Nielsen Hayden genealogy

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1001 Complete Peerage volume I contains some misinformation about this Isabella. Kathryn Warner has shown that rather than being alive in 1300, she died before 1 Apr 1292. This is in fact corrected in CP volume XIV. Uncorrected, however, is its confused account of her subsequent marital history. Douglas Richardson, in a 2016 post to SGM, demonstrated that contrary to CP, she did not marry Ralph d'Arderne after the death of her first husband John fitz Alan; rather, the Isabel who married Ralph d'Arderne was the widow of an entirely different John Fitz Alan, of Wolverton, Buckinghamshire. Our Isabel "occurs in various records as the unmarried widow of John Fitz Alan, of Arundel, from the time of his death in 1272 up through 1284-5, when she is on record as having presented to Cold Norton Priory, Oxfordshire. She subsequently married (2nd) on 2 September 1285, to Robert de Hastang, as indicated by the historian, Scott Waugh, Lordship of England (1988): 131-132, who states as follows: 'It turned out that Henry III had granted the right of her [Isabel's] marriage to her father, that after he died his executors accepted her fine for the right to marry whomever she pleased, and that she had married Robert de Hastang on 2 September 1285.'" de Mortimer, Isabella (I3273)
 
1002 Complete Peerage's chart on page 317 of volume 4 identifies this Renaud de Courtenay as the father of Reynold de Courtenay who married Hawise and died in 1194, but as far as we can determine, this Renaud and that Reynold's father are different individuals. References: Richardson, Royal Ancestry, volume 2, p. 314, Courtenay line; Richardson, Royal Ancestry, volume 4, page 222, Nevers line; Peter Stewart, post to SGM, 28 Jan 2003. Stewart quotes an early SGM post, from William Addams Reitwiesner pm 23 May 2002, summarizing Herbert Furman Silversmith's argument against identifying these two men as a single individual: "First is the chronology, as the English Reginald was born about 1125, while the French Reginald's parents were married around 1095. Second is their personal characters, the French Reginald being a glorified bandit while the English Reginald escaped the notice of any chroniclers, and is known only through charters. Third is their social status, the French Reginald being a nephew of the Count of Odessa and having a daughter who married a son of the King of France (who took her name of Courtenay), while the English Reginald was only the lord of a not very large manor, not a baron, and not even a knight. The fourth is that there is no actual evidence to support the suggestion that they were the same person -- the connection was made by Cleaveland in his 1735 Courtenay genealogy and has been repeated uncritically ever since." de Courtenay, Renaud (I8146)
 
1003 Custos pacis for Shropshire and Staffordshire, 1264.

"Ralph Basset, s. and h. of Ralph B. of Drayton, co. Stafford, and of Colston Basset, Notts, was sum. to Parl. 24 Dec. (1264) 49 Hen. III, by writ directed Radulfo Basset de Drayton; which writ however, having issued in rebellion, should not create a peerage dignity. He m. Margaret, da. of Roger de Somery, of Dudley, Basset, co. Worcester, by his ist wife (to whom she was da. and coh.), Nicole, da. and eventually coh. of William (d'Aubigny), Earl of Arundel. He d. 4 Aug. 1265, being slain at the battle of Evesham fighting against the King, who, however, continued the estates to his widow and son, as her father had fought for the King at Evesham. His widow m., before 26 Jan. 1270/1, as 2nd wife, Ralph de Cromwell, of Cromwell, Notts, and West Hallam, co. Derby, who d. shortly before 18 Sep. 1289. She took the veil shortly before 18 June 1293." [Complete Peerage II:1-2] 
Basset, Ralph (I3283)
 
1004 De jure 6th lord Kyme; see the entry for his wife Eleanor. Tailboys, Henry (I3089)
 
1005 Early Yorkshire Charters volume 10 (citation details below) shows her to be a sister of Aubrey/Albreda, and therefore a daughter of William Espec. Espec, Hawise (I10547)
 
1006 Early Yorkshire Families (citation details below) says that Roger de Flamville was Juetta's second husband, and claims that her first husband was the earlier Adam de Brus who died in 1142 or 1143. But this creates a number of chronological problems. For instance, if Juetta married the older Adam de Brus, their daughter Isabel (wife of Henry de Percy, d. 1198) could not have been born later than ca. 1143, and would thus have been at least 103 years old when she died in 1246. It seems vastly more plausible that Juetta's first husband was Roger de Flamville, who died in 1169, and her second husband was the younger Roger de Brus who died in 1196. In this model, the estimated birth dates and known death dates of all her children by both husbands make much more sense. de Arches, Juetta (I10969)
 
1007 England Births and Christenings, 1538-1975 gives his baptismal date as 26 Dec 1722. Couch, Anthony (I12145)
 
1008 Fille du roi.

Also called Anne Seigneur. 
Leseigneur, Anne (I757)
 
1009 Fille du roi.

In 1676, she was godmother to Madeleine Boismé, who would grow up to become her daughter-in-law.

Born about 1641 according to the 1681 census; about 1628 according to her burial. 
Têtu, Madeleine (I1557)
 
1010 Fille du roi.

Or Hue. 
Hus, Marie (I6309)
 
1011 Fille du roi.

Or Isabelle. Or Roy.

Born about 1640 (census 1666), 1641 (census 1666), 1642 (census 1667) (m 1688) or 1641 (census 1681). 
Leroy, Élisabeth (I1717)
 
1012 Fille du roi. Moitié, Marguerite (I8041)
 
1013 Fille du roi. Pédenelle, Françoise (I5551)
 
1014 Fille du roi. Fourrier, Jeanne (I5145)
 
1015 Fille du roi. Lefebvre, Élizabeth Agnès (I1400)
 
1016 Fille du roi. Lemesle, Catherine (I712)
 
1017 Fille du roi. Perrault, Anne (I315)
 
1018 Fille du roiBeaudin, Catherine (I5133)
 
1019 George S. Hayden (deceased), one of the pioneers of Daviess County, Ky., was born near New Hope, Nelson Co., Ky., Nov. 15, 1810, a son of George and Mary Elliot Hayden, natives of Maryland who came to Washington County, Ky., at an early day. They had a large family and George S. was the youngest. George S. was reared on a farm in Nelson County and was married there to Miss Delphenia Elder, May 4, 1833. She was a daughter of Dr. Guy and Mary (Birch) Elder. The summer following his marriage he came to Daviess County, settling on his farm in Upper Town Precinct. His wife died here in October 1839. They had three children, James D., born May 3, 1834, died June 2, 1837; Lucy A., born Aug. 11, 1836, is the wife of Wilferd J. Hayden; Mary V., born Sept 9, 1838, wife of John H. Payne, both residing in Upper Town Precinct. June 2, 1810, Mr. Hayden married Miss M. Teresa Burch. She was born in Hardin County, Ky., March 17, 1822, a daughter of John H. and Mary A. (Greenwell) Burch. After their marriage, Mr. and Mrs. Hayden settled on the old farm in Upper Town Precinct where his wife still resides and where he died May 4, 1876. They had a family of thirteen children - Virginia A., born March 11, 1841, married Wm. H. Monarch; Robert H., born Dec. 20, 1842, died Sept. 16 1878; Margaret E., born Feb. 14, 1845, married John W. Hagan who died Oct. 26, 1882; J. Artelia, born Feb. 11, 1847; George S. Jr., born Jan. 25, 1849, died Dec. 31, 1852; Nannie T., born March 11, 1850, married S. W. Osborne; C. W., born April 15, 1853, resides on the old homestead with his mother engaged in farming; Eva E., born May 16, 1856, married William W. Blandford, Jan. 23 1883; Joshua B., born April 2, 1858, is employed in the "Famous" clothing house of St. Louis, Mo.; H. Walter, born March 22, 1860, is a farmer and stock dealer of Curdsville Precinct; Frank X., born May 5, 1862; George S. born April 8, 1865; and Teresa G., born Feb. 22, 1868. The last three reside at home with their mother. The family are all members of the Catholic church. Mr. Hayden was not only one of the pioneers of Daviess County, but was a good neighbor and a representative citizen, loved and respected by all who knew him. [History of Daviess County, KentuckyHayden, George Samuel (I4373)
 
1020 History of Wallingford mistakenly gives her as "Lois Royce." Royce, Love (I9464)
 
1021 J.u. Prince of Antioch.

AR8 has him marrying Constance "abt. 1152/3" and dying in 1137, a good trick. 
de Châtillon-sur-Loing, Renaud (I11671)
 
1022 Jure uxoris viscount of Beaumont. de Brienne, Louis (I16516)
 
1023 Mayordomo Mayor to King Fernando II.

From Leo van de Pas:

Gonzalo Osorio, also known as Gonzalo Osórez, was a noble member of the house of Flainez as the son of conde Osorio Martinez and Teresa Fernández.

Although Gonzalo did not hold the rank of count, he succeeded his father in the tenencias (fiefs, tenancies) of Villalobos, Mayorga, Ribera, of Zamora and Valderas. He was lord high steward of Fernando II, King of León from 1176 to 1178 and in 1187.

The name of Osorio's wife is not recorded, but he had four sons and three daughters, of whom only Osorio is recorded with progeny.

Like his mother, Gonzalo was a benefactor of the Order of Hospitallers, but he applied for and received a loan from the order. In his will he left a sum to the Order but he died about 1180 before repaying the loan, and his sisters Aldonza, Sancha, Constanza and Jimena gave the town of Ribola to the Order to settle the debt. 
Osorio, Gonzalo (I3619)
 
1024 McArthur-Barnes Ancestral Lines and Clifford L. Stott's article "The Chaplin Family of Co. Suffolk" (citation details below) both state that he was baptized at Hitcham, Suffolk on 13 Feb 1615, but Randy A. West ("Alice Freeman", etc., citation details below) points out that the same child is recorded in that parish register as being buried 25 Feb 1616.

Thomas Parke = Dorothy Thompson
Robert Parke = Mary Rose
Margaret Parke = Benjamin Rockwell
Margaret Rockwell = Josiah Blodgett, Jr.
Hannah Blodgett = David Burroughs
Tyler Burroughs = Anna Pratt
Abner Tyler Burroughs = Mary Rice
George Tyler Burroughs = Mary Evaline Zieger
Edgar Rice Burroughs (1875-1950)

(Thus, ERB is a seventh cousin twice removed to Tom Whitmore.) 
Parke, Thomas (I14586)
 
1025 Medieval English Ancestors of Robert Abell (citation details below) says he "was Lord of Morton at the Inquest of Bradford Hundred taken in 1255." Justiciar of Shropshire. Corbet, Richard (I4793)
 
1026 Medieval English Ancestors of Robert Abell has the daughter of Fulke le Strange and Eleanor Giffard marrying "Bryan de Cornwall of Kynlet," with no mention of Griffin Warren. Elsewhere (p. 267), he has Gruffith Warren marrying "Matilda le Strange, daughter of a Lord Strange of Blackmere." le Strange, Maud (I2716)
 
1027 Memoirs of the Danvers Family (citation details below, p. 221-222) makes what seems to us a good case that Agnes was a second wife and not the mother of Katherine Foliot. Agnes (I6886)
 
1028 Moore and Allied Families (citation details below) states that "it is thought" that she died at Hartford, Connecticut. Smith, Agnes (I17751)
 
1029 New England Families Genealogical and Memorial (citation details below) calls her "Jemima Weed"; this is probably due to the Rev. Elijah B. Huntington's mistranscription in his 6 Apr 1797 Registration of Births, Marriages and Deaths of Stamford Families.

Although Nicholas Knapp Genealogy doesn't, in its entry for Sarah Knapp, list Jemima among her children with Ebenezer Mead, in its entry for Moses Knapp it calls Jemimah Mead "dau. of Ebenezer Mead and Sarah (Knapp)." Meanwhile, Spencer P. Mead's History and Genealogy of the Mead Family of Fairfield County does in fact list Jemima as a daughter of Ebenezer and Sarah, and records her marriage to Moses Knapp. So Jemima and Moses were first cousins, both grandchildren of Caleb Knapp and Hannah Smith. 
Mead, Jemima (I3605)
 
1030 Notes of Terry Families says "He is a painter, and lives in Windsor, Conn."

Civil War service: Corporal, Company D, 16th Connecticut Infantry, Connecticut Volunteers. He was a wagonner. Enlisted 14 or 24 Aug 1862; fought at Antietam and Fredericksburg; mustered out 18 Dec 1862. 
Marks, William (I17310)
 
1031 Noyes-Gilman Ancestry (citation details below) says she was probably related to Abigail Gibbs, wife of Jireh Swift, but not a sister. Gibbs, Joanna (I15036)
 
1032 Old Families of Salisbury and Amesbury (citation details below) says "He served at Louisburg, 1745, with other Ames. men." Presumably this is the Siege of Louisbourg, when "a New England colonial force aided by a British fleet captured Louisbourg, the capital of the French province of Île-Royale (present-day Cape Breton Island) during the War of the Austrian Succession, known as King George's War in the British colonies." Hadlock, James (I5546)
 
1033 Perhaps the mother of this William Cramphorne's children. Cycelie (I2201)
 
1034 Protovestiarios, protoproedros, and domestikos ton scholon (Domestic of the Schools) of the Byzantine Empire. Doukas, Andronikos (I4884)
 
1035 Record of the Descendants of Francis Whitmore of Cambridge, Massachusetts mistakenly calls her "Mary Eliot." Eliot, Rachel (I13701)
 
1036 Royal Ancestry: "Said to be a daughter of William Deincourt, Lord Deincourt." But the Margaret Deincourt (b. 1344) who was the daughter of William, 2nd Lord Deincourt is well-recorded (AR, MCS, CP, etc) to have been married, 1st, to Robert Tibetot, and 2nd, to John Cheyne. And she died in 1380, before the 1396 given for Walter Tailboys' marriage to this Margaret. Margaret (I8878)
 
1037 Royal Ancestry and various other sources give this Hugh de Morwick's wife as a Juliana, sometimes asserted as a daughter of "Robert de Reveley." But in 2016 Andrew B. W. MacEwen, John P. Ravilious, and Rosie Bevan, in "Gang Warily! Juliana de Reveley and the Randolphs: A Cautionary Tale" (citation details below) established that this was a "false genealogy derived from scribal error", that "Robert de Reveley" was a later construct, and that this Hugh de Morwick's wife and the mother of his daughters was Agnes de Heyford, daughter of Roger de Heyford and Margery Gobion. de Morwick, Hugh (I2015)
 
1038 Royal Ancestry gives the date of their marriage as 23 April 1290; Complete Peerage as 30 April; the ODNB as "early May." Family F6425
 
1039 Royal Ancestry identifies her merely as an unnamed daughter of Norman Darcy, wife of _____ Swynford. Darcy, Margaret (I3412)
 
1040 Royal Ancestry shows her as a daughter of Hugh de Hastings and Margaret de Everingham, but a footnote points out both a lack of positive proof for this and the existence of evidence suggesting she may have been a member of the Fastolf family of Norfolk instead. The entries for John Rochford in the History of Parliament and the Oxford Dictionary of National Biography shed no light on either possibility for Alice's parentage, noting only that she appears to have been a cousin of one Richard Newton of Boston, Lincolnshire. Alice (I14367)
 
1041 Settlers of the Beekman Patent calls her Beletje Jacobs van Vleckenstyn. van Vleckesteijn, Belitje Jacobs (I5107)
 
1042 Settlers of the Beekman Patent calls her Sophia (Fytje) Hendrics Wiltsie. Wiltse, Sophia Hendricksen (I4621)
 
1043 Settlers of the Beekman Patent calls him Theunis Thomas Quick de Metsaeler. Pane-Joyce Genealogy calls him Teunis Thomaszen de Metsaeler.

He was a mason. He and his wife were in New Amsterdam by around 1640. 
Quick, Theunis Thomaszen (I4936)
 
1044 Seventy Quorum Membership, 1835–1846, entry on his son Edward, has him as "George (John?) Johnson". Johnson, John (I8391)
 
1045 Sherman Genealogy (citation details below) mistakenly calls her "Sarah Gardner." Gardner, Hannah (I14545)
 
1046 Simon Stone Genealogy says merely that she outlived her husband, who died 27 Feb 1783, while John Dennis Farwell's The Farwell Family (1929) gives no death date for her at all. But the headstone in the Groton Old Burying Ground for "Mary Stone relict of Dea. James Stone", seen on Find A Grave, clearly says "March" and "1804". I can't make out the day of the month from the photograph. Farwell, Mary (I4731)
 
1047 Sparapet (hereditary grand constable) of Armenia, 753-775. Killed, along with much of Armenia's other military leadership, by the forces of the Abbasid caliphate at the Battle of Bagrevand in 775. Bagrevand is in what is now eastern Turkey. Smbat VII Bagratuni Prince of Armenia (I384)
 
1048 Suo jure Countess of Boulogne and Lens. of Boulogne, Maud Queen Consort of England (I1867)
 
1049 Suo jure Countess of Lincoln. of Chester, Hawise (I1295)
 
1050 Suo jure Countess of Pembroke. Wikipedia: "When Isabel was dying she asked to be buried next to her first husband at Tewkesbury Abbey, but Richard had her interred at Beaulieu Abbey, with her infant son, instead. As a pious gesture, however, he sent her heart, in a silver-gilt casket, to Tewkesbury." Marshal, Isabel (I4890)
 
1051 Suo jure Countess of Salisbury. Longespée, Ela (I3544)
 
1052 Suo jure Lady Segrave. de Segrave, Elizabeth (I2464)
 
1053 The Ancestry of Dorothea Poyntz calls her "Eleanor Fitzpiers." fitz Reynold, Eleanor (I15744)
 
1054 The Ancestry of Dorothea Poyntz calls her "Joan Sturdon", but [Royal Ancestry] says she was a "daughter or kinswoman of William de Latimer, Knt., 3rd Lord Latimer, of Corby, Northamptonshire." Joan (I16650)
 
1055 The Ancestry of Dorothea Poyntz calls her Elizabeth de Corston. Fitz Elys, Elizabeth (I11283)
 
1056 The Ancestry of Dorothea Poyntz calls him "William de Corston." Fitz Elys, William (I11458)
 
1057 The Ancestry of Dorothea Poyntz calls him Edward Fitton. Fitton, Edmund (I15833)
 
1058 The Ancestry of Dorothea Poyntz gives her as a daughter of Sir William Wayland, knight of the shire for Somerset in 1307, who died 20 Mar 1327. de Weyland, Katherine (I19833)
 
1059 The Ancestry of Dorothea Poyntz gives her father as Hugh Cotton of Rudheth, but says her mother is unknown. de Cotton, Margery (I10434)
 
1060 The Ancestry of Dorothea Poyntz omits this generation. Fitz Elys, William (I11341)
 
1061 The Ancestry of Dorothea Poyntz, citing the Metcalfe-edited visitations of Essex and William Rutton's 1891 Three Branches of the Family of Wentworth, calls him "Roger Bissett." Bissett, John (I7135)
 
1062 The Ancestry of Eva Belle Kempton 1878-1908, Part III (citation details below) gives her death date as 16 Apr 1704, citing "Sudbury VR, 306" as its source, but this seems to be an error, as the 1903 publication of the Vital Records of Sudbury, Massachusetts, to the Year 1850 (citation details below) clearly says, on page 306, that "Mary [Goodenow], w. Capt. John" died "Apr. 14, 1704". Axtell, Mary (I4320)
 
1063 The Blackmans of Knight's Creek (citation details below) calls her "Hillar", in double quotation marks. (Unknown daughter of Richard Silveyn) (I8527)
 
1064 The Blackmans of Knight's Creek calls her "a niece of Stephen de Garlande." de Garlande, Agnes (I2543)
 
1065 The Blackmans of Knight's Creek calls him "Roger Banastre." Banastre, Robert (I6945)
 
1066 The Chetwynds of Ingestre asserts that this Elias was a descendant of an Elias de Oddeston who was a son of John de Verdun (1226-1274) by his first wife, Margaret daughter of Gilbert de Lacy. John, Margaret, and Gilbert certainly existed -- by his second wife, Eleanor de Bohun, John de Verdun is an ancestor of your genealogist's spouse -- but we find no trace of the existence of the alleged "Elias de Oddeston." de Verdon, Elias (I16185)
 
1067 The Coucher Book, Or Chartulary, of Whalley Abbey (citation details below) calls him "Urian de Sancto Petro." de St. Pierre, John (I15223)
 
1068 The Gardiners of Narragansett has Peter Wells and his wife Elizabeth Sweet dying, respectively, 16 Sep 1757 and 13 Sep 1757, but a correction on page 249 says that these are the death dates of a different Peter Wells and Elizabeth Sweet, who m. 2 Jul 1746. This other Peter was the son of Jonathan Wells of East Greenwich and the other Elizabeth was the daughter of Richard Sweet of West Greenwich. Wells, Peter (I3987)
 
1069 The History and Antiquities of the County of Leicestershire calls her "Agnes." Sister and sole heir to Ralph le Muer, lord of Covenham and Calthorp. le Muer, Margaret (I5447)
 
1070 The Phelps Family in America and Their English Ancestors says that "she was an English woman b. 1656". Martin, Grace (I9894)
 
1071 The Wallop Family gives her surname as "Archdeacon." l'Arcedekne, Florence (I7927)
 
1072 The Wallop Family [citation details below] calls her Agnes de Beyle. Agnes (I5910)
 
1073 The Wallop Family [citation details below] calls her Margaret de Greystoke. de Greystoke, (Unknown) (I6421)
 
1074 The Wallop Family [citation details below] gives his surname as "Archdeacon"; The Parochial and Family History of the Deanery of Trigg Minor [citation details below] gives it as "Lercedekne alias Archdekne." Complete Peerage gives the three generations above him as "l'Arcedekne". l'Arcedekne, Richard (I8110)
 
1075 The Wentworth Genealogy, English and American shows Hannah Chesley as a daughter of James Chesley and Mehitable Waldron, and says that she "married (his first wife) Rev. Avery Hall, pastor of the church in Rochester, N. H., from 15 October 1766 to 10 April 1775; and had two children", but it gives her no birth, death, or marriage dates.

Heard-Hurd Genealogy calls her "Mary Chesley", but concurs with other sources in calling her husband Avery Hall and her daughter Mehitable Hall. 
Chesley, Hannah (I5714)
 
1076 The Wentworth Genealogy (1878) omits this generation, and has Alice Bissett, heir of John Bissett of North Elmsall, marrying the John Wentworth who was brother to this John Wentworth's grandfather William Wentworth (d. 1308), and North Elmshall passing to that John's nephew John (this John's father) after the older John died without surviving issue. We have placed Alice Bissett here instead based on the notes of John P. Ravilious and Brice Clagett. Note that neither of them (to our knowledge) give a name for her father. Wentworth, John (I8444)
 
1077 Wetmore Memorial says she was sixth in descent from the Rev. John Cotton, first minister of Boston. Warner, Elizabeth (I16083)
 
1078 Wetmore Memorial says that Sarah Taylor Boerum's "great-grandfather, William Boerum, nephew of the patroon Simeon Boerum, equipped at his own expense, a company of dragoons during the Revolutionary war, and commanded them in person." Boerum, William (I16155)
 
1079 Youngs Family gives his year of birth as 1545, but this appears to be based on a misreading of sixteenth-century numerals. The record of his ordination at Norwich Cathedral on 21 Dec 1599 says, translated from the original Latin, "Christoferus Younges Bachelor of Arts in his twenty fourth year, made curate of Carlton juxta Kellshale." A second record, on 6 Jun 1600, ordains as a priest "Christoferus Younges deacon, Master of Arts, formerly admitted, in his 25th year, curate of Carlton juxta Kellshall in the County of Suffolk."

