Nielsen Hayden genealogy

John Knyvet

Male - 1381


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  • Name John Knyvet 
    Born of Winwick, Northamptonshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location  [1
    Gender Male 
    Alternate birth of Southwick, Northamptonshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location  [2
    Died 16 Feb 1381  [3, 4
    Alternate death Aft Apr 1381  [1
    Person ID I18318  Ancestry of PNH, TNH, and others | Ancestor of JTS, Ancestor of TSW, Ancestor of TWK
    Last Modified 5 Jan 2018 

    Father Richard Knyvet,   b. of Southwick, Northamptonshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1353 
    Mother Joan de Worth 
    Family ID F11329  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family Eleanor Basset,   d. 3 Sep 1388 
    Married Abt 1358  [3
    Children 
    +1. John Knyvet,   b. Abt 1358, of Southwick, Northamptonshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 4 Dec 1418, Mendlesham, Suffolk, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 60 years)
    Last Modified 5 Jan 2018 
    Family ID F11328  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Notes 
    • Chief Justice of the King's Bench. Lord Chancellor of England.

      From Wikipedia:

      Sir John Knyvet (or Knivett) (died 16 February 1381) was an English lawyer and administrator. He was Chief Justice of the King's Bench from 1365 to 1372, and Lord Chancellor of England from 1372 to 1377.

      Knyvett was eldest son of Richard Knyvet of Southwick, Northamptonshire, and a keeper of the "Forest of Clyve" (now part of Rockingham Forest). His mother was Joanna, a daughter and the heiress of Sir John Wurth. He married Eleanor, daughter of Ralph, Lord Basset of Weldon, and they had four sons and a daughter. He owned and improved Southwick Manor, which he inherited from his father; the house still survives today.

      Knyvet was practicing in the courts as early as 1347; in 1357 he was called to the degree of Serjeant-at-law, and on 30 September 1361 was appointed a justice of the Court of Common Pleas. On 29 October 1365 he was raised to the office of Chief Justice of the King's bench. In the Parliament of 1362 he served as a "trier of petitions" for Aquitaine and other lands over sea, and afterwards in each Parliament down to 1380, except while he was Chancellor, as a trier of petitions for England, Scotland, Wales, and Ireland.

      On 30 June 1372, after the death of Sir Robert Thorpe, who had been appointed Chancellor in consequence of a petition by the commons that the great seal should be entrusted to laymen, Knyvet was appointed his successor -- he held the office for four and a half years until 1377; three speeches which he made at the opening of Parliament in 1372, 1373, and 1376 respectively, are given in the Rolls of Parliament.

      In January 1377 Edward III, under the influence of John of Gaunt, reverted to the custom of appointing ecclesiastical chancellors, and Adam de Houghton was appointed to succeed Knyvet on 11 January Knyvet did not again hold judicial office, though he was appointed with the two chief justices to decide a question between the Earl of Pembroke and William la Zouch of Haryngworth. He was an executor of the will of Edward III.

      Knyvet held large estates both in Northamptonshire and East Anglia, and when he died in 1381 his descendants established themselves as an important family in Norfolk.

  • Sources 
    1. [S1526] The Ancestry of Dorothea Poyntz, Wife of Reverend John Owsley, Generations 1-15, Fourth Preliminary Edition by Ronny O. Bodine and Bro. Thomas Spalding, Jr. 2013.

    2. [S142] Royal Ancestry by Douglas Richardson. Kimball G. Everingham, ed. 2013.

    3. [S76] The Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Oxford University Press, 2004-ongoing.

    4. [S142] Royal Ancestry by Douglas Richardson. Kimball G. Everingham, ed. 2013., month and year only.