Nielsen Hayden genealogy
"Genealogy: Where you confuse the dead and irritate the living." (Unknown)
We are Patrick and Teresa Nielsen Hayden, a married couple of writers and editors in Brooklyn, New York. The database that starts at these two roots shows who we provisionally believe to be our (known) ancestors, plus collateral relatives and associated lines that interest us. All genealogy is a work in progress.
Overall shape of our immediate ancestry
Three out of Patrick's four grandparents were born in Kentucky and spent most of their adult lives in Michigan. The fourth, his mother's mother, was born in Toronto of parents just off the boat from Cornwall, and her family moved to Michigan shortly after that. Patrick's Kentucky forebears on his father's father's side were the descendants of mostly-Catholic Maryland farmers who migrated to north central Kentucky in the late 1700s. His father's mother's people, and his mother's father's people, were Appalachian merchants, farmers and laborers, a few prosperous, most not, descended from English and Scottish immigrants to the mid-Atlantic colonies. Patrick has only a few known New England ancestors, all forebears of his father's mother.
Teresa is descended, through both of her mother's parents, from Mormons who became Mormon in the earliest days of Mormonism. All of these people were, in turn, descended from well-documented (but rarely affluent) colonial-era families of the 17th and 18th centuries, the large majority of which began in New England but a few of which started instead in New York, New Jersey, and Pennsylvania. Teresa's father was a convert to the Mormon church; his own paternal grandparents were first-generation immigrants from Denmark, and his maternal grandmother was the daughter of two Quebeçois who emigrated to Illinois. Teresa grew up in a large LDS family, several members of which were ardent genealogical researchers, so even in childhood she was aware of most of this -- except for the Quebec connection, which we learned about only recently.
We haven't used "double dates" in this database. Hal Bradley, who made the same decision for his own site, has a good explanation of the issues.
We haven't been fantastically consistent about place names. We do generally specify the country when a location is someplace other than the modern United States or Canada. The real inconsistencies arise in connection with places whose name has changed, or which essentially no longer exist as modern geographical entities, such as "Acadia" or "Savoy."
A few comments on problematic sources, and on sources that deserve special explanation, can be found here.
Notable ancestors (and a few relatives)
(1) Medieval ancestry
"There is no king who has not had a slave among his ancestors, and no slave who has not had a king among his." (Helen Keller)
"Gateway ancestor" is a term of art in modern North American genealogy, referring to an immigrant ancestor, usually (but not always) in the 17th century, who is verifiably descended from the world of European gentry and titled aristocracy. The actual fact, of course, is that almost everyone in modern North America (including black people, Jews, Muslims, and members of other minority groups) is descended at some point from what Patrick calls the "Great Medieval Cloud," i.e., the cluster of several thousand pre-1500 upper-class Europeans whose biographical details have survived to the modern day. Having a known "gateway ancestor" means only that you have some idea of one of the specific paths of your descent from the Great Medieval Cloud. As this explainer demonstrates, there's absolutely nothing special about it; we really are all descended from Charlemagne. We're also all descended from millions of everyday people whose identities we'll never know.
Teresa has four canonical "gateway ancestors", established in the peer-reviewed literature as descended from a large number of identifiable people in the Middle Ages:
On Patrick's side, generations of Hayden family researchers, including Patrick himself, have spent a lot of energy examining Francis Heydon (Hayden, Heyden), a first-generation immigrant to Virginia and Maryland who died in 1694, and who is the earliest ancestor of the Virginia, Maryland, and Kentucky Haydens. It's been asserted since the late nineteenth century that he was the same Francis Hayden that was christened in Watford, Hertfordshire on 14 Aug 1628, and that he was a great-grandson of the armigerous Francis Heydon who married Frances Longueville. Unfortunately, there are too many inconsistencies in this narrative. There's no positive proof that the Francis who died in Maryland in 1694 is the same person who was born in Watford in 1628. And there are significant problems both with the widely-repeated idea that the immigrant Francis's father was the Edward Heydon who married Ellenor Whitehead, and with the equally-widespread idea that this Edward's father, another Edward Hayden who married a Frances Burr, was the same Edward as the eldest son of Francis Hayden who married Frances Longueville. Patrick's patrilineal descent from the original immigrant Francis has been proven by the Hayden DNA Project, but we no longer consider Francis more of a candidate for "gateway ancestor" status than any of the other possible-but-unproven candidates noted in the next several paragraphs.
Another of Patrick's first-generation Maryland immigrant ancestors is the planter Robert Cole (1628-1662), subject of the 1992 University of North Carolina Press study Robert Cole's World: Agriculture & Society in Early Maryland by Lois Green Carr, Russell R. Menard, and Lorena S. Walsh. It's been suggested (although not by Carr, Menard, and Walsh) that Cole was in fact a son of Jane Mainwaring (1595-1663), daughter of noted recusant Oliver Mainwaring (1547-1634) and his royally-descended wife Margaret Torbock (1558-1643). The details of this intricate hypothesis can be examined at the entry for Robert Cole himself, but we don't actually show Jane Mainwaring as his mother.
