Nielsen Hayden genealogy



Matches 2,001 to 2,500 of 7,008

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2001 Also called Pagan de Langtune. de Langton, Pagan (I12144)
2002 Also called Pain de Chaources; Pain de Sourches; Patric de Cadurcis. de Chaworth, Pain (I2091)
2003 Also called Patric de Cadurcis. "[In 1245] he was ordered to use his power to annoy the Welsh." [Medieval English Ancestors of Robert Abell, cittion details below.] de Chaworth, Patrick (I2059)
2004 Also called Patric de Chaorces, Patric de Cadurcis, Payn Chaworth. Accompanied Henry III on a crusade to the Near East in 1269. de Chaworth, Patrick (I6675)
2005 Also called Patrick de Chaworth; Patrice de Chaources; Patrick de Sourches.

Or Patrice; or de Sourches, or de Cadurcis. Notable to at least one of us as the person who (according to Complete Peerage, volume 1, appendix C, page 608) introduced the given name Patrick to England. 
de Chaources, Patrick I (I2472)
2006 Also called Pavie. Parvi (I8990)
2007 Also called Peter de Birkin. fitz Assulf, Peter (I340)
2008 Also called Peter de Courtenay. Count of Montargis and Courtenay.

Accompanied his brothers, King Louis VII and Robert, on the Second Crusade, where he fought in the siege of Damascus.

Went on crusade a second time in 1179, and died in Palestine on a 10th of March in 1180, 1181, 1182, or 1183. 
of France, Pierre (I4737)
2009 Also called Peter de Malpas. Secretary to the Earl of Chester. le Clerc, Peter (I8124)
2010 Also called Peter Fitz Toret. Toret, Peter (I4490)
2011 Also called Peter Stradelinges, de Estratlinges. "Peter Stradelinges [Stradling] laid the foundations of the family fortunes by marrying Joan, daughter and heir of Thomas de Halweia of St Donats, Glamorgan, Combe Hay, Somerset, and Compton Hawey, Dorset. Peter became custodian of Neath Castle (1296–7), joined the English expedition to Flanders in 1297, and, when Otto de Grandson visited Rome, Peter was nominated his lieutenant in Ireland (1298). Such royal and seigneurial service, together with shrewd marriages, turned the descendants of these Savoyard immigrants into English gentry." [Oxford Dictionary of National BiographyStradling, Peter (I21697)
2012 Also called Peter Taelmann. Lived in Hamburg from 1584 on. Taleman, Peter (I11938)
2013 Also called Peter-William (Pierre-Guillaume). Count of Poitiers; Duke of Aquitaine. William VII (I10914)
2014 Also called Petronilla de Lacy. de Lacy, Pernel (I10740)
2015 Also called Petronilla Scudamore. Pernel (I10979)
2016 Also called Petronilla. Mark, Pernel (I715)
2017 Also called Petronilla; Eleanor; Héliette; Hermegarde. Died as a nun. of Semur, Helie (I7118)
2018 Also called Philip de Kima. de Kyme, Philip II (I9282)
2019 Also called Philip Goch, Philip de Malpas. de Egerton, Philip (I797)
2020 Also called Philippe de Beaumez. In Aug 1138 he was with King Stephen besieging Shrewsbury. de Belmeis, Philip (I9752)
2021 Also called Piers de Lutegareshale.

Died as a lay monk at Winchester. 
de Ludgershall, Peter (I10295)
2022 Also called Pieter Claesz; Pieter Nicolaussen van Nordinge.

He arrived at Fort Orange 7 Apr 1637, on the Rensselaerswyck, which sailed from Amsterdam 25 Sep 1636, anchored off the Texel 8 Oct 1636, and reached New Amsterdam 13 Mar 1637. He was traveling as a servant of one Symon Walichsz. He appears to have fulfilled the terms of his service by about 1644, and married shortly thereafter. For a time he farmed with his father-in-law in the Fort Orange area, and he probably moved directly to New Amersfoort, on Long Island, in 1649.

He was a schepen, magistrate, of New Amersfoort in 1655, 1662, and 1663. 
Claesen, Pieter (I21191)
2023 Also called Ponce de Montgomery. de la Marche, Pontia (I1524)
2024 Also called Pons II; Raymond Pons. Count of Toulouse. Raymond III (I10245)
2025 Also called Poppa of Bayeux.

"A wife or mistress of Rollo of Normandy, and mother of Rollo's son and successor William 'Longsword', her name is reported only by the often unreliable Dudo and by sources depending on him ... The only certain fact that is known about her comes from the contemporary (or nearly so) Planctus of her son William, which states (without naming her) that she was a Christian, and that her son William was born overseas." [The Henry Project, citation details below.] 
Poppa (I5224)
2026 Also called Ragebold. Count of Roucy 948-967. Count of Reims. Renaud I (I5351)
2027 Also called Ragnaillt O'Olaf; Ragnaillt Olafsdottir. of Dublin, Radnailt (I10939)
2028 Also called Ragnhildis; (possibly spuriously) Ludmilla.

"Reinhild is stated to have been of Danish-Frisian origin in two lives of her daughter queen Mathilde." [The Henry Project] 
of Denmark, Reinhild (I7259)
2029 Also called Rainald, etc. "He became seneschal of Normandy ('dapifer Normannie') under Geoffrey, duc de Bretagne, son of Henry II, king of England. Renaud went on Crusade, and in 1158 fought at the siege of Caesarea. Baudouin III, king of Jerusalem, gave him custody of the castle of Harenc. Renaud II died in 1166. He was succeeded by his son Bernard IV." [Leo van de Pas, citation details below.] de St. Valéry, Reginald (I7641)
2030 Also called Ralf de Caisneto. de Chesney, Ralph II (I7801)
2031 Also called Ralph de Caisned. de Chesney, Ralph I (I2355)
2032 Also called Ralph de Conches. de Tony, Ralph (I241)
2033 Also called Ralph de Insula. de Lisle, Ralph (I4261)
2034 Also called Ralph de Mortagne. de Mortagne, Everard I (I21060)
2035 Also called Ralph de Sudeley, Ralph of Mantes. Earl of Worcester; also said to have been Earl of Hereford.

From Wikipedia:

Ralph came to England with his uncle, the future King Edward the Confessor, in 1041. He attested three charters as earl in 1050, and his earldom was probably located in the east midlands, where the lands of his wife Gytha were located. He was a benefactor of Peterborough Abbey. When King Edward quarrelled with Earl Godwin in 1051, Ralph raised the levies of his earldom to support the king. Godwin and his sons were forced into exile, but they returned the following year, and Ralph and Earl Odda commanded the fleet raised to resist them, but they were unable to prevent their return in triumph.

Later in 1052 Godwin's son Sweyn died on pilgrimage to Jerusalem, and it was probably at this stage that Ralph was given Sweyn's earldom of Hereford, which included Oxfordshire. In 1055 Ælfgar, the earl of East Anglia, was exiled and allied himself with the ruler of Wales, Gruffydd ap Llywelyn. Ralph met them in battle on 24 October, but suffered a disastrous defeat, and the invaders sacked Hereford. It was later claimed that Ralph and his Frenchmen started the rout, resulting in his insulting nickname, 'The Timid'. Godwin's son, Harold, the future king, then chased the invaders back into Wales. Ralph died in his early thirties on 21 December 1057, and was buried in Peterborough Abbey.

Ann Williams suggested that Ralph probably lost his earldom to Harold after his defeat in 1055,[1] but in the view of Frank Barlow he held it until his death. Ralph's son Harold was one of the royal children brought up by King Edward's wife, Edith. Ralph was on good terms with the Godwins, and his son may have been named after the future king and been his godson. Harold Godwinson may have been given the earldom of Hereford to hold until the Ralph's son came of age. The younger Harold survived the Conquest and later received part of his father's lands, as well as Ewyas Harold, which is named after him. His descendants are the Sudeleys of Toddington, Gloucestershire. 
Raoul "the Timid" (I10702)
2036 Also called Ralph Fitz Herluin. A Domesday tenant of Roger Bigod, holding substantial parcels of land under him at Hunstanton and Tottington, plus other smaller holdings throughout Norfolk. de Hunstanton, Ralph (I4361)
2037 Also called Ralph Mesnilwarin; Ralph de Mednil War.

Justice of Chester. Seneschal of Chester. 
Mainwaring, Ralph (I9384)
2038 Also called Ralph, Raoul, etc. Comte d'Ivry. Count of Bayeux. of Ivry, Rodulf (I11147)
2039 Also called Ralph; d'Issoudon; Raoul d'Exoudun. Count of Eu. "Swore fealty to King John 1200, but quarreled with him and joined the King of France, whereupon his English estates were confiscated. He came to terms with King John in 1214 and his estates were restored to him." [The Ancestry of Dorothea Poyntzde Lusignan, Raoul I (I1893)
2040 Also called Randle de Roter; Randle Thornton. le Roter, Ranulph (I11454)
2041 Also called Randle; Ranulf de Briquessart; de Bricasard; Ranulf du Bessin; Ranulf of Chester.

Earl of Chester. Vicomte of Bayeux. Commander of the royal forces in Normandy, 1124.

"Ranulph le Meschin, styled also, 'de Briquessart,' Vicomte de Bayeux in Normandy, s. and h. of Ranulph, Vicomte de Bayeux, by Margaret, sister of Hugh (d'Avranches), Earl of Chester abovenamed, being thus 1st cousin and h. to the last Earl (whom he suc. as Vicomte d'Avranches, &c., in Normandy), obtained, after the Earl's death in 1120, the grant of the county palatine of Chester, becoming thereby Earl of Chester. He appears thereupon to have surrendered the Lordship of the great district of Cumberland, which he had acquired, shortly before, from Henry I. In 1124 he was Commander of the Royal forces in Normandy. He m. Lucy, widow of Roger Fitz-Gerold (by whom she was mother of William de Roumare, afterwards Earl of Lincoln). He d. 17 or 27 Jan. 1129, and was bur. at St. Werburg's, Chester. The Countess Lucy confirmed, as his widow, the grant of the Manor of Spalding to the monks of that place." [Complete Peerage III:166, incorporating corrections from volume XIV.] 
le Meschin, Ranulf (I2780)
2042 Also called Randolph, Ranulf. Sheriff of Cheshire, 1428. Brereton, Randal (I15212)
2043 Also called Randolph. Brereton, Randal (I15208)
2044 Also called Randolph. Brereton, Randal (I15202)
2045 Also called Randulf, Bandulf, Pandulph, Pandolf, Pandolfo, Paldolf, or Paldolfo. His nickname is Testa di Ferro, Testaferrata, or Capodiferro in Italian, and Capi(te)ferreus in Latin.

Prince of Benevento and Capua 943-981. Duke of Spoleto and Camerino from 967; Prince of Salerno from 977.

"He was an important nobleman in the fight with the Byzantines and Saracens for control of the Mezzogiorno in the centuries after the collapse of Lombard and Carolingian authority on the Italian Peninsula. He established himself over almost the whole of the southern half of Italia before his death in March 981." [Wikipedia] 
Pandulf I "Ironhead" (I5532)
2046 Also called Ranulf (Randolf, etc.) de Greystoke. fitz Walter, Ranulf (I6580)
2047 Also called Ranulf of Chester. Earl of Chester. Vicomte d'Avranches.

Of his death, Complete Peerage says "being supposed to have been poisoned by his wife and William Peverell, of Nottingham", but the Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, while noting the claims that he died of poison, says nothing about his wife being involved.

"Most contemporary verdicts upon Ranulf were unfavourable. Although Orderic Vitalis acknowledged his resourcefulness and daring, the Gesta Stephani criticized 'the cunning devices of his accustomed bad faith' (Gesta Stephani, 192–3), and Henry of Huntingdon, through a speech supposedly by the royalist spokesman at the battle of Lincoln, called him 'a man of reckless daring, ready for conspiracy...panting for the impossible', prone to defeat or, at best, to Pyrrhic victories (Historia Anglorum, 734–5). Clearly, his strategy during the civil war was to take every opportunity to enhance his territorial position, especially in the north midlands, and such commitments as he made, either to the king or to the Angevins, were calculated to that end. Other magnates followed similar policies, but Ranulf (II) was exceptionally ruthless in pursuit of his ambitions, and accordingly he was hated by many and trusted by none." [Oxford Dictionary of National Biography
de Gernons, Ranulph (I3985)
2048 Also called Ranulfo Dapifero, Ranulf Montalt. Seneschal of Cheshire.

Ormerod on him, abstracted by Nancy López:

Hugo de Mara was the Norman grantee of the Cheshire possession of the barons of Montalt. Hugo de Mara, also called Hugo fitz Norman, was the brother of Ranulph Montalt. Hugo de Mara's and his brother Randulph's name first appear in charters that were grants of land to St. Werburgh. Randulph names appears as Randulfus Dapifer.

The possessions of Hugh de Mara, and the office of Dapifer or Seneschal of the earldom of Cheshire, were united in the next generation in Robert de Montalt. By Dugdale and other authorities, Robert is stated to be the son of Ralph, brother of Hugh de Mara or Hugh Fitz Norman. Robert takes the name of his castle of Montalt or Monte Alto.

Randulfo made grants to the Werberg's Abbey, 1093, which was founded by Earl Hugh Lupus, of whom he was Dapifer or Seneschal. 
fitz Norman, Ralph (I13288)
2049 Also called Raoul; Ralph de Gant; Ralph of Gand; Ralph of Ghent; Rudolph of Aalst; Rudolph of Alost.

Seigneur d'Alost. Hereditary Advocate or Protector of St. Peter of Ghent.

Possibly son of an Adalbert, said to be a son of Arnulf of Ghent and Luitgard of Luxembourg, but the only source we see for this is Turton's unreliable 1968 Plantagenet Ancestry. No other sources known to us list an Adalbert among the offspring of Arnulf and Luitgard. 
de Gand, Ralph (I2121)
2050 Also called Rawlin Langton. de Langton, Ralph (I1150)
2051 Also called Raymond Bernard of Nîmes. A viscount of Albi and Nîmes in the second half of the 11th century.

From the family of the viscounts of Albi, he took the nickname Trencavel, which then became the name of his family. 
Trencavel, Raimond Bernard (I10653)
2052 Also called Raymond de Saint-Gilles. Count of Saint-Gilles (1060-1105), Duke of Narbonne, Marquis of Gothia, Count of Rouergue (1065-1105), Marquis de Provence (1085-1105 ), Count of Toulouse (1094-1105), and Count of Tripoli (from 1102 to 1105, under the name of Raymond I).

One of the leaders of the First Crusade. 
of Toulouse, Raymond IV (I12623)
2053 Also called Reinold, Rynalde, Marven. Mervyn, Raynold (I14490)
2054 Also called Renaud de Craon. Seigneur de Craon. de Nevers, Renaud (I225)
2055 Also called Renaud. Fought in the Second Crusade alongside Louis VII of France. de Courtenay, Reynold (I9019)
2056 Also called Renebald. Chamberlain of Normandy. de Tancarville, Rabel (I4948)
2057 Also called Renier. Margrave of Montferrat. of Montferrat, Rainier (I9564)
2058 Also called Reynold de Whitchurch. Constable and Forester of Windsor and Odiham. Sheriff of Bedfordshire and Buckinghamshire, 1237. de Blanchminster, Reynold (I7708)
2059 Also called Reynold Fitz Piers. He supported Henry III against the rebelling barons. He fought extensively in Wales. He was joint guardian of the Welsh marshes 10 May 1257, Sheriff of Hampshire 1261-64, and constable of Winchester castle in 1261. fitz Peter, Reynold (I15774)
2060 Also called Rhiwallon; Roland; "Rivallonus Extraneus."

"Was a tenant in Norfolk of the founder of the Fitzalan dynasty, Alan fitz Flaald, before 1122." [Oxford Dictionary of National Biography
le Strange, Roald (I3667)
2061 Also called Rhodolphus, Rodolphus.

From his Find a Grave page:

He was a constable at Duxbury in 1678 and served as the town's clerk from 1685 to 1694. In April of 1694 Rhodolphus and wife Ruth conveyed land at Duxbury to their son Thomas. Two months later in June 1694, Rhodolphus and wife Ruth, formerly of Duxbury now of Chilmark, Mass., conveyed land at Duxbury.

In 1697 Rhodolphus was installed pastor of the Cong. Church at Chilmark, Mass. on the western end of Martha's Vineyard. He served that church until 1714, when he was succeeded by Rev. William Homes. Some of his children had moved from Chilmark to Lebanon, Conn. before 1705 and Rhodolphus and Ruth followed in 1715.


Genealogical note on the above: The Rev. William Homes (1663-1746), mentioned above, was a Gx7-grandfather of Tappan King. The reverend's son Robert Homes married Mary Franklin, sister of Benjamin Franklin; their granddaughter Sarah Holmes (1748-1826) was the mother of Benjamin Tappan, senator from Ohio 1839-45. The Rev. William Homes's wife, Katherine Craighead (1673-1764) was a Gx4-granddaughter of the Scottish king James V, father of Mary, Queen of Scots. 
Thacher, Ralph (I14521)
2062 Also called Ricardus filius Wydonis. de Reinbuecurt, Richard (I16535)
2063 Also called Richard "de Bienfaite", Richard de Clare, and Richard de Tonbridge. Joint chief justiciar of England in William's absence; in this role he suppressed the revolt of 1075. fitz Gilbert, Richard (I5353)
2064 Also called Richard de Arundel. Earl of Arundel.

From Complete Peerage, I:240-41:

Richard fitz Alan, feudal Lord of Clun and Oswestry and [according to the admission of 1443], Earl of Arundel, only son and heir, born 3 February 1266/7, and was only 5 years old at his father's death. He had seizin of his lands 8 December 1287. According to Glover he was created Earl of Sussex (a) in 1289, when he was knighted and "received the sword of the county of Sussex" from Edward I "ut vocatur Comes;", but it seems more probable that this creation was as Earl of Arundel (b). At all events no more is heard of the former title (Sussex) as connected with this family, but only of the title of Arundel. On 12 February 1290/1 there is a grant to him as Richard Arundel, Earl of Arundel. In October 1292 he was summoned by a writ directed to the Earl of Arundel, and was summoned to Parliament 24 June 1295, by a writ directed Ricardo filio Alani Comiti Arundell, ranking him as junior to all the other Earls. He fought in the Welsh wars 1288, in Gascony 1295-7, and in the Scottish wars 1298-1300, being present at the siege of Carlaverock in 1300. He signed the Barons' letter to the Pope, 12 February 1300/1.

(a) "The Earldom of Sussex must at this period have been a subject of contention between the De Warrens and Fitz Alans, for John de Warren, Earl of Surrey, was receiving, at the very time that this investiture occurred, writs directed to him as Earl of Sussex. John de Warren was perhaps the greatest noble of the time in which he lived, and his power and influence may have operated to induce Fitz Alan to abandon his claim upon the Earldom of Sussex and to adopt that [i.e. the Earldom of Arundel] by which his descendants have ever since been known." (Courthope, p. 29).

(b) It is worthy of remark, in connection with the very doubtful right, either of his father or grandfather, to the Earldom of Arundel, that it was not till 1282, viz. sometime after their death and during this Earl's minority, that Isabel, Countess of Arundel, widow of Hugh (d'Aubigny), died. It would almost appear (possibly owing to the largess of her dower) that the Earldom was not dealt with during her lifetime. A somewhat parallel case occurs, later on, in the same family, when Richard, Earl of Arundel, who, in 1347, had suc. his maternal uncle the Earl of Surrey, did not assume the Earldom of Surrey till the death of Joan, widow of the afsd. Earl, in 1361. 
Fitz Alan, Richard (I5135)
2065 Also called Richard de Clare; Richard of Ceredigion.

"Surprised and slain by the Welsh." [Royal Ancestry
fitz Gilbert de Clare, Richard (I591)
2066 Also called Richard de East Swinburne. de Swinburne, Richard (I11139)
2067 Also called Richard de Humez, de Hulmeto. Constable of Normandy. "He was present at Westminster, 1153, when the agreement between King Stephen and Henry, Duke of Normandy, was signed regarding the succession of the Crown." [The Ancestry of Dorothea Poyntzdu Hommet, Richard (I5659)
2068 Also called Richard de Phitum. Fitton, Richard (I998)
2069 Also called Richard de Scheladon. Sheldon, Richard (I5832)
2070 Also called Richard de Urtiaco. del Ortiay, Richard (I8637)
2071 Also called Richard de Vains. fitz Ranulf, Richard (I7088)
2072 Also called Richard de Wath. de Thornhill, Richard (I1432)
2073 Also called Richard Fitz Alan. 11th Earl of Arundel. 10th Earl of Surrey. Chief Butler of England. Member of the council of the regency, 1377. An accomplished naval commander, he was Admiral and/or Captain-General of the fleet at various times with various titles. He was an ally of Thomas, Duke of Gloucester, uncle of Richard II, and gradually incurred Richard's enmity. Ultimately he was arrested, accused of plotting with Gloucester to imprison the king, put to trial at Westminster, attainted, and beheaded. de Arundel, Richard (I13525)
2074 Also called Richard Fitz Gilbert. de Hugleville, Richard (I116)
2075 Also called Richard fitz Ponce. Patron of Malvern Priory. fitz Pons, Richard (I2685)
2076 Also called Richard Harkes.

"His three brothers and the husbands of his four sisters were all graduates of the University of Oxford; but he learned the stationer's trade under his father; on 5 Dec., 1573, was admitted as a bookseller of Oxford, and eventually succeeded to the paternal book-shop there." [Genealogical Notes on the Founding of New England, citation details below.] 
Garbrand, Richard (I19253)
2077 Also called Richard le Boteler.

"The Boteler of Warrington's fee within the honour of Lancaster consisted of 8 knights' fees, of which two in Warrington and one in Layton in Amounderness lay within the county. This fee had passed to the Boteler family by the marriage of Beatrix, daughter and heir of Matthew de Vilers, to Richard le Boteler, who is believed to have been younger brother of Robert le Boteler of Engelby and Durandesthorpe, co. Derby, hereditary butler to the earls of Chester. Very full particulars of the infeudations made by the Vilers family are given in this inquest, most of them by Pain de Vilers, father of Matthew, who is described as the first to be enfeoffed of this fee." [Lancashire Inquests, Extents, and Feudal Aids A.D. 1205 - A.D. 1307 by William Farrer, citation details below.]

Some sources call him Richard fitz Robert Pincerna, which would indicate that he was Robert's son rather than his younger brother. 
Pincerna, Richard (I7539)
2078 Also called Richard of England.

Count of Poitou; Earl of Cornwall; elected king of Germany ("King of the Romans") in 1256, but never wielded actual power in that role.

"Constable of Wallingford Castle, 1216; knighted 2 Feb. 1224/5 by his br., Henry III, who a few days afterwards, 13 Feb. 1224/5, granted him, as Richard the King's brother, the county of Cornwall during pleasure. This grant, which resembles that to Henry FitzCount above, can hardly be held to have conferred the Earldom; nevertheless, not long after, viz. 30 May 1227, he is officially styled Earl of Cornwall, and must be assumed to have been invested with the Earldom in or shortly before that year. He was Count of Poitou before 18 Aug. 1225. Lieut. of Guienne, 1226-27; Chief Commissioner for making a truce with France, 1230; Keeper of the Honour of Wallingford, 1230-31; of the Honour of Knaresborough, 1235; took the Cross, 1236; was on an Embassy to the Emperor Friedrich, 1237; Lord of the forest of Dartmoor 1239; Com. in Chief of the Crusaders, 1240-41, when he entered a truce with the Soldan of Babylon. Joint Plenipoteniary to France, and Ambassador to Pope Innocent IV, 1250; Privy Councillor 1253; Joint Guardian of England, 1253-54. He acquired vast estates and great wealth by farming the Mint, the Jews, &c., and doubtless in consequence thereof, was elected, at Frankfort, 13 Jan. 1256/7, by the Princes of the Empire, King of the Romans, being crowned 17 May 1257, at Aachen. In Oct. 1259 he was Ambassador to Pope Alexander IV. He was a faithful adherent of the King, his br., against the rebellious Barons, and both were taken prisoners at the battle of Lewes, 14 May 1264. He m., 1stly, 30 Mar. 1231, at Fawley, near Marlow, Bucks, Isabel, widow of Gilbert (de Clare), Earl of Gloucester and Hertford, da. of William (Marshal), Earl of Pembroke, by Isabel suo jure Countess of Pembroke, da. and h. of Richard (de Clare), also Earl of Pembroke. She d. 17 Jan 1239/40, in childbed, at Berkhampstead, of jaundice, and was bur. at Beaulieu, Hants, her heart being sent to Tewkesbury Abbey. He m., 2ndly, 23 Nov. 1243, at Westm. Abbey, Sancha, 3rd da. and coh. of Raymond Berengar, Count of Provence, by Beatrice, da. of Tomaso, Count of Savoy. She, who was crowned Queen (with her husband) 1257, d. 9 Nov. 1261, and was bur. at Hailes Abbey, co. Gloucester, which her husband had in 1251, founded. He m., 3rdly, 16 June 1269, Beatrice, da. of Walram de Fauquemont, Seigneur de Montjoye, by Jutta, da. of Otto, Count of Ravensburg in Wesphalia. He d. at Berkhamstead Castle, Herts, having been bled for ague, 2 Apr. 1272, and was bur. in Hailes Abbey afsd., aged 63, his heart being sent to Rewley Abbey, Oxon, of which, also he was the founder. His widow d. s.p. on the Vigil of St. Luke, 17 Oct. 1277, and was bur. at the Friars Minors, Oxford." [Complete Peerage
of Cornwall, Richard King of the Romans (I8366)
2079 Also called Richard Phiton. Justice of Chester 1232-37. Seneschal of the Earl of Richmond. Fitton, Richard (I11591)
2080 Also called Richard Scrupe, Richard Fitz Scrub. "Richard Scrob (fl. 1052–1066), soldier and landowner, was a Frenchman of unknown origins (not for certain a Norman) who came to England in the early years of the reign of Edward the Confessor (r. 1042–66) and was given land on the Welsh border. The twelfth-century chronicler John of Worcester mistook his additional or alternative name Scrob for a patronymic, and Richard has ever since been widely miscalled Richard fitz Scrob." [Oxford Dictionary of National Biography]

He built the earthwork called Richard's Castle, one of the few pre-Conquest castles in England. 
Scrob, Richard (I2879)
2081 Also called Richard Trott. Treat, Richard (I14481)
2082 Also called Richaut of Metz; Richilde of Metz; Richilde of the Ardennes; Richilde of Provence. of Gorze, Richilde (I1252)
2083 Also called Richenza. "[I]n Spain, called Riquilda and surnamed Ricca." [Szabolcs de Vajay, citation details below.] of Poland, Richeza (I9820)
2084 Also called Richeza. of Sualafeldgau, Richardis (I9258)
2085 Also called Robert "The Burgundian." Died on the First Crusade. de Nevers, Robert (I10552)
2086 Also called Robert (baptized); Robert I Duke of Normandy (retrospectively); Hrolfr (Old Norse) (disputed); Rouf (his fellow Normans); Rodulf, Rodulfus, Radulf, Radulfus (Frankish); Raoul (French); Rolf Ragnvaldsson (various modern genealogists and peerage-indexers). Rollo (I4633)
2087 Also called Robert (de) Knightley. Sheriff of Shropshire 1472. Charlton, Robert (I8085)
2088 Also called Robert Bousser. Administrator, soldier, and diplomat. First layman to hold the post of chancellor of England. Probably died of the plague.

