Cornwall Online Parish Clerks project, the original record of his burial really does say 29 Feb 1782, notwithstanding that 1782 wasn't a leap year and no February 29 occurred in it. Michell, Matthew (I692)
1389 According to Bruce McAndrew (citation details below), he was kin to the earls of Fife. of Leuchars, William (I3394)
1390 According to Burke's A Genealogical History of the Dormant, Abeyant, Forfeited and Extinct Peerages of the British Empire, she was a descendant of William le Blount who was brother to her husband's great-great grandfather Robert le Blount. le Blount, Marie (I92)
1391 According to Burke, quoted in the nineteenth-century DNB, he was a son of de Montfort supporter Adam de Gurdon, who, after Evesham, is supposed to have fought the future Edward I in single combat, and, although defeated, so impressed the prince that his life was spared and he went on to live several more decades as a soldier and forester. More recent scholarship tends to cast doubt on this. Gurdon, Robert (I15800)
1392 According to CP XIV, she may actually have been called Alice. The Ancestry of Dorothea Poyntz calls her "Agnes (?Alice) de Blundeville". of Chester, Agnes (I1366)
1393 According to CP, she was a niece of Thomas le Waleys, Bishop of St. David's 1248-55. de Waleys, Maud (I6325)
1394 According to DAR lineage books, in the Revolution he was a private in the Connecticut line under Colonels Gay, Terry, Chapman, and Pease.

"He enlisted in 1776 in Capt. Simon Walcott's company; served in 1778 under Capt. Amasa Loomis and Capt. Richard Pitkin. 1779 under Capt. Bush. A pension was allowed in 1832 for 14 months actual service as a private in the Connecticut line." [Button Families of America]

Notwithstanding the inconsistency between the DAR and Button Families accounts of his service, he did in fact receive a pension in 1832, although the document is unspecific beyond saying that he served as a private. 
Button, Jonathan (I17393)
1395 According to Douglas Richardson (SGM, 11 Jan 2007), there is no evidence that the William de Tracy who held the baronage of Bradninch, and whose son was one of the murderers of Becket, was the same person as the William de Tracy who was an illegitimate son of Henry I.

There is also no evidence that this William de Tracy was the father of a Grace who married John de Sudely, or that her surname was "de Tracy" at all. 
de Tracy, William (I1645)
1396 According to G. Andrews Moriarty (citation details below), he was "likely" the father of Roger and John Garde. Garde, John (I10410)
1397 According to Gary Boyd Roberts, 600D, Margery le Despenser and Sir Roger Wentworth were ancestors to Thomas Jefferson, to Jefferson's wife Martha Wayles, and to Edith Bolling, wife of Woodrow Wilson.

Descent to Thomas Jefferson:

1. Margery le Despenser = Sir Roger Wentworth
2. Margaret Wentworth = Sir William Hopton
3. Margaret Hopton = Sir Philip Booth
4. Audrey Booth = Sir William Lytton
5. Sir Robert Lytton = Frances Cavalery
6. Anne Lytton = Sir John Borlase
7. Anne Borlase = Sir Euseby Isham
8. William Isham = Mary Brett
9. Henry Isham of Virginia (emigrant) = Mrs. Katherine Banks Royall
10. Mary Isham = William Randolph of Virginia (emigrant)
11. Isham Randoph = Jane Roberts
12. Jane Randolph = Peter Jefferson
13. Thomas Jefferson

Descent to Martha Wayles:

10. Anne Isham (sister of Mary Isham) = Francis Epes III
11. Francis Epes IV = Sarah (maiden name unknown)
12. Martha Epes = John Wayles
13. Martha Wayles = (1) Bathurst Skelton; (2) Thomas Jefferson

Descent to Edith Bolling:

13. Mary Jefferson (sister of Thomas Jefferson) = John Bolling III (great-great-great grandson of Pocahontas and John Rolfe)
14. Archibald Bolling = Catherine Payne
15. Archibald Bolling, Jr. = Anne E. Wigginton
16. William Holcombe Bolling = Sallie Spiers White
17. Edith Bolling = (1) Norman Galt; (2) Thomas Woodrow Wilson

This couple were also ancestors of Jane Seymour and thus of Edward VI:

Margery le Despenser (1399-1478) = Sir Roger Wentworth (d. 1452)
Philip Wentworth (1424-1464) = Mary Clifford (1416-1478)
Henry Wentworth (1448-1501) = Ann Saye (1453-1484)
Margaret Wentworth (1478-1550) = John Seymour (1476-1536)
Jane Seymour (1508-1537) = Henry VIII (1491-1547)
Edward VI (1537-1553)

And of Ada Lovelace, pioneer of computer programming:

