Nielsen Hayden genealogy

Robert III, King of Scots

Male Abt 1336 - 1406  (~ 70 years)


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Generation: 1

  1. 1.  Robert III, King of Scots was born Abt 1336; died 4 Apr 1406, Dundonald, South Ayrshire, Scotland; was buried , Paisley Abbey, Renfrewshire, Scotland.

    Notes:

    "[N]amed John at birth, Earl of Carrick and Steward of Scotland prior to his accession, called 'Robert John Fernyear,' legitimated by papal dispensation, declared heir to the Crown by Parliament 27 Mar 1371, dignified and courteous but lame and infirm, considered by the three estates unable to govern or to control transgressors, he delegated power in January 1399 to his son and brother." [The Ancestry of Charles II, King of England (citation details below).]

    Robert married Annabella Drummond Bef 3 May 1367. Annabella (daughter of John Drummond and Mary Montfichet) was born Abt 1350; died 1401, Scone, Perthshire, Scotland; was buried , Dumferline, Fife, Scotland. [Group Sheet]

    Children:
    1. 2. James I, King of Scots  Descendancy chart to this point was born 1394, Dumferline, Fife, Scotland; died 21 Feb 1437, Perth, Perthshire, Scotland; was buried , Perth, Perthshire, Scotland.
    2. 3. Mary Stewart  Descendancy chart to this point


Generation: 2

  1. 2.  James I, King of Scots Descendancy chart to this point (1.Robert1) was born 1394, Dumferline, Fife, Scotland; died 21 Feb 1437, Perth, Perthshire, Scotland; was buried , Perth, Perthshire, Scotland.

    Notes:

    "[I]n captivity in England nineteen years, stern, severe but just, strengthened the Crown against the nobility and attempted to reform the Church and to establish the king's law throughout the country, skilled in music and poetry, murdered by rebels who sought to displace his line with that of the descendants of Robert II by his second wife." [The Ancestry of Charles II, King of England (citation details below).]

    James married Joan Beaufort 12 Feb 1424, Southwark, Surrey, England. Joan (daughter of John Beaufort and Margaret Holand) died 15 Jul 1445, Dunbar, East Lothian, Scotland; was buried , Perth, Perthshire, Scotland. [Group Sheet]

    Children:
    1. 4. James II, King of Scots  Descendancy chart to this point was born 16 Oct 1430, Holyrood, Edinburgh, Midlothian, Scotland; died 3 Aug 1460, Roxburgh Castle, Borders, Scotland; was buried , Holyrood, Edinburgh, Midlothian, Scotland.

  2. 3.  Mary Stewart Descendancy chart to this point (1.Robert1)

    Mary married George Douglas. [Group Sheet]

    Children:
    1. 5. William Douglas  Descendancy chart to this point was born 24 Feb 1398, Tantallon Castle, East Lothian, Scotland; died Oct 1437.


Generation: 3

  1. 4.  James II, King of Scots Descendancy chart to this point (2.James2, 1.Robert1) was born 16 Oct 1430, Holyrood, Edinburgh, Midlothian, Scotland; died 3 Aug 1460, Roxburgh Castle, Borders, Scotland; was buried , Holyrood, Edinburgh, Midlothian, Scotland.

    Notes:

    Killed at the siege of Roxburgh Castle when one of the large cannons he had imported from Flanders, nicknamed "The Lion," exploded next to him.

    "[V]igorous and successful in his personal reign, popular with the people but not with the great nobles, suppressed the Black Douglas." [The Ancestry of Charles II, King of England (citation details below).]

    James married Mary of Guelders 3 Jul 1449, Holyrood, Edinburgh, Midlothian, Scotland. Mary (daughter of Arnold van Egmond and Katherina of Kleve) was born 17 Jan 1433, Grave, Brabant, Netherlands; died 1 Dec 1463, Edinburgh, Midlothian, Scotland; was buried , Edinburgh, Midlothian, Scotland. [Group Sheet]

    Children:
    1. 6. James III, King of Scots  Descendancy chart to this point was born 26 May 1452, Castle of St. Andrews, St. Andrews, Fife, Scotland; died 11 Jun 1488, Sauchieburn, near Stirling, Stirlingshire, Scotland; was buried , Cambuskenneth Abbey, Stirlingshire, Scotland.