He was a graduate of Cambridge -- B.A. 1596, M.A 1599.

In the chancel floor of the church at Southwold is a brass tablet inscribed:

HERE LYETH INTERRED YE BODY OF MR. CHRISTOPHER
YONGES WHO DEPTED THIS LIFE YE 14 DAY OF IVNE
ANNO DOMINI, 1626,
A GOOD MAN FVLL OF FAITH WAS HEE
HERE PREACHER OF GODS WORD
AND MANIE BY HIS MINISTRIE
WEARE ADDED TO THE LORD. (ACT. II 24.) 
Yonges, Rev. Christopher (I17451)
 
1080

Arrived in Massachusetts 2 Nov 1631, on the Lyon.

Early Massachusetts settler whose personal life and wild habits of owning her own property scandalized Puritan society. She wound up living on Long Island with her third husband. She is the subject of a quite good 1958 historical novel by Anya Seton called The Winthrop Woman.

The real indictments laid against her by her detractors were: (1) the suggestion that she began her relationship with her third husband before while still married to her second one (true) and (2) the suggestion that she was not legally divorced from her second husband when she married her third one (probably untrue). Added piquance was provided by the fact that her third husband had been her second husband's business manager. It seems clear, however, that her second husband (1) went insane and (2) essentially abandoned her.

Elizabeth Fones (~1610->1655) = William Hallett (~1616-~1706)
William Hallett (1648-1669) = Sarah Woolsey (1650-1727)
Sarah Hallett (b. 1673) = George Phillips (1664-1739)
George Phillips (1698-1771) = Elizabeth Mills (1706-1768)
Samuel Phillips (1782-1806) = Sarah Mills (1734-1795)
Hannah Phillips (1756-1834) = Daniel Brush (1744-1805)
George Phillips Brush (1775-1829) = Polly Keeler (1780-1865)
Emeline Keeler Brush (b. 1821) = Harvey Woodworth (b. ~1813)
Louisa Mart Woodworth (b. 1842) = Thomas George Maxwell (b. 1835)
James Willard Maxwell (b. ~1901) = Adele Thompson (b. ~1903)
Mary Maxwell (1929-1994) = William Henry Gates, Jr. (b. ~1926)
William Henry "Bill" Gates III (1955- ) 
Fones, Elizabeth (I5176)
 
1081 A "kinswomen of Henry III", according to Complete PeerageHelisant (I14332)
 
1082 A founder of East Greenwich, Rhode Island, he was granted land for his service in King Philip's War.

"He evidently came here directly from Newport, where he had been made a freeman in 1668. His wife was Susannah Griffin."
[The History of East Greenwich, Rhode Island 1677-1960]

Torrey calls him "Dr. John Spencer." 
Spencer, John (I3416)
 
1083 A banker of London. Halliday, Simon (I16986)
 
1084 A baron of Henry, earl of Warwick. Possibly a grandson of Hugh II de Montfort of Montfort-sur-Risle and his wife Alice de Beaufort. See note on this Thurstan's son Thurstan. de Mundford, Thurstan (I5507)
 
1085 A baron of the bishopric of Durham. Conyers, Roger (I21469)
 
1086 A benefactor to the canons of Cockersand. de Worsley, Richard (I16740)
 
1087 A Boston merchant and banker who grew wealthy on railroad investments.

From the Diary of Charles Francis Adams, 24 July 1836:

"In the evening Mr. and Mrs. I. Sargent came in for the first time. There appears to be a disposition on their part to cultivate our society which I would not reject, and yet to me he is not interesting." 
Sargent, Ignatius (I5172)
 
1088 A brief article about him as a diarist, "a busy man of affairs, devoted to his wife and family, at the center of a network of inter-related clans," can be found here on the NEHGS's Vita Brevis blog.

An ancestor of John and John Quincy Adams. 
Winthrop, Adam (I8568)
 
1089 A brother of the Byzantine emperor Nikephoros III Botaneiates, whose family claimed descent from the Byzantine Phokas family but whose immediate ancestry is hazy. Synadenos, Theodul (I21264)
 
1090 A Byzantine military leader in Asia Minor. Angelos, Andronikos Doukas (I7180)
 
1091 A carriage maker. Prence, Thomas (I169)
 
1092 A Christian concubine, variously asserted as Basque or Frankish. Muzna (I8254)
 
1093 A citizen and mercer of London. Lord Mayor of London, 1465.

Sheriff of London (jointly with John Styward), 1456. Alderman of London, 1457-78. Knighted by Edward IV on 21 May 1470, following a successful defense of London against a company of bandits led by Thomas Fauconbridge.

MP for London 1459, 1469, 1472-75. 
Verney, Ralph Mayor of London (I20011)
 
1094 A citizen of Saco, Maine in 1642. Booth, Robert (I17386)
 
1095 A cleric, he occurs in Domesday for Suffolk as a tenant of Bury St. Edmunds. Ailbold (I14432)
 
1096 A close ally of John, who appointed him Archbishop of Canterbury; the rejection of this appointment by higher ecclesiastical authority was for many years a source of tension between John and the church. de Grey, John Bishop of Norwich (I7143)
 
1097 A cloth merchant of Halifax. Saltonstall, Gilbert (I14430)
 
1098 A clothier in Braintree, Essex. Owner of much property there, including houses, orchards, and fields. Marsh, John (I2252)
 
1099 A commander at the Battle of the Standard, following which he was created Earl of Derby by Stephen. de Ferrers, Robert (I1616)
 
1100 A cooper. Merriman, George (I2107)
 
1101 A count and farmer (hacendado) in Tierra de Campos. Oláliz, Fáfila (I12942)
 
1102 A count. Diaz, Alfonso (I12947)
 
1103 A descendant of Harold II, King of England.

He and his wife Anna/Agnes were 5Xgreat-grandparents to Philippa of Hainaut, wife of Edward III. 
Béla III King of Hungary, Croatia, Dalmatia, and Rama (I21258)
 
1104 A Domesday tenant in chief in Cambridgeshire and Bedfordshire. Suggested by K. S. B. Keats-Roham as the probable father of Reginald, but this is not known for certain.

"At this time the name David -- like many other Biblical names -- was evidently very uncommon both in Normandy and England. Only one other land-holder with this name is mentioned in the entire Domesday Book: David 'Latimer', or the Interpreter. Keats-Rohan suggests that this David, who was a tenant of William de Braose in Dorset, was probably identical with the David 'de Argentomo' of Cambridgeshire and Bedfordshire. William came from Briouze-Saint-Gervais, in the arrondissement of Argentan, and feudal relationships in Normandy were often replicated in England after the Norman Conquest." [Chris Phillips, citation details below.] 
de Argentein, David (I4567)
 
1105 A farmer of Bethlehem, Connecticut. Thompson, Amos Hard (I13385)
 
1106 A favorite of Henry III.

"Amauri de St. Amand was in the King's service, March 1216/7. In 1226 he was serving in Ireland. In 1230 he fought in Henry's expedition overseas; in 1231 was joint constable of castles in co. Pembroke, and joint negotiator of a truce with Llewelyn. In 1232, joint Keeper of St. James de Beuvron (La Manche); in January 1232/3, the King's messenger to the Duke of Brittany; by July, a knight; later in 1233, on official service in the Marches of Wales. The King's Steward or joint Steward, 1233 certainly till 1240; January 1233/4, joint Constable of the Marches; in May, Keeper of Hereford, &c., acting as sheriff until 1240; Keeper of St. Briavel, &c., June 1234, with renewals till his death; in July, in joint control of the King's expenditure in Brittany. In June 1239 he was one of the nine godfathers of Prince Edward. He married, 1stly,-----; and, 2ndly, between July 1214 and Dec. 1222, as her 5th husband, Iseult, daughter of William Pantulf of Breedon, Leics (died 1194), by Joan, daughter of Piers de Goldington and Eve his wife, and (perhaps after the death s.p. of a brother) her father's coheir and ultimately heir. He died between Easter and September 1241, on the journey to the Holy Land on which he set out in 1240, with Simon de Montfort, as followers of Richard, Earl of Cornwall." [Complete Peerage
de St. Amand, Amauri (I9299)
 
1107 A fellow with an illuminating pedigree. Clark, Albert C. (I12191)
 
1108 A footnote (c) to CP's entry on her son Sir Ralph Bulmer says that she "was aged 15 at the feast of St. Hilary (probably b. at Theophania or Tiphaine, i.e., Epiphany), 1268/9." St. Hilary's feast day is January 13. Citing the Oxford dictionary of English Christian Names by Elizabeth Gidley Withycombe (1947), the Wikipedia article about the given name Tiffany says that it is "an English form of the Greek Theophania. It was formerly often given to children born on the feast of Theophania, that is, Epiphany." Epiphany is traditionally celebrated on January 6. de Morwick, Tiphaine (I2236)
 
1109 A forester of Macclesfield forest, 1287. Downes, Robert (I1408)
 
1110 A founding settler of Portsmouth, Rhode Island, he became its first recorder and served various other roles in the town's government. Wikipedia entry here".

"PHILIP, Roxbury, came in 1633, a single man, freem. 14 May 1634, first on the list aft. Gov. Haynes, m. Sarah Odding, d. of John Porter's w. by former h. went home early, but soon came again, and was led away, says the ch. rec. to familism by Porter, disarm. Nov. 1637, and banish. next yr. went to R. I. there sign the compact of civil governm. Mar. 1638, was Secr. or Recorder of the Col. 1648, and was rep. 1656. See Callender, 30. As secr. he was happy eno. to have a descend. at 1857, prob. at seventh generat. fill. the same post; but I can hardly indicate the line. He had Samson and Samuel, perhaps more." [James Savage, A Genealogical Dictionary of the First Settlers of New England]

According to Ancestral Lines (citation details below), he and his wife were ancestors of Herbert Hoover and Winston Churchill. 
Sherman, Philip (I4724)
 
1111 A Frankish nobleman who came to Italy in the early tenth century. Count of Auriate from about 906 to his death. Roger (I3411)
 
1112 A graduate of Cambridge, he was rector of Stevenage from 1598 to his death. Pratt, Rev. William (I5247)
 
1113 A graduate of Princeton in 1765, he was the Congregational minister of the parish of Westminster, in Canterbury, Connecticut, for over thirty years. Staples, Rev. John (I14523)
 
1114 A high official who held the titles of megas droungarios and pansebastosKamateros, Andronikos Doukas (I14223)
 
1115 A Huguenot, from France. Blanshan, Matthew (I21207)
 
1116 A justice for Berkshire in 1226. de Englefield, Alan (I13357)
 
1117 A justice itinerant. de Englefield, John (I12092)
 
1118 A justice of England, but not, as sometimes asserted, the chief justiciar. Died as a monk.

From the Oxford Dictionary of National Biography:

"Basset, Ralph (d. 1127?), justice, was included by the chronicler Orderic Vitalis in his list of new men raised from the dust by Henry I, men allegedly of obscure birth who rose by their service to Henry and acquired great wealth in the process. He came from Montreuil-au-Houlme near Argentan in Normandy, not far from the abbey of St Évroul where Orderic was a monk and to which Ralph was a benefactor. In England either Ralph Basset the justice or an earlier namesake was in 1086 an under-tenant of Robert (I) d'Oilly at Marsworth in Buckinghamshire and Tiscot in Hertfordshire. He could also have been connected with Robert d'Oilly in Normandy, given that Robert may have come from Ouilly-le-Basset. [...]

"Between 1110 and 1127 Basset was one of the most prominent of Henry I's justices, and was described by the chronicler Henry of Huntingdon as one of the 'justices of all England', a description which indicates the geographical scope of his authority, as opposed to those who acted for the king only in their own locality. As such he was an early example of a royal justice who conducted local visitations to investigate the administration of the king's rights, setting a precedent for the later general eyres. Two sessions where he presided have become well known. The first took place at Huntingdon, where a man named Bricstan was brought to trial for concealment of treasure, a case reported by Orderic Vitalis. At the second, according to the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle, Basset was responsible for hanging forty-four thieves in 1124 at 'Hundehoge', probably Huncote in Leicestershire." 
Basset, Ralph (I7280)
 
1119 A king's assessor in 1394 and 1400. Danvers, Richard (I10918)
 
1120 A king's justiciar. Brito, Ralf (I1544)
 
1121 A kinswoman in some fashion to queen Eleanor of Provence, wife of Henry III. Isabel (I13054)
 
1122 A kinswomen, in some manner, of William de Edington, Bishop of Winchester. de Cormailles, Gouda (I18096)
 
1123 A knight of St. John of Jerusalem. de Cotton, Hugh (I2163)
 
1124 A lawyer of the Inner Temple, in London. He came to New England in 1638 with his second wife, Lucy, and settled at Salem, but returned to England several times and ultimately died in Scotland.

A son by his second wife, Sir George Downing, held various positions under Cromwell: minister to Holland, secretary to the Treasury, and Scout Master General of the Parliamentary army.

From Abandoning America (citation details below):

Emmanuel Downing was a lawyer of Inner Temple, London. He married Lucy, a sister of John Winthrop, in 1622. He had grown up in Ipswich and attended Trinity Hall, Cambridge. He worked in Dublin for a time but came back to London in 1626. He was an adventurer in the Massachusetts Bay Company from the start, and acted as the Company's attorney in England. He also looked after John Winthrop's business interests after Winthrop left for New England in 1630. Some of Downing's children -– James, Mary and Susan -– preceded him to New England, c. 1633. Emmanuel and Lucy Downing emigrated in 1638, with their son George Downing, at Winthrop's encouragement.

Downing, an investor and entrepreneur as well as a lawyer, settled in Salem, Massachusetts. He was admitted to the church on 4 November 1638, and as a freeman on 14 March 1638/9. He became recorder of deeds for Salem on 7 October 1640, and kept that office into the 1650s. He was active in town government and often acted as a representative at the Massachusetts General Court. Before Hugh Peter, Thomas Weld and William Hibbins returned to England as agents for Massachusetts in 1641, Downing briefed them on legal matters relating to the colony's charter.

Downing seems to have made three visits to England before he returned home for good in 1654. He was in England on business, c. October 1642 to c. June 1643. On this occasion he acted as an attorney for Adam Winthrop, and aided John Winthrop Jr (with Hugh Peter and Thomas Weld) to promote investment in the Saugus ironworks. Downing returned to New England but set sail for England again in December 1644. On 25 February 1644/5 he reported his arrival in London. The Massachusetts General Court had directed him to gather evidence against Thomas Morton. He also handled business for the Saugus ironworks, including the recruitment of Richard Leader as manager. Downing was associated with a scheme promoted by Hugh Peter and Thomas Weld, to send poor children from England to New England. Downing fell under suspicion (with Nehemiah Bourne) of pocketing some of the money raised by Peter and Weld. He sailed for New England in May 1645 and was back there by August. With Bourne, Thomas Fowle and Robert Sedgwick, Downing led a petition against laws restricting the presence of strangers and prohibiting anabaptists, arguing that these colonial policies were deeply unpopular among the godly in England. His son George Downing left New England for good in 1645. Before long, Downing visited England for a third time: he was there in May 1647, but came back to Boston by June 1648. Downing was keenly aware of temptations to return to England: he had heard John Davenport and Theophilus Eaton might go; he knew Hugh Peter was urging John Winthrop Jr to take up opportunities back home.

Emmanuel Downing's fourth journey to England was his last. He received a letter from Hugh Peter in the winter of 1652/3, asking him to come to England, with his wife Lucy. He suspected 'George would have us retorne, and putts Mr Peters upon the invitation'. On 25 September 1654, Emmanuel Downing declared he intended to travel back to England with Robert Sedgwick within two months. He sailed that winter. Stephen Winthrop reported, 11 March 1654/5, that Downing had recently arrived in London. By this time George Downing's star was rising as scoutmaster-general in Scotland. Emmanuel Downing joined him there and quickly became clerk to the new Council of Scotland, established in May 1655 (of which Samuel Desborough was also a member). Later, Downing welcomed Fitz John Winthrop to Scotland. His wife Lucy and daughter Martha joined him in Edinburgh by 1658. Emmanuel Downing died in Edinburgh in 1659. Lucy Downing lived on in England until her death in 1679, in straitened circumstances -- reliant on her son George, who was notoriously rich and notoriously mean. 
Downing, Emanuel (I15389)
 
1125 A lawyer. Cotton, Roland (I14071)
 
1126 A London mercer. Sheriff of London in 1441. Rich, Richard (I20730)
 
1127 A lord in Languedoc, possibly in what is now Salvetat-sur-Agout. de Fargues, Jacques (I4735)
 
1128 A lot of trees show this individual as "Andrew Jackson Patrick." We're dubious, because in 1805, the famous Andrew Jackson (1767-1845) was not yet a figure after whom many people were naming their children. He had served one term as Tennessee's lone member of the House of Representatives, subsequently being elected to the Senate from Tennessee, but he resigned his Senate seat after a single year. By 1805 he was merely a judge of Tennessee's Supreme Court; his military successes and his time on the national stage were well off in the future.

We think the idea that his name was "Andrew Jackson Patrick" comes from confusion with his nephew Andrew Jackson Patrick (1824-1886), born in the year of Andrew Jackson's first Presidential campaign, who certainly was named that. The census listings we've seen for this individual, however, simply call him "Andrew" or "Andy". 
Patrick, Rev. Andrew (I11686)
 
1129 A maidservant, she arrived in 1632. Short, Rebecca (I11397)
 
1130 A major early Mormon, appointed in 1849 to the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles. Organizer of multiple settlements in Utah, Idaho, and California. Subject of two books, Leonard J. Arrington, Charles C. Rich: Mormon General and Western Frontiersman (1974) by Leonard J. Arrington, the pre-eminent modern historian of Mormonism, and Charles Coulson Rich: Pioneer Builder of the West (1936) by John Henry Evans. Rich, Charles Coulson (I89)
 
1131 A mason. Born about 1587 (census 1666), 1589 (census 1666), 1587 (census 1667).

"MARIN BOUCHER... left France from Dieppe in April 1634 with a Robert Giffard group which included Jean Guyon, Zacharie Cloutier and Gaspard Boucher and his family." More at A Point in History.

From Wikipedia:

Marin Boucher (1587 or 1589–1671), was a pioneer of early New France and one of the most prolific ancestors of French Canada, being the ancestor of most of the Bouchers of North America, particularly in the Province of Quebec, Northern New Brunswick, Ontario and Western Canada. [...]

The Bouchers were stonemasons and carpenters, skills which were valuable in the early colony. Because of some work done for Samuel de Champlain, the Founder of the colony, Marin Boucher was deeded Champlain's clothes in his will when he died. He was also a witness in a dispute over stolen property in which his relation Gaspard Boucher was the plaintiff. [...]

The Bouchers arrived as part of the Percheron immigration movement, consisting of a mix of families and single individuals from the region of Perche, at the time part of Maine province, brought over to New France in 1634 to colonize Beauport, a seigneurie granted to Robert Giffard, physician to the colony. Marin Boucher and his son François migrated aboard the ship St-Jehan under the command of Captain Pierre Nesle, which arrived in Quebec on June 4, 1634. His wife and younger children arrived the following year. 
Boucher, Marin (I1811)
 
1132 A member of parliament, whether by writ or as a shire knight we're unaware. Lyons, John (I13675)
 
1133 A member of the Inner Temple, he was knighted after the battle of Stoke. Littleton, William (I13566)
 
1134 A member of the royal household from 1443 to 1460. M.P. in 1447. Escheater of Norfolk and Suffolk 1464-65. Clere, Edmund (I16930)
 
1135 A memoir of his daughter Mary Elizabeth Bingham, by her daughter Barbara Ann Phelps, calls him "Calvin Perry Bingham."

From The Bingham Family in the United States, citation details below:

Calvin and his family were with the earliest Mormon groups to move across America. The oldest child of Lucius Augustus, Calvin was born in NY, lived in Upper Canada as a child, and by 1840 when he was thirteen, lived with the Mormon group in Henderson, Knox Co IL. About 1848, probably in IA after the Mormons moved to Pottawattamie Co, Calvin married Elizabeth Lucretia Thorn. He, his wife and her entire family, mother and siblings lived in one household in 1850.

Between 1853 and 1867, Calvin and his family lived in several different UT settlements. They then lived for about ten years in Montpelier, Bear Lake Co ID before returning to Box Elder Co UT by 1880. After Calvin died in AZ in 1883, wife Elizabeth moved to Vernal, Uintah Co UT where she lived with grown children William and Alice in 1900.

Posted to Ancestry.com by user NORDSEEKER, with the remark: "This account was written by their great grandson, Wes Martin. I don't know where he got all the information, but I found it typed on the back of a family group sheet in his genealogy book."

"Calvin Bingham was the son of Lucius and Sarah Stone Bingham. He was born Sept. 7, 1827 in Fowler, St. Lawrence County, New York. He was the oldest of eight children: four brothers--Benjamin, Augustus, Perry, and Prosper-- and three sisters: Emeline, Lucy, and MaryJane.

"His mother died about 1849. His father remarried but never came west to Utah. Calvin was baptized into the Mormon church at the age of seventeen in Bannock County, Illinois in 1844.

"Elizabeth Lucretia Thorn was the daughter of Ashael and Sarah Lester Thorn, born in Monrovia, Cayuga county, New York on March 25, 1832. She was the second child in a family of ten: three boys--William L., Richard, and Isaac, and seven girls--Maryann, Sarah, Nancy, Lydia, Abigale, Barbara Ann, and Elizabeth Lucretia. Her mother died about 1852 and her father re-married Elizabeth Lusk, a widow. They came west with his family.

"Calvin and Elizabeth were married December 18, 1848 in Pottawatamie, Iowa. Sarah and Calvin were born to them here. In 1853 they and several other members of the Thorn family moved west to Utah settleing in the West Weber area (now known as Uintah). Their third child, Mary Elizabeth, was born here. While living in Uintah, Calvin was called to serve in Col. Johnson's army. They were among the saints that made the move south--leaving their homes to be burned if necessary. On returning they settled in Farmington, Utah, where Lucy Melissa, their fourth child, was born. Later they moved to Three Mile Creek which is now known as Perry, Utah. In about 1857, the Ashael Thorn family moved here too and they built their homes near each other. Barbara Ann, their fifth child was born here. Three years later in 1860 they moved to Hyrum, Utah.

"Being among the first settlers in Hyrum, they took an active part in civic and church activities. Calvin became the first Bishop of Hyrum and was loved and remembered by people for a great many years. Two more children were born to them here, Anna Marie and Ashael.

"In 1865 they were called to settle the Bear Lake, Idaho area. They settled in Montpelier where due to very harsh winters, they lost their crops. Very discouraged, they returned to Hyrum, Utah. Their son, William Augustus, was born here in Montpelier.