Roger Wentworth (d. 1452) = Margery le Despenser (1399-1478)
Philip Wentworth (1424-1464) = Mary Clifford (1416-1478)
Henry Wentworth (1448-1501) = Ann Saye (1453-1484)
Richard Wentworth (1480-1528) = Anne Tyrell (1480-1534)
Thomas Wentworth, 1st Baron Wentworth (1501-1551) = Margaret Fortescue (1550-1551)
Thomas Wentworth, 2nd Baron Wentworth (1525-1584) = Anne Wentworth (d. 1571)
Henry Wentworth, 3rd Baron Wentworth (1558-1593) = Anne Hopton (1561-1625)
Thomas Wentworth, 5th Baron Wentworth (1591-1667) = Anne Crofts (d. 1637/8)
Anne Wentworth, 7th Baron Wentworth (1623-1697) = John Lovelace (d. 1670)
William Noel (1642-1675) = Margaret Lovelace (1644-1671)
John Noel (1668-1697) = Mary Clobery (1672-1751)
Clobery Noel (1695-1733) = Elizabeth Rowney (d. 1743)
Edward Noel, 9th Baron Wentworth (1715-1774) = Judith Lamb (d. 1761)
Judith Noel (1751-1825) = Ralph Milbanke (d. 1793)
Anne Noel-Byron, 11th Baron Wentworth (1792-1860) = George Gordon, Lord Byron (1788-1824)
Ada King, Countess of Lovelace (Ada Lovelace) (1815-1852)

They are also ancestral to Megan Markle, Duchess of Sussex, wife of Prince Harry, fifth in line to the British throne. Notably, Roger and Marjory's son Philip Wentworth and his wife Mary Clifford are the most recent common ancestors shared by Prince Harry and his wife the Duchess:

Roger Wentworth (d. 1452) = Margery le Despenser (1399-1478)
Philip Wentworth (1424-1464) = Mary Clifford (1416-1478)
Elizabeth Wentworth (1440-1480) = Martin De La See (1420-1494)
Jane At See (1464-1528) = Piers Hildyard (1460-1502)
Isabel Hildyard (1500-1540) = Ralph Legard (1490-1540)
Joan Legard (1530-1586) = Richard Skepper (1495-1556)
Edward Skepper (1552-1629) = Mary Robinson (1576-1630)
Rev. William Skepper (1597-1646) of Boston, MA (d. 1640-50) = unknown 1st wife
Jane Skepper (1635-1682) = Abraham Browne (1630-1690)
Jane Brown (b. 1657) = Henry Lunt (1653-1709)
Jane Lunt (1693-1743) = Nathaniel Drake (1695-1763)
Abraham Drake (1726-1805) = Martha Eaton (1730-1799)
Martha Drake (1767-1841) = John Smith (1760-1842)
John Smith (1792-1866) = Mary "Polly" Mudgett (1797-1869)
Mary Hussey Smith (1822-1908) = Jacob Lee Merrill (1818-1899)
George David Merrill (1861-1924) = Mary Bird (1862-1925)
Gertrude May Merrill (1887-1938) = Frederick George Sanders (1873-1944)
Doris May Sanders (1920-2011) = Gordon Arnold Markle (1918-1982)
Thomas Wayne Markle (1944- ) = Doria L. Ragland (1956- )
(Rachel) Megan Markle (1981- ) = Prince Henry Charles Albert David (1984- ) 
Wentworth, Roger (I9374)
1398 According to her death certificate, her "usual occupation" was housewife, and she died of "myocardial insufficiency" due to "old age, malnutrition, dementia." Allen, Rachel (I11745)
1399 According to his Find a Grave entry, he was a Revolutionary War veteran. Bisbee, Ebenezer Jr. (I4631)
1400 According to Jeannette (White) Hayden, he chose to use his mother's surname. Died in a car accident. White, Paul Mayfield (I2066)
1401 According to John Insley Coddington (citation details below) he was "very likely a nephew or grandnephew of John Peasinge, Abbot of Abbotsbury (died 8 October 1505)." Pysing, John (I6011)
1402 According to John Insley Coddington (citation details below), "her family was probably the same as the one called 'Samon' in the Harleian Society version of the Visitation of Hampshire." Salmon, Elizabeth (I6411)
1403 According to John Ritchings on SGM, 8 Nov 2018, she was a daughter of William Poyntz, son of Sir Humphrey Poyntz. Pointz, Wilmot (I14890)
1404 According to Kay Allen, there's no proof beyond visitations of the actual existence of the Humphrey Bulkeley and Grissel (or Cecily) Moulton often shown as parents of William Bulkeley. Bulkeley, William (I3218)
1405 According to Laura Hayden, he probably died in Clark County, Indiana. Beavin, Leo Franklin (I8432)
1406 According to Leo van de Pas, she was a sister of Cardinal Bertrand de Déaulx. de Déaulx, (Unknown) (I12572)
1407 According to Maddison, he was a goldsmith, and "claimant along with Lawrence Moigne of Theddlethorpe of the patronage of Theddlethorpe Church 1380." Angevine, William (I4035)
1408 According to Mary Louise Donnelly's John Medley (1615-1660), Elizabeth arrived in Maryland 1641. Thompson, Elizabeth (I4005)
1409 According to Nancy Jonckheere (undated letter to her brother Edward White), this Nathaniel Smith was a grandson of Charlotta "Lottie" White, half-sister of PNH's GX3-grandfather Nicholas White, and her husband Nathaniel Smith. Various linked Find a Grave pages indicate that the intervening generation was James Smith and his wife Elizabeth Bird. Smith, Nathaniel Benton (I11700)
1410 According to Nancy Jonckheere, he was the train conductor who nabbed PNH's grandfather Everett White when he tried to run away to enlist at age 12. (Which must have been in 1917 or so.) Smith, Walter Bird (I2514)
1411 According to Ogden and Owen (citation details below), John Ogden was probably the son of Richard Hogden, who died between 21 Dec 1532 and 13 Jun 1533, and perhaps his wife Janett who died probably after 1545. Richard Hogden was of the parish of Haworth when he made his will. Ogden, John (I22743)
1412 According to Ormerod, "living in the reign of William Rufus". le Belward, John (I5708)
1413 According to Ormerod, he left no legitimate issue with his wife, Margaret, daughter of Cadogan de Lynton, but he left issue with his mistress, Beatrix Montalt, the daughter the seneschal of the earl of Chester. de Malpas, William (I7150)
1414 According to Ormerod, he was probably the son of Matthew de Domville who was probably the son of Hugh de Domville. Domville, Roger (I16277)
1415 According to Ormerod, she inherited Pulverbatch in Shropshire and Norbury in Staffordshire from her mother. Marmion, Maud (I10369)
1416 According to Parker's Genealogy & History Establishment, James W. Parker and Elizabeth Parker were first or second cousins. Parker, James W. (I11727)
1417 According to Philippe Zalmen Ben-Nathan (citation details below), he may have died in 1038, and he may have been a son of Isarn I (d. 989), and a grandson of Sicard I (d. 972). de Lautrec, Sicard II (I10486)
1418 According to Robert Charles Anderson in The Great Migration Begins, "Teagle" was her given name, not her surname as shown in many online trees. Her surname is unknown. Teagle (I17421)
1419 According to Robert Charles Anderson, probably the father of Edith Stebbins/Stebbing, also of her brother Edward (who came to New England before she did). See also John Insley Coddington, The American Genealogist 30:193. Stebbing, William (I5807)
1420 According to Robert Charles Anderson, she may have been a child of her mother Sarah Stiles by a husband previous to Francis Stiles. Stiles, Hannah (I19294)
1421 According to Robert Charles Anderson, she was probably a daughter of James Bursell of Yarmouth. Anna (I20038)
1422 According to several trees, he was born about 1711 in Ste-Anne, Beaubassin (then in Acadia; now Amherst, Nova Scotia), and died 31 May 1779 in St-Hyacinthe, Quebec. But Denis Bureaugard's Genealogy of the French in North America conspicuously omits any birth or death dates, despite providing them for most of his siblings.