  2. 5.  William Douglas Descendancy chart to this point (3.Mary2, 1.Robert1) was born 24 Feb 1398, Tantallon Castle, East Lothian, Scotland; died Oct 1437.

    William married Margaret Hay. (daughter of William Hay) [Group Sheet]

    Children:
    1. 7. Helen Douglas  Descendancy chart to this point


Generation: 4

  1. 6.  James III, King of Scots Descendancy chart to this point (4.James3, 2.James2, 1.Robert1) was born 26 May 1452, Castle of St. Andrews, St. Andrews, Fife, Scotland; died 11 Jun 1488, Sauchieburn, near Stirling, Stirlingshire, Scotland; was buried , Cambuskenneth Abbey, Stirlingshire, Scotland.

    Other Events:

    • Alternate birth: 31 May 1452, Castle of St. Andrews, St. Andrews, Fife, Scotland

    Notes:

    "[P]ious and a lover of arts and letters, but avaricious and poorly served by his counselors, defeated at Sauchieburn by his rebellious lords under the Earl of Angus and Lord Home and stabbed to death after a fall from his horse." [The Ancestry of Charles II, King of England (citation details below).]

    James married Margaret of Denmark 13 Jul 1469, Holyrood Abbey, Edinburgh, Midlothian, Scotland. Margaret (daughter of Christian I, King of Denmark, Norway, and Sweden and Dorothea of Brandenburg) was born 23 Jun 1456; died 14 Jul 1486, Stirling, Stirlingshire, Scotland; was buried , Cambuskenneth Abbey, Stirlingshire, Scotland. [Group Sheet]

    Children:
    1. 8. James IV, King of Scots  Descendancy chart to this point was born 17 Mar 1473, Holyrood, Edinburgh, Midlothian, Scotland; died 9 Sep 1513, Flodden Field, Northumberland, England.

  2. 7.  Helen Douglas Descendancy chart to this point (5.William3, 3.Mary2, 1.Robert1)

    Helen married William Graham. [Group Sheet]

    Children:
    1. 9. William Graham  Descendancy chart to this point was born 1464; died 9 Sep 1513, Flodden Field, Northumberland, England.


Generation: 5

  1. 8.  James IV, King of Scots Descendancy chart to this point (6.James4, 4.James3, 2.James2, 1.Robert1) was born 17 Mar 1473, Holyrood, Edinburgh, Midlothian, Scotland; died 9 Sep 1513, Flodden Field, Northumberland, England.

    James married Margaret Tudor 8 Aug 1503, Holyrood Abbey, Edinburgh, Midlothian, Scotland. Margaret (daughter of Henry VII, King of England and Elizabeth of York, Queen Consort of England) was born 28 Nov 1489, Westminster, Middlesex, England; died 18 Oct 1541, Methven Castle, Perthshire, Scotland; was buried , Perth, Perthshire, Scotland. [Group Sheet]

    Children:
    1. 10. James V, King of Scots  Descendancy chart to this point was born 10 Apr 1512, Linlithgow Palace, Linlithgow, West Lothian, Scotland; died 14 Dec 1542, Falkland, Fife, Scotland; was buried , Holyrood Abbey, Edinburgh, Midlothian, Scotland.

  2. 9.  William Graham Descendancy chart to this point (7.Helen4, 5.William3, 3.Mary2, 1.Robert1) was born 1464; died 9 Sep 1513, Flodden Field, Northumberland, England.

    Notes:

    Killed at the battle of Flodden Field.

    William married . Unknown [Group Sheet]

    Children:
    1. 11. Helen Graham  Descendancy chart to this point


Generation: 6

  1. 10.  James V, King of Scots Descendancy chart to this point (8.James5, 6.James4, 4.James3, 2.James2, 1.Robert1) was born 10 Apr 1512, Linlithgow Palace, Linlithgow, West Lothian, Scotland; died 14 Dec 1542, Falkland, Fife, Scotland; was buried , Holyrood Abbey, Edinburgh, Midlothian, Scotland.