"About 1868 they returned to Montpelier. Elizabeth taught the first school in town--teaching out of their small log home. Another daughter, Lydia Emeline, was born to them here. Later, they built a large home on the banks of the creek that ran through town. Their last two children were born here--Orissa Vilate and Alice. Orissa Vilate died at nine months old. Also at this residence, their daughter, Lucy Melissa Bigham Williams, died after giving birth to a baby girl. She was only eighteen years old. This two week old baby girl was raised by her grandparents, Calvin and Elizabeth.

"In 1878, the Binghams, their married son and daughters, and a large group of other people left Montpelier intending to go to Arizona and settle an area there. But upon reaching Salem, Utah, they decided to stop there for a year or so. The Perry Bingham family and the Robert H. Williams family were among those that settled in Salem for that short time. In 1880, with several other families including the Alonzo Bingham family, Calvin and Elizabeth headed for Arizona again. They stopped in St. Johns, Arizona where their daughter, Anna Marie and husband William were living. They stayed there until 1891 when they moved to St. David, Arizona. Arriving on Christmas Day, they joined others of the original group who had settled that area and started up a freighting business. This business engaged in the freight business between Benson, Tombstone and Bisbee. Although Calvin was a blacksmith by trade, he found freighting more profitable. So he bought a team of large horses to go with the team he already had, and followed this occupation for a little more than a year.

"Calvin Bingham left his home with a wagon loaded with freight for Bisbee, about 56 miles from St. David. On the following day, May 27,1883, while going down a steep grade, his freight wagon upset pinning him under the wagon and causing his death.

"His body was brought home by three men from his ward. Funeral services were held in the ward at St. David May 29, 1883. Speakers were Patriarch P.C. Merrill, President David P. Kimball, J.H. Martineau, Bishop Henry Horn, and S.B. Merrill, who all spoke highly of the integrity, faithfullness and honesty of Calvin. After the death of her husband, Elizabeth Lucretia Bingham, with her family consisting of the younger children Ashael, William, Emeline, Lucy Jane, a grand-daughter, and Alice moved to Mesa, Arizona where her three oldest children, Clarinda, Mary Elizabeth Phelps, and Calvin Perry Bingham lived. She had only been there a short time when another sorrow came into her life. Ashael, then 23 years old, had an appendicitis attack and died just four months after his father's death.

"The family spent three years in Mesa and then returned to their former home in Montpelier, Idaho. Then in 1888 they moved to Vernal, Utah where Lucretia spent the remainder of her life. She was a faithful LDS woman and worked in the Relief Society organization. While in Montpelier she had been called to work among the sick and dying. She helped make burial clothes and to dress and lay out the dead. She underwent many hardships of the early pioneers. She learned to be thrifty and to economize so she could feed and clothe her family. It is said that when she bought a piece of calico, she would tear a quilt block from it for the quilt she was making. She made very nice quilts that were the envy of her friends and neighbors. Thread was expensive, so she would ravel out cloth to sew her blocks together with. She taught her 11 children to be thrifty and industrious too. She passed away at her home in Vernal Nov. 28, 1903 as a result of a heart attack." 
Bingham, Calvin (I9917)
 
1136 A memoir of the life of Laura Clark Phelps and her daughter Mary Phelps Rich, written by the latter, is here.

A memoir of the life of Laura Clark Phelps, written by Morris Calvin Phelps, is here.

From "Courage a legend as she faced mobs," by John L. Hart, Church News, "Authorized News Web Site of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints", 19 Jun 2004:

History sometimes turns on small, even unknown, hinges and personalities. Such is the case with Laura Clark Phelps, a little-known Church member of deep personal courage who stood up to mobs as she and her husband, Morris Charles Phelps, experienced the brunt of mob and civil persecution in Missouri from 1832-39.

Laury, as she called herself, was born to Timothy Baldwin and Polly Keeler Clark in New Fairfield, Conn., on July 28, 1807. When she was about age 17, she met her future husband. He had come to Lawrence County, Ill., to visit his Keneippe relatives. They were married two years later, in 1826. They were living in the Chicago, Ill., area, when they heard news of a new religion and of a prophet who translated a book from gold plates. They heard further that their friends Isaac M. Morley and Edward Partridge had joined this new religion and missionaries were on their way to Chicago. Not long after, Elders Lyman Wight and John Correll arrived and found the Phelps to be eager listeners and believers who were baptized in 1831. (History of Morris Phelps, unpublished, compiled by descendants and written by Rose Openshaw.)

Within a year the couple responded to the call to relocate in Missouri. They arrived in Jackson County in 1832, and made a home near Independence. They were given land on "a little prairie" outside of town where they homesteaded for a year and a half. In the fall of 1833, they had their first taste of mob oppression.

Mobs were not unusual on the American frontier during the 19th century. Vigilante action was the unwritten law and it was broadly exercised at the whim of community leaders for various causes.

The conflict began in Independence when the original settlers became alarmed as converts with different beliefs came pouring in and established essentially a well-ordered, free and closed community that contrasted dramatically with the existing open, unruly slave-state frontier. (See Encyclopedia of Mormonism, Church History, p. 344-350.)

In the first mob response, "between 40 and 50 persons in number, many of whom were armed with guns, proceeded against a branch of the Church, west of the Big Blue, and unroofed and partly demolished 10 houses; and amid the shrieks and screams of the women and children, whipped and beat in a savage and brutal manner, several of the men: while their horrid threats frightened women and children into the wilderness." (History of the Church 1:426.)

The Phelpses fled with most of the saints in bitter cold to Clay County. While in Clay County on a rented farm, they were visited by Joseph Smith, who held meetings in their home and blessed their children. Brother Phelps was called on a mission to Indiana, Ohio and Illinois where among his converts were his wife's parents. He also stopped to help build the Kirtland Temple, and, receiving an inheritance from his parents, established a farm and started a store. (Phelps History.)

Again the mobs came in a similar manner, and the Prophet advised, "We know not what we shall be called to pass through before Zion is delivered and established" (HC 1:450).

They fled to Far West, Mo., where Brother Phelps purchased a farm on June 2, 1837. Sometime afterwards, between the end of October and the first of November, Joseph Smith arrived at the new settlement to conduct Church affairs. During that time, mobs again pressed forward. One day they began chasing Joseph and one of his brothers, likely Hyrum, and the two ran from the mob and sought refuge in the Phelps home.

"Laura hid them in her house behind the clothes curtain," wrote her husband later. "When the mob rushed in and their leader said, 'Where are they? We know they are here. We saw them come,' she answered calmly and with apparent unconcern. 'No, gentlemen, they are not here, but you are welcome to look all you want to.' She tried to look unconcerned while the mob made a hasty search and left." (From Morris Phelps diary, courtesy Daughters of Utah Pioneers.)

Heber C. Kimball would later recall that in 1839, "my life was sought at Richmond, and...she interceded with my pursuers, who were nearly 30 in number, and actually convinced them that I was another person, altogether, and the pursuit was stopped." (Obituary, Times and Seasons, Vol. 3, No. 9.)

Trouble escalated as the settlers organized a militia to fight back, leading to what was known as the Battle of Crooked River. Following this, local authorities took prisoner Joseph Smith and other Church leaders, among them Morris Phelps. Left alone as the mob came, Laura Phelps ran out to protect her young daughter, Harriet, and said, "Shoot all the animals you desire, but leave my little girl alone." (History of Laura Clark Phelps by Morris Calvin Phelps.)

With her husband confined to the Richmond Jail, Laura and the children left as refugees, expelled from the state by Gov. Lilburn Boggs' extermination order. She took her children in a wagon. It overturned "with my children under the load, but hurt them but little -- I can safely say this day I am not sorry I ever joined the Church...We have to be tried like gold seven times tried," she wrote in a letter to her family in Chicago.

After finding her parents in Iowa, she made a home for herself and the children in an old horse stable. When she received a love poem from her jailed husband in which he compared her with his "star," she resolved to visit him and help him escape. So, accompanied by her brother, she rode a little mare some 150 miles through difficult and hostile Missouri to the Columbia Jail, to which the prisoners had been transferred.

At the Columbia Jail, the case had been continued because no witness appeared against them. The jailer bragged that several prisoners died in jail of old age without the benefit of a hearing. On July 4th, 1839, the prisoners were to try to "gain our liberties or be in paradise before the close of that eventful day," wrote Parley P. Pratt, one of the three incarcerated. Laura Phelps did not participate, but waited at the jail. That dusk, as Richmond citizens continued their Independence Day celebration, the escape plan was enacted. When the evening meal was served, the prisoners caught the open prison door and thrust it wide. Morris Phelps, the more athletic of the three, grabbed the jailer while Pratt and the other prisoner, an ailing King Follett, dashed out. However, Phelps, who was weaker than he supposed, was held fast by the jailer and his wife, who was loudly sounding alarm.

Laura Phelps later said she thought she was praying silently, but her husband heard her shout, "Oh, Lord God of Abraham, Isaac and Jacob, deliver thy servant!" He said hearing that, he felt strong as a giant, and "thus cleared" himself. (History of Laura Clark Phelps.)

Parley Pratt and Morris Phelps both made good their escapes. (See Autobiography of Parley P. Pratt, pp. 301-323.)

Once again, Laura Phelps was left behind to fend for herself among hostile Missourians. The jailer and his wife threatened her with instant death but instead sent her outside to face a mob that had gathered. She faced the abusive group in silence, but the volume increased as a group of searchers returned with captured King Follett riding her mare and sidesaddle.

During this, a little boy who watched became extremely distressed at the way she was being treated. He ran home and told his parents, the Richardsons, who took her into their home. Mr. Richardson later recovered her saddle and horse and after 10 days she rode with the mail carrier back to Illinois. Sewed into her skirts was the manuscript of Parley P. Pratt's Key to Theology.

After a period of recuperation, the family settled in Macedonia, Ill., where Morris Phelps built a home. She, however, had in premonition a vision of what trials lay ahead for the saints and "she often said to me that she could not endure the trouble that was ahead," remembered her husband. (Phelps diary.)

On Feb. 2, 1842, after suffering from overexertion and exposure, a fatal illness came -- likely pneumonia -- and she died suddenly, five months before her 35th birthday.

Her days were shortened "by unparalleled cruelties" but "she manifested to the world that no sacrifice was too great for her to make for the cause which she espoused," said Elder Heber C. Kimball at her death. (Obituary, Times and Seasons.)

In a family ceremony held May 6, 2004, about 70 of her many descendants gathered at city cemetery No. 1 in Nauvoo, Ill., and placed a marker in her memory. Among her relatives is Anne Clark Pingree, second counselor in the Relief Society general presidency, who spoke of her in a conference address in October, 2003. 
Baldwin, Laura Clark (I342)
 
1137 A mercer of Peterborough. Edward, Peter (I9096)
 
1138 A merchant of Kingston-upon-Hull. de la Pole, William (I12834)
 
1139 A merchant of New Haven. Arnold, George Sumner (I13383)
 
1140 A merchant of New Haven. He and his wife Ann Eliza Sears were second cousins once removed, he a great-grandson of Stephen Miller (1699-1785) and Anna Goodrich (1711-1777), and she a great-great granddaughter of the same couple. Arnold, Ebenezer (I13381)
 
1141 A merchant. Registrar of probate, 1698-1702; selectman in 1704. A lieutenant in 1797, his estate settlement calls him "captain." Higginson, John (I14544)
 
1142 A miller and innkeeper. Saxton, Thomas (I17740)
 
1143 A miller, he emigrated 1635 with his first wife and their children on the Defense. His English origins are unknown.

Also known as Francis Wetmore.

From The Whitmore Genealogy (1907), pp. 13-14:

"Francis came to this country probably during the 1630's, and had established his residence at Cambridge prior to 1648, as about this time he married, at that place, Isabel Parke. Brooks, in his history of Medford, tells us he owned property in Cambridge near the Plains, Charlestown near the Menetomie River, near Dendruck Meadows; also in Medford and Lexington. His house stood on the dividing line between Lexington and Cambridge, and is mentioned in the Act of division. His name, with that of his wife, appears on a petition in favor of an old woman charged with being a witch, so he can hardly have been of the extreme Puritan party, though a member of the church. Francis served in King Philip's war; was Selectman and Constable in 1668 and 1682. In his will he makes provision for the education of his ch., thus early evidencing that regard for edu. that is so marked a family trait."

For what it's worth, Francis probably did not arrive in the 1630s, or he'd be covered in Robert Charles Anderson's Great Migration series. 
Whitmore, Francis (I16124)
 
1144 A North Carolina private in the Revolution. Flynn, Thomas (I1714)
 
1145 A nun. It is said that the night before William de la Pole surrendered to the Franco-Scottish forces of Joan of Arc (12 Jun 1429), "he laye in bed with a nonne whom he toke oute of holy profession and defouled, whose name was Malyne de Cay, by whom he gate a daughter, now married to Stonard of Oxonfordshire." de Cay, Malyne (I19017)
 
1146 A peasant. Kresina (I3761)
 
1147 A planter and husbandman. Stone-Gregg Genealogy (citation details below): "For love and good will to the Quakers, he conveyed to them, in 1707, the site on which their meeting house was subsequently built." Barnard, Thomas (I5588)
 
1148 A possible "gateway ancestor" of Teresa, depending on whether his grandmother Marthe de Saint-Paul (~1609-1664) was a daughter of Abel de Saint-Paul and Claire de Crespon.

Acte d'Abjuration, 20 Jan 1686.

Arrived in Quebec 1 Aug 1685 aboard La Diligente, as a "sergent dans la compagnie de Renaud d'Avesnes des Meloïzes." [De Carufel]

From Our French-Canadian Ancestors, volume 5, by Gerard Lebel, translated by Thomas LaForest, translation cleaned up by me:

Jean-Baptiste SICARD de Carufel, son of Pierre and Marie de FORGUES (FARGUES), descended from a noble family originating in Haut Languedoc.

By October 1685, Louis XIV, who had been hounding the Huguenots for five years, revoked the Edict of Nantes and huge waves of Huguenot refugees fled France. Many of the Protestants who remained in France converted to Catholicism. Although we know Jean was not Catholic--he renounced the 'religion pretendue reformee' in 1686--we have not yet determined whether the young man and his family were Protestant, Huguenots or Albigeois Cathares.

At the age of 19, Jean-Baptiste joined the marine troops under the command of Capitan [Écuyer] Francois-Marie-Renaud d'Avesne des Meloizes. The Company, recruited by the new governor, Jacques-René Brisay de Denonville, was integrated into a 500-man detachment that left the port of La Rochelle in 1685 aboard La Diligente. During the Atlantic crossing scurvy and typhoid claimed 60 victims. Eighty more soldiers were hospitalised at the Hotel-Dieu--already overcrowed with 300 fever patients--upon their arrival in Quebec on August 1, 1685. [In 1685 the population of New France was 10,725 French and 1,538 settled natives.] After only a few weeks' rest, Denonville and his men left for Fort Frontenac (Kingston). The Governor found the colony in terrible disarray--hundreds of colonists had abandoned their land to become coureurs de bois. In addition to the challenge of social reform, the English surrounding the French possessions, and [the] Iroquois, were ever-present dangers.

The first mention of Jean's presence in New France is the act in the Notre-Dame de Quebec church register dated 20 January 1686 in which the young nobleman renounced his faith. According to the "Acte d'Abjuration", Jean SICARD, native of the parish of St. Jacques in the city of Castres-d'Albigeois in Haut-Languedoc, a sergent in the regiment of Renaud d'Avesnes des Meloizes, recanted from the pretended reformed religion [a fait abjuration de la religion pretendue reformee] before Jean Baptiste De LaCroix de St-Vallier, Bishop of Quebec. Witnesses were Jacques deBRISAY de Denonville, Governor, Lieutenant General of the Army, Quebec and his wife Catherine Courtin.

On June 13, 1687, at the head of 832 marine troops, more than 900 militiamen and 400 indigenious allies, Denonville headed up-river, resolved to crush the Tsonnontouans who, with arms furnished by the New York English, were harassing the colony in the southern Lake Ontario/Niagara region. (Fort Denonville was built 'on the same side as Fort Conti, which is today the site of Fort Niagara, USA, opposite Niagara-on-the-Lake.') Before returning to Montreal, Governor Denonville left about 100 men under the command of Raymond Blaise des Bergeres de Rigauville. Scurvy and the Iroquois wiped out all but Blaise and twelve men. [Although not documented, it is probable that the young Sicard de Carufel took part in the manoeuvres, as Capitan Raymond Blaise was his commanding officer and among the twelve who survived the winter of 1687-88.] From 1690 to 1720 the fort was abandoned.

Towards the end of 1688, shortly after returning to Montreal, Raymond Blaise des Bergeres replaced Captain Francois Lefebvre-Duplessis-Faber as the head of the troops stationed at Fort Louis in Chambly. A duel between the two men on July 15, 1689 landed both in prison. They were tried the next day in Montreal. On November 16, the Souvereign Council absolved them and ordered Lefebvre to pay Blaise 600 pounds in damages. According to the transcript, Jean SICARD de Carufel, first sergeant in the Company, was called to care for Blaise des Bergeres' wound. On August 4 of that year, August 4, one thousand five hundred Iroquois attacked Lachine down river from the mission of Mont Royal [Montreal] killing 400.

A marriage contract prepared by the notary Etienne Jacob, and signed 25 November 1694, states that, at the time, Jean was a sergeant in the Company of Michel Leneuf de la Valliere. Two days later, Sergeant Jean SICARD de Carufel married Genevieve, daughter of Jacques RATTE and Anne MARTIN (grand-daughter of Abraham Martin dit l'Ecossais, a royal pilot--the property of Martin, called the Plains of Abraham, adjoined the famous plateau where Wolfe and Montcalm battled). The ceremony in the parish of Saint Pierre de l'Ile d'Orleans was officiated by the Abby Dauric and witnessed by the widow of Genevieve Ratte & groom's father Pierre Sicard; Jacques Ratte and his wife, Anne Martin (the bride's parents), Jacques Gosselin (Jacques Ratte's brother-in-law or step-brother), and Pierre Roberge. In addition to the dispensation of two bans, due to Sicard's military career he had to seek permission from the Governor-general to wed.

Jean returned to France in 1696 and, on May 22, in a ceremony held before a notary in Castres, the noble Jean SICARD, lord of Farguettes, officer in the Marine Troops in Canada, declared his loyalty and respect for his father, Pierre Sicard, and, in addition to words of affection and courtesy by Pierre, was emancipated and declared free to make his own decisions.

Jean returned to Nouvelle France and, on March 18 1704 after living ten years in Saint-Pierre d'Orleans, had the sale of property to his brother-in-law, Pierre Ratte, notarised by Etienne Jacob. At the time of the birth of their fifth child, Louis, in March 1705, Jean and Genevieve were living in Maskinonge in the seigneurie des Legardeur de Repentigny. The Governor, Marquess Philippe de Rigaud de Vaudreuil (1703-1726), and the intendant Francois de Beauharno, officially granted Jean Sicard the fief de Carufel on April 21, 1705 in an 'acte de concesson.'

The domain, two leagues [a 'lieue' is an old unit of measure about 4 km] across by the same depth, was in the area now known as Saint Justin. 'De l'espace de terre qui reste dans la riviere Maskinonge, dans le lac St. Pierre, depuis celle qui a este cy-devant concedee au sieur Le Gardeur jusqu'au premier sault de la dite riviere, ce qui contient deux lieues ou en iron de front sur pareille profondeur En titre de Fief et seigneurie, haute, moyenne et bass e justice.' In return, that same day (21 April 1705) Jean, an officer in the troops of the marine detachment, made an act of faith and hommage for the fief and seigneurie to Marquess de Vaudreuil and Francois de Beauharnois.

Under the French seigneurial regime, seigneurs were duty-bound to promote colonization by providing 'immigrants with favourable conditions for the settlement and agricultural development ...' [Translated] 'From the time he took possession of his fief,' wrote l'abbe Hermann Plante, 'the lord of Carufel attempted to establish himself; but the timing was not good. In 1705, it was difficult to move away from the Saint Lawrence River. The clearing of the seigneurie in Maskinonge wasn't advanced enough to provide for colonisation... fear of the Iroquois still existed. The peace treaty signed four years earlier in Montreal between the French and the savages buried the hatchet but the Indians' hypocritical temperment made attracting settlers difficult. The 1701 treaty, still unproven and providing no guarantees, did little to aid the lord of Carufel in attracting settlers to move far from the river... But the lord was aging,' adds l'abbe Plante, 'he didn't want to die before realising the profits from his land.' After vain attempts to attract his companions to follow him, around 1720 Jean (who would have been about 54 years old) travelled up the Maskinonge River, the only route at the time, and, with his sons, began working on the south-west side about a quarter of a league from the Maskinonge fief. In a statement/ennumeration of 19 February 1723, Jean declared a sixteen foot square house enclosed by a pallisade and three acres of workable land. Few seigneurs could afford to live off their annual rents and, unless a seigneurie has 25-50 settled families, maintenance costs generally surpassed revenues. That same year, Jean, who continued his military career while clearing the land, was promoted to the rank of Ensign of the Troops of the colony. It is believed that he continued to work his land for another nine years--at least until 1732. There are also several transactions recorded in the minutes of Pierre Petit including an agreement August 16, 1728 with the Ursulines of Trois-Rivieres ending a land boundary dispute.

[On] 27 January 1737, the land-clearing septuagenarian made his testament in favour of his children. Four years later, in 1741, Jean SICARD de Carufel witnessed the sale of portions of his land as his children sold their share to their brother-in-law, Jean-Francois Baril-Duchesny, spouse of Genevieve. The old officer-colonist-lord descended from the French aristocracy did not survive long afterwards. He died in August 1743 at the age of 77.

It is interesting to note that although Jean-Baptiste and Genevieve would not have benefited from Louis XIV's King's gift for males who married before age twenty and females before sixteen, they would have likely received the three hundred livres to those with ten children. [Fathers of twelve children received four hundred livres.]

Eight of Jean's ten children married before their father's death; the others married in 1745 and 1751. 
Sicard de Carufel, Jean (I7433)
 
1149 A powerful magnate of Leòn. Allegedly the paternal grandfather of Ximena Diaz, wife of El Cid, through his son Diego, supposed to be Ximena's father. But see the note from Todd Farmerie in our entry on El Cid. Flaínez, Fernando (I12233)
 
1150 A probable "gateway ancestor" of Teresa, depending on whether the mother of her great-great grandmother Joan Roberts (~1484-1548) was in fact Isabel Culpepper (d. 1491), as seems circumstantially likely.

"After the 1639 death of her second husband the Rev. Robert Chamberlaine, Elizabeth (Scudder) (Chamberlaine) Stoughton 'came to New England with her children Elizabeth Scudder and Samuel and Joanna Chamberlaine, following her brothers Thomas and Israel Stoughton, and her son John Scudder, all of whom were here by 1635'. She was certainly in New England by 6 October 1644, when, as 'Mestres Chamberlin,' she joined the Rev. John Lothrop's church at Barnstable. She apparently moved to the Bay Colony shortly thereafter, for on 14 May 1645, the Massachusetts Bay General Court, calling her 'Mrs Chamberlin, widowe, sister to Mr Iraell Stoughton,' directed, '[u]pon weighty reasons moveing,' that she be allowed either a cow or £5." [Jane Fletcher Fiske, "A New England Immigrant Kinship Network," citation details below.] 
Stoughton, Elizabeth (I6860)
 
1151 A prominent clothier in Dedham, Essex. Settled in Dedham about 1534. Not a son of Thomas Sherman of Yaxley, Suffolk.

