Nielsen Hayden genealogy

Joseph Hayden

Joseph Hayden

Male Abt 1800 - Bef 1883  (~ 82 years)

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  • Name Joseph Hayden  [1, 2, 3, 4
    Born Abt 1800  Washington, Kentucky Find all individuals with events at this location  [1, 4
    Gender Male 
    Died Bef 1883  Kentucky Find all individuals with events at this location  [5
    Buried St. Catherine's, New Haven, Nelson, Kentucky Find all individuals with events at this location  [6
    Person ID I10588  Ancestry of PNH, TNH, and others
    Last Modified 1 Apr 2018 

    Father George Hayden,   b. Bef 1776, St. Mary's County, Maryland Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1859, Springfield, Washington, Kentucky Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age > 83 years) 
    Mother Mary Polly Elliott,   b. Between 1769-1774, St. Mary's County, Maryland Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Bef 1818, Washington, Kentucky Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 43 years) 
    Married 7 Jul 1796  Washington, Kentucky Find all individuals with events at this location  [7, 8, 9
    Family ID F2627  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family Catherine Clayton,   b. Bef 1803, Nelson, Kentucky Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Abt 1840, Nelson, Kentucky Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age > 37 years) 
    Married 26 Aug 1823  Nelson, Kentucky Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Children 
     1. Joseph Hayden
     2. Robert Hayden
    +3. Mary Ellen Hayden,   b. 1824, Nelson, Kentucky Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1898, Nelson, Kentucky Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 74 years)
     4. Elbert Hayden,   b. Abt 1825, Nelson, Kentucky Find all individuals with events at this location
    +5. Mary Jane Hayden,   b. 1827, Nelson, Kentucky Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 5 Dec 1899, Nelson, Kentucky Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 72 years)
     6. Elizabeth Hayden,   b. Abt 1830, Nelson, Kentucky Find all individuals with events at this location
    +7. James S. Hayden,   b. 23 Aug 1836, Nelson, Kentucky Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 4 Nov 1908, Daviess, Kentucky Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 72 years)
     8. Urban Hayden,   b. Abt 1837, Nelson, Kentucky Find all individuals with events at this location
    Last Modified 19 Jun 2018 11:32:40 
    Family ID F4095  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Photos
    Joseph Hayden and Catherine Clayton
    Joseph Hayden and Catherine Clayton
    -- in the Nelson County marriage register. Lower left, sixth from the bottom.

  • Notes 
    • Joseph Hayden's parentage remains unproven. But we (Laura Hayden and PNH) think it very likely he was a son of George Hayden (1776-1859).

      (1) DNA evidence indicates that Patrick is probably a direct paternal descendant of the immigrant Francis Heydon who died in St. Mary's County, Maryland circa 1694. Specifically, his brother Benjamin's Y-DNA is a 99%-plus match to that of several people with documented paternal descent from Francis. Additionally, Benjamin's Y-DNA is also a strong match to that of people descended from Charles Evans Hayden (1873-1939), who was a grandson of George Hayden (1776-1859).

      (2) We do not have a record of a straight father-to-son descent from Francis to Patrick. We have records that show Patrick is descended from Francis, but they go through the maternal line at least twice. (Specifically, the documented descent from Francis goes through Joseph's son James's wife Mary Drucilla Hayden, daughter of Urban Hayden, son of Mary A. Hayden, daughter of Charles Hayden, himself a direct male-line descendant of Francis. Urban’s father William Leo Hayden not a descendant of Francis, but he married a Hayden, Mary, who was.)

      (3) We have never been able to find a record of the parents of Patrick's paternal great-great-great grandfather Joseph Hayden (~1800-<1883).

      (4) And yet, if the DNA evidence is to be believed, Joseph must be a direct paternal descendant of Francis.

      This has led us to examine the question of which direct paternal descendants of Francis Hayden (d. ~1694) were in Washington County, Kentucky at the right time to be the father of Joseph Hayden who was (according to the 1883 History of Daviess County, Kentucky, citation details below) born there in approximately 1800.

      William Hayden, direct paternal great-grandson of Francis Hayden, was born in St. Mary's County, Maryland in 1742. He and his family emigrated from Maryland to Kentucky as part of the expedition led by his more famous brother Basil Hayden. William Hayden died in Washington County, Kentucky on 10 April 1794.

