Nielsen Hayden genealogy

Notes


Matches 2,001 to 2,500 of 7,966

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2001 Also called James de Biseche; de Bisey; de Bisley. de Bisege, James (I1266)
 
2002 Also called James de Neufmarche. de Newmarch, James (I8185)
 
2003 Also called James de St. James. Holder of both English and Breton lands. de St. Hilary du Harcourt, James (I9694)
 
2004 Also called James Stewart. 5th Steward of Scotland. fitz Alexander, James (I20906)
 
2005 Also called Jan II d'Avesnes. Count of Hainaut, Holland, and Zeeland. of Hainault, John II (I20671)
 
2006 Also called Jane Booth. Booth, Joan (I15189)
 
2007 Also called Jane Fraunceys, Joan, etc. According to some, she procured the initial Harcourt attacks on the Staffords of Grafton, murders which set off a feud that lasted from 1448 to 1471 and much reduced the families on both sides. Francis, Jane (I15233)
 
2008 Also called Jane Giffard. Giffard, Joan (I7284)
 
2009 Also called Jane; also called Belers, Bellairs, etc.

Several sources, including Royal Ancestry (vol. 1, p. 351), have Joan/Jane, daughter of James Beler and Margaret de Bernake, as having been married to Simon Digby and Thomas Seyton. But:

"Everard Seyton was the son of Sir John Seyton by his second wife a daughter of Digby. He died in 16 Edward IV [1477] leaving two infant daughters Joan and Anne. Everard Seyton received the estate of Maidwell, Northamptonshire as his inheritance. He is not mentioned in Vincent's pedigree of the family but his daughter Joan married Francis Metcalfe and upon her husband's demise conveyed the manors of Maydewell to John Seyton, esq. Her uncle had received the estate of Seyton in Rutlandshire upon his father's death in 1396. In 6 Henry VIII [1515] a fine was levied between Joan Metcalfe, widow, daughter to Everard Seyton, Esq. and John Seyton, Esq. This John Seyton was the second son of Thomas Seyton, Esq.; eldest son to John Seyton, Esq. by Jane Bellers his first wife." [The History and Antiquities of Northamptonshire, Compiled from the Manuscript Collections of the Late Learned Antiquary John Bridges, Esq. by Peter Whalley. Oxford: The Clarendon Press, 1791]

"Though the pedigree of the Seytons given in the visitation of Northamptonshire shows that John Seyton had a son Thomas and three grandsons, Martinsthorpe is said to have passed to William Feilding by his marriage with Agnes, daughter and heir of John de St. Liz or de Seyton." [VCH Rutland 2:84-85]

"John de Seyton [...] died at Jerusalem in 1396 and was succeeded by his son John. The latter held the manor until his death, which took place about 1436-7. His son Thomas de Seyton assigned it at that date in dower to his father's widow Joan." [VCH Buckinghamshire 2:334-35]

Just as a side note, the late Leo van de Pas's Genealogics site shows Joan/Jane Beler as having married Simon Digby and John Seyton (alias St. Liz). 
Beler, Joan (I17699)
 
2010 Also called Jane; also called Clerk, Clark. Rycote, Joan (I20015)
 
2011 Also called Jaroslav I Vladimirovich. Grand Prince of Kiev from 1019 to 1054. Yaroslav I "The Wise" Grand Prince of Kiev (I10565)
 
2012 Also called Jarsende. Mentioned 1026. Gersinde (I1869)
 
2013 Also called Jean d'Acre. Count of Montfort jure uxoris.

"Grand butler of France, 1258?; guardian and councillor, with his 2nd wife, Marie de Coucy, queen mother of Scotland, of Alexander III of Scotland 1257-1259; ambassador to Spain, 1275; administered Champagne for Blanche d'Artois and her 2nd husband Edmund of Lancaster, 1276-1284." [The Ancestry of Dorothea Poyntz, citation details below.] 
de Brienne, Jean (I16851)
 
2014 Also called Jean de Baugency; Johannes de Fissa. de la Flèche, Jean (I4401)
 
2015 Also called Jean de Pujols. Seigneur de Pujols.

From French-languge Wikipedia:

Origine de la famille de Blanquefort (troisie?me famille du nom de Roquefeuil)

Plusieurs hypothèses ont été émises quant à l'origine de la famille de Blanquefort, mais aucune n'a été prouvée. Henri Jougla de Morenas dans le Grand Armorial de France (1948) se contente de commencer la généalogie de cette famille à Jean de Blanquefort marié en 1393 à Catherine de Roquefeuil, héritière de la baronnie de Roquefeuil dont le fils Antoine prit le nom et les armes de Roquefeuil.

Louis de La Roque dans le Bulletin de la Socie?te? he?raldique et ge?ne?alogique de France (1879) écrit : «Le nom de cette dernière famille se rencontre en Guyenne dès le XIe siècle, mais sa filiation n'est établie régulièrement que depuis le commencement du XIVe siècle. Il y avait en Guyenne trois principales seigneuries du nom de Blanquefort: une dans le Médoc, une autre en Agenais et la troisième près de l'Isle-Jourdain. Chacune d'elles a pu donner son nom à une famille et il est difficile de constater quelle est celle qui fut le berceau de la maison de Blanquefort Roquefeuil.».

Issue des seigneurs de Blanquefort dans le Lot-et-Garonne

On trouve un Gaucerand seigneur de Blanquefort (Lot-et-Garonne), qui fut tué avant 1249 par Huc de Pujols. Selon Hippolyte de Barrau, Jean seigneur de Blanquefort et de Pujols (Lot-et-Garonne), marié en 1381 à Catherine de Roquefeuil était le fils de Hugues seigneur de Blanquefort et de Catherine de Madaillan de Lesparre, dame de Pujols et de Rauzan. 
de Blanquefort, Jean (I7252)
 
2016 Also called Jean of Bute. Macrory, Jean (I4188)
 
2017 Also called Jimena Munoz; Ximena Nunia de Guzman.

"Apparently between his first and second marriages [Alfonso VI] formed a liaison with Jimena Muñoz, a 'most noble' (nobilissima) concubine 'derived from royalty' (real generacion). She appears to have been put aside, given land in Ulver, at the time of Alfonso's remarriage. By her Alfonso had two illegitimate daughters, Elvira and Teresa." [Wikipedia] 
Moniz, Ximena (I248)
 
2018 Also called Joan Daundeley, etc. Richardson calls her "probably d'Aundeley". d'Aundeley, Joan (I21595)
 
2019 Also called Joan de Bocland, de Buckland. de Bocland, Juliana (I8890)
 
2020 Also called Joan de Campo Arnulphi. de Champernon, Joan (I7684)
 
2021 Also called Joan de Dalyngrigg. de Delingrige, Joan (I21754)
 
2022 Also called Joan de Gothart. de Gothayte, Joan (I21752)
 
2023 Also called Joan de Hobrugg. de Howbridge, Joan (I16675)
 
2024 Also called Joan de la Roche. Roches, Joan (I21552)
 
2025 Also called Joan de Lacy, Joan le Grammaire. of Chester, Joan (I5163)
 
2026 Also called Joan de Valletort. de Vautort, Joan (I8819)
 
2027 Also called Joan de Valletort. Elizabeth (I12297)
 
2028 Also called Joan Fitzgerald. fitz John, Joan (I17411)
 
2029 Also called Joan Hawey. de Halweia, Joan (I21698)
 
2030 Also called Joan of England.

"The agreement for Joan's marriage to Gilbert de Clare, earl of Hertford and Gloucester, was made in 1283. Gilbert and his first wife, Alice de la Marche, had had only two daughters; this marriage was dissolved in 1285, and a papal dispensation for the marriage to Joan was obtained four years later. Gilbert surrendered all his lands to the king, and they were settled jointly on Gilbert and Joan for their lives, and were then to pass to their children; if however the marriage was childless, the lands were to pass to Joan's children by any later marriage. The wedding took place at Westminster in early May 1290." [Oxford Dictionary of National Biography]

Because of this agreement, Joan remained in control of the estates following Gilbert's death in 1295. Her father intended for her to marry Amadeus V of Savoy, but instead she secretly married Ralph de Monthermer, a squire of Earl Gilbert's household whom she had previously persuaded her father to knight. "She is reputed to have said 'It is not ignominious or shameful for a great and powerful earl to marry a poor and weak woman; in the reverse case it is neither reprehensible or difficult for a countess to promote a vigorous young man.'" [Oxford Dictionary of National Biography] Her enraged father slapped de Monthermer into prison and seized all of Joan's lands, but through the mediation of Anthony Bek, Bishop of Durham, father and daughter were reconciled and her estates restored to her. Subsequently the king "became much attached to his new son-in-law, who was summoned to Parliament as Earl of Gloucester and Hertford during the minority of his step-son Gilbert de Clare." [Royal Ancestry] De Monthermer went on to serve in a variety of offices and military roles. 
of Acre, Joan (I945)
 
2031 Also called Joan of Lusignan, Joan d'Angouleme. de la Marche, Joan (I16805)
 
2032 Also called Joan Plantagenet.

Died of the plague. 
of Lancaster, Joan (I6887)
 
2033 Also called Joan Shaylord. Shallarde, Joan (I12969)
 
2034 Also called Joan. Angevine, Jane (I333)
 
2035 Also called Joceline de Pulford. de Pulford, Joan (I15568)
 
2036 Also called Jochem Wouterse. Of Flushing and Midwood (Midwout), Long Island, 1667-1683. Also may have lived at Tarrytown. Van Wert, Jochim Wouterszen (I5902)
 
2037 Also called John Babcock.

"John Babcock and his family were the only settlers to stay in Westerly during [King Philip's War], seeking protection from Connecticut. He joined the Stonington militia, and, according to tradition, was engaged in the 'Great Swamp Fight' on 19 Dec. 1675, the very day his son Elihu was born. While Westerly was controlled by Connecticut he was a freeman of that colony, but upon the conclusion of the war the town passed back under the jurisdiction of Rhode Island, even though Connecticut did not give up her claim to the area until 1728. On 12 June 1678 he was elected by the General Assembly of Rhode Island as Conservator of the Peace for Westerly. He served as Deputy from Westerly to the General Assembly in 1682 and 1684." [Ancestral Lines, Third Edition, citation details below.] 
Badcock, John (I212)
 
2038 Also called John Bird de Cherlton. Bird, John (I1246)
 
2039 Also called John Bountle. Bonville, John (I13000)
 
2040 Also called John Bourchier. A judge and holder of many other public offices, he first appears as a deputy of Robert de Vere, earl of Oxford, summoned to represent de Vere in the parliament of 1306. By 1322 he had become an energetic supporter and ally of the Despensers. Entertainingly, in October 1323 he opened an investigation into reports of miracles in Bristol at the place of Henry Montfort's and Henry Wylyngton's execution. After the fall of the Despensers and Edward II, he managed to survive and maintain his political position; in January 1327, he took an oath in the London Guildhall to safeguard Queen Isabella and her eldest son, and he was reappointed justice of the common pleas in March of the same year. Bousser, John (I14342)
 
2041 Also called John Bruyn. Bruen, John (I15182)
 
2042 Also called John Charleton. Chorleton, John (I6720)
 
2043 Also called John de Balliol. Died at a tournament. fitz John, Roger (I5886)
 
2044 Also called John de Bella Aqua. de Bellew, John (I18850)
 
2045 Also called John de Bellew. de Bella Aqua, John (I9668)
 
2046 Also called John de Bradenstoke. Russell, John (I11257)
 
2047 Also called John de Calverley, the name he used when knighted sometime prior to Septebmber 1346. Scot, John (I5086)
 
2048 Also called John de Hedersete. of Hethersett, John (I19129)
 
2049 Also called John de Langelonde. Knight of the shire for Somerset, 1363. Sheriff of Somerset and Dorset, 1365-68. de Longland, John (I15354)
 
2050 Also called John de Legh, from his mother's manor of Legh, his birthplace and early residence. de Venables, John (I15582)
 
2051 Also called John de Sulney, de Soligny. Seignur of Combourg. de Dol, Jean (I12304)
 
2052 Also called John de Warkworth. Magna Carta surety. Sheriff of Norfolk 1215. fitz Robert, John (I8037)
 
2053 Also called John Extraneus. le Strange, John (I10416)
 
2054 Also called John Holforde, Holdford. Sheriff of Flintshire; justice of the peace for Cheshire. According to Ormerod he was also sheriff of Cheshire in about 1541. Holford, John (I15190)
 
2055 Also called John Laigh. He was a prominent citizen of Lyme and represented the town several times in the Connecticut General Court. Lee, John (I18631)
 
2056 Also called John Meye.

From Wikipedia:

He was a native of Suffolk and brother of William May. He matriculated as a pensioner of Queens' College, Cambridge, on 2 May 1544. He was appointed bible-clerk of his college, and in 1550 proceeded B.A., being elected fellow in 1550. He commenced M.A. in 1553, and acted as bursar of the college during 1553, 1554, and 1555. Queens' was split in religious sympathies in the Marian period, and May belonged to the Catholic group rather than the reformers.

At midsummer 1557, he was ordained priest, and on 16 November following he was instituted to the rectory of Aston Sandford, Buckinghamshire, owned by Edward de Vere, resigning in 1558. In 1559 he was elected to the mastership of Catharine Hall, Cambridge. In 1560 he commenced B.D., and was collated to the rectory of Long Stanton St. Michael, Cambridgeshire. In 1562 Archbishop Matthew Parker collated him to the rectory of North Creake, Norfolk; and he held also the moiety of the rectory of Darfield, Yorkshire. About 1564 he obtained a canonry of Ely, which he held until May 1582. Also, in 1564 he was created D.D.

In 1565 he was nominated one of the Lent preachers at court. On 26 September in that year he was collated by Archbishop Parker to the rectory of St. Dunstan-in-the East, London, which he vacated in January 1574. He was admitted to the archdeaconry of the East Riding of Yorkshire by proxy on 3 August 1569, in person on 8 October 1571, and retained it until the end of 1588. He served the office of vice-chancellor of the University of Cambridge for the year from November 1569, and was in a commission to visit King's College, Cambridge, in a state of confusion over the conduct of Dr. Philip Baker, the Provost.

Through the influence of George Talbot, 6th Earl of Shrewsbury, May was raised to the see of Carlisle, being consecrated on 29 September 1577. He obtained the Queen's licence to hold his other preferments in commendam, but had long-term financial troubles. From his correspondence with Shrewsbury, he appears to have taken a serious interest in Scottish affairs. On 15 February 1593, the Queen presented William Holland to the rectory of North Creake, which May still held, and there arose a suit in the Queen's bench; it was held that the rectory might be treated as void by reason of May having been subsequently inducted to Darfield.

May died at Rose Castle on 15 February 1598, being about seventy years of age. He was buried at Carlisle, according to the parish register of Dalston, Cumbria, a few hours after his death, which was probably caused by the plague.

May wrote some plays, now lost, which were acted by the members of Queens' College in 1551 and 1553. He was concerned in the compilation of the statutes given to the university by Elizabeth in 1570. Among the Tanner manuscripts in the Bodleian Library are some notes of a sermon which he preached at Paul's Cross in 1565. 
May, John Bishop of Carlisle (I18558)
 
2057 Also called John of Chester. Earl of Lincoln. Magna Carta surety.

Hereditary Constable of Chester; Keeper of Duninton Castle 1214; Constable of Whitchurch Castle 1233; Privy Councillor 1237; Sheriff of Cheshire 1237; Constable of Chester and Beeston Castles 1237.

"In 1218 he went on the Fifth Crusade with Earl Ranulf of Chester and was present at the siege of Damietta." [The Ancestry of Dorothea Poyntz, citation details below.] 
de Lacy, John (I3804)
 
2058 Also called John Palgrave. Pagrave, John (I13607)
 
2059 Also called John Palgrave. One of the trustees of William Paston (1378-1444), the senior William Paston of the Paston Letters. He is named several times in Paston's will, dated 31 Jan 1444.

"On 19 May 1448 Margaret Paston mentions him in a letter to her husband, John, as having gone with him to the Prior of Norwich regarding an assault committed by one Wymondham on Sir James Gloys, a friend of the Pastons. On 23 April 1452, he was one of the Norfolk gentlemen who addressed the Sheriff of Norfolk regarding a memorial sent to the Duke of Norfolk concerning the assaults and riots committed by Charles Nowell upon John Paston and 'others of owre kynne, frendes, and neyghborys'. On 16 May 1455, Thomas Canon the elder of Pagrave Magna, wrote to John Paston offering to sell land in Pagrave Pava and Lytyldenham, called 'Strangys' on condition he 'keep it counsel' from John Pagrave until they have agreed." [G. Andrews Moriarty, citation details below.]

The Paston Letters: A Selection in Modern Spelling ed. Norman Davis (Oxford University Press) conflates this John Palgrave with his son, saying (footnote 3, page 11) that the John Palgrave who was "a friend of the Paston family and one of William [Paston]'s trustees" married Margaret Yelverton, daughter of the judge William Yelverton. This is not chronologically plausible. This John Paston's son, born around 1445, is the one who married Margaret, who lived to 1513. 
Pagrave, John (I16954)
 
2060 Also called John Poher. Power, John (I17807)
 
2061 Also called John Read. Rede, John (I16937)
 
2062 Also called John Stepulton. Knight of the shire for Shropshire, 1421. Stapleton, John (I15258)
 
2063 Also called John Swillington. Hopton, John (I17081)
 
2064 Also called John the Marshal.

Wikipedia:

"John FitzGilbert the Marshal of the Horses [...] was a minor Anglo-Norman nobleman during the reign of King Stephen, and fought in the 12th century civil war on the side of Empress Matilda. Since at least 1130 and probably earlier, he had been the royal marshal to King Henry I. When Henry died, John FitzGilbert swore for Stephen and was granted the castles of Marlborough and Ludgershall, Wiltshire during this time. Along with Hamstead Marshal, this gave him control of the valley of the River Kennet in Wiltshire. Around 1139, John changed sides and swore for the Empress Matilda. In September 1141, Matilda fled the siege of Winchester and took refuge in the Marshal's castle at Ludgershall. While covering her retreat from Winchester, John Marshal was forced to take refuge at Wherwell Abbey. The attackers set fire to the building, and John lost an eye to dripping lead from the melting roof.