    Notes:

    "[F]orfeited the Angus Douglas, executed Border reivers, at times went incognito among his people, popular and licentious." [The Ancestry of Charles II, King of England (citation details below).]

    James married Euphemia Elphinstone. Euphemia (daughter of Alexander Elphinstone and Elizabeth Barlow) was born 11 May 1509; died Aft 1564. [Group Sheet]

    Children:
    1. 12. Robert Stewart  Descendancy chart to this point was born 1533; died 4 Feb 1593.

    James married Mary of Guise. Mary was born 22 Nov 1515; died 11 Jun 1560, Edinburgh Castle, Edinburgh, Midlothian, Scotland. [Group Sheet]

    Children:
    1. 13. Mary, Queen of Scots  Descendancy chart to this point died 1587.

  2. 11.  Helen Graham Descendancy chart to this point (9.William5, 7.Helen4, 5.William3, 3.Mary2, 1.Robert1)

    Helen married Humphrey Colquhoun Abt 13 Jul 1509. [Group Sheet]

    Children:
    1. 14. Helen Colquhoun  Descendancy chart to this point died Between 13 Jun 1594 and 13 Mar 1596, Aiket, Ayrshire, Scotland.


Generation: 7

  1. 12.  Robert Stewart Descendancy chart to this point (10.James6, 8.James5, 6.James4, 4.James3, 2.James2, 1.Robert1) was born 1533; died 4 Feb 1593.

    Notes:

    1st Earl of Orkney.

    From Wikipedia:

    Robert Stewart, Knt., 1st Earl of Orkney and Lord of Zetland (Shetland) (1533 – 4 February 1593) was a recognized illegitimate son of James V, King of Scotland, and his mistress Eupheme Elphinstone.

    In 1539 Robert was made Commendator of Holyrood Abbey, and Commendator of Charlieu Abbey in France by 1557. On 9 February 1560 he testified against the Hamilton Duke of Châtellerault and Earl of Arran, and the Protestant Lords of the Congregation to James MacGill and John Bellenden of Auchnoule. They were collecting evidence for Henri Cleutin and Jacques de la Brosse, the French advisors of his step-mother Mary of Guise who planned to have the Hamiltons charged with treason against his half-sister, Mary, Queen of Scots and France. Robert himself had signed some of the letters that were to be cited as evidence.

    He was knighted as Sir Robert Stewart of Strathdon on 15 May 1565, as part of marriage celebrations of Mary, Queen of Scots and Henry Stuart, Lord Darnley. In 1581 he was named, by James VI, the 1st Earl in a second creation of the Earldom of Orkney. The new earldom replaced a short-lived Dukedom of Orkney, which had been awarded in 1567 by Mary, Queen of Scots, to her notorious third husband James Hepburn, 4th Earl of Bothwell. This dukedom was forfeit later that same year after Mary was forced to abdicate and Bothwell was charged with treason. Prior to this dukedom there had existed an Earldom of Orkney that was surrendered in 1470 by William Sinclair, 3rd Earl of Orkney.

    Mary wrote a will at Sheffield in 1577 ineffectually declaring his title to Orkney null and void, after Robert was imprisoned in 1575 for obtaining a letter from the King of Denmark declaring him sovereign of Orkney. His crimes included colluding with Shetland pirates. The Earl was imprisoned at Linlithgow Palace. He was released in 1579. He built the Palace of Birsay on Orkney. On his death in 1593 the earldom passed to his son Patrick Stewart, 2nd Earl of Orkney.

