Nielsen Hayden genealogy

Joseph Vanasse dit Bastien

Male 1759 - 1794  (34 years)


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Generation: 1

  1. 1.  Joseph Vanasse dit Bastien was born on 17 Aug 1759 in Maskinongé, Maskinongé, Québec (son of Jean Baptiste Bastien dit Vanasse and Élisabeth Sicard); died on 6 Apr 1794 in St Antoine, Riviere-du-Loup, Québec.

    Joseph married Françoise Vincent on 12 Nov 1781 in Louiseville, Québec. Françoise (daughter of Joseph Vincent and Jeanne Benoît) was born about 1760; died before 15 Apr 1794; was buried on 15 Apr 1794 in Maskinongé, Québec. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]

    Children:
    1. Joseph Bastien was born on 4 Jan 1783 in Maskinongé, Maskinongé, Québec; died on 22 Sep 1871 in Maskinongé, Maskinongé, Québec.

Generation: 2

  1. 2.  Jean Baptiste Bastien dit Vanasse was born in 1718 (son of Bastien Vanasse dit Bastien and Suzanne Lupien dit Baron); died on 29 Dec 1789 in Saint-Joseph, Maskinonge, Québec.

    Jean married Élisabeth Sicard on 22 Apr 1751 in Maskinongé, Maskinongé, Québec. Élisabeth (daughter of Jean Sicard de Carufel and Geneviève Raté) was born about 1712; died on 9 Feb 1799; was buried on 11 Feb 1799 in Maskinongé, Maskinongé, Québec. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]


  2. 3.  Élisabeth Sicard was born about 1712 (daughter of Jean Sicard de Carufel and Geneviève Raté); died on 9 Feb 1799; was buried on 11 Feb 1799 in Maskinongé, Maskinongé, Québec.
    Children:
    1. 1. Joseph Vanasse dit Bastien was born on 17 Aug 1759 in Maskinongé, Maskinongé, Québec; died on 6 Apr 1794 in St Antoine, Riviere-du-Loup, Québec.


Generation: 3

  1. 4.  Bastien Vanasse dit Bastien was born on 27 Jan 1682 (son of François Vanasse and Jeanne Fourier); died on 7 Mar 1755; was buried on 8 Mar 1755 in Maskinongé, Maskinongé, Québec.

    Other Events:

    • Baptised: 2 Feb 1682, Cap-de-la-Madeleine, Québec

    Bastien married Suzanne Lupien dit Baron on 7 Jan 1718 in Louiseville, Québec. Suzanne (daughter of Nicolas Baron dit Lupien and Marie Chauvin) was born on 11 May 1698; died on 20 Jan 1760; was buried on 21 Jan 1760 in Maskinongé, Maskinongé, Québec. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]


  2. 5.  Suzanne Lupien dit Baron was born on 11 May 1698 (daughter of Nicolas Baron dit Lupien and Marie Chauvin); died on 20 Jan 1760; was buried on 21 Jan 1760 in Maskinongé, Maskinongé, Québec.

    Other Events:

    • Baptised: 12 May 1698, Lachenaie, Québec

    Children:
    1. 2. Jean Baptiste Bastien dit Vanasse was born in 1718; died on 29 Dec 1789 in Saint-Joseph, Maskinonge, Québec.

  3. 6.  Jean Sicard de Carufel was born in 1666 in Saint-Jacques, Castres, Haut-Languedoc, France (son of Pierre Sicard de Carufel and Marie de Fargues); died in Aug 1743 in Maskinongé, Maskinongé, Québec.

    Notes:

    A possible "gateway ancestor" of Teresa, depending on whether his grandmother Marthe de Saint-Paul (~1609-1664) was a daughter of Abel de Saint-Paul and Claire de Crespon.

    Acte d'Abjuration, 20 Jan 1686.

    Arrived in Quebec 1 Aug 1685 aboard La Diligente, as a "sergent dans la compagnie de Renaud d'Avesnes des Meloïzes." [De Carufel]

    From Our French-Canadian Ancestors, volume 5, by Gerard Lebel, translated by Thomas LaForest, translation cleaned up by me:

    Jean-Baptiste SICARD de Carufel, son of Pierre and Marie de FORGUES (FARGUES), descended from a noble family originating in Haut Languedoc.

