Nielsen Hayden genealogy

Herodias Long

Female Abt 1624 - Aft 1673  (~ 49 years)

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  • Name Herodias Long  [1
    Birth Abt 1624  London, England Find all individuals with events at this location  [2
    Gender Female 
    Death Aft 22 Nov 1673  [3
    Person ID I2305  Ancestry of PNH, TNH, and others | Ancestor of TNH
    Last Modified 5 Nov 2021 

    Family 1 John Porter,   b. Abt 1608   d. Aft 25 Apr 1674, Pettaquamscutt, Rhode Island Find all individuals with events at this location (Age ~ 66 years) 
    Family ID F6043  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart
    Last Modified 6 Feb 2016 

    Family 2 John Hicks   d. 1672 
    Marriage Abt 1639  London, England Find all individuals with events at this location  [4, 5
    Divorce 1 Jun 1655  [5
    Family ID F21593  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart
    Last Modified 5 Nov 2021 

    Family 3 George Gardiner,   b. Between 1608 and 1615, England Find all individuals with events at this locationd. Abt 1677, Newport, Newport, Rhode Island Find all individuals with events at this location (Age ~ 69 years) 
    Marriage Abt 1640  [4
    SEPA May 1665  [2
    +1. Dorcas Gardiner,   b. Abt 1656   d. Bef 4 Aug 1702 (Age ~ 46 years)
    Family ID F1514  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart
    Last Modified 11 Sep 2015 

  • Notes 
    • Also called Horrod.

      "Some time not far from 1640 George Gardiner married Herodias (Long) Hicks. She made the statement that she had been married to John Hicks, in London, without the knowledge of her friends, when between thirteen and fourteen years of age. Soon after coming to Rhode Island Hicks deserted her, going to New Amsterdam, or, as she expressed it, 'to the Dutch,' taking with him the most of the property left to her by her mother. Her marriage to George Gardiner was rather irregular in form, to say the least, consisting in going before some friends and declaring themselves husband and wife. As she was a Quaker, and a fanatic at that, cheerfully walking from Newport to Boston, with a young child in her arms, to receive a whipping at the post for her religious (?) beliefs, possibly she would not consent to be married after any established forms. According to her own account, George neglected her and would not provide for her numerous family. It may have been her pressing need, and it may have been the superior attractions of John Porter, with his great wealth in lands (he being one of the original Pettaquamscutt Purchasers) and his promises to provide for her children, that awakened her religious scruples about the legality of her marriage with George Gardiner. At any rate, she petitioned the General Assembly for a divorce, which was granted, thus proving the legality of her marriage. John Porter, having conveniently gotten a divorce from his wife, married Herodias and faithfully kept his promise,--giving large farms of several hundred acres to each of her sons, and possibly to her daughters, for the land of John Watson, who married two of her daughters, joined the Gardiner lands." [The Gardiners of Narragansett]

      Note that The Great Migration Begins states that John Porter and Herodias Long (who Anderson calls "Horrod") were probably never actually married.

      From Wikipedia:

      Herodias Gardiner, born Herodias Long, was the wife of three early settlers of the Colony of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations, and was also a zealous Quaker evangelist who was whipped in Massachusetts for sharing her religious testimony with others in her former home town of Weymouth. She married at the age of 13 or 14 in London, she was unhappily brought to the American colonies by her first husband, John Hicks, where they settled in Weymouth. The couple had two known children, and moved to the Rhode Island Colony, but she soon separated from her husband, and looking for maintenance, settled in Newport with George Gardiner, with whom she lived for about 20 years as his common-law wife.

      In 1658 she and a friend made a difficult journey to Massachusetts to present their Quaker message, and they were brought before the Governor, then whipped and imprisoned. A few years later, in 1665, Herodias left Gardiner, and went to live with prominent and wealthy John Porter in the Narragansett country west of the Narragansett Bay. She left behind many court records documenting her marital turmoils. She had nine known children with her first two husbands, and has many descendants.

      G. Andrews Moriarty (citation details below) points out:

      Will of John Aylesford 26 Jan. 1638/9, names his brothers Anthony and Robert Aylesford, his lands in Little Ockenbury, his plantation in Barbados, and leaves a legacy of £5 tp Odias Long.

      In view of the fact that the given name "Herodias," is very rare,--this writer cannot recall another instance of its occurrence besides this one, for the obvious reason that the biblical lady was not likely to have been held in high esteem among the pious English of the seventeenth century,--this mention of Odias Long (Herodius Long) would seem a lead for further research.

  • Sources 
    1. [S3508] History and Genealogy of the Ancestors and Some Descendants of Stukely Westcott: One of the Thirteen Original Proprietors of Providence Plantation and the Colony of Rhode Island by Roscoe L. Whitman. Oneonta, New York: Otesgo Publishing Co., 1932-39.

    2. [S596] G. Andrews Moriarty, "The Parentage of George Gardner of Newport, R. I." The American Genealogist 21:191, 1945.

    3. [S101] The Great Migration Begins: Immigrants to New England, 1620-1633, Volumes 1-3 and The Great Migration: Immigrants to New England, 1634-1635, Volumes 1-7, by Robert Charles Anderson. Boston: New England Historic Genealogical Society, 1996-2011.

    4. [S480] The Gardiners of Narragansett: Being a Genealogy of the Descendants of George Gardiner the Colonist, 1638 by Caroline E. Robinson. Providence, 1919.

    5. [S544] Noyes-Gilman Ancestry: Being a Series of Sketches, with a Chart of the Ancestors of Charles Phelps Noyes and Emily H. (Gilman) Noyes, His Wife by Charles Phelps Noyes. St. Paul, Minnesota, 1907.