Nielsen Hayden genealogy

Henry of Aldithley

Male Abt 1175 - Bef 1246  (~ 71 years)


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  • Name Henry of Aldithley  [1, 2, 3
    Born Abt 1175  of Heleigh in Audley, Staffordshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location  [4, 5, 6, 7, 8
    Gender Male 
    Died Bef Nov 1246  [6, 7, 9, 10, 11
    Alternate death Bef 19 Nov 1246  [8
    Person ID I11349  Ancestry of PNH, TNH, and others
    Last Modified 21 Jan 2018 

    Father Adam of Aldithley,   b. of Audley, Staffordshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Between 1203 and 1211 
    Mother Emma fitz Ralph,   b. of Darlaston, Staffordshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Married Abt 1170  [8
    Family ID F2540  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family Bertrade de Mainwaring,   d. 1249 
    Married 1217  [4, 8, 12, 13
    Children 
     1. James de Aldithley,   b. Abt 1220, of Heleigh in Audley, Staffordshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Abt 11 Jun 1272, Ireland Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 52 years)
     2. Alice de Audley,   d. Aft Aug 1265
     3. Emma de Audley,   b. of Heleigh in Audley, Staffordshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Aft 22 Dec 1270
     4. Amicia de Audley
    Last Modified 16 Jun 2018 
    Family ID F6321  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Notes 
    • Also called Henry de Audley; Aldithlegh.

      Sheriff of Shrophsire and Staffordshire 1227-8, 1229-32.

      "Henry of Aldithley, 2nd son of Adam of Aldithley, (who d. bet. 1203 and 1211) by Emma, daughter of Ralf fitz Orm, of Darlaston, Staffs; was b. about 1175; with his father, he was witness to a charter of Harvey Bagot in 1194. He bought large estates from Eleanor Malbank in 1214; in 1227 he acquired the manors of Edgmund and Newport, and in 1230 that of Ford, all in Salop, and all held by him direct from the Crown, though not by military or knight service. He was Under Sheriff of Salop and co. Stafford 1217-20, and Sheriff 1227-32; was in command of the Welsh Marches 1223-46. He built the castle of Heligh, co. Stafford; and Red Castle, Salop. In 1223 he founded Hulton Abbey. He was appointed Custodian of Chester and Beeston Castle, 22 June 1237, on the extinction of the the earldom of Chester. He m. in 1217, Bertred, daughter of Ralf Mainwaring, Seneschal of Chester. He d. in 1246, shortly bef. Nov. His widow was living in 1249. She was bur. in Hulton Abbey." [Complete Peerage I:337, as corrected in Volume XIV.]

      From A Genealogical History of the Dormant, Abeyant, Forfeited and Extinct Peerages of the British Empire:

      "That this family of Alditheley, vulgarly called Audley," says Dugdale, "came to be great and eminent, the ensuing discourse will sufficiently manifest: but that the rise thereof was no higher than King John's time, and that the first who assumed this surname was a branch of that ancient and noble family of Verdon, whose chief seat was at Alton Castle in the northern part of Staffordshire, I am very inclined to believe; partly by reason that Henry had the inheritance of Alditheley given him by Nicholas de Verdon, who d. in the 16th Henry III [1232], or near that time; and partly for that he bore for his arms the same ordinary as Vernon did...so that probably the ancestor of this Henry first seated himself at Alditheley: for that there hath been an ancient mansion there, the large moat, northwards from the parish church there (somewhat less than a furlong, and upon the chief part of a fair ascent), do sufficiently manifest."

      Henry de Alditheley, to whom Dugdale alludes above, being in great favour with Ranulph, Earl of Chester and Lincoln (the most powerful subject of England in his time), obtained from that nobleman a grant of Newhall in Cheshire with manors in Staffordshire and other parts--and for his adhesion to King John, in that monarch's struggle with the insurrectionary barons, a royal grant of the lordship o fStorton in Warwickshire, part of the possessions of Roger de Summerville. In the first four years of King Henry III [1216-1220], he executed the office of sheriff for the counties of Salop and Stafford as deputy for his patron, the great Earl Ranulph. In the 10th of Henry III [1226], this Henry de Alditheley was appointed governor of the castles of Carmarthen and Cardigan and made sheriff the next year of the counties of Salop and Stafford and constable of the castles of Salop and Bridgenorth, which sheriffalty he held for five years. Upon his retirement from office, he had a confirmation of all such lands whereof he was then possessed as well those granted to him by Ranulph, Earl of Chester, and Nicholas de Verdon, as those in Ireland given him by Hugh de Lacy, Earl of Ulster, whose constable he was in that province. He subsequently obtained divers other territorial grants from the crown, but, notwithstanding, when Richard Mareschall, Earl of Pembroke, rebelled and made an incursion into Wales, the king, Henry III, thought it prudent to secure the persons of this Henry and all the other barons-marchers. He was afterwards, however, constituted governor of Shrewsbury in place of John de Lacy, Earl of Lincoln, and, on the death of John, Earl of Chester, governor of the castle of Chester, and also that of Beeston, then called the "Castle on the Rock," and soon after made governor of Newcastle-under-Lyne. This powerful feudal baron m. Bertred, dau. of Ralph de Meisnil-warin, of Cheshire, and had a son, James, and a dau., Emme, who m. Griffith ap Madoc, Lord of Bromefield, a person of great power in Wales. He d. in 1236, having founded and endowed the Abbey of Hilton near to his castle at Heleigh, in Staffordshire, for Cistercian monks, and was s. by his son, James de Alditheley.

  • Sources 
    1. [S142] Royal Ancestry, by Douglas Richardson. Kimball G. Everingham, ed. 2013., for existence.

    2. [S1016] Medieval English Ancestors of Robert Abell by Carl Boyer III. Santa Clarita, California, 2001.

    3. [S1117] County Families of Lancashire and Cheshire by James Croston. London: John Heywood, 1887.

    4. [S128] The Complete Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain and the United Kingdom, Extant, Extinct or Dormant. Full citation details here.

    5. [S160] Wikipedia., year only.

    6. [S775] Powys-Lybbe Ancestry, by Tim Powys-Lybbe., year only.

    7. [S893] John P. Ravilious, 12 Sep 2002, post to soc.genealogy.medieval., year only.

    8. [S1526] The Ancestry of Dorothea Poyntz, Wife of Reverend John Owsley, Generations 1-15, Fourth Preliminary Edition by Ronny O. Bodine and Bro. Thomas Spalding, Jr. 2013.

    9. [S128] The Complete Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain and the United Kingdom, Extant, Extinct or Dormant. Full citation details here., year only.

    10. [S160] Wikipedia.

    11. [S895] John P. Ravilious, 8 Dec 2006, post to soc.genealogy.medieval.

    12. [S789] The Wallop Family and Their Ancestry, by Vernon James Watney. Oxford, 1928.

    13. [S893] John P. Ravilious, 12 Sep 2002, post to soc.genealogy.medieval., "bef 1229".