An interesting proposition, which has persisted in generations of Hinton family genealogists, is that Thomas Hinton (b. 1693) of Maryland, who married Rachel Howard (b. 1700) and from whom Patrick and many other people are descended, was descended from John Hinton, M.D., physician to the family of Charles I and II, and/or his father Thomas Hinton, M.P. Both of these latter Hintons were definitely descendants of Edward III via John of Gaunt, and Gaunt's son, the churchman Henry Beaufort. And it's a matter of record that several of Thomas and John Hinton's immediate descendants were involved in the early colonization of Virginia and North Carolina. But notwithstanding the claims put forth in York Lowry Wilson's 1962 A Carolina-Virginia Genealogy, the evidence for a specific descent from those Hintons to Patrick's known Hinton forebears of Virginia, Maryland, and Kentucky seems to us to be hazy at best. Our view is that the connection is possible, but the spotty records that survive from early 17th-century Virginia are unlikely to yield a definitive answer, for now at least.
Judge Edward F. Butler's vast 1997 tome, The Descendants of Thomas Pincerna, Progenitor of the Butler Family, traces a descent to Patrick's great-times-3 grandfather Christopher C. Butler (1810-1858) from the original Butler settlers of Kent Island, Maryland, who are themselves solidly proven "gateway ancestors". Unfortunately, this rests on the idea that John Butler (born 1668 or 1675 in Virginia, died after 1723) was a son of Thomas Butler and Jane Baldridge, and while this is accepted by Judge Butler and some other Butler researchers, it appears to be without proof.
Finally, Patrick's 9X great-grandfather Henry Culpepper (1633-1675), proven by DNA testing to be the common ancestor of 80% of the Culpeppers in America, is often shown as a son of John Culpeper, baptized 26 Oct 1606 in Harrietsham, Kent, a descendant of many manorial and armigerous families. The evidence is strong but inconclusive; a good summary can be found at this entry at the extensive Culpepper family site. Patrick can't justify this rationally, but his gut feeling is that this is his "gateway ancestor" candidate that's most likely to eventually pan out. Notably, if this Henry Culpepper really turns out to be the son of this John, then Teresa and Patrick's most recent common ancestor would be recent indeed -- John Culpepper of Bedgebury, Goudhurst, Kent (1430-1480), a major figure in this late-medieval legal drama.
(2) Mayflower passengers
Teresa is descended from several of them:
William Brewster (abt 1566-1644) and his wife Mary (abt 1569-1627)
Bonus brother-of-a-Mayflower-passenger ancestor: Teresa is also descended from Arthur Howland (abt 1600-1675), brother of John Howland. Arthur settled in Marshfield, Massachusetts some years after the founding of the Plymouth colony. Like his brother Henry, and entirely unlike their more famous brother John, Arthur was a firm Quaker, and endured the lifetime of legal penalties this brought upon him.
Bonus Mayflower genealogical nitpick: William Mullins and his daughter Priscilla were accompanied on the voyage by William's wife Alice (d. 1621), but it's not at all certain that Alice was Priscilla's mother, rather than her stepmother. Both William and Alice died in the first winter at Plymouth.
Leaving aside the Mayflower passengers, for sheer loopy diversity of descent, Patrick's personal favorite of Teresa's early New England ancestors is the couple Isaac Stearns (1595-1671) and Mary Barker (1600-1677), whose descendants include Clara Barton, Brigham Young, Robert Goddard, Richard Nixon, Orson Scott Card, and Forrest J Ackerman.
(3) Filles du roi
By 1660 or so it had become apparent that the fledgling North American colony of New France was badly short of marriageable women. To ameliorate this, between 1663 and 1673 the French government recruited respectable young women of limited prospects and, after vetting them for suitability, provided each of them with a small dowry, a chest of clothes, and one-way passage to Quebec. The approximately 800 women who made this journey became known as the "filles du roi", the "daughters of the King." Millions of modern French-Canadians can trace their descent from them, quite often from several. Teresa's fille du roi ancestors are:
Madeleine Auvray (1652 Rouen - 1734 Neuville)
(4) The Civil War
While the American Civil War was happening, most early Mormons were otherwise engaged, so Teresa has only two ancestors (that we know of) who were involved in it. Her father's great-grandfather Louis Joubert (1841-1919), immigrant from Quebec to Illinois, appears to have fought as a Union soldier in the 6th Illinois Cavalry, Company I. The 6th Illinois fought at the Battle of Port Hudson (22 May 1863); the second Battle of Franklin (30 Nov 1864); the Battle of Nashville (15 Dec 1864); and the minor engagements the Second Battle of Memphis (21 Aug 1864) and the Battle of Okolona (22 Feb 1864). And one of the few facts we know about another great-grandfather of Teresa's father, John Coston (~1835-1865; possibly also called "Joseph" and "Castin" or "Costin") is that he enlisted in Company H, Indiana 79th Infantry Regiment on 15 Aug 1862, and was mustered out on 13 Jul 1865.