Ancestor of Roger Sherman, founding father, the only person to sign all three of the Great Articles of State which created the United States -- the Declaration, the Articles of Confederation, and the Constitution. First Senator from Connecticut.

Henry Sherman (1512-1590) = Agnes Perpoynt (d. 1580)
Henry Sherman (1545-1610) = Susan Lawrence (1548-?)
John Sherman (?-1616) = Grace Ravens (1591-1662)
John Sherman (1612-1691) = Martha Palmer (?-1700)
Joseph Sherman (1650-1731) = Elizabeth Winship (1652-1731)
William Sherman (1692-1741) = Mehitabel Wellington (1688-?)
Roger Sherman (1721-1793) = Rebecca Minot Prescott (1742-1813) 
Sherman, Henry (I4787)
 
1152 A prominent clothier in Dedham, Essex. Settled in Dedham about 1534. Not a son of Thomas Sherman of Yaxley, Suffolk.

Henry Sherman (1512-1590) = Agnes Perpoynt (d. 1580)
Edmund Sherman (1548-1600) = Ann Pellatte
Edmund Sherman (1577-1641) = Joan Makin
Hon. Samuel Sherman (1618-1700) = Sarah Mitchell
Deac. John Sherman (1651-1730) = Elizabeth
John Sherman (1687-1727) = Emm Preston
Hon. Daniel Sherman (1721-1799) = Mindwell Taylor
Hon. Taylor Sherman (1758-1815) = Betsey Stoddard
Charles R. Sherman (1788-1829) = Mary Hoyt
Gen. William Tecumseh Sherman (1820-1891) 
Sherman, Henry (I4787)
 
1153 A prosperous brewer and burgmaster, called "gentleman," albeit perhaps illiterate. Owned a malthouse, a spring, and substantial land. Axtell, William (I5538)
 
1154 A prosperous Lincolnshire landowner. Cumberworth, Thomas (I11639)
 
1155 A religious dissenter who evidently managed to evade persecution. A 1675 entry in the diary of Samuel Hubbard refers to a "testament of my grandfather Cocke's, printed in 1549, which he [Cocke] hid in his bed straw lest it should be found and burned in Queen Mary's days." Cocke, Thomas (I5253)
 
1156 A royal judge of some sort, details not known to us. de Lexington, Richard (I9006)
 
1157 A royal official of some sort, according to the ODNB entry on his son-in-law William Mauduit. de Hanslope, Michael (I11268)
 
1158 A Salem merchant. Naval officer and Collector of Salem, 1772. Moriarty lists his second wife, Catherine Berry, whom he married 29 Sep 1752, but not his presumably first wife Mary Osborne. Lorinda B. R. Goodwin lists both wives, although she spells the second one Katherine. Turner, John (I15989)
 
1159 A ship-builder. He emigrated with his wife Philippa and perhaps their son James at some point prior to 1632.

He appears to have been a fantastically wilful and stubborn man. In the midst of dire financial problems, he publicly declared his disdain for the recently-restored Charles II, and no record of the rest of his life can be found. The best guess is that he, as Dawes-Gates puts it, "accepted the imprisonment and then disappeared." 
Stevens, William (I18459)
 
1160 A sister of John Purrier, who named "syster Laughton" in his will of 28 Aug 1558. Purrier, (Unknown) (I5284)
 
1161 A soldier in the La Fouille company, regiment of Carignan. Banhiac dit Lamontagne, Françoise (I752)
 
1162 A son of his father's second marriage; his mother may have been named Hannah or Anna. Brooks, Samuel (I13739)
 
1163 A stock fishmonger of London, he and his parents came from Brampton in Huntingdonshire. Brampton, William (I15681)
 
1164 A subtenant of Mortimer of Wigmore. de Sodington, Ralph (I8210)
 
1165 A supporter of Simon de Montfort, he was taken prisoner at the battle of Northampton (April 1264). Farrer (citation details below) says he was "probably exchanged for a prisoner taken at the battle of Lewes." In 1268, after Evesham, his manor of Knaptoft, Leicestershire was given by the king to Hugh de Turberville, but he subsequently recovered it. Gobion, Hugh (I10443)
 
1166 A supporter of Simon de Montfort. de Drayton, Baldwin (I13224)
 
1167 A supporter of the Empress Matilda against Stephen.

Complete Peerage IX:120, in a footnote about his brother Robert, says "Robert was probably the son of Thurstan de Mundford, who, as one of the barons of Henry, Earl of Warwick, attested the Earl's charter to Abingdon in the days of Abbot Reynold, who d. 1097 (Chron. Abingdon, Rolls Ser., vol. ii, p. 21). This Thurstan was very possibly of the house of Montfort of Montfort-sur-Risle, but the connection has not been proved." 
de Montfort, Thurstan (I2437)
 
1168 A supporter of the Empress Maud. Paynel, Ralph (I8049)
 
1169 A tax collector in Devon; knighted 30 Apr 1238. Ralegh, William (I20099)
 
1170 A tax receiver for the Archdeacon of Liege. Rombouts, Jan (I21187)
 
1171 A tenant in chief in Essex in 1086, holding 30 aces in Rivenhall in the hundred of Witham, 90 acres in Felsted in the hundred of Hinckford, and 280 acres in Great Baddow in the hundred of Chelmsford. His surname appears to be an "oath name" like Godsave or Godhelp. Deus salvet dominas, Roger (I7805)
 
1172 A thegn. Aschil (I12340)
 
1173 A typed family FGR sheet (probably by Joan Van Syckle or Nancy Jonckheere) has their marriage date as 30 Oct 1844. So does Descendants of John Parker by Wynell Morrison. Patrick, Sarah "Sally" (I4895)
 
1174 A wealthy clothier of Cranbrook, Kent. Included in this database mostly because the name "Smallhope Bigge" is awesome. Bigge, Smallhope (I13790)
 
1175 A wealthy merchant in the Barbados trade. In 1668 he bought land from Ann More (or Moore) in Salem, on which he built the actual House of the Seven Gables. Turner, John (I16025)
 
1176 A weaver. Merriman, Gregory (I11378)
 
1177 A weaver. Merriman, Thomas (I6763)
 
1178 A yeoman. Mentioned in the will of Raph Dicke of Enford, 1582; taxed 1597 and 1609. A churchwarden in Boyton in 1620. Dyer, Ralph (I17058)
 
1179 Abbot of Saint-Médard de Soissons; count of Omois. Heribert "The Old" (I3642)
 
1180 Accompanied Barbarossa on the Third Crusade and died on the way. Floris III (I21080)
 
1181 Accompanied John of Gaunt on many expeditions to France and Spain. de Hastings, Hugh (I13628)
 
1182 Accompanied John of Gaunt to Britanny in 1378. Summoned to Parliament by writs, 17 Dec 1387 to 3 Oct 1400. le Despenser, Philip (I7554)
 
1183 Accompanied Richard I on the Third Crusade, 1191. Commanded 100 knights at Acre. Sheriff of Buckinghamshire and Bedfordshire, 1214. According to Royal Ancestry, he died in Rouen "after donning the garb of a Templar and discarding it by apostasy." de Gournay, Hugh (I7740)
 
1184 Accompanied the Black Prince in France in 1368; in the following year he was with John of Gaunt at Calais and in Gascony. Chetwynd, William (I16180)
 
1185 Accompanied Thomas, Earl of Buckingham, in aid of the Duke of Brittany against the French. Knighted in the camp before St. Omer's. Paulet, John (I8421)
 
1186 According to "Among the Royal Servants," this Richard Thimbleby and the individual given here as his son (d. 1522) might be the same person. Thimbleby, Richard (I1035)
 
1187 According to "Among the Royal Servants," this Richard Thimbleby and the Richard Thimbleby given as his father (b. abt. 1445) might be the same person. The same source notes that he died holding Holton in le More plus Irnham, Belesby, and Horsington.

"In 1489 he was made exempt for life from being put on assizes and from being made assessor 'on trustworthy testimony that he suffers from internal ulcers caused by his horse running with him against an oak.'" [Royal Ancestry
Thimbleby, Richard (I9126)
 
1188 According to "vanboerum2", he died at sea, and was at one time acting commander of the U.S.S. Constitution.

This appears to be born out by his epitaph in Green-Wood Cemetery:

IN LOVING MEMORY OF
WILLIAM BOERUM
COMMANDER U. S. NAVY.
BORN AUGUST 12, 1796.
LOST IN THE MOZAMBIQUE CHANNEL COAST OF AFRICA
WHILST IN COMMAND OF THE U. S. S. CONCORD.
NOVEMBER 2, 1842.
AND IN LOVING MEMORY OF
EMILY,
WIFE OF WILLIAM BOERUM, COMMANDER U. S. NAVY
BORN SEPTEMBER 29, 1798,
DIED FEBRUARY 4, 1878. 
Boerum, William (I16093)
 
1189 According to "vanboerum2", he was an art and coin collector.

The Army and Navy Journal report of his wedding to Annette Wetmore describes him as "of the 9th N.G.S.N.Y., and formerly of the 6th U.S. Cavalry [...] Major Wetmore has a large acquaintance in the Army, having served as an officer of the 6th U.S. Cavalry from 1872 to 1876, and since maintained pleasant associations with his former comrades." 
Wetmore, William Boerum (I16076)
 
1190 According to Wikipedia, "By 1800, Cloutier had 10,850 French-Canadian descendants, the most of any Quebec colonist, according to marriage records studied by the Historical Demography Research Program of the Université de Montréal."

Descendants include Madonna, Celine Dion, the Dionne quintuplets, Robert Goulet, Angelina Jolie, Jack Kerouac, Beyoncé, Avril Levigne, Alanis Morisette, Camilla Duchess of Cornwall, and Prime Ministers Louis St-Laurent and Pierre Elliott Trudeau. Specific descents for some of these people are given here (in French, but the trees are easy to follow). A descent for Beyoncé Knowles is here. Other descents, such as Trudeau family's, can be teased out of this site by using its relationship search function.

According to Eastman's Online Genealogy Newsletter, descendants of Zacharie Cloutier carry a higher-than-average risk of developing Oculopharyngeal Muscular Dystrophy. 
Cloutier, Zacharie (I3636)
 
1191 According to Vernon DuBar, Louis Joubert and Emile Bastien were married on 14 Apr 1864, and Louis Joubert's cause of death was "atrophic cirrhosis of the liver."

DuBar also places Joubert as a Union soldier in Company I, 6th Illinois Cavalry. The National Park Service database confirms a Louis Joubert from Illinois in that unit, as does Find the Best.

The 6th Illinois Cavalry fought at the Battle of Port Hudson (22 May 1863; 10,000 Union casualties, 7,500 Confederate casualties); the second Battle of Franklin (30 Nov 1864; 2,633 Union casualties, 7,300 Confederate casualties); the Battle of Nashville (15 Dec 1864; 3,061 Union casualties, 6,500 Confederate casualties); and the minor engagements the Second Battle of Memphis (21 Aug 1864) and the Battle of Okolona (22 Feb 1864).

Thomas Shawcross adds further service details, at least some of which seem to have been obtained in correspondence with Vernon DuBar:

JOUBERT, Lewis Private Ava Nov 19, 1861. Re-enlisted as Veteran. [PNH note: I don't know what "Ava" indicates.]

JOUBERT, Lewis Veteran Jackson Co. Mar 30, 1864. Mustered out Nov 5, 1865.


Further notes from Shawcross, possibly passed on from DuBar:

[...] In researching this family, one must keep a very open mind as to how the surname was spelled. The surname was French, and the spelling of the name appears to have many variations. This is typical of many French surnames. It seems that Americans who were not of French descent were completely baffled by the French names and almost never able to spell them correctly.

Illinois marriage record:
JAUBER, LOUIS BASTIAN, EMILY 04/01/1864 / JACKSON

Jul 1870 census Ora P.O., Killion Pct., Jackson, IL family 144
In this record, the surname looks like INBART, but was probably JUBART. He is listed as b. France.

Jun 1900 census Ora, Jackson, IL family 159. Listed as Louis JOUBART. Son George and family are family 160.

Apr 1910 census Ora Twp., Jackson, IL family 165 listed as Louis SHUBAR.

Discrepancy: The Jun 1900 census Town of Ora, Jackson, IL lists the birth date of Louis as Feb 1841. His death certificate says he was b. 16 Feb 1842 to Moses JOUBERT and Julia LEOVLYE. The informant was Mrs. Charles McCormick of Decatur, IL. She was his daughter Julia.

1880 Census Place: Ora, Jackson, Illinois
Source: FHL Film 1254214 National Archives Film T9-0214 Page 27A
Relation Sex Marr Race Age Birthplace
Lewis JUBART Self M M W 39 CAN.
Occ: Farmer Fa: CAN. Mo: CAN.
Eliza JUBART Wife F M W 39 TN
Occ: Keeping House Fa: KY Mo: KY
Elnora JUBART Dau F S W 14 IL
Occ: At Home Fa: CAN. Mo: CAN.
Fredline JUBART Dau F S W 12 IL
Occ: At Home Fa: CAN. Mo: CAN.
John JUBART Son M S W 9 IL
Occ: At Home Fa: CAN. Mo: TN
George JUBART Son M S W 7 IL
Occ: At Home Fa: CAN. Mo: TN
Julia JUBART Dau F S W 5 IL
Occ: At Home Fa: CAN. Mo: TN
Moses JUBART Son M S W 3 IL
Occ: At Home Fa: CAN. Mo: TN

Jun 1900 census Town of Ora, Jackson, IL family 159, listed as JOUBART.


Obituary from the Decatur Review, Saturday evening, 20 Dec 1919:

The funeral of Louis Joubert was held at 10 o'clock Saturday morning at the residence of his daughter, Mrs. Charles McCormick, 1042 West Decatur Street. The services were conducted by Rev. Elisha Safford, pastor of Westminster Presbyterian church. There was a large attendance, members of Dunham post, 141, G. A. R., being present in a body and conducting their ritualistic exercises. The music was furnished by Mrs. Corydon C. Nicholson and Mrs. Homer Bateman. The active pallbearers were J. B. Stocks, Roy Phillips, Samuel Phillips, C. E. Hildreth, W. Linhurst and T. J. Wright. The honorary pallbearers were Jacob Hanes, Henry Barnhart, L. W. Nichols, J.T. Beldon, Samuel S. Welfley and J. T. Francis. The interment was in Greenwood cemetery. 
Joubert, Louis (I9953)
 
1192 According to Vernon DuBar, she was also known as Addie. DuBar spells her first name "Vedeline." Frequently spelled "Vitelline" in other records. Joubert, Viteline (I5306)
 
1193 According to Thomas Shawcross, she died of "childbirth fever" after giving birth to her third child, Louis. Viteline was her second. Bastien, Emilie (I3533)
 
1194 According to Reed-Claggett-Neff, "John sold his plantation in Charles Co, MD in 1790, came to Kentucky in 1793, settled at Fredericktown, Washington Co., KY." Wheatley, John (I1217)
 
1195 According to A History of Brooklyn, Susquehanna Co., Penn'a (citation details below), she was "a sister of Mrs. Jacob Tewksbury", presumably referring to Molly Wainwright, wife of Jacob Tewksbury b. 1767. Anna (I6785)
 
1196 According to Ancestral Roots, Fulk Paynel "m. an heir (poss. a dau., Beatrice) of William Fitz Ansculf (from Picquigny), his Domesday tenancy-in-chief, later known as the barony of Dudley, Worcester." Fitz Ansculf, Beatrice (I2764)
 
1197 According to Complete Peerage, either Engenulf or William. (Unknown brother of Robert de Ferrers d. 1139) (I10598)
 
1198 According to Complete Peerage, he was "probably s. or grandson" of Aslen. "Between 1122 and 1125, and again in 1132, he witnessed charters of Nicholas de Stafford to Kenilworth Priory." fitz Aelen, Robert (I4706)
 
1199 According to Domesday Descendants, "staller to Edward the Confessor." fitz Wimarc, Robert (I5113)
 
1200 According to Gray Genealogy (citation details below), she was "a kinswoman or connection of Thos. Wickes of Salem." Elizabeth (I18544)
 
1201 According to History and Genealogy of the Family of Thomas Noble, citation details below, both Ebenezer Bush and Miriam Noble "joined Westfield church March 19, 1727," and both were "cut off as a Separate, Sept. 5, 1750." Bush, Ebenezer (I9731)
 
1202 According to History of the Town of Goshen, Connecticut (citation details below), she was a "sister to the father of Gov. Tilden." Tilden, Lois (I15432)
 
1203 According to Magna Britannia (vol. 6, pp. 430-431), she was "one of the co-heiresses of Sir Thomas Pyne", a holder of the manor of Shute, "anciently called Schete", but her specific relationship to Thomas Pyne is unstated. de Shute, Hawise (I4911)
 
1204 According to Royal Ancestry (citation details below), Thomas Holford and Jane Booth were married by dispensation, being related in the 3rd equal and 3rd and 4th mixed degrees of affinity. What we can see is that Jane Booth was a G3-granddaughter of Maud Swynnerton (b. 1370) by her third wife John Savage, and Thomas Holford was a G4-grandson of Maud by her second wife William Ipstones. Holford, Thomas (I15187)
 
1205 According to The Ancestry of Eva Belle Kempton 1878-1908, Part I (citation details below), this Elizabeth was "possibly" the mother of Sufferanna Haynes. Elizabeth (I6092)
 
1206 According to The Blackmans of Knight's Creek (citation details below), Robert de Grey "was granted Rotherfield by his brother Walter de Grey, archbishop of York."

More detail in this 2 Dec 2010 John Watson post to SGM:

In 1086 Rotherfield Greys was held by Anketil de Grey under William FitzOsbern (d. 1071). The mesne tenancy of Rotherfield Greys descended presumably through Anketil's son Richard to his grandson Robert, who held the manor in 1166 and who apparently died childless. Thereafter the manor passed to Robert's nephew John (d. by 1192), his brother Anketil's son. John's daughter and heir Eve married the royal judge Ralph Murdac, who was lord in 1192 but whose lands were forfeited in 1194 for rebellion. Rotherfield Greys was restored to Eve and her second husband, Andrew de Beauchamp, probably before 1200. Although not without heirs, before 1240 and possibly as early as 1215 Eve gave the manor to her kinsman Walter de Grey, archbishop of York, who settled it on his brother Robert de Grey.

[VCH Oxfordshire Texts in Progress (Rotherfield Greys) - Nov 06 - © University of London] 
de Grey, Robert (I11625)
 
1207 According to The Blackmans of Knight's Creek and The Ancestry of Dorothea Poyntz, he and his wife died on the same day, which to our minds suggests some sort of pestilence. Quatermayne, Thomas (I11197)
 
1208 According to The Livezey Family (citation details below), he and his wife came from Tayne in Staffordshire and emigrated to Pennsylvania in 1699 as fellow-passengers with William Penn on his second voyage.

In 1707 he built the first mill at Wells Ferry, now New Hope, in Bucks county, Pennsylvania. 
Heath, Robert (I20271)
 
1209 According to The Parochial and Family History of the Deanery of Trigg Minor [citation details below], he was knight of the shire for Cornwall, 1332. But Complete Peerage says that "none of [Thomas l'Arcedekne's] descendants were ever sum. to Parl. in respect of this Barony." CP, and The Wallop Family, both note that this John l'Arcedekne was summoned to a Council 1341/2; presumably this is one of those councils not held to have been a true Parliament.

"Sir John l'Arcedekne, of Ruan Lanihorne, aged 25 and more at his father's death, had livery of his lands 15 Sep. 1331. He was sum. to a Council 25 Feb. (1341/2) 16 Edw. III. He served in the French wars 1345. He had pardon 6 Nov. 1351, and again 26 May 1352, for having escaped from Launceston Castle, where he had been imprisoned. He m., by Papal disp. dated 23 Dec. 1327 (being within the fourth degree of consanguinity), Cecily, da. and h. of Jordan Haccombe, of Haccombe, Devon, by Isabel, da. of Mauger de St. Aubin. She was living in 1365. He was living 30 Oct. 1370/1, and d. before 21 Dec. 1377. Will pr. at Clyst 27 Jan. 1390/1 [sic]." [Complete Peerage I:187, as corrected in volume XIV.] 
l'Arcedekne, John (I8182)
 
1210 According to The Wattles Collection (citation details below), he was taken prisoner at the Battle of Dunbarin 1650, and arrived in New England in 1652 as a prisoner on the John & Sara. He was then sold to Samuel Richardson of Woburn.

Killed in King Philip's War. 
Wattles, John (I3373)
 
1211 According to The Wentworth Genealogy (citation details below), the will of Ezekiel Knight "gave to his wife Mary all his estate for life; at her death, two thirds were to go to son Ezekiel Knight, jr., and one third to daughter Elizabeth Wentworth, of Cocheco." Evidently there were exactly two and only two Elizabeth Wentworths in Cocheco at the time, thus establishing that Ezekiel Knight was the father of either the wife of Elder William Wentworth or of the wife of his son Ezekiel. We show him as the former, but either way he's a direct ancestor of TNH.

"He was Commissioner for the town of Wells 1654, 1662, 1663; on the grand jury 29 June 1654; one of seventy-one petitioners to Oliver Cromwell, 12 August 1656, that they remain under the Massachusetts government in 1663, was one of the Associate Justices, and when the authority of the King's Commissioners ended (which continued from 1665 to 1668), he was immediately re-chosen. [...] In 1661, 1 July, it was 'Ordered by this Court that,' while Wells was without a minister, 'Ezekiel Knight and William Hammond shall duly attend the place of public meeting on the Lord's day, and they improve their best abilities in Speaking out of the Word of God, Praying, Singing of Psalms and reading some good Orthodox Sermons.'" [The Wentworth Genealogy
Knight, Ezekiel (I10678)
 
1212 According to Wetmore Memorial, she was descended from the martyred Rev. John Rogers, and from Connecticut governor George Wyllys.

