Nielsen Hayden genealogy

Ingeborg of Holstein

Female 1317 - Aft 1342  (~ 29 years)


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Generation: 1

  1. 1.  Ingeborg of Holstein was born Between 1314 and 1317; died Aft 1342.

    Notes:

    Countess of Holstein.

    Ingeborg married Konrad I of Oldenburg Bef 13 May 1339. Konrad (son of Johann II of Oldenburg and Hedwig of Diepholz) died Bef 9 Feb 1348. [Group Sheet]

    Children:
    1. 2. Christian V of Oldenburg  Descendancy chart to this point died Between 10 Nov 1399 and 22 Apr 1403.


Generation: 2

  1. 2.  Christian V of Oldenburg Descendancy chart to this point (1.Ingeborg1) died Between 10 Nov 1399 and 22 Apr 1403.

    Notes:

    Count of Oldenburg.

    Christian married Agnes of Honstein Bef 29 Aug 1377. Agnes (daughter of Dietrich IV of Honstein and Sophie of Brunswick) was born Abt 1360; died 1 Sep 1407. [Group Sheet]

    Children:
    1. 3. Dietrich of Oldenburg  Descendancy chart to this point died 14 Feb 1440, Delmenhorst, Lower Saxony, Germany; was buried , Oldenburg, Lower Saxony, Germany.


Generation: 3

  1. 3.  Dietrich of Oldenburg Descendancy chart to this point (2.Christian2, 1.Ingeborg1) died 14 Feb 1440, Delmenhorst, Lower Saxony, Germany; was buried , Oldenburg, Lower Saxony, Germany.

    Notes:

    "Der Glückliche" (the Fortunate). Count of Oldenburg and Delmenhorst.

    Dietrich married Heilwig of Holstein 23 Nov 1423. Heilwig (daughter of Gerhard V of Holstein and Elisabeth of Brunswick-Lüneburg) was born 1398; died Bef 11 Nov 1436; was buried , Oldenburg, Lower Saxony, Germany. [Group Sheet]

    Children:
    1. 4. Christian I, King of Denmark, Norway, and Sweden  Descendancy chart to this point was born Feb 1426; died 21 Mar 1481, Copenhagen, Denmark; was buried , Roskilde Cathedral, Zealand, Denmark.


Generation: 4

  1. 4.  Christian I, King of Denmark, Norway, and Sweden Descendancy chart to this point (3.Dietrich3, 2.Christian2, 1.Ingeborg1) was born Feb 1426; died 21 Mar 1481, Copenhagen, Denmark; was buried , Roskilde Cathedral, Zealand, Denmark.

    Notes:

    Count of Oldenburg. Duke of Schleswig-Holstein.

    "[C]ourageous and ambitious but not politically successful, lost Sweden after the battle of Brunkeberg in 1471, made a royal progress through Germany and Italy to Rome in 1474, founded the University of Copenhagen in 1479." [The Ancestry of Charles II, King of England (citation details below).]

    The present queen of Denmark, Margrethe II, is a direct patrilineal descendant of Christian I:

    Christian I of Denmark, 1426–1481
    Frederik I of Denmark, 1471–1533
    Christian III of Denmark, 1503–1559
    John II, Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg, 1545–1622
    Alexander, Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg, 1573–1627
    August Philipp, Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Beck, 1612–1675
    Frederick Louis, Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Beck, 1653–1728
    Peter August, Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Beck, 1696–1775
    Prince Karl Anton August of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Beck, 1727–1759
    Friedrich Karl Ludwig, Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Beck, 1757–1816
    Friedrich Wilhelm, Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg, 1785–1831
    Christian IX of Denmark, 1818–1906
    Frederik VIII of Denmark, 1843–1912
    Christian X of Denmark, 1870–1947
    Frederik IX of Denmark, 1899–1972
    Margrethe II of Denmark, b. 1940

    Christian married Dorothea of Brandenburg 28 Oct 1449, Copenhagen, Denmark. Dorothea (daughter of Johann "the Alchemist" of Brandenburg and Barbara of Saxony) was born 1430; died 10 Nov 1495, Kalundborg, Denmark; was buried , Roskilde Cathedral, Zealand, Denmark. [Group Sheet]

    Children:
    1. 5. Margaret of Denmark  Descendancy chart to this point was born 23 Jun 1456; died 14 Jul 1486, Stirling, Stirlingshire, Scotland; was buried , Cambuskenneth Abbey, Stirlingshire, Scotland.


