Nielsen Hayden genealogy

William Haute

Male Abt 1390 - 1462  (~ 72 years)


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  • Name William Haute  [1
    Born Abt 1390  of Bishopsbourne, Kent, England Find all individuals with events at this location  [2, 3, 4
    Gender Male 
    Alternate birth of Waddenhall, Kent, England Find all individuals with events at this location  [5
    Alternate birth 1390  [6
    Died Between 9 May 1462 and 4 Oct 1462  [6, 7, 8
    Alternate death Between 20 Sep 1462 and 4 Oct 1462  [9
    Buried Austin Friars, Canterbury, Kent, England Find all individuals with events at this location  [4
    Person ID I21541  Ancestry of PNH, TNH, and others | Ancestor of TWK
    Last Modified 21 Jul 2019 

    Father Nicholas Haute,   b. 21 Sep 1358, of Bishopsbourne, Kent, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Between 31 May 1415 and 13 Jan 1417  (Age 56 years) 
    Mother Alice Cawne,   d. 11 Mar 1400 
    Married Abt 1389  [4
    Family ID F13103  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family Joan Woodville,   d. Bef 1462 
    Married Aft 18 Jul 1429  Calais, France Find all individuals with events at this location  [7, 10, 11
    Children 
    +1. Elizabeth Haute
    Last Modified 30 Dec 2018 
    Family ID F12790  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Notes 
    • Knight of the shire for Kent, 1419, 1429-30, and 1450-51. Sheriff of Kent, 16 Nov 1420 to 1 May 1422.

      A Sir William Hawte of Bishopsbourne, Kent (d. 1497) is accredited with three musical compositions: two settings of Bendicamus Domino (Magdalen College, Cambridge MS Pepys 1236) and a Stella celi extirpavit for three voices in B.L. MS Additional 5665 (the Ritson MS). It is unclear that this Sir William was a son of the William Haute of this entry. Grove Music Online, the digital descendant of the magisterial Grove Dictionary of Music, makes this claim, but shows no proof, and the William shown by Walter Goodwin Davis as son of this entry's William appears to have died before his father. It seems extremely probable, though, that the two Williams were close relatives. Carole M. Meale's article "The Manuscripts and Early Audience of the Middle English Prose Merlin" (in The Changing Face of Arthurian Romance: Essays on Arthurian Prose Romances in Memory of Cedric E. Pickford ed. Alison Adams, Armel H. Diverres, Karen Stern, and Kenneth Varty, D. S. Brewer, 1986) includes an overview of Haute family interests in literature: "[T]he unique surviving manuscript copy of the English translation of Christine de Pizan's Livre du Corps de Policie, CUL MS Kk. 1.5, bears the arms of the family on its opening page, as an integral part of the decoration. The translation has recently been attributed to Anthony Wydville and, taking into account the kinship of the Hautes and the Wydvilles, it may be no coincidence that the volume was in the possession of the former family. Arthurian literature, too, was associated in the late fifteenth century with the Hawtes; the well-known and beautifully produced volume of the French Vulgate romances, now B.L. MS Royal 14.E.III, was given to Elizabeth Wydville by 'Alyanor Haute,' neice to Sir Richard Roos, the presumed translator of Alain Chartier's poem La Belle Dame sans Merci and wife of the Richard Hawte who was executed with Anthony Wydville in 1483, who in turn is perhaps to be identified as the brother of the composer, Sir William." Finally, according to the Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, among the grandchildren of the William Haute of this entry was a churchman named Henry Haute (1474-1508), who at the time of his sudden death was working on a French translation of works by Erasmus and Pico della Mirandola.

      From the Oxford Dictionary of National Biography:

      William Haute [...] enjoyed the reputation of a capable soldier: he served in the duke of Gloucester's retinue for the Agincourt campaign in 1415, and he was appointed to his first two commissions of array in 1419 and 1420. He was also elected MP [for Kent] in 1419, and was appointed to the county bench in 1424, as well as serving a term as sheriff in 1420–21.