The site of the now-vanished town of Beaubassin, once in Acadia, is now in Nova Scotia. 
Girouard, Germain dit Jacques (I37)
1423 According to the 1569 visitation of Worcestershire (citation details below), he was a son of Richard Power, son of Hugo Power, son of "Hughe Poerus [who] had by the guifte of Walter Bellocampo the mannor of Whitley to him & his heires & had yssue." Power, John (I17812)
1424 According to the 1619 visitation of Kent, she was a sister of Geoffrey Chaucer, but no other evidence of this -- or even evidence that Chaucer had a sister -- has been found. Katherine (I15643)
1425 According to the 1870 census, he was a shoemaker. Story, George R. (I17164)
1426 According to the diary his son, John McClure "was shut up in Londonderry at the age of 7 years, with his parents, at the time when it was besieged by an army of papists commanded by King James 2nd & suffered all the horrors of famine." This would be a reference to the Siege of Derry, 18 Apr to 28 Jul 1689, in which over 4000 Protestants out of a population of 8000 died. McClure, Deacon John (I19373)
1427 According to the Hathaway Family Association, he arrived in New England in 1638-39, settling at Braintree, and is mentioned in records there dated 1642. Hathaway, Nicholas (I14792)
1428 According to the Henry Project, she was possibly a daughter of Herbert I (d. 1032x5), count of Maine, or (less likely) Hugues IV (d. ~1051), also count of Maine. Paula (I1728)
1429 According to the marriage license granted to William Cheesbrough of Boston and Anne Stephenson of same on 11 Dec 1620, his father consented and hers was dead. Stevenson, Ann (I10614)
1430 According to the Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, his mother was his father's second wife Isabel de Fernielaw, not Joan Hepple as stated in several sources.

From Complete Peerage X:26:

Robert de Ogle, son and heir apparent by 1st wife. As "donsel" of the diocese of Durham he had licence to choose a confessor, August 1349. In August 1351 he was attorney for his father to take seisin of Thirnham. He married Ellen, daughter and heir of Sir Robert Bertram, of Bothal, chivaler, by his 1st wife, Margaret (living in May 1341), daughter and coheir of Constance, wife of William de Felton (f). He died v.p., being slain in the attack on Berwick, November 1355.