Generation: 5

  1. 5.  Margaret of Denmark Descendancy chart to this point (4.Christian4, 3.Dietrich3, 2.Christian2, 1.Ingeborg1) was born 23 Jun 1456; died 14 Jul 1486, Stirling, Stirlingshire, Scotland; was buried , Cambuskenneth Abbey, Stirlingshire, Scotland.

    Notes:

    "[C]onsidered for canonization. The Orkneys and Shetlands passed to Scotland from Norway in lieu of her unpaid dowry." [The Ancestry of Charles II, King of England (citation details below).]

    Margaret married James III, King of Scots 13 Jul 1469, Holyrood Abbey, Edinburgh, Midlothian, Scotland. James (son of James II, King of Scots and Mary of Guelders) was born 26 May 1452, Castle of St. Andrews, St. Andrews, Fife, Scotland; died 11 Jun 1488, Sauchieburn, near Stirling, Stirlingshire, Scotland; was buried , Cambuskenneth Abbey, Stirlingshire, Scotland. [Group Sheet]

    Children:
    1. 6. James IV, King of Scots  Descendancy chart to this point was born 17 Mar 1473, Holyrood, Edinburgh, Midlothian, Scotland; died 9 Sep 1513, Flodden Field, Northumberland, England.


Generation: 6

  1. 6.  James IV, King of Scots Descendancy chart to this point (5.Margaret5, 4.Christian4, 3.Dietrich3, 2.Christian2, 1.Ingeborg1) was born 17 Mar 1473, Holyrood, Edinburgh, Midlothian, Scotland; died 9 Sep 1513, Flodden Field, Northumberland, England.

    Notes:

    Killed at the battle of Flodden Field. "[B]rave, chivalrous, patron of learning and the Church, he kept the nobles in check but must be held responsible for the disaster at Flodden." [The Ancestry of Charles II, King of England (citation details below).]

    James married Margaret Tudor 8 Aug 1503, Holyrood Abbey, Edinburgh, Midlothian, Scotland. Margaret (daughter of Henry VII, King of England and Elizabeth of York, Queen Consort of England) was born 28 Nov 1489, Westminster, Middlesex, England; died 18 Oct 1541, Methven Castle, Perthshire, Scotland; was buried , Perth, Perthshire, Scotland. [Group Sheet]

    Children:
    1. 7. James V, King of Scots  Descendancy chart to this point was born 10 Apr 1512, Linlithgow Palace, Linlithgow, West Lothian, Scotland; died 14 Dec 1542, Falkland, Fife, Scotland; was buried , Holyrood Abbey, Edinburgh, Midlothian, Scotland.


Generation: 7

  1. 7.  James V, King of Scots Descendancy chart to this point (6.James6, 5.Margaret5, 4.Christian4, 3.Dietrich3, 2.Christian2, 1.Ingeborg1) was born 10 Apr 1512, Linlithgow Palace, Linlithgow, West Lothian, Scotland; died 14 Dec 1542, Falkland, Fife, Scotland; was buried , Holyrood Abbey, Edinburgh, Midlothian, Scotland.

    Notes:

    "[F]orfeited the Angus Douglas, executed Border reivers, at times went incognito among his people, popular and licentious." [The Ancestry of Charles II, King of England (citation details below).]

    James married Euphemia Elphinstone. Euphemia (daughter of Alexander Elphinstone and Elizabeth Barlow) was born 11 May 1509; died Aft 1564. [Group Sheet]

    Children:
    1. 8. Robert Stewart  Descendancy chart to this point was born 1533; died 4 Feb 1593.

    James married Mary of Guise. Mary was born 22 Nov 1515; died 11 Jun 1560, Edinburgh Castle, Edinburgh, Midlothian, Scotland. [Group Sheet]

    Children:
    1. 9. Mary, Queen of Scots  Descendancy chart to this point died 1587.


Generation: 8

  1. 8.  Robert Stewart Descendancy chart to this point (7.James7, 6.James6, 5.Margaret5, 4.Christian4, 3.Dietrich3, 2.Christian2, 1.Ingeborg1) was born 1533; died 4 Feb 1593.

    Notes:

    1st Earl of Orkney.

