Nielsen Hayden genealogy

Basil Hayden

Basil Hayden

Male 1744 - 1804  (60 years)

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  • Name Basil Hayden  [1
    Born 2 Jan 1744  St. Andrew's Parish, St. Mary's County, Maryland Find all individuals with events at this location  [2, 3, 4, 5
    Gender Male 
    Alternate death 15 Jun 1804  Washington County, Kentucky Find all individuals with events at this location  [6
    Died Between 21 Jun 1804 and 6 Aug 1804  [3
    Buried Holy Cross Cemetery, Holy Cross, Marion, Kentucky Find all individuals with events at this location  [6
    Person ID I5941  Ancestry of PNH, TNH, and others
    Last Modified 11 Oct 2020 

    Father George Hayden,   d. Between 9 May 1754 and 5 Jun 1754, St. Mary's County, Maryland Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Mother Charity,   d. 1791 
    Family ID F555  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family Henrietta Cole,   b. 2 Jul 1754, St. Mary's, St. Mary's, Maryland Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 6 Dec 1837, Marion County, Kentucky Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 83 years) 
    Married Bef 1771  St. Mary's County, Maryland Find all individuals with events at this location  [4, 7
    Children 
    +1. Stanislaus Hayden,   b. 7 Feb 1772, St. Mary's County, Maryland Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 5 Dec 1839, Bardstown, Nelson, Kentucky Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 67 years)
    +2. Robert Hayden,   b. 20 Feb 1773, St. Mary's County, Maryland Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Between 20 Aug 1806 and 3 Nov 1806  (Age 33 years)
    +3. Basil Hayden,   b. 7 Aug 1774, St. Mary's County, Maryland Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 20 Jul 1833, Washington County, Kentucky Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 58 years)
     4. Ann Hayden,   b. 13 Nov 1776, St. Mary's County, Maryland Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Aft 1860  (Age > 85 years)
     5. John Baptist Hayden,   b. 6 Apr 1779, St. Mary's County, Maryland Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1785, En route to Kentucky Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 5 years)
     6. Joseph Hayden,   b. Sep 1781, St. Mary's County, Maryland Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1785, En route to Kentucky Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 3 years)
     7. Eleanor Hayden,   b. Mar 1782, St. Mary's County, Maryland Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 25 Feb 1803, Calvary, Marion, Kentucky Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 20 years)
     8. Teresa Hayden,   b. Dec 1782, St. Mary's County, Maryland Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1785, En route to Kentucky Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 2 years)
     9. John Hayden,   b. 16 Feb 1784, St. Mary's County, Maryland Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1785, En route to Kentucky Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 0 years)
     10. Theresa Hayden,   b. 30 Mar 1788, Nelson County, Kentucky Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Abt 1860, Marion County, Kentucky Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 71 years)
     11. Hillery Hayden,   b. 1792, Washington County, Kentucky Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1792, Washington County, Kentucky Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 0 years)
     12. Louis Hayden,   b. 21 Jul 1792,   d. Aft 21 Jul 1792  (Age > 0 years)
     13. Edward Hayden,   b. 7 Nov 1795, Washington County, Kentucky Find all individuals with events at this location
    +14. Lewis Hayden,   b. 20 Aug 1796, Washington County, Kentucky Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1849, Bardstown, Nelson, Kentucky Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 52 years)
     15. Alexander Hayden,   b. 5 Mar 1798, Washington County, Kentucky Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1804  (Age 5 years)
    Last Modified 27 Aug 2019 
    Family ID F974  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Photos
    Allegedly Basil Hayden, off the Old Grand-Dad label.
    Allegedly Basil Hayden, off the Old Grand-Dad label.
    Old Grand-Dad
    Old Grand-Dad
    Catholic Pioneers marker
    Catholic Pioneers marker

  • Notes 
    • After his father died when he was nine or ten, he was raised by his mother and her second husband, William Morgan.

      His birthdate is widely given as 2 Jan 1743/4, i.e. 2 Jan 1744, but a record of his father's probate from 7 Aug 1755 says he was 12 years old at that point, which would indicate he was born in 1743.

      On a "Catholic Pioneers" roadside historical marker placed by the Commonwealth of Kentucky:

      "Basil Hayden, Sr., led 25 Maryland Catholic families to settle near here, on Pottinger's Creek, 1785. Father Whelan said first Mass in Ky. here in 1787. First Catholic church west of Alleghenies built here in 1792. First monks, 1805, Trappist Fathers (Cistercians). Present church erected in 1823, under direction of famous Belgian missionary, Charles Nerinckx."

      The marker is on N. St. Francis Road (highway 527) just south of Holy Cross Road (highway 457), next to Holy Cross Cemetery, about five miles west-northwest of the Maker's Mark distillery in Loretto.

      It would probably surprise many people in, oh, say, Santa Fe, New Mexico, whose first Catholic church was built in 1626, to hear that the "first Catholic church west of Alleghenies" was built in 1792. The assumption being, of course, that the real history of the United States is that of white English-speakers gradually moving east to west. This is the very definition of how marginalization works.

