Nielsen Hayden genealogy

Richard of York

Male 1411 - 1460  (49 years)


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Generation: 1

  1. 1.  Richard of York was born on 21 Sep 1411; died on 30 Dec 1460 in Wakefield, Yorkshire, England; was buried in Pontefract, Yorkshire, England.

    Notes:

    Duke of York. Often called "Richard Plantagenet," a surname which he actually used on occasion in his own lifetime, something not done by any other Plantagenet. Killed in the Battle of Wakefield.

    "[T]he most powerful subject in England, heir of the Mortimer claim to the crown, king's lieutenant in Normandy and Ireland, self-interest mingled in him with a love of justice and desire for administrative reform, he claimed the throne but was defeated and slain in battle." [The Ancestry of Charles II, King of England (citation details below).]

    Richard married Cecily Neville before 18 Oct 1424. Cecily (daughter of Ralph de Neville and Joan Beaufort) was born on 3 May 1415; died on 31 May 1495 in Berkhamsted Castle, Hertfordshire, England; was buried in Fotheringay, Northamptonshire, England. [Group Sheet]

    Children:
    1. 2. Edward IV, King of England  Descendancy chart to this point was born on 28 Apr 1442 in Rouen, Normandy, France; died on 9 Apr 1483 in Westminster, Middlesex, England; was buried in Windsor, Berkshire, England.
    2. 3. Richard III, King of England  Descendancy chart to this point was born on 2 Oct 1452 in Fotheringay Castle, Northamptonshire, England; died on 22 Aug 1485 in Bosworth Field, Leicestershire, England.


Generation: 2

  1. 2.  Edward IV, King of England Descendancy chart to this point (1.Richard1) was born on 28 Apr 1442 in Rouen, Normandy, France; died on 9 Apr 1483 in Westminster, Middlesex, England; was buried in Windsor, Berkshire, England.

    Edward married Elizabeth Woodville, Queen Consort of England on 1 May 1464. Elizabeth (daughter of Richard Woodville and Jacquetta of Luxembourg) was born in 1437 in Grafton Regis, Northamptonshire, England; died on 8 Jun 1492 in Bermondsey Priory, Surrey, England; was buried on 12 Jun 1492 in St. George's Chapel, Windsor, Berkshire, England. [Group Sheet]

    Children:
    1. 4. Elizabeth of York, Queen Consort of England  Descendancy chart to this point was born on 11 Feb 1466 in Westminster Palace, Westminster, Middlesex, England; died on 11 Feb 1503 in London, England; was buried in Westminster Abbey, Westminster, Middlesex, England.
    2. 5. Edward V, King of England  Descendancy chart to this point was born on 2 Nov 1470 in Westminster, Middlesex, England; died about 1483 in London, England.

  2. 3.  Richard III, King of England Descendancy chart to this point (1.Richard1) was born on 2 Oct 1452 in Fotheringay Castle, Northamptonshire, England; died on 22 Aug 1485 in Bosworth Field, Leicestershire, England.

    Richard married Anne Neville, Queen Consort of England. Anne (daughter of Richard Neville and Anne Beauchamp) was born on 11 Jun 1456 in Warwick Castle, Warwickshire, England; died on 16 Mar 1485 in Westminster, Middlesex, England. [Group Sheet]



Generation: 3

  1. 4.  Elizabeth of York, Queen Consort of England Descendancy chart to this point (2.Edward2, 1.Richard1) was born on 11 Feb 1466 in Westminster Palace, Westminster, Middlesex, England; died on 11 Feb 1503 in London, England; was buried in Westminster Abbey, Westminster, Middlesex, England.