    By October 1685, Louis XIV, who had been hounding the Huguenots for five years, revoked the Edict of Nantes and huge waves of Huguenot refugees fled France. Many of the Protestants who remained in France converted to Catholicism. Although we know Jean was not Catholic--he renounced the 'religion pretendue reformee' in 1686--we have not yet determined whether the young man and his family were Protestant, Huguenots or Albigeois Cathares.

    At the age of 19, Jean-Baptiste joined the marine troops under the command of Capitan [Écuyer] Francois-Marie-Renaud d'Avesne des Meloizes. The Company, recruited by the new governor, Jacques-René Brisay de Denonville, was integrated into a 500-man detachment that left the port of La Rochelle in 1685 aboard La Diligente. During the Atlantic crossing scurvy and typhoid claimed 60 victims. Eighty more soldiers were hospitalised at the Hotel-Dieu--already overcrowed with 300 fever patients--upon their arrival in Quebec on August 1, 1685. [In 1685 the population of New France was 10,725 French and 1,538 settled natives.] After only a few weeks' rest, Denonville and his men left for Fort Frontenac (Kingston). The Governor found the colony in terrible disarray--hundreds of colonists had abandoned their land to become coureurs de bois. In addition to the challenge of social reform, the English surrounding the French possessions, and [the] Iroquois, were ever-present dangers.

    The first mention of Jean's presence in New France is the act in the Notre-Dame de Quebec church register dated 20 January 1686 in which the young nobleman renounced his faith. According to the "Acte d'Abjuration", Jean SICARD, native of the parish of St. Jacques in the city of Castres-d'Albigeois in Haut-Languedoc, a sergent in the regiment of Renaud d'Avesnes des Meloizes, recanted from the pretended reformed religion [a fait abjuration de la religion pretendue reformee] before Jean Baptiste De LaCroix de St-Vallier, Bishop of Quebec. Witnesses were Jacques deBRISAY de Denonville, Governor, Lieutenant General of the Army, Quebec and his wife Catherine Courtin.

    On June 13, 1687, at the head of 832 marine troops, more than 900 militiamen and 400 indigenious allies, Denonville headed up-river, resolved to crush the Tsonnontouans who, with arms furnished by the New York English, were harassing the colony in the southern Lake Ontario/Niagara region. (Fort Denonville was built 'on the same side as Fort Conti, which is today the site of Fort Niagara, USA, opposite Niagara-on-the-Lake.') Before returning to Montreal, Governor Denonville left about 100 men under the command of Raymond Blaise des Bergeres de Rigauville. Scurvy and the Iroquois wiped out all but Blaise and twelve men. [Although not documented, it is probable that the young Sicard de Carufel took part in the manoeuvres, as Capitan Raymond Blaise was his commanding officer and among the twelve who survived the winter of 1687-88.] From 1690 to 1720 the fort was abandoned.

    Towards the end of 1688, shortly after returning to Montreal, Raymond Blaise des Bergeres replaced Captain Francois Lefebvre-Duplessis-Faber as the head of the troops stationed at Fort Louis in Chambly. A duel between the two men on July 15, 1689 landed both in prison. They were tried the next day in Montreal. On November 16, the Souvereign Council absolved them and ordered Lefebvre to pay Blaise 600 pounds in damages. According to the transcript, Jean SICARD de Carufel, first sergeant in the Company, was called to care for Blaise des Bergeres' wound. On August 4 of that year, August 4, one thousand five hundred Iroquois attacked Lachine down river from the mission of Mont Royal [Montreal] killing 400.

    A marriage contract prepared by the notary Etienne Jacob, and signed 25 November 1694, states that, at the time, Jean was a sergeant in the Company of Michel Leneuf de la Valliere. Two days later, Sergeant Jean SICARD de Carufel married Genevieve, daughter of Jacques RATTE and Anne MARTIN (grand-daughter of Abraham Martin dit l'Ecossais, a royal pilot--the property of Martin, called the Plains of Abraham, adjoined the famous plateau where Wolfe and Montcalm battled). The ceremony in the parish of Saint Pierre de l'Ile d'Orleans was officiated by the Abby Dauric and witnessed by the widow of Genevieve Ratte & groom's father Pierre Sicard; Jacques Ratte and his wife, Anne Martin (the bride's parents), Jacques Gosselin (Jacques Ratte's brother-in-law or step-brother), and Pierre Roberge. In addition to the dispensation of two bans, due to Sicard's military career he had to seek permission from the Governor-general to wed.