"In 1152, John had a celebrated confrontation with King Stephen, who had besieged him at Newbury Castle. After John had broken an agreement to surrender, Stephen threatened to kill his son, whom John had given as a hostage. John refused, saying he could make more sons, but Stephen apparently took pity on the young boy and did not kill him. The boy grew up to be William Marshal, 1st Earl of Pembroke, a legendary figure in medieval lore, and one of the most powerful men in England." 
fitz Gilbert, John (I365)
 
2065 Also called Jolanta, Yolande. of Hungary, Violant (I20665)
 
2066 Also called Joldewyn, de Sulney, de Soligny. de Dol, Geldouin (I12303)
 
2067 Also called Jordan Fitzstephen. Haccombe, Jordan (I8286)
 
2068 Also called Joris Dirckez Brinckerhoff, Joris Dirksen Brinckerhoff, Joris Dircksen Brinkerhoff.

Emigrated from Vlissengen in the Netherlands in 1638 with his wife. He was a magistrate of Brooklyn from 1654 to 1660, and an elder in the Reformed Dutch church of Brooklyn at his death. 
Dircksen, Joris (I16750)
 
2069 Also called Josfred. Count of Provence. Geoffrey I (I3929)
 
2070 Also called Joyce de Mortimer. la Zouche, Joyce (I3663)
 
2071 Also called Judicael Berenger. Count of Rennes. Bérenger, Juhel (I10893)
 
2072 Also called Judith de Rennes. Founded the abbey of Bernay, Normandy. of Brittany, Judith (I10415)
 
2073 Also called Judith de Roucy. de Roucy, Yvette (I11112)
 
2074 Also called Judith of Bohemia. Premyslid, Judith Princess of Bohemia (I3814)
 
2075 Also called Judith of Flanders. of France, Judith (I7892)
 
2076 Also called Judith of Swabia. of Swabia, Bertha (I2383)
 
2077 Also called Judith. of Luxembourg, Jutta (I7090)
 
2078 Also called Judith. Said to have been born Judith or Goodeth Itchenor, without any proof to the best of our knowledge. Whether that was her original surname or not, the 25 Mar 1670 death date of "Goodeth Copp" is clearly visible on her headstone at Copp's Hill Burying Ground, shown on her Find a Grave page. Goodeth (I17744)
 
2079 Also called Jutta, Julitta, Ita, Judith von Österreich. of Babenberg, Judith (I9565)
 
2080 Also called Karolus Magnus; Charles the Great; Karl der Große.

Tradition says he was born in 742. A few sources say 748.

Using Ahnentafel numbering, the ten proven ancestors of Charlemagne look like this:

1. Charlemagne
2. Pepin the Short, father
3. Bertrade of Laon, mother
4. Charles Martel, father's father
5. Rotrude, father's mother
6. Caribert of Laon, mother's father
7. ---
8. Pepin of Herstal, father's father's father
9. Alpaida, father's father's mother
10. ---
11. ---
12. ---
13. Bertrada of Prüm, mother's father's mother
14. ---
15. ---
16. Ansegisel, father's father's father's father
17. Begga, father's father's father's mother

The ancestry shown on this tree for Bertrada of Prum (#13), Ansegisel (#16), and St. Begga (#17) is well-informed speculation, mostly from the work of Christian Settipani as reported by English-speaking genealogists. Arnulf (582-640), bishop of Metz, is widely accepted as father of Ansegisel, but beyond that it's pretty much a set of hypotheses put together from circumstantial evidence by very smart people. 
Charlemagne (I8789)
 
2081 Also called Kenneth. Cainneach (I10149)
 
2082 Also called King of the Picts. Buide, Eochu King of Dal Riata (I2829)
 
2083 Also called Konrad der Ältere. Duke of Thuringia 892-93. Founder of the Conradine dynasty. Died in battle. the Elder, Conrad (I668)
 
2084 Also called Kresinová.

From Wikipedia:

"The historian Cosmas of Prague recorded the legend of Oldrich and Božena, in his Chronica Boemorum ("Chronicle of the Bohemians"). According to the legend, the young (and married) Oldrich set out on a hunt and travelled to Peruc. There, he spied a beautiful peasant girl, Božena, by a well known today as Božena's Spring and was immediately entranced by her.

"Oldrich abandoned his hunt and took Božena back to Prague, where she eventually gave birth to his illegitimate son Bretislaus. In the legend, Oldrich's first meeting with Božena took place in sight of the Oldrich Oak.

"Božena was indeed the savior of the Czech House of Premysl. Oldrich had two brothers, but one of them, Jaromír, was castrated by the eldest sibling, Boleslaus III. Boleslaus himself was imprisoned in Poland, possibly having only a daughter. Thus Oldrich was the one Premyslid able to have a son and heir. His first wife is thought to have borne no children.

"Božena's low birth is alluded to in the chronicle of Cosmas, which states that Oldrich first met her 'riding through the village'. The illegitimate birth of her son Bretislaus to a low-born mother is believed to have made it necessary for him to resort to abduction when he later sought to marry a noble bride (Judith of Schweinfurt). At any rate, she was held to be a peasant woman already by the author of the early 14th-century Chronicle of Dalimil." 
Bozena (I3758)
 
2085 Also called Kunizza, Chuniza. Link between the House of Welf (including its descendants the dukes of Brunswick, the electors and kings of Hanover, and the kings of Great Britain), and the elder Welfs. See thisof Altdorf, Kunigunde (I1508)
 
2086 Also called l'Estendart. Stendardo, Isabella (I22029)
 
2087 Also called La Maubergeonne; Amauberge. Mistress to William IX of Aquitaine, father of her son-in-law. de l'Isle Bouchard, Dangereuse (I2596)
 
2088 Also called La Maubergeonne; Amauberge. The latter may have been her actual baptismal name.

Mistress to William IX of Aquitaine, father of her son-in-law. 
de l'Isle Bouchard, Dangereuse (I2596)
 
2089 Also called Lachlan, de Galwaye, Galloway. "Known in his youth as Lachlan, his preference in adulthood for being known as Roland, the Norman-French equivalent of Lachlan, symbolizes the spread of foreign influences into Galloway which followed the overthrow in 1160 of his grandfather, Fergus of Galloway." [Oxford Dictionary of National Biography]

Hereditary Constable of Scotland, 1196-1200 (jure uxoris). 
fitz Uchtred, Roland (I6316)
 
2090 Also called Lampert of Salerno. of Spoleto, Lamberto (I10316)
 
2091 Also called Lancelin; Lancelino de Balgentiaco; Lancelin de Balgenziaco. de Baugency, Landry (I5271)
 
2092 Also called Landéric; Landry de Nevers. Count of Nevers. de Maers, Landry (I8287)
 
2093 Also called Laurence de Saint Sepulchre. de Rouen, Laurence (I1281)
 
2094 Also called le Botiller, Butler, etc. Knight of the shire for Lancashire 1366, 1372, 1376, 1377, 1378, 1380, 1388, 1397. Sheriff of Lancashire 1371-74. Steward of the Wapentakes of West Derby and Salford, Lancashire for John of Gaunt. Constable of Liverpool Castle 1374.

"In 1385 he accompanied Ferdinand, Master of the Order of St. James of Portugal, to Portugal on an embassy regarding the claims of John of Gaunt to the throne of Castile. In 1386 he was one of the commissioners appointed to hear the depositions in the heraldic suit between Scrope and Grosvenor. In 1389 he went on the expedition to Barbary, was taken prisoner, and was ransomed the following year." [Royal Ancestry
le Boteler, John (I13484)
 
2095 Also called Lecia. Leticia (I13360)
 
2096 Also called Leonor.

"Of all Eleanor of Aquitaine's daughters, her namesake was the only one who was enabled, by political circumstances, to wield the kind of influence her mother had exercised. In her own marriage treaty, and in the first marriage treaty for her daughter Berengaria, Eleanor was given direct control of many lands, towns, and castles throughout the kingdom. She was almost as powerful as Alfonso, who specified in his will in 1204 that she was to rule alongside their son in the event of his death, including taking responsibility for paying his debts and executing his will. It was she who persuaded him to marry their daughter Berengaria to Alfonso IX of León. Troubadours and sages were regularly present in Alfonso VIII's court due to Eleanor's patronage." [Wikipedia] 
of England, Eleanor (I6693)
 
2097 Also called Lidy; Indy. Sumner, Lydia (I9743)
 
2098 Also called Lietard de Marle. Seigneur de Marle. de Roucy, Liétaud (I5694)
 
2099 Also called Lorette, Laurette, de Dover, de Chilham. de Douvres, Lora (I15337)
 
2100 Also called Louis de Scarpone. Count of Montbéliard. de Montbéliard, Louis (I10230)
 
2101 Also called Louis the Debonaire; Louis the Fair; Louis le Pieux; Ludwig der Fromme; Hludowicus. Louis I "The Pious" Holy Roman Emperor (I7537)
 
2102 Also called Lucy de Aulnay. de Rumilly, Lucy (I1320)
 
2103 Also called Lucy de Bellew. Lucia (I367)
 
2104 Also called Lucy of Gloucester. of Hereford, Lucy (I78)
 
2105 Also called Ludolph. Count/duke of eastern Sachsen (Saxony). His remains were later transferred to Gandersheim Abbey in lower Saxony. Liudolf (I160)
 
2106 Also called Luitgarde de Cleves. of Luxembourg, Luitgard (I10903)
 
2107 Also called Luitgarde of Chiny. von Bidgau, Luitgarde (I3965)
 
2108 Also called Mabel Fitz Hamon. fitz Robert, Mabel (I6120)
 
2109 Also called Mabel le Meschin. of Chester, Mabel (I3150)
 
2110 Also called Mabel Talvas; Dame de Alencon, de Seez, and Belleme; Countess of Shrewsbury and Lady of Arundel.

From the Oxford Dictionary of National Biography:

Earl Roger's first wife, Mabel de Bellême, has been depicted unforgettably for posterity by Orderic Vitalis, though that historian never saw her. He describes her as 'a forceful and worldly woman, cunning, garrulous, and extremely cruel', 'a perfidious woman', and 'a cruel woman, who had shed the blood of many and had forcibly disinherited many lords'; and he recounts several stories to her discredit related to him by colleagues at St Evroult. Whatever allowances can be made for Mabel there must have been something particularly aggressive and brutal about her for four of her vassals to ride at night into her castle at Bures [-sur-Dives] and cut off her head as she lay in bed after a bath. Her murderer Hugh Bunel was among those whom she had disinherited and was never caught. The date of the murder must be December 1077, not 1082 as long accepted from a marginal note in the editio princeps of Orderic. There is evidence that Mabel, like a very few other baronial wives, was a tenant-in-chief in England, but no evidence that she ever visited that land or the Montgomery estates there. 
de Bellême, Mabel (I6486)
 
2111 Also called Mabira of Gloucester. fitz Robert, Mabel (I7761)
 
2112 Also called Mabirie; Maud; Mabel de Beaumont; Mabel de Dunstanville. de Meulan, Mabel (I10783)
 
2113 Also called Mac Orbba, Mac Forba. Forbba, Mac (I3569)
 
2114 Also called Machaldis, Matildis, Mathildis, Matirdis, etc. Also called Mathilde von Kärnten. of Carinthia, Mathilde (I2561)
 
2115 Also called Mael Coluim mac Cinaeda. Malcolm II King of Scotland (Alba) (I9730)
 
2116 Also called Mael Coluim mac Domnaill.

"[H]e is said by conflicting sources to have been killed by the men of Mearns at Fodresach, or by the men of Moray at Ulurn/Ulnem." [The Henry Project] 
Malcolm I King of Scotland (Alba) (I10605)
 
2117 Also called Mael Coluim. Earl of Angus.

"Malcolm, Earl of Angus [S.], s. and h., witnessed a charter as Earl of Angus (simply) 22 Apr. 1231, and is called Earl of Angus and Caithness in 1232, most probably from having the last named Earldom in ward. He m. Mary, da. and h. of Sir Humphrey Berkeley. He was living 1237, when he took part in the Convention of York, but d. before 1242." [Complete Peerage I:146] 
Malcolm (I9531)
 
2118 Also called Mahaud; Maud; Mathilde d'Alsace; Mathilde of Flanders. of Boulogne, Machtild (I1787)
 
2119 Also called Mahaut de Louvain; Maud de Leuven; Mathilda of Lens. of Louvain, Mathilde (I4652)
 
2120 Also called Mahaut; Maud; Matilda; Mafalda de Saboia. of Savoy, Mafalda (I9081)
 
2121 Also called Malemayns. Malmains, Pernel (I19014)
 
2122 Also called Malhuedoc. Count of Poher. Matuedoi (I12937)
 
2123 Also called Malus Transitus, for reasons not clear to us.

"John Mautravers, brother of Walter, and eldest surviving son and heir of John; a knight of William, Earl Marshal, took part with the Barons in 1215, but returned to his allegiance in 1217; he was named in commissions in Dorset and Wilts, 1219 and August 1220; he was dead before the end of 1220. He married Hawise, who was living in 1222." [Complete Peerage VIII:578] 
Mautravers, John (I10844)
 
2124 Also called Manser; Mancel.

Steward to Henry II by 1153. 
Biset, Manasser (I11151)
 
2125 Also called Marared of Powys. verch Madog, Margred (I16)
 
2126 Also called Margaret Barnard, Margaret Bernard, Margaret Bernack. de Bernake, Margaret (I17706)
 
2127 Also called Margaret Coveral, Calverall. Barker, Margaret (I10948)
 
2128 Also called Margaret Daniers, Daniell. Danyers, Margaret (I15473)
 
2129 Also called Margaret de Beaumont. of Leicester, Margaret (I11363)
 
2130 Also called Margaret de Clare. fitz Gilbert, Margaret (I290)
 
2131 Also called Margaret de Egerton. Malpas, Margaret (I7246)
 
2132 Also called Margaret de Fixby. de Fixby, Maud (I1776)
 
2133 Also called Margaret de Rye or de Ryes. fitz Eudes, Margaret (I5466)
 
2134 Also called Margaret Eardiston. de Erdington, Margaret (I761)
 
2135 Also called Margaret Jennison; Jemison. Jameson, Margaret (I17898)
 
2136 Also called Margaret Marshal. le Gras, Margaret (I11531)
 
2137 Also called Margaret of Wessex; Margaret of England.

"Saint Margaret of Scotland (c. 1045 - 16 November 1093), also known as Margaret of Wessex, was an English princess of the House of Wessex. Margaret was sometimes called 'The Pearl of Scotland.' Born in exile in Hungary, she was the sister of Edgar Aetheling, the short-ruling and uncrowned Anglo-Saxon King of England. Margaret and her family returned to England in 1057, but fled to the Kingdom of Scotland following the Norman conquest of England of 1066. Around 1070 Margaret married Malcolm III of Scotland, becoming his queen consort. She was a pious woman, and among many charitable works she established a ferry across the Firth of Forth for pilgrims travelling to Dunfermline Abbey, which gave the towns of South Queensferry and North Queensferry their names. Margaret was the mother of three kings of Scotland and of a queen consort of England. According to the Life of Saint Margaret, attributed to Turgot of Durham, she died at Edinburgh Castle in 1093, just days after receiving the news of her husband's death in battle. In 1250 she was canonised by Pope Innocent IV, and her remains were reinterred in a shrine at Dunfermline Abbey. Her relics were dispersed after the Scottish Reformation and subsequently lost." [Wikipedia
of Scotland, St. Margaret (I2483)
 
2138 Also called Margaret Ormond. Butler, Margaret (I16811)
 
2139 Also called Margaret verch Gruffud. de la Pole, Margaret (I4511)
 
2140 Also called Margaret; also called Meyers. Settlers of the Beekman Patent calls her Margret Meyrinck. Zabriskie (citation details below) says "Margrietje was the daughter of Jan Meyers and his wife Teuntje Straitsman. She and her half-brother, Laurens Haff were born in Brazil. The exact spelling of Margrietje's surname is uncertain, but the frequent use of the suffixes 'in' and 'ing' plus the almost complete absence of her patronymic 'Jans,' suggests German rather than Low Dutch ancestry. Her step father, Gabriel Carbosie, was a German."

She joined the New Amsterdam Dutch Reformed church on 31 May 1674.

A vignette at Acree/Sachse/Hoover/Ogden/Skipworth/Nelson/TenEyck/Williamson & Associated Families says:

MARGARET JANSEN MEYERS (c1638-1704) was born near Recife, Pernambuco, Brazil, to Jan Meyers and Teuntje Straitsman, Germans attached to the Dutch West India Company, the expansive trading/colonizing agency that administered this rich sugar-producing region which the Dutch wrested from the Portuguese in 1630. Her father died before she was ten and her mother married Jurian Haff, by whom she had a son, Laurens [...]

By early 1654, when the Portuguese finally won a nine-year war and obliged the besieged Dutch settlers to leave Brazil, Teuntje was again widowed, with a second daughter, Annetje, by her third husband, who was missing. She and her three children sailed to the Netherlands with most of the other settlers. The West India Company encouraged the displaced colonists to emigrate to New Netherland (New York). Margaret moved there in 1657 upon marrying Herman Jansen Van Lennep, who was recruiting settlers. They were accompanied by her half brother, half-sister and Teuntje, who married for the fourth time upon arrival.

When Herman died two years later, leaving Margaret with a son, she married Hendrick Martensen Wiltsie, a professional soldier from Copenhagen (the beneficiary of an enduring, fabricated parentage written by a fanciful descendant). While living in New Amsterdam (lower Manhattan), the couple successfully sued a man for damages after his boat collided with their canoe. Teuntje had less luck in court, where she was fined on her second appearance for abusing neighbors who had insulted her.