    Elizabeth married Henry VII, King of England on 18 Jan 1486 in Westminster, Middlesex, England. Henry (son of Edmund Tudor and Margaret Beaufort) was born on 28 Jan 1457 in Pembroke Castle, Pembrokeshire, Wales; died on 21 Apr 1509 in Richmond, Surrey, England; was buried in Westminster Abbey, Westminster, Middlesex, England. [Group Sheet]

    Children:
    1. 6. Margaret Tudor  Descendancy chart to this point was born on 28 Nov 1489 in Westminster, Middlesex, England; died on 18 Oct 1541 in Methven Castle, Perthshire, Scotland; was buried in Perth, Perthshire, Scotland.
    2. 7. Henry VIII, King of England  Descendancy chart to this point was born on 28 Jun 1491 in Greenwich, Kent, England; died on 28 Jan 1547 in Whitehall, London, England.
    3. 8. Mary Tudor  Descendancy chart to this point was born on 18 Mar 1496 in Richmond Palace, Surrey, England; died on 24 Jun 1533 in Westhorpe, Suffolk, England; was buried on 22 Jul 1533 in Bury St. Edmunds Abbey, Suffolk, England.

  2. 5.  Edward V, King of England Descendancy chart to this point (2.Edward2, 1.Richard1) was born on 2 Nov 1470 in Westminster, Middlesex, England; died about 1483 in London, England.


Generation: 4

  1. 6.  Margaret Tudor Descendancy chart to this point (4.Elizabeth3, 2.Edward2, 1.Richard1) was born on 28 Nov 1489 in Westminster, Middlesex, England; died on 18 Oct 1541 in Methven Castle, Perthshire, Scotland; was buried in Perth, Perthshire, Scotland.

    Notes:

    "[T]emperamental, capricious, selfish, always an ally of her brother Henry VIII, even at the expense of the welfare of Scotland, and in her issue heiress of the throne of England." [The Ancestry of Charles II, King of England (citation details below).]

    Margaret married Archibald Douglas. Archibald was born about 1489; died on 22 Jan 1557 in Tantallon Castle, East Lothian, Scotland. [Group Sheet]

    Children:
    1. 9. Margaret Douglas  Descendancy chart to this point died in 1578.

    Margaret married James IV, King of Scots on 8 Aug 1503 in Holyrood Abbey, Edinburgh, Midlothian, Scotland. James (son of James III, King of Scots and Margaret of Denmark) was born on 17 Mar 1473 in Holyrood, Edinburgh, Midlothian, Scotland; died on 9 Sep 1513 in Flodden Field, Northumberland, England. [Group Sheet]

    Children:
    1. 10. James V, King of Scots  Descendancy chart to this point was born on 10 Apr 1512 in Linlithgow Palace, Linlithgow, West Lothian, Scotland; died on 14 Dec 1542 in Falkland, Fife, Scotland; was buried in Holyrood Abbey, Edinburgh, Midlothian, Scotland.

  2. 7.  Henry VIII, King of England Descendancy chart to this point (4.Elizabeth3, 2.Edward2, 1.Richard1) was born on 28 Jun 1491 in Greenwich, Kent, England; died on 28 Jan 1547 in Whitehall, London, England.

    Henry married Jane Seymour, Queen Consort of England. Jane (daughter of John Seymour and Margaret Wentworth) was born about 1509; died in 1537. [Group Sheet]

    Children:
    1. 11. Edward VI, King of England  Descendancy chart to this point

    Henry married Anne Boleyn, Queen Consort of England. Anne (daughter of Thomas Boleyn and Elizabeth Howard) died in 1536. [Group Sheet]

    Children:
    1. 12. Elizabeth I, Queen of England  Descendancy chart to this point was born on 7 Sep 1533 in Greenwich Palace, Kent, England; died on 24 Mar 1603 in Richmond Palace, Surrey, England.

    Henry married Catherine of Aragón on 11 Jun 1509 in Greenwich Palace, Kent, England. Catherine (daughter of Ferdinand II, King of Aragón and Isabella I, Queen of Castle and León) was born on 16 Dec 1485 in Alcalá de Henares, Castile, Spain; died on 7 Jan 1536 in Kimbolton Castle, Cambridgeshire, England. [Group Sheet]

    Children:
    1. 13. Mary I, Queen of England  Descendancy chart to this point was born on 18 Feb 1516 in Greenwich Palace, Kent, England; died on 17 Nov 1558 in London, England.

