Nielsen Hayden genealogy

Eleanor de Briouze

Female - Bef 1252


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Generation: 1

  1. 1.  Eleanor de Briouze (daughter of William de Briouze and Eve Marshal); died before 25 Jun 1252; was buried in Llanthony Priory, outside Gloucester, Gloucestershire, England.

    Other Events:

    • Alternate death: Bef 1264

    Family/Spouse: Humphrey de Bohun. Humphrey (son of Humphrey de Bohun and Maud of Eu) was born in in of Havering, Essex, England; died on 27 Oct 1265 in Beeston Castle, Cheshire, England; was buried in Combermere Abbey, Cheshire, England. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]

    Children:
    1. Eleanor de Bohun died on 20 Feb 1314; was buried in Walden Abbey, Essex, England.
    2. Humphrey de Bohun was born about Sep 1248; died on 31 Dec 1298 in Pleshey, Essex, England; was buried in Walden Abbey, Essex, England.

Generation: 2

  1. 2.  William de Briouze was born in in of Abergavenny, Monmouthshire, Wales (son of Reynold de Briouze and Grace Briwerre); died on 2 May 1230.

    Other Events:

    • Alternate birth: of Totnes, Devon, England

    Notes:

    "William de Briouze, s. and h. by 1st wife. He m. Eve, da. and in her issue coh. of William (Marshal), Earl of Strigul and Pembroke, by Isabel, suo jure Countess of Pembroke. He d. 1 May 1230, being hanged by Llewelyn abovenamed. His widow d. before 1246." [Complete Peerage I:22, as corrected in Volume XIV.]

    Hanged by Llewelyn, Prince of Wales, after intrigues with Llewelyn's wife.

    "He was discovered in Joan's chambers, accused of being her lover, and promptly and publicly hanged. While the story that William and Joan were lovers has been generally accepted, the Annals of Margam (in T. Gale, ed , Historiae Britannicae et Anglicanae Scriptores XX (Oxford, 1687), 2-18, [anno] MCCXXX) implies that the 'intimacy' was devised by Llywelyn to avenge himself on William for political injuries inflicted not only by William but by the entire Braose family; the execution was hailed by the Welsh as a vindication of a blood-feud against the Braoses dating from at least 1176. Indeed, shortly after the execution Llywelyn wrote to William's widow Eva and to William Marshal, Earl of Pembroke, Eva's brother, stating, in effect, that so far as he was concerned, the intended marriage between Llywelyn's son Dafydd and Eva's daughter Isabella could go forward as planned, and that he could not have prevented the Welsh magnates from taking their vengeance. See J. Goronwy Edwards, Calendar of Ancient Correspondence concerning Wales (Board of Celtic Studies of the University of Wales, History and Law Series, 2)(Cardiff, 1935), pp 51-52, nos. XI.56a, 56b. The marriage in fact took place three months later." [William Addams Reitwiesner, "The Children of Joan, Princess of North Wales," The Genealogist 1:80, Spring 1980.]

    William married Eve Marshal. Eve (daughter of William Marshal and Isabel de Clare) died between Jan 1242 and 1246. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]


  2. 3.  Eve Marshal (daughter of William Marshal and Isabel de Clare); died between Jan 1242 and 1246.

    Other Events:

    • Alternate death: Bef 1246

    Children:
    1. Eve de Briouze died between 20 Jul 1255 and 28 Jul 1255.
    2. Maud de Briouze died on 16 Mar 1301.
    3. 1. Eleanor de Briouze died before 25 Jun 1252; was buried in Llanthony Priory, outside Gloucester, Gloucestershire, England.


Generation: 3

  1. 4.  Reynold de Briouze was born in in of Abergavenny, Monmouthshire, Wales (son of William de Briouze and Maud de St. Valéry); died between 1227 and 1228.

    Other Events:

    • Alternate birth: of Kington, Herefordshire, England
    • Alternate death: Between 5 May 1227 and 9 Jun 1228
    • Alternate death: Bef 9 Jun 1228

    Notes:

    "Reynold de Briouze, next br. He had seizin of his father's lands 26 May 1216, but gave up Bramber in or after 1220 to his nephew John, s. and h. of his 1st br. William. He m., 1stly, Grecia, da. and in her issue coh. of William Brieguerre or Briwere, by Beatrice de Vaux. He m., 2ndly, 1215, Gwladus Du, da. of Llewelyn ap lorwerth. Prince of North Wales, by his 2nd wife, Joan, illegit. da. of King John. He d. between 5 May 1227 and 9 June 1228. His widow m., 2ndly, Ralph de Mortimer, of Wigmore, who d. 6 Aug. 1246, and was bur. at Wigmore Abbey. She d. at Windsor in 1251." [Complete Peerage I:22]

    He attended the king at the siege of Bitham, 1221.

    Reynold married Grace Briwerre. Grace (daughter of William de Briwerre and Beatrice de Vaux) died before 1215. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]


  2. 5.  Grace Briwerre (daughter of William de Briwerre and Beatrice de Vaux); died before 1215.

    Notes:

    Also called Grecia Briwere, Brieguerre.

    Children:
    1. 2. William de Briouze was born in in of Abergavenny, Monmouthshire, Wales; died on 2 May 1230.