(Naturally, given her large New England ancestry, Teresa has several genealogical connections to major Civil War figures. Via Henry Sherman, 1512-1590, and Agnes Perpoynt d. 1580, she's an 8th cousin 6 times removed to Gen. William Tecumseh Sherman, 1820-1891. Via Alice Freeman, 1595-1658, and John Tompson, d. 1626, she's a 7th cousin 6 times removed to Gen. George B. McClellan, 1826-1885. Via Samuel Lathrop, 1621-1700, and Elizabeth Scudder, 1625-1700, she's a 5th cousin 6 times removed to Gen. Ulysses S. Grant, 1822-1885. And most excitingly, via Desire Howland, 1624-1683, and Capt. John Gorham, 1621-1675, she's a 5th cousin 5 times removed to Gen. Benjamin Butler, 1818-1893.)
Patrick has four direct ancestors who fought in the Civil War, evenly split between the Union and Confederate sides.
Great-great grandfather Jefferson Porter Workman (1835-1919), Company E, 46th Tennessee Infantry (Confederate), enlisted in October 1861 and was shortly thereafter captured at Island No. 10 and sent to Camp Douglas, Illinois. He took the oath to the US while in prison and was discharged 30 August 1862.
Great-great-great grandfather William Henderson Parker (1824-1898) was drafted as a private for a period of one year into a detachment of substitutes for the Union army. He was then mustered into Company F of the 18th Kentucky Infantry in London, Kentucky on 20 Sep 1864; he served for at least 10 months. He was discharged on 23 Jun 1865 near Louisville, Kentucky. An asthmatic when he entered the Army, subsequent to his service he had to sleep at night sitting up because lying down made him unable to breathe. A Pension Office document dated 14 Jan 1886, of which we have a photocopy, states that he was disabled by "paralysis caused by wading in water waist deep."
Great-great grandfather James S. Hayden (1836-1908) enlisted in the 4th Kentucky Infantry (Confederate) upon its organization at Bowling Green, Kentucky in September, 1861, and served in Company K. This unit had 213 men disabled at Shiloh, then was active at Baton Rouge and Jackson. Later it was assigned to Hanson's, Helm's, and J.H. Lewis' Brigade, Army of Tennessee. The 4th took an active part in the Battles of Murfreesboro and Chickamauga and saw action in the Atlanta Campaign. During the autumn of 1864 it was mounted, aided in the defense of Savannah, and ended the war in North Carolina. It reported 12 killed, 49 wounded, and 8 missing at Murfreesboro, lost twenty-one percent of the 275 engaged at Chickamauga, and totalled 335 men and 251 arms in December, 1863. The exact date of James S. Hayden's discharge is unknown to us but according to later records he served to the end of the war. Four days after his death, the Owensboro (Kentucky) Messenger reported a resolution passed by the Rice E. Graves Camp of Confederate Veterans: "Whereas, One more call, one more answer. J. S. Hayden, member of Rice E. Graves camp, answers to the final call and passes into the great beyond. Brave soldier and good man, always ready, both in the field of battle, or in the peaceful pursuits of life; generous in life, true to his friends, and stood by his political party to the last. When death called he was anxiously scanning the returns of the election, like the brave soldier he was. 'Oh,' he said and joined his comrades on the other side. Just a promotion, higher up in the ranks, where the boom of cannons or the strains of a soldier's life is not known. Peace to his ashes."
Great-great grandfather Henry Isaac Newton (1836-1893) enlisted in 1862 in the Union Army of the Cumberland, 12th Kentucky Cavalry. A corporal by the time the war ended, Newton was captured in Sweetwater, Tennessee in 1863 during Burnside's abortive campaign to push south and spent nearly a year in a Confederate prison. His regiment was mustered out 23 Aug 1865.
Despite their fathers' service on opposite sides, Confederate veteran James S. Hayden's son Clarence Eugene Hayden (1872-1908) married Union veteran Henry Isaac Newton's daughter Sarah Frances "Fannie" Newton (1879-1970); they were Patrick's father's paternal grandparents. Patrick remembers meeting Fannie on several occasions when he was a child.
