Nielsen Hayden genealogy

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501 "The most important member of a tightly knit family group was Ranulf's younger brother William le Meschin (d. 1129x35). William went on the first crusade, where he is mentioned, as 'William son of Ranulf le vicomte' at the siege of Nicaea in 1097 (Ordericus Vitalis, Eccl. hist., 5.59). In Cumbria William le Meschin was first given charge of Gilsland, which he failed to hold against the Scots, and then Egremont (the barony of Copeland). He built the castle at Egremont, and close by on the coast he founded the priory of St Bees, a further daughter house of St Mary's, York. William le Meschin married Cecily de Rumilly, the daughter of Robert de Rumilly and heir to the barony of Skipton in Craven, west Yorkshire, thus creating a substantial cross-Pennine estate. William and Cecily were the founders of the priory of Embsay, which later removed to Bolton in Wharfedale. In addition to the two baronies of Egremont and Skipton, William le Meschin acquired tenancies in several counties, the more significant held of his brother in Lincolnshire (where the Lindsey survey of 1115 - 18 provides detailed record) and in Cheshire. William remained closely linked with Ranulf, whom he survived by just a few years, dying before 1135. An elder son, Matthew, having predeceased him, William's heirs were successively his younger son, also called Ranulf le Meschin, and three sisters, Amice, Alice, and Matilda, who in the course of a total of seven marriages comprehensively dismembered the estate." [Oxford Dictionary of National Biography]

"William le Meschin, Lord of Copeland, br. of Ranulph, 1st Earl of Chester, yr. s. of Rannulf, Vicomte of the Bessin, m. Cicely de Rumilly, Lady of Skipton, da. and h. of Robert de Rumelli, of Harewood and Skipton, co. York (see ped. of Lisle in vol. viii, between pp. 48 and 49), and had 3 daughters and coheirs. (1) Alice, Lady of Skipton, who m., 1stly, William fitz Duncan, s. of Duncan II, King of Scots. See Clay, Early Yorks Charters, vol. vii, pp. 9—10. They had one s., William, 'the Boy of Egremont', who d. in the King’s ward after 1155, leaving his 3 sisters his coheirs: (i) Cicely, as in the text; (ii) Amabel, Lady of Copeland (called in the Pipe Rolls and elsewhere, Comitissa de Couplanda, who m. Reynold de Lucy (see vol. iii, pp. 247-8, sub Lucy); (iii) Alice de Rumilly, Lady of Allerdale, who m., 1stly, Gilbert Pipard, Sheriff of cos. Gloucester and Hereford, and 2ndly, Robert de Courtenay, Sheriff of Cumberland and d. s.p. (see vol. ix, pp. 527-8, sub Pipard). Alice, Lady of Skipton, m. 2ndly, Alexander FitzGerold. (2) Avice, Lady of Harewood, who m., 1stly, William de Courcy III, 2ndly, William Paynell, of Drax, co. York, and 3rdly, William de Percy of Rougemont, in Harewood, co. York (see vol. x, p. 319, sub Paynel, and p. 439, sub Percy). (3) Maud, m. 1stly, Philip de Belmeis, of Tong, Salop., and 2ndly, Hugh de Mortimer, of Wigmore, co. Hereford (see vol. ix, p. 271, note sub Mortimer (of Wigmore), and vol. xii, part 2, pp. 930—1, sub Zouche.)" [Complete Peerage I:353, footnote (d), as thoroughly corrected in Volume XIV.] 
Meschin, William (I2094)
 
502 "The name is derived from Cressy near Bellencombre in the Pays de Caux, not from Crécy-en-Ponthieu." [Complete Peeragede Cressy, Roger (I12031)
 
503 "The name of Henry's wife is not known, though both Sibylla and Clémence have been suggested. Based purely on onomastics, historian Szabolcs de Vajay proposed that she was the daughter of Berenguer Ramon I, Count of Barcelona and his third wife, Guisle of Lluca. If this is true, Henry would have been married in Barcelona while on crusade." [Wikipedia] (Unknown wife of Henry I of Burgundy) (I10005)
 
504 "The name of [Sybil de Mandeville's] father remains uncertain. In the 1288 IPM in Bedford, Sybil was found to be the heir of her brother Walter de Mandeveille's 1/6 share of the manor of Lutton, co. Bedford; Godfrey, bishop of Worcester claimed the manor of Alerynton (Alkerton), co. Oxford which he said he gave to Walter de Mandeville with the provision it should revert back to him if Walter died without heirs of his body. As a clue to the ancestry of Sybil and Walter, Walter had previously held the portions of the manors of Eltham, Woolwich and Mottingham, however he exchanged these for 1/6 of the manor of Luton with John de Vesci. One half of Eltham was anciently given to the Mandeville family but its exact descent to Walter de Mandeville is not known. However, in 1255 John de Marisco answered for the fee of Woolwich under Ralph de Mandeville. It seems a good possibility that Sybil and Walter are the children of this Ralph de Mandeville. Though at least one web site makes them the children of was Edmund de Mandeville citing 'A Survey of the Cathedral Church of Worcester (London: 1736.).' Neither this Ralph nor Edmund have yet been identified in the main Mandeville family as of yet." [Joe Cochoit, 26 Apr 2011, citation details below.] (Unknown de Mandeville) (I5604)
 
505 "The office of the mint restored to the younger Otto in 1101 was that of Cutter of the Dies. At this time at least forty local mints were at work. The dies were distributed from London, where there is reason to think they were cut." [F. N. Craig, "Descent from a Domesday Goldsmith." The American Genealogist 65:1, January 1990, p. 24.] fitz Otto, Otto (I5522)
 
506 "The old Ring homestead in Mass., once owned by [the grandfather of Reuben French Ring b. 1801] was sold to Daniel Webster and became a part of the Marshfield estate." [A History of Brooklyn, Susquehanna Co., Penn'a: Its Homes and Its People by E. A. Weston. Brooklyn, Pennsylvania: W. A. Squier, 1889.] Ring, David (I2447)
 
507 "The Old". Count of Barcelona. Berenguer, Ramon I (I3400)
 
508 "The Old." Duke of Burgundy.

"In 1025, with the death of his eldest brother Hugh Magnus, he and Henry rebelled against their father and defeated him, forcing him back to Paris. In 1031, after the death of his father the king, Robert participated in a rebellion against his brother, in which he was supported by his mother, Constance of Arles. Peace was only achieved when Robert was given Burgundy (1032). Throughout his reign, he was little more than a robber baron who had no control over his own vassals, whose estates he often plundered, especially those of the Church. He seized the income of the diocese of Autun and the wine of the canons of Dijon. He burgled the abbey of St-Germain at Auxerre. In 1055, he repudiated his wife, Helie of Semur, and assassinated her brother Joceran and murdered her father, his father-in-law, Lord Dalmace I of Semur, with his own hands. In that same year, the bishop of Langres, Harduoin, refused to dedicate the church of Sennecy so as not "to be exposed to the violence of the duke." [Wikipedia] 
Robert I (I2512)
 
509 "The Redeless"; "Unraed" (Ill-counseled). Æthelred II "Unræd" King of England (I4601)
 
510 "The Shepherds were not Friends, but living so near the Meeting-House they gradually became 'somewhat convinced of the truth' and later a famous Friend Minister was called to the home of Mary Bryce Shepherd who was gravely ill and died apparently in the faith. Later on, her husband and family all joined the sect which worshipped so near to them, and where they neighbors gathered on First and Fifth days." [Wing Family of America rootsweb tree]

"Daniel Shepherd was chosen the first school master in old Dartmouth. He was said to be a near relative of that 'sweete, gratious, heavenly-minded, soul-ravishing minister,' Mr. Thomas Shepherd, as he was ecstatically described." ["Five Johns of Old Dartmouth," by William A. Wing.] 
Shepherd, Daniel (I5237)
 
511 "The story that [Richard Empson] was the son of a sieve maker, first recorded by John Stow, was adopted by Francis Bacon but has no known factual basis--Peter Empson was of local consequence in Northamptonshire, holding property at Towcester and in nearby Easton Neston." [Oxford Dictionary of National BiographyEmpson, Peter (I21113)
 
512 "The transepts both contain chapels or chantries. In the north is the Markenfield Chapel and in the south the Mallory Chapel. The former was dedicated to St Andrew and was the burying place of the Markenfields of Markenfield Hall, a fine old fourteenth century house still standing about three miles away on the Harrogate Road. The tomb and effigies in the Markenfield Chapel are those of Sir Thomas Markenfield and his wife who lived in the reign of Edward III. He wears plate armour and a curious collar of park palings with a stag couchant, which has been thought to indicate that he was a ranger or park keeper, and of the party of the House of Lancaster. Close by this monument is an old stone pulpit of Perpendicular design, much worn by weather. It was perhaps an open-air pulpit attached to a stone cross in the churchyard. The Markenfields came to an end apparently with the attainder in 1569 of Thomas Markenfield, who took a part in the Rising of the North, and got his estates confiscated for his pains." [Ripon Cathedral, by William Danks. London: Isbister & Co., Ltd., 1899.] Markenfield, Thomas (I6286)
 
513 "The wife of Colonel Whiting [...] was ANNA RAYMOND, whose mother, a wealthy widow, with many slaves, had a plantation on Fisher's Island, in Long Island Sound, where she was once visited by the notorious pirate, Captain Kidd, who took from her plantation the supplies he needed, and then, to remunerate her, poured money into her apron, as the family legend tells, until the string broke!" [Memoir of the Life and Character of Mrs. Mary Anna Boardman, citation details below.] Sands, Mercy (I20571)
 
514 "The wife of Colonel Whiting [...] was ANNA RAYMOND, whose mother, a wealthy widow, with many slaves, had a plantation on Fisher's Island, in Long Island Sound, where she was once visited by the notorious pirate, Captain Kidd, who took from her plantation the supplies he needed, and then, to remunerate her, poured money into her apron, as the family legend tells, until the string broke!" [Memoir of the Life and Character of Mrs. Mary Anna Boardman, citation details below.] Raymond, Anna (I20479)
 
515 "The wife of George Denison & a godly young woman dyed of a feaver & consumption." [The Great Migration BeginsThompson, Bridget (I11092)
 
516 "The Younger". Favorite of Edward II; ultimately convicted of treason. "Outside the city he was stripped and then reclothed with his arms reversed, and he was crowned with stinging nettles. Condemned to death as a traitor, on 24 November 1326 he was drawn on a hurdle to the gallows, and then hanged from a height of 50 feet. Still alive, he was cut down and eviscerated before finally being beheaded. His head was displayed on London Bridge; his quarters were sent to Bristol, Dover, York, and Newcastle. In December 1330 Eleanor de Clare received royal permission to collect her husband's bones and inter them in Tewkesbury Abbey." [Oxford Dictionary of National Biographyle Despenser, Hugh (I12415)
 
517 "The [Trussebut] family descended from William Trussebut who, as Orderic records, was among those of ignoble parentage promoted by Henry I. He occurs in Normandy in 1126 and as castellan of Bonneville-sur-Touques in 1138. The supposition of Dugdale and others that he was son of Geoffrey son of Pain, the founder of Warter priory and holder of the manor of Market Weighton, cannot be acepted; but the succession of the Trussebut family to Market Weighton by right of succession from Geoffrey son of Pain, as recorded in a case of 1204, suggests that William Trussebut married Geoffrey's sister." [Early Yorkshire Families, citation details below.] Trussebut, William (I11573)
 
518 "There are at least 2 baptisms of a Jeanne Chebrat, around 1627. This one is kept as the more likely because Charles de Menou has a seignory in the area." [Genealogy of the French in North America]

Parentage: Genealogy of the French in North America says her parents were "maybe" Antoine Chebrat and Françoise Chaumoret who married in La Chaussée, Vienne, about 1620. 
Chebrat, Jeanne (I330)
 
519 "There is a strong tradition held by the different branches of this family that Francis' wife's name was Mary Skinner, and there may be some semblance of truth in their belief, but on the 8 October, 1733, if the instrument be correct drawn as entered on the county records, his wife was Ann. Francis may possibly have had two wives, surely there were children aplenty for any two women to mother (14), and as Ann's name does not appear until late in the life of Francis, it may be that the legendary Mary Skinner was the first, and Ann later." [The Nelson FamilyAnne (I72)
 
520 "There is a written record stating that William Noble was the father-in-law of Samuel Haight. In the same record is a quote that states that William had no issue of his own body. This may have met that William had no male issue to inherit his lands. William's wife, Mary, may have been the mother of Sarah, making William Sarah's stepfather. It is also possible that she was adopted by the Nobles. If any of this is true, Sarah's maiden name could have been Noble. At present, Sarah's maiden name must remain unknown. There is definitely a relationship between Samuel and William even after his death as Samuel is in charge of the estate and is the one petitioning the court in matters relating to William's will." [Kathy McCurdy, Ancestral Lines of Our FamilySarah (I9089)
 
521 "There is no evidence to support the often repeated conjecture that her surname was 'Stream.' Elizabeth's surmane does not appear in any records and Stream was not a usual surname in East Anglia." [The Plymouth Colony Pages] Elizabeth (I962)
 
522 "They moved to Tenterden before 1563, when they had a child baptized in the parish church, and Hatch was a church warden there in 1565." [Massachusetts and Maine Families in the Ancestry of Walter Goodwin Davis, citation details below.] Hatch, Thomas (I5820)
 
523 "This Agnes was widow of Richard de Percy, of Topcliffe, co. York, who d. shortly before 18 Aug. 1244. She was his 2nd wife. The Lady Agnes de Percy gave the manor of Steeping, co. Lincoln, to Edmund d'Eyncourt her s. and h., and his heirs, by deed dated 20 Edw. I. She d. before 20 July 1293. The effigy on her seal wears a dress charged with billets and a fesse dancette (Deincourt), and holds up two shields, the dexter charged with 5 fusils conjoined in fesse (Percy), the sinister with a saltire (Neville of Raby)." [Complete Peerage IV:118, note (d).] de Neville, Agnes (I5052)
 
524 "This assumes the identity of Isabel, wife of William le Blount, as the widow of Henry Lovet [...] CP only states it as a possibility, but Croke provides other support for this identification, including the use of Beauchamp arms by Isabel's son Piers le Blount." [Nathaniel L. Taylor, "Cassandra Elizabeth Taylor's royal descents."] de Beauchamp, Isabel (I5840)
 
525 "This John had livery of his lands, 19 Sep. 1246, and was s. and h. of Oliver (who had livery in 1217), by Nichole, to whom Nichole (1st da. and co. of Richard de la Haye, and wife of Gerard de Caunville) gave Duddington in free marriage; which Oliver was s. and h. of Oliver (aged 24 in 1186, m. Amabel, and d. in or before 1201), son and heir of John (who had livery in 1167-8, and d. 6 Nov. 1183), by Alice, sister of Ralph Murdac. John was s. and h. of Walter, s. and h. of Ralph (who m. Basilie), s. and h. of Walter d'Aincurt, the Domesday lord of Blankney." [Complete Peerage IV:118, note (c).] Deincourt, John (I8549)
 
526 "This William was s. and h. of John, s. and h. of Humphrey Franc Chevaler, who in 1220 was alleged, by Ralph and Olimpia, to have held temp. Henry II 5 hides in Imber, Wilts, which were the right of Olimpia as Humphrey's heir (Idem, vol. ix, p. 341). In the time of Abbot Thomas Carbonel (1179-1205) Wymark, widow of John Franc Chevaler, gave lands to St. Peter's Abbey, Gloucester, for the souls of her husband and her s. William, with the consent of her s. Robert and of Olimpia, da. of her s. William. This gift was confirmed by Ralph de Wilington and his wife Olimpia." [Complete PeerageFranc Chevaler, William (I7679)
 
527 "Thomas Appelbee was a first settler of Hastings and was on a petition dated 26 July 1662." [Settlers of the Beekman Patent, citation details below.] Appleby, Thomas (I12090)
 
528 "Thomas Burnham, of Hartford and Potunke, was born in England in and had evidently been educated as a barrister before coming to the New World. Here he carried on the practice of law, and was, evidently, according to records, a man of determined character. He carried on the practice of the law in the colonies, and among other cases, successfully defended Abigail Betts, who was accused of witchcraft, by which act he incurred the displeasure of the Puritan authorities and was prohibited further practice of the court 'for saving her neck.' He then erected a garrison house at Potunke, purchasing the land directly from the Indians. In 1659 he purchased of Tantonimo, chief sachem of the Potunke tribe, a tract of land now covered by the towns of South Windsor and Hartford, on which he resided, and a portion of which still remains in the possession of his descendants. What amounted to practically a feud with the authorities continued during most of his life, they continuing to call into question his title to the land which he held by deed from the Indians and he as consistently appealing to the law of England as against the highly theocratic form of government which the Puritans had established here. It would appear that in this contest Thomas Burnham was successful, as his large estate afterwards divided between his children and remained practically wholly in their hands. A portion of this tract was held by him under the will of Uncas, chief of the Mohegan tribe of Indians, and an ancestor of that famous Uncas who figured so prominently in the stories of Fenimore Cooper." [American Biography: A New Cyclopedia, citation details below.]

Notwithstanding many sources' statements to the contrary, Thomas Burnham's forebears are unknown. See "The Confusing Origins of Thomas Burnham" by Mary Stanford Pitkin, which summarizes some of the problems. 
Burnham, Thomas (I2264)
 
529 "Thomas Faucomberge of Skelton who died in 1407 had a younger brother, Sir Roger Faucomberge, who predeceased his brother. Sir Roger's heir was his son Sir Walter Faucomberge, who is mentioned in the ipm of Thomas Faucomberge (CIPM, vol. 19, no. 386). Sir Walter Faucomberge died on 1 September 1415 (CIPM, vol. 20, no. 298-9). Unfortunately the ipm of Walter does not mention his heirs, and neither does his will (Early Lincoln Wills, 120) so the trail breaks at this point, but it seems likely to me that this Sir Walter Faucomberge was the father of Sir Roger Faucomberge (d. Jun 1455), Isabel, wife of Gerard Sothill and Constance wife of Anthony Nuthill. " [John Watson, citation details below.] de Faucomberge, Isabel (I6180)
 
530 "Thomas Rodman...was lost at sea, off Newport, November 16, 1766. He was returning home from England, where he had gone to collect a large amount of money due him, and being rendered helpless by an attack of gpout, was the only person unable to save himself." [The Hazard Family, citation details below.] Rodman, Thomas (I15880)
 
531 "Thomas was presented to the Bishop on 19 Nov 1627 by the churchwardens of Wye for teaching school without a license. He was presented at every subsequent court until 9 Jun 1628 when he procured the necessary license. The date of his emigration to New England is not known for certain, but he probably came with his brother William, on William's second trip to New England in the Castle in 1638. He settled at Scituate and was freeman 5 Mar 1638/9." [Elizabeth French, "Genealogical Research in England: Hatch", citation details below.] Hatch, Thomas (I4867)
 
532 "Thomasine Raleigh (daughter and sole heiress), married firstly Sir John Chichester; secondly Sir William Talbot. Her Inquisition post mortem states that she died on the Monday following the feast of St Peter ad Vincula, 1402. A very worn stone effigy of a lady, said by Pevsner to be from the 14th century, exists in Arlington Church, under a low arch recessed into the north wall of the chancel. Lysons (1822) suggested this represented 'a female of the Raleigh family', and it may therefore represent Thomasine." [WikipediaRaleigh, Thomasine (I8063)
 
533 "Thurstan de Montfort, son and heir, was a minor when he succeeded his father in or before 1199. In 1205 the King took his homage and gave him his land on condition that he demised it for two years to William de Cauntelo. In the summer of 1206 he was abroad in the King's service. In 1210 he was serving the King in Ireland; and in 1214 he was excused the scutage of Poitou, because he fought himself. He appears to have joined in the rebellion against John, and in March 1215/6 had letters of safe conduct on coming to the King." [Complete Peeragede Montfort, Thurstan (I6674)
 
534 "Took part in the conquest of Ireland under Henry II." [Complete Peeragefitz Godebert, Robert (I6928)
 
535 "Tradition says Edla was the daughter of a West Slavic tribal chief from Northern Germany. She was brought to Sweden as a prisoner of war c. 1000 at the same time or a little before, the arrival of Estrid of the Obotrites (Estrid av obotriterna). King Olof Skötkonung married Estrid but also fell in love with Edla and took her as his mistress. She became the mother of Emund, Astrid, and probably Holmfrid." [Wikipedia] of Wendland, Ethla (I1163)
 
536 "Umberto married Ancilla (Auxilia or Ancilia). She may have been Ancilla of Lenzburg, the daughter of the master of ceremonies of Burgundy. Alternatively, Ancilla may have been a daughter of Anselm and Aldiud, and thus a member of a northern Italian dynasty known as the Anselmids." [Wikipedia] Ancilla (I740)
 
537 "Very little is known of the early history of the Blossomville family, especially in connexion with this parish. Gilbert de Blossomville, the Domesday tenant, appears to have been succeeded by a Robert de Blossomville, who, about 1150, gave lands in Cold Brayfield to Harrold Priory, Bedfordshire. In 1185 William de Blossomville sued Gerin de Charleton for lands in Turvey, but his successor, Robert de Blossomville, is the first mentioned in connexion with Newton, where in 1202 he quitclaimed half a virgate to William Miles. Simon de Blossomville was living in 1232; by 1255, when Gilbert de Blossomville owned land here, the place was already known as Newton Blossomville. The line seems to have ended in a female heir, Alice de Blossomville, who with John Druel, probably her son, in 1265 granted to Simon de Blossomville and Maud his wife for life lands in Newton Blossomville with reversion to the granters." [The Victoria County History of Buckingham, citation details below.] de Blossomville, Alice (I7166)
 
538 "Walter Culpeper of Goudhurst esquire and John Culpeper gentleman, his son, appear in the list of adherents of Jack Cade in 1450. [...] John married the heiress of the Bedgeburys and so acquired their estate. He was knighted, was sheriff in 1467 and died in 1480." [The Family of Twysden and Twisden, by John Ramskill Twisden, 1939, page 42. A note on page 49 reads: "See a paper on 'Jack Cade's followers in Kent' by William Durrant Cooper F.S.A in the Arch.Cant., Vol VII p.233, to which is appended a list of the names of those pardoned taken from the Patent Rolls of 28 Henry VI."]

"Sir John [iii] Culpeper (d. 1480), had an eventful public and private life. In January 1459, together with his brothers Richard [ii] Culpeper (d. 1516) and Nicholas [ii] (d. 1510), he was ordered to be arrested by the sheriffs of London and brought before chancery to answer allegations of riot and other offences; these may have been politically motivated in the dying days of Lancastrian rule. Certainly, Sir John [iii] proved himself a loyal servant of Edward IV. He was knighted by December 1466, and the following November he appeared on the Kentish bench. In October 1468 he was appointed to the commission to muster Lord Scales's retinue at Gravesend, and the following month he was pricked as sheriff of Kent. From October 1469 until April 1470 he appeared on several commissions of array in the south-east, alongside his brother Richard, but during the readeption of Henry VI he was absent from both commissions of array and the county bench. He returned to public life after Edward's victory at Barnet in April 1471, in which month he was once again arraying soldiers in Kent, and in June he reappeared as a JP. The same month one Thomas Miller, a gentleman of Marden, Kent, and perhaps a Lancastrian die-hard, was alleged to have led a rebellious host against him. He went on to serve on numerous commissions throughout the early 1470s." [Oxford Dictionary of National Biography]

Sometime between 1457 and 1461, John Culpepper's brothers Richard and Nicholas travelled from Sussex to Kent with a pair of sisters, Elizabeth and Margaret Wakehurst, daughters of John Culpepper's wife Agnes Gainford by her deceased previous husband, Richard Wakehurst. At some not much later point, Richard married Margaret and Nicholas married Elizabeth, possibly in London. Shortly thereafter, the sisters' grandmother Elizabeth Wakehurst (maiden name lost to history) alleged in a petition to Chancery court that the two brothers, aided by John Culpepper, had in fact abducted the two sisters through force of arms, and that moreover John Culpepper was further culpable because as their stepfather he had "promysed on the faithe and trouthe of his bodye and as he was a gentylman" that he would protect the sisters.

Of course the allegation was about money. Both sisters were the only remaining heirs of grandmother Elizabeth's husband Richard Wakehurst, MP and justice of the peace, who had died in 1455. His only son, Agnes Gainsford's first husband Richard Wakehurst the younger, had predeceased him. So what you have is:

* Elizabeth, grandmother of the two sisters, widow of Richard Wakehurst the elder;

* Agnes Gainsford, Elizabeth's onetime daughter-in-law, who is now married to...

* John Culpepper, whose two brothers have "abducted"...

* Elizabeth and Margaret Wakehurst, granddaughters of Elizabeth and sole heirs to their grandfather's estate.

Much more detail on this can be read in "Abduction: An Alternative Form of Courtship?" by Julia Pope, a good paper with a misleading title presented at the International Medieval Congress, Kalamazoo, Michigan, May 2003. The upshot is that the only evidence that the sisters were "abducted" against their will, making "grete and pittious lamentacious and weping" as they were "toke and caried away" "with force and armes, riotously agense the Kinges peas," was the grandmother's claim that they had been. All other evidence points to it having been a voluntary elopement supported by a significant number of the sisters' relatives, including their mother and stepfather.

For several reasons, the grandmother's claim was an astute strategy, both in her legal battle to maintain control of her husband's estate and in the war of local public opinion. The Culpeppers were already a bit notorious for building their family fortune by marrying heiresses, so there was some pre-existing disposition to regard them as upstarts. Also, contrary to modern popular belief, voluntary elopement was not considered illegal under late medieval English law, and according to Pope, the record of actual case law shows that consent, specifically the bride's consent, had great bearing on actual outcomes, notwithstanding the preferences of her family. (Note, however, that in her Imprisoning Medieval Women: The Non-Judicial Confinement and Abduction of Women in England, c.1170-1509, published in 2013, Dr. Gwen Seabourne argues in detail that the medieval concept of "consent" cannot be assumed to map reliably onto our own.) At any rate, Elizabeth had plenty of incentives to claim that her granddaughters had been carried off kicking and screaming by armed men.

Yet ultimately Elizabeth lost. The court declined to overturn the marriages. She died in 1464, and both couples returned to Sussex shortly thereafter, where they lived out their lives, managing to inherit substantial portions of their Wakehurst grandfather's estate despite various legal challenges from their grandmother's allies over the next twenty years. To all the evidence, while the marriages divided their kinship network, the larger portion of support went to them. Richard and Margaret left no issue, but the funeral brass commemorating the family of Nicholas and Elizabeth Culpepper, ten sons and eight daughters, has been described as "so crowded as to look like a poster warning against rush hour travel."

-----

If (as has been plausibly speculated but never proved) John Culpepper (1637-1674), early emigrant to Virginia, was the father of Henry Culpepper (d. 1675), 9X-great grandfather of PNH, this John Culpepper and his wife Agnes Gainsford would be the most recent common ancestors of PNH and TNH.

John Culpepper (d. 1480) = Agnes Gainsford
Walter Culpeper (1475-1524) = Anne Aucher (1480-1533)
William Culpeper (1509-1559) = Cicely Barrett (1512-1559)
John Culpeper (1531-1612) = Elizabeth Sedley (1534-1618)
John Culpeper (1565-1635) = Ursula Woodcock (1566-1612)
John Culpeper (c. 1637 Harrietsham, Kent - c. 1674 Virginia)
possibly father of
Henry Culpepper (1633-1675), 9X-great grandfather of PNH 
Culpepper, John (I12331)
 
539 "Warine de Lancaster [...] was royal falconer, and ancestor of a family known as 'de Lea' or 'de Lee'. He was contemporary with Henry II. That he belongs in this family [the family of Gilbert and his son William I de Lancaster --pnh] appears to be undisputed, but how? In one charter concerning Forton in the Cockersand Chartulary Henry his son speaks of the land granted to his father Warine by "'his uncle' William de Lancaster, which another charter makes clear to have been William de Lancaster I. Was it Henry's uncle or Warine's? Here we presume Warine's, as he was active in the late 1100s, so the same generation as William de Lancaster II. Henry Warine's son granted Forton to the monks of Furness for the souls of William de Lancaster, Warine de Lancaster and Mabel, Warine's wife, Richard Fitton father of his own wife Margaret, &c.; Harl. Chart. (B.M.) 52 I, 1. But these sources do not name Warine's father. (The source of Farrer's assertion that his name was Gilbert is unknown.) It appears that he already possessed the demesne and wood of Forton in the time of William I, which he then passed on to a son Roger, who in turn passed it on to another son Adam. Might Warine have been a son Gundred de Warrene and William? This might explain his importance despite not being the main heir?" [Andrew Lancaster, citation details below.] de Lancaster, Warine (I184)
 
540 "Was a weaver; removed about 1770 to Wakefield, N.H. from Stratham." ["Charles Allen and Some of His Descendants", citation details below.] Died aged 98, at the home of his son Abner (1748-1835). Allen, Samuel (I10100)
 
541 "Was in military service; died fairly young." ["Eirene?, First Wife of Emperor Isaakios II Angelos, Is a Probable Tornikina and Gateway to Antiquity," by Don C. Stone and Charles R. Owens, citation details below.] Tornikes, (Unknown) (I12402)
 
542 "We do not know whether Isabel was the mother of Reginald's children -- indeed, there seems to be no evidence at all about the identity of their mother." [Chris Phillips, citation details below.] Isabel (I3378)
 
543 "What did bride Amy say to the parish clerk that he heard her name as Ymal? The answer remains a mystery. The name Ymal is contained in no standard surname dicionaries. The only entry of the name in the printed St. Margaret's, Westminster parish registers is the 1564 marriage of Amy to Thomas Empson. Neither is it -- or possible variants Imal, Emal, or Amal -- contained in the will indexes for 1500 to 1600 in the Perogative Court of Canterbury, the Peculiar Court of Westminster, the Commissary Court of London, the Archdeaconry Court of London, or the Archdeaconry Court of Buckingham. A few miscellaneous entries for this surname appear in the International Genealogical Index [IGI], but none for the period of Amy's life." [Myrtle Stevens Hyde, "Empson Ancestors," citation details below.]

On the same page as the footnote transcribed above, Myrtle Stevens Hyde mentions that the Thomas Empson who married this Amy is "possibly the one named in the 1590 will of John Amptill of St. Giles in the Fields, adjacent to London in Middlesex, yeoman." Amptill's will mentioned two locks with keys in Thomas Empson's house. It seems to us at least plausible that "Ymal" was a mangled transcription of "Amptill", particularly if the latter name is pronounced with the stress on the second syllable. 
Ymal, Amy (I21138)
 
544 "Whatever the exact descent, it was the junior Thomas, Sir Thomas Tyrell, who established the family securely in Essex. He did so, at least in part, through royal service. In 1351 he was a yeoman of the crown, with a history of service to Queen Philippa and the king's daughter Isabel as well as to Edward III himself. From the early 1360s, however, his status suddenly rose, which could be linked (if the above argument is correct) with his acquisition of his nephew's land. In January 1362 he was made steward of the household and lands of the king's daughter Isabel. In 1365 he was knight of the shire for Essex, the first of five occasions on which he was to represent the county. By 1367 he was a knight. He died in 1382 and was buried at Downham, Essex, where he held a manor. His wife, Alice, survived him." ["Tyrell family," Oxford Dictionary of National BiographyTyrrell, Thomas (I18155)
 
545 "When he got too old to farm it himself, Sampson deeded over his land to Jesse and lived with Jesse and his family." [Parker's Genealogy & History Establishment] Parker, Jesse F. (I11731)
 
546 "When he was a young man he removed thirty miles westward from his ancestral region of Mid-Sussex and settled in Chichester. In this city he probably secured in trade the mneans which enabled him to acquire numerous pieces of property (some of which formerly belonged to monasteries dissolved by Henry VIII), and to raise his branch of the family into the armigerous gentry, with its pedigree and arms entered in the Heralds' Visitations, while the branches in Mid-Sussex remained among the yeomanry." [Elizabeth French, citation details below.] Chatfield, Richard (I16371)
 
547 "When Henry, Duke of Normandy (Henry II), made promises of great grants to Ranulph, Earl of Chester, in 1153, the fees of Hugh de Mortimer (and those of others) in Staffordshire were excepted. On succeeding to the throne in December 1154 Henry required from Mortimer Bridgnorth Castle, which had been in his hands for many years; he refused to surrender it, whereupon the King proceeded in person first to Cleobury, which he took and destroyed, 17 June 1155, and then to Bridgnorth, which was taken after several days' vigorous assault on 7 July. Some time before 1161 he or his father conceded to Foucarmont gifts made by Hugh and William de St. Germain. In 1167 he was fined £100 in Hants because he refused at the King's command to give up to one of his own knights certain animals taken in distraint when security was offered. He figures in the returns of knights' fees in Normandy of 1172 as owing service of 5 knights and holding himself 13 1/2 knights' fees. The foundation of Wigmore Abbey was completed before Hugh's death. He was also a benefactor to the Templars in Lincolnshire." [Complete Peerage IX:270-2, XIV:488]

"Hugh (II) de Mortimer's rising was one of several against the new king at this time, largely prompted by Henry's demand for the return of alienated royal lands and castles. But resistance was unco-ordinated: there was no co-operation, for instance, between Mortimer and his neighbour Earl Roger of Hereford. It was at Easter 1155, according to the Battle Abbey chronicle, that Mortimer, 'estimating the king to be a mere boy and indignant at his activity' (Searle, 159–61), fortified Bridgnorth and refused to submit to royal orders. The king promptly placed Bridgnorth, Cleobury, and Wigmore under siege, surrounding Bridgnorth Castle with a rampart and ditch, so that Mortimer could not leave it. With no choice but to surrender, therefore, on 7 July he made his peace with the king, at an impressive assembly of lay and ecclesiastical magnates. He was treated lightly, for whereas the earldom of Hereford was allowed to lapse when Earl Roger died, also in 1155, Hugh de Mortimer soon recovered Bridgnorth and Wigmore (Cleobury had been destroyed), and retained the privileged status of a tenant-in-chief. The fact that King Henry was himself frequently active in Wales may subsequently have had a constraining effect on Mortimer's activities there. In any event, after 1155 he seems to have turned his attention to the affairs of Wigmore, and especially of its abbey." [Oxford Dictionary of National Biography
de Mortimer, Hugh (I848)
 
548 "When seventeen years of age he served in the Colonial forces in King Philip's War; in the Spring of 1676 he was in Capt. John Whipple's company, scouting along the Connecticut River, receiving £3-8-6; in the Summer of 1676 he was in Capt. Jonathan Poole's company on garrison duty in the Connecticut Valley towns, receiving £1-11-0; his name also appears under Watertown soldiers credited £3-3-6. (Bodge's 'Soldiers in King Philip's War,' pp. 283, 260, and 376.)" [Simon Stone GenealogyStone, John (I5177)
 
549 "When the Earl of Leicester lost control of Breteuil in 1141, Arnold III de Bois followed his lord across the Channel and settled permanently in England. There he was the first of several De Bois men to hold the important post of Keeper of the Royal Forest as well as the first recorded De Bois family member to serve as a Leicestershire steward, a title that became hereditary." [Kathryn A. Smith, citation details below.] du Bois, Arnold (I4063)
 
550 "While her husband was away, Mary (Scullard) Rolfe was involved in an adulterous relationship with Dr. Henry Greenland, for which he was ordered out of Newbury. He went to Kittery, Maine, which also forced him to leave, and eventually settled at Piscataway, N.J., with his family. Shortly after John returned, he, Mary, and their two daughters, Mary and Rebecca, relocated to Nantucket. They moved to Cambridge about 1672, where he purchased 'Cook's Mill,' which he operated. He purchased land in Woodbridge shortly before his death. His wife and all of his children, except their daughter Rebecca, moved to Woodbridge." [Paul C. Reed, citation details below.] Scullard, Mary (I20145)
 
551 "Who appears as a donor to Woburn Abbey" [Moriarty, citation details below].

"Recently deceased in 1165." [Honors and Knights' Fees, citation details below.] 
de Lucelles, Hugh (I10521)
 
552 "Who held his mother's property jointly with his brother Robert in 1625." [Todd Whitesides, 11 Jan 2008, post to soc.genealogy.medieval.] Cole, Thomas (I1744)
 
553 "Wife of four husbands, and the ancestress of important comital families through three of her marriages, Adélaïde, alias Blanche, was also briefly queen of France, and the mother of another French queen. Yet, in the early nineteenth century, scholars were still confused about her identity. Her story has to be pieced together from various records which, for example, mention an Alaiz, mother of count Pons de Gévaudan, or a Blanca, wife of Louis V, king of France, or an Adelaidis, cui prenomen erat Candida, mother of queen Constance, and only in hindsight is it clear that these records refer to the same woman. The discovery of the work of the historian Richer in the 1830's added a key piece to the puzzle by mentioning three of Adélaïde's marriages, but historians were slow to take advantage of the new information. Nevertheless, by the late nineteeth century, historians had accepted that Adélaïde, alias Blanche, daughter of Foulques II of Anjou, had been successively married to Étienne de Brioude (at the time often incorrectly called count of Gévaudan), king Louis V of France, and Guillaume I (or II) of Provence, and that she was the mother by the last of queen Constance, wife of king Robert II of France, although the marriage to Raymond of "Gothia" was still widely doubted. More recently, in the face of clear proof that Adélaïde was the mother of Guillaume "Taillefer", count of Toulouse, it has been recognized that her marriage to the obscure Raymond was genuine." [The Henry Project] of Anjou, Adelaide-Blanche (I5496)
 
554 "William Daubeney (probably Ralph's twin br.) succeeded to the estates in Brittany. This William was knighted in Jan. 1326/7. He was an attorney in England for the Duke of Brittany, 1336-40, and Steward of his Earldom of Richmond. The King granted him the reversion of the manors of Kempston, Beds, and Tottenham, Middlesex, for life, 2 Nov. 1333, and in fee, 19 Mar. 1336/7. He m. Philippe, and had licence to be jointly enfeoffed with her of 3 of these manors, 15 June 1344. He lost, for a time, his lands in Brittany. As seigneur de Landal, he made a grant to the Abbey of La Vieuville on Friday after St. Mark [27 Apr.] 1358, with the consent 'de Philippe nostre tres chere et bien aimee compagne et de Mahaud nostre fille.' He d. in Apr. 1370, Thursday the vigil of the Annunciation [24 Mar. was a Monday] 1370/1, or 6 Dec. 1371, according to different inquisitions, at Trenay [near St. Neot], Cornwall: leaving a da. and h., Maud, aged 26 and more or 30 and more in 1374, and then the wife of Olivier de Montauban, chr., Seigneur de Montauban in Brittany. She was heir to Landal and to lands in Aubigné, and was living 29 May 1388. Philippe lost her inheritance in Brittany, and was living in England 22 Sep. 1373." Daubeney, William (I1489)
 
555 "William Daumarle the younger's wife was named Agnes, not Ellen or Helen or Isabel as reported by various online genealogical databases." [Douglas Richardson, 1 Dec 2006, post to soc.genealogy.medieval.] Agnes (I4729)
 
556 "William de Briouze, s. and h. by 1st wife. He m. Eve, da. and in her issue coh. of William (Marshal), Earl of Strigul and Pembroke, by Isabel, suo jure Countess of Pembroke. He d. 1 May 1230, being hanged by Llewelyn abovenamed. His widow d. before 1246." [Complete Peerage I:22, as corrected in Volume XIV.]

Hanged by Llewelyn, Prince of Wales, after intrigues with Llewelyn's wife.

"He was discovered in Joan's chambers, accused of being her lover, and promptly and publicly hanged. While the story that William and Joan were lovers has been generally accepted, the Annals of Margam (in T. Gale, ed , Historiae Britannicae et Anglicanae Scriptores XX (Oxford, 1687), 2-18, [anno] MCCXXX) implies that the 'intimacy' was devised by Llywelyn to avenge himself on William for political injuries inflicted not only by William but by the entire Braose family; the execution was hailed by the Welsh as a vindication of a blood-feud against the Braoses dating from at least 1176. Indeed, shortly after the execution Llywelyn wrote to William's widow Eva and to William Marshal, Earl of Pembroke, Eva's brother, stating, in effect, that so far as he was concerned, the intended marriage between Llywelyn's son Dafydd and Eva's daughter Isabella could go forward as planned, and that he could not have prevented the Welsh magnates from taking their vengeance. See J. Goronwy Edwards, Calendar of Ancient Correspondence concerning Wales (Board of Celtic Studies of the University of Wales, History and Law Series, 2)(Cardiff, 1935), pp 51-52, nos. XI.56a, 56b. The marriage in fact took place three months later." [William Addams Reitwiesner, "The Children of Joan, Princess of North Wales," The Genealogist 1:80, Spring 1980.] 
de Briouze, William (I9948)
 
557 "William de Merlay, a serjeant to Geoffrey, Bishop of Coutances; he gave the lordship of Morwick to the monks of Durham." [The Blackmans of Knight's Creek, citation details below] de Merlay, William (I10482)
 
558 "William de Mohun died in October 1193, perhaps abroad." [Royal Ancestry, also "The Trowbridge Ancestry", citation details below.] Some sources say Jerusalem. Contemporary records show that he made a pilgrimage there but do not clarify where he died. de Mohun, William (I5752)
 
559 "William de Moion, Lord of Dunster, was heir of William de Moion abovenamed, but his exact relationship is uncertain. In 1131 he was at the Council of Northampton. Before the death of Henry I he held more than 30 knight's fees. In 1138 he held Dunster Castle for the Empress Maud. From this stronghold he committed such ravages on the countryside that King Stephen marched against him in force; but finding Dunster Castle impregnable he left a blockading force under Henry de Tracy, who is said to have curbed William's depredations. In 1141 he joined the Empress and was almost certainly at Winchester when she was elected Queen of England on 8 April. Probably soon afterwards, and certainly before 24 June 1141, Maud created him Earl of Somerset. He was with her at Westminster, about 20-24 June, and fled with her to Winchester, where he fought for her during the siege (August-September). His subsequent career is obscure. He founded a priory at Bruton (Somerset), possibly in or soon after 1142; and he was a benefactor to the priories of Bridlington and (possibly) Taunton. He married Agnes, daughter of Walter de Gant. He d. probably in or before 1155. Stephen did not recognise his Earldom, and as Henry II did not grant a new charter to William or his son, the Earldom of Somerset (so far as it existed) lapsed at or before his death." [Complete Peerage XII/1:37-9.] de Mohun, William (I8984)
 
560 "William de Ros, 2nd Lord (Baron) de Ros of Helmsley, Sheriff Yorks 1326, one of the two Barons, representing the entire class of Barons or magnates of the realm, who at Kenilworth Jan 1326/7 informed Edward II of his deposition; member of Council of Regency Feb 1326/7." [Burke's Peerage]

"He was sum. to Parl. 20 Nov 1317 till 21 Feb. 1339.40." [Complete Peerage
de Ros, William IV (I10336)
 
561 "William Herle began practising as one of the serjeants of the common bench in Michaelmas term 1299, and seems to have been one of several serjeants called to the common-bench bar at that time. Final concord authorizations and law reports show him in regular attendance in the court until 1320. His success at the bar is also shown by the fact that early in the reign of Edward II he was retained by the city of London as one of its counsel, and that in 1315 he became a king's serjeant. Early in Michaelmas term 1320 he replaced John Benstead as a junior justice of the common bench and around this time he was knighted. For three terms in 1321 he was absent from the court while sitting as a justice of the London eyre, hearing civil pleas and quo warranto cases with the chief justice, Hervey Staunton. Otherwise he served continuously as a junior justice of the common bench, until he replaced Staunton as chief justice of the same court early in Hilary term 1327. He left court after Trinity term 1329 to serve as chief justice of the Nottinghamshire and Derbyshire eyres of 1330-31, but returned to the common bench, as its chief justice, in Easter term 1331; he relinquished this post at the end of Trinity term 1335, though he lived for another twelve years. [...] His heir was his son Robert, who died without issue in 1364, when the Herle lands passed to Ralph Hastings, the son of Robert's sister Margaret." [Oxford Dictionary of National Biography]

"He was a benefactor to the monastery of Newminster, where his obit was annually solemnized." [Hodgson, citation details below.] 
de Herle, William (I10261)
 
562 "William of Breteuil was Benedictine abbot of Breteuil, near Beauvais, France. He rebuilt the monastery after it had been nearly destroyed by the Normans. He was the eldest son of William FitzOsbern, 1st Earl of Hereford. He was held captive and tortured by Ascelin Gouel de Perceval 'Lupus', Sire d'Yvry, until he finally granted his daughter Isabella de Breteuil's hand in marriage to him." [Wikipedia]

Feast day: July 14. 
of Breteuil, St. William (I3593)
 
563 "William Salvain, probably son of Silvan, occurs in the pipe rolls in Yorkshire in 1165 when he paid a sum of 8s. 4d. representing five eighths of a knight's fee and in 1168, when he was holding one knight's fee jointly with Guy de Ver. Between 1165 and 1185, William Salvain, was a witness to a deed of Hugh, bishop of Durham." ["The Yorkshire Family of Salvain," citation details below.] Salvain, William (I5813)
 
564 "William Walcher (or just Walcher, sometimes Walchere or Walker; died 14 May 1080) was the bishop of Durham from 1071, a Lotharingian, the first non-Englishman to hold that see and an appointee of William the Conqueror following the Harrying of the North. He was murdered in 1080, which led William to send an army into Northumbria to harry the region again." [Wikipedia] Walcher Bishop of Durham (I11793)
 
565 "William was the most notable member of the de Braose dynasty. His steady rise and sudden fall at the hands of King John is often taken as an example of that king's arbitrary and capricious behaviour towards his barons." [Wikipedia]

"William de Briouze, Lord of Briouze, Bramber, Brecon, Over Gwent, &c., s. and h. He m. Maud De St. Valery, "Lady of La Haie." In consequence of his well-known quarrel with King John, his lands were forfeited in 1208, and his wife and 1st s. starved to death in the dungeons of Corfe (or of Windsor) in 1210. He d. at Corbeil near Paris, 9, and was bur. 10 Aug. 1211, in the Abbey of St. Victor at Paris." [Complete Peerage I:22]

"He slaughtered Seisyll ap Dyvnwal (abovenamed) and a host of unarmed Welshmen, in the castle of Abergavenny in 1175, in revenge for the death of his uncle Henry of Hereford [Brut y Tywysogian, R. de Diceto, etc.). Seisyll was owner of Castle Arnold, and is said in an inaccurate version of the Brut to have captured Abergavenny in 1172, the slaughter being dated 1177 (The Gwentian Chronicle, Cambrian Arch. Assoc, p. 137). But the better version of the Brut (Rolls Ser., p. 218; Y Brutieu, in Welsh Texts, ed. Rhys and Evans, 1890, p. 330) on the contrary, states that Seisyll was captured in 1172 by the garrison of Abergavenny. (ex inform. G. W. Watson.)" [Complete Peerage I:22, footnote (a).] 
de Briouze, William (I7525)
 
566 "William, probably the son of William, occurs later in the twelfth century. Between 1185 and 1195, William Salvain and Gerard his brother witnessed a deed of William de Aton. Between 1190 and 1210, William Salvain gave to St. Peter's hospital, York, a toft at Thorpe le Street (Ruhthorp). About 1205, William Salvain and Peter his brother witnessed a deed of Robert son of William Constable of a gift in free dower to his wife Ela, daughter of Fulk de Oiri." ["The Yorkshire Family of Salvain," citation details below.] Salvain, William (I5783)
 
567 "Within the limits of the parish of Malpas, and comprehended in the original barony, is the township of Egerton. When the Saxon counties had been formed, this part of Chesire, as we learned from the Domesday Book, belonged to Edwin, Earl of Mercia, a grandson of Earl Leofric and Lady Godiva. After the battle of Hastings, the Saxon rights were transferred by the victorious Norman to his sister's son, Hugh d'Avranches, surnamed Lupus, the pious profligate whom he had created Palatine Earl of Chester. Malpas was selected by him as the site of one of the numerous fortresses with which, at regular intervals, he strenghthened his Welsh border, and was given by him, with other estates from the forfeited lands of Earl Edwin, to his natural son Robert Fitz-Hugh, whom he created Baron of Malpas, and who was one of the eight barons of his Parliament." [County Families of Lancashire and Cheshire, citation details below.] Fitz Hugh, Robert (I3750)
 
568 "Witnessed King Stephen's charter of liberties as royal steward in 1136." [Oxford Dictionary of National Biographyde Beauchamp, Simon I (I2146)
 
569 "Wulfnoth Cild (died c. 1014) was a South Saxon thegn who is regarded by historians as the probable father of Godwin, Earl of Wessex, and thus the grandfather of King Harold Godwinson." [Wikipedia] Cild, Wulfnoth (I2316)
 
570 "Younger brother of Grigor/Krikorikios, prince of Taron. [...] Grigor had pledged loyalty to the Byzantine emperor Leo VI but was apparently suspected of feeling greater loyalty to the 'chief prince of the Saracens.' [...] This suspicion led the emperor to require hostages from Grigor. Apoganem was sent by his brother Grigor as a hostage to Constantinople, where Apoganem was entertained by the emperor and honoured with the rank of protospatharios before being freed. Apoganem later returned to Constantinople and became a patrikios (patrician). The male-line ancestry of Grigor and Apoganem (and that of the father of Georgios, Demetrios, and Leon Tornikes) traces back to Smbat Bagratouni, killed in the Battle of Bagrevand in 775. Smbat was Armenia's sparapet (grand constable, i.e., hereditary supreme military commander); his wife was a daughter or (perhaps more likely) sister of Samuel Mamikonian, a descendant (through two lines) of Tiridates the Great, the king of Armenia who made Christianity the state religion early in the fourth century. (Samuel also descended from Gregory the Illuminator, who converted Tiridates the Great to Christianity.) Though some details are unclear, Tiridates the Great clearly descended from many of the royal dynasties of antiquity." ["Eirene?, First Wife of Emperor Isaakios II Angelos, Is a Probable Tornikina and Gateway to Antiquity," by Don C. Stone and Charles R. Owens, citation details below.] Apoganem (I12407)
 
571 "[A] strong supporter of King Stephen. He was taken prisoner at the Battle of Lincoln in 1141, when his lands were seized, but returned in 1143. Henry Fitz Empress in 1153 promised Ranulf, Earl of Chester, Peverel's lands, on condition of his support, whereupon Peverel, it is said, poisoned the Earl of Chester a few months later. William became a monk and his lands were seized by Henry II in 1155." [VCH Rutland, volume 2, "Parishes: Empingham," pp. 242-250.] Peverel, William (I4937)
 
572 "[A] well-known Providence merchant who had participated in the Gaspee Affair in 1772." [Wikipedia]

Also from Wikipedia:

The Gaspee Affair was a very significant event in the lead-up to the American Revolution. HMS Gaspee was a British customs schooner that had been enforcing the Navigation Acts in and around Newport, Rhode Island in 1772. It ran aground in shallow water while chasing the packet ship Hannah on June 9 near what is now known as Gaspee Point in Warwick, Rhode Island. A group of men led by Abraham Whipple and John Brown attacked, boarded, and torched the ship.

The event increased hostilities between the American colonists and British officials, following the Boston Massacre in 1770. The British had hoped to reduce tensions with the colonies by repealing some aspects of the Townshend Acts and working to end the American boycott of British goods. British officials in Rhode Island wanted to increase their control over the trade that had defined the small colony—legitimate trade as well as smuggling—in order to increase their revenue from the colony. But colonists increasingly began to protest the Stamp Act, Townshend Acts, and other British impositions that had clashed with the colony’s history of rum manufacturing, maritime trade, and slave trading.

This event marked the first act of violent uprising against the authority of the British crown in America, preceding the Boston tea party by more than a year and moving the colonies as a whole toward the war for independence. 
Arnold, Welcome (I16251)
 
573 "[A]dmitted as a freeman of Portsmouth in 1673. He was a member of Peleg Sanford's troop of horse in 1667 and doubtless engaged in Indian fighting. [...] Thomas Briggs died in 1720, leaving an estate inventoried at slightly in excess of a thousand pounds. In 1694 he was listed as one of the fifty-six Proprietors of Dartmouth." [The Howland Heirs, citation details below.] Briggs, Ens. Thomas (I6264)
 
574 "[A]mong the most prominent west-country gentry in the late fourteenth century, serving as MP for Devon and Somerset on ten and seven occasions respectively, and receiving a large number of local offices and commissions. He was a liveried retainer of the leading regional magnate, Edward Courtenay, earl of Devon, a close political and family bond that was destined to be violently sundered in the mid-fifteenth century." [Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, entry on his namesake grandson]

According to the History of Parliament: MP for Somerset, 1366; Devon, 1371, 1376, 1378, 1379, Nov 1380, 1381, May 1382, Oct 1382; Somerset Oct 1383, Apr 1384; Devon Apr 1384; Somerset Nov 1384, 1386, Feb 1388, 1393, 1395; Devon Jan 1397, Sep 1397; Somerset 1399; Devon 1402. He was also elected for Devon in Oct 1377 but was on active service overseas, so his seat was taken by Thomas Pomeroy. Not counting this last, this comes to twelve times for Devon and nine times for Somerset.

Sheriff of Somerset and Dorset 1 Nov 1381 - 24 Nov 1382; of Devon, 15 Nov 1389 - 7 Nov 1390.

"The Bonvilles, of French origin, established themselves in Devon shortly after the Conquest and by the end of the 14th century their wealth and standing in the county had become second only to that of the Courtenays. The antagonism between the heads of the respective families in the mid 15th century, which expressed itself on the battlefields of the Wars of the Roses and ended in the extinction of the main Bonville line, was exacerbated if not caused by jealousy of the material prosperity of the Bonvilles, for which Sir William himself was largely responsible. At his death in 1408 he was holding some 40 manors, and extensive lands and rents, in Cornwall, Devon, Dorset, Somerset and Wiltshire, providing his grandson and heir with an income sufficient to justify his elevation to the House of Lords. Such material assets led Sir William into wide fields of public service and military enterprise. In 1369 he served under the duke of Lancaster at Caux and later at Boulogne, and in October 1377 he was again absent overseas and unable to take his seat in Parliament. His military career, however, was only an interlude in a remarkably active political life: beginning in 1366, Bonville sat, either for Devon or Somerset, in 20 out of the 33 Parliaments convened in the next 36 years. His position in the West Country, if not already evident from this near monopoly, may be gauged by the frequency of his appointments to royal commissions, some of which were of major importance." [History of Parliament
Bonville, William (I7365)
 
575 "[A]n architect of the 'Auld Alliance' and in 1301-3 Guardian of Scotland." [Tim Powys-Lybbe] de Soules, John (I3517)
 
576 "[A]ssumed the name of DE STAFFORD upon becoming seised of the barony." [Complete Peerage]

CP (XII/1:170) notes that Eyton said that this Hervey "was certainly descended from Bagot, who held Bramshall under Robert de Stafford in 1086." 
Bagot, Hervey (I7165)
 
577 "[A]ssumed the name of Mowbray. Was, when a boy, at the battle of the Standard, 1137; went with Louis VII of France to the Holy Land 1147; rebelled against Henry III 1147, and had his castles of Thirsk and Kirkby Malzeard taken and destroyed; went again to the Holy Land; founded Byland Abbey." [The Wallop Family]

"Roger de Mowbray; helped defeat invading Scots at Battle of the Standard 1138; supported King Stephen in period of the Anarchy, fighting on his behalf at the Battle of Lincoln Feb. 1140/1; joined Second Crusade 1147; rebelled against Henry II 1173 and allegedly escaped to Scotland following rebels' defeat, but submitted 1174; again went on Crusade 1186, captured by Saracens 1187 at the Battle of Hittin but ransomed; married Alice, daughter of Walter de Gant and widow of Ilbert de Lacy, and died 1188 in the Holy Land when on the point of returning to England." [Burke's Peerage] 
de Mowbray, Roger (I8927)
 
578 "[A]ttended the King to Gascony 1276-7, and to Scotland; Knight of the shire for Somerset 1296-7." [The Wallop Family, citation details below.] de Brent, Robert (I8324)
 
579 "[Bartholomew's] widow, Margaret, continued a prisoner in the Tower of London for several months. Through the mediation of her son-in-law, William de Roos, Knt., she obtained her freedom 3 Nov. 1322. She subsequently retired to the convent house of the Minorite Sisters without Aldgate, and had two shillings per day allowed for her maintenance. In 1327 she petitioned the king and council, stating that while she was in the king's prison, Robert de Welles, husband of her younger sister, Maud de Clare, with the aid and maintenance of Hugh de Despenser, had the lands of their Clare inheritance assessed, and took Maud's share, both in England and Ireland; Margaret requested that the division be made again, according to the assessments returned in Chancery, and that she might have her choice of her share, as she is the elder sister, which request was granted." [Royal Ancestryde Clare, Margaret (I4630)
 
580 "[B]uried in Chicksand Priory, but was transferred thence to Shouldham Priory." [Complete Peeragede Say, Beatrice (I8953)
 
581 "[C]ame to New England on the Blessing, 1635, aged 20. He first settled in Scituate, then removed to Marshfield by 1643, and back to Scituate by 1657. He took the oath of fidelity at Scituate in 1657, and was admitted freeman of Plymouth Colony 1 Jun 1658." [Pane-Joyce Genealogy, summarizing Robert Charles Anderson] Brooks, William (I8620)
 
582 "[C]onjectured to be a daughter of Rudolf I, King of Burgundy." [The Henry Project] Willa (I5608)
 
583 "[D]. in Harwich, Mass., in what is now Brewster". [Ancestors and Descendants of Andrew Lee and Clarinda Knapp AllenHopkins, Stephen (I1590)
 
584 "[D]aughter of George Hunt (who was for 50 years rector of Collingbourne Ducis) and granddaughter of John Hunt, sentenced to be burned at the stake during the reign of Mary I; her sister Martha married the Rev. William Whately." [Jane Fletcher Fiske, "A New England Immigrant Kinship Network," citation details below.] Hunt, Elizabeth (I2295)
 
585 "[E]arly in the thirteenth century Walter de la Poyle (or Puille or Poille), a retainer in the family of Edward Plantagenet, Earl of Cornwall, obtained the wardship of, and ultimately married, the daughter and heiress of Stephen de Hampton in Oxford, and thus became the owner of an estate in that county afterwards known as Hampton Poyle. In Surrey the Poyles also acquired property; their connection with Guildford is commemorated by Pewley Hill and the Poyle charities, and in Seale we have, on the north side of the Hog's Back, Poyle Park and Poyle House, and on the south side Hampton Lodge, just above the Cutmill Ponds." [Some West Surrey Villages, by E. A. Judges. Guildford, England: Surrey Times Printing and Publishing Co., Ltd., 1901.] de la Pole, Walter (I12387)
 
586 "[E]nlisted in the Army of the Revolution at the age of sixteen. He spent the night of March 4, 1776, on Dorchester Hill, while it was being fortified, and was also with General Washington during that dreary winter at Valley Forge and continued in service during the war, attaining to the rank of major." ["Mrs. Julia Waters Johnstone," citation details below.]

"[S]erved as a private, corporal, and sergeant in the Revolutionary War in the First Connecticut Regiment." [Abner Doubleday: His Life and Times, citation details below.] 
Doubleday, Ammi (I15429)
 
587 "[F]irst appears in New England records at the time of his first marriage in May 1654. About this time the first Quakers made their appearance at Sandwich and Robert soon joined the Society of Friends. [...] It seems probable that much of his land and personal property was taken from him because of his refusal to take the Oath of Fidelity and for absenting himself from the authorized church worship." [MacLean W. McLean, "Robert Harper of Sandwich, Mass.", citation details below]

Listed as a Quaker in Boston, 1659, when he was sentenced to fifteen stripes.

When Friend William Leddra of Barbados was executed in Boston on 14 Mar 1661, Robert Harper stood beneath the scaffold and caught Leddra's body after the hangman cut the rope. For this sign of respect toward his dead friend, Harper and his wife were banished from Boston. It was shortly after this that Charles II ordered the Bay Colony authorities to cease executing people for religious dissension.

Living in August 1704, when he signed the marriage certificate of his granddaughter Deborah (Bowerman) Gifford. 
Harper, Robert (I4994)
 
588 "[F]ounded a priory of nuns on St. Michael's hill, Bristol, whereof she d. Prioress." [Complete Peerage II:125]

From the Oxford Dictionary of National Biography:

Eva fitz Harding (d. c. 1173), monastic patron, was the wife of Robert fitz Harding, a wealthy citizen of Bristol and lord of Berkeley, whom she had probably married by c. 1140. According to later tradition she was associated with Robert in the foundation of the abbey of St Augustine, Bristol. Early charters of Robert recording grants to this house do little to suggest that she played an important role. But the fifteenth-century Abbot Newland's roll states that both Robert and Eva were prayed for daily as founders of the abbey, and that the anniversary of Eva's death, as founder, was marked by the feeding of fifty poor men. As 'Domina Eva' she witnessed charters of her husband, which can be dated c. 1150–70. Eva and Robert had five sons and three daughters. One son, Henry, was archdeacon of Exeter from 1162 to 1188. Eva died on 12 March c. 1173.

According to the fifteenth-century evidence of both Abbot Newland and Robert Ricart, town clerk of Bristol, Eva was buried by the side of her husband in the quire next to the abbot's stall. This is unlikely to have been the case, however: late twelfth-century monastic founders were generally buried in the chapter house or cloister. Ricart also states that Eva was the founder of a community of nuns, the Magdalenes, and that she became its prioress. This must refer to the nunnery of St Mary Magdalene situated on St Michael's Hill. If this was a separate foundation it is probable that she would have been buried there, and Robert and Eva may have been founders of a double community or at least linked establishments. Early charters refer to the community of St Mary Magdalene as a hospital and reveal the presence of both brothers and sisters. Perhaps the women were originally linked to St Augustine's for the provision of alms and developed as a more separate community later. Before his death on 5 February 1171 Robert entered the abbey as a canon. Eva may have taken the veil at St Mary Magdalene's at the same time.

Eva's parentage is not established. Later tradition claimed that she was of royal blood -- the daughter of Estmond and a sister of William the Conqueror called Godiva. Claims of royal descent from the king of Denmark were made for Robert, and it is probable that these reflect a desire to accentuate the founders' importance to their communities rather than any historical accuracy. 
Eva (I11463)
 
589 "[F]ourth Earl of Dunbar or Lothian, though he himself uses neither title, calling himself Waldeve the Earl." [The Scots Peerage, citation details below.]