Some sources locate her as the daughter of a Joseph Wright of Middletown, but the Middletown records appear to clearly show her as the daughter of William Wright and his wife Lucy (or Lucia). 
Wright, Mary (I16085)
 
1213 According to a Fulham genealogy quoted by Douglas Richardson, "Edward Goddard...was once very wealthy but afterwards much reduced by oppression during the civil war. He belonged to the Parliament side, his house was beset and demolished by a company of cavaliers, who also plundered his substance. He escaped through the midst of them in disguise but died soon after." Goddard, Edward (I15069)
 
1214 According to a memoir by his son Noah, this Noah Packard was "one who assisted in the Revolutionary struggle with Great Britain, in obtaining American Liberties; he was in the American army at the taking of General Burgoine and his army." Packard, Noah (I3824)
 
1215 According to a note written on the back of a group photo of the Coston siblings, he died of (presumably the complications of) epilepsy. Coston, John Francis (I10027)
 
1216 According to a spirit-duplicated document in the papers of Paul Leslie Crandall (d. 1987), probably by Warren Packer, Eve Williams was "said to have lived in Fayette County, Pennsylvania at the time of her marriage to Moses Packer." Williams, Eve (I2639)
 
1217 According to an email from John Watson quoted on Jim Weber's site, Isabel de Fernielaw -- who is given in CP merely as "sister of John de Fernielaw" -- was probably also a sister of Thomas de Fernielaw, Chancellor of York, and all three siblings were probably the issue of one Robert de Fernielaw. de Fernielaw, Isabel (I734)
 
1218 According to Bartlett (citation details below), her husband's cousin Thomas (b. 1583), son of his farther's brother John Chandler (b. abt. 1525), was also buried on 11 Mar 1607, which to us suggests a local outbreak of pestilence -- not at all uncommon in southern England in the first decade of the seventeenth century. Page, Joan (I14676)
 
1219 According to Benjamin Sulte (citation details below), in 1600 he did homage to Henri IV for the fief of Carufel. In 1615 and again in 1621, the fief of Carufel was set afire as part of the wave of religious conflict then sweeping southern France. Sources differ as to whether he died in 1619 or during or after the siege of Carufel in 1621. Sicard de Carufel, Jean (I2076)
 
1220 According to Bill O'Reilly of the Cornwall Online Parish Clerks project, the original record of his burial really does say 29 Feb 1782, notwithstanding that 1782 wasn't a leap year and no February 29 occurred in it. Michell, Matthew (I692)
 
1221 According to Bruce McAndrew (citation details below), he was kin to the earls of Fife. of Leuchars, William (I3394)
 
1222 According to Burke's A Genealogical History of the Dormant, Abeyant, Forfeited and Extinct Peerages of the British Empire, she was a descendant of William le Blount who was brother to her husband's great-great grandfather Robert le Blount. le Blount, Marie (I92)
 
1223 According to Burke, quoted in the nineteenth-century DNB, he was a son of de Montfort supporter Adam de Gurdon, who, after Evesham, is supposed to have fought the future Edward I in single combat, and, although defeated, so impressed the prince that his life was spared and he went on to live several more decades as a soldier and forester. More recent scholarship tends to cast doubt on this. Gurdon, Robert (I15800)
 
1224 According to CP XIV, she may actually have been called Alice. The Ancestry of Dorothea Poyntz calls her "Agnes (?Alice) de Blundeville". of Chester, Agnes (I1366)
 
1225 According to CP, she was a niece of Thomas le Waleys, Bishop of St. David's 1248-55. de Waleys, Maud (I6325)
 
1226 According to DAR lineage books, in the Revolution he was a private in the Connecticut line under Colonels Gay, Terry, Chapman, and Pease.

"He enlisted in 1776 in Capt. Simon Walcott's company; served in 1778 under Capt. Amasa Loomis and Capt. Richard Pitkin. 1779 under Capt. Bush. A pension was allowed in 1832 for 14 months actual service as a private in the Connecticut line." [Button Families of America]

Notwithstanding the inconsistency between the DAR and Button Families accounts of his service, he did in fact receive a pension in 1832, although the document is unspecific beyond saying that he served as a private. 
Button, Jonathan (I17393)
 
1227 According to Douglas Richardson (SGM, 11 Jan 2007), there is no evidence that the William de Tracy who held the baronage of Bradninch, and whose son was one of the murderers of Becket, was the same person as the William de Tracy who was an illegitimate son of Henry I.

There is also no evidence that this William de Tracy was the father of a Grace who married John de Sudely, or that her surname was "de Tracy" at all. 
de Tracy, William (I1645)
 
1228 According to G. Andrews Moriarty (citation details below), he was "likely" the father of Roger and John Garde. Garde, John (I10410)
 
1229 According to Gary Boyd Roberts, 600D, Margery le Despenser and Sir Roger Wentworth were ancestors to Thomas Jefferson, to Jefferson's wife Martha Wayles, and to Edith Bolling, wife of Woodrow Wilson.

Descent to Thomas Jefferson:

1. Margery le Despenser = Sir Roger Wentworth
2. Margaret Wentworth = Sir William Hopton
3. Margaret Hopton = Sir Philip Booth
4. Audrey Booth = Sir William Lytton
5. Sir Robert Lytton = Frances Cavalery
6. Anne Lytton = Sir John Borlase
7. Anne Borlase = Sir Euseby Isham
8. William Isham = Mary Brett
9. Henry Isham of Virginia (emigrant) = Mrs. Katherine Banks Royall
10. Mary Isham = William Randolph of Virginia (emigrant)
11. Isham Randoph = Jane Roberts
12. Jane Randolph = Peter Jefferson
13. Thomas Jefferson

Descent to Martha Wayles:

10. Anne Isham (sister of Mary Isham) = Francis Epes III
11. Francis Epes IV = Sarah (maiden name unknown)
12. Martha Epes = John Wayles
13. Martha Wayles = (1) Bathurst Skelton; (2) Thomas Jefferson

Descent to Edith Bolling:

13. Mary Jefferson (sister of Thomas Jefferson) = John Bolling III (great-great-great grandson of Pocahontas and John Rolfe)
14. Archibald Bolling = Catherine Payne
15. Archibald Bolling, Jr. = Anne E. Wigginton
16. William Holcombe Bolling = Sallie Spiers White
17. Edith Bolling = (1) Norman Galt; (2) Thomas Woodrow Wilson

This couple were also ancestors of Jane Seymour and thus of Edward VI:

Margery le Despenser (1399-1478) = Sir Roger Wentworth (d. 1452)
Philip Wentworth (1424-1464) = Mary Clifford (1416-1478)
Henry Wentworth (1448-1501) = Ann Saye (1453-1484)
Margaret Wentworth (1478-1550) = John Seymour (1476-1536)
Jane Seymour (1508-1537) = Henry VIII (1491-1547)
Edward VI (1537-1553)

And of Ada Lovelace, pioneer of computer programming:

Roger Wentworth (d. 1452) = Margery le Despenser (1399-1478)
Philip Wentworth (1424-1464) = Mary Clifford (1416-1478)
Henry Wentworth (1448-1501) = Ann Saye (1453-1484)
Richard Wentworth (1480-1528) = Anne Tyrell (1480-1534)
Thomas Wentworth, 1st Baron Wentworth (1501-1551) = Margaret Fortescue (1550-1551)
Thomas Wentworth, 2nd Baron Wentworth (1525-1584) = Anne Wentworth (d. 1571)
Henry Wentworth, 3rd Baron Wentworth (1558-1593) = Anne Hopton (1561-1625)
Thomas Wentworth, 5th Baron Wentworth (1591-1667) = Anne Crofts (d. 1637/8)
Anne Wentworth, 7th Baron Wentworth (1623-1697) = John Lovelace (d. 1670)
William Noel (1642-1675) = Margaret Lovelace (1644-1671)
John Noel (1668-1697) = Mary Clobery (1672-1751)
Clobery Noel (1695-1733) = Elizabeth Rowney (d. 1743)
Edward Noel, 9th Baron Wentworth (1715-1774) = Judith Lamb (d. 1761)
Judith Noel (1751-1825) = Ralph Milbanke (d. 1793)
Anne Noel-Byron, 11th Baron Wentworth (1792-1860) = George Gordon, Lord Byron (1788-1824)
Ada King, Countess of Lovelace (Ada Lovelace) (1815-1852)

They are also ancestral to Megan Markle, Duchess of Sussex, wife of Prince Harry, fifth in line to the British throne. Notably, Roger and Marjory's son Philip Wentworth and his wife Mary Clifford are the most recent common ancestors shared by Prince Harry and his wife the Duchess:

Roger Wentworth (d. 1452) = Margery le Despenser (1399-1478)
Philip Wentworth (1424-1464) = Mary Clifford (1416-1478)
Elizabeth Wentworth (1440-1480) = Martin De La See (1420-1494)
Jane At See (1464-1528) = Piers Hildyard (1460-1502)
Isabel Hildyard (1500-1540) = Ralph Legard (1490-1540)
Joan Legard (1530-1586) = Richard Skepper (1495-1556)
Edward Skepper (1552-1629) = Mary Robinson (1576-1630)
Rev. William Skepper (1597-1646) of Boston, MA (d. 1640-50) = unknown 1st wife
Jane Skepper (1635-1682) = Abraham Browne (1630-1690)
Jane Brown (b. 1657) = Henry Lunt (1653-1709)
Jane Lunt (1693-1743) = Nathaniel Drake (1695-1763)
Abraham Drake (1726-1805) = Martha Eaton (1730-1799)
Martha Drake (1767-1841) = John Smith (1760-1842)
John Smith (1792-1866) = Mary "Polly" Mudgett (1797-1869)
Mary Hussey Smith (1822-1908) = Jacob Lee Merrill (1818-1899)
George David Merrill (1861-1924) = Mary Bird (1862-1925)
Gertrude May Merrill (1887-1938) = Frederick George Sanders (1873-1944)
Doris May Sanders (1920-2011) = Gordon Arnold Markle (1918-1982)
Thomas Wayne Markle (1944- ) = Doria L. Ragland (1956- )
(Rachel) Megan Markle (1981- ) = Prince Henry Charles Albert David (1984- ) 
Wentworth, Roger (I9374)
 
1230 According to her death certificate, her "usual occupation" was housewife, and she died of "myocardial insufficiency" due to "old age, malnutrition, dementia." Allen, Rachel (I11745)
 
1231 According to his Find a Grave entry, he was a Revolutionary War veteran. Bisbee, Ebenezer Jr. (I4631)
 
1232 According to Jeannette (White) Hayden, he chose to use his mother's surname. Died in a car accident. White, Paul Mayfield (I2066)
 
1233 According to John Insley Coddington (citation details below) he was "very likely a nephew or grandnephew of John Peasinge, Abbot of Abbotsbury (died 8 October 1505)." Pysing, John (I6011)
 
1234 According to John Insley Coddington (citation details below), "her family was probably the same as the one called 'Samon' in the Harleian Society version of the Visitation of Hampshire." Salmon, Elizabeth (I6411)
 
1235 According to Kay Allen, there's no proof beyond visitations of the actual existence of the Humphrey Bulkeley and Grissel (or Cecily) Moulton often shown as parents of William Bulkeley. Bulkeley, William (I3218)
 
1236 According to Laura Hayden, he probably died in Clark County, Indiana. Beavin, Leo Franklin (I8432)
 
1237 According to Leo van de Pas, she was a sister of Cardinal Bertrand de Déaulx. de Déaulx, (Unknown) (I12572)
 
1238 According to Maddison, he was a goldsmith, and "claimant along with Lawrence Moigne of Theddlethorpe of the patronage of Theddlethorpe Church 1380." Angevine, William (I4035)
 
1239 According to Mary Louise Donnelly's John Medley (1615-1660), Elizabeth arrived in Maryland 1641. Thompson, Elizabeth (I4005)
 
1240 According to Nancy Jonckheere (undated letter to her brother Edward White), this Nathaniel Smith was a grandson of Charlotta "Lottie" White, half-sister of PNH's GX3-grandfather Nicholas White, and her husband Nathaniel Smith. Various linked Find a Grave pages indicate that the intervening generation was James Smith and his wife Elizabeth Bird. Smith, Nathaniel Benton (I11700)
 
1241 According to Nancy Jonckheere, he was the train conductor who nabbed PNH's grandfather Everett White when he tried to run away to enlist at age 12. (Which must have been in 1917 or so.) Smith, Walter Bird (I2514)
 
1242 According to Ormerod, "living in the reign of William Rufus". le Belward, John (I5708)
 
1243 According to Ormerod, he left no legitimate issue with his wife, Margaret, daughter of Cadogan de Lynton, but he left issue with his mistress, Beatrix Montalt, the daughter the seneschal of the earl of Chester. de Malpas, William (I7150)
 
1244 According to Ormerod, he was probably the son of Matthew de Domville who was probably the son of Hugh de Domville. Domville, Roger (I16277)
 
1245 According to Ormerod, she inherited Pulverbatch in Shropshire and Norbury in Staffordshire from her mother. Marmion, Maud (I10369)
 
1246 According to Parker's Genealogy & History Establishment, James W. Parker and Elizabeth Parker were first or second cousins. Parker, James W. (I11727)
 
1247 According to Philippe Zalmen Ben-Nathan (citation details below), he may have died in 1038, and he may have been a son of Isarn I (d. 989), and a grandson of Sicard I (d. 972). de Lautrec, Sicard II (I10486)
 
1248 According to Robert Charles Anderson in The Great Migration Begins, "Teagle" was her given name, not her surname as shown in many online trees. Her surname is unknown. Teagle (I17421)
 
1249 According to Robert Charles Anderson, probably the father of Edith Stebbins/Stebbing, also of her brother Edward (who came to New England before she did). See also John Insley Coddington, The American Genealogist 30:193. Stebbing, William (I5807)
 
1250 According to several Ancestry.com trees, he was born about 1711 in Ste-Anne, Beaubassin (then in Acadia; now Amherst, Nova Scotia), and died 31 May 1779 in St-Hyacinthe, Quebec. But Denis Bureaugard's Genealogy of the French in North America conspicuously omits any birth or death dates, despite providing them for most of his siblings.

The site of the now-vanished town of Beaubassin, once in Acadia, is now in Nova Scotia. 
Girouard, Germain dit Jacques (I37)
 
1251 According to the 1569 visitation of Worcestershire (citation details below), he was a son of Richard Power, son of Hugo Power, son of "Hughe Poerus [who] had by the guifte of Walter Bellocampo the mannor of Whitley to him & his heires & had yssue." Power, John (I17812)
 
1252 According to the 1619 visitation of Kent, she was a sister of Geoffrey Chaucer, but no other evidence of this -- or even evidence that Chaucer had a sister -- has been found. Katherine (I15643)
 
1253 According to the 1870 census, he was a shoemaker. Story, George R. (I17164)
 
1254 According to the Hathaway Family Association, he arrived in New England in 1638-39, settling at Braintree, and is mentioned in records there dated 1642. Hathaway, Nicholas (I14792)
 
1255 According to the Henry Project, she was possibly a daughter of Herbert I (d. 1032x5), count of Maine, or (less likely) Hugues IV (d. ~1051), also count of Maine. Paula (I1728)
 
1256 According to the Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, his mother was his father's second wife Isabel de Fernielaw, not Joan Hepple as stated in several sources.

From Complete Peerage X:26:

Robert de Ogle, son and heir apparent by 1st wife. As "donsel" of the diocese of Durham he had licence to choose a confessor, August 1349. In August 1351 he was attorney for his father to take seisin of Thirnham. He married Ellen, daughter and heir of Sir Robert Bertram, of Bothal, chivaler, by his 1st wife, Margaret (living in May 1341), daughter and coheir of Constance, wife of William de Felton (f). He died v.p., being slain in the attack on Berwick, November 1355.

(f) Ellen's age is stated variously in the inquisitions of her father, Nov 1363, as 22 or 26. 
de Ogle, Robert (I8840)
 
1257 According to the Rev. Matthias Candler (c. 1604-1663), who compiled many pedigrees of Suffolk families, he "fled for religion in the days of Queene Mary...Daughter Mary married to Robert Lawter." Fiske, William (I3056)
 
1258 According to the Rev. Matthias Candler (c. 1604-1663), who compiled many pedigrees of Suffolk families, he "fled in the dayes of Queene Mary." Fiske, William (I805)
 
1259 According to the Visitation of Cheshire, he founded Combermere Abbey. de Malbank, Hugh (I5629)
 
1260 According to Tim Powys-Lybbe, probably also lord of Bute. (The Scots Peerage says that Alexander Stewart's "wife is said to have been Jean, daughter of James, lord of Bute.") The Ancestry of Dorothea Poyntz calls him "James of Bute" and says he was "[k]illed in 1210 in Scotland with his father and brothers by the men of Skye." Macrory, James (I4221)
 
1261 According to Todd A. Farmerie (citation detail below), he was not called "el Tremblón" or "el Tremuloso," the Trembler; this was a latter-day confusion with his paternal grandfather. He succeeded his father in 994 and ruled less than ten years; he was last recorded as being present at a defeat in 1000. Garcia Sanchez II King of Navarre (I4748)
 
1262 According to Turton's 1968 Plantagenet Ancestry his wife was one Emma (or Rose?) Corbuceo, whom Jim Weber makes the daughter of Peter Corbucion of Studley & Chillington, mentioned in VCH Warwickshire III:175-87. This Peter's father, another Peter, is also mentioned in VCH Staffordshire V: 18-40. de Montfort, Henry (I7427)
 
1263 According to various family trees on Ancestry.com, the Coateses emigrated from Ireland due to religious differences. The notes I've seen say they were "Antibaptists," by which I suspect they mean Anabaptists.

From Descendants of Thomas Packer, quoting a letter from family researcher Warren Packer of Evansville, Indiana, dated 27 Feb 1958: "We do know that Philip Jr. was Hannah's son. Philip Packer Jr., was born 1686 in Pa. He married in 1724 in Chester Co., Pa. to Ann Coates, daughter. of Peter Coates. She was born in Ireland, and the family came to America as the result of the 'war' against Protestants in Ireland. The Coates family was Antibaptist." 
Coates, Anne (I6687)
 
1264 According to Wikipedia on Walton Hall, West Yorkshire, "In 1333, Sir Philip de Burgh was granted a licence to 'crenelate' his manor house at Walton." de Burgh, Philip (I6213)
 
1265 Active in the French and Scottish wars. A retainer of Henry de Lacy, Earl of Lincoln, at Carlaverock.

Summoned to Parliament by writ 6 Feb 1299 to 2 Jun 1302. 
Bardolf, Hugh (I9136)
 
1266 Adelaide-Blanche of Anjou (d. 1026) was married four times, to Étienne de Brioude, Raymond de Toulouse, Louis V of France, and Guillaume II of Provence. She definitely had a daughter named Ermengarde, who was herself very probably married to a count of Auvergne, but as this entry at The Henry Project explains in detail, insufficient evidence exists to establish whether Étienne or Raymond was this Ermengarde's father, and which count of Auvergne she married. She may be this individual, the Ermengarde commonly recorded as the wife of Robert I. Or she may be the "Umberga" recorded as Robert I's mother, the wife of Guillaume IV. Ermengarde (I8662)
 
1267 Admiral of the Fleet from the mouth of the Thames westward. He fought at Crécy in the second division. de Say, Geoffrey (I15288)
 
1268 Admiral of the Fleet North of the Thames. Sheriff of Norfolk and Suffolk, 1344-45. Howard, John (I15807)
 
1269 Admitted an inhabitant of Aquidneck in 1638.

"1639, Apr. 30. He and twenty-eight others signed the following compact: 'We, whose names are underwritten, do acknowledge ourselves the legal subjects of his majesty, King Charles, and in his name do hereby bind ourselves into a civil body politicke, unto his laws, according to matters of justice." [The Genealogical Dictionary of Rhode Island, citation details below.] 
Brown, Nicholas (I38)
 
1270 Admitted as a freeman in Westerly, November 1737. Sisson, William (I10539)
 
1271 Admitted freeman of Duxbury 2 Jan 1638. Proprietor of Bridgewater 1645. Pabodie, John (I20491)
 
1272 Adopted the surname Packer after her mother married Alonzo Hamilton Packer. Powell, Nancy Jane (I840)
 
1273 After her husband died, she became a Presbyterian, and was part of the community that founded the Old Tennant Church in Monmouth County.

Going Up to the House of the Lord, at the site of the Old Tennent Presbyterian Church:

By 1731, the hardy group of Scottish Covenanters who worshipped on Free Hill in present-day Marlboro had outgrown their small log cabin church. Because the congregation's growth was fed by new settlements in the Freehold-Manalapan area, an acre of land was purchased five miles to the south to build a new house of worship here on White Hill (said to be named for its white oak trees).

There is a tradition that the builders planned to locate the new church on a lower part of the property and had gathered there to begin work. Whereupon a woman from the congregation named Janet Rhea seized the small cornerstone in her apron and, toiling to the top of the hill, set it down there, saying to the astonished onlookers: "Wha ever heard o' ganging doon to the Hoose o' the Lord, an no o' ganging oop to the Hoose o' the Lord?" Janet's point was made and that church, as well as the present larger sanctuary which replaced it 20 years later, was built on top of the hill.

In Rev. Symmes' history of the church, he described Janet Rhea as a woman of strong mind and scriptural application and a devout worker in the Presbyterian community that built Old Tennent. The wife of Robert Rhea, a carpenter by profession, who came from Scotland in 1688, Janet was also newly arrived from Scotland when they were married in 1689 at Shrewsbury in the Quaker Meeting House.

The old Rhea farm, which Robert had purchased, is now the site of the Visitors Center at Monmouth Battleground State Park. Janet Rhea Road, named in Janet's honor, is just west of the intersection of Routes 9 and 33. There is reportedly a family burial ground on the farm's property and that is where Janet and members of her family were buried. She died in 1761 at the age of 93.

A wonderful piece of furniture from the Rhea family home is on display in Freehold. A chair crafted by Robert Rhea was donated to the Monmouth County Historical Society and is on display at the main museum. The massive chair with very detailed carving was fashioned after chairs Robert remembered in Scotland. It dates from 1695 and is thought to be one of the oldest documented chairs crafted in America. 
Hampton, Janet (I4127)
 
1274 After Nelson Doubleday's death in 1949, she served on the Doubleday board of directors until she moved to Hawaii in 1965. McCarter, Ellen George (I5582)
 
1275 After the 1719 death of his wife Hannah Mayo, he married another woman also named Hannah Mayo. From Ancestors and Descendants of Andrew Lee and Clarinda Knapp Allen: "[M]., 2d, in Harwich, his 1st wife's cousin Hannah Mayo, dau. of John Mayo." His only child by the second Hannah Mayo was Samuel Hopkins, "b. 14 Mar 1721, prob. d. y." Hopkins, Judah (I4776)
 
1276 After the death of her husband, she returned to England. She was definitely in Stepney, Middlesex on 17 Mar 1657, when she appointed attorneys to handle her business in New England. She was back in Boston, Massachusetts by 1665. Anna (I13600)
 
1277 After the death of his third wife Mildred Haukaas, he remarried his second wife Edna Monson on 15 Aug 1954. Nielsen, Frederick Edward (I1670)
 
1278 After the death of John Fray she married John, Lord Wenlock, who was killed at Tewkesbury in 1471, then Sir John Say, who predeceased her by just a few weeks. She is depicted, along with two of her daughters by John Fray, in a stained-glass window at Long Melford church in Suffolk. Danvers, Agnes (I18729)
 
1279 Against the king in the Barons' War. de Huntingfield, William (I16671)
 
1280 Alderman, 1402-26. Member of Parliament, April 1414 and 1415, as one of the two aldermanic representatives. Mayor of London, 1411-12 and 1421-22. Chichele, Robert Mayor of London (I16490)
 
1281 Aldo called Richelde of Mons.

Ancestral Roots describes her as "niece or gr.-niece of Pope Leo IX (Bruno of Egisheim)", but we are (so far) unable to trace that connection. 
of Egesheim, Richilde (I1300)
 
1282 Alias Howper, according to Somerset Parish Registers (citation details below). Cook, Agnes (I15400)
 
1283 Alison M. Gavin (citation details below) calls her "Katherine." Dionis (I13633)
 
1284 Alive in the time of Henry I. Rafin, Gilbert (I2680)
 
1285 All three of the cited visitations (citation details below) agree that Michael Angevine's mother was a Margaret, daughter of Patrick Skipwith of Utterby (both Lincolnshire pedigrees) or of Ormsby (the Surrey pedigree). Maddison's pedigree makes it specifically clear that the Patrick Skipwith in question was the one who was a knight of the shire in 1427 and 1433. Skipwith, Margaret (I2579)
 
1286 Alleged by various sources to be named Adele; Liegarde; Hildebrante. (Unknown daughter of Robert I, King of France) (I6620)
 
1287 Alleged on some sites to have been originally surnamed Isacke. Waterman, Mary (I12413)
 
1288 Alleged to have been the first white woman born in New England. Alden, Elizabeth (I15515)
 
1289 Alleged to have lived to age 102, but we know of no contemporary records that prove this. Robinson, Abraham (I16071)
 
1290 Allegedly "Lady Godiva." Godgifu (I11026)
 
1291 Allegedly daughter of Alexander de Andeville. Beatrice (I15154)
 
1292 Allegedly he was a preacher and a judge. Davis, Rev. Melton Lewis (I10719)
 
1293 Allegedly killed at the siege of Burwell Castle. But: "Complete Peerage, vol. 11, p. 464, notes that Henry of Huntingdon says he and Geoffrey de Mandeville, earl of Essex, were killed in August 1144, but note (f) summarises evidence that William survived Geoffrey (who did not die until September 1144). Keats-Rohan, Domesday Descendants, p. 681, refers to the same evidence as proving his survival 'by a few years', and dates his death to c. 1155 (although elsewhere she repeats the traditional date)." [Some Corrections and Additions to the Complete Peeragede Say, William (I5687)
 
1294 Allegedly she and her daughter Sarah Thompson were founding members of the Relief Society when it was organized on 17 Mar 1842, but neither of them is mentioned in Wikipedia's coverage of that first meeting.

