Nielsen Hayden genealogy

Pope Leo IX

Male 1002 - 1054  (51 years)


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  • Name Pope Leo IX   [1
    Born 21 Jun 1002  Alsace, France Find all individuals with events at this location  [2, 3
    Gender Male 
    Died 19 Apr 1054  Rome Find all individuals with events at this location  [3, 4
    Person ID I9323  Ancestry of PNH, TNH, and others
    Last Modified 7 Jun 2019 

    Father Hugo VI of Egisheim,   b. Abt 970 
    Mother Heilwig von Dagsburg,   d. 1046 
    Family ID F4275  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Notes 
    • Born Bruno of Egisheim-Dagsburg. Pope from 12 Feb 1049 to 1054. Noted as a reformer who travelled throughout Italy, France, and Germany rooting out nepotism and simony, and as one of the initiators of the more long-term project of wresting control of the Church from the Emperors and the Roman nobility. These efforts were particularly supported by Edward the Confessor, with whom he had a warm relationship. When it proved impossible for Edward to undertake a promised pilgrimage to Rome, Leo released him from his vow and accepted his plan to refound Westminster Abbey.

      Although he and Edward never met, it is believed that Leo was in fact visited by another notable from the British Isles: King Macbeth of Scotland, who while in Rome, according to the chronicler Marianus Scotus, "gave money to the poor as if it were seed."

      Leo was also responsible for promulgating the fraudulent "Donation of Constantine", in negotiations with the Eastern church which led to the final "Great Schism". It is unknowable whether he genuinely believed in that document's authenticity.

      His last great project entailed commanding a military expedition against the Normans in southern Italy. Upon its defeat he was taken prisoner, but treated respectfully and released. In his final months in Rome he placed his bed and his coffin side by side. He was canonized by Gregory VII in 1082. His feast day is April 19.

  • Sources 
    1. [S145] Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America Before 1700, by Frederick Lewis Weis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr. 8th edition, William R. Beall & Kaleen E. Beall, eds. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2004, 2006, 2008.

    2. [S346] The Oxford Dictionary of Saints, by David Hugh Farmer. Oxford University Press, 1978., year and place only.

    3. [S49] Genealogics, by Leo Van de Pas.

    4. [S346] The Oxford Dictionary of Saints, by David Hugh Farmer. Oxford University Press, 1978., year only.