Nielsen Hayden genealogy

Emanuel Downing

Male Bef 1585 - Aft 1660  (> 75 years)


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  • Name Emanuel Downing  [1, 2, 3
    Born Bef 12 Aug 1585  Ipswich, Suffolk, England Find all individuals with events at this location  [1, 4, 5, 6
    Gender Male 
    Baptised 12 Aug 1585  St. Lawrence, Ipswich, Suffolk, England Find all individuals with events at this location  [1, 4, 5, 6
    Alternate death 1659  Edinburgh, Midlothian, Scotland Find all individuals with events at this location  [7
    Alternate death Abt 1660  Edinburgh, Midlothian, Scotland Find all individuals with events at this location  [1, 8
    Died Aft Nov 1660  Edinburgh, Midlothian, Scotland Find all individuals with events at this location  [6, 9
    Person ID I15389  Ancestry of PNH, TNH, and others | Ancestors of JTS
    Last Modified 30 Oct 2018 

    Father George Downing,   b. Abt 1552,   d. Between 17 Jan 1610 and 3 Oct 1611, Ipswich, Suffolk, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 58 years) 
    Mother (Unknown) Bellamy,   d. Bef 1 Dec 1610 
    Family ID F9708  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 1 Anne Ware,   d. Bef 1622 
    Married 7 Jun 1614  [1
    Children 
    +1. Mary Downing,   b. Abt 1618,   d. 16 Jun 1647, Boston, Suffolk, Massachusetts Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 29 years)
    Last Modified 23 Nov 2017 
    Family ID F9707  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 2 Lucy Winthrop,   b. 9 Jan 1600, Groton, Suffolk, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 19 Apr 1679, Westminster, Middlesex, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 79 years) 
    Married 10 Apr 1622  Groton, Suffolk, England Find all individuals with events at this location  [5
    Children 
     1. George Downing,   b. Abt 1624, Dublin, Ireland Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Between 7 Jul 1684 and 19 Jul 1684  (Age ~ 60 years)
     2. Ann Downing,   b. Bef 12 Apr 1633,   d. 17 Apr 1713  (Age > 80 years)
    Last Modified 18 Sep 2018 
    Family ID F12816  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Notes 
    • A lawyer of the Inner Temple, in London. He came to New England in 1638 with his second wife, Lucy, and settled at Salem, but returned to England several times and ultimately died in Scotland.

      A son by his second wife, Sir George Downing, held various positions under Cromwell: minister to Holland, secretary to the Treasury, and Scout Master General of the Parliamentary army.

      From Abandoning America (citation details below):

      Emmanuel Downing was a lawyer of Inner Temple, London. He married Lucy, a sister of John Winthrop, in 1622. He had grown up in Ipswich and attended Trinity Hall, Cambridge. He worked in Dublin for a time but came back to London in 1626. He was an adventurer in the Massachusetts Bay Company from the start, and acted as the Company's attorney in England. He also looked after John Winthrop's business interests after Winthrop left for New England in 1630. Some of Downing's children -– James, Mary and Susan -– preceded him to New England, c. 1633. Emmanuel and Lucy Downing emigrated in 1638, with their son George Downing, at Winthrop's encouragement.

      Downing, an investor and entrepreneur as well as a lawyer, settled in Salem, Massachusetts. He was admitted to the church on 4 November 1638, and as a freeman on 14 March 1638/9. He became recorder of deeds for Salem on 7 October 1640, and kept that office into the 1650s. He was active in town government and often acted as a representative at the Massachusetts General Court. Before Hugh Peter, Thomas Weld and William Hibbins returned to England as agents for Massachusetts in 1641, Downing briefed them on legal matters relating to the colony's charter.

      Downing seems to have made three visits to England before he returned home for good in 1654. He was in England on business, c. October 1642 to c. June 1643. On this occasion he acted as an attorney for Adam Winthrop, and aided John Winthrop Jr (with Hugh Peter and Thomas Weld) to promote investment in the Saugus ironworks. Downing returned to New England but set sail for England again in December 1644. On 25 February 1644/5 he reported his arrival in London. The Massachusetts General Court had directed him to gather evidence against Thomas Morton. He also handled business for the Saugus ironworks, including the recruitment of Richard Leader as manager. Downing was associated with a scheme promoted by Hugh Peter and Thomas Weld, to send poor children from England to New England. Downing fell under suspicion (with Nehemiah Bourne) of pocketing some of the money raised by Peter and Weld. He sailed for New England in May 1645 and was back there by August. With Bourne, Thomas Fowle and Robert Sedgwick, Downing led a petition against laws restricting the presence of strangers and prohibiting anabaptists, arguing that these colonial policies were deeply unpopular among the godly in England. His son George Downing left New England for good in 1645. Before long, Downing visited England for a third time: he was there in May 1647, but came back to Boston by June 1648. Downing was keenly aware of temptations to return to England: he had heard John Davenport and Theophilus Eaton might go; he knew Hugh Peter was urging John Winthrop Jr to take up opportunities back home.

      Emmanuel Downing's fourth journey to England was his last. He received a letter from Hugh Peter in the winter of 1652/3, asking him to come to England, with his wife Lucy. He suspected 'George would have us retorne, and putts Mr Peters upon the invitation'. On 25 September 1654, Emmanuel Downing declared he intended to travel back to England with Robert Sedgwick within two months. He sailed that winter. Stephen Winthrop reported, 11 March 1654/5, that Downing had recently arrived in London. By this time George Downing's star was rising as scoutmaster-general in Scotland. Emmanuel Downing joined him there and quickly became clerk to the new Council of Scotland, established in May 1655 (of which Samuel Desborough was also a member). Later, Downing welcomed Fitz John Winthrop to Scotland. His wife Lucy and daughter Martha joined him in Edinburgh by 1658. Emmanuel Downing died in Edinburgh in 1659. Lucy Downing lived on in England until her death in 1679, in straitened circumstances -- reliant on her son George, who was notoriously rich and notoriously mean.

  • Sources 
    1. [S1559] Autobiography of William Seymour Tyler, With a Genealogy of the Ancestors of Prof. and Mrs. William S. Tyler, prepared by Cornelius B. Tyler. 1912.

    2. [S2306] The Winthrop Fleet: Massachusetts Bay Company Immigrants to New England 1629-1630 by Robert Charles Anderson. Boston: New England Historic Genealogical Society, 2012.

    3. [S2344] The Ancestry of Eva Belle Kempton 1878-1908, Part II: The Ancestry of Amanda Spiller 1823-1873, by Dean Crawford Smith; edited by Melinde Lutz Sanborn. Boston: New England Historic Genealogical Society, 2008.

    4. [S388] FamousKin.com.

    5. [S1616] Myrtle Stevens Hyde, "A Study of the Downing Family in England, with Connections in Early New England." The American Genealogist 74:161, 74:299, July 1999 and October 1999.

    6. [S387] Hale, House and Related Families, Mainly of the Connecticut River Valley, by Donald Lines Jacobus and Edgar Francis Waterman. Hartford, Connecticut: Connecticut Historical Society, 1952.

    7. [S1617] Abandoning America: Life-Stories from Early New England, by Susan Hardman Moore. Woodbridge, Sussex: The Boydell Press, 2013.

    8. [S388] FamousKin.com., date only.

    9. [S1616] Myrtle Stevens Hyde, "A Study of the Downing Family in England, with Connections in Early New England." The American Genealogist 74:161, 74:299, July 1999 and October 1999., date only.