  3. 8.  Mary Tudor Descendancy chart to this point (4.Elizabeth3, 2.Edward2, 1.Richard1) was born on 18 Mar 1496 in Richmond Palace, Surrey, England; died on 24 Jun 1533 in Westhorpe, Suffolk, England; was buried on 22 Jul 1533 in Bury St. Edmunds Abbey, Suffolk, England.

    Mary married Charles Brandon. Charles (son of William Brandon and Elizabeth Bruyn) was born in 1484; died on 22 Aug 1545 in Guildford Palace, Surrey, England; was buried in Windsor, Berkshire, England. [Group Sheet]

    Children:
    1. 14. Frances Brandon  Descendancy chart to this point was born on 16 Jul 1517 in Hatfield, Hertfordshire, England; died on 11 Nov 1559 in London, England.

    Mary married Louis XII, King of France on 9 Oct 1514 in Abbeville, Somme, Picardy, France. Louis was born on 27 Jun 1462 in Blois, Lois-et-Cher, France; died on 1 Jan 1515 in Paris, France. [Group Sheet]



Generation: 5

  1. 9.  Margaret Douglas Descendancy chart to this point (6.Margaret4, 4.Elizabeth3, 2.Edward2, 1.Richard1) died in 1578.

    Margaret married Matthew Stuart. Matthew died in 1571. [Group Sheet]

    Children:
    1. 15. Charles Stuart  Descendancy chart to this point died in 1576.
    2. 16. Henry Stuart  Descendancy chart to this point died in 1567.

  2. 10.  James V, King of Scots Descendancy chart to this point (6.Margaret4, 4.Elizabeth3, 2.Edward2, 1.Richard1) was born on 10 Apr 1512 in Linlithgow Palace, Linlithgow, West Lothian, Scotland; died on 14 Dec 1542 in Falkland, Fife, Scotland; was buried in Holyrood Abbey, Edinburgh, Midlothian, Scotland.

    Notes:

    "[F]orfeited the Angus Douglas, executed Border reivers, at times went incognito among his people, popular and licentious." [The Ancestry of Charles II, King of England (citation details below).]

    James married Euphemia Elphinstone. Euphemia (daughter of Alexander Elphinstone and Elizabeth Barlow) was born on 11 May 1509; died after 1564. [Group Sheet]

    Children:
    1. 17. Robert Stewart  Descendancy chart to this point was born in 1533; died on 4 Feb 1593.

    James married Mary of Guise. Mary was born on 22 Nov 1515; died on 11 Jun 1560 in Edinburgh Castle, Edinburgh, Midlothian, Scotland. [Group Sheet]

    Children:
    1. 18. Mary, Queen of Scots  Descendancy chart to this point died in 1587.

  3. 11.  Edward VI, King of England Descendancy chart to this point (7.Henry4, 4.Elizabeth3, 2.Edward2, 1.Richard1)

  4. 12.  Elizabeth I, Queen of England Descendancy chart to this point (7.Henry4, 4.Elizabeth3, 2.Edward2, 1.Richard1) was born on 7 Sep 1533 in Greenwich Palace, Kent, England; died on 24 Mar 1603 in Richmond Palace, Surrey, England.

  5. 13.  Mary I, Queen of England Descendancy chart to this point (7.Henry4, 4.Elizabeth3, 2.Edward2, 1.Richard1) was born on 18 Feb 1516 in Greenwich Palace, Kent, England; died on 17 Nov 1558 in London, England.

    Mary married Philip II, King of Spain; King of Naples and Sicily; King of Portugal on 24 Jul 1554 in Winchester Cathedral, Winchester, Hampshire, England. Philip (son of Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor and Isabella of Portugal) was born on 21 May 1527 in Valladolid, Castile, Spain; died on 13 Sep 1598. [Group Sheet]


  6. 14.  Frances Brandon Descendancy chart to this point (8.Mary4, 4.Elizabeth3, 2.Edward2, 1.Richard1) was born on 16 Jul 1517 in Hatfield, Hertfordshire, England; died on 11 Nov 1559 in London, England.

