Nielsen Hayden genealogy

Matilda of Scotland, Queen Consort of England

Female 1079 - 1118  (39 years)


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  • Name Matilda of Scotland  [1
    Suffix Queen Consort of England 
    Born 1079  [2
    Gender Female 
    Died 1 May 1118  Westminster, Middlesex, England Find all individuals with events at this location  [3, 4, 5
    Buried St. Peter's, Westminster, Middlesex, England Find all individuals with events at this location  [3
    Person ID I7410  Ancestry of PNH, TNH, and others | Ancestors of JTS, Ancestor of TNH, Ancestor of TSW
    Last Modified 6 Jan 2018 

    Father Malcolm III Canmore, King of Scotland (Alba),   b. Between 1030 and 1035,   d. 13 Nov 1093, Alnwick, Northumberland, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 63 years) 
    Mother St. Margaret of Scotland,   b. Abt 1050,   d. 16 Nov 1093, Edinburgh Castle, Edinburgh, Midlothian, Scotland Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 43 years) 
    Married 1068-1069  Dumferline, Fife, Scotland Find all individuals with events at this location  [2, 4
    Family ID F3159  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family Henry I, King of England,   b. 1068,   d. 1 Dec 1135, Lyon-la-ForĂȘt, near Rouen, Normandy, France Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 67 years) 
    Married 11 Nov 1100  [2, 4, 6
    Children 
    +1. Maud "The Empress",   b. Abt 8 Feb 1102, London, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 10 Sep 1167, Rouen, Normandy, France Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 65 years)
    Last Modified 19 Sep 2018 
    Family ID F6341  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Notes 
    • "Although she is usually called Matilda, she was born with the name Eadgyth (Edith), as Orderic Vitalis notes." [The Henry Project]

      From the Oxford Dictionary of National Biography:

      Reared at Romsey Abbey in Hampshire but never having taken religious vows, Matilda was the orphaned daughter of Malcolm III (Canmore), king of Scots (d. 1093), and his celebrated queen, the saintly Margaret (d. 1093), and, through Margaret, a direct descendant of Edmund Ironside and the West Saxon kings. Matilda's marriage to Henry would thus have pleased both Scots and Anglo-Saxons. More importantly, however, it reinforced Henry's claim to the throne by providing his children with a direct hereditary link to the old English royal line. The blood of both Alfred and William the Conqueror would flow through them. By an odd chain of circumstances, Matilda was also the god-daughter of Henry's brother, Duke Robert Curthose. [...]

      She became a widely admired queen, presiding competently as regent over England during Henry's frequent sojourns in Normandy and, through her patronage, making the English royal court a centre for writers and musicians. She commissioned the writing of a history of England by the monks of Malmesbury Abbey, for example, and thus became a benefactor of the great historian William of Malmesbury. She may also have given her patronage to the unknown writer who produced the first major poem to be written in Anglo-Norman French, the Voyage of St Brendan. Moreover, as a spiritual disciple of Anselm, Matilda used her close relationships with both the archbishop and her royal husband to intervene with some effect in the complex negotiations over lay investiture. The impression conveyed by her letters is that while her love of Anselm was deep and genuine, it was exceeded by her devotion to her husband and his policies.

  • Sources 
    1. [S764] Nathaniel L. Taylor, "Dynastic Chronology: Western Europe, X - XIII Centuries.".

    2. [S145] Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America Before 1700, by Frederick Lewis Weis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr. 8th edition, William R. Beall & Kaleen E. Beall, eds. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2004, 2006, 2008.

    3. [S91] The Henry Project: The Ancestors of King Henry II of England, by Stewart Baldwin and Todd A. Farmerie.

    4. [S142] Royal Ancestry, by Douglas Richardson. Kimball G. Everingham, ed. 2013.

    5. [S145] Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America Before 1700, by Frederick Lewis Weis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr. 8th edition, William R. Beall & Kaleen E. Beall, eds. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2004, 2006, 2008., date only.

    6. [S76] The Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (2004-ongoing).