Knight of the shire for Essex in 1328-29, 1330, 1332, and 1339. 
Bourchier, Robert (I14321)
2089 Also called Robert de Calz. de Cauz, Robert (I1179)
2090 Also called Robert de Dounis. Lord of Dounis by grand-serjeanty. de Dunes, Robert (I15194)
2091 Also called Robert de Gondeville. de Somerville, Roger (I8770)
2092 Also called Robert de Merle; Robert Melrant. de Meleraut, Robert (I10553)
2093 Also called Robert de Monte Alto; Robert de Montalt; Robert Fitz Ranulph. Hereditary seneschal to the Earl of Chester.

"Robert de Mohaut (de Monte Alto) or of Mold, cousin and heir. He was son of Ralph, dapifer or steward of Earl Hugh and his successors, which Ralph was brother of Hugh FitzNorman. He was known as 'le Blakestiward' or Sir Robert de Mohaut the Black Steward. He defeated the Welsh, who were overrunning the Palatinate, 3 September 1146, at Nantwich, and received various grants from the Earls of Chester, including Hawarden, which became the caput of the barony. In 1160 he was one of the farmers of the Earl of Chester's lands, and accounted as such up to 1162." [Complete Peerage
de Mohaut, Robert (I3527)
2094 Also called Robert de Toesni; Robert de Toeni; Robert de Todeni.

The location of Belvoir Priory was originally in Lincolnshire, but is now in Leicestershire. "Belvoir" is pronounced "beaver." 
de Tosny, Robert (I10381)
2095 Also called Robert de Tosny, de Toeni. Changed his name on command of William the Conqueror, when William gave him Stafford Castle. Sheriff of Staffordshire 1072-85. Died as a monk. de Stafford, Robert I (I261)
2096 Also called Robert de Vallibus; Harold. de Vaux, Robert (I9205)
2097 Also called Robert de Veteriponte.

"[L]ord of Appleby, Westmorland; Sheriff of Caen in Normany and of many English counties, and for 24 years Sheriff of Westmorland; was entrusted with the education and custody of the King's son, Richard, afterwards Earl of Cornwall; had custody of the castles of Windsor, Bowes, Salisbury, and Carlisle." [The Wallop Family
de Vipont, Robert (I7565)
2098 Also called Robert de Warkworth. Sheriff of Norfolk from Michaelmas 1190 to Easter 1194, and again from Michaelmas 1197 to Easter 1200. Friend and counselor of King John. fitz Roger, Robert (I11500)
2099 Also called Robert du Humet. Constable of Normandy. In 1086, held of earl Roger three hides in Storrington, Sussex.

Called nepos episcopi in several contemporary sources. William Farrer (Honors and Knight's Fees, citation details below) and Thomas Stapleton (Magni rotuli Scaccarii Normanniae sub regibus Angliae, 1840-44) both believed he was a grandson of Bishop Odo of Bayeaux, the one depicted on the Bayeux Tapestry wielding a club. In 1950 Kathleen Major criticized this model as well as the suggestion that "nepos episcopi" referred to Robert Bloett, bishop of Lincoln. In Domesday Descendants (2002), K. S. B. Keats-Rohan called the identification of this Robert as a grandson of Odo "a weak chain of supposition." And in a 2000 post to SGM, J. C. B. Sharp argued that the bishop in question was Ranulf Flambard, bishop of Durham 1099-1128.

But in 2007, Daniel Power (in Henry, Duke of the Normans, Boydell Press) pointed out the existence of a contemporary charter for Saint-Fromond that describes Robert du Hommet as "nepos Odonis episcopi", which, as Peter Stewart observes in this post to SGM, is pretty strong evidence that Farrer and Stapleton were right all along. 
du Hommet, Robert (I4494)
2100 Also called Robert Fitz Henry. Founded Burscough Priory circa 1190. de Lathom, Robert (I6432)
2101 Also called Robert fitz Robert. de Thweng, Robert (I11575)
2102 Also called Robert fitz Robert. Fitz Aer, Robert (I5618)
2103 Also called Robert Fronte-boef; Grundeboed. d'Estouteville, Robert (I7038)
2104 Also called Robert Keaye. Justice of the Peace, and Treasurer for Lame Soldiers under Elizabeth I. Kaye, Robert (I14259)
2105 Also called Robert le Boteler. "Robert le Boteler of Engelsby and Durandesthorpe, co. Derby, hereditary butler to the Earls of Chester." [Lancashire Inquests, Extents, and Feudal Aids A.D. 1205 - A.D. 1307, citation details below.] fitz Richard Pincerna, Robert (I10238)
2106 Also called Robert of Essex. fitz Swein, Robert (I13024)
2107 Also called Robert of Tegneg. de Thweng, Robert (I9303)
2108 Also called Robert Pincerna. le Boteler, Robert (I13345)
2109 Also called Robert Saleman. Salemon, Robert (I4858)
2110 Also called Robert Welch; Robert Walshaw. Walsh, Robert (I17144)
2111 Also called Roese de Warter. Trussebut, Roese (I6420)
2112 Also called Roger Bruyn. Bruen, Roger (I15844)
2113 Also called Roger de Conches. de Tony, Roger (I8160)
2114 Also called Roger de Duston. de Cauz, Roger (I3728)
2115 Also called Roger de Magneby. Sided with the barons against Henry III, 1265; pardoned 1266 through the intercession of Queen Eleanor. Summoned to Parliament by writ, 24 Jun 1295. Service in Wales, Scotland, and Gascony from 1277 to 1300. A benefactor to the nunnery of Thicket, Yorkshire and to the monastery of Newhouse, Lincolnshire.

Summoned to Parliament by writ, 24 Jun 1295 to 26 Aug 1296. 
de Lascelles, Roger (I9159)
2116 Also called Roger de Malo Passu. de Malpas, Roger (I2963)
2117 Also called Roger de Montalt. Hereditary seneschal to the earl of Chester. de Mohaut, Roger (I8247)
2118 Also called Roger de Norbury. de Bulkeley, Roger (I16344)
2119 Also called Roger de Toeni; Roger de Conches; Roger I Hispanicus. Standard-bearer of Normandy.

Died on a 31 May. Killed in battle with Humphrey of Vieilles, along with his sons Helbert and Helinand. 
de Tosny, Roger I (I1729)
2120 Also called Roger de Tonches. Founded the nunnery of St. Giles in the Wood, Flamstead, Hertfordshire.

"Went with Richard I on Crusade, 1191, and distinguished himself at Arsulf and fought against the Saracens at ElKhuweilfe, 1192. In 1204 he lost all of his Norman lands to the King of France." [The Ancestry of Dorothea Poyntz
de Tony, Roger (I4841)
2121 Also called Roger de Valletort, de Vautort. Heir of his natural grandfather, Robert de Beauchamp, he adopted the Beauchamp name.

Sheriff of Somerset and Dorset 1222-3. 
de Beauchamp, Robert IV (I9316)
2122 Also called Roger de Warwick; Roger de Newburgh. Earl of Warwick. Crusader. de Beaumont, Roger (I8642)
2123 Also called Roger Dutton. "Knighted with Edward, Prince of Wales, at Westminster 22 May 1306, in preparation for an expedition into Scotland." [The Ancestry of Dorothea Poyntz, citation details below.]

The 1580 Visitation of Cheshire shows his father as Edward de Chedill of Chedill, Cheshire. Ormerod shows him as a son of Geoffrey de Chedill, son of Geoffrey de Dutton and Agnes de Mascyy. 
de Chedill, Roger (I15576)
2124 Also called Roger Fitz Richard. 2nd Earl of Hertford, but generally styled Earl of Clare. de Clare, Roger (I3082)
2125 Also called Roger fitz William. de Huntingfield, Roger (I16698)
2126 Also called Roger Flore.

From the Oxford Dictionary of National Biography:

Like his father, Roger was involved in the wool trade, working in partnership with William Dalby of Oakham, whose daughter Katherine he married by 1398 (and whose foundation of the hospital of St John the Evangelist and St Anne, Oakham, he effected as Dalby's executor and heir). Flower followed his father, too, in administrative duties in the royal manor of Oakham, and also in the forests of Rutland and Northamptonshire under Edward, earl of Rutland, later duke of York (d. 1415). It was probably through the latter's patronage that he was first elected to parliament for Rutland in January 1397, and again in 1399; the duke later appointed him an executor. Presumably he had received legal training before 1397, since he enjoyed an expanding practice thereafter.

The course of Flower's career was only briefly disturbed by Henry IV's seizure of the throne in 1399. He was entrusted with a commission against sedition in 1402, and returned to parliament in that year (and in October 1404), later becoming sheriff of Rutland in 1407–8 and 1412–13. In 1416 Henry V made Flower steward of the duchy of Lancaster's estates north of the Trent (and so also justice of the peace in no less than ten counties), with a salary of £40 plus 5s. per day worked; early in the following year he also became steward of Lancashire and Cheshire. In his will of 1417 the king nominated Flower as a possible replacement for any of the duchy's panel of trustees who should die during his absence in France. Flower was again returned for Rutland to the seven parliaments from 1414 to 1419, and for a twelfth time in 1422. He was also speaker an unprecendented three times running (October 1416, 1417, 1419). In 1422 he was appointed speaker yet again, immediately after a hurried election, which suggests that his experience was needed for the first parliament of Henry VI's minority. The parliaments in which Flower was speaker of the Commons were gratifyingly generous to the crown; if the Agincourt effect was largely responsible, it was also to his credit as a Lancastrian servant. It is possible that his personal concern with the impact of Lollardy in the east midlands influenced the petition presented in the parliament of 1417 for the speedy execution of Sir John Oldcastle. Flower continued to exert influence on Rutland elections after his retirement, and he attended the parliaments of 1425 and 1426 as the abbot of Crowland's proxy. 
Flower, Roger Speaker of the House of Commons (I17691)
2127 Also called Roger of Chester, Roger Helle, Roger de Lisours.

Hereditary Constable of Cheshire; Sheriff of Lancashire. Sheriff of York and Chester, 1204-10. Was at the storming of Acre, 1191. "His raids against the Welsh are said to have earned him the nickname 'Roger of Hell.'" [The Ancestry of Dorothea Poyntz
de Lacy, Roger (I9885)
2128 Also called Rohese (or Rose) Fitz Robert. de Clare, Rohese (I930)
2129 Also called Rohese de Salford. de Alveston, Rohese (I8100)
2130 Also called Rollins. Emigrated 1633, first to Newbury, then to Dover, New Hampshire. In London 1661; back in New Hampshire 1663.

From Ancestors and Descendants of Andrew Lee and Clarinda Knapp Allen: "At Newbury, Massachusetts 1634-38. Signed Dover Combination, 1640. Presented for neglecting meeting in 1656 and for entertaining Quakers in 1659. In 1661 he was in London, where he received cloth to be delivered to Mr. Cogswell of Ipswich and Mr. Raynes of York, Maine." 
Rawlins, James (I3990)
2131 Also called Rose or Rohese de Clare. fitz Baldwin, Rose (I2655)
2132 Also called Rose; Rohese de Clare. fitz Gilbert, Rohese (I3889)
2133 Also called Rotbald. Roubaud (I8390)
2134 Also called Rotger. Count of Maine. Roger (I30)
2135 Also called Roysya de Monemue. de Monmouth, Rohese (I10367)
2136 Also called Rozala; Rozela; Susanna of Ivrea. of Italy, Suzanne (I2471)
2137 Also called Saartje Brett. Brett, Sarah (I16706)
2138 Also called Sadie Snodgrass, in Barbara Jean Crandall's "Our Family Through the Years" scrapbook. Snodgrass, Anna May (I2353)
2139 Also called Sallie.

From "Sarah Gordon Guymon," by Olive Guymon Stone:

Sarah was the oldest of John Gordon's and Barzilla Martin's children. She was born 20 November 1789 in Surry County, North Carolina. Being the oldest of twelve children Sarah had many responsibilities; helping her mother with the children, making beds and helping her mother in the tavern. She had a busy life and never knew an idle moment.

Sarah married Thomas Guymon in Stokes County, North Carolina the 23rd day of February 1809. He was the son of Isaiah Guymon and Elizabeth Flynn. He was an ambitious young man, who farmed in the summer months and taught school in the winter. They lived in Stokes County, North Carolina for six years. During that time three sons: Isaiah, John and William were born to them. They moved to Jackson County, Tennessee in 1815. Here they had three more sons: James, Noah Thomas and Martin and one daughter Barzilla. Ten years later they moved again, this time to Edgar County, Illinois in 1825. While living here they had four daughters: Elizabeth, Polly Ann, Sarah Jane and Melissa Jane.

Sarah and her husband were converted to the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints in 1836 and soon joined with the Saints and were with them in all their persecutions. Their son James came to Utah in 1849 and a year later in the spring of 1850 Thomas and Sarah Guymon with their daughter Melissa Jane, their son Noah Thomas, his wife Margaret Johnson and children, their daughter Polly Ann and her husband Robert Johnson and their children, all came to Utah with the Aaron Johnson Company. Their three eldest sons however, did not come to Utah. The family with others made many preparations for the journey to Utah. Among other things, they had to train or break cows to lead on a wagon of three yoke of oxen.

The most pleasant part of their journey was spent traveling along the banks of the Missouri River. The company crossed the river on flat boats and the cattle swam the river. They gathered buffalo chips to make fires in the prairie lands. The company traveled long hard hours but they always took time out at night to sing songs of praise and enjoyed one another's company before retiring.

Three days before the end of this journey their son James came to meet them. The children were driving the cattle ahead of the wagons and when they saw their Uncle James coming they shouted for joy. The shouts of joy soon rang through the entire company. Thomas and Sarah were indeed happy to see their son and the company was glad to see someone they knew for now they were sure that their long journey would soon be at an end. Finally they arrived at the little town of Salt Lake City on the 12 September 1850. One of the sights that impressed the children was a red flag on a stick nailed up on a log room to show that merchandise was sold there and another log room with a tin cup outside to show that tin was sold there.

They spent their first week with James, who lived on the Little Cottonwood River. He had a lovely garden, which furnished good eating for the new arrivals to the valley. The married children moved down into Utah County all except James, who moved down some time later. Thomas and Sarah spend their first winter in Salt Lake Valley.

Sarah had a very quick temper and was very determined about getting her own way when she felt she was right. The people in Salt Lake Valley were told to take their dry cows in the herd and let the herder take them to Antelope Island, which is an island in the Great Salt Lake. Sarah felt it was wrong to let her cows be sent over there for the winter. The herder came and put her cows in with the rest of the herd. She was very determined that her cows were not going so she came out with her cane for a switch and turned her cows out of the herd and took them home. The cows had to be herded all the time. She must have known what she was doing for the other cows froze to death and her cows furnished milk for her family and many more settlers.

Sarah not only loved her children very much but she was fond of her brothers and sisters. We have found many instances where she was close to the son of her sister; his name was Calvin Stone who lived in Utah. We also have evidence that she corresponded with her family back in North Carolina. Among the letters written to her youngest brother Martin was found a document giving Martin the Power of Attorney and a letter asking him to sell her land, which was left her by her father. Her father was a wealthy man at the time of his death. Her oldest brother James was the Administrator of the Estate. This letter to Martin was 28 February 1870. In this same letter she stated that her health was very poor and that she was living with her son Noah Thomas and that he was taking care of all her business affairs.

After Noah Thomas moved to Springville, Thomas and Sarah moved to Springville. Here her husband Thomas died 20 October 1855. After his death Sarah moved to Fountain Green to be near her children there. She lived in a home of her own and had a girl named Martha Jane Park lived with her to keep her company. She lived the last few years with her son Noah Thomas. Here she died on 07 December 1872, at the age of 91 years. She was taken to Springville for burial beside her husband. 
Gordon, Sarah (I3409)
2140 Also called Sally Smith. Smith, Sarah (I11875)
2141 Also called Sancha de Provence. Sancie (I8095)
2142 Also called Sancha. of Navarre, Blanche Queen of Castile (I9475)
2143 Also called Sarah "Sally" Stone.

The database "Membership of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1830-1848" states that her parents were Josiah Stone and Sarah Darby/Durby/Daby.

Lucius Augustus Bingham and Sarah Stone were great-great grandparents of TNH's third cousin twice removed, Harold Bingham Lee (1899-1973), eleventh president of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, after whom the main library at BYU is named. 
Stone, Sarah (I9778)
2144 Also called Sarazine; Sarrasine. de Lezay, Saracena (I9825)
2145 Also called Savary. Vicomte de Thouars. Mentioned 980. Savaric III (I9864)
2146 Also called Senfria; Seinfreda. Senfrie (I906)
2147 Also called Shadrack. Scullard, Sydrack (I11604)
2148 Also called Sibel d'Evreux.

Died on a 3 June, year unknown. 
de Salisbury, Sybil (I3389)
2149 Also called Sibella de Chaources.

"She died before her husband and was buried near the quire in Bradenstoke. He took the habit of a canon there, died in 1147, and was buried in the same grave as his wife." [Complete Peerage
de Chaworth, Sybil (I1878)
2150 Also called Sibilla del Vasto. Not, Wikipedia and other sources notwithstanding, the daughter of a Catalan family, sometimes identified with the name "Mataplana."

Peter Stewart [citation details below]:

A few threads over the past year or two have discussed the parentage of Sibilla, wife of Guillem VI, seigneur of Montpellier.

Adequate proof has been set out here before that she was from Italy, daughter of Bonifacio, margrave of Vasto & Agnes de Vermandois. However, several modern genealogists & historians including Henri Vidal, Claudie Duhamel-Amado, Szabolcs de Vajay and Patrick van Kerrebrouck have wrongly stated that she was daughter of a Catalan viscount, Hugo de Mataplana.

After checking Liber instrumentorum memorialium: cartulaire des Guillems de Montpellier, edited by Alexandre Germain & Camille Chabaneau (Montpellier, 1884-1886), it seems likely to me that these authorities have copied each other's mistake in some sequence, because this false relationship is virtually precluded by the available evidence.

In his testament dated 11 December 1146 (op cit p. 182, no. 95) Guillem left the guardianship of his children and lands, under the superior custody of his mother Ermesendis de Melgueil, to his cousin ("consobrinus meus") Ponce de Mataplana.

The context makes it logical to read "consobrinus" in its literal and precise sense of maternal first cousin, as Ponce was enjoined to take care of Guillem's family and property along with his mother, but even if a looser translation (such as sister's son or father's sister's son) were allowed the word would still denote a close blood relative and not one by marriage -- it cannot mean brother-in-law (usually "cognatus", although that covers a wide range of kinship too) and Sibilla could not have been a sibling to Ponce anyway.

Another error made by Henri Vidal [in 'Les mariages dans la famille des Guillems, seigneurs de Montpellier', Revue historique de droit franc?ais et e?tranger 62 (1984)] is to make Raimond-Guillem, abbot of Aniane and bishop of Lodève, a son of Guillem VI (the third of five attributed to him).

Guillem made elaborate provisions for the descent of Montpellier in the event that any one of his children should die without issue. They were all young at the time, and allowance was made for the third son, Bernard, to become a cleric if he should wish to take holy orders or to be set up honourably if he chose not to do so. He was the only one nominated for the priesthood. There were explicitly just four sons, Guillem the elder, Guillem the younger, Bernard and Gui in that order ("IIIIor filii mei, Guillelmus major, et Guillelmus minor, et Bernardus, et Guido"), as well as three daughters whose rights followed theirs. Guillem VI was already a widower and became a monk at Grandselve after making his will, so that Raimond-Guillem of Lodève cannot have belonged to his immediate family. 
de Saluzzo, Sybille (I12580)
2151 Also called Sibyl de Tingry. of Boulogne, Sibyl (I13057)
2152 Also called Siemomysl. Supposedly a son of Lestek, son of Siemowit, making him the third pagan Polans duke of the Piast dynasty, but the actual existence of any of his claimed forbears is unclear. Ziemomyse's existence as the father of Poland's first Christian ruler, Mieszko I, is relatively well-attested. Ziemomyse Duke of the Polans (I6810)
2153 Also called Sigarith. Sigrid (I6281)
2154 Also called Sigvarthr. Earl of Northumberland. "The life of King Edward recorded his nickname as 'Digri', or 'Digara', from the Danish Diger meaning 'the Stout', or 'the Strong'. A legend preserved in the twelfth century noted that Siward was descended from the union of a white bear and a noblewoman." [Oxford Dictionary of National Biography]

"Siward, a Dane, who perhaps came to England with Cnut, was an Earl (probably of the southern -- Danish -- portion of the ancient Northumbria) in or before 1041. His marriage had given him some claim to the hereditary Earldom of Northumberland, and in or before 1042 the murder of his wife's uncle Eadulf put him, as Earl, in possession of the whole of Northumbria, from Humber to Tweed. He was presumably Earl also of Northampton and Huntingdon. He gave active support to the Confessor against Earl Godwin and his sons, and in 1054 led a force of English and Danes against the Scottish usurper Macbeth, which put Malcolm, regis Cumbrorum filium, upon his murdered father's throne. He m, 1stly, Elfleda, daughter of Aldred, Earl of Northumbria (d. s.p.m.); and 2ndly, Godiva, a widow. He d. 1055, at York, and was buried at the neighboring abbey of Galmanho, which he had founded." [Complete Peerage IX:702-3]

"Siward succeeded Earl Erik of Hlathir in southern Northumbria between 1023 and 1033, the dates of Erik's last appearance in a charter and Siward's first. Siward was one of those to whom Cnut delegated significant authority in England while he was occupied in his Scandinavian lands. [...] Siward is named by the Norman chronicler William of Poitiers as being one of those magnates of England who swore an oath to secure Duke William of Normandy's succession to the English throne. Siward's rule in Northumbria was seen as particularly harsh but effective by contemporary sources. The life of King Edward describes how before the earl's time parties of even twenty or thirty men were not safe from robbers, but that Siward's policy of killing or mutilating the miscreants, however noble, brought security to the region. [...] Henry of Huntingdon described Earl Siward as a giant of a man 'whose vigour of mind was equal to his bodily strength' (Huntingdon, Historia Anglorum (OMT), 376). During an attack on Scotland, when one of his sons was killed, Siward enquired whether he had received his wound in front or behind. When informed that the wound had been received in front, the earl rejoiced that his son had died a fitting death. This may refer to the death of Osbeorn at the hands of the Scots in 1054. Also according to Henry of Huntingdon, Earl Siward himself died of dysentery. He felt ashamed that he was not going to die in one of his many battles and asked to be dressed in his armour, so that, with shield and battleaxe in his hands, he might die a soldier's death. This was at York, before mid-Lent 1055, when he was buried in the monastery which he had founded at 'Galmanho', dedicated to St Olaf, king and martyr—which indicates Siward's continued Danish sympathies." [Oxford Dictionary of National Biography
Siward (I3885)
2155 Also called Simon fitz William. de Kyme, Simon I (I4628)
2156 Also called Sinispella; Spella di Arborea. de Lacon-Serra, Ispella (I8914)
2157 Also called Sir John le Botiller; Sir John le Boteler; John le Botiller de Verdun.

Ally of the King against Simon de Montfort. Went to Sicily, 1271, on crusade with Lord Edward (later Edward I).

The Wallop Family claims that has was "slain in Ireland", a circumstance and place not mentioned in RA. CP says "He is said to have d. 21 Oct 1274" and footnotes this with: "Though the writ appears to have been issued, 17 Oct. [...] According to the Annals of Clonmacnoise, he and 13 knights were poisoned together in England." 
de Verdun, John (I2919)
2158 Also called St. William of York; William of Thwayt. Patron saint of York in Yorkshire.

"William of York was an English priest and Archbishop of York. William has the unusual distinction of having been Archbishop of York twice, both before and after his rival Henry Murdac. He was a relative of King Stephen of England, and the king helped secure FitzHerbert's election to York after a number of candidates had failed to secure papal confirmation. William faced opposition from the Cistercians who, after the election of the Cistercian Pope Eugene III, managed to have the archbishop deposed in favour of the Cistercian Murdac. From 1147 until 1153, William worked to secure his restoration to York, which he finally achieved after the deaths of both Murdac and Eugene III. He did not retain the see long, as he died shortly after returning to York, allegedly having been poisoned. After William's death miracles were reported at his tomb from the year 1177 onwards, and in the year 1227 he was declared a saint." [Wikipedia] 
fitz Herbert, St. William Archbishop of York (I10270)
2159 Also called Stephen de Uslewall. de Swynnerton, Stephen (I415)
2160 Also called Stephen of Blois, confusingly enough.

Count Of Blois. Died at the Siege of Ramallah in the First Crusade. 
Etienne Henri (I9994)
2161 Also called Steven. Turned back the invasion of Hungary led by Otakar II of Bohemia. Istvan V King of Hungary (I16599)
2162 Also called Suniario. Count of Barcelona, Girona, and Ausona. Sunyer (I6153)
2163 Also called Sureptia. West, Sarepta (I11690)
2164 Also called Susanna Thorne. Dorne, Susanna (I9108)
2165 Also called Sveinn Haraldsson, Sveinn Tjúguskegg.

"He died at Gainsborough on 3 February 1014 and was buried initially at York but, according to Thietmar of Merseburg, an unnamed English woman, fearing that Æthelred would, on his return from exile, destroy the body, had it exhumed and sent to Denmark, where it was reburied in Roskilde." Oxford Dictionary of National Biography 
Forkbeard, Swein King of England and Denmark (I2181)
2166 Also called Sybil de Hesdin; Matilda de Hesdin. de Hesdin, Maud (I3008)
2167 Also called Tallebosc. Described by the Oxford Dictionary of National Biography as "post-conquest castellan of Bedford and sheriff of Bedfordshire." de Taillebois, Rolf (I8)
2168 Also called Tanglust of Chester. Ormerod says that William Belward married a Beatrix who was a daughter of Hugh de Bohun, alias Kevelioc, 5th Earl of Chester. And Burke's Peerage (2003) gives her as an illegitimate daughter of Hugh. But she may have been a natural daughter of Ranulph of Chester ("le Gernons") rather than of Ranulph's son. of Chester, Beatrix (I2613)
2169 Also called Taylor of Burton. Citizen, haberdasher, and alderman of London. Taylour, John (I17124)
2170 Also called Tetbald. Vicomte of Troyes; Count of Blois. le Vieux, Theobald (I1719)
2171 Also called Teto; Teotone; Oddone. Margrave de Vasto. Margrave of Western Liguria. of Savona, Otto (I9554)
2172 Also called Thebaud le Boteler. Walter, Thebaud (I17437)
2173 Also called Theobald fitz Walter; Theobald Butler. Chief Butler of England; first Chief Butler of Ireland. Sheriff of Lancashire 1194; justice itinerant 1197.

He was raised in the remarkable household of his uncle, the justiciar of England Ranulph de Glanville, along with his brother Hubert Walter (who would become justiciar of England, chancellor of England, and Archbishop of Canterbury); Geoffrey fitz Peter (who would succeed Hubert Walter as justiciar); and, for a few years in the early 1180s, the future king John.

He was not the founder of Cockersand Abbey in Lancashire as reported in CP II; this is corrected in CP XIV. He did, however, found the Abbey of Nenagh. co. Tipperary, 1200; the Abbey of Wotheny, co. Limerick, 1205; and the monastery of Arklow, co. Wicklow.

