Nielsen Hayden genealogy

Hugh de Neville

Male - Bef 1234


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  • Name Hugh de Neville  [1
    Born of Great Hallingbury, Bishop's Stortford, Essex, England Find all individuals with events at this location  [2, 3, 4
    Gender Male 
    Died Bef 21 Jul 1234  [2, 3, 5, 6
    Alternate death Bef 31 Jul 1234  [4
    Buried Waltham Abbey, Essex, England Find all individuals with events at this location  [2, 3, 5
    Person ID I11041  Ancestry of PNH, TNH, and others | Ancestor of AP, Ancestor of DDB, Ancestor of DGH, Ancestor of DK, Ancestor of EK, Ancestor of JTS, Ancestor of LDN, Ancestor of TNH, Ancestor of TSW, Ancestor of TWK
    Last Modified 1 Sep 2018 

    Father Ralph de Neville,   bur. of Scotton, Lincolnshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Mother (Unknown) Rafin 
    Family ID F1600  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family Joan de Cornhill,   d. Between 1224 and 1230 
    Married Bef 30 Apr 1200  [2, 3
    Children 
    +1. John de Neville,   b. of Little Hallingbury, Essex, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Bef 8 Jun 1246
    Last Modified 8 Dec 2015 
    Family ID F6196  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Notes 
    • Chief Forester and Justice of the King's Forest; Sheriff of Essex and Hertfordshire 1197-1200, 1202-4; Keeper of the Seaports from Cornwall to Hampshire.

      Raised at the court of Henry II as an intimate of Richard, whom he accompanied to the Holy Land on the Third Crusade in 1190. Present at the siege of Jaffa. It was Richard who first appointed him forester, an office he retained under John, but his relationship with the latter king was less smooth. The Oxford Dictionary of National Biography: "As chief forester he was largely free of supervision by the king's exchequer at Westminster; he held his own exchequer of the forest, which is known to have sat at Marlborough and Nottingham, and was directly accountable to the king, who, however, sometimes intervened personally. Neville's position during John's reign was very powerful, since he was one of the king's closest advisers and agents, but his relationship with his royal master was a turbulent one. Several times he had to pay large fines to the king when his actions did not find favour. His wife may have been one of the women who suffered from the amorous attentions of the king, since in 1204 she made a fine of 200 shillings 'to lie one night with her husband' (Rotuli de oblatis et finibus ... tempore Regis Johannis ed. T. D. Hardy, RC, 1835, 275). In 1212 Neville was forced to pay a fine of 6000 marks, ostensibly for allowing the escape of two knights captured at Carrickfergus in 1210, but it seems also to have covered his misdeeds in administering the northern forests and his tenure of the lands of the bishopric of Salisbury during the interdict. Soon afterwards he was dismissed as sheriff of Hampshire, and as keeper of the county and forest of Cumberland, which he had held since 1209; some of the debt was, however, pardoned later. He witnessed Magna Carta in 1215, but before John's death joined the baronial party, to whom he brought the possession of Marlborough Castle." For this he lost his office and some of his estates.

      He made peace with Henry III but did not return to office until 1224; his remaining years as forester were caught up in the complex disputes over forest boundaries between the counties and the central government. He was ultimately dismissed on 8 Oct 1229.

  • Sources 
    1. [S1235] Geoffrey de Mandeville: A Study of the Anarchy by J. Horace Round. London: Longmans, Green, 1892.

    2. [S142] Royal Ancestry: A Study in Colonial and Medieval Families by Douglas Richardson. Salt Lake City, 2013.

    3. [S128] The Complete Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain and the United Kingdom, Extant, Extinct or Dormant ed. Vicary Gibbs, H. A. Doubleday, Duncan Warrand, Howard de Walden, Geoffrey H. White and R. S. Lea. 2nd edition. 14 volumes (1-13, but volume 12 spanned two books), London, The St. Catherine Press, 1910-1959. Volume 14, "Addenda & Corrigenda," ed. Peter W. Hammond, Gloucestershire, Sutton Publishing, 1998.

    4. [S1526] The Ancestry of Dorothea Poyntz, Wife of Reverend John Owsley, Generations 1-15, Fourth Preliminary Edition, by Ronny O. Bodine and Bro. Thomas Spalding, Jr. 2013.

    5. [S76] The Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Oxford University Press, 2004-ongoing.

    6. [S2158] Pedigree and Progress: Essays in the Genealogical Interpretation of History by Anthony Wagner. London: Phillimore & Co., 1975., year only.