(f) Ellen's age is stated variously in the inquisitions of her father, Nov 1363, as 22 or 26. 
de Ogle, Robert (I8840)
1431 According to the Rev. Matthias Candler (c. 1604-1663), who compiled many pedigrees of Suffolk families, he "fled for religion in the days of Queene Mary...Daughter Mary married to Robert Lawter." Fiske, William (I3056)
1432 According to the Rev. Matthias Candler (c. 1604-1663), who compiled many pedigrees of Suffolk families, he "fled in the dayes of Queene Mary." Fiske, William (I805)
1433 According to the Visitation of Cheshire, he founded Combermere Abbey. de Malbank, Hugh (I5629)
1434 According to Tim Powys-Lybbe, probably also lord of Bute. (The Scots Peerage says that Alexander Stewart's "wife is said to have been Jean, daughter of James, lord of Bute.") The Ancestry of Dorothea Poyntz calls him "James of Bute" and says he was "[k]illed in 1210 in Scotland with his father and brothers by the men of Skye." Macrory, James (I4221)
1435 According to Todd A. Farmerie (citation detail below), he was not called "el Tremblón" or "el Tremuloso," the Trembler; this was a latter-day confusion with his paternal grandfather. He succeeded his father in 994 and ruled less than ten years; he was last recorded as being present at a defeat in 1000. Garcia Sanchez II King of Navarre (I4748)
1436 According to Turton's 1968 Plantagenet Ancestry his wife was one Emma (or Rose?) Corbuceo, whom Jim Weber makes the daughter of Peter Corbucion of Studley & Chillington, mentioned in VCH Warwickshire III:175-87. This Peter's father, another Peter, is also mentioned in VCH Staffordshire V: 18-40. de Montfort, Henry (I7427)
1437 According to various family trees on, the Coateses emigrated from Ireland due to religious differences. The notes I've seen say they were "Antibaptists," by which I suspect they mean Anabaptists.

From Descendants of Thomas Packer, quoting a letter from family researcher Warren Packer of Evansville, Indiana, dated 27 Feb 1958: "We do know that Philip Jr. was Hannah's son. Philip Packer Jr., was born 1686 in Pa. He married in 1724 in Chester Co., Pa. to Ann Coates, daughter. of Peter Coates. She was born in Ireland, and the family came to America as the result of the 'war' against Protestants in Ireland. The Coates family was Antibaptist." 
Coates, Anne (I6687)
1438 According to Wikipedia on Walton Hall, West Yorkshire, "In 1333, Sir Philip de Burgh was granted a licence to 'crenelate' his manor house at Walton." de Burgh, Philip (I6213)
1439 Active in the French and Scottish wars. A retainer of Henry de Lacy, Earl of Lincoln, at Carlaverock.

Summoned to Parliament by writ 6 Feb 1299 to 2 Jun 1302. 
Bardolf, Hugh (I9136)
1440 Adelaide-Blanche of Anjou (d. 1026) was married four times, to Étienne de Brioude, Raymond de Toulouse, Louis V of France, and Guillaume II of Provence. She definitely had a daughter named Ermengarde, who was herself very probably married to a count of Auvergne, but as this entry at The Henry Project explains in detail, insufficient evidence exists to establish whether Étienne or Raymond was this Ermengarde's father, and which count of Auvergne she married. She may be this individual, the Ermengarde commonly recorded as the wife of Robert I. Or she may be the "Umberga" recorded as Robert I's mother, the wife of Guillaume IV. Ermengarde (I8662)
1441 Admiral of the Fleet from the mouth of the Thames westward. He fought at Crécy in the second division. de Say, Geoffrey (I15288)
1442 Admiral of the Fleet North of the Thames. Constable of the Tower of London. Marshal of Ireland. Summoned to Parliament 20 Nov 1317 to 15 Dec 1357.

On 24 Jun 1340 he won the first great English naval victory by destroying the French fleet at Sluys. Fought at Crécy as one of the bannerets in the king's division. In 1347, he supported the siege of Calais by blockading the port; in the same year, he killed deer belonging to Thomas Bateman, Bishop of Norwich, who consequently excommunicated him and made him do penance by walking barefoot through the streets of Norwich carrying a wax taper weighing six pounds. 
de Morley, Robert (I19054)
1443 Admiral of the Fleet North of the Thames. Sheriff of Norfolk and Suffolk, 1344-45. Howard, John (I15807)
1444 Admitted an inhabitant of Aquidneck in 1638.

"1639, Apr. 30. He and twenty-eight others signed the following compact: 'We, whose names are underwritten, do acknowledge ourselves the legal subjects of his majesty, King Charles, and in his name do hereby bind ourselves into a civil body politicke, unto his laws, according to matters of justice." [The Genealogical Dictionary of Rhode Island, citation details below.] 
Brown, Nicholas (I38)
1445 Admitted as a freeman in Westerly, November 1737. Sisson, William (I10539)
1446 Admitted freeman of Duxbury 2 Jan 1638. Proprietor of Bridgewater 1645. Pabodie, John (I20029)
1447 Adopted the surname Packer after her mother married Alonzo Hamilton Packer. Powell, Nancy Jane (I840)
1448 After her husband died, she became a Presbyterian, and was part of the community that founded the Old Tennant Church in Monmouth County.

Going Up to the House of the Lord, at the site of the Old Tennent Presbyterian Church:

By 1731, the hardy group of Scottish Covenanters who worshipped on Free Hill in present-day Marlboro had outgrown their small log cabin church. Because the congregation's growth was fed by new settlements in the Freehold-Manalapan area, an acre of land was purchased five miles to the south to build a new house of worship here on White Hill (said to be named for its white oak trees).