"Theobald Walter or Fitz Walter, s. and h. of Hervey Walter, of West Dereham, Norfolk (owner of large estates in Norfolk and Suffolk), by Maud, da. and coh. of Theobald de Valoignes, accompanied John, Count of Mortain, Lord of Ireland (afterward King John), in 1185 into Ireland, who conferred on him vast estates in that Kingdom, including (before 1189) the fief of Arldow, &c., and (in or before May 1 192) the important office of Butler [I.], a dignity which, of itself, probably comprised (even if it did not comprise more than) Baronial rank and position for himself and his successors. He is said subsequently to have obtained the valuable monopoly of the prisage of wines [I.], and is styled Theobald Butler certainly as early as 1199. Returning to England, he obtained from Richard I, in 1194, a grant of the Wapentake of Amounderness with the Lordship of Preston, Lancs. He was Sheriff of Lancashire, personally or by deputy 1194-99. In 1197 he was one of the Justices Itinerant. He founded the Abbey of Nenagh, co. Tipperary 1200; the Abbey of Wotheny, co. Limerick (1205), and the monastery of Arklow, co. Wicklow. He m., in or shortly before 1200, Maud, da. of Robert le Vavasour with whom he acquired the manors of Edlington, co. York, Narborough, co. Leicester, &c. He d. between 4 Aug. 1205 and 14 Feb. 1205/6, and was bur. at Wotheny Abbey afsd. His widow m., in 1207, before 1 Oct., Fulk Fitzwarin." [Complete Peerage II:447-48, as corrected by Volume XIV.] 
Walter, Theobald (I5809)
2174 Also called Theobald Walter. Second Chief Butler of Ireland.

"Theobald Butler, or le Botiller, only s. and h., aged 6 years in 1206. He had livery of his estates 2 July 1221 and 18 July 1222. He was sum. cum equis et armis to attend the King into Brittany, 26 Oct. 1229, as Theobaldus Pincerna. Was Lord Justice [I.], 1247. He m., 1stly, Joan, sister and in her issue coh. of John du Marais, da. of Geoffrey Du M., Justiciar [I.]. He m., 2ndly (shortly after 4 Sep. 1225, when the King requests such marriage), Rohese, only da. and h. of Nicholas de Verdon, of Alton, co. Stafford, which Rohese was heiress of Croxden, &c., and Foundress of Grace Dieu Monastery, co. Leicester. He d. 19 July 1230, in Poitou, and was bur. in the Abbey of Arklow. His widow d. before 22 Feb. 1246/7." [Complete Peerage II:448] 
le Boteler, Theobald (I303)
2175 Also called Theobald, Teobaldo, etc. Called "the Troubadour", "the Chansonnier", and "the Posthumous", the latter because his father died before he was born. He was count of Champagne (as Thibaut IV) from birth and king of Navarre from 1234.

He was an initiator of the Baron's Crusade, from which he is said to have brought back to France the rose called rosa gallica "officinalis", and the Chardonnay grape. 
Thibaut IV - I King of Navarre (I14312)
2176 Also called Theobald.

Count of Blois, Chartres, Châteaudun, Champagne, Meaux, Provins, and Sancerre. 
Thibaut III (I1922)
2177 Also called Theodoric; Theuderic. Count of Autun. "It is now well documented that his supposed Davidic blood was a hoax (see Priory of Sion)." [Wikipeia] of Autun, Thierry (I8411)
2178 Also called Theodoric; Thierry I of Liesgau. Count in Haussegau.

From Wikipedia:

"Theodoric I (c. 916 – c. 976), German Dietrich I, also known as Thierry I of Liesgau, is considered the oldest traceable member of the House of Wettin. In genealogy this makes him the progenitor of the dukes, electors and kings of Saxony, the grand dukes of Saxony-Weimar and Eisenach and the dukes of the various Saxon duchies of Thuringia and also of various present-day monarchs, including Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom, King Philippe of Belgium, the last king Simeon II of Bulgaria, as well as the last king of Portugal, Manuel II.

"Almost nothing is known about Theodoric's life; not even the year of his death is clear. It is believed that he was killed in battle with the Hungarians in 976." 
of Wettin, Dietrich I (I3734)
2179 Also called Theophania de Penthievre. Tiphaine (I4223)
2180 Also called Thomas Barnett. Planter and husbandman. One of the first settlers of Amesbury. Killed by Indians about 1677. Barnard, Thomas (I5652)
2181 Also called Thomas Cherleton; Thomas de Knightley de Charlton. Charlton, Thomas (I10615)
2182 Also called Thomas d'Arcedekne. l'Arcedekne, Thomas (I8304)
2183 Also called Thomas Daniers, Daniell.

In the church of St. Wilfred at Grappenhall, now a suburban village in Warrington, Cheshire, is a nineteenth-century plaque that reads:

In memory of Sir Thomas Danyers of Bradley, within Appleton, who died A.D. MCCCLIV. He was present at the Battle of Crescy, the XXVth day of May, A.D. MCCCXLVI, and there rescued the Standard of Edward the Black Prince, from the hands of the enemy, and made prisoner of the Comte de Tankerville, Chamberlain to the King of France. To preserve the memory of a gallant soldier, this monument was placed here, A.D. MDCCCCLXXVI.

Note that contrary to the plaque, the Thomas Danyers who fought at Crécy dide in 1352. It was his father, also Thomas Danyers, who lived to 1354.

According to Ormerod (citation details below), "For this service the Black Prince, as earl of Chester, settled on him an annuity of 40 marks per ann. issuing out of his manor of Frodsham, until a convenient grant of land of the value of £20 per ann. could be made." 
Danyers, Thomas (I15474)
2184 Also called Thomas de Coucy. Count of Amiens; lord of Coucy and Marle. "A notorious knight brigand."

From Leo van de Pas's site:

Thomas was lord of Coucy, Boves, Marle, La Fère, Crépy and Vervins. There was some doubt as to whether Enguerrand I was really his father (he had repudiated Thomas' mother over her adultery), and it appears that Enguerrand detested his son and sought to disinherit him.

Before 1095 Thomas developed a reputation for rapacious cruelty. In April 1096 he joined the first crusade with his father and alongside the notorious Emicho of Leiningen, persecutor of the Rhineland Jews. He fought with great courage in a number of battles: Nicea (June 1097), Dorylaeum (July 1097), Al-Bara (December 1097), Antioch (June 1098), and Jerusalem in July 1099 he was one of the first Crusaders to enter the city.

Thomas may have been marked by the cross, but he could not switch off the elemental ferocity that had driven him, and many of his comrades, to the gates of the Holy City. Returning to his country with little to show for such a long crusade, Thomas resumed his pillaging and devastation of the regions around Laon, from Amiens to Reims. He was even excommunicated by the pope during a council held in Beauvais in 1114.

In October 1130 he was severely wounded by Raoul I 'the Valiant', comte de Vermandois, during the siege of Coucy ordered by King Louis VI, who wanted to put an end to the ravages of his vassal.

Thomas died of his wounds on 9 November 1130. He was buried under the tower of the abbatial church of Nogent-sous-Coucy, and his body remained there until 3 April 1219, when it was moved to the church built by his grandson Enguerrand III. The chronicler of the time, Guibert de Nogent, abbot of the Benedictine Abbey of Nogent-sous-Coucy, wrote of him that he was the greatest scoundrel of his time. 
de Marle, Thomas (I8193)
2185 Also called Thomas de Greystoke. fitz William, Thomas (I1603)
2186 Also called Thomas de Leycestre de Wolvey. de Wolvey, Thomas (I3404)
2187 Also called Thomas de Lundin; Thomas Fitz Malcolm de Lundin.

Usher of the King of Scots. Sheriff of Fife. Sheriff of Inverness. 
Durward, Thomas (I19408)
2188 Also called Thomas de Lymme, de Limme. de Legh, Thomas (I4104)
2189 Also called Thomas de Tolthorp.

LITTLE CASTERTON, Tolethorpe Manor,

The subtenant of Tolethorpe at the time of the Domesday Survey (1086) was Robert who, according to Blore, was ancestor of the Tolethorpe family. His son John had a son Robert living in 1166. Robert's son Thomas de 'Tolestorp' in 1196 paid scutage due from his overlord Ralph de Somery in Rutland. He married Juliana, daughter of William de Freney, and was dealing with lands in Tolethorpe in 1220. Robert de 'Tollethorpe' his son married Alice, daughter of Robert L'Abbe, and in 1235 held a third part of a knight's fee in Rutland. In 1263 he obtained the right to a free fishery in the Gwash (Wesse) from Tolethorpe to the old bridge at Ryhall, from Hugh le Despenser. Thomas son of Robert de Tolethorpe married Maud, daughter of Brice Daneys, and held a knight's fee of Roger de Somery, in Tolethorpe in 1272, which William de Tolethorpe his son held in 1291.

William de Tolethorpe married Alice, daughter of Ralph de Normanville of Empingham, and was holding in 1303 and 1305. He had two daughters, Maud, wife of Nicholas de Burton of Stamford, and Elizabeth, wife of Giles de Erdington, and settled the manor of Tolethorpe before 1316 on Nicholas and Maud but a little later it was reconveyed to him. He was holding the Tolethorpe fee of the Somerys in 1323, but died shortly afterwards. During the disturbed conditions of the country in the reign of Edward II, John Hakluyt, keeper of the Forest of Rutland, and his servants, were attacked at Liddington in 1318 by a great concourse of persons including William son of Robert de Tolethorpe, Robert son of John de Tolethorpe, 'mouner' and William his brother, the elder, and William his brother, the younger. In 1321 a commission was issued for their trial, but the result does not appear.

['Parishes: Little Casterton', A History of the County of Rutland: Volume 2 (1935), pp. 236-242.] 
de Tolethorpe, William (I51)
2190 Also called Thomas Dillon. Duland, Thomas (I17148)
2191 Also called Thomas Dispensator. Despenser, Thomas (I6031)
2192 Also called Thomas fitz Otto.

Hereditary Coiner of the Mint in the Tower of London and City of Canterbury.

"In [1261] the king took the homage of Thomas and granted him the serjeanty (Excerpta E Rotulis Fiunium [London 1835-36] 2:355). In 1265 Thomas son of Otto was to be given the scrap iron from the broken dies, as his father Otto son of William and his ancestors had had (Calendar of Close Rolls, Henry III 13:19)." 
fitz Otes, Thomas (I9462)
2193 Also called Thomas Heuster. "A lawyer who became chief prothonotary of the common pleas." [Oxford Dictionary of National BiographyWestcote, Thomas (I16195)
2194 Also called Thomas Holes. Hulse, Thomas (I13550)
2195 Also called Thomas Londres, de Lounders. de London, Thomas (I2162)
2196 Also called Thomas of Helmsley.

Summoned to Parliament by writs 1362-1383. 
de Ros, Thomas (I1656)
2197 Also called Thomas Saint John. Poynings, Thomas (I20885)
2198 Also called Thomas Thorne; Thomas of Syresham; Thomas of Myxbury. Dorne, Thomas (I16256)
2199 Also called Thomasia. Thomasine (I13513)
2200 Also called Tooker. Tucker, Honour (I13976)
2201 Also called Toussaint de Bertrand. Bastembourg de Montfort, Thurstan (I8046)
2202 Also called Troian of Bulgaria. Wikipedia says his wife, mother to his daughter Maria, was "an unnamed Byzantine noblewoman descended from the families of Kontostephanos and Phokas." Trajan Khan of Western Bulgaria (I10780)
2203 Also called Turstain; Thurstin Haldup; Richard de la Haye. Haldup, Thurstan (I9315)
2204 Also called Ulderich. Duke of Bohemia.

From Wikipedia:

"Oldrich deposed [his brother] Jaromír on 12 April 1012 and recognised the suzerainty of the Holy Roman Emperor. According to legend, Oldrich married a woman known as Božena, daughter of Kresina, after discarding his first wife on the grounds that they were childless.

"Oldrich and his son Bretislaus sought to win back Moravia from the Poles and in 1029 Bretislaus drove the Poles out of the eastern lands. Bretislaus' efforts in today Slovakia against Hungary failed in 1030 due to the jealousy of the Emperor Conrad II. In the following year, Czech forces refused to take the field for the emperor.

"In 1032, Oldrich was invited to the Diet of Merseburg and did not appear. His absence raised the ire of the emperor and Conrad, busy with events in Burgundy, charged his son Henry VI, Duke of Bavaria, with punishing the recalcitrant Bohemian. Oldrich was deposed and sent to Bavaria. He was replaced by Jaromír, but he in turn was captured, blinded, and deposed by Oldrich, who seized power again and drove out Jaromír's son from Moravia. Oldrich died abruptly on 9 November 1034 and later examination of his skeleton reveal his skull to have suffered a fatal blow. Jaromír then renounced the throne in favour of Bretislaus." 
of Bohemia, Oldrich (I3752)
2205 Also called Ulric Manfredo. Count of Susa. Margrave of Turin. Manfredo, Olderich II (I3451)
2206 Also called Vermuto, Vermudo, "el Gotoso" ("the Gouty"). Bermudo II King of Galicia & Leon (I1211)
2207 Also called Viter de Moeslain. de Moeslain, Gauthier (I12866)
2208 Also called Voteporix; Votecorigas; (in modern Welsh) Gwerthefyr ap Aergul.

Stewart Baldwin: "[He] was apparently old at the time Gildas was writing (perhaps between 500 and 550) [...] As the recipient of a severe denunciation by his contemporary Gildas, and the subject of a memorial stone, he is the best documented individual in the earlier generations of this ancestor table. His uncertain chronological position depends on the still debated chronology of his contemporary Gildas." 
Uortiporius King of Dyfed (I2766)
2209 Also called Vulgrin; Bougrin; also Taillefer; Rudel. Count of Angoulême. of Angoulême, Wulgrin II (I412)
2210 Also called Waldef. Thegn of Hepple in Coquetdale, Durham. Waltheof (I3145)
2211 Also called Waldeve. The Oxford Dictionary of National Biography calls him "of Allerdale in Cumbria."

"It has been asserted that he became Abbot of Croyland in 1124 and was deposed in 1138, but there is good reason for believing that the Abbot must have been another Waldeve." [The Scots Peerage, citation details below.] 
of Dunbar, Waltheof (I1684)
2212 Also called Waldrada of Worms; Wialdrut of Toulouse; Waldrade of Orleans; Wialdrut. Waldrade (I8521)
2213 Also called Waleran; Udo. Count of Limburg. Count of Arlon. Walram (I7085)
2214 Also called Walter D'Aincourt, d'Eyncourt, etc. Domesday lord of Blankney, Lincolnshire.

"Walter de Aincourt was a substantial Domesday tenant-in-chief, notably in Lincolnshire and Northamptonshire. In the early thirteenth century the representative of the family was his descendant Oliver. In the feodary of 1212-1220 in the Registers of Philip Augustus under the rubric 'Ballivia domini Gaufridi de Capella' ie. the bailiwick of Caux in which Ancourt lay, is the entry 'Terra Oliveri de Eincuria unum feodum apud Eincuriam'. Oliver had remained in England and adhered to John; Ancourt would therefore be in the French King's hand. The epitaph of William son of Walter de Aincourt, the Domesday tenant-in-chief, preserved in Lincoln Cathedral, describes Walter as kinsman of Remigius bishop of Lincoln; it is to be noted that Remigius had been a monk and almoner of Fecamp and that the abbot of Fecamp was patron of the church of Ancourt. In 1870 the remains of the castle were to be seen near the church." [The Origins of Some Anglo-Norman Families, by Lewis C. Lloyd. Charles Travis Clay and David C. Douglas, eds. Leeds: Harleian Society, 1951.]

"The arms of this family were, Azure, billetty and a fesse dancette Or. Aincourt is a village in the Vexin normand." [Complete Peerage IV:118, note (b).] 
Deincourt, Walter (I370)
2215 Also called Walter d'Evreux; Walter Fitz Edward; Walter the Sheriff. Hereditary sheriff of Wiltshire and constable of Salisbury Castle.

He died as a canon at Bradenstoke Priory, Wiltshire. [Royal Ancestry
of Salisbury, Walter (I5448)
2216 Also called Walter de Greystoke. fitz Ivo, Walter (I1287)
2217 Also called Walter de St. Valéry. Domesday holder of lands in Gloucestershire. de St. Valéry, Gauthier (I244)
2218 Also called Walter of Gloucester. In Domesday as a tenant-in-chief. Hereditary sheriff, and probably constable, of Gloucestershire. fitz Roger de Pîtres, Walter (I6282)
2219 Also called Waltheof FitzWolfric de Hatton; Walthew. Waltheof (I10040)
2220 Also called Waltheof of Tynedale. Waldeve (I5508)
2221 Also called Wenuwin. Gwenwynwyn (I1549)
2222 Also called Widericus; Windericus; Widiacus. Count Palatine of Lotharingia; Count of the Bidgau and Ardennengau. Founder of the Ardennes counts (known as the Wigeriche). Wigeric (I5874)
2223 Also called Wido de Craon. Tenant of Ralph de Gael prior to 1075; acquired some of the forfeited lands, and thus tenant in chief for Freiston and others at Domesday. de Craon, Guy I (I2168)
2224 Also called Widone; Garnier. Warnerius (I2637)
2225 Also called Willa of Tuscany. Died as a nun. of Arles, Willa (I3609)
2226 Also called Willa von Swabia; Willa of Provence; Guila.

"It is certain that she was first consort of king Rudolf I of Upper Burgundy (who was proclaimed king in 888 and died on 25 October 911) and later, from 912, consort of Hugh of Arles, border count of Provence, who in 926 became king of Northern Italy. Everything else in her genealogy is more or less uncertain." [Wikipedia] 
of Vienne, Willa (I3918)
2227 Also called William "Big Billy" Hayden. Hayden, William "Big Willie" (I1177)
2228 Also called William "Towhead". William III, Duke of Aquitaine; William I of Poitou. Guillaume "Tete-d'Etoupe" (I4365)
2229 Also called William D'Ivry. Joined the Third Crusade in 1190. Lovel, William (I3534)
2230 Also called William de Beauvoir. d'Aubeney, William IV (I2806)
2231 Also called William de Campo Arnulphi. de Chambernoun, William (I7688)
2232 Also called William de Fraisneto of Belton.


The manor of BELTON was probably one of the berewicks attached to the manor of Ridlington in 1086. It was presumably alienated by the Crown with the manor of Oakham (q.v.) in the 12th century, and from that time was held of the castle and manor of Oakham as one knight's fee.

The first sub-tenant of the manor seems to have been Ralph de Freney (de Fraisneto, du Frenai), who granted land belonging to his fee in Belton to the Priory of St. Mary at Brooke, probably at its foundation by Hugh de Ferrers before 1153. Whether Ralph held the whole manor or whether its division into moieties had already taken place is unknown. Ralph was living in 1166-7, and was succeeded by his son William, mentioned in relation to Rutland from 1175 to 1203. William refers in charters to Brooke Priory, to his sons Robert, his heir, and Reginald. Robert possibly died without issue, as Reginald succeeded to Belton, where he had held a virgate of land in his father's lifetime. He lost his property in England, as a Norman, in 1205, but Alice de Freney, probably holding the manor in dower as widow of William de Freney, leased in that year a carucate of land to Peter de Aslaketon. After her death the manor reverted to the chief lords, and in 1232 Henry III intimated to Peter Fitz Herbert and Isabel his wife, then overlords, that it was his pleasure that they should restore Belton to Henry son of Reginald de Freney. Before 1237 Henry de Freney sold a moiety of the manor of Belton to Hugh de Mortimer, son of Isabel by her former husband Roger de Mortimer. On his death it passed to his mother, who was the tenant in 1244, when Alice, widow of Hugh, sued her mother-in-law for dower in Belton. Alice, however, was required to give an undertaking that if she recovered dower, it should revert to the Crown after the death of Isabel. Isabel died in 1252, when the overlordship reverted to the Crown and passed in that year with Oakham (q.v.) to Richard, Earl of Cornwall.
['Parishes: Belton', A History of the County of Rutland: Volume 2 (1935), pp. 27-32.]


The manor of CLIPSHAM is not mentioned in Domesday Book (1086), but it was presumably in the king's hands until granted away with the manor and castle of Oakham by Henry I in the 12th century. From this time it was held of the Castle of Oakham by the service of one knight's fee, and formed part of Oakham Soke. The first recorded tenant of the manor seems to have been William de Freney (de Fraisneto), against whom the Templars brought a plea of warranty for 4 bovates of land in Clipsham in 1203. From this date the manor followed the descent of that of Belton (q.v.). ['Parishes: Clipsham', A History of the County of Rutland: Volume 2 (1935), pp. 41-45.]


There was a manor here, which formerly belonged to William de Fraxineto, or Freney, who gave the tithes of the demeans of it to the monks at Castleacre; it after came to Rog. de Glanvile, who confirmed that donation, as did Simon Bishop of Norwich in 1265; but it extinguished or was joined to the other manor, for I meet with nothing of it since. ['Hundred of Earsham', An Essay towards a Topographical History of the County of Norfolk: volume 5 (1806), pp. 313-318.] 
de Freney, William (I4245)
2233 Also called William de Gardinis. de Gardino, William (I11364)
2234 Also called William de Greystoke. fitz Ranulf, William (I6571)
2235 Also called William de Humez. Hereditary Constable of Normandy. du Hommet, William (I10244)
2236 Also called William de Insula. de Lisle, William (I10658)
2237 Also called William de Magnivil. Constable of the Tower of London, and thus keeper of the first person known to have been imprisoned there for political reasons, Ranulf Flambard. de Mandeville, William I (I881)
2238 Also called William de Malo Passu. de Malpas, William (I3844)
2239 Also called William de Noers. Missenden, William (I6427)
2240 Also called William de Radcliffe of the Tower, "The Great Radcliffe."

From The Book of the Radclyffes [citation details below]:

William de Radclyffe was called "The Great William," likely because of his physical strength. [...] This era of British history was a troubled time with feuds and lawlessness rampant. William and his brothers played an active part in the lawlessness, and were keen supporters of the Earl of Lancaster. William and his brothers John and Roger, cousin Richard, and others, were charged with breaking into the manors of Richard de Hulton of Ordsall at Ordsall, Hulton and Flixton. They were also involved with assaulting William de Butterwyck.

These attacks were all part of the brutal feuds which were prevalent during this period. They all had connection with the political disturbances of the reign as well as being part of family rivalries, and the jealousy of one manor against another in the quest for power. [...] William Radclyffe married his family with a shrewd eye to the main chance, and when he died in 1333, the Radclyffes owned sway over a very considerable part of [Lancashire]. 
de Radcliffe, William (I6682)
2241 Also called William de Vieuxpont; William de Veteripont. Often given as a son of the William de Veteriponte who married Emma de St. Hillary and who was an English vassal of Henry, prince of Scotland and Earl of Huntingdon. But we're unaware that this connection has been proven. de Vipont, William (I9931)
2242 Also called William de Vivonne or de Vivonia, but according to Douglas Richardson (SGM, 13 Dec 2003), this William is nowhere on record calling himself anything but William de Forz, or (as Rosie Bevan pointed out the next day) variants such as Fort, Fortibus, etc. However, his father and both of his daughters used the Vivonne name. de Forz, William (I6128)
2243 Also called William de Whitchurch; William de Albo Monasterio. de Warenne, William (I2476)
2244 Also called William fitz Baderon. de Monmouth, William (I10130)
2245 Also called William Fitz Gilbert. Castellan of William fitz Duncan's castle of Egremont 1138; Governor of the castle of Lancaster.

Andrew Lancaster (citation details below):

William de Lancaster I, Gilbert's son (and nephew, possibly through a sister, of Ketel) was said to have taken the "de Lancaster" name by royal licence and is probably the first person to have ever passed the name on to his children as a family name. On the other hand his grand daughter seems to have claimed that he used the name "de Tailboys" before being granted the new name. He was an important man, and married (probably as a second wife) Gundred, who is normally said, though this is doubted by William Farrer, to be Gundred de Warrene, an important member of one of the most powerful families in England. He lived in troubled times, including a major Scottish invasion and must have served under three competing claims to the monarchy above him during the anarchy in Britain (King David of Scotland, King Stephen of England and Mathilda his competitor in England).

The earliest records of his adult life seem to centre around Western Cumberland. Several websites even claim that he served as castellan of Egremont in Cumberland 1138 to William Fitz Duncan, a member of the Scottish royal family. In one article it is claimed that the De Lancaster arms are derived from this Scottish William. Others claim he helped command forces against the Scots in this area. A charter refers to him as if he were lord of Muncaster, which is also in Cumberland and apparently a lordship which would have come under Egremont. He also seems to have been lord of Lamplugh and Hensington before he was enfeoffed by Roger de Mowbray of the future Barony of Kendal, Lonsdale and Horton in Ribblesdale (these latter often suggested to imply lordship of the entire Wapentake of Ewcross), as well as parishes of Garstang and Warton in northern Lancashire. This happened about 1150. Farrer believes he died before Michaelmas 1170. 
de Lancaster, William (I10733)
2246 Also called William Fitz Henry Pincerna. Knighted 1256; sheriff of Lancaster 1258-59; governor of Lancaster castle 1260.

VCH Lancaster (Warrington) appears to conflate him with his son William. Annals of the Lords of Warrington has him dying in 1303, contrary to CP's death date of 1280, which may be the result of a similar confusion. 
le Boteler, William (I7295)
2247 Also called William Fitz Nigel. de Gresley, William (I8816)
2248 Also called William fitz Otho. "In 1198 he held 'Lilleston' by service in the king's mint, and land in the hundred of Spelthorn in Middlesex by serjeanty of the dies in London." [F. N. Craig, "Descent from a Domesday Goldsmith." The American Genealogist 65:1, January 1990, p. 24.] fitz Otto, William (I1897)
2249 Also called William fitz Walter; William de Norwich. Sheriff of Norfolk & Suffolk. de Chesney, William (I8828)
2250 Also called William I Taillefer. Count of Angoulême. of Angoulême, William II (I4900)
2251 Also called William II Taillefer. Count of Angoulême. Died shortly after returning from the Holy Land. of Angoulême, William IV (I3498)
2252 Also called William le Blund.

"The first Lord Mountjoy descended, through younger sons in several generations, from William le Blund (Blundus-fair-haired), who married Isabel, widow of Henry Lovet, of Elmley Lovet and Hampton Lovet, co. Worcester which Henry died under age about 1256. William le Blund and his brother Walter were accused in August 1265, before the commissioners appointed under the Dictum of Kenilworth, of unlawful violence at Quinton, Northants. Tradition says that the abovesaid Isabel was a Beauchamp. The record of the assizes held at Worcester, 1275, contains several references to William le Blund. He was there pledge for [his stepson] John Lovet, and (since there is no differentiating description of either) is presumably the William le Blund who, was son and heir of John le Blund, son and heir of Walter le Blund, was found to be heir to lands in Doverdale (a parish adjoining Hampton Lovet) which had belonged to Amice, daughter of the said Walter. The above said William and Isabel, in addition to their Worcestershire property, held the manor of Belton in Rutland, and there seems to have been a close connection between this family and the family of the same name in Hanslope, Bucks. William le Blund appears to have died in the Spring of 1280. His widow was living in February 1322/3." [Complete Peerage IX:329-30] 
le Blount, William (I3458)
2253 Also called William le Cras; William Crassus.

Seigneur of Soulangy in Normandy. Seneschal of Mortain 1193-4; Seneschal of Normandy 1203-4. 
le Gras, William (I10877)
2254 Also called William le Dacus.