One of the sureties for William the Lion, observing the treaty of Falaise, 1175. 
of Dunbar, Waldeve (I2706)
 
590 "[Gilbert de Umfreville, s. and h. ap. He was brought before the King's Council to answer for his contempt in striking one of the King's ministers at the Parl. held at Berwick in the octave of the Assumption, 22 Aug. 1296. He m. Margaret, 1st da. of Sir Thomas de Clare, Lord of Thormond in Connaught, by Julian, 2nd da. and eventually sole h. of Maurice Fitz Maurice, Lord Justice of Ireland. He d. v.p., s.p., before 23 May 1303. His widow m., before 30 June 1308, Sir Bartholomew Badlesmere [Lord Badlesmere], who d. 14 Apr 1322." [Complete Peerage I:148-49] de Umfreville, Gilbert (I1829)
 
591 "[G]ranted his meadow of 'Le Dene' in Charlton to Thame Abbey about 1190." [VCH Oxfordshire 6:80-82] Poure, Hugh (I10729)
 
592 "[G]rantee of the bailywick of the forests of Mara and Mondrem before 1128." [The Wallop Family, citation details below.] de Kingslegh, Ralph (I8904)
 
593 "[He] was probably the John Corye, sailor, who was buried in St. James Parish, Bristol, 1 September 1621." [Wilcox, citation details below.] Corie, John (I12385)
 
594 "[H]ad 22 children, of which 17 died unmarried." [The Blackmans of Knight's Creek, citation details below] Langston, John (I9837)
 
595 "[H]ad extensive holdings, afterwards known as the honor of Peverel, consisting of 100 lordships in co. Nottingham and Northants, fourteen in co. Derby, and some twenty others; founded Lenton Priory and St. James's Abbey near Nottingham." [The Wallop Family, citation details below.] Peverel, William "The Elder" (I2798)
 
596 "[H]ad livery of his father's lands 10 May 1300, being then aged 40, in which year (as again 1311-15) he was in the expedition to Scotland; Constable of Rochester, for life, 1303/4; as 'Henry de Cobham junior' he was Constable of Dover Castle, and Warden of the Cinque Ports, 1315-16. He was summoned to Parliament from 8 January 1312/3, to 22 January 1335/6, by writs directed Henrico de Cobham, whereby he is held to have become Lord Cobham. He sided with Edward II against the rebellious Barons, and presided at Canterbury at the arraignment of Lord Badlesmere as a traitor in 1322. Governor of Tonbridge Castle, 1324." [Complete Peeragede Cobham, Henry (I11395)
 
597 "[H]e bought the village of Tusmere & advowson of its church ca 1374, the manor of Caversfield ca 1386." [The Blackmans of Knight's Creek, citation details below] Langston, John (I11093)
 
598 "[H]e was granted a degree of Bachelor of Arts [...] 1544-5, Master of Arts in 1548. He was a Fellow of Saint John's College about 1545, and was so designated in a deed of 1551." [John Brooks Threlfall, citation details below.] Leete, Robert (I19154)
 
599 "[H]eld land in Guernsey, as well as land, probably in the Cotentin, where he built a mill. [...] He was dead in 1168, probably in 1142." [Complete PeerageWake, Geoffrey (I10472)
 
600 "[H]eld lands at Brune, Carleby, and Braseburg, co. Lincoln, and the Staffordshire fees of Colton and Tixall, 1086." [The Wallop FamilyGoisfridus (I1901)
 
601 "[In 1166] he was amerced 100s. in Dickering Wapentake for having, with William de Arundel, appropriated a whale which had been cast ashore." [Complete Peeragede Meinell, Robert (I8882)
 
602 "[I]n 1138 held Castle Cary against King Stephen, but was compelled to make peace with him." [Complete PeerageLovel, Ralph (I3470)
 
603 "[I]n 1382 named as 2d in entail of Malpas." [The Blackmans of Knight's Creek, citation details below.] de Egerton, David (I3214)
 
604 "[I]n the King's service overseas in 1242, and, in 1244, going on service either to Scotland or Wales. He married, June 1234, Asceline, 2nd of the 3 sisters and coheirs of Robert, son of Robert Daubeny. She was living February 1239/40. He d. shortly before 28 July 1245." [Complete Peeragede St. Amand, Ralph (I8575)
 
605 "[I]nterpreter, merchant (interprète, marchand), seigneur de Bellechasse ou Berthier (1637-1672), du fief Marsolet (1644-1670), de Gentilly (1647-1671), de Saint-Aignan (1664), de Lotbinière (1672-1684) et du Goulet (1676)." [Genealogy of the French in North America, citation details below.] Marsolet, Nicholas (I4991)
 
606 "[K]illed in battle in 1115 by his cousin Sigtrygg Silkbeard, king of the Dublin Vikings, and was buried by them in Dublin along with the body of a dog, considered to be a huge insult." [Wikipediamac Murchada, Donnchad King of Leinster and Dublin (I5036)
 
607 "[K]inswoman of Count Eberhard, of Alsace." [Royal Ancestry]

"Lothair's relationship with Waldrade had begun before his marriage to Theutberge, and Lothair's efforts to have his union with Waldrade recognized as valid and their children as legitimate ended only with his death." [The Henry Project] 
Waldrade (I7997)
 
608 "[K]nighted before 1326/7; M.P. for Kent, 1326/7, 1330, 1332, 1335, 1335/6, and 1336/7, Constable of Rochester, jointly with his father, for their lives, 1334.; Admiral of the Fleet from the Thames Westward 1335. He was summoned to a Council, 12 September and 12 November 1342, and to Parliament from 24 November 1350 to 15 March 1355, by writs directed Johanni de Cobham. In 1354 he received, doubtless for his military prowess, the dignity of Banneret, with an annuity of 100 marks to support the same." [Complete Peeragede Cobham, John (I5006)
 
609 "[L]ord of Duston jure uxoris, later a monk & an abbot." [The Blackmans of Knight's Creek, citation details below] de Duston, Walkelin (I7346)
 
610 "[O]f unknown parentage." [Ancestral RootsMabel (I2889)
 
611 "[O]n 8 June 1651, 'Martha Haward' was one of seven men and women of Plymouth and Duxbury who were 'presented for vain, light, and lascivious carriage at an unseasonable time of the night,' and, on 7 October 1651, she was one of four of that group who were 'released, with admonition to take heed of such evil carriages for the future.'" [The Great Migration, vol. III, p. 292] Hayward, Martha (I6736)
 
612 "[P]aymaster of the King's ships; served in Poitou and Gascony 1206; served in Ireland 1204 and 1215; appointed by King John as his agent in negotiations with regard to the dower of Queen Berengaria; received from King John grants for life of the houses of the Jew, Isaac of York, at Oxford, and Northampton." [The Wallop Family]

"Sir Geoffrey Luttrell, of Gamston and Bridgeford, co. Notts, took part in the unsuccessful rebellion of John, Count of Mortain during the absence of his brother, Richard I, and, as a result, lost his lands. These were, however, restored to him on John's accession to the throne. His name occurs at this period as witness to many royal charters, he having been in close personal attendance on the King. He was for a time paymaster of the King's ships. In 1204, and also in 1215, he was in Ireland, vested with large administrative powers, and in 1206 in Poitou and Gascony, as one of the King's treasurers. As a reward for personal services, he received from King John grants for life of the houses of the Jew, Isaac of York, at Oxford and Northampton, and those of the Jew, Bonnechose, at Oxford. He received a further grant of land at Croxton, co. Leicester. [...Note (b):] The name is probably a diminutive of the French word Loutre, an otter. The farm of Arques in Normandy was in 1180 and 1198 held by one Osbert Lotrel." [Complete Peerage
Luttrell, Geoffrey I (I4984)
 
613 "[P]erh. a dau. [of] William le Prouz of Chagford." [Ancestral Rootsle Prouz, Julian (I8118)
 
614 "[P]erh. son of William Aguillon, who [in] 1200 covenanted to deliver his son William to King John as hostage....He withdrew from allegiance to King John, but returned, lands restored 17 Sep. 1217." [Ancestral Roots, 8th ed., citation details below.] Aguillon, William (I9201)
 
615 "[P]oss. a scion of the great house of Dunbar." [Ancestral Roots]

"Eldred must have been a close contemporary of Ivo de Taillebois (perhaps even a little older) and like him he is said to be an ancestor of the de Lancasters of Kendal. In two much later monastic accounts he is said to be the son of Ivo de Taillebois, which seems impossible. The families seem to have been equated or combined in monastic pedigrees explaining inheritances, because Ketel, Eldred's son, held several possessions which had been held by Ivo, and confirmed grants made by Ivo. But more recently it became more common to suggest that Eldred is Ivo's son-in-law, married to his daughter Beatrice or Beatrix, either after or before her more well-known husband Ribald of Middleham, who is mentioned above. This also presents difficulties. But there are other possibilities. For example could he be a step son, or an illegitimate son, or the husband of an illegitimate daughter, or might his son Ketel and/or a daughter, have married a member of the de Taillebois family? It is perhaps best to assume that the common jurisdictions of Ivo and Ketel did not pass on by inheritance. Ivo may even have been Ketel's overlord." [Andrew Lancaster, citation details below.] 
Eldred (I10266)
 
616 "[P]ossibly dau. of Roger de Kilton". [CP] de Kilton, Maud (I9264)
 
617 "[P]resent at the Council of Clarendon in Jan. 1163/4. In 1172, his father being still alive, he was in possession of the Norman lands. He joined with his father in the rebellion of 1173. He was present at King Richard's Coronation, 3 Sep. 1189, and accompanied him on the Crusade." [Complete Peeragede Mowbray, Nele (I2435)
 
618 "[P]rob. died in French and Indian War. Was a private in Capt. Jas. Reed's Co., & Col. Timothy Ruggles' Reg." [The Farwell FamilyStone, William (I547)
 
619 "[P]robable daughter of Henry de Lorty, Knt., Lord Lorty, by his wife, Sibyl." [Royal Ancestrydel Ortiay, Joan (I543)
 
620 "[P]robably a Scotswoman." [Ancestral RootsMary (I10805)
 
621 "[P]robably daughter of William Palmer of Plymouth." [The Pilgrim Migration(Unknown first wife of Henry Rowley) (I9939)
 
622 "[Sir Thomas de Lathom's] 2nd wife, Joan Venables, was a notorious character who is said to have neglected and abused her husband while he lay dying, to have lived openly in the same house with her lover, Roger Fazakerley, and married him after consigning Sir Thomas to a speedy burial without ceremony or mourners." [The Ancestry of Dorothea Poyntz, citation details below.]

The Ancestry of Dorothea Poyntz places her a a daughter of Hugh de Venables (d. 1310) and Agatha de Vernon, but Royal Ancestry (v. 5, p. 25) places her as a daughter of his son, as we show her here. 
de Venables, Joan (I18920)
 
623 "[S]aid to be son, but more probably grandson, of William Basset of Milton Ernest, co. Bedford in 1086." [The Blackmans of Knight's Creek, citation details below] Basset, Robert (I1943)
 
624 "[S]aid to have been a daughter of Gerard Salvayn." [Early Yorkshire Charters, citation details below.] Katherine (I5075)
 
625 "[S]aid to have been da. of (---) Chenduit." [Complete Peerage II:49] Joan (I5147)
 
626 "[S]erved in the Scotch wars, 1333 and 1335, and in France, 1342-3; d. 27 Feb 1344-5, having lands in co. Lincoln, co. Nottingham, Essex, and Northumberland." [The Wallop Family]

Summoned to Parliament from 27 Jan 1332 (or 1333) to 20 Apr 1344. 
de Welle, Adam (I3614)
 
627 "[S]erved on the expedition to Ireland in 1210. In March 1215/6 he paid 20 mark fine to buy the King's favour; but in May 1217 his lands were granted to Fulk d'Oyri. He was again accepted as loyal in the autumn of 1217 and aided the Crown against William de Forz, Count of Aumale, in 1221. Between 1220 and 1232 he was active in judicial work for the King; and in January 1229/30 he was ordered to aid the sheriff of Lincolnshire in arresting ships to be sent to Portsmouth for the King's use. He was a collector of 1/40 in 1232 and of 1/30 in 1237; and was appointed, January 1240/1, to view the royal castles in Lincolnshire." [Complete Peerage V:437-438.] de Welle, William (I8384)
 
628 "[S]he was admitted to Roxbury church as member #29: 'Mary Chase, the wife of William Chase. She had a paralytic humor which fell into her backbone, so that she could not stir her body, but as she was lifted, and filled her with great torture, & caused her backbone to go out of joint, & bunch out from the beginning to the end of which infirmity she lay 4 years & a half, & a great part of the time a sad spectacle of misery. But it pleased God to raise her again, & she bore children after it.'" [The Great Migration BeginsMary (I5837)
 
629 "[S]ister of Griffith Warren, of Ightfield, in Salop." [A genealogical and heraldic history of the commoners of Great Britain and Ireland, citation details below.]

Based on the above and on chronological grounds, we place her as a daughter of Griffin/Griffith Warren and Maud le Strange, and thus sister to Griffin/Griffith the younger. 
Warren, Margaret (I4479)
 
630 "[Thomas Tyrell's] only known son at his death -- not, as often thought (and as appears in, for example, the History of Parliament), his brother -- was Walter Tyrell (fl. 1364)." ["Tyrell family," Oxford Dictionary of National BiographyTyrrell, Walter (I18153)
 
631 "[T]aken prisoner at Chartley Castle by Hamon le Strange, he was sent to Bridgenorth Castle, but escaped and joined Simon de Montfort at London, and was with him at Winchester, Oxford, Northampton, and at Kenilworth, 1266; d. circa 1305, lord of Drakelowe and five other manors besides other properties, and having the right of gallows (habuit furcam) in Drakelowe, Lullington, and Croxall." [The Wallop Family, citation details below.] de Gresley, Geoffrey (I8680)
 
632 "[T]he first person to be recorded in the rolls of the Parliament of England as holding the office of Speaker of the House of Commons of England, although that office had existed before his tenure." [Wikipedia]

Sheriff of Wiltshire, 1355-60. Knight of the shire for Wiltshire 12 times and for Somerset 5 times. Chief steward to John of Gaunt. 
de Hungerford, Thomas (I12977)
 
633 "[T]he shadowy or mythical Warin, of Metz in Lorraine." [Complete Peerageof Metz, Warin (I4625)
 
634 "[T]o whom Henry II granted Duston by 1157." [The Blackmans of Knight's Creek, citation details below] Austercarius, William (I11216)
 
635 "[T]o whom the Earl of Chester granted by charter the grand sergeancy of the forests of Leek and Macclesfield, between 1209 and 1226." ["Pedigree of Davenport," citation details below.] de Davenport, Vivian (I10469)
 
636 "[William Tyrell] was beheaded on Tower Hill on 23 February 1462, together with Sir Thomas Tuddenham and John Montgomery. John de Vere, 12th Earl of Oxford, and his eldest son and heir, Aubrey, were beheaded on 26 February and 20 February, respectively, after the discovery of an alleged plot to murder Edward IV. No records of the trials of the alleged conspirators have survived to shed light on what part, if any, [James] Tyrrell's father played in the alleged conspiracy. He was not attainted, and his eldest son and heir's wardship and the custody of his lands were granted to Cecily Neville, Duchess of York, who sold them to William Tyrrell's widow in March 1463 for £50." [Wikipedia, article about William Tyrell and Margaret Darcy's son James Tyrell] Tyrrell, William (I18133)
 
637 "[W]as of Portsmouth, R.I., and Dartmouth, Mass., where he was a freeman May 17, 1653." [History of the Town of Stonington, citation details below.] Sisson, Richard (I9449)
 
638 "[W]hich Reginald was an hostage to the king for the lord Scales in the barons' wars, 9 John." [The History and Antiquities of the County of Leicestershire, citation details below.] de Skipwith, Reginald (I5235)
 
639 "[W]ho appears in the Pipe Roll of 31 Henry I (1130-31) as a landowner in Northampton vill, where he owed 10 silver marks for a plea." [Moriarty, citation details below]. Gobion, Hugh (I10550)
 
640 "[W]ho by his charter covenanted with the Abbot of Ramsey for the use of the water rising at Pekesdene (Pegsdon in Skillington)" [Moriarty, citation details below]. de Lucelles, Richard (I10531)
 
641 "[W]ho in the Domesday held Streatley cum Sharpenhoe and Heigham Gobion of Hugh de Beauchamp, the founder of the Barony of Beauchamp of Bedford" [Moriarty, citation details below]. de Locels, William (I10542)
 
642 "[W]ho owed the service of 1 1/2 knights in the Cotentin in 1172." [Complete Peeragede Tregoz, William (I3735)
 
643 "[W]hose mother was almost certainly a sister of Gunnor, 2nd wife of Richard I, Duke of Normandy." [Complete Peerage]

According to the Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, she is "shown to have been a niece of Duke Richard of Normandy by the later statement of Archbishop Anselm that the Warennes and the dukes then shared an ancestor four generations back on one side and six on the other." 
Beatrice (I1280)
 
644 "[W]hose sister was supposedly imprisoned for her religious beliefs during the reign of Queen Mary." [Ancestral Lines, citation details below.] Gold, Sibilla (I4294)
 
645 "[W]idow of Richard de Tremenet and Sir Richard II de Champernoun of Modbury." [Henry Sutliff, 3 Aug 2004, post to soc.genealogy.medieval.] Valletort, Elizabeth (I12297)
 
646 (Or a different daughter of the same father.) fitz Roald, Theophania (I8122)
 
647 (Unsourced internet note:) "In 1676, his wife was godmother at the baptism of Marie Madeleine Boesmé, their future daughter-in-law. In that record Jean Joubert is identified as 'musnier du moulin du Bourg Royal'--i.e., the miller of the Charlesbourg mill. In each seigneurie the mill was owned by the sieur. All of the 'habitants' or 'censitaires' were required to have their grain ground at the sieur's mill and pay with 1/14th of their grain." Joubert, Jean (I7437)
 
648 12th Mayor of New York City. From Wikipedia:

Francis Rombouts emigrated to New Amsterdam in 1653 aboard the ship Nieuw Amsterdam. He engaged in trade as a merchant, while yet a youth. In the year 1658, he enrolled himself among the burghers, or citizens, though he had been for several years previously a trader here. His trading operations as a merchant were tolerably extensive, though he did not rank among the wealthiest of the inhabitants. He was probably worth, as near as can be estimated, about ten thousand dollars, which was then, however, considered an independent fortune. Rombouts bought his first stone house at Nieuw-Amsterdam, in the Heerestraat, now Broadway in Manhattan.

Rombouts held several offices of trust among his fellow-citizens. In 1673, 1674, 1676, 1678, 1686, he was an alderman. Afterward, in 1687, the city having been divided into wards, he was returned as alderman of the West Ward. he afterward held the office of Justice of the Peace, until his death. His political principles were of a liberal character, and his manners and address grave and dignified. Rombouts' dwelling was on Broadway, west side, near Rector street, extending to the North river shore. it embraced a large garden and an orchard. At the time of his mayoralty, the city contained about 3,500 inhabitants. Rombouts Avenue in the Bronx is named for him.

On May 31, 1665 Rombouts married Aeltie Wessels in the Reformed Dutch Church of New Amsterdam. She died sometime prior to August 5, 1675, when he then married Anna Elizabeth Masschop. Widowed a second time, he married, on September 8, 1683, Helena Teller Bogardus Van Bael. It was the third marriage for both of them. Helena Teller was born about 1645, the daughter of William and Margaret Doncheson Teller of Schenectady. Helena had seven children from her previous marriages, and from this marriage another three were born. She and Rombouts had two boys and a girl. The boys died young but the girl, Catharyna, born on 5 September 1687, survived. Catharyna later married Lieutenant Roger Brett. 
Rombouts, Francis Mayor of New York (I21182)
 
649 13 Apr 1665 is the date on which the widow Elizabeth Foote gave her son-in-law, William Goddard, power of attorney so that he might travel to New England to retrieve the £100 owed her by her brother, Ephraim Child, who had died in Watertown, Massachusetts in 1662. No further record of Elizabeth (Child) (Miles) Foote has been found. Child, Elizabeth (I20828)
 
650 1850 census lists him in District 11, Marion, Illinois, occupation "School Teacher." McHaney, William Wilshire (I7596)
 
651 1930 census gives him as "motorman in coal mine".

According to a descendant, "After four kids, including my grandfather, he went out one day for cigarettes and never returned. The family story is that he went and started another family. I'm pretty sure the second family was with his first cousin Sarah N White." 
Ward, William Harrison (I9974)
 
652 1st baron of Castle Cary. Constable of Gloucester & Bristol castles. Knight of the shire for Somerset, 1324.

From Complete Peerage VIII:205:

Richard Lovel, s. and h., was a minor at his father's death, and the wardship of his lands and person was granted to a Scottish knight, Sir John de Soules. When the latter took part against Edward I in 1295, it was transferred to William Martin. On 10 June 1297, the King having received his homage and given him livery of his lands the preceding day, Richard took oath at Canterbury to serve with horses and arms according to his power in the war against France. Holding lands or rents to the value of £40 p.a. or more, he was sum. for service against the Scots in 1300 (when he offered the service of four men instead of personal attendance) and later.) He was present at the tournament at Stepney in 1309. The manor of Old Roxburgh, part of the inheritance of Richard's wife, having been taken be Edward I in connection with the defence of Roxburgh, the manor of Winfrith Eagle in Dorset and other manors in England were granted them in Jan. 1310/1 as compensation. He was given custody of the Templars' lands in Somerset and Dorset in 1311. In May 1313 he was going beyond seas in the King's service. He lost eleven chargers in the Scottish war, and appears to have been captured at the battle of Bannockhurn, for John de Soules in 1314 had a safe conduct on going to Scotland to secure his release. In 1315 custody of Cranbourne Chase, &c., was granted to him during the minority of the Earl of Gloucester; and in the same year the custody of Corfe Castle and Purbeck was given to him and Muriel his wife. In 1317 he had licence to make a settlement on himself and his wife Muriel. In Feb. 1319/20 he was under orders to accompany the King to France. In Apr. 1320 he was appointed constable of Gloucester Castle, and in May 1321 constable of Bristol Castle. He was on the King's side in the dispute with Thomas, Earl of Lancaster, and in Feb. 1321/2 was appointed joint commissioner to array the men of Somerset and Dorset against the rebels, and later to try two of the traitors at Bristol. He was going to Scotland with the King in the following July. In May 1324 he appears in the Sheriff's list of knights of Somerset whom he had summoned to attend the Great Council of prelates and peers at Westminster. In 1329 and later he was appointed on commissions of the peace, array, &c., in Somerset. On to Jan. 1341, as Richard Lovel, banneret, he was named one of the Justices to inquire into extortions in Devon and Cornwall. After Bannockburn the barony of Hawick and other Scottish possessions (including his late wife's moiety of property in Eskdale) had been lost to the Lovels, but when, at Nevill's Cross, 17 Oct. 1346, the Scots were defeated and King David captured, Richard claimed their restoration, and in 1347 a jury in Scotland found that he and his ancestors had possessed the barony of Hawick from time beyond memory. Old Roxburgh was accordingly restored to Richard and James Lovel. Sir Richard Lovel was sum. to Parl. from 20 Nov. 22 Edw. III to 25 Nov. (1350) 24 Edw. III, by writs directed Ricardo Lovel, whereby he is held to have become Lord Lovel. In Nov. 1350, as Richard Lovel, chivaler, he had licence to alienate to Stavordale Priory certain lands in Somerset. He m., before 1307, Muriel, da. and h. of Sir John de Soules, his first guardian, by Hawise sister of Sir James FitzAlan, Steward of Scotland. She d. in 1318, claiming lands in France. He d. 31 Jan. 1350/1. [...Footnote (o):] There are inquisitions for Midx., Dorset and Somerset. His daughter, Eleanor, was wife of Roger Rouhaut (of Aston Rowant) in 1326. 
Lovel, Richard (I2139)
 
653 1st Earl of Kildare. fitz Thomas fitz Gerald, John (I17414)
 
654 1st Earl of Oxford. de Vere, Aubrey (I13021)
 
655 1st Earl of Portland. Chancellor of the Exchequer. Lord Treasurer of England.

From Wikipedia:

Richard Weston, 1st Earl of Portland, K. G., was Chancellor of the Exchequer and later Lord Treasurer of England under James I and Charles I, being one of the most influential figures in the early years of Charles I's Personal Rule and the architect of many of the policies that enabled him to rule without raising taxes through Parliament.

Weston was the eldest son and heir of Sir Jerome Weston, High Sheriff of Essex for 1599, and the former Mary Cave. He was born at Roxwell, Essex, and was a student of the Middle Temple. He served as Member of Parliament (MP) for a number of constituencies including Maldon (1601–1603), Midhurst (in the parliament of 1604-1611), Essex (in the Addled Parliament of 1614), Arundel (1622), Bossiney (1624), Callington (1625) and Bodmin (1626). He was knighted in 1603.

During the reign of King James I of England, Weston was sent on embassies to Bohemia, Brussels, and Spain. On the last assignment, he negotiated for the restitution of the Palatine. Upon his return to England in 1621, he was made Chancellor of the Exchequer, and retained the post after the accession of Charles I; he proved a capable financial manager but incurred popular hatred as a (justly) suspected Roman Catholic, while also later earning the enmity of the (Catholic) queen, Henrietta Maria for refusing grants to her favourites. He opposed wars with Spain in 1623 and France in 1626, but managed to find ways of raising the money to fund them when required, even when it was impossible to secure the co-operation of Parliament.

Weston was elevated to the peerage on 13 April 1628, as Baron Weston, of Neyland. He was subsequently made Lord Treasurer of England and invested with the Order of the Garter. His policies proving highly unpopular, he escaped impeachment in 1629 only by the dissolution of Parliament. Nevertheless, he played an important role in the King's Personal Rule without Parliament, finding new sources of revenue while preventing any further increase in the King's expenditure, and being for a time the most influential of Charles's advisers. He persuaded the King to make peace with France in 1629 and Spain in 1630, removing the biggest drain on the treasury, and to sign the secret treaty with Spain in 1634. By the time he died in 1635, the Crown was solvent.

On 17 February 1633, Weston was created Earl of Portland. Lord Portland was married twice. His first wife was Elizabeth Pincheon of Writtle in Essex. His second wife was Frances Walgrave of Boreley in Essex. He had three children by his first marriage, including Lady Mary Weston (2 January 1603-after August 1678), who married the 2nd Lord Aston of Forfar in 1629, and Lady Elizabeth Weston, who married John Netterville, 2nd Viscount Netterville. He had seven children by his second marriage, including his son Thomas, who later succeeded as 4th Earl, and Lady Anne Weston, the first of the four wives of Basil Feilding, 2nd Earl of Denbigh. His nephew (his sister's son), Jeremy Clarke, became a Governor of Rhode Island in the American colonies. 
Weston, Richard (I19944)
 
656 1st Earl of Salisbury. He was the leader of the party that seized Roger de Mortimer (also a direct ancestor of John Turner Sargent Jr.) at Nottingham Castle on the night of 19 Oct 1330. He died of injuries sustained at a tournament at Windsor. de Montagu, William (I18109)
 
657 1st Earl of Suffolk. "Constantly in France, 1344-1347, having with him a banneret, 36 knights, 58 esquires and 63 archers, landing with the King as Marshal of the army in 1346, serving in the Prince's division at Crécy, 26 Aug 1346, and before Calais with the King in 1347. Fought at the battle of Poitiers, 19 Sept 1356. One of the most trusted warriors, counsellors and diplomats of Edward III." [The Ancestry of Dorothea Poyntz, citation details below.]

Summoned to Parliament by writ, 27 Jan 1332 to 29 Nov 1336. 
de Ufford, Robert (I19827)
 
658 1st Earl of Suffolk. Admiral of the Northern Fleet. Joint Governor to Richard II. Lord Chancellor of England. Keeper of the Great Seal.

From Wikipedia:

His father was a wool merchant from Hull who became a key figure during the reign of Edward III: after the collapse of the Bardi and Peruzzi families, he emerged as Edward's chief financier. Michael enjoyed even greater popularity at court than his father, becoming one of the most trusted and intimate friends of Edward's successor, Richard II.

He was appointed Chancellor in 1383, and created Earl of Suffolk in 1385, the first of his family to hold any such title. However, in the late 1380s his fortunes radically altered, in step with those of the king. During the Wonderful Parliament of 1386 he was impeached on charges of embezzlement and negligence, a victim of increasing tensions between Parliament and Richard. He was the first official in English history to be removed from office by the process of impeachment. Even after this disgrace, he remained in royal favour, although soon fell foul of the Lords Appellant. He was one of a number of Richard's associates accused of treason by the Appellants in November 1387. After the Appellants' victory at Radcot Bridge (December 1387) and before the so-called Merciless Parliament met in February 1388, De La Pole shrewdly fled to Paris, thus escaping the fate of Sir Nicholas Brembre and Chief Justice Robert Tresilian. He remained in France for the remainder of his life. Sentenced in his absence, his title was stripped from him.

Jean Froissart's references to de la Pole in the Chroniques (II.173) portray a devious and ineffectual counsellor, who dissuaded Richard from pursuing a certain victory against French and Scottish forces in Cumberland, and fomented undue suspicion of John of Gaunt, 1st Duke of Lancaster. 
de la Pole, Michael (I19025)
 
659 1st Earl of Surrey. One of the Conqueror's fifteen proven companions. Died from wounds sustained at the siege of Pevensey. de Warenne, William (I4964)
 
660 1st High Steward of Scotland. Founder of Paisley Abbey. Described by A. M. Mackenzie as "a Norman by culture and a Breton by blood." A supporter of the Empress Matilda, he came to Scotland in 1136 and fought for it at the Battle of the Standard, following which David I made him Steward of Scotland and later confirmed the title as a hereditary office. fitz Alan, Walter (I3207)
 
661 1st Lord Ufford. Summoned to Parliament by writ, 4 Mar 1309 to 19 Dec 1311. de Ufford, Robert (I20135)
 
662 1st Lt., Co. G, 49th Kentucky Volunteer Infantry (USA) [http://home.southwind.net/~crowther/Dibrell/Civ.html]

From http://www.philcrowther.com/Hayden/Pictures.htm:

John Anthony Hayden was born 13 Jun 1834 in Wayne County and was the oldest son of James Madison Haden and Wilmuth Watson Dibrell. In 1845, his father died, leaving his mother destitute with 5 young children to raise. On 28 Aug 1858, he married Gemima Morgan, daughter of Griffen Morgan and Mary Shepherd. John and Gemima had 6 children: 5 daughters and 1 son.

During the Civil War, he served as a 1st Lieutenant in Company G, 49th Kentucky Infantry. There is no evidence that he served in combat. Instead, he contracted dysentery and was forced to resign his commission for health reasons.

He and Gemima lived on a modest farm at Young's Creek in Whitley County and he continued to suffer the effects of his illness for the rest of his life. 
Hayden, John Anthony (I11152)
 
663 1st marriage, 31 Oct 1660, Samuel Hinsdale; 2nd marriage, John Root. Johnson, Mehitable (I15495)
 
664 20 Aug 1740 is the death date on his tombstone, but Chelmsford town records say 21 Aug 1740.

Joseph Farwell's will:

Dated 13 Nov 1711. Probated 16 Jan 1722-1723. Copied from Diana Gale Mathiessen's site, where it is sourced to "the Winslow Farr Sr. Family Organization web site".

In the Name of the Lord God Amen Joseph Farweilgen of The town Dunstable in the County of Middefs in the province of the Massachulets Bay in Newengland yeoman being of Sound and Perfect memory praise be given to god for the same yit knowing the uncertainty of this Life on Earth and being Desirous to Settle things in order Do Make and ordain this to be my Last Will and Testament. Hereby Revoking all former Wills by me made and signed to be null and of none Effect icc In Primas My Soule I give unto the hand of allmighty god that gave it in sure and certaine hopes of Eternaul Life through our alone Lord and Saiover Jesus Christ and my body to the Earth from whence it came to be Deceantly Interred at the Discretion of My Executors x hereafter Named and after my funerall expences and the Debts satisfied And Paid What Worldly goods it hath pleased god to Endow me with all I Do give and bequeath in manner as followeth Item I Do: give unto My beloved Wife Hannah Farewell all my moveable goods both within the boufe and abroad of all sorts Whatsoever to be at her disposall for ever excepting one paire of Andirons. Item I do give and bequeath to my Son Oliver ffarewel and to his Heirs executors Administrators for ever the one half of My housings and Lands which I have now in my possession when he shall Attaine to the age of twenty one years allso I do give to him one paire of Andirons: Aflso I do give and bequeath to him my son Oliver Farewell and to his Heirs the other part of all my Houfings and Lands which I have in pofselsion after my Deceafe and after the Deceafe of my Wife Hannah ffarewell if in the meanetime of our Lives he doth take the whole care of us Both And to provide all things comfortable and Necefsary for us both in sickness and in health and to bestow upon us or either of us A decent Burial: Hereby Authorizing and fully Impowering my Beloved wife Hannah If arewel and my son Henry ffarewell to be whole and sole executors Joyntly and Severally of this my Lash Will and Testament In Witness Whereof I have hereunto subscribed as Witness my hand and ieall the thirteenth Day of November Anno Domin one thousand seven hundred and eleven, and in the tenth year of her Majestie's Reighn of E

ssigned sealed And published
to be the Last will and testament of Joseph I farewell
In presence of us
Ames Chever
Samuel Moody
John Meriam. jr.

Before signing and sealing it is to be understood that all my other Children both sons and Daughters have Received their full portions of me allready

Jofeph farwell Seal 
Farwell, Joseph (I535)
 
665 20 Aug 1861, mustered into 3rd (later renamed 7th) Regiment Kentucky Infantry, Company I. Recorded as "present" in the company muster rolls of 30 Apr and 31 Aug 1862.

Died in Lousiana of smallpox. 
Ward, Thompson Ivy (I10268)
 
666 2nd Earl of Oxford. de Vere, Aubrey (I13019)
 
667 3rd Earl of Oxford; hereditary Master Chamberlain. Magna Carta surety. Justice itinerant in 1220; a justice in the king's court at Westminster, 1221. de Vere, Robert (I13017)
 
668 3rd High Steward. Justiciar of Scotia (i.e. Scotland north of the Forth), 1232-1241. First to use Stewart as a surname. Stewart, Walter (I4191)
 
669 57th on the member list of the Sleepy Hollow Reformed Church. Bankert, Annetje (I10346)
 
670 6th Earl of Fife. Donnchad II (I16571)
 
671 7th Earl of Oxford. Hereditary Master Chamberlain of England. Died at the siege of Rheims, 23 (or 24) Jan 1360.

"He took an active part in the wars of Edward III serving in Scotland, Flanders, and Brittany. He served in the Crécy campaign where he had a following of 160 men, including 3 bannerets and 27 knights and at the siege of Calais in 1346, and was joint commander of the 1st division at the battle of Poitiers, 19 Sept 1356, where his skillful handling of the archers contributed to the victory." [The Ancestry of Dorothea Poyntz, citation details below.] 
de Vere, John (I15172)
 
672 Here is a thorough sourcing for Benjamin Hinton.

Deed Book 28 pages 199-201

Power of Attorney for heirs of Benjamin Hinton

Daniel Hinton
Darcus & James Wilson
Vachel Hinton

Fleming County, Kentucky

11 Sep 1847

Whereas Benjamin Hinton, son and heir at law of Vachel Hinton, departed this life many years since, leaving as his children and heirs at law to wit: Daniel Hinton, Vachel Hinton & Darcus Hinton, and whereas after the death of said Benjamin Hinton, his said father, Vachel Hinton departed this life leaving as his heirs or devisees among others the aforesaid heirs of Benjamin Hinton dec'd and whereas the said Vachel Hinton died seized and possessed of a tract of land in the county of Fleming in the State of Kentucky and left a considerable portion of personal property to be distributed to is heirs or devises and whereas Sally Trimble formerly Sally Hinton one of the heirs or devisees of said Vachel Hinton dec'd having married one Handy Handly, did together with her said husband, sell and dispose of all her interest and title in and to said real & personal estate of said Vachel Hinton to the above named Daniel Hinton & in pursuance of the direction of said Daniel Hinton she the said Sally and her said husband Handy Handly conveyed to Hezekiah Hinton the executor of said Vachel Hinton dec'd her interest & estate in and to said tract of land of which the said Vachel Hinton died seized as aforesaid, but the purchase money in said deed specified still remains unpaid and is now due from said executor to the said Daniel Hinton, therefore, know all men by these presents that we the said Daniel Hinton, Darcus Wilson (above named Darcus Hinton) and her husband James Wilson and Vachel Hinton as heirs at law and representatives of said Benjamin Hinton deceased having and reposing especial trust and confidence in our nephew Austin Hinton, do hereby authorize and empower him to sell and dispose of and convey all out title interest and estate in and to said tract or parcel of land of which the said Vachel Hinton died seized & possessed in said county of Fleming Kentucky or to any and all other land & real estate which the said Vachel Hinton held or was entitled by deed, bond, contract or purchase to such person or persons and for such price & consideration as he the said Austin Hinton in his sound discretion may think advisable hereby constituting him the said Austin Hinton our attorney in fact to act for us and use our names in the premises and also to demand collect by suit or otherwise and to receive from the proper person or authority any and all sums of money legacies or dividend of the personal estate of said Vachel Hinton deceased and we do hereby fully authorize and empower him our said attorney to collect demand and receive all sums of money or other articles of property due and coming to us from said estate of Vachel Hinton deceased and to act for us generally in the premises the same as we could were we personally present and the said Daniel Hinton especially authorizes the said Austin Hinton to collect demand and receive from the said Hezekiah Hinton or other person the purchase money due him by reason of the deed executed as aforesaid by said Handy Handly and wife, hereby ratifying and confirming all and singular the facts of our said attorney in the premises.

In testimony whereof, we the said Daniel Hinton, Darcus Wilson, and her husband James Wilson, and Vachel Hinton do hereby unto set our hands and seals this eleventh day of September A. D. eighteen hundred and forty seven.

Daniel hisXmark Hinton {seal}
James hisXmark Wilson {seal}
Darcus herXmark Wilson {seal}
Vachel hisXmark Wilson {seal}

Witness Wm S. Lamb as to Daniel Hinton, JamHere is a thorough sourcing for Benjamin Hinton.

Deed Book 28 pages 199-201

Power of Attorney for heirs of Benjamin Hinton

Daniel Hinton Darcus & James Wilson Vachel Hinton

Fleming County, Kentucky

11 Sep 1847

Whereas Benjamin Hinton, son and heir at law of Vachel Hinton, departed this life many years since, leaving as his children and heirs at law to wit: Daniel Hinton, Vachel Hinton & Darcus Hinton, and whereas after the death of said Benjamin Hinton, his said father, Vachel Hinton departed this life leaving as his heirs or devisees among others the aforesaid heirs of Benjamin Hinton dec'd and whereas the said Vachel Hinton died seized and possessed of a tract of land in the county of Fleming in the State of Kentucky and left a considerable portion of personal property to be distributed to is heirs or devises and whereas Sally Trimble formerly Sally Hinton one of the heirs or devisees of said Vachel Hinton dec'd having married one Handy Handly, did together with her said husband, sell and dispose of all her interest and title in and to said real & personal estate of said Vachel Hinton to the above named Daniel Hinton & in pursuance of the direction of said Daniel Hinton she the said Sally and her said husband Handy Handly conveyed to Hezekiah Hinton the executor of said Vachel Hinton dec'd her interest & estate in and to said tract of land of which the said Vachel Hinton died seized as aforesaid, but the purchase money in said deed specified still remains unpaid and is now due from said executor to the said Daniel Hinton, therefore, know all men by these presents that we the said Daniel Hinton, Darcus Wilson (above named Darcus Hinton) and her husband James Wilson and Vachel Hinton as heirs at law and representatives of said Benjamin Hinton deceased having and reposing especial trust and confidence in our nephew Austin Hinton, do hereby authorize and empower him to sell and dispose of and convey all out title interest and estate in and to said tract or parcel of land of which the said Vachel Hinton died seized & possessed in said county of Fleming Kentucky or to any and all other land & real estate which the said Vachel Hinton held or was entitled by deed, bond, contract or purchase to such person or persons and for such price & consideration as he the said Austin Hinton in his sound discretion may think advisable hereby constituting him the said Austin Hinton our attorney in fact to act for us and use our names in the premises and also to demand collect by suit or otherwise and to receive from the proper person or authority any and all sums of money legacies or dividend of the personal estate of said Vachel Hinton deceased and we do hereby fully authorize and empower him our said attorney to collect demand and receive all sums of money or other articles of property due and coming to us from said estate of Vachel Hinton deceased and to act for us generally in the premises the same as we could were we personally present and the said Daniel Hinton especially authorizes the said Austin Hinton to collect demand and receive from the said Hezekiah Hinton or other person the purchase money due him by reason of the deed executed as aforesaid by said Handy Handly and wife, hereby ratifying and confirming all and singular the facts of our said attorney in the premises.

In testimony whereof, we the said Daniel Hinton, Darcus Wilson, and her husband James Wilson, and Vachel Hinton do hereby unto set our hands and seals this eleventh day of September A. D. eighteen hundred and forty seven.

Daniel hisXmark Hinton {seal}
James hisXmark Wilson {seal}
Darcus herXmark Wilson {seal}
Vachel hisXmark Wilson {seal}

Witness Wm S. Lamb as to Daniel Hinton, James Wilson and Darcus Wilson

State of Indiana Pevey County SS

I William S. Lamb clerk of the Circuit Court and recorder of said County and duly authorized by the laws of said State to take acknowledgments of deeds & other instruments of writing do certify that this day personally appeared before me at my office in the Town of Rome in said County the within named Daniel Hinton, James Wilson and his wife Darcus Wilson who signed and sealed in my presence the within and foregoing instrument of writing and severally acknowledged the same to be their voluntary act and deed for the uses and purposes therein expressed and the said Darcus Wilson being examined separately privately apart and from and without the hearing of her said husband acknowledged that she executed the same freely and voluntarily as her act & deed without any threats coercion or compulsion from her said husband and that she is still satisfied therewith.

{Seal} In testimony whereof I hereunto subscribe my name and affix the seal of the circuit court of said county at Rome, this 11 day of September 1847 Wm S. Lamb clerk

Kentucky, Breckenridge Count Sct County Court Clerk office September 24th 1847. I Clenton McClarty deputy clerk of J. Allen clerk of the county court of the county aforesaid do certify that on this day the foregoing writing was duly acknowledged by Vachel Hinton to be his act and deed and the same is hereby certified to the proper office for record and deed and the same is hereby certified to the proper office for record. Given under my hand date above. Att Clenton McClarty DC for J. Allen C. B. C.

Kentucky, Fleming County Sct

I William T. Dudley clerk of the court for the county aforesaid certify that the foregoing Power of Attorney was this day received in my office, and the same with the official certificates hereon and this annexed is duly recorded in my office. Given under my hand this 13th day of August 1847.

Wm T. Dudley clerk es Wilson and Darcus Wilson

State of Indiana Pevey County SS

I William S. Lamb clerk of the Circuit Court and recorder of said County and duly authorized by the laws of said State to take acknowledgments of deeds & other instruments of writing do certify that this day personally appeared before me at my office in the Town of Rome in said County the within named Daniel Hinton, James Wilson and his wife Darcus Wilson who signed and sealed in my presence the within and foregoing instrument of writing and severally acknowledged the same to be their voluntary act and deed for the uses and purposes therein expressed and the said Darcus Wilson being examined separately privately apart and from and without the hearing of her said husband acknowledged that she executed the same freely and voluntarily as her act & deed without any threats coercion or compulsion from her said husband and that she is still satisfied therewith.

{Seal} In testimony whereof I hereunto subscribe my name and affix the seal of the circuit court of said county at Rome, this 11 day of September 1847
Wm S. Lamb clerk

Kentucky, Breckenridge Count Sct
County Court Clerk office September 24th 1847. I Clenton McClarty deputy clerk of J. Allen clerk of the county court of the county aforesaid do certify that on this day the foregoing writing was duly acknowledged by Vachel Hinton to be his act and deed and the same is hereby certified to the proper office for record and deed and the same is hereby certified to the proper office for record. Given under my hand date above.
Att Clenton McClarty DC for J. Allen C. B. C.

Kentucky, Fleming County Sct

I William T. Dudley clerk of the court for the county aforesaid certify that the foregoing Power of Attorney was this day received in my office, and the same with the official certificates hereon and this annexed is duly recorded in my office. Given under my hand this 13th day of August 1847.

Wm T. Dudley clerk 
Hinton, Benjamin (I7816)
 
673 Culpepper Connections has him as "(?) Manning", spouse unknown, son of William Manning and father of Willoughby Manning. Nash County, North Carolina Vital Records Abstracts by Cynthia Herrin, an index-only database on Ancestry.com, contains an 1806 Nash County, North Carolina death record for Willoughby Manning, father of (among others) Rahab Manning, and son of Matthias and Margaret Manning.

Update, 25 Apr 2016: Culpepper Connections has incorporated the names of Matthias and Margaret Manning. 
Manning, Matthias (I3860)
 
674 Find a Grave page gives her birth surname as Flynn, but family historian Isaac Martin Gordon says it was Wilson. Possibly one of these surnames is actually that of an earlier husband. Wilson, Sarah (I6135)
 
675 Knight of the shire for Derbyshire, 1399.

Died in the Battle of Shrewsbury. He is "Sir Walter Blunt" in Shakespeare's Henry IV, Part 1.

For his place of burial, mentioned in Complete Peerage IX:331-33, see The College of the Annunciation of St. Mary in the Newarke, Leicester at British History Online.

1885 DNB on Sir Walter Blount, by Sidney Lee:

BLOUNT, Sir WALTER (d. 1403), soldier and supporter of John of Gaunt, duke of Lancaster, was almost certainly the son of Sir John Blount of Sodington, by his second wife, Eleanor Beauchamp, widow of Sir John Meriet. In 1367 he accompanied the Black Prince and John of Gaunt in their expedition to Spain to restore Don Pedro the Cruel to the throne of Leon and Castile. After the return of the expedition, which was successfully terminated by the battle of Navarette (1367), Blount married Donna Sancha de Ayála, the daughter of Don Diego Gomez, who held high office in Toledo, by his wife (of very high family), Donna Inez de Ayála. Donna Sancha appears to have first come to England in attendance on Constantia, the elder daughter of King Pedro, whom John of Gaunt married in 1372. In 1374 John Blount, Sir Walter's half-brother, who had succeeded his mother, Isolda Mountjoy, in the Mountjoy property, made over to Walter the Mountjoy estates in Derbyshire, and to them Walter added by purchase, in 1381, the great estates of the Bakepuiz family in Derbyshire, Leicestershire, and Hertfordshire. Permission was granted Blount in 1377 to proceed with Duke John of Gaunt to Castile in order to assert the duke's right by virtue of his marriage to the throne of Leon and Castile; but the expedition did not start till 1386, when Blount probably accompanied it. On 17 April 1393 he, with Henry Bowet [q. v.] and another, was appointed to negotiate a permanent peace with the king of Castile. In 1398 Duke John granted to Blount and his wife, with the king's approval, an annuity of 100 marks in consideration of their labours in his service. Blount was an executor of John of Gaunt, who died early in 1399, and received a small legacy. He represented Derbyshire in Henry IV's first parliament, which met on 6 Oct. 1399. At the battle of Shrewsbury (23 July 1403) he was the king's standard-bearer, and was killed by Archibald, fourth earl of Douglas, one of the bravest followers of Henry Percy (Hotspur). Blount was dressed in armour resembling that worn by Henry IV, and was mistaken by Douglas for the king (Walsingham, Hist. Anglicana, ed. Riley, ii. 258; Annales Henrici Quarti, 367, 369). Shakespeare gives Blount, whom he calls Sir Walter Blunt, a prominent place in the first part of his 'Henry IV,' and represents both Hotspur and Henry IV as eulogising his military prowess and manly character. He was buried in the church St. Mary 'of Newark,' Leicester. His widow Donna Sancha lived till 1418. In 1406 she founded the hospital of St. Leonards, situate between Alkmonton and Hungry-Bentley, Derbyshire.

Sir Walter had two sons: 1. Sir John, who was at one time governor of Calais; was in 1482 besieged in a castle of Aquitaine by a great French army, which he defeated with a small force (Walsingham, Ypodigma Neustriæ, Rolls Ser., p. 437); was created knight of the Garter in 1413; and was present at the siege of Rouen in 1418: 2. Sir Thomas, who was treasurer of Calais during Henry VI's wars in France (Stevenson's Letters, &c., illustrating the wars in France temp. Henry VI, Rolls Ser., ii. passim), and founded a chantry at Newark in 1422 (at the expense of the Duke of Exeter) in memory of his father and mother. Sir John died without male issue. Sir Thomas was the father (by Margaret, daughter of Sir Thomas Gresley of Gresley, Derbyshire) of Sir Walter Blount, first Baron Mountjoy [q. v.] 
Blount, Walter (I337)
 
676 Knight of the shire for Derbyshire, 1420.

Sheriff of Staffordshire 6 Nov 1444 - 4 Nov 1445; 4 Nov 1446 - 9 Nov 1447.

"Treasurer of Normandy under Henry V." [Nathaniel L. Taylor, "Cassandra Elizabeth Taylor's royal descents."]

"[A]t first destined for church, entered minor holy orders; renounced the church after his brother's death [Sir John Blount, K.G., d. 1418] and only then m. Margaret Gresley." [Nathaniel L. Taylor, post to soc.genealogy.medieval]

"Sir Thomas [...] was Treasurer of Calais during Henry VI's wars in France (Stevenson's Letters, &c., illustrating the wars in France temp. Henry VI, Rolls Ser., ii. passim), and founded a chantry at Newark in 1422 (at the expense of the Duke of Exeter) in memory of his father and mother. Sir Thomas was the father (by Margaret, daughter of Sir Thomas Gresley of Gresley, Derbyshire) of Sir Walter Blount, 1st Baron Mountjoy." [Wikipedia entry on his father, Walter Blount] 
Blount, Thomas (I2608)
 
677 Knight of the shire for Derbyshire 1301, Staffordshire May 1413, Derbyshire Nov 1414 and 1417, Staffordshire 1419, Derbyshire May 1421.

Sheriff of Nottinghamshire and Derbyshire 4 Nov 1418 - 23 Nov 1419, 12 Dec 1426 - 7 Nov 1427, Staffordshire 1 May 1422 - 13 Nov 1423. Steward of the High Peak for the Duchy of Lancaster, 20 Feb 1421 - 3 Mar 1424.

Fought at Agincourt. 
Gresley, Thomas (I9821)
 
678 Knight of the shire for Leicestershire, 1371, 1379, Nov 1380, 1381, May 1382, Feb 1383, Nov 1384, 1386, Feb 1388, Jan 1390, 1391, 1394, 1395, Jan 1397.

Escheator of Warwickshire and Leicestershire 1374-5.

Steward of the Duchy of Lancaster honour of Leicestershire, Northamptonshire, Nottinghamshire, Rutland, and Warwickshire, by appointment of John of Gaunt, 15 Aug 1392 - aft 1393.

Constable of Leicester Castle 1394. 
Walsh, Thomas (I8664)
 
679 Some corrections and additions to the Complete Peerage: Volume 4: Despenser clarifies that this Margaret Deincourt was a daughter of Sir William Deincourt d. 1364, not of his son as originally stated in CP. Deincourt, Margaret (I8659)
 
680 Gabriel Bernon Papers at the Rhode Island Historical Society:

Gabriel Bernon (1644-1736), a Huguenot and prominent merchant of an ancient family in La Rochelle, France, fled that country in 1686, after the revocation of the Edict of Nantes led to his religious persecution. He arrived in Boston (via Amsterdam and London) in June, 1688, with the intention of establishing a settlement at Oxford, Massachusetts; a plan that had evolved through his meetings with other refugees when in London. Bernon's financial support made the settlement a reality for other French Huguenot families who sailed to America with him, but he chose to settle in Boston. The Oxford settlement was abandoned in 1696 after an Indian attack in which four of its members were killed. Attempts were made to re-establish Oxford in 1699, but it was abandoned permanently due to Indian threat in 1704.

After the first break-up of the settlement, Bernon relocated permanently to Rhode Island (in 1697). He stayed in Newport until about 1706, when he moved to Providence. He left Providence for Kingston in 1712 and lived there until 1718, then returned to Providence, where he stayed until his death in 1736.

He had re-established himself in trade soon after his arrival in the American colonies, becoming interested in shipbuilding, and the manufacture of such items as nails, salt, and pine rosin. His business successes attracted the attention of prominent persons in the colonies and in England, who attempted to assist him in establishing contracts with the English government for naval supplies. He also made use of some of the Oxford property by setting up a wash-leather manufactory there, and supplying glovers and hatters in Boston and Newport with that product.

Bernon's lasting mark on the history of Rhode Island, however, is in the area of religion. Charles W. Baird observes, "Bernon had been a member of the French Church, until his departure from Massachusetts...But in Rhode Island...he became a fervent and zealous member of the Church of England." He was active in establishing churches in each of the Rhode Island towns in which he lived at different times during his nearly forty years of residency: Trinity Church in Newport, St. Paul's Church in Kingston, and St. John's Church in Providence. These were Rhode Island's earliest Episcopal churches.

Bernon also is the ancestor to many of Rhode Island's oldest families, including Allens, Crawfords, Dorrs, Coddingtons, and Whipples. He was twice married, first to Esther Le Roy, whom he married in France in 1673, and who died in Newport in 1710; then to Mary Harris, whom he married in 1712. Each marriage produced one son in addition to several daughters; however, neither son survived to have children, so all of Bernon's descendants are through his female children. Bernon died in 1736 at the age of 92, and is buried beneath St. John's Church in Providence. 
Bernon, Gabriel (I19162)
 
681 More about herThomas, Marguerite (I1841)
 
682 31st President of the United States (1929-1933). Hoover, Herbert Clark (I6831)
 
683 This web page dated 30 March 2008 asserts that Isabel de Saddington died without issue, but none of the sources given by the author of that page appear to substantiate this claim. We're open to correction, but meanwhile we're going with Richardson's Royal Ancestry, VCH Leicestershire, Hodgson's Northumberland, Nichols' Leicestershire, etc., all of whom give Isabel as mother to Margaret who married Sir Roger Heron. de Saddington, Isabel (I9987)
 
684 "John Sargent, Former Doubleday President, Dies at 87." The New York Times, 8 Feb 2012:

John T. Sargent, who as president and later chairman of Doubleday & Company oversaw its expansion from a modest-size family-controlled book publisher to an industry giant with interests extending into broadcasting and baseball, died on Sunday at his home in Manhattan. He was 87.

The death was confirmed by his son, John T. Sargent Jr., the chief executive of Macmillan, the publishing company.

Mr. Sargent, who was already working for Doubleday when he married Neltje Doubleday, granddaughter of the company's founder, Frank Nelson Doubleday, in 1953, was named president and chief executive in 1961. At the time, the company was largely a trade book publisher; it also ran a book club, a New York bookstore and a modest printing concern.

Over the next 17 years, in partnership with Nelson Doubleday Jr., grandson of the founder, Mr. Sargent worked to expand all of those enterprises, largely succeeding in spite of a divorce in 1965 and an insurrection by a minority of the company's shareholders, led by his former wife, who wanted it to go public.

By 1979, the year after he left the presidency and was made chairman, Doubleday was publishing 700 books annually. The company had bought a textbook subsidiary and the Dell Publishing Company, which included Dell paperbacks. It was operating more than a dozen book clubs, including the mammoth Literary Guild; more than two dozen Doubleday bookshops across the country; and four book printing and binding companies.

In addition, Mr. Sargent led the company's expansion into radio and television broadcasting and film production. As chairman, he was involved in the company's purchase of the New York Mets in 1980.

The Doubleday company eschewed publicity and the prying of journalists. "The Sphinx Called Doubleday" was the headline on a 1979 article about the company in The New York Times, which described its publishing ethos this way: "There is no class of book that is considered a 'Doubleday book,' nor is there any book that would automatically be judged unsuitable for the Doubleday imprint. Generally speaking, the house frowns on books loaded with sex, it would be unlikely to publish an anti-Kennedy book since Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis is an editor there, and it doesn't exhaust itself trying to lasso serious literature."

The company may have been known for its secretive ways, but Mr. Sargent was visible among the New York elite, both during business hours and after. A strapping man, dapper and sociable, he was a voracious reader, an erudite speaker and, at one time, a poetry editor who worked with Theodore Roethke, the Pulitzer Prize and National Book Award winner, who became a friend and, according to family lore, spent more than one night sleeping in the Sargent bathtub after an evening of imbibing.

He dined with his famous authors — who included Daphne du Maurier, Peter Benchley, Alex Haley, Leon Uris and Stephen King — and other notable friends; attended A-list parties with socialites like Brooke Astor; frequented the opera; hobnobbed with movie stars. He was a friend and frequent escort of Mrs. Onassis, and hired her as an editor at Doubleday.

"The guy liked dressing up in a tux and going out," his son said. "The publishing world was his world, and the social aspect was part of it. It all folded together."

John Turner Sargent was born on June 26, 1924, and spent his early years in Cedarhurst, on Long Island. (No one in the family knows where, exactly, he was born, his son said, and his birth certificate has not yet been found.) His grandfather was the well-known botanist Charles Sprague Sargent; his father, Charles Jr., worked in finance. He went to St. Mark's School in Massachusetts and spent a year at Harvard before joining the Navy. Prevented from fighting overseas because of a punctured eardrum, he spent the war years "loading bombers in Florida," his son said.

After his discharge he worked briefly for Time magazine and then began at Doubleday, writing book jacket copy, in the late 1940s. Over the next several years he read manuscripts, sold syndication and subsidiary rights, worked as an advertising manager and editor and was business manager of several publishing divisions. As president of the company, he succeeded Douglas Black, who had succeeded Nelson Doubleday Sr.

Mr. Sargent met Ms. Doubleday, a painter who now lives in Wyoming, when he was 28 and she was 18. After their divorce she waged a long battle, enlisting some other shareholders, to get the company to sell shares to the public, but her mother, her brother and her former husband all lined up against her and the effort failed. The company was finally sold to the German conglomerate Bertelsmann in 1986.

A longtime colleague of Mr. Sargent, Samuel S. Vaughan, who served the company as editor in chief and publisher, died on Jan. 30.

In addition to John Jr., Mr. Sargent's survivors include a daughter, Ellen; six grandchildren; his wife, the former Betty Nichols Kelly, whom he married in 1985; and two stepchildren, Elizabeth Lee Kelly and James Hamilton Kelly. 
Sargent, John Turner Sr. (I4888)
 
685 Post to SGM on 7 Sep 2001, by Paul C. Reed:

I should also like to propose a revision of the evidence which was set forth by Clarence Almon Torrey in his article on the Whitbread family (TAG 32).

He had found no evidence of Thomas Whitbread, father of the John Whitbread who married Ellenor other than the reference in the 1639 conveyance. I just posted the reference to Thomas which appears in the Court of Augmentation Records in the 1540s. I would conclude (though Torrey was unable to) that this Thomas was son of Thomas Whitbread who he has as heading the main line of the Upper Gravenhurst Whitbread family.

The will of Lawrence, son of Thomas, proved 1552, mentioned his brother John, father Thomas, and minor sons Henry and John, etc. Torrey had concluded that when John Whitbread made his will in 1563, the 'cousin Jhon Whitbreade' to whom he bequeathed the tithe called 'Elsto Tithe' was the younger son of his brother Lawrence. BUT John did not mention Lawrence's elder son Henry, and both of Lawrence's sons would have still been minors [and John son of Lawrence is otherwise unknown, not known to have married or left a probate or burial record].

I think it more likely that John Whitbread (son of Thomas), was giving Elstow Tithe to John [probably his godson], only known son of Thomas Whitbread of Elstow, and thus Thomas of Elstow would be son of the first Thomas of Upper Gravenhurst.

The first Thomas Whitbread, of Upper Gravenhurst, was alive in 1552, when mentioned in the will of his son Lawrence, but no probate record was found. Sir William Gasgoyne, knight, had made a feoffment of the manor of Schepoe with appurtenances in Great and Little Gravenhurst and Clopton to Thomas Whytebrede on 12 April 1538.

John Whitbread, son of Thomas Whitbread of Elstow cannot have been entirely indigent. Remember that his widow Ellenor (Harvey?) had left a silver measure and a number of silver spoons to children and grandchildren, but far beyond this, her eldest son William and his eldest son Henry Whitbread, GENTLEMEN, received 2,200 pounds for the capitol house or manor house in the tenure of William and Henry, with four cottages in Upper Gravenhurst, paid by William Aleyn, Citizen and Grocer of London. William and Henry covenanted against either of them, or by John Whitbred, deceased, father of the said William, or by Thomas Whitbread, deceased, grandfather, dated 8 Oct. 1639.

However, we should point out that Torrey has an incompete entry for the children of William Whitbread whom he places as father of George and Ralph Whitbread. That William he shows as son of John, son of Thomas. An entirely new analysis of these Whitbreads and how Torrey sorted them out may be needed. 
Whitbread, John (I960)
 
686 Post to SGM by Saba Risaluddin, 4 Jan 2016:

Can anyone confirm or refute my guess that Petronilla's father William de Flamville of Aston Flamville, Leics, was married firstly to Petronilla, daughter of Oliver Sarazin or Sarracenus?

I find the following references (in no particular order) to William de Flamville & his wife Petronilla Sarazin, but so far nothing, other than the name Petronilla, to indicate that Petronilla de Flamville, wife of Robert de Leicester, was their daughter.

Peter R Coss, Lordship, Knighthood and Locality: A Study in English Society, c. 1180 to 1280, 1991, 234: "In the early 1220s William de Flamville functioned as steward to William de Hastings (d. 1224/5). That this is our man is indicated by the fact that he witnessed a Coundon charter for William together with three other knights, one of whom was Oliver Sarazin (or Seutacen), his father-in-law through his first wife."

VCH Warwickshire vol VI, Knightlow Hundred, Willoughby: A certain "Ralph had kept 10 virgates in demesne, and had subinfeudated William Hastang of 2 virgates. He also had enfeoffed Oliver Sarazin of an unspecified amount by service of a sore sparrowhawk, and Oliver had enfeoffed William de Flamvil on his marriage with his daughter Petronilla."

John S. Moore, "Who was 'Mahumet'? Arabs in Angevin England," Prosopon Newsletter, 2000, notes that Oliver Saracenus acquired part of Ralph fitz Wigan's serjeantry at Willoughby, Warwicks, which he gave as dowry with his daughter Petronilla to William de Flamvill (citing F. M. Stenton, Documents Illustrative of the Economic and Social History of the Danelaw (Oxford, 1920), p. 341; P.R. 25 Hen. III, p. 49; Book of Fees, III, 1279).

Living in Sarajevo,which has no reference library where I could consult the reference works that many members of this group have access to, I am limited in my research to trawling the internet - and am indebted to those of you whose postings have often helped me to resolve a dilemma. But so far there appears to be nothing on Oliver Sarazin/Saracenus and his daughter Petronilla.

Happy New Year to all
Saba

[Note by PNH: The paper by John S. Moore referenced above can be viewed here. In a subseqent post to SGM, John Watson points to another article with more detail about the Sarazin/Sarson surname of Leicestershire: W. G. Hoskins, "Leicestershire Yeoman Families and their Pedigrees," Transactions of the Leicestershire Archaeological Society, vol. 23 (1947), pp. 52-53.] 
de Flamville, William (I4437)
 
687 Linda Reno, MDSTMARY-L, 15 Jan 2003:

"In my opinion, Grace Greenwell was the second wife of George Thompson. Here are my notes:

"5/20/1751: Admin. accts. of George Thompson, SMC. Sureties: James Thompson, Sr., Matthew Daft. Payments to (among others): Joseph Raley (orphan of Michael Raley, legacy from said Michael); James Clark (orphan of Thomas Clarke, balance of his father's estate). Distribution to: widow, 1/3. Residue to (children): Thomas Thompson; John Thompson; George Thompson; Robert Thompson; James Thompson; Sebastian Thompson; Elizabeth Thompson, wife of James Hayden; Mary Thompson; William Thompson (aged 20). Exec: Grace Thompson.

"NOTE: Originally I believed that the second wife of George Thompson was Grace Hayden but have since changed my mind. The most compelling evidence is the administration accounts of George Thompson dated 5/20/1751 in which the orphan of Michael Raley and of Thomas Clarke are mentioned. Both of these children belonged to Grace Greenwell by her previous marriages to these men." 
Greenwell, Grace (I10956)
 
688 Common ancestor with the political Trudeau family:

Charles Cloutier
Louise Morin
|
Paul Tessier
Marie-Mdeleine Cloutier
|
Paul Baudreau
Marie Tessier
|
Pierre-Joseph Trudeau
Marie-Josephe Baudreau
|
Louis Trudeau
Marie-Anne Larcheveque
|
Louis Trudeau
Marguerite Gagne
|
Louis Trudeau
Louise Dupuis
|
Joseph Trudeau
Malvina Cardinal
|
Charles-Emilie Trudeau
Grace Elliott
|
Pierre Elliott Trudeau
Margaret Joan Sinclair
|
Justin Trudeau 
Cloutier, Charles (I10818)
 
689 Abstract of the will of Robert Cole, from Linda Reno's stmarysfamilies.com:

Robert Cole, SMC 11/26/1771-12/2/1771. Wife: Sarah, alias Elizabeth. Children: Eleanor, Elizabeth, Mary. If any of these 3 die before marriage or not arrive at age, estate may go to survivors of these 4: Eleanor, Elizabeth, Mary, Henrietta Hayden. Son-in-law: Robert Mattingly. Granddaughter: Elizabeth Mattingly. Heirs of daughters: Jane Mattingly and Margaret Melton, both deceased. Execs: Sons-in-law, Robert Mattingly, Richard Melton, Basil Hayden. Wit: James Roach, Clement Hayden, William Hayden.

From Mary Louise Donnelly, John Medley (1615-1660):

"An inventory of Robert Cole's estate was made on 8/14/1772 with a value of nearly 445 pounds of sterling. He owned seven slaves and the usual items found on a plantation of that period, and some special items such as a desk, a seal skin trunk and a pair of spectacles and case. When the final account of Robert Cole's estate was made on 11/22/1773 his heirs received nearly 513 pounds of sterling (Acc't 69:205)." 
Cole, Robert (I8265)
 
690 Wikipedia:

"Piers Gaveston, 1st Earl of Cornwall (c. 1284 – 19 June 1312) was an English nobleman of Gascon origin, and the favourite of King Edward II of England.

"At a young age he made a good impression on King Edward I "Longshanks", and was assigned to the household of the King's son, Edward of Caernarfon. The prince's partiality for Gaveston was so extravagant that Edward I sent the favourite into exile, but he was recalled a few months later, after the King's death led to the prince's accession as Edward II. Edward bestowed the Earldom of Cornwall on Gaveston, and arranged for him to marry his niece Margaret de Clare, sister of the powerful Earl of Gloucester.