There is a tradition that the builders planned to locate the new church on a lower part of the property and had gathered there to begin work. Whereupon a woman from the congregation named Janet Rhea seized the small cornerstone in her apron and, toiling to the top of the hill, set it down there, saying to the astonished onlookers: "Wha ever heard o' ganging doon to the Hoose o' the Lord, an no o' ganging oop to the Hoose o' the Lord?" Janet's point was made and that church, as well as the present larger sanctuary which replaced it 20 years later, was built on top of the hill.

In Rev. Symmes' history of the church, he described Janet Rhea as a woman of strong mind and scriptural application and a devout worker in the Presbyterian community that built Old Tennent. The wife of Robert Rhea, a carpenter by profession, who came from Scotland in 1688, Janet was also newly arrived from Scotland when they were married in 1689 at Shrewsbury in the Quaker Meeting House.

The old Rhea farm, which Robert had purchased, is now the site of the Visitors Center at Monmouth Battleground State Park. Janet Rhea Road, named in Janet's honor, is just west of the intersection of Routes 9 and 33. There is reportedly a family burial ground on the farm's property and that is where Janet and members of her family were buried. She died in 1761 at the age of 93.

A wonderful piece of furniture from the Rhea family home is on display in Freehold. A chair crafted by Robert Rhea was donated to the Monmouth County Historical Society and is on display at the main museum. The massive chair with very detailed carving was fashioned after chairs Robert remembered in Scotland. It dates from 1695 and is thought to be one of the oldest documented chairs crafted in America. 
Hampton, Janet (I4127)
1449 After Nelson Doubleday's death in 1949, she served on the Doubleday board of directors until she moved to Hawaii in 1965. McCarter, Ellen George (I5582)
1450 After the 1719 death of his wife Hannah Mayo, he married another woman also named Hannah Mayo. From Ancestors and Descendants of Andrew Lee and Clarinda Knapp Allen: "[M]., 2d, in Harwich, his 1st wife's cousin Hannah Mayo, dau. of John Mayo." His only child by the second Hannah Mayo was Samuel Hopkins, "b. 14 Mar 1721, prob. d. y." Hopkins, Judah (I4776)
1451 After the death of her husband, she returned to England. She was definitely in Stepney, Middlesex on 17 Mar 1657, when she appointed attorneys to handle her business in New England. She was back in Boston, Massachusetts by 1665. Anna (I13600)
1452 After the death of his third wife Mildred Haukaas, he remarried his second wife Edna Monson on 15 Aug 1954. Nielsen, Frederick Edward (I1670)
1453 After the death of John Fray she married John, Lord Wenlock, who was killed at Tewkesbury in 1471, then Sir John Say, who predeceased her by just a few weeks. She is depicted, along with two of her daughters by John Fray, in a stained-glass window at Long Melford church in Suffolk. Danvers, Agnes (I18729)
1454 Against the king in the Barons' War. de Huntingfield, William (I16671)
1455 Alderman of Boston. Hawkredd, William (I22238)
1456 Alderman, 1402-26. Member of Parliament, April 1414 and 1415, as one of the two aldermanic representatives. Mayor of London, 1411-12 and 1421-22. Chichele, Robert Mayor of London (I16490)
1457 Aldo called Richelde of Mons.

Ancestral Roots describes her as "niece or gr.-niece of Pope Leo IX (Bruno of Egisheim)", but we are (so far) unable to trace that connection. 
of Egesheim, Richilde (I1300)
1458 Alias Howper, according to Somerset Parish Registers (citation details below). Cook, Agnes (I15400)
1459 Alison M. Gavin (citation details below) calls her "Katherine." Dionis (I13633)
1460 Alive in the time of Henry I. Rafin, Gilbert (I2680)
1461 All three of the cited visitations (citation details below) agree that Michael Angevine's mother was a Margaret, daughter of Patrick Skipwith of Utterby (both Lincolnshire pedigrees) or of Ormsby (the Surrey pedigree). Maddison's pedigree makes it specifically clear that the Patrick Skipwith in question was the one who was a knight of the shire in 1427 and 1433. Skipwith, Margaret (I2579)
1462 Alleged by various sources to be named Adele; Liegarde; Hildebrante. (Unknown daughter of Robert I, King of France) (I6620)
1463 Alleged on some sites to have been originally surnamed Isacke. Waterman, Mary (I12413)
1464 Alleged to have been the first white woman born in New England. Alden, Elizabeth (I15515)
1465 Alleged to have lived to age 102, but we know of no contemporary records that prove this. Robinson, Abraham (I16071)
1466 Allegedly "Lady Godiva." Godgifu (I11026)
1467 Allegedly daughter of Alexander de Andeville. Beatrice (I15154)
1468 Allegedly he was a preacher and a judge. Davis, Rev. Melton Lewis (I10719)
1469 Allegedly killed at the siege of Burwell Castle. But: "Complete Peerage, vol. 11, p. 464, notes that Henry of Huntingdon says he and Geoffrey de Mandeville, earl of Essex, were killed in August 1144, but note (f) summarises evidence that William survived Geoffrey (who did not die until September 1144). Keats-Rohan, Domesday Descendants, p. 681, refers to the same evidence as proving his survival 'by a few years', and dates his death to c. 1155 (although elsewhere she repeats the traditional date)." [Some Corrections and Additions to the Complete Peeragede Say, William (I5687)
1470 Allegedly she and her daughter Sarah Thompson were founding members of the Relief Society when it was organized on 17 Mar 1842, but neither of them is mentioned in Wikipedia's coverage of that first meeting.