Obituary, from the Nauvoo Neighbor, 15 Nov 1843:

"Died on the 3rd inst. in this city, Mrs. Leah Chiles [Childs], of cancer and rheumatism, in the 57th year of her age.

"Sister Childs was a firm believer in the doctrines of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, as they have been revealed in the last days to man through the medium of revelation.

"She shared all the persecutions heaped upon the saints -- was driven with them from the state of Missouri, and suffered much from exposure and fatigue. Never was the name of a more generous, benevolent and sympathetic woman enrolled upon the records of the Church. She was truly a 'mother in Israel.' She possessed great faith, which seemed, for a long time, to baffle the destroyer, death; but it was the will of her Heavenly Father to take her to himself, that her soul might be emancipated. She [was] released from the vicissitudes of this troublesome world. She had been afflicted for more that a year, and suffered the most excruciating pain, but she was perfectly resigned to the will of heaven and when the period of her desolution arrived she fell asleep, as calm as the sleep of infancy, with the unwavering hope of participating in the first resurrection, when she should awake to everlasting youth, immortality and eternal life." 
Lewis, Leah (I6607)
 
1295 Allegedly she and her mother Leah Lewis were founding members of the Relief Society when it was organized on 17 Mar 1842, but neither of them is mentioned in Wikipedia's coverage of that first meeting.

From Sarah Thompson Phelps, a memoir by her granddaughter Barbara Ann Phelps Allen:

Grandma was born March 20, 1820. Her parents were James and Leah Lewis Thompson. When she was four years old, her father died leaving her mother with seven small children, making it necessary for her to start out early in life making her own way. In spite of poverty, she succeeded in acquiring sufficient education to be able to teach school.

When she was eleven years old, the gospel came into their home. She, together with her mother and other members of the family except one brother, joined and were baptized into the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. After they joined, their friends turned against them, and from then on their trials began. They were driven from place to place and finally forced to flee to the Rocky Mountains. She was brave and courageous as a young woman.

She taught school when she was a young woman. It was customary for teachers to board among the homes of their pupils, which she did, and in doing so she learned many of the plots and schemes of the mobs to assassinate the Saints. She kept the saints posted, and when the final plot came for the general roundup of the saints, she made a dash on horseback to give the alarm to her people. She was followed for five miles one time, but her horse being fastest, she made her escape. Another time when she was teaching, she went to a home to collect her pay, and the people refused to pay. They said their intentions were to drive all the Mormons out and take the crops that they had recently harvested. She told them what she thought of them. While she was speaking, a voice came to her telling her to leave the next morning as soon as she arose. She did, and as she was leaving, she saw the mob coming and they tried to kill her.

At the time of Haun's Mill Massacre, she lived but a few miles from the mill on the creek; some of those who were fortunate enough to get away came to her home. While the mob was going through the country, they crossed the creek where Grandma and all the women were washing clothes. She told many times how they looked, saying they had their faces painted and were disguised in every imaginable way. Some of the women were so frightened, they fainted, but grandma shouted, "Hooray for the captain!" Two of the men rode up to her and asked if she wasn't afraid of them. She said she hadn't been raised in the woods to be afraid of owls. They asked her if she didn't recognize them, and she said she did not. They told her she should, they were her old neighbors. She then asked them what they intended to do, and one replied, "Kill everyone on the creek." Grandma asked what they had done that they should be killed. Their reply was they did not know, they were only obeying orders. On two different occasions, she was chased by a mob who tried to shoot her, but their guns refused to go off.

One time when they had been driven from their home, she said they had traveled all day in the rain driving their cattle. She had on a sunbonnet that was quilted so that cardboard slats could be inserted. The rain had dissolved the slats, and the front of her bonnet flopped in her face. She was soaked to the skin, weary and tired after plodding the mud all day. As they were passing a farm house, a lady saw her and invited her into her home to dry her clothes and get warm. She was taken into the parlor by the fireplace. There were two young ladies and their boy friends sitting there, and when they saw grandma they burst out laughing. She said she was nearly in tears; she looked them in the eye and said, "You must have been born in the woods." 
Thompson, Sarah (I5074)
 
1296 Almost all sources agree that the marriage of John Sutton and Elizabeth House happened on 1 Jan 1661 or 1 Jan 1662. Family F12635
 
1297 Alnager. "An alnager's job was to measure and weigh lengths of finished woolen cloth and then affix a seal for customs purposes." ["Among the Royal Servants"] Thimbleby, Richard (I4062)
 
1298 Along with his father, he joined the barons against John, but returned to fealty in 1217. d'Engaine, Viel (I6297)
 
1299 Along with Robert Cole of Lampton, Heston, Middlesex (d. abt 1614) and his wife Alice Norwood (d. bef 1625), Thomas Curnow and his wife Catherine are the earliest documented ancestors of Patrick Nielsen Hayden. Curnow, Thomas (I12442)
 
1300 Along with Thomas Curnow (bap. St. Keverne, Cornwall, 24 Nov 1588; d. aft 30 Oct 1643) and his wife Catherine (d. 1635), Robert Cole and Alice Norwood are the earliest documented ancestors of Patrick Nielsen Hayden. Cole, Robert (I4230)
 
1301 Along with TNH ancestors William Chesebrough, Walter Palmer, and George Denison, he was one of the founders of Stonington, Connecticut.

From Wikipedia:

Thomas Stanton (1616?-1677) was a trader and an accomplished Indian interpreter and negotiator in the colony of Connecticut. One of the original settlers of Hartford, he was also one of four founders of Stonington, Connecticut, along with William Chesebrough, Thomas Miner, and Walter Palmer.

He first appears in the historical record as an interpreter for John Winthrop, Jr. in 1636. He fought in the Pequot War, nearly losing his life in the Fairfield Swamp Fight in 1637. In 1638 he was a delegate at the Treaty of Hartford, which ended that war. In 1643, the United Colonies of New England appointed Stanton as Indian Interpreter.

Following the war, Stanton returned to Hartford, where he married and became a successful trader. In 1649, Stanton settled a tract of land alongside the Pawcatuck River in what is present-day Stonington. In 1649 or 1650 he was given permission to establish a trading post on the river and was granted a 3 year monopoly over Indian trade in the area. The trading house was built in 1651. During this time, Stanton's family remained in Hartford or New London, joining him in Stonington in about 1657 after the trading venture had become established and a suitable house constructed.

From Eugene C. Zubrinsky, "The Immigration and Early Whereabouts of in America of Thomas Stanton of Connecticut" (citation details below):

The available evidence provides neither complete details nor absolute certainty as to [Thomas] Stanton's immigration to and initial whereabouts in America. We may nevertheless be completely confident in discarding more than 150 years of virtually unsupported (yet, incredibly, uncontested) assertions about these matters. Careful analysis of existing records leads inexorably to the conclusion that Thomas Stanton immigrated directly to Massachusetts by 1635 (ship unknown); landed probably at Boston (the point of all but a handful of Bay Colony arrivals) but went soon (if not immediately) to Cambridge; and after spending time trading with the Indians in Connecticut, migrated to Hartford by June 1636. On 6 February 1649[/50], the General Court granted Stanton "libberty to erect a trading howse" at Pawcatuck, an outlying, practically unpopulated section of Pequot (New London) that would become part of the eventual tow of Stonington. By July 1651, he and, presumably, his family had removed from Hartford to the settlement at Pequot. The grant there of Stanton's six-acre house lot is recorded without date but would have been made no later than 19 October 1650, when he received 20 acres of upland "upen scull plain." His next Pequot grant, two acres of salt marsh "at sandie Coave," was made on 28 March 1651. Other grants followed, including one, dated 18 June (not in March) 1652, of 300 acres near his Pawcatuck trading post.Stanton was of Pawcatuck on 25 or 28 January 1657[ 8?], when he sold his Pequot dwelling house, home lot, and orchard to George Tong[ue]. A founder and leading citizen of Stonington, he died there on 2 December 1677. 
Stanton, Thomas (I6147)
 
1302 Alos called Raoul IV de Conches. "He came to England 1103 and being graciously received by King Henry I received his father's lands. He was an ardent supporter of the King and served with him in Normandy in 1106, where he fought at the battle of Tinchebrai, 28 Sep. He remained faithful to the King during the rebellion in Normandy, 1119." [The Ancestry of Dorothea Poyntzde Tony, Ralph (I2459)
 
1303 Also "Celeety", "Celety". Harrison, Celeete (I11728)
 
1304 Also (supposedly) spelled Peson. Pysing, Joan (I9852)
 
1305 Also Aalez; Aaliz; Aelois; Aalis; Aalaidis; Alais. Countess of Vexin.

Ancestral Roots has her as a daughter of Louis VII by his third wife Adèle of Blois (whom they call "Alix of Champagne"); Richardson's Royal Ancestry, with evidently better documentation, has her as a daughter of Louis by his second wife, Constance of Castile. But Szabolcs de Vajay's comprehensive 1989 survey of the Iberian Burgundians, "From Alfonso VII to Alfonso X: The First Two Centuries of the Burgundian Dynasty in Castile and Leon -- A Prosopographical Catalogue in Social Genealogy, 1100-1300" (in Studies in Genealogy and Family History in Tribute to Charles Evans on the Occasion of His Eightieth Birthday, ed. Lindsay L. Brook. Salt Lake City: Association for the Promotion of Scholarship in Genealogy, 1989) says that Constance of Castile's daughter Adelaide by Louis VII died in infancy. We're going with Richardson on the (weak) basis of his research being more recent.

Update: Peter Stewart, on SGM in October 2016, argued here, here, and here that "Alberic of Troisfontaines specified that Alix, the wife of Guillaume of Ponthieu, was the daughter of Louis VII by his Spanish second wife ('rex iste Ludovicus de prima uxore sua Alienor, quam dimisit, duas habuit filias ... De secunda quoque uxore, que fuit Hyspana, duas similiter habuit filias, primo reginam Margaretam Anglie et comitissam Aaliz, quam duxit Guilelmus comes de Pontivo')," and that there is no good reason to doubt this, particularly since if Alix had been a daughter of Louis VII's third wife, "Alix would have been (on her supposed mother's side) a third cousin of Richard, by common descent from William the Conqueror."

Stewart also argues that Alix cannot have married William II Talvas before August 1195 (rather than 1185 as stated in AR8) "because she was detained in England by Henry II for some years after the rupture in 1191 of her long betrothal to his son Richard. (She had been sent to England as Richard's promised bride in 1174.)" 
of France, Alix (I3572)
 
1306 Also Adelaide; Adelheid; Alaydis. of Burgundy, Alix (I3348)
 
1307 Also Adelasia, Alasia, etc. Regent of Saluzzo during her grandson's minority.

From Wikipedia:

Like her brother Boniface, Azalaïs was a patron of troubadours. She is mentioned in Peire Vidal's song, Estat ai gran sazo:

Dieus sal l'onrat marques
E sa bella seror...
(God save the honoured marquis
And his beautiful sister)

and is the dedicatee of his Bon' aventura don Dieus als Pizas.

Around 1192, she had built the church of San Lorenzo, which she granted to the canons of San Lorenzo in Oulx; her eldest son, Boniface, named after her brother, is mentioned for the first time in the donation. However, Boniface died in 1212, and with the death of her husband in February 1215, Azalaïs became regent of Saluzzo for her grandson, Manfred III.

In 1216, she made a treaty with Thomas I of Savoy for a marriage between his son Amadeus and her granddaughter Agnes. However, the marriage never took place, possibly on grounds of consanguinity, since Azalaïs was a first cousin of Thomas's father. Amadeus married Anne of Burgundy, and Agnes became Abbess of the Cistercian convent of Santa Maria della Stella in Rifreddo. Azalaïs also made political and ecclesiastical agreements with Alba and with the Bishop of Asti.

When young Manfred reached his majority in 1218, Azalaïs returned to church patronage. In 1224, she endowed the convent of Rifreddo with the income of the church of San Ilario. In 1227, she made further grants to the canons of Oulx. 
of Montferrat, Azalaïs (I9495)
 
1308 Also Alianor de Borrowdon.

At the death of her uncle Gilbert de Umfraville, the last Earl of Angus (1310-1381), "[h]is heir at law was his niece Alienor, de jure (according to modern doctrine) Baroness Kyme, then aged 40 and more, and widow of Sir Henry Tailboys, de jure 6th Lord Kyme, she being da. and h. of Elizabeth (the Earl's only sister of the whole blood who left issue), by Sir Gilbert Borrowdon. Her grandson, Walter Tailboys, inherited Harbottle, Otterburn, Kyme, &c., on the death of Sir Robert de Umfreville, K.G., 27 Jan. 1436/7." [Complete Peerage 1:151, footnote (a), as corrected in Volume XIV.] 
de Boroughdon, Eleanor (I10712)
 
1309 Also calle Adelida; Adeliza. Died as a nun. Alice (I653)
 
1310 Also called "Maurice the Resolute." Joined the barons against the king in 1264. de Berkeley, Maurice (I3564)
 
1311 Also called "The Crooked"; "The Hunchback". Count of Barcelona, Girona, and Ausona from 1018 to his death. Raymond, Berengar I (I3217)
 
1312 Also called "Tortcol"; also called Henry Plantagenet.

Earl of Lancaster. Earl of Leicester.

Steward of England; Constable of Abergavenny and Kenilworth Castles 1326; Chief Guardian of the King 1327; Captain-General of the Marches towards Scotland 1327; Councillor of Regency 1345.

Summoned to Parliament by writs 6 Feb 1299 onward.

"Served against the Scots and in Flanders, at the siege of Carlaverock in 1300, among the barons forcing restrictions on Edward II's powers, joined the queen's party in 1326 and captured the king later that year, knighted Edward III at his coronation, became blind in about 1330, but continued to participate in public affairs and as a counselor of the king." [Ancestry of Charles II, citation details below.] 
of Lancaster, Henry (I3071)
 
1313 Also called Aalis, Aalez, Alaidis, Adelaidis. de Courtenay, Alix (I10103)
 
1314 Also called Aaltie Stryker, Aeltjie Stryker, Maria Stryker, Altje Stryker. Stryker, Aeltje (I16764)
 
1315 Also called Ada de Marle. Vicountess of Coucy. Mentioned 1059. de Roucy, Ade (I10936)
 
1316 Also called Adam de Hindley. de Peasfurlong, Adam (I3943)
 
1317 Also called Adam de Whethales. Walter Goodwin Davis (citation details below) thought him a younger son of John de Swynnerton; Kay Allen has him as a grandson. de Peshale, Adam (I8105)
 
1318 Also called Adam fitz Peter. de Birkin, Adam (I4425)
 
1319 Also called Adam Purton; Adam de Faxton. Founder of the chantry at Ashton Keynes, Wiltshire.

According to John Hodgson's 1832 History of Northumberland, in 1240 he held "Ellington, Cresswell, and Hayden" by one knight's fee. Presumably the latter was the Northumberland village now called Haydon's Bridge.

Summoned to Parliament by writ in 45 Henry III (28 Oct 1260 - 27 Oct 1261). 
de Periton, Adam (I8142)
 
1320 Also called Adela of Orthen. Adelheid (I2445)
 
1321 Also called Adela; Aelis; Alais; Adelaide; Adelheid; Alix; Adela the Holy; Adela of Messines. Countess of Auxerre; Countess of Cotentin. of France, St. Adele (I2555)
 
1322 Also called Adela; Lucia. Corbet, Sybil (I6039)
 
1323 Also called Adelaide de Clermont; Adeliza de Clermont-in-Beauvaisis. de Clermont, Alice (I8675)
 
1324 Also called Adélaide de Joigny. de Joigny, Alix (I14297)
 
1325 Also called Adelaide of Maurienne. of Savoy, Alix (I4478)
 
1326 Also called Adelaide of Rouergue. de Pons, Adelaide (I6756)
 
1327 Also called Adelaide of Vermandois; Adele of Valois. of Vexin, Adela (I4036)
 
1328 Also called Adelaide Wolfratshausen. von Diessen, Adelheid (I8091)
 
1329 Also called Adelaide-Werra de Chalon; Adelaide de Chalon; Werra. Adelais (I8729)
 
1330 Also called Adelaide. de Montdidier, Adèle (I3704)
 
1331 Also called Adelaide. Conjectured as a daughter of Adelaide-Blanche of Anjou by either Guillaume de Provence or Raymond de Toulouse. The Henry Project says: "Some primarily onomastic conjectures have been made based partly on the fact that [Toda and Bernardo] had a daughter with the rare name Constance [Stasser (1993), 497-88 n. 52]. Vajay would make Tota/Adélaïde a daughter of Adélaïde/Blanche by her fourth husband Guillaume de Provence [Vajay (1980), 756], while Stasser would make her a daughter of Adélaïde/Blanche by Raymond of Toulouse [Stasser (1993), 497-8 n. 52; Stasser (1997), 44-6]. On the other hand, Settipani conjectures Tota/Adélaïde as a daughter of Guillaume by his first wife Arsinde [Settipani (2004), 59-66]. Connections with other families have also been proposed [see Stasser (1993), 497-88 n. 52; Stasser (1997), 45-6]. There does not seem to be any reason to favor any particular one of these conjectures." Toda (I12726)
 
1332 Also called Adelais de Vermandois; Adelaide of Lorraine. Adelheid (I8707)
 
1333 Also called Adele of England. of Normandy, Adela (I7173)
 
1334 Also called Adele of Holland; Adelvie of Guines. de Gant, Adelvie (I5120)
 
1335 Also called Adele of Vermandois; Adelaide of Vermandois; Adelaide de Chalons. of Troyes, Adèle (I4243)
 
1336 Also called Adelheid of Metz. of Alsace, Adelaide (I419)
 
1337 Also called Adelheid of the Ostmark. of Eilenburg, Adelaide (I3834)
 
1338 Also called Adelicia. Alice (I3673)
 
1339 Also called Adeline de Beaugency. Living 1108. de Presles, Adelina (I11384)
 
1340 Also called Adelise. de Bohun, Adele (I4551)
 
1341 Also called Adeliz; Adeline de Belleme. Mentioned 1060. de Bellême, Adeline (I9801)
 
1342 Also called Adeliza de Clare.

Royal Ancestry, citing Round's Feudal England (1895), has her as a daughter of Gilbert fitz Richard (1066-1117) by Alice de Clermont (1074-1136), dau. of Hugues, count of Clermont (d. 1101-03). But Complete Peerage X: 441, note (j), says "She was probably da. of Richard FitzGilbert (de Clare), by Alice, sister of Ranulph, Earl of Chester; on chronological grounds this is more likely than the suggestion made by Round in Feudal England, ped. at p. 472, that her father was Richard's father Gilbert, who, moreover, had a da. Alice who m. Aubrey de Vere." We find CP more convincing on this issue. 
de Tonbridge, Alice (I10821)
 
1343 Also called Adeliza la Meschin. "[Richard fitz Gilbert's] wife was rescued from the Welsh by Miles of Gloucester." [Complete Peerageof Chester, Alice (I9183)
 
1344 Also called Adeliza; Adelize; Athelice; Aeliz; Aleide; Aleyda; Aelidis; Adelide; Adelidis; Adelaidis.

In 1150 she retired to a nunnery at Afflighem, in South Brabant, where she died the next year. 
of Louvain, Alice Queen Consort of England (I10654)
 
1345 Also called Adrienne Cuvellier. Cuvilje, Ariaentje (I21226)
 
1346 Also called Advisa; Adele of France. of France, Hedwig (I8346)
 
1347 Also called Aeldgyth; Ealdgith; Algitha; Edith. of Northumbria, Ealdgyth (I3743)
 
1348 Also called Aélis de Montdidier-Roucy. de Rameru, Adelaide (I11928)
 
1349 Also called Aeltgen. Wolf, Aeltje Lamberts (I21222)
 
1350 Also called Aerghul Lawhir.

Stewart Baldwin: "[A] good king, according to Gildas [...] His reign as king of Dyfed is confirmed by the contemporary testimony of Gildas, who, although he does not provide his name, calls his son Uortiporius the bad son of a good king. His name comes from the later sources, of which HG is the earliest. His chronology is very uncertain, due to the uncertain timeframe of Gildas, but the late fifth century would be a reasonable estimate. Agricola was of Irish descent, a member of the tribe known as the Déisi, a segment of which moved from Ireland to Wales at an uncertain date, and eventually became rulers of Dyfed. His claimed father Tryffin (Triphun), if accurately remembered, is nothing more than a name, and there are significant disagreements in the genealogy prior to Tryffin. If it can be accepted that they hide a grain of truth, it is at least arguable that Agricola's grandfather was a man who was nicknamed 'Briscus' (Irish 'Brosc', Welsh 'Vreisc')." 
Agricola King of Dyfed (I3424)
 
1351 Also called Agnes Borough; Agnes Brough. Burgh, Agnes (I5947)
 
1352 Also called Agnes de Catfoss. Founder of Nunkeeling Priory.

"Between 1144 and 1154 the widow of Herbert de St. Quintin gave land in Nunkeeling" [Complete Peerage XI:368, note (a)]. 
de Arches, Agnes (I9070)
 
1353 Also called Agnes de l'Isle; Agnes de Insula. d'Lisle, Agnes (I1157)
 
1354 Also called Agnes de Macon. Duchess of Aquitaine. of Burgundy, Agnes (I9341)
 
1355 Also called Agnes de Say. de Beaumont, Agnes (I3051)
 
1356 Also called Agnes de Vitré. de Craon, Agnes (I9020)
 
1357 Also called Agnes Fitz Neel. fitz William, Agnes (I7381)
 
1358 Also called Agnes FitzPayn. Fitzjohn, Agnes (I10744)
 
1359 Also called Agnes Flore. Flower, Agnes (I17690)
 
1360 Also called Agnes Margravine of Austria; Agnieszka Babenberg (Polish).

Ruthless and consequential politician; good Wikipedia article here
of Babenberg, Agnes (I9929)
 
1361 Also called Agnes of Aquitaine. of Poitou, Agnes (I405)
 
1362 Also called Agnes of Waiblingen; Agnes von Franken. of Germany, Agnes (I2803)
 
1363 Also called Agnes. de Stuteville, Alice (I10476)
 
1364 Also called Agnes. ferch Osbern, Nest (I5189)
 
1365 Also called Agnes; Ann. Bayford, Annis (I14668)
 
1366 Also called Agnorie de Penthievre. of Brittany, Agnoria (I5542)
 
1367 Also called Aimard. Comte. Living 916. Ademarus (I12883)
 
1368 Also called Aimon. Sire de Bourbon. Living 922. Haimon I (I12882)
 
1369 Also called Ainal. She is shown in various sources as of the families d'Angoulême, de Montignac, or d'Aulnay, but her parentage is unknown. Amelie (I4362)
 
1370 Also called Ala; Ela Talvas; Adela Talvas; Ela d'Alencon. of Ponthieu, Ela (I10624)
 
1371 Also called Alain de Bretagne. Count of Rennes; Duke of Brittany. Died suddenly while besieging a rebel castle near Vimoutiers in Normandy. According to Orderic, he was poisoned by unnamed Normans. of Rennes, Alan III (I12924)
 
1372 Also called Alan Ceoche, Alan la Coche. In England by 1172. Of North Molton, Devonshire. la Zouche, Alan (I4278)
 
1373 Also called Alan of Galloway. Hereditary Constable of Scotland.

Present at Magna Carta as an advisor to King John.