"Gaveston's exclusive access to the King provoked several members of the nobility, and in 1307 the King was again forced to send him into exile. During this absence he served as the King's Lord Lieutenant of Ireland. Edward managed to negotiate a deal with the opposition, however, and Gaveston returned the next year. Upon his return his behaviour became even more offensive, and by the Ordinances of 1311 it was decided that Gaveston should be exiled for a third time, to suffer outlawry if he returned. When he did return in 1312, he was hunted down and executed by a group of magnates led by Thomas of Lancaster and Guy de Beauchamp, Earl of Warwick." 
de Gaveston, Piers (I3537)
 
691 Abstract of Thomasin (Butler) Hayden's will:

Hayden, Thomasin, St. Mary's Co., 19th Sept., 1701; 27th Nov., 1702.

To dau. Penelope Allman, 12 pence.

To son William, ex., dwelling plantation "Small Hopes." In event of his death without issue, to pass to dau. Mary Reeder and hrs.

Son William and dau. Mary afsd., residuary legatees.

Test: Rich'd Chappele, Wm. Smith, Benj. Buckler.

MARYLAND CALENDAR OF WILLS: Volume 2. 
Butler, Thomasine (I1141)
 
692 All from the Wikipedia article about him:

Emigrated to New England 1637.

Deputy to the Rhode Island General Assembly, 1655-1670

Elected Assistant to the Governor of Rhode Island, 1680; held the position for seven of the next ten years. 
Lawton, George (I1778)
 
693 All from the History of Parliament:

Knight of the shire for Lincolnshire, 1559.

Knighted before Nov 1551.

"The pardon roll of 1553 described Thymbleby as 'of Irnham ... late of Lynn Regis, Norfolk,' but he still had a house at Lynn in July of that year, when (presumably as one of Northumberland's adherents) he was first committed to the custody of the knight marshal, and then licensed to return to Lynn, on condition that he kept away from court until Queen Mary's pleasure was known. A convinced protestant, he was classified as 'earnest in religion.' There are few references to him during the last 20 years of his long life, during which he lived as a country gentleman and sheep-farmer." 
Thimbleby, Richard (I8580)
 
694 Amelia Morrow, from Connections: Morrow, Porter, Sanders, etc.:

"Henry succeeded his father in the business in London. He was bequeathed Thomas's 'principal place in Old Fish Street and the two shops against the door of St. Nicholas...my great shops which Thomas Derham holdeth to farm, with a cellar and a shop of the yearly value of £ 4 13s 4d.' [...]

"Henry Stoughton was part owner of two ships captured by pirates in December 1491. He was also probably the fishmonger who, for reasons unknown, appears on a list of persons in prison in Cambridge who were exempted from the King's general pardon on 30 Apr 1509 (on the ascension of Henry VIII), only a few months before Henry's will was proven."


From "The Exhurst Ancestry of the Stoughton Siblings of New England", citation details below:

"[Turner and Turner, The English Ancestry of Thomas Stoughton] note that Edward Stoughton's grandfather Henry Stoughton 'appears in a list of persons beginning with Edmund de la Pole and including...a murderer...who were exempted from the King's general pardon on the accession of Henry VIII, April 30 1509,' but they say Henry Stoughton's offence is unknown. Henry's trial and death is documented in The Great Chronicle of London which shows that Henry Stoughton was imprisoned for his part in promoting the unpopular tax and debt-collecting activities carried out by Henry VII's ministers Empson and Dudley."

Footnote accompanying the above:

"A. H. Thomas and I. D. Thornley, ed., The Great Chronicle of London (London: G. W. Jones, 1938), 339. Following an entry describing a proclamation issued by Henry VIII 'upon the xviijth daye of maii' the chronicler states 'And abowth this tyme were convyct and demid to the pyllory iiij Sytyzyns as perjurid & comonly fforsworn personys, That is to say John derby bowyer othirwyse namyd John wrygth, John Sympson ffuller Rychard Smyth Carpenter & henry Stokton ffyshmonger Of the whych ffowyr personys iij were sett upon the said pyllory, and the iiijth which was henry Stokton ffor he was sore syke & In poynt of deth was sparid, But he dyed shortly afftyr In prison, These were the chevetaynys of alle the Questmongers of the Cyte, and In such ffavour wyth Empson & dudley that by theym was moche myschieff doon, The which afftyr this opyn shame to theym excecutid dyed alle shortly afftyr.' The next entry in the chronicle describes the marriage of Henry VIII 'Abowth the myddyll of the monyth of Junii.' The date of the trial is more precisely given in 'The Repertories of the Court of Aldermen, 1495–1835, from the Corporation of London Record Office,' microfilm (Brighton: Harvester Microfilm, 1986) repertory 2, fol. 68v, 8 June 1509 [FHL 1,482,846] (transcription, with modern spelling, supplied by historian Mark Horowitz of Chicago), which states 'At this court it is decreed and adjudged that Herry Stockton fishmonger and Robert Jakes sherman which as well by their own confession as otherwise been duly convict of detestable perjury shall be disfranchised [sic] from the liberty of this City forever.'" 
Stoughton, Henry (I12315)
 
695 Amelia Morrow, from Connections: Morrow, Porter, Sanders, etc.:

"Thomas Stoughton worked for the King's household along with his brothers John and William. In Feb. 1444, he was commissioned to 'take fish for the expenses of the household and carriage therefore.' He is described in August 1445 as the King's sergeant and purveyor of sea fish. Around 1450, he was importing fish from Flanders for the King's household. By 1452, he acquired property in Rye, and his seal (a mermaid) and signature are found on a 1454 document appointing James Hyde as receiver for his rents there. He later sold the property to Hyde.

"In March 1475, he was appointed controller of the petty customs in the port of London, 'provided he executed the ofice in person' and received a similar appointment in Sandwich in Nov. 1476, which probably indicates he moved there.

"He is buried in London, in the church of St. Nicholas Cole Abbey on Old Fish Street. There was a plaque in the church at one time inscribed in Latin 'Pray for the peace of ___ _Stockton, citizen and fishmonger of London and for Christian and Beatrice his wives.' The coat of arms shown is the same as on the tomb of Colonial Governor William Stoughton." 
Stoughton, Thomas (I12317)
 
696 An unsigned sketch of the life of Elizabeth Adelaide Hoopes Allen, found on familysearch.org:

Adelaide, as she was lovingly called, was one of the first babies born in a covered wagon during the time her LDS parents were being expelled from Nauvoo. On the 9th of September, 1847, she came to Warner Hoopes and Priscilla when they were traveling through the state of Iowa, at Council Point, Pottawattamie County, sometime before they arrived in Council Bluffs. Her early life was filled with trials and tribulations, as experienced by many other faithful Saints at that time.

Her father was a shoemaker by trade and her mother possessed great faith and energy. When Adelaide was around three, her parents moved to St. Joseph, Missouri to find work as they did not have the means to travel any farther at that time. Brigham Young had told the Saints who could not finance themselves to go all the way to the Great Salt Lake Valley to wait until they could. Her father secured a job of burning charcoal and things looked good for a time. Her mother was in poor health and they hoped this climate would make her better. The following is based on an event recorded in Adelaide's journal that occurred while the family was living in St. Joseph:

One night we were entertaining an Elder McGraw who had stopped at our place as he was returning from his mission in England. He told my father that he felt impressed to tell him to remove his family immediately to Florence, Nebraska and there to prepare to immigrate to Utah. He repeated that same advice later that night and again the next morning. After he started away he returned and advised him to go right away and leave his family to dispose of the property. But my father was loathe to leave his prosperous situation and heeded not the counsel. About a week later a non-Mormon family's home was burned and the Mormons were accused of committing the deed. Four of the brethren were arrested but they were proven innocent and released. However, the decision of the court did not please the hellish mob which then planned to kill the men. The brethren were warned by a friend but my father didn't believe he was in any danger. The sheriff of Buchanan County came to father and offered protection and he refused as "he had no enemies". After a few days he had an uneasy feeling that he should not remain at home that night. He counseled his wife and told her if a friend came to the house to call him as he would stay out in the woods, but if it was an enemy, she should blow the dinner horn, made from a cow's horn, signifying that the more she blew the horn the deeper into the woods he should go. Sometime during the night my mother was awakened by voices outside. She listened and recognized voices of some of the mob and they were making plans to take father away. After they had stationed the guards at the windows and doors with instructions to "shoot him down" should he try to escape, mother grabbed the horn and blew three loud blasts. The leader of the mob, thinking it was a signal for him to come to her rescue, grabbed the horn and blew it repeatedly. Finally mother told him the louder and longer he blew, the further and faster father would run. The mob grew more angry but she told them that had they come like gentlemen, she would have called him and he would have returned. Furiously they took to the woods where they hunted the rest of the night but could not locate him. The next day they returned and tried to get mother to give up this terrible religion, saying that if she would she and her children would be cared for. My mother's answer was an inspiration to me; she said, "My husband and religion mean more to me than money or anything that money can buy." They cursed her and used vile language as they took their departure. We children scattered hot coals in the yard hoping that if they returned they would get burned.

In spite of protests, her father and a Brother Lincoln were put in jail and had to remain there for nine months before they were proven innocent. Adelaide remembered the night the mob took her father to jail. They broke the door to get into the house and though her mother pleaded with them not to take him, they were rude to her. It made it very hard on the family as Adelaide's mother was not too well and she had to provide for them. She disposed of most of their belongings and then resorted to making willow baskets which the children sold. Adelaide remembered visiting her father in jail. He was - pale and thin, with black eyes, and with hair and whiskers all over his face. It was frightening to look at him. After he was released from jail, they decided to cross the plains and go where the Saints were, though they had no money. The parents sold their only cow and her father took the money and left immediately for Florence, Nebraska where his brother Hyrum Hoopes was preparing to leave with a group of Saints for the Salt Lake Valley. This was in the year of 1857 when the last body of Saints left Winter Quarters. Adelaide's father borrowed enough money from his brother and sent for his family who arrived in time to leave with the company. Adelaide was then a girl of 10 and her job was to look her baby brother, Daniel. She remembered that she walked much of the way and carried her brother on her back when he got too tired to walk.

The company had cattle which they were driving through. One of the cows had a sucking calf and one of the men told Adelaide that if she would catch the calf and tie it up at night, she could have the milk from the cow in the morning. That sounded very good so unbeknown to her parents, she slipped up to the cow when the calf was getting his milk and got the rope around the calfs neck. The calf became frightened and began to run. Adelaide hung on to the rope for quite a while but when he pulled her through the bushes and a muddy place, she had to let go. She said she could have held it if her sister Melissa had helped. She never did get the milk.

Her sister Melissa, age 12, rode a horse all the way and drove the cattle to help pay back the money their father had borrowed. The group arrived in Salt Lake in 1857 . They moved to Bountiful for a short time, then moved to Richmond, Cache County, Utah. Adelaide was the one chosen to help her father with the sheep. She helped with the shearing as well as the herding. With the wool, she learned to spin, weave and sew, besides learning to cook and keep a tidy house. Adelaide had a girl friend by the name of Belinda Bear. One day she was over visiting with Adelaide when Belinda's boy friend, Charles Allen, called for her. Just for a joke, Adelaide hid Belinda's bonnet and when Belinda found out that she had hid it, she began to chase Adelaide around the house. Around they went, in and out. Apparently Charles thought they would never stop so he caught Adelaide, then about seventeen years old, and held her until she told where the bonnet was. That was the last time that Charles took Belinda out, as he began to court Adelaide. Although he was seventeen years her senior, she seemed to share his feelings and consented to be his wife. They were married in Richmond on 15 June 1864, and later went to Salt Lake and were sealed in the Endowment House. Their first five children, all boys, were born while they lived in Richmond. Five other children, four girls and a boy, were born in Cove, Utah where the family homesteaded 160 acres in a canyon.

While the family was still in Cove, Adelaide and her sister-in-law Mary decided to kill the pig. Mary was to hit it in the head to knock it down, then Adelaide was to cut its throat to make it bleed. When the water was hot enough so the pig could later be scalded, Mary climbed into the pen with the axe and hit it but not hard enough to make it fall. The pig began running and squealing around the pen so Mary called for Adelaide. They both took after it. Around and around the pen they went. When Adelaide finally caught one of the hind legs, they both pulled hard and stopped it. Mary hung on to its leg while Adelaide cut its throat. They found it a hard job to kill a pig and often laughed about their experience.

Adelaide's husband was Branch President in Cove, but the cold winters were too much for him and he contracted rheumatism and was badly crippled. They thought they had better try a warmer climate for his health, so relocated to Mesa, Maricopa County, Arizona. Adelaide and the girls rode in a white top buggy on the trip. She knitted socks for the family on the way, which they did not need so badly in a warm climate.

They moved into an adobe house with a dirt floor but it was not long a dirt floor, as Adelaide with her energy and pride soon had a nice wood one. Within the next seven years, four more children were born. Their home was always a gathering place for the young folks. They were always made to feel welcome even though they had to be bedded on the floor.

Adelaide drove a little span of mules, Jack and Molly, sitting in the white top buggy whenever she traveled without the men folk. Those little mules were deathly afraid of Indians. Whenever they saw one they would break into a dead run. There were Indians all over the valley when they first came to Mesa. One might pop up at any time so Adelaide had to be on the watch. The mules could smell them first. They would first stick up their ears, then their nose up in the air with their eyes on the lookout. That surely meant a "runaway" and Adelaide was always prepared. She grasped her lines just so, braced her feet to give her strength and pushed on the brake. Many times she had small children with her. She never had an accident.

Their house was built right on the trail where the Indians used to hunt rabbits. They objected to this and would often stop, get off their horses and peek into the windows, as well as ask for something to eat. Her children remembered how scared they were when the Indians came galloping up on their horses with their dark, bare bodies and nothing on but a "breech clout" around their loins and their long, black hair flopping up and down. One day an Indian came walking to the door and demanded something to eat. Adelaide, remembering the counsel of President Young to feed instead of fight them, turned to go get him something when she looked around just in time to see him entering the door with his eye on the gun that was hanging on the wall. Adelaide, "quick as a wink", gave him a big shove and he landed on his back out the door on a board with nails in it. The Indian was shocked. He did not move very soon. He looked around, got up slowly and started off on a trot. He left a piece of his "breech clout" on the nails. He never came back.

Adelaide loved music. She and the children sang together many of the ballads of the day, such as "Polly Van", "Joe Bowers", "Captain Jinks" and "Vacant Chair". The family often held what they called "Primary" where they met together in the evening and sang songs and told stories. It was always opened with prayer.

Adelaide died giving birth to her fourteenth child, on 13 November 1889, at age 42. It was a great sorrow to the father and family. After her death, everybody in town tried to help. The funeral was held out at the front of the home. Brother Henry Rogers was one of the speakers and he remarked that, "The old, poor and needy will miss Sister Allen most of all". She was always there to help them in their time of need. She was laid to rest in the Mesa Cemetery.

Her last request to the family was to keep them together. The request was granted for a council meeting with the father and older children, it was decided that the oldest daughter, Adelaide, would care for the home and the children. She was fifteen years old at the time and Seymour, age nineteen, took over the job of providing as best he could. The father lived a short distance away after taking a second wife. 
Hoopes, Elizabeth Adelaide (I10763)
 
697 Barbara Allen Crandall, in her own words, written 1995:

I was born in the two-room house on the 20 acre farm at the southwest corner of Stapley and Broadway in Mesa, the fourth child of Barbara and John Seymour. I was three when we moved to the Lamb Ranch.

My first five years of school were in Mesa, then in 1915 we moved to the ranch south of Gilbert and I started school there. Dad had a large dairy, 40 to 60 cows, so when I was in the eighth grade, I was milking ten cows every night and morning and riding my little mare to school with neither saddle nor bridle.

My eighth and ninth grade years I went to Chandler. I started at Tempe Normal in 1921 and in 1923 graduated and began teaching in Ocotillo. I married Paul Crandall in 1924. Paul rented an 80-acre farm from George Lewis for two years, but the farm depression was severe and he went broke both years. Paul held down various jobs during the depression--drove an ice truck, Mesa city street sprinkler, fuel and feed sales, bought a service station, delivered Union Oil, supervised county highways and then went back to farming, his true love, with his brother Lee.

I held church positions from 12 years of age when I was secretary of the Primary. I taught various classes then was called to the Primary Stake Board before I was married, where I served for 20 years, ending as Stake President. I had one daughter and five sons during those years.

In 1943 I went back to teaching to help out for a year or so during World War II. I retired 27 years later. During this time I was MIA president six years, Junior Gleaner teacher six years, and Genealogy director for five years. I then directed travel tours for nine years. Paul served in the bishopric of Mesa First Ward for 13 years. In 1952 our fourth son, Charles, died of Hodgkins' Disease, and in 1971 Don was killed in an auto accident in California.

We had served as ordained Temple workers for five years then we were called to the Tulsa, Oklahoma Mission in December 1979. Paul developed high blood pressure, so we were released after one year. He developed prostate cancer five years later and died August 26, 1987.

We have 19 grandchildren and 24 great-grandchildren. I am 92 years old, and have been a Relief Society visiting teacher since I retired from school teaching. My four living children come to my home for lunch every Tuesday, a great delight to all of us.

Obituary, The Arizona Republic, 16 Feb 2003:

Barbara Allen Crandall, 99 year old Mesa native, died on Wednesday, February 12, 2003, at her Mesa home.

Born October 5, 1903, she was preceded in death by her husband, Paul L. Crandall, two sons, Don Ashael and Charles Lee.

Barbara rode a horse bareback to Mesa and Gilbert elementary schools and graduated from high school and got her teaching certificate in 1923 from Tempe Normal School, now ASU in Tempe. While there she was on the varsity softball and volleyball teams.

Her first teaching job was in Ocotillo, and on June 6, 1924, she married Paul L. Crandall. They made their home and reared six children in Mesa. In 1937 she was contacted by Joe Jarvis, newly named Mesa recreation director, who asked her to organize a recreation program to keep the kids busy during the summer. This was the beginning of the Mesa Parks and Recreation program. She recruited a small group of volunteers workers and they taught games, dancing and songs, played sports and went swimming on Wednesdays. Each season wound up with staging of a production involving all of the children in costume. In all, Barbara directed the program for seven years.

Barbara worked for a while in Maricopa County politics, was an attache in the State Legislature, a precinct committeeman and was vice chairman of the Maricopa County Democratic organization for a year.

With World War II manpower shortages, Barbara went back to school, teaching fifth grade in Lehi. Besides classroom subjects, she went onto the playground and taught the boys football, baseball and basketball. The girls were instructed in volleyball, dodgeball, Jump rope and softball. Her teaching philosophy was that every child participated and had a costume in any activity. She wound up her 27 year teaching career at Lowell school in Mesa.

Barbara held many ward and stake leadership and teaching positions in the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. She was active in the Primary for 20 years and later in the Mutual Improvement Association (MIA), the youth organization of the Church. She was presented a Golden Gleaner recognition award for service. In 1979-80 she filled a mission with her husband for the Church in the Tulsa Oklahoma Mission. They were also ordinance workers for several years in the Arizona Temple in Mesa. She was a charter member of Phi Chapter, Delta Kappa Gamma, teachers' sorority.

In 1978 she was named Mesa Merit Mother and was runner-up for Arizona Mother of the Year. She was a charter member and first secretary of the Mesa Historical Society. After her retirement from teaching, Barbara organized the Arizona Ramblers Travel Club and conducted bus tours, primarily for senior citizens, throughout the United States and Canada.

She is survived by her daughter, Barbara Nielsen, three sons, Paul L. Jr., Wilford M. (Wil). and Dr. John A., all of Mesa, one sister, Mary Hardison, Vallejo, Ca, one brother, Russell H. Allen of Mesa. She has 19 grandchildren and 35 great-grandchildren.

Viewing will be held at Meldrum Mortuary, 52 N. Macdonald, on Monday, 6-8:00 P.M., (also one hour prior to services at the Church). Funeral services will be held Tuesday February 18, at 10:00 A.M. at Centennial Ward, 422 E. University.

Interment will be at Mesa Cemetery 1212 N Center.

In lieu of flowers, donations may be made to the Mesa Historical Society. 
Allen, Barbara (I2818)
 
698 Correspondence from Libby Freeman Spieth, quoted by "Dolores1630" on Ancestry.com:

I'm quite certain that when he (Joel) wasn't farming, he was a traveling salesman. My dad used to talk about him going with his wagon carrying pots, pans, bolts of fabric, nails, etc. and always something special for the ladies like a potato peeler and candy for the kids. He had a regular route when he didn't have crops to tend. In remote areas his visits were really looked forward to.

After the 1870 Census, Mary and Joel just drop out of sight. Uncle Sam was the one who was left to raise them (the children). I think that is when my gr-grandfather John went to Elk Valley TN. He managed a lumber business for my other gr-grandfather Jasper Newton White (Newt) and that is also how he met my gr-grandmother Teresa Allen. They returned to Whitley.

[...]

Joel Freeman contested his father's will. He won one hundred acres in Meadow Creek, NC in 1847. In March of 1848 he sold the acreage to Issac Owens for 130.00. Alfred Franklin White contends that Joel and Mary TYE (2nd wife) were killed in a carriage accident traveling between KY and NC. They both suddenly disappeared. The children of JOEL FREEMAN and MARY TYE are not recognized by the rest of the FREEMAN clan.

Note [from "Dolores1630" on Ancestry.com]: There is no record or verification of this accident or deaths of Joel and Mary. It's considered to be family legend until verified. Mary and Joel went to NC one day and for whatever reason, never returned. Oldest son, Samuel, from Joel's first marriage, raised the younger children, including my grandfather, John.

Deed of Conveyance, 1847:

Whitley CO., KY (Deed Book #3) 24 August 1848: "This deed of conveyance made this 24th day of August 1858. Witnesseth that at the August term of the interlocutory decree of said curcuit cout appointed a commissioner for and on behalf of the AARON FREEMAN, POLLY STEVENS and NANCY PERKINS and the unknown heirs of JAMES FREEMAN deceased to convey to JOEL FREEMAN by Decreased of quit claim a certain tract or parcel of land in complainents bill mentioned in a suit in chancery pending in said court in which said JOEL FREEMAN is complainant and said heirs of the said JAMES FREEMAN deceased are defendants. Now I, ADDISON WILLIAMS commissioner as aforesaid forand on befalf of the said AARON FREEMAN, POLLY STEVENS,NANCY PERKINS and the unknown heirs of the said JAMES FREEMAN deceased for and in consideration of the (premises) and for and in consideration fo the interlocutory decree aforesaid give grant bargain sell (endow) convey and confirm unto the said JOEL FREEMAN and his heirs or assigns a certain tract or parcel of land situate lyning and being in Whitley County on a branch of Meadow Creek containing one hundred acres and is the same land on which said JAMES FREEMAN resided at the time of his death and left by the said JAMES in the possession of the said JOEL FREEMAN as set forth and descibed in the complainant bill herein. The said JOEL FREEMAN to have and to hold to him and his heirs or assigns forever. And the said ADDISON WILLIAMS commissioner as aforesaid for and behalf of the said ARRON FREEMAN, POLLY STEVENS, and NANCY PERKINS and the unknown heirs of the aforesaid JAMES FREEMAN deceased hereby covenant and agree that he will forever warrant and defend a good and sufficient right and title to said land against the claim or claims of themselves and thie heirs and against the claim or claims of all and every other person, persons claim for claimants whatever claiming by through or under them or either of them but (agrees) no to her person or persons but it is distinctly understood that the said WILLIAMS makes this conveyance as a commissioner of the court only and is not to be responsible in any way for the title. In testimony whereof the said parties of thefirst part by ADDISON WILLIAMS commissioner as aforesaid hereunto subscribe above written. Dated 26 August 1847. Signed: AARON FREEMAN, NANCY PERKINS, POLLY STEVENS, The unknown heirs of JAMES FREEMAN, deceased by A. WILLIAMS, commissioner Whitley Conuty Court. 24 March 1848

JOEL FREEMAN sold one hundred acres on Meadow Creek to ISAAC OWENS for 130.00.

Application for post-Civil War Presidential pardon?

The Ancestry.com database Confederate Applications for Presidential Pardons, 1865-1867 contains paperwork related to the application by a Joel T. Freeman of Bear Wallow, North Carolina for a pardon and the restoration of his full citizenship by President Andrew Johnson. In it he explains that before the rebellion he was a postmaster and that this was the only role in which he can be held to have supported the Confederacy. We cannot determine from the papers whether this pardon was granted, or whether this is that same individual as our Joel Terrill Freeman. 
Freeman, Joel Terrill (I4314)
 
699 Cotton Mather, in his Magnalia Christi Americana:

"Mrs. Elizabeth Heard, a Widow of a Good Estate, a Mother of many Children, and a Daughter of Mr. Hull, a Reverend Minister formerly Living at Piscataqua, now lived at Quochecho. Happening to be at Portsmouth, on the Day before Quochecho was cut off, She Returned thither in the Night, with one Daughter and Three Sons, all masters of Families. When they came near Quochecho, they were astonished, with a prodigious Noise of Indians, Howling, Shooting, Shouting, and Roaring, according to their manner in making an Assault. Their Distress for their Families carried them still further up the River, till they Secretly and Silently passed by some Numbers of the Raging Salvages. They Landed about an Hundred Rods from Major Waldern's Garrison; and running up the Hill, they saw many Lights in the Windows of the Garrison, which they concluded the English within had set up, for the Direction of those who might seek Refuge there. Coming to the Gate, they desired entrance; which not being readily granted, they called Earnestly, and bounced, and knocked, and cried out of their unkindness within, that they would not open to them in this Extremity. No Answer being yet made, they began to doubt, whether all was well; and one of the young men then climbing up the wall, saw a horrible Tawny in the Entry, with a Gun in his Hand. A grievous Consternation Seiz'd now upon them; and Mrs. Heard sitting down without the Gate, through Despair and Faintness, unable to Stir any further, charged her Children to Shift for themselves, for She must unavoidably There End her Days. They finding it impossible to carry her with them, with heavy hearts forsook her; but then coming better to herself, she fled and hid among the Barberry-bushes in the Garden: and then hastning from thence, because the Day-Light advanced, She sheltered herself (though seen by Two of the Indians) in a Thicket of other Bushes, about Thirty Rods from the House. Here she had not been long, before an Indian came towards her, with a Pistol in his Hand: the Fellow came up to her, stared her in the Face, but said nothing to her, nor she to him. He went a little way back, and came again, and Stared at her as before, but said nothing; whereupon she asked what he would have? He still said nothing, but went away to the House Co-hooping, and Returned unto her no more. Being thus unaccountably preserved, She made several Essays to pass the River; but found herself unable to do it; and finding all places on that side the River filled with Blood, and Fire, and hideous Outcries, thereupon she Returned to her old bush, and there poured out her ardent Prayers to God for help in this Distress. She continued in the Bush, until the Garrison was Burnt, and the Enemy was gone; and then she Stole along by the River side, until she came to a Boom, where she passed over. Many sad Effects of Cruelty she Saw left by the Indians in her way; until arriving at Captain Gerish's Garrison, she there found a Refuge from the Storm; and here she soon had the Satisfaction to understand, that her own Garrison, though one of the first that was assaulted, had been bravely Defended and maintained against the Adversary. This Gentlewoman's Garrison was the most Extream Frontier of the Province, and more Obnoxious than any other, and more uncapable of Relief; nevertheless, by her presence and courage, it held out all the War, even for Ten Years together; and the Persons in it have Enjoy'd very Eminent preservations. The Garrison had been deserted, if She had accepted Offers that were made her by her Friends, of Living in more safety at Portsmouth; which would have been a Damage to the Town and Land: but by her Encouragement this Post was thus kept: and She is yet Living in much Esteem among her Neighbours."

From "Elizabeth Heard: Native American Friend" by Maggie MacLean, at History of American Women:

"Elizabeth Hull, daughter of Reverend Joseph Hull, was born in 1626 in England, and married Captain John Heard at York, Maine in 1642. Soon after their marriage, they settled at Dover, New Hampshire. The leader of the colonists at Cochecho (near Dover) was Richard Waldron (Walderne), an Englishman who had emigrated in 1635. In 1642, Waldron owned a large tract of land at the Lower Falls of the Cochecho River where he built a sawmill. That spot became the foundation of the settlement known as Cochecho.

"In 1652, Captain John Heard had grants of land 'under the Great Hill of Cocheco,' and he and Elizabeth built their house on the brow of the Great Hill.

"By 1666, a total of 41 families lived and worked there. Indians became a familiar sight around town when Richard Waldron opened a large trading post, but there were occasional problems with the Indians, because Waldron was not above breaking the laws that forbade selling liquor or firearms to Indians.

"For over half a century following Dover's founding in 1623, the English settlers had co-existed peacefully with the local Pennacook tribe. The Indians helped the colonists to develop the fishing, hunting, and farming skills necessary to survive in New England.

"The Indian chieftain, Passaconaway, was responsible for forming the Penacook confederacy, a unification of local tribes against the hostile Mohawks. Passaconaway's 50 year reign marks one of the most peaceful periods in the New Hampshire province. His son Wonalancet took over leadership of the tribe in 1665 and continued his father's peaceful ways.

"In 1676, many Indians fled Massachusetts due to bloody fighting between a confederation of Indian tribes and English settlers. By September, over 400 Indians were at the Cochecho settlement. Half of them were strangers, the other half were Wonalancet's people. Two companies of Massachusetts soldiers arrived to recapture the escaping Indians. They were ready to fight the Indians, but Major Waldron intervened.

"Waldron agreed that the Massachusetts Indians should be returned to Boston for punishment, but he did not want local, loyal Indians to be harmed in the process. The Indians were invited to assemble close to town for a day of war games. The unsuspecting Indians were surrounded by four militia companies who separated out the local Indians. Over 200 of the Massachusetts Indians were taken back to Boston. Some of them were hanged or sold into slavery.

"Elizabeth Heard saved the life of a young Indian boy that day by concealing him until his would-be slayers had left her house, and then helped him to escape.

"For the next eleven years, tensions mounted between the settlers and the Penacook Indians. The peaceful Chief Wonalancet was replaced by the warlike Kancamagus, who bitterly resented the injustices meted out by English settlers to his people. More and more land was seized from the Indians for paltry payments like a 'peck of corn annually for each family.'

"In 1684, the Governor ordered that the meeting house at Dover be fortified against Indian attacks. Every neighborhood developed at least one fortified blockhouse where people could flee to safety if Indians attacked.

"Five homes at the Cochecho settlement were garrisoned at public expense, including Elizabeth Heard's, which became known as Heard's Garrison. These five sites were chosen because of their locations on the highest knolls of the town. The garrisons were built with foot-thick squared logs impenetrable to bullets and a second story that projected over the lower story by two to three feet.

"This overhang feature was designed to combat Indians who customarily attacked with fire or smoke. A loose board in the overhang could be removed in order to pour boiling water on marauders or on fires below. Each wall also had narrow slits for firearms. The garrisons were also surrounded by an eight foot palisade of large logs set upright in the ground.

"The settlers at Cochecho became frightened by the large number of hostile Indians now living with the local tribe. The settlers took refuge at the blockhouse each night, and during the day, guns were kept close to hand in the fields.

"Advance word that the Pennacooks were massing for an attack on Cochecho was known as far away as Chelmsford, Massachusetts. The vendetta against Waldron was described in a warning letter from Chelmsford. Waldron, aware of the tensions, reportedly laughed it off, telling his townsfolk that he could assemble 100 men simply by lifting his finger.

"On the evening of June 27, 1689, several Indian women asked for shelter at each of the garrison houses, a common practice in peacetime. They were shown how to open the doors and gates in case they wanted to leave in the night. No watch was kept as all the Cochecho families retired for the night.

"During the early hours, the Indian women quietly opened the gates to several hundred Pennacook. Waldron, then 74, is said to have wielded his sword in defense. He was tied to a chair and cut across the chest repeatedly as each warrior symbolically 'crossed out' his trading account with the distrusted merchant. Waldron was forced to fall on his sword, the garrison was burned, and his family killed or captured.

"Elder William Wentworth* was guarding the Heard property while Elizabeth was away. He was awakened by a barking dog and managed to close the gates against attack. Elizabeth Heard--by then a widow--her three sons, her daughter, and their families were all returning from their voyage to Portsmouth with the dawn tide. The smell of smoke and the chilling sound of Indian cries alerted them to their peril. Mrs. Heard was so overcome with fright that she could not go on. She pleaded with her family to flee for their lives, and they left her hidden in some nearby bushes.

"As daylight broke, an Indian spotted Elizabeth in the thicket. He raised his gun and aimed it at her. He stared hard at her face, then silently ran away, never revealing her to his tribesmen. In a curious twist of fate, Elizabeth Heard had saved the life of this Indian in 1676. He had never forgotten her kindness and took this opportunity to repay the favor.

"Mrs. Heard remained hidden in the thicket until all the Indians had left Cochecho. She wearily returned to her home expecting to find burnt ruins. Thanks to her courageous neighbor, William Wentworth, she found her home and family intact.

"Several years passed before Cochecho fully recovered. Houses and mills were rebuilt, but the loss of so many persons (about 25% of the population) was a severe blow to the settlement's prosperity. By 1700 however, the town had begun to resume its former importance. Although Cochecho was occasionally harassed by Indians, it was never again the target of so destructive a raid.

"Elizabeth Hull Heard died at Dover, New Hampshire, on November 30, 1706."

* William Wentworth (1616-1687), also an ancestor of Teresa Nielsen Hayden.

More about these events:

Cocheco Massacre, at SeacoastNH.com.

The History of New Hampshire, volume 1, by Jeremy Belknap and John Farmer. Dover, New Hampshire: S. C. Stevens and Ela & Wadleigh, 1831. Page 128. 
Hull, Elizabeth (I8626)
 
700 Dates for William Richard Workman:

Kentucky Birth Records, 1852-1910 gives his birth date as 7 October 1875.

Notes taken by Jeannette Hayden in conversation with his daughter Neville Workman give his birth date as 4 October 1875.

The 1880 Fulton County, KY census lists him as "W. R." and gives his age as 5, which is consistent with that.

But the 1900 Fulton County, KY census gives his birthdate as "Sept. 1876" and his age as 23.

The 1910 census gives his birth date as "about 1877"; the 1920 census says "abt 1878".

And the Hammonds family tree page gives his birthdate as 4 October 1877.

The Hammonds page is our only source for his death date. We've put Detroit down as his place of death because Patrick's mother recollects, based on conversations with his father's family members, that in later years he came up north and had a small store -- "a little candy store, which could have been a sort of convenience store, in Detroit." Evidently his wife Kate and his daughter Mildred wouldn't see him, but his daughter Neville would visit him and called him "Papa."

UPDATE: This, which is primarily about his father, gives his dates as 4 Oct 1877 - 1 Jul 1945. It also calls him "Willie R. Workman."

We're going to go with 4 October 1875 for these reasons:

(1) It's what his daughter Neville remembered
(2) The Kentucky record (7 October) may actually be a christening
(3) It's also the date given by the rootsweb page cited just above, albeit in 1877, not 1875

--PNH 
Workman, William Richard (I1775)
 
701 From "The Two John Watertons - Part 2", by John Watson, a post to soc.medieval.genealogy dated 2 Nov 2014:

"John Waterton, esquire was the son of Richard, son of William, son of Ingram de Waterton and was the brother of the king's esquire Robert Waterton. He was probably born between 1360 and 1370.

"The first notice we have of him and his brother Robert is that they were with Henry Bolingbroke, earl of Derby, on his expedition, firstly to Calais, then to Prussia and Lithuania in 1390-91, together with their cousin Sir Hugh Waterton, who was Bolingbroke's chamberlain. John Waterton received pay as an esquire during the expedition until 30 April 1391. John and his brother Robert, master of Henry's horses, sailed with Henry to Danzig in July-August 1392, at the start of his journey to Jerusalem, but returned from Danzig to England in September 1392.

"John Waterton appears to have taken up residence firstly in Yorkshire and later in Lincolnshire, but exactly where is difficult to say. [...] He was sheriff of Lincoln between 29 November 1410 and 10 December 1411, when his brother Robert replaced him as sheriff. [...]

"After Henry V came to the throne in 1413, John Waterton appears to have been given two positions by the new king; as master of his horse, taking over from his brother Robert who had served as master of the horse to Henry Bolingbroke; and secondly as steward of the royal soke of Kirton in Lindsey in Lincolnshire. [...]

"John Waterton was in Henry V's retinue as Master of the King's Horse in the expedition to France in August 1415. On 25 October 1415, he was at the battle of Agincourt with six men at arms. John Waterton survived the battle and returned to England. On 4 February 1417, he was on a commission of walliis et fossatis in Lincolnshire and on 16 March 1417, he was a surety for Nicholas Tourney as sheriff of Lincoln.

"This is the last notice that I can find for John Waterton. On 5 November 1417, Sir Gerard Usflete was appointed to the office of steward of the royal soke of Kirton in Lindsey in place of John Waterton, deceased." 
Waterton, John (I11165)
 
702 From "The Well-Beloved Mother-in-law of Robert Marbury" by F. N. Craig, citation details below:

In the funeral of Henry VII in 1509, [Robert Marbury] was a yeoman to the King's Grandame (that is, Henry VII's grandmother, Lady Margaret Beaufort, wife successively of Edmund Tudor, Earl of Richmond; Sir Henry Stafford; and Thomas Stanley, 1st Earl of Derby). In 1510, as yeoman usher of the Queen's Chamber, he had a grant to be feodary [i.e., one who holds land of an overlord on condition of homage] of the duchy of Exeter within county Devon, during [the king's] pleasure. In 1513, as Robert Marbury Jr. he was a feofee, along with Robert Marbury Sr. [his uncle], John Lenton [father of his son's future wife] and John Marbury, clerk. In 1514, his cousin William Blount, Lord Mountjoy, was the Queen's Chamberlain. In the same year, Robert Marbury, yeoman usher of the Queen's Chamber, was feodary noted above, for life. In 1517, he was appointed to be serjeant at arms, with 12d. a day in consideration of his services to Queen Catherine. In 1526, his yearly wage as serjeant at arms in the Royal Household was £18 5s, i.e., still 12d. a day.

In the Lincolnshire Rebellion of October 1536, Robert Marbury appears as follows: In the examination of Sir Edward Madeson before the King's Council,

Madeson, with his brother John Madeson and both his sons, then went up into Castrefeld to see the number of rebellious and there met Sir Wm. Askew and Marbery the serjeant and one Bonctcene of the Exchequer. The rebels took them all except Boneteync and Marbury. (Let. & Pap. Hen. VIII, 11:225-26, no. 568.)

In a letter from Sir Robert Kyrkham to Richard Cromwell:

"Yesterday night late" he was at Stanforde with Sir William Parre and others when Marbery and Madyson, the King's servants came in, having escaped from the rebels who they say are 20,000... (Let. & Pap. Hen. VIII, 11:248, no. 619). 
Marbury, Robert (I4827)
 
703 From "The Wylley and Cramphorne Families" (citation details below):

The property in Sawbridgeworth, alternately named "Chandlers" and "Chaloners," appears earlier in a 1547 charter in the British Library in which a William Cramphorne made a grant of "Chaloners" to his son George. This same William Cramphorne left a Consistory Court of London will, dated 14 April 1550, proved 23 May 1550, in which he named wife Cycelie and sons Williams, George, Nicholas, and John. Additional insights into this family are found in a series of depositions regarding rights and title to land in the manor of Sawbridgeworth taken 8 January [31 Elizabeth] 1588/9. The defendant George Cramphorne was identified as the eldest son of George Cramphorne, deceased, who was, in turn, the eldest son of William Cramphorne, deceased. John Cramphorne of Harlowe in the county of Essex, husbandman, "of the age of 71 years or thereabouts," was named as the son of the same William Cramphorne. This William was described as a very old man of above 80 years of age [near 100 scored through] when the said lands were taken from him and also very deaf and "a very [sic] simple plaine honest man but in the lawe verie ignorant." Statements recorded 15 January of the same year present a different picture, recording that William Cramphorne, grandfather of the complainant George, "lost his lands for refusing to pay two year's rent for his fine of his copyhold lands [and was] called by the earl of Essex's men an ould sneking fellowe." 
Cramphorne, William (I4644)
 
704 From Ancestry of Elizabeth Louise White by Steven C. Perkins:

About 1747 he settled in what is now Franklin County, North Carolina, but was then called Granville County; in 1764 a portion was formed into Bute and in 1779 Warren and Franklin were formed from Bute. The manuscript contains references to various documents in Granville which establish the White presence there, and he bought land on 31 July 1747. Granville County Deed Book A at page 28. Hofmann, The Granville District of North Carolina, 929.3756 H713g, shows many Whites active in the same time period.

Richard, Sr. seems to have centered himself around Fishing Creek, which runs nearly the width of the current Warren County. His will is dated 23 June 1754 and was recorded in Granville in June of 1757, so he died in the interim. An Abstract of North Carolina Wills, 929.3 N87na, p.330. Thanks to Nancy Jonckheere, I have a copy of the will. She says he died in Granville County in 1757.

The name of his wife is not stated, so she was probably dead. Nancy states that family tradition claims that she was Drucilla Sherrod. His son, Richard, Jr. inherited all property, except for two shillings each bequeathed to two sons, William and Nicholas. 
White, Richard (I8985)
 
705 From Ancestry of Elizabeth Louise White by Steven C. Perkins:

RICHARD WHITE, JR. A resident of North Carolina, his will was recorded in Warren/Bute Will Book 2 at 73, dated 17 July 1775. (Olds, An Abstract of North Carolina Wills, supra, p.316.)

He acquired land on Cedar Creek by Deed in Warren Deed Book 5, at 167, in January of 1775. In a deed from John Wait (sic), John recites that his father, Richard White, acquired the land by grant from the Earl of Granville County in November of 1760 (This is Richard White, Jr. as Richard White, Sr. was dead by 1757). See The Granville District of North Carolina, supra, v.2, p.159. None of this narrows down his birthdate much. The most that can be said is that he obviously was born well before 1754, when his father named him in his Will. A Richard White was listed as a taxpayer in Bute County in 1771. (North Carolina Taxpayers, 929.3756 R233, v.1, p.216.)

The will names his wife as Elizabeth and his children as John, Mark, Harrison, Richard, Nicholas, Mary, Sarah, Elizabeth, Drusilla and Nancy. It also recites that he died owning land on Buffaloe Creek, on Burnt Coat, on Franko Creek and between Franko and Cedar Creeks. Some other useful information is found in Bradley, Will Book C of Franklin County, North Carolina 1804-1812, supra, p.1. There it is recited that White's Negroes were willed to his wife, Elizabeth, and that she was dividing most of them among her daughters. It was stated that one of four lots was drawn by Thomas Hardin, husband of Salley, and that Elizabeth, Drucilla (sic) and Nancy White drew the other three. The date of the drawing is stated to have been 24 February 1801; however, the recording of the event was at the March 1804 term of Court. Apparently, only Sarah (Salley) was married. Perhaps the order of the draw indicates seniority. It would appear that Elizabeth was still alive in 1804. However, she may have been alive much closer to 1826. Material from Nancy Jonckheere indicates that the division, pursuant to an award by Commissioners, was at the September term in 1826; that Sarah Harding, Steven Sparks and Elizabeth, his wife, Drucilla White and Crofford Kearney and Nancy, his wife, took at that time. This seems to be a second effort to divide the slaves, this time not by lot or agreement, but by court order. Also note the Power of Attorney John gave in 1826 to settle his mother's estate. These actions would indicate a possible residence in Franklin County, North Carolina.

This site says:

73 (A) Will of RICHARD WHITE, planter. Dated 17 July 1775. Recorded Nov. Court 1775. Land on Buffaloe Creek to son JOHN WHITE. Land bought of WILLIAM WHITE to son MARK WHITE. Land on Burnt Coat to son HARRISON WHITE. Land between Franko & Cedar Creek to son RICHARD. Land where I now live, on Franko Creek, to son NICHOLAS. To my wife ELIZABETH WHITE and then to my five daughters MARY, SARAH, ELIZABETH, DRUSILLA, NANCY. Exors: Wife ELIZABETH WHITE, THOMAS SHERROD, and son MARK WHITE. Wit: WILLOUGHBY SELF, ISAAC HUDSON, JOHN HUDSON, WILLIAM HUDSON. 
White, Richard (I8975)
 
706 From The Plymouth Colony Pages:

"Samuel is the only child of George and Mary (Wyther) Packard who cannot be found later in life or in death in English contemporary records. That, plus the year of his baptism, are among the salient facts that have led recent researchers to identify him as the 1638 immigrant on the Diligent. [...]

"Samuel, his wife and their eldest child [daughter Mary] came on the Diligent, which sailed from Ipswich, England Jun-1638 and arrived in Boston 10-Aug-1638, under Master John Martin and carrying about 100 passengers. The family was said on the passenger list to be 'from Windham' in Norfolk. This is undoubtedly an error for Wymondham. Many of the early settlers of Hingham in the Bay Colony came from Hingham, Norfolk, England. Some of those settlers or their families have documented ties to Wymondham, Norfolk, which is about five miles east of Hingham, Norfolk, and about ten miles southwest of the shire town of Norfolk. There seems to be no record of Samuel or his family in Wymondham so that may have been just a gathering place for some of the Diligent passengers.

"The Packards settled first in Hingham, and about 1654 removed to Weymouth where Samuel was Selectman 1654-64. The family removed to Bridgewater about 1664. Samuel had purchased land from the original proprietors there by 1662 when he was named in a list of land owners. He was a constable in 1664 and 1674, surveyor of highways in 1667 and 1672, and collector of Minister's Rates in 1671. He was licensed to keep an 'ordinary' 08-Mar-1671, and was assesed a 20s. fine for selling liquor to the Indians, but was freed from paying that fine in 1673. He was allotted ten acres of woodland in 1686." 
Packard, Samuel (I7832)
 
707 From Steven C. Perkins:

"Born in New Haven, CT, before the American Revolution, he was raised in a Loyalist household in the North Carolina back country. As a child he saw his father, Timothy, and paternal uncle, Joseph, join the Loyalist forces against the Americans. According to contemporary accounts, his father and uncle were 'notorious Tories' who one time captured Col. Cleveland, an American commander and virtual warlord in the New River settlements. While being held for trial by the Loyalists, Cleveland was able to escape, supposedly with the help of one of the women of the household. The family were early Methodists.

"By 1784 a guardian was appointed for Jabez in Wilkes Co., NC. Normally, one would assume this to mean that his father was dead. However, there is some evidence that Timothy Perkins was alive and living in Grayson Co., VA. Shortly after the guardian was appointed, Jabez appears to have married and moved to Grayson Co., VA, where several of his children were born. In 1789, he was appointed administrator to the estate of his maternal Uncle, William Sperry, in Wilkes Co., NC. It is not yet known if William Sperry was a Loyalist or if he supported the Americans in the Revolution.

"By 1813 he was in the Knox/Whitley Co. KY, area. Sometime after 1830, already 65 years old, he moved his family to the Bureau/Putnam Co. Illinois area. He and his sons purchased land in 1835 and 1836. By December of 1835 he had returned to Whitley Co., KY, where he made his will and died before February 13, 1836. Jabez' son William returned to Whitley Co. and remained there the rest of his life. The rest of Jabez' children remained in Illinois or moved further West.

"Some researchers have identified Jabez' wife as Nancy Ann Creekmore. I am not convinced that this is correct. I am also not convinced that his wife at the time he made his will is the mother of his children. [...] There is the possibility that there were two wives named Nancy. There is a renunciation of the will dated in Feb 1836 from Nancy Perkins in Whitley Co., KY, Will Book 1. There is a report of a marriage license for Jabez Perkins and Nancy White dated the same day the will was made. It is supposed to be in the KY Archives. This compiler has not seen it." 
Perkins, Jabez (I11842)
 
708 From Descendants of David Akin of Newport, RI by Robert Larry Akin:

"John Osborne Austin gives Aug. 9, 1671 as the date of birth for Mary Briggs. This date of birth is also documented in the Dartmouth Vital Records, Vol. 1; page 46. John Akin began to acquire land on Smiths Neck in 1692. Through Thomas Briggs, Mary Briggs' father, John Akin was able to acquire over 300 acres of land on Smiths Neck prior to Mary's death about 1710. Their first child, David Akin, was born September 19, 1689, and Mary bore John Akin ten children before dying in 1708 probably in childbirth since her last child, Judith, was born that same year.

"As to their marriage date of 1687, I have found this date in two separate documents both from the Quaker Hill, NY area. One reference is in the small pamphlet entitled 'The History of Christ Church on Quaker Hill, Pawling, NY' by Margaret B. Monahan, Helen G. Daniels and Gae Mitchell; Published 1987, Pawling, Dutchess, NY on page 11. The other reference in in a 6-page type written manuscript entitled: 'A Brief Genealogical Record of the Akin Family', Akin Free Library, Quaker Hill, Pawling District, Dutchess, NY which I have a copy of. It is unsigned and dates after 1903. I have found no other documentation for this date of marriage for John and Mary Briggs Akin. While I realize that this means that she would have had to have married John when she was but 16 years old, it can be verified that their first child, David Akin, was born September 19, 1689. Thus, given her date of birth of 1611, she was only 17 years old when she conceived David, their first child (December 1688 or January 1689). As a result, I have concluded that it is reasonable that they could have been married the previous year of 1687." 
Briggs, Mary (I6241)
 
709 From Descendants of David Akin of Newport, RI by Robert Larry Akin:

"A deed was found by Daphne Brownell dated 1662 that documents David Akin as a land owner in Newport, Newport, RI. A transcription of this deed can be found in 'Rhode Island Land Evidences, Vol. 1, 1648-1696' on pp. 84-85. This is the only scrap of evidence that David Akin lived in America.

"While David Akin was in America as early as 1662, there is no proof whatsoever that David Akin was married to Mary Akin, the 'mother' of the Akin line in America. Daphne and I have reached the conclusion that it is a good bet that they were married only because there were so few people living in Newport during this time that the odds are small that two people living in such a small population with the surname Akin would have not been related.

"There are claims as to the date and place of his birth and death, but none are based on any evidence what so ever. One source (Lois Akin Schultz) suggests that David Akin may have been killed in King Philip's War which was a war between the colonists and the Indians fought in 1675 - 1676. Another source found on the Internet at CNIDR Isearch-cgi 1.20.06 (File: logm9611c.txt) states that David Akin died in Portsmouth, RI in 1709. Both of these assertions are almost certainly untrue since a deed dated 1671 for 200 acres of land in Portsmouth, RI was found being purchased by Mary Akin, David's wife, in which she signed as Mary Akin, widow. Thus, one must conclude that David died before 1671. Thus he could not have died in King Philips War. Nonetheless, I queried the Department of Records in Rhode Island who checked the book Soldiers in King Philip's War, by George Madison Bodge (Genealogical Publishing, 1967) which found no one named Akin, Aiken or anything close.

"Note, however, that if this man was indeed the husband of Mary Akin, we know that he must have died between 1669 when his youngest son was born and 1671 when Mary purchased land in Rhode Island and signed the deed, 'Mary Aken, widow'. I hired an experienced genealogist to research the old Scottish records in Edinburgh, Scotland, but she could not find any evidence of this man although she did find that the Akin name was fairly widespread in the mid-1600s in Scotland. Similarly, another Akin genealogist, Donna Wendt, visited Aberdeen, Scotland where family lore says that the Akin line emigrated from, but while she found a considerable list of Akin family records dating to the 1600s, none correlated to this David Akin or his supposed wife, Mary.

"Proof of this marriage is the single biggest mystery in the Akin family tree." 
Akin, David (I6256)
 
710 From Descendants of David Akin of Newport, RI, by Robert Larry Akin:

"There is very little known about Mary, the 'mother' of this line of the Akin family in America. In fact, the only proof of her existence is a deed that is recorded in the Rhode Island State Archives dated 1671. A copy of this deed can be seen in the Town Hall in Portsmouth, Newport, RI. This deed is for 200 acres of land 'lying in Narragansett Country or Kings Province' purchased for ten pounds sterling. The grantors were William Brenton, Benedict Arnold, John Hull, John Porter, Samuel Wilbur, Asmuill Wilson, and Thomas Mumford. The description of the land states that it is bordered by land owned by Samuell Albro and Robert Hasard (Hazard).

"After purchasing the land in September 1671, Mary assigned it to two of her sons, John and David, the following January, 1672.

"Family lore says that Mary and her three children, John, James, and David, came to America on a ship that sailed from Aberdeen, Scotland to Newport County, Rhode Island before 1676, but there is not a shred of evidence to support this story. In fact, Mary could have been born in America and borne her children in this country. A genealogist I hired in Scotland, Diane Baptie, wrote: 'The reference in Donald Whyte's book A dictionary of emigrants to the USA reads: "Mrs. Mary Akin, From Aberdeen to Newport, Rhode Island before 1676; issue: John born 1663; David born 1664; James born 1668." His source is given as "Letters to the editor regarding Scottish emigrants - Scottish Genealogical Library, 4th January 1963". In other words, this entry does not rely on an original source but has been apparently sent by a correspondent to Donald Whyte almost certainly from America. Aberdeen could mean either the burgh or county of Aberdeen.' As a result, I believe that the idea that Mary traveled to America with her three sons is questionable since the source was a letter from America.

"The Akin genealogist Daphne Brownell found a deed showing that a man named David Akin lived in Newport, Newport, RI as early as 1662. A transcription of this deed can be found in Rhode Island Land Evidences, Vol. 1, 1648-1696 on pp. 84-85. Daphne and I believe that this man MAY have been the husband of Mary and, therefore, the 'father' of this Akin line in America; however, this is only speculation based on the idea of sparcity of population in Newport between 1662 and 1671 and the odds that two of them would be unrelated and named Akin.

"It is not know when either Mary Akin or David Akin were born nor when they died; however, since Mary signed the land deed mentioned above as Mary Akin, widow, we know that her husband died before 1671. No other dates are known.

"We do know the names of her children. They were John Akin, the eldest (b. 1663); James (b. 1667); and David, the youngest (b. 1669). These dates of birth are all derived from their ages at death so are not precise." 
Mary (I6257)
 
711 From Combs-Coombs &c.:

Thomas (Richard1), born bef 1699; died testate, Charles County, Maryland, 1752/3; married before 1724, Elizabeth WHARTON, died 1772, Charles County. Children:

* Mary Ann (Thomas2, Richard1), married bef 1753, James HAMILTON
* Bennet (Thomas2, Richard1), died bef 1767, married Drusilla CULVER
* Thomas Wharton (Thomas2, Richard1), living 1783 on Green's Inheritance, died 1804, Charles County, Maryland
* Anastasia (Thomas2, Richard1), born 1743 died 11 Aug 1799, Iberville Parish, LA, married Joseph Ignatius HAMILTON
* Ann (Thomas2, Richard1), widowed by 1775, married Roby STEWART
* William (Thomas2, Richard1), born 1734-40, died 1824, Nelson County, Kentucky
* Joseph (Thomas2, Richard1), died aft 1777
* Francis Ignatius (Thomas2, Richard1), born 1734-52, died 1817, Hardy County, Virginia, married Cassandra CULVER
* Walter (Thomas2, Richard1), born 1734-52, died 1775 in Charles County, Single

We thank Carol Collins and Joe Lewis for the above! Note also that much more information is available on all children and grandchildren than the above on our Charles County site.


From www.coomes.org. But please also read the note appended to this excerpt.

Thomas Coomes Occupation: Planter Property: Coomes Purchase, Charles County, MD Religion: Catholic

THOMAS COOMES was born Abt. 1695 in Charles County, Maryland, and died January 1753. He married ELIZABETH WHARTON 1719, daughter of JESSE WHARTON and MARY WHARTON. She was born 1699, and died 1772.

Thomas Coomes was a planter. Coomes Purchase, his plantation, was on the west side of Portobacco main branch in line of a tract of land called Green's Inheritance, and near the plantation of Alexander Hamilton. This was the home plantation of the Coomes family, and the place where all of Thomas and Elizabeth's children were born. They also had land called Christian Milford in Nanjem Hundred in Charles County, Maryland, relatively close by.

In 1719, Coomes' Purchase 100 acres were surveyed for Thomas Coomes. His will was proved January 29, 1753: mentions son, Thomas Wharton Coomes to whom he wills Coomes Purchase; son, Walter, part of Greens Inheritance; son, Bennet, all of my whole and sole right to a part of Greens Inheritance. Four younger sons, Joseph, William, Francis Ignatius, and Walter when they became 18, wife Elizabeth. (All properties were to be held by Elizabeth until her death)

Elizabeth Wharton Coomes, wife of Thomas, died in 1772. In addition to the children named above, her will mentions her daughter, Mary Ann Hamilton (wife of James), Ann Smith, Anastasia Hamilton (wife of Joseph). Elizabeth left Christian Milford to sons Thomas Wharton Coomes and Walter Coomes.

Notes for ELIZABETH WHARTON: Dr. Jesse Thomas Wharton, father of Elizabeth Wharton Coomes, was commissioned as Deputy Governor of Maryland in 1676 and served in this position until his death.

Children of THOMAS COOMES and ELIZABETH WHARTON are:

WILLIAM COOMES, b. Coomes Purchase, Charles County, Maryland; d. November 06, 1824, Cox's Creek, Nelson County, Kentucky.

MARY ANN COOMES, b. 1726, Coomes Purchase, Charles County, Maryland; d. 1785.

BENEDICT "BENNET" COOMES, b. Abt. 1720, Coomes Purchase, Charles County, Maryland; d. Bef. 1767.

THOMAS WHARTON COOMES, b. Abt. 1716, Coomes Purchase, Charles County, Maryland; d. Abt. 1804.

ANASTASIA COOMES, b. 1732, Coomes Purchase, Charles County, Maryland; d. 1799.

ANN COOMES, b. Abt. 1730, Coomes Purchase, Charles County, Maryland; m. ROBY STEWART, 1760.

More About ROBY STEWART and ANN COOMES: Marriage: 1760

JOSEPH COOMES, b. Coomes Purchase, Charles County, Maryland; d. 1799.

FRANCES IGNATIUS COOMES, b. 1726, Coomes Purchase, Charles County, Maryland; d. April 03, 1822, Fairfield, Nelson County, Kentucky.

WALTER COOMES, b. Abt. 1718, Coomes Purchase, Charles County, Maryland; d. 1775.

Notes on the above, by pnh:

(1) The reference to "the plantation of Alexander Hamilton" has nothing to do with the future first Secretary of the Treasury; there really was a planter in the area with the same name, no relation.

(2) Regarding the parentage of Elizabeth Wharton, the Jesse Wharton who served as deputy governor of Maryland did indeed serve in that position "until his death" -- for a whole five weeks, in June and July of 1676. He was appointed deputy governor on June 16, 1676, with de facto gubernatorial authority because the nominal governor, the son of the colony's recently-deceased proprietor, was an infant. Wharton died in office shortly thereafter, on July 27, 1676, twenty-three years before Elizabeth Wharton's stated birth date. Jesse Wharton left behind one son, Henry Wharton, by his wife Elizabeth Sewall, so it's conceivable that Henry could have been the father of Thomas Coomes's wife. 
Coomes, Thomas (I9686)
 
712 From Find a Grave:

HISTORY OF MARGARET JOHNSON GUYMON

Margaret Johnson was born 28 February 1821 in Springfield, Elgin (then the London District,) Ontario, Canada, the youngest daughter of Edward Johnson and Sarah Brown, Irish immigrants. Upon hearing the doctrines of the LDS church preached to them, Edward and his family were baptized in 1836, moving to Missouri to be with the body of the Saints when Margaret was 12 years old. In Missouri, Margaret's mother and sister Elizabeth died and her father married Percy Baldwin Curtis, a widow. The family moved to Lima, Illinois and then to Nauvoo after 1841, living in the 4th Ward. Margaret Johnson and her brother, Robert Lewis Johnson made a home together prior to Robert's marriage to Polly Ann Guymon 30 April 1846 in Nauvoo.

Ten months after Noah Thomas Guymon's wife, Mary Dickersen Dudley, died following childbirth, he and Margaret Johnson were married on 25 November 1845 in Nauvoo. Their home was a on a farm outside of Nauvoo. In 1846 Noah's sister Polly Ann Guymon married Margaret's brother, Robert Lewis Johnson.

The Guymon family moved with the body of the Saints to Pottawattamie County, Iowa where Margaret's first two children were born in the town of Kanesville. These children were Margaret Elizabeth Guymon born 19 September 1846 and Martin Lewis Guymon born 24 January 1849.

12th of June 1850 Noah Thomas Guymon's family left Council Bluffs, Iowa for Utah in the Aaron Johnson Wagon Train. The Guymon family now consisted of Noah's three daughters by his first marriage, Margaret and her two children and his third wife, Elizabeth Ann Jones and her son, William Albert Guymon. They were fortunate to travel with Noah's parents and Margaret's brother, Robert. They arrived in Salt Lake City, 12 September 1850, staying with Noah's brother, James who had a home in the Little Cottonwood area of the valley. Their visit was brief however, as Brigham Young had designated eight wagons from their company to continue their journey into Utah Valley and settle there. Noah erected one of the first homes in what is now American Fork, Utah. The home was made of logs; the roof of poles on which cane was laid. In October 1851 he moved the family to a farm near Springville, Utah. His children were able to attend a school inside the fort. It was here that he was called on a mission to England for three years from 13 September 1852 to 10 September 1855.

During Noah's absence there was trouble with the Indians. Margaret moved her family into the town of Springville for protection. Margaret had to support herself and her extended family while Noah was gone. This she did by teaching school and sewing for other people. She raised food in her garden and carded, spun, dyed and wove her own wool cloth into clothes for the children. She purchased a lot and had home built and paid for through her earnings when her husband came home three years later. It was in Springville that the remainder of Margaret's children were born.

Seeking greener pastures, Noah, Margaret, Elizabeth and a 4th wife Louisa Rowley moved to Fairview, Sanpete County, Utah and again in 1867 to Fountain Green, Sanpete County, Utah. Here the family seemed to be content until 1879 when exploration of Castle Valley yielded good reports and it was decided to move there. Margaret now 60 years old, did not join the exodus there but moved back to Springville. For the next twenty years she lived in her children's homes, especially that of her daughter Julia Maycock.

On 17 December 1900 Margaret Johnson Guymon died in Driggs, Teton County, Idaho while visiting her daughter Margaret Elizabeth Crandall. Her body was shipped home to Springville where she is buried in the Springville Cemetery. An inscription on her tombstone reads: "Our mother we hope to meet you when the cares of life are through." Margaret remained faithful throughout her life to the teachings of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. 
Johnson, Margaret (I213)
 
713 From The Harmon and Perry Genealogy:

Samuel HOTCHKISS was born in 1623 in Dodington, parish of Whitchurch, Shropshire, England. He died on 28 December 1663 at the age of 40 in New Haven, New Haven, Connecticut. He was buried on 28 December 1663 in New Haven, New Haven, Connecticut. Samuel was christened in Dodington, Whitchurch, England.

Founder of the family in America, who is supposed to have come from Essex, England, was a resident of New Haven, CT in 1641, being among the first to locate there, and remaining there until his death.

Emigrated to the American colony of New Haven about 1638. May have been sent with the New Haven Colony founders at the behest of an older brother, Thomas, a Puritan minister and possible associate of John Davenport, one of the founders of New Haven. Sailed for New World in May, 1637 on the Hector. Samuel and Elizabeth Cleverly were allowed to marry September, 1642 without their parent's permission even though underage because they had spoiled one another for everyone else due to their "filthy dalliance". They had been whipped in August 1642 after being caught in said "filthy dalliance", so marriage was probably a necessity. 
Hotchkiss, Samuel (I4595)
 
714 From Wikipedia:

"Andrew I the White or the Catholic (Hungarian: I. Fehér or Katolikus András or Endre; c. 1015 – Zirc, before 6 December 1060) was King of Hungary from 1046 to 1060. He descended from a younger branch of the Árpád dynasty. After spending fifteen years in exile, he ascended the throne during an extensive revolt of the pagan Hungarians. He strengthened the position of Christianity in the Kingdom of Hungary and successfully defended its independence against the Holy Roman Empire.

"His efforts to ensure the succession of his son, Solomon, resulted in the open revolt of his brother, Béla. Béla dethroned Andrew by force in 1060. Andrew suffered severe injuries during the fighting and died before his brother was crowned king." 
András I King of Hungary (I3785)
 
715 From Wikipedia:

Bertha of Milan or Bertha of Luni (c. 997-c. 1040), was a member of the Obertenghi dynasty. Bertha was married to Ulric Manfred II of Turin. She is sometimes identified with the Bertha who was married to Arduin of Ivrea.

Although it is known that Bertha was a member of the Otbertenghi dynasty, there is some debate about who her parents were. Her father is often said to be Oberto II, but others argue that Bertha's father was in fact Otbert III of Milan.

By 1014 at the latest, Bertha had married Ulric Manfred (that year, Emperor Henry II confirmed their joint donation to the abbey of Fruttuaria). Her dowry included lands in the counties of Tortona, Parma and Piacenza.