Margaret and her husband moved to Wiltwyck (Kingston), where Hendrick was assigned to the Dutch garrison. That village was raided in mid-1663 by the Esopus Indians, who burned it to the ground, killing or capturing many residents. Hendrick, captured with one of his children, was erroneously reported killed, but both were rescued three months later. The following year Hendrick's military career ended when the English conquered New Netherland. He became a farmer and businessman at Newtown (Queens, NYC), where the couple reared their nine children. Margaret died in 1704. Hendrick remarried the following year and died at the age of 89 in 1712. Teuntje had died in 1662, soon after collecting wages owed her third husband, who [was presumed to have] died on the island of Guadeloupe. [...He] miraculously appeared in New Netherland in the mid-1670s, re-united with his daughter and remarried. 
Meijering, Margrietje (I4690)
 
2141 Also called Margery de Argentom. VCH Bedford erroneously calls her a daughter, rather than granddaughter, of Robert de Broy. de Argentein, Margery (I7015)
 
2142 Also called Margery Fitz Richard. Fitzurse, Margery (I6979)
 
2143 Also called Margery; Margaret of Gloucester; Margaret de Bohun.

"At the time that she became an heiress Margaret was recently widowed and in her forties. She outlived her husband by thirty years or more, never remarrying, and during her lengthy widowhood proved herself an ambitious matriarch, a conscientious donor to the church (clauses in some of her charters suggest that she had a keen and vigorous religious faith), a tough legal adversary, and a striking figure in the history of her family. Not only do certain statements in her charters articulate an intimate concern for the spiritual wellbeing of her immediate family, but Margaret was evidently also determined to see the Gloucester family's material interest, their extensive lands and honours, united in her own descendants. By 1173, if not earlier, her son and heir Humphrey had succeeded to the royal constableship first granted to her grandfather about 1114. After her son's death in 1181, Margaret took custody of her grandson Henry de Bohun and his lands, and shortly after her own death Henry was made earl of Hereford and constable of England by King John. In widowhood Margaret was also actively involved in the religious affairs of her family and, like many long-lived women of the medieval period, appears to have taken her commemorative, spiritual duties seriously--a concern perhaps enhanced by the deaths of a great number of her closest kin during her lifetime. She appears as grantor, confirmer, or witness on no less than thirty-three of her family's charters, most of them issued to her father's Augustinian foundation of Llanthony Secunda, just outside Gloucester, the mausoleum of her natal family and ultimately her own final resting place. Her charters to the Llanthony canons speak of an anxiety to make good on the unfulfilled eleemosynary promises of her brothers and to rescue their souls from the danger of hell (a periculo Inferni). She was also an occasional benefactor to Gloucester Abbey and to Monkton Farleigh Priory in Wiltshire, to which her late husband had been a donor, and on at least one occasion she confirmed the religious gifts of her Gloucestershire tenants. Seigneurial obligations in widowhood also compelled her to issue a series of grants to individuals within the purview of her lordship and connection." [Oxford Dictionary of National Biography
of Hereford, Margaret (I3309)
 
2144 Also called Marguerite de Bourgogne; Clemence. of Mâcon, Margaret (I3187)
 
2145 Also called Marguerite de Roucy. de Montdidier, Marguerite (I2598)
 
2146 Also called Marguerite of Flanders. of Lorraine, Marguerite (I1816)
 
2147 Also called Maria González de Fenestrosa. González de Henestrosa, Maria (I22001)
 
2148 Also called Marie de Turenne. Living 1221. de Turenne, Marguerite (I12817)
 
2149 Also called Marie of Blois. de Champagne, Marie (I2044)
 
2150 Also called Martha Mary Nason. Nason, May (I21152)
 
2151 Also called Mary Crow. Crowell, Mary (I20417)
 
2152 Also called Mary de Vernon. de Revières, Mary (I2914)
 
2153 Also called Mary Fenton, Anne Stenton.

Editor's note, The New England Historical and Genealogical Register 143:23, January 1989:

In the article, "Origins of William Backus of Sheffield, England, and Norwich, Connecticut," which appeared in the Register, 142 [1988]: 253-254, the maiden name of Anna, widow of Thomas Bingham and second wife of William Backus, was incorrectly given. The editor acknowledges full responsibility. In preparing any article for publication we routinely check for previously published material on the subject in question, and in this case discovered that Donald Lines Jacobus in Hale, House and Related Families (1952; reprint ed. Baltimore, 1978, p. 452) had stated Anna's maiden name to be Stenton. Mr. Bingham had left Anna's maiden name blank, and we never thought twice about adding information from a source as reliable as the late Mr. Jacobus. Unfortunately, even the most reliable genealogists are not immune to copying errors that have appeared earlier in print.

Mr. [Everett F.] Bingham has now obtained copies of the original Sheffield parish register and the Bishop's Transcript of that register, both of which clearly show the marriage of Thomas Bingham to Anna ffenton on 5 July 1631, Clearly, it was an early misinterpretation of the English double f as st which led to the original error.

From the Bingham Association site:

Evidence independently corroborated by two Bingham researchers strongly suggests that Anne was the oldest daughter of Robert Fenton and Alice Hancock Fenton. The will of Alice Fenton, made on the 23rd of March 1642/43 and probated in September 1644/45, names her eldest daughter, Anne, as wife of Thomas Bingham. 
Fenton, Anne (I117)
 
2154 Also called Mary Fitz Alan. de Arundel, Mary (I20115)
 
2155 Also called Mary Hadlock.

We can't find an official record that confirms that Molle/Molly/Mary Hadlock, who is recorded as having married David Ring in 1770, was in fact the daughter of James Hadlock and Hannah Hoyt. This connection is asserted by innumerable unsourced online trees, without documentary proof.

However, Probate Records of the Providence of New Hampshire, volume 3, ed. Henry Harrison Metcalf (Concord, New Hampshire: The Rumford Press, 1915), available on Google Books, records the grant of administration of the estate of Thomas Hoyt of Amesbury, Mass. to his widow Ruth of 31 Aug 1748. The fourth share is assigned to "James Hadlock in the right of his wife, Hannah Hadlock, oldest daughter". Among the witnesses to this (shown as "Comite") are "Reuben Dimond" and "Joseph French". Molle Hadlock had a son named Reuben (or Ruben) French Ring; and he had a son of the same name. 
Hadlock, Molle (I1155)
 
2156 Also called Mary Hinman. Hinman, Molly (I18887)
 
2157 Also called Mary Matoon Wolcott. Her ashes were interred with those of her father. Wolcott, May Mattoon (I307)
 
2158 Also called Mary Noyes. Noyes, Mercy (I4976)
 
2159 Also called Mary of Blois. Abbess of Romsey; Countess of Boulogne. of England, Marie (I1865)
 
2160 Also called Mary of Middleham. "She married Robert de Neville, Lord of Raby, who soon after, violating the sanctity of another domestic hearth, met with speedy retribution. Being detected in one of his clandestine visits to a lady in Craven, he was so horribly mutilated by her husband that he died of his wounds, on the 6th of June, 1271. Mary of Middleham did not again enter the bonds of wedlock, but lived on her own inheritance, and dying, in 1320, was buried beside her husband in the choir at Coverham. Ralph, the only child of the marriage, inherited Raby, on the death of his grandfather; but he was so indolent and careless in the management of his affairs, that his mother settled Middleham and the rest of her manors on her grandson, Robert Neville, commonly called 'The Peacock of the North.'" (History and Directory of Old Yorkshire by T. F. Bulmer, 1890.) fitz Ranulph, Mary (I3178)
 
2161 Also called Mary of Swabia. von Hohenstaufen, Maria (I7101)
 
2162 Also called Mary Saleman, Salemon. Salemon, Mary (I9206)
 
2163 Also called Mary Simonson. Simmons, Mary (I2560)
 
2164 Also called Mary Workman. Workman, Mona (I8005)
 
2165 Also called Mary. Marah (I22366)
 
2166 Also called Matheeus, Matthew, Van Deursen.

Teuwis Abramse Van Deusen (b. 1631) = Helena Robberts
Marritje Teuwisse (Mateuisse) Van Deusen (b. ~1674) = Abraham Janse Van Alstyne (d. aft 1673)
Dirkje Van Alstyne (b. 1710) = Martin Van Buren (b. 1701)
Abraham Van Buren (1737-1817) = Maria Hoes (1748-1817)
Martin Van Buren (1782-1862) 
Van Deusen, Teuwis Abramse (I21216)
 
2167 Also called Mathilda; Maud. Regent of Toulouse.

Ancestral Roots and other sources to the contrary, she was probably never married to Sancho V Ramirez (1043-94), king of Aragon. Wikipedia's article on Philippa of Toulouse cites two sources to this effect:

"Szabolcs de Vajay, 'Ramire II le Moine, roi d'Aragon et Agnes de Poitou dans l'histoire et la légende', in Me?langes offerts a? Rene? Crozet, 2 vol, Poitiers, 1966, vol 2, p 727-750; and Ruth E Harvey, 'The wives of the first troubadour Duke William IX of Aquitaine', in Journal of Medieval History, vol 19, 1993, p 315. Harvey states that, contrary to prior assumptions, William IX was certainly Philippa of Toulouse's only husband. Vajay states that the marriage to an unnamed king of Aragon reported by a non-contemporary chronicler is imaginary even though it has appeared broadly in modern histories, and likewise he cites J de Salarrullana de Dios, Documentos correspondientes al reinado de Sancho Ramirez, Saragossa, 1907, vol I, nr 51, p 204-207 to document that Sancho's wife Felicie was clearly still married to him just months before his death, making the marriage to Philippa several years earlier, as reported in several modern popular biographies of her granddaughter, completely unsupportable." 
of Toulouse, Philippa (I5720)
 
2168 Also called Mathilde; Mahaut de Donzy. de Châlon, Mahaut (I9973)
 
2169 Also called Mathive. Mathia (I12578)
 
2170 Also called Matilda "filia Gilberti". Fitz Gilbert, Maud (I2858)
 
2171 Also called Matilda Cheney. The 1783 Memoirs of the Ancient Earls of Warren and Surrey (citation details below) calls her Emma. Cheyne, Margaret (I6358)
 
2172 Also called Matilda de Blondeville; Maud of Chester; Maud or Matilda de Meschines; Maud or Matilda de Kevelioc. of Chester, Maud (I5168)
 
2173 Also called Matilda de Turenne. of Mayenne, Mathilde (I9072)
 
2174 Also called Matilda le Brun. de Hunstanton, Maud (I5957)
 
2175 Also called Matilda Pincerna.

"[Roger de Somerville] married Matilda (not Edelina, as given in Dugdale's Pedigree), the daughter of Robert Pincerna, the hereditary butler of the Earls of Chester." [A History of the Parish of Tatenhill in the County of Stafford, citation details below.] 
Boteler, Matilda (I8781)
 
2176 Also called Matilda. of Burgundy, Sibylla (I3852)
 
2177 Also called Matilda. of Albon, Mahaut (I9550)
 
2178 Also called Matilda. ferch Morgan Gam, Mallt (I12995)
 
2179 Also called Matthew Button. Emigrated 1633. Boston, then Ipswich, then Haverhill. He was a coastal trader. His Great Migration Begins entry contains an account of his long and fruitless legal battle with the basically terrible John Godfrey.

"[Button Families of America identifies] Matthias Button as 'a son of Thomas Button of Harrold, Bedford Co., England. He was baptized there October 11, 1607.' Such a baptism does exist, but there is no other evidence in support of this claim. Furthermore, since our Matthias is called at one point a 'Dutchman,' he presumably derived froma Germanic-speaking region on the Continent and not from England." [Robert Charles Anderson, The Great Migration Begins, citation details below.] 
Button, Matthias (I1908)
 
2180 Also called Maud (or Matilda) Fitz Otto, Fitz Otes, etc.

"As a descendant of Otto the goldsmith, she held the hereditary serjeantry of the Cutter of the Dies, whose duty was to supervise die production in London for distribution to the many regional mints. [...John de Boutetourt] died in 1324. [...Maud] survived and in 1329 sold the office of graver and worker of the dies in the Tower of London and the city of Canterbury which was held in chief, to William Le Latymer (Calendar of Patent Rolls, Edward III 1:391), who had married her daughter Elizabeth. [F. N. Craig, "Descent from a Domesday Goldsmith." The American Genealogist 65:1, January 1990, p. 24.] 
fitz Thomas, Maud (I8328)
 
2181 Also called Maud Butler. Walter, Maud (I12949)
 
2182 Also called Maud de Beaumont. of Meulan, Maud (I2327)
 
2183 Also called Maud de Berkeley. fitz Maurice, Maud (I8504)
 
2184 Also called Maud de Boteler. de Verdun, Maud (I7921)
 
2185 Also called Maud de Braose; Moll Wallbee; Lady of La Haie.

From Wikipedia:

"In 1208, William de Braose quarrelled with his friend and patron King John. The reason is not known but it is alleged that Maud made indiscreet comments regarding the murder of King John's nephew Arthur of Brittany. There was also a large sum of money (five thousand marks) de Braose owed the King. Whatever the reason, John demanded Maud's son William be sent to him as a hostage for her husband's loyalty. Maud refused, and stated loudly within earshot of the King's officers that 'she would not deliver her children to a king who had murdered his own nephew.' The King quickly led troops to the Welsh border and seized all of the castles that belonged to William de Braose. Maud and her eldest son William fled to Ireland, where they found refuge at Trim Castle with the de Lacys, the family of her daughter Margaret. In 1210, King John sent an expedition to Ireland. Maud and her son escaped but were apprehended in Galloway by Donnchadh, Earl of Carrick. After being briefly held at Carrickfergus Castle, they were dispatched to England.

"Maud and her son William were first imprisoned at Windsor Castle, but were shortly afterwards transferred to Corfe Castle in Dorset where they were placed inside the dungeon. Maud and William both starved to death. [...]

"Maud de Braose features in many Welsh legends. There is one which says that Maud built the castle of Hay-on-Wye single-handed in one night, carrying the stones in her apron. She was also said to have been extremely tall and often donned armour while leading troops into battle." 
de St. Valéry, Maud (I9224)
 
2186 Also called Maud de Chaorces. de Chaworth, Maud (I1742)
 
2187 Also called Maud de Lusignan. of Eu, Maud (I10051)
 
2188 Also called Maud de St. Hilaire du Harcouet. de St. Hilary, Maud (I1307)
 
2189 Also called Maud de St. Liz. de Senlis, Maud (I3244)
 
2190 Also called Maud fitz Robert; Maud de Caen.

"Matilda may have played a central role in the capture of Lincoln Castle in December 1140, a key turning point in the conflict that set in train the series of events that led eventually to the capture of Stephen. While their husbands were besieging Lincoln Castle, Matilda and her sister-in-law Hawise, countess of Lincoln, made a friendly social visit to the wife of the castellan. Under the pretext of providing an escort for his wife's safe return to his armed camp, Earl Ranulf penetrated and captured the castle. On the subsequent approach of the king's army towards Lincoln, it is unclear whether Matilda held the castle while Ranulf attempted to rally support or whether she was captured. None the less Ranulf escaped from the castle leaving his wife and sons to face the besieging royalists. Robert, earl of Gloucester, went to the aid of Ranulf since he was worried about the safety of his daughter and grandchildren. In the subsequent battle of Lincoln on 2 February 1141 King Stephen was captured." [Oxford Dictionary of National Biography]

It's worth noting that, at least as of 12 Mar 2017, the ODNB's entry on this Matilda begins with an extremely confused opening sentence that appears to be claiming that she was a daughter of Robert, illegitimate son of Henry I, by his wife Sibyl de Montgomery. In fact Sibyl was Robert's mother-in-law. 
of Gloucester, Matilda (I4413)
 
2191 Also called Maud fitz Walter. of Gloucester, Maud (I10876)
 
2192 Also called Maud FitzJohn. Fitz Marmaduke, Mary (I8134)
 
2193 Also called Maud FitzRoy. of Cornwall, Maud (I106)
 
2194 Also called Maud of Huntingdon. of Northumberland, Maud (I1845)
 
2195 Also called Maud. She was definitely a natural child of Henry I. According to some sources, her mother was Isabel de Beaumont, wife of Gilbert "Strongbow" Fitz Gilbert, Earl of Pembroke (also called Gilbert de Clare). This relationship is not confirmed in Royal Ancestry's extensive coverage of Henry I's many illegitimate offspring, although her marriage to Roscelin de Beaumont is noted. of England, Constance (I1580)
 
2196 Also called Maude de Badlesmere. Not to be confused with her sister, Margery de Badlesmere. de Badlesmere, Margaret (I10332)
 
2197 Also called Mazalia; Mazra; Brascy; Braci. de Bracy, Masceline (I8901)
 
2198 Also called Mechtilde of Ringelheim.

"The principal basis for estimating her birth date is that she is said to have been of tender years (aetate tenera) in a passage of Vita Mahthildis reginae shortly before her marriage to Heinrich, which occurred about 909." [The Henry Project] 
St. Matilda (I8941)
 
2199 Also called Megotta. de Burgh, Margaret (I109)
 
2200 Also called Melissa. Addis, Millicent (I15120)
 
2201 Also called Menumorut.

Leo van de Pas:

"He was a leader (Khagan) of the Khazars, Caspian Sea Turkic people who lived between the rivers Tisza and Szamos in today's Hungary and Romania. The Khazars came into existence as a people shortly after the breakup of the Turkic empire located near China and arrived north of the Caspian soon thereafter. They were known for their religious tolerance, and at least some of their leaders converted to Judaism.