From: 'Parishes: Offord Darcy', A History of the County of Huntingdon: Volume 2 (1932), pp. 322-327:


The tenant of the manor under the Countess Judith in 1086 was Hugh,who may have represented Norman, the pre-Conquest holder. Their descendants seem to have adopted the name of the parish. William de Offord appears in 1114-30; Robert de Upford or Hofford had the advowson of the church, and his daughter Emma married William le Daneys or Dacus, to whom she brought the manor and advowson. William le Daneys and Emma had two daughters, Isabella (who married firstly Richard de Haselbewe, and secondly Hugh de Kingesdon or Ringkesdune), and Maud, who married Robert Grimbald. Their daughter Isabella Grimbald married Richard Pauncefot. William le Daneys, however, in 1241 granted to John le Daneys, probably his brother, a knight's fee, being all the lands in Offord which had formerly belonged to him and Emma his wife. John le Daneys seems to have died in the same year, and the manor was delivered to Philippa, his widow, who was holding in 1242-3. John and Philippa had two daughters, Ella who married William de Bolevill, and Joan or Juliana who apparently died unmarried in 1245. On the death of Ella before 1259 without issue, there was much litigation as to the ownership of the manor. Brice le Daneys claimed to be heir as the son of William, son of William, son of Richard le Daneys, brother of John le Daneys, father of Ella. William le Daneys, probably the father of Brice, claimed in 1261 4 carucates except avirgate in Offord against Robert de Hereford and Richard Pauncefot and Isabella his wife. Robert de Hereford was probably the third husband of Isabella, daughter of William le Daneys, or possibly the husband of her daughter. In the same year he conveyed these 4 carucates less avirgate to William Daneys.

Jim Weber notes:

According to SGM, the wife of Robert de Hereford was Isabella, the daughter of Isabella le Danyes by her 2nd husband Hugh de Ringesdon.

There is probably something screwy with the info above. William and Emma have to be born fairly early to accomodate the Richard ->William -> William -> Brice descent. They would have been very old in 1241, and many of their children, particularly Isabella, would seem tohave been born well after their child-bearing age. Thus it seems that there may have been a later William & Emma who had Isabella; perhaps the William who m. Mabel as his 2nd wife, had a 1st wife named Emma. Speaking of William & Mabel: it is unusual for the inheritance of a wife to go to her husband's uncle, who is presumably no relation to her, which is what happened with the manor of Tickencote. 
le Daneys, William (I7754)
2255 Also called William of Hainton; William Hacon.

Sheriff of Lincolnshire, 1130 or 1133.

Founder of the Gilbertine priory of Sixle, c. 1150. [History of the Manor and Parish of Saleby, citation details below.] 
de Saleby, William (I4339)
2256 Also called William Pincerna. le Boteler, William (I10422)
2257 Also called William Speke; William Spech. Domesday tenant of Warden, Bedfordshire. Espec, William (I208)
2258 Also called William T. Meadows; William T. Medors. Meadors, William Troy (I11874)
2259 Also called William Taillefer III. Count of Angoulême. of Angoulême, William V (I1525)
2260 Also called William VI, Guilhelm VI, etc. According to Wikipedia, he "succeeded his father in the lordship of Montpellier in 1121, while still a minor, under his mother's guardianship. He suppressed a revolt of the bourgeoisie in 1143 and participated in several military campaigns of the Reconquista in Spain (1134, 1146–47). He also increased the public character of the lordship in Montpellier and supported the growth of its trade."

"Guillem VI was already a widower and became a monk at Grandselve after making his will." [Peter Stewart, citation details below.] 
de Montpellier, Guillem VI (I12579)
2261 Also called Withier. Comte de Réthel; Châtelain de Vitry. Vuiton (I9278)
2262 Also called Wodehyll. Sheriff of Wiltshire 1381-82. de Wodhull, Nicholas (I13426)
2263 Also called Wulfhilde. Ólafsdóttir, Úfhildr (I1056)
2264 Also called Yawwrit, Ywrarit de Hulton. de Hulton, Jorveth (I11278)
2265 Also called Zbyslava Swiatopelkówna.

From Wikipedia:

"During his fight against his half-brother Zbigniew, the Junior Duke of Poland, Boleslaw III Wrymouth, allied himself with Kievan Rus' and Hungary. In order to seal his alliance with the Grand Prince of Kiev, Boleslaw III was betrothed to his eldest daughter Zbyslava. The Primary Chronicle names Zbyslava, daughter of Svyatopolk when recording that she was taken to Poland on 16 November 1102 to marry Boleslaw III. Thus, the marriage took place between that date or in early 1103. They had only one known son, the future Wladyslaw II the Exile, born in 1105, and a daughter (perhaps named Judith), born around 1111 and later wife of Vsevolod Davidovich, Prince of Murom.

"Her date of death is uncertain. Sources place Zbyslava's death between the years 1109 and 1112. She most likely died by 1114 at the latest, as one year later (in 1115), Boleslaw III married Salomea, daughter of Henry, Count of Berg-Schelklingen." 
of Kiev, Zbyslava (I2831)
2266 Also called Ælfðryð; Elftrude; Elstrude.

In 918 she gave Liefasham (Levisham), Kent, to the Abbey of Mont-Blandin in Ghent. 
of Wessex, Ælfthryth (I8903)
2267 Also called Æthelwine. Ailwin (I9226)
2268 Also called Æthelwulf. Count of Boulogne. Adalulf (I10167)
2269 Also called, in the Flowers pedigree cited by The Wentworth Genealogy, Rynold de Wynterwade; Reginald of Wentworth. A footnote states that "Thoresby, in his Antiquities of Leeds, calls him 'Reginaldus Wyntword de Wyntword, Com. Ebor.'" Reginald (I9426)
2270 Also count of Anjou. Charles II King of Naples, Sicily, and Jerusalem (I13108)
2271 Also Countess of Barcelona. of Aragón, Petronila Queen of Aragón (I9776)
2272 Also d'Aubigny, d'Albini, Daubeney, etc. d'Aubigny, William (I1615)
2273 Also de Aldithel, Audley. Crusader with Prince Edward, 1270.

"James of Aldithley, 1st or 2nd s. and h., b. about 1220. Keeper of the castle of Newcastle-under-Lyme, 30 Oct. 1250. He joined in a letter of the Barons to the Pope in 1258. Witnessed, as one of the King's sworn Council, the confirmation by Henry III of the Provisions of Oxford, 1258; Lord Marcher; Sheriff of Salop, and co. Staff., 1261-62 and 1270-71; Justiciar of Ireland 1270-72. He took an active part on the King's side against the Barons, being in arms for the King on the Welsh Marches in 1264, and engaging in the Evesham campaign in 1265. He m., in 1244, Ela, da. of William Longespee (who d. 1250), s. and h. of Ela, suo jure Countess of Salisbury, by Idoine, da. and h. of Richard de Camville. She brought him the manors of Stratton, afterwards called Stratton Audley, and Wretchwick, Oxon, in frank marriage. He d. about 11 June (1272) 56 Hen. III, in Ireland, by 'breaking his neck.' Writ for his Inq. p. m. 16 July 1272. His widow d. apparently shortly before 22 Nov. 1299. Inq. p. m. (1325-26) 19 Edw. II." [Complete Peerage I:337-38, as corrected in Volume XIV.] 
de Aldithley, James (I3541)
2274 Also de Anlip. de Wanlip, Maud (I8956)
2275 Also de Anlip. de Wanlip, Henry (I5463)
2276 Also de Bracenstre.

"[I]n 1354 John Brancaster and his wife Margaret held an estate in Banbury, Calthorpe, and Wickham. John received the highest assessment for the poll tax of 1379–81 and in 1378 granted land in Banbury to the hospital of St. John. He was dead by 1392. His daughter Agnes married Richard Danvers of Epwell." [VCH Oxfordshire 10:42-49] 
de Brancaster, John (I11104)
2277 Also Drucilia, Drusilla, Drucy, various other spellings. Died of consumption. Hayden, Mary Drucilla (I7076)
2278 Also Duke of Dalmatia.

"Pietro II Orseolo (died 1009) was the Doge of Venice from 991 to 1009. He began the period of eastern expansion of Venice that lasted for the better part of 500 years. He secured his influence in the Dalmatian Romanized settlements from the Croats and Narentines, freed Venetia from a 50-year old taxation to the latter, and started Venetia's expansions by conquering Lastovo and Korcula and acquiring Dubrovnik." [Wikipedia] 
Orseolo, Pietro II Doge of Venice (I3879)
2279 Also Duke of Naples, after he blinded and deposed his brother Sergius II. Athanasius II Bishop of Naples (I10272)
2280 Also Duke of Normandy; Count of Anjou and Maine. Henry the Young King Titular King of England (I2319)
2281 Also Ernulf, Seigneur de Hesding; Arnulf.

From the size and extent of his landholdings listed in Domesday he must have been a favorite of the Conqueror, but despite many unsourced claims little is actually known of his life. Modern interest in him appears to have developed after the 1850s, when Shropshire historian Robert William Eyton proved that he was the father of the Avelina who married Alan fitz Flaad, making Ernulf an ancestor both of the Stewart dynasty and of the FitzAlan earls of Arundel.

He was accused of supporting de Mowbray's rebellion in 1095. According to the Hyde chronicle, which claims this accusation was unjust, his representative in the ensuing trial-by-combat defeated the king's champion, but Ernulf was so disgusted by the accusation that he renounced his lands in England and left forever, enlisting in the First Crusade where (it is claimed) he died at Antioch.

He is the subject of a quite meticulous Wikipedia article which provides a painstaking account of what is known and what is only hypothesized about him. 
de Hesdin, Ernulf (I5544)
2282 Also Gille Cherig; Gillocher; Gylocher. Earl of Mar. His actual existence is uncertain. Gillocheri (I10012)
2283 Also Godefroid, Gottfried, etc. Count palatine, 924x936. Count of Jülich 945. of Lorraine, Godfrey (I1465)
2284 Also Guilhem, Gugliemo, Guillermo. Marquess of Montferrat.

From Wikipedia:

Dynastically, he was extremely well-connected: a nephew of Pope Callixtus II, a half-brother of Amadeus III of Savoy, a brother-in-law of Louis VI of France (through his half-sister Adelasia of Moriana), and cousin of Alfonso VII of Castile. [...] William and Judith's powerful dynastic connections created difficulties in finding suitable wives for his sons, however: too many potential spouses were related within prohibited degrees. In 1167, he unsuccessfully tried to negotiate marriages for his eldest sons to daughters of Henry II of England - but the girls were very young at the time and were related through Judith's descent from William V of Aquitaine. He then applied for sisters of William I of Scotland, who were not related, but were already married.


William took part in the Second Crusade, alongside his half-brother Amadeus of Savoy (who died during the campaign), his nephew Louis VII of France, his brother-in-law Count Guido of Biandrate, and his wife's German and Austrian relatives.

As supporters of the imperial party (later known as the Ghibellines), he and his sons fought [alongside] the Emperor Frederick Barbarossa (Judith's nephew) in his lengthy struggle against the Lombard League. Following Barbarossa's capitulation with the Peace of Venice in 1177, William was left to deal with the rebellious towns in the area alone. Meanwhile, the Byzantine emperor Manuel I Komnenos sought support for his own politics in Italy.

William broke with Barbarossa and formed an alliance with Manuel. His eldest surviving son, Conrad, was taken prisoner by Barbarossa's Chancellor, Archbishop Christian of Mainz, but then captured the chancellor in battle at Camerino. In 1179 Manuel suggested a marriage between his daughter Maria, second in line to the throne, and one of William's sons. As Conrad and Boniface were already married, the youngest son, Renier, was married off to the princess, who was ten years his senior. Renier and Maria were later killed during the usurpation of Andronikos, and the family rebuilt ties with Barbarossa.

In 1183, with the accession of his grandson Baldwin V, a minor, as co-King of Jerusalem, William, then probably in his late sixties, left the government of Montferrat to Conrad and Boniface, and returned to the east. He was granted the castle of St. Elias (present-day Taybeh). He fought in the Battle of Hattin in 1187, where he was captured by Saladin's forces. In the meantime, his second son, Conrad, had arrived at Tyre from Constantinople. Conrad was given the command of the defences. During the siege of Tyre in November that year, he is said to have refused to surrender as much as a stone of its walls to liberate his father, even threatening to shoot him with a crossbow himself when Saladin had him presented as a hostage. Eventually, Saladin withdrew his army from Tyre. In 1188, William was released unharmed at Tortosa, and seems to have ended his days in Tyre, with his son. He probably died in the summer of 1191: Conrad last describes himself as "marchionis Montisferrati filius" in a charter of May that year. 
of Montferrat, William V "il Vecchio" (I9563)
2285 Also held lands in Shitlington and Tong, Yorkshire, during the reign of Henry I. Conjectured by W. Paley Baildon (citation details below) as a son of Ulf (living 1086), son of Gamel (living 1086), son of Osmund (dead 1066). Essulf (I655)
2286 Also Hubert de Vallibus. de Vaux, Hubert (I1122)
2287 Also James Madison Hayden. Haden, James Madison (I11229)
2288 Also John Hayden. Haden, John (I11308)
2289 Also known as "Jan Nelse", "Jan Elizen", "Jans Elsen", "Jan Nelsie", etc., all Dutchified versions of his English name. [The Nelson Family]

John and Hendrickje Nelson removed to Mamoroneck before 1683. ["Dirck Jansz Van der Vliet of Flatbush, New York"]

"John Nelson may have emigrated from Norfolk, England, between the years 1660 and 1665. A short time after his arrival in America, he settled in Flatlands. There, he married Hendrickje, the daughter of Dirck Jans van der Vliet. He moved to Mamaroneck before July 1697. There he served on the grand jury of Westchester County in 1699; was overseer of Mamaroneck in 1697; and constable in 1699. He died after 1713. Descendants lived in NY, NJ, OH, and elsewhere." ["Descendants of John Nelson and Hendrickje Van Der Vliet"]

"John Nelson, the ancestor of the Nelsons of Westchester, Dutchess and Putnam Counties, NY, was plaintiff in a suit against Thomas Sprey, of New Amsterdam, 17 January, 1670. (Court Minutes of New Amsterdam. V. 278). For a time, at least, he resided at Flatbush, but had removed to Mamaroneck, Westchester Co, before 27 July, 1683, on which date he purchased lands from John Richbell and Ann his wife (Westchester Deeds, A. 20) and he was an administrator, with James Mott and Ann Richbell, of the estate of John Richbell, the first patentee of what later became the manor of Scarsdale. John Nelson's home-lot adjoined the land of Robert Penoyer, and is so described in a deed from himself and wife Hendrica to William Pierce, 2 April, 1694. On 28 January, 1707, he conveyed to his 'eldest son,' Polycarpus, a house, lot of land, and orchard, in Mamaroneck, in consideration of which the son was to pay his 'nephew', Richard Rogers, (Ibid., D, 179, 180.) He served on the grand jury of Westchester Co, 1 August, 1688; as overseer of Mamaroneck in 1697, and as constable in 1699, and his name frequently appears in the records as a member of various town committees, and always with the prefix of 'Mr.,' a designation of some distinction at that period. He died after 28 March, 1713, at which time he was a witness to a deed of John Pell, Sr., brother of Thomas Pell, second lord of the manor of Pelham. A low hill in the town of his adoption perpetuates his name. It was made historically memorable during the Revolution for the surprise and defeat, by Colonel Smallwood, of a large body of the British stationed thereon under Major Rogers." ["Notes on the Nelson Family", appendix to The Journal of the Reverend Silas Constant, Pastor of the Presbyterian Church at Yorktown, New York, by Emily Warren Roebling, edited by Josiah Granville Leach. Philidelphia: J. B. Lippincott, 1903.]

John Nelson named his eldest son Polycarpus; Polycarpus, in turn, gave a number of his own offspring names such as Absalom, Tamar and, most notably, Mahar-Shalal-Hash-Baz Nelson. About that, Cortez Nelson's The Nelson Family, published in the 1890s, passes on a family legend which probably need not be taken very seriously:

"Recalling a previous statement that the names in the [Nelson] family indicate its Puritan origin, it will not be amiss, at this time, to explain the origin of the name 'Polycarpus'. Tradition [has it] that John Nelson emigrated from the town of Norfolk, England, between the years of 1660 and 1665; and that the ship he embarqued in was driven by stress of weather upon the coast of France. The passengers were distributed among the peasant along the coast and in the smaller towns until such time as the ship could be repaired and proceed on her way. It appears, however, that John Nelson was given quarters in the family of a French physician, Polycarpus by name, and with him John stayed until the ship sailed. Agreeable to his Puritanic principles, John Nelson offered to reimburse Dr. Polycarpus for his kindness toward himself and others, but Polycarpus refused any payment whatever, but made this one request of John Nelson, that when he was married and settled in his American home, that John should name his first-born son, Polycarpus. How well John kept his word of promise will be seen later on; but no account remains by which we can ever know that John Nelson ever informed Dr. Polycarpus that he had given that name to his first-born son." 
Nelson, John (I5245)
2290 Also known as Abigail Holton (in Barbara Jean Crandall's "Our Family Through the Years" scrapbook). Hatton, Abigail (I4202)
2291 Also known as Agnes of Kiev and Anna Yaroslavna.

According to Royal Ancestry, she died "5 Sept., between 1075 and 1078." 
of Kiev, Anne (I10418)
2292 Also known as Airlda Packer. Packer, Avilda Angeline (I4599)
2293 Also known as Andrew McMahanney; Andrew McMahan. From pension and bounty-land warrant application files, he appears to have fought in the Revolution for three years, in the Virginia line. McHaney, Andrew (I4009)
2294 Also known as Angharad. Also known as Hankeston; Hawkston (Visitation of Gloucester 1623, for both surname variants).

She was judicially murdered by George, Duke of Clarence, the bad-boy brother of Edward IV and Richard III, shortly before Edward IV's patience ran out and George wound up having his fatal encounter with a butt of Malmsey.

From the Wikipedia article on Sir William Denys (1470-1533) of Dyrham, Gloucestershire, courtier to Henry VIII:

"Ankaret (nee Hawkeston) had been a servant of Isabel Neville, Duchess of Clarence (died 1476), daughter and co-heiress of Richard Nevill Earl of Warwick (died 1471), whose death in childbirth had been blamed, by her husband George Plantagenet, 1st Duke of Clarence (executed 1478), on a poisoning by Ankaret. Clarence was determined to have Ankaret executed, against the wishes of the Queen, who believed her to be an elderly and harmless widow blamed unjustly. Clarence rapidly gave orders for her arrest, which was performed at Keyford, Somerset, the family home, on 12 April 1477 by Richard Hyde and Roger Strugge and 80 'riotous persons,' whence she was taken to Bath, thence to Cirencester thence to Warwick, where she was tried before JPs at the guildhall and found guilty by a jury. She was hanged at Mytton, Warks., on 15 April 1477, which action is considered by modern historians as a notorious judicial murder. Clarence himself was executed in the Tower of London the following year, 18 Feb. 1478, and two days later on 20 Feb. 1478 Ankaret's grandson Roger Twynyho obtained the king's annulment of Ankaret's conviction."

From the Wikipedia article on George Plantagenet, 1st Duke of Clarence:

"Though most historians now believe [his wife] Isabel's death was a result of either consumption or childbed fever, Clarence was convinced she had been poisoned by one of her ladies-in-waiting, Ankarette Twynyho, whom, as a consequence, he had judicially murdered in April of 1477, by summarily arresting her and bullying a jury at Warwick into convicting her of murder by poisoning. She was hanged immediately after trial with John Thursby, a fellow defendant. Clarence's mental state, never stable, deteriorated from that point and led to his involvement in yet another rebellion against his brother Edward [Edward IV, king of England]."

[Clarence is the character in Shakespeare's Henry VI part 3, and Richard III, who is executed by being drowned in a butt of Malmsey wine. In Shakespeare's version Clarence is more hapless than wicked, a victim of the evil machinations of Richard III.]

From the Wikipedia article on Lady Isabel Neville, Duchess of Clarence:

"Isabel Neville died on 22 December 1476, two and a half months after the birth of Richard [of York]. It is now thought the cause was either consumption or childbed fever, yet at the time her husband accused one of her ladies-in-waiting of having murdered her, and committed in his turn a notorious judicial murder of the lady, called Ankarette Twynyho. Ankarette's grandson Roger Twynyho received from Edward IV a full retrospective pardon for Ankarette, and the petition he submitted to the king in 1478 describes fully the circumstances of the case, well illustrating the quasi-kingly high-handedness of Clarence which was ultimately not tolerated by the king [...]"

From Exemplification, at the request of Roger Twynyho of Westminster, kinsman and heir of Ankarette late the wife of William Twynyho of Cayforde, co. Somerset, esquire, viz. son of John their son, of the following: a petition of the said Roger in the present Parliament. From: Cal Patent Rolls, 1476-1485, London, 1901, membranes 9 & 10, 20 Feb 1478 [quoted in The Execution of Ankarette Twynyho by Canon J. E. Jackson, 1890, Catalogue of the Printed books, pamphlets etc. in the Library of the Wiltshire Archaeological and Natural History Society's Museum at Devizes]:

"That whereas the said Ankarette on Saturday, 12 April, 17 Edward IV [i.e.1477], was in her manor at Cayford [i.e. Keyford, Somerset] and Richard Hyde late of Warwick, gentleman, and Roger Strugge late of Bekehampton, co. Somerset, towker, with divers riotous persons to the number of fourscore by the command of George, duke of Clarence, came to Cayforde about two of the clock after noon and entered her house and carried her off the same day to Bath and from thence on the Sunday following to Circeter [i.e. Cirencester], co. Gloucester, and from thence to Warwick, whither they brought her on the Monday following about eight of the clock in the afternoon, which town of Warwick is distant from Cayforde seventy miles, and then and there took from her all her jewels, money and goods and also in the said duke's behalf, as though he had used king's power, commanded Thomas Delalynde, esquire, and Edith his wife, daughter of the said Ankarette, and their servants to avoid from the town of Warwick and lodge them at Strattforde upon Aven that night, six miles from thence, and the said duke kept Ankarette in prison unto the hour of nine before noon on the morrow, to wit, the Tuesday after the closing of Pasche [i.e. Easter], and then caused her to be brought to the Guildhall at Warwick before divers of the justices of the peace in the county then sitting in sessions and caused her to be indicted by the name of Ankarette Twynneowe, late of Warwick, widow, late servant of the duke and Isabel his wife, of having at Warwick on 10 October, 16 Edward IV., given to the said Isabel a venomous drink of ale mixed with poison, of which the latter sickened until the Sunday before Christmas, on which day she died, and the justices arraigned the said Ankarette and a jury appeared and found her guilty and it was considered that she should be led from the bar there to the gaol of Warwick and from thence should be drawn through the town to the gallows of Myton and hanged till she were dead, and the sheriff was commanded to do execution and so he did, which indictment, trial and judgment were done and given within three hours of the said Tuesday, and the jurors for fear gave the verdict contrary to their conscience, in proof whereof divers of them came to the said Ankarette in remorse and asked her forgiveness, in consideration of the imaginations of the said duke and his great might, the unlawful taking of the said Ankarette through three several shires, the inordinate hasty process and judgement, her lamentable death and her good disposition, the king should ordain that the record, process, verdict and judgement should be void and of no effect, but that as the premises were done by the command of the said duke the said justices and sheriff and the under-sheriff and their ministers should not be vexed. The answer of the king was: Soit fait come il est desire ['Let it be done as the petitioner requests']". 
Hawkeston, Ankarette (I17657)
2295 Also known as Ann Lawter. Lawter, Anne (I4213)
2296 Also known as Catelÿn, Lÿntie, Lyntje, etc. Aerts, Lÿnke (I9285)
2297 Also known as Elizabeth Best. Best, Bridget (I3837)
2298 Also known as Elizabeth House. Howes, Elizabeth (I7045)
2299 Also known as Gervaise de Cornhill.

Joint Sheriff of London 1155-6; Sheriff of Surrey 1163-82; Sheriff of Kent 1168-74. 
fitz Roger, Gervaise (I6836)
2300 Also known as Ingegerd (or Ingegarde, or Ingrid) Olofsdotter. Also known as Irene.

From Wikipedia:

Ingegerd was later declared a saint, by the name of St. Anna, in Novgorod and Kiev. The reason was that she initiated the building of the Saint Sophia Cathedral in Kiev as well as the local version, the Saint Sophia Cathedral in Novgorod, along with many good doings.

The following was stated by the church in reference to her sainthood:
St. Anna, Grand Duchess of Novgorod, She was the daughter of Swedish King Olaf Sketktung, the "All-Christian King," who did much to spread Orthodoxy in Scandinavia, and the pious Queen Astrida. In Sweden she was known as Princess Indegard; she married Yaroslav I "the Wise", Grand Prince of Kiev, who was the founder of the Saint Sophia Cathedral in 1016, taking the name Irene. She gave shelter to the outcast sons of British King Edmund, Edwin and Edward, as well as the Norwegian prince Magnus, who later returned to Norway. She is perhaps best known as the mother of Vsevolod of , himself the father of Vladimir Monomakh and progenitor of the Princes of Moscow. Her daughters were Anna, Queen of France, Queen Anastasia of Hungary, and Queen Elizabeth (Elisiv) of Norway. The whole family was profoundly devout and pious. She reposed in 1050 in the Cathedral of Holy Wisdom (St. Sophia) in Kiev, having been tonsured a monastic with the name of Anna.
As saint her hymn goes:
O joy of the Swedish people, thou didst gladden the Russian realm, filling it with grace and purity, adorning its throne with majesty, lustrous in piety like a priceless gem set in a splendid royal crown. Named Ingegerd in the baptismal waters, O venerable one, thou wast called Irene by thy Russian subjects, who perceived in thee the divine and ineffable peace; but when thou didst submit to monastic obedience, thou didst take the new name, Anna, after the honoured ancestor of Christ, the King of kings. Wed in honourable matrimony, O holy Anna, thou didst live in concord with thy royal spouse, the right-believing and most wise Prince Yaroslav; and having born him holy offspring, after his repose thou didst betroth thyself unto the Lord as thy heavenly Bridegroom. Disdaining all the allurements of vanity and donning the coarse robes of a monastic, O wondrous and sacred Anna, thou gavest thyself over to fasting and prayer, ever entreating Christ thy Master, that He deliver thy people from the all want and misfortune.
Feast days: 10 February, 4 October. 
of Sweden, Ingegerd (St. Anna) (I11412)
2301 Also known as Isabel de Toeni. de Toeni, Margaret (I7940)
2302 Also known as John Millar.

"During the Revolutionary War...enlisted in Capt. Ebenezer Strong's Company, Col. Sears Hampshire County Regiment and marched to Albany 17 August 1781. He was discharged 20 November 1781 after serving '3 mos. 10 days, at Saratoga.'" [Western Massachusetts Families in 1790]

John Miller and Hannah Bush were ancestors of Agatha Christie:

John Miller = Hannah Bush
Jacob Miller = Mercy Johnson
Alvah Miller = Martha Hillman
Nathaniel Frary Miller = Martha Messervey
Frederick Alvah Miller = Clarissa Boehmer
Dame Agatha Mary Clarissa Miller Christie Mallowan 
Miller, John (I9068)
2303 Also known as John Winge.

Ordained about 1608, Stroud, St. Nicholas, Kent, England.

B.A., 12 Feb 1604, Queen's College, Oxford University, Oxford, Oxfordshire, England.

Was in Hamburg, Germany, 1617; Vlissingen, Zeeland, Netherlands, 1620; The Hague, Netherlands, 1624. 
Wing, Rev. John (I3117)
2304 Also known as Julia Leslie. [Vernon DuBarLavallée, Julia (I5045)
2305 Also known as Leuca de Montalt; Leuca de Elleford.

"He [Philip de Orreby] married Leucha, daughter of Roger DE MOHAUT (son of Robert de Mohaut by Leucha his wife), and died v.p., leaving a daughter Agnes, who in or before 1227 was her mother's heir." [Complete Peerage X:169-70. Note that this omits a generation from the Mohaut pedigree given in CP IX (an inconsistency unaddressed in CP XIV); presumably this error is the origin of the implausible account given in AR 150:27.]

Ormerod ("Barons of Montalt", volume 1, page 58) makes her a granddaughter rather than a daughter of Roger and Nicole, which is chronologically implausible. 
de Mohaut, Leucha (I6713)
2306 Also known as Madsine Kirstine Jensen. Madsen, Masina Kirstine (I1605)
2307 Also known as Marared; Margred; Margaret of Wales.

