Nielsen Hayden genealogy

Gilbert de Clare

Male 1243 - 1295  (52 years)


Personal Information    |    Notes    |    Sources    |    All    |    PDF

  • Name Gilbert de Clare  [1
    Born 2 Sep 1243  Christchurch, Hampshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location  [2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7
    Gender Male 
    Died 7 Dec 1295  Monmouth Castle, Monmouthshire, Wales Find all individuals with events at this location  [2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7
    Buried Tewkesbury Abbey, Tewkesbury, Gloucestershire, England Find all individuals with events at this location  [4, 6, 8
    Person ID I236  Ancestry of PNH, TNH, and others | Ancestor of DDB, Ancestors of JTS, Ancestor of TNH, Ancestor of TSW, Ancestor of TWK
    Last Modified 9 Jan 2018 

    Father Richard de Clare,   b. 4 Aug 1222, of Clare, Suffolk, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Jul 1262, Ashenfield, Waltham, Kent, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 39 years) 
    Mother Maud de Lacy,   d. 1288-1289 
    Married Abt 25 Jan 1238  [4, 5, 6, 8
    Family ID F2421  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 1 Alice de Lusignan,   b. Aft Oct 1236, of Angoul√™me, Aquitaine, France Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. May 1290  (Age < 53 years) 
    Married 1253  [6, 9
    Annulled 1285  [6, 9
    Last Modified 5 Mar 2017 
    Family ID F54  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 2 Joan of Acre,   b. 1272, Acre, Palestine Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 23 Apr 1307, Clare, Suffolk, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 35 years) 
    Married May 1290  Westminster Abbey, Westminster, Middlesex, England Find all individuals with events at this location  [2
    Notes 
    • Royal Ancestry gives the date of their marriage as 23 April 1290; Complete Peerage as 30 April; the ODNB as "early May."
    Children 
    +1. Margaret de Clare,   b. Abt 1292, Caerphilly, Glamorgan, Wales Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 9 Apr 1342  (Age ~ 50 years)
    +2. Eleanor de Clare,   b. Oct 1292, Caerphilly, Glamorgan, Wales Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 30 Jun 1337  (Age ~ 44 years)
    +3. Elizabeth de Clare,   b. Nov 1295, Caerphilly, Glamorgan, Wales Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 4 Nov 1360  (Age ~ 64 years)
    Last Modified 16 Jun 2018 
    Family ID F6425  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Notes 
    • Called "Red Gilbert" and "The Red Earl". Earl of Gloucester. Earl of Hertford. Steward of St. Edmund's Abbey. Held, among many other manors and lordships, the lordship of Glamorgan, one of the most wealthy holdings in the Welsh Marches. Built Caerphilly Castle.

      A turbulent figure who fought on both sides of the Second Barons' War of 1263-64, first alongside Simon de Montfort at the battle of Lewes (where according to some accounts he personally took Henry III prisoner), and then on the side of the king, commanding one of the royal divisions at the decisive battle of Evesham where de Montfort was killed.

      His subsequent relationships with Henry III and Edward I were complex and fraught. As one of the two or three most powerful non-royal individuals in the realm, he was both a desirable ally and also the very model of the kind of overweening subject that Edward was determined to tame -- and ultimately did.

      As a side note, it is worth noting that while de Clare was still allied to the baronial party, he led the massacre of the Jews at Canterbury, which took place while other rebel leaders were conducting similar massacres in London. Ian Stone writes in "The Rebel Barons of 1264 and the Commune of London," quoted here: "The Dunstable annals report rumours that the Jews of London were preparing to betray the citizens: they had Greek fire to burn the city, copies of the keys to the city gates, and subterranean passages to each gate. Such tales were used to excuse an outbreak of looting and murder. One chronicler says that the Jews were suspected of betraying the barons and citizens, and almost all were killed. Another says that the Jewish quarter was pillaged, and any Jews who were caught were stripped, robbed and murdered. Estimates of the number killed range from 200 to 500, with the remainder forcibly converted or imprisoned (or, looking at it another way, the rest were saved by the justices and the mayor, who sent them to the Tower for protection). The chronicler Wykes, who tended to be less favourable to the baronial party, singled out the baronial leader John fitz John, who was said to have killed the leading Jew, Kok son of Abraham, with his own hands, and seized his treasure. Fitz John was then forced to share the proceeds with Simon de Montfort. It is possible that de Montfort was taking the Jewish treasure, not to enrich himself, but to finance his forces. At the same time, the cash of Italian and French merchants, deposited in religious houses around London, was also seized and taken to the city."

  • Sources 
    1. [S858] Szabolcs de Vajay, "From Alfonso VII to Alfonso X: The First Two Centuries of the Burgundian Dynasty in Castile and Leon -- A Prosopographical Catalogue in Social Genealogy, 1100-1300." Studies in Genealogy and Family History in Tribute to Charles Evans on the Occasion of His Eightieth Birthday, ed. Lindsay L. Brook. Salt Lake City: Association for the Promotion of Scholarship in Genealogy, 1989.

    2. [S76] The Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (2004-ongoing).

    3. [S128] The Complete Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain and the United Kingdom, Extant, Extinct or Dormant. Full citation details here., date only.

    4. [S142] Royal Ancestry, by Douglas Richardson. Kimball G. Everingham, ed. 2013.

    5. [S145] Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America Before 1700, by Frederick Lewis Weis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr. 8th edition, William R. Beall & Kaleen E. Beall, eds. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2004, 2006, 2008.

    6. [S1016] Medieval English Ancestors of Robert Abell by Carl Boyer III. Santa Clarita, California, 2001.

    7. [S1526] The Ancestry of Dorothea Poyntz, Wife of Reverend John Owsley, Generations 1-15, Fourth Preliminary Edition by Ronny O. Bodine and Bro. Thomas Spalding, Jr. 2013.

    8. [S128] The Complete Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain and the United Kingdom, Extant, Extinct or Dormant. Full citation details here.

    9. [S160] Wikipedia.