    Jean returned to France in 1696 and, on May 22, in a ceremony held before a notary in Castres, the noble Jean SICARD, lord of Farguettes, officer in the Marine Troops in Canada, declared his loyalty and respect for his father, Pierre Sicard, and, in addition to words of affection and courtesy by Pierre, was emancipated and declared free to make his own decisions.

    Jean returned to Nouvelle France and, on March 18 1704 after living ten years in Saint-Pierre d'Orleans, had the sale of property to his brother-in-law, Pierre Ratte, notarised by Etienne Jacob. At the time of the birth of their fifth child, Louis, in March 1705, Jean and Genevieve were living in Maskinonge in the seigneurie des Legardeur de Repentigny. The Governor, Marquess Philippe de Rigaud de Vaudreuil (1703-1726), and the intendant Francois de Beauharno, officially granted Jean Sicard the fief de Carufel on April 21, 1705 in an 'acte de concesson.'

    The domain, two leagues [a 'lieue' is an old unit of measure about 4 km] across by the same depth, was in the area now known as Saint Justin. 'De l'espace de terre qui reste dans la riviere Maskinonge, dans le lac St. Pierre, depuis celle qui a este cy-devant concedee au sieur Le Gardeur jusqu'au premier sault de la dite riviere, ce qui contient deux lieues ou en iron de front sur pareille profondeur En titre de Fief et seigneurie, haute, moyenne et bass e justice.' In return, that same day (21 April 1705) Jean, an officer in the troops of the marine detachment, made an act of faith and hommage for the fief and seigneurie to Marquess de Vaudreuil and Francois de Beauharnois.

    Under the French seigneurial regime, seigneurs were duty-bound to promote colonization by providing 'immigrants with favourable conditions for the settlement and agricultural development ...' [Translated] 'From the time he took possession of his fief,' wrote l'abbe Hermann Plante, 'the lord of Carufel attempted to establish himself; but the timing was not good. In 1705, it was difficult to move away from the Saint Lawrence River. The clearing of the seigneurie in Maskinonge wasn't advanced enough to provide for colonisation... fear of the Iroquois still existed. The peace treaty signed four years earlier in Montreal between the French and the savages buried the hatchet but the Indians' hypocritical temperment made attracting settlers difficult. The 1701 treaty, still unproven and providing no guarantees, did little to aid the lord of Carufel in attracting settlers to move far from the river... But the lord was aging,' adds l'abbe Plante, 'he didn't want to die before realising the profits from his land.' After vain attempts to attract his companions to follow him, around 1720 Jean (who would have been about 54 years old) travelled up the Maskinonge River, the only route at the time, and, with his sons, began working on the south-west side about a quarter of a league from the Maskinonge fief. In a statement/ennumeration of 19 February 1723, Jean declared a sixteen foot square house enclosed by a pallisade and three acres of workable land. Few seigneurs could afford to live off their annual rents and, unless a seigneurie has 25-50 settled families, maintenance costs generally surpassed revenues. That same year, Jean, who continued his military career while clearing the land, was promoted to the rank of Ensign of the Troops of the colony. It is believed that he continued to work his land for another nine years--at least until 1732. There are also several transactions recorded in the minutes of Pierre Petit including an agreement August 16, 1728 with the Ursulines of Trois-Rivieres ending a land boundary dispute.

    [On] 27 January 1737, the land-clearing septuagenarian made his testament in favour of his children. Four years later, in 1741, Jean SICARD de Carufel witnessed the sale of portions of his land as his children sold their share to their brother-in-law, Jean-Francois Baril-Duchesny, spouse of Genevieve. The old officer-colonist-lord descended from the French aristocracy did not survive long afterwards. He died in August 1743 at the age of 77.

    It is interesting to note that although Jean-Baptiste and Genevieve would not have benefited from Louis XIV's King's gift for males who married before age twenty and females before sixteen, they would have likely received the three hundred livres to those with ten children. [Fathers of twelve children received four hundred livres.]