    From Wikipedia:

    Robert Stewart, Knt., 1st Earl of Orkney and Lord of Zetland (Shetland) (1533 – 4 February 1593) was a recognized illegitimate son of James V, King of Scotland, and his mistress Eupheme Elphinstone.

    In 1539 Robert was made Commendator of Holyrood Abbey, and Commendator of Charlieu Abbey in France by 1557. On 9 February 1560 he testified against the Hamilton Duke of Châtellerault and Earl of Arran, and the Protestant Lords of the Congregation to James MacGill and John Bellenden of Auchnoule. They were collecting evidence for Henri Cleutin and Jacques de la Brosse, the French advisors of his step-mother Mary of Guise who planned to have the Hamiltons charged with treason against his half-sister, Mary, Queen of Scots and France. Robert himself had signed some of the letters that were to be cited as evidence.

    He was knighted as Sir Robert Stewart of Strathdon on 15 May 1565, as part of marriage celebrations of Mary, Queen of Scots and Henry Stuart, Lord Darnley. In 1581 he was named, by James VI, the 1st Earl in a second creation of the Earldom of Orkney. The new earldom replaced a short-lived Dukedom of Orkney, which had been awarded in 1567 by Mary, Queen of Scots, to her notorious third husband James Hepburn, 4th Earl of Bothwell. This dukedom was forfeit later that same year after Mary was forced to abdicate and Bothwell was charged with treason. Prior to this dukedom there had existed an Earldom of Orkney that was surrendered in 1470 by William Sinclair, 3rd Earl of Orkney.

    Mary wrote a will at Sheffield in 1577 ineffectually declaring his title to Orkney null and void, after Robert was imprisoned in 1575 for obtaining a letter from the King of Denmark declaring him sovereign of Orkney. His crimes included colluding with Shetland pirates. The Earl was imprisoned at Linlithgow Palace. He was released in 1579. He built the Palace of Birsay on Orkney. On his death in 1593 the earldom passed to his son Patrick Stewart, 2nd Earl of Orkney.

    From the Scots Peerage:

    Robert Stewart of Strathdown was a half-brother of Queen Mary, being a natural son of King James V. by Euphame, daughter of Alexander, first Lord Elphinstone; she married, in 1540, John Bruce of Cultmalundie. Robert was born 1533, and was mentioned in the remainder of the castle and lands of Tantallon, granted to his half-brother James Stewart 31 August 1536, as son of the King by this lady nominatim. He obtained a grant of the Abbey of Holyroodhouse in commendam in 1539. In 1553 he went abroad, and was absent from Scotland for some years. After his return he early joined the Lords of the Congregation against the Queen-mother, and declared himself, according to Knox, to be on the Protestant side. On the return of Queen Mary he was constantly at Court, and had some knowledge of the plot for Darnley's murder. His elder children, legitimate and natural, were provided for out of the temporalities of Holyroodhouse. On 19 December 1564 he obtained a lease of the Crown lands of Orkney and Zetland, but this was revoked when the Queen married Bothwell and created him Duke of Orkney. In 1569, Lord Robert, however, exchanged the temporalities of Holyroodhouse for those of the See of Orkney with Adam Bothwell, Bishop of that Diocese, and in spite of the latter's protest that the proceedings were done by constraint, and also of various revocations and regrants, kept a hold on the earldom and bishopric of Orkney till his death. He was accused in 1571 of treason, having had intrigues with the King of Denmark relative to his islands, was imprisoned by the Regent Morton, and remained in ward until the latter's resignation. In September 1572 he received from Bishop Bothwell three charters of the lands of the bishopric to himself and his wife Jean Kennedy in liferent, and to Henry, their eldest lawful son, whom failing, to Patrick Stewart, his brothergerman, whom failing, to Lord Robert himself, whom failing, to Robert, his natural son, whom failing, to James Stewart, also a natural son, with a remainder to other persons named. He had the satisfaction of assisting at Morton's fall, conveying him to prison. By his nephew King James VI. he was, on 28 October 1581 created Earl of Orkney and Lord of Zetland, with remainder to the heirs of his body, legitimately born, whom failing, to the King. He obtained another entail of the earldom of Orkney, 9 June 1585, and died 4 February 1592-93. He married in 1561 Jean Kennedy, eldest daughter of Gilbert, third Earl of Oassillis, and had issue: 1. Henry, Master of Orkney, mentioned in the entail of the earldom 9 June 1585. He predeceased his father before 1590, when his brother Patrick is styled Master of Orkney. 2. Patrick, his successor. 3. John, created Lord Kinclaven and Earl of Carrick. (See the latter title.) 4. Sir James Stewart of Eday and Tullos, Gentleman of the Bedchamber to King James vi. In spite of the misleading footnote in Wood's Douglas, he was a legitimate son, and is, 1584, described as brother-german of Henry and Patrick, third born. His brother's downfall involved him in difficulties, and he and his eldest son had a protection from their creditors in 1635. He and his wife Margaret Lyon, in 1625, obtained a grant of £900 Scots 'in commiseration of their poore and indigent estate. They had issue:—(1) Colonel Robert Stewart of Eday, ancestor of that family in Orkney. Heirs to the earldom except for the attainder. (2) Colonel John Stewart of Newark, who left issue. (3) Mary, married (contract 1639) to Alexander Bothwell of Glencorse. (4) Margaret. (5) Jean, married, first, to Major George Crichton of Abekie; secondly, to Frederick Lyon of Brigtoun. 5. Sir Robert Stewart of Middleton, described in 1584 as brother-german of Henry, Patrick, and James, and fourth born. He was at one time abroad, and secretary to the Vice-Chancellor of Poland, and then in Ireland. King James VI. wrote to one Stallenge to commend his suit for Elizabeth, daughter of Christopher Kenne, his ward, 14 April 1604. 6. Marie, married (contract 25 November 1585) to Patrick, sixth Lord Gray, as his second wife. 7. Jean, married, first, to Patrick, first Lord Lindores; and secondly, as third wife, to Robert, first Lord Melville of Raith. She survived him, and was alive in 1642. 8. Elizabeth, married to James Sinclair of Murkle, second son of John, Master of Caithness. 9. Barbara, stated to have been married to Hugh or Harry Halcro of Halcro in Orkney.

