Nielsen Hayden genealogy

John Bonville

Male Abt 1371 - 1396  (~ 25 years)


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Generation: 1

  1. 1.  John Bonville was born Abt 1371, of Chewton, Somerset, England; died 21 Oct 1396.

    John married Elizabeth Fitz Roger Bef 18 Oct 1377. Elizabeth (daughter of John Fitz Roger and Alice) was born 15 Aug 1370, of Chewton, Somerset, England; died 15 Apr 1414. [Group Sheet]

    Children:
    1. 2. William Bonville  Descendancy chart to this point was born 12 Aug 1391, Shute, Devon, England; died 18 Feb 1461, St. Albans, Hertfordshire, England.


Generation: 2

  1. 2.  William Bonville Descendancy chart to this point (1.John1) was born 12 Aug 1391, Shute, Devon, England; died 18 Feb 1461, St. Albans, Hertfordshire, England.

    Other Events:

    • Alternate birth: 1392
    • Alternate birth: 12 Aug 1392, Shute, Devon, England
    • Alternate birth: 31 Aug 1392, Shute, Devon, England
    • Alternate birth: 13 Aug 1393
    • Alternate birth: 30 Aug 1393
    • Alternate death: 19 Feb 1461

    Notes:

    From Wikipedia:

    Bonville was knighted before 1417 during the campaigns in France of King Henry V. He was Knight of the shire for Somerset in 1421, and for Devon in 1422, 1425 and 1427. In 1423 he was appointed by the king as Sheriff of Devon. He was Seneschal of Aquitaine at various times from 1442 to 1453, and Governor of Exeter Castle from 1453–61. In 1443 Bonville was retained to serve King Henry VI for a one-year term and in 1449 was retained to serve the King at sea. He was summoned to Parliament from 10 March 1449 to 30 July 1460 by writs directed, for the most part, Willelmo Bonville domino Bonville et de Chuton ("To William Bonville, lord of Bonville and Chewton"), by which he is held to have become Baron Bonville. On 8 February 1461 he was nominated to the Order of the Garter.

    In 1441 riots resulted from a dispute over the Duchy of Cornwall between Bonville and Thomas Courtenay, 13th Earl of Devon, and on 14 December 1455 the two sides fought the Battle of Clyst Heath near Exeter, which resulted in the defeat of Bonville, the sacking of Shute and injury to a number of persons.

    Bonville was to all outward appearances loyal to King Henry VI during the Wars of the Roses until he joined the Yorkist side at the Battle of Northampton in July 1460. Both his son, William Bonville, and his grandson, William Bonville, 6th Baron Harington, were slain at the Battle of Wakefield on 31 December 1460.

    Less than two months later in 1460 the Yorkists suffered another defeat at the Second Battle of St Albans, where Lord Bonville and another Yorkist, Sir Thomas Kyriel, were taken prisoner by the victorious Lancastrians. The two men had kept guard over King Henry VI during the battle to see that he came to no harm. The King had been held in captivity by Richard Neville, 16th Earl of Warwick, and transported in the train of the latter's army, but had been abandoned on the battlefield. In return for their gallantry the King promised the two men immunity. However Queen Margaret, who was present at the battle, remembered that Lord Bonville had been one of the men who had held King Henry in custody after the Battle of Northampton in July 1460, and wanted revenge. Disregarding the King's promise of immunity, she gave orders for the beheading of Lord Bonville and Sir Thomas Kyriel the next day, 18 February 1461. It is alleged that she put the men on trial and appointed as presiding judge her seven-year-old son, Prince Edward. "Fair son", Margaret is said to have inquired, "what death shall these knights die?" The young prince replied that they were to have their heads cut off, an act which was swiftly carried out, despite the King's pleas for mercy.

    Bonville was not attainted, as within three weeks of his death the Yorkist King Edward IV came to the throne. Bonville's widow, Elizabeth, was assigned a substantial dower in recognition of his services to the Yorkist cause.

    From the Oxford Dictionary of National Biography:

    While his extensive and complex inheritances led to some violent disputes with neighbours during these years, these were on nothing like the scale of disorder that was to characterize Bonville's notorious conflict with the Courtenays during the 1440s and 1450s.

    This power struggle was triggered by the appointment of Bonville in 1437 as royal steward in Cornwall for life. This was seen by the young Thomas Courtenay, thirteenth earl of Devon, recently come of age and in possession of a severely reduced inheritance, as a serious challenge to his own regional authority. The bitterness of the strife that grew from this was symptomatic of a change in the local balance of power and wealth that had over a generation tilted against the Courtenay earls (the traditional leaders of west-country society) in favour of a small group of powerful gentry among whom Bonville was pre-eminent.