"Nothing is recorded about Maroth other than he appears to be among those who converted to Judaism. His daughter, whose name is not recorded, was the wife of Zoltán, youngest of the five sons of Arpád, prince of the Magyars. Their son was Taksony, prince of Hungary." 
Maroth Prince of the Bihar Khazars (I1047)
 
2202 Also called Mercy. Claimed by some as a daughter of Edward Brown (son of Boaz Brown) and Elizabeth Hapgood, herself daughter of TNH ancestors Shadrach Hopgood and Elizabeth Treadway. The Hapgood Family, however, says that Elizabeth Hapgood died unmarried. Brown, Mary (I2586)
 
2203 Also called Millicent. Melisende (I10940)
 
2204 Also called Mor O'Toole. ni Tuathail, Mor (I2834)
 
2205 Also called Morgrund; Morgan. Mormaer, or Earl, of Mar. Morggán (I4351)
 
2206 Also called Mumford, Mountfort; also called Hanna. Mountford, Ann (I15760)
 
2207 Also called Muniadona. of Castile, Munia Mayor (I2038)
 
2208 Also called Muniadona. Fernández, Munia (I4636)
 
2209 Also called Nele Fossard; Adam Fossard. Held Mulgrave at Domesday and became a tenant-in-chief in 1088. Fossard, Nigel (I1470)
 
2210 Also called Nest ferch Tewdwr.

"NEST (fl. 1120), a princess of Deheubarth, daughter of Rhys ap Tewdwr (q.v.) by Gwladus, daughter of Rhiwallon ap Cynfyn. About 1100 she m. Gerald of Pembroke; there were at least three sons of the union -- William, Maurice, and David Fitz-Gerald (qq.v.) -- and a daughter, Angharad, wife of William of Manorbier and mother of Giraldus Cambrensis (q.v.). Clearly a woman of great charm and beauty, she became the mistress of many lovers. Her romantic abduction (almost in her husband's presence) by her kinsman, Owain ap Cadwgan (q.v.), in 1109, has earned her notoriety as the 'Helen of Wales.' Her numerous offspring included Robert Fitz-Stephen (q.v.) and Henry 'filius regis' -- her child by king Henry I. The date of her death is unknown, but she lived until well after 1136. There were others of the same name less famous than the subject of this notice: Nest, daughter of Gruffudd ap Llywelyn (q.v.), Nest, the wife of Bernard Newmarch, and Nest, daughter of Gruffydd ap Rhys (q.v.)." [Dictionary of Welsh Biography
verch Rhys, Nest (I4449)
 
2211 Also called Nibatta; Nigata. Nivata (I9710)
 
2212 Also called Nicholas Brown. Sheriff of Warwickshire and Leicestershire, 1504-05.

See the entry for his father for his part in a revenge tragedy. 
Brome, Nicholas (I19678)
 
2213 Also called Nicholas Haverington. Knight of the shire for Lancashire. Sheriff of Lancashire. Harington, Nicholas (I13497)
 
2214 Also called Nicholas Rycote, Nicholas Clark. Clerk, Nicholas (I20017)
 
2215 Also called Nicholas. De Witt, Claes (I21204)
 
2216 Also called Nigel. "Nele d'Aubigny [...] from the early part of Henry I's reign one of the most frequent members of the King's entourage. After the battle of Tinchebrai in 1106 the King granted him the English lands of Robert de Stuteville, a supporter of Robert Curthose. During the Norman rebellion of 1119 Nele, with his brother William, remained faithful to Henry I and fought for him at the victory over the French King at Bremule on 20 Aug. In 1123, with Robert the King's son, he was in command of the forces of the Cotentin at the taking of the castle of Montfort-sur-Risle. At some date unknown he had a grant of Montbrai and the other forfeited lands in Normandy of Robert de Mowbray (Montbrai), Earl of Northumberland whose former wife he married. He held Bazoches-au-Houlme of the Count of Eu, and Masham, Yorks, of Count Stephen of Brittany, the lord of Richmond. He founded the priory of Hurst in Axholme, Lines, as a cell of Nostell, and gave Aldburgh, near Masham, Yorks, to Pontigny." [Complete Peerage]

His first wife, married sometime after 1107, was Maud, daughter of Richer de l'Aigle, who had been married to Robert de Mowbray, Earl of Northumberland, a marriage which was annulled on grounds of consanguinity. He afterwards repudiated Maud and married Gundred de Gournay, who was in fact (albeit counterintuitively) the mother of his son Robert de Mowbray, as well as his other children. 
d'Aubigny, Nele (I6566)
 
2217 Also called Oda of Metz. Uda (I11243)
 
2218 Also called Oda of Verdun. of Lorraine, Uda (I5974)
 
2219 Also called Odelina. Early Yorkshire Charters volume 10 (citation details below) shows her to be a sister of Aubrey/Albreda, and therefore a daughter of William Espec. Boyer (citation details below) calls her the youngest of the three sisters and co-heirs of Walter Espec. Espec, Adeline (I9741)
 
2220 Also called Odeyne. Bardolf, Isolde (I11119)
 
2221 Also called Oliba Cabreta. Conde de Cerdaña et de Besalú. Abdicated in 988 and died as a monk. Carreta, Oliva II (I12727)
 
2222 Also called Oliver de Chambernon. de Campo Ernulfi, Oliver (I10054)
 
2223 Also called Ongar. Ordgar (I9241)
 
2224 Also called Osberne. Giffard, Osbert (I4825)
 
2225 Also called Oskatel de Lathom, Lathum.

In his Parentalia, Ormerod notes, regarding this Thomas de Lathom: "From the Inquisition of 1383, it appears that he married Isabel, daughter of Roger de Pilkington; and from a later Inquisition of 6 and 8 March 1385, it appears that he married a second wife, Jane, daughter of Hugh Venables of Kinderton. The same Inquisition states that Sir Thomas was imbecile for three months before his death, on which event his widow Jane, then enceinte, sent his body for burial at Buscough Priory, without priest or other attendance and married her previous paramour, Roger Fazackerley, in conjuction with whom she claimed dower on Wrightington, which was put to award in 7 Richard II." 
de Lathom, Thomas (I18919)
 
2226 Also called Otho. Botetourt, Otes (I19830)
 
2227 Also called Otho; Dominus Other. Other (I3337)
 
2228 Also called Otto.

Hereditary coiner of the Mint. "By 1219 Otto had succeeded his father and was holding Lisson Green by the serjeanty of custodian of the dies. [F. N. Craig, "Descent from a Domesday Goldsmith." The American Genealogist 65:1, January 1990, p. 24.] 
fitz William, Otes (I35)
 
2229 Also called Ottogeba; Ogiva. of Wessex, Eadgifu (I3054)
 
2230 Also called Owen Fychan. Lord of Maelor. The Blackmans of Knight's Creek calls him "of the Welsh princely family", but gives no parents for him. Vaughn, Owen (I3635)
 
2231 Also called Oxton, Okestone, Exton. de Okeston, Alexander (I18766)
 
2232 Also called Pagan de Beauchamp. de Beauchamp, Payne (I7060)
 
2233 Also called Pagan de Langtune. de Langton, Pagan (I12144)
 
2234 Also called Pain de Chaources; Pain de Sourches; Patric de Cadurcis. de Chaworth, Pain (I2091)
 
2235 Also called Patric de Cadurcis. "[In 1245] he was ordered to use his power to annoy the Welsh." [Medieval English Ancestors of Robert Abell, cittion details below.] de Chaworth, Patrick (I2059)
 
2236 Also called Patric de Chaorces, Patric de Cadurcis, Payn Chaworth. Accompanied Henry III on a crusade to the Near East in 1269. de Chaworth, Patrick (I6675)
 
2237 Also called Patrick de Chaworth; Patrice de Chaources; Patrick de Sourches.

Or Patrice; or de Sourches, or de Cadurcis. Notable to at least one of us as the person who (according to Complete Peerage, volume 1, appendix C, page 608) introduced the given name Patrick to England. 
de Chaources, Patrick I (I2472)
 
2238 Also called Pattie. Nickerson, Martha (I20114)
 
2239 Also called Pavie. Parvi (I8990)
 
2240 Also called Peter de Birkin. fitz Assulf, Peter (I340)
 
2241 Also called Peter de Courtenay. Count of Montargis and Courtenay.

Accompanied his brothers, King Louis VII and Robert, on the Second Crusade, where he fought in the siege of Damascus.

Went on crusade a second time in 1179, and died in Palestine on a 10th of March in 1180, 1181, 1182, or 1183. 
of France, Pierre (I4737)
 
2242 Also called Peter de Malpas. Secretary to the Earl of Chester. le Clerc, Peter (I8124)
 
2243 Also called Peter Fitz Toret. Toret, Peter (I4490)
 
2244 Also called Peter Stradelinges, de Estratlinges. "Peter Stradelinges [Stradling] laid the foundations of the family fortunes by marrying Joan, daughter and heir of Thomas de Halweia of St Donats, Glamorgan, Combe Hay, Somerset, and Compton Hawey, Dorset. Peter became custodian of Neath Castle (1296–7), joined the English expedition to Flanders in 1297, and, when Otto de Grandson visited Rome, Peter was nominated his lieutenant in Ireland (1298). Such royal and seigneurial service, together with shrewd marriages, turned the descendants of these Savoyard immigrants into English gentry." [Oxford Dictionary of National BiographyStradling, Peter (I21697)
 
2245 Also called Peter Taelmann. Lived in Hamburg from 1584 on. Taleman, Peter (I11938)
 
2246 Also called Peter-William (Pierre-Guillaume). Count of Poitiers; Duke of Aquitaine. William VII (I10914)
 
2247 Also called Petronilla de Lacy. de Lacy, Pernel (I10740)
 
2248 Also called Petronilla Scudamore. Pernel (I10979)
 
2249 Also called Petronilla. Mark, Pernel (I715)
 
2250 Also called Petronilla; Eleanor; Héliette; Hermegarde. Died as a nun. of Semur, Helie (I7118)
 
2251 Also called Philip de Kima. de Kyme, Philip II (I9282)
 
2252 Also called Philip Goch, Philip de Malpas. de Egerton, Philip (I797)
 
2253 Also called Philippe de Beaumez. In Aug 1138 he was with King Stephen besieging Shrewsbury. de Belmeis, Philip (I9752)
 
2254 Also called Piers de Lutegareshale.

Died as a lay monk at Winchester. 
de Ludgershall, Peter (I10295)
 
2255 Also called Pieter Claesz; Pieter Nicolaussen van Nordinge.

He arrived at Fort Orange 7 Apr 1637, on the Rensselaerswyck, which sailed from Amsterdam 25 Sep 1636, anchored off the Texel 8 Oct 1636, and reached New Amsterdam 13 Mar 1637. He was traveling as a servant of one Symon Walichsz. He appears to have fulfilled the terms of his service by about 1644, and married shortly thereafter. For a time he farmed with his father-in-law in the Fort Orange area, and he probably moved directly to New Amersfoort, on Long Island, in 1649.

He was a schepen, magistrate, of New Amersfoort in 1655, 1662, and 1663. 
Claesen, Pieter (I21191)
 
2256 Also called Ponce de Montgomery. de la Marche, Pontia (I1524)
 
2257 Also called Pons II; Raymond Pons. Count of Toulouse. Raymond III (I10245)
 
2258 Also called Poppa of Bayeux.

"A wife or mistress of Rollo of Normandy, and mother of Rollo's son and successor William 'Longsword', her name is reported only by the often unreliable Dudo and by sources depending on him ... The only certain fact that is known about her comes from the contemporary (or nearly so) Planctus of her son William, which states (without naming her) that she was a Christian, and that her son William was born overseas." [The Henry Project, citation details below.] 
Poppa (I5224)
 
2259 Also called Purcas. Purchas, Thomas (I18409)
 
2260 Also called Ragebold. Count of Roucy 948-967. Count of Reims. Renaud I (I5351)
 
2261 Also called Ragnaillt O'Olaf; Ragnaillt Olafsdottir. of Dublin, Radnailt (I10939)
 
2262 Also called Ragnhildis; (possibly spuriously) Ludmilla.

"Reinhild is stated to have been of Danish-Frisian origin in two lives of her daughter queen Mathilde." [The Henry Project] 
of Denmark, Reinhild (I7259)
 
2263 Also called Rainald, etc. "He became seneschal of Normandy ('dapifer Normannie') under Geoffrey, duc de Bretagne, son of Henry II, king of England. Renaud went on Crusade, and in 1158 fought at the siege of Caesarea. Baudouin III, king of Jerusalem, gave him custody of the castle of Harenc. Renaud II died in 1166. He was succeeded by his son Bernard IV." [Leo van de Pas, citation details below.] de St. Valéry, Reginald (I7641)
 
2264 Also called Ralf de Caisneto. de Chesney, Ralph II (I7801)
 
2265 Also called Ralph de Caisned. de Chesney, Ralph I (I2355)
 
2266 Also called Ralph de Conches. de Tony, Ralph (I241)
 
2267 Also called Ralph de Insula. de Lisle, Ralph (I4261)
 
2268 Also called Ralph de Mortagne. de Mortagne, Everard I (I21060)
 
2269 Also called Ralph de Sudeley, Ralph of Mantes. Earl of Worcester; also said to have been Earl of Hereford.

From Wikipedia:

Ralph came to England with his uncle, the future King Edward the Confessor, in 1041. He attested three charters as earl in 1050, and his earldom was probably located in the east midlands, where the lands of his wife Gytha were located. He was a benefactor of Peterborough Abbey. When King Edward quarrelled with Earl Godwin in 1051, Ralph raised the levies of his earldom to support the king. Godwin and his sons were forced into exile, but they returned the following year, and Ralph and Earl Odda commanded the fleet raised to resist them, but they were unable to prevent their return in triumph.

Later in 1052 Godwin's son Sweyn died on pilgrimage to Jerusalem, and it was probably at this stage that Ralph was given Sweyn's earldom of Hereford, which included Oxfordshire. In 1055 Ælfgar, the earl of East Anglia, was exiled and allied himself with the ruler of Wales, Gruffydd ap Llywelyn. Ralph met them in battle on 24 October, but suffered a disastrous defeat, and the invaders sacked Hereford. It was later claimed that Ralph and his Frenchmen started the rout, resulting in his insulting nickname, 'The Timid'. Godwin's son, Harold, the future king, then chased the invaders back into Wales. Ralph died in his early thirties on 21 December 1057, and was buried in Peterborough Abbey.

Ann Williams suggested that Ralph probably lost his earldom to Harold after his defeat in 1055,[1] but in the view of Frank Barlow he held it until his death. Ralph's son Harold was one of the royal children brought up by King Edward's wife, Edith. Ralph was on good terms with the Godwins, and his son may have been named after the future king and been his godson. Harold Godwinson may have been given the earldom of Hereford to hold until the Ralph's son came of age. The younger Harold survived the Conquest and later received part of his father's lands, as well as Ewyas Harold, which is named after him. His descendants are the Sudeleys of Toddington, Gloucestershire. 
Raoul "the Timid" (I10702)
 
2270 Also called Ralph Fitz Herluin. A Domesday tenant of Roger Bigod, holding substantial parcels of land under him at Hunstanton and Tottington, plus other smaller holdings throughout Norfolk. de Hunstanton, Ralph (I4361)
 
2271 Also called Ralph Mesnilwarin; Ralph de Mednil War.

Justice of Chester. Seneschal of Chester. 
Mainwaring, Ralph (I9384)
 
2272 Also called Ralph, Raoul, etc. Comte d'Ivry. Count of Bayeux. of Ivry, Rodulf (I11147)
 
2273 Also called Ralph; d'Issoudon; Raoul d'Exoudun. Count of Eu. "Swore fealty to King John 1200, but quarreled with him and joined the King of France, whereupon his English estates were confiscated. He came to terms with King John in 1214 and his estates were restored to him." [The Ancestry of Dorothea Poyntzde Lusignan, Raoul I (I1893)
 
2274 Also called Randle de Roter; Randle Thornton. le Roter, Ranulph (I11454)
 
2275 Also called Randle; Ranulf de Briquessart; de Bricasard; Ranulf du Bessin; Ranulf of Chester.

Earl of Chester. Vicomte of Bayeux. Commander of the royal forces in Normandy, 1124.

"Ranulph le Meschin, styled also, 'de Briquessart,' Vicomte de Bayeux in Normandy, s. and h. of Ranulph, Vicomte de Bayeux, by Margaret, sister of Hugh (d'Avranches), Earl of Chester abovenamed, being thus 1st cousin and h. to the last Earl (whom he suc. as Vicomte d'Avranches, &c., in Normandy), obtained, after the Earl's death in 1120, the grant of the county palatine of Chester, becoming thereby Earl of Chester. He appears thereupon to have surrendered the Lordship of the great district of Cumberland, which he had acquired, shortly before, from Henry I. In 1124 he was Commander of the Royal forces in Normandy. He m. Lucy, widow of Roger Fitz-Gerold (by whom she was mother of William de Roumare, afterwards Earl of Lincoln). He d. 17 or 27 Jan. 1129, and was bur. at St. Werburg's, Chester. The Countess Lucy confirmed, as his widow, the grant of the Manor of Spalding to the monks of that place." [Complete Peerage III:166, incorporating corrections from volume XIV.] 
le Meschin, Ranulf (I2780)
 
2276 Also called Randolph, Ranulf. Sheriff of Cheshire, 1428. Brereton, Randal (I15212)
 
2277 Also called Randolph. Brereton, Randal (I15202)
 
2278 Also called Randolph. Brereton, Randal (I15208)
 
2279 Also called Randulf, Bandulf, Pandulph, Pandolf, Pandolfo, Paldolf, or Paldolfo. His nickname is Testa di Ferro, Testaferrata, or Capodiferro in Italian, and Capi(te)ferreus in Latin.

Prince of Benevento and Capua 943-981. Duke of Spoleto and Camerino from 967; Prince of Salerno from 977.

"He was an important nobleman in the fight with the Byzantines and Saracens for control of the Mezzogiorno in the centuries after the collapse of Lombard and Carolingian authority on the Italian Peninsula. He established himself over almost the whole of the southern half of Italia before his death in March 981." [Wikipedia] 
Pandulf I "Ironhead" (I5532)
 
2280 Also called Ranulf (Randolf, etc.) de Greystoke. fitz Walter, Ranulf (I6580)
 
2281 Also called Ranulf of Chester. Earl of Chester. Vicomte d'Avranches.

Of his death, Complete Peerage says "being supposed to have been poisoned by his wife and William Peverell, of Nottingham", but the Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, while noting the claims that he died of poison, says nothing about his wife being involved.

"Most contemporary verdicts upon Ranulf were unfavourable. Although Orderic Vitalis acknowledged his resourcefulness and daring, the Gesta Stephani criticized 'the cunning devices of his accustomed bad faith' (Gesta Stephani, 192–3), and Henry of Huntingdon, through a speech supposedly by the royalist spokesman at the battle of Lincoln, called him 'a man of reckless daring, ready for conspiracy...panting for the impossible', prone to defeat or, at best, to Pyrrhic victories (Historia Anglorum, 734–5). Clearly, his strategy during the civil war was to take every opportunity to enhance his territorial position, especially in the north midlands, and such commitments as he made, either to the king or to the Angevins, were calculated to that end. Other magnates followed similar policies, but Ranulf (II) was exceptionally ruthless in pursuit of his ambitions, and accordingly he was hated by many and trusted by none." [Oxford Dictionary of National Biography
de Gernons, Ranulph (I3985)
 
2282 Also called Ranulfo Dapifero, Ranulf Montalt. Seneschal of Cheshire.

Ormerod on him, abstracted by Nancy López:

Hugo de Mara was the Norman grantee of the Cheshire possession of the barons of Montalt. Hugo de Mara, also called Hugo fitz Norman, was the brother of Ranulph Montalt. Hugo de Mara's and his brother Randulph's name first appear in charters that were grants of land to St. Werburgh. Randulph names appears as Randulfus Dapifer.

The possessions of Hugh de Mara, and the office of Dapifer or Seneschal of the earldom of Cheshire, were united in the next generation in Robert de Montalt. By Dugdale and other authorities, Robert is stated to be the son of Ralph, brother of Hugh de Mara or Hugh Fitz Norman. Robert takes the name of his castle of Montalt or Monte Alto.

Randulfo made grants to the Werberg's Abbey, 1093, which was founded by Earl Hugh Lupus, of whom he was Dapifer or Seneschal. 
fitz Norman, Ralph (I13288)
 
2283 Also called Raoul; Ralph de Gant; Ralph of Gand; Ralph of Ghent; Rudolph of Aalst; Rudolph of Alost.

Seigneur d'Alost. Hereditary Advocate or Protector of St. Peter of Ghent.