    Earl Robert had a large number of illegitimate children. 1. Robert Stewart, who was legitimated. He is usually named before his brother James, and they are first named in 1566 in a grant to their brother Henry and two sisters, being carefully distinguished as natural sons. 2. James Stewart, who was also legitimated. He received with his brother Robert in 1574 provision out of the teinds of Holyroodhouse. It is exceedingly difficult to disentangle the history of these legitimated sons from those of their lawful brothers of the same name. 3. James Stewart of Graemsay in Orkney (his mother said to be Janet Robertson of Strowan), who was implicated in his father's treasonable intrigues with Denmark. 4. William Stewart of Egilshay, summoned 1600 to find caution for appearance at trial 'for the schamefull and cruell murther of Bellenden, his first spouse.' He was later a colonel in the Swedish service in 1609. 5. George Stewart of Eynhallow, legitimated 29 November 1586. His mother, and the mother of Edward and David was Marjorie Sandilands, wife of Adam Gordon, brother of John Gordon of Avachie. He had in 1584 been included in the provision out of the teinds of Holyroodhouse, and in 1585 was in the entail of the earldom of Orkney and lordship of Zetland. He had a number of lands, afterwards erected into the tenandry of Brugh, and was dead before 30 March 1616. 6. Edward Stewart of Brugh, ancestor of that family. He held the half of the lands of Brugh, and succeeded to his brother George before 30 March 1616. 7. David Stewart of How. 8. Christian married to John Mouat of Hougaland in Shetland, and, as his widow, was living, and in feud with her brother-in-law, in 1634. 9. Grizel, married before 27 December 1591 to Hugh Sinclair of Brugh in Shetland. 10. Mary, said to have been married to Lawrence Sinclair of Goat, in Shetland.

    Robert married (Unknown mistress of Robert Stewart). [Group Sheet]

    Children:
    1. 10. Christian Stewart  Descendancy chart to this point died Aft Nov 1633.

  2. 9.  Mary, Queen of Scots Descendancy chart to this point (7.James7, 6.James6, 5.Margaret5, 4.Christian4, 3.Dietrich3, 2.Christian2, 1.Ingeborg1) died 1587.

    Mary married Henry Stuart. Henry (son of Matthew Stuart and Margaret Douglas) died 1567. [Group Sheet]

    Children:
    1. 11. James VI and I, King of Scotland; King of England  Descendancy chart to this point died 1625.