      His sons were:
      Charles Hayden, b. ~1766, St. Mary's County, MD; d. 1813, Washington, KY
      Benedict "Bennett" Hayden, b. 1768, St. Mary's County, MD; d. 1794, Washington, KY
      Henry Hayden, b. 1770, St. Mary's County, MD; d. 1828, Washington, KY
      Wilford Hayden, b. 1772, St. Mary's County, MD; d. 1827, Washington, KY
      George Hayden, b. <1776, St. Mary's County, MD; d. 1859, Springfield, Washington, KY
      Thomas Hayden, b. 1779, St. Mary's County, MD; d. 1850, Fancy Farm, Graves, KY

      Benedict Hayden is unlikely to have been Joseph's father, unless our birth year for Joseph is off by at least six years. That leaves Charles, Henry, Wilford, George, and Thomas.

      Kentucky's 1800 census records were burned by the British during the War of 1812. But surviving tax lists from 1800 turn up 17 men named Hayden, Heydon, Haydon, or Haydin being taxed in Washington County that year. Among those seventeen are names corresponding to all five of William Hayden's sons known to have been alive and in Washington County in 1800: a Charles Heydon, a Henry Heydon, a Wilfrid Haydin, a George Hayden, and a Thomas Haydon. ("Will Heydon" and "Willy Heydon", also among the 17 names, might well be the same individual as Wilfrid/Wilford.)

      Charles Hayden is already known to be a 5G grandfather to Patrick, as the father of Mary A. Hayden who married William Leo Hayden, natural son of Basil Hayden's wife Henrietta Cole. Charles is unlikely to be the father of Joseph because the records show him and his wife Eleanor Elliott as parents of a different child born in 1800, Charles Hayden Jr., who married Eleanor Hagan (1803-1882) and died in 1838. That leaves Henry, Wilford, George, and Thomas.

      Henry Hayden married Jennet Lee in Kentucky in 1789, and she had several children by him before she died sometime before 1796. In July 1796 Henry married Mary Green, and we have no record of them having any children.

      Wilford Hayden married Ann Nancy Lee, and they had a child in 1800, Phillip Hayden, who married Elizabeth Thompson Hayden (1811-1849) and died in 1841.

      Thomas Hayden married Mary Willett in January 1802. They had 13 children, including a John Joseph Hayden in 1812, but John Joseph married Elenor Hobbs and isn't our Joseph Hayden.

      That leaves George Hayden (1776-1859) as the likeliest father for Joseph Hayden. George Hayden married Mary Elliott, the sister of his brother Charles's wife Eleanor Elliott, in Washington County, Kentucky in 1796. George and Mary's first recorded child is Elizabeth b. 1798; the next one we're able to find is Eleanor b. 1803. As Laura Hayden points out, this a very long gap for the usually-prolific Haydens; Joseph could well have been born to them in that gap.

      Some unsourced online records show George Hayden and Mary Elliott with a son identified as "Clement Hayden" born c. 1800 in Washington County, Kentucky. It's hardly impossible that this Clement's full name was Clement Joseph Hayden, or Joseph Clement Hayden. Or Clement and Joseph could be separate children; the gap is long enough to easily encompass the birth of two. Relevant to this, the 1820 census shows George and Mary's household containing two "Free White Persons - Males - 16 to 25", which suggests that they had at least two otherwise unrecorded sons prior to 1805.

      Just to reiterate, Joseph Hayden (1800-1883), Patrick's GGG grandfather, has to have been a direct paternal descendant of the immigrant Francis Hayden, unless the DNA results are wrong. And to repeat a supporting point, those DNA results also showed Patrick's brother Benjamin as a strong match to paternal descendants of a grandson of the George Hayden we are hypothesizing as Joseph Hayden's father -- Charles Evans Hayden (1873-1939), grandson of George by his second wife, Nancy Doncaster.

      [Thanks to Laura Hayden for doing most of the work on this series of deductions.]