Possibly son of an Adalbert, said to be a son of Arnulf of Ghent and Luitgard of Luxembourg, but the only source we see for this is Turton's unreliable 1968 Plantagenet Ancestry. No other sources known to us list an Adalbert among the offspring of Arnulf and Luitgard. 
de Gand, Ralph (I2121)
 
2284 Also called Rawlin Langton. de Langton, Ralph (I1150)
 
2285 Also called Raymond Bernard of Nîmes. A viscount of Albi and Nîmes in the second half of the 11th century.

From the family of the viscounts of Albi, he took the nickname Trencavel, which then became the name of his family. 
Trencavel, Raimond Bernard (I10653)
 
2286 Also called Raymond de Saint-Gilles. Count of Saint-Gilles (1060-1105), Duke of Narbonne, Marquis of Gothia, Count of Rouergue (1065-1105), Marquis de Provence (1085-1105 ), Count of Toulouse (1094-1105), and Count of Tripoli (from 1102 to 1105, under the name of Raymond I).

One of the leaders of the First Crusade. 
of Toulouse, Raymond IV (I12623)
 
2287 Also called Reinold, Rynalde, Marven. Mervyn, Raynold (I14490)
 
2288 Also called Renaud de Craon. Seigneur de Craon. de Nevers, Renaud (I225)
 
2289 Also called Renaud. Fought in the Second Crusade alongside Louis VII of France. de Courtenay, Reynold (I9019)
 
2290 Also called Renebald. Chamberlain of Normandy. de Tancarville, Rabel (I4948)
 
2291 Also called Renier. Margrave of Montferrat. of Montferrat, Rainier (I9564)
 
2292 Also called Reynold de Whitchurch. Constable and Forester of Windsor and Odiham. Sheriff of Bedfordshire and Buckinghamshire, 1237. de Blanchminster, Reynold (I7708)
 
2293 Also called Reynold Fitz Piers. He supported Henry III against the rebelling barons. He fought extensively in Wales. He was joint guardian of the Welsh marshes 10 May 1257, Sheriff of Hampshire 1261-64, and constable of Winchester castle in 1261. fitz Peter, Reynold (I15774)
 
2294 Also called Rhiwallon; Roland; "Rivallonus Extraneus."

"Was a tenant in Norfolk of the founder of the Fitzalan dynasty, Alan fitz Flaald, before 1122." [Oxford Dictionary of National Biography
le Strange, Roald (I3667)
 
2295 Also called Rhodolphus, Rodolphus.

From his Find a Grave page:

He was a constable at Duxbury in 1678 and served as the town's clerk from 1685 to 1694. In April of 1694 Rhodolphus and wife Ruth conveyed land at Duxbury to their son Thomas. Two months later in June 1694, Rhodolphus and wife Ruth, formerly of Duxbury now of Chilmark, Mass., conveyed land at Duxbury.

In 1697 Rhodolphus was installed pastor of the Cong. Church at Chilmark, Mass. on the western end of Martha's Vineyard. He served that church until 1714, when he was succeeded by Rev. William Homes. Some of his children had moved from Chilmark to Lebanon, Conn. before 1705 and Rhodolphus and Ruth followed in 1715.

-----

Genealogical note on the above: The Rev. William Homes (1663-1746), mentioned above, was a Gx7-grandfather of Tappan King. The reverend's son Robert Homes married Mary Franklin, sister of Benjamin Franklin; their granddaughter Sarah Holmes (1748-1826) was the mother of Benjamin Tappan, senator from Ohio 1839-45. The Rev. William Homes's wife, Katherine Craighead (1673-1764) was a Gx4-granddaughter of the Scottish king James V, father of Mary, Queen of Scots. 
Thacher, Ralph (I14521)
 
2296 Also called Ricardus filius Wydonis. de Reinbuecurt, Richard (I16535)
 
2297 Also called Richard "de Bienfaite", Richard de Clare, and Richard de Tonbridge. Joint chief justiciar of England in William's absence; in this role he suppressed the revolt of 1075. fitz Gilbert, Richard (I5353)
 
2298 Also called Richard de Arundel. Earl of Arundel.

From Complete Peerage, I:240-41:

Richard fitz Alan, feudal Lord of Clun and Oswestry and [according to the admission of 1443], Earl of Arundel, only son and heir, born 3 February 1266/7, and was only 5 years old at his father's death. He had seizin of his lands 8 December 1287. According to Glover he was created Earl of Sussex (a) in 1289, when he was knighted and "received the sword of the county of Sussex" from Edward I "ut vocatur Comes;", but it seems more probable that this creation was as Earl of Arundel (b). At all events no more is heard of the former title (Sussex) as connected with this family, but only of the title of Arundel. On 12 February 1290/1 there is a grant to him as Richard Arundel, Earl of Arundel. In October 1292 he was summoned by a writ directed to the Earl of Arundel, and was summoned to Parliament 24 June 1295, by a writ directed Ricardo filio Alani Comiti Arundell, ranking him as junior to all the other Earls. He fought in the Welsh wars 1288, in Gascony 1295-7, and in the Scottish wars 1298-1300, being present at the siege of Carlaverock in 1300. He signed the Barons' letter to the Pope, 12 February 1300/1.

(a) "The Earldom of Sussex must at this period have been a subject of contention between the De Warrens and Fitz Alans, for John de Warren, Earl of Surrey, was receiving, at the very time that this investiture occurred, writs directed to him as Earl of Sussex. John de Warren was perhaps the greatest noble of the time in which he lived, and his power and influence may have operated to induce Fitz Alan to abandon his claim upon the Earldom of Sussex and to adopt that [i.e. the Earldom of Arundel] by which his descendants have ever since been known." (Courthope, p. 29).

(b) It is worthy of remark, in connection with the very doubtful right, either of his father or grandfather, to the Earldom of Arundel, that it was not till 1282, viz. sometime after their death and during this Earl's minority, that Isabel, Countess of Arundel, widow of Hugh (d'Aubigny), died. It would almost appear (possibly owing to the largess of her dower) that the Earldom was not dealt with during her lifetime. A somewhat parallel case occurs, later on, in the same family, when Richard, Earl of Arundel, who, in 1347, had suc. his maternal uncle the Earl of Surrey, did not assume the Earldom of Surrey till the death of Joan, widow of the afsd. Earl, in 1361. 
Fitz Alan, Richard (I5135)
 
2299 Also called Richard de Clare; Richard of Ceredigion.

"Surprised and slain by the Welsh." [Royal Ancestry
fitz Gilbert de Clare, Richard (I591)
 
2300 Also called Richard de East Swinburne. de Swinburne, Richard (I11139)
 
2301 Also called Richard de Humez, de Hulmeto. Constable of Normandy. "He was present at Westminster, 1153, when the agreement between King Stephen and Henry, Duke of Normandy, was signed regarding the succession of the Crown." [The Ancestry of Dorothea Poyntzdu Hommet, Richard (I5659)
 
2302 Also called Richard de Phitum. Fitton, Richard (I998)
 
2303 Also called Richard de Scheladon. Sheldon, Richard (I5832)
 
2304 Also called Richard de Urtiaco. del Ortiay, Richard (I8637)
 
2305 Also called Richard de Vains. fitz Ranulf, Richard (I7088)
 
2306 Also called Richard de Wath. de Thornhill, Richard (I1432)
 
2307 Also called Richard Fitz Alan. 11th Earl of Arundel. 10th Earl of Surrey. Chief Butler of England. Member of the council of the regency, 1377. An accomplished naval commander, he was Admiral and/or Captain-General of the fleet at various times with various titles. He was an ally of Thomas, Duke of Gloucester, uncle of Richard II, and gradually incurred Richard's enmity. Ultimately he was arrested, accused of plotting with Gloucester to imprison the king, put to trial at Westminster, attainted, and beheaded. de Arundel, Richard (I13525)
 
2308 Also called Richard Fitz Gilbert. de Hugleville, Richard (I116)
 
2309 Also called Richard fitz Ponce. Patron of Malvern Priory. fitz Pons, Richard (I2685)
 
2310 Also called Richard Harkes.

"His three brothers and the husbands of his four sisters were all graduates of the University of Oxford; but he learned the stationer's trade under his father; on 5 Dec., 1573, was admitted as a bookseller of Oxford, and eventually succeeded to the paternal book-shop there." [Genealogical Notes on the Founding of New England, citation details below.] 
Garbrand, Richard (I19253)
 
2311 Also called Richard le Boteler.

"The Boteler of Warrington's fee within the honour of Lancaster consisted of 8 knights' fees, of which two in Warrington and one in Layton in Amounderness lay within the county. This fee had passed to the Boteler family by the marriage of Beatrix, daughter and heir of Matthew de Vilers, to Richard le Boteler, who is believed to have been younger brother of Robert le Boteler of Engelby and Durandesthorpe, co. Derby, hereditary butler to the earls of Chester. Very full particulars of the infeudations made by the Vilers family are given in this inquest, most of them by Pain de Vilers, father of Matthew, who is described as the first to be enfeoffed of this fee." [Lancashire Inquests, Extents, and Feudal Aids A.D. 1205 - A.D. 1307 by William Farrer, citation details below.]

Some sources call him Richard fitz Robert Pincerna, which would indicate that he was Robert's son rather than his younger brother. 
Pincerna, Richard (I7539)
 
2312 Also called Richard of England.

Count of Poitou; Earl of Cornwall; elected king of Germany ("King of the Romans") in 1256, but never wielded actual power in that role.

"Constable of Wallingford Castle, 1216; knighted 2 Feb. 1224/5 by his br., Henry III, who a few days afterwards, 13 Feb. 1224/5, granted him, as Richard the King's brother, the county of Cornwall during pleasure. This grant, which resembles that to Henry FitzCount above, can hardly be held to have conferred the Earldom; nevertheless, not long after, viz. 30 May 1227, he is officially styled Earl of Cornwall, and must be assumed to have been invested with the Earldom in or shortly before that year. He was Count of Poitou before 18 Aug. 1225. Lieut. of Guienne, 1226-27; Chief Commissioner for making a truce with France, 1230; Keeper of the Honour of Wallingford, 1230-31; of the Honour of Knaresborough, 1235; took the Cross, 1236; was on an Embassy to the Emperor Friedrich, 1237; Lord of the forest of Dartmoor 1239; Com. in Chief of the Crusaders, 1240-41, when he entered a truce with the Soldan of Babylon. Joint Plenipoteniary to France, and Ambassador to Pope Innocent IV, 1250; Privy Councillor 1253; Joint Guardian of England, 1253-54. He acquired vast estates and great wealth by farming the Mint, the Jews, &c., and doubtless in consequence thereof, was elected, at Frankfort, 13 Jan. 1256/7, by the Princes of the Empire, King of the Romans, being crowned 17 May 1257, at Aachen. In Oct. 1259 he was Ambassador to Pope Alexander IV. He was a faithful adherent of the King, his br., against the rebellious Barons, and both were taken prisoners at the battle of Lewes, 14 May 1264. He m., 1stly, 30 Mar. 1231, at Fawley, near Marlow, Bucks, Isabel, widow of Gilbert (de Clare), Earl of Gloucester and Hertford, da. of William (Marshal), Earl of Pembroke, by Isabel suo jure Countess of Pembroke, da. and h. of Richard (de Clare), also Earl of Pembroke. She d. 17 Jan 1239/40, in childbed, at Berkhampstead, of jaundice, and was bur. at Beaulieu, Hants, her heart being sent to Tewkesbury Abbey. He m., 2ndly, 23 Nov. 1243, at Westm. Abbey, Sancha, 3rd da. and coh. of Raymond Berengar, Count of Provence, by Beatrice, da. of Tomaso, Count of Savoy. She, who was crowned Queen (with her husband) 1257, d. 9 Nov. 1261, and was bur. at Hailes Abbey, co. Gloucester, which her husband had in 1251, founded. He m., 3rdly, 16 June 1269, Beatrice, da. of Walram de Fauquemont, Seigneur de Montjoye, by Jutta, da. of Otto, Count of Ravensburg in Wesphalia. He d. at Berkhamstead Castle, Herts, having been bled for ague, 2 Apr. 1272, and was bur. in Hailes Abbey afsd., aged 63, his heart being sent to Rewley Abbey, Oxon, of which, also he was the founder. His widow d. s.p. on the Vigil of St. Luke, 17 Oct. 1277, and was bur. at the Friars Minors, Oxford." [Complete Peerage
of Cornwall, Richard King of the Romans (I8366)
 
2313 Also called Richard Phiton. Justice of Chester 1232-37. Seneschal of the Earl of Richmond. Fitton, Richard (I11591)
 
2314 Also called Richard Scrupe, Richard Fitz Scrub. "Richard Scrob (fl. 1052–1066), soldier and landowner, was a Frenchman of unknown origins (not for certain a Norman) who came to England in the early years of the reign of Edward the Confessor (r. 1042–66) and was given land on the Welsh border. The twelfth-century chronicler John of Worcester mistook his additional or alternative name Scrob for a patronymic, and Richard has ever since been widely miscalled Richard fitz Scrob." [Oxford Dictionary of National Biography]

He built the earthwork called Richard's Castle, one of the few pre-Conquest castles in England. 
Scrob, Richard (I2879)
 
2315 Also called Richard Trott. Treat, Richard (I14481)
 
2316 Also called Richaut of Metz; Richilde of Metz; Richilde of the Ardennes; Richilde of Provence. of Gorze, Richilde (I1252)
 
2317 Also called Richenza. "[I]n Spain, called Riquilda and surnamed Ricca." [Szabolcs de Vajay, citation details below.] of Poland, Richeza (I9820)
 
2318 Also called Richeza, Richiza. Possibly a daughter of Ernst IV, Graf von Sualafeldgau. Richardis (I9258)
 
2319 Also called Robert "The Burgundian." Died on the First Crusade. de Nevers, Robert (I10552)
 
2320 Also called Robert (baptized); Robert I Duke of Normandy (retrospectively); Hrolfr (Old Norse) (disputed); Rouf (his fellow Normans); Rodulf, Rodulfus, Radulf, Radulfus (Frankish); Raoul (French); Rolf Ragnvaldsson (various modern genealogists and peerage-indexers). Rollo (I4633)
 
2321 Also called Robert (de) Knightley. Sheriff of Shropshire 1472. Charlton, Robert (I8085)
 
2322 Also called Robert Bousser. Administrator, soldier, and diplomat. First layman to hold the post of chancellor of England. Probably died of the plague.

Knight of the shire for Essex in 1328-29, 1330, 1332, and 1339. 
Bourchier, Robert (I14321)
 
2323 Also called Robert de Calz. de Cauz, Robert (I1179)
 
2324 Also called Robert de Dounis. Lord of Dounis by grand-serjeanty. de Dunes, Robert (I15194)
 
2325 Also called Robert de Gondeville. de Somerville, Roger (I8770)
 
2326 Also called Robert de Merle; Robert Melrant. de Meleraut, Robert (I10553)
 
2327 Also called Robert de Monte Alto; Robert de Montalt; Robert Fitz Ranulph. Hereditary seneschal to the Earl of Chester.

"Robert de Mohaut (de Monte Alto) or of Mold, cousin and heir. He was son of Ralph, dapifer or steward of Earl Hugh and his successors, which Ralph was brother of Hugh FitzNorman. He was known as 'le Blakestiward' or Sir Robert de Mohaut the Black Steward. He defeated the Welsh, who were overrunning the Palatinate, 3 September 1146, at Nantwich, and received various grants from the Earls of Chester, including Hawarden, which became the caput of the barony. In 1160 he was one of the farmers of the Earl of Chester's lands, and accounted as such up to 1162." [Complete Peerage
de Mohaut, Robert (I3527)
 
2328 Also called Robert de Toesni; Robert de Toeni; Robert de Todeni.

The location of Belvoir Priory was originally in Lincolnshire, but is now in Leicestershire. "Belvoir" is pronounced "beaver." 
de Tosny, Robert (I10381)
 
2329 Also called Robert de Tosny, de Toeni. Changed his name on command of William the Conqueror, when William gave him Stafford Castle. Sheriff of Staffordshire 1072-85. Died as a monk. de Stafford, Robert I (I261)
 
2330 Also called Robert de Vallibus; Harold. de Vaux, Robert (I9205)
 
2331 Also called Robert de Veteriponte.

"[L]ord of Appleby, Westmorland; Sheriff of Caen in Normany and of many English counties, and for 24 years Sheriff of Westmorland; was entrusted with the education and custody of the King's son, Richard, afterwards Earl of Cornwall; had custody of the castles of Windsor, Bowes, Salisbury, and Carlisle." [The Wallop Family
de Vipont, Robert (I7565)
 
2332 Also called Robert de Warkworth. Sheriff of Norfolk from Michaelmas 1190 to Easter 1194, and again from Michaelmas 1197 to Easter 1200. Friend and counselor of King John. fitz Roger, Robert (I11500)
 
2333 Also called Robert du Humet. Constable of Normandy. In 1086, held of earl Roger three hides in Storrington, Sussex.

Called nepos episcopi in several contemporary sources. William Farrer (Honors and Knight's Fees, citation details below) and Thomas Stapleton (Magni rotuli Scaccarii Normanniae sub regibus Angliae, 1840-44) both believed he was a grandson of Bishop Odo of Bayeaux, the one depicted on the Bayeux Tapestry wielding a club. In 1950 Kathleen Major criticized this model as well as the suggestion that "nepos episcopi" referred to Robert Bloett, bishop of Lincoln. In Domesday Descendants (2002), K. S. B. Keats-Rohan called the identification of this Robert as a grandson of Odo "a weak chain of supposition." And in a 2000 post to SGM, J. C. B. Sharp argued that the bishop in question was Ranulf Flambard, bishop of Durham 1099-1128.