    Violence reached an alarming level during the summers of 1439 and 1440, and the situation was worsened by a serious blunder on the part of the government--the appointment of the earl to the stewardship of the duchy of Cornwall, a post so similar to that held by Bonville as to be hardly distinguishable from it. Urgent attempts at even-handedness and arbitration failed, and the dispute was only temporarily resolved by the appointment of Bonville as seneschal of Gascony in December 1442, thereby removing him temporarily from the scene (he sailed from Plymouth in March 1443 but was back in Devon by April 1445). Even though the government, coming increasingly under the influence of the duke of Suffolk, was careful not to antagonize the earl of Devon, the latter was clearly seen to be the principal culprit. Bonville's connection with Suffolk grew stronger. He was a member of Suffolk's entourage at Margaret of Anjou's betrothal ceremonies at Rouen in May 1444, and married his daughter Elizabeth to one of Suffolk's henchmen, Sir William Tailboys. This development culminated in the parliament of 1449, when Bonville was raised to the peerage as Baron Bonville of Chewton.

    Antagonisms hardened after the fall of Suffolk in 1450. The earl of Devon attached himself to the duke of York, and felt confident enough in the summer of 1451 to risk an encounter in the field with Bonville (and his ally, James Butler, earl of Wiltshire). Despite much plunder and violence, a major showdown was avoided when York's unexpected arrival in the west country persuaded the earl of Devon to lift the siege of Taunton Castle, which Bonville had made his headquarters. Although temporarily imprisoned (as were Devon and the other principal malcontents), Bonville was soon able to exploit the dramatically changed political situation that followed the humiliating submission of York and Devon to the king at Dartford on 3 March 1452.

    Between 1452 and 1455 Bonville became the dominant force in west-country politics [...] and the king personally reinforced his position by staying at Bonville's house at Shute on his progress through the west country in the summer of 1452. Bonville was confirmed as steward of the duchy of Cornwall in 1452 (the post that had triggered the violence in 1439), and appointed constable of Exeter Castle in 1453, both posts to be held for life. [...]

    These partisan appointments of Bonville to positions within the earl of Devon's traditional zone of influence forced the earl to take increasingly desperate measures [...] [T]he enmities that had grown over more than twenty years proved irresolvable. The death in 1458 of Bonville's old adversary afforded him little comfort. The new earl of Devon [...] quickly gained favour with Queen Margaret, and this presented enormous risks for Bonville and his family.

    William married Margaret Grey Aft 12 Dec 1414. Margaret (daughter of Reynold Grey and Margaret de Ros) was born Abt 1399; died Aft May 1426. [Group Sheet]

    Children:
    1. 3. Elizabeth Bonville  Descendancy chart to this point died 14 Feb 1491.
    2. 4. William Bonville  Descendancy chart to this point died 31 Dec 1460, Wakefield, Yorkshire, England.

    William married Elizabeth Kirkby. [Group Sheet]

    Children:
    1. 5. John Bonville  Descendancy chart to this point was born , of Comberleigh, Devon, England; died 7 May 1499.

    William married Elizabeth Courtenay Bef 9 Oct 1427. Elizabeth (daughter of Hugh Courtenay and Anne Talbot) died 28 Oct 1471; was buried , Porlock, Somerset, England. [Group Sheet]



Generation: 3

  1. 3.  Elizabeth Bonville Descendancy chart to this point (2.William2, 1.John1) died 14 Feb 1491.

    Elizabeth married William Tailboys. William (son of Walter Tailboys and (Unknown first wife of Walter Tailboys)) was born Abt 1415; died 26 May 1464, Sandhills, Newcastle-upon-Tyne, Northumberland, England; was buried , Grey Friars Church, Newcastle-upon-Tyne, Northumberland, England. [Group Sheet]

    Children:
    1. 6. Robert Tailboys  Descendancy chart to this point was born Abt 1441-1451, of Kyme, Lincolnshire, England; died 31 Jan 1494; was buried , Kyme Priory, Lincolnshire, England.

  2. 4.  William Bonville Descendancy chart to this point (2.William2, 1.John1) died 31 Dec 1460, Wakefield, Yorkshire, England.

    Notes:

    Executed immediately following the Yorkist loss at the battle of Wakefield.

    William married Elizabeth Harington Abt 1442. Elizabeth died Bef 1458. [Group Sheet]

    William married Catherine Neville 1458. Catherine (daughter of Richard Neville and Alice Montacute) was born Abt 1442; died Between 22 Nov 1503 and 25 Mar 1504; was buried , Ashby de la Zouche, Leicestershire, England. [Group Sheet]

    Children:
    1. 7. Cecily Bonville  Descendancy chart to this point was born Between 1460 and 1461; died 12 May 1529, Shacklewell, Hackney, Middlesex, England.