Notes on the parentage of Gwladus and Margaret, daughters of Llwelyn ap Fawr:

Complete Peerage (IX: 276) and Royal Ancestry both give Gwladus as a daughter of Joan of England. Royal Ancestry gives Margaret as an illegitimate daughter of Llywelyn.

The Oxford Dictionary of National Biography says that Joan was "probably" the mother of Gwladus and Margaret.

In The American Genealogist 41:99 (1965), Walter Lee Sheppard notes that "DNB's account gives Joan only the son David with Helen as probable. Lloyd's History of Wales [...] includes a chart so drawn as to make the maternity of the daughters questionable, and omits Angharad altogether. Prof. Thomas Jones Pierce in his article on Joan in the Dictionary of Welsh Biography names David, but does not mention the daughters at all; but then his cited sources are ony DNB and Lloyd's History of Wales in earlier editions. The correspondence of the writer with Sir Anthony Richard Wagner, Garter Principal King of Arms, however, indicates that all these daughters, with the exception of Gwladys, have been accepted by Major Francis Jones, best known authority on Welsh pedigrees, and based on British Museum Manuscript Add. 15041, on folio 12a, which shows Joan to be mother of David, Gwenlian, Angharad, and Margaret. It is interesting to note that [Complete Peerage] 9:276, under Mortimer of Wigmore, identifies Gwaldys as Joan's daughter."

Later in the same publication, TAG 41:22, Sheppard provides an addendum, first quoting a letter from E. D. Jones, Librarian of the National Library of Wales: "Robert Vaughan of Hengwrt, a reliable seventeenth century authority, makes Gwladys full sister to Gruffydd, therefore the daughter of Tangwystl. He makes Gwenllian, Angharad and Marred (Margaret) to be daughters of Joan. I am inclined to accept the view that Gwladys Ddu was the daughter of Tangwystl, but in the absence of contemporary records it is not wise to be too dogmatic." Sheppard then continues: "Sir Anthony Richard Wagner KCVO, Garter Principal King of Arms, in a letter to the writer dated 24 Sept. 1964, states that he would accept Margaret as Joan's daughter and, presumably, the other daughters, except Gwladys. He refers to Major Francis Jones and the previously cited British Museum Additional MS, which shows Joan to be mother of David, and points out that the chronology also fits."

Peter C. Bartrum's Welsh Genealogies (1974-83, searchable here; use the search term "Gruffudd ap Cynan 04"), gives Tangwystl as the mother of Gwladus and Joan as the probable mother of Margaret.

William Addams Reitwiesner's "The Children of Joan, Princess of North Wales," in The Genealogist 1:80, Spring 1980, argues that we have no certain basis for regarding Joan as the mother of any of Llywelyn's daughters.

On 9 April 1999, Douglas Richardson posted the following to SGM: "As for the Welsh tradition that any son, legitimate or otherwise, could make a claim to succeed Llywelyn, you may recall that Llywelyn and his son, David, went out of their way to have David recognized as Llywelyn's sole heir, to the exclusion of Llywelyn's illegitimate sons. To accomplish this, they had Llywelyn's wife, Joan, legitimized. The legitimization of Joan was no small feat seeing she was surely born out of wedlock to King John's mistress. Also, they sent David to England to be recognized as Llywelyn's sole heir by the English overlord, David's own uncle, King Henry III. Interestingly, the records of this trip show that David was accompanied by none other than his sister, Gladys. Due to the nature of this trip, it seems odd that Gladys would accompany David on this trip, UNLESS she too was a legitimate child of Llywelyn and Joan. These two pieces of evidence convince me that Gladys was legitimate." 
verch Llewelyn, Margaret (I656)
2308 Also known as Marie-Michelle Dutost. From A Point in History: "In June of 1659, Michel LeMay married Marie-Michelle Dutost (Duteau) from LaRochelle, France, who had arrived in Canada in the summer of 1658 with her mother and siblings. This was a Huguenot family escaping the rigors of LaRochelle, at the time. The mother was contracted to work as a servant for Jacques LeNeuf. Marie-Michelle Dutost had contracted to work for a period of three years as a servant for Pierre Denys. The contract was understandedly overlooked as she married Michel LeMay within the year." Duteau, Marie (I5000)
2309 Also known as Milicent de Mohaut or Millicent de Monte Alto, after her first husband John de Mohaut, who was also called John de Monte Alto.

CP I:23, footnote (a): George de Cantelou's heirs to the honor of Abergavenny "were his sister Millicent, then of full age and wife of Eudes la Zouche, and his nephew John, the next owner of Abergavenny." 
de Cantelowe, Milicent (I10196)
2310 Also known as Ness Fitz Countess [Royal Ancestry] and Ness de Leuchars. fitz William, Ness (I3972)
2311 Also known as Ralph Basset. Sheriff of Nottinghamshire and Derbyshire, 1420-22. Knight of the shire for Leicestershire. He served as a young man in the French campaigns of Henry V. He was present at the siege of Harfleur, but was prevented by illness from taking command of his retinue at Agincourt. Shirley, Ralph (I15699)
2312 Also known as Richard the Fearless; Richard Sans Peur. Called in retrospect "Duke of Normandy," a title he did not use.

From The Henry Project: "Richard is described by such a wide range of words (comes, marchio, consul, princeps, dux) by various sources (sometimes of dubious authority) that it would be difficult to argue that there is a specific 'title' by which he should be called." 
Richard I Leader of the Normans of Rouen (I5934)
2313 Also known as Robert de Beaumont. Count of Meulan. Created Earl of Leicester.

* One of the only fifteen "Proven Companions" of William the Conqueror at Hastings.

* Inherited the title Count of Meulan when his mother died in 1081; paid homage for it to Philip I of France and sat as a French peer in the parliament at Poissy.

* A member of the royal hunting party in the New Forest, 2 Aug 1100, during which William II was accidentally killed by an arrow. Pledged allegiance to Henry I, who created him Earl of Leicester in 1107.

* Excommunicated by Paschal II during the Investiture Controversy. Excommunication later revoked by Anselm, exiled archbishop of Canterbury; revocation later ratified by Paschal.

* Lived to be the last surviving Norman nobleman who was at Hastings. 
of Meulan, Robert (I5920)
2314 Also known as Sarah (or Sally) Daby. Darby, Sarah (I4647)
2315 Also known as Sarah Wheatly. Wheatley, Sarah (I2429)
2316 Also known as Theresa, Tiosee, and Tresee. Davis, Teresa (I7115)
2317 Also known as Tryphena Bisby. Bisbee, Tryphena (I10390)
2318 Also known as William Harpenden; Harpeden; William Asconhall; Asenhill; Asunhall, Essenhell, Hasehull.

Knight of the shire for Cambridgeshire. Sheriff of Cambridgeshire and Huntingdonshire; Usher of the King's Chamber.

The year given is my own guess from his likely age at various early events in his life. He could have easily been five years younger. Note: Richard II and Henry Bolingbroke/Henry IV, important patrons in his life, were both b. 1367.

Events in his life, abstracted from his entry in the History of Parliament:

1390, valet to Henry Bolingbroke at the siege of Vilnius, Lithuania ("possibly").

1392-93, valet to Henry Bolingbroke on pilgrimage to Jerusalem ("possibly").

Sep 1397, granted the late Earl of Arundel's grange at Tyburn, Middlesex, while a King's Esquire to Richard II. "In aid of the maintenance of his estate."

3 Feb 1398, witnessed the will of John of Gaunt. ("Plausibly." "[M]ay be identified with the William Harpeden esquire who witnessed the will made by Henry's father, John of Gaunt.")

Apr 1399, granted, by Richard II, a life annuity of £20 charged on the Exchequer.

May 1399, accompanied Richard II's expedition to Ireland.

Feb 1400, annuity confirmed by the new king, Henry IV. He was also accepted as an esquire into Henry's household.

1402, among those escorting Henry's daughter to her wedding in Germany.

1403, send on royal business to Picardy.

Nov 1404, marriage to Joan Burgh. She was the widow of Thomas Hasilden (1323-1387), controller of John of Gaunt's household.

Nov 1404 - abt Mar 1413, usher of the King's chamber.

Nov 1404, with his wife, granted an annuity of £40 for life, from the issues of the estates of the duchy of Lancaster in Norfolk, Suffolk and Cambridgeshire.

aft 1404, changed his name from William Harpeden to William Assenhall.

27 Jan 1406, appointed Justice of the Peace for Cambridgeshire. To Feb 1407, then 16 Jan 1414-Feb 1419, 8 Jul 1420-Feb 1425, 12 Feb 1429-d., and Cambridge 24 Nov 1429-Feb 1432.

1406, Knight of the shire, Cambridgeshire. And again in Oct 1416, 1422, 1423, 1425, 1426, and 1429.

1413 (or 1414 -- "in the first year" of Henry V's reign), appointed escheator of Cambridgeshire and Huntingdonshire. To 12 Nov 1414.

Aug 1415, served in Henry V's first campaign in France. Fell sick at the siege of Harfleur; returned to England 7 Oct.

May 1416, knighted.

May 1416, spent three months at sea in the force sent to relieve Harfleur.

4 Nov 1418, Sheriff of Cambridgeshire and Huntingdonshire, to 23 Nov 1419. Note that Wikipedia's article about this office lists him as "William Asconhall".

Mar 1422, supplied a man-at-arms to join the royal armies in France.

1425, secured exemption, by letters patent good for 12 years, from holding royal office against his will.

1431, named executor of Sir John Tiptoft's estates.

bef 1440, founded a perpetual chantry at Cambridge, in the house of the Carmelites. 
Assenhall, William (I10869)
2319 Also known as William Mirick, William Myrick.

Emigrated by October 1636.

One of the original 29 proprietors of Little Compton, Rhode Island, but it is unclear whether he ever lived there.

He was a private under Captain Standish in and probably before 1643, sergeant in 1649, and ensign for some period of time before 1663, when he was made lieutenant of the Eastham company. He retired the following year due to old age. 
Merrick, Lt. William (I3296)
2320 Also known as Wolfert or Wolphert Gerretse; also van Kouwenhoven, etc.

He is first seen circa 1630 as a superintendent of farms at Rensellaerswyck, near what is now Albany. From about 1632 to 1636 he leased and farmed a bouwerie on Manhattan, running roughly from today's Chatham Square down to Pearl Street. In 1636 he was granted several hundred acres on Long Island, where he named his plantation "Achervelt." This settlement was later named New Amersfoort, in honor of his birthplace. It is now known as the Flatlands neighborhood of Brooklyn.

In 1654 he served as a schepen (roughly, alderman) of New Amsterdam, and in 1657 he was made a burgher. He served on the Council of Eight Men. Gerritsen Beach is named for him. 
van Couwenhoven, Wolfert Gerretse (I21171)
2321 Also known as Yolande de Gueldrs, Gueldre, Geldern. von Wassenberg, Yolande (I5800)
2322 Also known by the alias "William Wither."

From the Oxford Dictionary of National Biography:

In 1231 he became conspicuous for his opposition to the Roman and Italian clergy who had received papal provision to churches in England. With the assistance of the archbishop of York, an Italian had been intruded to the church of Kirkleatham, the advowson of which Robert and his wife had recovered in 1230 following litigation against the prior of Guisborough. Robert adopted the alias William Wither, literally 'William the Angry'; he placed himself at the head of an armed agitation against the foreigners and about Easter 1232 pillaged their corn and barns and distributed the spoils among the poor. In response to complaints from the pope Henry III ordered the arrest of various leading courtiers who were implicated in these disturbances, including Hubert de Burgh (d. 1243), the chief justiciar, who is said to have lent tacit support to the 'Withermen' out of anger at a papal inquiry into the legality of his marriage. Thwing is later to be found witnessing a charter of Hubert's son, John de Burgh, but in 1232 there is nothing to suggest that Hubert and Thwing were in any way close associates. Thwing himself was sent by the king for absolution in Rome. In 1239 he made a second visit to Rome, carrying with him a general letter of complaint from the English barons. Perhaps through the influence of Richard, earl of Cornwall, to whose household Thwing had attached himself, he obtained letters from Pope Gregory IX (r. 1227-41) protecting the rights of lay patrons against papal provision. Early in the following year Thwing set out with Earl Richard on crusade. In September 1240, from Marseilles, he was sent as an envoy to the emperor, Frederick II (r. 1212-50), with information about the pope's attempts to delay the crusade. As a result, he may never have reached the Holy Land. In 1244 he was accused of making a violent attack upon a clerk of the archbishop of York in the king's hall at Windsor. His lands were seized, but restored the following year. 
de Thweng, Robert (I8126)
2323 Also Lord Chancellor of England. Wentworth, Richard Bishop of London (I7671)
2324 Also Lord of Gascony. "Defeated by the Moorish Almohad invaders in 1195, but defeated a combined army of the kings of Leon and Navarre the same year. Won a great victory over the Moors at Navas de Tolosa, 1212." [The Ancestry of Dorothea Poyntz, which gives the date of his marriage to Eleanor as September 1177, unlike other sources which date it to September 1170.] Alfonso VIII King of Castile, Toledo, and Extramadura (I7448)
2325 Also Ludwig, Lewis, etc. Louis "the German" King of Bavaria (I3381)
2326 Also Margery, Marjory, Margaret of Scotland.

"Following the Battle of Alnwick in July 1174 (in which her brother William the Lion, King of Scots was captured by the English), Margaret was imprisoned at Rochester Castle and afterwards removed to Rouen. On her release, Margaret married (2nd) in 1175 HUMPHREY DE BOHUN." [Royal Ancestry
of Huntingdon, Margaret (I8469)
2327 Also Mathilda; Mathilde; Marie; Maud; Mabile. of Clermont, Mahaut (I6583)
2328 Also perhaps "Joseph." Or perhaps "Castin" or "Costin".

Possibly born in Morgan County.

Soldier, US Civil War, Union. Enlisted in Company H, Indiana 79th Infantry Regiment on 15 Aug 1862. Mustered out on 13 Jul 1865. 
Coston, John (I5374)
2329 Also Pontope, Punthope. de Pontop, Thomas (I3069)
2330 Also recorded as Isabel.

John P. Ravilious, 14 Mar 2009 post to SGM:

[I]dentified in 1575 Visitation as daughter of William fitz Thomas (evidently in error) [Visitations of the North [Surtees Soc. 146] IV: 17]. Her father William, being father of Ralph fitz William (later Lord Greystoke) was evidently confused with William de Greystoke, his brother in law and son of Thomas de Greystoke.

Spouse: Elizabeth 'filia Willielmi'
Death: bef 25 May 1323
Father: Sir William fitz Ralph (->1269)
Mother: Joan de Greystoke

Avice (->1356), m. Robert le Constable
Maud (-1343), m. (2nd) Sir William de Hilton
Theophania (-<1323) 
fitz William, Elizabeth (I10226)
2331 Also Ricuin; Ricwin. Count of Scarpone (Scarponnois). Richwin (I4015)
2332 Also Roselinde. d'Autun, Regelindis (I8341)
2333 Also Sichelgaita; Sigelgaita de Salerno. Sikelgaita (I5488)
2334 Also spelled Angharad. verch Gruffudd, Ankaret (I813)
2335 Also spelled Bellers. Belars, Amice (I16536)
2336 Also spelled Broadstreet. Parentage unknown, but very probably from southern Suffolk or northern Essex. Emigrated on the Elizabeth out of Ipswich, May 1634.

Sometimes claimed as a cousin or other relative of Simon Bradstreet, last governor of Massachusetts Bay Colony, but we know of no proof for this assertion.

Deputy to Massachusetts general court, 1635. 
Bradstreet, Humphrey (I5404)
2337 Also spelled Builli; Busli.

Founder of Roche Abbey in South Yorkshire. 
de Builly, Richard (I2160)
2338 Also spelled Cantelou; Cantilupe.

Count of Mortain. Sheriff of Worcestershire 1200-15; Sheriff of Warwickshire and Leicestershire 1201-4, 1209-23; itinerant Justice in Staffordshire 1203; Sheriff of Herefordshire 1204-5; Steward of the King's Household 1204-22; justice in Nottinghamshire 1208; itinerant justice in Bedfordshire 1218. Fought at the siege of Bitham Castle, 1221.

"He and William Briwerre supervised elections in the vacant sees of York and Carlisle in 1214. Wendover's description of him as one of John's 'evil counselors' probably owes much to his role as a gaoler of baronial hostages. Wendover also suggests that Cantelowe may have wavered in his loyalty after the rebel seizure of London in 1215, but this is belied by the stream of royal writs sent to him in 1215-16. In 1215 he also witnessed the royal declaration of free election to sees and abbeys. He took the side of the king in his war with the barons. In 1215-16 he was granted a number of manors belonging to rebels, and was commissioned to treat with those who might return to the king's peace." [Royal Ancestry]

"A Norman by birth." [Royal Ancestry
de Cantelowe, William I (I6214)
2339 Also spelled Curtenay, Cortenay. Richardson calls him "of uncertain parentage." CP (III:465, and chart facing IV:318) shows him as a son of Miles de Courtenay, Seigneur de Courtenay, and Ermengarde, dau. of Renaud, Count of Nevers; this Miles a son of Josselin, Seigneur de Courtenay in 1065, and Elizabeth, daughter of Guy de Montlhéry; this Josselin a son of Athon.

An SGM discussion of some of the uncertainties surrounding his ancestry begins here
de Courtenay, Reynold (I534)
2340 Also spelled de Bussei. de Bussy, William II (I518)
2341 Also spelled de Hoghwic. de Howick, Avicia (I9346)
2342 Also spelled de Plescy, de Plessy. de Plessis, Hugh (I6314)
2343 Also spelled de Waure. de Warre, Roger (I3706)
2344 Also spelled Gerbrand, Herks, Harks, Harcks, etc. His offsping and descendants used "Garbrand" as their surname, although sometimes in wills they called themselves "Garbrand alias Harkes."

He appears to have been naturalized between 1543 and 1546; in a 1543 subsidy roll, he appears as "Garbrand Harks, alyen", but in a 1546 subsidy roll he is no longer listed among the aliens.

He later held several important municipal offices. In 1555 he was a member of the Oxford borough council; in 1557 he was "key-keeper"; and in 1557-58 he was chamberlain (treasurer).

From Wikipedia:

Harkes was born around 1510 in the Low Countries. He was an early convert to Calvinism and in 1538 fled to Protestant England, where he settled as a bookseller at Bulkeley Hall, since incorporated into Oriel College, Oxford.[2] At the beginning of Edward VI's reign he purchased many libraries from the suppressed monasteries, some of which subsequently entered the Bodleian Library. As early as 1551 he regularly supplied books to Magdalen College. In addition to his bookselling business he also sold stationery, becoming official stationer to the University, and in 1546 was licensed to sell wine as well.

In 1556 Harkes's house was a meeting place for Protestants who, on account of the Marian persecutions, worshipped in a cellar there.

From the Oxford Dictionary of National Biography:

Garbrand Harkes [later Herks Garbrand] (fl. 1539–1590), bookseller, who fled from religious persecution in the Netherlands and settled in Oxford. On 3 April 1539 the state authorities recorded that Harkes and others had eaten meat during the fast of Lent, evidently an expression of religious dissent. During the reign of Edward VI, he bought much literature from suppressed monasteries, and Wood also reports his role in saving 'a cart load of' manuscripts which 'contained the lucubrations...of divers of the learned fellows' of Merton College. These had been removed from the college library by 'certain ignorant and zealous coxcombs', but happily, 'some that were lovers of antiquity, interposing themselves, recovered divers of them from ruin' (A. Wood, The history and antiquities of the University of Oxford, ed. J. Gutch, 2 vols. in 3 pts (1792–6)). In 1551, as one of the two leading booksellers in the town, Harkes was reported to have supplied psalters to Magdalen College. The following year he became a freeman of Oxford. Like others in the local book trade, he diversified his business: in 1554 he took an apprentice as a mercer. Another later apprentice was Joseph Barnes (d. 1618), who revived printing in Oxford in the later years of the century.

In 1556 Harkes's Oxford house 'now or lately called Bulkley Hall in St Mary's parish, was a receptacle for the chiefest of the Protestants, where, for their privacy, they exercised their religion in a large cellar belonging thereto' (Wood, History, 2.132). From 1563 Harkes was the leading supplier of books to the colleges of the university, and in 1566 he was licensed to sell wine. He seems after 1570 to have retired, or at least taken a less prominent role in the business; his son Richard was licensed as an Oxford bookseller in his own right from December 1573 and traded in his father's parish, St Mary's. In 1570 Garbrand Harkes apparently acquired the advowson of the rectory of North Crawley from Sir William Dormer. He was still alive in 1590, when, following the death of his son John Garbrand, the rector, he presented Roger Hackett as successor in the living. After this, nothing is known of him, but the manuscripts from Merton were bought by others and given eventually to the Bodleian Library. 
Harkes, Garbrand (I19255)
2345 Also spelled Goodith. Not a mistake for "Judith" or "Goodwife." Gillman, Godethe (I6018)
2346 Also spelled Gretia, Grietie. Van Ness, Grietje (I21193)
2347 Also spelled Grovall. Grovel, John (I10155)
2348 Also spelled Gryffydd ap Madog. Called "Maelor." Lord of Bromfield and Dinas Bran; Prince of Powys Fadog (northern Powys). "In 1257, he switched his attachment to the English crown following the defeat of Henry III of England in a campaign against Llewelyn ap Gruffydd and promised his allegiance to Llewelyn. Thereupon he was obliged to confine himself to his castle of Dinas Bran." [The Ancestry of Dorothea Poyntz, citation details below.] ap Madoc, Gruffud (I24)
2349 Also spelled Haines or Hayne.

Emigrated in 1638 with wife Elizabeth and daughter Sufferance [Sufferana], on the Confidence out of Southampton, the same ship as Peter Noyes.

Professional linen weaver.

His first home was turned into a fort in the siege of Sudbury during King Phillip's War. The house stood for two centuries thereafter. An original painting of the house is reproduced in Hudson's History of Sudbury, page 224.

From the Sudbury Archives:

WALTER HAYNES (HAYNE or HAINE) came to America from England on the ship "Confidence," in 1638. He was a freeman May 13, 1641. He represented the town in the General Court in the years 1641, '44, '48 and '51, and was a selectman ten years. Mr. Haynes was probably one of the first grantees to erect a house on the west side of the river, which house was probably the "Haynes Garrison." He died February 14, 1665. In his will, Thomas is mentioned as being away from home, and Sufferance as being the wife of Josiah TREADWAY, and Mary as the wife of Thomas NOYES. One piece of property disposed of in his will was a tenement is Shaston, Dorsetshire, England.

[Note: The will says only that Sufferance was the wife of someone named Treadway, not that he was named Josiah. Ella F. Elliot, NEHGR 65:295, 1911, demonstrated that her Treadway husband was in fact Nathaniel.] 
Haynes, Walter (I1696)
2350 Also spelled Hepzibah, Hephzibah, Hephaibah, Hepseber. Surname also spelled Canfield. Possibly a daughter of John Kentfield and Dorcas House. Kentfield, Hepsibah (I17167)
2351 Also spelled Hobrugge. de Howbridge, Maud (I7131)
2352 Also spelled Israhiah. Wetmore, Izrahia (I16089)
2353 Also spelled Jannet, Janet, etc. Lee, Jennet (I4336)
2354 Also spelled Joinville. de Geneville, Joan (I16843)
2355 Also spelled Le Botiller. "Her served as a Justce of Assize, a Conservator of the Peace, and Commander of levies, in addition to being an MP." [Medieval English Ancestors of Robert Abell, citation details below.]

"William le Botiler of Wem and Oversley, next brother and heir, born 11 June 1274. He had livery of his brother's lands 8 April 1296, and having served in the wars with Scotland, was summoned to Parliament 10 March 1307/8 to 10 October 1325, by writs directed Willelmo le Botiller (or sometimes le Butiller) de Wemme, whereby he be held to have become Lord le Botiller. He m. 1stly, before 1298, Beatrice, who was living in 1305-06. He m., 2ndly, before February 1315/6, Ela daughter and coheir of Roger of Herdeburgh. He d. 1334, before 14 September. His widow was living 5 July 1343, and d. s.p.m." [Complete Peerage II:232] 
le Boteler, William (I4806)
2356 Also spelled Lestraunge. Summoned to Parliament by writ 23 Oct 1330 to 20 Apr 1344.

"John Lestrange, 2nd Lord (Baron) Strange (of Blackmere), JP (Salop 1332); fought at Crécy 1346; married as her 1st husband Ankaret (married 2nd Sir Thomas de Ferrers and died 8 Oct 1361), daughter of William Boteler, of Wem, Salop, and died 21 July 1349." [Burke's Peerage
le Strange, John (I2455)
2357 Also spelled Listen.

Emigrated 1637. First at Salem and Marblehead 1637; Gloucester 1648. 
Lissen, Nicholas (I5050)
2358 Also spelled Meynou Paulus. Jurckse, Mynoo Paulus (I863)
2359 Also spelled Philip. Philippe (I4485)
2360 Also spelled Poulet, Powlett, etc. Paulet, John (I20876)
2361 Also spelled Rebekah. Prescott, Rebecca (I13592)
2362 Also spelled Romelli, Rumelli, etc. de Rumilly, Robert (I7255)
2363 Also spelled Sainte Dupont. Born about 1596 (census 1666), 1595 (census 1667) or 1583 (burial 1680). Dupont, Xainte (I7966)
2364 Also spelled Vicars, Vickery, Vickere, etc. Vickers, George (I14028)
2365 Also spelled William le Mareschal. Earl of Pembroke.

Hereditary Marshal of England; Sheriff of Gloucestershire 1189-94; Sheriff of Sussex 1193-1208; Warden of the Forest of Dean and Constable of St. briavels Castle 1194-1206; Constable of Lillebonne 1202; Protector and Regent of the Kingdom 1216-19; and, in right of his wife, Earl of Pembroke and Striguil and Lord of Leinster. Advisor to King John at Runnymede.


"William Marshal, 1st Earl of Pembroke [...], also called William the Marshal (Norman French: Williame le Mareschal; Anglo-Norman: Guillaume le Marechal), was an English (or Anglo-Norman) soldier and statesman. Stephen Langton eulogized him as the 'best knight that ever lived.' He served four kings -- Henry II, Richard I, John, and Henry III -- and rose from obscurity to become a regent of England for the last of the four, and so one of the most powerful men in Europe. Before him, the hereditary title of 'Marshal' designated head of household security for the king of England; by the time he died, people throughout Europe (not just England) referred to him simply as 'the Marshal'. He received the title of 1st Earl of Pembroke through marriage during the second creation of the Pembroke Earldom." 
Marshal, William (I1500)
2366 Also Tacy, Tace. Emigrated to Dorchester, Massachusetts, 9 Jun 1634.

Co-founder of the Seventh Day Baptist church in America. 
Cooper, Tase (I10574)
2367 Also Vachel Hinton.

Revolutionary War, Virginia militia. (Probably/possibly).

A Vachel Hinton who may be this one is listed on the DAR's web site as DAR Ancestor # A055453, with the following information:

Service Source: GWATHMEY, HIST REG OF VA IN THE REV, P 380 [*]
Residence: VIRGINIA
Spouse: (1) MARGARET X (2) NANCY ROY

Note: GWATHEY, HIST REG OF VA etc. would have to be John H. Gwathmey, Historical Register of Virginians in the Revolution, 1775–1783, first published 1938, reprinted by the Genealogical Publishing Company of Baltimore in 1979.

