Nielsen Hayden genealogy

Margaret of Hereford

Female - Bef 1197


Personal Information    |    Notes    |    Sources    |    All    |    PDF

  • Name Margaret of Hereford  [1, 2
    Gender Female 
    Died Bef 29 Sep 1197  [3
    Alternate death Bef Oct 1198  [4
    Buried Llanthony Priory, outside Gloucester, Gloucestershire, England Find all individuals with events at this location  [3, 4
    Person ID I3309  Ancestry of PNH, TNH, and others | Ancestor of AP, Ancestor of DDB, Ancestor of JTS, Ancestor of LDN, Ancestor of TNH, Ancestor of TSW, Ancestor of TWK
    Last Modified 6 Jan 2018 

    Father Miles of Gloucester,   b. Abt 1100,   d. 24 Dec 1143  (Age ~ 43 years) 
    Mother Sibyl de Neufmarche,   b. of Brecon, Breconshire, Wales Find all individuals with events at this location,   bur. Llanthony Priory, outside Gloucester, Gloucestershire, England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Married 1121  [5, 6
    Family ID F2097  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family Humphrey de Bohun,   b. Bef 1114, of Trowbridge, Wiltshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Bef 29 Sep 1165  (Age < 51 years) 
    Children 
    +1. Humphrey de Bohun,   b. Bef 1144, of Trowbridge, Wiltshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1181  (Age > 37 years)
    Last Modified 24 May 2020 
    Family ID F3902  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Notes 
    • Also called Margery; Margaret of Gloucester; Margaret de Bohun.

      "At the time that she became an heiress Margaret was recently widowed and in her forties. She outlived her husband by thirty years or more, never remarrying, and during her lengthy widowhood proved herself an ambitious matriarch, a conscientious donor to the church (clauses in some of her charters suggest that she had a keen and vigorous religious faith), a tough legal adversary, and a striking figure in the history of her family. Not only do certain statements in her charters articulate an intimate concern for the spiritual wellbeing of her immediate family, but Margaret was evidently also determined to see the Gloucester family's material interest, their extensive lands and honours, united in her own descendants. By 1173, if not earlier, her son and heir Humphrey had succeeded to the royal constableship first granted to her grandfather about 1114. After her son's death in 1181, Margaret took custody of her grandson Henry de Bohun and his lands, and shortly after her own death Henry was made earl of Hereford and constable of England by King John. In widowhood Margaret was also actively involved in the religious affairs of her family and, like many long-lived women of the medieval period, appears to have taken her commemorative, spiritual duties seriously--a concern perhaps enhanced by the deaths of a great number of her closest kin during her lifetime. She appears as grantor, confirmer, or witness on no less than thirty-three of her family's charters, most of them issued to her father's Augustinian foundation of Llanthony Secunda, just outside Gloucester, the mausoleum of her natal family and ultimately her own final resting place. Her charters to the Llanthony canons speak of an anxiety to make good on the unfulfilled eleemosynary promises of her brothers and to rescue their souls from the danger of hell (a periculo Inferni). She was also an occasional benefactor to Gloucester Abbey and to Monkton Farleigh Priory in Wiltshire, to which her late husband had been a donor, and on at least one occasion she confirmed the religious gifts of her Gloucestershire tenants. Seigneurial obligations in widowhood also compelled her to issue a series of grants to individuals within the purview of her lordship and connection." [Oxford Dictionary of National Biography]

  • Sources 
    1. [S789] The Wallop Family and Their Ancestry by Vernon James Watney. Oxford, 1928.

    2. [S128] The Complete Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain and the United Kingdom, Extant, Extinct or Dormant. Full citation details here.

    3. [S142] Royal Ancestry by Douglas Richardson. Kimball G. Everingham, ed. 2013.

    4. [S76] The Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Oxford University Press, 2004-ongoing.

    5. [S128] The Complete Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain and the United Kingdom, Extant, Extinct or Dormant. Full citation details here., "about Apr. or May 1121".

    6. [S145] Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America Before 1700 by Frederick Lewis Weis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr. 8th edition, William R. Beall & Kaleen E. Beall, eds. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2004, 2006, 2008.