  3. 5.  John Bonville Descendancy chart to this point (2.William2, 1.John1) was born , of Comberleigh, Devon, England; died 7 May 1499.

    Other Events:

    • Alternate birth: of Little Modbury, Devon, England

    Notes:

    Also called John Bountle.

    John married Alice Dennis Bef 1478. Alice (daughter of William Denys and Joan St. Aubyn) was born Abt 1451; died Aft 1500. [Group Sheet]

    Children:
    1. 8. Florence Bonville  Descendancy chart to this point


Generation: 4

  1. 6.  Robert Tailboys Descendancy chart to this point (3.Elizabeth3, 2.William2, 1.John1) was born Abt 1441-1451, of Kyme, Lincolnshire, England; died 31 Jan 1494; was buried , Kyme Priory, Lincolnshire, England.

    Other Events:

    • Alternate birth: 1451
    • Alternate death: 30 Jan 1495

    Notes:

    MP for Lincolnshire 1472-75, 1478; Sheriff of Lincolnshire 1480-1.

    The attainder of his father was reversed in 1472. He was admitted a member of Corpus Christi Guild at Boston, Lincolnshire in 1488.

    Ancestor of George Washington:

    Sir Robert Talboys = Elizabeth Heron
    Sir George Talboys = Elizabeth Gascoigne
    Anne Talboys = Sir Edward Dymoke
    Frances Dymoke = Sir Thomas Windebank
    Mildred Windebank = Robert Reade
    Col. George Reade of VA = Elizabeth Martiau
    Mildred Reade = Augustine Warner Jr.
    Mildred Warner = Lawrence Washington
    Augustine Washington = Mary Ball
    George Washington = Mrs. Martha Dandridge Custis

    Robert married Elizabeth Heron Bef 1467. Elizabeth (daughter of John Heron and Elizabeth Heron) died Bef 30 Jan 1495; was buried , Kyme Priory, Lincolnshire, England. [Group Sheet]

    Children:
    1. 9. Maud Tailboys  Descendancy chart to this point

  2. 7.  Cecily Bonville Descendancy chart to this point (4.William3, 2.William2, 1.John1) was born Between 1460 and 1461; died 12 May 1529, Shacklewell, Hackney, Middlesex, England.

    Cecily married Thomas Grey. Thomas (son of John Grey and Elizabeth Woodville, Queen Consort of England) was born 1451; died 20 Sep 1501. [Group Sheet]

    Children:
    1. 10. Thomas Grey  Descendancy chart to this point was born 22 Jun 1477; died 10 Oct 1530.

  3. 8.  Florence Bonville Descendancy chart to this point (5.John3, 2.William2, 1.John1)

    Florence married Thomas Fortescue. Thomas (son of John Fortescue and Isabella Gibbs) was born 1490; died Abt 1554. [Group Sheet]

    Children:
    1. 11. Henry Fortescue  Descendancy chart to this point was born , of Wimpstone, Modbury, Devon, England; died 1 Dec 1587.


Generation: 5

  1. 9.  Maud Tailboys Descendancy chart to this point (6.Robert4, 3.Elizabeth3, 2.William2, 1.John1)

    Maud married Robert Tyrwhit Bef 14 May 1509. Robert (son of William Tyrwhit and Anne Constable) was born Abt 1482, of Kettleby, Lincolnshire, England; died 4 Jul 1548, Kettleby, Lincolnshire, England; was buried , Wrawby, Kettleby, Lincolnshire, England. [Group Sheet]

    Children:
    1. 12. Philip Tyrwhit  Descendancy chart to this point was born Abt 1510; died Nov 1558.
    2. 13. Robert Tyrwhit  Descendancy chart to this point died 10 May 1572.
    3. 14. Katherine Tyrwhit  Descendancy chart to this point was born , of Kettleby, Lincolnshire, England.

  2. 10.  Thomas Grey Descendancy chart to this point (7.Cecily4, 4.William3, 2.William2, 1.John1) was born 22 Jun 1477; died 10 Oct 1530.

    Notes:

    2nd Marquess of Dorset.

    Thomas married Margaret Wotton 1509. Margaret died Aft 6 Oct 1535. [Group Sheet]

    Children:
    1. 15. Henry Grey  Descendancy chart to this point was born 17 Jan 1517; died 23 Feb 1554, Tower Hill, London, England.

  3. 11.  Henry Fortescue Descendancy chart to this point (8.Florence4, 5.John3, 2.William2, 1.John1) was born , of Wimpstone, Modbury, Devon, England; died 1 Dec 1587.

