Nielsen Hayden genealogy

Thomas Dudley, Governor of the Massachusetts Bay Colony

Male 1576 - 1653  (76 years)


Personal Information    |    Notes    |    Sources    |    All    |    PDF

  • Name Thomas Dudley  [1
    Suffix Governor of the Massachusetts Bay Colony 
    Born 12 Oct 1576  Yardley Hastings, Northamptonshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location  [2, 3, 4
    Gender Male 
    Died 31 Jul 1653  Roxbury, Suffolk, Massachusetts Find all individuals with events at this location  [2, 3, 4, 5
    Buried 6 Aug 1653  Roxbury, Suffolk, Massachusetts Find all individuals with events at this location  [3, 4
    Person ID I9189  Ancestry of PNH, TNH, and others | Ancestors of JTS
    Last Modified 18 Sep 2018 

    Father Capt. Roger Dudley,   d. Bef 29 Oct 1588 
    Mother Susanna Dorne,   b. Bef 5 Mar 1560, Yardley Hastings, Northamptonshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Aft 29 Mar 1588  (Age > 28 years) 
    Married 8 Jun 1575  Lidlington, Bedfordshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location  [2, 6, 7
    Family ID F4983  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family Dorothy Yorke,   b. Bef 14 Jun 1583,   d. 27 Dec 1643, Roxbury, Suffolk, Massachusetts Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age > 60 years) 
    Married 25 Apr 1603  Hardingstone, Northamptonshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location  [2, 3, 4, 8
    Children 
    +1. Anne Dudley,   b. Abt 1610,   d. 16 Sep 1672, Andover, Essex, Massachusetts Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 62 years)
     2. Patience Dudley,   b. Abt 1612,   d. 8 Feb 1690, Ipswich, Essex, Massachusetts Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 78 years)
    +3. Mercy Dudley,   b. 27 Sep 1621, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1 Jul 1691, Newbury, Essex, Massachusetts Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 69 years)
    Last Modified 18 Sep 2018 
    Family ID F5054  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Notes 
    • One of John Turner Sargent Jr.'s eleven proven "gateway ancestors."

      From Wikipedia:

      Thomas Dudley was a colonial magistrate who served several terms as governor of the Massachusetts Bay Colony. Dudley was the chief founder of Newtowne, later Cambridge, Massachusetts, and built the town's first home. He provided land and funds to establish the Roxbury Latin School, and signed Harvard College's new charter during his 1650 term as governor. Dudley was a devout Puritan who was opposed to religious views not conforming with his. In this he was more rigid than other early Massachusetts leaders like John Winthrop, but less confrontational than John Endecott.

      The son of a military man who died when he was young, Dudley saw military service himself during the French Wars of Religion, and then acquired some legal training before entering the service of his likely kinsman the Earl of Lincoln. Along with other Puritans in Lincoln's circle, Dudley helped organize the establishment of the Massachusetts Bay Colony, sailing with Winthrop in 1630. Although he served only four one-year terms as governor of the colony, he was regularly in other positions of authority.

      Dudley's descendants include his daughter Anne Bradstreet (1612–1672), the prominent early American poet, and many famous Americans. One of the gates of Harvard Yard, which existed from 1915 to 1947, was named in his honor, and Harvard's Dudley House is named for the family.

  • Sources 
    1. [S1511] Genealogies of the Lymans of Middlefield, of the Dickinsons of Montreal, and of the Partridges of Hatfield, by Jas. T. Dickinson. Boston: David Clapp & Son, 1865.

    2. [S142] Royal Ancestry, by Douglas Richardson. Kimball G. Everingham, ed. 2013.

    3. [S101] The Great Migration Begins: Immigrants to New England, 1620-1633, Volumes 1-3 and The Great Migration: Immigrants to New England,1634-1635, Volumes 1-7, by Robert Charles Anderson. Boston: New England Historic Genealogical Society, 1996-2011.

    4. [S2306] The Winthrop Fleet: Massachusetts Bay Company Immigrants to New England 1629-1630 by Robert Charles Anderson. Boston: New England Historic Genealogical Society, 2012.

    5. [S1510] "Pedigree of Dudley." The New England Historical and Genealogical Register 10:130, April 1856.

    6. [S1513] F. N. Craig, "Maternal Ancestry of Governor Thomas Dudley: Purefoy, Ayot, and Denton Lines." The New England Historical and Genealogical Register 142:227, July 1998.

    7. [S2153] Brandon Fradd, "Ancestry of Thomas Thorne, Grandfather of Thomas Dudley." The Genealogist 19:112, Spring 2005.

    8. [S1437] Barry E. Hinman, "Edmund Yorke of Cotton End, Hardingstone, Northamptonshire, Father-in-Law of Gov. Thomas Dudley." The New England Historical and Genealogical Register 172:121, Spring 2018.