Nielsen Hayden genealogy

Alan fitz Roland

Male - Abt 1234

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  • Name Alan fitz Roland  [1, 2, 3
    Gender Male 
    Died Abt 2 Feb 1234  [2, 4, 5, 6, 7
    Buried Dundrennan Abbey, Kircudbright, Scotland Find all individuals with events at this location  [2, 4
    Person ID I10693  Ancestry of PNH, TNH, and others | Ancestor of AP, Ancestor of DDB, Ancestor of JTS, Ancestor of TNH, Ancestor of TSW, Ancestor of TWK
    Last Modified 6 Jan 2018 

    Father Roland fitz Uchtred,   b. of Galloway, Perthshire, Scotland Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 19 Dec 1200, Northampton, Northamptonshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Mother Ellen de Morville,   d. 11 Jun 1217, Galloway, Perthshire, Scotland Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Married Bef 1185  [2
    Family ID F793  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 1 (Unknown daughter of Roger de Lacy) 
    Married Between 1200 and 1205  [4
    +1. Helen of Galloway,   d. Aft 21 Nov 1245
    Last Modified 15 Apr 2016 
    Family ID F876  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 2 Margaret of Huntingdon,   d. Abt 6 Jan 1233 
    Married 1209  [4
    +1. Devorguille of Galloway,   d. 28 Jan 1290
    Last Modified 29 Oct 2017 
    Family ID F10804  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Notes 
    • Also called Alan of Galloway. Hereditary Constable of Scotland.

      Present at Magna Carta as an advisor to King John.

      From the Oxford Dictionary of National Biography:

      "Cross-border landholding and kinship with King John of England made Alan a man of consequence in both realms. His relationship with the king of Scots, based on loose overlordship rather than feudal subordination, allowed freedom of manoeuvre where his actions did not conflict with Scottish interests. Galloway's military resources and substantial fleet gave added influence; Alan's aid was courted unsuccessfully by John for his 1210 campaign against the Ulster Lacys, but he agreed to send one thousand men for the abortive Welsh campaign of 1212. [...]

      "From 1225 Alan used the freedom afforded by the loose overlordship of the Scottish crown to interfere in the feud between King Ragnvald of Man and his half-brother, Olaf. His private interest, arising from efforts to secure Antrim with Ragnvald's support against the threat of a Lacy restoration, coincided at first with Anglo-Scottish policy towards the region and received the tacit support of his Scottish overlord. The prospect of a pro-Scottish client in Man led Alexander II to acquiesce to the marriage in 1226 of Alan's bastard son, Thomas, to Ragnvald's daughter, but the marriage provoked revolt against Ragnvald. Despite the support of Galwegian galleys and warriors, Ragnvald was overthrown and slain in 1229 by Olaf. Alan's ensuing attempts to conquer Man for Thomas destabilized the Hebrides and western highlands, thereby threatening Scottish territorial interests, and in 1230–31 prompted active Norwegian support for Olaf. Joint action by Alan and Alexander averted catastrophe, but Scottish and Galwegian interests had diverged and the 1231 campaign marked the end of further Galwegian involvement in the Manx succession; Alan's dynastic ambitions had caused an undesirable war with a major foreign power."

      From Wikipedia:

      "Although under the traditional Celtic custom of Galloway, Alan's illegitimate son could have succeeded to the Lordship of Galloway, under the feudal custom of the Scottish realm, Alan's nearest heirs were his surviving daughters. Using Alan's death as an opportunity to further integrate Galloway within his realm, Alexander forced the partition of the lordship amongst Alan's daughters. Alan was the last legitimate ruler of Galloway, descending from the native dynasty of Fergus, Lord of Galloway."

  • Sources 
    1. [S128] The Complete Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain and the United Kingdom, Extant, Extinct or Dormant. Full citation details here.

    2. [S76] The Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Oxford University Press, 2004-ongoing.

    3. [S1016] Medieval English Ancestors of Robert Abell by Carl Boyer III. Santa Clarita, California, 2001.

    4. [S142] Royal Ancestry by Douglas Richardson. Kimball G. Everingham, editor. 2013.

    5. [S145] Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America Before 1700 by Frederick Lewis Weis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr. 8th edition, William R. Beall & Kaleen E. Beall, eds. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2004, 2006, 2008., year only.

    6. [S128] The Complete Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain and the United Kingdom, Extant, Extinct or Dormant. Full citation details here., year only.

    7. [S977] The Blackmans of Knight's Creek: Ancestors and Descendants of George and Maria (Smith) Blackman by Henry James Young. Carlisle, Pennsylvania: 1980., year only.