In May 1028 with her husband, Ulric Manfred, Bertha founded the convent of Santa Maria at Caramagna. The following year, in July 1029, along with her husband and his brother, Bishop Alric of Asti, Bertha founded the Benedictine abbey in of S. Giusto in Susa, which housed the relics of Saint Justus of Novalesa. The church of the Abbey of San Giusto is now Susa Cathedral.

After Ulric Manfred's death (in December 1033 or 1034), Bertha briefly acted as regent for their daughter, Adelaide of Susa.

In 1037 Bertha captured envoys who wished to cross the Alps from Piedmont to Champagne, thus foiling a conspiracy against Emperor Conrad II. Conrad II rewarded Bertha for her part in suppressing the rebellion against him by issuing an imperial diploma which confirmed her donations to the abbey of S. Giusto in Susa. 
of Este, Berta (I3446)
 
716 From Wikipedia:

"Gyula II was a Hungarian tribal leader in the middle of the 10th century. [...] He descended from a family whose members held the hereditary title gyula, which was the second in rank among the leaders of the Hungarian tribal federation. [...] According to the Hungarian chronicles, his family's progenitor was one of the seven conqueror chiefs who occupied Transylvania at the time of the Hungarian conquest of the Carpathian Basin. [...]

"Ioannes Skylitzes narrates that around 952 Gyula visited Constantinople, where he was baptized, and Emperor Constantine VII lifted him from the baptismal font. He also received the honorary title patrikios in Constantinople.

"Gyula was given a bishop named Hierotheos who accompanied him back to Turkia (Hungary)." 
of Transylvania, Gyula II (I3962)
 
717 From Wikipedia:

Heber Chase Kimball (June 14, 1801 – June 22, 1868) was a leader in the early Latter Day Saint movement. He served as one of the original twelve apostles in the early Church of the Latter Day Saints, and as first counselor to Brigham Young in the First Presidency of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS Church) from 1847 until his death. 
Kimball, Heber Chase (I2846)
 
718 From Wikipedia:

He held the prebend of Calne in the diocese of Salisbury before becoming treasurer of Salisbury by 13 January 1239. By January 1246 he was Dean of Lincoln. His father Richard had been a royal judge. Henry's brother Robert of Lexinton was also a judge, and his brother John was a knight and clerk of the royal household, at various times seneschal, envoy, and keeper of the seals. Another brother was Stephen of Lexington, a Cistercian monk and abbot of Clairvaux abbey.

Henry was elected to the see of Lincoln on either 21 or 30 December 1253 and consecrated on 17 May 1254, at London or possibly at Lambeth. 
de Lexington, Henry Bishop of London (I9009)
 
719 From Wikipedia:

John Crandall, one of the founding settlers of Westerly, Rhode Island, was born in 1618 (baptized February 15, 1617/8) in Westerleigh, Gloucestershire, England to James Crandall, a yeoman of Kendleshire in that parish, and his first wife Eleanor. The origin of the name is undoubtedly a place-name, Crundelend, in Abberley, Worcestershire, where people bearing the name were concentrated in the 16th century. [...]

While the exact date of Crandall's arrival is not known, it is believed to be 1637 when he arrived in Providence, Rhode Island, then a new settlement and a refuge for dissident Puritans from the Massachusetts Bay Colony.

From Providence he came to Newport, Rhode Island, as early as 1651. (The first actual documentation for Elder John Crandall in American is in 1643 when he appears as a grand jury member in Newport.) He became a prominent member of the First Baptist Church in Newport there, subsequently the first elder of the denomination at Westerly, Rhode Island. With John Clarke and Obadiah Holmes he went to Lynn, Massachusetts, to hold services for the Baptists, was arrested there July 21, 1651, and sent to prison in Boston. Ten days later he was convicted of breaking the law by holding services and fined five pounds, in default of which he was to be publicly whipped. Upon his promise to appear at the next term of court he was released.

In 1655, he was a freeman of Rhode Island; in 1658-59, 1662–63, he was a commissioner.

With eight others he signed a letter to the court of commissioners of Rhode Island, dated August 27, 1661, in relation to a tract of land at Westerly, where they and others desired to settle.

He was a deputy to the general assembly in 1667, and in the fall of that year was living at Westerly. He and Joseph Torrey were appointed commissioners to treat with Connecticut as to jurisdiction over disputed territory, May 14, 1669, and he was supplied with thirty-five shillings by the colony of Rhode Island to pay his expenses to Connecticut.

On November 18, 1669, he received a letter from the governor and assistants of Connecticut, complaining that he and others had appropriated a large tract of land belonging to Stonington, Connecticut. He and Tobias Saunders answered the complaint for the Westerly people. He was conservator of the peace at Westerly in 1670, and deputy to the general assembly again in 1670-71.

He was arrested by the Connecticut authorities, May 2, 1671, and was advised by the Rhode Island government to decline to give bond. The Rhode Island colony promised to pay his expenses and defend him.

The name of his first wife (by whom he had at least seven children) is not known, but it was not Mary Opp as was previously thought and is widely mentioned. He married, as his second wife, Hannah Gaylord (born 1647), daughter of William Gaylord and Ann (Porter), of Windsor, Connecticut. She died in 1678. He died at Newport, where he had moved because of King Philip's War, in 1676. 
Crandall, John (I5728)
 
720 From Wikipedia:

Note that there is no record of the name of Elder John [Crandall's first] wife in any Rhode Island records nor has a record of the marriage ever been found. Based on the approximate dates of birth of their children (with the eldest, John, born ca. 1649 based on the date he appears as a freeman in Westerly) it would appear likely that Elder John married his first wife in the latter part of the 1640s. It also would seem to indicate that he probably married her in America. Since she is referred to as a "Sabbath keeper" in communications from Samuel Hubbard, it is likely that she was of the Seventh Day Baptist faith, and perhaps she was a daughter of one of the SDB families in Rhode Island at the time. 
First Wife of John Crandall, (Unknown) (I3912)
 
721 From Wikipedia:

John Doukas, who was given the court dignity of Caesar by his brother Constantine X, was one of the most influential members of the court aristocracy from the death of his brother into that of Alexios I Komnenos. His wealth derived of estates in Thrace and Bithynia, and he was a close friend of the historian Michael Psellos. Although he is usually documented by the sources as a member of the court, he had begun his career as a general. After serving as a counsellor and supporter of his brother, John came to the fore after his brother's death in 1067 as the natural protector of the rights of his nephew Michael VII Doukas. His position as Caesar and his family's influence in the Senate meant that he was behind the opposition of the court officials to the Empress Mother Eudokia Makrembolitissa and her marriage to Romanos IV Diogenes. Over the course of the next three years he became the emperor's bitterest enemy, but his intriguing meant that the Caesar spent much of Romanos' reign in retirement on his estates in Bithynia. It was here that he learned that his son Andronikos Doukas had joined and then deserted the emperor in the disastrous campaign ending with the Battle of Manzikert in 1071.

Romanos' captivity gave John the opportunity to return to court at the request of Eudokia Makrembolitissa. Joining forces with Michael Psellos, the Caesar made the Empress share power with her son, and then forced her to become a nun and retire from court affairs in October 1071. He soon became the de facto head of the Government in the name of Michael VII, ordering the empire not to acknowledge Romanus as emperor, declaring that Romanos had been elevated to the throne to act for Michael, who was now able to administer the empire. The Caesar sent his sons Andronikos and Constantine to capture Romanos IV, who had been released from captivity and thus ensured the sole rule of his nephew Michael VII. John Doukas initially agreed to allow Romanos to resign the purple and retire to a monastery. But his hatred of Romanos was so great that he reneged on the agreement and ordered that Romanos be blinded, sending him a mocking message congratulating him on the loss of his eyes as he lay dying from the infected wound. With the elimination of Romanos, John and Michael Psellos were supreme at court.

The Caesar was undone, however, by one of his own creatures, the eunuch Nikephoritzes. By 1073 the eunuch had gained the confidence of Michael VII, whom he turned against his uncle. The Caesar was forced to retire to his great estates, where he amused himself by hunting in the forests near the shores of the Bosphorus.

In the meantime, the progress of the Seljuk Turks roused the Byzantine government into action, gathering together an army of mercenaries under the command of Isaac Komnenos. The Norman mercenaries, led by Roussel de Bailleul, rebelled against the Byzantines, crushed an imperial army, and attempted to establish an independent kingdom in Anatolia.

The situation in Asia Minor was now so dire, that in 1074 Michael was forced to order his uncle to take command of an imperial army and defeat the Norman mercenaries. Fixing his headquarters at Dorylaeum, the two armies met near the bridge over the Zompi River, one of the great lines of communication between Constantinople and the central provinces in Asia Minor. Betrayed by his Frankish mercenaries and by the shameful retreat of the Asiatic reserves under the command of the future Emperor Nikephoros III Botaneiates, John was defeated and captured together with his son Andronikos. The victorious mercenaries then proceeded to advance to the shores of the Bosphorus, as a relieving force under John's younger son Constantine disintegrated when its commander suddenly died. Roussel, unsure if his mercenary force could overthrow the emperor at Constantinople, decided to act as the chief general for his own emperor. He proclaimed John Doukas emperor, easily persuading his prisoner to assume the title and dethrone his ungrateful nephew, and they continued on their way to Constantinople.

Michael VII and Nikephoritzes were deeply concerned about their own safety. They formed an alliance with Suleyman, concluding a formal treaty between the Byzantines and the Turks, whereby Michael gave to Suleyman the government of the provinces of which the Seljuk Turks were in possession of. The Turks agreed to provide an army to fight on Michael's behalf, and this army moved quickly to Mount Sophon where John Doukas and Roussel were encamped. The mercenaries were ambushed and although Roussel managed to escape, John was captured, ending the rebellion.

After some time as a Seljuk captive, John was ransomed by his nephew. Michael allowed him to retain his sight on condition that he renounce all imperial ambitions and he take the additional precaution of becoming a monk.

The tonsured Caesar retained some influence on political events. With the collapse of imperial authority late in Michael VII's reign, he advised his nephew to abdicate and become a monk when Nikephoros III Botaneiates threatened Constantinople in 1078, and in 1081 he fled Constantinople to join Alexios Komnenos and to persuade him to revolt against Botaneiates and claim the throne. It was also John Doukas, who arranged for the marriage of his granddaughter Irene Doukaina to Alexios Komnenos over the objections of the latter's mother Anna Dalassene. In this change of circumstance, he abandoned the monastic habit and Alexios allowed him to resume his old position as Caesar. Remaining part of the court, he continued to advise the emperor until his death in c. 1088. 
Doukas, John Caesar of the Byzantine Empire (I9617)
 
722 From Wikipedia:

[A] baron and royal official in 13th century England. He has been described as having been Lord Chancellor, but other scholars believe he merely held the royal seals while the office was vacant or the chancellor was abroad. He served two terms, once from 1247 to 1248, and again from 1249 to 1250. [...]

John Lexington was sent by Henry III to a proposed papal conference in 1241 and was present at a naval battle near the Isola del Giglio in which Pisan and Sicilian ships defeated the Genoese and a number of prelates were captured; he helped save the life of his brother Stephen, who was present. On his return he was part of the expedition against Dafydd ap Llywelyn of Wales and conveyed the hostage Gruffydd ap Llywelyn Fawr, Dafydd's half-brother, to London. In 1242 he was appointed to a truce commission to correct infringements of the truce with France. He served as the king's seneschal in 1247 and possibly at other times. After 1248 there is evidence that he served as a judge. In 1250, he inherited the barony and lands of his brother Robert. By 1255 he was serving as chief justice of the forests north of the Trent, and warden of Bamburgh, Pickering, and Scarborough castles. In response to the death of Little Saint Hugh of Lincoln, he imprisoned a Jew named Copin or Jopin and obtained a confession in return for a promise to save his life (a promise the king repudiated).

Matthew Paris called him a man of weight and learning and a brave and accomplished knight. His arms were a cross azure on a shield argent. He married a woman named Margaret Morlay, but had no children.

His estate went to his brother Henry, the bishop of Lincoln, and on his death in 1258 to the descendants of their two sisters, Alice and Cecilia, wives of Roland de Sutton and William Markham, since none of his brothers left heirs. 
de Lexington, John (I9036)
 
723 From Wikipedia:

Joseph Smith, Jr. (December 23, 1805 – June 27, 1844) was an American religious leader and founder of Mormonism. When he was twenty-four, Smith published the Book of Mormon; by the time of his death fourteen years later, he had attracted tens of thousands of followers and founded a religion and religious culture that continues to the present.

Smith was born in Sharon, Vermont, but by 1817, he had moved with his family to western New York, a site of intense religious revivalism during the Second Great Awakening. According to Smith, he experienced a series of visions, including one in which he saw "two personages" (presumably God the Father and Jesus Christ) and others in which an angel directed him to a buried book of golden plates inscribed with a Judeo-Christian history of an ancient American civilization. In 1830, Smith published what he said was an English translation of these plates, the Book of Mormon. The same year he organized the Church of Christ, calling it a restoration of the early Christian church. Members of the church were later called "Latter Day Saints", or "Mormons".

In 1831, Smith and his followers moved west, planning to build a communalistic American Zion. They first gathered in Kirtland, Ohio and established an outpost in Independence, Missouri which was intended to be Zion's "center place". During the 1830s, Smith sent out missionaries, published revelations, and supervised construction of an expensive temple. Nevertheless, the collapse of a church-sponsored bank and violent skirmishes with non-Mormon Missourians caused Smith and his followers to establish a new settlement at Nauvoo, Illinois, where he became both a spiritual and political leader. In 1844, Smith and the Nauvoo city council angered non-Mormons by destroying a newspaper that had criticized Smith's power and practice of polygamy. After Smith was imprisoned in Carthage, Illinois, he was killed when a mob stormed the jailhouse.

Smith published many revelations and other texts that his followers regard as scripture. His teachings include unique views about the nature of God, cosmology, family structures, political organization, and religious collectivism. His followers regard him as a prophet comparable to Moses and Elijah, and he is considered the founder of several religious denominations, including The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints and the Community of Christ. 
Smith, Joseph Jr. (I2857)
 
724 From Wikipedia:

Maria was a daughter of Troian of Bulgaria by an unnamed Byzantine noblewoman descended from the families of Kontostephanos and Phokas, and a granddaughter of Ivan Vladislav of Bulgaria.

Maria married Andronikos Doukas well before 1066. Her husband was a son of the Caesar John Doukas, a major power player in Byzantine politics of the era, and Eirene Pelagonitissa. He was also a nephew of Constantine X and first cousin of Michael VII.

Maria was endowed with an inheritance of vast land holdings around Lake Ohrid, and her considerable income was used to support her husband's lavish lifestyle and political ambitions. As the last descendants of the ruling family of Bulgaria, Maria and her daughters Irene and Anna, who married the first notable member of the Palaiologos family, carried not only immense wealth but also legitimisation of Byzantine authority over the Bulgarian population: her (and her daughters') prominent marriages are evidence for the eventual integration of the descendants of the Cometopuli dynasty into the court nobility in Constantinople.

As mother of the Empress Irene Doukaina, Maria was a woman of some influence in the early years of the reign of Alexios I Komnenos, although she, as a widow, shunned the Imperial court and chose to live in her Lake Ohrid estate. Her granddaughter Anna Komnene praises her beauty and wisdom in the Alexiad
of Bulgaria, Maria (I9469)
 
725 From Wikipedia:

Martha McBride Knight Smith Kimball (March 17, 1805 – November 20, 1901) was a founding member of the Relief Society of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints, which was organized on her birthday in 1842. She was married to early Latter Day Saint leader Vinson Knight, by whom she had seven children. In 1842 she was sealed as a plural wife to Joseph Smith, Jr. In January 1846, she was married polygamously to Heber C. Kimball, by whom she had one child, a son, who was born at Winter Quarters and died there as an infant. She later emigrated to Utah Territory, where she resided in various locations across the territory until her death at age 96. She was a witness to, and in some instances a key participant in, some of the pivotal events in early Latter Day Saint history.

Martha McBride Knight at the Remembering the Wives of Joseph Smith site.

From the Ogden Standard Examiner, November 21, 1901:

Death Of Pioneer Woman -- Was The Wife Of The Prophet Joseph Smith -- She Was Well Known and Esteemed in Weber County -- Identified With The Early History Of The Church.

Kimball, of Hooper, died yesterday, received word that Mrs. Martha Smith Kimball, of Hooper, died yesterday morning at 5 o'clock, of old age. She was one of the most notable women in Utah, having taken a very active part in the early history of the Mormon Church.

She was born in Chester, Washington County, New York, March 17, 1805 and was married to Vinson Knight, July 26, 1826. Mr. Knight was for a time presiding bishop of the church and was one of two men chosen by the church to purchase the townsite of Nauvoo and in Hancock County.

They were baptized into the church in 1834, Mrs. Knight became a member of the Relief Society of the Church which was organized in Nauvoo.

Mr. Knight died July 31, 1842, at Nauvoo and in August 1942, she was sealed to the Prophet Joseph Smith in the Nauvoo Temple.

She came to Utah in 1850, settling in Ogden, where she made her home for a number of years. She went to Hooper in 1869, where she has lived most of the time since, although visiting often with relatives in other parts of Utah.

After the death of the Prophet Joseph Smith, she was married to Heber C. Kimball and by him had one child who died in infancy.

She was the mother of six other children by her first husband, Mr. Knight, and three of them survive her, all of them being between 70 and 80 years of age. They are Mrs. Almira Hanscom, who resides near Akron, Ohio; Mrs. Adeline Belnap, Living at Hooper, this county, and James Knight, who resides at Circleville, Piute County.

She had a great many grandchildren and great-grandchildren. Pictures of the old lady grouped with four of her direct descendants are to be found in the homes of most of her Ogden relatives.

The physical strength and endurance of Mrs. Knight was well-nigh marvelous. For nearly twenty years she had not used spectacles. Her needlework was a model of fineness amongst all her acquaintances for the past fifty years. She was a great reader, particularly of the daily papers, reading every word of telegraphic news, and during the Spanish-American War she was regarded as one of the best posted persons in Weber County on the military operations of the contending forces.

Two or three years ago at a birthday reunion of the family held in her honor, Mrs. Knight was called on for a speech and prefaced one of considerable length with a recital of the tremendous changes which had taken place in her lifetime, mentioning the steam engine, the modern printing press and the telegraph. To illustrate this latter she described with what slowness news traveled when she was a young woman of 40, and wound up her recital of how on that very day the entire country was able to watch every detail of a little affair at Carson City when Corbett was knocked out by Fitzsimmons.

The Belnap family of Ogden are relatives. The funeral services will take place in the Hooper meeting house at 12 o'clock and the remains will be interred by the side of her mother, Mrs. Abigail McBride. The mother was sealed to Joseph Smith Sr., at Nauvoo. 
McBride, Martha (I2843)
 
726 From Wikipedia:

He made his start as a clerk to a successor of his father as keeper of the manor of Laxton, one Brian de Lisle. [...]

In 1214 he was appointed as a prebendary of the collegiate church of Southwell, and later succeeded to the barony of his father, who was alive in 1216. By 1221, he was acting as a justice in seven counties, and comes to notice in February 1221 as the author of a letter to Hubert de Burgh informing him of the route taken by the rebel Earl of Aumale and of the measures that he had adopted to secure the safety of the border. He continued to be employed in a like capacity in later years, being in 1225 the head of six judicial commissions.

He was warden of the honour and castle of Peak and governor of Bolsover Castle in Derbyshire, and also had charge of Orford Castle. He is described as a justice 'de banco' in 1226, and as one of the chief members of the king's court, or bench, in 1229, when he sat with other judges at Westminster to hear the case between the convent and the townsmen of Dunstable. There is reason to suppose that in 1234 he was the senior of the justices of the king's bench. In 1239 he is said to have been elected to the see of Lichfield, but, the right of election being then in dispute between the canons of Lichfield and the monks of Coventry, to have declined it.

When in 1240 Henry III sent justices itinerant through the whole kingdom in the hope of raising money by fines and the like, he appointed Robert chief of the justices for the northern division of England. When he and his brother-justices sat at Lincoln they were denounced by the dean of Christianity (or 'rural dean') for trying capital cases on Sunday. In return they abused the dean, and caused his goods and the lands of his nieces, his wards, to be seized on behalf of the crown. Bishop Robert Grosseteste wrote him a sharp rebuke for his presumption in dealing thus with a clerk. He again acted as a justice itinerant the following year.

After having gained a high reputation and large possessions, he was seized with paralysis, and retired from office a few years before his death, spending the remainder of his life in prayer and almsgiving. He died on 29 May 1250, and was succeeded by his elder brother John. He founded three chantries in the chapel of St. Thomas the Martyr in Southwell Minster. 
de Lexington, Robert (I9041)
 
727 From Wikipedia:

"She was a daughter of Gyula of Transylvania and was probably educated in the Eastern Orthodox faith. She was married to Géza, the son of Taksony, Grand Prince of the Hungarians, who succeeded his father before 972.

"Sarolt exerted a powerful influence on her husband which allowed her to also influence his government. She was watched with suspicion by Catholic missionaries. The chronicles accused her of drinking insatiably and even committing manslaughter.

"After her husband's death in 997, one of his distant cousins Koppány, who declared his claim to the leadership of the Magyars against her son, Stephen (Vajk), wanted to marry Sarolt, referring to the Hungarian tradition. Koppány, nevertheless, was defeated, and shortly afterward Sarolt's son was crowned as the first King of Hungary.

"Her name (Šar-oldu) is of Turkic origin and means 'white weasel'. She was also called 'Beleknegini' by her Slavic subjects, which means 'white queen'." 
Sarolt (I3934)
 
728 From Wikipedia:

An English Cistercian monk, abbot, and founder of a college in Paris. Stephen came from a prominent family of royal officials and clerics. His father Richard was a royal judge; his brothers John Lexington and Robert of Lexinton were judges and royal officials, while his brother Henry of Lexington became Bishop of Lincoln.

Stephen was a disciple of Saint Edmund of Abingdon (1175-1240); supposedly he was one of seven students brought by an abbot to hear Edmund preach, all of whom "renounced the world". He became a Cistercian monk at Quarr Abbey on the Isle of Wight, but not long after was elected abbot of Stanley Abbey in Wiltshire, where he hosted visits from St. Edmund. In 1228 he was appointed visitor in Ireland, where he deposed several abbots, replacing them with English monks, and sending a number of monks to abbeys in France. In 1229, he was elected abbot of Savigny Abbey, a prominent Cistercian house, where he made many improvements.

In 1231, he visited Savigny's daughter houses in England and issued new regulations for them. In 1238 he reformed Redon Abbey by order of Pope Gregory IX. On his way to a papal council in 1241 he was saved from capture in a naval battle by the efforts of his brother John, who was on his way to the same council as a representative of King Henry III.

On December 6, 1243, he was elected abbot of Clairvaux Abbey, the abbey founded by Bernard in 1115 that was the ultimate parent of most of the Cistercian establishments. Stephen obtained permission from the pope in 1244 to found a Cistercian college in Paris and by 1247 had founded the Cistercian College of St. Bernard, with Alphonse, Count of Poitiers, King Louis IX's brother, as patron.

John of Mirecourt, Konrad of Megenberg, and Pope Benedict XII were scholars there in the 14th century. In 1250, he had the body of Aletha, mother of St. Bernard, moved to Clairvaux. He was removed from his position as abbot in 1255 in an internal political struggle within the order; Stephen had the support of Pope Alexander IV, but the order was supported by King Louis IX and Stephen retired to the Abbey of Orcamp near Noyon where he died on March 21, perhaps in 1258.

Stephen's letters during his visitation in Ireland were published in a Cistercian publication in 1946; an English translation was published by Cistercian Publications in 1982. 
de Lexington, Stephen (I9029)
 
729 From Wikipedia:

He first appears in 998, when he accompanied his father, then holding the post of doux of Antioch, in battle against the Fatimids. In the resulting Battle of Apamea Damian was killed and Theophylact, along with his brother Constantine, were taken prisoner. They were then sold on to the Fatimid general Jaysh al-Samsama for 6,000 gold dinars, spending the next ten years in captivity in the Fatimid capital of Cairo.

Following his release he continued his military career, but his life is obscure until 1021/22, by which time, according to Yahya of Antioch, he held the rank of protospatharios and droungarios (most likely the post of droungarios tes viglas). In August 1022, Emperor Basil II (reigned 976–1025) appointed him strategos (military governor) of the Anatolic Theme and gave him money to raise troops, with the task of suppressing the rebellion of Nikephoros Xiphias and Nikephoros Phokas Barytrachelos. In the end, the two rebels fell out and Xiphias had Phokas assassinated; as the rebellion collapsed, Dalassenos took Xiphias prisoner and brought him for trial to Constantinople.

From his surviving seals of office, it is known that he further held the rank of the posts of katepano of Iberia (likely before 1021), and katepano of Vaspurakan (after 1027). His last post, likely in 1032–34, was that of doux of Antioch, with the ranks of anthypatos patrikios and vestes, also attested by a seal. Emperor Michael IV the Paphlagonian (r. 1034–41), however, suspected the Dalassenoi of consipring to usurp the throne; Theophylact's career therefore probably ended in 1034, and the entire family was banished in August 1039. Another seal records that he held the supreme court rank of magistros as well, but it is unclear whether this was already before 1034 or whether he was awarded it after Michael IV's death. 
Dalassenos, Theophylac (I1397)
 
730 From Wikipedia:

[A] leading citizen in the Republic of Pisa in the early twelfth century, one of thirty or so named as console del mare.

Sometime between 1113 to 1115, Ugo and Pietro Moriconi, Archbishop of Pisa, led a successful expedition against the Balearic Islands. They stopped in Porto Torres on their return and it was there that they established relations with Constantine I of Logudoro.

Around 1128, Gonario II, Constantine's son, the child ruler of Logudoro, was brought to Porto Torres by his regent, Ittocorre Gambella, after an attempt to harm the child had been made by the Athen family. Porto Torres was then controlled by the Pisans, who whisked the child off to Pisa and the protection of Ebriaco. When Gonario turned seventeen, he married Ebriaco's daughter and returned to Sardinia, with Pisan permission and four armed galleys. Ugo was part of this expedition to repossess the Logudoro in 1130. Together they landed at Torres and marched on Ardara, the location of the judicial palace, and took it. Controlling the giudicato again, they began construction of a castle at Goceano to guard the frontier. 
Ebriaco, Ugo da Parlascio (I5499)
 
731 From Wikipedia:

Vinson Knight (March 14, 1804 - July 31, 1842) was an early leader in the Latter Day Saint movement. He served as a counselor in the Bishopric in Kirtland, Ohio from 1835 to 1838, then as Bishop in Adam-ondi-Ahman in Daviess County, Missouri from 1838 to 1839, and finally as Bishop of the Lower Ward in Nauvoo, Illinois, having been called by revelation in the Doctrine and Covenants through the Prophet Joseph Smith, Jr. to that office in January 1841. Knight served as Bishop in Nauvoo until his sudden death at age 38. 
Knight, Vinson (I2845)
 
732 From Wikipedia:

Bonville was knighted before 1417 during the campaigns in France of King Henry V. He was Knight of the shire for Somerset in 1421, and for Devon in 1422, 1425 and 1427. In 1423 he was appointed by the king as Sheriff of Devon. He was Seneschal of Aquitaine at various times from 1442 to 1453, and Governor of Exeter Castle from 1453–61. In 1443 Bonville was retained to serve King Henry VI for a one-year term and in 1449 was retained to serve the King at sea. He was summoned to Parliament from 10 March 1449 to 30 July 1460 by writs directed, for the most part, Willelmo Bonville domino Bonville et de Chuton ("To William Bonville, lord of Bonville and Chewton"), by which he is held to have become Baron Bonville. On 8 February 1461 he was nominated to the Order of the Garter.

In 1441 riots resulted from a dispute over the Duchy of Cornwall between Bonville and Thomas Courtenay, 13th Earl of Devon, and on 14 December 1455 the two sides fought the Battle of Clyst Heath near Exeter, which resulted in the defeat of Bonville, the sacking of Shute and injury to a number of persons.

Bonville was to all outward appearances loyal to King Henry VI during the Wars of the Roses until he joined the Yorkist side at the Battle of Northampton in July 1460. Both his son, William Bonville, and his grandson, William Bonville, 6th Baron Harington, were slain at the Battle of Wakefield on 31 December 1460.

Less than two months later in 1460 the Yorkists suffered another defeat at the Second Battle of St Albans, where Lord Bonville and another Yorkist, Sir Thomas Kyriel, were taken prisoner by the victorious Lancastrians. The two men had kept guard over King Henry VI during the battle to see that he came to no harm. The King had been held in captivity by Richard Neville, 16th Earl of Warwick, and transported in the train of the latter's army, but had been abandoned on the battlefield. In return for their gallantry the King promised the two men immunity. However Queen Margaret, who was present at the battle, remembered that Lord Bonville had been one of the men who had held King Henry in custody after the Battle of Northampton in July 1460, and wanted revenge. Disregarding the King's promise of immunity, she gave orders for the beheading of Lord Bonville and Sir Thomas Kyriel the next day, 18 February 1461. It is alleged that she put the men on trial and appointed as presiding judge her seven-year-old son, Prince Edward. "Fair son", Margaret is said to have inquired, "what death shall these knights die?" The young prince replied that they were to have their heads cut off, an act which was swiftly carried out, despite the King's pleas for mercy.

Bonville was not attainted, as within three weeks of his death the Yorkist King Edward IV came to the throne. Bonville's widow, Elizabeth, was assigned a substantial dower in recognition of his services to the Yorkist cause.

From the Oxford Dictionary of National Biography:

While his extensive and complex inheritances led to some violent disputes with neighbours during these years, these were on nothing like the scale of disorder that was to characterize Bonville's notorious conflict with the Courtenays during the 1440s and 1450s.

This power struggle was triggered by the appointment of Bonville in 1437 as royal steward in Cornwall for life. This was seen by the young Thomas Courtenay, thirteenth earl of Devon, recently come of age and in possession of a severely reduced inheritance, as a serious challenge to his own regional authority. The bitterness of the strife that grew from this was symptomatic of a change in the local balance of power and wealth that had over a generation tilted against the Courtenay earls (the traditional leaders of west-country society) in favour of a small group of powerful gentry among whom Bonville was pre-eminent.

Violence reached an alarming level during the summers of 1439 and 1440, and the situation was worsened by a serious blunder on the part of the government--the appointment of the earl to the stewardship of the duchy of Cornwall, a post so similar to that held by Bonville as to be hardly distinguishable from it. Urgent attempts at even-handedness and arbitration failed, and the dispute was only temporarily resolved by the appointment of Bonville as seneschal of Gascony in December 1442, thereby removing him temporarily from the scene (he sailed from Plymouth in March 1443 but was back in Devon by April 1445). Even though the government, coming increasingly under the influence of the duke of Suffolk, was careful not to antagonize the earl of Devon, the latter was clearly seen to be the principal culprit. Bonville's connection with Suffolk grew stronger. He was a member of Suffolk's entourage at Margaret of Anjou's betrothal ceremonies at Rouen in May 1444, and married his daughter Elizabeth to one of Suffolk's henchmen, Sir William Tailboys. This development culminated in the parliament of 1449, when Bonville was raised to the peerage as Baron Bonville of Chewton.

Antagonisms hardened after the fall of Suffolk in 1450. The earl of Devon attached himself to the duke of York, and felt confident enough in the summer of 1451 to risk an encounter in the field with Bonville (and his ally, James Butler, earl of Wiltshire). Despite much plunder and violence, a major showdown was avoided when York's unexpected arrival in the west country persuaded the earl of Devon to lift the siege of Taunton Castle, which Bonville had made his headquarters. Although temporarily imprisoned (as were Devon and the other principal malcontents), Bonville was soon able to exploit the dramatically changed political situation that followed the humiliating submission of York and Devon to the king at Dartford on 3 March 1452.

Between 1452 and 1455 Bonville became the dominant force in west-country politics [...] and the king personally reinforced his position by staying at Bonville's house at Shute on his progress through the west country in the summer of 1452. Bonville was confirmed as steward of the duchy of Cornwall in 1452 (the post that had triggered the violence in 1439), and appointed constable of Exeter Castle in 1453, both posts to be held for life. [...]

These partisan appointments of Bonville to positions within the earl of Devon's traditional zone of influence forced the earl to take increasingly desperate measures [...] [T]he enmities that had grown over more than twenty years proved irresolvable. The death in 1458 of Bonville's old adversary afforded him little comfort. The new earl of Devon [...] quickly gained favour with Queen Margaret, and this presented enormous risks for Bonville and his family. 
Bonville, William (I8732)
 
733 From Roger fitz Reinfrid: His Family and Connections by John Watson:

Roger fitz Reinfrid is said to have been a protégé of Richard de Lucy and may have entered his service in the 1160s. He was probably in royal service before Michaelmas 1169. He was employed from 1170 to 1174 with Richard de Lucy in the administration of Windsor. In July 1175, Henry II confirmed to Roger fitz Reinfrid a soke in London given to him by Earl Simon (de St. Liz, III) of Huntingdon. A case in the Curia Regis in 1204 shows that Roger exchanged land in Toft and Menthorpe, Lincolnshire with Earl Simon and Alice de Gant his wife in exchange for three parts of a knight’s fee in Sutton and Beckingham, Lincolnshire and that Roger also held land in Holme, Lincolnshire granted to him by Robert de Gant.

Roger was sheriff of Sussex from Michaelmas 1176 to March 1187 and sheriff of Berkshire in 1188. In January 1176, he was appointed as a justice itinerant in Kent, Surrey, Hampshire, Sussex, Oxfordshire and Berkshire. By 1181, he was one of the regular justices sitting at Westminster. In March 1182, he was one of the witnesses to the will of Henry II, together with his brother Walter de Coutances, archdeacon of Oxford. He continued to be a justice in eyre throughout the reign of Henry II and into the reign of Richard I. Roger died before Michaelmas 1196 when Reinfrid son of Roger occurs as his father’s heir. 
fitz Reinfrid, Roger (I7422)
 
734 From Medieval English Ancestors of Robert Abell (citation details below):

On 28 March 1259 he was recorded as going on a pilgrimage to Pontigny, and on 28 Oct 1259 he crossed with the king to France. On 16 Sep 1261 he was at Windsor to swear he would never oppose the king, but in May 1262 he did so in Parliament. In July 1263 he joined the king in Worcester, where he was knighted on 1 Aug before going with the king to Wales. He was at the siege of Rochester with the Earl of Gloucester, Henry de Hastings and others in April 1264, and commanded the Londoners at the battle of Lewes on 14 May 1264.

On 4 Aug 1265 he was wounded and taken prisoner at the battle of Evesham, and on 25 Oct. his lands were granted to Edmund, the king's son, but on 28 April 1266 he was coming to the king’s court to make peace. On 1 July 1267 he was pardoned, and on 12 May 1270 he was going to the Holy Land with the king and Prince Edward. He was summoned to serve in Wales in 1276, 1277, 1282 and 1283, and on 28 June 1283 was summoned to Shrewsbury to treat with Dafydd ap Gruffudd. He served on various commissions from 1290 to 1294, and was summoned to Parliament at Westminster on 24 June 1295. 
de Segrave, Nicholas (I44)
 
735 From A History of the Church of St. Giles Northampton, citation details below:

Richard Gobion added largely to his estates by marrying the daughter of Roger de Merley, the powerful Baron of Morpeth, who brought in frank marriage the manors of Knaptoft in Leicestershire, Shilvington in Northumberland, and Yedingham in Yorkshire.

He was only a simple knight, but writers of later days persist in speaking of him as "Earl Gobion," and even as "Earl of Northampton," to neither of which titles had he the slightest claim.

Thus the Heralds who visited Leicestershire in 1562-64, and who ought to have known better, left the following record of him:--"It ys to be remembered that the forenamed Rychard Gubbyon, Erl of Northampton was also Lord of Knapthorp, where he remeaned as apereth before proved by Sundry evydences. And for manyfest proff that this same was he that was Erl of Northampton he had in the said towme of Northampton, one manner called by the name of Gobyon, and the most parte of the towne, and also his tenents few or none reserved but paid rent to the said manner, And he gave goodly comons and sundry lybertyes on Gobyon's [Manner]. And this manner was throwne by descent from the name of Gubbyon to Pannell, and from Pannell to Kynesman, and so to Turpyn."

The gift of the commons and liberties above mentioned, is thus explained by Henry Lee, a seventeenth century Town Clerk:

"Earl Gobion, who lived in ye farme house in Abington street in this Town killed a man [in an election riot]. And he gott his pardon, and to quiett the Town granted to the poor liberty to follow syth and sickle in ye fields of Northampton, called Gobion’s farme to this day." 
Gobion, Richard (I10448)
 
736 From A History of the Parishes of St. Ives, Lelant, Towednack and Zennor [citation details below]:

Few Cornish families can vie with this one in point of antiquity. Though apparently never entitled to bear arms, the Rosewalls for countless generations occupied an ancient homestead called 'Rosewall' on the eastern slope of Rosewall Hill, in the parish of Towednack.

The Subsidy Roll of 1327 shows the name of John de Ryswal and Noal de Ryswal of Towednack, who paid 2s. each towards the royal aid.
In the roll of circa 1520 we find the name of Stephanus Roswal, having lands in Towednack of the annual value of 10s. Again in 1523 he is rated--this time at 10 marks; and the same in 1524. In the Penwith Subsidy of 1536, 'Stephyn Rosewarn' [lege 'Rosewall'] is rated at 10 marks.
In 1523 and 1524 Pascacius (Pasco) Roswall had goods value £2 at Saint Ives.
In 1546 'John Rossewall' was rated at £6 for his lands in 'Tewynecke.'
In 1585 Johannes Roswall was rated at £6, but in 1593 at £3, for goods at Towednack, and again at £3 in 1597.
In 1629 Georgius Roswarne ['Rosewall'] paid £4 to the subsidy for his goods at Towednack.
In 1641 'Willmus Russell' (i.e., 'Rosewall') was rated for goods, and Warne Roswall for lands, in Towednack parish.
In 1664 'Margrett Russell widow' was rated for lands in the same parish.

In 1573 Richard Rossewall was a capital burgess; in 1578 he paid 4d. to a town rate.

Circa 1590 Thomas Roswall paid 2d. to a town rate.

In 1620 Thomas Roswall, who resided in Westren Street, paid 3d. to a royal rate levied in Saint Ives. In the same list with the last name occur those of Nicholas Roswall, living on 'The Lande,' and George Roswall.

In 1636 James Rosewall was an overseer of the poor, and in 1638 he was a sidesman. 
Rosewall, James (I12448)
 
737 From Ancestors and Descendants of Andrew Lee and Clarinda Knapp Allen [citation details below]:

"A Scotch prisoner of war at Tuthill Fields, London, he was redeemed there by Daniel Stone of Cambridge, and came to New England with John Cloyes under verbal agreement, working his passage with Capt. John Allen. Cloyes' sale of him to to Samuel Stratton 15 Oct. 1652, after a year's work without compensation, resulted in his appeal to the court in Feb 1653-4. His history unknown for 10 years, he was married to MARY LISSEN before 10 Oct. 1664, when he had an Exeter grant of adjacent land given to him by his father Lissen. Deposed twice in 1678, aged 40. Estate administered 15 Aug. 1697 to son John widow Mary renouncing."

From Genealogical Dictionary of Maine and New Hampshire [citation details below]:

"Gordon, Alexander, Exeter. A Scotch pris. of war at Tuthill Fields, London, he was redeemed there by Danl. Stone of Cambridge, and came to N. E. with John Cloyes under verbal agreem., working his passage with Capt. John Allen. Cloyes's sale of him to Saml. Stratton 15 Oct. 1652, aft. a yr.'s work without compensa., resulted in his appeal to the ct. in Feb. 1653-4 [Mass. Hist. Soc. Proc. 61.25]. His hist. unkn. for 10 yrs., he was mar. to Mary Lissen (2) bef. 10 Oct. 1664, when he had an Exeter gr. adj. land given him by his fa. Lissen. Deposed twice in 1678, ± 40. ... Adm. 15 Aug. 1697 to s. John wid. Mary renounc. Ch: Elizabeth, b. 23 Feb. 1664, m. 26 May 1686 Thos. Emerson of Haverh.; both k. by Ind. with 2 [actually 3] of their 5 ch. 15 Mar. 1696-7. Nicholas, b. 23 Mar. 1665-6. Mary, b. 22 May 1668, m. Nicholas Smith. John, b. 26 Oct. 1670. James, b. 22 July 1673. Lists 67, 376b (1698). M. 7 Aug. 1700 Abiel Redman (John), who was gr. adm. 7 Dec. 1714, and m. 2d Moses Kimmin (2). 5 sons. Alexander, b. 1 Dec. 1675, m. (ct. 14 Sept. 1699) Sarah Sewall (Edward). ... Wid. Sarah, exec. of his will (not found), deeded to Wm. Graves 25 Mar. 1729-30 half a lot owned in common with Graves; liv. a wid. 1732. 7 or m. ch. Thomas, b. 1678, m 1st in Haverh. 22 Nov. 1699 Elizabeth Harriman (Matthew), 7 ch., 6 rec. Haverh.; m. 2d aft. 10 Apr. 1709 Rebecca Heard (2), 5 ch. liv. 1756. ... Will 1757-1761, names 10 ch. Daniel, b. 1682, blacksmith, m. in Haverh. 15 Sept. 1708 Margaret Harriman. Liv. Kingston and app. sold out there 1717. ... Of 5 ch. rec. 1709-1716, 2 m. in Haverh. Wid. or dau. Margaret m. 17 Feb. 1736 Saml. Bradstreet, both of Suncook. 
Gordon, Alexander (I6215)
 
738 From Ancestors and Descendants of Sarah Eleanor Ladue (citation details below):

John Tompkins is said to have come to Boston in 1630, but no proof of this has been found. It seems far more likely that John Tompkins belonged to the group of men who formed the Concord Plantation and who came in to Concord by way of Newtowne in 1635. This was a Company of Colonists under the direction of Reverend Peter Bulkeley and Elder John Jones.

"The Concord plantation was a place where the pioneers found hard fare, and built their huts by leaning the rough logs against the hillside, which served the double purpose of a support and a chimney back.

"The settlers soon erected a grist mill, near what is now the Common, and the little stream which furnished the power, still runs on, but with a lesser current. It is known as Mill Brook." (Hudson, Hist. of Concord, 20-22) Next a meeting house and parsonage were built. The site of the latter is on the present Lowell Street, and is modestly marked by a memorial tablet whic reads:

"Here in the house of the Reverend Peter Bulkeley, first minister and one of the founders of this town, a bargain was made with the Squaw Sachem, the Sagamore Tahattawan and other Indians, who then sold their rights in the six miles square called Concord, to the English planters, and gave them peaceful possession of the land, A.D. 1636."

In 1644 there was dissatisfaction and dissension among these planters. They were disappointed in conditions of the soil, and a decision was arrived at by which about one-seventh of the colony emigrated to Fairfield, Connecticut, under the direction of the Reverend John Jones. John Tompkins was one of these emigrants, and he was made freeman at Hartford on 13 May 1669. It is thought by some historians that he died in Fairfield about 1688, and that he never went to Eastchester, as his sons did.

The name of John Tompkins' wife remains unknown, also the date of her death. They had three children. Where the first one, Nathaniel, was born is not known, but the births of Ruth and John are registered in Concord, Mass.

From History and Genealogy of the Families of Old Fairfield (citation details below):

Of Concord, Mass.; came with Jones contingent to Fairfield where he died; his widow m. William Heyden and rem. to Eastchester, New York.

He died so early that his will is not found; but on 7 Mar. 1660/1, John Wheeler and George Squire, as overseers to [the younger] John "Tomkins," sued William Hayden for £30 for neglect in executing the will of John Tompkins. They won the suit, and Hayden was ordered to surrender the lands to [the son] John. Since William Hayden [of Windsor] sat on the jury which tried the case, it is obvious that a different man of the same name was the defendant.

On 27 Dec. 1687, William Hayden of Eastchester put it upon record that he had sold out of his possession land at Eastchester to his sons-in-law Nathaniel and John Tompkins. [Westchester Deeds]

*****

To clarify the above: After the death of the elder John Tompkins, his wife, whose name is lost to history, remarried a William Hayden, who therefore became stepfather to the second John Tompkins. This is what was meant when William Hayden of Eastchester referred to the second John Tompkins as his "son-in-law", because at this time, this term could refer to a step-parent relationship as well as a relationship by marriage. Many sources -- including Ancestors and Descendants of Sarah Eleanor Ladue -- call Mary, the wife of the second John Tompkins, "Mary Hayden" based on this misunderstanding of what the terms "son-in-law" and "father-in-law" could mean in the time and place in question. 
Tompkins, John (I784)
 
739 From Ancestors and Descendants of Sarah Eleanor Ladue (citation details below):

On March 5, 1672, John Tompkins and Samuel Hoyt, Sr., were admitted as "Inhabitants of Eastchester." In the land list for the year 1677, we find John Tompkins as holding 24 acres, and on January 31, 1698 he took an "Oath of Allegiance to the King."

The members of the Tompkins family were all Episcopalians, or Church of England, as it was called in colonial days. In later years they were very active in St Paul's church in Eastchester. In 1678, the little colony decided that "we will meet together on Sabbath days, for time to come to celebrate the worship and service of God, in the best manner that we can attain unto." They decided to pay toward the said Sabbath day's services a free-will offering, and here we find John Tompkins contributing eight shillings, and his brother, Nathaniel, ten. The same year they decided to pay 40 pounds to Mr. Morgan Jones, minister of Newtown, Long Island, "provided he will come and live among us, and perform the office of minister." Mr. Jones appears to have been among them until about 1692, when he was succeeded by Mr. Samuel Golding. He was to receive his pay in wheat and corn and John Tompkins subscribed "3 bushel of good winter wheat." In 1693 they resolved to build a meeting-house and John Tompkins and others were chosen to oversee the building of it. In July, 1696, they decided to "lighten the meeting house by a lantern to every seat of the same." One of these seats belonged to John Tompkins. This meetinghouse was a frame building, twemty-eight feet square and about eighteen feet to the eaves. The sides as well as the roof were shingled. [...] John Tompkins held many town offices in Eastchester.

*****

"Mr. Morgan Jones, minister of Newtown, Long Island" was an odd character with a highly varied life. Some sense of him can be derived from "Morgan Jones, Llanmadock, in America" by Henry Blackwell, viewable hereMagnalia. But he is most remembered for having testified at New York in 1686 that some seventeen years earlier, in Virginia, he and several others were captured by hostile natives and that he survived because he was liberated by "Indians of the Doeg tribe" who, like Jones, spoke fluent Welsh. This was received by the few who took note of it as further proof that, as asserted by various early Welsh poets, one Madog, son of Owain Gwynedd, prince of North Wales, sailed westward in 1162 and established a colony in a land beyond the great sea. Jones's testimony was given wide circulation some decades later, in 1740, when it was published in the Gentleman's Magazine under the heading "The Crown of England's Title to America prior to that of Spain." Accompanying Jones's account, Theophilus Evans, vicar of St. David's in Brecon, wrote, "Sir, That the vast continent of America was first discovered by Britons, about 300 years before the Spaniards had any footing here; and that the descendants of that first colony of Britons, who then seated themselves there, are still a distinct People, and retain their original language, is a Matter of Fact, which may be indesputably proved, by the concurrent Account of several Writers and Travellers. I shall first quote a letter of Mr. Morgan Jones, Chaplain to the Plantation of S. Carolina..." 
Tompkins, John (I772)
 
740 From Antiquities of Shropshire by the Rev. R. W. Eyton [Vol. VII, p. 73]:

Maud le Vavasour was daughter of Robert, granddaughter of William, and sister of John le Vavasour. I think her mother was a daughter of Adam fitz Peter, Lord of Birkyn; for it appears that "Robert le Vavasour gave his share (it was a fourth) of the Vill of Bolton with Matilda le Count, his daughter, in frank marriage to Theobald Walter, and that the said Matilda afterwards gave it to Roger de Burkyn, her Uncle." (Sallay Register, Dugd. MSS. D. 2.)

It is not difficult to say why Maud le Vavasour is called Matilda le Count in the above extract. The names Vavasour and Count are treated as equivalent. It is less easy to determine why the Fitz Warin Chronicle calls the same person Maude de Caus. I, however, suggest an explanation.--

The real Maud de Caus, for there was such a person living at the time of Maud le Vavasour's marriage, was probably her Grandmother. She was daughter and sole heir of that Robert de Chaus who figures in 1165 as a great Derbyshire Feudatory (Liber Niger, I. 225), and who was hereditary Warden of the Forests of Derbyshire and Nottinghamshire. Maud de Caus was wife, first of Adam fitz Peter, Lord of Birkyn, and secondly of Ralph fitz Stephen. By her first husband she had issue John de Birkyn, who, on her death in 1224, succeeded to her great inheritance. I think that Roger de Birkyn above-mentioned, and * * * de Birkyn wife of Robert le Vavasour, were also children of Maude de Caus by her first husband.

Maud le Vavasour, thus supposed to be her Granddaughter, had two children by her first husband, Theobald Walter. These were Theobald Walter (II.) and Matilda. Matilda was entrusted by King John to the guardianship of Gilbert fitz Reinfrid; but in 1220 King Henry III. apprises William de Lancaster (Gilbert fitz Reinfrid's son), that Theobald fitz Theobald was now to have charge of his Sister (Pat. 4 Hen. III, m. 5). This Writ, coupled with another of July 1221 (Claus. I. 463), shows that in 1220-1 Theobald Walter (II.) attained his majority. 
le Vavasour, Maud (I9585)
 
741 From Complete Peerage:

Sir Edmund Deincourt, of Blankney and Branston, co. Lincoln, Holmesfield and Elmton, co. Derby, Granby, Notts, Duddington, Northants, &c., s. and h. of Sir John Deincourt, of Blankney, &c. (who d. before 14 Oct. 1257), by Agnes, da. of Sir Geoffrey de Neville, of Raby, co. Durham. The King took his homage, though he was still a minor, on or before 8 Jan. 1268/9. He was in the Army of Wales in 1277, 1282, and 1294, and in the Army of Scotland in 1299. He was sum. for Military Service from 16 Apr. (1291) 19 Edw. I to 1 May (1325) 18 Edw. II, to attend the King wherever he might be, 8 June (1294) 22 Edw. I, to attend the Coronation, 18 Jan. (1307/8) 1 Edw. II, to Councils from 8 Jan. (1308/9) 2 Edw. II to 20 Feb. (1324/5) 18 Edw. II, and to Parl. from 6 Feb. (1298/9) 27 Edw. I to 3 Dec. (1326) 20 Edw. II, by writs directed Edmundo Deyncurt or Deyncourt, whereby he is held to have become Lord Deincourt. He did homage for his lands in Burnby, co. York, to three successive Archbishops of York, 1299, 18 July 1300, and 3 May 1310. As Edmundus de Eyncourt dominus de Thurgerton, he took part in the Barons' Letter to the Pope, 12 Feb. 1300/1. He was one of those ordered, 3 Sep. 1312, to prohibit the Earl of Lancaster and others from repairing to the King with horses and arms. By a fine, levied in the octaves of St. Michael II Edw. II, he conveyed the manor and soke of Blankney, with the advowson of the chapel there, the manors of Branston, Mere, and Granby, a messuage in the bail of Lincoln, the advowsons of the Priory of Thurgarton and the Hospital of St. Leonard at Stoke, and the manors of Holmesfield and Elmton, save a messuage, &c., in Elmton, to himself for life: rem. to William s. of John Deincourt, rem. to John br. of the same William, in successive tail general: rem. to his own right heirs. By another fine, of the same date, he conveyed the said messuage, &c., in Elmton, to himself for life: rem. to Hamon de Mascy and Joan his wife [late the wife of Edmund s. of John Deincourt], for her life: rem. to Isabel da. of Edmund s. of John Deincourt, in tail male: rem. to his own right heirs. He m. Isabel, da. of Sir Reynold de Mohun, of Dunster, Somerset, by his 2nd wife, Isabel, da. of William (de Ferrers), Earl of Derby. He d. 6 Jan. 1326/7.

*****

Note that despite CP's assertion that he married "Isabel, da. of Sir Reynold de Mohun, of Dunster, Somerset, by his 2nd wife, Isabel, da. of William (de Ferrers), Earl of Derby," there is no clear evidence that this Isabel was the mother of his children. Moreover, Royal Ancestry doesn't even list an Isabel among the children of Reynold de Mohun and Elizabeth de Ferrers. 
Deincourt, Edmund (I9706)
 
742 From Complete Peerage I:148, footnote (a):

Her Christian name is sometimes given as Agnes, but of the marriage itself there is no doubt. Wyntoun, in his account of the Earls of Buchan, (Cronykil, ed. Macpherson, vol. ii, p. 35) states that of the "systris fywe of Earl John"--

"The thryd [had] Schyr Gylbert Wmfrayvyle,
Erle of Angws in that qwliile,
(Of Angws and of Ryddysdale
Erle he wes, and Lord all hale)
On that Lady eftyrwart
Of Wmfraywylle he gat Robert:
On that Lady he gat alswa
Othir Brethyr to Robert ma." 
Comyn, Elizabeth (I4612)
 
743 From Complete Peerage IX: 331:

"John le Blount, 2nd s. of Walter and Joan abovenamed, was in 1324 a practised soldier belonging to Worcestershire. In 1337, being then a knight, he was found heir to his elder brother, William Blount [Lord Blount]. He was joint commissioner in Worcestershire in 1344, to inquire as to holders of land. He served in Gascony under Henry, Earl of Lancaster, and afterwards, 1347, under the King at the siege of Calais, till Edward's return to England. In Oct. 1350 he was undertaking a pilgrimage to Santiago. He m. Isoude.(*) He d. in 1358."

CP footnote attached to the asterisk in the above:

"(*) According to tradition, Isoude de Mountjoy. The mystery of her parentage has not been solved. The release by John le Blount in 1374 to his brother Walter of all his rights in lands in Gayton, Yeldersley, Brushfield, Wc. (Croke, op. cit., vol. ii, p. 171), which were Mountjoy manors in the 13th and 14th centuries (Jeayes, Derbyshire Charters, no. 1608 et seq), suggests that a portion of the Mountjoy estates had descended by inheritance to John, then eldest surviving son of John le Blount and Isoude. It was a portion only, because (i) Gayton and Yeldersley, &c, descended, through the marriage of Isoude (da. and h. of Serle de Mountjoy, s. and h. of Ralph de Mountjoy) to Robert de Ireland (Plac. de Quo Warranto, p. 155); the family of Ireland were still holding temp. Henry VII (Feudal Aids, vol. i, p. 250 et seq. ; Jeayes, op. cit., no. 2731); (ii) the receipt given by Madam Wake in 1359 for evidences belonging to Richard Blount, the young heir of John and Isoude, refers to vint oyt feetes en un boist del heritage la mere le dit Richard et ses parceners des tenements en le Pek, (Ac. (Harl. MS. 6709, fo. 119 d)."
Nathaniel Lane Taylor, post to SGM, 17 Feb 2008:

"As CP shows, Sir John Blount (d. 1358) can only be shown to have had one wife, Isolda de Mountjoy. Older sources assign him a second wife, Eleanor Beauchamp (of Hache) who is made to be the mother of his younger sons (including the one whose descendants took the peerage title 'Mountjoy'). On the alleged Blount-Beauchamp marriage, an article by Cecil R. Humphery-Smith, "The Blount Quarters," The Coat of Arms 4 (1957), 224-27, is corrected by G. D. Squibb, "The Heirs of Beauchamp of Hatch," ibid., pp. 275-77, showing that the particular claimed marriage cannot have happened.

"More importantly, Isolda is documented as still wife of Sir John Blount in 1352, well after the apparent birth year of Walter, ancestor of the lords Mountjoy. Croke (in his Blount work back in 1823) quoted the 1352 charter but didn't realize the chronological implication, repeating the two-wife fallacy." 
le Blount, John (I8130)
 
744 From Complete Peerage IX:267-8:

Ralph de Mortimer, son and heir [of Roger by Hawise], succeeded his father before 1086, when he appears in Domesday Book as tenant in chief in twelve counties. His possessions lay largely in Herefordshire and Shropshire, Wigmore in the former county being the caput of the honour. Both Wigmore and Cleobury, in Shropshire, had belonged to William FitzOsbern, Earl of Hereford, and the grant must therefore have been later than the forfeiture of William's son Roger in 1074. He attested a notification by William I between 1078 and 1087. On 30 March 1088 he witnessed a grant made by his man Ralph FitzAnsere to the abbey of Jumieges. In that year he, Bernard de Neufmarche, and Roger de Lacy, at the head of a large body of English, Norman and Welsh fighting men, attacked Worcester with the avowed intention of burning the town and pillaging the church. The Bishop's men marched out and defeated them on the other side of the Severn. In 1089 he was one of the barons of Eastern Normandy who sided with William Rufus against Robert Curthose, but between 1091 and 1095 he is found (at Lisieux) witnessing with Duke Robert a charter for Jumieges. He made a grant to the monks of Worcester with the assent of his sons (unnamed) and his men. In 1104. he adhered to Henry I against Duke Robert. This is the last mention found of him, and the date of death is unknown. He married, 1stly, Melisande, who was dead before 30 March 1088, and, 2ndly, Mabel. (g)

(g) Stephen, Count of Aumale, by a charter circa 1100, with the consent of Hawise his wife and of Ralph de Mortimer her father, granted the church of Airaines (Somme) of the inheritance of Ralph and Hawise to the priory of Saint-Martin-des-Champs, Paris, mentioning Melisande, Ralph's deceased wife. The charter of 30 Mar 1088 referred to above is subscribed 'Signum Radulfi Filii Rogeri Morte maris Signum Mabilie uxoris eius'. Hawise was clearly the daughter of Melisande; and as she must have been born before 1088, Melisande would be Ralph's first wife. William, brother of Hugh, witnesses his charter for Saint-Victor, but he occurs low in the list of witnesses and was probably illegitimate. There is no evidence as to which wife was mother of Hugh. 
de Mortimer, Ralph (I934)
 
745 From Complete Peerage V: 495-7:

Sir Fulk Fitzwarin, of Whittington, Salop, Alveston, co. Gloucester, Wantage, Berks, and Stanton Fitzwarren, Wilts, only son and heir of Sir Fulk Fitzwarin, of the same (who died 14 May 1264, being drowned in the Ouse, when endeavouring to escape, at the battle of Lewes)*, by Constance, daughter of Sir Ralph de Tony, of Castle Maud (now Painscastle), co. Radnor, South Tawton, Devon, and Flamstead, Herts. He was born at Whittington, 14 September 1251. On 29 April 1273 his fealty was taken, his homage being respited, and he had livery of his father's lands. He was with the King in the Army of Wales in 1282, and was about to go beyond seas in December 1284. In 1294, before going to Gascony on the King's service, he demised the manor of Wantag, Berks, to Master Henry Huse, for nine years. He was summoned for Military Service from 12 December 1276 to 30 June 1314, to attend the King at Shrewsbury, 28 June 1283, to a Military Council, 14 June 1287, to attend the King wherever he might be, 8 June 1294, to attend the King at Salisbury, 26 January 1296/7, to attend the Coronation, 18 January 1307/8, and to Parliament from 24 June 1295 to 16 October 1315, by writs directed Fulconi filio Warini, with the addition of seniori on and after 29 July 1314, whereby he is held to have become Lord Fitzwarin. As Fulco filius Warini dominus de Whitington he took part in the Barons' Letter to the Pope, 12 February 1300/1. He did homage and fealty, for his lands in Wales, to Edward, Prince of Wales, at Kenilworth, 27 May 1301. On 10 August 1301 the King ordered Fulk fitz Warin and Richard fitz Alan, Earl of Arundel, to abstain from attacking each other. On 14 April 1302 Fulk had licence to grant the manor of Alveston, co. Gloucester, to Fulk, his son, in fee. In 1310 he conveyed the manor of Whittington to John de Beauchamp of Somerset, who granted it to him for life, with remainder to Fulk the younger [his son and heir], and Alianore wife of the latter, and the heirs of their bodies, remainder to the right heirs of Fulk the elder. On 1 June 1311 he had licence to grant two parts of a moiety of the manor of Stanton, Wilts, to the same Fulk his son, in fee. On 16 October 1313 he was pardoned, as an adherent of Thomas, Earl of Lancaster, for any part he had taken against Piers de Gavastone.

He married, before 25 February 1276/7, Margaret, daughter of Gruffyd ab Wennonwen, called also de la Pole (Welshpool, co. Montgomery), Prince or Lord of Upper Powys, by Hawise, daughter of Sir John Lestraunge, of Knockin, Salop. He died 24 November 1315. His widow, who heId one-third of the manor of Alveston in dower, died 11 May 1336.

* He was son and heir of Fulk fitz Warin of Whittington (living Oct 1250), who m. 1stly Maud, widow of Theobald Walter, and daughter of Robert le Vavasur, and 2ndly, Clarice Dauberville. This Fulk had been outlawed, but was pardoned, 15 Nov 1203, his castle of Whittington being restored to him, 17 Oct 1204. He was son and heir of Fulk fitz Warin (living in Nov 1194), by Hawise, daughter and coheir of Josce de Dinan. The last named Fulk was son and heir of Fulk fitz Warin of Whittington and Alveston, who d. in 1170 or 1171, son of the shadowy or mythical Warin, of Metz in Lorraine. 
Fitzwarine, Fulk V (I4251)
 
746 From Complete Peerage V:639:

Sir John Giffard, of Brimpsfield, Badgeworth, Stonehouse, Stoke Gifford, and Rockhampton, co. Gloucester, Elston, Orcheston St. George, Sherrington, Ashton, and Broughton Gifford, Wilts, son and heir of Sir Elis Giffard, of Brimpsfield, &c. (who died shortly before 2 May 1248) (c1), by his 2nd wife, Alice, sister of Sir John Mautravers, of Lytchet Matravers, Dorset (a). He was aged 16, or 16 and more, at his father's death (b1). With several other barons, he seized the Bishop of Hereford, 11 June 1263, and took him to Eardisley Castle. On 18 August following, he was among those who made a treaty with Edward, the King's son. He had just been appointed, 7 August, by the advice of the Magnates of the Council, Keeper of the castle of St. Briavel and the forest of Dean, during pleasure, and he was pardoned, 18 September following, for all trespasses committed by reason of non-observance of the Provisions of Oxford. He was appointed joint Keeper of the counties of Gloucester, Worcester, and Hereford, 24 December 1263. In 1264 he belonged to the baronial party, and in April, being in command at Kenilworth, he surprised and destroyed Warwick Castle, taking the Earl and Countess prisoners. On 14 May following he was at the battle of Lewes, where he was taken prisoner early in the day, but he had already captured William la Zuche. He was one of those prohibited, 16 February 1264/5, from taking part in the tournament at Dunstaple, and ordered to attend a Council on the morrow of Ash Wednesday [19 February] following. He changed sides together with the Earl of Gloucester and others, and was in the King's army at the battle of Evesham, 4 August 1265. In consideration of his services at this battle, he was pardoned, 9 Oct. 1265, for having adhered to Simon de Montfort at the battle of Lewes, and for all other trespasses committed up to the said 9 October. He was one of the commissioners empowered, 24 April 1274, to make a truce at the ford of Montgomery, in a month from Easter [29 April], between Llewelyn ab Gruffyd, Prince of Wales, and Humphrey de Bohun of Brecknock. On 6 November 1281 he had licence to hunt wolves, with his own hounds, throughout all the King's forests in England. He was appointed Keeper of the castle of Llandovery, co. Carmarthen, 9 April 1282, and of that of Builth, co. Brecknock, 14 October following, both during pleasure. On 18 November 1283 the King granted him, in fee, the commote of Iscennen, co. Carmarthen, to hold by the service of a knight's fee: and, on 8 February 1289/90, the castle of Dynevor in that county, for life, as a refuge for himself and his men: he was ordered to deliver this castle to Walter de Pederton, 29 July 1297. He was present at the assemblies held at Berwick in October and November 1297, to discuss the various claims to the Crown of Scotland. He was Captain of Podensac in Gascony, which town he surrendered to the French, in 1294/5. He was summoned for Military Service from 18 July 1257 to 7 May 1299, to attend the King at Shrewsbury, 28 June 1283, to attend the King at Salisbury, 26 January 1296/7, to a Military Council, 20 August 1297,and to Parliament from 24 June 1295. to 10 April 1299, by writs directed Johanni Giffard, or Gyffard, occasionally with the additionde Brimmesfeld', whereby he is held to have become Lord Giffard.