    Frances married Henry Grey. Henry (son of Thomas Grey and Margaret Wotton) was born on 17 Jan 1517; died on 23 Feb 1554 in Tower Hill, London, England. [Group Sheet]

    Children:
    1. 19. Jane Grey, Queen of England  Descendancy chart to this point was born in Oct 1537 in Bradgate, Leicestershire, England; died on 12 Feb 1554 in Tower Hill, London, England.


Generation: 6

  1. 15.  Charles Stuart Descendancy chart to this point (9.Margaret5, 6.Margaret4, 4.Elizabeth3, 2.Edward2, 1.Richard1) died in 1576.

    Notes:

    Earl of Lennox.

    Charles married Elizabeth Cavendish. Elizabeth (daughter of William Cavendish and Elizabeth Hardwick) died in 1582. [Group Sheet]


  2. 16.  Henry Stuart Descendancy chart to this point (9.Margaret5, 6.Margaret4, 4.Elizabeth3, 2.Edward2, 1.Richard1) died in 1567.

    Notes:

    Lord Darnley.

    Henry married Mary, Queen of Scots. Mary (daughter of James V, King of Scots and Mary of Guise) died in 1587. [Group Sheet]

    Children:
    1. 20. James VI and I, King of Scotland; King of England  Descendancy chart to this point died in 1625.

  3. 17.  Robert Stewart Descendancy chart to this point (10.James5, 6.Margaret4, 4.Elizabeth3, 2.Edward2, 1.Richard1) was born in 1533; died on 4 Feb 1593.

    Notes:

    1st Earl of Orkney.

    From Wikipedia:

    Robert Stewart, Knt., 1st Earl of Orkney and Lord of Zetland (Shetland) (1533 – 4 February 1593) was a recognized illegitimate son of James V, King of Scotland, and his mistress Eupheme Elphinstone.

    In 1539 Robert was made Commendator of Holyrood Abbey, and Commendator of Charlieu Abbey in France by 1557. On 9 February 1560 he testified against the Hamilton Duke of Châtellerault and Earl of Arran, and the Protestant Lords of the Congregation to James MacGill and John Bellenden of Auchnoule. They were collecting evidence for Henri Cleutin and Jacques de la Brosse, the French advisors of his step-mother Mary of Guise who planned to have the Hamiltons charged with treason against his half-sister, Mary, Queen of Scots and France. Robert himself had signed some of the letters that were to be cited as evidence.

    He was knighted as Sir Robert Stewart of Strathdon on 15 May 1565, as part of marriage celebrations of Mary, Queen of Scots and Henry Stuart, Lord Darnley. In 1581 he was named, by James VI, the 1st Earl in a second creation of the Earldom of Orkney. The new earldom replaced a short-lived Dukedom of Orkney, which had been awarded in 1567 by Mary, Queen of Scots, to her notorious third husband James Hepburn, 4th Earl of Bothwell. This dukedom was forfeit later that same year after Mary was forced to abdicate and Bothwell was charged with treason. Prior to this dukedom there had existed an Earldom of Orkney that was surrendered in 1470 by William Sinclair, 3rd Earl of Orkney.

    Mary wrote a will at Sheffield in 1577 ineffectually declaring his title to Orkney null and void, after Robert was imprisoned in 1575 for obtaining a letter from the King of Denmark declaring him sovereign of Orkney. His crimes included colluding with Shetland pirates. The Earl was imprisoned at Linlithgow Palace. He was released in 1579. He built the Palace of Birsay on Orkney. On his death in 1593 the earldom passed to his son Patrick Stewart, 2nd Earl of Orkney.