From the Oxford Dictionary of National Biography:

"Cross-border landholding and kinship with King John of England made Alan a man of consequence in both realms. His relationship with the king of Scots, based on loose overlordship rather than feudal subordination, allowed freedom of manoeuvre where his actions did not conflict with Scottish interests. Galloway's military resources and substantial fleet gave added influence; Alan's aid was courted unsuccessfully by John for his 1210 campaign against the Ulster Lacys, but he agreed to send one thousand men for the abortive Welsh campaign of 1212. [...]

"From 1225 Alan used the freedom afforded by the loose overlordship of the Scottish crown to interfere in the feud between King Ragnvald of Man and his half-brother, Olaf. His private interest, arising from efforts to secure Antrim with Ragnvald's support against the threat of a Lacy restoration, coincided at first with Anglo-Scottish policy towards the region and received the tacit support of his Scottish overlord. The prospect of a pro-Scottish client in Man led Alexander II to acquiesce to the marriage in 1226 of Alan's bastard son, Thomas, to Ragnvald's daughter, but the marriage provoked revolt against Ragnvald. Despite the support of Galwegian galleys and warriors, Ragnvald was overthrown and slain in 1229 by Olaf. Alan's ensuing attempts to conquer Man for Thomas destabilized the Hebrides and western highlands, thereby threatening Scottish territorial interests, and in 1230–31 prompted active Norwegian support for Olaf. Joint action by Alan and Alexander averted catastrophe, but Scottish and Galwegian interests had diverged and the 1231 campaign marked the end of further Galwegian involvement in the Manx succession; Alan's dynastic ambitions had caused an undesirable war with a major foreign power."

From Wikipedia:

"Although under the traditional Celtic custom of Galloway, Alan's illegitimate son could have succeeded to the Lordship of Galloway, under the feudal custom of the Scottish realm, Alan's nearest heirs were his surviving daughters. Using Alan's death as an opportunity to further integrate Galloway within his realm, Alexander forced the partition of the lordship amongst Alan's daughters. Alan was the last legitimate ruler of Galloway, descending from the native dynasty of Fergus, Lord of Galloway." 
fitz Roland, Alan (I10693)
 
1374 Also called Alan Rohaut. fitz Roland, Alan (I2362)
 
1375 Also called Alan the Steward. 2nd High Steward. Accompanied Richard on the Third Crusade; returned to Scotland in July 1191. Patron of the Knights Templar. fitz Walter, Alan (I4233)
 
1376 Also called Alasia di Saluzzo; Alasia del Vasto di Saluzzo.

"Along with her aunt Alasia de Saluzzo who married Edmund de Lacy, 2nd earl of Lincoln, in 1247, Alasia was one of the first Italian women to marry into an English noble family. Her marriage had been arranged by the late King Henry III's widowed queen consort Eleanor de Provence." [Leo van de Pas]

CP has her buried at Todingham Priory, but Chris Phillips's compilation of corrections to CP includes Douglas Richardson's note in Jan 2002 that "the bodies of both Richard and Alesia were at Haughmond Abbey, Shropshire, by 1341, when provision was made for 12 candles to burn in the church of Haughmond around their tombs." 
di Saluzzo, Alice (I397)
 
1377 Also called Albereda de Lisoriis. de Lisours, Aubrey (I1583)
 
1378 Also called Albreda de la Haye; Auberie; Alberée. Aubreye (I8891)
 
1379 Also called Albreda, etc. de Lacy, Aubrey (I10001)
 
1380 Also called Albreda. Possibly the same Aubrey/Aubree/Albreda Marmion who was married to William de Camville who d. before 1229 (or possibly circa 1205), in which case she would be a granddaughter of Roger Marmion who d. 1130 (as seen elsewhere in this database). But I'm unaware that this has been established. On SGM, Oct-Nov 2003, Rosie Bevan, Douglas Richardson, and others discussed chronological problems with the idea that this might be the case. Marmion, Aubree (I749)
 
1381 Also called Albreda; Alberade of Lorraine. of Mons, Alberada (I8235)
 
1382 Also called Aldearde. de Vignory, Audiarde (I14302)
 
1383 Also called Aldhun of Durham.

"Since the late 9th century the see of Lindisfarne was based at Chester-le-Street because of constant attacks from invading Danes. However, in 994 King Æthelred II of England had paid a Danegeld (protection money) to King Sweyn I of Denmark and King Olaf I of Norway in return for peace. The pay-off worked and there followed a period of freedom from Viking raids. This encouraged Aldhun to return the remains of Cuthbert of Lindisfarne to their original resting place at Lindisfarne, and to reinstate the diocese there. En route to their destination however Aldhun claimed to have received a vision from Cuthbert saying that the saint's remains should be laid to rest at Durham. The monks detoured then to Durham, and the title Bishop of Lindisfarne was transferred to Bishop of Durham. The removal of the see from Chester-le-Street to Durham took place in 995." [Wikipedia] 
Ealdhun Bishop of Durham (I1805)
 
1384 Also called Alditha. de Vernon, Auda (I8669)
 
1385 Also called Aldred; Maldred MacCrinan.

According to The Scots Peerage (citation details below), he was probably killed in the same battle as his father Crinan, attempting to avenge the murder of his brother Duncan by Macbeth.

The Henry Project calls Maldred a "probable" child of the Crinan who married Bethoc, daughter of Malcolm II, King of Scotland (this Crinan and Bethoc being the parents of the Scots king Duncan I), but THP also notes that there is no direct evidence that Bethoc was Maldred's mother. From The Henry Project:

Maldred is given as a son of a Crinán in three of the works of Simeon of Durham, with Crínán given the title of "thane" (tein) in one of these works. Maldred married Ealdgyth, daughter of Uhtred, earl of Northumbria, by whom he Dolphin, Waltheof, and Cospatric (ancestor of the House of Dunbar) ["Postea vero illo, scilicet Ucthredo, proficiente magis et magis in re militari, rex Ethelredus filiam suam Elfgivam ei copulavit uxorem. Ex qua habuit filiam Aldgitham, quam pater in conjugium dedit Maldredo filio Crinan tein, ex qua Maldredus Cospatricum, patrem Dolphini et Walteofi, et Cospatrici." Sim. Durh., De Obsessione Dunelmi, c. 2 (1: 216); "... Cospatricus, filius Maldredi filii Crinani ... Erat enim ex matre Algitha, filia Uchtredi comitis, quam habuit ex Algiva filia Agelredi Regis. Hanc Algitham pater dedit in conjugium Maldredo filio Crinani." Sim. Durh., Historia Regum, c. 159 (2: 199); "Deinde Uctredus filius Walthefi administravit comitatum omnium Northanhymbrorum provinciarum. Huic rex Eathelredus suam filiam Ælfgeovam dederat uxorem. Ex qua filiam habens Aldgitham, dedit in conjugium prædiviti cuidam, Maldredo filio Crinani: de qua habuit Cospatricum comitem, patrem Dolphini, Walthefi, et Cospatrici." Sim. Durh., De Primo Saxonum Adventu (2: 383)]. Anderson states that Maldred appears to have ruled in Cumbria [ESSH 1: 577], but there does not seem to be a clear source for that statement [however, see ESSH 2: 37 for the possible Cumbrian origin of Maldred's son Cospatric I]. No primary source explicitly identifies the Crínán who was Maldred's father with the Crínán who was Duncan's father.

[Key to abbreviations in the above:]

Sim. Durh. = Thomas Arnold, ed., Symeonis Monachi Opera Omnia, 2 vols. (Rolls Series 75, 1882-5.)

ESSH = Alan Orr Anderson, Early Sources of Scottish History, 2 vols. (Edinburgh, 1922, reprinted Stamford, 1990). [Contains English translations of many of the primary records.] 
Maldred (I3699)
 
1386 Also called Alexander Magister. Tutor of Randle de Blundeville, 6th earl of Chester. Hereditary chief forester of Wirrall. de Stourton, Alexander (I7977)
 
1387 Also called Alexander of Dundonald. 4th High Steward of Scotland. "4th High Steward of Scotland, 1246-1283 and Baron of Garlies from 30 Nov 1263. [...] Councillor in 1255 to the underage King of Scotland, Alexander III, and one of the regents of Scotland. Upon his marriage he seized the Isles of Bute and Arran and as a result fought and defeated the Norwegians at the battle of Largs, in Cunningham, 2 Oct 1263, ceding the Isles to Scotland. In 1264 he invaded the Isle of Man which was then annexed to the Crown." [The Ancestry of Dorothea Poyntz, citation details below.]

"He seems to have commanded the armed force which, at Largs, in October 1263, successfully defended Scotland against attempted invasion by Hákon IV, king of Norway. It seems to have been in Alexander's time that the Stewarts acquired the lordship of Cowal, with a castle at Dunoon. Moreover, the style senescallus Scotie, 'stewart of Scotland', now replaced the older dapifer regis Scotie, 'steward of the king of Scotland', thus indicating a major office of state, significant in a national context." [Oxford Dictionary of National Biography
Stewart, Alexander (I4149)
 
1388 Also called Alfais, Alix de Lusignan. de Lusignan, Alice (I8780)
 
1389 Also called Alfónsez Teresa Leon. of Leon and Castile, Teresa (I8196)
 
1390 Also called Alfrida; Elfrida; Elfthryth. Ælfthryth Queen Consort of England (I10299)
 
1391 Also called Alianora, and Joan.

According to Douglas Richardson, she was a direct descendant of both Henry I and Malcolm Canmore. 
Greene, Eleanor (I12364)
 
1392 Also called Alice (or Adeliza) of Essex. de Vere, Alice (I2996)
 
1393 Also called Alice de Cany. de Falaise, Alice (I7149)
 
1394 Also called Alice de la Marche. de Lusignan, Alice (I270)
 
1395 Also called Alice de Traves. de Traves, Poncette (I9492)
 
1396 Also called Alice de Vere. fitz Roger, Alice (I2895)
 
1397 Also called Alice de Warkworth. fitz Robert, Alice (I3880)
 
1398 Also called Alice FitzPiers. Fitz Reynold, Agnes (I13031)
 
1399 Also called Alice of Warwick; Alice de Newburgh. de Beaumont, Alice (I6844)
 
1400 Also called Alice Waltheof. of Northumberland, Alice (I2819)
 
1401 Also called Alice, Alix of Burgundy; Ela of Burgundy. of Burgundy, Helie (I1185)
 
1402 Also called Alice, Eleanor.

The Ancestry of Dorothea Poyntz places her as a daughter of John de Grey, 2nd Baron Grey of Rotherfield, who d. 1375. We're following Richardson's Royal Ancestry, which shows her as a daughter of the first Lord Grey of Rotherfield, who d. 1359. 
de Grey, Maud (I15259)
 
1403 Also called Alice. de Fauconberge, Anice (I16724)
 
1404 Also called Alice. Called Elizabeth in her IPM. de Montfort, Elizabeth (I7826)
 
1405 Also called Alice; also called de Condy, de Cundi. de Condet, Agnes (I2450)
 
1406 Also called Alienor, Helienordis. Duchess of Aquitaine. of Aquitaine, Eleanor Queen Consort of the Franks; Queen Consort of England (I796)
 
1407 Also called Alina. Aliva (I16179)
 
1408 Also called Aline de Grey. de Gay, Aline (I2293)
 
1409 Also called Aliva Basset. Basset, Aline (I13095)
 
1410 Also called Aliva.

"Aline (probably in fact the younger da., aged about 8 in 1298) m. 1stly, in 1298, at Swansea, Sir John de Mowbray, of Axholme, co. Lincoln [Lord Mowbray], who was hanged at York (after the battle of Boroughbridge), 23 Mar. 1321/2. She m., 2ndly, Sir Richard de Peshale, and d. before 21 Aug. 1331." [Complete Peerage II:303-04, as corrected by Volume XIV.] 
de Brewes, Aline (I608)
 
1411 Also called Aliva. Basset, Aline (I7304)
 
1412 Also called Aliva. Basset, Alice (I6344)
 
1413 Also called Alix de Beaumez. de Belmeis, Alice (I6245)
 
1414 Also called Alix Elise; Auxilie Alise. of Savoy, Alix (I12541)
 
1415 Also called Alix of Champagne. of Blois, Adèle (I1109)
 
1416 Also called Alix of Poitou. of Poitou, Adélaïde (I7046)
 
1417 Also called Alix.

Marchioness (Duchess) of Turin. Kick-ass eleventh-century woman who took no crap from anybody, evidently.

From Wikipedia:

Since the margravial title primarily had a military purpose at the time, it was thus was not considered suitable for a woman. Emperor Conrad II therefore arranged a marriage between Adelaide and his stepson, Herman IV, in January 1037. Herman was then invested as margrave of Turin. Herman died of the plague while fighting for Conrad II at Naples in July 1038.

Adelaide remarried in order to secure her vast march. Probably in 1041, and certainly before 19 January 1042, Adelaide married Henry, Marquess of Montferrat. Henry died c. 1045 and left Adelaide a widow for the second time. Immediately, a third marriage was undertaken, this time to Otto of Savoy (1046). With Otto she had three sons, Peter I, Amadeus II, and Otto. The couple also had two daughters, Bertha, who married Henry IV of Germany, and Adelaide, who married Rudolf of Rheinfelden (who later opposed Henry as King of Germany). [...]

In 1070 Adelaide captured and burned the city of Asti, which had rebelled against her.

In 1069 Henry IV tried to repudiate Adelaide's daughter, Bertha, which caused Adelaide's relationship with the imperial family to cool. However, through the intervention of Bertha, Henry received Adelaide's support when he came to Italy to submit to Pope Gregory VII and Matilda of Tuscany at Canossa. In return for allowing him to travel through her lands, Henry gave Bugey to Adelaide. Adelaide and her son Amadeus then accompanied Henry IV and Bertha to Canossa, where Adelaide acted as an oath-helper, alongside Matilda and Albert Azzo II, Margrave of Milan, among others. Bishop Benzo of Alba sent several letters to Adelaide between 1080 and 1082, encouraging her to support Henry IV in the Italian wars which formed part of the Investiture Controversy. Adelaide's dealings with Henry IV became closer after this. She offered to mediate between him and Matilda and Tuscany, and may even have joined him on campaign.

Adelaide made many donations to monasteries in the march of Turin. In 1064 she founded the monastery of Santa Maria at Pinerolo.

Adelaide received letters from many of the leading churchmen of the day, including Pope Alexander II, Peter Damian, and Pope Gregory VII. These letters indicate that Adelaide sometimes supported Gregorian reform, but that at other times she did not. Peter Damian (writing in 1064) and Gregory VII (writing in 1073), relied upon Adelaide to enforce clerical celibacy and protect the monasteries of Fruttuaria and San Michele della Chiusa. By contrast, Alexander II (writing c. 1066/7) reproached Adelaide for her dealings with Guido da Velate the simoniac Archbishop of Milan. [...]

Adelaide is a featured figure on Judy Chicago's installation piece The Dinner Party, being represented as one of the 999 names on the Heritage Floor. 
of Susa, Adelaide (I702)
 
1418 Also called Almeric, Alberic Pincerna, Emery. le Boteler, Alberic (I9971)
 
1419 Also called Almeric. Viscount of Chatellerault. Died as a monk. Aimery I (I3144)
 
1420 Also called Alpin mac Echdach (with the extra "d" in his patronymic). mac Echach, Alpin King of Dal Riata (I517)
 
1421 Also called Aluyisia; Aloisia; Luisia; Luigia; Alusia di Ceva. del Vasto, Aluigia (I6732)
 
1422 Also called Amabel fitz Adam. Fitz Swain, Amabel (I3932)
 
1423 Also called Amadeo, Amadeus. Count of Savoy. "Generally a supporter of Friedrich II in Italy, who made him Duke of Chablais in 1238, but after his death a supporter of the pope; with the financial help of Henry III of England won additional lands to provide for his brothers; curtailed the power of local lords by enhancing that of appointed officials." [The Ancestry of Dorothea Poyntz, citation details below.] of Savoy, Amedee (I5539)
 
1424 Also called Amalie Ludewica Giert. Gjert, Amalie Ludovica (I5603)
 
1425 Also called Amice de Montfort.

She died as a nun in Nuneaton Priory. Complete Peerage says she died after 1168. Royal Ancestry says she died on a 31 August, year uncertain. 
de Gael, Amice (I7859)
 
1426 Also called Amice fitz William.

According to RA, she was not "recognized" before her death as "Countess of Gloucester," despite CP's assertion to this effect. All contemporary charters and other documents involving her refer to her as countess of Clare, i.e., Hertford. 
of Gloucester, Amice (I10343)
 
1427 Also called Amice of Chester. Her legitimacy was the subject of a lengthy seventeenth-century controversy which can be read, in all its magnificently florid language, here.

It seems to us entirely plausible that Amicia was Hugh's legitimate daughter by an unknown earlier wife. The Earl's behavior toward Amicia, and the attitude shown by all their contemporaries -- to say nothing of the illustrious guests recorded as having attended Amicia's wedding to Ralph Mainwairing -- are all consistent with Amicia being legitimate. It's far from impossible that history should have lost track of the identity of a twelfth-century magnate's short-lived first wife. We don't even have firm knowledge of the birth dates of some post-Conquest English kings.

A summary of the issues, from Burke's Dormant and Extinct Peerages:

The earl had another dau., whose legitimacy is questionable, namely Amicia,* m. to Ralph de Mesnilwarin, justice of Chester, "a person," says Dugdale, "of very ancient family," from which union the Mainwarings, of Over Peover, in the co. Chester, derive. Dugdale considers Amicia to be a dau. of the earl by a former wife. But Sir Peter Leicester, in his Antiquities of Chester, totally denies her legitimacy. "I cannot but mislike," says he, "the boldness and ignorance of that herald who gave to Mainwaring (late of Peover), the elder, the quartering of the Earl of Chester's arms; for if he ought of right to quarter that coat, then must he be descended from a co-heir to the Earl of Chester; but he was not; for the co-heirs of Earl Hugh married four of the greatest peers in the kingdom."

(*) Upon the question of this lady's legitimacy there was a long paper war between Sir Peter Leicester and Sir Thomas Mainwaring -- and eventually the matter was referred to the judges, of whose decision Wood says, "at an assize held at Chester, 1675, the controversy was decided by the justices itinerant, who, as I have heard, adjudged the right of the matter to Mainwaring."

The passage from Dugdale that evidently occasioned Sir Peter Leycester's astonishment and disbelief, from his Baronage of England, 1675, reprinted by Georg Olms Verlag, Hildesheim & New York, 1977; Earls of Chester, pp. 40-41:

[I]t is certain that [Sir Hugh] had another Daughter called Amicia, married to Raphe de Mesnilwarin (a person of a very ancient Family, and Justice of Chester, in those days) whose Legitimacy is doubted by some; the cheif reason they give for it, being, that they find no Memorial, that Earl Hugh her Father had a former Wife.

That she was his Daughter, sufficiently appeareth, not only from his Grant of two Knight Fees with her in Frank-marriage, unto Raphe de Mesnilwarin before mentioned, where he so termeth her. But by another Deed of Roger de Mesnilwarin her Son, wherein he calls Ranulph, Earl of Chester, (Son to this Earl) his Uncle.

As to her Legitimacy, therefore I do not well understand how there can be any question, it being known Maxim in Law, that nothing can be given in Frank-marriage to a Bastard.

The Point being then thus briefly cleared, I shall not need to raise further Arguments from Probabilities to back it, then to desire it may be observed, that Bertra (whom I conclude to have been his second Wife) was married to him, when he was in years, and she, herself, very young, as is evident from what I have before instanced. So that he having been Earl no less then twenty eight years, it must necessarily follow, that this Bertra was not born, till four years after he came to the Earldom. Nor is it any marvel he should then take such a young Wife, having at that time no Issue-male to succeed him in this he great Inheritance."

From Palatine Anthology: A Collection of Ancient Poems and Ballads Relating to Lancashire and Chester, ed. James Orchard Halliwell (London: 1850):

The following old ballad relates to a famous dispute between two Cheshire knights, Sir Peter Leycester and Sir Thomas Mainwaring, about the legitimacy of Amicia, daughter of Hugh Lupus. The worthy knights were related by marriage, and the controversy agitated the county for many years, and was hardly settled by the death of one of the principal controversialists. Communicated to me by Mr. W. H. BLACK.

A new Ballad, made of a high and mighty Controversy between two Cheshire Knights, 1673.

(From the ASHMOLEAN MSS. No. 860, iii, art. 1, and No. 836, art. 183.)

Two famous wights, both Cheshire Knights,
Thomas yclep'd and Petre,
A quarrel had, which was too bad
As bad as is my metre.

Neere kinsmen were they, yet had a great fray,
Concerning things done quondam;
I think as long since as Will Rufus was Prince,
E'en about their Great-great-grandame.

Sir Peter (good man) this quarell began:
Whilst he tumbles ore ancient deedes,
Old women can't have quiet rest in their graves,
So loud he proclaims what he reades.

When in reading he found (as he thought) good ground
To judge his Grannam a bastard;
Though he blemisht her name, yet it to proclaim
He resolv'd hee'd be no dastard.

But boldly durst say, that AMICIA
Daughter of Hugh Earle of Chester
For certaine was bore to him . . . .
As sure as his name was Leycester.

To this good intent he us'd much argument
The which all such as are willing
Fully to know, let them quickly bestow
Upon his Booke sixteene shilling.

His Grannam's his friend; yet truth hee'l defend
And little dirt he throws on her,
For as now, so then, among your great men,
A bastard is small dishonour.

Another grandchild, hearing this was stark wild,
The affront he could not digest;
But takes pen in hand, the same to withstand,
As scorning to fowl his own nest.

