Nielsen Hayden genealogy

Louis IX (St. Louis), King of France

Male 1214 - 1270  (56 years)


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  • Name Louis IX (St. Louis)   [1
    Suffix King of France 
    Born 25 Apr 1214  Castle of Poissy, Yvelines, France Find all individuals with events at this location  [2, 3
    Gender Male 
    Alternate birth 25 Apr 1215  Poissy, Yvelines, France Find all individuals with events at this location  [4
    Died 25 Aug 1270  near Tunis, Africa Find all individuals with events at this location  [2, 3, 4, 5
    Buried Abbey of Saint-Denis, Saint-Denis, France Find all individuals with events at this location  [2, 3
    Person ID I20659  Ancestry of PNH, TNH, and others | Ancestor of AP, Ancestor of DDB, Ancestor of JTS, Ancestor of TNH, Ancestor of TSW, Ancestor of TWK
    Last Modified 11 Jul 2020 

    Father Louis VIII, King of France,   b. 3 Sep 1187, Paris, France Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 8 Nov 1226, Castle of Montpensier, Puy-de-Dôme, France Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 39 years) 
    Mother Blanche of Castile, Queen Consort of France,   b. Bef 4 Mar 1188, Palencia, Castile, Spain Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1252, Melun, Seine-et-Marne, Île-de-France, France Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age > 63 years) 
    Married 23 May 1200  Church of Port-Mort, Eure, Normandy, France Find all individuals with events at this location  [1, 2, 6, 7, 8
    Family ID F1042  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family Margaret of Provence, Queen Consort of France,   b. 1221, Forcalquier, Alpes-de-Haut-Provence, France Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 20 Dec 1295, Faubourg St.-Marceau, Paris, France Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 74 years) 
    Married 27 May 1234  Sens, Yonne, France Find all individuals with events at this location  [2, 3
    Children 
    +1. Philippe III, King of France,   b. 1 May 1245, Poissy, Yvelines, France Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 5 Oct 1285, Perpignan, Pyrénées-Or, France Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 40 years)
    +2. Robert of France,   b. 1256,   d. 7 Feb 1318, Bois de Vincennes, Paris, France Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 62 years)
    +3. Agnes of France,   b. Abt 1260,   d. 19 Dec 1325, Château de Lantenay, Côte-d'Or, France Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 65 years)
    Last Modified 7 Jun 2019 
    Family ID F4443  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Notes 
    • Canonized 11 Aug 1297 by Boniface VIII; his feast day is 25 Aug. He led the Seventh Crusade, and died of dysentery while leading the Eighth Crusade.

      From Matthew Gabriele and David Perry, "In St. Louis, History and Nostalgia Battle It Out", Smithsonian Magazine website, 9 Jul 2020:

      Louis IX reigned over France in the middle of the 13th century. Like most medieval sovereigns, he implemented legal reforms and provided charity to the Christian poor. More significantly, Louis personally led two Crusades to North Africa against Muslims—the first to Egypt in 1248, and the second to Tunisia in 1270. These campaigns were simply a brief chapter in a much larger drama that saw Christians wage holy war throughout the Mediterranean world against Muslims, Jews, and sometimes their fellow Christians. The impact of the Crusades cannot be overstated, as this movement shaped the cultural, social, and economic direction of Europe, North Africa, and the Middle East for centuries. Indeed, it continues to haunt the modern imagination.

      Both of Louis IX's Crusades failed spectacularly, with the king captured by the Egyptians and ransomed for an enormous sum in 1250 and dying of dysentery almost immediately upon arriving in Tunisia in 1270. Louis was canonized—largely for these efforts—in 1297, and he's served as a symbol of France's glorious past ever since. So, when French trappers established a fur-trading post on Cahokia lands in 1764, they named the site in honor of two kings: Louis IX and then-sovereign Louis XV. The settlement retained the name through French, Spanish and finally American occupation. […]

      Louis IX's acts as king certainly included care for the Christian poor—but they also encompassed moments of vicious anti-Judaism, including the burning of Talmuds in Paris in the 1240s; the arrest of all Jews in France and confiscation of their property in 1268; and the segregation of Christians and Jews, who were forced to wear a yellow star on their clothes as of 1269.

  • Sources 
    1. [S858] Szabolcs de Vajay, "From Alfonso VII to Alfonso X: The First Two Centuries of the Burgundian Dynasty in Castile and Leon -- A Prosopographical Catalogue in Social Genealogy, 1100-1300." Studies in Genealogy and Family History in Tribute to Charles Evans on the Occasion of His Eightieth Birthday ed. Lindsay L. Brook. Salt Lake City: Association for the Promotion of Scholarship in Genealogy, 1989.

    2. [S142] Royal Ancestry by Douglas Richardson. Kimball G. Everingham, editor. 2013.

    3. [S1526] The Ancestry of Dorothea Poyntz, Wife of Reverend John Owsley, Generations 1-15, Fourth Preliminary Edition, by Ronny O. Bodine and Bro. Thomas Spalding, Jr. 2013.

    4. [S145] Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America Before 1700 by Frederick Lewis Weis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr. 8th edition, William R. Beall & Kaleen E. Beall, eds. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2004, 2006, 2008.

    5. [S764] Nathaniel L. Taylor, "Dynastic Chronology: Western Europe, X - XIII Centuries.", year only.

    6. [S145] Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America Before 1700 by Frederick Lewis Weis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr. 8th edition, William R. Beall & Kaleen E. Beall, eds. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2004, 2006, 2008., date only.

    7. [S849] G. Andrews Moriarty, "The Plantagenet Descent from the Cid." The New England Historical and Genealogical Register 117:94, April 1963., date only.

    8. [S1526] The Ancestry of Dorothea Poyntz, Wife of Reverend John Owsley, Generations 1-15, Fourth Preliminary Edition, by Ronny O. Bodine and Bro. Thomas Spalding, Jr. 2013., date only.