Patrick thinks the Confederate rebellion was treason in defense of slavery and doesn't deserve to be ennobled with "lost cause" nostalgia; also that Reconstruction failed to go far enough, with consequences that can be clearly seen today. However, it's in the nature of history that bad causes sweep up good people, and vice versa. Those of us who haven't lived through something like the Civil War shouldn't be too confident that we'd make all the right life decisions if this kind of history happened to us.
Prior to Emancipation, the overwhelming majority of Patrick's Kentucky and Maryland ancestors owned slaves.
A non-trivial number of Teresa's New England, New York, New Jersey, and Pennsylvania ancestors did so as well. Along with her small number of ancestors in Virginia and the Carolinas.
One of our upcoming projects is to make a list of those ancestors that did this, giving (when possible) the names of the actual humans they enslaved. Because being interested in one's ancestors, and (inevitably) a little proud of what they weathered and what they accomplished, is no good if you don't also make note of the terrible things they did as well.
(6) Modern celebrities
The actress and singer Florence Henderson (1934-2016), best known for playing Carol Brady on The Brady Bunch, was Patrick's second cousin once removed. His great-grandmother Sarah Francis "Fannie" Newton (1879-1970; see the "Civil War" section above) was a sister of Florence Henderson's grandmother Anna Justine Newton (1867-1936). Patrick remembers meeting his great-grandmother on several occasions, but he never met Florence Henderson.
The eighteenth-century Virginia farmer Charles Word (1710-1792) and his wife Sarah are 6X-great grandparents to Patrick, and 5X-great grandparents to William Faulkner (1897-1962), making Patrick a sixth cousin once removed to the novelist.
Patrick is also a sixth cousin once removed to baseball star Don Mattingly (1961- ), through their shared ancestor Richard Mattingly, Sr. (1720-1783).
Through shared descent from the early Virginia settlers Matthew Howard and his wife Anne, both of whom died sometime in the 1650s, Patrick is a tenth cousin once removed to the late science fiction writer John M. Ford (1957-2006). Through the same couple, Patrick is also an eighth cousin three times removed to the American poet Vachel Lindsay (1879-1931) and to Lindsay's third cousins, the outlaws Frank (1843-1915) and Jesse James (1847-1882). In addition, the James brothers and Vachel Lindsay were all sixth cousins to the odious Bessie Wallis Warfield, 1896-1986, Duchess of Windsor, through a pair of shared Maryland ancestors from whom Patrick is just as happy to be not descended.
Teresa is a fourth cousin three times removed to Dame Agatha Mary Clarissa Miller Christie (1890-1976), better known as Agatha Christie, through their shared ancestors John Miller (1735-1811) and Hannah Bush (1737-1816).
Teresa is a fifth cousin twice removed to Madonna Ciccone (1958- ), which is to say that Teresa's grandmother Hazel Ethel Coston (1898-1970) was a straight fifth cousin to the singer. This is a little striking, because Hazel Ethel Coston was born sixty years before Madonna, but what it reflects is "longer" generations in the latter's descent from their common ancestors, the Quebec couple François Joseph Moursin dit Lajoie (1747-bef 1823) and Marie Françoise Trudel (1752-1823).
Through two pairs of shared ancestors, Teresa is also doubly related to the poet Conrad Aiken (1889-1973) and his daughters, the novelists Joan Aiken (1924-2001) and Jane Aiken Hodge (1917-2009). Via Peter Tallman (1623-1708) and Joan Briggs, she's an eighth cousin twice removed to Conrad, while via John Briggs (1609-1690) and Sarah Cornell (d. 1661) she's his ninth cousin once removed.
Through common descent from the 17th-century immigrant and gateway ancestor Olive Welby (1604-1692) and her husband Henry Farwell (1605-1670), Teresa is a ninth cousin twice removed to American novelist Thomas Pynchon (b. 1937). She is also Pynchon's ninth cousin three times removed via their shared descent from Plymouth Colony leader William Brewster (1566-1644) and his wife Mary (d. 1627), and his tenth cousin three times removed via their descent from another 17th-century immigrant and gateway ancestor, Alice Freeman (1595-~1658) and her husband John Tompson (d. 1626).
Through shared ancestor William Ward (1603-1687), Teresa is an eleventh cousin to the brothers Brian (1942- ), Dennis (1944-1983), and Carl (1946-1988) Wilson, and their cousin Mike Love (1941- ). Inquiries are pending into the ancestry of Al Jardine.
Once again through shared Quebec ancestors, Teresa is a tenth cousin once removed to Hillary Clinton (1947- ), via her 10X-great grandparents Jean Guyon (1592-1663) and Matherine Robin (d. 1662). Another of this couple's descendants is Jean Chretien (1934- ), Prime Minister of Canada 1993-2003.