      William Haute's first marriage, to Margaret Berwyk, brought property in Berkshire, Somerset, and Buckinghamshire, but it was his second marriage, to Joan, daughter of Richard Woodville of Maidstone, in 1429, which laid the foundations for the family's significance in a wider sphere, by allying his family with that of a future queen of England. Woodville, who was captain of Calais, where William was serving when the marriage was contracted, was father of Richard Woodville, first Earl Rivers, and grandfather of Queen Elizabeth (née Elizabeth Woodville). The settlement suggests that William was very eager for this alliance with an up-and-coming family, even going so far as to disinherit his daughter from his first marriage. Later the same year he was again elected to parliament for Kent. He served with his father-in-law in France from 1434, and was among Woodville's executors in 1441. Simultaneously, he maintained links with members of Humphrey of Gloucester's circle, men like Geoffrey Louther, Gloucester's lieutenant as warden of the Cinque Ports, with whom he sat as MP in 1432. In April 1450 he was a Kentish commissioner of array, and was among those pardoned in July, in the immediate aftermath of the Cade rising, but he is unlikely to have sided with the rebels. In 1460 Haute was commissioned to resist the Yorkist earls, but he joined them after their landing in Kent. Although he was appointed to a Yorkist commission of array in January 1461, he was by then too old to play a significant part in the new regime. His will is notable for its mention of a number of religious relics, including the stone on which the archangel Gabriel stood during the annunciation. Haute was buried in the Austin Friary at Canterbury, next to his wives.

      From the History of Parliament:

      Apart from suggesting a man of deep piety, his will, made on 9 May [1462], is chiefly remarkable for its bequests of relics, which included a part of the stone on which stood the archangel Gabriel when he appeared to the Virgin Mary (now donated as a base for the statue of the Virgin in Bishopsbourne church), some of St. Bartholomew's bones (given to Waltham church) and a piece of St. Katherine's hair shirt, together with one of St. Nicholas's bones, given to the Austin friars, who were also to receive the rest of Haute's relics after his eldest son's death.

  • Sources 
    1. [S3236] Lynda J. Pidgeon, "A Family 'Made by Maryage': Sir Richard Wydevile and Jacquetta, Duchess of Bedford." Northamptonshire Past and Present 62:19, 2009.

    2. [S142] Royal Ancestry by Douglas Richardson. Kimball G. Everingham, editor. 2013., place only.

    3. [S2677] Charles M. Hansen, "Mary Isaac's Beauchamp Descent: The Correct Lineage." The New England Historical and Genealogical Register 147:3, Jan 1993.

    4. [S76] The Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Oxford University Press, 2004-ongoing.

    5. [S2204] Massachusetts and Maine Families in the Ancestry of Walter Goodwin Davis (1885-1966) by Walter Goodwin Davis. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 1996.

    6. [S2678] The Ancestry of Mary Isaac, c. 1549-1613, Wife of Thomas Appleton of Little Waldingfield, co. Suffolk and Mother of Samuel Appleton of Ipswich, Massachusetts by Walter Goodwin Davis. Portland, Maine, 1955.

    7. [S2677] Charles M. Hansen, "Mary Isaac's Beauchamp Descent: The Correct Lineage." The New England Historical and Genealogical Register 147:3, Jan 1993., year only.

    8. [S76] The Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Oxford University Press, 2004-ongoing., year only.

    9. [S47] The History of Parliament. Some citations point to entries from the printed volumes not yet added to the online site.

    10. [S47] The History of Parliament. Some citations point to entries from the printed volumes not yet added to the online site., month, year, and place only.

    11. [S2678] The Ancestry of Mary Isaac, c. 1549-1613, Wife of Thomas Appleton of Little Waldingfield, co. Suffolk and Mother of Samuel Appleton of Ipswich, Massachusetts by Walter Goodwin Davis. Portland, Maine, 1955., date only.