    Eight of Jean's ten children married before their father's death; the others married in 1745 and 1751.

    Jean married Geneviève Raté on 27 Nov 1694 in Saint-Pierre, Île d'Orléans, Québec. Geneviève (daughter of Jacques Raté and Anne Martin) was born on 27 Jan 1678; died before 29 Nov 1732; was buried on 29 Nov 1732 in Maskinongé, Maskinongé, Québec. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]


  4. 7.  Geneviève Raté was born on 27 Jan 1678 (daughter of Jacques Raté and Anne Martin); died before 29 Nov 1732; was buried on 29 Nov 1732 in Maskinongé, Maskinongé, Québec.

    Other Events:

    • Baptised: 2 Feb 1678, Sainte-Famille, Île-d'Orléans, Québec

    Children:
    1. 3. Élisabeth Sicard was born about 1712; died on 9 Feb 1799; was buried on 11 Feb 1799 in Maskinongé, Maskinongé, Québec.


Generation: 4

  1. 8.  François Vanasse was born between 1639 and 1642 in Saint-Maclou, Rouen, Seine-Maritime, Normandy, France (son of Paul Vanasse and Barbe Monsel); died about 1713 in Saint-François-du-Lac, Nicolet-Yamaska, Québec.

    François married Jeanne Fourier after 2 Aug 1671 in Québec City, Québec. Jeanne (daughter of Pierre Fourier and Jeanne Buson) was born about 1651 in France; died after 23 Jan 1704 in Québec City, Québec. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]


  2. 9.  Jeanne Fourier was born about 1651 in France (daughter of Pierre Fourier and Jeanne Buson); died after 23 Jan 1704 in Québec City, Québec.

    Notes:

    She was a fille du rois, a "daughter of the king." By 1660 or so it had become apparent that the fledgling North American colony of New France was badly short of marriageable women. To ameliorate this, between 1663 and 1673 the French government recruited respectable young women of limited prospects and, after vetting them for suitability, provided each of them with a small dowry, a chest of clothes, and one-way passage to Quebec. The approximately 800 women who made this journey became known as the "filles du roi", the "daughters of the King." Millions of modern French-Canadians can trace their descent from them, quite often from several.

    Children:
    1. Marie Madeleine Vanasse was born on 3 May 1674; died before 18 Feb 1754; was buried on 18 Feb 1754 in Boucherville, Québec.
    2. 4. Bastien Vanasse dit Bastien was born on 27 Jan 1682; died on 7 Mar 1755; was buried on 8 Mar 1755 in Maskinongé, Maskinongé, Québec.

  3. 10.  Nicolas Baron dit Lupien was born before 17 Jun 1645 (son of Lupien Baron and Jeanne Thiesson); died between 31 Oct 1697 and 11 May 1698 in Longue-Pointe, Montréal, Québec.

    Other Events:

    • Baptised: 17 Jun 1645, Saint-Pierre et Paul, Villenauxe-la-Grande, Aube, Champagne-Ardenne, France

    Notes:

    Also called Nicolas Lupien dit Baron. His son Pierre, an early timber entrepeneur, has an entry in the Dictionary of Canadian Biography.

    This page about Nicolas Baron-Lupien by Dora Smith, includes several paragraphs attributed to "the historian Camille Bertrand", which we would guess are translated from Bertrand's 1935 French-language Histoire de Montréal. The gist is that François-Marie Perrot, governor of Montreal, used his position to illegally intercept and profit from the fur trade, up to and including trading alcohol for furs, all of which was against the law. Ultimately, in 1674, New France governor Frontenac had Perrot and his two servants, one of whom was the young Nicolas Baron dit Lupien, arrested and thrown in jail. Eventually, by 1675 they were all released. Perrot was reinstated to his position and Nicolas was left to restart his life. He went on to combine farming and the butchering trade, at which he was successful enough to leave at least a modest estate to his heirs.

    Nicolas married Marie Chauvin on 16 Nov 1676 in Montréal, Québec. Marie (daughter of Pierre dit Le Grand Pierre Chauvin and Marie Marthe Hauteux) was born before 17 Jan 1662; died on 11 Feb 1728; was buried on 12 Feb 1728 in Maskinongé, Québec. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]


  4. 11.  Marie Chauvin was born before 17 Jan 1662 (daughter of Pierre dit Le Grand Pierre Chauvin and Marie Marthe Hauteux); died on 11 Feb 1728; was buried on 12 Feb 1728 in Maskinongé, Québec.