Obituary, from the Nauvoo Neighbor, 15 Nov 1843:

"Died on the 3rd inst. in this city, Mrs. Leah Chiles [Childs], of cancer and rheumatism, in the 57th year of her age.

"Sister Childs was a firm believer in the doctrines of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, as they have been revealed in the last days to man through the medium of revelation.

"She shared all the persecutions heaped upon the saints -- was driven with them from the state of Missouri, and suffered much from exposure and fatigue. Never was the name of a more generous, benevolent and sympathetic woman enrolled upon the records of the Church. She was truly a 'mother in Israel.' She possessed great faith, which seemed, for a long time, to baffle the destroyer, death; but it was the will of her Heavenly Father to take her to himself, that her soul might be emancipated. She [was] released from the vicissitudes of this troublesome world. She had been afflicted for more that a year, and suffered the most excruciating pain, but she was perfectly resigned to the will of heaven and when the period of her desolution arrived she fell asleep, as calm as the sleep of infancy, with the unwavering hope of participating in the first resurrection, when she should awake to everlasting youth, immortality and eternal life." 
Lewis, Leah (I6607)
1471 Allegedly she and her mother Leah Lewis were founding members of the Relief Society when it was organized on 17 Mar 1842, but neither of them is mentioned in Wikipedia's coverage of that first meeting.

From Sarah Thompson Phelps, a memoir by her granddaughter Barbara Ann Phelps Allen:

Grandma was born March 20, 1820. Her parents were James and Leah Lewis Thompson. When she was four years old, her father died leaving her mother with seven small children, making it necessary for her to start out early in life making her own way. In spite of poverty, she succeeded in acquiring sufficient education to be able to teach school.

When she was eleven years old, the gospel came into their home. She, together with her mother and other members of the family except one brother, joined and were baptized into the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. After they joined, their friends turned against them, and from then on their trials began. They were driven from place to place and finally forced to flee to the Rocky Mountains. She was brave and courageous as a young woman.

She taught school when she was a young woman. It was customary for teachers to board among the homes of their pupils, which she did, and in doing so she learned many of the plots and schemes of the mobs to assassinate the Saints. She kept the saints posted, and when the final plot came for the general roundup of the saints, she made a dash on horseback to give the alarm to her people. She was followed for five miles one time, but her horse being fastest, she made her escape. Another time when she was teaching, she went to a home to collect her pay, and the people refused to pay. They said their intentions were to drive all the Mormons out and take the crops that they had recently harvested. She told them what she thought of them. While she was speaking, a voice came to her telling her to leave the next morning as soon as she arose. She did, and as she was leaving, she saw the mob coming and they tried to kill her.

At the time of Haun's Mill Massacre, she lived but a few miles from the mill on the creek; some of those who were fortunate enough to get away came to her home. While the mob was going through the country, they crossed the creek where Grandma and all the women were washing clothes. She told many times how they looked, saying they had their faces painted and were disguised in every imaginable way. Some of the women were so frightened, they fainted, but grandma shouted, "Hooray for the captain!" Two of the men rode up to her and asked if she wasn't afraid of them. She said she hadn't been raised in the woods to be afraid of owls. They asked her if she didn't recognize them, and she said she did not. They told her she should, they were her old neighbors. She then asked them what they intended to do, and one replied, "Kill everyone on the creek." Grandma asked what they had done that they should be killed. Their reply was they did not know, they were only obeying orders. On two different occasions, she was chased by a mob who tried to shoot her, but their guns refused to go off.

One time when they had been driven from their home, she said they had traveled all day in the rain driving their cattle. She had on a sunbonnet that was quilted so that cardboard slats could be inserted. The rain had dissolved the slats, and the front of her bonnet flopped in her face. She was soaked to the skin, weary and tired after plodding the mud all day. As they were passing a farm house, a lady saw her and invited her into her home to dry her clothes and get warm. She was taken into the parlor by the fireplace. There were two young ladies and their boy friends sitting there, and when they saw grandma they burst out laughing. She said she was nearly in tears; she looked them in the eye and said, "You must have been born in the woods." 
Thompson, Sarah (I5074)
1472 Almost all sources agree that the marriage of John Sutton and Elizabeth House happened on 1 Jan 1661 or 1 Jan 1662. Family F12635
1473 Alnager. "An alnager's job was to measure and weigh lengths of finished woolen cloth and then affix a seal for customs purposes." ["Among the Royal Servants"] Thimbleby, Richard (I4062)
1474 Along with his father, he joined the barons against John, but returned to fealty in 1217. d'Engaine, Viel (I6297)
1475 Along with TNH ancestors William Chesebrough, Walter Palmer, and George Denison, he was one of the founders of Stonington, Connecticut.

From Wikipedia:

Thomas Stanton (1616?-1677) was a trader and an accomplished Indian interpreter and negotiator in the colony of Connecticut. One of the original settlers of Hartford, he was also one of four founders of Stonington, Connecticut, along with William Chesebrough, Thomas Miner, and Walter Palmer.