Alternately, Henry C. Peden, Jr., Marylanders to Kentucky 1775-1825, p.72 (Westminister, MD: Heritage Books, 2006) says that "Vachel (Vitchel) HINTON was a native of Maryland and served in the Revolutionary War in Washington County, Pennsylvania."

Diana Gale Matthiesen says: "Please note that I believe the Vachel HINTONs are mixed up, in part because there are more of them than supposed--there are at least seven--and that I have not got them sorted out yet. I believe there is a possibility that the Vachel HINTON who married Margaret [HOWARD?] is not the same Vachel HINTON who married Mrs. Nancy ROY because census records show the latter to have been born after 1765 while the former was born ca. 1737. However, other records suggest there was only one Vachel HINTON in the county at this time, so the census record may be in error. I think we should keep an open mind to the possibility that these are two different Vachel HINTONs."


Will of Vachel Hinton

Will Book C pages 205-207
Fleming County, Kentucky

Written 19 Apr 1821
Proved 4 July 1825

In the name of God, Amen, I Vachel Hinton of the County of Fleming and State of Kentucky being of sound mind & memory do make publish & declare this my last will & testament in manner and form following.

1st It is my will and desire that my body be buried in Christian like manner.

2nd I will and bequeath to my daughter Cealy Hinton one bed & bedding (it being the one which she has now made for herself)

3rd I will and bequeath to my wife Nancy the land and premises where on I now live during her natural life and after the death of my said wife Nancy I will and bequeath the land and premises aforesaid to be equally divided between my children and heirs to wit: Hesee Matary, Nelly Matmy, Sarah Trimble, Samuel Hinton, Betsy Browning, Rachiel Carpenter, Benonar Hinton, Hezekiah Hinton, Ceala Hinton, Thomas Hinton and the heirs (jointly) of my son Benjamin Hinton deceased and the heirs (jointly) of my son Eli Hinton deceased.

4th It is my will & desire that after the payments of my just debts & funeral expenses (which is to be out of my personal estate) that my wife have one third of the balance of my said personal estate and the remainder of said personal estate (the bed and bedding devised to my daughter Ceala excepted) to be sold and the proceeds thereof equally divided between my children and heirs as aforesaid. It is to be understood that the heirs of my son Benjamin Hinton deceased are jointly to be entitled to one share and also the heirs of my son Zachariah Hinton deceased jointly to one share & also the heirs of my son Eli Hinton deceased jointly to one share.

5th & lastly I do hereby nominate & constitute Y appoint my friend Salathiel Fitch sole executor of this my last will and testament hereby revoking all other or former will or will by me made.

In testimony whereof I shall hereunto set my hand & seal the 19th day of April 1821 signed sealed and acknowledged Vachel Hinton {seal}

Joseph Myorth
Thomas Fitch
Henry Fitch

At a court held for Fleming County on the 4th day of July 1825, this writing purporting to be the last will and testament of Vachel Hinton dec'd was produced in court proven by the oaths of Thomas & Henry Fitch two of the subscribing witnesses thereto to be the will of said Hinton & ordered to be recorded which is done

Joshua Stockton 
Hinton, Veitchel (I3682)
2368 Also Wlonkeslow, Hawkeslowe. de Longslow, Hugh (I4201)
2369 Also, it is claimed, spelled Peson. In Crewkerne by 1563. Pysing, Richard (I2717)
2370 Alternately, Robert Charles Anderson points to a marriage record in Wrentham, Suffolk, fifteen miles from Dennington, that reads: "Augustine Keilam & Alice Girbakl were maried September ye viij 1619". ["Marriages of Promise", The American Genealogist 67:53, January 1992] Family F1368
2371 American botanist. He was appointed in 1872 as the first director of Harvard University's Arnold Arboretum in Boston, Massachusetts, and held the post until his death. He published several works of botany, and he was a friend of John Muir. The standard botanical author abbreviation Sarg. is applied to plants he identified. Sargent, Charles Sprague (I5146)
2372 Among her siblings was a brother with the absolutely wonderful name Smalehope Bigge. Bigge, Elizabeth (I20303)
2373 An unsigned and unsourced note at says: "In 1677 he was fined for holding a Quaker meeting at his home and attending a Quaker meeting because at that time he was still a member of the Church of England."

With his children and second wife Isabel, he emigrated from Cleveland, Yorkshire on the Providence, one of the ships of William Penn's fleet, arriving in Pennsylvania 10 Nov 1683. The ship's records call him a "husbandman." He carried with him a signed and attested statement from his fellow Quakers in Skelton which read:

"This is to Satisfye whom it may concern yt Joshua Hoopes ye bearer here of was borne at Skelton near Gainsborough in Cleveland in Yorkesheire in old England & there descended of honest Parents and honestly demeaned himselfe from his Child hood, his ffather, brothers & relations being honest & credible inhabitants and people of account in and about ye towne of Skelton aforessaid And yt hee ye said Joshua hath not at any time to our knowledge or heareing been conversant or acquainted with any unruly or disorderly persons as in relation to any bad carriage but honestly, godly and civelly be heaved himselfe towards his neighbours & acquaintance both whilst hee Lived with his ffather & alsoe with his wife & ffamily since hee was married there away & haveing of Late years frequented many meetings of ye people called Quakers neare ye said towne of Skelton & not to our knowledge been in any way disorderly in his life practice & conversation but yet they ye said people have had a love & respect for him & unity & ffellowship with him in his course of life & dealings amongst men. This is signed & Attested to by us who are members of ye said people called Quakers in and about Skelton aforesaid & inhabitants htere abouts ye 4th day of ye 3rd month 1683."

Member of the Pennsylvania Assembly in 1686, 1688, 1692, 1695, 1696, 1697, 1700, 1701, 1703, 1705, 1708, 1709, and 1711.

Collateral Ancestry of Stephen Harris claims that he was a "cornet of cavalry in the Army of the Parliament", which is implausible. The Army of the Parliament existed until 1651. He could conceivably have been an enlisted man in its final years in his mid-teens, which would mean he was ninety or so at his death in 1724. But he would not have been a commissioned officer at that age, which is what a "cornet of cavalry" was.

Various sites to the contrary notwithstanding, the ancestry of Joshua Hoopes is unknown. The great American genealogist John Insley Coddington (1902-1991), himself a descendant of Joshua Hoopes and his first wife Anne, put much effort into identifying this couple's forebears. He believed, but was never able to completely prove, that Joshua was a son of Robert and Margaret (maiden name unknown) Hoopes of Skelton. But he expressed particular frustration at being unable to determine the originals of Anne Hoopes, because he took a special interest in direct maternal (or, as he called them, "umbilical") ancestries, and Anne was as far back as he could trace his own. 
Hoopes, Joshua (I5678)
2374 An alderman of Chichester. Cawley, John (I16353)
2375 An early settler of Rochester, Massachusetts. He was a farmer and a cooper. Wing, John (I5329)
2376 An eminent merchant, magistrate, and soldier. With Maj. Stephen Sewell, he captured the noted pirate Thomas Larramore. Holder of many public offices. Turner, Col. John (I16024)
2377 An original proprietor of Hartford. Treasurer of the Connecticut colony 1641-47. Whiting, William (I20521)
2378 Ancestor of baseball star Don Mattingly:

Richard Mattingly, Sr. (1720-1783) = ?
Joseph Mattingly (1760-1820) = Hessina Hinton
John Amos Mattingly (1793-1832) = Mary Daily
William Albin Mattingly (1821-1864) = Sarah Jane Rhodes
Daniel Columbus Mattingly (1852-1924) = Elizabeth Bean
Joseph Archibald Mattingly (1887-1970) = Carrie Wells (1884-1973)
William Daniel Columbus Mattingly (1915-?) = Mary Louise Hofmann (1921-2003)
Donald Arthur Mattingly (1961- ) 
Mattingly, Richard (I9888)
2379 Ancestor of the political Romney family.

Moses Knapp (1709-1787) = Jemima Mead (1708-1766)
Abraham Knapp (1737-1836) = Martha Comstock (?-?)
Sarah Knapp (1757-1807) = Charles Robison (1746-1826)
Charles Robison (1785-1840) = Jerusha Rebecca Kellogg (1785-1836)
Lewis Seth Robison (1816-1883) = Clarissa Minerva Duzette (1822-1891)
Charles Edward Robison (1845-1883) = Rosetta Mary Berry (1843-1918)
Alma Luella Robison (1882-1938) = Harold Arundel LaFount (1880-1952)
Lenore LaFount (1908-1998) = George Wilcken Romney (1907-1995)
Willard Mitt Romney (1947- ) 
Knapp, Moses (I5530)
2380 Ancestors of air-conditioning pioneer Willis Haviland Carrier (1876-1950). Rowley, Moses Sr. (I6350)
2381 Ancestors of Madonna Veronica Louise Ciccone, according to

TRUDEL Marie Françoise (1752-1823)
MOURSIN François Joseph (1747-< 1823)
MOURSIN Olivier (1793-> 1851)
GOUIN Marie Rose (~ 1802-> 1851)
LAJOIE Charles (1829-1899)
LAJOIE Rose (1869–)
FORTIN Narcisse (1860-1903)
FORTIN Willard (1903-1959)
FORTIN Elsie Mae (1911-2011)
FORTIN Madonna Louise (1932 - 1963)
CICCONE Silvio Anthony (1931- )
CICCONE Madonna Veronica Louise (1958) 
Trudel, Marie Francoise (I2108)
2382 Ancestors of the two Harrison presidents. Fiske, John (I5425)
2383 Ancestors of US Grant and FDR. Scudder, John (I1945)
2384 Ancestors of Wil Wheaton.

Came from England to Duxbury before 1643. One of the original proprietors of Bridgewater. Fought in King Philip's War. A carpenter by trade, he opened a tavern in Bridgewater in 1670 which continued under his and his descendants' management for 151 years. 
Howard, John (I5725)
2385 Annulled by Pope Innocent III on grounds of consanguinity. Family F3770
2386 Apparently born David Guptill. The records of the Maine legislature show eight individuals changing their name from Guptill to Gardiner in 1854:

David L.
Abbie A.
Abbie Inez
Annie H.
Charles William
Frederick A. C.
George Henry
Henry Winslow


The 1850 Maine census shows:

David L. Guptil, age 34, tailor, b. Maine
Abby A, age 34, b. Maine
George H, age 10
Charles W, age 9
Harrison W, age 7
Elley, age 7
Frederick, age 2
Nathaniel Gardiner, age 25, tailor

According to the published vital records of Hallowell, Maine, David L. Gardner married, second, 24 Feb 1858, Eliza W. Nason (daughter of Mark Nason, Esq. of Fayette); and, third, 27 Apr 1864, in Brooklyn, N.Y., Mrs. Emily W. Tucker, of Brookline, N.Y. [sic -- there is no Brookline in New York state], born Wiscasset, daughter of the Hon. Frank Clark, her second marriage.

Also according to the published vital records of Hallowell, Maine, David L. Gardner died 3 Jun 1866 by suicide. 
Gardiner, David L. (I13842)
2387 Apparently born Frederick A. C. Guptill; see entry for his father.'s "King Family Tree" presents several records for Frederick A. C. Gardiner. His 1903 application for a US passport shows his permanent residence as Newton Centre, Massachusetts. Harvard Graduates magazine, volume 22, 1914, reports the marriage of his daughter Elizabeth Manning Gardner to Charles Edward Whitmore "at Newton Centre, May 31, 1913." Probably not quite correct -- two other alumni publications and the 7 Jun 1913 issue of the Cambridge Tribune place the wedding in Boston. But it's perfectly plausible that Harvard Graduates magazine was confused by the fact that Elizabeth Gardner was herself from Newton Centre.

His Maine birth record shown on this page gives his last name as Gardiner, but this record states that it's a copy of the original, "from the Hallowell book of births." Vital Records of Hallowell, Maine, to the year 1892 ed. Edward Johnson (Auburn, Maine: Maine Historical Society, 1924) gives his birth, and that of all his Guptill/Gardiner siblings, under "Gardiner" on pages 111-112. It's definitely the same group of children, offspring of "D. L. and Abby A.", including the distinctively-named sister "Abby Inez". (It also says that his actual birth date was 9 Jan 1848, just as the handwritten copy says. The page, however, says 7 Jan 1848, and this is what Frederick Gardiner himself put on his 1903 passport application.) 
Gardiner, Frederick Augustus (I13840)
2388 Appears as a defendant in 1582 Feet of Fines. Kilbourne, John (I6508)
2389 Appears from the will of her father to have married a Pike. Hayden, Helena M (I4125)
2390 Appears in some online trees as Roper, Rapour, etc. Frequently given as a daughter of William J. Rapier and Elizabeth Thompson; there is absolutely no evidence for this. Rapier, Sarah (I9709)
2391 Appears in the 1870 census in Lower Region, Whitley, Kentucky as "W. T. White", and in the 1880 census in Jofield, Whitley, Kentucky as "W. T. Parker, stepson".

"At the time she married Henderson, Nancy had a son William Troy White, whose name was later changed to William Troy Parker, and who was reportedly adopted by Henderson." [Parker's Genealogy & History Establishment] 
Parker, William Troy White (I11534)
2392 Appointed a Guardian of Scotland by Edward II in 1292. Fought at Falkirk. Present at the siege of Caerlaverock. Fitz Alan, Brian (I18857)
2393 Appointed by Archbishop Sandys, in Jan 1576, receiver of Scrooby and bailiff the manor house belonging to the Archbishop, to have life tenure of both offices. [Lucy Hall Greenlaw, "Early Generations of the Brewster Family", The New England Historical and Genealogical Register 53:109, 1899.] Brewster, William (I9652)
2394 Appointed Ensign, May 1707; Lieutenant, Oct 1710; Captain, Oct 1716, by the Connecticut General Assembly. He was a member of the Assembly in 1716.

Sometime in the early 1890s, while repairing a drain on the estate of a Dr. Trowbridge, workmen discovered a gravestone that was being used as a drain cover, upon which was written "Here lies interred, the body of Capt. John Knapp who departed this life the 5th day of April, 1749, aged 85 years." 
Knapp, Capt. John (I4686)
2395 AR 8 calls him Oliver de Dinan, but gives him the same parents. de Dinan, Alan (I5100)
2396 AR8 and The Ancestry of Dorothea Poyntz give her surname as "de Domene." (Unknown second wife of Amadeus I of Geneva) (I11876)
2397 AR8 says "whose parentage is in doubt". She is sometimes shown as a daughter of Guy II de Montlhery and his wife Adelaide de Crecy. Van de Pas gives her father as "Guy de Crécy, Comte de Rochefort sur Yvelin." de Crecy, Mélisende (I6528)
2398 AR8 says (in a note to 148:22) that, contrary to what was stated in previous editions, Judith was "Adelaide's child by her first marriage to Enguerrand II", but Stewart Baldwin, in the Henry Project's discussion of the three marriages of William I's sister Adelaide, assembles a convincing argument that Judith was a daughter of Lambert of Lens after all. A 19 Nov 2009 post to SGM by John P. Ravilious adds further evidence for the identification of Lambert as her father.

To be fair, Peter Stewart is unconvinced
of Lens, Judith (I11032)
2399 Armenian governor of Meletine on the upper Euphrates. of Melitene, Gabriel Ruler of Meletine (I1941)
2400 Army officer and colonial administrator. His entry in the Dictionary of Canadian Biography is here.

According to Joan Stevens (citation details below), Gen. Francis Le Maistre married "a Quebec lady, daughter of General Crammil". According to this descent, she was named "Margaret Grammie." According to this monograph about General Le Maistre, she was "Margaret (Stuart) Cramahé", and the circumstances of their marriage, on which the author refrains from expanding, are "intruguing" and "possibly legendary." The Dictionary of Canadian Biography entry on the Irish-born Hector Theophilus Cramahé, holder of various military and administrative offices in 18th-century Quebec and Detroit, ends by noting that "Cramahé was so discreet about his 22-year stay in Canada that it has been impossible to discover whom he married or whether he had children." Finally, according to the Dictionary of Canadian Biography (citation details below), Francis Le Maistre's wife was named Margaret Stuart. 
Le Maistre, Gen. Francis Lieutenant Governor of Gaspé (I17035)
2401 Around 1280, confirmed the grant of his ancestors to the monastery of St. Peter in Gloucester. Summoned to military service beyond the seas in 1297; to the Scotch war in 1301. de Whitney, Eustace (I10233)
2402 Arrived 11 Jun 1636. Master carpenter. Settled on the côte Saint-François-Xavier in Sillery about 1645. Pelletier, Nicholas (I5364)
2403 Arrived 16 Sep 1632 on the Lyon. First at Cambridge, then Hartford 1639, Northampton 1656. Slain in battle with native Americans. Bartlett, Robert (I14760)
2404 Arrived 1629 in Charlestown; first removed to Rehoboth in 1644, then to Stonington in 1653. Many sources to the contrary, his origins are unknown.

Along with TNH ancestors William Chesebrough, Thomas Stanton, and George Denison, he was one of the founders of Stonington, Connecticut. His and Rebecca Short's descendants include Ulysses S. Grant, Lowell Weicker, and Nathaniel Brown Palmer (1799-1877), explorer, after whom Palmer Land on the Antarctic Peninsula is named.

"On 28 September 1630 a coroner's jury met to 'inquire concerning the death of Austen Bratcher...dying lately at Mr. Cradock's plantation.' The jury found 'that the strokes given by Walter Palmer were occasionally the means of the death of Austen Bratcher, & so to be manslaughter.' Palmer was bound over for trial on 19 October, but at that court the case was continued to 9 November, at which time a trial was held, and the jury found Palmer not guilty." [The Great Migration, citation details below.] According to Wikipedia, Palmer's close friend William Chesebrough testified at the trial on his behalf.

From Wikipedia:

Palmer and Chesebrough took the Oath of a Freeman on May 18, 1631. [...] On August 24, 1643, Palmer and Chesebrough left Charlestown and started a new settlement called Seacuncke (later renamed Rehoboth). Palmer was among the first selectmen. When the settlement assigned itself to Plymouth Colony, the deputy elected to represent Rehoboth at the Plymouth court refused to serve because he preferred attachment to the Massachusetts Bay Colony. Palmer was then appointed in his place.

Palmer and Chesebrough were also dissatisfied with the Plymouth alignment, and sometime prior to 1653 John Winthrop, Jr. persuaded Chesebrough to relocate to southern Connecticut. Chesebrough obtained a 2,300-acre land grant in present-day New London, Connecticut; Palmer and his son-in-law Thomas Miner followed him and purchased land on the east bank of Wequetequoc Cove, across from Chesebrough, in present-day Mystic, Connecticut.

In August 1652, Miner built his father-in-law and himself a house on their land; the next year, both their families joined them, and other settlers soon followed. The group struggled for years for self-rule. During that time, Palmer served as constable[4] and again as a selectman. It took until 1661 to build a church meetinghouse due to resistance from the General Court of Connecticut, which preferred the colonists travel across the river to New London. Palmer died two months after the meetinghouse was first used.

The 300-year Stonington Chronology describes Palmer as the "...patriarch of the early Stonington settlers...(who) had been prominent in the establishment of Boston, Charlestown and Rehoboth, ...a vigorous giant, 6 feet 5 inches tall. When he settled at Southertown (Stonington) he was sixty-eight years old, older than most of the other settlers." 
Palmer, Walter (I11396)
2405 Arrived 1633; first at Richmond Island, then at Scarborough, Maine. ("Black Point, Massachusetts" then is Scarborough, Maine now.) May have been present in 1626-27 on a fishing or trading expedition. Mills, John (I2419)
2406 Arrived 1634 on the Elizabeth with his wife and his children Samuel, Elizabeth, Mary, and Philip. He was a fellmonger, a glover, and an innkeeper. Smith, Samuel (I14737)
2407 Arrived 1699 on the BritanniaHaworth, George (I10039)
2408 Arrived 18 Sep 1634 on the Griffin. First at Scituate, then to Barnstable 1639.

From Wikipedia:

"Rev. John Lothropp (1584-1653) -- sometimes spelled Lothrop or Lathrop -- was an English Anglican clergyman, who became a Congregationalist minister and emigrant to New England. He was the founder of Barnstable, Massachusetts.[*] Perhaps Lothropp's principal claim to fame is that he was a strong proponent of the idea of the Separation of Church and State (also called 'Freedom of Religion'), keeping the government out of religion and religion out of the government. This idea was considered heretical in England during his time, but eventually became the mainstream view of people in the United States of America, because of the efforts of John Lothropp and others. Lothropp left an indelible mark on the culture of New England, and through that, upon the rest of the country. He has had many notable descendents, including at least 6 US presidents, as well as many other prominent Governors, and government and business people."

[* He was a founder of Barnstable, perhaps; certainly a prominent early citizen. The Rev. Joseph Hull has a better claim to the definite article. --PNH] 
Lothropp, Rev. John (I20460)
2409 Arrived 18 Sep 1634 on the Griffin. First at Scituate, then to Barnstable 1639.

From Wikipedia:

"Rev. John Lothropp (1584-1653) -- sometimes spelled Lothrop or Lathrop -- was an English Anglican clergyman, who became a Congregationalist minister and emigrant to New England. He was the founder of Barnstable, Massachusetts.[*] Perhaps Lothropp's principal claim to fame is that he was a strong proponent of the idea of the Separation of Church and State (also called 'Freedom of Religion'), keeping the government out of religion and religion out of the government. This idea was considered heretical in England during his time, but eventually became the mainstream view of people in the United States of America, because of the efforts of John Lothropp and others. Lothropp left an indelible mark on the culture of New England, and through that, upon the rest of the country. He has had many notable descendents, including at least 6 US presidents, as well as many other prominent Governors, and government and business people."

[* He was a founder of Barnstable, perhaps; certainly a prominent early citizen. Wikipedia's article about Barnstable says that "the founder" was the Rev. Joseph Hull (1595-1665), also an ancestor of Teresa's. --PNH]

From soc.genealogy.medieval:

From: "John Steele Gordon"
Subject: Re: Hannah Howse (b. 1594)
Date: Tue, 28 Aug 2001 21:49:23 GMT

The Rev. John Lothrop and Hannah House are the 5th great grandparents of President Ulysses S. Grant, 8th great grandparents of President Franklin Roosevelt, the 10th great grandparents of President George Bush and the 11th great grandparents of President George W. Bush. In addition, the Rev. Lothrop and his wife, who had a total of nine children, have a vast progeny, including several hundred thousand, at the least, alive today. Among the more famous of their descendants are John Pierpont Morgan, Jr.; George Curzon, 1st Marquess Curzon, Viceroy of India; John Hinckley, who attempted to assassinate Pres. Ronald Reagan; Sir Robert Borden, Prime Minister of Canada; Sarah Caldwell, the conductor; Brooke Shields, the actress; Georgia O'Keefe, the artist; William Carrier, the inventor of air conditioning; Joseph Smith, the Mormon prophet; Alfred Fuller, founder of the Fuller Brush Company; Melville Fuller, Chief Justice of the United States; Hart Crane, the author; Frederick Law Olmstead, the landscape designer; Charles Post, founder of Post Cereals; Thomas Dewey, Governor of New York; George Kennon, the diplomat; Charles Guiteau, the assassin of President James Garfield; Henry Wallace, Vice President of the United States; Oliver Wendall Holmes, the poet, and his son, the Supreme Court Justice; Louis Auchincloss, the author; Robert Bacon, United States Secretary of State; Sir Charles Brooke, Rajah of Sarawak; Kingman Brewster, President of Yale; Louis Comfort Tiffany, the glassmaker; and George Gilder, the economist.

John Lothropp (1584-1653) = Hannah Howse (1594-1634)
Thomas Lathrop (1613-1707) = Sarah Learned (~1607->1649)
Mary Lathrop (1640->1735) = William French (~1604-1681)
Hannah French (b. 1676) = John Child (1669-~1745)
Hannah Child (b. ~1701) = John Fay (1700-1732)
Jonathan Fay (1724-1800) = Joanna Phillips (1729-1788)
Jonathan Fay (1754-1811) = Lucy Prescott (1757-1792)
Samuel Prescott Phillips Fay (1778-1856) = Harriet Howard (1782-1847)
Samuel Howard Fay (1804-1847) = Susan Montfort Shellman (1808-1887)
Harriet Eleanor Fay (1829-1924) = James Smith Bush (1825-1889)
Samuel Prescott Bush (1883-1894) = Flora Sheldon (1872-1920)
Sen. Prescott Sheldon Bush (1895-1972) = Dorothy Wear Walker (1901-1992)
George Herbert Walker Bush (1924- ) = Barbara Pierce (1925- )
George Walker Bush (1946- ) 
Lothropp, Rev. John (I9141)
2410 Arrived at Cape Ann in 1624. "Balch was certainly one of the men sent over by the Dorchester Company in the early 1620s to settle a fishing colony in New England, and so he is properly known as one of the Old Planters." [Robert Charles Anderson, The Great Migration Begins, citation details below.] Balch, John (I17192)
2411 Arrived in 1632 on the LyonBrowne, John (I3019)
2412 Arrived in 1634 on the Ipswich.

He was clearly a member of the manorial Spring family, clothiers of Lavenham, Suffolk. Multiple letters survive from Sir William Spring of Pakenham, a member of that family, to Gov. John Winthrop (Sr.), inquiring after the circumstances of the emigrant John Spring, whom Sir William calls his "kinsman" and his "cousin."

In 1979 Gary Boyd Roberts published a pedigree for John Spring based on the assumption that the emigrant was the John Spring baptized at Tilbury-juxta-Clare in Essex on 16 Jun 1587. This date is reasonably consistent with the age given for the emigrant on the Ipswich's 1634 passenger list. Roberts' pedigree for John Spring is as follows:

1. Thomas Spring of Lavenham, Suffolk, d. 1440 = Agnes

2. Thomas Spring of Lavenham, clothier, d. bet. 29 Mar and 12 Sep 1486 = Margaret Appleton, dau. of John Appleton of Waldingfield Parva (d. 9 Apr 1481) and Margaret, daughter of Richard Welling, d. 1468

3. William Spring of Long Melford, Suffolk, clothier, b. ca. 1460-65, d. bet. 13 Sep 1510 and 12 Nov 1512 = Alice

4. Unknown son of the preceding, probably father to

5. Robert Spring of Great Yeldham, Essex, yeoman, b. almost certainly no later than 1525, bur. 14 Jul 1597, Great Yeldham = Joan, bur. 14 Oct 1593, Great Yeldham.

6. Henry Spring of Tilbury-juxta-Clare, Essex, yeoman, b. abt. 1540-45, bur. 9 Mar 1594 Tilbuiry-juxta-Clare = Mary Finch, who married Henry 8 Jul 1571 at Great Yeldham.

7. John Spring, bp. 16 Jun 1587, Tilbury-juxta-Clare.

If this pedigree is correct, John Winthrop's correspondent Sir William Spring would have been the emigrant's fourth cousin once removed.

[Gary Boyd Roberts, "The English Origins of John Spring of Watertown." The American Genealogist 55:65, April 1979.] 
Spring, John (I14986)
2413 Arrived in 1634 on the Recovery. His surname and that of his near descendants appears as Phippen, Phippeni, Phipeny, Fitzpen, and many other variation.

