Nielsen Hayden genealogy

Richard of Cornwall, King of the Romans

Male 1209 - 1272  (63 years)


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  • Name Richard of Cornwall  [1
    Suffix King of the Romans 
    Born 5 Jan 1209  Winchester Castle, Hampshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location  [2, 3, 4, 5
    Gender Male 
    Died 2 Apr 1272  Berkhamsted, Hertfordshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location  [2, 3, 4, 5
    Buried Hailes Abbey, Gloucestershire, England Find all individuals with events at this location  [2, 3, 5
    Person ID I8366  Ancestry of PNH, TNH, and others | Ancestor of DDB, Ancestor of JTS, Ancestor of TNH, Ancestor of TSW, Ancestor of TWK
    Last Modified 9 Jan 2018 

    Father John, King of England,   b. Abt 27 Dec 1166, Oxford, Oxfordshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 19 Oct 1216, Newark Castle, Newark, Nottinghamshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 49 years) 
    Mother Isabel of Angoul√™me, Queen Consort of England,   b. Abt 1188,   d. 31 May 1246  (Age ~ 58 years) 
    Married 24 Aug 1200  Bordeaux, Gironde, France Find all individuals with events at this location  [3
    Family ID F1256  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 1 Joan,   d. Bef 1 Jul 1285 
    Children 
    +1. Richard de Cornwall,   b. of Asthall, Oxfordshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1296, Berwick, Northumberland, England Find all individuals with events at this location
    +2. Joan de Cornwall,   b. Abt 1262,   d. Abt 1316  (Age ~ 54 years)
    Last Modified 21 Oct 2018 
    Family ID F1235  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 2 Isabel Marshal,   b. 9 Oct 1200, Pembroke, Pembrokeshire, Wales Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 17 Jan 1240, Berkhamsted, Hertfordshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 39 years) 
    Married 30 Mar 1231  Fawley, Buckinghamshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location  [3, 7
    Last Modified 15 Dec 2015 
    Family ID F917  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 3 Sancie,   d. 9 Nov 1261 
    Married 23 Nov 1243  Westminster Abbey, Westminster, Middlesex, England Find all individuals with events at this location  [2
    Last Modified 13 Dec 2015 
    Family ID F878  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Notes 
    • Also called Richard of England.

      Count of Poitou; Earl of Cornwall; elected king of Germany ("King of the Romans") in 1256, but never wielded actual power in that role.

      "Constable of Wallingford Castle, 1216; knighted 2 Feb. 1224/5 by his br., Henry III, who a few days afterwards, 13 Feb. 1224/5, granted him, as Richard the King's brother, the county of Cornwall during pleasure. This grant, which resembles that to Henry FitzCount above, can hardly be held to have conferred the Earldom; nevertheless, not long after, viz. 30 May 1227, he is officially styled Earl of Cornwall, and must be assumed to have been invested with the Earldom in or shortly before that year. He was Count of Poitou before 18 Aug. 1225. Lieut. of Guienne, 1226-27; Chief Commissioner for making a truce with France, 1230; Keeper of the Honour of Wallingford, 1230-31; of the Honour of Knaresborough, 1235; took the Cross, 1236; was on an Embassy to the Emperor Friedrich, 1237; Lord of the forest of Dartmoor 1239; Com. in Chief of the Crusaders, 1240-41, when he entered a truce with the Soldan of Babylon. Joint Plenipoteniary to France, and Ambassador to Pope Innocent IV, 1250; Privy Councillor 1253; Joint Guardian of England, 1253-54. He acquired vast estates and great wealth by farming the Mint, the Jews, &c., and doubtless in consequence thereof, was elected, at Frankfort, 13 Jan. 1256/7, by the Princes of the Empire, King of the Romans, being crowned 17 May 1257, at Aachen. In Oct. 1259 he was Ambassador to Pope Alexander IV. He was a faithful adherent of the King, his br., against the rebellious Barons, and both were taken prisoners at the battle of Lewes, 14 May 1264. He m., 1stly, 30 Mar. 1231, at Fawley, near Marlow, Bucks, Isabel, widow of Gilbert (de Clare), Earl of Gloucester and Hertford, da. of William (Marshal), Earl of Pembroke, by Isabel suo jure Countess of Pembroke, da. and h. of Richard (de Clare), also Earl of Pembroke. She d. 17 Jan 1239/40, in childbed, at Berkhampstead, of jaundice, and was bur. at Beaulieu, Hants, her heart being sent to Tewkesbury Abbey. He m., 2ndly, 23 Nov. 1243, at Westm. Abbey, Sancha, 3rd da. and coh. of Raymond Berengar, Count of Provence, by Beatrice, da. of Tomaso, Count of Savoy. She, who was crowned Queen (with her husband) 1257, d. 9 Nov. 1261, and was bur. at Hailes Abbey, co. Gloucester, which her husband had in 1251, founded. He m., 3rdly, 16 June 1269, Beatrice, da. of Walram de Fauquemont, Seigneur de Montjoye, by Jutta, da. of Otto, Count of Ravensburg in Wesphalia. He d. at Berkhamstead Castle, Herts, having been bled for ague, 2 Apr. 1272, and was bur. in Hailes Abbey afsd., aged 63, his heart being sent to Rewley Abbey, Oxon, of which, also he was the founder. His widow d. s.p. on the Vigil of St. Luke, 17 Oct. 1277, and was bur. at the Friars Minors, Oxford." [Complete Peerage]

  • Sources 
    1. [S1016] Medieval English Ancestors of Robert Abell by Carl Boyer III. Santa Clarita, California, 2001.

    2. [S128] The Complete Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain and the United Kingdom, Extant, Extinct or Dormant. Full citation details here.

    3. [S142] Royal Ancestry, by Douglas Richardson. Kimball G. Everingham, ed. 2013.

    4. [S160] Wikipedia.

    5. [S1526] The Ancestry of Dorothea Poyntz, Wife of Reverend John Owsley, Generations 1-15, Fourth Preliminary Edition by Ronny O. Bodine and Bro. Thomas Spalding, Jr. 2013.

    6. [S2341] Todd A. Farmerie, 18 Oct 2018, post to soc.genealogy.medieval.

    7. [S128] The Complete Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain and the United Kingdom, Extant, Extinct or Dormant. Full citation details here., date only.