    Other Events:

    • Baptised: 17 Jan 1662, Montréal, Québec

    Notes:

    Or Marie Marthe Chauvin.

    Children:
    1. 5. Suzanne Lupien dit Baron was born on 11 May 1698; died on 20 Jan 1760; was buried on 21 Jan 1760 in Maskinongé, Maskinongé, Québec.

  5. 12.  Pierre Sicard de Carufel was born about 1631 in Castres, Haut-Languedoc, France (son of Jean Sicard de Carufel and Marthe de Saint-Paul).

    Other Events:

    • Alternate birth: Bef 1643, Castres, Haut-Languedoc, France

    Notes:

    Lawyer at the Court of Justice (avocat en parlement). Following the 1664 and 1667 ordinances revising titles of nobility, Pierre appeared before the Montpelier tribunal where, on 5 Sep 1669, he and his descendants were declared noble. The act also mentions the fief of Carufel.

    "After taking over the government in 1661 Louis XIV had noticed that the nobility found itself mixed up with 'an infinite number of usurpers, either without a title or with a title acquired by money and without service,' and he considered this one of the principal 'disorders' afflicting the realm. Responding to the problem in 1664, Louis and Colbert decided that 'to fix the quality and condition of all the king's subjects, it seems necessary to compose a Catalog of all those who will be judged truly noble.' With this end in mind, the crown carried out a series of general recherches de la noblesse between 1666-74 and 1696-1716. In each province, every family of dubious status had to submit proof to the local intendant that its 'nobility' had been formally recognized in 1560 or before. Families whose pretensions had begun only after that date would be declared roturier and placed back on the tax rolls. Furthermore, in 1669 the crown announced that comprehensive catalogs of the names and coats of arms of local noble families would be compiled and registered for each bailliage, with copies to be send to the royal library in Paris." [The Culture of Merit: Nobility, Royal Service, and the Making of Absolute Monarchy by Jay M. Smith. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 1996.]

    Pierre married Marie de Fargues after 5 Dec 1663 in Castres, Haut-Languedoc, France. Marie (daughter of Jacques de Fargues) was born about 1643 in Saint-Jacques, Castres, Languedoc, France; died in in Saint-Jacques, Castres, Languedoc, France. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]


  6. 13.  Marie de Fargues was born about 1643 in Saint-Jacques, Castres, Languedoc, France (daughter of Jacques de Fargues); died in in Saint-Jacques, Castres, Languedoc, France.
    Children:
    1. 6. Jean Sicard de Carufel was born in 1666 in Saint-Jacques, Castres, Haut-Languedoc, France; died in Aug 1743 in Maskinongé, Maskinongé, Québec.

  7. 14.  Jacques Raté was born about 1631 in Saint-Pierre, Laleu, now part of La Rochelle, Charente-Maritime, France (son of François Raté and Jacquette Huguet); died on 8 Apr 1699; was buried on 10 Apr 1699 in Saint-Pierre, Île d'Orléans, Québec.

    Jacques married Anne Martin on 12 Nov 1658 in Québec City, Québec. Anne (daughter of Abraham Martin dit l'Écossais and Marguerite Langlois) was born before 23 Mar 1645; died on 14 Jan 1717; was buried on 15 Jan 1717 in Saint-Pierre, Île d'Orléans, Québec. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]


  8. 15.  Anne Martin was born before 23 Mar 1645 (daughter of Abraham Martin dit l'Écossais and Marguerite Langlois); died on 14 Jan 1717; was buried on 15 Jan 1717 in Saint-Pierre, Île d'Orléans, Québec.

    Other Events:

    • Baptised: 23 Mar 1645, Québec City, Québec

    Children:
    1. 7. Geneviève Raté was born on 27 Jan 1678; died before 29 Nov 1732; was buried on 29 Nov 1732 in Maskinongé, Maskinongé, Québec.
    2. Guillaume Raté was born on 14 Nov 1686; died on 28 Oct 1759; was buried on 30 Oct 1759 in Saint-Pierre, Île d'Orléans, Québec.