Nielsen Hayden genealogy

Thomas Stoughton

Male Bef 1588 - 1661  (> 72 years)

Personal Information    |    Notes    |    Sources    |    All

  • Name Thomas Stoughton 
    Birth Bef 9 Jul 1588  [1
    Baptism 9 Jul 1588  Naughton, Suffolk, England Find all individuals with events at this location  [1
    Gender Male 
    Death 25 Mar 1661  Windsor, Hartford, Connecticut Find all individuals with events at this location  [1, 2
    Siblings 2 siblings 
    Person ID I27609  Ancestry of PNH, TNH, and others | Ancestor of AP
    Last Modified 27 Sep 2020 

    Father Rev. Thomas Stoughton,   b. Bef 1557, Sandwich, Kent, England Find all individuals with events at this locationd. Abt 1622 (Age > 65 years) 
    Mother Katherine,   b. Abt 1560   d. 18 Apr 1603, Coggeshall, Braintree, Essex, England Find all individuals with events at this location (Age ~ 43 years) 
    Marriage 1585  Naughton, Suffolk, England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Family ID F4340  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family Elizabeth Tompson   d. Bef 29 Dec 1627 
    Marriage 5 May 1612  Great Totham, Essex, England Find all individuals with events at this location  [1, 2
    +1. Katherine Stoughton,   b. Bef 12 May 1622   d. Abt 1660 (Age > 37 years)
    Family ID F16481  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart
    Last Modified 27 Sep 2020 

  • Notes 
    • A probable "gateway ancestor" of AP, depending on whether the mother of his great-great grandmother Joan Roberts (~1484-1548) was in fact Isabel Culpepper (d. 1491), as seems circumstantially likely.

      In about 1624 he and his wife moved to Aller, Somerset, very likely because of his brother John's appointment as vicar at Aller that year. According to Robert Charles Anderson in Puritans and Pedigrees (citation details below), "During his years at Aller, Thomas Stoughton would have become acquainted with the network of West Country puritan ministers with whom John Stoughton was associated, including Rev. John White of Dorchester, Dorset, the instigator and organizer of much of the migration from the West Country to New England in the 1620s and 1630s. This would explain why Thomas Stoughton, presumably accompanied by his three surviving children — Sarah, Katherine, and Thomas — appeared at Dorchester, Massachusetts, in 1630, having almost certainly been passengers on the Mary & John. The Stoughton-Cudworth connection explains how an East Anglian family migrated to New England on a ship carrying mostly West Country families from a West Country port."

      Along with the rest of the Mary & John contigent, he was a founder of Dorchester, Massachusetts. From Puritans and Pedigrees again: "As the population density began to increase in the original Massachusetts Bay towns, pressure grew to remove to hospitable inland locations. In 1635 and 1636 many of the West Country immigrants went west to settle the town of Windsor on the Connecticut River. Thomas Stoughton joined that migration…Thomas Stoughton remained in Windsor for the remainder of his life…He was frequently addressed by the honorific 'Mr.' and served as Deputy from Windsor to the Connecticut General Court on several occasions from 1639 to 1648."

      He spent his final years, over a decade, excommunicate, having stubbornly taken the position that the Sabbath began on Sunday morning rather than, as the consensus of other Puritan divines coalesced upon, Saturday evening. In 1648, the last year in which he was a deputy to the Connecticut General court, he signed a letter "Thomas Stoughton, son & heir of Thomas Stoughton deceased suffering," thus (as Robert Charles Anderson has pointed out) explicitly connecting his punishment of 1648 to his father's deprivation of 1606. "Thomas Stoughton definitely proved himself to be his father's son, stubbornly refusing for more than a decade to budge on what was in his case a quite narrow point of ecclesiastical practice."

      He was not baptized in Naughton on 23 Jan 1593 as reported in volume 3 of Robert Charles Anderson's The Great Migration Begins (page 1778). Wrote Anderson in 2020 in Puritans and Pedigrees (again, citation details below): "The Naughton, Suffolk parish register, which for the years in question is a parchment copy of an earlier paper register has Thomas Sloughe [sic] baptized in 1588 and Thomas Stoughton baptized in 1593. The Archdeacon's Transcripts, which are contemporaneous copies and are better evidence, have Thomas baptized in 1588 and John baptized in 1593, which is in better agreement with later records for these men. My thanks to Randy West for sorting this out."

  • Sources 
    1. [S2906] Puritans and Pedigrees: The Deep Roots of the Great Migration to New England by Robert Charles Anderson. Boston: New England Historic Genealogical Society, 2018.

    2. [S101] The Great Migration Begins: Immigrants to New England, 1620-1633, Volumes 1-3 and The Great Migration: Immigrants to New England, 1634-1635, Volumes 1-7, by Robert Charles Anderson. Boston: New England Historic Genealogical Society, 1996-2011.