    From the Scots Peerage:

    Robert Stewart of Strathdown was a half-brother of Queen Mary, being a natural son of King James V. by Euphame, daughter of Alexander, first Lord Elphinstone; she married, in 1540, John Bruce of Cultmalundie. Robert was born 1533, and was mentioned in the remainder of the castle and lands of Tantallon, granted to his half-brother James Stewart 31 August 1536, as son of the King by this lady nominatim. He obtained a grant of the Abbey of Holyroodhouse in commendam in 1539. In 1553 he went abroad, and was absent from Scotland for some years. After his return he early joined the Lords of the Congregation against the Queen-mother, and declared himself, according to Knox, to be on the Protestant side. On the return of Queen Mary he was constantly at Court, and had some knowledge of the plot for Darnley's murder. His elder children, legitimate and natural, were provided for out of the temporalities of Holyroodhouse. On 19 December 1564 he obtained a lease of the Crown lands of Orkney and Zetland, but this was revoked when the Queen married Bothwell and created him Duke of Orkney. In 1569, Lord Robert, however, exchanged the temporalities of Holyroodhouse for those of the See of Orkney with Adam Bothwell, Bishop of that Diocese, and in spite of the latter's protest that the proceedings were done by constraint, and also of various revocations and regrants, kept a hold on the earldom and bishopric of Orkney till his death. He was accused in 1571 of treason, having had intrigues with the King of Denmark relative to his islands, was imprisoned by the Regent Morton, and remained in ward until the latter's resignation. In September 1572 he received from Bishop Bothwell three charters of the lands of the bishopric to himself and his wife Jean Kennedy in liferent, and to Henry, their eldest lawful son, whom failing, to Patrick Stewart, his brothergerman, whom failing, to Lord Robert himself, whom failing, to Robert, his natural son, whom failing, to James Stewart, also a natural son, with a remainder to other persons named. He had the satisfaction of assisting at Morton's fall, conveying him to prison. By his nephew King James VI. he was, on 28 October 1581 created Earl of Orkney and Lord of Zetland, with remainder to the heirs of his body, legitimately born, whom failing, to the King. He obtained another entail of the earldom of Orkney, 9 June 1585, and died 4 February 1592-93. He married in 1561 Jean Kennedy, eldest daughter of Gilbert, third Earl of Oassillis, and had issue: 1. Henry, Master of Orkney, mentioned in the entail of the earldom 9 June 1585. He predeceased his father before 1590, when his brother Patrick is styled Master of Orkney. 2. Patrick, his successor. 3. John, created Lord Kinclaven and Earl of Carrick. (See the latter title.) 4. Sir James Stewart of Eday and Tullos, Gentleman of the Bedchamber to King James vi. In spite of the misleading footnote in Wood's Douglas, he was a legitimate son, and is, 1584, described as brother-german of Henry and Patrick, third born. His brother's downfall involved him in difficulties, and he and his eldest son had a protection from their creditors in 1635. He and his wife Margaret Lyon, in 1625, obtained a grant of £900 Scots 'in commiseration of their poore and indigent estate. They had issue:—(1) Colonel Robert Stewart of Eday, ancestor of that family in Orkney. Heirs to the earldom except for the attainder. (2) Colonel John Stewart of Newark, who left issue. (3) Mary, married (contract 1639) to Alexander Bothwell of Glencorse. (4) Margaret. (5) Jean, married, first, to Major George Crichton of Abekie; secondly, to Frederick Lyon of Brigtoun. 5. Sir Robert Stewart of Middleton, described in 1584 as brother-german of Henry, Patrick, and James, and fourth born. He was at one time abroad, and secretary to the Vice-Chancellor of Poland, and then in Ireland. King James VI. wrote to one Stallenge to commend his suit for Elizabeth, daughter of Christopher Kenne, his ward, 14 April 1604. 6. Marie, married (contract 25 November 1585) to Patrick, sixth Lord Gray, as his second wife. 7. Jean, married, first, to Patrick, first Lord Lindores; and secondly, as third wife, to Robert, first Lord Melville of Raith. She survived him, and was alive in 1642. 8. Elizabeth, married to James Sinclair of Murkle, second son of John, Master of Caithness. 9. Barbara, stated to have been married to Hugh or Harry Halcro of Halcro in Orkney.

