Nielsen Hayden genealogy

Israel Stoughton

Male Bef 1603 - 1644  (> 40 years)

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Generation: 1

  1. 1.  Israel Stoughton was born before 18 Feb 1603 (son of Rev. Thomas Stoughton and Katherine); died in 1644 in Lincoln, Lincolnshire, England.

    Other Events:

    • Baptised: 18 Feb 1603, St. Peter ad Vincula, Great Coggeshall, Essex, England


    Not mentioned in the article quoted below is that at his death, he was one of the largest landholders in the Bay Colony.

    From Wikipedia:

    Born in England, a younger brother of John Stoughton, he emigrated to New England in 1632. He settled at Dorchester, of which he was admitted a freeman on 5 November 1633. He was chosen representative for Dorchester in the assemblies of 1634 and 1635.

    When the colony was disturbed by the Antinomian Controversy, Stoughton wrote a book which attacked the constitution of the colony and offended the general court. The author somewhat strangely petitioned that the book might be "forthwith burnt, as being weak and offensive." In spite of Stoughton's subsequent submission, he was declared incapable of holding office for three years. This sentence, however, was remitted in 1636, and Stoughton was chosen assistant in 1637.

    He was entrusted with the command of the Massachusetts force against the Pequot Indians, where he took brutal measures. Stoughton was annually chosen as assistant till 1643, and in 1639 he, together with John Endecott acted as a commissioner on behalf of Massachusetts to settle a boundary dispute with Plymouth Colony.

    Stoughton visited England towards the end of 1643 or the beginning of 1644, returned to America, and crossed again towards the end of 1644. He was then appointed a lieutenant-colonel in the parliamentary army, and soon afterwards died at Lincoln. His children included William Stoughton, best known as the chief magistrate of the Salem witch trials.

    Israel married Elizabeth Knight on 27 Mar 1627 in Rotherhite, Surrey, England. Elizabeth (daughter of William Knight) died on 6 Aug 1681 in Dorchester, Suffolk, Massachusetts. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]

    1. William Stoughton, Acting Governor of Massachusetts was born on 30 Sep 1631 in Dorchester, Suffolk, Massachusetts; died on 7 Jul 1701 in Dorchester, Suffolk, Massachusetts.
    2. Hannah Stoughton was born in Apr 1637; died on 27 Mar 1670 in Dorchester, Suffolk, Massachusetts.

Generation: 2

  1. 2.  Rev. Thomas Stoughton was born before 1557 in Sandwich, Kent, England (son of Francis Stoughton and Agnes); died about 1622.

    Other Events:

    • Alternate birth: Abt 1555
    • Alternate birth: Abt 1556, Sandwich, Kent, England


    Described by Robert Charles Anderson as "a leading light of Elizabethan Puritanism who was silenced in the reign of James I and spent the rest of his life producing theological pamphets." [The Great Migration Begins, volume 3, p. 1777.]

    Amelia Morrow, from Connections: Morrow, Porter, Sanders, etc.:

    Matriculated at Queens College, Cambridge 1573 and received the degree of bachelor of arts in 1576-7. Made a Fellow of the College in 1579 and became a Master of Arts in 1580. He was ordained deacon and priest at Lincoln, Feb 13, 1582. In July 1586, he was installed Rector at Naughton in Suffolk. [...]

    Between 1594 and 1600, Thomas assisted the minister at Burstead Magna, Essex, where the birth of his daughter Judith is recorded. In 1600, Thomas became vicar at Coggeshall in Essex. The birth record of Israel appears in this church, as well as the burial of Thomas's wife Katherine. Thomas was "deprived of his vicarage" in 1606, but the reason was not recorded. It may have been nonconformity with the Church, as Thomas was frequently recorded as outspoken. [...]"

    Thomas published a treatise called "Two Profitable Treatises" (British Museum 4371, a.a. 27) in 1616 that was written "from my chamber in the Hospital at St. Bartholomewes by Sandwich Sept. 3, 1616." The treatise says he was born and bred in Sandwich. His treatise "The Christians Sacrifice as set forth in Romans XII, 1, 2" (British Museum 4371, b.20) was printed in 1622 "with the Author's postscript to his children as it were his last Will and Testament unto them."