    From the Scots Peerage:

    Robert Stewart of Strathdown was a half-brother of Queen Mary, being a natural son of King James V. by Euphame, daughter of Alexander, first Lord Elphinstone; she married, in 1540, John Bruce of Cultmalundie. Robert was born 1533, and was mentioned in the remainder of the castle and lands of Tantallon, granted to his half-brother James Stewart 31 August 1536, as son of the King by this lady nominatim. He obtained a grant of the Abbey of Holyroodhouse in commendam in 1539. In 1553 he went abroad, and was absent from Scotland for some years. After his return he early joined the Lords of the Congregation against the Queen-mother, and declared himself, according to Knox, to be on the Protestant side. On the return of Queen Mary he was constantly at Court, and had some knowledge of the plot for Darnley's murder. His elder children, legitimate and natural, were provided for out of the temporalities of Holyroodhouse. On 19 December 1564 he obtained a lease of the Crown lands of Orkney and Zetland, but this was revoked when the Queen married Bothwell and created him Duke of Orkney. In 1569, Lord Robert, however, exchanged the temporalities of Holyroodhouse for those of the See of Orkney with Adam Bothwell, Bishop of that Diocese, and in spite of the latter's protest that the proceedings were done by constraint, and also of various revocations and regrants, kept a hold on the earldom and bishopric of Orkney till his death. He was accused in 1571 of treason, having had intrigues with the King of Denmark relative to his islands, was imprisoned by the Regent Morton, and remained in ward until the latter's resignation. In September 1572 he received from Bishop Bothwell three charters of the lands of the bishopric to himself and his wife Jean Kennedy in liferent, and to Henry, their eldest lawful son, whom failing, to Patrick Stewart, his brothergerman, whom failing, to Lord Robert himself, whom failing, to Robert, his natural son, whom failing, to James Stewart, also a natural son, with a remainder to other persons named. He had the satisfaction of assisting at Morton's fall, conveying him to prison. By his nephew King James VI. he was, on 28 October 1581 created Earl of Orkney and Lord of Zetland, with remainder to the heirs of his body, legitimately born, whom failing, to the King. He obtained another entail of the earldom of Orkney, 9 June 1585, and died 4 February 1592-93. He married in 1561 Jean Kennedy, eldest daughter of Gilbert, third Earl of Oassillis, and had issue: 1. Henry, Master of Orkney, mentioned in the entail of the earldom 9 June 1585. He predeceased his father before 1590, when his brother Patrick is styled Master of Orkney. 2. Patrick, his successor. 3. John, created Lord Kinclaven and Earl of Carrick. (See the latter title.) 4. Sir James Stewart of Eday and Tullos, Gentleman of the Bedchamber to King James vi. In spite of the misleading footnote in Wood's Douglas, he was a legitimate son, and is, 1584, described as brother-german of Henry and Patrick, third born. His brother's downfall involved him in difficulties, and he and his eldest son had a protection from their creditors in 1635. He and his wife Margaret Lyon, in 1625, obtained a grant of £900 Scots 'in commiseration of their poore and indigent estate. They had issue:—(1) Colonel Robert Stewart of Eday, ancestor of that family in Orkney. Heirs to the earldom except for the attainder. (2) Colonel John Stewart of Newark, who left issue. (3) Mary, married (contract 1639) to Alexander Bothwell of Glencorse. (4) Margaret. (5) Jean, married, first, to Major George Crichton of Abekie; secondly, to Frederick Lyon of Brigtoun. 5. Sir Robert Stewart of Middleton, described in 1584 as brother-german of Henry, Patrick, and James, and fourth born. He was at one time abroad, and secretary to the Vice-Chancellor of Poland, and then in Ireland. King James VI. wrote to one Stallenge to commend his suit for Elizabeth, daughter of Christopher Kenne, his ward, 14 April 1604. 6. Marie, married (contract 25 November 1585) to Patrick, sixth Lord Gray, as his second wife. 7. Jean, married, first, to Patrick, first Lord Lindores; and secondly, as third wife, to Robert, first Lord Melville of Raith. She survived him, and was alive in 1642. 8. Elizabeth, married to James Sinclair of Murkle, second son of John, Master of Caithness. 9. Barbara, stated to have been married to Hugh or Harry Halcro of Halcro in Orkney.