    Henry married Joan Brett Aft Feb 1538. (daughter of Robert Brett and Thomasyne Pillond) [Group Sheet]



Generation: 6

  1. 12.  Philip Tyrwhit Descendancy chart to this point (9.Maud5, 6.Robert4, 3.Elizabeth3, 2.William2, 1.John1) was born Abt 1510; died Nov 1558.

  2. 13.  Robert Tyrwhit Descendancy chart to this point (9.Maud5, 6.Robert4, 3.Elizabeth3, 2.William2, 1.John1) died 10 May 1572.

  3. 14.  Katherine Tyrwhit Descendancy chart to this point (9.Maud5, 6.Robert4, 3.Elizabeth3, 2.William2, 1.John1) was born , of Kettleby, Lincolnshire, England.

    Katherine married Richard Thimbleby. Richard (son of John Thimbleby and Margaret Boys) was born Abt 1507, of Irnham, Lincolnshire, England; died 28 Sep 1559. [Group Sheet]

    Children:
    1. 16. Elizabeth Thimbleby  Descendancy chart to this point was born , of Irnham, Lincolnshire, England.

  4. 15.  Henry Grey Descendancy chart to this point (10.Thomas5, 7.Cecily4, 4.William3, 2.William2, 1.John1) was born 17 Jan 1517; died 23 Feb 1554, Tower Hill, London, England.

    Notes:

    1st Duke of Suffolk. 3rd Marquess of Dorset.

    Henry married Frances Brandon. Frances (daughter of Charles Brandon and Mary Tudor) was born 16 Jul 1517, Hatfield, Hertfordshire, England; died 11 Nov 1559, London, England. [Group Sheet]

    Children:
    1. 17. Jane Grey, Queen of England  Descendancy chart to this point was born Oct 1537, Bradgate, Leicestershire, England; died 12 Feb 1554, Tower Hill, London, England.


Generation: 7

  1. 16.  Elizabeth Thimbleby Descendancy chart to this point (14.Katherine6, 9.Maud5, 6.Robert4, 3.Elizabeth3, 2.William2, 1.John1) was born , of Irnham, Lincolnshire, England.

    Elizabeth married Thomas Welby 20 Jul 1560, Irnham, Lincolnshire, England. Thomas (son of Thomas Welby and Katherine Bray) was born , of Moulton near Spalding, Lincolnshire, England; died 1570, Bath, Somerset, England; was buried 15 Feb 1571, St. Peter's, Bath, Somerset, England. [Group Sheet]

    Children:
    1. 18. Richard Welby  Descendancy chart to this point was born Bef 7 Feb 1564, Moulton near Spalding, Lincolnshire, England.

  2. 17.  Jane Grey, Queen of England Descendancy chart to this point (15.Henry6, 10.Thomas5, 7.Cecily4, 4.William3, 2.William2, 1.John1) was born Oct 1537, Bradgate, Leicestershire, England; died 12 Feb 1554, Tower Hill, London, England.

    Notes:

    Known to history as Lady Jane Grey, the "Nine Days Queen."

    Jane married Guildford Dudley 21 May 1553, Durham House, London, England. Guildford (son of John Dudley and Jane Guildford) died 12 Feb 1554, Tower Hill, London, England. [Group Sheet]



Generation: 8

  1. 18.  Richard Welby Descendancy chart to this point (16.Elizabeth7, 14.Katherine6, 9.Maud5, 6.Robert4, 3.Elizabeth3, 2.William2, 1.John1) was born Bef 7 Feb 1564, Moulton near Spalding, Lincolnshire, England.

    Other Events:

    • Baptised: 7 Feb 1564, Moulton near Spalding, Lincolnshire, England

    Richard married Frances Bulkeley 4 Jun 1595, Whaplode, Holbeach, Lincolnshire, England. Frances (daughter of Dr. Rev. Edward Bulkeley, D.D. and Olive Irby) was born Abt 1568; died Bef 7 Jun 1610, Moulton near Spalding, Lincolnshire, England; was buried 7 Jun 1610, Moulton near Spalding, Lincolnshire, England. [Group Sheet]

    Children:
    1. 19. Thomas Welby  Descendancy chart to this point was born 1597, Whaplode, Holbeach, Lincolnshire, England.
    2. 20. Ann Welby  Descendancy chart to this point was born 1600, Moulton near Spalding, Lincolnshire, England.
    3. 21. Anthony Welby  Descendancy chart to this point was born 1602, Whaplode, Holbeach, Lincolnshire, England; died 1603.
    4. 22. Olive Welby  Descendancy chart to this point was born Bef 17 Jun 1604, Moulton near Spalding, Lincolnshire, England; died 1 Mar 1692, Chelmsford, Middlesex, Massachusetts.
    5. 23. Edward Welby  Descendancy chart to this point was born 1609, Moulton near Spalding, Lincolnshire, England.