    Todd Whitesides, writing on

    He was ordained deacon and priest at Lincoln Cathedral on Feb. 13, 1582, and was brought to the attention of Robert, 3rd Lord Rich by John Butler of Thoby Priory, Essex, and continued to benefit from Rich's patronage for many years. He was rector of Naughton from 1586 until 1594, at which time he was made curate of Great Burstead, Essex. He published "A general treatise against poperie, and in defence of the religion by publike avthoritie professed in England and other churches reformed" (Cambridge, 1598), which was dedicated to Lord Rich. In 1600 he was instituted vicar at Coggeshall at Lord Rich's presentation, but due to his nonconformity he was admonished by Bishop Richard Vaughan and deprived of Coggeshall by the High Commission in 1606. Despite being removed from his living it was reported in 1606 that he "doeth often expound the Word in his deske". In 1610 at Great Totham, Essex, he signed the dedicatory epistle to his work "The dignitie of Gods children". By 1616 he had returned to his native Sandwich, where he remained living in poverty until his death.

    He continued to expound on his beliefs, publishing 'Two Profitable Treatises' in 1616, followed up in 1622 with "The Christians Sacrifice", a text of some 251 pages, which was dedicated to his patron, who had since purchased the title Earl of Warwick. He signed the dedicatory epistle to this on 20 Aug. 1622 from "my poore lodging in the poor Hospitall called S. Bartholomewes by Sandwich in Kent", and further stated he was now "ready to be dissolved, and to laye down my earthly Tabernacle...the time of my departing being at hand..." Two days later he appended the work with "The Authors postscript to his Children as it were his Last Will and Testament unto them".

    At the end of his life he recalled being present at Hampton Court 43 years earlier, where he heard ministers preaching before Queen Elizabeth.

    In 1606 Stoughton was a legatee, along with others, in the will of Timothy Saint Nicholas, who "moste humblie thanckinge them for their faithefull endeavor and for their earnest labour and paines for the instruction of my conscience and the consciences of many men in the knowledge of Gods truthe and relligion". Described as "a silenced preacher", he received a bequest in the 1610 will of Alice Wade of Bildeston, Suffolk, and in 1612 was mentioned in the will of his first cousin Thomas Stoughton of St Paul's Parish, Canterbury. In the 1619 will of Charles Eure, esquire, fourth son of William, 2nd Lord Eure, Stoughton being described as of St Bartholomews in Sandwich, Kent received the generous bequest of £10.

    From The Art of Hearing: English Preachers and Their Audiences, 1590-1640 by Arnold Hunt (Cambridge University Press, 2010):

    Thomas Stoughton's Two Profitable Treatises (1616) [...] despite being "much enlarged" for print, was written in the style of an oral sermon so that readers could imagine it " presently by lively voice uttered, than as formerly by dead letter onely written." Whereas Dod and Cleaver had removed colloquial expressions in order to achieve a more dignified style, Stoughton went to the other extreme, filling the text with proverbial and colloqiual remarks ("soft fire maketh sweetest malt"; "Sathan bestirreth his stumps to hurt and destroy") and repetitions ("labour, labour, I beseech you"; "alas, alas"; "take heed, take heed") in order to recreate the experience of hearing a live sermon.

    Rev. Thomas Stoughton (~1555-~1622) = Katherine (1560-~1603)
    Elizabeth Stoughton (~1597-1647) = John Scudder (b. ~1590)
    Elizabeth Scudder (1625-1700) = Samuel Lathrop (1621-1700)
    Samuel Lathrop = Hannah Aldgate
    Hannah Lathrop = Jabez Perkins
    Hannah Perkins = Joshua Huntington
    Lydia Huntington = Ephraim Bill
    Lydia Bill = Joseph Howland
    Susan Howland = John Aspinwall
    Mary Rebecca Aspinwall = Isaac Roosevelt
    James Roosevelt = Sara Delano
    Franklin Delano Roosevelt (1882-1945)

    Rev. Thomas Stoughton (~1555-~1622) = Katherine (1560-~1603)
    Israel Stoughton (1603-1645) = Elizabeth Knight (d. 1681)
    Rebecca Stoughton (1641-1708) = William Tailer (1611-1682)
    Elizabeth Tailer (1667-1734) = John Nelson (d. 1734)1
    Mehitabel Nelson (1691-1775) = Capt. Robert Temple (1694-1754)
    Robert Temple (1728-1782) = Harriet Shirley (d. 1802)2
    Mehitabel Hester Temple (1758-1798) = Hans Blackwood, 3rd Baron Dufferin & Clanboye (1758-1839)
    Price Blackwood, 4th Baron Dufferin & Clanboye (1794-1841) = Helen Selina Sheridan (1807-1867)3
    Frederick Temple Hamilton-Temple-Blackwood, 5th Baron Dufferin & Clanboye (1826-1902), Governor-General of Canada 1872-78; Viceroy of India 1884-88.