But in 2007, Daniel Power (in Henry, Duke of the Normans, Boydell Press) pointed out the existence of a contemporary charter for Saint-Fromond that describes Robert du Hommet as "nepos Odonis episcopi", which, as Peter Stewart observes in this post to SGM, is pretty strong evidence that Farrer and Stapleton were right all along. 
du Hommet, Robert (I4494)
 
2334 Also called Robert Fitz Henry. Founded Burscough Priory circa 1190. de Lathom, Robert (I6432)
 
2335 Also called Robert fitz Robert. Fitz Aer, Robert (I5618)
 
2336 Also called Robert fitz Robert. de Thweng, Robert (I11575)
 
2337 Also called Robert Fronte-boef; Grundeboed. d'Estouteville, Robert (I7038)
 
2338 Also called Robert Keaye. Justice of the Peace, and Treasurer for Lame Soldiers under Elizabeth I. Kaye, Robert (I14259)
 
2339 Also called Robert le Boteler. "Robert le Boteler of Engelsby and Durandesthorpe, co. Derby, hereditary butler to the Earls of Chester." [Lancashire Inquests, Extents, and Feudal Aids A.D. 1205 - A.D. 1307, citation details below.] fitz Richard Pincerna, Robert (I10238)
 
2340 Also called Robert of Essex. fitz Swein, Robert (I13024)
 
2341 Also called Robert of Tegneg. de Thweng, Robert (I9303)
 
2342 Also called Robert Pincerna. le Boteler, Robert (I13345)
 
2343 Also called Robert Saleman. Salemon, Robert (I4858)
 
2344 Also called Robert Welch; Robert Walshaw. Walsh, Robert (I17144)
 
2345 Also called Roese de Warter. Trussebut, Roese (I6420)
 
2346 Also called Roger Bruyn. Bruen, Roger (I15844)
 
2347 Also called Roger de Conches. de Tony, Roger (I8160)
 
2348 Also called Roger de Duston. de Cauz, Roger (I3728)
 
2349 Also called Roger de Magneby. Sided with the barons against Henry III, 1265; pardoned 1266 through the intercession of Queen Eleanor. Summoned to Parliament by writ, 24 Jun 1295. Service in Wales, Scotland, and Gascony from 1277 to 1300. A benefactor to the nunnery of Thicket, Yorkshire and to the monastery of Newhouse, Lincolnshire.

Summoned to Parliament by writ, 24 Jun 1295 to 26 Aug 1296. 
de Lascelles, Roger (I9159)
 
2350 Also called Roger de Malo Passu. de Malpas, Roger (I2963)
 
2351 Also called Roger de Montalt. Hereditary seneschal to the earl of Chester. de Mohaut, Roger (I8247)
 
2352 Also called Roger de Norbury. de Bulkeley, Roger (I16344)
 
2353 Also called Roger de Toeni; Roger de Conches; Roger I Hispanicus. Standard-bearer of Normandy.

Died on a 31 May. Killed in battle with Humphrey of Vieilles, along with his sons Helbert and Helinand. 
de Tosny, Roger I (I1729)
 
2354 Also called Roger de Tonches. Founded the nunnery of St. Giles in the Wood, Flamstead, Hertfordshire.

"Went with Richard I on Crusade, 1191, and distinguished himself at Arsulf and fought against the Saracens at ElKhuweilfe, 1192. In 1204 he lost all of his Norman lands to the King of France." [The Ancestry of Dorothea Poyntz
de Tony, Roger (I4841)
 
2355 Also called Roger de Valletort, de Vautort. Heir of his natural grandfather, Robert de Beauchamp, he adopted the Beauchamp name.

Sheriff of Somerset and Dorset 1222-3. 
de Beauchamp, Robert IV (I9316)
 
2356 Also called Roger de Warwick; Roger de Newburgh. Earl of Warwick. Crusader. de Beaumont, Roger (I8642)
 
2357 Also called Roger Dutton. "Knighted with Edward, Prince of Wales, at Westminster 22 May 1306, in preparation for an expedition into Scotland." [The Ancestry of Dorothea Poyntz, citation details below.]

The 1580 Visitation of Cheshire shows his father as Edward de Chedill of Chedill, Cheshire. Ormerod shows him as a son of Geoffrey de Chedill, son of Geoffrey de Dutton and Agnes de Mascyy. 
de Chedill, Roger (I15576)
 
2358 Also called Roger Fitz Richard. 2nd Earl of Hertford, but generally styled Earl of Clare. de Clare, Roger (I3082)
 
2359 Also called Roger fitz William. de Huntingfield, Roger (I16698)
 
2360 Also called Roger Flore.

From the Oxford Dictionary of National Biography:

Like his father, Roger was involved in the wool trade, working in partnership with William Dalby of Oakham, whose daughter Katherine he married by 1398 (and whose foundation of the hospital of St John the Evangelist and St Anne, Oakham, he effected as Dalby's executor and heir). Flower followed his father, too, in administrative duties in the royal manor of Oakham, and also in the forests of Rutland and Northamptonshire under Edward, earl of Rutland, later duke of York (d. 1415). It was probably through the latter's patronage that he was first elected to parliament for Rutland in January 1397, and again in 1399; the duke later appointed him an executor. Presumably he had received legal training before 1397, since he enjoyed an expanding practice thereafter.

The course of Flower's career was only briefly disturbed by Henry IV's seizure of the throne in 1399. He was entrusted with a commission against sedition in 1402, and returned to parliament in that year (and in October 1404), later becoming sheriff of Rutland in 1407–8 and 1412–13. In 1416 Henry V made Flower steward of the duchy of Lancaster's estates north of the Trent (and so also justice of the peace in no less than ten counties), with a salary of £40 plus 5s. per day worked; early in the following year he also became steward of Lancashire and Cheshire. In his will of 1417 the king nominated Flower as a possible replacement for any of the duchy's panel of trustees who should die during his absence in France. Flower was again returned for Rutland to the seven parliaments from 1414 to 1419, and for a twelfth time in 1422. He was also speaker an unprecendented three times running (October 1416, 1417, 1419). In 1422 he was appointed speaker yet again, immediately after a hurried election, which suggests that his experience was needed for the first parliament of Henry VI's minority. The parliaments in which Flower was speaker of the Commons were gratifyingly generous to the crown; if the Agincourt effect was largely responsible, it was also to his credit as a Lancastrian servant. It is possible that his personal concern with the impact of Lollardy in the east midlands influenced the petition presented in the parliament of 1417 for the speedy execution of Sir John Oldcastle. Flower continued to exert influence on Rutland elections after his retirement, and he attended the parliaments of 1425 and 1426 as the abbot of Crowland's proxy. 
Flower, Roger Speaker of the House of Commons (I17691)
 
2361 Also called Roger of Chester, Roger Helle, Roger de Lisours.

Hereditary Constable of Cheshire; Sheriff of Lancashire. Sheriff of York and Chester, 1204-10. Was at the storming of Acre, 1191. "His raids against the Welsh are said to have earned him the nickname 'Roger of Hell.'" [The Ancestry of Dorothea Poyntz
de Lacy, Roger (I9885)
 
2362 Also called Rohese (or Rose) Fitz Robert. de Clare, Rohese (I930)
 
2363 Also called Rohese de Salford. de Alveston, Rohese (I8100)
 
2364 Also called Rose or Rohese de Clare. fitz Baldwin, Rose (I2655)
 
2365 Also called Rose; Rohese de Clare. fitz Gilbert, Rohese (I3889)
 
2366 Also called Rotbald. Roubaud (I8390)
 
2367 Also called Rotger. Count of Maine. Roger (I30)
 
2368 Also called Roysya de Monemue. de Monmouth, Rohese (I10367)
 
2369 Also called Rozala; Rozela; Susanna of Ivrea. of Italy, Suzanne Queen Consort of France (I2471)
 
2370 Also called Saartje Brett. Brett, Sarah (I16706)
 
2371 Also called Sadie Snodgrass, in Barbara Jean Crandall's "Our Family Through the Years" scrapbook. Snodgrass, Anna May (I2353)
 
2372 Also called Saffera Nickerson. Nickerson, Sophia (I20031)
 
2373 Also called Sallie.

From "Sarah Gordon Guymon," by Olive Guymon Stone:

Sarah was the oldest of John Gordon's and Barzilla Martin's children. She was born 20 November 1789 in Surry County, North Carolina. Being the oldest of twelve children Sarah had many responsibilities; helping her mother with the children, making beds and helping her mother in the tavern. She had a busy life and never knew an idle moment.

Sarah married Thomas Guymon in Stokes County, North Carolina the 23rd day of February 1809. He was the son of Isaiah Guymon and Elizabeth Flynn. He was an ambitious young man, who farmed in the summer months and taught school in the winter. They lived in Stokes County, North Carolina for six years. During that time three sons: Isaiah, John and William were born to them. They moved to Jackson County, Tennessee in 1815. Here they had three more sons: James, Noah Thomas and Martin and one daughter Barzilla. Ten years later they moved again, this time to Edgar County, Illinois in 1825. While living here they had four daughters: Elizabeth, Polly Ann, Sarah Jane and Melissa Jane.

Sarah and her husband were converted to the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints in 1836 and soon joined with the Saints and were with them in all their persecutions. Their son James came to Utah in 1849 and a year later in the spring of 1850 Thomas and Sarah Guymon with their daughter Melissa Jane, their son Noah Thomas, his wife Margaret Johnson and children, their daughter Polly Ann and her husband Robert Johnson and their children, all came to Utah with the Aaron Johnson Company. Their three eldest sons however, did not come to Utah. The family with others made many preparations for the journey to Utah. Among other things, they had to train or break cows to lead on a wagon of three yoke of oxen.

The most pleasant part of their journey was spent traveling along the banks of the Missouri River. The company crossed the river on flat boats and the cattle swam the river. They gathered buffalo chips to make fires in the prairie lands. The company traveled long hard hours but they always took time out at night to sing songs of praise and enjoyed one another's company before retiring.

Three days before the end of this journey their son James came to meet them. The children were driving the cattle ahead of the wagons and when they saw their Uncle James coming they shouted for joy. The shouts of joy soon rang through the entire company. Thomas and Sarah were indeed happy to see their son and the company was glad to see someone they knew for now they were sure that their long journey would soon be at an end. Finally they arrived at the little town of Salt Lake City on the 12 September 1850. One of the sights that impressed the children was a red flag on a stick nailed up on a log room to show that merchandise was sold there and another log room with a tin cup outside to show that tin was sold there.

They spent their first week with James, who lived on the Little Cottonwood River. He had a lovely garden, which furnished good eating for the new arrivals to the valley. The married children moved down into Utah County all except James, who moved down some time later. Thomas and Sarah spend their first winter in Salt Lake Valley.

Sarah had a very quick temper and was very determined about getting her own way when she felt she was right. The people in Salt Lake Valley were told to take their dry cows in the herd and let the herder take them to Antelope Island, which is an island in the Great Salt Lake. Sarah felt it was wrong to let her cows be sent over there for the winter. The herder came and put her cows in with the rest of the herd. She was very determined that her cows were not going so she came out with her cane for a switch and turned her cows out of the herd and took them home. The cows had to be herded all the time. She must have known what she was doing for the other cows froze to death and her cows furnished milk for her family and many more settlers.

Sarah not only loved her children very much but she was fond of her brothers and sisters. We have found many instances where she was close to the son of her sister; his name was Calvin Stone who lived in Utah. We also have evidence that she corresponded with her family back in North Carolina. Among the letters written to her youngest brother Martin was found a document giving Martin the Power of Attorney and a letter asking him to sell her land, which was left her by her father. Her father was a wealthy man at the time of his death. Her oldest brother James was the Administrator of the Estate. This letter to Martin was 28 February 1870. In this same letter she stated that her health was very poor and that she was living with her son Noah Thomas and that he was taking care of all her business affairs.

After Noah Thomas moved to Springville, Thomas and Sarah moved to Springville. Here her husband Thomas died 20 October 1855. After his death Sarah moved to Fountain Green to be near her children there. She lived in a home of her own and had a girl named Martha Jane Park lived with her to keep her company. She lived the last few years with her son Noah Thomas. Here she died on 07 December 1872, at the age of 91 years. She was taken to Springville for burial beside her husband. 
Gordon, Sarah (I3409)
 
2374 Also called Sally Smith. Smith, Sarah (I11875)
 
2375 Also called Sancha de Provence. Sancie (I8095)
 
2376 Also called Sancha. of Navarre, Blanche Queen of Castile (I9475)
 
2377 Also called Sara Bauman. Bowman, Sara (I17902)
 
2378 Also called Sarah "Sally" Stone.

The database "Membership of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1830-1848" states that her parents were Josiah Stone and Sarah Darby/Durby/Daby.

Lucius Augustus Bingham and Sarah Stone were great-great grandparents of TNH's third cousin twice removed, Harold Bingham Lee (1899-1973), eleventh president of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, after whom the main library at BYU is named. 
Stone, Sarah (I9778)
 
2379 Also called Sarazine; Sarrasine. de Lezay, Saracena (I9825)
 
2380 Also called Savary. Vicomte de Thouars. Mentioned 980. Savaric III (I9864)
 
2381 Also called Senfria; Seinfreda. Senfrie (I906)
 
2382 Also called Shadrack. Scullard, Sydrack (I11604)
 
2383 Also called Sibel d'Evreux.

Died on a 3 June, year unknown. 
de Salisbury, Sybil (I3389)
 
2384 Also called Sibella de Chaources.

"She died before her husband and was buried near the quire in Bradenstoke. He took the habit of a canon there, died in 1147, and was buried in the same grave as his wife." [Complete Peerage
de Chaworth, Sybil (I1878)
 
2385 Also called Sibilla del Vasto. Not, Wikipedia and other sources notwithstanding, the daughter of a Catalan family, sometimes identified with the name "Mataplana."

Peter Stewart [citation details below]:

A few threads over the past year or two have discussed the parentage of Sibilla, wife of Guillem VI, seigneur of Montpellier.

Adequate proof has been set out here before that she was from Italy, daughter of Bonifacio, margrave of Vasto & Agnes de Vermandois. However, several modern genealogists & historians including Henri Vidal, Claudie Duhamel-Amado, Szabolcs de Vajay and Patrick van Kerrebrouck have wrongly stated that she was daughter of a Catalan viscount, Hugo de Mataplana.

After checking Liber instrumentorum memorialium: cartulaire des Guillems de Montpellier, edited by Alexandre Germain & Camille Chabaneau (Montpellier, 1884-1886), it seems likely to me that these authorities have copied each other's mistake in some sequence, because this false relationship is virtually precluded by the available evidence.

In his testament dated 11 December 1146 (op cit p. 182, no. 95) Guillem left the guardianship of his children and lands, under the superior custody of his mother Ermesendis de Melgueil, to his cousin ("consobrinus meus") Ponce de Mataplana.

The context makes it logical to read "consobrinus" in its literal and precise sense of maternal first cousin, as Ponce was enjoined to take care of Guillem's family and property along with his mother, but even if a looser translation (such as sister's son or father's sister's son) were allowed the word would still denote a close blood relative and not one by marriage -- it cannot mean brother-in-law (usually "cognatus", although that covers a wide range of kinship too) and Sibilla could not have been a sibling to Ponce anyway.

Another error made by Henri Vidal [in 'Les mariages dans la famille des Guillems, seigneurs de Montpellier', Revue historique de droit franc?ais et e?tranger 62 (1984)] is to make Raimond-Guillem, abbot of Aniane and bishop of Lodève, a son of Guillem VI (the third of five attributed to him).

Guillem made elaborate provisions for the descent of Montpellier in the event that any one of his children should die without issue. They were all young at the time, and allowance was made for the third son, Bernard, to become a cleric if he should wish to take holy orders or to be set up honourably if he chose not to do so. He was the only one nominated for the priesthood. There were explicitly just four sons, Guillem the elder, Guillem the younger, Bernard and Gui in that order ("IIIIor filii mei, Guillelmus major, et Guillelmus minor, et Bernardus, et Guido"), as well as three daughters whose rights followed theirs. Guillem VI was already a widower and became a monk at Grandselve after making his will, so that Raimond-Guillem of Lodève cannot have belonged to his immediate family. 
de Saluzzo, Sybille (I12580)
 
2386 Also called Sibyl de Tingry. of Boulogne, Sibyl (I13057)
 
2387 Also called Siemomysl. Supposedly a son of Lestek, son of Siemowit, making him the third pagan Polans duke of the Piast dynasty, but the actual existence of any of his claimed forbears is unclear. Ziemomyse's existence as the father of Poland's first Christian ruler, Mieszko I, is relatively well-attested. Ziemomyse Duke of the Polans (I6810)
 
2388 Also called Sigarith. Sigrid (I6281)
 
2389 Also called Sigvarthr. Earl of Northumberland. "The life of King Edward recorded his nickname as 'Digri', or 'Digara', from the Danish Diger meaning 'the Stout', or 'the Strong'. A legend preserved in the twelfth century noted that Siward was descended from the union of a white bear and a noblewoman." [Oxford Dictionary of National Biography]

"Siward, a Dane, who perhaps came to England with Cnut, was an Earl (probably of the southern -- Danish -- portion of the ancient Northumbria) in or before 1041. His marriage had given him some claim to the hereditary Earldom of Northumberland, and in or before 1042 the murder of his wife's uncle Eadulf put him, as Earl, in possession of the whole of Northumbria, from Humber to Tweed. He was presumably Earl also of Northampton and Huntingdon. He gave active support to the Confessor against Earl Godwin and his sons, and in 1054 led a force of English and Danes against the Scottish usurper Macbeth, which put Malcolm, regis Cumbrorum filium, upon his murdered father's throne. He m, 1stly, Elfleda, daughter of Aldred, Earl of Northumbria (d. s.p.m.); and 2ndly, Godiva, a widow. He d. 1055, at York, and was buried at the neighboring abbey of Galmanho, which he had founded." [Complete Peerage IX:702-3]

"Siward succeeded Earl Erik of Hlathir in southern Northumbria between 1023 and 1033, the dates of Erik's last appearance in a charter and Siward's first. Siward was one of those to whom Cnut delegated significant authority in England while he was occupied in his Scandinavian lands. [...] Siward is named by the Norman chronicler William of Poitiers as being one of those magnates of England who swore an oath to secure Duke William of Normandy's succession to the English throne. Siward's rule in Northumbria was seen as particularly harsh but effective by contemporary sources. The life of King Edward describes how before the earl's time parties of even twenty or thirty men were not safe from robbers, but that Siward's policy of killing or mutilating the miscreants, however noble, brought security to the region. [...] Henry of Huntingdon described Earl Siward as a giant of a man 'whose vigour of mind was equal to his bodily strength' (Huntingdon, Historia Anglorum (OMT), 376). During an attack on Scotland, when one of his sons was killed, Siward enquired whether he had received his wound in front or behind. When informed that the wound had been received in front, the earl rejoiced that his son had died a fitting death. This may refer to the death of Osbeorn at the hands of the Scots in 1054. Also according to Henry of Huntingdon, Earl Siward himself died of dysentery. He felt ashamed that he was not going to die in one of his many battles and asked to be dressed in his armour, so that, with shield and battleaxe in his hands, he might die a soldier's death. This was at York, before mid-Lent 1055, when he was buried in the monastery which he had founded at 'Galmanho', dedicated to St Olaf, king and martyr—which indicates Siward's continued Danish sympathies." [Oxford Dictionary of National Biography
Siward (I3885)
 
2390 Also called Siliola, Gigliola. da Carrara, Cäcilie (I22123)
 
2391 Also called Simon fitz William. de Kyme, Simon I (I4628)
 
2392 Also called Sinispella; Spella di Arborea. de Lacon-Serra, Ispella (I8914)
 
2393 Also called Sir John le Botiller; Sir John le Boteler; John le Botiller de Verdun.

Ally of the King against Simon de Montfort. Went to Sicily, 1271, on crusade with Lord Edward (later Edward I).