    Earl Robert had a large number of illegitimate children. 1. Robert Stewart, who was legitimated. He is usually named before his brother James, and they are first named in 1566 in a grant to their brother Henry and two sisters, being carefully distinguished as natural sons. 2. James Stewart, who was also legitimated. He received with his brother Robert in 1574 provision out of the teinds of Holyroodhouse. It is exceedingly difficult to disentangle the history of these legitimated sons from those of their lawful brothers of the same name. 3. James Stewart of Graemsay in Orkney (his mother said to be Janet Robertson of Strowan), who was implicated in his father's treasonable intrigues with Denmark. 4. William Stewart of Egilshay, summoned 1600 to find caution for appearance at trial 'for the schamefull and cruell murther of Bellenden, his first spouse.' He was later a colonel in the Swedish service in 1609. 5. George Stewart of Eynhallow, legitimated 29 November 1586. His mother, and the mother of Edward and David was Marjorie Sandilands, wife of Adam Gordon, brother of John Gordon of Avachie. He had in 1584 been included in the provision out of the teinds of Holyroodhouse, and in 1585 was in the entail of the earldom of Orkney and lordship of Zetland. He had a number of lands, afterwards erected into the tenandry of Brugh, and was dead before 30 March 1616. 6. Edward Stewart of Brugh, ancestor of that family. He held the half of the lands of Brugh, and succeeded to his brother George before 30 March 1616. 7. David Stewart of How. 8. Christian married to John Mouat of Hougaland in Shetland, and, as his widow, was living, and in feud with her brother-in-law, in 1634. 9. Grizel, married before 27 December 1591 to Hugh Sinclair of Brugh in Shetland. 10. Mary, said to have been married to Lawrence Sinclair of Goat, in Shetland.

    Robert married (Unknown mistress of Robert Stewart). [Group Sheet]

    Children:
    1. 21. Christian Stewart  Descendancy chart to this point died after Nov 1633.

  4. 18.  Mary, Queen of Scots Descendancy chart to this point (10.James5, 6.Margaret4, 4.Elizabeth3, 2.Edward2, 1.Richard1) died in 1587.

    Mary married Henry Stuart. Henry (son of Matthew Stuart and Margaret Douglas) died in 1567. [Group Sheet]

    Children:
    1. 20. James VI and I, King of Scotland; King of England  Descendancy chart to this point died in 1625.

  5. 19.  Jane Grey, Queen of England Descendancy chart to this point (14.Frances5, 8.Mary4, 4.Elizabeth3, 2.Edward2, 1.Richard1) was born in Oct 1537 in Bradgate, Leicestershire, England; died on 12 Feb 1554 in Tower Hill, London, England.

    Notes:

    Known to history as Lady Jane Grey, the "Nine Days Queen."

    Jane married Guildford Dudley on 21 May 1553 in Durham House, London, England. Guildford (son of John Dudley and Jane Guildford) died on 12 Feb 1554 in Tower Hill, London, England. [Group Sheet]



Generation: 7

  1. 20.  James VI and I, King of Scotland; King of England Descendancy chart to this point (16.Henry6, 9.Margaret5, 6.Margaret4, 4.Elizabeth3, 2.Edward2, 1.Richard1) died in 1625.

  2. 21.  Christian Stewart Descendancy chart to this point (17.Robert6, 10.James5, 6.Margaret4, 4.Elizabeth3, 2.Edward2, 1.Richard1) died after Nov 1633.

    Christian married John Mowat. John (son of Andrew Mowat and Ursula Tulloch) was born in in of Hugoland, Shetland, Scotland; died in Aug 1617. [Group Sheet]

    Children:
    1. 22. Jean Mowat  Descendancy chart to this point died in May 1682.


Generation: 8

  1. 22.  Jean Mowat Descendancy chart to this point (21.Christian7, 17.Robert6, 10.James5, 6.Margaret4, 4.Elizabeth3, 2.Edward2, 1.Richard1) died in May 1682.

    Jean married David Heart before Oct 1615. David was born in in of Rusland, Harray, Orkney, Scotland; died after 8 Mar 1656. [Group Sheet]

    Children:
    1. 23. Rev. John Heart  Descendancy chart to this point was born in in of Taughboyne (Monreagh), Donegal, Ireland; died on 8 Jan 1688; was buried in Taughboyne Church of Ireland, St. Johnstowne, Donegal, Ireland.