Nielsen Hayden genealogy

William de Lancaster

Male - Bef 1170

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  • Name William de Lancaster  [1, 2
    Born of Kendal, Westmorland, England Find all individuals with events at this location  [3, 4
    Gender Male 
    Died Bef 29 Sep 1170  [4, 5
    Person ID I10733  Ancestry of PNH & TNH
    Last Modified 6 Jan 2018 

    Father Gilbert 
    Mother Godith 
    Family ID F80  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 1 Gundred de Warenne,   d. Aft 1156 
    Married Aft 1153  [4
    +1. Avice de Lancaster,   b. 1155,   d. 1191  (Age 36 years)
    Last Modified 10 Jan 2018 19:07:42 
    Family ID F2102  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 2 (Unknown first wife of William de Lancaster) 
    +1. William de Lancaster,   b. Abt 1110,   d. 1184  (Age ~ 74 years)
    Last Modified 10 Jan 2018 19:07:42 
    Family ID F5291  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Notes 
    • Also called William Fitz Gilbert. Castellan of William fitz Duncan's castle of Egremont 1138; Governor of the castle of Lancaster.

      Andrew Lancaster (citation details below):

      William de Lancaster I, Gilbert's son (and nephew, possibly through a sister, of Ketel) was said to have taken the "de Lancaster" name by royal licence and is probably the first person to have ever passed the name on to his children as a family name. On the other hand his grand daughter seems to have claimed that he used the name "de Tailboys" before being granted the new name. He was an important man, and married (probably as a second wife) Gundred, who is normally said, though this is doubted by William Farrer, to be Gundred de Warrene, an important member of one of the most powerful families in England. He lived in troubled times, including a major Scottish invasion and must have served under three competing claims to the monarchy above him during the anarchy in Britain (King David of Scotland, King Stephen of England and Mathilda his competitor in England).

      The earliest records of his adult life seem to centre around Western Cumberland. Several websites even claim that he served as castellan of Egremont in Cumberland 1138 to William Fitz Duncan, a member of the Scottish royal family. In one article it is claimed that the De Lancaster arms are derived from this Scottish William. Others claim he helped command forces against the Scots in this area. A charter refers to him as if he were lord of Muncaster, which is also in Cumberland and apparently a lordship which would have come under Egremont. He also seems to have been lord of Lamplugh and Hensington before he was enfeoffed by Roger de Mowbray of the future Barony of Kendal, Lonsdale and Horton in Ribblesdale (these latter often suggested to imply lordship of the entire Wapentake of Ewcross), as well as parishes of Garstang and Warton in northern Lancashire. This happened about 1150. Farrer believes he died before Michaelmas 1170.

  • Sources 
    1. [S789] The Wallop Family and Their Ancestry, by Vernon James Watney. Oxford, 1928.

    2. [S1174] "The de Lancasters of Westmorland," by Andrew Lancaster.

    3. [S142] Royal Ancestry, by Douglas Richardson. Kimball G. Everingham, ed. 2013., place only.

    4. [S142] Royal Ancestry, by Douglas Richardson. Kimball G. Everingham, ed. 2013.

    5. [S145] Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America Before 1700, by Frederick Lewis Weis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr. 8th edition, William R. Beall & Kaleen E. Beall, eds. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2004, 2006, 2008., year only.