      ***

      Details from the 1820 US Federal Census, Bardstown, Nelson County, for George Haydon:
      [Showing the presence of two males in his household born between 1795 and 1805]

      Name:
      George Haydon
      Home in 1820 (City, County, State):
      Bardstown, Nelson, Kentucky
      Enumeration Date:
      August 7, 1820
      Free White Persons - Males - Under 10: 2
      Free White Persons - Males - 10 thru 15: 1
      Free White Persons - Males - 16 thru 25: 2
      Free White Persons - Males - 26 thru 44: 1
      Free White Persons - Females - Under 10: 1
      Free White Persons - Females - 10 thru 15: 2
      Free White Persons - Females - 16 thru 25: 2
      Free White Persons - Females - 26 thru 44: 1
      Number of Persons - Engaged in Agriculture: 4
      Free White Persons - Under 16: 6
      Free White Persons - Over 25: 2
      Total Free White Persons: 12
      Total All Persons - White, Slaves, Colored, Other: 12

      ***

      Another thing we know as well as we know anything about Joseph Hayden is that he married Catherine Clayton on 26 Aug 1823 in Nelson County, Kentucky, and that she was a daughter of Joseph Clayton who fought on the Virginia line in the Revolution and died in Nelson County, Kentucky between 1813 and 1824.

      The following legal transcript, found at http://www.geocities.ws/johnadamfogle/26.html and entitled "Indenture, Nelson County, 11 April 1803", shows that as far back as 1793, William Hayden (father to George, who we believe to have been Joseph's father), and his son Charles Hayden, and Joseph Clayton, who would become Joseph Hayden's father-in-law thirty years later, were all neighbors in Nelson County, Kentucky, owning land that abutted one another's holdings.

      This Indenture made the (blank) day of March in the year of our Lord one thousand Eight hundred and three between Charles Morehead and Samuel Miller Commissioners of the County of Nelson of the one part and Joseph Fogle of the same county of the other part. Witnesseth that Whereas by an act of the general assembly of this state passed on the first day of March in the year one thousand seven hundred and ninety seven entitled an act to reduce into one the several acts for the conveyance and division of lands the County Courts of this state were authorized and directed to appoint Commissioners in their respective counties to divide and convey lands in certain cases and the said Morehead and Miller having been duly appointed by the County Court of Nelson for the purposes contained in the above recited act and having been called upon by the said Joseph Fogle to divide 5 certain surveys or tracts of land held in tennency in common between him the said Joseph Fogle and a certain Adam Fogle of the aforesaid County of Nelson as will more fully appear from the title papers of them the said Joseph and Adam aforesaid being thereto had one of the said surveys or tracts of land containing two hundred and fifty acres of land lying on the North side of the Beechfork in the said County granted by patent to Josiah Lee, and conveyed by said Lee to said Joseph and Adam Fogle, a second tract containing one hundred and ninety acres, a third tract containing twenty five acres the fourth tract containing fifty eight and one fourth acres and the fifth tract twenty acres and three fourths which four last mentioned tracts are hereafter more particularly described. Now we the said Charles Morehead and Samuel Miller Commissioners as aforesaid in pursuance of the power and authority vested in us by the aforesaid recited act of assembly have enfeoffed transfered and conveyed and do by these presents enfeoff transfer and convey unto the aforesaid Joseph Fogle all the right title interest or claim of him the said Adam Fogle to the aforesaid four last mentioned tracts of land the one hundred and ninety acres situate lying and being in the County of Nelson on the north side of the Rolling Fork of Salt River conveyed by deed duly recorded in the Bairdstown District Court by Josiah Lee and wife to said Joseph & Adam Fogle and is bounded as follows, towit, Beginning at a sycamore and Mulberry on the bank of said fork at the lower corner of James Andersons one hundred acre survey, thence north twenty west one hundred poles thence north forty east thirty poles to a white oak and maple thence south eighty east forty poles to a white oak thence south ten east one hundred and thirty eight poles to two beeches in James Anderson's line, thence with said line north eighty west two hundred and forty five poles to the Beginning. The twenty five acres bound as follows, towit, Beginning at a hickory tree south of the Ball alley, running thence south 84 west 53 1/2 poles to a white oak black walnut and sugar tree corner to Clarke and Hayden, thence S 2 1/2 E 88 poles to a sugar tree on the west side of the road, thence north 87 E 40 poles to a stake near a dead white oak and black walnut in Duncaster's plantation thence N 4 W 39 1/2 to a small black oak, thence up the said road N22, E 40 1/4 poles to a stake in the said road, thence north 4 W 14 poles to the Beginning, which said tract William Hayden is bound by bond dated the sixth day of May 1793 to convey to said Adam & Joseph Fogle.

