Nielsen Hayden genealogy

Rev. Joseph Crandall

Male Abt 1661 - 1737  (~ 76 years)


Personal Information    |    Notes    |    Sources    |    All    |    PDF

  • Name Rev. Joseph Crandall 
    Born Abt 1661  Westerly, Washington, Rhode Island Find all individuals with events at this location  [1, 2, 3
    Gender Male 
    Alternate birth Abt 1661  Newport, Newport, Rhode Island Find all individuals with events at this location  [4
    Died 12 Sep 1737  Newport, Newport, Rhode Island Find all individuals with events at this location  [1, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8
    Buried Old Crandall Cemetery, Westerly, Washington, Rhode Island Find all individuals with events at this location  [3
    Person ID I251  Ancestry of PNH, TNH, and others | Ancestor of TNH
    Last Modified 14 Sep 2019 

    Father John Crandall,   b. Bef 15 Feb 1618, Westerleigh, Gloucestershire, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Bef 29 Nov 1676, Newport, Newport, Rhode Island Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age < 58 years) 
    Mother (Unknown) First Wife of John Crandall,   d. 2 Aug 1670 
    Married 1649 
    Family ID F1383  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family Deborah Burdick,   b. 1 Jan 1662, Westerly, Washington, Rhode Island Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 12 Dec 1697, Westerly, Washington, Rhode Island Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 35 years) 
    Married Abt 1681  Westerly, Washington, Rhode Island Find all individuals with events at this location  [2, 9, 10
    Children 
    +1. John Crandall,   b. 1682, Westerly, Washington, Rhode Island Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 17 Jan 1767, Hopkinton, Washington, Rhode Island Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 85 years)
    Last Modified 1 Feb 2016 
    Family ID F977  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Notes 
    • "Elder Joseph Crandall, son of Elder John, married (first) Deborah Burdick and was of Newport, Westerly, and Kingstown respectively. Mr. Crandall became a very useful man, and filled the desk in the church at Newport to the great satisfaction of its members for many years. He was called to the office of Elder there, and ordained May 8, 1715. During his administration the church was at the height of its prosperity, many of the most wealthy and influential citizens being among its members." [Representative Men and Old Families of Rhode Island, Volume III, Chicago: J. H. Beers & Co., 1908.]


      From The Seventh-Day Baptist Memorial, 1852 (citation details below):

      Joseph Crandall was the third pastor of the Seventh-day Baptist Church in Newport, R.I. He was a member of that church as early as the year 1692, at which period the earliest existing records of the church commence. He was probably a son of Eld. John Crandall, of Westerly, but at what time he was born, or when he was baptized, we have no present means of ascertaining. He appears to have been an active member, frequently serving the church as messenger to brethren residing in different parts of the Colonies, and generally being appointed to perform the most difficult duties in the disciplinary measures of the church; and in July, 1703, he was selected to accompany the pastor, Elder Hiscox, on a journey to Pennsylvania, as counsel to the brethren there, in a matter requiring the best judgment of the congregation. He also acted as treasurer of the church for a long time, and continued in the performance of this trust after the Westerly church was set off, he being a member of that branch, after the separation in 1708. He resided in Westerly, yet the church of Newport often requiring the services of an elder to assist their pastor, or serve in his absence, made such service a condition of the final arrangement of separation. From the following extract of the minutes of the church in Westerly, we discover that he was already a deacon, empowered to administer the ordinance of baptism, such power being often conferred upon the deacon by that church, at that as well as at subsequent periods.

      Westerly, 9th of the 10th month, 1708: "The church met by appointment at the house of Brother John Maxson, Jr. to hear and consider the letter received from the church at Rhode Island, bearing the date ye 27th of ye 9th month, 1708, in which they say: If Brother Joseph Crandall may at the least for the present perform the administration of baptism to both them and us, they can and do consent, that we may be henceforward two distinct churches in association. The church taking into consideration, and the said Mr. Crandall manifesting himself to be willing to grant their desire, the church do consent that he may administer baptism among them, and that our result in the same be drawn up in a letter to them, and signed in behalf of the church, which was done the same day."

      It will be seen, among the resolutions of both churches at the period of their separation, that full consent was not at first given to divide and organize at Westerly. There was a provision requiring those not present at Westerly, from Newport, to give their consent in writing, which it seems they were willing to do, upon the above-named condition; thus securing the services of a most useful man, whom thay had formerly relied upon to serve them, as occasion might require. It was like the parting of old friends, when the brethren at Newport came to strike from their roll the names of so many well-tried soldiers of the cross of Christ, especially considering that they had struggled together nearly forty years to build up the cause of the Sabbath in New England. Therefore they seized upon the present contingency to secure a link of visible connection, that their loneliness might be somewhat abated.

      The records of the church do not inform us particularly of the number and standing of Mr. Crandall's children. There were several members of his name, and a daughter is mentioned as having been baptized on the 9th of February, 1709, at Westerly, who was the wife on Nathaniel Wells.

