Nielsen Hayden genealogy

Israel Stoughton

Male Bef 1603 - 1644  (> 40 years)


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  • Name Israel Stoughton  [1
    Born Bef 18 Feb 1603  [2, 3
    Gender Male 
    Baptised 18 Feb 1603  Great Coggeshall, Essex, England Find all individuals with events at this location  [2, 3
    Died 1644  Lincoln, Lincolnshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location  [2, 3
    Person ID I10089  Ancestry of PNH, TNH, and others
    Last Modified 14 Jul 2018 

    Father Rev. Thomas Stoughton,   b. Abt 1555,   d. Abt 1622  (Age ~ 67 years) 
    Mother Katherine,   b. Abt 1560,   d. 18 Apr 1603, Coggeshall, Braintree, Essex, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 43 years) 
    Married 1585  Naughton, Suffolk, England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Family ID F4340  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family Elizabeth Knight,   d. 6 Aug 1681, Dorchester, Suffolk, Massachusetts Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Married 27 Mar 1627  Rotherhite, Surrey, England Find all individuals with events at this location  [2
    Children 
     1. William Stoughton, Acting Governor of Massachusetts,   b. 30 Sep 1631, Dorchester, Suffolk, Massachusetts Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 7 Jul 1701, Dorchester, Suffolk, Massachusetts Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 69 years)
     2. Hannah Stoughton,   b. Apr 1637,   d. 27 Mar 1670, Dorchester, Suffolk, Massachusetts Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 32 years)
    Last Modified 4 Jul 2018 
    Family ID F5650  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Notes 
    • Wikipedia:

      Born in England, a younger brother of John Stoughton, he emigrated to New England in 1632. He settled at Dorchester, of which he was admitted a freeman on 5 November 1633. He was chosen representative for Dorchester in the assemblies of 1634 and 1635.

      When the colony was disturbed by the Antinomian Controversy, Stoughton wrote a book which attacked the constitution of the colony and offended the general court. The author somewhat strangely petitioned that the book might be "forthwith burnt, as being weak and offensive." In spite of Stoughton's subsequent submission, he was declared incapable of holding office for three years. This sentence, however, was remitted in 1636, and Stoughton was chosen assistant in 1637.

      He was entrusted with the command of the Massachusetts force against the Pequot Indians, where he took brutal measures. Stoughton was annually chosen as assistant till 1643, and in 1639 he, together with John Endecott acted as a commissioner on behalf of Massachusetts to settle a boundary dispute with Plymouth Colony.

      Stoughton visited England towards the end of 1643 or the beginning of 1644, returned to America, and crossed again towards the end of 1644. He was then appointed a lieutenant-colonel in the parliamentary army, and soon afterwards died at Lincoln. His children included William Stoughton, best known as the chief magistrate of the Salem witch trials.

  • Sources 
    1. [S594] The Ancestry of Eva Belle Kempton 1878-1908, Part III: The Ancestry of Henry Clay Bartlett 1832-1892, by Dean Crawford Smith; edited by Melinde Lutz Sanborn. Boston: New England Historic Genealogical Society, 2004.

    2. [S101] The Great Migration Begins: Immigrants to New England, 1620-1633, Volumes 1-3 and The Great Migration: Immigrants to New England,1634-1635, Volumes 1-7, by Robert Charles Anderson. Boston: New England Historic Genealogical Society, 1996-2011.

    3. [S1617] Abandoning America: Life-Stories from Early New England, by Susan Hardman Moore. Woodbridge, Sussex: The Boydell Press, 2013.