His ancestry as shown is taken from the 1620 visitation of Cornwall, as presented in J. L. Vivian's much-edited 1887 edition of all three of the Cornish visitations. Vivian's visitation compilations are notoriously problematic, but this short pedigree is supposedly a direct copy from the 1620 manuscript, as signed by David Phippen's brother George, rector of Truro. 
Phippen, David (I14030)
2414 Arrived in 1634, with his mother, on the Elizabeth out of Ipswich. He was a magistrate and soldier, and held many public offices. Sherman, Capt. John (I14558)
2415 Arrived in 1635 on the James. He was a tanner. Holt, Nicholas (I14660)
2416 Arrived in 1635 on the Defense with his wife and his daughters Isabel and Elizabeth. He was a miller, and literate (his inventory included "2 Books of Martyrs and some other books"). He served as a constable in Cambridge in 1656. Parke, Richard (I16126)
2417 Arrived in 1635 on the Increase. He was a linen-weaver. Chittenden, Thomas (I13989)
2418 Arrived in 1635 with her daughter Patience on the Elizabeth, both widows, and her grandson Hopestill Foster. Martin, Rachel (I20305)
2419 Arrived in 1663 and died in the same year. Mattingly, Thomas (I10)
2420 Arrived in America about 1686, with his mother and siblings. He was a member of the Pennsylvania assembly from about 1710 to 1732. Farmer, Edward (I15941)
2421 Arrived in Boston sometime from 1649 to 1651 with son John and daughter Dorothy, Bowne, Thomas (I1953)
2422 Arrived in Canada at Quebec City, 17 Sep 1909, aboard the Canada out of Liverpool. Couch, Lottie (I1286)
2423 Arrived in Canada, 1796, where he took the Loyalist oath of allegiance. [Ontario People: 1796-1803 by E. Keith Fitzgerald. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 1993.] Parker, Robert James (I8645)
2424 Arrived in Dorchester in 1636; removed in 1651 to Martha's Vineyard. Butler, Nicholas (I15742)
2425 Arrived in Kent Island, Maryland 1718; then probably to Prince George county, Virginia, and certainly thereafter to Lunenberg county, Virginia. Flynn, Laughlin (I10164)
2426 Arrived in Lancaster County, Virginia in 1653. Scoggin, George (I1180)
2427 Arrived in Maryland 1635 as an indentured servant of Thomas Cornwalleys. Represented Newtown Hundred in the lower house of the Maryland legislature, 1650 and 1651.

Mary Louise Donnelly's John Medley 1615-1660 gives the parents of this John Medley as John Medley and Susannah Rhodes who married 8 Feb 1601 in Elland, Yorkshire. Problems with this include the fact that the elder of these John Medleys was a Protestant while the immigrant was a Catholic, and the fact that the older John Medley was a parish clerk whereas the immigrant was illiterate. 
Medley, John (I11029)
2428 Arrived in Massachusetts 1635; in 1641, removed to Wethersfield, Connecticut and then to Stamford.

His wife's death record calls her the wife of William Mead, not his widow, indicating that she died before he did. Frank J. Doherty states that William died in 1657, no date. 
Mead, William (I10461)
2429 Arrived in New England 17 May 1634. Stowe, John (I20302)
2430 Arrived in New England in 1631. In his autobiogrphical sketch written for his grandchildren, published in the The New England Historical and Genealogical Register in April 1892, he very specifically points out that the date of his baptism and of his marriage to Patience Dudley were exactly twenty years apart. Denison, Daniel (I17779)
2431 Arrived in New England in 1635 on the Elizabeth. First in Plymouth, then Taunton by 1643, Rehoboth by 1647. Back in England about 1656; returned to New England by 1660.

He was an educated man, prominent as a magistrate and merchant. 
Brown, John (I19248)
2432 Arrived in New England sometime in the 1630s. One of TNH's four proven "gateway ancestors."

"William Wentworth (1616-1697) was a follower of John Wheelwright, and an early settler of New Hampshire. Coming from Alford in Lincolnshire, he likely came to New England with Wheelwright in 1636, but no records are found of him in Boston. When Wheelwright was banished from the Massachusetts Bay Colony for his role in the Antinomian Controversy, he established the settlement of Exeter, New Hampshire, and Wentworth followed him there and then to Wells, Maine. After Wheelwright left Wells for Hampton, New Hampshire, Wentworth went to Dover, New Hampshire, and this is where he lived the remainder of his life. He was the proprietor of a sawmill, and held several town offices, but is most noted for being an elder in his Dover church for nearly 40 years. He had 11 children with two wives, and has numerous descendants, including many of great prominence." [Wikipedia]

He was a signer of the Exeter Combination.

His near descendants included his grandson John Wentworth, Lieutenant Governor of New Hampshire 1717-1730, and New Hampshire governors Benning Wentworth (governor 1741-1767) and Sir John Wentworth (governor 1767-1775); also John Wentworth, Speaker of the New Hampshire House 1771-1778.

A book-length biographical study of him is William Wentworth, Puritan Preacher by Susan Ostberg; Lincoln, Nebraska: iUniverse, 2006. 
Wentworth, William (I4863)
2433 Arrived in New England with his son Thomas in 1632. First at Medford, then Watertown by 1634, and Martha's Vineyard by 1647.

Gov. Thomas Mayhew = Jane (2nd wife)
Hannah Mayhew = Thomas Doggett
Jemima Doggett = Thomas Butler
Israel Butler = Elizabeth Blossom
Benjamin Butler = Susanna Whiting
James Butler = Unis Kinsley
Polly Butler = William Alonzo Hickok
James Butler "Wild Bill" Hickok (1837-1876)

Gov. Thomas Mayhew = Martha (1st wife)
Thomas Mayhew = Jane
Matthew Mayhew = Mary Skiffe
Paine Mayhew = Mary Rankin
Sarah Mayhew = Abisha Folger
William Folger = Ruth Coffin
Anna Folger = Thomas Coffin
Lucretia (Coffin) Mott (1793-1880), abolitionist and feminist 
Mayhew, Thomas Governor of Martha's Vineyard (I15049)
2434 Arrived in Plymouth before 26 Oct 1640, when he sold to Andrew Ringe land in Plymouth "lately bought of John Gregory." Removed to Barnstable at an unknown date, but he was lieutenant of the Barnstable militia in October 1652.

"He was one of the first regular physicians to settle at Barnstable. He lived in the northwest corner of Barnstable at Scorton Neck, and owned land in Falmouth and Middleboro which had been granted to him by the Colony for distinguished service. He died a wealthy man, for the times." [MacGunnigle et al., citation details below.]

"In the Quaker controversy, he was in favor of religious toleration; in 1658 he was presented for saying; 'The law enacted about ministers' maintenance was a wicked and devilish law, and that the devil sat at the stone when it was enacted'; which he admitted that he uttered, and for which he was fined 50 shillings." [Ancestors and Descendants of Andrew Lee and Clarinda Knapp Allen, by Gerald R. Fuller. Esther Fuller Dial, ed. The Andrew Lee Allen Family Organization, 1952.]

There have been many doubts over the years that Matthew Fuller was a son of Mayflower passenger Edward Fuller. But Robert Charles Anderson's The Great Migration Begins: Immigrants to New England, 1620-1633 says "The question of the paternity of Matthew Fuller was examined exhaustively by Bruce C. MacGunnigle, Robert M. Sherman, and Robert S. Wakefield in 1986, and they came to the conclusion that Matthew was a son of Edward Fuller [The American Genealogist 61:194-99]. They also noted that the evidence connecting Edward Fuller and Samuel Fuller to Robert Fuller of Redenhall, Norfolk, is not so strong as might be desired, leaving open the posibility that future research might lead to a different ancestry for the two brothers [TAG 61:194]." 
Fuller, Dr. Matthew (I8981)
2435 Arrived in Salt Lake City on 20 Sep 1856. "Her family had traveled from Canada by oxen and wagon with a group of emigrants who were new members of the Church" [John A. Freestone, The Life and Times of Alonzo Hamilton Packer] -- a phrasing that does not settle the question of whether Lydia Ann Parker's father ever actually joined the Latter-day Saints. The same source does say that Lydia herself "became a member of the Church while living in Canada."

First married, abt 1863, to Henry Levins Powell of Ekfrid, Ontario; by him, one son who died at six months and one daughter, Nancy Jane, b. 8 Apr 1866 in Deweyville, Box Elder, Utah. Henry Powell abandoned her. She was hired by Angelina (Chapman) Packer to work in the boarding house that Angelina and her husband Jonathan Taylor Packer ran in Brigham City; this led to her making the acquaintance of their son Alonzo, and ultimately marrying him. Alonzo adopted Nancy Jane as his own and she took the surname Packer. 
Parker, Lydia Ann (I8788)
2436 Arrived in Virginia by 1668. Harvey, William (I1088)
2437 Arrived with her mother in 1635 on the Elizabeth, both of them widows, and also her son Hopestill Foster. Bigge, Patience (I13788)
2438 Arrived with his mother and his maternal grandmother on the Elizabeth in 1635. Foster, Hopestill (I13785)
2439 Arrived with his wife and at least one son on the Hopewell in 1635. Lane, William (I13953)
2440 Arrived with his wife Ann on the Jupiter from Belfast, landing at New York before 1 Jun 1811. According to the Jupiter manifest, their previous residence was "Saintclaire." Fair, Thomas (I16622)
2441 Arrived with his wife in 1635 on the Susan & EllenGreen, Percival (I14002)
2442 Arrived with his wife in Maryland 1678, according to the notes of Dr. Lois Green Carr.

Generations of Hayden family researchers, including Patrick himself, have spent a lot of energy examining the ancestry of Francis Hayden, (Heydon, Heyden), a first-generation immigrant to Virginia and Maryland who died in 1694 and who is the ancestor of the Maryland and Kentucky Haydens. It has been asserted that he was the same Francis Hayden that was christened in Watford, Hertfordshire on 14 Aug 1628, and that he was a great-grandson of the armigerous Francis Heydon who married Frances Longueville. Unfortunately, there are too many inconsistencies with this narrative. There is no positive proof that the Francis who died in Maryland in 1694 is the same person who was born in Watford in 1628. And there are significant problems both with the much-reproduced idea that Francis's father was the Edward Heydon who married Ellenor Whitehead--and with the equally-widespread idea that this Edward's father, another Edward Hayden who married a Frances Burr, was the same Edward as the eldest son of Francis Hayden who married Frances Longueville.

It's also widely asserted that the Watford Heydons were secret Catholics -- see, for instance, this Find a Grave page for Francis, which says, echoing decades of Hayden family legend, that "[i]n the year 1535 a Haydon family friend, Sir Thomas More, was beheaded, because he wouldn't denounce his Catholic faith. The Haydon family were devout Catholics, and feared for their lives. They and many other Catholic families had to worship in secret or probably be put to death." There is no evidence that the Watford Heydons were socially acquainted with Thomas More, and there is no evidence whatsoever that they were Catholic recusants. Indeed, the armigerous Francis Heydon (1540-1606) of Watford, husband of Frances Longueville, was granted a market in Watford in the 1590s by queen Elizabeth -- who was very much not in the habit of granting valuable political favors to anyone associated with a family that had the slightest suspicion of recusancy attached to it. The immigrant Francis Heydon, like many generations of his descendants, was a vigorously orthodox Roman Catholic of great ferocity. Which actually argues quite strongly against his supposed descent from the visibly pliable and conformist Watford family.

Will of Francis Heydon:

In the name of God Amen the 30th of Aprill 1697 I ffrencis Heyden of St. Marys County in the province of Maryland being Sick in Body but o£ good and pfect Memory thanks be to Almighty God; Doe make Constitute ordaine and Declare this my. last Will and Testament in Manner and fforme ffollowing Revoaking and Dis anulling by these psents att and every Testament & Testaments Will and Wills heretofore by me made and Declared either by Word or Writing and this is to be taken only for my Last Will and Testament and nowe other First I Comitt my Soule unto Almighty God Who Gave it me And my body to be buried by my Executrix then Doe hereby Constitute and appoint Thomasin Heyden my Now Wife Sole Executrix of this my last Will and Testament and I Doe Give and bequeath unto ye Said Thomasin all my Lands Goods and Chatles and Whatsoever else Doth or Ought Appartaine or belong unto me Desiring her to pay all my Due Debts and Incumbrances with (sic) I have Contracted I Say I Doe Devise and bequeath unto her all my Lands and Chatles to her and her heirs for Ever In Witness whereof I have herunto Sett my hand and Seale the Day and Yeare above Specified

/s/ Ffra: Heydon (Seale)

Signed, and Sealed in prsents of us
John Bla. Carbury
John Morris
Tho Newton (his mark)|

On the back of the ffore Goeing Will It was Thuss Endorsed Viz
June ye 12th 1697
The within Wrighten will was proved before me According to Law as wittness my hand and Bore the Day and Yeare above Written.
[Hall of Records, Wills, Liber 6, ff. 134-135.]

Date of Francis's will (and of his death):

From "The Hiden Family" by Martha Woodruff Hiden, in Genealogies of Virginia Families, from Tyler's Quarterly Historical and Genealogical Magazine, volume II. Baltimore, MD: Genealogical Publishing Company, 1981:

"Francis died 1694 testate, (Wills 6, p. 134) leaving his wife Thomasine executrix and sole legatee. His will, witnessed by Jno. Ba. Carberry, John Morris and Thomas Newton, is dated April 30, 1697 and proved June 12, 1694. That '1697' is an error is proved by a suit brought in 1694 by Thomas Allman against Thomasine Heyden (Provincial Court Judgments T. L. #1 (1694-96) pp. 117, 185, 194). The sheriff reported that he had replevied certain personal property of the defendant. The suit could not have been brought in Thomasine's name had her husband been alive, hence we know Francis died prior to June 12, 1694 when his will was offered for probate."

In her Maryland and Virginia Colonials: Genealogies of Some Colonial Families (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 1991), Sharon J. Doliante agrees with Ms. Hiden on this issue, and adds that "It will be noted that [Francis and Thomasina's eldest child] Penelope styled herself 'dau. & heiress of Francis Heydon, deceased', in 1696." 
Heydon, Francis (I4236)
2443 As a widow she became abbess of Fontenelles. de Valois, Jeanne (I18107)
2444 As best as we can make out:

John Briggs m. Sarah Cornell. Sarah Cornell's brother Thomas Cornell m. Rebecca, possibly Rebecca Briggs, who burned to death in 1673, for which her and Thomas's son, Thomas Jr., was prosecuted for murder in a trial that famously relied on dream-based "spectral evidence," some of which was offered by John Briggs. In his testimony, Briggs called himself "sixty-four years or thereabouts" (thus the commonly accepted birth year of 1609), and said that he had had a dream in which a woman was at his bedside, "whereas he was much affrighted and cryed out, in the name of God, what are thou? The apparition answered, I am your sister Cornell, and twice said, see how I was burnt with fire." Partly because of this testimony, Thomas Cornell was found guilty of the murder of his mother and was hanged.

Sources disagree on whether John Briggs and Rebecca Cornell were actually full siblings, half siblings, siblings-in-law, or some other relationship. It seems to be more generally agreed that John Briggs's wife Sarah Cornell was in fact a sister of the senior Thomas Cornell. See George E. McCracken, "Who Was Rebecca Cornell?", The American Genealogist 36:16 (January 1960), for an overview of the probably insoluble problem of Rebecca (maybe Briggs) Cornell's parentage, and for a critique of the idea (promulgated by the 1953 The Briggs Genealogy, citation details below) that John Briggs and Rebecca (maybe Briggs) Cornell were children of a family from the parish of St. James, Clerkenwell, London. Also see Killed Strangely: The Death of Rebecca Cornell by Elaine Forman Crane (Ithaca, New York: Cornell University Press, 2002).

John Briggs was one of the signers, in 1638, of the compact of the settlement of Aquidneck. He played a prominent part in the government of the town, serving as juryman, constable, town councilor, surveyor of lands, special commissioner, and Deputy to the General Assembly.

John Briggs (1609-1690) = Sarah Cornell (d. 1661)
Susannah Briggs (1640-1704) = William Palmer (1638-1675)
William Palmer (1663-1746) = Mary Richmond (1668-1708)
Elizabeth Palmer (1687-1754) = Henry Head (1680-1755)
Deborah Head (b. 1725) = Brittain Tallman (1729-1815)
William Tallman (1755-1835) = Rhoda Akin (1751-1844)
Lydia Tallman (1787-1873) = Abel Ford (1783-1842)
Silas Ford (1807-1854) = Amanda Hedden (1812-1853)
Emily Helena Ford (1834-1901) = William Lyman Aiken (1821-1893)
William Ford Aiken (1864-1901) = Anna Potter (1864-1901)
Conrad Aiken (1889-1973) = Jessie McDonald (1889-1970)
Joan Aiken (1924-2001)
Jane Aiken Hodge (1917-2009) 
Briggs, John (I80)
2445 As Count of Poitou, he was called William VI; as Duke of Aquitaine, William VIII. Also Duke of Gascony. of Poitou, Guy-Geoffrey (I3260)
2446 As Gary Boyd Roberts points out, he "was the father of a lord mayor of London, the grandfather of a baronet, and the ancestor of all viscounts Chaplin and Canterbury, all barons Manners, and various other British peers." Chaplin, Robert (I14634)
2447 As Laura K. Pettingell documented in 1967 (citation details below), Thomas Fowler was not a son of emigrant Philip Fowler as shown in many sources, but rather his nephew.

Depositions show that in his boyhood he lived in Marlborough, Wiltshire, making that very probably his actual place of birth. His birth year is derived from his testimony in 1662 that he was then about 26. 
Fowler, Thomas (I6064)
2448 As Ormerod notes, this unnamed de Baliol daughter is sometimes given as the wife of Warin's father Hugh de Vernon. (For instance, in The Wallop Family.) de Balliol, (Unknown) (I2975)
2449 Aside from being the maternal grandfather of Edward IV, he was also the paternal grandfather (through his son Richard Neville, 5th Earl of Salisbury (1400–1460), and Alice Montacute) of the "Kingmaker," Richard Neville, 16th Earl of Warwick (1428-1471). de Neville, Ralph (I3399)
2450 Aso called Gundrada; Garsinda du Maine. Gondrée (I8578)
2451 Asserted by Ancestral Roots to have been a son of John Billing of Rowell, Northamptonshire, but other sources appear to regard his origins as unknown. The Oxford Dictionary of National Biography says that Thomas Billing was "perhaps born in Northamptonshire, the county with which he was most closely associated in later life. His parentage is unknown, and so his origins were doubtless modest. His coat of arms included an annulet in fesse point, apparently for difference, which would suggest that he was a fifth son."

The ODNB continues:

"In his professional career he appears to have been most closely associated with the city of London: without break, he served successively as its common serjeant (elected October 1443), under-sheriff (elected July 1449), and finally recorder (elected September 1450; resigned October 1454). In the last office he so pleased the mayor and aldermen that after his resignation he was granted both a fee of 20s. yearly and an annual present of 5 yards of good woollen cloth, for his diligent and fruitful service at the time of the 'great disturbance' (Cade's uprising of 1450) and afterwards. He was MP for Northamptonshire in the parliament of 1445-6, and for London in the first parliament of 1449.

"Billing was created serjeant-at-law on 2 July 1453, and on 21 April 1458 was appointed a king's serjeant; as the latter he was again summoned to parliament, from 1459 onwards. In the early 1450s he was one of the lawyers retained by Queen Margaret of Anjou, and he was doubtless regarded as a supporter of the Lancastrians; at the Coventry parliament of November - December 1459 he was apparently one of the crown's legal advisers who drafted the bill attainting the duke of York and his leading followers. Nevertheless he must have changed his allegiance -- perhaps after the battle of Northampton (10 July 1460) -- for he was reappointed king's serjeant on 8 April 1461. On 9 August 1464 he was made a justice of the court of king's bench, and on 23 January 1469 he succeeded Sir John Markham as chief justice of that court; he retained the office through the Lancastrian readeption and after the restoration of Edward IV (being reappointed on 9 October 1470 and 17 June 1471), until his death. He appears to have been knighted only in 1475." 
Billing, Thomas (I21615)
2452 Asserted by some online sources to have been a supporter of Thomas of Lancaster, and executed as a result. We have so far been unable to confirm this. le Boteler, Richard (I10209)
2453 Asserted in CP, the ODNB, Ancestral Roots, and The Ancestry of Dorothea Poyntz as a daughter of Matthew de Lovaine (Louvain, Louvaine, etc.), but Andrew Lancaster pointed out on SGM in June 2016 that this appears to have been based on the assumption that Philip Basset held Wix because Matthew de Louvaine was his wife's father, rather than her overlord, "ignoring the possibility that the family had enfeoffed a cadet branch which evidently was expected to inherit."

Lancaster points to Clarence Smith's 1966 article "Hastings of Little Easton (part 1) in Transactions of the Essex Archaeological Society, Volume 2, Part 1. Says Lancaster: "[T]he snippets of evidence are small and the argument seems simple. [Smith] says CP asserts it was a free marriage when it was not. And then secondly he points to the clear evidence for an enfeoffed heiress being bought by the Bassets."

Quoting Smith:

"[Ralph de Hastings] was dead by Michaelmas 1210, leaving a daughter under age whose custody and marriage had been granted to Alan Bassett for 100 marks. It is not therefore surprising to find at the death of Sir Philip Basset of Wycombe, younger son of this Alan, in 1271, that he held under Sir Matthew de Lovaine the manor of Wix 'by courtesy of England of the inheritance of Helewisia his wife'. [...] G. W. Watson in the article on Despenser in the Complete Peerage, IV, p. 261, says that Sir Hugh Despenser married 'Aline, da. & h. of Sir Philip Basset of Wycombe, his first wife Hawise, da. of Sir Matthew de Lovaine of Little Easton, Essex,' to which is appended a footnote: 'She had, in free marriage, the manor of Wix, Essex, by the service of 20s. a year. Some genealogists say that she was da. of John de Grey of Eaton, Bucks.' Her fathering on Sir Matthew de Lovaine has no other support than the quite unwarranted assumption that she held Wix in free marriage: in fact she held it by inheritance as the Inquisition specifies, and Sir Matthew was her overlord but not her father."

The IPM of Philip Basset specified as evidence is IPM 56 H3, Calendar I, No. 807, p. 273.

John Watson said on SGM, 6 Jun 2016: "Clarence Smith's evidence that Ralph de Hastings was dead in 1210 and that his heiress was in the custody of Alan Basset is presumably taken from the Pipe Rolls of 12 John: 1209-1210, to which I have no access at the moment. (There is nothing in the fine rolls, close rolls, patent rolls, etc.) If anyone can confirm this, then I think it is a reasonable assumption that Hawise, first wife of Philip Basset was the daughter of Ralph de Hastings and not a daughter of Matthew de Louvain. She was presumably named after her grandmother, Hawise wife of William fitz Robert." Andrew Lancaster replied: "Yes, for the death 1210, Clarence-Smith cites the Pipe Rolls, PRS 26 NS, p. 35." 
de Hastings, Hawise (I10660)
2454 Assumed the name Giffard, according to Vivian. However, the generations given by Vivian before this individual are patently counterfactual. de Tellieres, Robert (I7195)
2455 At Duxbury in 1640, then Braintree in 1643. Freeman at Newport. Davol, William (I12427)
2456 At her death the church bells in Wethersfield tolled 100 times. Balch, Mary (I17174)
2457 At her funeral, her son-in-law, the Rev. James Fitch, preached a sermon that was later published (Cambridge, Massachusetts, 1672) as Peace the End of the Perfect and Upright Demonstrated and Usefully Improved in a Sermon Preached upon the Occasion of the Death and Decease of the Piously Affected and Truely Religious Woman, Mrs. Anne Mason, Sometime Wife to Major John Mason, Who Not Long After Finished His Course and Is Now at RestPeck, Anne (I20565)
2458 At the Battle of Evesham when underage; a lifelong soldier thereafter. Summoned to Parliament by writ, 24 Jun 1295 - 15 May 1321. Vice-Constable of England, 1297. Fought at Falkirk; Carlaverock; taken prisoner at Bannockburn. Embassy to France, 1296, and to Clement V, 1307. de Berkeley, Thomas (I3480)
2459 At the time of his marriage he bought a large farm in the New Lots of Flatbush, and lived there the rest of his life. He was buried in the old burying ground opposite the present New Lots Dutch Reform church. Wyckoff, Cornelius (I13278)
2460 Attainted and hanged for high treason for allegedly taking part in the Gunpowder Plot. Digby, Everard (I17729)
2461 Attended Eton 1575-80; admitted to King's College, Cambridge in 1580; B.A. 1585, M.A. 1588, B.D. 1595; D.D. 1606. Fellow of King's College 1583-97. From 1597 on he was rector of the church at Welford, Berkshire. On 29 Mar 1614 he was made a canon of St. George's Chapel at Windsor. Sheafe, Rev. Thomas (I15620)
2462 Attorney General of New Jersey, 1902-3. President of the Public Service Company of New Jersey. McCarter, Thomas Nesbitt (I6250)
2463 Auda, daughter and coheir of William Malbank, Baron of Wich-Malbank (later Nantwich), Co. Palatine of Chester. [Burke's Peeragede Malbank, Ada (I97)
2464 Auditor for the Duchy of Lancaster. ["Among the Royal Servants", citation details below.] Not the Robert Browne whose father was Sir John Browne, mayor of London. Browne, Robert (I7011)
2465 Auditor of the Exchequer for Henry VII. Sedley, John (I18589)
2466 Auditor to Henry VIII. Quarles, George (I4575)
2467 Author of the Scalacronica.

Post to soc. genealogy.medieval, 11 Aug 2014:

From: John Watson
Subject: Origin of the Grays of Heton, Northumberland

Dear all,

One of the best examples of upward social mobility in fourteenth century England was that of the family of Gray of Heton (modern day Heaton, about two miles south of the River Tweed in Northumberland). Their origins are however, obscure. Almost all of the published materials concerning the early Gray family rely on one source; the pedigree shown in Joseph Stevenson's translation of the Scalacronica printed in 1836 [1]. Although Stevenson provides the documents upon which he based the pedigree, he apparently errs in the parentage of the first Sir Thomas Gray, who started the family's rise to fortune. Stevenson shows Thomas' father as another Sir Thomas Gray of Heton, son of a Sir John Gray of Berwick who died about 1246.

There is however, another medieval document, now in the National Archives, which shows the actual parentage of the first Sir Thomas Gray and which was apparently not noticed by Stevenson. This is a plea to the king in 1334, by Sir Robert Gray, the brother of Sir Thomas Gray.

"Robert Gray seeks the restoration of property in Berwickshire. 1) His father held a mill at Lauder and other tenements in Hydegate in Berwick in the time of King Alexander [1249-1286], but was ousted during the wars. This property is now in the king's hands. 2) He also held a third part of Simprim, as the heir of William de Fenton, which he lost at the same time. Regarding the mill at Lauder and the tenements in Berwick, they say that Robert de Gray senior had three sons, namely John, Robert and Thomas, and that he granted this property to his son Robert, who held it until he was ousted in the war by Andrew Gray, whose heirs were dispossessed by his forfeiture. The property is in the King's hands and has not been re-granted. 2) Regarding the land at Simprim they say that William de Fenton was seised in the time of King Alexander, and granted it to Geoffrey de Caldecotes and his heirs, who held it until they were dispossessed by the war of Edward I. William de Fenton re-entered it and enfeoffed Robert Gray, who was seised until he was removed by the war of Robert Bruce. William de Fenton re-entered it for the third time, and Robert de Caldecotes, son and heir of Geoffrey, recovered it against the said William by assize of morte d'ancestor, and was seised until he went into Scotland" [2].

Robert, the father of Sir Robert Gray the petitioner, lived in the second half of the thirteenth century, and was holding land on both sides of the border in Berwickshire and Northumberland. In 1296-7, at the outbreak of Edward I's wars with Scotland, such cross-border families had to make a choice between allegiance to the crown of England or Scotland. It appears from the above document that John, his eldest son, chose Scotland whilst his two younger sons, Thomas and Robert, chose to serve Edward I and II.