    Earl Robert had a large number of illegitimate children. 1. Robert Stewart, who was legitimated. He is usually named before his brother James, and they are first named in 1566 in a grant to their brother Henry and two sisters, being carefully distinguished as natural sons. 2. James Stewart, who was also legitimated. He received with his brother Robert in 1574 provision out of the teinds of Holyroodhouse. It is exceedingly difficult to disentangle the history of these legitimated sons from those of their lawful brothers of the same name. 3. James Stewart of Graemsay in Orkney (his mother said to be Janet Robertson of Strowan), who was implicated in his father's treasonable intrigues with Denmark. 4. William Stewart of Egilshay, summoned 1600 to find caution for appearance at trial 'for the schamefull and cruell murther of Bellenden, his first spouse.' He was later a colonel in the Swedish service in 1609. 5. George Stewart of Eynhallow, legitimated 29 November 1586. His mother, and the mother of Edward and David was Marjorie Sandilands, wife of Adam Gordon, brother of John Gordon of Avachie. He had in 1584 been included in the provision out of the teinds of Holyroodhouse, and in 1585 was in the entail of the earldom of Orkney and lordship of Zetland. He had a number of lands, afterwards erected into the tenandry of Brugh, and was dead before 30 March 1616. 6. Edward Stewart of Brugh, ancestor of that family. He held the half of the lands of Brugh, and succeeded to his brother George before 30 March 1616. 7. David Stewart of How. 8. Christian married to John Mouat of Hougaland in Shetland, and, as his widow, was living, and in feud with her brother-in-law, in 1634. 9. Grizel, married before 27 December 1591 to Hugh Sinclair of Brugh in Shetland. 10. Mary, said to have been married to Lawrence Sinclair of Goat, in Shetland.

    Robert married (Unknown mistress of Robert Stewart). [Group Sheet]

    Children:
    1. 15. Christian Stewart  Descendancy chart to this point died Aft Nov 1633.

  2. 13.  Mary, Queen of Scots Descendancy chart to this point (10.James6, 8.James5, 6.James4, 4.James3, 2.James2, 1.Robert1) died 1587.

    Mary married Henry Stuart. Henry (son of Matthew Stuart and Margaret Douglas) died 1567. [Group Sheet]

    Children:
    1. 16. James VI and I, King of Scotland; King of England  Descendancy chart to this point died 1625.

  3. 14.  Helen Colquhoun Descendancy chart to this point (11.Helen6, 9.William5, 7.Helen4, 5.William3, 3.Mary2, 1.Robert1) died Between 13 Jun 1594 and 13 Mar 1596, Aiket, Ayrshire, Scotland.

    Notes:

    Lady Aikitt, elder, sheriffdom of Ayr.

    Helen married William Cunningham Bef 24 Oct 1564. William died Bef 1595. [Group Sheet]

    Children:
    1. 17. Marion Cunningham  Descendancy chart to this point


Generation: 8

  1. 15.  Christian Stewart Descendancy chart to this point (12.Robert7, 10.James6, 8.James5, 6.James4, 4.James3, 2.James2, 1.Robert1) died Aft Nov 1633.

    Christian married John Mowat. John (son of Andrew Mowat and Ursula Tulloch) was born , of Hugoland, Shetland, Scotland; died Aug 1617. [Group Sheet]

    Children:
    1. 18. Jean Mowat  Descendancy chart to this point died May 1682.

  2. 16.  James VI and I, King of Scotland; King of England Descendancy chart to this point (13.Mary7, 10.James6, 8.James5, 6.James4, 4.James3, 2.James2, 1.Robert1) died 1625.

  3. 17.  Marion Cunningham Descendancy chart to this point (14.Helen7, 11.Helen6, 9.William5, 7.Helen4, 5.William3, 3.Mary2, 1.Robert1)

    Marion married John Lockhart 1595, Stewarton, Ayrshire, Scotland. John (son of Alexander Lockhart and Margaret Lockhart) was born Bef 1586. [Group Sheet]

    Children:
    1. 19. Janet Lockhart  Descendancy chart to this point died Bef 17 Apr 1672.