      The fifty eight and one fourth acres is bounded as follows towit, Beginning at an old hickory standing near the old battery and running thence north two degrees west 100 poles to a large white oak in Haydons line, thence south 77 3/4 degrees west seventy three poles to a white oak standing in the road, thence south 75 west 36 poles to white oak standing in the edge of a glade, thence south 10 east 74 poles to a small cedar standing in a glade, thence north 84 East 108 poles to the beginning which said tract of 58 1/4 acres Kanellam Peak is bound by Bond dated the (blank) to convey to the said Adam & Joseph Fogle, Twenty acres and which Joseph Clayton is bound by bond dated the (blank) to convey to the said Adam and Joseph Fogle is bounded as follows, towit, Beginning at a white oak and red oak corner to Joseph Claytons and George Clarke land on the top of a hill on the south side of Russells branch and running thence south 79 east 108 poles to two sugar trees and Iron wood sapling standing in the head of a small drain of Pottengers Creek, thence North 2 1/2 degrees West 41 3/4 poles to a dogwood stump corner to Charles Hayden, thence along his line passing said Haydens corner due west 80 poles to a large white oak in George Clarks line, thence South 49 1/2 degrees west 39 poles to the beginning. To have and to hold the aforesaid four last mentioned tracts of land lying and being in the County of Nelson and containing in the whole two hundred and ninety four acres and all and singular the appurtenances and hereditaments thereunto belonging or in any wise appertaining to him the said Joseph Fogle his heirs, Exors, admons and assigns forever to the only proper use and behoof of him the said Joseph Fogle his hers & e forever.

      In witness whereof we the said commissioners have hereunto set our hands and affixed our seals the day and year first above written.

      Witness
      Chs Morehead seal
      Saml Miller seal

      At a County Court held for Nelson County on Monday the 11th of April 1803.
      This Indenture from Charles Morehead & Samuel Miller two of the commissioners of Nelson County to Joseph Fogle was acknowledged by the said commissioners to be their voluntary act & deed for the purposes therein expressed and the said Indenture together with the papers agreeable to which the within division was made was ordered to be recorded.

      Teste, Ben Grayson, c.c

      A copy Attest
      B.L. Blakey, C.N.C.C.

      ***

      Regarding his death date, Laura Hayden notes: "We don't have a date of death for Joseph. We only know it was after his last sighting in the census records - 1850 - and before his mention in this excerpt from the History of Daviess County (pub. 1883): 'James S. Hayden, born in Nelson County, KY, Aug. 23, 1836, is a son of Joseph Hayden (deceased), a native of Washington County.'"

      ***

      The 1850 census records Joseph as living in Nelson County with his daughter Mary Ellen Hayden and her husband Orville Price, and gives his age as "50". This is the chief evidence for a birthdate of around 1800.

      A Findagrave.com page exists for "Joseph Haydon", listing him as born in 1800 and buried in St. Catherine Cemetery, New Haven, Nelson County, Kentucky. It gives no death date, and the user who recorded this cemetery notes that they photographed every stone there and found no stone for him. Despite the fact that this Joseph Haydon's birthplace is given as "New Haven, Nelson County, Kentucky" instead of Washington County, we think this is our Joseph, because his daughter Mary Ellen and her husband Orville Price, in whose household we last see Joseph living in 1850, are both buried there as well.

      ***

  • Sources 
    1. [S18] 1850 United States Federal Census, on Ancestry.com.

    2. [S28] 1820 United States Federal Census, on Ancestry.com.

    3. [S29] 1840 United States Federal Census, on Ancestry.com.

    4. [S11] 1880 United States Federal Census, on Ancestry.com.

    5. [S263] History of Daviess County, Kentucky. Together with Sketches of Its Cities, Villages and Townships, Educational, Religious, Civil, Military, and Political History; Portraits of Prominent Persons, Biographies of Representative Citizens. And an Outline History of Kentucky. Chicago: Inter-State Publishing Company, 1883.

    6. [S1265] Findagrave.com page for Joseph Haydon.

    7. [S132] Linda Reno, 2 Jan 2008, post to MDSTMARY-L.

    8. [S10] Kentucky Marriages, 1802-1850, compiled by Jordan Dodd, on Ancestry.com.

    9. [S1290] 100 Years of Marriages, 1792-1892: Washington County, Kentucky by Phyllis Brown. Kentucky Kindred Genealogical Research, 2012.