    1 One of the leaders of the 1689 revolt against Gov. Andros.

    2 Daughter of William Shirley, colonial governor of Massachusetts and later of the Bahamas.

    3 Granddaughter of playwright and poet Richard Brinsley Sheridan.

    Thomas married Katherine in 1585 in Naughton, Suffolk, England. Katherine was born about 1560; died on 18 Apr 1603 in Coggeshall, Braintree, Essex, England. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]

  2. 3.  Katherine was born about 1560; died on 18 Apr 1603 in Coggeshall, Braintree, Essex, England.


    Her surname is given by some as Montpesson.

    1. Thomas Stoughton was born before 9 Jul 1588; died on 25 Mar 1661 in Windsor, Hartford, Connecticut.
    2. Elizabeth Stoughton was born about 1595 in Burstead Magna, Essex, England; died before 30 Mar 1647 in Ipswich, Essex, Massachusetts.
    3. 1. Israel Stoughton was born before 18 Feb 1603; died in 1644 in Lincoln, Lincolnshire, England.

Generation: 3

  1. 4.  Francis Stoughton was born about 1530 in Ash-juxta-Sandwich, Kent, England (son of Edward Stoughton and Mary Exhurst); died about 5 Aug 1557 in St. Peter's, Sandwich, Kent, England.

    Other Events:

    • Alternate birth: Abt 1531

    Francis married Agnes. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]

  2. 5.  Agnes
    1. 2. Rev. Thomas Stoughton was born before 1557 in Sandwich, Kent, England; died about 1622.

Generation: 4

  1. 8.  Edward Stoughton was born about 1495 in Dartford, Kent, England (son of Thomas Stoughton and Margaret); died about 5 Feb 1574 in Ash-juxta-Sandwich, Kent, England; was buried in St. Mary's, Ash, Kent, England.

    Other Events:

    • Alternate death: Bef 16 Feb 1574, St. Mary's, Ash, Kent, England


    "Edward lived at Moat Farm in Ash, Kent. He was the primary beneficiary and executor of his father's will, suggesting that his older brother Peter was physically or mentally incapable of serving as head of the family." [Amelia Morrow, from Connections: Morrow, Porter, Sanders, etc.]

    Birth derived from the fact that he was recorded as age 75 in May 1570.

    Edward married Mary Exhurst before 4 Nov 1529 in St. Peter's, Sandwich, Kent, England. Mary (daughter of Richard Exhurst and Joan Roberts) was born between 1502 and 1511 in Kent, England; died before Feb 1548 in Ash-juxta-Sandwich, Kent, England. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]

  2. 9.  Mary Exhurst was born between 1502 and 1511 in Kent, England (daughter of Richard Exhurst and Joan Roberts); died before Feb 1548 in Ash-juxta-Sandwich, Kent, England.

    Other Events:

    • Alternate birth: Abt 1507
    • Alternate death: Bef 1566


    "Mary Exhurst was born about 1507, the daughter of Richard and Joan Roberts Exhurst. Joan was Richard's second wife. About 1536, she married Edward Stoughton. They had three sons. A lawsuit initiated in 1556, brought by Walter Mayne against Edward Stoughton and his sons Francis and Thomas, confirms that Richard Exhurst was the father of Edward Stoughton's wife, Mary Exhurst, who was the mother of Francis Stoughton. One of the documents in the suit asserts that Mary was the daughter of Richard's second wife, Joan. It names the husbands of Bennett, Mary and Elizabeth Exhurst as Thomas Aldye, Edward Stoughton and Alane Mathewe respectively. Thomas Aldye and Bennett had a daughter, Margerye, and Edward Stoughton and Mary had sons Francis and Thomas. After Bennett and Mary died, Margerye married John Monnynges. Walter Mayne says that Richard Exhurst had two daughters by his first wife, Bennett and Elizabeth, and two daughters by his second wife, Joan; Mary and another Elizabeth. He also says that both Mary and the Elizabeth who married Alane Mathewe were the daughters of Joan. The language of the lawsuit indicates that Mary was dead by 1556. She was probably buried in the churchyard of St. Nicholas' Church in Sandwich, Kent." [ page for Mary Exhurst, by Todd Whitesides.]

    1. 4. Francis Stoughton was born about 1530 in Ash-juxta-Sandwich, Kent, England; died about 5 Aug 1557 in St. Peter's, Sandwich, Kent, England.
    2. Thomas Stoughton was born in 1533 in Ash-juxta-Sandwich, Kent, England; died on 12 Jun 1591 in St. Martins, Canterbury, Kent, England.