He first appears in the historical record as an interpreter for John Winthrop, Jr. in 1636. He fought in the Pequot War, nearly losing his life in the Fairfield Swamp Fight in 1637. In 1638 he was a delegate at the Treaty of Hartford, which ended that war. In 1643, the United Colonies of New England appointed Stanton as Indian Interpreter.

Following the war, Stanton returned to Hartford, where he married and became a successful trader. In 1649, Stanton settled a tract of land alongside the Pawcatuck River in what is present-day Stonington. In 1649 or 1650 he was given permission to establish a trading post on the river and was granted a 3 year monopoly over Indian trade in the area. The trading house was built in 1651. During this time, Stanton's family remained in Hartford or New London, joining him in Stonington in about 1657 after the trading venture had become established and a suitable house constructed.

From Eugene C. Zubrinsky, "The Immigration and Early Whereabouts of in America of Thomas Stanton of Connecticut" (citation details below):

The available evidence provides neither complete details nor absolute certainty as to [Thomas] Stanton's immigration to and initial whereabouts in America. We may nevertheless be completely confident in discarding more than 150 years of virtually unsupported (yet, incredibly, uncontested) assertions about these matters. Careful analysis of existing records leads inexorably to the conclusion that Thomas Stanton immigrated directly to Massachusetts by 1635 (ship unknown); landed probably at Boston (the point of all but a handful of Bay Colony arrivals) but went soon (if not immediately) to Cambridge; and after spending time trading with the Indians in Connecticut, migrated to Hartford by June 1636. On 6 February 1649[/50], the General Court granted Stanton "libberty to erect a trading howse" at Pawcatuck, an outlying, practically unpopulated section of Pequot (New London) that would become part of the eventual tow of Stonington. By July 1651, he and, presumably, his family had removed from Hartford to the settlement at Pequot. The grant there of Stanton's six-acre house lot is recorded without date but would have been made no later than 19 October 1650, when he received 20 acres of upland "upen scull plain." His next Pequot grant, two acres of salt marsh "at sandie Coave," was made on 28 March 1651. Other grants followed, including one, dated 18 June (not in March) 1652, of 300 acres near his Pawcatuck trading post. Stanton was of Pawcatuck on 25 or 28 January 1657[ 8?], when he sold his Pequot dwelling house, home lot, and orchard to George Tong[ue]. A founder and leading citizen of Stonington, he died there on 2 December 1677. 
Stanton, Thomas (I6147)
1476 Alos called Raoul IV de Conches. "He came to England 1103 and being graciously received by King Henry I received his father's lands. He was an ardent supporter of the King and served with him in Normandy in 1106, where he fought at the battle of Tinchebrai, 28 Sep. He remained faithful to the King during the rebellion in Normandy, 1119." [The Ancestry of Dorothea Poyntzde Tony, Ralph (I2459)
1477 Also "Celeety", "Celety". Harrison, Celeete (I11728)
1478 Also (supposedly) spelled Peson. Pysing, Joan (I9852)
1479 Also Aalez; Aaliz; Aelois; Aalis; Aalaidis; Alais. Countess of Vexin.

Ancestral Roots has her as a daughter of Louis VII by his third wife Adèle of Blois (whom they call "Alix of Champagne"); Richardson's Royal Ancestry, with evidently better documentation, has her as a daughter of Louis by his second wife, Constance of Castile. But Szabolcs de Vajay's comprehensive 1989 survey of the Iberian Burgundians, "From Alfonso VII to Alfonso X: The First Two Centuries of the Burgundian Dynasty in Castile and Leon -- A Prosopographical Catalogue in Social Genealogy, 1100-1300" (in Studies in Genealogy and Family History in Tribute to Charles Evans on the Occasion of His Eightieth Birthday, ed. Lindsay L. Brook. Salt Lake City: Association for the Promotion of Scholarship in Genealogy, 1989) says that Constance of Castile's daughter Adelaide by Louis VII died in infancy. We're going with Richardson on the (weak) basis of his research being more recent.

Update: Peter Stewart, on SGM in October 2016, argued here, here, and here that "Alberic of Troisfontaines specified that Alix, the wife of Guillaume of Ponthieu, was the daughter of Louis VII by his Spanish second wife ('rex iste Ludovicus de prima uxore sua Alienor, quam dimisit, duas habuit filias ... De secunda quoque uxore, que fuit Hyspana, duas similiter habuit filias, primo reginam Margaretam Anglie et comitissam Aaliz, quam duxit Guilelmus comes de Pontivo')," and that there is no good reason to doubt this, particularly since if Alix had been a daughter of Louis VII's third wife, "Alix would have been (on her supposed mother's side) a third cousin of Richard, by common descent from William the Conqueror."

Stewart also argues that Alix cannot have married William II Talvas before August 1195 (rather than 1185 as stated in AR8) "because she was detained in England by Henry II for some years after the rupture in 1191 of her long betrothal to his son Richard. (She had been sent to England as Richard's promised bride in 1174.)" 
of France, Alix (I3572)
1480 Also Adelaide; Adelheid; Alaydis. of Burgundy, Alix (I3348)
1481 Also Adelasia, Alasia, etc. Regent of Saluzzo during her grandson's minority.