Finally, through that most productive of Quebec ancestors, Zacharie Cloutier (1590-1677) and his wife Xainte Dupont (1596-1680), Teresa is distantly related to a large number of other notables including Jack Kerouac, Angelina Jolie, the Dionne quintuplets, Camilla Duchess of Cornwall, and Canadian prime ministers Louis St-Laurent, Pierre Trudeau, and Justin Trudeau. You can read about Cloutier's many descendants in any number of places on the web, including the Wikipedia page about him. None of this is particularly unusual among modern people descended from early settlers of Quebec. Those first generations of immigrants to New France were a small population that kept good records, and their descendants have maintained a low level of intermarriage with the surrounding Anglo culture in the years since. Being able to trace one's relationship to multiple celebrities and politicians with French-Canadian ancestry is common among Francophone inhabitants of Quebec today.
(7) Early Latter-day Saints
Every line of Teresa's maternal ancestry contains people who joined the Latter-day Saint movement in the 1830s and 1840s, who endured the persecution that entailed, and who made the arduous journey west. The following are just a few examples chosen for particular historical interest.
Levi Gifford (1789-1860), one of the earliest General Authorities of what became the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. He was baptized into the church in 1831, when it was barely a year old. He baptized Eleazar Miller, who in turn baptized Brigham Young (1801-1877). He was a participant in Zion's Camp and went on to be ordained a Seventy, called to serve in the First Quorum of the Seventy. 4XG grandfather of Teresa.
Martha McBride (1805-1901), wife of early Mormon leader Vinson Knight (1804-1842). After Knight died young, she became one of the plural wives of Knight's close friend Joseph Smith (1805-1844). Following Smith's murder, she became one of the plural wives of Heber C. Kimball (1801-1868), another major figure in the early Mormon church. She was one of the founders of the Relief Society. Her Wikipedia entry correctly observes that she "was a witness to, and in some instances a key participant in, some of the pivotal events in early Latter-day Saint history." 5X-great aunt of Teresa, being sister to Teresa's 4XG grandmother Margaret Ann McBride.
Morris Charles Phelps (1805-1875), Mormon pioneer. In 1838, as one of several persecutions he and his family endured, he was jailed in Missouri along with major Mormon founding figures Parley Pratt and King Follett, and kept for months in wrist and ankle irons. After several months, he and Pratt escaped on July 4, 1839 with the courageous assistance of Morris's first wife Laura Clark Baldwin (1807-1842). GX3 grandfather of Teresa.
Myron Nathan Crandall (1818-1860), Mormon pioneer. He and his wife Tryphena Bisbee (1819-1863) were among the founders of Springville, Utah, now a town of over 30,000 people. They were married in Nauvoo, Illinois, in a ceremony performed by Hyrum Smith, brother of Joseph Smith. GX3 grandparents of Teresa.
Not surprisingly, Teresa is also related to a number of more recent LDS leaders; the closest in modern times are probably Harold Bingham Lee (1899-1973), eleventh president of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints and her third cousin twice removed; and her second cousin twice removed Boyd K. Packer (1924-2015), who eventually became President of the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles, some decades after ten-year-old Teresa got into a ferocious argument with him at a family gathering.
(6) Teresa's favorite medieval ancestors:
Geoffrey Luttrell (1276-1345) and his wife Agnes de Sutton (1288-1340), patrons of the Luttrell Psalter, which you should read about (and then look up on Google Images) right now. 20X-great grandparents of Teresa.
(8) Many other medieval ancestors
(9) A miscellany of others (post-1450)
Basil Hayden (1744-1804), Maryland farmer, distiller, and leader of a major emigration of Maryland families to then-frontier Kentucky. Supposedly the "Old Grand-Dad" on the label of the bourbon of that name. But not precisely an ancestor of Patrick's; see the details at the entry for Patrick's 4X-great grandfather William Leo Hayden (1785-1867). (Short version: Patrick is descended from Basil's brother, Basil's father, Basil's wife, and Basil's wife's illegitimate son, but not from Basil himself. Weirdly, Basil and Patrick share a birthday, January 2.)
Frances Jane Coomes (1747-1816), maiden name unknown, first Anglo schoolteacher and first female physician in Kentucky. Emigrated from Maryland with her husband in 1775-76. A fascinating essay about this pioneer woman, by descendant Rita Mackin Fox, is reproduced on our database entry for her. 6X-great grandmother of Patrick.
John Thimbleby (1482-1550), one of the organizers of the Lincolnshire Rising of 1536 which immediately preceded the Pilgrimage of Grace. Progenitor of a long line of grimly determined Catholic recusants named Thimbleby, oddly not including his son Richard Thimbleby (1507-1590), also an ancestor of Teresa's, who converted to the Church of England during the reign of Queen Mary in what can only be described as a display of Olympic-level contrarianism. In a letter by Richard Cromwell to his uncle Thomas Cromwell, the mauler-of-monasteries who is the subject of Hilary Mantel's novel Wolf Hall, John Thimbleby is cited as the particular ringleader in Lincolnshire that Richard would most like to capture. (In a further literary connection, this letter is itself recorded in Thomas Carlyle's 1845 Letters and Speeches of Oliver Cromwell, With Elucidations.) 14X-great grandfather of Teresa.