      The doctrine of imposition of hands was generally entertained by the Seventh-day Baptist Churches, though it was not universally practiced, and the exceptions sometimes grew out of the fact, that persons were baptized by the deacons in the absence of the pastor, and not being authorized to perform the laying on of hands, the individuals would become members in full communion without receiving the token of that ordinance. Mr. Crandall being anxious to have a greater uniformity in this respect, took occasion, at a church meeting held on the 3d of July, 1709, to submit a proposition on the subject, which was as follows:

      "Whereas, I have been formerly chosen and ordained to the place of deacon in this congregation, and appointed to administer baptism, now therefore should the pastor or elder not be present, and the person baptized should request me to administer the ordinance of laying on of hands, ought it not to be performed by the free voice of the congregation?"

      After debating the question, the congregation not being unanimous, it was deferred for consideration.

      Mr. Crandall was however proposed for an eldership on the 16th of the same month by the church, but after conversation with him upon the subject, and he not being inclined, the subject was deferred.

      There is no further expression of the church recorded, in relation to his proposition, yet he was suffered to administer the ordinance of laying on of hands, and did so the next month at New London, Jonathan Rogers and Mrs. Newbury being admitted by him, as were several others afterward.

      In 1710, the church at Westerly called upon six of the brethren to "improve their gifts" with the pastor alternately: Joseph Crandall being one of them, began to preach. He however removed to Kings Town (now South Kingstown) in 1712, and not approving of the liberty given by the church to one of the gifted brethren, refused to meet with the church for some time, though urged to do so repeatedly. The next year, however, the breach was healed, and Mr. Crandall entered with his customary zeal upon the duties of his station, and a letter was given to William Davis, the obnoxious brother, to one of the churches in England, whither he desired to go.

      On the 8th of May, 1715, Mr. Crandall, in compliance with the call of the church at Newport, was ordained an elder of that church. The charge was given by the venerable Pastor, Eld. William Gibson, according to the 1st Epistle of Peter, 5th chapter -- "The elders which are among you I exhort, who am also an elder and a witness of the sufferings of Christ, and also a partaker of the glory that shall be revealed: Feed the flock of God which is among you, taking the oversight thereof, not by constraint, but willingly; not for filthy lucre, but of a ready mind; neither as being lords over God's heritage, but being ensamples to the flock. And when the chief shepherd shall appear, ye shall receive a crown of glory that fadeth not away."

      He continued in the service of the church in Newport, as colleague of Eld. Gibson, until the death of that eminent servant of God, in 1717, when he was invested with the office of pastor.

      The society of Newport was generally well informed; but during the period of his administration there was a constellation of intelligent and literary characters there, never before equaled in New England. Among them were John Callender, Dean Berkley, Richard Ward, Henry Collins, and Thomas Ward, some of them members of his congregation. The meeting-house now standing in Newport, on Barney-st., was built in his time, and was then one of the finest public buildings in the place.

      Mr. Crandall was an unpretending but industrious man. He had not the learning of his venerable predecessor, but was a sound and faithful preacher of the gospel; strict in his discipline, yet courteous to all. Having a large and expensive family, he was poor, yet the liberality of the members of the congregation was sufficiently manifest for his comfort; all their contributions for his support were, by a vote of the church, to pass through the hands of the deacons, and they were charged to visit him as often as necessary, to see that all his wants were supplied. He died on the 12th of Sept. 1737.

      -----

      Joseph Crandall (d. 1737) = Deborah Burdick
      Joseph Crandall (1684-1750) = Ann Langworthy
      James Crandall (b. 1719) = Damaris Kenyon (1721-1767)
      James Crandall (1766-1842) = Martha Maxson (b. 1767)
      John Aldrich Crandall (1790-1863) = Mary Hill (d. 1840)
      Martha Maxson Crandall (b. 1819) = Solomon Champlin Burdick (1813-1891)
      Charles Herbert Burdick (1839-1903) = Almina Emily Bailey (1841-1886)
      Hugh Abram Burdick (1864-1952) = Grace Elizabeth Downing (1876-1962)
      Almina Emelie Burdick (1907-1981) = Ernst Gygax
      Ernest Gary Gygax (1938-2008)

  • Sources 
    1. [S930] Paul M. Gifford, "The Probable Origins and Ancestry of John Crandall, of Westerly, Rhode Island (1618-1676)." Rhode Island Roots 32:165, December 2006., date only.

    2. [S931] Elder John Crandall of Rhode Island and His Descendants by John Cortland Crandall. New Woodstock, NY, 1949.

    3. [S3503] Find a Grave page for Rev Joseph Crandall Sr.

    4. [S995] Burdick Genealogy, by the Burdick Family Association.

    5. [S468] A Genealogical Dictionary of the First Settlers of New England by James Savage. Boston: Little, Brown, 1860-64., date only.

    6. [S469] The Cady Family Genealogy by Thomas E. Cady., date only.

    7. [S931] Elder John Crandall of Rhode Island and His Descendants by John Cortland Crandall. New Woodstock, NY, 1949., date only.

    8. [S3504] "Biographical Department." The Seventh-Day Baptist Memorial 1:1, Jan 1852.

    9. [S469] The Cady Family Genealogy by Thomas E. Cady.

    10. [S995] Burdick Genealogy, by the Burdick Family Association., "or 1685".