From Wikipedia:

Like her brother Boniface, Azalaïs was a patron of troubadours. She is mentioned in Peire Vidal's song, Estat ai gran sazo:

Dieus sal l'onrat marques
E sa bella seror...
(God save the honoured marquis
And his beautiful sister)

and is the dedicatee of his Bon' aventura don Dieus als Pizas.

Around 1192, she had built the church of San Lorenzo, which she granted to the canons of San Lorenzo in Oulx; her eldest son, Boniface, named after her brother, is mentioned for the first time in the donation. However, Boniface died in 1212, and with the death of her husband in February 1215, Azalaïs became regent of Saluzzo for her grandson, Manfred III.

In 1216, she made a treaty with Thomas I of Savoy for a marriage between his son Amadeus and her granddaughter Agnes. However, the marriage never took place, possibly on grounds of consanguinity, since Azalaïs was a first cousin of Thomas's father. Amadeus married Anne of Burgundy, and Agnes became Abbess of the Cistercian convent of Santa Maria della Stella in Rifreddo. Azalaïs also made political and ecclesiastical agreements with Alba and with the Bishop of Asti.

When young Manfred reached his majority in 1218, Azalaïs returned to church patronage. In 1224, she endowed the convent of Rifreddo with the income of the church of San Ilario. In 1227, she made further grants to the canons of Oulx. 
of Montferrat, Azalaïs (I9495)
1482 Also Alianor de Borrowdon.

At the death of her uncle Gilbert de Umfraville, the last Earl of Angus (1310-1381), "[h]is heir at law was his niece Alienor, de jure (according to modern doctrine) Baroness Kyme, then aged 40 and more, and widow of Sir Henry Tailboys, de jure 6th Lord Kyme, she being da. and h. of Elizabeth (the Earl's only sister of the whole blood who left issue), by Sir Gilbert Borrowdon. Her grandson, Walter Tailboys, inherited Harbottle, Otterburn, Kyme, &c., on the death of Sir Robert de Umfreville, K.G., 27 Jan. 1436/7." [Complete Peerage 1:151, footnote (a), as corrected in Volume XIV.] 
de Boroughdon, Eleanor (I10712)
1483 Also calle Adelida; Adeliza. Died as a nun. Alice (I653)
1484 Also called "Maurice the Resolute." Joined the barons against the king in 1264. de Berkeley, Maurice (I3564)
1485 Also called "The Crooked"; "The Hunchback". Count of Barcelona, Girona, and Ausona from 1018 to his death. Raymond, Berengar I (I3217)
1486 Also called "Tortcol"; also called Henry Plantagenet.

Earl of Lancaster. Earl of Leicester.

Steward of England; Constable of Abergavenny and Kenilworth Castles 1326; Chief Guardian of the King 1327; Captain-General of the Marches towards Scotland 1327; Councillor of Regency 1345.

Summoned to Parliament by writs 6 Feb 1299 onward.

"Served against the Scots and in Flanders, at the siege of Carlaverock in 1300, among the barons forcing restrictions on Edward II's powers, joined the queen's party in 1326 and captured the king later that year, knighted Edward III at his coronation, became blind in about 1330, but continued to participate in public affairs and as a counselor of the king." [Ancestry of Charles II, citation details below.] 
of Lancaster, Henry (I3071)
1487 Also called Aalis, Aalez, Alaidis, Adelaidis. de Courtenay, Alix (I10103)
1488 Also called Aaltie Stryker, Aeltjie Stryker, Maria Stryker, Altje Stryker. Stryker, Aeltje (I16764)
1489 Also called Ada de Marle. Vicountess of Coucy. Mentioned 1059. de Roucy, Ade (I10936)
1490 Also called Adam de Hindley. de Peasfurlong, Adam (I3943)
1491 Also called Adam de Whethales. Walter Goodwin Davis (citation details below) thought him a younger son of John de Swynnerton; Kay Allen has him as a grandson. de Peshale, Adam (I8105)
1492 Also called Adam fitz Peter. de Birkin, Adam (I4425)
1493 Also called Adam Purton; Adam de Faxton. Founder of the chantry at Ashton Keynes, Wiltshire.

According to John Hodgson's 1832 History of Northumberland, in 1240 he held "Ellington, Cresswell, and Hayden" by one knight's fee. Presumably the latter was the Northumberland village now called Haydon's Bridge.

Summoned to Parliament by writ in 45 Henry III (28 Oct 1260 - 27 Oct 1261). 
de Periton, Adam (I8142)
1494 Also called Adela of Orthen. Adelheid (I2445)
1495 Also called Adela; Aelis; Alais; Adelaide; Adelheid; Alix; Adela the Holy; Adela of Messines. Countess of Auxerre; Countess of Cotentin. of France, St. Adele (I2555)
1496 Also called Adela; Lucia. Corbet, Sybil (I6039)
1497 Also called Adelaide de Clermont; Adeliza de Clermont-in-Beauvaisis. de Clermont, Alice (I8675)
1498 Also called Adélaide de Joigny. de Joigny, Alix (I14297)
1499 Also called Adelaide of Maurienne. of Savoy, Alix Queen Consort of France (I4478)
1500 Also called Adelaide of Rouergue. de Pons, Adelaide (I6756)

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