He was affianced, at the age of 4 years, to Aubrey de Caumville (who was about the same age), but he did not marry her (b2). He married, 1stly, Maud [c2], widow of Sir William Lungespee, of Amesbury, Aldbourne, and Trowbridge, Wilts, Canford, Dorset, Bicester, Oxon; Brattleby, co., Lincoln, &c. (who died between 23 December 1256 and 3 January 1256/7], and daughter and heir of Sir Walter de Clifford, of Clifford co. Hereford, Cortham, Salop, &c., by Margaret, daughter of Llewelyn ab Iorwerth, Prince of North Wales. She, who was living 1 December 1281, died s.p.m., not long afterwards. He married, 2ndly, in 1286, Margaret, widow of Sir John de Neville, of Hallingbury, Wethersfield, Great Totham, Great Wakering and Langharn, Essex, Alphington, Devon, &c. who died shortly before 20 May 1282. He died at Boyton, Wilts, 29 May, and was buried 11 June 1299 in Malmesbury Abbey. His widow's dower was ordered to be assigned, 1 August 1299, and on 5 August she was assigned the manors of Stonehouse, Stoke Gifford, Elston, and Broughton Gifford. She died shortly before 13 December 1338.

(c1) In 1221 this Elis stated that "Osbertus Giffard, antecessor suusqui venit ad conquestum Angl' tenuit manerium de Bimesfeld' . . . et post eum Elias flius suus . . . et post eum Elias filius illius Elieet pater suus." At least one generation is here omitted. The Elis living in 1221 was son and heir of Elis III, by Maud, daughter of Morice fitz Robert fitz Hardinge, of Berkeley: which Elis III owed 100 marks 'pro fine terre sue' in 1166 and died before Michaelmas 1190, when William le Mareschal owed 140 marks for the custody of the lands of Elis Giffard. Elis III was son and heir of Elis II (who became a monk in Gloucester Abbey), by Berta (living 1167), sister of Walter de Clifford, of Clifford and Glasbury, and daughter of Richard fitzPonce. In 1130 Elis II rendered account of 100 marks of silver for the relief of his father's lands, being son and heir of Elis I, by Ala, his wife. Before 1096 Elis I had succeeded his father Osbern Giffard, the Domesday tenant of Brimpsfield, Stoke, Rockhampton, Elston, Orcheston, etc.

(a) John Mautravers gave the manor of Ashton and the advowson of the church of St. Peter at Codford, Wilts, to Elis Giffard in free marriage with Alice his sister, to hold to them and their heirs of their bodies, by the service of a knight's fee.

(b1) "Elias Giffard". He held the manor of Winterburne (now Elston), of the King in chief, as the head of his barony; the manor of Sherrington pertaining to that barony; and that of Ashton, held ofJ ohn Mautravers in free marriage. Heir [name cut away] his son aged 16 [rest cut away]. The proof of age of this heir, John Giffard, is undated and defective, but it states that he was born on the day of St. Wulstan (19 Jan).

(b2) So the proof of age mentioned above. She was probably the Aubrey de Canville, a nun of Polesworth, who was elected Abbess in Dec 1276 or in the following month. The marriage was contracted at Arrow, co. Warwick, and she must have been a daughter of Thomas de Camville, of Arrow, and a descendant of Aubrey Marmion, Lady of Arrow, wife of William de Caumville. 
Giffard, John (I6181)
 
747 From Complete Peerage V:640:

Sir John Giffard, of Brimpsfield, Badgeworth, Stonehouse, Stoke Gifford, and Rockhampton, co. Gloucester, Elston, Orcheston St. George, Sherrington, Ashton, and Broughton Gifford, Wilts, son and heir of Sir Elis Giffard, of Brimpsfield, &c. (who died shortly before 2 May 1248), by his 2nd wife, Alice, sister of Sir John Mautravers, of Lytchet Matravers, Dorset (a).

(a) John Mautravers gave the manor of Ashton and the advowson of the church of St. Peter at Codford, Wilts, to Elis Giffard in free marriage with Alice his sister, to hold to them and their heirs of their bodies, by the service of a knight's fee. 
Mautravers, Alice (I4493)
 
748 From Complete Peerage:

ROBERT DE UFFORD (b) had interests in Ufford, Suffolk, by (1255-6) 40 Hen. III, when he levied a fine of the advowson there to Gilbert Pecche. He was in Wales with Edward, the King's son, Oct. 1257, was going with him beyond seas, July 1261, and was with him at Boulogne-sur-Mer, Jan. 1263/4. Having gone to Ireland on the Prince's affairs, Sep. 1268, he was made Justiciary there, 1268-69, and again 17 June 1276-Nov. 1281, when he was replaced, being "so affected by infirmity that he cannot attend to the office." He was granted the custody of the town and castle of Orford, Suffolk, 15 May 1275 - May 1276, and again for life, 28 Dec. 1280; was Justice of Chester, before Oct. 1276; had a protection for 3 years, staying in England, 7 Dec. 1282; and he and his heirs received a grant of a weekly market and yearly fair at Bawdsey, Suffolk, 28 Aug. 1283. On 7 May 1290 he was allowed to appoint attorneys, being too old to ride, and again on 30 Dec. 1296, by reason of his debility; but he was a Commissioner to keep the sea-coast near Dunwich, 30 Aug. 1295. He married, 1stly, before 12 May 1273, Mary, widow of William DE SAY (died shortly before 12 Feb. 1271/2). She was living, 10 Aug. 1280. He married, 2ndly, before 1286-87, Joan. He died shortly before 9 Sep. 1298. His widow was living, 18 Nov. 1307. [Complete Peerage XII/2:148-9]

(b) In his collections for Suffolk genealogies, Sir Simonds d'Ewes says that Robert de Ufford was, "uti colligo", 2nd son of John de Peyton, son of Nigel, who lived in the reign of Henry I; but there is no evidence among the charters which he there transcribes from the documents then (Dec. 1631) penes Sir Edward Peyton, Knight and Barinet, at Isleham, Cambs, and no evidence has been traced elsewhere; nor is the chronology easily reconcilable with the known facts. Robert de Ufford is known to have had a brother John, who was h. in July 1276. A John de Ufford had letters of protection for 3 years, 7 Nov. 1280, proceeding by the King's license, to Ireland, and letters of safe conduct, 14 Mar. 1282/3 and 30 Aug. 1284, to go to the Court of Rome. Royal assent was given to his election as Bishop of Enachdune, a disputed Irish see, 16 Mar 1282/3, but he d. "prosecuting his right" thereto before 1300. Another man (? other men) of this name (fl. 1302-25) is described with John, brother of Robert, in Knights of Edward I
de Ufford, Robert (I13251)
 
749 From Culpepper Connections:

"Robert Culpepper's ancestry was long the subject of speculation. However, DNA testing reveals that 80+% of the mainline Culpeppers descend from sons of Robert, and that the balance, with only a minor genetic difference, descend from the sons of Henry Culpepper, Jr. The most logical conclusion from traditional genealogical research and DNA testing is that Robert and Henry Jr. are sons of Henry Culpepper (Sr.) of Lower Norfolk Co., VA. and his wife Elizabeth.

"Robert was probably born around 1664 but it is not known if he was born in England or in Virginia.

"He probably married his wife around 1690. She may have been named Sarah, but her maiden name is not known. She was probably a daughter of one of the neighboring families along the West Branch of the Elizabeth River in Norfolk Co., VA. She and Robert had sons named Joseph and Benjamin, and Robert, Jr. Robert, Jr. was obviously named after his father.

"But the names Joseph and Benjamin were not used by Robert, Sr.'s brother, Henry, and so might be clues to the identity of Robert's wife. These were family names in the local Richardson, Powell, Hodges, and Hollowell families, among others, all of whom lived nearby. According to The Hollowells, by Lucy E. Hollowell, the Hollowells were Quakers, and none of the Hollowell daughters from this time period is known to have married a Culpepper.

"Robert finally emerges in Norfolk County records in 1692 when he bought 50 acres from Thomas and Elizabeth Green, for 2,000 pounds of tobacco. (Records on the Culpepper family in Norfolk County in the early 1700's are scarce, and all of the ones that we have found, including this one, are recorded above.)" 
Culpepper, Robert (I8528)
 
750 From Genealogical Dictionary of Maine and New Hampshire by Sybil Noyes, Charles Thornton Libby, and Walter Goodwin Davis (Portland, Maine: Southworth Press, 1928-1939):

John (Heard), master carpenter, never mariner nor captain. [...] In 1647 fined for calling Godfrey old knave and criticizing Capt. Champernowne; in 1650 he had lately been liv. on Champernowne's Isl. in [Kitterey, Maine], and was buying lands in York. Appar. he had built a ho. on Champernowne Isl. and on not getting his pay had burnt it; judgm. of Ct. Oct. 1650 that he replace as good and as large a ho. [...] He had left York in June 1648 [...] but was back again in 1651 (Gr. j. 1651-2). In Dover, where he was perman. settled by 1654, he was much relied on by Major Waldron. 
Heard, John (I2860)
 
751 From History of the Manor and Parish of Saleby, citation details below:

"The Colepepers were a Kentish family, and according to John Weaver 'a familie of exemplarie note both here and sometime in the County of Rutland.' Though the only exemplary facts he notices about them are that one member of the family was 'hanged, drawne and quartered at Winchelsey,' and another 'beheaded at Tyborne.'

"Their origin is obscure, for the name does not occur in the older records. It was only in the reign of Edward II that they began to obtain a more prominent position, though earlier mention of them is found in the Patent Rolls.

"In 1303 Thomas Colepeper of Brenchesle [Brenchley, co. Kent], was pardoned for homicides etc., and his sons Thomas and Walter for breaking the park of the prior of Christchurch, Canterbury, at Westwell; and the park of the prior of Michelham at Michelham; and hunting and carrying away deer, and for felonies etc. In 1305 Thomas Colepepere of Smerehill was found guilty of felonies by a commission appointed to inquire touching vagabonds in Kent and Sussex.

"Edward I, owing to the great need of men for his constant wars, was pleased to sweep into the recruiting net a large number of able-bodied evil-doers, giving them a chance to redeem their lives on the field of battle. Whether this system tended to encourage crime or not we cannot say, but many of these turbulent and unruly subjects made excellent soldiers.

"It was in consideration of their service in Scotland that Thomas Colepeper and his two sons received pardon; and if this Thomas was an ancestor of the Colepepers of Bay Hall, as seems highly probable, then the Scottish expedition may also have proved a turning point in the family history." 
Colepeper, Thomas (I12371)
 
752 From Leggett of Ely, Cambridgeshire, England and West Farms (Bronx), New York (citation details below):

"Gabriel Leggett, the great-grandfather of the first American Gabriel, was born in the middle years of the reign of Henry VIII. The first reference to him appears in the records of Clare College of Cambridge University which leased him a house in 1565. In this record he appears as a 'laborer' which meant he owned little or no land. The house he leased was part of the buildings of the medieval Hospital of St. John the Baptist, a former leprosarium granted to the college in 1561. Clare College converted the twelfth-century chapel (a substantial structure measuring forty-one by twenty-five feet) into a dwelling of two stories with four fireplaces. This building still stands, west of the town center. Here the Gabriel Leggett family lived with both the Thomas and John families occupying it simultaneously. [...]

"In the parish of St. Mary's there are no extant parish registers of baptisms, marriages, or burials before 1599. Gabriel died November 2, 1609, and mentions his grandson Gabriel, father of the first American Gabriel, in his will. At the time of his death, Gabriel owned his own house and fifteen acres of farm land. The several acres and rood (14 acre) owned by the Leggetts abutting the land of a Mr. March were probably located in the vicinity of Grunty Fen, out towards Haddenham. The Marches owned a former manor called Gray's in the Haddenham area, several miles west of the city. It was fairly common to own parcels of land at a distance from one's dwelling.

"The fact that Gabriel owned a house and land at the time of his death indicates upward mobility for one who had been a laborer thirty-seven years earlier. Even such a small holding entitled him to call himself a 'yeoman.' Most yeomen of the fenlands had similarly small holdings. Their wealth came from cattle that they grazed on common lands in the fens." 
Leggett, Gabriel (I6483)
 
753 From Massachusetts and Maine Families in the Ancestry of Walter Goodwin Davis, citation details below:

The Parish of St. Edmund's, Salisbury, had been a stronghold of Puritanism since the resignation of Rev. Hugh Williams and the induction of Rev. Peter Thacher as rector by Bishop Davenport in 1622/3. Mr. Francis Dove, twice mayor of the city, was one of the wardens of St. Edmund's, and it is not surprising to find Christian Brown and her family, under his advice and protection, joining the group of their fellow parishioners who ventured forth from old Salisbury in 1638 to found a new Salisbury on the western continent where the persecution of Archbishop Laud could not follow them.

The courageous widow appears on the undated list of the first settlers of Salisbury, in the Massachusetts Bay Colony, among whom the common lands of the new town were first divided. She also received lands in the divisions of 1640 and 1641. She did not long survive the hardships which her adventure must have imposed upon her, however, and her death is recorded on December 28, 1641. 
Hibbert, Christian (I5682)
 
754 From Ogle and Bothal, citation details below:

In 1388, James, earl of Douglas, suddenly entered England and advanced as far as Brancepeth in Durham. Ou returning he lay three days before Newcastle, during which several skirmishes took place. The Scots then marched to Ponteland, took the castle there and then marched on to Otterburn where they encamped and entrenched themselves. The English, under Sir Henry Percy, surnamed Hotspur, after a forced march of thirty-six hours, attacked them on the 19th of August; Sir Henry had divided his forces into two parts, one was to attack, and the other, under Sir Maurice, called Sir Maw with the Red Mane, and Sir Robert Ogle, was to chase. Just however, as the English had carelessly thought they had gained a victory they were charged by the earl of Douglas, who fell, but the Scots rallying defeated the English, Sir Henry Percy and his brother, Sir Robert Ogle, and many others being taken prisoners. Sir Robert Angle of Bothal and Ogle, as he has been called, is described in the ballad of the battle as follows: —

The felde was his all yf yt he were take
The Vmfrevyle, Grey, Ogle and Redmayne
Held the felde hole yt might so for his sake
And knew nothyng witherwarde he was gayn.

From Complete Peerage X:26-7:

Sir Robert de Ogle, knight, grandson and heir, being son and heir of Robert de Ogle and Ellen Bertram, was born at Callerton, and baptised at Ponteland, 8 December 1353. Having sued his mother in Chancery in 1373 for his maintenance for 5 years, he proved his age in 1374, and had a writ of livery of the lands of his paternal grandfather and grandmother 4 February 1374/5. In January 1375/6 he had licence for divine service in the oratory in the chapel near Ogle Castle. He served under Sir Thomas de Felton in the expedition to Brittany in 1380, and was knighted before 12 March 1385/6. He took part in the battle of Otterburn in August 1388, and was appointed on various commissions in Northumberland in 1392. In 1393 he indented as Keeper of Berwick and the East March, 30 April to May. With his wife Joan he had an indult, December 1396, for a portable altar, and in February 1397/8 was chief commissioner to audit the accounts of the officials of Waldby, late Archbishop of York, who died deeply in debt to the King. He was one of six summoned from Northumberland to attend the King in Council at Westminster on 16 August 1401. He married, before 6 September 1372, Joan, 3rd daughter and coheir of Sir Alan de Heton. He died 31 October 1409 (j). His widow died 12 October 1416.

(j) Writ dated 8 Nov 1409; inquisition made 17 Apr following. On the other hand, his M.I. at Hexham; and--depicting the arms--and his will, dated there 7 Feb "1410", respectively show his death in 1410 and 1411, modern style. He desired to be buried at Whalton, but was actually interred at Hexham. He had younger sons: (i) John, upon whom, taking the name of Bertram, Bothal was settled by his grandmother, and, after her death, by his father, Feb 1405/6; (ii) Alexander, upon whom his father and mother settled the Hepple inheritance. Alexander predeceased his mother (dspm). Robert made a settlement on his daughters Margery and Elizabeth as early as 29 Sep 1374. A daughter called Margaret (query the said Margery) m. Robert, son of Nicholas de Raymes. 
Ogle, Robert (I7675)
 
755 From Swamp Yankee from Mystic by Roy N. Bohlander (1980):

Edward Stallyon came with his wife Margaret to New London with the others in 1651. Unlike many of them he stayed in town for over thirty years. He must have done well with his trading sloop from the beginning, for in 1660 he had one of the few stone houses in town. Very much the businessman, in 1673 he was fined 30 shillings for sailing his vessel from New London to Norwich on the Sabbath. In 1680 he had a new 30 ton sloop Edward and Margaret built by Hugh Mould.

About 1684 he built a house on the Pleasant Valley Road in Groton. It is still standing, and believed to be the oldest house in town. His daughter Deborah married James Avery, Jr. Edward died as he had lived--on the water. In May of 1703 he drowned while crossing the river to New London in his dugout canoe. Although he married three times, his daughter was his only heir. 
Stallion, Edward (I1705)
 
756 From The Bingham Family in the United States, citation details below:

Jeremiah was born in the Franklin section of Norwich, New London Co CT where his parents, Joseph and Rachel Ween Bingham, then lived. Based upon his date of entry into military service, he was probably born on 17 Apr 1760, but the Norwich records cite the name James, and not Jeremiah. [PNH: see note below.] By 1776 Jeremiah was apprenticed to Henry Baldridge in Bennington VT, but when the army recruiting sergeant came to Bennington, Jeremiah broke his apprentice agreement and joined the army. He served his first thirty-four months in Maj. Allen's company of Col. Rufus Putnam's MA regiment of the Continental Line, 20 Feb 1777 to 31 Dec 1779. He signed up for another year and a month, consequently, his final date of service was 31 Jan 1781. He would have been almost twenty-one when he was discharged. Jeremiah returned to Bennington where he stayed until about 1784 and then followed his uncle Jeremiah to Cornwall, Addison Co VT.

Jeremiah married in Cornwall, Mary Ives, 27 Nov 1786. The next month, they purchased nearly four acres adjoining their house lot. Near the end of 1788 when Jeremiah received his back military pay, he bought twenty-five acres from Edward Harris. This deed is most intriguing as it also recorded Harris's gift of five acres to Joseph Bingham. Joseph could have been Jeremiah's father or brother.

The births of Jeremiah and Mary's first three children were recorded in Cornwall, but not the births of the other children. The 1800 U.S. census for Cornwall credited the family with three boys under 10, one girl under 10, and one girl 10-16. The family was also enumerated in Cornwall in 1810. Several Cornwall deeds between 1789 amd 1793 indicate that Jeremiah sold portions of his twenty-five acres. In 1794, he bought thirty-four acres from Jared Ives, but sold it five months later in 1795. That deed was the last record for Jeremiah in Cornwall. His pension application file contains a statement by his uncle Jeremiah of Cornwall that he lived "here" in 1806 and his son, Aaron, stated that he died in 1813 during the late war with England.

Mary, his wife, married second, Abner Whipple, about 1820. Jeremiah's sons Reuben, Lucius and Jeremiah lived in Ontario, Canada in the late 1820, but by 1840 they had returned to the U.S. and all three lived in Knox Co IL. Son Jeremiah moved on to IA in 1845 where his mother Mary died.

*****

We are a little skeptical about Donna Bingham Munger's assertion that "[b]ased upon his date of entry into military service, he was probably born on 17 Apr 1760", since, as Munger observes, "the Norwich records [for a Bingham birth on that date] cite the name James, and not Jeremiah." It seems clear from records cited by Munger herself that James Bingham was a separate individual. We find it entirely plausible that Jeremiah was born in 1761, was an apprentice at fifteen, and ran away to join the army at approximately sixteen.

*****

Some online sites state that this Jeremiah Bingham fought in the War of 1812 as well as in the Revolution. We believe this is based on a misreading of son Aaron's 1849 statement, referred to in our entry for Jeremiah Bingham's wife Mary Ives, that Jeremiah "died during the late war with England in 1813." It seems clear that Aaron was merely noting the period of history during which his father died, not claiming that he father actually fought in that war. Most notably, after their mother's death, Aaron Bingham and his brothers Jeremiah, Joseph, and Lucius Augustus Bingham put a great deal of energy into proving their father's Revolutionary War service in order to obtain their portions of their mother's pension. If their father had also fought in the second war with England, this surely would have been mentioned in their various statements about his military history.

Jeremiah may, however, have been a recruiter during the war of 1812. Via Barbara Nielsen, we have a photocopy of a federal Bureau of Pensions form, undated but clearly produced between 1900 and 1909, since the pre-printed date line on top of the document reads "Washington, D.C., 190__". The top of the document is a form letter aimed at persons who have written to the Bureau in search of information about an ancestor's service in the Revolution or the War of 1812, and it requests that the correspondent please fill out the form at the bottom of the page and return it. The form at the bottom has been filled out by one Perry P. Young, requesting information about the service of this Jeremiah Bingham, and in the "additional information" space, Young writes that "family tradition" says that Jeremiah Bingham was a recruiter for the war of 1812. Young also states as a matter of fact that three of Jeremiah's sons, Calvin, Perry, and Joseph, fought in that war. 
Bingham, Jeremiah (I1293)
 
757 From The Bingham Family in the United States, citation details below:

Joseph was only ten months old when his father, Thomas, died in 1710. His uncle Jonathan was appointed his guardian in 1713 when Joseph's father's will was probated. But his mother, Hannah, had married, second, Daniel Tracy, who became the only father Joseph would have known.

At age twenty-two, Joseph married Ruth Post. They were admitted to the Second Church in Norwich, also called the Franklin Church, 4 Jan 1736. Their children Mary, Eunice, Joseph, Stephen, and Esther were also baptized in the Franklin Church. The family lived in the Franklin section of Norwich for over twenty years.

Joseph fought in the French and Indian War in 1758 as a 2nd Lt, 8th company, 2nd regiment under Capt. John Durkee and Col. Nathan Whiting and in 1759 as 1st Lieutenant, 3rd company, 4th regiment under Major John Durkee.

When Joseph left military service, he moved his family to Charlemont, then Hampshire Co MA, with the first party of settlers. This may have been as early as 1760 or as late as 1764. Children Lucretia, Jeremiah, and Calvin moved to Charlemont, with their parents. Esther and husband, and Lois and husband either went with Joseph and Ruth or joined them later.

About 1773, the two youngest sons, Jeremiah and Calvin, went to Bennington VT where they purchased a partially cleared farm which had an unfinished house. They soon brought their parents to live with them. Joseph and Jeremiah joined the First Church in Bennington 3 May 1776. Jeremiah and Calvin were voted freeman 10 Sep 1778 and as of 21 Jan 1779 Joseph was a freeman in Bennington. At the annual town meeting 31 March 1779, the freemen voted to pay Joseph Wilkins £4.04 for keeping Joseph Bingham's wife in 1770 (sic?).

When Joseph was a young man he was described as being six feet two inches tall, not fleshy, with a keen penetrating eye, an indomitable will, and uncommon muscular strength. He was a church member and deacon for many years, his conversation abounded in moral and religious instruction and he was a man of prayer. Thus it was that recovering from a broken hip at age sixty-eight, Joseph had his son Calvin carry him to town and from there called the older men, women, and children to the church and led them in prayer during the Battle of Bennington, Saturday 16 Aug 1777. Joseph's hip healed and he lived for ten more years.

From Early Vermont Settlers to 1784, citation details below:

Joseph enlisted as a private in Maj. William White's Company of Norwich on 12 September 1755, promoted to sergeant on 22 October, and discharged on 13 December 1755. Sgt. Joseph served now Lt. Col. William White from 5 April to 3 December 1756, and at one point was listed as sick at Fort Edward. Lt. Joseph next served "on command" [i.e. not on active duty at that date] Capt. John Durkee of Norwich in the 9th Company dated at Fort Edward on 19 October 1758 and again dated Norwich on 23 April 1759.

Joseph Bingham (1709-1787) = Ruth Post (1711-1796)
Jeremiah Bingham (1748-~1841) = Abigail (d. 1817)
Sylvia Bingham (1778-1812) = Aaron DeLong
Abigail DeLong (1799-1862) = Luman Field (1794-1846)
Lucinda Field (1819-1899) = William Heath (1815-1882)
James W. Heath (b. ~1847) = Alma Miranda Rhodes (1845-1904)
Charles R. Heath (1872-1933) = Alice Adaline Maria Oriel (1874-1902)
Charles F. Heath (1901-1980) = Nellie Marie Brandt (1900-1988)
Charles Richard Heath (1938- ) = Sarah Sheeran (1940- )
Sarah Louise Heath Palin (1964- ) 
Bingham, Deacon Joseph (I903)
 
758 From The Bingham Family in the United States, citation details below:

Joseph's birth on 14 Apr 1738 was recorded in the Norwich records, but he was baptized on 16 Apr in the Franklin church. He grew up in the Franklin section of Norwich and may have served in the militia in the French and Indian War. When he was twenty-one he married Rachel Ween 5 Jul 1759. In 1760, their first child was born and the birth recorded in the Norwich records under the name James. Joseph's other children's births are not recorded in Norwich and other records have not been found to document Joseph's life after 1760. Neither are there records for James. However, it is known that Joseph's parents moved to Charlemont MA in 1760 and to Bennington VT between 1773 and 1779 and that Joseph's son, Jeremiah 2nd, was an apprentice in Bennington in 1777.

*****

A document at familysearch.org claims that "Joseph served in the French and Indian war as a Quartermaster of a troop of horses, fifth regiment in May 1757. He was Cornet in Oct 1761, and Lieutenant in Oct 1764."

"The town of Bennington voted each year from 1768 to 1771 to aid Joseph who has been under confinement. This Joseph, wife Rachel, and their named children were warned out of Bennington in 1768. The town discussed moving Joseph back to Norwich and to try to recover costs from Norwich in 1770. The town, again, voted assistance for the doctoring, nursing, and board for Joseph in 1771." [Early Vermont Settlers to 1784, citation details below.]

The town records of Charlemont, Massachusetts show payments in Dec 1773 to "Joseph Bingham, for work at the Road 6/ [shillings/pence], Calvin Bingham, for work at the Road 13/6, Daniel Kinsley, for work at the Road 30/6." If these Binghams are ours, this would be more likely to be this Joseph, as his father Joseph was 64 in 1773. 
Bingham, Joseph (I6762)
 
759 From The Bingham Family in the United States, citation details below:

Thomas died age forty-two. As Thomas's widow, Hannah refused to administer his estate on 8 July 1712 when inventory was filed, brother Stephen was administrator. Thomas's will was filed 26 Sep 1713; distribution of personal and real property valued at £1401 was to wife and children.

Thomas's early death compared to his siblings has caused much speculation. This genealogy, however, shows a pattern of early male death in selected heirs of Thomas. Cause of death was invariably heart disease, or more specifically, endocarditis. Evidence points in favor of a genetically transmitted rheumatic fever ending in early heart attack for those who survived childhood. 
Bingham, Sgt. Thomas (I3825)
 
760 From The Bingham Family in the United States, citation details below:

With his brothers Reuben and Jeremiah 2nd Jr., and his mother and her second husband, Abner Whipple, Lucius Augustus and his family moved west to near Brockville, Upper Canada about 1829. None of them appeared on the NY 1830 federal census. The group remained in Canada until the late 1830s when they decided to embrace the Mormon religion and moved to Henderson, Knox Co IL, near Nauvoo. They may have passed through Oswego Co NY where brother Aaron lived. Lucius, Reuben, and Jeremiah 2nd Jr. were all enumerated on the IL 1840 U.S. census. By 1850, part of the group had moved on to near Council Bluffs, Pottawattamie Co IA, but it is not clear what happened to Lucius Augustus. He was not named on the IA 1850 federal census, but his oldest son was. There is also a record of a child born to him and second wife Rebecca White at Harrison Co IA in 1853. Instead of going on to Utah, Lucius Augustus remained in IA and died in 1857. 
Bingham, Lucius Augustus (I2443)
 
761 From The Chetwynds of Ingestre, citation details below:

Adam de Chetwynd of Cublesdon, the youngest of the three brothers, was a very weathy man. He was one of those younger sons who, combining the local banker with the country lawyer, had great opportunities of enriching themselves by money-lending or by purchasing bankrupt estates, now and then. In a contemporary deed he is addressed as "Our beloved Clerk." It may have been as a means of improving his security for the repayment of loans that at the Shropshire Assizes in 1272, Robert de Momford, lord of Idsall, publickly acknowledged a debt of 50 marks due to him; Thomas Corbet of Tasley owning to another of 100s. and Robert Bolyter (Botiller) of Wem, another of £10 8s 0d. In that year he was living at Prestwood in the forest of Kinver in Staffordshire, where he was nearly caught in the meshes of the Forest Law. At the pleas of the forest in 1286 a presentment was made by his kingsman John FitzPhilip of Barlaston, the chief forester, that in 1272 Ralph de Wastenays of Tixall and Philip le Barynton of Creighton, hear Uttoxeter, had come into the forest on the Sunday after St Hilary with greyhounds and bows and arrows, and took a hind and a feccon (fawn) of a hind and carried the venison to the house of Adam de Chetwinde, who is now dead (1286). The others did not appear, but Wastnays was arrested by the sheriff and committed to prison till the case could be heard by the freeholders (the Swan-mote), but the final sentence had to be deferred till the judges came round. This was not till fourteen years later, when the offenders were fined 40s and ordered to find sureties. In March, 1274, Adam was the King's Escheator in Cheshire and North Shropshire. During his tenure of office, Ellesmere Castle escheated to the King by the death of Hamo le Strange in the service of the Cross [in Palestine], and Chetwynd was put in charge. The jurors of Pemhill, the Hundred in which Ellesmere was situated, made a presentment that Chetwynd had appropriated 100s worth of timber provided for the building (or repair) of the Caslte and carried it to his own house at Aldredescote. But if Aldredescote is Alscot or Aldrescote in Wrockwardine Hundred, which was another manor of Hamo le Strange, Chetwynd may probably be acquitted of the charge of using timber for his own purposes. In October 1275, he was employed with Roger le Ross in assessing the Fifteenth in Gloucestershire, a tax voted by Parliament; and in March, 1279, he was in a commission with William Bagod and Master Adam de Bobinton, the counsellor, to enquire into the conduct of the sheriff of Staffordshire in compelling persons to take the degree of knighthood.

Adam de Chetwynd is usually designated as of Cublesdon, but it is impossible to say exactly what rights he held there. Walter Chetwynd, writing in the latter half of the 17th century, says: "The lord of Cublesdon have ever since the time of Edward I held certain lands within that manor by service of a Knight's fee and £5 of yearly rent, of the Chetwynds of Ingestre, but what lands they are or by whom first granted I have not been able to discover." Cublesdon or Cubleston (now Kibblestone) was a large manor containing a number of hamlets in the parish of Stone. It was held by the Pantulfs, barons of Wem in Shropshire, under Roger Montgomery, Earl of Shrewsbury, soon after the Conquest. One William de Pantulf gave the canons of Stone the tithes, which his predecessors had kept for themselves - for the maintenance of a priest to say mass "in his chapel at Cublesdon"; from which we may infer that the Pantulfs had a manor house there. Pantulf's son, another William, who had an estate at Hales (Sheriff Hales) in Shropshire as well as Cublesdon, died in 1253, leaving a widow, known as "Alyse Lady of Halys," and an only daughter Roesia or Rose, married to William Trussell who was slain at Evesham in 1265. William Trussell, their son and heir, was born in 1261, and was consequently a minor at his father's death, but was of full age when his mother died in 1294, and succeeded to her estates at Cublesdon and Hales. Meantime Chetwynd and his wife Eva may have been in occupation of Cublesdon, holding it of the Lady of Hales. He is found buying estates all round, as Eva did after him. William Trussell took up his residence there afterwards, for he had a park at Cublesdon in the 4th Edward II, when some of the Swinnertons were charged at the assizes with breaking in vi et armis and chasing and taking 20 bucks and does, for which William claimed £100 as damages. The same day they broke into Vivian de Staundon's park at Fenton near Stoke. The Trussells lived at Cublesdon for many generations. Another William was one of the adherents of Thomas Earl of Lancaster, and fled the kingdom, but afterwards returning with Queen Isabel, 20 Edward II, was chosen Speaker of the House of Commons. HIs grandson, Sir William Trussell, "then residing at Cublesdon," was made admiral of the fleet from the mouth of the Thames to Berwick on Tweed, and 16 Edward III was summoned to Parliament as a baron. Another, Sir John, attended the Black Prince at Poictiers, but died the same year at Cublesdon, leaving Margaret, wife of Fulc de Pembruge, his daughter and heir, then only 14 years of age. After which Sir Fulc dying childless, his estate passed to Sir Richard Vernon of Harlaston, who took the name of Pembruge, and after him to Sir William Trussell of Acton Trussell. Though Cublesdon was so long their residence there are no remains of a house, but I think there can be little doubt it stood at the bottom of the valley opposite Kibblestone Hall.

. . . Adam Chetwynd also purchased rents at Hilderston in 1278 from Burnel, Bishop of Bath and Wells, for which he paid the bishop 200 silver marks. His son John was mesne-lord of Hilderston in 1284. The Hugfords were his tenants there. It afterwards passed to the Belves (33 Edward III) and from them by a daughter to Sir Robert Sheffield, Knight, Recorder of London, whose son passed to away to Gilbert Gerard, Mater of the Rolls, temp Elizabeth. Adam also bouth lands at Berry Hill and Barlaston - all lying within the compass of a day's walk from Cublesdon - from his kinsman, John FitzPhilip, the chief forester, which he settled on his son John and his heirs, with remainder to his other children in succession. We have seen him purchasing the wardship at Chetwynd, and he had two other wardships at Tixall and Ipstones. Just before his death he appeared in person before Ralph de Hengham, the Chief Justice of England, at Maer, to answer a complaint of Richard de Okeover and his wife that he had unjustly deprived them of a messuage and lands at Ipstones. He proved that the heir was in ward to him and still under age. Chewynd died in the autumn of 1282, for on the 28th December, his widow, Eva de Oswaldestre, appealed to the king at Rhuddlan Castle in North Cymru, where he was holding his first Welsh Parliament, to complain that the sheriff had unjustly deprived her of her rights. Thereupon an enquiry held at Stafford in January, and the jurors found her entitled to the custody of Tixall, Ipstones, Weston, and Chetwynd, for they all had been given her by her husband some time before his death. 
de Chetwynd, Adam (I5387)
 
762 From The Chetwynds of Ingestre, citation details below:

Reginald de Chetwynd, the son of the first wife, was an acolyte when he was presented to the rectory of Chetwynd, but if I have rightly interpreted the Plea Roll quoted above, he must have been born prior to 1292, and at least six-and-twenty when he was inducted and allowed a year's dispensation to study. An acolyte in the Roman Catholic Church is not necessarily a boy. The term was applied to any young person whose mind was set upon Holy Orders. The practice of conferring livings on youths of even tender age, and allowing them to retire for study afterwards, was not uncommon in Langton's episcopate. We have seen how the elder Reginald surrendered his estate to his cousin in 1318. Five and twenty years later (1344) another fine was enrolled at Westminster between Sir John and his son the parson of Chetwynd. By the first settlement the younger Reginald would become next heir at his father's death, but as a priest he could neither hold land himself nor could his daughter, being held to be illegitimate, though at this time many of the English clergy were married and living with their families in their parsonages, just as their successors do now. A common legal fiction must therefore be devised to ensure the inheritance to his daughter. Accordingly, a suitable match having been first provided for the young lady, and Sir John having recognised his son's right under the former settlement, Reginald granted his estate back to his father for life, with remainder afterwards to Richard, son of Adam de Peshale, and his wife Joan. Thus the priest's daughter is ingeniously kept out of sight, and Sir John's estate, passing direct to Peshale at his death, was saved from the Church, "that great gulf," as Blackstone says, "in which all the property in the kingdom was in danger of being swallowed up." Once more we hear of Reginald when he exchanged livings with John de Downton of Kynnersley in 1351, but he returned to Chetwynd at his death. Captain Symonds describes the monument he saw in 1645--"In the middle of the chancel a flat stone, an ancient cross with floreated staff resting on a lion. On the right side of the cross a circular shield bearing the coat of Chetwynd."



Gough also saw it in 1790, and describes it as "that of a priest entitled to bear arms." The church which Gough saw was a plain brick structure adjoining the house, pulled down a few years ago. 
de Chetwynd, Reginald (I2565)
 
763 From The Farwell Family:

"He is buried in South Nashua, N. H. At the time of his death the town of Nashua, N. H., was a part of the old township of Dunstable, Mass. When the boundary dispute between Mass. and New Hampshire was settled this change in name was brought about. [...] Joseph Farwell is styled in the Old Dunstable records 'Ensign Farwell.' He was, immediately after his settlement in the town, employed in various offices in the town business. He was selectman in 1701, 2, 5, 7, 10, and also at earlier dates, highway surveyor in 1706, and on important committees in 1702, 7, 12, 16 and 17. In 1710 Ensign Farwell, Thomas Lund and Joseph Blanchard, selectmen, petitioned the Assembly for aid in supporting the ministry, and in 1711 it is recorded that they received £10 from the Assembly towards payment of salary of Mr. Paris. He was 'Ensign' of the Chelmsford Military Co., 1687-1695."

From Diana Gale Matthiesen's site, Joseph Farwell's will. [Dated 13 Nov 1711, probated 16 Jan 1722-1723. Sourced to "the Winslow Farr Sr. Family Organization web site". It would seem to prove that Hannah Learned was alive on 13 Nov 1711, rather than dying in 1695 as I previously recorded.]

In the Name of the Lord God Amen Joseph Farwell of The town Dunstable in the County of Middefs in the province of the Massachulets Bay in Newengland yeoman being of Sound and Perfect memory praise be given to god for the same yit knowing the uncertainty of this Life on Earth and being Desirous to Settle things in order Do Make and ordain this to be my Last Will and Testament. Hereby Revoking all former Wills by me made and signed to be null and of none Effect icc In Primas My Soule I give unto the hand of allmighty god that gave it in sure and certaine hopes of Eternaul Life through our alone Lord and Saiover Jesus Christ and my body to the Earth from whence it came to be Deceantly Interred at the Discretion of My Executors x hereafter Named and after my funerall expences and the Debts satisfied And Paid What Worldly goods it hath pleased god to Endow me with all I Do give and bequeath in manner as followeth Item I Do: give unto My beloved Wife Hannah Farewell all my moveable goods both within the boufe and abroad of all sorts Whatsoever to be at her disposall for ever excepting one paire of Andirons. Item I do give and bequeath to my Son Oliver ffarewel and to his Heirs executors Administrators for ever the one half of My housings and Lands which I have now in my possession when he shall Attaine to the age of twenty one years allso I do give to him one paire of Andirons: Aflso I do give and bequeath to him my son Oliver Farewell and to his Heirs the other part of all my Houfings and Lands which I have in pofselsion after my Deceafe and after the Deceafe of my Wife Hannah ffarewell if in the meanetime of our Lives he doth take the whole care of us Both And to provide all things comfortable and Necefsary for us both in sickness and in health and to bestow upon us or either of us A decent Burial: Hereby Authorizing and fully Impowering my Beloved wife Hannah If arewel and my son Henry ffarewell to be whole and sole executors Joyntly and Severally of this my Lash Will and Testament In Witness Whereof I have hereunto subscribed as Witness my hand and ieall the thirteenth Day of November Anno Domin one thousand seven hundred and eleven, and in the tenth year of her Majestie's Reighn of E

ssigned sealed And published

to be the Last will and testament of Joseph I farewell

In presence of us

Ames Chever
Samuel Moody
John Meriam. jr.

Before signing and sealing it is to be understood that all my other Children both sons and Daughters have Received their full portions of me allready

Jofeph farwell Seal 
Farwell, Ensign Joseph (I2979)
 
764 From The Friend, volume 69, no. 33, 7 Mar 1896, p. 258:

Earliest Friends in America.

While engaged upon a family genealogy I have come upon some items relating to very early Friends in this country. I send these to The Friend hoping not only that they will interest its readers, but also that some among them may be able to add to our store of information, and thus help to determine who were the earliest Friends in America.

Mary Fisher and Anne Austin landed in Boston in Fifth Month (now Seventh), 1656 and were supposed to have been the first Friends to visit this country. After five weeks of imprisonment they were banished to Barbadoes, without having had any liberty or been allowed to converse with any one except their persecutors. Two days after they sailed for Barbadoes, still prisoners, eight more English Friends landed at Boston, and these also were cast into prison, where they remained for eleven weeks, when they were sent back to London. These are the first Friends of whom history tells us; but that there were Friends in fact if not in name, in the town of Sandwich, Mass., before that time there appears no doubt.

In the year 1653 Edward Perry of Sandwich, was married to Mary, daughter of Edmond Freeman, by Friends ceremony. The exact date we do not know, as the leaf upon which it was afterwards recorded in the record book of Sandwich Monthly Meeting, by the clerk (Edward Perry himself), is gone from the book. But this marriage is indexed as the first in those records. The record of the marriage of the sister of Edward Perry to Robert Harper is still to be found in this old book. It reads as follows:

"Robert Harper and Deborah Perry took one another in marriage in ye third moneth of ye yeare one thousand six hundred and fiftye and foure: 1654".

The wording of this record would indicate that they took each other after the custom of Friends, and that they were not married by either minister or magistrate. 
Perry, Deborah (I5007)
 
765 From The Great Migration Begins:

"John Hewes arrived in Scituate in 1632. He was a surveyer of highways in 1652 and 1653, constable in 1659. He built a 'small plain palisado house' in Scituate before September 1634, then build a second house in 1636 and sold the first one to John Cooper. (There was another John Hewes, junior to this one, in Scituate, probably the one called 'the Welshman.')

"John requested admission 6 Mar 1638 and was addmitted freeman 3 Dec 1639. Hew was surveyer of highways in 1652 and 1653, constable 1659." 
Hewes, John (I4859)
 
766 From The Gresleys of Drakelowe by Falconer Madan (Oxford, 1899):

[Peter de Gresley] married Johanna, daughter and co-heiress of Sir Robert de Stafford and a lineal descendant of the Toenis. Very shortly after her husband's death, she was forcibly abducted from her manor of Drakelowe, which had been assigned to her by her eldest son, and carried off to Swinnerton by Sir John de Swinnerton and others. There she was detained for a long time, and it is certainly noticeable that we hear nothing of her for some years after this event. Justice was slow, and not till 1321-4 was Sir John brought to trial, when he produced a pardon from the King dated May 25, 1310! However, before 1320 Johanna must have escaped, for she was then the wife of Sir Walter de Montgomery (a connexion of the Swinnertons), who died in 1322 or 1323. The violence of the times can be as well gathered from the following single incident as from a catalogue of crimes. On Sept 23, 1323, Johanna is found abetting her sons Peter and Robert de Gresley in the murder of Sir William de Montgomery, son of her late husband Sir Walter "on the high road under the park of Seal!"

Philippa the widow of the murdered man procured the arrest of all three, but they were acquitted! Again in 1333 she was accused of murder and again acquitted. After these records -- and they are only samples -- one is not surprised to hear of her own strong-box being broken into at Drakelowe in 1323-4. At last in or before 1342 her turbulent life is ended.

-----

[Note: Rosie Bevan, in reproducing the above passage on SGM, 24 Nov 2002, noted that Madan's death date for Sir Walter de Montgomery is incorrect and that in fact he appears to have been alive when his son William was murdered.] 
de Stafford, Joan (I3333)
 
767 From The History of the County Palatine and City of Chester, by George Ormerod (citation details below), volume 1, pp. 476-77:

[Sir Hugh de Dutton] also had the magistracy, or rule and authority, over all the letchers and whores of all Cheshire, granted unto him and his heirs, by John constable of Cheshire and baron of Halton, as freely as the said John held the same of the earl of Chester, saving the right of the said John to him and his heirs; which are the very words of the deed, only rendered by me in English. Lib. C. fol. 154, h. So that he holds it, as it were, under the baron of Halton, who reserves his own right by a special reservation.

This privilege over such loose persons was granted first under Roger Lacy constable of Cheshire, under Richard the First, by Randle, surnamed Blundevill, earl of Chester, in memory of his good service done to the earl in raising the siege of the Welsh-men, who had beset the earl in his castle of Rothelent in Flintshire; for the constable having got a promiscuous rabble of such like persons together, and marching towards the said castle, the Welsh, supposing a great army to be coming, raised their siege and fled. So saith the ancient roll of the barons of Halton. Lib. C. fol. 85, b. Monasticon Anglicanum, 2 pars, pag. 187. This roll saith, that rabble consisted of players, fidlers, and shoe-makers. The deed here toucheth letchers and whores. The privilege and custom used at this day by the heirs of Dutton, is over the minstrelsie and common fidlers, none being suffered to play in this county without the licence of the lord of Dutton, who keeps a court at Chester yearly, on Midsomer-day, for the same, where all the licenced minstrels of Cheshire do appear, and renew their licences; so that the custom seems to have been altered to the fidlers, as necessary attendants on revellers in bawdy-houses and taverns.

And it is to be observed, that those minstrels which are licensed by the heirs of Dutton of Dutton, within the county-palatine of Chester, or the county of the city of Chester, according to their ancient custom, are exempted out of the statute of rogues, 39 Eliz. cap. 4. 
de Dutton, Hugh (I9367)
 
768 From The Old Families of Salisbury and Amesbury [citation details below]:

He recd. "children's land" 1659, meeting house seat 1667; signed petition of `680; "show-shoe man" 1708, etc. 
Huntington, John (I5656)
 
769 From The Old Families of Salisbury and Amesbury [citation details below]:

William Huntington, "planter," of Salisbury and Amesbury, m. Joanna Bailey. He was commoner and taxed in S., 1650, recd. land in S. 1654; one of the first settlers of A., 1654-5, where he recd. land 1654-64, a "township" for his son, 1660; meeting house seat 1667; freed from training 1670; oath al. Dec, 1677, etc. He d. ab. 1689. Wife Joanna liv. 1662, per. dead in 1663, as Jarrett Haddon and Isaac Colby then testified to her consent to a deed. 
Huntington, William (I5664)
 
770 From The Origins of Some Anglo-Norman Families, by Lewis C. Lloyd. Charles Travis Clay and David C. Douglas, eds. [Leeds: Harleian Society, 1951]:

The family were well-known and extensive under-tenants of the Ferrers earls of Derby, and descended from Ralf [de Bachepuz] who in 1086 held of Henry de Ferrers in Berkshire and Derbyshire. The distance of Bacquepuits from Ferrieres-St-Hilaire, the caput of the Norman barony, is 35 kil., and moreover it was held of the counts of Evreux. On the other hand the count of Evreux received but little land in England at the Conquest, and in 1086 he held lands of small extent in Berkshire and Oxfordshire, on none of which were there enfeoffed under-tenants. In such circumstances it would be natural that a man from Bacquepuits seeking fortune overseas should attach himself to a neighbouring baron who had obtained such vast estates in England as had Henry de Ferrers. When to this is added the fact that no other Bacquepuits is known to exist the provenance may be considered to be reasonably certain. 
de Bakepuiz, Ralph (I8742)
 
771 From The Winthrop Woman, a historical novel by Anya Seton (Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1958):

"There's Will now," Elizabeth cried, suddenly catching sight of his tall figure standing at the gate and talking to someone. "Isn't he splendid in that new scarlet coat? I had a time getting the everlasting leather jerkin off him."

Anneke laughed. "Bess, you look at your husband, eager as a girl vith her first sveetheart. And at your age, lieveling!"

"Aye -- " said Elizabeth breathing deep. Then she added slowly, "Why, he's talking to the young widow Thorne, she seems to be the first arrival."

Anneke glanced sideways at her friend, and knowing Elizabeth as she did, sensed a withdrawal, though Elizabeth's face showed nothing. Anneke examined the widow Thorne who was very pretty, had dark curly hair, and a roguish smile. She was demurely droved in black, with a plain white collar. She looked about twenty-five. Anneke had never seen the young woman before and was struck by a resemblance to someone. In a moment she realized to whom. In coloring, and height, in the tilt of the head while laughing up at Will, there was a suggestion of Elizabeth as she had been when Anneke first met her in Watertown over twenty years ago.

"Do you see much of this widow Thorne?" asked Anneke, carefully counting the stitches on her needle.

"From time to time," said Elizabeth, and went on with some incoherence. "Susannah Thorne lives over in Maspeth with her father Mr. Booth, rather lonely for her, and she comes to visit the girls. The Thornes were Dorset folk so Will and Susannah often reminisce too. I expect she'll marry soon again."

"No doubt," said Anneke, knitting fast while she had an uneasy thought. Will Hallet was only thirty-nine, and men of about that age were susceptible. Her Toby was much younger than she, but it did not matter, since romantic passion had never been their bond, and she neither inquired nor cared what he did on his voyages. When Will and Susannah Thorne walked over to them, Anneke favored the pair with a sharp stare. But Will gave his wife his usual warm attentive look, while Susannah cried in sincere pleasure, "Oh, Mrs. Hallet, I'm so glad to see you! What a wonderful day for Hannah's fete!"

Elizabeth smiled, and pressed Susannah's hand with extreme cordiality because the thoughts which had just occurred to Anneke, she had already suffered many times; ever since she had first seen the pretty young widow, and the resemblance to her younger self, and Will's unconscious response to it.

-----

William Hallet was the third and final husband of Elizabeth Fones, who had previously been married to Henry Winthrop and Robert Feake. After Elizabeth died in 1655, William Hallet married Susanna (Booth) Thorne, as her second husband. The marriage ended in divorce in 1674. 
Booth, Susannah (I6821)
 
772 From Van Zee, Babcock, Brooks, Valentine and related families by Valentine Van Zee (citation details below):

"RICHARD VALENTINE was most likely a young man between twenty-five and thirty years when he arrived at Hempstead, as one of the earliest settlers. He died there between October 1683 and 1685. Whether or not he was married at the time he arrived cannot be determined by the few remaining records; if not, he would have married soon after. No record has ever surfaced which give us the name of his wife. Over the years her first name has been given as Jane, Mary and Deborah. Some of the confusion may have originated with the census of 1698 which lists the "Widow Valentine as head of household, residing with her is her son Nathan, and a Jane Valentine, (unidentified). Mary, probably stems from the Cheesman connection, see below. The best guess is that her name was DEBORAH; not only is it also presented by earlier researcher, but in addition is a name carried down through subsequent generations. She was still living in 1704/5, when her son, Richard, made certain provisions for her.

"It has been suggested that Richard may have been born in Lancashire County, England. Various researchers on the subject have stated he was a lineal descendant of Richard Valentine (Valentyn/Le Valentyn) of the Parish of Eccles, Lancashire, England, a proven ancestor of the New England Valentines. It has been proposed that he came to this country with the Winthrop-Saltonstall party to Watertown, Massachusetts. Said to have settled first at Wethersfield, Hartford County, Connecticut in 1634, from where he joined the New Haven colony and crossed the Long Island sound to Hempstead in 1644. To date no records have been found that substantiate any of these claims." 
Valentine, Richard (I1803)
 
773 From Bonnie Johnson, Susanna North Martin:

During the first 23 years of her marriage, Susanna's name appears twice in public records. In 1647 or 48 she was fined 20 shillings for an unnamed offense and in 1667 her husband George objected to her seat placement in the meeting house. Perhaps he felt it was below her station.

From Wikipedia:

In 1669, Susannah was first formally accused of witchcraft by William Sargent, Jr. In turn, George Martin sued Sargent for two counts of slander against Susannah, one for accusing her of being a witch, and another for claiming one of her sons was a bastard and another was her "imp". Martin withdrew the second count, but the Court upheld the accusation of witchcraft. A higher court later dismissed the witchcraft charges.

From Bonnie Johnson, op. cit.:

George [Martin] was awarded (in what appears to be a public insult) the amount of "a white wampam peague (colonial currency) or the eighth part of a penny damage" by the magistrates.

From Kate Murphy, Susannah Martin:

At the same time as the first accusations of witchcraft Susannah and her husband were involved in a series of legal battles over her inheritance. In [1667] her father, Richard North, died leaving two daughters, a granddaughter and his second wife to share his sizable estate. To the surprise of Susannah and her sister, they received only a tiny portion while the bulk of the estate passed to his second wife, who died soon after her husband. Susannah's stepmother left the majority of North's estate to his granddaughter, continuing the exclusion of Susannah and her sister. From 1671 to 1674 Susannah's husband and her sister pursued a series of appeals, all of which were ultimately unsuccessful.

From Rebecca Beatrice Brooks, Susannah Martin: Accused Witch from Salisbury:

[W]ith the death of her husband in 1686, Susannah was left a poor, defenseless widow. When she was accused of witchcraft for the final time in 1692, she had no one to come to her rescue.

According to Susannah's arrest warrant, she was accused by the afflicted Salem village girls: Mary Walcott, Abigail Williams, Ann Putnam, Jr., and Mercy Lewis.

Since they lived in different villages, it is not known how these girls knew Susannah, but it is possible they heard about her bad reputation from others and made the decision to accuse her.

After her arrest in Amesbury on May 2, Susannah was brought to Salem where she was questioned by Judge John Hathorne and Judge Corwin and twice underwent a humiliating physical examination in an effort to find a witch's teet that prosecutors believed witches used to feed their familiars.

No such mark was found but the examiner did make a note that "in the morning her nipples were found to be full as if the milk would come," but later in the day "her breasts were slack, as if milk had already been given to someone or something."

From Kate Murphy, op. cit.:

During the course of her examination and trial 15 of Martin's neighbors accused her of afflicting them through her specter, by pinching them or causing their farm animals to die. The Reverend Cotton Mather believed her to be "one of the most impudent, scurrilous, wicked Creatures in the World." Brave and outspoken, Martin refused to allow her accusers to shake her convictions. Standing in the courtroom, confronted by girls seemingly writhing from "afflictions" they blamed on her, Martin maintained that she only "desire[d] to lead my self according to the word of God." Asked what she then made of the afflicted girls, she courageously suggested that they might be the ones under the devil's influence, reminding the judges that, "He [the devil] that appeared in the sam[e] shape a glorifyed saint can appear in any ones shape." Her vehement denials made no difference; the court only took her defiance as proof of her reprobate character.

See also the testimony against her by William Brown (1615-1706) and Jarvis Ring (1658-1728).

From Bonnie Johnson, op. cit.:

On Tuesday, July 19, 1692 Susanna Martin, Sarah Good, Rebecca Nurse, Sarah Wilde, and Elizabeth Howe were taken from their cells, put into a cart, and driven to Proctor's Ledge. While Rebecca Nurse prayed, Rev. Nicholas Noyes exhorted Sarah Good to confess saying, "You are a witch, and you know you are a witch." She replied, calling him a liar and saying that she was no more a witch than he was a wizard and...if you take away my life, God will give you blood to drink." Tradition says that Rev. Noyes died of an internal hemorrhage, bleeding profusely from the mouth.

From David L. Greene, "Salem Witches III: Susanna Martin", citation details below:

In 1711, the General Court granted compensation to many of the victims or their heirs, but Susanna's children made no application to the authorities and they received nothing. Susanna was not among those whose attainder was lifted.

From John Greenleaf Whittier, "The Witch's Daughter":

"Let Goody Martin rest in peace;
I never knew her harm a fly,
And witch or not, God knows -- not I.

"I know who swore her life away;
And as God lives, I'd not condemn
An Indian dog on word of them." 
North, Susanna (I5796)
 
774 From Chris Phillips, Some Corrections and Additions to The Complete Peerage:

Alice was a kinswoman of Queen Eleanor, presumably through a descent of her father from the queen's Fiennes cousins [J. C. Parsons, The Court and Household of Eleanor of Castile in 1290 (Toronto, 1977), pp. 48-50]. John and Alice were married by 28 March 1287 [ibid., p. 50, citing P.R.O. SC 1/45/46], and Alice was still living in Easter Term 1309 [M. S. Arnold, ed., Select Cases of Trespass from the King's Court, 1307-1399, vol. 1 (Selden Society 100, 1985), pp. 126, 127].

Alice is one of a group of four "damsels" of the chamber who appear frequently throughout Queen Eleanor's wardrobe account book for 1289-90 and in one entry are described as kinswomen of the queen. That Alice's kinship came through her father is indicated by a reference in 1286 to the lord (dominus) de la Plaunche as a kinsman of the queen [Parsons, loc. cit., p. 50, citing P.R.O. E 101/352/4, m. 4]. A descent from the queen's Fiennes cousins is suggested by the later presence of a family known as "de Fiennes de la Plaunche" in the Boulonnais, bearing arms similar to those of the Fiennes family. 
de la Plaunche, Alice (I2387)
 
775 From Descendants of Richard Coomes:

September 3, 1796, Nelson County marriage bond: William Coomes -- Rachel Coomes, bond Richard Coomes
 
From Daviess County records, the will of William Coomes -- written in May 1834 -- probated in June 1844. Wife: Rachel. Daughters: Teresy Wallace, Mary Margaret, and Elizabeth Coomes. Sons: Charles, Felix, Benedict, and William Peter Coomes.
 
William was one of the first Catholic settlers in Daviess County, arriving at a time when the county was still a wilderness.  Early Church records reveal that William often used his home as the first meeting place in the county for those first Catholic settlers. He sold land on 2 October 1837 for the building of a new church.
 
An early lawsuit of Daviess County, dated Feb 3, 1816 indicates that William was in Daviess County prior to 1830 to survey land and purchase property. The lawsuit references lots purchased in Owensboro on May 6, 1817, yet the first recorded deed in the courthouse is dated Aug 12, 1835.
 
William's will was written on May 8, 1841, but not probated until July 3, 1844. Noted on the original document at the courthouse that a fire destroyed the original document and that the family requested it be copied in its originality back into the will book. His son, Felix, was the administrator of his estate. 
Coomes, William John (I10779)
 
776 From Donald Lines Jacobus, "The Four Spencer Brothers -- Their Ancestors and Descendants" (citation details below):

Michael(1) Spencer, baptized at Stotfold, Beds, England, 5 May 1611, died at Lynn, Mass., in 1653; married Isabel ______, who died at Salem, Mass., 9 Oct 1674, having married second, Thomas Robbins, a carpenter, of Salem, born about 1618, living 1681. Robbins married second, 11 Mar 1674/5, Mary (Gould), widow of Richard Bishop.

Michael is the only one of the four brothers of whose family we lack a complete account. Administration on his estate was granted, 29 Nov 1653, to Gerard Spencer, who was also then living in Lynn, and Gerard was called his brother when he brought in the inventory. The estate was small and was ordered sold "for the bringing up of Michael's children." On 30 Nov 1654 we read that Thomas Robbins of Salem had some of the estate and, with the consent of Gerard Spencer, was to keep it, as Robbins had a child of the deceased to bring up, Michael, aged six years. This is almost certain evidence that Michael's widow had married Robbins, especially as in 1657 she is mentioned as having a young son.

It is possible that Isabel was not the first wife of Michael Spencer, and that he had more children than have been discovered. His proved son Michael settled in East Greenwich, R.I., where a John Spencer had earlier settled. That, and the fact that John named a son Michael, establishes a presumption that John was an older son of Michael of Lynn. There is, moreover, some direct evidence. The will of Michael(2) of East Greenwich in 1723 named his friend and kinsman Major Thomas Fry and Thomas Spencer overseers. The latter was a son of John(2), and obviously chosen because he was a relative. Major Thomas Fry was a prominent man, later Deputy-Governor. Michael Spencer witnessed a deed, 11 Mar 1688/9, which this Thomas Fry of East Greenwich had from his father, Thomas Fry, Sr. On 14 July 1710, Thomas Fry deeded to his "cousin" John Spencer, for love, 13 1/2 rods for a burial place. This was John(3) Spencer Jr., son of John(2). It thus appears that both Spencer families of East Greenwich, those of John and Michael, were related in some way to Thomas Fry.

The notion that John Spencer of East Greenwich was nephew of John Spencer of Newbury has already been considered and dismissed as false in the first chapter of our account. We conclude that John was son of Michael(1). 
Spencer, Michael (I2931)
 
777 From Donald Lines Jacobus, "The Four Spencer Brothers -- Their Ancestors and Descendants," citation details below:

"The recorder in entering the burial of Ann Spencer, widow, paid her respect by the following tribute: 'the good hospitality keeper; and she did give to the towneship of Edworth ii of her best bease [beasts] to be lett to ii pore folks in the towns for iii s. a cow & the parson & churchwarden to have the letting of them & the distributing of the money to the poor & to se the stock maintained etch of them to have iii d. of the vi s. for the panes to se this truly done acording to her last will.'

"Her will, dated 13 June 1560, proved 21 Apr 1561, calls her Widow, in Edworth, Beds., and names her son Gerard (aged 17); son Michael, to have the chest that was his brother John's; John Spencer, son Michael's child, to have £20; Elisabeth Lymer, to have £4 at marriage; Alice Aystin, to have a calf; servants; for the mending of "London Brygge waye," 10 s.; brother Edward's children, to have the £1 that he borrowed of her, and the barley he gave her sons to his children; Nicholas Merryll and John Merryll his brother, to have the barley their father gave her sons; and the poor of Edworth, to have the gift already mentioned. Michael Spencer was a witness.

"From this will we gain the impression that our Spencer family at that period was of the yeoman class, and somewhat better off than the average village family of the time and place. Whether they were in origin a younger branch of an older gentry family, or a more humble clan which by industry and good fortune had improved its lot, we are not in a position to affirm. It would be necessary to prove the parentage and more remote ancestry of John Spencer, Sr., by documentary evidence, before claiming any specific connection with any other Spencer family in England. From the terms of the will, it would seem that Anne's brother was Edward Merryll or Merrill, and that this was her maiden name. A search of Merrill wills might confirm this conjecture." 
Clark, Anne (I936)
 
778 From her Find a Grave page (citation details below):

She was most probably the Johanna Greenslade baptized at St. Sidwell Parish, Exeter, Devonshire, England on Feb 4,1621/2, the daughter of Thomas Greenslade and Johan Baker Greenslade, though this is not conclusive. Her parents are not found in New England records, even though she married James Avery in Massachusetts. 
Greenslade, Joanna (I6435)
 
779 From his obituary in the Palm Beach Post:

Francis was born in 1933 in Buenos Aires, Argentina. He attended the French School of Buenos Aires, received his bachelor's degree from the University of Buenos Aires, and both a Masters and a Ph.D. from Michigan State University in Agricultural Economics. He spent most of his professional life working for the World Bank as an economist. His last post was as Chief of Mission of the Bank in Dhaka, Bangladesh with the rank of Ambassador. After retirement, he lived fifteen years in Savannah, Georgia where he became the diocesan representative to the Episcopal Relief and Development Agency. He also played USTA tennis at the local, state, regional and national level. On the tennis court, he was known as both a keen competitor and true gentleman. After moving to Florida he competed briefly until illness prevented his playing. He also tutored students in French and Spanish at "Paul's Place," an after-school program for at-risk students. 
van Gigch, Francis Santiago Levy (I9198)
 
780 From Jacobus, The Bulkeley Genealogy:

"Mr. Anthony Irby was first cousin of Olive Irby, the wife of Rev. Edward Bulkeley, and mother of Rev. Peter Bulkeley. Mr. Irby's wife, Alice Welby, was sister of Richard Welby who was married at Whaplode in 1595 to Frances Bulkeley, daughter of Edward and Olive and sister of Peter. Hence, Peter Bulkeley not only was cousin of the Irbys of Whaplode, but his brother—in-law (Richard Welby) was brother of Mrs. Anthony Irby, the wife of the head of that house.

"Mr. Irby studied law, was a member of Lincoln's Inn, and was admitted to the bar, 10 Feb. 1577/8. He represented Boston, co. Lincoln, in Parliament three times during Elizabeth's reign, and in 1603 (1 James I), and was one of the Masters in Chancery in the reign of King James I.

"It has been foolishly asserted in Thompson's History of Boston, in Collins' Peerage, and other works, that he purchased the manors of Moulton, Fitzwalter and Medietas Dominorum from Robert Radcliffe (Lord Fitzwalter and Earl of Sussex) on 13 Oct. 1538. This date was at least several years before he was born. The purchase could apply to his grandfather Anthony Irby (died 1552), but it seems quite evident that the Moulton lordship came by inheri­tance through the later Anthony's mother from the Serjeant family."

[Note that in fact Alice Welby was Richard Welby's half-sister, not sister, a fact unavailable to Jacobus when The Bulkeley Genealogy was written.] 
Irby, Anthony (I12294)
 
781 From Jesse Adams's application for a Revolutionary War pension, 20 Sep 1832:

"[S]tates he was mustered into service at Kingston in the state of North Carolina under Capt John Whitley and Matthew Crellars Lieutenant under Col Wm Caswell and marched monks corner in South Carolina thence to the White Cliffs in view of Augusta and down through Augusta and down near the mpouth of Briar Creek in pursuit of the British and when they got there they had taken up the bridge and that our enemy was stationed between Briar Creek and the Savannah River until the British army marched -- and marched around and came down on the back of our troops; that he was sick at the time of the battle of Briar creek and was not at the same -- he then returned home to Franklin co North Carolina 1781."

From the Hammonds Family Tree page:

"In 1769 there is a record of deed of land in Bute Co., N.C. (Also shows deeds in 1774 and 1777 where he sold land.) Jesse Adams served in the Revolutionary War. He applied for a pension in 1832 while living in Humphreys Co., TN. In 1810 he is in the Nash Co., NC census. He moved that same year and is in the Smith Co., Tn census. In 1820 they are still in Smith Co.