In late 1311, an entry in French in the register of Richard Kellawe, Bishop of Durham, records that Sir (sire) Robert Gray had held the manor of Heton [Heaton] in Norhamshire of the bishop of Durham, by the law of England [after the death of his wife] of the inheritance of his son John. John had died in Scotland not in the fealty of the king of England and the manor had been seized as a forfeit of war by Anthony Bek, Bishop of Durham [died 3 March 1311]. The king, during the vacancy of the see of Durham, had granted the manor of Heton to Walter de Wodeham, who had also died. Bishop Kellawe petitioned the king for the return of the manor [3].

The king's grant of Heton to Walter de Wodeham is recorded in the Patent Rolls: "1 April 1311, Grant, in fee, to Walter de Wodeham, king's yeoman, of the manor of Heton, with a toft and 3 acres of land in Norham, co. Northumberland, late of Juliana Gray, which, on account of the rebellion of John Gray her son and heir, was escheated" [4]. This gives us the name of Sir Robert Gray's wife, Julian. She was most probably the daughter and heiress of Sir William de Heton who was holding Heton at the time of the Testa de Nevill in 1284-5 [5]. This would explain why Sir Robert Gray was holding the land only by the courtesy of England after her death, of the inheritance of his son John.

Bishop Richard Kellawe was evidently successful in regaining the manor of Heton from the king, because on 28 October 1312, he granted and quitclaimed the manor of Heton in Norhamshire to Sir Thomas Gray, knight and Agnes his wife, and their heirs to hold of the bishop and his heirs in perpetuity [6]. This suggests that Thomas was the second son of Robert and was the next heir of his mother and brother John. Robert the third brother, had been granted property in Berwickshire by their father.

Sir Thomas, son of Sir Robert Gray of Heton married, before 1312, Agnes, whose parentage is unknown. He was probably born between 1275 and 1280. His son Sir Thomas Gray II, records in the Scalacronica that he was a soldier serving in Scotland in May 1297 when he survived an ambush on English forces by William Wallace [7]. He was knighted before 1302, when Sir Thomas Gray is recorded as serving in the garrison of Berwick. Gray spent most of his life in military service, either in Scotland or on the borders. He was constable of the strategically important border castle of Norham until 1328. He died shortly before 10 April 1344 when bishop Bury granted a pardon to Thomas son of Sir Thomas Gray, knight, deceased, for his father's transgressions [8].

Thomas Gray seems to have had only one son, Thomas who was born about 1315, the author of the Scalacronica, which he started writing when a prisoner of war in Scotland in 1355. Thomas and Agnes also had several daughters who were married into the northern English gentry. Some of these daughters have previously been discussed in this group. They are (in no particular order):

Margaret wife of Sir John Eure of Stokesley, Yorkshire (d. 21 March 1366). She died before 3 August 1378.

Isabel wife of Sir William Heron of Ford, Northumberland (d. 21 December 1379). She died after 1362.

Agnes wife of Sir Gerard Salvain of Harswell, Yorkshire (d. 1 August 1369). She died before 1362.

An unnamed daughter who married Sir William Felton of Northumberland (d. before 24 February 1360) as his first wife. She died before January 1332.

Possibly Alice wife of John Burradon of Eworth, Northumberland. She died s.p. before 1362.

Sir Robert son of Sir Robert Gray, the petitioner in 1334 for his father's property in Berwickshire, was also a soldier. Before January 1319 when he petitioned the king for payment of his wages, he had been sheriff of Lanark and constable of Rotherglen castle and in the garrison of Berwick-on-Tweed [9]. Raine says that he died in 1338 and was the ancestor of the Grays of Cornhill, but there is no clear evidence for this [10].

So the revised pedigree of Gray of Heton looks like this:

Best regards,


[1] Joseph Stevenson, ed., Scalacronica: By Sir Thomas Gray of Heton, Knight. A Chronicle of England and Scotland from A.D. MLXVI to A.D. MCCLXII. Now First Printed from the Unique Manuscript. With an Introduction and Notes, Maitland Club (Edinburgh, 1836), xxxiv.

[2] TNA: SC 8/115/5714A.

[3] Thomas Duffus Hardy, ed., Registrum Palatinum Dunelmense. The Register of Richard de Kellawe, Lord Palatinate and Bishop of Durham, 1311-1316, vol. 1, Rolls Series (London, 1873), 77-8.

[4] Calendar of Patent Rolls, Edward II, vol. 1, 1307-1313 (London, 1894), 337.

[5] James Raine, The History and Antiquities of North Durham (London, 1852), 326.

[6] Thomas Duffus Hardy, ed., Registrum Palatinum Dunelmense. The Register of Richard de Kellawe, Lord Palatinate and Bishop of Durham, 1311-1316, vol. 2, Rolls Series (London, 1874), 1170.

[7] Herbert Maxwell, ed., Scalacronica. The Reigns of Edward I, Edward II and Edward III as Recorded by Sir Thomas Gray (Glasgow, 1907), 18.

[8] G. W. Kitchin, ed., Richard D'Aungerville of Bury: Fragments of His Register, and Other Documents, Surtees Society 119, 1910, 58.

[9] Calendar of Close Rolls, Edward II: vol. 3: 1318-1323 (1895), 53

[10] Raine, The History and Antiquities of North Durham, 184. 
Gray, Thomas II (I3047)
2468 Author of the Scalacronica.

His grandson Sir Thomas Gray was one of the three conspirators in the 1415 "Southampton Plot" against Henry V.

Post to soc. genealogy.medieval, 11 Aug 2014:

From: John Watson
Subject: Origin of the Grays of Heton, Northumberland

Dear all,

One of the best examples of upward social mobility in fourteenth century England was that of the family of Gray of Heton (modern day Heaton, about two miles south of the River Tweed in Northumberland). Their origins are however, obscure. Almost all of the published materials concerning the early Gray family rely on one source; the pedigree shown in Joseph Stevenson's translation of the Scalacronica printed in 1836 [1]. Although Stevenson provides the documents upon which he based the pedigree, he apparently errs in the parentage of the first Sir Thomas Gray, who started the family's rise to fortune. Stevenson shows Thomas' father as another Sir Thomas Gray of Heton, son of a Sir John Gray of Berwick who died about 1246.

There is however, another medieval document, now in the National Archives, which shows the actual parentage of the first Sir Thomas Gray and which was apparently not noticed by Stevenson. This is a plea to the king in 1334, by Sir Robert Gray, the brother of Sir Thomas Gray.

"Robert Gray seeks the restoration of property in Berwickshire. 1) His father held a mill at Lauder and other tenements in Hydegate in Berwick in the time of King Alexander [1249-1286], but was ousted during the wars. This property is now in the king's hands. 2) He also held a third part of Simprim, as the heir of William de Fenton, which he lost at the same time. Regarding the mill at Lauder and the tenements in Berwick, they say that Robert de Gray senior had three sons, namely John, Robert and Thomas, and that he granted this property to his son Robert, who held it until he was ousted in the war by Andrew Gray, whose heirs were dispossessed by his forfeiture. The property is in the King's hands and has not been re-granted. 2) Regarding the land at Simprim they say that William de Fenton was seised in the time of King Alexander, and granted it to Geoffrey de Caldecotes and his heirs, who held it until they were dispossessed by the war of Edward I. William de Fenton re-entered it and enfeoffed Robert Gray, who was seised until he was removed by the war of Robert Bruce. William de Fenton re-entered it for the third time, and Robert de Caldecotes, son and heir of Geoffrey, recovered it against the said William by assize of morte d'ancestor, and was seised until he went into Scotland" [2].

Robert, the father of Sir Robert Gray the petitioner, lived in the second half of the thirteenth century, and was holding land on both sides of the border in Berwickshire and Northumberland. In 1296-7, at the outbreak of Edward I's wars with Scotland, such cross-border families had to make a choice between allegiance to the crown of England or Scotland. It appears from the above document that John, his eldest son, chose Scotland whilst his two younger sons, Thomas and Robert, chose to serve Edward I and II.

In late 1311, an entry in French in the register of Richard Kellawe, Bishop of Durham, records that Sir (sire) Robert Gray had held the manor of Heton [Heaton] in Norhamshire of the bishop of Durham, by the law of England [after the death of his wife] of the inheritance of his son John. John had died in Scotland not in the fealty of the king of England and the manor had been seized as a forfeit of war by Anthony Bek, Bishop of Durham [died 3 March 1311]. The king, during the vacancy of the see of Durham, had granted the manor of Heton to Walter de Wodeham, who had also died. Bishop Kellawe petitioned the king for the return of the manor [3].

The king's grant of Heton to Walter de Wodeham is recorded in the Patent Rolls: "1 April 1311, Grant, in fee, to Walter de Wodeham, king's yeoman, of the manor of Heton, with a toft and 3 acres of land in Norham, co. Northumberland, late of Juliana Gray, which, on account of the rebellion of John Gray her son and heir, was escheated" [4]. This gives us the name of Sir Robert Gray's wife, Julian. She was most probably the daughter and heiress of Sir William de Heton who was holding Heton at the time of the Testa de Nevill in 1284-5 [5]. This would explain why Sir Robert Gray was holding the land only by the courtesy of England after her death, of the inheritance of his son John.

Bishop Richard Kellawe was evidently successful in regaining the manor of Heton from the king, because on 28 October 1312, he granted and quitclaimed the manor of Heton in Norhamshire to Sir Thomas Gray, knight and Agnes his wife, and their heirs to hold of the bishop and his heirs in perpetuity [6]. This suggests that Thomas was the second son of Robert and was the next heir of his mother and brother John. Robert the third brother, had been granted property in Berwickshire by their father.

Sir Thomas, son of Sir Robert Gray of Heton married, before 1312, Agnes, whose parentage is unknown. He was probably born between 1275 and 1280. His son Sir Thomas Gray II, records in the Scalacronica that he was a soldier serving in Scotland in May 1297 when he survived an ambush on English forces by William Wallace [7]. He was knighted before 1302, when Sir Thomas Gray is recorded as serving in the garrison of Berwick. Gray spent most of his life in military service, either in Scotland or on the borders. He was constable of the strategically important border castle of Norham until 1328. He died shortly before 10 April 1344 when bishop Bury granted a pardon to Thomas son of Sir Thomas Gray, knight, deceased, for his father's transgressions [8].

Thomas Gray seems to have had only one son, Thomas who was born about 1315, the author of the Scalacronica, which he started writing when a prisoner of war in Scotland in 1355. Thomas and Agnes also had several daughters who were married into the northern English gentry. Some of these daughters have previously been discussed in this group. They are (in no particular order):

Margaret wife of Sir John Eure of Stokesley, Yorkshire (d. 21 March 1366). She died before 3 August 1378.

Isabel wife of Sir William Heron of Ford, Northumberland (d. 21 December 1379). She died after 1362.

Agnes wife of Sir Gerard Salvain of Harswell, Yorkshire (d. 1 August 1369). She died before 1362.

An unnamed daughter who married Sir William Felton of Northumberland (d. before 24 February 1360) as his first wife. She died before January 1332.

Possibly Alice wife of John Burradon of Eworth, Northumberland. She died s.p. before 1362.

Sir Robert son of Sir Robert Gray, the petitioner in 1334 for his father's property in Berwickshire, was also a soldier. Before January 1319 when he petitioned the king for payment of his wages, he had been sheriff of Lanark and constable of Rotherglen castle and in the garrison of Berwick-on-Tweed [9]. Raine says that he died in 1338 and was the ancestor of the Grays of Cornhill, but there is no clear evidence for this [10].

So the revised pedigree of Gray of Heton looks like this:

Best regards,


[1] Joseph Stevenson, ed., Scalacronica: By Sir Thomas Gray of Heton, Knight. A Chronicle of England and Scotland from A.D. MLXVI to A.D. MCCLXII. Now First Printed from the Unique Manuscript. With an Introduction and Notes, Maitland Club (Edinburgh, 1836), xxxiv.

[2] TNA: SC 8/115/5714A.

[3] Thomas Duffus Hardy, ed., Registrum Palatinum Dunelmense. The Register of Richard de Kellawe, Lord Palatinate and Bishop of Durham, 1311-1316, vol. 1, Rolls Series (London, 1873), 77-8.

[4] Calendar of Patent Rolls, Edward II, vol. 1, 1307-1313 (London, 1894), 337.

[5] James Raine, The History and Antiquities of North Durham (London, 1852), 326.

[6] Thomas Duffus Hardy, ed., Registrum Palatinum Dunelmense. The Register of Richard de Kellawe, Lord Palatinate and Bishop of Durham, 1311-1316, vol. 2, Rolls Series (London, 1874), 1170.

[7] Herbert Maxwell, ed., Scalacronica. The Reigns of Edward I, Edward II and Edward III as Recorded by Sir Thomas Gray (Glasgow, 1907), 18.

[8] G. W. Kitchin, ed., Richard D'Aungerville of Bury: Fragments of His Register, and Other Documents, Surtees Society 119, 1910, 58.

[9] Calendar of Close Rolls, Edward II: vol. 3: 1318-1323 (1895), 53

[10] Raine, The History and Antiquities of North Durham, 184. 
Gray, Thomas II (I3047)
2469 Author of the eye-searingly dreadful Puritan epic poem (and early bestseller) The Day of DoomWigglesworth, Rev. Michael (I15750)
2470 B. A., St. Mary's Hall, Oxford University, 1614.

Ordained, Church of England, 1619.

Three sources on him:

And one extremely well-done source, putting his eventful life into its historical context: 
Hull, Rev. Joseph (I7450)
2471 B.A. at Oxford, 1574; M.A. in 1576. Rector of Ledord, Devon 1580-83; Vicar of Crediton, Devon 1583 to his death; also Rector of Kenn, Devon to his death. Duncan, Peter (I18362)
2472 B.A. from Queen's College, Cambridge, 1573-74. M.A. from Corpus Christi, 1577. Master of Ipswich Grammar School, 1589-1610. Downing, George (I15390)
2473 B.A., Magdalen College, Cambridge, 1599; M.A., 1602. Rector of Hingham, Norfolk from 1605 to 1638, when he came to New England and was ordained teacher of the church at Hingham, Massachusetts in 1638. He returned permanently to England when, in 1641, the news reached New England that Bishop Matthew Wren had been declared unfit for office.

From Abandoning America (citation details below):

Robert Peck, born at Beccles, Suffolk, graduated MA from Magdalene College, Cambridge, in 1603. He became rector of Hingham, Norfolk, in 1605. He was convicted of nonconformity in 1615 and 1617. Samuel Harsnett, bishop of Norwich, censured Peck for catechising and singing psalms at his home on Sunday afternoons. As a result, Norwich citizens included Peck's case in a petition to the House of Commons against Harsnett. The bishop got Peck bound over at the quarter sessions in 1622 for holding conventicles, and in the consistory court it was alleged that Peck 'had infected the parish with strange opinions: as that people are not to kneel as they enter the church; that it is superstition to bow at the name of Jesus; and that the church is no more sacred than any other building'. Some of Peck's neighbours were said to believe that there was 'no Difference between an Alehouse and the Church, till the Preacher be in the Pulpit'. In 1630, Peck was one of four ministers among twelve 'trustees for the Religion in Norwich and Norfolk', who, in a similar fashion to the London Feoffees for Impropriations, worked to establish positions for zealous protestant preachers. Soon after, Peck joined the team of twelve ministers serving the Norwich 'combination lecture' at St George Tombland, the parish of William Bridge; other preachers included Jeremiah Burroughes and William Greenhill.

In the campaign for conformity led by Bishop Matthew Wren, Peck was excommunicated on 9 October 1636 and deprived of his living on 9 April 1638. According to petitions from his parishioners and his son Samuel -- included among papers presented in 1640 to the House of Commons against Wren -- Robert Peck had been excommunicated by Wren's chancellor, Clement Corbet, for not appearing in person at a visitation. Peck had requested absolution but Corbet refused this, according to Samuel Peck's account, unless his father agreed to 'alwayes preach in his surplesse, constantly use Common prayer, read second service att the high Altar, which they had caused to be built in the Chancell (with diverse other Articles commonly called Bishop Wrens pocket injuncions)'. Robert Peck would not assent, claiming the requirements had no legal force in the Church of England. On 4 November 1636, Corbet reported to Wren that Robert's son Thomas Peck had recently officiated at Hingham, and 'did nothing in order': Corbet called him to appear 'but he is returned into Essex from whence he came and it is rumorde the ould fox his father is kenelld ther'. (Thomas Peck had married Abigail, daughter of the well-known preacher John Rogers of Dedham, Essex.) The authorities sequestered tithes from Hingham, worth £160 according to the parishioners, £180 according to Samuel Peck. However, so 'addicted' to Robert Peck were his people that they paid their dues to him, or to his wife or deputies in his absence, defying Corbet. In light of Peck's obstinate refusal to repent, Corbet requested in June 1637 that the case should be taken to the Court of High Commission. On 9 March 1637/8, Corbet urged Wren to proceed against Peck, who had been called back to residence six months earlier but had not appeared. Corbet reported that Peck was soon to go to New England 'and carryeth [with him] many Housholdes in that and other townes adjacent, as I heare'. In the end, the authorities deprived Peck for nonresidency, 'notwithstanding', wrote his parishioners, 'he did alwayes abide in the said Towne where he had soe long lived'. Before Peck set off for New England, he made complex arrangements for family members left behind. He granted the profits of his living to his son Samuel, for maintenance. Samuel petitioned parliament for payment in 1640: this petition described Robert Peck, under threat of proceedings in the Court of High Commission, as 'inforced togeather with his wife and family in his old dayes to forsake his deare contry'. He and his wife were 'made Exiles in their old age'.

Robert Peck sailed for New England on the Diligent of Ipswich, which carried 135 East Anglian passengers. He arrived in New England on 10 August 1638, with his wife Ann, two servants, and two of his children, Joseph and Ann. His brother Joseph Peck emigrated with his family at the same time. On 28 November 1638, Robert Peck was ordained teacher at Hingham, Massachusetts, where Peter Hobart, who had grown up in Hingham, Norfolk, was pastor. Peck was granted land in 1638 and became a freeman on 13 March 1638/9. Thomas Lechford noted that Peck and Hobart 'refuse to baptize old Ottis grandchildren, an ancient member of their own Church'. The Hingham church seems to have included almost the whole community, but this case arose because in 1641 John Otis presented his granddaughter for baptism. Her father, Thomas Burton, had not joined a church, regarding it as a separatist act. Hobart and Peck initially refused baptism, adhering to the practice of baptising only the children of members, not their grandchildren. Later, after Peck's departure, Hobart baptised the child. In 1646 Hobart sided with Thomas Burton and Robert Child when they petitioned against, among other matters, restricted baptism.

Peck set sail for England on 27 October 1641, with his wife Ann and son Joseph. His daughter Ann stayed in New England, as did his brother Joseph. Robert Peck sailed in the same fleet as John Phillip. According to Cotton Mather, he went home at 'the Invitation of his Friends at Hingham in England'. His former parishioners had in fact petitioned the House of Commons in 1640, 'humbly crauing redresse that Mr Peck our old minister may be by law and justice of this Court returned to his old possession or att least some godly man may be placed amongst us'. Peck resumed his ministry at Hingham. The altar rails and mound at the east end of the chancel, erected on the orders of Bishop Wren's chancellor, Clement Corbet, were removed. On 5 July 1647, Captain John Mason, who had married Peck's daughter Ann, sold Peck's house and land in Hingham, Massachusetts. Peck died in 1656, or perhaps somewhat later. His will, made on 24 July 1651, was proved on 10 April 1658. Peck mentioned his wife Martha and asked to be buried at Hingham next to his former wife, Ann; also his sons Thomas, Samuel, Robert (deceased) and Joseph, and his daughter Ann, wife of John Mason of Connecticut. Peck's funeral sermon was preached by Nathaniel Jocelyn, pastor of Hardingham, Norfolk, near Hingham. 
Peck, Rev. Robert (I20566)
2474 Bailiff and receiver of Gommegines. Doyé, Antoine (I14909)
2475 Bailiff of Cotentin 1180; Sheriff of Wiltshire 1191-2; Keeper of Salisbury and Clarendon Castles; Warden of Gavray, Neaufle, and Similly Castles.

From Complete Peerage XII/2:16-18:

"Observations.--There can be little doubt that the families of Tregoz, centred in East Anglia and south-east England in the 12th century, were related, and it is very probable that the Tregoz lords of Ewyas Harold, co. Hereford, were also connected with these families. The name comes from Troisgots: Manche, arr. St. LÙ, cant. Tessy-sur-Vire.

"Robert de Tregoz [...] was active in Normandy during the reigns of Richard I and John. He was with the King there in 1190 and during the years 1194-99, being called the King's Steward in 1194; and was bailiff of the Cotentin in 1195 and 1197, and under John. An agreement made between King Richard and the Count of Flanders in 1197 was witnessed by Robert, who in 1200 was at the determination of the bounds between Evreux and Neufbourg after the peace between King John and Philip Augustus. During the years 1200-04 he was warden of the castles of Gavray, Neaufle and Similly, and custodian of the lands of Simon Pevilene; and in November 1204 he went on royal business to Flanders. He remained faithful to the English Crown after 1204, and his escheated lands in Trègots, Favarches and St. Romphaire were granted by Philip Augustus to Miles de Lèvis, November 1218. Robert went to the continent on royal business with William Marshal, Earl of Pembroke, in the spring of 1205. He was also active in England, holding many offices during the reign of Richard I. The castle of Salisbury was in his care, 1190-94, and again in 1198 and 1199; he was keeper of the royal houses at Clarendon, 1190-93, and sheriff of Wiltshire in 1191. He farmed Gastard, in Corsham, Wilts, 1191-94, was granted money from Warminster in 1193, and farmed the lands of Geoffrey Hose in Wilts, 1197-1200. He also farmed Bristol, 1196-99. Robert answered for the lands of Alan de Hairun in 1200, was granted estates, in payment of the King's debts to him, at Pencombe, co. Hereford, in 1205, and in the following year he received the manor of Chelworth, Somerset.

"He married, possibly in 1198, Sibyl, daughter and heir of Robert de Ewyas, lord of Ewyas Harold, co. Hereford, by Pernel (Petronilla), his wife (living 28 October 1204.) He died some time before 29 April 1215. Sibyl married, 2ndly, before 13 February 1216/7, Roger, son of Walter de Clifford, of Clifford Castle, co. Hereford. She died shortly before 1 July 1236." 
de Tregoz, Robert (I1042)
2476 Bailiff of Exeter, 1585. Perry, Richard (I18380)
2477 Bailiff of Exeter, 1590. He was an apothecary. Baskerville, Thomas (I18373)
2478 Bailiff of Gand. Pesquier, Nicolas (I14923)
2479 Bailiff of Norwich. Bateman, William (I14406)
2480 Bailiff of the Earl of Richmond. Knighted at the battle of Falkirk, 22 Jul 1298. le Scrope, William (I3518)
2481 Bailiff of the Forest of Macclesfield. Constable of Halton Castle. Esquire to Henry, Prince of Wales. Fought at Agincourt, emerging from the battle as a banneret. Savage, John (I15384)
2482 Baird (citation details below) calls her "of Worcestershire, in the Oblong." Also called Quaker Hill, the Oblong was an area in the lower part of Dutchess County, now in Putnam County.

From Descendants of David Akin of Newport, Rhode Island

[The following from the Daphne Brownell Loose Papers - Quakers Folder. Image also scanned]

Whereas Murray Lester of Crumelbow [Crum Elbow Monthly Meeting] in the County of Dutchess and province of New York son of Mordecai and Mary Lester of the same place, and Abigail Akin at Worstershire in the Oblong, daughter of David and Sarah Akin in the County aforesaid having declared their intentions of marriage with each other before several of the monthly meetings of the people called Quakers in the County of Westchester and Province aforesaid, according to the good order used amongt them whose proceedings thereinafter a deliberate consideration and having the consent of their parents and nothing appearing to obstruct were approved of by the said meeting.

Now these are to certifie all whom it may concern that for the full accomplishment of their said intentions on the third of the sixth month in the year of our Lord one thousand seven hundred and forty three they the said Murray Lester and Abigail Akin presented themselves in a public meeting of the said People and others at Worstershire in the Oblong aforesd, And then the said Murray Lester taking the said Abigail Akin by the hand and did in a solemn open manner declare that he took her to be his wife promising through the Lord assistance to be unto her a true and loving husband untill the Lord. by death shall separate them or to that effect and then and there in the same assembly the said Abigail Akin did in like open manner declare likewise...


Murray Lester
Abigail Lester
Phebe Ferris
Sarah Ferris
Hannah Thorn
Avis Soule
Mercy Fisk
Benjamin Ferris
Thomas Welles
John Ferris
Thomas Franklin
Joseph Ferris
Nathan Birdsell(Birdsall)
John Parke
Isaac Thorn
Aaron Haight
William Russell
Geo, Soule
William Field
Saml Watters 
Akin, Abigail (I919)
2483 Banished for nonconformity from a parish in Kent, he became a lecturer at the parish church of Halifax, and died there. Boyse, Rev. John (I13735)
2484 Baptised by Father Cassidy, sponsor Ellen Hinton. Newton, Elizabeth Ellen (I1560)
2485 Baptized as Demetrius. Iziaslav I Grand Prince of Kiev (I3811)
2486 Baptized into the LDS church 16 Jan 1834 in Ohio. Later lived in Nauvoo; arrived at the Salt Lake Valley in 1850. Hoopes, Jonathan (I8004)
2487 Baptized into the LDS, along with her husband and some of their children, 16 Apr 1833 in Villanova, New York. [Our Crandall and Beckstead Ancestors]

The baptisms were performed by Amasa M. Lyman and William F. Cahoon. [David Crandall]

In 1842, her sister Martha McBride became one of the plural wives of Joseph Smith. 
McBride, Margaret Ann (I11338)
2488 Baptized into the Mormon church in 1831. He baptized Eleazar Miller, who in turn baptized Brigham Young. His brother Alpheus Gifford baptized Heber C. Kimball.

He was a participant in Zion's Camp, 1834.

In 1835, he was ordained a Seventy and called to serve in the First Quorum of the Seventy, thus becoming one of the earliest General Authorities of the church.

More about him here
Gifford, Levi (I8516)
2489 Barbara Jean Crandall's "Our Family Through the Years"scrapbook has him born in Cedar, Nebraska.

A note on the back of a group photo of the Coston siblings says he "died of sickness before 1920s". In fact he died in 1933. 
Coston, Arthur Mitchell (I8868)
2490 Baron de Canilhac. de Canillac, Guillaume (I7875)
2491 Baron de Séverac. de Séverac, Déodat (I12565)
2492 Baron de Séverac. de Séverac, Guy VII (I7391)
2493 Baron de Séverac. de Séverac, Guy VIII dit le Posthume (I7375)
2494 Baron of Kinderton. de Venables, Hugh (I4932)
2495 Baron of the Exchequer.

"He joined the baronial host at Stamford in 1215, and entertained them at Bedford as they marched on London. He was among the baronial leaders excommunicated by name in Dec. 1215. [...] He was taken prisoner at Lincoln by the royal forces in May 1217, but made his peace before the end of the year." [Royal Ancestry
de Beauchamp, William (I9356)
2496 Baron of the Exchequer. Bowles, Thomas (I13561)
2497 Baron of the Exchequer. Smith, John (I13401)
2498 Bastard son of Raymond IV of Toulouse. Viscount of Toulouse and Montclar. Fought at Toulouse in 1211. de Bruniquel, Bertrand I (I7926)
2499 Battlefield ambulance driver, World War I. Also known as George. Nielsen, Victor Louis Sr. (I10713)
2500 Bayly was her maiden name as well as her married name, but neither her parents nor her husband's have been definitely identified. Bayly was a very common name in the parish of Bromham and surrounding area. Bayly, Ann (I12432)

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