His Grannam hee'l right, against the erring Knight,
That slander'd her without warrant:
Who does not his best, to free ladies opprest,
Is not a true Knight Errant.

Hist'ry and lawes he cites for his cause,
With Judges and Heraldes; what more?
With these hee'l defy the scandalous lye
That made him . . . . .

They us'd not their swords, but their pens and fowl words,
Which noyse with other folks laughter,
Could not chuse to awake (to clere this mistake)
The jolly old Earl and his daughter.

Then up start[s] Earl Hughe, and sayes "Is it true--
That I, brave Chester's Earle,
Am summon'd to appear before Justices here,
As charg'd with a by-blow girle?"

Not another word, but clapt hand on his sword;
While she (gentle AMICIA)
For feare of some slaughter that might come after,
Besought him in patience to stay.

But she told her Grandson, "'Twas uncivilly done
Such a hideous pudder to keep:
Whilst he dreams that folks soules do snort in dark holes
To awake us out of our sleep.

"Should it have been true, that's suspected by you,
Its father was able to nourish
The barne he had got, and sure I should not
Have been any charge to the parish.

"But you, dear Sir Thomas, (much honor to your domus)
That my cause you have so well defended;
Henceforth leave AMICIA, both keepe Amicitia;
And so let the quarell be ended."

All this said, the Oxford Dictionary of National Biography also notes that "[t]he feud, however, was not merely a dispute over genealogical and legal niceties, but reflected the division on the Cheshire bench between those like Leycester who sought a rigorous enforcement of the Act of Uniformity and the Conventicle Acts and those such as Mainwaring who opposed this policy." 
de Meschines, Amicia (I5878)
 
1428 Also called Amicia. de Kingslegh, Avice (I6382)
 
1429 Also called Amy. Buxhall, Amice (I19930)
 
1430 Also called Anastasia. Monomacha, Maria (I11761)
 
1431 Also called Ancharette de Hulton. de Hulton, Katherine (I9017)
 
1432 Also called Anicia; Amicia. Avicia (I5354)
 
1433 Also called Ann Babcock.

"Susanna Babcock, the wife of Joseph Reynolds, was the daughter of John and Mary (Lawton) Babcock. She was born in Westerly, R.I., where her father was one of the first settlers. [...] The name Susannah is given as Ann in the list of John Babcock's children in The Babcock Genealogy. She is there placed as the second child born in 1665, but most likely was born later." [Henry Suydam Reynolds, "One Branch of the Reynolds Family of North Kingstown, R. I.", citation details below.]

"The will of Joseph [Reynolds], Jr. was probated April _____, 1722, Susanna (his widow) executrix, with her brother Job Babcock." [Genealogical and Family History of the Wyoming and Lackawanna Valleys, Pennsylvania, citation details below.] 
Babcock, Susanna (I2401)
 
1434 Also called Ann, Annice. Agnes (I18346)
 
1435 Also called Anna or Anne of Burgundy. of Burgundy, Marguerite (I9031)
 
1436 Also called Anne Ogle, but this appears to stem from an error in 1563/64 visitation of Yorkshire. She is recorded as Elizabeth in the contemporary entry recording the marriage dispensation in the bishop's register. [Some corrections and additions to The Complete Peerage: Volume 6: Heron.]

The date for their marriage is actually the dispensation date; they were third cousins, both being descended from Thomas de Gray (1277-1344) and his wife Agnes. 
Ogle, Elizabeth (I6501)
 
1437 Also called Anne. Chatfield, Admah (I16329)
 
1438 Also called Anne. She may or may not have been the mother of John Blake. Agnes (I15075)
 
1439 Also called Ansgise; Ansigisel of Metz; Ansegis; Ansegisus, Duke d'Austrasie.

Murdered in consequence of his feud with Gundewin. 
Ansegisel Mayor of the Palace of Austrasia (I10832)
 
1440 Also called Antipater. Prince of Benevento and Capua. Landulf I (I10269)
 
1441 Also called Aoife ni Darmait; Aoife MacMurrough; Red Eva.

From Wikipedia:

"On the 29 August 1170, following the Norman invasion of Ireland that her father had requested, she married Richard de Clare, 2nd Earl of Pembroke, better known as Strongbow, the leader of the Norman invasion force, in Reginald's Tower in Waterford. She had been promised to Strongbow by her father who had visited England to ask for an invasion army. He was not allowed to give his daughter away, as under Early Irish Law Aoife had the choice of whom she married, but she had to agree to an arranged marriage, that is, to select from a list of suitable suitors.

"Under Anglo-Norman law, this gave Strongbow succession rights to the Kingdom of Leinster. Under Irish Brehon law, the marriage gave her a life interest only, after which any land would normally revert to male cousins; but Brehon law also recognised a transfer of 'swordland' following a conquest. Aoife conducted battles on behalf of her husband and is sometimes known as Red Eva (Irish: Aoife Rua)." 
of Leinster, Eve (I8715)
 
1442 Also called Arabella. Predeceased her husband. de Quincy, Orabel (I16399)
 
1443 Also called Arduino Glabrio, Glabrione, or il Glabro, meaning "the Bald".

Count of Auriate from c. 935, count of Turin from c. 941/2, and Margrave of Turin from c. 950/64. Founder and namesake of the Arduinici dynasty.

"Arduin was the eldest son of Roger, Count of Auriate (r. c. 906 – c. 935), a Frankish nobleman who immigrated to Italy in the early tenth century. The medieval county of Auriate comprised the region bounded by the Alps, the Po River, and the Stura, today the regions of the Saluzzese and Cuneese. Arduin succeeded his father as count of Auriate sometime around 935, but he is not documented as Count Arduin (Ardoino comes) until 13 April 945, when he sat in judgement at a conference (placitum) of Count Lanfranc at Pavia in the presence of King Lothair II." [Wikipedia] 
Glaber, Arduin (I1715)
 
1444 Also called Arfast; Arfastus. Herfast (I664)
 
1445 Also called Arlette. Also called Herleve "de Falaise", this predicated on the belief that she was the daughter of a tanner or forester named Fulbert from the town of Falaise. Herleve (I10322)
 
1446 Also called Arnoldus; Arnoul de Heristala.

Ansegisel, Mayor of the Palace of Austrasia, widely accepted as his son, is a proven ancestor of Charlemagne.

From Wikipedia:

There are three legends associated with Arnulf:

The Legend of the Ring

Arnulf was tormented by the violence that surrounded him and feared that he had played a role in the wars and murders that plagued the ruling families. Obsessed by these sins, Arnulf went to a bridge over the Moselle river. There he took off his bishop's ring and threw it into the river, praying to God to give him a sign of absolution by returning the ring to him. Many penitent years later, a fisherman brought to the bishop's kitchen a fish in the stomach of which was found the bishop's ring. Arnulf repaid the sign of God by immediately retiring as bishop and becoming a hermit for the remainder of his life.

The Legend of the Fire

At the moment Arnulf resigned as bishop, a fire broke out in the cellars of the royal palace and threatened to spread throughout the city of Metz. Arnulf, full of courage and feeling unity with the townspeople, stood before the fire and said, "If God wants me to be consumed, I am in His hands." He then made the sign of the cross at which point the fire immediately receded.

The Legend of the Beer Mug

It was July 642 and very hot when the parishioners of Metz went to Remiremont to recover the remains of their former bishop. They had little to drink and the terrain was inhospitable. At the point when the exhausted procession was about to leave Champigneulles, one of the parishioners, Duc Notto, prayed "By his powerful intercession the Blessed Arnold will bring us what we lack." Immediately the small remnant of beer at the bottom of a pot multiplied in such amounts that the pilgrims thirst was quenched and they had enough to enjoy the next evening when they arrived in Metz. 
St. Arnulf Bishop of Metz (I3993)
 
1447 Also called Arnoldus; Arnoul de Heristala.

Ansegisel, Mayor of the Palace of Austrasia, widely accepted as his son, is a proven ancestor of Charlemagne. St. Arnulf's ancestry and that of his wife, as shown here, is in essence highly well-informed speculation.

From Wikipedia:

There are three legends associated with Arnulf:

The Legend of the Ring

Arnulf was tormented by the violence that surrounded him and feared that he had played a role in the wars and murders that plagued the ruling families. Obsessed by these sins, Arnulf went to a bridge over the Moselle river. There he took off his bishop's ring and threw it into the river, praying to God to give him a sign of absolution by returning the ring to him. Many penitent years later, a fisherman brought to the bishop's kitchen a fish in the stomach of which was found the bishop's ring. Arnulf repaid the sign of God by immediately retiring as bishop and becoming a hermit for the remainder of his life.

The Legend of the Fire

At the moment Arnulf resigned as bishop, a fire broke out in the cellars of the royal palace and threatened to spread throughout the city of Metz. Arnulf, full of courage and feeling unity with the townspeople, stood before the fire and said, "If God wants me to be consumed, I am in His hands." He then made the sign of the cross at which point the fire immediately receded.

The Legend of the Beer Mug

It was July 642 and very hot when the parishioners of Metz went to Remiremont to recover the remains of their former bishop. They had little to drink and the terrain was inhospitable. At the point when the exhausted procession was about to leave Champigneulles, one of the parishioners, Duc Notto, prayed "By his powerful intercession the Blessed Arnold will bring us what we lack." Immediately the small remnant of beer at the bottom of a pot multiplied in such amounts that the pilgrims thirst was quenched and they had enough to enjoy the next evening when they arrived in Metz. 
St. Arnulf Bishop of Metz (I3993)
 
1448 Also called Ascelin Gouel de Perceval; also called "Lupus" because of his violent temper.

Commanded the Norman forces at the siege of Mantes.

"He took part in William the Conqueror's invasion of the French Vexin in July 1087 and destroyed the vineyards round Mantes. He built a strongly fortified castle at Breval. In 1089 he took the castle of Ivry by stratagem from William de Bréteuil and delivered it up to Duke Robert. William redeemed the castle from the Duke and deprived Ascelin of the provostship (praesidiatum) of Ivry. Thereafter Ascelin captured William, and rigorously imprisoned him at Breval until he obtained his freedom on the terms of a money payment, the cession of the castle of Ivry and the marriage of his daughter Isabel to Ascelin. In the following year William attempted to retake the castle, but was defeated by Ascelin, the abbey of Ivry being burnt in the conflict. William then appealed to the King of France and the Duke of Normandy, who in, the spring of 1092, aided by a leve?e en masse of the surrounding population, besieged Ascelin at Breval. Ascelin was forced to capitulate and surrender the castle of Ivry, which was restored to William. On the death of William de Bréteuil in 1103, Ascelin took the part of William's nephew, Ralf de Grancei, against Eustace de Bréteuil, William's illegitimate son, in the struggle for the succession." [Complete Peerage
Goel, Ascelin (I4010)
 
1449 Also called Aschetill. Despenser, Ansketil (I7819)
 
1450 Also called Ashot the Blind. Ashot III Bagratuni Prince of Armenia (I466)
 
1451 Also called Athelaise. de Balts, Adeliza (I7756)
 
1452 Also called Attala; Alix. de Vermandois, Adèle (I3794)
 
1453 Also called Aubrey. Espec, Albreda (I9773)
 
1454 Also called Audelia Albaney. de Whitchurch, Audelin (I7686)
 
1455 Also called Audrey, etc. VCH Warwickshire ("Parishes: Morton Morrell", pp. 118-122) says her mother was "daughter and coheir of Robert Peverel," but this is sourced only to Dugdale.

Ray Phair, post to soc.genealogy.medieval, 7 Jun 2002:

Cris Nash and earlier Dick Ledyard asked who was the father of Aubreye (Albreda) de Harcourt (d. 1205), wife of William Trussebut?

There are at least three versions:

A) Bridges claimed her father was Aubrey ('Albricius') de Harcourt [1], without providing any evidence. So far, no record of his existence has been found. Clay accepted this version, rather than the next one, because it was presented earlier [2].

B) Baker (according to Clay) and Eyton said her father was Rollo de Harcourt, without providing any evidence [2,3]. So far, no record of his existence has been found. Farrer and Sanders accepted this version; Clay dismissed it as without proof [4,2].

C) Crouch, in a very brief note, proposed that her father was Ivo de Harcourt, a younger son of Robert fitz Anschetil, lord of Harcourt [5]. Ivo, who appeared possibly as early as c.1140, was alive in 1166, but may have died later that year [5,6].

By two charters Aubreye gave land in "Brandestona" to Nuneaton priory, Warwickshire [2]. Clay has identified this location as Braunston, Northamptonshire, where Aubreye and her descendants are known to have held land; Round had earlier implied this was the location of her gift [2,7]. Crouch, on the other hand, thought it was Braunstone, Leicestershire; although based on more tentative evidence, it does provides a link to the family of Ivo de Harcourt. A descendant of Ivo's heir did later hold land there [8], but Crouch's version needs further study.

[1] J. Bridges, "The history and antiquities of Northamptonshire", 1791, 1:26-7.

[2] "Early Yorkshire charters", 10:8-11, 15-6, & nos. 7-9, 12, 1955, ed. C.T. Clay.

[3] Clay said this appeared in G. Baker, "The history and antiquities of the county of Northampton", 1822-41, 1:268-9, which, unfortunately, is missing from the library. R.W. Eyton, "Antiquities of Shropshire", 9:67-9,75 (1859); he may have been familiar with Baker's work.

[4] W. Farrer, "Feudal Cambridgeshire", 1920, pp.160-3; I.J. Sanders, "English baronies", 1960, p.19.

[5] D. Crouch, "The Beaumont twins", 1986, pp. 123-7, 220-1, 237.

[6] "The red book of exchequer", 3v, ed. H. Hall, 1896, 1:325,337; Pipe Roll Society publications [PRS] 9:68 (1888), 12:167 (1890); "Sir Christopher Hatton's book of seals", ed. L.C. Loyd and D.M. Stenton, 1950, pp.31-2.

[7] PRS 35:27-8 (1913), ed. J.H. Round; "Rotuli litterarum clausarum", ed. T.D. Hardy, 1833-44, 1:24, 34; "Rotuli de oblatis et finibus", ed. T.D. Hardy, 1835, p.288; "The book of fees", 1920-31, 2:941, 945, 1288.

[8] "Calendar of inquisitions post mortem", 1:nos.411, 776 (1904). Cf. W. Farrer, "Honors and knights fees", 2:329-334 (1924). 
Albreda (I11002)
 
1456 Also called Audrey; Nancy.

The Hammonds Family Tree page gives her name as Nancy Alice and adds a "???". It has her birth date as 21 Nov 1766, just as we do.

A note on their page for her spouse, Jesse Adams, refers to her as "Nancy Alice (Nica)". It's easy to see how "Unicy" could be derived from that.


---

Document transcribed on the "Hammons & Garvin Family Tree" on ancestry.com:

Declaration

In order to obtain the benefit of act of Congress of the 7 of July 1838 entitled An act granting half pay and pensions to certain widows

State of Tennessee

Benton County

On this thirty first day of October one thousand eight hundred and forty personally appeared before me JESSE HAMMONDS as acting Justice oof the peace in and for Benton County band state aforesaid UNICY ADAMS a resident of the State of Tennessee in the county of Benton aged seventy three years November 21st 1839.

Who being first duly sworn according to law, doth on her oath made the following declaration in order to obtain the benefit of the provision made by the act of Congress passed July 7 1838, entitled an act granting half pay and pensions to certain widows: That she is the widow of JESSE ADAMS who was a private in the militia in the revolutionary wwar having a certificate of pension from the War department for twenty six dollars and sixty six cents per annulment during his natural life.

She farther declares that she was married to JESSE ADAMS on the 26th day of May one thousand seven hundred and eighty two.  That her husband, the aforesaid JESSE ADAMS died on the 6th day of Dec one thousand eight hundred and thirty five.  That she was not married to him prior to his leaving the services, but the marriage took place previous to the first of January seventeen hundred and ninety four.

viz: at the time above stated sworn to and subscribed to on the day and year above.

Written before

JESSE HAMMONDS, Justice

of the peace for Benton County

UNICY x ADAMS

her mark  
Unicy (I1963)
 
1457 Also called Aupais; Chalpaida. of Aupois, Alpaida (I10870)
 
1458 Also called Ausilia, Usilia. of Savoy, Auxilie (I12545)
 
1459 Also called Ava; Bava; Auua, Aba. Ava (I11157)
 
1460 Also called Avelina; Eva; Dulceline; (mistakenly) "Duvelina de Crepon". Duvelina (I11126)
 
1461 Also called Aveline; Avelina; and (mistakenly) "Wevia de Crepon". Ancestral Roots, just as mistakenly, calls her "of Denmark." Wevia (I6122)
 
1462 Also called Avice de Maunby, Avice de Magneby. de Lascelles, Avice (I8020)
 
1463 Also called Avice de Meschin. Lady of Harewood. de Rumilly, Avice (I1964)
 
1464 Also called Avice, Avicia. de Chetwode, Agnes (I11330)
 
1465 Also called Avoise, Edith. of France, Hedwig (I9793)
 
1466 Also called Aznar I. Comte de Comminges et de Couserans. de Comminges, Arnold (I7005)
 
1467 Also called Baldwin "Teutonicus"; Baldwin Tuetonicus vel Ties. le Tyes, Baldwin (I4263)
 
1468 Also called Baldwin de Clare. Founder of Bourne Abbey. fitz Gilbert, Baldwin (I8558)
 
1469 Also called Baldwin de Redvers. Earl of Devon. "He was one of the first to rebel against King Stephen, and was the only first rank magnate never to accept the new king. He seized Exeter, and was a pirate out of Carisbrooke, but he was driven out of England to Anjou, where he joined the Empress Matilda. She made him Earl of Devon after she established herself in England, probably in early 1141." [Wikipedia]

Founded Quarr Abbey on the Isle of Wight, and the priory of St. James at Exeter. 
de Revières, Baldwin (I11409)
 
1470 Also called Baldwin the Sheriff; Baldwin of Exeter. Seigneur de Meules and du Sap in Normandy. Lord of Okehampton, Devon. Sheriff of Devon, 1080-86. fitz Gilbert, Baldwin (I5373)
 
1471 Also called Barisone de Lacon-Gunale. Retired in 1186 to the monastery of San Giovanni in Messina. Barisone II Giudice of Logudoro (I801)
 
1472 Also called Basilia de Lindsay. de Limesi, Basilia (I2417)
 
1473 Also called Basilie de Mouchy. de Mouchy, Ermengarde (I12871)
 
1474 Also called Beatrice Candavaine; Beatrice of St. Pol. Campdavaine, Beatrice (I1898)
 
1475 Also called Beatrice de Ramerupt; de Roucy. de Montdidier, Beatrix (I7469)
 
1476 Also called Beatrice de Valle, Beatrice de Vallibus. Former mistress of Reynold Fitz Roy, earl of Cornwall (d. 1 Jul 1175), but The Ancestry of Dorothea Poyntz says that she "may have been identical to his wife." de Vaux, Beatrice (I2158)
 
1477 Also called Beatrice of Geneva. of Geneva, Margaret (I2410)
 
1478 Also called Beatrice, Bethóc ingen Maíl Coluim meic Cináeda. of Scotland, Bethoc (I1330)
 
1479 Also called Beatrix d'Ivrea de Vienne; Beatrice of Viennois. de Mâcon, Beatrice (I6686)
 
1480 Also called Beatrix de Monte Alto; Beatrix de Montalt. de Mohaut, Beatrix (I3581)
 
1481 Also called Benedicta. Exhurst, Bennett (I12342)
 
1482 Also called Benno. Duke of Saxony. Bernard I (I10830)
 
1483 Also called Berengaria.

"The couple separated due to consanguinity in 1204, after which she returned to her father's dominions, where she became regent for her younger brother, Enrique I, King of Castile. She abdicated the throne of Castile 31 Aug 1217, in favor of her son, Fernando." [Royal Ancestry]

"Starting in 1198, Pope Innocent III objected to the marriage on the grounds of consanguinity, though the couple stayed together until 1204. They vehemently sought a dispensation in order to stay together, including offering large sums of money. However, the pope denied their request, although they succeeded in having their children considered legitimate. Her marriage dissolved, Berengaria returned to Castile and to her parents in May 1204, where she dedicated herself to the care of her children." [Wikipedia] 
of Castile, Berenguela I Queen Of Castile & Toledo (I2607)
 
1484 Also called Bernard de Sancto Walerico. de St. Valéry, Bernard (I674)
 
1485 Also called Bernard Pelet. Sire d'Anduze. d'Anduze, Bernard I (I12661)
 
1486 Also called Bernhard de Guise. of Guise, Bouchard (I21044)
 
1487 Also called Berta de Susa. of Turin, Bertha (I9561)
 
1488 Also called Bertha of Arles. of Burgundy, Bertha (I4742)
 
1489 Also called Bertha of Flanders. of Burgundy, Bertha (I2646)
 
1490 Also called Bertha of Maurienne, Berta de Savoie. of Turin, Bertha (I373)
 
1491 Also called Bertheiz. Bertha (I4594)
 
1492 Also called Berthold. Duke of Saxony. Bernard II (I4704)
 
1493 Also called Bertrade de Gometz. Bertrade (I6096)
 
1494 Also called Bertrade of Evreux. CP notes that at her wedding she was given away by King Henry II "because she was his own cousin." In fact she and the king were second cousins once removed, Simon de Montfort and Agnes d'Evreaux being his great-great grandparents and her great-grandparents. de Montfort, Bertrade (I4768)
 
1495 Also called Blanca. of Castile, Blanche (I4547)
 
1496 Also called Bogo de Knovill. "He supported the King in the Baron's War. Sheriff of Shropshire and Staffordshire, 1274-1278; Justice of West Wales, 1280-1281. Frequently summoned for military service 1297-1303, principally against the Scots. Called a knight in 1301." [The Ancestry of Dorothea Poyntzde Knovill, Bewes (I13238)
 
1497 Also called Boniface of Saluzzo, Bonifacio de Saluces, Bonifacio di Revello, Boniface de Clavesana, etc. Margrave of Savona and Western Liguria. del Vasto, Boniface (I9533)
 
1498 Also called Borodale. Borodell, John (I11133)
 
1499 Also called Bourgchier, Bourghchier. de Bourchier, William (I14320)
 
1500 Also called Briwere, Briguerre. Justice of the King's Bench for both kings Richard I and John. Sheriff of Devon, 1179-89, 1200; of Berkshire 1190-94; of Oxfordshire 1190-4, 1201-2; of Nottinghamshire and Derbyshire, 1194-1200, 1203-4; of Hampshire 1199-1201, 1207-9, 1212, 1214-15; of Cornwall 1202-4; of Somerset and Dorset 1207-9; of Wiltshire 1207-9; of Sussex 1208-9; of Gloucestershire 1220. Hereditary forester of Bere Ashley Forest.

"In 1223 he opposed the confirmation of the Magna Carta and the charter of the forest, declaring that they were 'extorted by violence.'" [Royal Ancestry]

"When King Richard left England in 1189, he appointed Briwere to be one of the four justices to whom he committed the charge of the kingdom. Called one of King John's evil counselors who care for nothing but to please their master. One of the favorite counsellors of Henry III." [The Ancestry of Dorothea Poyntz]

Buried in the habit of a Cistercian monk before the high altar in Dunkeswell Abbey, Devon. 
de Briwerre, William (I2154)
 

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