Rev. Thomas Stoughton (1555-1622), minister and author. His A general treatise against poperie, and in defence of the religion by publike avthoritie professed in England and other churches reformed was published at Cambridge in 1598, but only a few years later he was admonished for noncomformity and deprived of his vicarage. For the remainder of his life he lived off a series of small bequests from the wills of sympathetic nonconformists; the 1610 will of Alice Wade, for instance, describes him as "a silenced preacher." His later works include The dignitie of God's children (1610), Two profitable treatises (1616), and The Christians Sacrifice as set forth in Romans XII, 1, 2 (1622). 11X-great grandfather of Teresa.
Rev. Stephen Bachiler (1561-1656), Puritan and controversialist, early proponent of the separation of church and state. As a minister in Boston, he cast the only dissenting vote against the expulsion of Roger Williams. Early immigrant to New England, but died back in London. 10X-great grandfather of Teresa.
Rev. John Lothropp (1584-1653), Puritan clergyman, famously imprisoned in England for his beliefs, 17th-century immigrant, a founder of Barnstable, Massachusetts, and another early exponent of church-state separation. 10X-great grandfather of Teresa.
Marin Boucher (1587-1671), pioneer of early New France, ancestor to most of the Bouchers of North America. Quebec founder Samuel de Champlain left his clothing to Boucher in his will. 9X-great grandfather of Teresa.
Rev. Joseph Hull (1595-1665), relatively liberal cleric, originally Anglican, 17th-century immigrant, religious and political opponent of Plymouth Colony governor John Winthrop, and also a founder of Barnstable, Massachusetts. (Hull preached there before Lothropp arrived, but Lothropp's arrival with his large congregation is what really established the town.) 10X-great grandfather of Teresa.
Edmund Freeman (1596-1682), assistant governor of Plymouth Colony (under William Bradford), 1640-47; principal founder of the town of Sandwich. 11X-great grandfather of Teresa.
John Strong (1606-1699), one of the founders of Windsor, Connecticut and Northampton, Massachusetts. 9X-great grandfather of Teresa.
George Lawton (1607-1693), early deputy to the General Assembly of Rhode Island and original signer of the compact that founded the town of Portsmouth in that colony. After 1680 he served several terms in the electoral position of Assistant to the Governor of Rhode Island. 10X-great grandfather of Teresa.
Rev. James Noyes (1608-1656), nonconformist Anglican clergyman and emigrant to Massachusetts. A founder of Newbury, Massachusetts. His ecclesiastical writings include The Temple Measured (1647) and Moses and Aaron, or, The Rights of Church and State (1661). 9X-great grandfather of Teresa. His son Rev. James Noyes II (1640-1719), 8X-great grandfather, was one of the founding trustees of Yale.
John Briggs (1609-1690), who gave "spectral testimony" in the 1673 murder trial of Thomas Cornell, Jr. for the murder of Thomas's mother Rebecca (Briggs) Cornell. (Who may have been Briggs's sister. A good book about this whole affair is Killed Strangely: The Death of Rebecca Cornell by Elaine Forman Crane, published in 2002 by—of course—Cornell University Press.) 11X-great grandfather of Teresa.
Jeffrey Ferris (1610-1666), one of the founders of Greenwich, Connecticut, where he is memorialized in a stained-glass window at the First Congregational Church. His descendant George Washington Ferris (1859-1896) invented the Ferris wheel. 9X-great grandfather of Teresa.
Thomas Hazard (1610-1677), one of the nine original founders of Newport, Rhode Island, and an ancestor of Oliver Hazard Perry and Matthew C. Perry. 11X-great grandfather of Teresa.
Elizabeth Fones (1610-1673), early Massachusetts settler whose personal life, and wild habit of owning her own property, scandalized Puritan society. She wound up living on Long Island with her third husband. She is the subject of a quite good 1958 historical novel by Anya Seton called The Winthrop Woman. 11X-great grandmother of Teresa.
Nathaniel Dickens (1615-1692) sold, on 28 Feb 1677 to Mordecai Campannall and Moses Packechoe of Newport, Rhode Island, a parcel of land that became Touro Synagogue Cemetery, the second oldest Jewish cemetery in the United States. 10X-great grandfather of Teresa.
