Nielsen Hayden genealogy

Bozena

Female - 1052


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  • Name Bozena  
    Gender Female 
    Died 1052  [1
    Alternate death Aft 1052  [2
    Person ID I3758  Ancestry of PNH, TNH, and others | Ancestor of AP, Ancestor of DDB, Ancestor of DGH, Ancestor of DK, Ancestor of EK, Ancestor of JTS, Ancestor of LDN, Ancestor of TNH, Ancestor of TSW, Ancestor of TWK, Ancestor of WPF
    Last Modified 5 Dec 2020 

    Father Kresina 
    Family ID F2273  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family Oldrich of Bohemia,   b. Abt 970,   d. 9 Nov 1034  (Age ~ 64 years) 
    Children 
    +1. Bretislaus I,   b. Between 1002 and 1005,   d. 10 Jan 1055  (Age ~ 53 years)
    Last Modified 21 Jul 2015 
    Family ID F2271  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Notes 
    • Also called Kresinová.

      From Wikipedia:

      The historian Cosmas of Prague recorded the legend of Oldrich and Božena, in his Chronica Boemorum ("Chronicle of the Bohemians"). According to the legend, the young (and married) Oldrich set out on a hunt and travelled to Peruc. There, he spied a beautiful peasant girl, Božena, by a well known today as Božena's Spring and was immediately entranced by her.

      Oldrich abandoned his hunt and took Božena back to Prague, where she eventually gave birth to his illegitimate son Bretislaus. In the legend, Oldrich's first meeting with Božena took place in sight of the Oldrich Oak.

      Božena was indeed the savior of the Czech House of Premysl. Oldrich had two brothers, but one of them, Jaromír, was castrated by the eldest sibling, Boleslaus III. Boleslaus himself was imprisoned in Poland, possibly having only a daughter. Thus Oldrich was the one Premyslid able to have a son and heir. His first wife is thought to have borne no children.

      Božena's low birth is alluded to in the chronicle of Cosmas, which states that Oldrich first met her 'riding through the village'. The illegitimate birth of her son Bretislaus to a low-born mother is believed to have made it necessary for him to resort to abduction when he later sought to marry a noble bride (Judith of Schweinfurt). At any rate, she was held to be a peasant woman already by the author of the early 14th-century Chronicle of Dalimil.

  • Sources 
    1. [S49] Genealogics, by Leo Van de Pas.

    2. [S160] Wikipedia.