Nielsen Hayden genealogy

Hugh "Lupus" d'Avranches

Male Abt 1047 - 1101  (~ 54 years)


Personal Information    |    Notes    |    Sources    |    All    |    PDF

  • Name Hugh "Lupus" d'Avranches  [1, 2
    Born Abt 1047  [3
    Gender Male 
    Died 27 Jul 1101  Abbey of St. Werburg, Chester, Cheshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location  [4, 5
    Person ID I5301  Ancestry of PNH, TNH, and others | Ancestor of DDB, Ancestor of JTS, Ancestor of TNH, Ancestor of TSW, Ancestor of TWK
    Last Modified 6 Jan 2018 

    Father Richard le Goz,   b. Abt 1020,   d. 1082  (Age ~ 62 years) 
    Family ID F275  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 1 Ermentrude de Clermont 
    Children 
    +1. Geva of Chester,   b. of Chester, Cheshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Aft 1120
    Last Modified 7 Mar 2016 
    Family ID F1555  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 2 (Unknown mistress of Hugh d'Avranches) 
    Children 
    +1. Robert Fitz Hugh
    Last Modified 14 Apr 2016 
    Family ID F3657  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Notes 
    • Earl of Chester. Called "Lupus" for his savagery toward the Welsh. Also called "le Gros"; a footnote to CP's account of him, following the statement that he stood with the king during the rebellion of 1096, notes that "his career was chiefly notorious for gluttony, prodigality and profligacy."

      He founded Chester Abbey, where became a monk three days before his death. He was buried in the cemetery of St. Werburg, but his body was afterwards removed to the Chapter House by Earl Ranulph le Meschin.

      From the Oxford Dictionary of National Biography:

      Hugh's paternal family were aristocratic landowners of viking descent in the Cotentin. In 1066 Hugh was still a young man and his father vicomte d'Avranches: he was not the 'Viscount Hugh' of the Ship List and is unlikely to have fought at Hastings. Soon afterwards, however, he crossed to England in the service of King William. His first military command was Tutbury Castle in still unpacified Mercia; but probably in 1070 the king instead gave him the much more important castle in the regional capital of Chester and made him an earl. It was a significant promotion, shared, among the Conqueror's other regional commanders in Mercia, only by Roger de Montgomery, an older man close to the king.

      Along with Chester and the earldom came the beginnings of a huge landed estate in England. The honour of Chester was accumulated gradually over some twenty years. From the first it was essentially northern, with scattered and not especially valuable outliers over much of the midlands and south. Cheshire was the heart of it, not for its value--a third or less of the total--but for the importance of Chester itself and the fact that the earl received every manor in the shire except the bishop's. Beyond Cheshire the honour came to include a large share of Earl Harold's northern manors and a smaller but still significant portion of those in the south, fragments of several other aristocratic estates, and the scattered holdings of a small number of king's thegns. Together they did not amount to a palatine earldom, a concept unknown in Norman England, but they did make Earl Hugh one of the most powerful men there. The earl revelled in his wealth and status, indulging himself to excess in hunting, war, women, mountains of food, reckless expense, and lavish generosity to the knights and clerks of his household. He fathered many bastards, grew grotesquely fat, and fought the Welsh with a ferocity which embedded him in their memory as Hugh the Wolf. At the same time he was at least conventionally mindful of the perils to his immortal soul, and steadfastly and conspicuously loyal to successive kings.

  • Sources 
    1. [S1117] County Families of Lancashire and Cheshire by James Croston. London: John Heywood, 1887.

    2. [S1016] Medieval English Ancestors of Robert Abell by Carl Boyer III. Santa Clarita, California, 2001.

    3. [S160] Wikipedia.

    4. [S128] The Complete Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain and the United Kingdom, Extant, Extinct or Dormant. Full citation details here.

    5. [S76] The Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (2004-ongoing).