Thomas Stanton (1616-1677), colonial-era trader famed for his skills as a native language interpreter. Appointed official interpreter by the short-lived Dominion of New England (1686-89). One of the original settlers of Hartford, Connecticut, he was also one of the four founders of Stonington. 9X-great grandfather of Teresa.
John Crandall (1618-1676), founding settler of Westerly, Rhode Island, associate of Roger Williams. Descendant of several generations of unruly Puritan divines, including his grandfather Nicholas Crundall (1562-1605), of whom Wikipedia observes (in its article about John Crandall) that "[i]n a case brought in the Star Chamber against Nicholas Crundall, Jr., who succeeded his father as vicar [of Winterbourne, Gloucestershire], his accuser reported that Crundall resisted a constable, mockingly crying out 'The Queen's name! The Queen's name! I do not care a turd for thee nor her either.'" John Crandall was a 9X-great grandfather of Teresa and the direct paternal ancestor of Teresa's maternal grandfather Paul Leslie Crandall (1901-1987).
"Cornet" Joseph Parsons (abt 1620-1683), one of the founders of both Springfield and Northampton, Massachusetts, and his wife Mary Bliss Parsons (abt 1628-1712), who was charged twice with witchcraft, in 1656 and again in 1675, many years before the Salem witch trials. She was acquitted both times. After the first trial, her husband sued her accusers for slander and won. In a nice twist of history, Joseph and Mary Bliss Parsons were direct ancestors of an authentic modern would-be sorcerer, Marvel Whiteside "Jack" Parsons (1914-1952), early Caltech rocket scientist, co-founder of the Jet Propulsion Laboratories, and a disciple of the occultist Aleister Crowley. Joseph Parsons and Mary Bliss were 9X-great grandparents of Teresa.
Susanna North Martin (1621-1692), hung as a witch at the peak of the Salem, Massachusetts insanity. She was initially accused in 1669, but her husband sued her accusers for slander and narrowly prevailed. Her husband then died in 1686, leaving her alone and unpopular. Her 1692 trial was a travesty redeemed only by her brave refusal to be bludgeoned into guilty submission. On Tuesday, 19 Jul 1692, 70 years old and defenseless, she was murdered by the Salem authorities at Gallows Hill. She is remembered in John Greenleaf Whittier's "The Witch's Daughter" and the folk song "Susanna Martin", recorded by Touchstone, among many others. On October 31, 2001, the Commonwealth of Massachusetts formally exonerated her, which probably made somebody feel better. 10X-great grandmother of Teresa. Among her several accusers were William Brown (1615-1706), 11X-great grandfather of Teresa, and Jarvis Ring (1658-1728), Teresa's 8X-great grandfather. Bonus What Is There To Say I Can't Even: Susanna North Martin is also an 8X-great grandmother of Richard Bruce "Dick" Cheney, 46th Vice President of the United States and Lord of the Flies.
John Bowne (1627-1695), English immigrant to New Netherland, arrested on order of Peter Stuyvesant for hosting a Quaker meeting, sent to Holland for trial before the Dutch West India Company, where he exonerated himself and was sent home with a message ordering Stuyvesant to practice tolerance toward all sects. His first wife, also Teresa's ancestor, was Hannah Feake (1637-1678), daughter of Elizabeth Fones (see above) by her second husband Lt. Robert Feake (1602-1661). John Bownes's house in Flushing is still standing, the second-oldest structure in New York City, and is open to the public. 10X-great grandfather of Teresa.
The strikingly involved interconnections between many of these seventeenth-century colonists can perhaps be illustrated by the following, in which each of the boldfaced-and-italicized names is that of a direct ancestor of Teresa's mentioned above: Elizabeth Fones (1610-1655) married, first, in London, 25 Apr 1629, Henry Winthrop (1608-1630) (grandson of TNH ancestors Adam Winthrop 1548-1623, and Anne Browne, d. 1629); second, in Watertown, Massachusetts, 1632, Lt. Robert Feake (1602-1661); by him, she had Hannah Feake (1637-1678), who married John Bowne (1627-1695). Third, in Aug 1649 while arguably still married to her second husband, Elizabeth Fones married William Hallett (1615-1705). Some time after the 1655 death of Elizabeth Fones, her third husband William Hallet married Susanna Booth (d. 1675), who had previously been married to William Thorne (1618-bef. 1664); they were estranged by 1669 and divorced in 1674.