The Wallop Family claims that has was "slain in Ireland", a circumstance and place not mentioned in RA. CP says "He is said to have d. 21 Oct 1274" and footnotes this with: "Though the writ appears to have been issued, 17 Oct. [...] According to the Annals of Clonmacnoise, he and 13 knights were poisoned together in England." 
de Verdun, John (I2919)
 
2394 Also called Sonnes, Soames. Soanes, Patience (I8500)
 
2395 Also called St. William of York; William of Thwayt. Patron saint of York in Yorkshire.

"William of York was an English priest and Archbishop of York. William has the unusual distinction of having been Archbishop of York twice, both before and after his rival Henry Murdac. He was a relative of King Stephen of England, and the king helped secure FitzHerbert's election to York after a number of candidates had failed to secure papal confirmation. William faced opposition from the Cistercians who, after the election of the Cistercian Pope Eugene III, managed to have the archbishop deposed in favour of the Cistercian Murdac. From 1147 until 1153, William worked to secure his restoration to York, which he finally achieved after the deaths of both Murdac and Eugene III. He did not retain the see long, as he died shortly after returning to York, allegedly having been poisoned. After William's death miracles were reported at his tomb from the year 1177 onwards, and in the year 1227 he was declared a saint." [Wikipedia] 
fitz Herbert, St. William Archbishop of York (I10270)
 
2396 Also called Stephen de Uslewall. de Swynnerton, Stephen (I415)
 
2397 Also called Stephen of Blois, confusingly enough.

Count Of Blois. Died at the Siege of Ramallah in the First Crusade. 
Etienne Henri (I9994)
 
2398 Also called Steven. Turned back the invasion of Hungary led by Otakar II of Bohemia. Istvan V King of Hungary (I16599)
 
2399 Also called Suniario. Count of Barcelona, Girona, and Ausona. Sunyer (I6153)
 
2400 Also called Sureptia. West, Sarepta (I11690)
 
2401 Also called Susanna Thorne. Dorne, Susanna (I9108)
 
2402 Also called Sveinn Haraldsson, Sveinn Tjúguskegg.

"He died at Gainsborough on 3 February 1014 and was buried initially at York but, according to Thietmar of Merseburg, an unnamed English woman, fearing that Æthelred would, on his return from exile, destroy the body, had it exhumed and sent to Denmark, where it was reburied in Roskilde." Oxford Dictionary of National Biography 
Forkbeard, Swein King of England and Denmark (I2181)
 
2403 Also called Swezey.

Joseph Swazey (~1653-1717) = Mary Betts (1654-1734)
Joanna Swazey (1686-1724) = Israel Parshall (~1679-1738)
Israel Parshall (~1708->1744) = Bethia Case (1713->1744)
Israel Parshall (1736-1827) = Ruth Howell (1733-1808)
Keziah Parshall (~1764-1828) = Benjamin Hulse (~1757-1826)
Elisha Hulce = Hannah Hulce
Elisha Hulce = Laura Sanburn
Alton Fenton Hulce = Ella A. Weaver
Raymond Stillman Hulce = Lenna Grace Baker
Raymond Albert Hulce = Joanne Winkleman
Thomas Edward Hulce (1953- ) 
Swazey, Joseph (I22578)
 
2404 Also called Sybil de Hesdin; Matilda de Hesdin. de Hesdin, Maud (I3008)
 
2405 Also called Tallebosc. Described by the Oxford Dictionary of National Biography as "post-conquest castellan of Bedford and sheriff of Bedfordshire." de Taillebois, Rolf (I8)
 
2406 Also called Tanglust of Chester. Ormerod says that William Belward married a Beatrix who was a daughter of Hugh de Bohun, alias Kevelioc, 5th Earl of Chester. And Burke's Peerage (2003) gives her as an illegitimate daughter of Hugh. But she may have been a natural daughter of Ranulph of Chester ("le Gernons") rather than of Ranulph's son. of Chester, Beatrix (I2613)
 
2407 Also called Taylor of Burton. Citizen, haberdasher, and alderman of London. Taylour, John (I17124)
 
2408 Also called Tebaldo di Agledo. di Aglié, Thibault (I932)
 
2409 Also called Tetbald. Vicomte of Troyes; Count of Blois. le Vieux, Theobald (I1719)
 
2410 Also called Teto; Teotone; Oddone. Margrave de Vasto. Margrave of Western Liguria. of Savona, Otto (I9554)
 
2411 Also called Thebaud le Boteler. Walter, Thebaud (I17437)
 
2412 Also called Theobald fitz Walter; Theobald Butler. Chief Butler of England; first Chief Butler of Ireland. Sheriff of Lancashire 1194; justice itinerant 1197.

He was raised in the remarkable household of his uncle, the justiciar of England Ranulph de Glanville, along with his brother Hubert Walter (who would become justiciar of England, chancellor of England, and Archbishop of Canterbury); Geoffrey fitz Peter (who would succeed Hubert Walter as justiciar); and, for a few years in the early 1180s, the future king John.

He was not the founder of Cockersand Abbey in Lancashire as reported in CP II; this is corrected in CP XIV. He did, however, found the Abbey of Nenagh. co. Tipperary, 1200; the Abbey of Wotheny, co. Limerick, 1205; and the monastery of Arklow, co. Wicklow.

"Theobald Walter or Fitz Walter, s. and h. of Hervey Walter, of West Dereham, Norfolk (owner of large estates in Norfolk and Suffolk), by Maud, da. and coh. of Theobald de Valoignes, accompanied John, Count of Mortain, Lord of Ireland (afterward King John), in 1185 into Ireland, who conferred on him vast estates in that Kingdom, including (before 1189) the fief of Arldow, &c., and (in or before May 1 192) the important office of Butler [I.], a dignity which, of itself, probably comprised (even if it did not comprise more than) Baronial rank and position for himself and his successors. He is said subsequently to have obtained the valuable monopoly of the prisage of wines [I.], and is styled Theobald Butler certainly as early as 1199. Returning to England, he obtained from Richard I, in 1194, a grant of the Wapentake of Amounderness with the Lordship of Preston, Lancs. He was Sheriff of Lancashire, personally or by deputy 1194-99. In 1197 he was one of the Justices Itinerant. He founded the Abbey of Nenagh, co. Tipperary 1200; the Abbey of Wotheny, co. Limerick (1205), and the monastery of Arklow, co. Wicklow. He m., in or shortly before 1200, Maud, da. of Robert le Vavasour with whom he acquired the manors of Edlington, co. York, Narborough, co. Leicester, &c. He d. between 4 Aug. 1205 and 14 Feb. 1205/6, and was bur. at Wotheny Abbey afsd. His widow m., in 1207, before 1 Oct., Fulk Fitzwarin." [Complete Peerage II:447-48, as corrected by Volume XIV.] 
Walter, Theobald (I5809)
 
2413 Also called Theobald Walter. Second Chief Butler of Ireland.

"Theobald Butler, or le Botiller, only s. and h., aged 6 years in 1206. He had livery of his estates 2 July 1221 and 18 July 1222. He was sum. cum equis et armis to attend the King into Brittany, 26 Oct. 1229, as Theobaldus Pincerna. Was Lord Justice [I.], 1247. He m., 1stly, Joan, sister and in her issue coh. of John du Marais, da. of Geoffrey Du M., Justiciar [I.]. He m., 2ndly (shortly after 4 Sep. 1225, when the King requests such marriage), Rohese, only da. and h. of Nicholas de Verdon, of Alton, co. Stafford, which Rohese was heiress of Croxden, &c., and Foundress of Grace Dieu Monastery, co. Leicester. He d. 19 July 1230, in Poitou, and was bur. in the Abbey of Arklow. His widow d. before 22 Feb. 1246/7." [Complete Peerage II:448] 
le Boteler, Theobald (I303)
 
2414 Also called Theobald, Teobaldo, etc. Called "the Troubadour", "the Chansonnier", and "the Posthumous", the latter because his father died before he was born. He was count of Champagne (as Thibaut IV) from birth and king of Navarre from 1234.

He was an initiator of the Baron's Crusade, from which he is said to have brought back to France the rose called rosa gallica "officinalis", and the Chardonnay grape. 
Thibaut IV - I King of Navarre (I14312)
 
2415 Also called Theobald.

Count of Blois, Chartres, Châteaudun, Champagne, Meaux, Provins, and Sancerre. 
Thibaut III (I1922)
 
2416 Also called Theodoric; Theuderic. Count of Autun. "It is now well documented that his supposed Davidic blood was a hoax (see Priory of Sion)." [Wikipeia] of Autun, Thierry (I8411)
 
2417 Also called Theodoric; Thierry I of Liesgau. Count in Haussegau.

From Wikipedia:

"Theodoric I (c. 916 – c. 976), German Dietrich I, also known as Thierry I of Liesgau, is considered the oldest traceable member of the House of Wettin. In genealogy this makes him the progenitor of the dukes, electors and kings of Saxony, the grand dukes of Saxony-Weimar and Eisenach and the dukes of the various Saxon duchies of Thuringia and also of various present-day monarchs, including Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom, King Philippe of Belgium, the last king Simeon II of Bulgaria, as well as the last king of Portugal, Manuel II.

"Almost nothing is known about Theodoric's life; not even the year of his death is clear. It is believed that he was killed in battle with the Hungarians in 976." 
of Wettin, Dietrich I (I3734)
 
2418 Also called Theophania de Penthievre. Tiphaine (I4223)
 
2419 Also called Thomas Barnett. Planter and husbandman. One of the first settlers of Amesbury. Killed by Indians about 1677. Barnard, Thomas (I5652)
 
2420 Also called Thomas Cherleton; Thomas de Knightley de Charlton. Charlton, Thomas (I10615)
 
2421 Also called Thomas d'Arcedekne. l'Arcedekne, Thomas (I8304)
 
2422 Also called Thomas Daniers, Daniell.

In the church of St. Wilfred at Grappenhall, now a suburban village in Warrington, Cheshire, is a nineteenth-century plaque that reads:

In memory of Sir Thomas Danyers of Bradley, within Appleton, who died A.D. MCCCLIV. He was present at the Battle of Crescy, the XXVth day of May, A.D. MCCCXLVI, and there rescued the Standard of Edward the Black Prince, from the hands of the enemy, and made prisoner of the Comte de Tankerville, Chamberlain to the King of France. To preserve the memory of a gallant soldier, this monument was placed here, A.D. MDCCCCLXXVI.

Note that contrary to the plaque, the Thomas Danyers who fought at Crécy dide in 1352. It was his father, also Thomas Danyers, who lived to 1354.

According to Ormerod (citation details below), "For this service the Black Prince, as earl of Chester, settled on him an annuity of 40 marks per ann. issuing out of his manor of Frodsham, until a convenient grant of land of the value of £20 per ann. could be made." 
Danyers, Thomas (I15474)
 
2423 Also called Thomas de Coucy. Count of Amiens; lord of Coucy and Marle. "A notorious knight brigand."

From Leo van de Pas's site:

Thomas was lord of Coucy, Boves, Marle, La Fère, Crépy and Vervins. There was some doubt as to whether Enguerrand I was really his father (he had repudiated Thomas' mother over her adultery), and it appears that Enguerrand detested his son and sought to disinherit him.

Before 1095 Thomas developed a reputation for rapacious cruelty. In April 1096 he joined the first crusade with his father and alongside the notorious Emicho of Leiningen, persecutor of the Rhineland Jews. He fought with great courage in a number of battles: Nicea (June 1097), Dorylaeum (July 1097), Al-Bara (December 1097), Antioch (June 1098), and Jerusalem in July 1099 he was one of the first Crusaders to enter the city.

Thomas may have been marked by the cross, but he could not switch off the elemental ferocity that had driven him, and many of his comrades, to the gates of the Holy City. Returning to his country with little to show for such a long crusade, Thomas resumed his pillaging and devastation of the regions around Laon, from Amiens to Reims. He was even excommunicated by the pope during a council held in Beauvais in 1114.

In October 1130 he was severely wounded by Raoul I 'the Valiant', comte de Vermandois, during the siege of Coucy ordered by King Louis VI, who wanted to put an end to the ravages of his vassal.

Thomas died of his wounds on 9 November 1130. He was buried under the tower of the abbatial church of Nogent-sous-Coucy, and his body remained there until 3 April 1219, when it was moved to the church built by his grandson Enguerrand III. The chronicler of the time, Guibert de Nogent, abbot of the Benedictine Abbey of Nogent-sous-Coucy, wrote of him that he was the greatest scoundrel of his time. 
de Marle, Thomas (I8193)
 
2424 Also called Thomas de Greystoke. fitz William, Thomas (I1603)
 
2425 Also called Thomas de Leycestre de Wolvey. de Wolvey, Thomas (I3404)
 
2426 Also called Thomas de Lundin; Thomas Fitz Malcolm de Lundin.

Usher of the King of Scots. Sheriff of Fife. Sheriff of Inverness. 
Durward, Thomas (I19408)
 
2427 Also called Thomas de Lymme, de Limme. de Legh, Thomas (I4104)
 
2428 Also called Thomas de Tolthorp.

LITTLE CASTERTON, Tolethorpe Manor,

The subtenant of Tolethorpe at the time of the Domesday Survey (1086) was Robert who, according to Blore, was ancestor of the Tolethorpe family. His son John had a son Robert living in 1166. Robert's son Thomas de 'Tolestorp' in 1196 paid scutage due from his overlord Ralph de Somery in Rutland. He married Juliana, daughter of William de Freney, and was dealing with lands in Tolethorpe in 1220. Robert de 'Tollethorpe' his son married Alice, daughter of Robert L'Abbe, and in 1235 held a third part of a knight's fee in Rutland. In 1263 he obtained the right to a free fishery in the Gwash (Wesse) from Tolethorpe to the old bridge at Ryhall, from Hugh le Despenser. Thomas son of Robert de Tolethorpe married Maud, daughter of Brice Daneys, and held a knight's fee of Roger de Somery, in Tolethorpe in 1272, which William de Tolethorpe his son held in 1291.

William de Tolethorpe married Alice, daughter of Ralph de Normanville of Empingham, and was holding in 1303 and 1305. He had two daughters, Maud, wife of Nicholas de Burton of Stamford, and Elizabeth, wife of Giles de Erdington, and settled the manor of Tolethorpe before 1316 on Nicholas and Maud but a little later it was reconveyed to him. He was holding the Tolethorpe fee of the Somerys in 1323, but died shortly afterwards. During the disturbed conditions of the country in the reign of Edward II, John Hakluyt, keeper of the Forest of Rutland, and his servants, were attacked at Liddington in 1318 by a great concourse of persons including William son of Robert de Tolethorpe, Robert son of John de Tolethorpe, 'mouner' and William his brother, the elder, and William his brother, the younger. In 1321 a commission was issued for their trial, but the result does not appear.

['Parishes: Little Casterton', A History of the County of Rutland: Volume 2 (1935), pp. 236-242.] 
de Tolethorpe, William (I51)
 
2429 Also called Thomas Dillon. Duland, Thomas (I17148)
 
2430 Also called Thomas Dispensator. Despenser, Thomas (I6031)
 
2431 Also called Thomas fitz Otto.

Hereditary Coiner of the Mint in the Tower of London and City of Canterbury.

"In [1261] the king took the homage of Thomas and granted him the serjeanty (Excerpta E Rotulis Fiunium [London 1835-36] 2:355). In 1265 Thomas son of Otto was to be given the scrap iron from the broken dies, as his father Otto son of William and his ancestors had had (Calendar of Close Rolls, Henry III 13:19)." 
fitz Otes, Thomas (I9462)
 
2432 Also called Thomas Heuster. "A lawyer who became chief prothonotary of the common pleas." [Oxford Dictionary of National BiographyWestcote, Thomas (I16195)
 
2433 Also called Thomas Holes. Hulse, Thomas (I13550)
 
2434 Also called Thomas le Latimer Bouchard. Summoned to Parliament from 29 Dec 1299 to 4 Mar 1309. le Latimer, Thomas (I19693)
 
2435 Also called Thomas Londres, de Lounders. de London, Thomas (I2162)
 
2436 Also called Thomas of Helmsley.

Summoned to Parliament by writs 1362-1383. 
de Ros, Thomas (I1656)
 
2437 Also called Thomas Saint John. Poynings, Thomas (I20885)
 
2438 Also called Thomas Thorne; Thomas of Syresham; Thomas of Myxbury. Dorne, Thomas (I16256)
 
2439 Also called Thomasia. Thomasine (I13513)
 
2440 Also called Tooker. Tucker, Honour (I13976)
 
2441 Also called Toussaint de Bertrand. Bastembourg de Montfort, Thurstan (I8046)
 
2442 Also called Troian of Bulgaria. Wikipedia says his wife, mother to his daughter Maria, was "an unnamed Byzantine noblewoman descended from the families of Kontostephanos and Phokas." Trajan Khan of Western Bulgaria (I10780)
 
2443 Also called Turstain; Thurstin Haldup; Richard de la Haye. Haldup, Thurstan (I9315)
 
2444 Also called Ulderich. Duke of Bohemia.

From Wikipedia:

"Oldrich deposed [his brother] Jaromír on 12 April 1012 and recognised the suzerainty of the Holy Roman Emperor. According to legend, Oldrich married a woman known as Božena, daughter of Kresina, after discarding his first wife on the grounds that they were childless.

"Oldrich and his son Bretislaus sought to win back Moravia from the Poles and in 1029 Bretislaus drove the Poles out of the eastern lands. Bretislaus' efforts in today Slovakia against Hungary failed in 1030 due to the jealousy of the Emperor Conrad II. In the following year, Czech forces refused to take the field for the emperor.