      Will of Basil Hayden:

      In the name of God, amen. I, Basil Hayden, of the County of Washington and State of Kentucky, being sick and expecting short to die, but of sound memory and understanding, do constitute and ordain this to be my last will and testament. My soul I resign to my Creator who gave it me, and my body I desire to be buried in the place assigned for that purpose, at the chapel adjoining my plantation, and to my worldly goods, after all my just debts are paid, I will and bequest in manner and form following, to wit:

      I will and bequeath unto my eldest son, Stanislaus Hayden, two Negroes, namely Clare and George, which he has now in his possession to belong to him and his heirs forever, also twenty pounds in trade to satisfy him for his demand he claims of me for labor and to make up his losses in moving. I give and bequeath unto my wife, Henrietta Hayden, my land and premises, for and during her natural life, reserving therein a home and good maintenance for my two daughters, Ann and Teresa, and my son, Edward, for and during their single lives. It is also my will and desire that my two daughters and last-mentioned son have a home and maintenance in said land during the single lives after their mother's death, and then the land to be sold with reserve and the profits equally divided amongst my heirs. I also give my wife, Henrietta, for and during her natural life, the following Negroes, namely Jack, James and his wife Hannah, a woman, Nell, Easter and her son Matthew and Poll, one bed and furniture and the [illegible], also a bay mare named Madam, the mare to dispose of as she may think proper, but the Negroes and land and the profits thereof to be equally divided amongst my heirs at her death, except the reserve before made. I give and bequeath unto my son, Robert Hayden, a Negro woman named Mary and a boy named Samuel, which Negroes he has now in his possession, to be his and his heirs forever. I give unto my son Basil Hayden the Negroes he now has in his possession, namely, Sarah and Luke, to him and his heirs forever. I give unto my daughter, Ann Hayden, two Negroes named Bill and Isaac, to belong to her and the heirs of her body lawfully begotten, if any, if not, at her death to be equally divided amongst my heirs. I give unto my daughter Teresa Hayden two negroes named Harry and Charles, to belong to her and the heirs of her body lawfully begotten, if any, if not, at her death to be equally divided amongst my heirs. I give and bequeath unto my wife's son, William Hayden, one negro boy named Nace, and one bed and furniture and it is my will that he shall come in for half share only of all the distributions which shall hereafter be made of my estate except the land, which he is to have no part of. I give unto my son, Lewis Hayden, two negroes named Joseph and Susan and also the yellow sorrel mare and young colt. I give unto my son, Edward, two Negroes named Clement and Clare, daughter of Nell. It is also my will and desire in case any of the Negroes, willed to Ann, Teresa, Lewis or Edward, should die before the death of my wife that their loss or losses shall be made good together out of the Negroes willed to my wife funding her life before distribution of those Negroes shall be made amongst my heirs. I leave one Negro boy, Jeremiah, to be sold it if be necessary to pay my debts, but if it can be done without, not to sell him. I given unto the Rev. Mr. Badin and those he may thing proper to make his heir a boy named Gerrard, also my right and title in and unto two hundred acres of land he now lives on. It is my will that the Negroes willed to Lewis be hired and the profits reserved for him until he comes of age and by his working on the plantation it is my will for him to stay with his mother after this year until he is twenty-one years old, but if he will not work I wish him to have some more schooling and bound to some decent and profitable trade. The profits of the other Negroes willed to Ann, Teresa and Edward, I wish their mother to make use of in clothing and maintaining them decently during her life. I leave my son Basil Hayden, Executor, to this my last will and testament and all the residue of my estate not legaced in this will to be dealt with according to the directions of the law. In testimony of this my last will and testament I do hereon set my hand and affix my seal the 15th day of June In the year of our Lord eighteen hundred and four.

      Basil Hayden

      We the subscribers do certify that the above-named Basil Hayden, having his proper memory and understanding, in our presence signed his name and acknowledged the foregoing will to be his free act and deed. Given under our hands the date of above written. John Lancaster, Charles Hayden, George Hayden.

      June the 21st 1804

      In addition to the legacies willed to my two daughters, Ann and Teresa, and my two sons, Lewis and Edward, I give and bequeath unto them ten pounds cash and a bed and furniture each, to make them up even with those children I have assisted when they married and left me. It is also my will that the provisions now made for the family support, together with the crop now on hand be not counted in the estate, but to be applied to the support of my wife and the family. I also give and bequeath my saddle and greatcoat to my son Lewis. Witness my hand and seal the date above.

      Basil Hayden

      Signed and acknowledged in the presence of us:

      John Lancaster, Bennet Cissell

      At a county court held for Washington County the 6th day of August 1804

      This will was proved by the oath of John Lancaster and Hayden subscribing witnesses thereto and with the codicil thereto amended which was also proved by the oath of John Lancaster and Bennett Cissell, subscribing witnesses thereto, was ordered to be recorded.

      Teste. John Reed CWC

  • Sources 
    1. [S16] Kentucky Land Grants, on ancestry.com.

    2. [S82] Maryland and Virginia Colonials: Genealogies of Some Colonial Families by Sharon J. Doliante. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, Maryland, 1991.

    3. [S258] Hayden/Rapier and Allied Families: Colonial Maryland, Kentucky, U.S.A. by Mary Louise Donnelly. Ennis, Texas: MLD Genealogy Company, 1991.

    4. [S312] John Medley (1615-1660), St. Mary's County Maryland, His Descendants, by Mary Louise Donnelly. Ennis, Texas: Mary Louise Donnelly, 1995.

    5. [S314] Bible records of Basil Hayden (Basil Robert Hayden, 1774-1833), Kentucky Genealogical Records Book, GRC Book Series 1, volume 319, pp. 84-87.

    6. [S1067] Findagrave.com page for Basil Hayden.

    7. [S3401] Paul Nordberg, "Eleanor Cole of St. Mary's County, Maryland.".