"Most of our ancestors were not perfect ladies and gentlemen. The majority of them weren't even mammals." (Robert Anton Wilson)
Teresa has a few interestingly close non-blood genealogical connections to major figures of English literature, both through her 11X-great grandmother Katherine Marbury (d. 1633), whose brother Francis Marbury (1555-1611) was the father of Massachusetts Bay Colony dissident Ann Marbury Hutchinson (1591-1643). Francis Marbury's wife was Bridget Dryden, sister of Nicholas Dryden, father of Elizabeth Dryden, mother of Jonathan Swift, father of Jonathan Swift (1667-1745), satirist, poet, and author of Gulliver's Travels. In addition, Francis Marbury's wife Bridget Dryden was also a sister to Erasmus Dryden, father of Erasmus Dryden, father of John Dryden (1631-1700), poet, critic, playwright, and Poet Laureate of England. (In that latter capacity Dryden distinguished himself by being the only Poet Laureate ever to be dismissed from the office, when, in the great tradition of Teresa's many truculent forebears, he refused to swear an oath of allegiance in 1688 to the new king, William III.) Finally, Bridget, Nicholas, and Erasmus Dryden's parents were John Dryden (d. 1584) and Elizabeth Cope, daughter of John Cope and Bridget Raleigh. Elizabeth Cope's sister Joan Cope married Stephen Boyle; their daughter Elizabeth Boyle married, as his second wife, Edmund Spenser (d. 1599), author of The Faerie Queene.
(To return to Francis Marbury, an early Puritan cleric of modest note: He was also a playwright, best known for his 1579 play The Contract of Marriage between Wit and Wisdom.)
Descent from the Great Medieval Cloud also makes it hard to avoid some kind of connection to Geoffrey Chaucer (1343-1400), who aside from being one of the founders of modern English literature was also an accomplished courtier, diplomat, and civil servant, very much a member of the G. M. Cloud. (Here's Geoffrey Chaucer's entry in the History of Parliament.) Teresa's closest connection to Chaucerland is her direct descent from Thomas Swynford (1305-1361) and Nicolaa Druel, parents of Hugh Swynford (1340-1372) who was the first husband of Catherine de Roet (1350-1403), sister of Phillipa de Roet (1348-1387), wife of Chaucer. Catherine de Roet is of course better known for being the mistress of, and ultimately the third wife of, Chaucer's friend and patron John of Gaunt (1340-1399).
For direct descent to Teresa from the largest number of children of a single individual, we believe the current record-holder is Isabel (also called Elizabeth) de Vermandois (1081-1147). (Descent from this individual is sufficiently widespread that genealogist Douglas Richardson once jokingly asserted the existence of an exclusive lineage organization called the Society of Non-Descendants of Isabel de Vermandois.) By her first husband Robert, Count of Meulan (1046-1118), Isabel had eight children; by her second husband William de Warenne, 2nd Earl of Surrey (1080-1138) she had five. Teresa is descended from four of the first set: Waleran, Count of Meulan (1104-1166), Robert, 2nd Earl of Leicester (1104-1168; twin to Waleran), Isabel de Beaumont (d. after 1172), and Maud of Meulan (d. after 1189); and from four of the second: William de Warenne, 3rd Earl of Surrey (1119-1148), Reynold de Warenne (1126-1179), Gundred de Warenne (d. after 1156) (through one child of her first marriage and one of her second), and Ada de Warenne (d. 1178).
It's probably not possible to have hundreds of documented 17th- and 18th-century colonial ancestors and avoid being distantly related to several US presidents. To the best of our knowledge Teresa's closest presidential connection is to Herbert Hoover, to whom she's a fourth cousin three times removed, via their shared ancestors the 18th-century Pennsylvania Quaker couple John Haworth (1717-1776) and Mary Garner (b. 1729), who were 3X-great grandparents of Hoover and 6X-great grandparents of Teresa. (By contrast, her most recent known common ancestor with Barack Obama is Ralph de Stafford, who lived 1301-1372. We are happy to be unaware of any genealogical connection to the latest inhabitant of the White House.) As for crowned heads, anybody descended from Olive Welby, William Wentworth, Margaret Wyatt, and Alice Freeman is descended from a lot of them, mostly people who lived before 1200 A.D. The most recent monarch from whom Teresa descends is Edward I of England (1239-1307), followed closely by Philippe III of France (1245-1285). Don't get too excited; it's been argued that as much as sixty to eighty percent of the population of modern Britain is descended from Edward I. And of course we are all descended from Charlemagne.
Friends of ours in the subculture of science fiction and fantasy will be entirely unastonished to know that Teresa shares a sixteenth-century ancestor, Dr. Rev. Edward Bulkeley (1540-1621), rector of Odell, Lincolnshire, with bookseller and convention organizer Tom Whitmore, and editor and novelist Tappan King.
Teresa has a pair of startlingly recent common ancestors with Laura (Wightman) Hayden, wife of Patrick's brother Benjamin. Noticed by Laura, a sharp-eyed genealogist herself, they're Samuel Yeomans (1655-1704) of Massachusetts and Connecticut, and Mary Ellis (1657-?) of Connecticut, and they're 7X-great grandparents of Laura and 9X-great grandparents of Teresa.