"They then moved to Humphreys Co., TN shortly after that because Jesse Hammonds and his wife Martha Mourning Adams married there in 1823. Jesse Adams died in Humphreys Co., TN on Dec 6, 1835, he was 82 years old! Nancy Alice (Nica) continued to live there until some of her children along with Jesse and Mourning moved to Gibson Co. around 1850. She then lived with some of her children. They had 12 children and they migrated through TN, KY, GA, AL."

Note that Bute County, North Carolina was carved out of Granville County in 1764. 
Adams, Jesse (I7275)
 
782 From Leo vam de Pas:

The first members of the Roquefeuil family appear around 900, and can be traced to the counts of Barcelona, who ascended to the throne of Aragón. In this era the family owned extensive lands in the department of Aveyron, Gard and Hérault in the Languedoc region of the south of France, and its men referred to themselves as barons de Roquefeuil and vicomtes de Creyssels. _Le Spicilège_ of Charles-Louis Montesquieu refers to a Roquefeuil who was an important figure in the time of Hugues Capet. Under a codicil of 21 February 1002, Henri de Roquefeuil founded the hospital of Notre Dame du Bonheur on the mountain of l'Espérou. In 1032 Séguin de Roquefeuil gave to the abbey of Saint-Guilhem-du-désert, diocese of Lodève, extensive lands in the counties of Lodève and the Rouergue. In 1080 Raymond de Roquefeuil made a large donation to the same abbey. This first house of Roquefeuil continued until Geoffroy de Roquefeuil, who had a daughter Adelais but no male heirs.

About 1150 Adelais married Bertrand d'Anduze, sire d'Anduze, seigneur d'Alais, son of Bernard IV d'Anduze, sire d'Anduze, de Leques, de Portes. A condition of the marriage was that the children born of it would in perpetuity carry the name and arms of Roquefeuil. Adelais and Bernard had two sons, Bernard VI and Raymond I, both of whom would have progeny. The elder son Bernard continued the line of Anduze, while the second son Raymond inherited from his mother and founded the second house of Roquefeuil.

The Anduze were a powerful dynasty established in the Cévennes. It was probably a branch of the house of the counts of Toulouse. Like the Anduze, their cousins the Roquefeuil struck their own coins in the mint works of Sommières around 1236.

The related branch of the Roccaful served the kings of Aragón and participated in the 'Reconquista' of the Spanish against the Moors. 
de Roquefeuil, Adelais (I12669)
 
783 From Leo van de Pas:

Béla was born about 1016, the third son of Vazul (Basil) 'the Blind' of Hungary, and younger brother of András I, who was crowned king after the Vatha pagan rising.

In 1048 András conferred on Béla one third of Hungary as appanage ('Tercia pars Regni'), making him Duke of the Nitrian Frontier duchy, with Nitra its capital, and which included the southern Slovakian Nitrian principality and the north-eastern historic Hungarian Bihar region (not identical to the later Bihar).

The two brothers shared power without incident until 1053, when András fathered a son Salomon. Thereafter András became determined to secure the throne for his son and to displace his brother. András therefore had Salomon, Béla's nephew, crowned future king in 1057. According to legend, András placed before Béla a crown and a sword, representing royal and ducal power, respectively, and asked Béla to take his choice. Knowing that choosing the crown would mean his life, Béla instead selected the sword. In 1059 Béla fled to Poland where he was received by his brother-in-law Kazimierz I Karol, king of Poland, brother of Béla's wife Richeza. Béla and Richeza had eight children, of whom five would have progeny, and two, Geisa I and Lászlo I, would be kings of Hungary.

In 1060 Béla returned to Hungary and defeated András I to become the new king. After András' death, Béla was crowned king on 6 December 1060. During his brief reign he concerned himself with crushing pagan revolts in his kingdom. In 1063 Béla died in an accident when his throne's canopy collapsed. After his death the Holy Roman Emperor Heinrich IV installed András I's son Salomon as the new king, and Belá's sons had to flee to Poland again. 
Béla I King of Hungary (I850)
 
784 From Leo van de Pas:

Gerberge was the wife of Heinrich von Schweinfurt, Markgraf auf der Nordgau. According to the chronicle of Thietmar von Merseburg, Gerberge was the sister of an otherwise unidentified Otto, and that is evidently the slender thread on which various authors have tried to base her ancestry. The statement that she was the daughter of Heribert, Graf im Kinziggau, assumes that this Otto was Otto von Hammerstein (a plausible, but unproven, conjecture), and other guesses as to the identity of this Otto can lead to other guesses for her parentage. "Unknown" would appear to be the safest choice. 
of Gleiburg, Gerberga (I5044)
 
785 From Leo van de Pas:

Mahaut was born in the mid to late 1160s, the only child of Archambaud VIII de Bourbon and Alix 'Ducissa' de Bourgogne. Her father, the heir apparent to Bourbon, died in 1169 without ever inheriting the lordship. Her grandfather Archambaud VII, sire de Bourbon, died in 1173. Since Mahaut was his only surviving grandchild, she inherited Bourbon in her own right.

Before 1183 Mahaut married Gaucher IV de Vienne, sire de Salins et de Bracon, son of Gérard I, comte de Mâcon et de Vienne, and Guyonne de Salins. After he returned from the Third Crusade, they frequently quarrelled. In the end he became violent and had her locked up. She fled to her grandmother's estate in Champagne. During her escape she allegedly also used violence, and for this she was excommunicated by Archbishop Henri de Sully of Bourges. After she arrived in Champagne, she asked Pope Celestine III for a divorce from her husband, arguing that Gaucher IV and she were close relatives and that the marriage therefore had been inadmissible. The pope charged the bishops of Autun and Troyes and the abbot of Monthiers-en-Argonne with investigating her claim. These men found that Mahaut and her husband were third cousins, as they were both great-great-grandchildren of Guillaume I, comte de Bourgogne, and that therefore her claim that they were too closely related was justified. The pope granted the divorce and also lifted the excommunication. Mahaut and Gaucher had a daughter Marguerite who became the second wife of Guillaume I, comte de Forcalquier, and then married Josserand, sire de Brancion, but did not have progeny.

In September 1196, only a few months after her divorce, Mahaut married Guy II de Dampierre, seigneur de Montluçon, son of Guillaume I de Dampierre and Ermengarde (Basilie) de Mouchy. Thus the Bourbonnais fell to the house of Dampierre. Mahaut and Guy had six children, of whom Archambaud VIII, Guillaume, Philippe (Mahaut) and Marie would have progeny.

The marriage lasted 20 years, Guy dying in 1216. Mahaut died on 18 June 1228, twelve years after her husband. After her death, her daughter Marguerite from her first marriage claimed the lordship of Bourbon. Guy had initially recognised Marguerite as heir to Bourbon, but he later claimed the lordship for his oldest son Archambaud VIII. In the end Archambaud prevailed. 
de Bourbon, Mahaut I (I12874)
 
786 From Leo van de Pas:

Ratpoto I was a count in the Upper Traun valley (Traungau). His years of birth and death are not recorded. In 977 he received properties through the Church in Salzburg and he is mentioned on 1 October that year. His holdings were confirmed by Emperor Otto III on 8 October 984. He was the founder of the house of Ratponids (Ratpotonen). Little is recorded about his life.

The Ratponids were counts in the Traungau and Nordgau, related to many noble families of southeastern Germany, including the house of Hohenstaufen, of the Welfs and of Zähringen. The Ratponids were among the most powerful and influential families in the Holy Roman Empire through the 11th and until the mid-12th centuries. They owed their rise above all to the Salian emperors. Their power started to wane with the transfer of imperial authority to the Hohenstaufen. 
Ratpoto I (I5815)
 
787 From Leo van de Pas:

The oldest representative of the house of Arpajon, one of the great families of Rouergue in the Middle Ages, was Bernard I d'Arpajon et Calmont-Plantcage, a younger son of Hugues I, vicomte de Lodève, comte de Rodez, and Ermengarde de Creissels. He is mentioned in the cartulary from 1200 of the abbey of Bonnecombe, to which he made several donations, and which was in the jurisdiction of his brother Hugues comes Arpajon, bishop of Rodez.

He is also mentioned in the agreement reached near Capdenac in 1180 between Raymond VI, comte de Toulouse, and Pierre, abbot of Aurillac. In 1170 Bernard confirmed the donation made by his mother Ermengarde to the monastery of Nonenque. He was present at the investiture of his father Hugues as Count of Rodez, and the mortgaging of several castles in 1208 to Raymond VII, comte de Toulouse. 
d'Arpajon et Calmont-Planteage, Bernard I (I12694)
 
788 From Ormerod's History of Cheshire:

Hamon Massey, the first baron of Dunham-Massey, held the towns of Dunham, Bowdon, Hale, Ashley and half of Owlarton, in Bucklow Hundred, under Hugh Lupus, earl of Cheshire, in the reign of William the Conqueror; all which one Edward held formerly, as appears in the Doomsday Book.

This Hamon also had Maxfield Hundred, Bronhale and Podinton in Wirrhall Huncred, at the same time, and other lands. He also had a son, also named Hamon, who was his son and heir, and a second son named Robert Massey who witnessed the first Randle's charter of confirmation to the abby of St. Werburge in Cheshire, about 1124. 
de Massey, Hamon (I7133)
 
789 From the Dictionary of Mormon Biography:

"Allen, Charles Hopkins, 1830-1922 [...] Born at Burton, Cattaraugus County, New York, 1830. Father converted to Mormonism and family moved to Kirtland, Ohio, c. 1835-36. Left for Missouri but for want of means stayed in Illinois. Living in vicinity of Springfield when visited by Joseph Smith and party, c. 1843. Lived near Carthage in June, 1844. Baptized, 1844. Family moved to Nauvoo after martyrdom. Visited Carthage Jail on the way. Stopped at Camp Creek for a while. Moved to Iowa, 1846. Spent some time at Winter Quarters. Farmed at Keg Creek near Kanesville, 1847-52. Brother served in Mormon Battalion. Operated ferry across Missouri River, 1849. Operated mill another season. Traveled to Utah, 1852. Mountaineer at Ft. Bridger offered them $1,000 for first bushel of grain matured in Salt Lake Valley.

"Settled at Provo City. Operated David W. Roger's sawmill. Built fort at Blacksmith Fork. Released from that mission and returned to Provo, 1853. Ordained teacher, 1853. Journeyed to San Bernardino, 1855. Trouble with meddlesome Indians en route. Freight trip to Salt Lake City, c. 1857. Returned to California. Trip to Carson Valley via San Francisco. Spent winter there. Discovery of Comstock Lode. Returned to San Bernardino. Visit to Utah, 1862. Traveled to Florence to bring company of immigrants west, 1863. Returned to California to sell property, 1863-64.

"Settled in Cache Valley, Utah. Married Elizabeth Adelaide Hoopes, 1864. Lived in Richmond several years, then moved to ranch. Ordained elder, went to temple. Presided five years over Coveville Branch. Advised to move to warmer climate. Settled at Mesa, Arizona, 1882. President and director of Mesa Canal Company. Ordained high priest, 1882. Member of Maricopa Stake High Council. Apparently also counselor to stake president. Served in Lamanite mission fifteen years. President of high priests' quorum, 1885--. Trips to Logan Temple. Death of wife, 1889. Married Annie Eliza Jones, 1890. Allen family reunion, 1898. Second anointing, 1900." 
Allen, Charles Hopkins (I10941)
 
790 From the Bowne House Historical Society:

"...[W]e do not know what caused John Bowne with his father, Thomas, and sister, Dorothy, to leave Lime Tree Farm in Matlock, Derbyshire, England to travel to Boston in 1649. After a few years, John left Boston for New York, and by 1661 had built his home in Flushing on land purchased from the Matincock Indians for eight strings of wampum (about $14). He married Hannah Feake, the niece of Governor John Winthrop of Massachusetts and cousin of Governor Robert Winthrop of Connecticut. John and Hannah had 8 children. After Hannah's death in 1677, he married again and had 8 more children.

"John Bowne is best known for his courageous defense of religious freedom. Flushing was then part of the colony of New Netherland, and its town charter, granted by the Dutch West India Comapny in 1645 guaranteed 'liberty of conscience.' When Governor Peter Stuyvesant prohibited the practice of religions other than the Dutch Refored Church, town leaders delivered the Flushing Remonstrance to Stuyvesant, challenging his edict, which was aimed chiefly at Quakers. In 1662, John Bowne openly defied the ban and allowed Quakers to hold services in his home. Bowne was arrested and imprisoned, and when he refused to pay a fine or plead guilty, Stuyvesant banished him to Holland, where he argued his case successfully before the Dutch West India Company. Stuyvesant was ordered to permit dissenting faiths to worship freely. John Bowne returned home victorious in 1664, and the principle of religious freedom was established in the New York Colony. His actions and those of his fellow residents of Flushing established principles that evolved into the Bill of Rights of the United States Constitution."

[POSTSCRIPT: I like how the hero of the tale is John Bowne, who "openly defied the ban and allowed Quakers to hold services in his home," rather than his wife Hannah Feake, who ACTUALLY HELD THE DAMN SERVICES. Hannah was a Quaker preacher and had converted her husband. As ever, thoughtless writing leads to a version of the story in which the woman's efforts are inconsequential. --pnh] 
Bowne, John (I5997)
 
791 From the Dictionary of Welsh Biography:

RHYS ap TEWDWR (d. 1093), king of Deheubarth; grandson of Cadell ab Einion ab Owain ap Hywel Dda. In 1075 he took possession of Deheubarth on the death of his second-cousin, Rhys ab Owain ab Edwin. In 1081 he was dislodged by Caradog ap Gruffydd , but later in the year, with the help of Gruffudd ap Cynan, he was firmly reinstated after the historic battle of Mynydd Carn. In the same year William the Conqueror made a demonstration of power in South Wales, traversing the land as far as S. Davids; it is reasonably certain that during the visit the two kings came to an agreement as to their future good relations, which lasted to the end of William's reign. A few years later it is recorded that Rhys is paying the king £40 a year for Deheubarth, thereby becoming a vassal of the Norman Crown and establishing a precedent with lasting consequences on Anglo-Welsh relations.

Henceforth, with the exception of the closing tragedy of his career, Rhys had only to contend with the jealousies of his fellow princes. In 1088 he was attacked by the young rulers of Powys and was obliged to seek refuge in Ireland, but he soon returned and, with Danish help, decisively defeated his opponents (see Madog, Rhiryd, and Cadwgan ap Bleddyn). Again in 1091 he was opposed by a group of his own vassals in Dyfed, who sought to restore the kingship to the senior line of Hywel Dda in the person of Gruffydd ap Maredudd ab Owain. At Llandudoch (S. Dogmaels) on the Teifi the rebels were defeated and Gruffydd killed. Meanwhile the Norman conquest of the south had gathered a new momentum after William's death in 1087, and among the territories then being over-run was the old kingdom of Brycheiniog. It was while resisting the Norman advance in this all-important approach to his own dominions that Rhys was killed in uncertain circumstances near Aberhonddu (Brecon).

He was virtually the last of the ancient kings of Deheubarth, and it was in a different political setting that the power of the dynasty was eventually revived by his grandson -- Rhys ap Gruffydd. He m. Gwladus, daughter of Rhiwallon ap Cynfyn. He was survived by two sons, Gruffydd ap Rhys and Hywel, and by a daughter, Nest. 
ap Tewdyr, Rhys King of Deheubarth (I8443)
 
792 From the Breckinridge (KY) News, February 2, 1898:

Mr. Joseph Lewis, father of Henry J. Lewis of this city, is lying critically ill at the home of Mr. Sexton Newton on the pike. He is not expected to survive many more days, and is in his Eighty-fifth year.

From the Breckinridge (KY) News, March 2, 1898:

Mr. Joseph Lewis, father of Henry J. Lewis who resides in this city, died at the home of Sexton Newton Sunday morning at 6 o'clock. Mr. Lewis had possibly reached the four score mark. He had been in feeble health for some time and the end was expected. His remains were taken to Hardinsburg Monday and interred in the Catholic cemetery.


[Both via Selma Sam Wiesenberg. William Sexton Newton (1848-1920) was Henry Isaac Newton's brother.] 
Lewis, Joseph O. (I11487)
 
793 From the London, Kentucky Mountain Echo, 1899:

"July 1899: The remains of Mr. Ell Williams were laid to rest in the cemetery at Rough Creek on the the 29, also the remains of Mrs OLIVE PATRICK, the aged wife of Rev Andrew Patrick, were interred at the same place on the 30th. Bro. Patrick is the oldest minister in this section of the country, being 94 years of age, and has been in the ministry nearly 70 years." 
Manning, Olive (I11687)
 
794 From the Louisville, Kentucky Catholic Advocate, 4 Sep 1847:

"Died, at her residence, near Owensboro, Ky., on Tuesday, 22d August, Mrs. Rachel Coomes, in the 74th year of her age. The deceased was relict of the late Wm. Coomes.

"The deep anguish and pain felt by her relations and acquaintances, will be much relieved when they reflect on her many virtues, and the manner in wich she prepared herself for her final dissolution. After a long life spent in the practice of religion, finding her end approaching, she called for her confessor, who administered to her all the last rites of her holy religion. On the evening of the 23d she was interred in the county cemetery, in the presence of the pastor of the congregation and a large collection of relations and acquaintances, who will long remember the pious example she has left for their imitation. May she rest in peace."

From Combs-Coombs &c:

Rachel m. William COOMES.

Sept.3, 1796 (Nelson Co, KY Marriage Bonds) William COOMES-Rachel COOMES Bond -- Richard COOMES

08 May 1834 -- Jun 1844 (Davies Co KY) Will of William Combs. 8 May 1834, wife Rachael, children: Charles, Mary, Elizabeth, Felix, Benedict, William Peter, Trese WALLACE, ex: Felix Combs wit: Henry & Benjamin READ (Abstracted by Combs Researcher Jean Smallwood who also provided the following:)

From "Davies County Kentucky Records #1, Marriages 1815-1848, Deaths 1852-1861, Wills 1815-1850" by Researchers:" Will of William COOMES -- written May 1834 -- probated Jun 1844. Wife Rachel. Daughters: Tesesy WALLACE, Mary Margaret, and Elizabeth COOMES. Sons: Charles, Felix, Benedict and William Peter COOMES

Notes: Combs Researcher Joe Lewis adds that Rachel's husband, William, was the s/o William COOMES, Sr. b in Charles Co MD, who came to KY (Harrods Station) in spring of 1775. A submission to "Kentucky Ancestors," KY Historical Society quarterly, vol. 30 #2, 1994-1995, page 79, ROSTER OF FIRST KENTUCKY ANCESTORS, submission by Researcher Henry D. Paine, includes birth dates of 13 March 1769 for William and 9 Oct 1775 for Rachel, his source unknown. 
Coomes, Rachel (I7733)
 
795 From the Oxford Dictionary of National Biography:

Pantulf, William (d. 1112?), baron, was one of Roger de Montgomery's tenants in the district of Hièmes in the diocese of Sées. The tenurial relationship between these two families existed as early as 1027 - 35. His mother's name was Beatrice, and she held lands 'apud Fossas' (not identified). Pantulf received large grants of land, and held authority in Roger's earldom of Shrewsbury, founded after 1071, but his lands were worth considerably less than those of the earl's other major tenants: the sheriff, Picot, and the Corbet family. He held eleven manors in Hodnet hundred, and Wem was their head.

In 1073-4 Pantulf was in Normandy, and gave the two churches of Noron, near Falaise, to the abbey of St Evroult, with 40 marks to establish a priory at Noron, and tithes of all the churches which belonged to him. The monks of St Evroult contributed £16 to a pilgrimage to the shrine of St Giles, near Nîmes, which he was about to make. On 23 October 1077 he was present with William I at the consecration of the church at Bec, and then went with Robert, a former abbot of St Evroult, to serve Robert Guiscard in Apulia. He was treated with honour, and was offered a gift of three cities if he would stay, but he returned to Normandy.

In 1077 Earl Roger suspected Pantulf of complicity in the murder of the Countess Mabel, Roger's wife, who had deprived Pantulf of his castle of 'Piretum' (Peray en Saonnais). Pantulf had had dealings with the murderer, Hugh d'Iglé, and took refuge with his family in the monastery at St Evroult. He submitted to the ordeal of hot iron before the king's court at Rouen, was acquitted, and gave four silk altar cloths from Apulia to St Evroult as a thank-offering. After the murder his estates had been confiscated by Earl Roger, but in 1086 he was in possession of twenty-nine manors in Shropshire, and others in Staffordshire and Warwickshire. After the death of William I, in 1087, Pantulf revisited Apulia, and in June 1092 gave the relics of St Nicholas to Noron. After becoming earl of Shrewsbury in 1098 Robert de Bellême deprived him of his lands, but when Bellême rebelled in 1102, Pantulf offered him his services. They were rejected, and he turned to Henry I, who put Stafford Castle in his custody with 200 soldiers. Pantulf detached Bellême's Welsh ally, Iorwerth ap Bleddyn, by negotiation, and he persuaded the garrison of Bridgnorth to surrender to the king. The king restored Pantulf's lands and gave him the fief of Roger de Courcelles as his reward for these services. 
Pantulf, William (I1797)
 
796 From the Oxford Dictionary of National Biography:

"[A] Norman who made a great fortune for himself in the conquest of England. He and his brother Ilbert, from whom the Lacys of Pontefract were descended, shared a Norman estate centred on Lassy, from which they were named and which they held as men of the bishop of Bayeux. In England, however, they were independent operators, and Walter, who clearly already had a military reputation, was set up by King William in the southern Welsh marches alongside Earl William fitz Osbern in 1067. [...]

"On the rebellion of Roger de Breteuil in 1075, Walter de Lacy remained loyal to the king and helped ensure that the revolt failed, no doubt being additionally rewarded in the aftermath. From 1075 he was the leading baron in the region [...] A benefactor of Gloucester Abbey, he also founded and endowed the collegiate church of St Peter in Hereford. Walter died on 27 March 1085, perhaps (as later family legend had it) falling off the scaffolding while inspecting the building works at another favoured church in Hereford, St Guthlac's. He was buried in the chapter house at Gloucester Abbey." 
de Lacy, Walter (I4000)
 
797 From the Oxford Dictionary of National Biography:

"[H]ead of a Northumberland family that had held Ogle in the barony of Whalton since the mid-twelfth century. Because for seven generations the eldest son was named Robert there are difficulties attributing exploits to the correct individual. Robert Ogle or his father, Robert (b. c. 1280), acted as messenger for stocking Mitford Castle in August 1318. Similarly one or other was pardoned in 1329 by Edward III for acts committed in the late rebellion (of Henry, earl of Lancaster). [...]

In 1335 he was a commissioner of array both in Northumberland and in the regalian liberty of Hexhamshire, where he was bailiff. This was revoked in May in respect of Newcastle, where the community had agreed with the king to serve at sea against the Scots. Meanwhile Robert was amassing land throughout the county. In May 1341 Edward III granted him as 'king's yeoman' licence to crenellate his house at Ogle, with free warren in all his demesnes. The same year he was one of the commissioners to assess and levy the ninth in Northumberland. Whether he was responsible for an assault on the army of David II, king of Scots, that was laying siege to Newcastle in November 1341, has been doubted. In May 1344 he was commissioned to array the men of Northumberland against the Scots, renewed in April 1345.

It may have been this Robert Ogle, or more likely his son with Isabel Fernielaw, Robert (III), who participated in the defence of Cumberland in 1345 with the bishop of Carlisle and Sir Thomas Lucy, and served as seneschal of Annandale for William de Bohun, earl of Northampton and constable of Lochmaben. It was the elder Robert who was thanked by Edward III for his part in the battle of Neville's Cross on 17 October 1346 and commissioned to bring down to the Tower of London Scottish prisoners captured there. These included the earl of Fife, Henry Rameseye, and Thomas Boyd, whom he was reputed to have captured personally. Conjointly with Robert Bertram, father-in-law to his son, he was also to deliver John Douglas, brother to the earl. [...] On 10 December 1346 Robert Ogle senior was ordered to attend a council at Westminster to consider business concerning the state of England and war in Scotland.

In 1355 he was in charge of Berwick, under Lord Greystoke, where his son, Robert, was killed in the attack whereby the Scots captured the town but not the castle. 
de Ogle, Robert (I4175)
 
798 From the Oxford Dictionary of National Biography:

"[S]on of the Roger de Lacy disinherited and banished in 1096. He had succeeded his father on the family's Norman estates of Lassy and Campeaux by 1133. He returned to England and was with King Stephen at Easter 1136, but was disappointed of any hope of recovering those of his father's extensive lands in the Welsh borders [...]

"In the civil war Lacy sided with the empress: in 1138 his kinsman Geoffrey Talbot fortified Weobley (one of Lacy's chief castles) unsuccessfully against Stephen; the two then led an army which attacked Bath. [...H]e profited from the anarchy which prevailed in the southern marches and in the end recovered most of his father's lands. [...]

"In 1158 or 1159 Lacy resigned his lands to his eldest son, Robert (who was himself succeeded by his brother Hugh de Lacy in 1162), and joined the templars. At Whitsuntide 1160 he was in France with the templars who guaranteed the peace treaty between Henry II and Louis VII. Later in 1160 or 1161 he had reached Jerusalem and he became preceptor of his order in the county of Tripoli, where in 1163 he was among the leaders of a crusader army resisting Nur-ad-Din." 
de Lacy, Gilbert (I162)
 
799 From the Oxford Dictionary of National Biography:

A leading supporter of Simon de Montfort, earl of Leicester (but no relation), [Peter de] Montfort was technically not a baron, for he held little directly from the king. He was, however, a substantial magnate. His chief seat was at Beaudesert, a low hill above Henley in Arden in Warwickshire, where extensive earthworks of the family castle still remain. Another important base was at Preston in Rutland.

In 1166 Montfort's great-grandfather, another Thurstin de Montfort, had held ten fees from the earl of Warwick, which made him the second greatest of his tenants. The connection with the earls of Warwick, however, played no discernible part in Peter's career, partly because the earldom was held from 1242 until 1263, in right of his wife, by a Poitevin favourite of the king, John de Plessis, who established few local roots. Much more important for Montfort was the family of his grandfather William (I) de Cantilupe (d. 1239), whose principal residence was at Aston Cantlow, only 4 miles from Beaudesert. His father died in 1216 and Montfort spent many years as Cantilupe's ward, developing what was to be a lifelong friendship with his son Walter de Cantilupe, bishop of Worcester from 1238 to 1266. The fleurs-de-lis of the Cantilupe coat of arms were incorporated into Montfort's seal.

It was probably ties of neighbourhood that drew both Montfort and Walter de Cantilupe into the circle of Simon de Montfort, for Beaudesert and Aston Cantlow are respectively 9 and 12 miles distant from Kenilworth, after 1244 Earl Simon's great base in England. In 1248 Montfort was in Earl Simon's retinue when the latter went out to Gascony as seneschal and thereafter there are numerous instances of the close connection between the two men. Peter de Montfort attested many of the earl's charters and was probably often in his company; in 1259 he was named as an executor of Simon de Montfort's will. His faithful service was rewarded with a grant of the manor of Ilmington in Warwickshire. Part of that service was doubtless to help Earl Simon build up his following of midlands knights, for Montfort was well connected locally -- in 1260-62 six knights of Warwickshire and Leicestershire acted as his pledges.

From 1254 onwards, while Montfort remained close to Earl Simon, his career developed independently. He was employed by Henry III on diplomatic missions, was given an important command in the Welsh marches, and by 1257 was on the royal council. He was also closely connected with Edward, the king's son, whom he had accompanied to Spain for his marriage to Eleanor of Castile in 1254. Fear of being ousted from Edward's entourage by the king's Poitevin half-brothers perhaps gave him a personal interest in the political upheaval of 1258, which began with the half-brothers' expulsion from England. In that upheaval Peter de Montfort played a leading part. He was one of the seven magnates whose confederation in April 1258 began the revolution; he was one of the baronial twelve who were to draw up the plans of reform; and he was one of the council of fifteen set up by the provisions of Oxford to govern England in the king's name. In all these capacities Earl Simon was a colleague. However, unlike the earl (who withdrew to France), Peter de Montfort accepted the king's recovery of power in 1261, and in the following year served the king and Edward as custodian of Abergavenny, which he tried in vain to protect from the attacks of Llywelyn ap Gruffudd. None the less, when Earl Simon returned to England in April 1263 and raised once more the standard of the provisions of Oxford, Peter de Montfort joined him. This time he was to remain with him to the end. When the civil war commenced in March 1264, he was in command of the Montfortians in Northampton and was captured when the town fell to the king on 5 April. Released after Earl Simon's great victory at Lewes (14 May), Peter de Montfort was one of the council of nine imposed on the king (June 1264) and thenceforth played a major part in the direction of central government. In September he was one of those appointed to negotiate with the king of France and the papal legate in the abortive hope of finding some political settlement. His rewards during this period of power included a grant from the king of the manor of Garthorpe in Leicestershire. Montfort accompanied Earl Simon throughout his final campaign and died with him at the battle of Evesham on 4 August 1265. [...]

The support Peter de Montfort gave Earl Simon was of the first importance. While a close personal friend and follower, he also enjoyed his own power base in the midlands and an independent career in the service of the king and his son Edward. He possessed considerable abilities as a soldier, diplomat, and councillor. It is highly significant that Earl Simon retained the loyalty of such a man to the last. 
de Montfort, Peter (I2835)
 
800 From the Oxford Dictionary of National Biography:

Fitzgerald, Gerald fitz Maurice (d. 1204), magnate, was a son of Maurice Fitzgerald (d. 1176). He accompanied his father to Ireland and he and his brother Alexander were with him when the Norman garrison in Dublin was besieged in 1171 by Ruaidri " Conchobair, king of Connacht and claimant to the high-kingship. John, son of Henry II, as lord of Ireland confirmed to fitz Maurice c. 1185 - 9 the half cantred of Uí Fáeláin which included Uí Máel Rubae, Rathmore, Maynooth, Laraghbryan, Taghadoe, and Straffan (in Kildare), which had been granted to him by his brother William (d. c. 1199); and also lands in Uí Glaisin in the kingdom of Cork which had devolved to him as heir of his brother Alexander, who had been enfeoffed by Robert fitz Stephen. At some time between 1194 and 1204 Philip of Worcester made to fitz Maurice grants of land in what are now counties Limerick and Tipperary.

Gerald fitz Maurice married Eva (d. c. 1225), daughter and heir of Robert of Bermingham, who had been granted Uí Failge (Offaly) by Richard fitz Gilbert, earl of Pembroke and lord of Striguil (known as Strongbow), and succeeded to the lordship of Offaly in right of his wife. He died before 15 January 1204, when Meiler fitz Henry, justiciar, was ordered to give wardship of his heir, custody of his castles, and lands (including the castles of Lea and Geashill in Uí Failge) to William (I) Marshal as lord of Leinster. He was to be succeeded by his son, Maurice Fitzgerald (d. 1257), who had come of age by 1215. His widow, Eva, married Geoffrey fitz Robert (d. 1211), lord of Kells, and Geoffrey de Marisco, justiciar. Gerald fitz Maurice Fitzgerald was ancestor of the earls of Kildare, later dukes of Leinster. 
fitz Maurice, Gerald (I1859)
 
801 From the Oxford Dictionary of National Biography:

He was probably of age by 1222, which suggests a date of birth about 1200, and first appears in royal service in 1233-4 as constable of St Briavels, Gloucestershire. He joined the royal curia, and was appointed knight-deputy to the earl marshal and marshal of the household.

The Gascon campaign of 1242–3 proved a turning point in Langley's career. On his return he was given custody of the honour of Arundel. From late 1244 to early 1250 he was associated with the general forest eyre conducted under the headship of Robert Passelewe (d. 1252). On 4 March 1250 he was made chief justice of the forest on both sides of the Trent, an office which he exercised for two and a half years until 25 October 1252. As a forest justice he earned some notoriety. According to Matthew Paris, Langley had gained a reputation for parsimony while marshal of the household. Now he was to be particularly zealous in the interests of the king. Langley's northern eyre was a very lucrative one, and undoubtedly caused murmurings.

By 1252 Langley was at the height of his power and high in royal esteem, being a particular favourite of the queen. A member of the council, he functioned as a guardian of the king's young daughter, Margaret, queen of Scots, during 1252–3, but made himself unpopular in Scotland and was removed. Then in March 1254 he took responsibility for the English and Welsh lands of the young Prince Edward. This proved to be a disaster, however, for he provoked the Welsh rising of November 1256. Paris says that he conducted himself here in a typically high-handed manner, while the Dunstable annalist writes of him as trying to bring Wales under English law, and ordering the introduction into that country of shires and hundreds, while boasting before the king and queen that he had the Welsh in the palm of his hand. Out of favour with the king, he was eventually pardoned on 14 February 1258. In 1262 he was one of the auditors investigating the accounts of Prince Edward's bailiffs. He was unpopular, however, with the opposition baronage, and was among those royalists whose lands were pillaged in the spring of 1263. 
de Langley, Geoffrey (I3307)
 
802 From the Oxford Dictionary of National Biography:

Mortimer, Roger (I) de (fl. 1054 - c. 1080), magnate, may never have set foot in England but was the progenitor of the Mortimer family whose importance in English history lasted until the male line died out in the early fifteenth century. His parentage is not certain, and different theories have been put forward to account for the evidence, in particular a charter attestation by a 'Roger, son of Ralph de Warenne', and the statements of the earliest genealogist of the family, Robert de Torigny, in the early twelfth century. Most plausibly Roger was the son of Ralph (I) de Warenne and his wife, Béatrice, who is shown to have been a niece of Duke Richard of Normandy by the later statement of Archbishop Anselm that the Warennes and the dukes then shared an ancestor four generations back on one side and six on the other. That parentage would make Roger (I) de Mortimer a second cousin once removed of Duke William, the conqueror of England. In any case he was certainly related in some way to the ducal house.

From Complete Peerage IX:266-7:

Roger de Mortemer, Seigneur of Mortemer-sur-Eaulne in Normandy, was one of the leaders of the Norman forces at the battle of Mortemer in 1054, but having assisted the escape of one of the French prisoner, Ralph, Count of Montdidier, to whom he had done homage, he was exiled and his lands confiscated. He was afterwards reconciled to Duke William and some of his lands were restored to him, though not Moretmer, which had been given to his consanguineus William de Warrene; Saint-Victor-en-Caux thereupon became the caput of the Norman honour of the family. He is said to have founded the abbey of Saint-Victor-en-Caux. He was living in 1078 or later, but was dead in 1086, when his son Ralph appears in Domesday Book. He married Hawise (c).

(c) Hawise and Ralph her son gave land in Mers in the diocese of Amiens to the abbey; in 1192 Theobald, Bishop of Amiens, confirmed this gift at Mers. The fact that Hawise held land at Mers in Le Vimeu explains the homage done by Roger de Mortimer to Ralph, Count of Montdider, and suggests that the marriage was earlier than 1054, the date of the battle of Mortemer. Since Hawise and her son join in this gift, she appears to have survived her husband. 
de Mortimer, Roger (I10194)
 
803 From W. J. Hardy, "Essex Charities." The Home Counties Magazine, 1:300, 1899:

Inquisition taken at Kelvedon, 7 August, 42 Elizabeth. The jury say that John Marler, late of Kelvedon, gentleman, by his will, dated 20 June, 7 Henry V., A.D. 1419, devised that two "rentayres" wherein "Petronell and one John Owen did then inhabit," should for ever be upheld and repaired "to harbour and lodge poor people," and if they should not be so kept, then he willed that two new "rentayres" lately [built] between the tenement late John Gerard's, and the garden called Brendhouse Garden extending towards Kelvedon church, being then in the hands of his feoffees and executors, should remain and be so employed to the upholding of the two "rentayres." And also one acre of meadow lying in Broad Mead in Kelvedon, which was purchased of Robert Durward. And also 5s. yearly rent out of the lands formerly John Graye's, lying near Inford Mill; and 4d. yearly rent out of the lands of John Tunbye lying at Boundshill. The which acre of meadow, two tenements, newly erected as aforesaid, to be let to farm without any income taken, and the rents employed as follows, viz.: -- "To pay the friars, to sing mass at his obit day 2s., and to rehearse his name in the pulpit, and Joan his wife, and Alice at Fenn, his mother, and the sexton to ring ever end to the solempe mass ever more lasting, 6d.; the parish clerk and the holy water clerk to help to say the mass and to sing by note, either of them, 4d. And if they be out of the way or do it not, then not to have it. The over plus of the said rents issuing out of the said lands, etc. (the almshouses being maintained in good repair, "with the well at Keldon Tye and porch over it and ropes and buckets to it,") to be bestowed by the executors to the poor of the parish of Kelvedon, "as well to such as for shame cannot ask, as to others within the parish of Kelvedon."

Which lands and rents he willed should never be sold, nor the profits taken to the use of John his son, but "ever more lasting" remain in the hands of six honest and sufficient men of the parish of Kelvedon.

The jury found that the two new rents called Starborowes, the acre of meadow in Broad Mead, the 5s. rent out of land called Grayes, and the 4d. rent out of the land of John Tunbye, were not employed to the uses specified but to private uses, viz.: -- Mr. Beston holds the two new tenements, Leonard Aylett the acre of meadow, John Aylett part of the lands called Grayes, and ----- Pitman, "in the right of a child," holds the tenement, sometime John Tunbye's, now called Wren Park; and that the two said "rentayres," were not repaired by the executors of the said John [Marler] according to his will.

An order was made at the Lion at Kelvedon 19 January, 43 Elizabeth, by which it was found that Richard Blennerhasset and others were surviving feoffees of the premises, and that they permitted the profits to be mis-employed, carried away, and converted to the private uses of Thomas Beston and Leonard and John Aylett, contrary to the gift of the said Marler. It was ordered that the claim of the said Beston and the others in the premises, should be immediately vested in the said surviving trustees, to hold to the intent that the profits should be employed to the charitable purposes above mentioned.

It was further ordered that the said 5s. rent from the said tenement, etc., called Grays, and the said 4d. from Boundshill should for ever be paid by the landsholder of the premises to the said Blennerhasset and the others, "and to the overseers of the poor people of the parish of Kelvedon," at the Annunciation of our Lady and at Michaelmas; and that the same rents should be employed according to the true intent of the said John Marler. 
Marler, John (I3326)
 
804 From Wikipedia:

Gui Guerrejat ("the warrior") was the fifth son of William VI of Montpellier. When still a boy, in 1146, he inherited the castles of Paulhan and le Pouget from his father.

After the death of his brother William VII, around 1172, Gui served jointly with John of Montlaur, bishop of Maguelonne, as guardian of his nephews, particularly of William VIII who had inherited the lordship. In this capacity Gui and John attended the conference at Mezouls in 1174 at which Raymond V of Toulouse and Alfonso II of Aragon negotiated an agreement with the young William VIII. In October 1174 Gui was at Alfonso II's court at Lerida. In 1176 he was among those present when the will was read of Ermessende of Pelet, countess of Melgueil. In 1177 he joined Bernard Ato V of Nîmes and Agde, Countess Ermengarde of Narbonne, and his nephews William VIII and Gui Burgundion, in an alliance in opposition to Raymond V of Toulouse, who now ruled Melgueil as widower of Ermessende of Pelet.

According to her Occitan vida (in the Biographies des Troubadours), the trobairitz Azalais de Porcairagues was the lover of Gui Guerrejat; her one surviving poem seems to be addressed to him. 
de Pouget dit Guerrejat, Guy (I12577)
 
805 From Wikipedia:

Little is recorded about Thorgil in historical texts. Most of what was recorded is in reference to his children, two of whom were parents of royalty. Thorgil's cognomen Sprakalägg can be translated into English as "Strut-leg". In the Icelandic Knýtlinga saga he is also called "the fast". In the 11th century, English historian John of Worcester provided a pedigree for earl Beorn Estrithson that made his grandfather 'Spraclingus' a son of 'Ursius' (i.e. urso, Latin for bear or Bjørn in Danish, Björn in Swedish).

Two 13th-century writers relate folklore that derives Thorgil from the mating of a bear with a noblewoman. Danish historian Saxo Grammaticus recorded that the son born to such a union was 'named after his father' (i.e. called 'bear' - Ursius/Björn) and in turn became father of 'Thrugillus, called Sprageleg'. The Gesta Antecessorum Comitis Waldevi copies John of Worcester's pedigree but makes the Ursius, father of 'Spratlingus', an actual white bear. The 14th-century chronicle sometimes attributed to John Brompton tells a very similar tale relating to the birth of Björn, called Boresune (bear's-son), father of Siward, Earl of Northumbria, and this may represent the original form of the longer, chronologically impossible pedigree of Siward found in the Gesta that erroneously identifies Björn Boresune with Thorgil's grandson, Beorn Estrithson. It has been suggested that the role of a bear in their immediate ancestry may represent a tradition shared by relatives rather than that two independent families at about the same time both co-opted the same ancient Norwegian legend for their immediate ancestry, that Björn Boresune and Thorgil may have been brothers.

In the 18th century, Danish historian Jakob Langebek suggested this bear story was allegorical, and that the brutish 'Wild' Björn, father of Thorgil, was a reference to Jomsviking brigand leader Styrbjörn the Strong (Styrbjörn Starke), depicted by sagas as the son of Olaf Björnsson, king of Sweden. Styrbjörn's wife in the sagas is stated to have been Tyra of Denmark, the daughter of Harold Bluetooth, king of Denmark and Norway. No primary source supports this royal ancestry for Thorgil, a connection almost impossible to maintain because of the chronological inconsistencies. 
Sprakalaeg, Thorkill (I8663)
 
806 From: 'Colleges: Wolverhampton, St Peter', A History of the County of Stafford: Volume 3 (1970), pp. 321-331:

Throughout the 13th century the royal chapels were struggling to establish their exemption from episcopal jurisdiction. The church of Wolverhampton secured this privilege with less difficulty than other royal chapels of the diocese. It owed its success principally to Giles of Erdington who first appears as Dean of Wolverhampton in 1224. Erdington made his career in the royal service and became one of the most distinguished of Henry III's judges. His legal skill is evident in the agreement he negotiated with the new Bishop of Coventry and Lichfield, Alexander Stavensby, immediately after the bishop's consecration in 1224. This formalized the traditional but unwritten privileges asserted earlier by Peter of Blois. It recognized the dean's right to appoint to the prebends in his church, institute his clergy, and correct them; it admitted the bishop's intervention only on neglect of correction and after an official admonition, and even then allowed him no right to procurations. On the other hand it recognized that the bishop was entitled to be received with honour, to celebrate, preach, and confirm in the church, and to hear difficult cases and appeals from the parish.

Under the protection of this agreement Wolverhampton enjoyed its privileges unchallenged during the episcopates of Stavensby and his successors until 1260 when Bishop Meuland attempted visitation. Erdington obtained a royal prohibition and in order to defend the agreement of 1224 invoked a papal bull which Henry III had obtained in 1245, exempting royal chapels from episcopal jurisdiction. The dispute ended finally in 1292 when the bishop recognized that all seven royal chapels of his diocese were exempt from ordinary jurisdiction and directly subject to Rome, and reserved only his right to be received with honour, to preach, ordain, consecrate, and confirm in them.

Erdington also defended the financial interests of the college. He had boundaries perambulated, transactions recorded, and property rights defended in the courts. In 1258 he obtained from the king the valuable grant of a weekly market and an annual fair to be held at Wolverhampton. He secured the goodwill of local landowners by concessions of privilege and of land and promoted good relations with the townsmen by granting his burgesses in 1263 the right to hold their burgages freely by hereditary title with the same privileges and liabilities as the burgesses of Stafford. Perhaps the last benefit the college received from Erdington was an endowment for the maintenance of a chaplain at Wolverhampton. He died probably at the end of 1268, after having held the deanery for at least 44 years. 
de Erdington, Giles Dean of St. Peter College (I2151)
 
807 From: 'Parishes: Tickencote', A History of the County of Rutland: Volume 2 (1935), pp. 275-281:

TICKENCOTE,

The tenant holding at all events a part of the manor of the Grimbalds was Henry, son of Richard de Tickencote, who was granted 6 bovates of land here for a fifth of a fee. Henry de Tickencote had licence to export bread in 1224. Before 1234, however, the manor had passed to William le Daneys, who, with his overlord Robert Grimbald, consented to the presentation to the church of Tickencote by the abbot of Owston (co. Leic.). William had married as his second wife Mabel, who was apparently heiress of the Tickencotes, as on the death of William in 1250 his widow Mabel had the custody of the manor until the majority of the heir, John, which occurred in 1253. John in that year had seisin of the manor, which had been in the king's hands on account of the debt owing from William de Plessetis, who had a lien on the manor from William le Daneys, saving the dower of Mabel. John le Daneys seems to have died without issue before 1263, when lands in Tickencote were settled on Mabel for life with reversion to William, son of Richard le Daneys, brother of Mabel's husband William. William, son of William son of Richard, had a son Brice le Daneys, who with Isabel his wife was holding lands in Tickencote in 1287. Brice held aquarter of a fee and Hugh de Bussey half a fee there in 1305. Before 1311, however, Brice had acquired the manor, which he settled in that year on himself and Joan, probably his second wife. Brice was knight of the shire for Rutland in 1312 and took a prominent part in the affairs of the county. In the same year he was involved in a suit against Grimbald, son of Grimbald Pauncefort, heir of Brice's cousin, Ella le Daneys, as to lands in Hildesham. Brice died before 1344, when Oger Daveys (Daneys) released to his brother Roland all claim to the manor of Tickencote and all other lands which formerly belonged to Brice in Empingham. 
le Daneys, William (I8751)
 
808 John P. Ravilious quotes from Keats-Rohan's Domesday Descendants, regarding her son Richard de Camville:

"His mother was a daughter of Alberic de Vere (cf. Rot. de Dom. 84 an note; Comp. Peer. x, App. J., n. j.), as may be inferred from the descent of his Domesday manor of Hildersham as the marriage portion of Matilda de Ros, daughter of Richard; Matilda granted land there to Clerkenwell priory, c. 1190 when her daughter Beatrice became a nun and the grant was confirmed by Alberic III de Ver (Cart. Clerkenwell, 24-26)."

"[Alberic de Ver was father] possibly also of a daughter who was mother of Richard de Camville." [K. S. B. Keats-Rohan, Domesday People
de Vere, (Unknown) (I3055)
 
809 John Watson, 2 Dec 2010 post to SGM:

From memory (which gets worse over the years). Robert de Grey, holder of Rotherfield in 1166, had two or possibly three younger brothers, Anketil (II), William and probably Thomas. I would think that the more likely candidates for the father of John de Grey bishop of Norwich and his sister Hawise are either William or Thomas. Hawise married a Mr. somebody-or-other and had at least three children, Robert, Walter (Abp. York) and Eve (married Wm. Brito). Her children took their mother's name of de Grey - probably to stop the family name dying out - her two sons, Robert and Walter being the only male heirs of Anketil (I) de Grey who held Rotherfield at Domesday. Anketil (II)'s heir was his granddaughter Eve, daughter of his son John, who married Ralph Murdac. In this scenario - Robert and Walter de Grey would be the first cousins of Eve Murdac.

Now if we could only work out who Mr. somebody-or-other was, the picture would be complete. 
(Unknown de Grey) (I6054)
 
810 John Watson, soc.genealogy.medieval, 5 June 2017:

William de Beauchamp (died 1170) confirmed Walter his father's grant of land and tithes to Worcester Cathedral priory, including a virgate of land held by Alfred, chaplain of Urse d'Abetot, his grandfather.

William's mother was a daughter of Urse d'Abetot, but I have not seen any contemporary evidence that her name was Emmeline. Dugdale identified her from a register of the dean and chapter of Worcester which is now lost.

"Willelmus de Bello campo omnibus ministris suis et ballivis de Wirecestre scira salutem, Sciatis me concessise et confirmasse donationem illam, quam pater meus Walterus fecit Priori et Monachis de Wirecestria de una virgata terrae quam Elfredus capellanus Ursonis de Abbetot avi mei tenuit. Et volo, ut teneant eam liberam et quietam de geldis et omnibus secularibus exactionibus, sicut elemosinam patris mei et matris meae. T. Isnardo, Rogero de Lenz &c." William Hale Hale, Registrum sive Liber Irrotularius et Consuetudinarius Prioratus Beatae Mariae Wigorniensis (London, 1865), 92a. 
d'Abetot, Emmeline (I2721)
 
811 Joseph Fogle, lunatic

ARCHIVES OF MARYLAND ONLINE
VOLUME 213, PAGE 73
Passed Feb. 6 1832
An act for the benefit of Joseph Fogle, of the state of Kentucky, a lunatic.

Preamble, WHEREAS, it appears to the General Assembly, by the memorial of James Hancock, of Nelson county, in the state of Kentucky, and the several documents and proofs therewith exhibited, that Joseph Fogle, of the same county and state, has been duly found to be a lunatic, as well by an inquisition duly taken by the circuit court of Nelson county, in the state of Kentucky aforesaid, as also by an inquisition taken according to law by the county court of Frederick county in this state, sitting as a court,of chancery, that the said James Hancock, was duly appointed and qualified as the trustee of the estate of said lunatic, lying and being in Kentucky, as well as of his person, and that a certain William Fischer, of Frederick county aforesaid, was also duly appointed the trustee of the estate of the said lunatic, lying and being in this state; that the said William Fischer took upon himself the burthen of the said trust, having executed his bond for the faithful performance thereof in the penalty of eight thousand dollars, and is now in possession of all the property of the said lunatic in this state, consisting of about four thousand dollars in money; that the said William Fischer is willing to be discharged from the further performance of the said trust, and to pay over the funds in his hands to another trustee who may be authorised to receive it, and to execute a valid acquittance for the same; and it appears right and proper that the whole estate of the said lunatic should be put within the control of the court having jurisdiction of his person, and where his family also resides — Therefore, Trustees to pay & receive. Section 1. Be it enacted by the General Assembly of Maryland, That the county court of Frederick county aforesaid, sitting as a court of chancery, be and it is hereby authorised and empowered to order and direct the saidn William Fischer, trustee as aforesaid, or any future trustee of the above mentioned Joseph Fogle, within the jurisdiction of said court, to pay over and transfer any money or property belonging to the estate of the said Joseph Fogle, to any trustee that may now or hereafter be appointed by the circuit court of Nelson county aforesaid, in the state of Kentucky, to receive the same; Provided, that the said court of Frederick county sitting as aforesaid, shall be satisfied that the trustee applying for any money or other property by virtue of this act, has executed a bond to the state of Kentucky, with security approved by the said court in Kentucky, conditioned, as well for the faithful conveyance of such money or property, or the value thereof in money, to the person or persons entitled to receive the same, as for the performance of his trust in that state.

[Much, much more at A Fogle Family History.] 
Fogle, Joseph (I6745)
 
812 Mark Crocker's will, from tn-roots.com:

I give unto my wife the following property (viz) one good horse and one side saddle, I give her also the following notes of hand, (and direct my executor to collect the same and pay it over to my wife as soon as convenient after they fall due) our note on I. H. Day & R C Henley for Ten dollars due the 9th of Oct 1857 our note on W N Hammonds for Twelve dollars due 26th Dec. 1857 our note on C C Hammonds Seventy dollars & 30 cents due 26th December 1857 our note on J W Conner & David Conner fourteen dollars & 60 cents due 26th December 1857 our note on A. M. Will & C C Hammonds for four dollars & 17cents due 26th Dec 1857 our note on J M Witherspoon & A G Pearco Two dollars and 20 cents due 25th December 1857 our note on J B Driskill for one dollar and 20 cents due 25th December 1857 and our note on Thomas H Witherspoon for forty dollars due 22nd July 1857 all of Said note were taken for property sold,belonging to my wife before our marriage. give and bequeath unto my said wife in addition to the above, three beds Steads, and furniture sufficient for the three beds Six choice chairs one folding table, one cupboard & one bureau (the ones that she brought to my house) all the table and kitchen furniture that she brought to my house after our marriage 
Crocker, Mark (I943)
 
813 Mentions of Charles Ewing in Hayden/Rapier and Allied Families by Mary Louise Donnelly:

"Early records in the State of Virginia show speculators named William Oldham, Charles Ewing, Peter and Adam Shepherd, and others secured thousands of acres of land in the region of Pottinger's Creek, Rolling Fork Creek, Cartright's Creek, Hardin's Creek, etc., in what is now Nelson, Washington, and Marion Counties in Kentucky. The Catholic pioneers purchased their property from these speculators." [pp. 17-18]

"The deed (Book 3:77) for Basil Hayden's property was recorded on [3 Dec 1785] in Nelson County, Kentucky and reads as follows: 'Know all men by these presents that we Isaac Morrison and Charles Ewing both of Nelson County and State of Virginia are held and firmly bound to BASIL HEYDON of the State of Maryland in the penal form of two hundred and fifty pounds current money of Virginia to be paid to the said BASIL HEYDON his heirs Ex. or Admin. and to the true payment whereof we bind ourselves our heirs and Executors firmly by these presents sealed with our Seales and dated this third day of Dec. one thousand seven hundred and Eighty five - The condition of the above obligation is such that if the above bounded Isaac Morrison and Charles Ewing their heirs Ex. or Adm. or either of them do and Shall will and truly convey or cause to be Conveyed unto the above mentioned BASIL HEYDEN his heirs Exs. or Adm. a certain tract of Land situate on the north side of Pottingers Creek adjoining Phillimon Lee (Phillip Lee) on the East Containing three hundred acres of land by a good and Sufficient deed a good Sure and Indefeasible estate of Inheritance in Fee Simple on or before the twenty fifth day of December one thousand Seven hundred and Eighty seven and that without further Delay then the above obligation to be void otherwise to remain in full force and virtue in same.' (The deed was signed by Isaac Morrison and Charles Ewing and the witnesses present were Philip Lee and Charles Hayden.) Then the following was recorded: 'This Bond from Isaac Morrison and Charles Ewing to BASIL HEYDEN was acknowledged by the said Morrison and ordered to record' (Signed Ben Grayson Cl. C.)" [p. 40]

"BASIL purchased additional land on Pottinger's Creek. By the 1799 taxes he owned 525 acres of land and 24 slaves. He purchased additional land from Charles Ewing and Nicholas Woods." [p. 42]

"HENRIETTA HAYDEN, 'the widow of BASIL HAYDEN,' married secondly on 2/4/1805 Charles Ewing (Nelson County Marriages 1:63). Concerning this Father Badin writes to Bishop Carroll on 2/20/1805, 'The widow HAYDEN who has disgraced herself in marriage, has renewed her past scandals and finished by marrying heterodoxum coram heterodoxo (a protestant by a protestant)." [p. 43]

"Probably an earlier letter of Father Badin written to Bishop Carroll on 8/13/1798 refers to her previous scandal, 'Mr. Rohan who is keeping school on my land has among his school-boys a subject that might become a clergyman were not the illegitimacy of his birth an obstacle to it. I thought proper to inform you of his virtue & talents, & also that the parents are willing & in some degree able to procure him a liberal education. He belongs to MR. HAYDEN's family, tho he be not his father: he is twelve or thirteen years of age.' This refers to William Hayden, mentioned in BASIL HAYDEN, SR.'s will as Henrietta's son. Whether he was the son of Charles Ewing, whom Henrietta immediately married seven months after BASIL's death, can be surmised." [p. 43]

"The marriage of HENRIETTA HAYDEN and Charles Ewing did not last long. In a Judgement in Nelson County for 1808 and 1809 HENRIETTA EWING vs Charles Ewing and Mary Flint. 'Since Charles Ewing continued to live in a State of adultery with said Mary in shameful violation of his marriage vow & agreement with Henrietta, Henrietta asks for a divorce.'" [p. 43]

"From EARLY TIMES IN WASHINGTON COUNTY, KENTUCKY by Orval W. Baylor (p 9) 'Charles Ewing came to Kentucky around 1785. He was a well-bred, well educated and cultured gentleman.' Charles Ewing first owned 600 acres on the north side of Hardin's Creek which he sold to Jereboam Beauchamp. In 1787 he purchased a 500 acre tract lying on the north side of the Rolling Fork. 'On a knoll overlooking a big bend in the river he erected a large two story log house; and there he lived to a ripe old age.' Charles Ewing was one of the first justices of Washington County. He served two terms as a legislator from Washington County and then retired from public affairs. According to the 1799 tax lists Charles Ewing owned 8,748 acres of land in Washington, Nelson, Green and Lincoln counties in Kentucky." [pp. 43-44]

From The Political Club, Danville, Kentucky, 1786-1790: Being an Account of an Early Kentucky Society from the Original Papers Recently Found, Volume 9, by Thomas Speed (Danville, Kentucky: John P. Morton, 1894):

"A strong family bearing the Ewing name removed to the West from Virginia at an early day. Baker Ewing was in Danville in 1785, and about the same time General Robert E. Ewing located in Tennessee. From 1793 to 1800 Charles Ewing represented Washington County in the Kentucky Legislature. Reuben Ewing and Young Ewing were members of the second Constitutional Convention. Reverend Fines Ewing was a noted Presbyterian minister in 1810. Baker Ewing, who was a member of the Political Club, was sent to the Virginia Legislature as the member from Lincoln County, Kentucky, in 1778. He was further honored in 1792 by appointment as Register of the Land Office, being the first incumbent of that office. In 1802 he represented Franklin County in the Kentucky Legislature. The Ewing family was one of great prominence in Russellville. Ephraim M. Ewing, a son of General Robert E. Ewing, located there, and was a leading lawyer. From 1835 to 1846 he was Judge of the Court of Appeals. His son, Presley Ewing, a brilliant young man, died before he attained his prime, but not until he had been sent as a representative to the National Congress. Doctor U. E. Ewing removed from Russellville to Louisville, where for many years he was a distinguished physician and most useful citizen. A son of Doctor Ewing bore the name Baker Ewing. The daughters of Doctor Ewing all married distinguished men.

"General Thomas Ewing, of Ohio, was born in Virginia in 1789, and no doubt belonged to the same family with those who came to Kentucky. Many of the most prominent men in the country are connected by marriage or blood with the Ewing family. Among them may be named Honorable Adlai Ewing Stevenson, Vice-President of the United States; Honorable James S. Ewing, Minister to Belgium; Honorable Andrew Ewing and Edwin H. Ewing, of Tennessee, the former being the father of Mrs. Henry Watterson, of Louisville. General W. T. Sherman married a daughter of General Thomas Ewing, of Ohio."

[The mother of Adlai Ewing Stephenson (1835-1914), 23rd Vice President of the United States, was Elizabeth Ann Ewing (1809-1889).] 
Ewing, Charles (I5641)
 
814 Note attached by "stashyc" to William Hayden in her public Ancestry.com tree:

Basil Hayden Sr. and his brother William Hayden, sons of George Hayden (d. 1754) were living in Kentucky at the time of their mother Charity's death. Neither were mentioned in Charity's will of 1791. Elizabeth Hayden (d. 1761), the boys' grandmother, left [land to] just the two oldest children of her deceased son George [...]

"Item I bequeath to my two grandsons William Hayden & Basil Hayden sons to George all that part or parcell of Land whereon William Morgan now lives known by the name of Shankes Resque containing 102 acres more or less to be divided Equally between my two grandsons as above mentioned". According to the Rent Rolls (43:105) Basil sold his share to his brother William on 9/17/1767.

Accompanied his brother Basil to Kentucky in 1785.

Deed recorded 3/31/1789 (Deed 2:59-60) in Nelson County, Virginia (became the state of Kentucky in 1792) records William Hayden['s] purchase of 400 acres of land "...beginning in James Cloyds line..." (on Pottinger's Creek).

William Hayden's will was proved null and void in the case "Hayden Heirs vs Hayden Executors" files 1794. The names of all of William Hayden's heirs were given in the court case (A:191-192) in Washington County, on 2/22/1796. When the heirs sold William Hayden's land, Bennett Hayden was not named as he had given whatever was to come to him from his father's estate "to my sister Mary Hayden" - dated 4/10/1794 (Deed A:178 Washington Co., KY). 
Hayden, William (I1344)
 
815 Ormerod on Ranulph Montalt, abstracted by Nancy López:

Hugo de Mara was the Norman grantee of the Cheshire possession of the barons of Montalt. Hugo de Mara, also called Hugo fitz Norman, was the brother of Ranulph Montalt. Hugo de Mara's and his brother Randulph's name first appear in charters that were grants of land to St. Werburgh. Randulph names appears as Randulfus Dapifer.

The possessions of Hugh de Mara, and the office of Dapifer or Seneschal of the earldom of Cheshire, were united in the next generation in Robert de Montalt. By Dugdale and other authorities, Robert is stated to be the son of Ralph, brother of Hugh de Mara or Hugh Fitz Norman. Robert takes the name of his castle of Montalt or Monte Alto.

Randulfo made grants to the Werberg's Abbey, 1093, which was founded by Earl Hugh Lupus, of whom he was Dapifer or Seneschal. 
Montalt, Ranulph (I4104)
 
816 Owensboro Messenger Inquirer, 21 Feb 2011:

Norman Hayden, 82, of Owensboro passed away Friday, Feb. 18, 2011, at Owensboro Medical Health System. Born in Daviess County, a son of the late James U. and Mary Edna Fischer Hayden, he graduated from St. Joseph High School and in 1955 founded Norman Hayden & Sons Dozer Service, spending his entire career as an excavating contractor. Mr. Hayden was a member of St. Martin Catholic Church and its Men's Club, the Knights of Columbus and the Farm Bureau. A wonderful husband and super dad, he was a fan of UK basketball and NASCAR. In addition to his parents, he was preceded in death by his brothers and sisters, John D. Hayden, Vincent Hayden, Doris Jane Hayden, Mildred Ivey and Betty Ann Oberst.

Mr. Hayden is survived by his wife of 26 years, Judy Bivens Hayden; his sons, Jimmy Hayden (Kim), Phil Hayden (Cheri) and Keith Hayden (Melissa), all of Owensboro, and Ron Hayden (Kim) of Philpot; his daughters, Debbie Sheperis (Cary Colman) of St. Louis, Denise Bartlett (Ed) of Philpot, Vickie Sipes (Dean) of Owensboro and Cathy Menchise (Mike) of Charlotte; his stepchildren, Billy Bivens (Angie) of Owensboro and Patti Bivens Swingle (Bill) of Newburgh; 13 grandchildren; four stepgrandchildren; 10 great-grandchildren; four stepgreat-grandchildren; his brother, Delbert Hayden of Bowling Green; and his sisters, Lucille Wright, Sue Hill and Carol Cecil, all of Owensboro.

The funeral Mass for Mr. Hayden will be 11 a.m. today at St. Martin Catholic Church. Visitation will be from 9 to 10:15 a.m. today at Glenn Funeral Home and Crematory. Burial will be in St. Raphael Cemetery. Expressions of sympathy may take the form of contributions to Hospice of Western Kentucky or the Memorial Fund of St. Martin Catholic Church. Messages of condolence may be placed at www.glennfuneralhome.com. 
Hayden, James Norman (I8921)
 
817 Owensboro Messenger, 7 Apr 1907, page 9:

EIGHT CHILDREN IN EIGHT YEARS

Is Record of Young Curdsville Couple.

Among them are three sets of twins -- Four Boys and Four Girls

If All People Followed Their Example Owensboro Would Extend From Hardinsburg to Henderson.

Whether there is race suicide in process of perpetration in this country or whether there is not, there is a young couple in Daviess county, eight years married and parents of eight children. If their example were followed by all the people in Daviess county this section would shortly be such a city that Main street would extend from Hardinsburg to Henderson. It would be a city that could furnish wives for the womanless of the West and soldiers for the armies of the world.

These young people are Mr. and Mrs. Clarence Hayden of the Curdsville neighborhood. Mr. Hayden is the son of Mr. and Mrs. J. S. Hayden, his wife was, before her marriage, Miss Fannie Newton. Both are members of well known and highly respected families. Mr. Hayden is a farmer by occupation and is prosperous.

Of their children four are boys and four are girls. Among them there are three pairs of twins. The first was a boy, then came twins, then a girl and then came twins again, two boys. Saturday, on the eighth anniversary of their marriage, a third pair of twins came, bringing the total number of children to eight. The latest twins are girls.

Mr. Hayden is thirty-three years old and weighs 125 pounds. His wife is twenty-nine years old and weighs 150 pounds.

This record has probably never been surpassed in Daviess county. There is a case on record of a couple in this same section of the county who had five children in a year—but this was maintained for only one year. It was nearly forty years ago. In January, twins were born to them, and in December of the same year triplets were born. But Mr. and Mrs. Hayden have the record for recent years.

The father of Mr. Hayden brought the news of the birth of the latest pair of twins to Owensboro yesterday afternoon.