"In 1032, Oldrich was invited to the Diet of Merseburg and did not appear. His absence raised the ire of the emperor and Conrad, busy with events in Burgundy, charged his son Henry VI, Duke of Bavaria, with punishing the recalcitrant Bohemian. Oldrich was deposed and sent to Bavaria. He was replaced by Jaromír, but he in turn was captured, blinded, and deposed by Oldrich, who seized power again and drove out Jaromír's son from Moravia. Oldrich died abruptly on 9 November 1034 and later examination of his skeleton reveal his skull to have suffered a fatal blow. Jaromír then renounced the throne in favour of Bretislaus." 
of Bohemia, Oldrich (I3752)
 
2445 Also called Ulric Manfredo. Count of Susa. Margrave of Turin. Manfredo, Olderich II (I3451)
 
2446 Also called Vermuto, Vermudo, "el Gotoso" ("the Gouty"). Bermudo II King of Galicia & Leon (I1211)
 
2447 Also called Viter de Moeslain. de Moeslain, Gauthier (I12866)
 
2448 Also called Voteporix; Votecorigas; (in modern Welsh) Gwerthefyr ap Aergul.

Stewart Baldwin: "[He] was apparently old at the time Gildas was writing (perhaps between 500 and 550) [...] As the recipient of a severe denunciation by his contemporary Gildas, and the subject of a memorial stone, he is the best documented individual in the earlier generations of this ancestor table. His uncertain chronological position depends on the still debated chronology of his contemporary Gildas." 
Uortiporius King of Dyfed (I2766)
 
2449 Also called Vulgrin; Bougrin; also Taillefer; Rudel. Count of Angoulême. of Angoulême, Wulgrin II (I412)
 
2450 Also called Waldef. Thegn of Hepple in Coquetdale, Durham. Waltheof (I3145)
 
2451 Also called Waldeve. The Oxford Dictionary of National Biography calls him "of Allerdale in Cumbria."

"It has been asserted that he became Abbot of Croyland in 1124 and was deposed in 1138, but there is good reason for believing that the Abbot must have been another Waldeve." [The Scots Peerage, citation details below.] 
of Dunbar, Waltheof (I1684)
 
2452 Also called Waldrada of Worms; Wialdrut of Toulouse; Waldrade of Orleans; Wialdrut. Waldrade (I8521)
 
2453 Also called Waleran; Udo. Count of Limburg. Count of Arlon. Walram (I7085)
 
2454 Also called Walter D'Aincourt, d'Eyncourt, etc. Domesday lord of Blankney, Lincolnshire.

"Walter de Aincourt was a substantial Domesday tenant-in-chief, notably in Lincolnshire and Northamptonshire. In the early thirteenth century the representative of the family was his descendant Oliver. In the feodary of 1212-1220 in the Registers of Philip Augustus under the rubric 'Ballivia domini Gaufridi de Capella' ie. the bailiwick of Caux in which Ancourt lay, is the entry 'Terra Oliveri de Eincuria unum feodum apud Eincuriam'. Oliver had remained in England and adhered to John; Ancourt would therefore be in the French King's hand. The epitaph of William son of Walter de Aincourt, the Domesday tenant-in-chief, preserved in Lincoln Cathedral, describes Walter as kinsman of Remigius bishop of Lincoln; it is to be noted that Remigius had been a monk and almoner of Fecamp and that the abbot of Fecamp was patron of the church of Ancourt. In 1870 the remains of the castle were to be seen near the church." [The Origins of Some Anglo-Norman Families, by Lewis C. Lloyd. Charles Travis Clay and David C. Douglas, eds. Leeds: Harleian Society, 1951.]

"The arms of this family were, Azure, billetty and a fesse dancette Or. Aincourt is a village in the Vexin normand." [Complete Peerage IV:118, note (b).] 
Deincourt, Walter (I370)
 
2455 Also called Walter d'Evreux; Walter Fitz Edward; Walter the Sheriff. Hereditary sheriff of Wiltshire and constable of Salisbury Castle.

He died as a canon at Bradenstoke Priory, Wiltshire. [Royal Ancestry
of Salisbury, Walter (I5448)
 
2456 Also called Walter de Greystoke. fitz Ivo, Walter (I1287)
 
2457 Also called Walter de St. Valéry. Domesday holder of lands in Gloucestershire. de St. Valéry, Gauthier (I244)
 
2458 Also called Walter of Gloucester. In Domesday as a tenant-in-chief. Hereditary sheriff, and probably constable, of Gloucestershire. fitz Roger de Pîtres, Walter (I6282)
 
2459 Also called Walter Stewart. Sixth Steward of Scotland.

"[K]nighted before the battle of Bannockburn (1314, during which he nominally commanded a division of the Scottish army, regent of Scotland during the king's absence in Ireland." [The Ancestry of Charles II, King of England (citation details below).] 
fitz James, Walter (I20904)
 
2460 Also called Waltheof FitzWolfric de Hatton; Walthew. Waltheof (I10040)
 
2461 Also called Waltheof of Tynedale. Waldeve (I5508)
 
2462 Also called Wanko, Wenceslaus. Prince of Plock. of Masovia, Waclaw (I22146)
 
2463 Also called Waterman, Whetman. Whatman, Elizabeth (I18339)
 
2464 Also called Wenuwin. Gwenwynwyn (I1549)
 
2465 Also called Widericus; Windericus; Widiacus. Count Palatine of Lotharingia; Count of the Bidgau and Ardennengau. Founder of the Ardennes counts (known as the Wigeriche). Wigeric (I5874)
 
2466 Also called Wido de Craon. Tenant of Ralph de Gael prior to 1075; acquired some of the forfeited lands, and thus tenant in chief for Freiston and others at Domesday. de Craon, Guy I (I2168)
 
2467 Also called Widone; Garnier. Warnerius (I2637)
 
2468 Also called Willa of Tuscany. Died as a nun. of Arles, Willa (I3609)
 
2469 Also called Willa von Swabia; Willa of Provence; Guila.

"It is certain that she was first consort of king Rudolf I of Upper Burgundy (who was proclaimed king in 888 and died on 25 October 911) and later, from 912, consort of Hugh of Arles, border count of Provence, who in 926 became king of Northern Italy. Everything else in her genealogy is more or less uncertain." [Wikipedia] 
of Vienne, Willa (I3918)
 
2470 Also called William "Big Billy" Hayden. Hayden, William "Big Willie" (I1177)
 
2471 Also called William "Towhead". William III, Duke of Aquitaine; William I of Poitou. Guillaume "Tete-d'Etoupe" (I4365)
 
2472 Also called William D'Ivry. Joined the Third Crusade in 1190. Lovel, William (I3534)
 
2473 Also called William de Beauvoir. d'Aubeney, William IV (I2806)
 
2474 Also called William de Campo Arnulphi. de Chambernoun, William (I7688)
 
2475 Also called William de Fraisneto of Belton.

BELTON,

The manor of BELTON was probably one of the berewicks attached to the manor of Ridlington in 1086. It was presumably alienated by the Crown with the manor of Oakham (q.v.) in the 12th century, and from that time was held of the castle and manor of Oakham as one knight's fee.

The first sub-tenant of the manor seems to have been Ralph de Freney (de Fraisneto, du Frenai), who granted land belonging to his fee in Belton to the Priory of St. Mary at Brooke, probably at its foundation by Hugh de Ferrers before 1153. Whether Ralph held the whole manor or whether its division into moieties had already taken place is unknown. Ralph was living in 1166-7, and was succeeded by his son William, mentioned in relation to Rutland from 1175 to 1203. William refers in charters to Brooke Priory, to his sons Robert, his heir, and Reginald. Robert possibly died without issue, as Reginald succeeded to Belton, where he had held a virgate of land in his father's lifetime. He lost his property in England, as a Norman, in 1205, but Alice de Freney, probably holding the manor in dower as widow of William de Freney, leased in that year a carucate of land to Peter de Aslaketon. After her death the manor reverted to the chief lords, and in 1232 Henry III intimated to Peter Fitz Herbert and Isabel his wife, then overlords, that it was his pleasure that they should restore Belton to Henry son of Reginald de Freney. Before 1237 Henry de Freney sold a moiety of the manor of Belton to Hugh de Mortimer, son of Isabel by her former husband Roger de Mortimer. On his death it passed to his mother, who was the tenant in 1244, when Alice, widow of Hugh, sued her mother-in-law for dower in Belton. Alice, however, was required to give an undertaking that if she recovered dower, it should revert to the Crown after the death of Isabel. Isabel died in 1252, when the overlordship reverted to the Crown and passed in that year with Oakham (q.v.) to Richard, Earl of Cornwall.
['Parishes: Belton', A History of the County of Rutland: Volume 2 (1935), pp. 27-32.]

CLIPSHAM,

The manor of CLIPSHAM is not mentioned in Domesday Book (1086), but it was presumably in the king's hands until granted away with the manor and castle of Oakham by Henry I in the 12th century. From this time it was held of the Castle of Oakham by the service of one knight's fee, and formed part of Oakham Soke. The first recorded tenant of the manor seems to have been William de Freney (de Fraisneto), against whom the Templars brought a plea of warranty for 4 bovates of land in Clipsham in 1203. From this date the manor followed the descent of that of Belton (q.v.). ['Parishes: Clipsham', A History of the County of Rutland: Volume 2 (1935), pp. 41-45.]


EARSHAM,

There was a manor here, which formerly belonged to William de Fraxineto, or Freney, who gave the tithes of the demeans of it to the monks at Castleacre; it after came to Rog. de Glanvile, who confirmed that donation, as did Simon Bishop of Norwich in 1265; but it extinguished or was joined to the other manor, for I meet with nothing of it since. ['Hundred of Earsham', An Essay towards a Topographical History of the County of Norfolk: volume 5 (1806), pp. 313-318.] 
de Freney, William (I4245)
 
2476 Also called William de Gardinis. de Gardino, William (I11364)
 
2477 Also called William de Greystoke. fitz Ranulf, William (I6571)
 
2478 Also called William de Humez. Hereditary Constable of Normandy. du Hommet, William (I10244)
 
2479 Also called William de Insula. de Lisle, William (I10658)
 
2480 Also called William de Magnivil. Constable of the Tower of London, and thus keeper of the first person known to have been imprisoned there for political reasons, Ranulf Flambard. de Mandeville, William I (I881)
 
2481 Also called William de Malo Passu. de Malpas, William (I3844)
 
2482 Also called William de Noers. Missenden, William (I6427)
 
2483 Also called William de Radcliffe of the Tower, "The Great Radcliffe."

From The Book of the Radclyffes [citation details below]:

William de Radclyffe was called "The Great William," likely because of his physical strength. [...] This era of British history was a troubled time with feuds and lawlessness rampant. William and his brothers played an active part in the lawlessness, and were keen supporters of the Earl of Lancaster. William and his brothers John and Roger, cousin Richard, and others, were charged with breaking into the manors of Richard de Hulton of Ordsall at Ordsall, Hulton and Flixton. They were also involved with assaulting William de Butterwyck.

These attacks were all part of the brutal feuds which were prevalent during this period. They all had connection with the political disturbances of the reign as well as being part of family rivalries, and the jealousy of one manor against another in the quest for power. [...] William Radclyffe married his family with a shrewd eye to the main chance, and when he died in 1333, the Radclyffes owned sway over a very considerable part of [Lancashire]. 
de Radcliffe, William (I6682)
 
2484 Also called William de Vieuxpont; William de Veteripont. Often given as a son of the William de Veteriponte who married Emma de St. Hillary and who was an English vassal of Henry, prince of Scotland and Earl of Huntingdon. But we're unaware that this connection has been proven. de Vipont, William (I9931)
 
2485 Also called William de Vivonne or de Vivonia, but according to Douglas Richardson (SGM, 13 Dec 2003), this William is nowhere on record calling himself anything but William de Forz, or (as Rosie Bevan pointed out the next day) variants such as Fort, Fortibus, etc. However, his father and both of his daughters used the Vivonne name. de Forz, William (I6128)
 
2486 Also called William de Whitchurch; William de Albo Monasterio. de Warenne, William (I2476)
 
2487 Also called William fitz Baderon. de Monmouth, William (I10130)
 
2488 Also called William Fitz Gilbert. Castellan of William fitz Duncan's castle of Egremont 1138; Governor of the castle of Lancaster.

Andrew Lancaster (citation details below):

William de Lancaster I, Gilbert's son (and nephew, possibly through a sister, of Ketel) was said to have taken the "de Lancaster" name by royal licence and is probably the first person to have ever passed the name on to his children as a family name. On the other hand his grand daughter seems to have claimed that he used the name "de Tailboys" before being granted the new name. He was an important man, and married (probably as a second wife) Gundred, who is normally said, though this is doubted by William Farrer, to be Gundred de Warrene, an important member of one of the most powerful families in England. He lived in troubled times, including a major Scottish invasion and must have served under three competing claims to the monarchy above him during the anarchy in Britain (King David of Scotland, King Stephen of England and Mathilda his competitor in England).

The earliest records of his adult life seem to centre around Western Cumberland. Several websites even claim that he served as castellan of Egremont in Cumberland 1138 to William Fitz Duncan, a member of the Scottish royal family. In one article it is claimed that the De Lancaster arms are derived from this Scottish William. Others claim he helped command forces against the Scots in this area. A charter refers to him as if he were lord of Muncaster, which is also in Cumberland and apparently a lordship which would have come under Egremont. He also seems to have been lord of Lamplugh and Hensington before he was enfeoffed by Roger de Mowbray of the future Barony of Kendal, Lonsdale and Horton in Ribblesdale (these latter often suggested to imply lordship of the entire Wapentake of Ewcross), as well as parishes of Garstang and Warton in northern Lancashire. This happened about 1150. Farrer believes he died before Michaelmas 1170. 
de Lancaster, William (I10733)
 
2489 Also called William Fitz Henry Pincerna. Knighted 1256; sheriff of Lancaster 1258-59; governor of Lancaster castle 1260.

VCH Lancaster (Warrington) appears to conflate him with his son William. Annals of the Lords of Warrington has him dying in 1303, contrary to CP's death date of 1280, which may be the result of a similar confusion. 
le Boteler, William (I7295)
 
2490 Also called William Fitz Nigel. de Gresley, William (I8816)
 
2491 Also called William fitz Otho. "In 1198 he held 'Lilleston' by service in the king's mint, and land in the hundred of Spelthorn in Middlesex by serjeanty of the dies in London." [F. N. Craig, "Descent from a Domesday Goldsmith." The American Genealogist 65:1, January 1990, p. 24.] fitz Otto, William (I1897)
 
2492 Also called William fitz Walter; William de Norwich. Sheriff of Norfolk & Suffolk. de Chesney, William (I8828)
 
2493 Also called William I Taillefer. Count of Angoulême. of Angoulême, William II (I4900)
 
2494 Also called William II Taillefer. Count of Angoulême. Died shortly after returning from the Holy Land. of Angoulême, William IV (I3498)
 
2495 Also called William le Blund.

"The first Lord Mountjoy descended, through younger sons in several generations, from William le Blund (Blundus-fair-haired), who married Isabel, widow of Henry Lovet, of Elmley Lovet and Hampton Lovet, co. Worcester which Henry died under age about 1256. William le Blund and his brother Walter were accused in August 1265, before the commissioners appointed under the Dictum of Kenilworth, of unlawful violence at Quinton, Northants. Tradition says that the abovesaid Isabel was a Beauchamp. The record of the assizes held at Worcester, 1275, contains several references to William le Blund. He was there pledge for [his stepson] John Lovet, and (since there is no differentiating description of either) is presumably the William le Blund who, was son and heir of John le Blund, son and heir of Walter le Blund, was found to be heir to lands in Doverdale (a parish adjoining Hampton Lovet) which had belonged to Amice, daughter of the said Walter. The above said William and Isabel, in addition to their Worcestershire property, held the manor of Belton in Rutland, and there seems to have been a close connection between this family and the family of the same name in Hanslope, Bucks. William le Blund appears to have died in the Spring of 1280. His widow was living in February 1322/3." [Complete Peerage IX:329-30] 
le Blount, William (I3458)
 
2496 Also called William le Cras; William Crassus.

Seigneur of Soulangy in Normandy. Seneschal of Mortain 1193-4; Seneschal of Normandy 1203-4. 
le Gras, William (I10877)
 
2497 Also called William le Dacus.

From: 'Parishes: Offord Darcy', A History of the County of Huntingdon: Volume 2 (1932), pp. 322-327:

OFFORD DARCY,

The tenant of the manor under the Countess Judith in 1086 was Hugh,who may have represented Norman, the pre-Conquest holder. Their descendants seem to have adopted the name of the parish. William de Offord appears in 1114-30; Robert de Upford or Hofford had the advowson of the church, and his daughter Emma married William le Daneys or Dacus, to whom she brought the manor and advowson. William le Daneys and Emma had two daughters, Isabella (who married firstly Richard de Haselbewe, and secondly Hugh de Kingesdon or Ringkesdune), and Maud, who married Robert Grimbald. Their daughter Isabella Grimbald married Richard Pauncefot. William le Daneys, however, in 1241 granted to John le Daneys, probably his brother, a knight's fee, being all the lands in Offord which had formerly belonged to him and Emma his wife. John le Daneys seems to have died in the same year, and the manor was delivered to Philippa, his widow, who was holding in 1242-3. John and Philippa had two daughters, Ella who married William de Bolevill, and Joan or Juliana who apparently died unmarried in 1245. On the death of Ella before 1259 without issue, there was much litigation as to the ownership of the manor. Brice le Daneys claimed to be heir as the son of William, son of William, son of Richard le Daneys, brother of John le Daneys, father of Ella. William le Daneys, probably the father of Brice, claimed in 1261 4 carucates except avirgate in Offord against Robert de Hereford and Richard Pauncefot and Isabella his wife. Robert de Hereford was probably the third husband of Isabella, daughter of William le Daneys, or possibly the husband of her daughter. In the same year he conveyed these 4 carucates less avirgate to William Daneys.

Jim Weber notes:

According to SGM, the wife of Robert de Hereford was Isabella, the daughter of Isabella le Danyes by her 2nd husband Hugh de Ringesdon.

There is probably something screwy with the info above. William and Emma have to be born fairly early to accomodate the Richard ->William -> William -> Brice descent. They would have been very old in 1241, and many of their children, particularly Isabella, would seem tohave been born well after their child-bearing age. Thus it seems that there may have been a later William & Emma who had Isabella; perhaps the William who m. Mabel as his 2nd wife, had a 1st wife named Emma. Speaking of William & Mabel: it is unusual for the inheritance of a wife to go to her husband's uncle, who is presumably no relation to her, which is what happened with the manor of Tickencote. 
le Daneys, William (I7754)
 
2498 Also called William of Hainton; William Hacon.

Sheriff of Lincolnshire, 1130 or 1133.

Founder of the Gilbertine priory of Sixle, c. 1150. [History of the Manor and Parish of Saleby, citation details below.] 
de Saleby, William (I4339)
 
2499 Also called William Pincerna. le Boteler, William (I10422)
 
2500 Also called William Speke; William Spech. Domesday tenant of Warden, Bedfordshire. Espec, William (I208)
 

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