Nielsen Hayden genealogy

Edward Darcy

Male Abt 1543 - 1612  (~ 69 years)


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  • Name Edward Darcy  [1, 2
    Born Abt 1543  of Dartford, Kent, England Find all individuals with events at this location  [3, 4, 5, 6, 7
    Gender Male 
    Died 28 Oct 1612  Dartford, Kent, England Find all individuals with events at this location  [3, 8, 9, 10
    Buried St. Botolph's, Aldgate, London, England Find all individuals with events at this location  [3, 11
    Person ID I813  Ancestry of PNH, TNH, and others | Ancestor of AP, Ancestor of DDB, Ancestor of TSW, Ancestor of TWK
    Last Modified 29 Apr 2020 

    Father Arthur Darcy,   b. Abt 1505, of Brimham, Yorkshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 3 Apr 1561  (Age ~ 56 years) 
    Mother Mary Carew,   bur. St. Botolph's, Aldgate, London, England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Family ID F16470  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family Elizabeth Astley 
    Children 
    +1. Robert Darcy,   b. of Dartford, Kent, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Bef 1632
    +2. Isabella Darcy,   b. Abt 1600,   d. Between 29 May 1668 and 4 Aug 1669  (Age ~ 68 years)
    Last Modified 9 Apr 2020 
    Family ID F16443  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Notes 
    • Edward Darcy was Groom of the Privy Chamber to Elizabeth I, 1583-1603. He graduated from Trinity College, Cambridge in 1561, and was admitted at the Inner Temple in Nov 1561. Special ambassador to Francis, Duke of Anjou and William of Orange in 1583. Burgess (M.P.) for Truro, Cornwall, in 1584; justice of the peace in Kent from 1604 to his death.

      His lifelong cupidity appears to have been notable even by the standards of Elizabethan court society. From his entry in the History of Parliament: "In 1594 the attorney-general protested at the nomination of one Wiseman to the post of clerk of the outlawries, after Darcy had virtually put up the office for auction, and in 1600 the widow of Edward Denny petitioned against Darcy's attempt to obtain part of the proceeds of the sale of her late husband's office. He had little need, she wrote, 'to suck this small portion of her Majesty's favour from the hungry mouths of my children'. [...] His patent for searching and sealing leather, which he was granted in 1592 (or 1593), led him to commit 'such exactions and outrages as disquieted all England', and his privileges were first reduced (in 1595) and then (before May 1598) replaced by a new patent for the monopoly of importing and manufacturing playing cards." Sometime between then and 1602, Darcy sued Thomas Allin (also spelled Allain, Allein, Allen, etc.), haberdasher of London, for infringing on his playing-card patent. In what came to be regarded as a landmark case in English law, known to history as the "Case of Monopolies," the King's Bench ultimately ruled against Darcy, declaring his patent void because monopolies are ultimately damaging to the public good. The arguments set forth in the verdict were later much quoted in the various deliberations leading to the creation of modern antitrust and competition law.

      His loss in court can't have broken his stride too badly; he was knighted the next year, on 23 Apr 1603, and retired to live the comfortable life of a wealthy man.

      ——

      Edward Darcy (1543-1612) = Elizabeth Astley
      Robert Darcy = Grace Reddish
      Edward Darcy = Elizabeth Stanhope [1]
      Katherine Darcy (d. 1713) = Erasmus Phillips (d. 1697) [2] [3]
      Elizabeth Phillips (b. abt 1664) = John Shorter [4]
      Catherine Shorter (1682-1737) = Robert Walpole (1676-1745) [5]
      Horace Walpole (1717-1797)

      [1] Daughter of Philip Stanhope, 1st Earl of Chesterfield.

      [2] Erasmus Phillips and Katherine Darcy were parents of Sir John Phillips of Pembrokeshire, a leading Welsh social and religious reformer.

      [3] Through his mother, Elizabeth Dryden, Erasmus Phillips was a first cousin of the poet John Dryden, a second cousin once removed to Jonathan Swift, and a first cousin once removed to Mrs. Ann Marbury Hutchinson, the antinomian religious reformer who was famously cast out of the early Massachusetts Bay colony.

      [4] John Shorter was a son of John Shorter (1625-1688), Lord Mayor of London.

      [5] Robert Walpole is generally considered to have been the first Prime Minister of England in the modern sense.

  • Sources 
    1. [S1579] The Royal Descents of 900 Immigrants to the American Colonies, Quebec, or the United States, Who Were Themselves Notable or Left Descendants Notable in American History by Gary Boyd Roberts. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2018.

    2. [S4050] H. L. L. Denny, "Biography of the Right Honourable Sir Anthony Denny, P.C., M.P." Transactions of the East Hertfordshire Archaeological Society 3:197, 1906.

    3. [S142] Royal Ancestry by Douglas Richardson. Kimball G. Everingham, editor. 2013.

    4. [S47] The History of Parliament. Some citations point to entries from the printed volumes not yet added to the online site.

    5. [S3901] Donald Lines Jacobus, "The Darcy Ancestry of Mrs. John Sherman." The American Genealogist 21:169, 1944.

    6. [S4046] Brice Clagett, 25 Oct 2000, post to soc.genealogy.medieval., place only.

    7. [S4051] The Visitation of the County of Cornwall in the Year 1620 ed. J. L. Vivian and Henry H. Drake. London: The Harleian Society, 1874., place only.

    8. [S3901] Donald Lines Jacobus, "The Darcy Ancestry of Mrs. John Sherman." The American Genealogist 21:169, 1944., date only.

    9. [S3903] The History and Topographical Survey of the County of Kent, Volume II, by Edward Hasted. Canterbury: W. Bristow, 1797.

    10. [S3910] The History and Antiquities of Dartford, with Topographical Notices of the Neighborhood by John Dunkin. London: John Russell Smith, 1844., date only.

    11. [S3910] The History and Antiquities of Dartford, with Topographical Notices of the Neighborhood by John Dunkin. London: John Russell Smith, 1844.