Owensboro Messenger, 9 Feb 1908, page 9:

YOUNG FARMER DIES

And Leaves a Widow and Eight Children

Clarence Hayden died of heart trouble at 1 o'clock Saturday afternoon at his home at Rome, after an illness of several months. His death, while sudden, was not unexpected. He had been in poor health for some time. Mr. Hayden was twenty-eight years old and a respected farmer of the Rome section. His wife, who was before her marriage Miss Newton, survives him, with eight children. The funeral will take place at 9 o'clock Sunday morning from St. Raphael's church. The interment will be in the church cemetery. 
Hayden, Clarence Eugene "E. C." (I4248)
 
818 Owensboro Messenger, Wednesday, 24 Nov 1915:

BURIAL OF A SOLDIER TAKES PLACE AT ST. JOSEPH

The remains of William U. Hayden, formerly of West Louisville, who was killed in an explosion while acting as chief gunner's mate on board the Decatur at Cavite, Philippine Islands, about the middle of last September, arrived Tuesday morning and were taken to St. Joseph, where the funeral was conducted from St. Alphonsus Catholic church, with interment in the church burying grounds. The deceased was the son of Mr. and Mrs. J. S. Hayden, both deceased, and has several brothers and one sister. Mr. Hayden served many years in the army, enlisting the last time in the navy at San Diego, Calif., May 4, 1913. 
Hayden, William Urban (I1040)
 
819 Post to SGM, 26 Aug 2007, by Alan Grey:

To this could be added the Maud who married Thomas de Tolethorpe (died c. 1290). She is said to have been the daughter of Brice Daneys [VCH Rutland, Vol. 2, p. 238] but I have not seen a primary source for the statement.

The chronology of the Tolethorpe family would indicate to me that if Maud was of the Daneys family, then she was the sister, rather than daughter, of Brice. Her son William de Tolethorpe was in possession of the knight's fee in Tolethorpe in 1291 (i.e., born before 1270),and so Maud was born before (probably several years before) 1255, I suppose. For his part, Brice cannot have been born much before 1250 if he flourished from 1272, but lived until after 1318/21, especially since he was the great-grandson of a man whose brothers still flourished in the 1240s and whose children (Brice's grandfather's generation) were born in the 1230s (as per your post). Thus, Brice cannot be Maud's father, but perhaps he could be a brother. 
le Daneys, Maud (I1124)
 
820 Quoted in G. Andrews Moriarty, "Genealogical Research in England: Lothrop", The New England Historical and Genealogical Register 84:437, October 1930:

From the Records of the Court of Star Chamber
[Preserved in the Public Record Office, London]

Petition [undated] of James Carter and his wife Agnes and Thomas Layton and his wife Isabell states that they are seised of one acre of customary land in the manor of South Dalton, co. York, with appurtenances in Chery Burton, co. York, called Coke Merys, as of fee in right of Agnes and Isabel, whereon in 24 Henry VIII [1532-33] they sowed good wheat, which prospered till it was ready to be reaped, and that they then reaped a great part of the wheat, bound it in sheaves, and made thirty stooks, each containing twelve sheaves, according to the custom of that country, and intended to reap the rest. But now John Lawthrop, William Bynkys, Robert Lawthrop, William Patton, and John Burne, of their malicious and riotous minds, with clubs, staves, swords, daggers, pikes, etc., by force of arms, about Monday sennight next after the Feast of the Assumption of the Blessed Virgin [15 August], 25 Henry VIII [1533-34], entered the land, took away the wheat which had been reaped, and reaped and carried off the rest, making assault upon James Carter, beating and wounding him, and putting him in jeopardy of his life. Petitioners pray for a writ of subpoena for Lawthrop and the rest to appear before the King's Court at Westminster. (Star Chamber Proceedings, Henry VIII, vol. 9, no. 61.)

Answer [undated] of John Lowthorp to the petition of James Carter and the others sets forth that the matter of the petitioners is determinable within the Court of the Provost of Beverley, within his lordship of South Dalton, as the land specified is a parcel of the manor of South Dalton. Said Lowthorp denies that he is guilty of any riot or any other misdemeanor. Further, if he had committed any such riot or misdemeanor, the King, by authority of Parliament, has pardoned to all his subjects all riots and misdemeanors committed before 3 November last, before which time the riot is said to have taken place. He prays that the petition be dismissed with costs. (Ib., Henry VIII, vol. 9, no. 62.) 
Lowthroppe, John (I1206)
 
821 Rosie Bevan, 29 Mar 2015, post to SGM:

I can offer a few more details into the disputed inheritance and Geoffrey's ancestry.

In 1346-48 Henry of Pytchley, a monk at Peterborough, compiled a register of the abbey holdings from which there is an account of the disputed inheritance. The following is a précis.

Geoffrey de la Mare married three wives. From the first he had two sons, Geoffrey and Brian, and two daughters, Joan and Mabel. His second wife had a daughter named Maud, afterwards wife of Hugh de Cressy. However, because it was said that his son, Geoffrey, had previously had a pre contract with his second wife and had known her carnally, Geoffrey senior procured a divorce through the archdeacon of Essex. Afterwards Geoffrey junior and Brian died during the lifetime of their father. He married a third time, Cecily, who bore him another son named Geoffrey, posthumously. In 1345 the daughters and their husbands brought a suit for the de la Mare inheritance claiming that there could not have been a divorce because the second wife was mad so she could not authorise a deed of proxy, therefore Geoffrey was illegitimate. In the fine that ensued Hugh de Cressy and Maud recognised that Maxey and other tenements were the right of Geoffrey and quitclaimed their interest in them to him for 200 pounds. [W. T. Mellows, ed., Henry of Pytchley's Book of Fees (Northamptonshire Record Society, 1927), p.35-40.]

Geoffrey senior's ancestry can be gleaned from a plea in the Court of Common Pleas in the Michaelmas term of 1294 of Geoffrey de la Mare against the abbot of Peterborough claiming his right to the office of constable as held by his predecessors. Geoffrey gave the following descent from his great grandfather Brian de la Mare, from whom it descended to Geoffrey as his son and heir. From Geoffrey it descended to Brian his son and heir. Brian died without issue and it descended to Peter his brother and heir. Peter died without issue so it descended to his brother and heir Ralph. Ralph died without issue so it descended to Geoffrey his brother and heir. Geoffrey died without issue so it descended to Peter his brother and heir (evidently there were two brothers named Peter in the family). From Peter it descended to his son and heir Geoffrey, the plaintiff.

In the ensuing quitclaim of 1296 Geoffrey describes himself as "Galfridus de la Mare miles filius domini Petri de la Mare in Makeseye" confirming this paternity. [Sandra Raban, ed., The White Book of Peterborough (Northamptonshire Record Society, 2001), pp.1-2.] 
de la Mare, Geoffrey (I12033)
 
822 Santa Maria Times, 20 Apr 1889:

Death of Grandma Thorne.

A few weeks since in company with her daughter and son in law, Mr and Mrs Samuel Conner, Grandma Thorne left this city for Central City, Nebraska; her intended future home. Five days after her arrival, it is said that she placed her head in her hands and passed peacefully away. Grandma was 92 years old and the trip was too great for such an aged body. Had she remained in California it is quite probable that she would have lived to the great age of 100 years. Mrs Thorne was the mother of Mrs Curtis of Santa Maria. She was born in Vermont in 1797. At the age of 20 years she was married to Harry Nicholson and shortly afterward moved to Pennsylvania, where they lived for many years, rearing a family of five children. While there Mr Nicholson died and a few years later she married Richard Thorne and shortly (about 1880) she removed to California. where she resided until a few weeks since and where she was a second time left a widow. 
Martindale, Mercy (I312)
 
823 Steven M. Lawson:

He lived at Exeter, Devonshire, England in 1633, and at Dorchester, Suffolk Co., MA in 1635. With a corrected reading of Winthrop's Journal [ref. TAG 74:225], Thomas is identified as arriving from Barnstable, Devonshire aboard the 'Regard' in 1634. The revised entry for Nov. 13, 1634 is:

The Regard, a ship of Barnstable, of about two hundred tons, arrived with twenty passengers and about fifty cattle.

One thing I think fit to observe, as a witness of God's providence for this plantation. There came in this ship one Marisfeild, a poor godly man of Exeter, being very desirous to come to us, but not able to transport his family. There was in the city a rich merchant, one Marshall, who being troubled in his dreams about the said poor man, could not be quiet till he had sent for him and given him £50, and lent him £100, willing him withal, that, if he wanted, he should send to him for more. This Marsfeild grew suddenly rich, and then lost his godliness, and his wealth soon after.

Thomas settled at Windsor, Hartford Co., CT by 1637, and was living there in 1642 when he sold some of his land. On Oct. 14, 1642, Thomas was relieved of his entire estate to pay debts incurred, probably from a shipping venture begun in 1640 with Henry WOLCOTT, Samuel WAKEMAN and the WYLLYS family [TAG 74:127]. In late 1642, he is said to have "withdrawn" from Windsor, and may have died then. No further record is found and Savage states "Perhaps he was lost at sea."

Note: The Wyllys family referred to is that of Governor Samuel Wyllys of Connecticut. 
Marshfield, Thomas (I8357)
 
824 Steven M. Lawson:

In 1649, as the "widow Marshfield," she resided at Springfield, MA, being previously from Windsor, CT, and having three children -- including one married daughter. She was accused of being a witch, and brought court action against Mary Parsons for making a false accusation. Mary was sentenced to be whipped, and to pay £3 to Goody Marshfield "or and towards the reparation of her good name." 
Mercy (I230)
 
825 Stewart Baldwin, at The Henry Project, states that "The parentage of Ida remains unknown":

While it had been known for some time that the mother of William was a "countess" Ida, her identity was only recently proven. As one of two known contemporary English countesses named Ida, the wife of Roger Bigod had already been a prime candidate [see Paul C. Reed, "Countess Ida, mother of William Longespée, illegitimate son of Henry II", TAG 77 (2002), which was going to press just as the crucial discovery was made]. Convincing proof of her identity as the wife of Roger Bigod was only recently discovered by Raymond W. Phair, who announced his discovery in the soc.genealogy.medieval newsgroup on 3 July 2002, and then published it in The American Genealogist [Raymond W. Phair, "William Longespée, Ralph Bigod, and Countess Ida", TAG 77 (2002), 279-81], citing a list of prisoners after the Battle of Bouvines in 1214, in which Ralph Bigod was called a brother of the earl of Salisbury. The parentage of Ida remains unknown, but see Reed (2002) for the possibility that she might have been a daughter of Roger de Toeni and Ida of Hainault.

Douglas Richardson's Royal Ancestry (2013) gives Ida de Tony as a daughter of Ralph de Tony and Margaret of Leicester. Richardson set forth his arguments for this in a 2008 post to soc.genealogy.medieval, reproduced below:

From: Douglas Richardson
Subject: Ida de Tony, wife of Roger le Bigod, Earl of Norfolk, and mother of William Longespee, Earl of Salisbury
Date: Wed, 3 Dec 2008 06:32:55 -0800 (PST)

[...] For conclusive evidence that Ida, wife of Earl Roger le Bigod, was a member of the Tony family, see Morris, The Bigod Earls of Norfolk in the 13th Century (2005): 2, who cites a royal inquest dated 1275, in which the jurors affirmed that Earl Roger le Bigod had received the manors of Acle, Halvergate, and South Walsham, Norfolk from King Henry II, in marriage with his wife, Ida de Tony (citing Rotuli Hundredorum 1 (1812): 504, 537). Morris shows that Earl Roger le Bigod received these manors by writ of the king, he having held them for three quarters of a year at Michaelmas 1182 (citing PR 28 Henry II, 1181-1182 (Pipe Roll Soc.) (1910):64). This appears to pinpoint to marriage of Ida de Tony and Earl Roger le Bigod as having occurred about Christmas 1181.

For evidence that Ida de Tony was the mother of William Longespee, Earl of Salisbury (illegitimate son of King Henry II of England), see London, Cartulary of Bradenstoke Priory (Wiltshire Rec. Soc. 35) (1979): 143, 188, which includes two charters in which Earl William Longespee specifically names his mother as Countess Ida. Furthermore, among the prisoners captured at the Battle of Bouvines in 1214 was a certain Ralph [le] Bigod, who a contemporary French record names as "brother" [i.e., half-brother] to William Longespée, Earl of Salisbury [see Brial, Monumens de Règnes des Philippe Auguste et de Louis VIII 1 (Recueil des Historiens des Gaules et de la France 17) (1878): 101 (Guillelmus Armoricus: "Isti sunt Prisiones (capti in bello Bovinensi)...Radulphus Bigot, frater Comitis Saresburiensis"); see also Malo, Un grand feudataire, Renaud de Dammartin et la coalition de Bouvines (1898):199, 209].

As for Countess Ida's parentage, it seems virtually certain that she was a daughter of Ralph V de Tony (died 1162), of Flamstead, Hertfordshire, by his wife, Margaret (b. c.1125, living 1185), daughter of Robert de Beaumont, 2nd Earl of Leicester [see C.P.7 (1929): 530, footnote e (incorrectly dates Ralph and Margaret's marriage as "after 1155" based on the misdating of a charter --correction provided by Ray Phair); C.P. 12(1) (1953): 764 - 765 (sub Tony); Power, The Norman Frontier in the Twelfth and Early Thirteenth Centuries (2004): 525 (Tosny pedigree)].

For evidence which supports Ida's placement as a child of Ralph V de Tony, several facts may be noted. First, Countess Ida and her husband, Roger le Bigod, are known to have named children, Ralph and Margaret, presumably in honor of Ida's parents, Ralph and Margaret de Tony [see Thompson, Liber Vitae Ecclesiae Dunelmenis (Surtees Soc. 136) (1923): fo.63b, for a contemporary list of the Bigod children]. Countess Ida was herself evidently named in honor of Ralph V de Tony's mother, Ida of Hainault. Next, William Longespee and his descendants had a long standing association with the family of Roger de Akeny, of Garsington, Oxfordshire, which Roger was a younger brother of Ralph V de Tony (died 1162) [see C.P. 8 (1932): chart foll. 464; 14 (1998): 614; Loyd, Origins of Some Anglo-Norman Fams. (1951): 2; VCH Oxford 5 (1957): 138; Harper-Bill, Dodnash Priory Charters (Suffolk Rec. Soc. 16) (1998): 34 - 37, 39 - 40, 72 - 73; Fam. Hist. 18 (1995 - 97): 47 - 64; 19 (1998): 125 - 129]. Lastly, Roger le Bigod and his step-son William Longespée both had associations with William the Lion, King of Scots, which connection can be readily explained by virtue of King William's wife, Ermengarde, being sister to Constance de Beaumont, wife of Countess Ida's presumed brother, Roger VI de Tony [see C.P. 12(1) (1953): 760 - 769 (sub Tony)].

William the Lion was likewise near related to both of Countess Ida's presumed parents, her father by a shared descent from Countess Judith, niece of William the Conqueror, and her mother by a shared descent from Isabel de Vermandois, Countess of Surrey. Roger le Bigod and William Longespee were both present with other English relations of William the Lion at an important gathering at Lincoln in 1200, when William the Lion paid homage to King John of England [see Stubbs, Chronica Magistri Rogeri de Houedene 4 (Rolls Ser. 51) (1871): 141 - 142].

Thus, naming patterns, familial and political associations give strong evidence that Ida, wife of Earl Roger le Bigod, was a daughter of Ralph V de Tony.

A later post from Richardson in the same thread:

From: Douglas Richardson
Subject: Re: Ida de Tony, wife of Roger le Bigod, Earl of Norfolk, and mother of William Longespee, Earl of Salisbury
Date: Mon, 8 Dec 2008 11:28:47 -0800 (PST)

Morris says that Ida de Tony was a ward of the king when the king married her to Roger le Bigod. That presumably means she was not yet 21 at her marriage, which occurred at Christmas 1181. If so, she would have to have been born no earlier than 1160.

Also, to be a ward of the king, your father would have been a tenant in chief of the king who left a minor heir in custody. The only requisite Tony male in this time period that would appear to fit that description would be Sir Ralph de Tony (husband of Margaret de Beaumont), who died in 1162, leaving a minor son, Roger. An estimate for a birth of Sir Ralph de Tony is hard to determine, but he was conceivable born as early as 1130, and probably no later than 1135. We know his parents were married in the reign of King Henry I who died in 1135.

As for the chronology of other parts of the Tony family. Sir Ralph de Tony's sister, Godeheut de Tony, wife of William de Mohun, had a grandson and heir, Reynold de Mohun, born about 1185. So Godeheut de Tony was born say 1135, give or take. Sir Ralph de Tony's younger brother, Sir Roger de Tony, had his son and heir, Baldwin, born about 1170. So Sir Roger was born say 1140, give or take.

In any case, the fact that Ida de Tony was a ward at the time of her marriage would seem to clearly indicate her parentage.

An email from Todd A. Farmerie to Marianne Dillow, reproduced in the same thread as Richardson's two posts above (the archives of the thread are somewhat jumbled, making it hard to tell the exact order of posts). It summarizes Farmerie's reservations about Richardson's identification of Ida de Tony's parents. In the scheme that Farmerie considers equally probable, Ida's parents would be Ralph de Tony's father Roger de Tony and Roger's wife Ida de Hainault:

I think you already had others point you to the group archives. Let me just say that this is not about confidence in an individual's work. It is a legitimate difference of opinion, two people, each equally qualified, using the same data, and reaching different conclusions.

I didn't want to get into another round of argument in the group, as it has been argued several times before. Briefly, though, everything that has been said about her being child of Ralph would also apply to her being sister of Ralph. All of the names, all of the associations, etc.

Whether she was daughter or sister comes down to how old you think she is, and we have no evidence. Thus, virtual certainty is a bit of an exaggeration. That she was of this immediate family is pretty safe, but which generation, there is room for doubt.

Let me also say this, and I just offer it at face value. This is not the first 'near certainty' that has been proclaimed with regard to her parentage. For years it was argued that it was almost certain she was a completely different person. Then a new piece of evidence comes out and we have seamlessly switched to a different near certainty. Basically, when someone says that something is a virtual certainty, they are doing it either because they think it is absolutely certain, and are simply recognizing that all history has a minute chance of revision, or alternatively, because they know it isn't certain, but they have convinced themselves that it is the right answer and are trying to make it sound better than it really is. This is not a 99.99% certainty, it is a 75% likelihood, coupled with a strong gut feeling and some gilding of the lily. That, at least, is my view.

I guess my real point is, don't take anything at face value. Mr. Richardson has made some insightful hypotheses. As far as I know, he was the first to guess that Ida, wife of Roger de Toeny was identical to Ida, mother of William Longespee. He had no evidence for it - it was just a strong gut instinct that led him to the right answer when proof was found a decade later. He has also reached some conclusions that are nothing but wishful thinking (such as his first 'certain' ancestry of Ida, which we now know is completely false). Both were expressed with equal certainty. Mr. Richardson is not unique in this. The same is true of others here, myself included. Don't just accept what anyone says. Look at all of the different opinions and ignore who is saying what, just take what seems the best solution from it, no matter who offers it.

Even if only one person has suggested a connection, look at the evidence and try out some other possibilities and see if they will fit as well. No one is right all the time - everyone has their biases, and to be good at this, it is important to move beyond the individual opinions and reach your own conclusions from the original data. (Sorry to preach.)

Finally, a post from the same thread setting forth a chronological argument for Richardson's position, and giving a reasonable guess as to her year of birth:

From: mississippienne@gmail.com
Subject: Re: Ida de Tony, wife of Roger le Bigod, Earl of Norfolk, and mother of William Longespée, Earl of Salisbury
Date: Mon, 8 Dec 2008 10:54:13 -0800 (PST)

[...] Girls as young as 12 were considered marriageable during this time period, and since we have no firm dates for either Ida's birth or that of her son William, she might've been as young as 15 or as old as her twenties by the time she gave birth to him. Unless someone happens upon a charter in which William de Longspee helpfully provides his exact date of birth and that of his mother, we will probably never know for sure. All we know is that she went onto have at least eight children with Roger Bigod; assuming no twins, Ida was bearing children at least until about 1190. As M. Sjostrom points out, it's stretching the chronology to the breaking point to get Ida de Tony to be the daughter of Ida of Hainault.

I think a reasonable time for Ida de Tony would be a birth c. 1160, her son William born 1175-1180, marriage to Roger Bigod in 1181, at which point she was bearing his children until the early 1190s or thereabouts, when she would've been in her thirties. 
de Tony, Ida (I683)
 
826 The following is a transcript of a paper written by genealogical researcher and 5th great grandaughter of Frances Jane Coomes, Rita Mackin Fox:

While conducting research on the life of Kentucky pioneer Frances (a.k.a. Jane) Coomes (a.k.a. Combs, Coombs, Coombes)--Kentucky's first teacher, among other achievements--the status of women in American history became very clear. I experienced firsthand the frustration of trying to discover the story of one Kentucky pioneer who had the misfortune of being born a second-class citizen--a woman. For Frances and other women in American history, very few historical documents exist to tell us what their lives were like. When a woman's accomplishments were deemed noteworthy enough to be included in a civil document or historical record, she usually was referred to in connection with her husband's name because, upon marriage, almost all women in colonial and federal America were viewed as being one legal entity with their husbands.

While Frances Coomes had many historical accomplishments in her own right, she is referred to in most state history books only as Mrs. William Coomes. Her maiden name is unknown. Some researchers believe her to be a Lancaster, others a Greenleaf or Greenwell, and yet others a Mills. But I have yet to see any solid proof for any of these surnames. I hope one day to find her marriage record--which is probably in Maryland or Virginia--but I know many other Coomes researchers have already tried and failed to turn up such evidence.

Kentucky historians and Coomes researchers can't even agree on her given name--Frances or Jane. There was a plaque erected in her honor during the 1930s at Fort Harrod State Park in Harrodsburg (also referred to in this paper as Harrod's Town, its original name), Ky., which referred to her as Jane. Several deeds in Nelson County, Kentucky, the first of which was dated 10 March 1789, refer to her as Frances. To illustrate the confusion, at Frankfort's Department of Libraries and Archives, there are two biographical sketches on her in the vertical files--one under Jane, the other Frances. The "Jane" file lists her achievement as being Kentucky's first schoolteacher. The "Frances" file describes her role as Kentucky's first woman physician. Both mention her being the first Anglo in Kentucky--woman or man--to manufacture salt. Because she is called Frances in the only primary documents I have found, I will use that name, unless citing a source that names her otherwise.

With that established, let me share what I have learned of my ancestor, Frances Coomes, my maternal fifth-great-grandmother. In the process, I hope to give my reader a glimpse of the life of a pioneer woman on the Kentucky frontier.

Frances makes her marks on Kentucky history

Frances's husband William is credited, along with Dr. George Hart, an Irishman and physician, as being one of the first Catholics in Kentucky. Of course, they actually were the first Catholic males, as the entire Coomes family emigrated at the same time. Along with Frances, their nine children are overlooked as being among the first Catholics in Kentucky. All of their children were born before the family emigrated to Kentucky circa 1775-76. Like so many other questions yet to be answered, the exact date of Frances and William's arrival at Harrod's Town is in dispute. Martin Spalding and others give 1775 as the year. However, Frances's arrival is not included in the following passage from Allen's History of Kentucky: "In September 1775, three more ladies arrived in Kentucky, and, with them their husbands and children settled in Harrodsburg, to wit: Mrs. Denton, Mrs. McGary, and Mrs. Hogan." The Fort Harrod entry in the Kentucky Encyclopedia reads: "Among the pioneers who arrived in 1776 were Jane Coomes, who started a school and taught for the next nine years...." But all sources agree that the Coomes family was in Kentucky by 1776, the year Kentucky County, Virginia, was created by the Virginia Assembly. Harrod's Town served as the county seat.

Frances began to make her place in Kentucky history soon after entering the region. Spalding, writing in 1844, cites information provided by Frances's son, Walter A. Coomes, who said he was about 16 years old when he arrived at Harrod's Town. Spalding reports that William Coomes was born in Charles Co., Md., and later moved to the south branch of the Potomac River in Virginia. (It is not yet known if they were married in Maryland or Virginia.) The Coomes family emigrated from Virginia to what is now Kentucky together with Abraham and Isaac Hite. Spalding shares this glimpse of Frances's first historically noteworthy activity:

"On their way through Kentucky to Harrod's Station, the party encamped for seven weeks at Drilling's (sic) Lick, in the neighbourhood of the present city of Frankfort. Here Mrs. Coomes, aided by those of the party who were not engaged in hunting, employed herself in making salt--for the first time, perhaps, that this article was manufactured in our State."

George Morgan Chinn describes the salt-making event as follows (although her being Irish is not yet proven):

"While the party was camped near Drennon's Lick, Mrs. Coomes, a resourceful Irish Catholic...collected a few kettles and directed the boiling of salt water from the spring. The Indians had long used this method for obtaining salt, but for the early settlers it was hardly a practical solution. Even if heavy and precious iron kettles large enough for the project could be obtained, it took from 800 to 1000 gallons of the salty spring water and days of feeding the hot fires under the boiling kettles to produce one bushel of salt--comparable in value to 20 British shillings, a good cow and calf, or 1000 pounds of tobacco."

Needless to say, Frances was an invaluable person to have along on the Wilderness Trail from Virginia, through the Cumberland Gap, and into Kentucky. She proved even more valuable once she arrived at Harrod's Town. According to one biographical file in the Library Extension Division, she is credited as being the first woman physician in Kentucky. The sketch reads:

"There she practiced medicine and surgery, and she was in wide demand on the frontier as an obstetrician....From Maryland she had brought her meager supply of medicines. These she supplemented by making her own from herbs. She dispensed calomel, her principal drug, sparingly. As a substitute, she boiled an extract of white walnut until it became a sirupy (sic) mass, and then made pills of it."

This biography, which cites Dr. John A. Ouchterlony's Pioneer Medical Men and Times of Kentucky as its source, also describes two examples of Frances's healing practices. She successfully treated a case of clubfoot in one of her grandchildren, who had been born with her or his toes touching the shin bones. Frances bandaged the deformed feet daily until they were normal. Another treatment is described in greater detail:

"... that of a man who came to her from Virginia for treatment of an ulcer. She informed him the treatment would be severe, but he consented. She provided an operating table of hewn timber, constructed to enable the patient to be strapped down. She used clay to fashion a dam around the diseased tissues and then applied a powerful escharotic (sic) by pouring hot boiling lard over the affect[ed] surface. It was a crude procedure, but the principle was sound. And the patient was cured."

Dr. Ouchterlony is quoted as writing that Frances "certainly was the first female who ever practiced medicine in Kentucky, and according to some was the first of either sex to exercise the beneficent functions of the healing art in our State." The sketch stated (though it did not attribute the statement to Ouchterlony) that "it is assumed she may have practiced medicine before her neighbor, Dr. Hart, had an opportunity to do so, although it is believed that she had the benefit of his instruction and perhaps the use of whatever medical library he possessed."

At Harrod's Town, the Coomes family lived outside the fort, but used the fort for protection during sieges and attacks by Indians, which continued long after the Coomes family moved on to Nelson County. The first of the attacks began in March 1777, when the fort came under continuous attack by Indians. Several Kentucky histories, including Spalding's, recount the narrow escape of William Coomes in an attack outside the fort in which one of his Harrod's Town companions was killed.

Frances occupied part of her time in Harrod's Town as a teacher and is credited with being Kentucky's first educator. "Mrs. Coomes, at the urgent request of the citizens, opened a school for the education of children." The need was great, according to a fall 1777 census of the fort that shows nearly one-third of Fort Harrod's population was under the age of ten--58 white and seven black children. (It is not known if the black children, possibly slaves, were provided instruction.) Present-day Kentucky historian Thomas D. Clark described Mrs. Coomes' school as "nothing more than a dame school without significant implications of the English system of education. Her youngsters of Fort Harrod were taught to read and write from paddles with the alphabet inscribed upon them and from the Bible texts."

The Library Extension Service biographical sketch quotes a Lexington Herald story about the school as follows:

"Her texts were the New Testament and crude wooden paddles, which took the place of horn books of Queen Elizabeth's time, on which the letters of the alphabet and figures were printed. It was a blab school where all studied aloud, their swaying bodies keeping time to the tune of their A B Cs. A dunce stool stood in a corner; a rod for chastising the negligent nearby. The seats were made of puncheons or logs cut lengthwise, set up on peg legs, there were no backs. That little school room was built of round logs with no chinking between them. It had a dirt floor, only one window, covered with a doe-skin instead of glass, and a slab door hung on deer throngs."

Kathryn Harrod Mason describes horn books as "a paddlelike affair made of clapboard and a piece of horn, which was steamed and flattened to provide a smooth writing surface." Mason adds the following anecdote:

"Mrs. Coomes called the children with a brass bell that had once hung around the neck of a cow she had brought across the Wilderness Road."

While Frances left no diary behind, we can get a glimpse of her daily life in this description of the typical pioneer woman in Kentucky:

"Woman was something more than man's helpmate on the frontier ... 'it is not known whether the man or woman be the most necessary.' ... She was both mistress and servant, matron and nursery maid, housekeeper and charwoman, dairy-maid and cook....Custom and necessity united to lay upon her the duty of providing for every household need that the rude agriculture of the period did not supply, and in all the multifarious activities which engaged her skill and energy, she labored unaided by labor-saving machinery. And so she milked the cows in all weather, while sturdy men and boys watched an operation too effeminate to enlist their service; churned the butter and pressed the cheese; carried the tube to the spring and caught rain-water for the weekly 'washing' from the eaves in troughs and barrels; made her own soft-soap; washed, picked, carded and dyed the wool; pulled, broke, hatcheled and bleached the hemp; spun the thread; and wove the cloth; contrived and made the garments; reared her children; nursed the sick, sympathized with the distressed and encouraged the disheartened laborer at her side. In all this, and above it all, woman was the tutelar saint of the frontier."

Frances in later years

Spalding reports that Frances and William remained at Harrod's Town for nine years. By 1783, William had obtained a grant for 1,000 acres in Jefferson County on the Cox's and Stewart's creek watercourses. This land helped form Nelson County in 1784. William was deeded this land in December 1784. He became a prominent Catholic landowner in this area and is mentioned often in deeds, court records, and the marriage bonds of his daughters and sons. Frances seems to have slipped into obscurity, only mentioned by given name in a few deeds between 1789 and 1813 and identified as William's wife.

The Coomes family Bible gives the date Frances died as 25 April 1816. William passed away on 6 Nov 1824. No will was probated nor is there a record of their estate being settled in Nelson County. Several of their children had moved on to Daviess and other counties, so it is possible they did not die in Nelson County. But they might not have had any property left to be divided. In 1813, William and Frances divided 1,646 acres of their land among eight of their nine children, excluding only Nancy Ann.

While this paper has to come to an end, my search for Frances's story goes on. Primary records, particularly marriage, deed and will records may hold many clues, if only I can find them. Perhaps I'll even find mention of her in the diaries and records of her neighbors. But I already am quite proud of all Frances managed to accomplish--not the least of which is the feat of getting her name mentioned in any record in our state's male-authored history books. 
Frances Jane (I6678)
 
827 The mysterious Theophilus Whale[y]:

From The Genealogical Dictionary of First Settlers of New England, by James Savage, volume IV:

Theophilus Whale, Kingston, R. I., came from Virginia with wife Elizabeth about 1676, had Joan, Ann, Theodosia, Elizabeth, Martha, Lydia, and Samuel; but it is thought that if not more, the eldest two were born in Virginia. Great uncertainty attaches to almost everything he said or did, as is found often in regard to those who emigrated from a distant country and lived to great age. Potter says he knew Hebrew, Greek, etc. and died about 1719/20, aged about 104. It would have been strange if more than one myth had not sprung out of his grave. My first exercise of caution would be to examine the means of reducing his years by 20 or near, for his only son, it is said, died about 1782, and it is quite improbable that when he was born the father was much beyond 70. Beside that his wife died 8 or 10 yrs. before her husband. Dr. Stiles in the exuberance of his conjecture that was requisite to sustain his credulity supposes he may have been one of the regicides. But we know the names of all who acted in that tragedy, as well as of those who were nominated and declined to act or withdrew as did several after participating some hours in the mockery of trial before its end, among all of whom is not that of Theophilus Whale. Some of those misguided men would have resorted to any other part of the world, sooner than Virginia. Samuel Whale, only son of Theophilus, had two wives, first a Hopkins, then a Harrington, as Potter reports; and that his children were seven: Thomas, Samuel, Theophilus, James or Jeremy, John and two daughters, and that he died about 1782.

From Barnum Family Genealogy, 1350 to the Present, a little more willing to credit various legends and suppositions:

Theophilus Whalley/Whaley came to Rhode Island from Rappahannock County, Virginia, where he sold his plantation in 1665. He was university-educated and born of wealthy parents, waited upon hand and foot by servants until the age of 18, by his own reported testimony. He was in Virginia before he was 21, and served there as a military officer. He returned to England to serve in the Parliamentary army under Oliver Cromwell, who may have been a close relative. If his real identity has been deduced correctly (see below), his regiment took part in the execution of Charles I in 1649, and its commander, an officer named Hacker, was later executed. Some sources suggest that Theophilus was actually Robert Whalley--brother of Edward Whalley, one of the two regicide judges who fled England and were concealed for some time in--among other places--Hadley, Massachusetts. If this is true, "Theophilus" was an assumed name, designed to cover his past after the ascension of Charles II to the throne in 1660.

About that time, "Theophilus" returned to VA and bought land there, where he married Elizabeth Mills (1645-1715) and where two or three of their children were born. Sometime between 1665 and 1680 he came to Rhode Island, settling at the head of Pettaquamscutt Pond in Narragansett. He never spoke of his past while living in Rhode Island and made his living there by fishing, weaving, and teaching (he knew Greek, Latin and Hebrew). He seems to have avoided public notice and public office, though he sometimes penned deeds and other legal documents for less literate neighbors. Mysterious visits to his home by distinguished men from Boston and elsewhere enriched the humble life he had chosen to lead. During Queen Anne's War, a warship dropped anchor in Narragansett Bay and its captain, a kinsman of Theophilus Whaley bearing the same surname, sent a boat to Whaley's landing to invite him aboard for dinner. Whaley at first accepted, but changed his mind and did not go, explaining to a friend afterward that he feared a trap had been laid to take him back to England. This story seemed to confirm the suspicions of his contemporaries that he was himself one of the regicide judges--a suspicion that inexplicably persisted long after the movements of fugitive judges Goffe and Edward Whalley had become well known.

He was on the tax rolls of Kingstown in 1687 and on 6 September of that year he was taxed 35s 11d. He acquired 120 acres at East Greenwich on 30 Jan 1710, conveyed to him from the proprietors of the tract of land now comprising West Greenwich. On 20 Feb 1711 he and his wife Elizabeth deeded to their only son Samuel for love, etc., that same 120 acres. He moved, in the latter part of his life, to the house of his son-in-law Joseph Hawkins.He was buried with military honors near the home of that son-in-law in West Greenwich.

Theophilus Whaley's children were Joan, Ann, Theodosia, Elizabeth, Martha (b. 1680), Lydia, and Samuel. Only Martha's birth date is known for certain, but all the children were born after his return to Virginia about 1660.

From the site of the Jamestowne Society:

Oct 17, 2012 NOTE: In years past, Mr. Whalley was accepted as a Qualifying Ancestor for the Jamestowne Society. However, evidence of his residency/service does not meet current standards of proof. Therefore, ancestry from Mr. Whalley is no longer sufficient for membership in the Society.

The story here of the early years (before 1680) of Theophilus Whaley (Whalley, Whale), who died around 1720, is based to a large extent on information gathered by Reverend Ezra Stiles, later president of Yale College, in interviews with persons who had known him in their youth. This narrative was included in a volume listed below published in 1794. A particular cause of this inquiry was the fact that one of the judges or regicides who condemned King Charles I was named Edward Whalley, and the possibility that Edward and Theophilus might be the same person fueled much speculation.

The assembled recollections gathered indicated that Theophilus Whalley had been born in England to a wealthy family in 1616, received a university education, arrived in Virginia before 1637 and served as an officer in the Indian Wars, returned to England during the Civil War and was an officer in the Parliamentary Army in a regiment that was present at the execution of Charles I. (A book entitled The Army List of the Roundheads and Cavaliers, 1642, published in 1863 lists a Theophilus Willey as an ensign in the regiment of Sir William Fairfax of the Parliamentary Army.)

At the time of the Restoration he returned to Virginia, married Elizabeth Mills and had children, and around February 1680 left Virginia and subsequently settled for the rest of his life in the Narragansett area of Rhode Island. His stated reason for this move was the pressure of religious differences as he was a Baptist in an Anglican colony.

Notations in the records of Old Rappahannock County relevant to the search for Whaley's Virginia years include (1) the will of John Mills in 1665 bequeathing a cow to his daughter Elizabeth; (2) a March 30, 1674 sale by Theophilus and Elizabeth Whale of a parcel of land that they had been granted by Governor Berkeley; and (3) a September 1674 grant by Governor Berkeley to Theophilus Whale and another person of 400 acres of land, which was then sold January 2, 1675. The will of Richard Clark in January 1677 made Theophilus Whale his executor, gave Whale his "woodland ground" and gave his goddaughter, Elizabeth Whale, a cow calf. Further, Whale was involved in two land transfers in January 1680, and finally in the following month he conveyed to Robert Beverley all of his land in Rappahannock County including the place where he had been living, and appointed an attorney to confirm the same, signing the action "Theophilus Wealle".

After arriving in Rhode Island in 1680, the records show in 1710 a grant of 120 acres of land in East Greenwich, Rhode Island, where Whale died and was buried shortly before 1720. With regard to his possibly being the regicide Edward Whalley, that issue appeared to have been put to rest at the time of the American Revolution when Thomas Hutchinson, the last royal governor, stated that Edward Whalley had died and was buried in Hadley, Massachusetts.

References:

"Theophilus Whaley of Virginia and Rhode Island", by G. Andrews Moriarty; Virginia Magazine of History and Biography, Vol 66, pages 76-79.

History of Three of the Judges of Charles I, Major General Whaley, Major General Goffe, and Colonel Dixwell and with an account of Mr. Theophilus Whaley of Narragansett, by Reverend Ezra Stiles, 1794. 
Whaley, Theophilus (I9306)
 
828 The text below is from the Combs-Coombs &c. site, which is in general an exemplary work of cooperative genealogy.

Nothing is known of Richard Coombs' ancestry, and very little about his early years. According to Maryland transport records, he was transported in 1676 by one Edward COOKE, Mariner (Lib 15, fol. 383) It remains unknown to whom Richard was actually indentured in Maryland (assuming he was indentured). According to both Kelly's "Hamilton Family," page 14, and Sr. Mary Donnelly's "Imprints," Richard married an Anne SHIRCLIFFE, but the source for this statement remains unknown.

Richard was born ca 1653/4 according to depositions he gave in Charles county in the early 1700s (see that county) and died before 1747 (Land Liber Z-2, p. 160). He has yet to be found in any records with any other Combs other than his own descendants, even though his descendants are found owning land originally owned by Phillip Combes of Charles County (by 1656), and associating with the same families as the Combes of St. Mary's County (descendants of Abraham Combes and Enoch Combes).

In 1703, twenty-seven years after his arrival in Maryland, Richard purchased 200 acres of Green's Inheritance from Robert and Mary GREEN (Land Lib Z-1, fol. 70). He also acquired the tract "Addition" from William GREEN (as repayment of a debt?), and purchased part of the tract, "Christian Temple Manor."

Richard's children, none of whom are proven other than William who inherited his land, are believed to be:

William, b ca 1700, d. Sept. 1783, Charles County, Maryland, m. Winifred ENSEY (d/o John and Winnefred)
Richard, Jr., d. Jan. 1752, Frederick County, Maryland
Thomas, d. Jan. 1753, Charles County, Maryland, m. Elizabeth WHARTON
Jane
Sarah
Leonard
Eleanor, died Frederick County, Maryland, married (1) Dennis DOHENY, and (2) John CLEMENT 
Coomes, Richard Thomas (I10630)
 
829 Todd A. Farmerie, 26 Apr 2016, post to soc.genealogy.medieval:

I would suggest for Iberia that the cutoff for the most stringent level of evidence with every generation solidly documented would be at Ramiro I in Asturias; Gonzalo, father of Count Fernan Gonzalez in Castile; Garcia, father of Sancho I in Pamplona; Galindo, father of Count Aznar I in Aragon; Lope, father of Raymond I of Ribagorza and Pallars; and Sunifred, father of Wifred I in Catalonia. 
Ramiro I King of Asturius (I9740)
 
830 Todd A. Farmerie, 26 Apr 2016, post to soc.genealogy.medieval:

I would suggest for Iberia that the cutoff for the most stringent level of evidence with every generation solidly documented would be at Ramiro I in Asturias; Gonzalo, father of Count Fernan Gonzalez in Castile; Garcia, father of Sancho I in Pamplona; Galindo, father of Count Aznar I in Aragon; Lope, father of Raymond I of Ribagorza and Pallars; and Sunifred, father of Wifred I in Catalonia. 
Galindo (I3140)
 
831 Todd A. Farmerie, 26 Apr 2016, post to soc.genealogy.medieval:

I would suggest for Iberia that the cutoff for the most stringent level of evidence with every generation solidly documented would be at Ramiro I in Asturias; Gonzalo, father of Count Fernan Gonzalez in Castile; Garcia, father of Sancho I in Pamplona; Galindo, father of Count Aznar I in Aragon; Lope, father of Raymond I of Ribagorza and Pallars; and Sunifred, father of Wifred I in Catalonia. 
Iñiguez, Garcia I King of Pamplona (I1178)
 
832 Todd A. Farmerie, 9 Jun 2002, post to SGM:

Eustachie was suggested by Charles Evans to be illegitimate daughter of Eustace, son of King Stephen. This conclusion was based on onomastics and kinship. Eustachie is specifically stated to have been a kinswoman of King Henry II, and is found in several modern sources as Eustachie of Champagne. Eustachie being the female form of Eustace, Evans argued that the only time that Eustace/Eustachie was associated with Champagne was following the marriage of King Stephen to Matilda of Boulogne, daughter of Eustace III of Boulogne. He then chose Eustace, Stephen's son (and Henry II's second cousin) to be father of Eustachie. (It is unclear why Eustace was preferable to Evans over his brother William.) That, anyway, is Evans' suggestion.

The problem with this is that I have traced back her being called Eustachie "of Champagne", and cannot find anything contemporary that calls her this. Where does it come from, then? (One possibility is that this somehow derived from a misunderstanding regarding the nickname of her husband, Anselme "Campdaveine.") If "de Champagne" is non-contemporary, then the primary reason for attaching her to the Champagne/Boulogne family disappears.

It is in this context that we can view the suggestion of Kathleen Thompson, (apparently again based on onomastics and kinship), that Eustachie was daughter of William Gouet (III) by his wife Mabel. This would make her, on her father's side, granddaughter of Eustachie, wife of William Gouet (II), explaining her given name, and on her mother's side, granddaughter, through an illegitimate daughter Mabel, of King Henry I, making her (half-) first cousin of King Henry II. Thus this solution accounts for both the kinship and onomastics.

The take-home message here is that Evans based his conclusion on scant evidence, at least some of which appears to have been flawed. There is an alternative that explains the existing material at least as well, and doesn't require the invention of an illegitimate child of Eustace IV of Boulogne, otherwise thought to have d.s.p. 
Eustachie (I10042)
 
833 Unsourced and unattributed note posted to familysearch.org on 27 Feb 2014:

The origin and immigration data for the Richard Hardy of Stamford, CT is unknown. It is believed that he may be the same person as the Richard Hardy who was in Concord, Massachusetts Bay Colony in 1639. There is speculation that his first wife, name unknown, died in Concord after giving birth to twins.

Information concerning whether these twins survived cannot be located, but in Family Tree there is an unsourced record, with no parents listed, for a Richard Hardy born in Concord in 1639.

Richard Hardy was probably a fairly early settler of Stamford, Fairfield County, Connecticut, and gave name to the low grounds just west of the harbor, which was known as "Hardy's Hole." In 1642 he owned land "adjoining a lot sold to James Swead." In 1645 Richard Hardy sold John Holly, Sr, seven acres of land at Norwaton River with house thereon.

Richard Hardy was married to Ann Huested or Husted of Stamford prior to 1650. They were parents of one son and seven daughters

In 1662 he was declared a "freeman" of Connecticut. In 1666 he was elected as Selectman, for the community of Stamford and served three years. He also represented Stamford three years in the General Court of Hartford.

In March, 1682-1683, he he gave his son Samuel a house and land. In his will, on record at Fairfield, CT, dated 21 July 1683 and probated in November, 1684, he made bequests to his daughters: Mrs. Elizabeth Pearson, Hannah Austin, Susanna Sherman, Sarah Close, Ruth Mead, Mary and Abigail. 
Hardy, Richard (I11579)
 
834 Wikipedia:

Born in England, a younger brother of John Stoughton, he emigrated to New England in 1632. He settled at Dorchester, of which he was admitted a freeman on 5 November 1633. He was chosen representative for Dorchester in the assemblies of 1634 and 1635.

When the colony was disturbed by the Antinomian Controversy, Stoughton wrote a book which attacked the constitution of the colony and offended the general court. The author somewhat strangely petitioned that the book might be "forthwith burnt, as being weak and offensive." In spite of Stoughton's subsequent submission, he was declared incapable of holding office for three years. This sentence, however, was remitted in 1636, and Stoughton was chosen assistant in 1637.

He was entrusted with the command of the Massachusetts force against the Pequot Indians, where he took brutal measures. Stoughton was annually chosen as assistant till 1643, and in 1639 he, together with John Endecott acted as a commissioner on behalf of Massachusetts to settle a boundary dispute with Plymouth Colony.

Stoughton visited England towards the end of 1643 or the beginning of 1644, returned to America, and crossed again towards the end of 1644. He was then appointed a lieutenant-colonel in the parliamentary army, and soon afterwards died at Lincoln. His children included William Stoughton, best known as the chief magistrate of the Salem witch trials. 
Stoughton, Israel (I10089)
 
835 [The following was written by Will Armstrong, a descendant of Virgil Leo Newton and Ellen Cornelia Ryan.]
 
Known to my family as Grandmother Newton, and to her other grandchildren as Mam, she was a loving, stern woman.

From what I understand of her parents, her mother, Liz Beavin Ryan, was a devoted Catholic. In those days of her marriage at St Romuald, and thereafter, Liz was unable to attend mass regularly due to the fact she lived in a rural part of the county. And the fact that mass was said once monthly didn't help. Also causing problems was the fact her husband, Tom Ryan, was himself a professed agnostic and did not support his wife's religious life. None of their children were baptized, as a result.

Scores of her schooling were published in the Breckenridge News, showing her to be one of the higher performing students in mathematics, outdone only by her older sister Fan.

So, when Grandmother married Grandpap in 1888, the first thing she did was become baptized into the Catholic church. Her aunt, Genirose Askins, was her sponsor. I learned this fact from the then-priest's own handwritten notes, currently housed at the Breckinridge County archives. Following baptism, she married Grandpap.

All of their children were raised in the church. 
Ryan, Ellen Cornelia (I164)
 
836 Fille du roi. Bonheur, Marie (I7853)
 
837 Fille du roi. Auvray, Madeleine (I5076)
 
838 A Genealogy of the Ingersoll Family in America states that he was indeed baptized "aged near fifty."

He was driven from Falmouth by the ongoing conflicts with the natives, removed for a time to Charleston, and came to Gloucester soon after 1700, where he worked as a shipwright. 
Ingersoll, Samuel (I16068)
 
839 A History of Northumberland, Volume XII, by Madeleine Hope Dodds (1926, citation details below) gives this Robert de Felton as a son of a "John l'Estrange of Litcham, Norfolk". Chris Phillips is dubious:

From: "Chris Phillips"
Subject: Early Feltons (was: The Grey sisters of Heton)
Date: Sun, 23 Jun 2002 10:13:30 +0100

[quoting his own post of 17 June]

> The vol. 12 pedigree also shows a father for Robert and William:
> "Robert (of Felton), to whom his father granted in 1260/1 half
> the manor of Litcham, saving the manor house" [citing Eyton,
> Shropshire, vol.x, p.274]. Robert has a sister "Alice, to whom
> her father granted half the manor of Litcham and the advowson."
> The father of Robert and Alice is shown as "John L'Estrange of
> Litcham, Norfolk" [citing the Hunter Blair article, p.76].

A bit more searching shows that this suggestion, that the father of William and Robert de Felton was Robert, son of John Lestrange, is actually rather a bizarre one.

The text accompanying the "revision" of the pedigree in the History of Northumberland turns out to be lifted, more or less word-for-word, from the article by Hunter Blair in Archaeologia Aeliana, 3rd series, vol.20. The basis of the claim is:

(1) that on heraldic evidence the Feltons of Northumberland were closely connected, "either by blood or by marriage" with the Stranges of Knockin, and that "therefore they took their name from Felton (now West Felton) near that place".

(2) John L'Estrange about 1260/1 gave his daughter Alice half his manor of Litcham, Norfolk, with the advowson of the church, and the other half to his son Robert [citing Eyton, vol.10, p.274, a reference I haven't seen]. Hunter Blair continues "It seems to me either that Robert was surnamed of Felton, which appears the more probable, or else that Alice had married a Felton, of which I can find no proof."

What makes this bizarre is that, as far as I can see, the John L'Estrange who made a grant to his son Robert and daughter Alice about 1260/1 -- if that date's correct -- must have been John Lestrange III of Knockin (d. bef. 26 March 1269)* [Complete Peerage, vol.12, pt 1, pp.350,351].

[* John Lestrange II was already dead, and the son and heir of John Lestrange IV was not born until around 1254.]

John Lestrange III did have a son Robert (d. on or before 12 October 1276) [CP vol.12, pt 1, p.341], but this Robert is well documented as the ancestor of the Lords Strange of Blackmere. He was succeeded first by his son John (d. 1289), then by another son Fulk (b. c.1267). I can't see any indication that Robert called himself "Robert de Felton", or that he had sons called Robert or William.

Instead, the Complete Peerage explains the Strange connection by saying that Robert, the presumed elder brother of William de Felton, married Hawise (elsewhere called Maud), a daughter of John Lestrange IV [CP vol.5, p.290]. The later inquisition post mortem of Thomas de Felton (1381) is abstracted by CP as "the only authority for the pedigree", and says that John Lestrange gave the manor of Litcham to Robert de Felton and Maud his wife, and their heirs male (with reversion to the Stranges), and that Roger Lestrange in 1381 was s and h of Roger, s and h of John, s and h of John, s and h of the John who made the gift - that sequence implies the gift was made by John IV.

The CP scheme looks reasonable enough, although from the CP account it looks as though there's nothing in the sources to specify Hawise's relationship to the John Lestrange who made the grant. It is a bit odd that Robert's wife is called Hawise in the contemporary records but Maud in Thomas's inquisition post mortem. The other point is that It would leave the Feltons of Edlingham without a descent from the Stranges, so the similarity of the Felton and Strange coats of arms would have to be explained by the Feltons being tenants, rather than descendants of the Stranges.

Apart from that, the only clue to the Feltons' ancestry I've seen is provided by Blomefield (Norfolk, vol.10, p.10), who says that the Robert who held Litcham in the 1290s was presumably the same man who was knighted with the Prince of Wales about the same time, who was described as "Robert, son of Robert, son of Pagan". This seems to be connected with the extracts from the Dictionary of National Biography, quoted by Ian Fettes, according to which the common ancestor was "Pagan of Upper Felton, Northumberland" (though the Strange link indicates West Felton in Shropshire as the place of origin). However, if I've understood correctly, according to the DNB, Robert and William (usually assumed to be brothers) were first cousins, the sons of William and Robert respectively, who were the sons of Pagan. Obviously more information is required to sort this out.

*****

Update: In Octpber 2016, John Watson conjectured from heraldic and property evidence that this Robert de Felton married a Maud le Strange, daughter of John le Strange and Joan de Somery, and that Maud was the mother of this Robert's son William. Following Watson's hypothesis entails adding only Maud and her parents to this database; if Watson is mistaken, TNH is still descended from all four of Maud's grandparents along other lines. 
de Felton, Robert (I3773)
 
840 Acte d'Abjuration, 20 Jan 1686.

Arrived in Quebec 1 Aug 1685 aboard La Diligente, as a "sergent dans la compagnie de Renaud d'Avesnes des Meloïzes." [De Carufel]

From Our French-Canadian Ancestors, volume 5, by Gerard Lebel, translated by Thomas LaForest, translation cleaned up by me:

"Jean-Baptiste SICARD de Carufel, son of Pierre and Marie de FORGUES (FARGUES), descended from a noble family originating in Haut Languedoc.

"By October 1685, Louis XIV, who had been hounding the Huguenots for five years, revoked the Edict of Nantes and huge waves of Huguenot refugees fled France. Many of the Protestants who remained in France converted to Catholicism. Although we know Jean was not Catholic--he renounced the 'religion pretendue reformee' in 1686--we have not yet determined whether the young man and his family were Protestant, Huguenots or Albigeois Cathares.

"At the age of 19, Jean-Baptiste joined the marine troops under the command of Capitan [Écuyer] Francois-Marie-Renaud d'Avesne des Meloizes. The Company, recruited by the new governor, Jacques-René Brisay de Denonville, was integrated into a 500-man detachment that left the port of La Rochelle in 1685 aboard La Diligente. During the Atlantic crossing scurvy and typhoid claimed 60 victims. Eighty more soldiers were hospitalised at the Hotel-Dieu--already overcrowed with 300 fever patients--upon their arrival in Quebec on August 1, 1685. [In 1685 the population of New France was 10,725 French and 1,538 settled natives.] After only a few weeks' rest, Denonville and his men left for Fort Frontenac (Kingston). The Governor found the colony in terrible disarray--hundreds of colonists had abandoned their land to become coureurs de bois. In addition to the challenge of social reform, the English surrounding the French possessions, and [the] Iroquois, were ever-present dangers.

"The first mention of Jean's presence in New France is the act in the Notre-Dame de Quebec church register dated 20 January 1686 in which the young nobleman renounced his faith. According to the "Acte d'Abjuration", Jean SICARD, native of the parish of St. Jacques in the city of Castres-d'Albigeois in Haut-Languedoc, a sergent in the regiment of Renaud d'Avesnes des Meloizes, recanted from the pretended reformed religion [a fait abjuration de la religion pretendue reformee] before Jean Baptiste De LaCroix de St-Vallier, Bishop of Quebec. Witnesses were Jacques deBRISAY de Denonville, Governor, Lieutenant General of the Army, Quebec and his wife Catherine Courtin.

"On June 13, 1687, at the head of 832 marine troops, more than 900 militiamen and 400 indigenious allies, Denonville headed up-river, resolved to crush the Tsonnontouans who, with arms furnished by the New York English, were harassing the colony in the southern Lake Ontario/Niagara region. (Fort Denonville was built 'on the same side as Fort Conti, which is today the site of Fort Niagara, USA, opposite Niagara-on-the-Lake.') Before returning to Montreal, Governor Denonville left about 100 men under the command of Raymond Blaise des Bergeres de Rigauville. Scurvy and the Iroquois wiped out all but Blaise and twelve men. [Although not documented, it is probable that the young Sicard de Carufel took part in the manoeuvres, as Capitan Raymond Blaise was his commanding officer and among the twelve who survived the winter of 1687-88.] From 1690 to 1720 the fort was abandoned.

"Towards the end of 1688, shortly after returning to Montreal, Raymond Blaise des Bergeres replaced Captain Francois Lefebvre-Duplessis-Faber as the head of the troops stationed at Fort Louis in Chambly. A duel between the two men on July 15, 1689 landed both in prison. They were tried the next day in Montreal. On November 16, the Souvereign Council absolved them and ordered Lefebvre to pay Blaise 600 pounds in damages. According to the transcript, Jean SICARD de Carufel, first sergeant in the Company, was called to care for Blaise des Bergeres' wound. On August 4 of that year, August 4, one thousand five hundred Iroquois attacked Lachine down river from the mission of Mont Royal [Montreal] killing 400.

"A marriage contract prepared by the notary Etienne Jacob, and signed 25 November 1694, states that, at the time, Jean was a sergeant in the Company of Michel Leneuf de la Valliere. Two days later, Sergeant Jean SICARD de Carufel married Genevieve, daughter of Jacques RATTE and Anne MARTIN (grand-daughter of Abraham Martin dit l'Ecossais, a royal pilot--the property of Martin, called the Plains of Abraham, adjoined the famous plateau where Wolfe and Montcalm battled). The ceremony in the parish of Saint Pierre de l'Ile d'Orleans was officiated by the Abby Dauric and witnessed by the widow of Genevieve Ratte & groom's father Pierre Sicard; Jacques Ratte and his wife, Anne Martin (the bride's parents), Jacques Gosselin (Jacques Ratte's brother-in-law or step-brother), and Pierre Roberge. In addition to the dispensation of two bans, due to Sicard's military career he had to seek permission from the Governor-general to wed.

"Jean returned to France in 1696 and, on May 22, in a ceremony held before a notary in Castres, the noble Jean SICARD, lord of Farguettes, officer in the Marine Troops in Canada, declared his loyalty and respect for his father, Pierre Sicard, and, in addition to words of affection and courtesy by Pierre, was emancipated and declared free to make his own decisions.

"Jean returned to Nouvelle France and, on March 18 1704 after living ten years in Saint-Pierre d'Orleans, had the sale of property to his brother-in-law, Pierre Ratte, notarised by Etienne Jacob. At the time of the birth of their fifth child, Louis, in March 1705, Jean and Genevieve were living in Maskinonge in the seigneurie des Legardeur de Repentigny. The Governor, Marquess Philippe de Rigaud de Vaudreuil (1703-1726), and the intendant Francois de Beauharno, officially granted Jean Sicard the fief de Carufel on April 21, 1705 in an 'acte de concesson.'

"The domain, two leagues [a 'lieue' is an old unit of measure about 4 km] across by the same depth, was in the area now known as Saint Justin. 'De l'espace de terre qui reste dans la riviere Maskinonge, dans le lac St. Pierre, depuis celle qui a este cy-devant concedee au sieur Le Gardeur jusqu'au premier sault de la dite riviere, ce qui contient deux lieues ou en iron de front sur pareille profondeur En titre de Fief et seigneurie, haute, moyenne et bass e justice.' In return, that same day (21 April 1705) Jean, an officer in the troops of the marine detachment, made an act of faith and hommage for the fief and seigneurie to Marquess de Vaudreuil and Francois de Beauharnois.

"Under the French seigneurial regime, seigneurs were duty-bound to promote colonization by providing 'immigrants with favourable conditions for the settlement and agricultural development ...' [Translated] 'From the time he took possession of his fief,' wrote l'abbe Hermann Plante, 'the lord of Carufel attempted to establish himself; but the timing was not good. In 1705, it was difficult to move away from the Saint Lawrence River. The clearing of the seigneurie in Maskinonge wasn't advanced enough to provide for colonisation... fear of the Iroquois still existed. The peace treaty signed four years earlier in Montreal between the French and the savages buried the hatchet but the Indians' hypocritical temperment made attracting settlers difficult. The 1701 treaty, still unproven and providing no guarantees, did little to aid the lord of Carufel in attracting settlers to move far from the river... But the lord was aging,' adds l'abbe Plante, 'he didn't want to die before realising the profits from his land.' After vain attempts to attract his companions to follow him, around 1720 Jean (who would have been about 54 years old) travelled up the Maskinonge River, the only route at the time, and, with his sons, began working on the south-west side about a quarter of a league from the Maskinonge fief. In a statement/ennumeration of 19 February 1723, Jean declared a sixteen foot square house enclosed by a pallisade and three acres of workable land. Few seigneurs could afford to live off their annual rents and, unless a seigneurie has 25-50 settled families, maintenance costs generally surpassed revenues. That same year, Jean, who continued his military career while clearing the land, was promoted to the rank of Ensign of the Troops of the colony. It is believed that he continued to work his land for another nine years--at least until 1732. There are also several transactions recorded in the minutes of Pierre Petit including an agreement August 16, 1728 with the Ursulines of Trois-Rivieres ending a land boundary dispute.

'[On] 27 January 1737, the land-clearing septuagenarian made his testament in favour of his children. Four years later, in 1741, Jean SICARD de Carufel witnessed the sale of portions of his land as his children sold their share to their brother-in-law, Jean-Francois Baril-Duchesny, spouse of Genevieve. The old officer-colonist-lord descended from the French aristocracy did not survive long afterwards. He died in August 1743 at the age of 77.

"It is interesting to note that although Jean-Baptiste and Genevieve would not have benefited from Louis XIV's King's gift for males who married before age twenty and females before sixteen, they would have likely received the three hundred livres to those with ten children. [Fathers of twelve children received four hundred livres.]

"Eight of Jean's ten children married before their father's death; the others married in 1745 and 1751." 
Sicard de Carufel, Jean (I7433)
 
841 Alguacil Mayor of Toledo. Gomez Perez (I3655)
 
842 Ancestors and Descendants of Andrew Lee and Clarinda Knapp Allen gives only the year of his birth, and says he died "between 28 Feb and 20 May 1726".

John Fuller and Mehitable Rowley were 3X-great grandparents of LDS founder Joseph Smith, and great-great grandparents of Smith's close associate Oliver Cowdery (1806-1850). 
Fuller, John (I8944)
 
843 Ancestral Roots 223:37 identifies her as "Isabel Scott, dau. of Richard Scott" -- creating an extra muddle on top of the several already-difficult Heron issues. The real Isabel Scott was the paternal grandmother of the Elizabeth Heron who (with papal dispensation) married this Isabel's son John Heron. Nothing is known of the ancestry of the Isabel who married William Heron who was killed in January 1428. Isabel (I1596)
 
844 Ancestral Roots and other sources to the contrary, he was probably never married to Philippa of Toulouse (1073-1117), wife of William IX of Aquitaine. Wikipedia's article on Philippa of Toulouse cites two sources to this effect:

"Szabolcs de Vajay, 'Ramire II le Moine, roi d'Aragon et Agnes de Poitou dans l'histoire et la légende', in , 2 vol, Poitiers, 1966, vol 2, p 727-750; and Ruth E Harvey, 'The wives of the first troubadour Duke William IX of Aquitaine', in Journal of Medieval History, vol 19, 1993, p 315. Harvey states that, contrary to prior assumptions, William IX was certainly Philippa of Toulouse's only husband. Vajay states that the marriage to an unnamed king of Aragon reported by a non-contemporary chronicler is imaginary even though it has appeared broadly in modern histories, and likewise he cites J de Salarrullana de Dios, Documentos correspondientes al reinado de Sancho Ramirez, Saragossa, 1907, vol I, nr 51, p 204-207 to document that Sancho's wife Felicie was clearly still married to him just months before his death, making the marriage to Philippa several years earlier, as reported in several modern popular biographies of her granddaughter, completely unsupportable." 
Ramirez, Sancho V King of Aragon; King of Navarre (I8339)
 
845 Ancestral Roots and Richardson's Royal Ancestry have a 54-year spread between their two different death dates for Emma of Mortain. of Mortain, Emma (I4192)
 
846 Ancestral Roots calls her "Maud de Mandeville", and Complete Peerage's foldout chart of the earls of Essex (volume 5, between pages 116 and 117) places her in a way that can be, but shouldn't be, read as suggesting that she was a daughter of Geoffrey de Mandeville, Earl of Essex, d. 1144.

Todd A. Farmerie, 11 Jun 2002, soc.genealogy.medieval:

This is the case I had in mind the other day, of a connection almost certainly wrong, probably drawn from other secondary sources assumed to be reliable, while these in turn were derived from the chart of the Earls of Essex in CP. In this chart, Maud is placed under a horizontal line connecting Geoffrey's children, but is not connected to that line. This placement was certainly done solely for the purposes of graphical arrangement, and was never intended to display relationship. However, as far as I know, no one has ever published this "correction".

What has been published are studies of Geoffrey Fitz Piers, son of "Peter de Ludgershall" and "Matilda". These follow in detail the manipulations that Henry II took to ensure that the Mandeville birthright, represented by Beatrice de Say, grand-niece of Geoffrey, Earl of Essex, came to his favorite. This man, Geoffrey Fitz Piers, was specifically said by a contemporary chronicler to be of insubstantial origins. Now if Geoffrey Fitz Piers was maternal grandson of Earl Geoffrey, and nephew of the recently deceased Earl William de Mandeville, then he would neither have been of lowly origins, nor would Henry have had to manipulate the status of the Say heiress in order to justify Geoffrey coming into the Mandeville inheritance -- he would have been the legal heir. Simply put, this connection is wrong on so many levels, that it would require a higher burden of proof than for a connection that does not have so many strikes against it. 
Maud (I6700)
 
847 Ancestral Roots calls her "prob. dau. of Robert de Ferrers, d. 1139." de Ferrers, (Unknown) (I141)
 
848 Ancestral Roots calls her Sibyl de Ferrers. de Ferrers, (Unknown) (I6329)
 
849 Ancestral Roots gives two different dates for this marriage: 149-24 says "abt. 1105" and 155-23 says "abt. 1100". Family F507
 
850 Annals of the Lords of Warrington (citation details below) says he was a knight of the shire for Lancashire in 1297 and died in the same year, but neither of these claims appear to be true. CP says that Henry died before his father, who died in 1280; this is why William's successor was William's grandson, Henry's son William (d. aft 1230). le Boteler, Henry (I528)
 
851 Archaeologia Aeliana, 4th series, lists her as a daughter of Thomas de Lucy and Isabel de Boltby. Craster (citation details below) calls her "daughter of Sir Thomas de Lucy, first baron Lucy of Cockermouth." There seems to be more recent doubt that this was the case. Alice (I7739)
 
852 Bourgeois and merchant at Rouen. le Barbier, Henri (I5926)
 
853 BourgeoisMarsolet, Nicolas (I5631)
 
854 Complete Peerage, Ancestral Roots Peerage, Ancestral Roots, etc., show her as Hawise de Vitré, daughter of André I de Vitré (1055-1139) and Agnes de Mortain, but Keats-Rohan in Domesday Descendants says "there is no convincing evidence of her identity." Hawise (I5037)
 
855 Complete Peerage and Ancestral Roots give her as a daughter of Sir Edmund Mortimer, 7th Baron Mortimer of Wigmore, by an unidentified first wife, but various discussions on SGM and elsewere led to a consensus that this is chronologically improbable and that her parentage must be regarded as unknown. See also this page on Chris Phillips' site.

More recently, on 17 Dec 2017, Douglas Richardson posted to SGM evidence that she was a daughter of Roger le Rous and his wife Eleanor de Avenbury. Both pieces of evidence have to do with the known fact that her first husband was Walter de Balun, who died in 1287. In 1296 one Isolde sued Reynold de Balun in the Court of Common Pleas regarding the manor of Eastington, Gloucester, which she claimed as her right and which she was in fact holding at that time. Reynold de Balun was Walter de Balun's brother and heir. The record identifies Isolde, the plaintiff, as "daughter of Roger le Rus." The other document is a record of Walter de Balun and his wife, Isolde, being enfeoffed with the manor of Much Marcle, Herefordshire by Roger le Rous. Between these two it seems clear that the wife of Hugh de Audley, widow of Walter de Balun, was a daughter of Roger le Rous. 
le Rous, Isolde (I3233)
 
856 Complete Peerage and Ancestral Roots give her as a daughter of Sir Edmund Mortimer, 7th Baron Mortimer of Wigmore, by an unidentified first wife, but various discussions on SGM and elsewere led to a consensus that this is chronologically improbable and that her parentage must be regarded as unknown. See also this page on Chris Phillips' site.

More recently, on 17 Dec 2017, Douglas Richardson posted to SGM evidence that she was a daughter of Roger le Rous and his wife Eleanor de Avenbury. Both pieces of evidence have to do with the known fact that her first husband was Walter de Balun, who died in 1287. In 1296 one Isolde sued Reynold de Balun in the Court of Common Pleas regarding the manor of Eastington, Gloucester, which she claimed as her right and which she was in fact holding at that time. Reynold de Balun was Walter de Balun's nephew and heir. The record identifies Isolde, the plaintiff, as "daughter of Roger le Rus." The other document is a record of Walter de Balun and his wife, Isolde, being enfeoffed with the manor of Much Marcle, Herefordshire by Roger le Rous. Between these two it seems clear that the wife of Hugh de Audley, widow of Walter de Balun, was a daughter of Roger le Rous. 
le Rous, Isolde (I3233)
 
857 Complete Peerage describes him as "probably" the father of Gilbert and Alan. "Geoffrey de Neville in or before 1146 was lord of the fee in which the church of Scothern lay, and held Walcut 'cum appendiciis suis.'" de Neville, Geoffrey (I5412)
 
858 Complete Peerage erroneously gives her as a daughter of her maternal grandparents, Albert III, Comte de Namur, and Isa Billung. Reflecting more recent proofs, Ancestral Roots and Royal Ancestry both give her the correct parents. of Chiny and Namur, Ida (I3662)
 
859 Complete Peerage I:145: "[Gillebride] seems to have m., 1stly, a da. of Gospatrick, Earl of Dunbar." On chronological grounds, we make her a daughter of the Gospatric who d. 1166. of Dunbar, (Unknown wife of Gillebride, Earl of Angus) (I1698)
 
860 Complete Peerage IV:118, note (c), says of this Alice Murdac only that she was "sister of Ralph Murdac." We've followed Leo van de Pas and Jim Weber in making her a daughter of the Ralph Murdac who was married to Beatrice de Chesney. Murdac, Alice (I1575)
 
861 Complete Peerage IX:258, note (j), on this Robert de Mortimer: "Robert the father on his marriage received Little Woodham (Woodham Mortimer) in Essex from Henry II by the service of 1/2 fee and probably Amberden (in Debden) as another 1/2 fee. In 1190/1 he, or his son, was assessed to the scutage of Wales for one knight's fee of the Honour of Peverel of London in Essex. Woodham and Amberden were held by Robert the son in 1212 as one fee. The father's marriage presumably took place in or before 1168, when he was pardoned a debt in the account of the sheriff of Essex. It is not easy to distinguish this Robert from his son Robert at a time when either might have been the tenant of Woodham, or to distinguish them from their namesake and contemporary Robert de Mortimer of Attleborough. [...] There seems to have been as close a connection between the Mortimers of Attleborough, and their said overlords as between Robert of Essex and the King. It would appear likely that it was Robert of Essex, the protege of Henry II, who witnessed at Valoignes the later version of the treaty of Falaise, some time in the early months of 1174, as being in the train of King Henry, while William de Mortimer of Attleborough was one of the hostages under that treaty for William the Lion -- Earl of Huntingdon until his deafeat at Alnwick in July 1174; also that it was Robert of Essex who, at Le Mans, witnessed a charter of Henry II, dated 1175-81 or 1177. That there was a close connection between the families of Attleborough and Richard's Castle is suggested by heraldic evidence; by the recurrance in both families of the names Robert and William (Hugh probably came in at Richard's Castle from Say); and by the few details that are known about a shadowy Pernel de Mortimer, who seems to have belonged to both families. Of her it is known that before 1199 (probably before May 1194) she held land in Dengey Hundred, in which are Woodham Mortimer and Amberden, which later was given to Tiltey Abbey; that in July 1199, as a widow, she was duing R. del Ech for dower in Cambe (where Mortimers of Attleborough had large holdings); and in 1203 levied a fine with William de Buckenham as to the advowson of Buckenham and land there -- a Mortimer of Attleborough manor." de Mortimer, Robert (I19)
 
862 Complete Peerage VI:645 has her as a daughter of Richard de Beaumont by Constance, illegitimate daughter of Henry I. This is corrected in CP XI, appendix D, page 116, and XII:1, page 768, note (j). Constance was Richard's mother. de Beaumont, Ermengarde (I6040)
 
863 Complete Peerage VIII includes a two-page "Chart Pedigree (Partly Conjectural) of Mautravers" following page 576. In it this John Mautravers' father is conjectured as another John who appears on Somerset and Wiltshire pipe rolls from 1158 to 1169. His father may have been Walter Mautravers who was fined for his wife's inheritance in Leicestershire and appears in other records in Berkshire. His father was likely a younger Hugh Mautravers, not the Domesday tenant but a son of the same who have land near Preston, Somerset to Montacute Priory. His father was the aforesaid Hugh who held "Lytchett (afterwards Lytchett Mautravers), Woolcombe, and other manors in Dorset and Wilts, land at Yeovil, &c., Somerset, and in Gloucestershire, from William, Count of Eu; in Somerset he also held Preston, &c., from Alfred de Ispania." Mautravers, John (I2553)
 
864 Complete Peerage volume I contains some misinformation about this Isabella. Kathryn Warner has shown that rather than being alive in 1300, she died before 1 Apr 1292. This is in fact corrected in CP volume XIV. Uncorrected, however, is its confused account of her subsequent marital history. Douglas Richardson, in a 2016 post to SGM, demonstrated that contrary to CP, she did not marry Ralph d'Arderne after the death of her first husband John fitz Alan; rather, the Isabel who married Ralph d'Arderne was the widow of an entirely different John Fitz Alan, of Wolverton, Buckinghamshire. Our Isabel "occurs in various records as the unmarried widow of John Fitz Alan, of Arundel, from the time of his death in 1272 up through 1284-5, when she is on record as having presented to Cold Norton Priory, Oxfordshire. She subsequently married (2nd) on 2 September 1285, to Robert de Hastang, as indicated by the historian, Scott Waugh, Lordship of England (1988): 131-132, who states as follows: 'It turned out that Henry III had granted the right of her [Isabel's] marriage to her father, that after he died his executors accepted her fine for the right to marry whomever she pleased, and that she had married Robert de Hastang on 2 September 1285.'" de Mortimer, Isabella (I3273)
 
865 Complete Peerage's chart on page 317 of volume 4 identifies this Renaud de Courtenay as the father of Reynold de Courtenay who married Hawise and died in 1194, but as far as we can determine, this Renaud and that Reynold's father are different individuals. References: Richardson, Royal Ancestry, volume 2, p. 314, Courtenay line; Richardson, Royal Ancestry, volume 4, page 222, Nevers line; Peter Stewart, post to SGM, 28 Jan 2003. Stewart quotes an early SGM post, from William Addams Reitwiesner pm 23 May 2002, summarizing Herbert Furman Silversmith's argument against identifying these two men as a single individual: "First is the chronology, as the English Reginald was born about 1125, while the French Reginald's parents were married around 1095. Second is their personal characters, the French Reginald being a glorified bandit while the English Reginald escaped the notice of any chroniclers, and is known only through charters. Third is their social status, the French Reginald being a nephew of the Count of Odessa and having a daughter who married a son of the King of France (who took her name of Courtenay), while the English Reginald was only the lord of a not very large manor, not a baron, and not even a knight. The fourth is that there is no actual evidence to support the suggestion that they were the same person -- the connection was made by Cleaveland in his 1735 Courtenay genealogy and has been repeated uncritically ever since." de Courtenay, Renaud (I8146)
 
866 Custos pacis for Shropshire and Staffordshire, 1264.

"Ralph Basset, s. and h. of Ralph B. of Drayton, co. Stafford, and of Colston Basset, Notts, was sum. to Parl. 24 Dec. (1264) 49 Hen. III, by writ directed Radulfo Basset de Drayton; which writ however, having issued in rebellion, should not create a peerage dignity. He m. Margaret, da. of Roger de Somery, of Dudley, Basset, co. Worcester, by his ist wife (to whom she was da. and coh.), Nicole, da. and eventually coh. of William (d'Aubigny), Earl of Arundel. He d. 4 Aug. 1265, being slain at the battle of Evesham fighting against the King, who, however, continued the estates to his widow and son, as her father had fought for the King at Evesham. His widow m., before 26 Jan. 1270/1, as 2nd wife, Ralph de Cromwell, of Cromwell, Notts, and West Hallam, co. Derby, who d. shortly before 18 Sep. 1289. She took the veil shortly before 18 June 1293." [Complete Peerage II:1-2] 
Basset, Ralph (I3283)
 
867 De jure 6th lord Kyme; see the entry for his wife Eleanor. Tailboys, Henry (I3089)
 
868 Early Yorkshire Charters volume 10 (citation details below) shows her to be a sister of Aubrey/Albreda, and therefore a daughter of William Espec. Espec, Hawise (I10547)
 
869 Early Yorkshire Families has her marrying the first Adam de Brus rather than the second. de Arches, Juetta (I10969)
 
870 England Births and Christenings, 1538-1975 gives his baptismal date as 26 Dec 1722. Couch, Anthony (I12145)
 
871 Fille du roi.

Also called Anne Seigneur. 
Leseigneur, Anne (I757)
 
872 Fille du roi.

In 1676, she was godmother to Madeleine Boismé, who would grow up to become her daughter-in-law.

Born about 1641 according to the 1681 census; about 1628 according to her burial. 
Têtu, Madeleine (I1557)
 
873 Fille du roi.

Or Hue. 
Hus, Marie (I6309)
 
874 Fille du roi.

Or Isabelle. Or Roy.

Born about 1640 (census 1666), 1641 (census 1666), 1642 (census 1667) (m 1688) or 1641 (census 1681). 
Leroy, Élisabeth (I1717)
 
875 Fille du roi. Moitié, Marguerite (I8041)
 
876 Fille du roi. Pédenelle, Françoise (I5551)
 
877 Fille du roi. Fourrier, Jeanne (I5145)
 
878 Fille du roi. Lefebvre, Élizabeth Agnès (I1400)
 
879 Fille du roi. Lemesle, Catherine (I712)
 
880 Fille du roi. Perrault, Anne (I315)
 
881 Fille du roiBeaudin, Catherine (I5133)
 
882 George S. Hayden (deceased), one of the pioneers of Daviess County, Ky., was born near New Hope, Nelson Co., Ky., Nov. 15, 1810, a son of George and Mary Elliot Hayden, natives of Maryland who came to Washington County, Ky., at an early day. They had a large family and George S. was the youngest. George S. was reared on a farm in Nelson County and was married there to Miss Delphenia Elder, May 4, 1833. She was a daughter of Dr. Guy and Mary (Birch) Elder. The summer following his marriage he came to Daviess County, settling on his farm in Upper Town Precinct. His wife died here in October 1839. They had three children, James D., born May 3, 1834, died June 2, 1837; Lucy A., born Aug. 11, 1836, is the wife of Wilferd J. Hayden; Mary V., born Sept 9, 1838, wife of John H. Payne, both residing in Upper Town Precinct. June 2, 1810, Mr. Hayden married Miss M. Teresa Burch. She was born in Hardin County, Ky., March 17, 1822, a daughter of John H. and Mary A. (Greenwell) Burch. After their marriage, Mr. and Mrs. Hayden settled on the old farm in Upper Town Precinct where his wife still resides and where he died May 4, 1876. They had a family of thirteen children - Virginia A., born March 11, 1841, married Wm. H. Monarch; Robert H., born Dec. 20, 1842, died Sept. 16 1878; Margaret E., born Feb. 14, 1845, married John W. Hagan who died Oct. 26, 1882; J. Artelia, born Feb. 11, 1847; George S. Jr., born Jan. 25, 1849, died Dec. 31, 1852; Nannie T., born March 11, 1850, married S. W. Osborne; C. W., born April 15, 1853, resides on the old homestead with his mother engaged in farming; Eva E., born May 16, 1856, married William W. Blandford, Jan. 23 1883; Joshua B., born April 2, 1858, is employed in the "Famous" clothing house of St. Louis, Mo.; H. Walter, born March 22, 1860, is a farmer and stock dealer of Curdsville Precinct; Frank X., born May 5, 1862; George S. born April 8, 1865; and Teresa G., born Feb. 22, 1868. The last three reside at home with their mother. The family are all members of the Catholic church. Mr. Hayden was not only one of the pioneers of Daviess County, but was a good neighbor and a representative citizen, loved and respected by all who knew him. [History of Daviess County, KentuckyHayden, George Samuel (I4373)
 
883 History of Wallingford mistakenly gives her as "Lois Royce." Royce, Love (I9464)
 
884 J.u. Prince of Antioch.

AR8 has him marrying Constance "abt. 1152/3" and dying in 1137, a good trick. 
de Châtillon-sur-Loing, Renaud (I11671)
 
885 Mayordomo Mayor to King Fernando II.

From Leo van de Pas:

Gonzalo Osorio, also known as Gonzalo Osórez, was a noble member of the house of Flainez as the son of conde Osorio Martinez and Teresa Fernández.

Although Gonzalo did not hold the rank of count, he succeeded his father in the tenencias (fiefs, tenancies) of Villalobos, Mayorga, Ribera, of Zamora and Valderas. He was lord high steward of Fernando II, King of León from 1176 to 1178 and in 1187.

The name of Osorio's wife is not recorded, but he had four sons and three daughters, of whom only Osorio is recorded with progeny.

Like his mother, Gonzalo was a benefactor of the Order of Hospitallers, but he applied for and received a loan from the order. In his will he left a sum to the Order but he died about 1180 before repaying the loan, and his sisters Aldonza, Sancha, Constanza and Jimena gave the town of Ribola to the Order to settle the debt. 
Osorio, Gonzalo (I3619)
 
886 Medieval English Ancestors of Robert Abell (citation details below) says he "was Lord of Morton at the Inquest of Bradford Hundred taken in 1255." Justiciar of Shropshire. Corbet, Richard (I4793)
 
887 Medieval English Ancestors of Robert Abell has the daughter of Fulke le Strange and Eleanor Giffard marrying "Bryan de Cornwall of Kynlet," with no mention of Griffin Warren. Elsewhere (p. 267), he has Gruffith Warren marrying "Matilda le Strange, daughter of a Lord Strange of Blackmere." le Strange, Maud (I2716)
 
888 Memoirs of the Danvers Family (citation details below, p. 221-222) makes what seems to us a good case that Agnes was a second wife and not the mother of Katherine Foliot. Agnes (I6886)
 
889 New England Families Genealogical and Memorial (citation details below) calls her "Jemima Weed"; this is probably due to the Rev. Elijah B. Huntington's mistranscription in his 6 Apr 1797 Registration of Births, Marriages and Deaths of Stamford Families.

Although Nicholas Knapp Genealogy doesn't, in its entry for Sarah Knapp, list Jemima among her children with Ebenezer Mead, in its entry for Moses Knapp it calls Jemimah Mead "dau. of Ebenezer Mead and Sarah (Knapp)." Meanwhile, Spencer P. Mead's History and Genealogy of the Mead Family of Fairfield County does in fact list Jemima as a daughter of Ebenezer and Sarah, and records her marriage to Moses Knapp. So Jemima and Moses were first cousins, both grandchildren of Caleb Knapp and Hannah Smith. 
Mead, Jemima (I3605)
 
890 Old Families of Salisbury and Amesbury (citation details below) says "He served at Louisburg, 1745, with other Ames. men." Presumably this is the Siege of Louisbourg, when "a New England colonial force aided by a British fleet captured Louisbourg, the capital of the French province of Île-Royale (present-day Cape Breton Island) during the War of the Austrian Succession, known as King George's War in the British colonies." Hadlock, James (I5546)
 
891 Perhaps the mother of this William Cramphorne's children. Cycelie (I2201)
 
892 Protovestiarios, protoproedros, and domestikos ton scholon (Domestic of the Schools) of the Byzantine Empire. Doukas, Andronikos (I4884)
 
893 Royal Ancestry: "Said to be a daughter of William Deincourt, Lord Deincourt." But the Margaret Deincourt (b. 1344) who was the daughter of William, 2nd Lord Deincourt is well-recorded (AR, MCS, CP, etc) to have been married, 1st, to Robert Tibetot, and 2nd, to John Cheyne. And she died in 1380, before the 1396 given for Walter Tailboys' marriage to this Margaret. Margaret (I8878)
 
894 Royal Ancestry and various other sources give this Hugh de Morwick's wife as a Juliana, sometimes asserted as a daughter of "Robert de Reveley." But in 2016 Andrew B. W. MacEwen, John P. Ravilious, and Rosie Bevan, in "Gang Warily! Juliana de Reveley and the Randolphs: A Cautionary Tale" (citation details below) established that this was a "false genealogy derived from scribal error", that "Robert de Reveley" was a later construct, and that this Hugh de Morwick's wife and the mother of his daughters was Agnes de Heyford, daughter of Roger de Heyford and Margery Gobion. de Morwick, Hugh (I2015)
 
895 Royal Ancestry gives the date of their marriage as 23 April 1290; Complete Peerage as 30 April; the ODNB as "early May." Family F6425
 
896 Royal Ancestry identifies her merely as an unnamed daughter of Norman Darcy, wife of _____ Swynford. Darcy, Margaret (I3412)
 
897 Settlers of the Beekman Patent calls her Beletje Jacobs van Vleckenstyn. van Vleckesteijn, Belitje Jacobs (I5107)
 
898 Settlers of the Beekman Patent calls her Sophia (Fytje) Hendrics Wiltsie. Wiltse, Sophia Hendricksen (I4621)
 
899 Settlers of the Beekman Patent calls him Theunis Thomas Quick de Metsaeler. Pane-Joyce Genealogy calls him Teunis Thomaszen de Metsaeler.

He was a mason. He and his wife were in New Amsterdam by around 1640. 
Quick, Theunis Thomaszen (I4936)
 
900 Seventy Quorum Membership, 1835–1846, entry on his son Edward, has him as "George (John?) Johnson". Johnson, John (I8391)
 
901 Simon Stone Genealogy says merely that she outlived her husband, who died 27 Feb 1783, while John Dennis Farwell's The Farwell Family (1929) gives no death date for her at all. But the headstone in the Groton Old Burying Ground for "Mary Stone relict of Dea. James Stone", seen on Find A Grave, clearly says "March" and "1804". I can't make out the day of the month from the photograph. Farwell, Mary (I4731)
 
902 Sparapet (hereditary grand constable) of Armenia, 753-775. Killed, along with much of Armenia's other military leadership, by the forces of the Abbasid caliphate at the Battle of Bagrevand in 775. Bagrevand is in what is now eastern Turkey. Smbat VII Bagratuni Prince of Armenia (I384)
 
903 Suo jure Countess of Boulogne and Lens. of Boulogne, Maud Queen Consort of England (I1867)
 
904 Suo jure Countess of Lincoln. of Chester, Hawise (I1295)
 
905 Suo jure Countess of Pembroke. Wikipedia: "When Isabel was dying she asked to be buried next to her first husband at Tewkesbury Abbey, but Richard had her interred at Beaulieu Abbey, with her infant son, instead. As a pious gesture, however, he sent her heart, in a silver-gilt casket, to Tewkesbury." Marshal, Isabel (I4890)
 
906 Suo jure Countess of Salisbury. Longespée, Ela (I3544)
 
907 Suo jure Lady Segrave. de Segrave, Elizabeth (I2464)
 
908 The Ancestry of Dorothea Poyntz calls her "Eleanor Fitzpiers." fitz Reynold, Eleanor (I15744)
 
909 The Ancestry of Dorothea Poyntz calls her "Joan Sturdon", but [Royal Ancestry] says she was a "daughter or kinswoman of William de Latimer, Knt., 3rd Lord Latimer, of Corby, Northamptonshire." Joan (I16650)
 
910 The Ancestry of Dorothea Poyntz calls her Elizabeth de Corston. Fitz Elys, Elizabeth (I11283)
 
911 The Ancestry of Dorothea Poyntz calls him "William de Corston." Fitz Elys, William (I11458)
 
912 The Ancestry of Dorothea Poyntz calls him Edward Fitton. Fitton, Edmund (I15833)
 
913 The Ancestry of Dorothea Poyntz gives her as a daughter of Sir William Wayland, knight of the shire for Somerset in 1307, who died 20 Mar 1327. de Weyland, Katherine (I19833)
 
914 The Ancestry of Dorothea Poyntz gives her father as Hugh Cotton of Rudheth, but says her mother is unknown. de Cotton, Margery (I10434)
 
915 The Ancestry of Dorothea Poyntz omits this generation. Fitz Elys, William (I11341)
 
916 The Ancestry of Dorothea Poyntz, citing the Metcalfe-edited visitations of Essex and William Rutton's 1891 Three Branches of the Family of Wentworth, calls him "Roger Bissett." Bissett, John (I7135)
 
917 The Ancestry of Eva Belle Kempton 1878-1908, Part III (citation details below) gives her death date as 16 Apr 1704, citing "Sudbury VR, 306" as its source, but this seems to be an error, as the 1903 publication of the Vital Records of Sudbury, Massachusetts, to the Year 1850 (citation details below) clearly says, on page 306, that "Mary [Goodenow], w. Capt. John" died "Apr. 14, 1704". Axtell, Mary (I4320)
 
918 The Blackmans of Knight's Creek (citation details below) calls her "Hillar", in double quotation marks. (Unknown daughter of Richard Silveyn) (I8527)
 
919 The Blackmans of Knight's Creek (citatrion details below) calls him Roger de Montalt. Hereditary seneschal to the Earl of Chester. de Montalt, Robert (I2049)
 
920 The Blackmans of Knight's Creek calls her "a niece of Stephen de Garlande." de Garlande, Agnes (I2543)
 
921 The Blackmans of Knight's Creek calls him "Roger Banastre." Banastre, Robert (I6945)
 
922 The Chetwynds of Ingestre asserts that this Elias was a descendant of an Elias de Oddeston who was a son of John de Verdun (1226-1274) by his first wife, Margaret daughter of Gilbert de Lacy. John, Margaret, and Gilbert certainly existed -- by his second wife, Eleanor de Bohun, John de Verdun is an ancestor of your genealogist's spouse -- but we find no trace of the existence of the alleged "Elias de Oddeston." de Verdon, Elias (I16185)
 
923 The Gardiners of Narragansett has Peter Wells and his wife Elizabeth Sweet dying, respectively, 16 Sep 1757 and 13 Sep 1757, but a correction on page 249 says that these are the death dates of a different Peter Wells and Elizabeth Sweet, who m. 2 Jul 1746. This other Peter was the son of Jonathan Wells of East Greenwich and the other Elizabeth was the daughter of Richard Sweet of West Greenwich. Wells, Peter (I3987)
 
924 The History and Antiquities of the County of Leicestershire calls her "Agnes." Sister and sole heir to Ralph le Muer, lord of Covenham and Calthorp. le Muer, Margaret (I5447)
 
925 The Phelps Family in America and Their English Ancestors says that "she was an English woman b. 1656". Martin, Grace (I9894)
 
926 The Wallop Family gives her surname as "Archdeacon." l'Arcedekne, Florence (I7927)
 
927 The Wallop Family [citation details below] calls her Agnes de Beyle. Agnes (I5910)
 
928 The Wallop Family [citation details below] calls her Margaret de Greystoke. de Greystoke, (Unknown) (I6421)
 
929 The Wallop Family [citation details below] gives his surname as "Archdeacon"; The Parochial and Family History of the Deanery of Trigg Minor [citation details below] gives it as "Lercedekne alias Archdekne." Complete Peerage gives the three generations above him as "l'Arcedekne". l'Arcedekne, Richard (I8110)
 
930 The Wentworth Genealogy, English and American shows Hannah Chesley as a daughter of James Chesley and Mehitable Waldron, and says that she "married (his first wife) Rev. Avery Hall, pastor of the church in Rochester, N. H., from 15 October 1766 to 10 April 1775; and had two children", but it gives her no birth, death, or marriage dates.

Heard-Hurd Genealogy calls her "Mary Chesley", but concurs with other sources in calling her husband Avery Hall and her daughter Mehitable Hall. 
Chesley, Hannah (I5714)
 
931 The Wentworth Genealogy (1878) omits this generation, and has Alice Bissett, heir of John Bissett of North Elmsall, marrying the John Wentworth who was brother to this John Wentworth's grandfather William Wentworth (d. 1308), and North Elmshall passing to that John's nephew John (this John's father) after the older John died without surviving issue. We have placed Alice Bissett here instead based on the notes of John P. Ravilious and Brice Clagett. Note that neither of them (to our knowledge) give a name for her father. Wentworth, John (I8444)
 
932 Wetmore Memorial says she was sixth in descent from the Rev. John Cotton, first minister of Boston. Warner, Elizabeth (I16083)
 
933 Wetmore Memorial says that Sarah Taylor Boerum's "great-grandfather, William Boerum, nephew of the patroon Simeon Boerum, equipped at his own expense, a company of dragoons during the Revolutionary war, and commanded them in person." Boerum, William (I16155)
 
934

Arrived in Massachusetts 2 Nov 1631, on the Lyon.

Early Massachusetts settler whose personal life and wild habits of owning her own property scandalized Puritan society. She wound up living on Long Island with her third husband. She is the subject of a quite good 1958 historical novel by Anya Seton called The Winthrop Woman.

The real indictments laid against her by her detractors were: (1) the suggestion that she began her relationship with her third husband before while still married to her second one (true) and (2) the suggestion that she was not legally divorced from her second husband when she married her third one (probably untrue). Added piquance was provided by the fact that her third husband had been her second husband's business manager. It seems clear, however, that her second husband (1) went insane and (2) essentially abandoned her.

Elizabeth Fones (~1610->1655) = William Hallett (~1616-~1706)
William Hallett (1648-1669) = Sarah Woolsey (1650-1727)
Sarah Hallett (b. 1673) = George Phillips (1664-1739)
George Phillips (1698-1771) = Elizabeth Mills (1706-1768)
Samuel Phillips (1782-1806) = Sarah Mills (1734-1795)
Hannah Phillips (1756-1834) = Daniel Brush (1744-1805)
George Phillips Brush (1775-1829) = Polly Keeler (1780-1865)
Emeline Keeler Brush (b. 1821) = Harvey Woodworth (b. ~1813)
Louisa Mart Woodworth (b. 1842) = Thomas George Maxwell (b. 1835)
James Willard Maxwell (b. ~1901) = Adele Thompson (b. ~1903)
Mary Maxwell (1929-1994) = William Henry Gates, Jr. (b. ~1926)
William Henry "Bill" Gates III (1955- ) 
Fones, Elizabeth (I5176)
 
935 A founder of East Greenwich, Rhode Island, he was granted land for his service in King Philip's War.

"He evidently came here directly from Newport, where he had been made a freeman in 1668. His wife was Susannah Griffin."
[The History of East Greenwich, Rhode Island 1677-1960]

Torrey calls him "Dr. John Spencer." 
Spencer, John (I3416)
 
936 A baron of Henry, earl of Warwick. Possibly a grandson of Hugh II de Montfort of Montfort-sur-Risle and his wife Alice de Beaufort. See note on this Thurstan's son Thurstan. de Mundford, Thurstan (I5507)
 
937 A baron of the bishopric of Durham. Conyers, Roger (I21469)
 
938 A Boston merchant and banker who grew wealthy on railroad investments.

From the Diary of Charles Francis Adams, 24 July 1836:

"In the evening Mr. and Mrs. I. Sargent came in for the first time. There appears to be a disposition on their part to cultivate our society which I would not reject, and yet to me he is not interesting." 
Sargent, Ignatius (I5172)
 
939 A brother of the Byzantine emperor Nikephoros III Botaneiates, whose family claimed descent from the Byzantine Phokas family but whose immediate ancestry is hazy. Synadenos, Theodul (I21264)
 
940 A Byzantine military leader in Asia Minor. Angelos, Andronikos Doukas (I7180)
 
941 A carriage maker. Prence, Thomas (I169)
 
942 A Christian concubine, variously asserted as Basque or Frankish. Muzna (I8254)
 
943 A citizen and mercer of London. Lord Mayor of London, 1465.

Sheriff of London (jointly with John Styward), 1456. Alderman of London, 1457-78. Knighted by Edward IV on 21 May 1470, following a successful defense of London against a company of bandits led by Thomas Fauconbridge.

MP for London 1459, 1469, 1472-75. 
Verney, Sir Ralph Mayor of London (I20011)
 
944 A close ally of John, who appointed him Archbishop of Canterbury; the rejection of this appointment by higher ecclesiastical authority was for many years a source of tension between John and the church. de Grey, John Bishop of Norwich (I7143)
 
945 A clothier in Braintree, Essex. Owner of much property there, including houses, orchards, and fields. Marsh, John (I2252)
 
946 A commander at the Battle of the Standard, following which he was created Earl of Derby by Stephen. de Ferrers, Robert (I1616)
 
947 A cooper. Merriman, George (I2107)
 
948 A count and farmer (hacendado) in Tierra de Campos. Oláliz, Fáfila (I12942)
 
949 A count. Diaz, Alfonso (I12947)
 
950 A descendant of Harold II, King of England.

He and his wife Anna/Agnes were 5Xgreat-grandparents to Philippa of Hainaut, wife of Edward III. 
Béla III King of Hungary, Croatia, Dalmatia, and Rama (I21258)
 
951 A Domesday tenant in chief in Cambridgeshire and Bedfordshire. Suggested by K. S. B. Keats-Roham as the probable father of Reginald, but this is not known for certain.

"At this time the name David -- like many other Biblical names -- was evidently very uncommon both in Normandy and England. Only one other land-holder with this name is mentioned in the entire Domesday Book: David 'Latimer', or the Interpreter. Keats-Rohan suggests that this David, who was a tenant of William de Braose in Dorset, was probably identical with the David 'de Argentomo' of Cambridgeshire and Bedfordshire. William came from Briouze-Saint-Gervais, in the arrondissement of Argentan, and feudal relationships in Normandy were often replicated in England after the Norman Conquest." [Chris Phillips, citation details below.] 
de Argentein, David (I4567)
 
952 A favorite of Henry III.

"Amauri de St. Amand was in the King's service, March 1216/7. In 1226 he was serving in Ireland. In 1230 he fought in Henry's expedition overseas; in 1231 was joint constable of castles in co. Pembroke, and joint negotiator of a truce with Llewelyn. In 1232, joint Keeper of St. James de Beuvron (La Manche); in January 1232/3, the King's messenger to the Duke of Brittany; by July, a knight; later in 1233, on official service in the Marches of Wales. The King's Steward or joint Steward, 1233 certainly till 1240; January 1233/4, joint Constable of the Marches; in May, Keeper of Hereford, &c., acting as sheriff until 1240; Keeper of St. Briavel, &c., June 1234, with renewals till his death; in July, in joint control of the King's expenditure in Brittany. In June 1239 he was one of the nine godfathers of Prince Edward. He married, 1stly,-----; and, 2ndly, between July 1214 and Dec. 1222, as her 5th husband, Iseult, daughter of William Pantulf of Breedon, Leics (died 1194), by Joan, daughter of Piers de Goldington and Eve his wife, and (perhaps after the death s.p. of a brother) her father's coheir and ultimately heir. He died between Easter and September 1241, on the journey to the Holy Land on which he set out in 1240, with Simon de Montfort, as followers of Richard, Earl of Cornwall." [Complete Peerage
de St. Amand, Amauri (I9299)
 
953 A fellow with an illuminating pedigree. Clark, Albert C. (I12191)
 
954 A footnote (c) to CP's entry on her son Sir Ralph Bulmer says that she "was aged 15 at the feast of St. Hilary (probably b. at Theophania or Tiphaine, i.e., Epiphany), 1268/9." St. Hilary's feast day is January 13. Citing the Oxford dictionary of English Christian Names by Elizabeth Gidley Withycombe (1947), the Wikipedia article about the given name Tiffany says that it is "an English form of the Greek Theophania. It was formerly often given to children born on the feast of Theophania, that is, Epiphany." Epiphany is traditionally celebrated on January 6. de Morwick, Tiphaine (I2236)
 
955 A forester of Macclesfield forest, 1287. Downes, Robert (I1408)
 
956 A founding settler of Portsmouth, Rhode Island, he became its first recorder and served various other roles in the town's government. Wikipedia entry here".

"PHILIP, Roxbury, came in 1633, a single man, freem. 14 May 1634, first on the list aft. Gov. Haynes, m. Sarah Odding, d. of John Porter's w. by former h. went home early, but soon came again, and was led away, says the ch. rec. to familism by Porter, disarm. Nov. 1637, and banish. next yr. went to R. I. there sign the compact of civil governm. Mar. 1638, was Secr. or Recorder of the Col. 1648, and was rep. 1656. See Callender, 30. As secr. he was happy eno. to have a descend. at 1857, prob. at seventh generat. fill. the same post; but I can hardly indicate the line. He had Samson and Samuel, perhaps more." [James Savage, A Genealogical Dictionary of the First Settlers of New England]

According to Ancestral Lines (citation details below), he and his wife were ancestors of Herbert Hoover and Winston Churchill. 
Sherman, Philip (I4724)
 
957 A Frankish nobleman who came to Italy in the early tenth century. Count of Auriate from about 906 to his death. Roger (I3411)
 
958 A graduate of Cambridge, he was rector of Stevenage from 1598 to his death. Pratt, Rev. William (I5247)
 
959 A Huguenot, from France. Blanshan, Matthew (I21207)
 
960 A justice itinerant. de Englefield, John (I12092)
 
961 A justice of England, but not, as sometimes asserted, the chief justiciar. Died as a monk.

From the Oxford Dictionary of National Biography:

"Basset, Ralph (d. 1127?), justice, was included by the chronicler Orderic Vitalis in his list of new men raised from the dust by Henry I, men allegedly of obscure birth who rose by their service to Henry and acquired great wealth in the process. He came from Montreuil-au-Houlme near Argentan in Normandy, not far from the abbey of St Évroul where Orderic was a monk and to which Ralph was a benefactor. In England either Ralph Basset the justice or an earlier namesake was in 1086 an under-tenant of Robert (I) d'Oilly at Marsworth in Buckinghamshire and Tiscot in Hertfordshire. He could also have been connected with Robert d'Oilly in Normandy, given that Robert may have come from Ouilly-le-Basset. [...]

"Between 1110 and 1127 Basset was one of the most prominent of Henry I's justices, and was described by the chronicler Henry of Huntingdon as one of the 'justices of all England', a description which indicates the geographical scope of his authority, as opposed to those who acted for the king only in their own locality. As such he was an early example of a royal justice who conducted local visitations to investigate the administration of the king's rights, setting a precedent for the later general eyres. Two sessions where he presided have become well known. The first took place at Huntingdon, where a man named Bricstan was brought to trial for concealment of treasure, a case reported by Orderic Vitalis. At the second, according to the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle, Basset was responsible for hanging forty-four thieves in 1124 at 'Hundehoge', probably Huncote in Leicestershire." 
Basset, Ralph (I7280)
 
962 A king's assessor in 1394 and 1400. Danvers, Richard (I10918)
 
963 A king's justiciar. Brito, Ralf (I1544)
 
964 A kinswoman in some fashion to queen Eleanor of Provence, wife of Henry III. Isabel (I13054)
 
965 A kinswomen, in some manner, of William de Edington, Bishop of Winchester. de Cormailles, Gouda (I18096)
 
966 A lawyer of the Inner Temple, in London. He came to New England in 1638 with his second wife, Lucy, and settled at Salem, but returned to England several times and ultimately died in Scotland.

A son by his second wife, Sir George Downing, held various positions under Cromwell: minister to Holland, secretary to the Treasury, and Scout Master General of the Parliamentary army.

From Abandoning America (citation details below):

Emmanuel Downing was a lawyer of Inner Temple, London. He married Lucy, a sister of John Winthrop, in 1622. He had grown up in Ipswich and attended Trinity Hall, Cambridge. He worked in Dublin for a time but came back to London in 1626. He was an adventurer in the Massachusetts Bay Company from the start, and acted as the Company's attorney in England. He also looked after John Winthrop's business interests after Winthrop left for New England in 1630. Some of Downing's children -– James, Mary and Susan -– preceded him to New England, c. 1633. Emmanuel and Lucy Downing emigrated in 1638, with their son George Downing, at Winthrop's encouragement.

Downing, an investor and entrepreneur as well as a lawyer, settled in Salem, Massachusetts. He was admitted to the church on 4 November 1638, and as a freeman on 14 March 1638/9. He became recorder of deeds for Salem on 7 October 1640, and kept that office into the 1650s. He was active in town government and often acted as a representative at the Massachusetts General Court. Before Hugh Peter, Thomas Weld and William Hibbins returned to England as agents for Massachusetts in 1641, Downing briefed them on legal matters relating to the colony's charter.

Downing seems to have made three visits to England before he returned home for good in 1654. He was in England on business, c. October 1642 to c. June 1643. On this occasion he acted as an attorney for Adam Winthrop, and aided John Winthrop Jr (with Hugh Peter and Thomas Weld) to promote investment in the Saugus ironworks. Downing returned to New England but set sail for England again in December 1644. On 25 February 1644/5 he reported his arrival in London. The Massachusetts General Court had directed him to gather evidence against Thomas Morton. He also handled business for the Saugus ironworks, including the recruitment of Richard Leader as manager. Downing was associated with a scheme promoted by Hugh Peter and Thomas Weld, to send poor children from England to New England. Downing fell under suspicion (with Nehemiah Bourne) of pocketing some of the money raised by Peter and Weld. He sailed for New England in May 1645 and was back there by August. With Bourne, Thomas Fowle and Robert Sedgwick, Downing led a petition against laws restricting the presence of strangers and prohibiting anabaptists, arguing that these colonial policies were deeply unpopular among the godly in England. His son George Downing left New England for good in 1645. Before long, Downing visited England for a third time: he was there in May 1647, but came back to Boston by June 1648. Downing was keenly aware of temptations to return to England: he had heard John Davenport and Theophilus Eaton might go; he knew Hugh Peter was urging John Winthrop Jr to take up opportunities back home.

Emmanuel Downing's fourth journey to England was his last. He received a letter from Hugh Peter in the winter of 1652/3, asking him to come to England, with his wife Lucy. He suspected 'George would have us retorne, and putts Mr Peters upon the invitation'. On 25 September 1654, Emmanuel Downing declared he intended to travel back to England with Robert Sedgwick within two months. He sailed that winter. Stephen Winthrop reported, 11 March 1654/5, that Downing had recently arrived in London. By this time George Downing's star was rising as scoutmaster-general in Scotland. Emmanuel Downing joined him there and quickly became clerk to the new Council of Scotland, established in May 1655 (of which Samuel Desborough was also a member). Later, Downing welcomed Fitz John Winthrop to Scotland. His wife Lucy and daughter Martha joined him in Edinburgh by 1658. Emmanuel Downing died in Edinburgh in 1659. Lucy Downing lived on in England until her death in 1679, in straitened circumstances -- reliant on her son George, who was notoriously rich and notoriously mean. 
Downing, Emanuel (I15389)
 
967 A lawyer. Cotton, Roland (I14071)
 
968 A London mercer. Sheriff of London in 1441. Rich, Richard (I20730)
 
969 A lord in Languedoc, possibly in what is now Salvetat-sur-Agout. de Fargues, Jacques (I4735)
 
970 A lot of trees show this individual as "Andrew Jackson Patrick." I'm dubious, because in 1805, the famous Andrew Jackson (1767-1845) was not yet a figure after whom many people were naming their children. He had served one term as Tennessee's lone member of the House of Representatives, subsequently being elected to the Senate from Tennessee, but he resigned his Senate seat after a single year. By 1805 he was merely a judge of Tennessee's Supreme Court; his military successes and his time on the national stage were well off in the future.

I think the idea that his name was "Andrew Jackson Patrick" comes from confusion with his nephew Andrew Jackson Patrick (1824-1886), born in the year of Andrew Jackson's first Presidential campaign, who certainly was named that. The census listings I've seen for this individual, however, simply call him "Andrew" or "Andy". 
Patrick, Rev. Andrew (I11686)
 
971 A maidservant, she arrived in 1632. Short, Rebecca (I11397)
 
972 A major early Mormon, appointed in 1849 to the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles. Organizer of multiple settlements in Utah, Idaho, and California. Subject of two books, Leonard J. Arrington, Charles C. Rich: Mormon General and Western Frontiersman (1974) by Leonard J. Arrington, the pre-eminent modern historian of Mormonism, and Charles Coulson Rich: Pioneer Builder of the West (1936) by John Henry Evans. Rich, Charles Coulson (I89)
 
973 A mason. Born about 1587 (census 1666), 1589 (census 1666), 1587 (census 1667).

"MARIN BOUCHER... left France from Dieppe in April 1634 with a Robert Giffard group which included Jean Guyon, Zacharie Cloutier and Gaspard Boucher and his family." More at A Point in History.

From Wikipedia:

Marin Boucher (1587 or 1589–1671), was a pioneer of early New France and one of the most prolific ancestors of French Canada, being the ancestor of most of the Bouchers of North America, particularly in the Province of Quebec, Northern New Brunswick, Ontario and Western Canada. [...]

The Bouchers were stonemasons and carpenters, skills which were valuable in the early colony. Because of some work done for Samuel de Champlain, the Founder of the colony, Marin Boucher was deeded Champlain's clothes in his will when he died. He was also a witness in a dispute over stolen property in which his relation Gaspard Boucher was the plaintiff. [...]

The Bouchers arrived as part of the Percheron immigration movement, consisting of a mix of families and single individuals from the region of Perche, at the time part of Maine province, brought over to New France in 1634 to colonize Beauport, a seigneurie granted to Robert Giffard, physician to the colony. Marin Boucher and his son François migrated aboard the ship St-Jehan under the command of Captain Pierre Nesle, which arrived in Quebec on June 4, 1634. His wife and younger children arrived the following year. 
Boucher, Marin (I1811)
 
974 A memoir of his daughter Mary Elizabeth Bingham, by her daughter Barbara Ann Phelps, calls him "Calvin Perry Bingham."

From The Bingham Family in the United States, citation details below:

Calvin and his family were with the earliest Mormon groups to move across America. The oldest child of Lucius Augustus, Calvin was born in NY, lived in Upper Canada as a child, and by 1840 when he was thirteen, lived with the Mormon group in Henderson, Knox Co IL. About 1848, probably in IA after the Mormons moved to Pottawattamie Co, Calvin married Elizabeth Lucretia Thorn. He, his wife and her entire family, mother and siblings lived in one household in 1850.

Between 1853 and 1867, Calvin and his family lived in several different UT settlements. They then lived for about ten years in Montpelier, Bear Lake Co ID before returning to Box Elder Co UT by 1880. After Calvin died in AZ in 1883, wife Elizabeth moved to Vernal, Uintah Co UT where she lived with grown children William and Alice in 1900.

Posted to Ancestry.com by user NORDSEEKER, with the remark: "This account was written by their great grandson, Wes Martin. I don't know where he got all the information, but I found it typed on the back of a family group sheet in his genealogy book."

"Calvin Bingham was the son of Lucius and Sarah Stone Bingham. He was born Sept. 7, 1827 in Fowler, St. Lawrence County, New York. He was the oldest of eight children: four brothers--Benjamin, Augustus, Perry, and Prosper-- and three sisters: Emeline, Lucy, and MaryJane.

"His mother died about 1849. His father remarried but never came west to Utah. Calvin was baptized into the Mormon church at the age of seventeen in Bannock County, Illinois in 1844.

"Elizabeth Lucretia Thorn was the daughter of Ashael and Sarah Lester Thorn, born in Monrovia, Cayuga county, New York on March 25, 1832. She was the second child in a family of ten: three boys--William L., Richard, and Isaac, and seven girls--Maryann, Sarah, Nancy, Lydia, Abigale, Barbara Ann, and Elizabeth Lucretia. Her mother died about 1852 and her father re-married Elizabeth Lusk, a widow. They came west with his family.

"Calvin and Elizabeth were married December 18, 1848 in Pottawatamie, Iowa. Sarah and Calvin were born to them here. In 1853 they and several other members of the Thorn family moved west to Utah settleing in the West Weber area (now known as Uintah). Their third child, Mary Elizabeth, was born here. While living in Uintah, Calvin was called to serve in Col. Johnson's army. They were among the saints that made the move south--leaving their homes to be burned if necessary. On returning they settled in Farmington, Utah, where Lucy Melissa, their fourth child, was born. Later they moved to Three Mile Creek which is now known as Perry, Utah. In about 1857, the Ashael Thorn family moved here too and they built their homes near each other. Barbara Ann, their fifth child was born here. Three years later in 1860 they moved to Hyrum, Utah.

"Being among the first settlers in Hyrum, they took an active part in civic and church activities. Calvin became the first Bishop of Hyrum and was loved and remembered by people for a great many years. Two more children were born to them here, Anna Marie and Ashael.

"In 1865 they were called to settle the Bear Lake, Idaho area. They settled in Montpelier where due to very harsh winters, they lost their crops. Very discouraged, they returned to Hyrum, Utah. Their son, William Augustus, was born here in Montpelier.

"About 1868 they returned to Montpelier. Elizabeth taught the first school in town--teaching out of their small log home. Another daughter, Lydia Emeline, was born to them here. Later, they built a large home on the banks of the creek that ran through town. Their last two children were born here--Orissa Vilate and Alice. Orissa Vilate died at nine months old. Also at this residence, their daughter, Lucy Melissa Bigham Williams, died after giving birth to a baby girl. She was only eighteen years old. This two week old baby girl was raised by her grandparents, Calvin and Elizabeth.

"In 1878, the Binghams, their married son and daughters, and a large group of other people left Montpelier intending to go to Arizona and settle an area there. But upon reaching Salem, Utah, they decided to stop there for a year or so. The Perry Bingham family and the Robert H. Williams family were among those that settled in Salem for that short time. In 1880, with several other families including the Alonzo Bingham family, Calvin and Elizabeth headed for Arizona again. They stopped in St. Johns, Arizona where their daughter, Anna Marie and husband William were living. They stayed there until 1891 when they moved to St. David, Arizona. Arriving on Christmas Day, they joined others of the original group who had settled that area and started up a freighting business. This business engaged in the freight business between Benson, Tombstone and Bisbee. Although Calvin was a blacksmith by trade, he found freighting more profitable. So he bought a team of large horses to go with the team he already had, and followed this occupation for a little more than a year.

"Calvin Bingham left his home with a wagon loaded with freight for Bisbee, about 56 miles from St. David. On the following day, May 27,1883, while going down a steep grade, his freight wagon upset pinning him under the wagon and causing his death.

"His body was brought home by three men from his ward. Funeral services were held in the ward at St. David May 29, 1883. Speakers were Patriarch P.C. Merrill, President David P. Kimball, J.H. Martineau, Bishop Henry Horn, and S.B. Merrill, who all spoke highly of the integrity, faithfullness and honesty of Calvin. After the death of her husband, Elizabeth Lucretia Bingham, with her family consisting of the younger children Ashael, William, Emeline, Lucy Jane, a grand-daughter, and Alice moved to Mesa, Arizona where her three oldest children, Clarinda, Mary Elizabeth Phelps, and Calvin Perry Bingham lived. She had only been there a short time when another sorrow came into her life. Ashael, then 23 years old, had an appendicitis attack and died just four months after his father's death.

"The family spent three years in Mesa and then returned to their former home in Montpelier, Idaho. Then in 1888 they moved to Vernal, Utah where Lucretia spent the remainder of her life. She was a faithful LDS woman and worked in the Relief Society organization. While in Montpelier she had been called to work among the sick and dying. She helped make burial clothes and to dress and lay out the dead. She underwent many hardships of the early pioneers. She learned to be thrifty and to economize so she could feed and clothe her family. It is said that when she bought a piece of calico, she would tear a quilt block from it for the quilt she was making. She made very nice quilts that were the envy of her friends and neighbors. Thread was expensive, so she would ravel out cloth to sew her blocks together with. She taught her 11 children to be thrifty and industrious too. She passed away at her home in Vernal Nov. 28, 1903 as a result of a heart attack." 
Bingham, Calvin (I9917)
 
975 A memoir of the life of Laura Clark Phelps and her daughter Mary Phelps Rich, written by the latter, is here.

A memoir of the life of Laura Clark Phelps, written by Morris Calvin Phelps, is here.

From "Courage a legend as she faced mobs," by John L. Hart, Church News, "Authorized News Web Site of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints", 19 Jun 2004:

History sometimes turns on small, even unknown, hinges and personalities. Such is the case with Laura Clark Phelps, a little-known Church member of deep personal courage who stood up to mobs as she and her husband, Morris Charles Phelps, experienced the brunt of mob and civil persecution in Missouri from 1832-39.

Laury, as she called herself, was born to Timothy Baldwin and Polly Keeler Clark in New Fairfield, Conn., on July 28, 1807. When she was about age 17, she met her future husband. He had come to Lawrence County, Ill., to visit his Keneippe relatives. They were married two years later, in 1826. They were living in the Chicago, Ill., area, when they heard news of a new religion and of a prophet who translated a book from gold plates. They heard further that their friends Isaac M. Morley and Edward Partridge had joined this new religion and missionaries were on their way to Chicago. Not long after, Elders Lyman Wight and John Correll arrived and found the Phelps to be eager listeners and believers who were baptized in 1831. (History of Morris Phelps, unpublished, compiled by descendants and written by Rose Openshaw.)

Within a year the couple responded to the call to relocate in Missouri. They arrived in Jackson County in 1832, and made a home near Independence. They were given land on "a little prairie" outside of town where they homesteaded for a year and a half. In the fall of 1833, they had their first taste of mob oppression.

Mobs were not unusual on the American frontier during the 19th century. Vigilante action was the unwritten law and it was broadly exercised at the whim of community leaders for various causes.

The conflict began in Independence when the original settlers became alarmed as converts with different beliefs came pouring in and established essentially a well-ordered, free and closed community that contrasted dramatically with the existing open, unruly slave-state frontier. (See Encyclopedia of Mormonism, Church History, p. 344-350.)

In the first mob response, "between 40 and 50 persons in number, many of whom were armed with guns, proceeded against a branch of the Church, west of the Big Blue, and unroofed and partly demolished 10 houses; and amid the shrieks and screams of the women and children, whipped and beat in a savage and brutal manner, several of the men: while their horrid threats frightened women and children into the wilderness." (History of the Church 1:426.)

The Phelpses fled with most of the saints in bitter cold to Clay County. While in Clay County on a rented farm, they were visited by Joseph Smith, who held meetings in their home and blessed their children. Brother Phelps was called on a mission to Indiana, Ohio and Illinois where among his converts were his wife's parents. He also stopped to help build the Kirtland Temple, and, receiving an inheritance from his parents, established a farm and started a store. (Phelps History.)

Again the mobs came in a similar manner, and the Prophet advised, "We know not what we shall be called to pass through before Zion is delivered and established" (HC 1:450).

They fled to Far West, Mo., where Brother Phelps purchased a farm on June 2, 1837. Sometime afterwards, between the end of October and the first of November, Joseph Smith arrived at the new settlement to conduct Church affairs. During that time, mobs again pressed forward. One day they began chasing Joseph and one of his brothers, likely Hyrum, and the two ran from the mob and sought refuge in the Phelps home.

"Laura hid them in her house behind the clothes curtain," wrote her husband later. "When the mob rushed in and their leader said, 'Where are they? We know they are here. We saw them come,' she answered calmly and with apparent unconcern. 'No, gentlemen, they are not here, but you are welcome to look all you want to.' She tried to look unconcerned while the mob made a hasty search and left." (From Morris Phelps diary, courtesy Daughters of Utah Pioneers.)

Heber C. Kimball would later recall that in 1839, "my life was sought at Richmond, and...she interceded with my pursuers, who were nearly 30 in number, and actually convinced them that I was another person, altogether, and the pursuit was stopped." (Obituary, Times and Seasons, Vol. 3, No. 9.)

Trouble escalated as the settlers organized a militia to fight back, leading to what was known as the Battle of Crooked River. Following this, local authorities took prisoner Joseph Smith and other Church leaders, among them Morris Phelps. Left alone as the mob came, Laura Phelps ran out to protect her young daughter, Harriet, and said, "Shoot all the animals you desire, but leave my little girl alone." (History of Laura Clark Phelps by Morris Calvin Phelps.)

With her husband confined to the Richmond Jail, Laura and the children left as refugees, expelled from the state by Gov. Lilburn Boggs' extermination order. She took her children in a wagon. It overturned "with my children under the load, but hurt them but little -- I can safely say this day I am not sorry I ever joined the Church...We have to be tried like gold seven times tried," she wrote in a letter to her family in Chicago.

After finding her parents in Iowa, she made a home for herself and the children in an old horse stable. When she received a love poem from her jailed husband in which he compared her with his "star," she resolved to visit him and help him escape. So, accompanied by her brother, she rode a little mare some 150 miles through difficult and hostile Missouri to the Columbia Jail, to which the prisoners had been transferred.

At the Columbia Jail, the case had been continued because no witness appeared against them. The jailer bragged that several prisoners died in jail of old age without the benefit of a hearing. On July 4th, 1839, the prisoners were to try to "gain our liberties or be in paradise before the close of that eventful day," wrote Parley P. Pratt, one of the three incarcerated. Laura Phelps did not participate, but waited at the jail. That dusk, as Richmond citizens continued their Independence Day celebration, the escape plan was enacted. When the evening meal was served, the prisoners caught the open prison door and thrust it wide. Morris Phelps, the more athletic of the three, grabbed the jailer while Pratt and the other prisoner, an ailing King Follett, dashed out. However, Phelps, who was weaker than he supposed, was held fast by the jailer and his wife, who was loudly sounding alarm.

Laura Phelps later said she thought she was praying silently, but her husband heard her shout, "Oh, Lord God of Abraham, Isaac and Jacob, deliver thy servant!" He said hearing that, he felt strong as a giant, and "thus cleared" himself. (History of Laura Clark Phelps.)

Parley Pratt and Morris Phelps both made good their escapes. (See Autobiography of Parley P. Pratt, pp. 301-323.)

Once again, Laura Phelps was left behind to fend for herself among hostile Missourians. The jailer and his wife threatened her with instant death but instead sent her outside to face a mob that had gathered. She faced the abusive group in silence, but the volume increased as a group of searchers returned with captured King Follett riding her mare and sidesaddle.

During this, a little boy who watched became extremely distressed at the way she was being treated. He ran home and told his parents, the Richardsons, who took her into their home. Mr. Richardson later recovered her saddle and horse and after 10 days she rode with the mail carrier back to Illinois. Sewed into her skirts was the manuscript of Parley P. Pratt's Key to Theology.

After a period of recuperation, the family settled in Macedonia, Ill., where Morris Phelps built a home. She, however, had in premonition a vision of what trials lay ahead for the saints and "she often said to me that she could not endure the trouble that was ahead," remembered her husband. (Phelps diary.)

On Feb. 2, 1842, after suffering from overexertion and exposure, a fatal illness came -- likely pneumonia -- and she died suddenly, five months before her 35th birthday.

Her days were shortened "by unparalleled cruelties" but "she manifested to the world that no sacrifice was too great for her to make for the cause which she espoused," said Elder Heber C. Kimball at her death. (Obituary, Times and Seasons.)

In a family ceremony held May 6, 2004, about 70 of her many descendants gathered at city cemetery No. 1 in Nauvoo, Ill., and placed a marker in her memory. Among her relatives is Anne Clark Pingree, second counselor in the Relief Society general presidency, who spoke of her in a conference address in October, 2003. 
Baldwin, Laura Clark (I342)
 
976 A mercer of Peterborough. Edward, Peter (I9096)
 
977 A merchant of Kingston-upon-Hull. de la Pole, William (I12834)
 
978 A miller, he emigrated 1635 with his first wife and their children on the Defense. His English origins are unknown.

Also known as Francis Wetmore.

From The Whitmore Genealogy (1907), pp. 13-14:

"Francis came to this country probably during the 1630’s, and had established his residence at Cambridge prior to 1648, as about this time he married, at that place, Isabel Parke. Brooks, in his history of Medford, tells us he owned property in Cambridge near the Plains, Charlestown near the Menetomie River, near Dendruck Meadows; also in Medford and Lexington. His house stood on the dividing line between Lexington and Cambridge, and is mentioned in the Act of division. His name, with that of his wife, appears on a petition in favor of an old woman charged with being a witch, so he can hardly have been of the extreme Puritan party, though a member of the church. Francis served in King Philip’s war; was Selectman and Constable in 1668 and 1682. In his will he makes provision for the education of his ch., thus early evidencing that regard for edu. that is so marked a family trait."

For what it's worth, Francis probably did not arrive in the 1630s, or he'd be covered in Robert Charles Anderson's Great Migration series. 
Whitmore, Francis (I16124)
 
979 A North Carolina private in the Revolution. Flynn, Thomas (I1714)
 
980 A nun. It is said that the night before William de la Pole surrendered to the Franco-Scottish forces of Joan of Arc (12 Jun 1429), "he laye in bed with a nonne whom he toke oute of holy profession and defouled, whose name was Malyne de Cay, by whom he gate a daughter, now married to Stonard of Oxonfordshire." de Cay, Malyne (I19017)
 
981 A peasant. Kresina (I3761)
 
982 A planter and husbandman. Stone-Gregg Genealogy (citation details below): "For love and good will to the Quakers, he conveyed to them, in 1707, the site on which their meeting house was subsequently built." Barnard, Thomas (I5588)
 
983 A powerful magnate of Leòn. Allegedly the paternal grandfather of Ximena Diaz, wife of El Cid, through his son Diego, supposed to be Ximena's father. But see the note from Todd Farmerie in our entry on El Cid. Flaínez, Fernando (I12233)
 
984 A prominent clothier in Dedham, Essex. Settled in Dedham about 1534. Not a son of Thomas Sherman of Yaxley, Suffolk.

Ancestor of Roger Sherman, founding father, the only person to sign all three of the Great Articles of State which created the United States -- the Declaration, the Articles of Confederation, and the Constitution. First Senator from Connecticut.

Henry Sherman (1512-1590) = Agnes Perpoynt (d. 1580)
Henry Sherman (1545-1610) = Susan Lawrence (1548-?)
John Sherman (?-1616) = Grace Ravens (1591-1662)
John Sherman (1612-1691) = Martha Palmer (?-1700)
Joseph Sherman (1650-1731) = Elizabeth Winship (1652-1731)
William Sherman (1692-1741) = Mehitabel Wellington (1688-?)
Roger Sherman (1721-1793) = Rebecca Minot Prescott (1742-1813) 
Sherman, Henry (I4787)
 
985 A prominent clothier in Dedham, Essex. Settled in Dedham about 1534. Not a son of Thomas Sherman of Yaxley, Suffolk.

Henry Sherman (1512-1590) = Agnes Perpoynt (d. 1580)
Edmund Sherman (1548-1600) = Ann Pellatte
Edmund Sherman (1577-1641) = Joan Makin
Hon. Samuel Sherman (1618-1700) = Sarah Mitchell
Deac. John Sherman (1651-1730) = Elizabeth
John Sherman (1687-1727) = Emm Preston
Hon. Daniel Sherman (1721-1799) = Mindwell Taylor
Hon. Taylor Sherman (1758-1815) = Betsey Stoddard
Charles R. Sherman (1788-1829) = Mary Hoyt
Gen. William Tecumseh Sherman (1820-1891) 
Sherman, Henry (I4787)
 
986 A prosperous brewer and burgmaster, called "gentleman," albeit perhaps illiterate. Owned a malthouse, a spring, and substantial land. Axtell, William (I5538)
 
987 A prosperous Lincolnshire landowner. Cumberworth, Thomas (I11639)
 
988 A religious dissenter who evidently managed to evade persecution. A 1675 entry in the diary of Samuel Hubbard refers to a "testament of my grandfather Cocke's, printed in 1549, which he [Cocke] hid in his bed straw lest it should be found and burned in Queen Mary's days." Cocke, Thomas (I5253)
 
989 A royal judge of some sort, details not known to us. de Lexington, Richard (I9006)
 
990 A royal official of some sort, according to the ODNB entry on his son-in-law William Mauduit. de Hanslope, Michael (I11268)
 
991 A Salem merchant. Naval officer and Collector of Salem, 1772. Moriarty lists his second wife, Catherine Berry, whom he married 29 Sep 1752, but not his presumably first wife Mary Osborne. Lorinda B. R. Goodwin lists both wives, although she spells the second one Katherine. Turner, John (I15989)
 
992 A ship's carpenter. Emigrated to New England in or before 1632 and is recorded as one of the first settlers of Dorchester. Coit, John (I18456)
 
993 A ship-builder. He emigrated with his wife Philippa and perhaps their son James at some point prior to 1632.

He appears to have been a fantastically wilful and stubborn man. In the midst of dire financial problems, he publicly declared his disdain for the recently-restored Charles II, and no record of the rest of his life can be found. The best guess is that he, as Dawes-Gates puts it, "accepted the imprisonment and then disappeared." 
Stevens, William (I18459)
 
994 A sister of John Purrier, who named "syster Laughton" in his will of 28 Aug 1558. Purrier, (Unknown) (I5284)
 
995 A soldier in the La Fouille company, regiment of Carignan. Banhiac dit Lamontagne, Françoise (I752)
 
996 A son of the "Apostle Eliot", according to The Woodbridge RecordEliot, Rev. Joseph (I20751)
 
997 A subtenant of Mortimer of Wigmore. de Sodington, Ralph (I8210)
 
998 A supporter of Simon de Montfort, he was taken prisoner at the battle of Northampton (April 1264). Farrer (citation details below) says he was "probably exchanged for a prisoner taken at the battle of Lewes." In 1268, after Evesham, his manor of Knaptoft, Leicestershire was given by the king to Hugh de Turberville, but he subsequently recovered it. Gobion, Hugh (I10443)
 
999 A supporter of Simon de Montfort. de Drayton, Baldwin (I13224)
 
1000 A supporter of the Empress Matilda against Stephen.

Complete Peerage IX:120, in a footnote about his brother Robert, says "Robert was probably the son of Thurstan de Mundford, who, as one of the barons of Henry, Earl of Warwick, attested the Earl's charter to Abingdon in the days of Abbot Reynold, who d. 1097 (Chron. Abingdon, Rolls Ser., vol. ii, p. 21). This Thurstan was very possibly of the house of Montfort of Montfort-sur-Risle, but the connection has not been proved." 
de Montfort, Thurstan (I2437)
 

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