  3. 6.  William Marshal was born about 1146 (son of John fitz Gilbert and Sybil de Salisbury); died on 14 May 1219 in Caversham, Oxfordshire, England; was buried in Temple Church, London, England.

    Notes:

    Also spelled William le Mareschal. Earl of Pembroke.

    Hereditary Marshal of England; Sheriff of Gloucestershire 1189-94; Sheriff of Sussex 1193-1208; Warden of the Forest of Dean and Constable of St. briavels Castle 1194-1206; Constable of Lillebonne 1202; Protector and Regent of the Kingdom 1216-19; and, in right of his wife, Earl of Pembroke and Striguil and Lord of Leinster. Advisor to King John at Runnymede.

    Wikipedia:

    "William Marshal, 1st Earl of Pembroke [...], also called William the Marshal (Norman French: Williame le Mareschal; Anglo-Norman: Guillaume le Marechal), was an English (or Anglo-Norman) soldier and statesman. Stephen Langton eulogized him as the 'best knight that ever lived.' He served four kings -- Henry II, Richard I, John, and Henry III -- and rose from obscurity to become a regent of England for the last of the four, and so one of the most powerful men in Europe. Before him, the hereditary title of 'Marshal' designated head of household security for the king of England; by the time he died, people throughout Europe (not just England) referred to him simply as 'the Marshal'. He received the title of 1st Earl of Pembroke through marriage during the second creation of the Pembroke Earldom."

    William married Isabel de Clare in Aug 1189 in London, England. Isabel (daughter of Richard "Strongbow" fitz Gilbert and Eve of Leinster) was born in 1173; died on 7 Mar 1220; was buried in Tintern Abbey, Monmouthshire, Wales. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]


  4. 7.  Isabel de Clare was born in 1173 (daughter of Richard "Strongbow" fitz Gilbert and Eve of Leinster); died on 7 Mar 1220; was buried in Tintern Abbey, Monmouthshire, Wales.
    Children:
    1. 3. Eve Marshal died between Jan 1242 and 1246.
    2. Joan Marshal died before Nov 1234.
    3. Walter Marshal died on 24 Nov 1245 in Goodrich Castle, Herefordshire, England.
    4. William Marshal was born about 1190; died on 24 Apr 1231; was buried in New Temple Church, London, England.
    5. Maud Marshal was born in 1192; died on 27 Mar 1248; was buried in Tintern Abbey, Monmouthshire, Wales.
    6. Isabel Marshal was born on 9 Oct 1200 in Pembroke, Pembrokeshire, Wales; died on 17 Jan 1240 in Berkhamsted, Hertfordshire, England; was buried in Beaulieu Abbey, Hampshire, England.
    7. Sybil Marshal was born about 1204; died before 1238.


Generation: 4

  1. 8.  William de Briouze was born in in of Briouze, Normandy, France (son of William de Briouze and Bertha of Hereford); died on 9 Aug 1211 in Corbeil, near Paris, France.

    Other Events:

    • Alternate birth: of Bramber, Sussex, England
    • Alternate death: Sep 1211, Corbeil, near Paris, France

    Notes:

    "William was the most notable member of the de Braose dynasty. His steady rise and sudden fall at the hands of King John is often taken as an example of that king's arbitrary and capricious behaviour towards his barons." [Wikipedia]

    "William de Briouze, Lord of Briouze, Bramber, Brecon, Over Gwent, &c., s. and h. He m. Maud De St. Valery, "Lady of La Haie." In consequence of his well-known quarrel with King John, his lands were forfeited in 1208, and his wife and 1st s. starved to death in the dungeons of Corfe (or of Windsor) in 1210. He d. at Corbeil near Paris, 9, and was bur. 10 Aug. 1211, in the Abbey of St. Victor at Paris." [Complete Peerage I:22]

    "He slaughtered Seisyll ap Dyvnwal (abovenamed) and a host of unarmed Welshmen, in the castle of Abergavenny in 1175, in revenge for the death of his uncle Henry of Hereford [Brut y Tywysogian, R. de Diceto, etc.). Seisyll was owner of Castle Arnold, and is said in an inaccurate version of the Brut to have captured Abergavenny in 1172, the slaughter being dated 1177 (The Gwentian Chronicle, Cambrian Arch. Assoc, p. 137). But the better version of the Brut (Rolls Ser., p. 218; Y Brutieu, in Welsh Texts, ed. Rhys and Evans, 1890, p. 330) on the contrary, states that Seisyll was captured in 1172 by the garrison of Abergavenny. (ex inform. G. W. Watson.)" [Complete Peerage I:22, footnote (a).]

    William married Maud de St. Valéry. Maud (daughter of Bernard de St. Valéry and Matilda) was born about 1150; died in 1210 in Windsor, Berkshire, England. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]


  2. 9.  Maud de St. Valéry was born about 1150 (daughter of Bernard de St. Valéry and Matilda); died in 1210 in Windsor, Berkshire, England.

    Other Events:

    • Alternate death: 1210, Corfe Castle, Dorset, England

    Notes:

    Also called Maud de Braose; Moll Wallbee; Lady of La Haie.

    From Wikipedia:

    "In 1208, William de Braose quarrelled with his friend and patron King John. The reason is not known but it is alleged that Maud made indiscreet comments regarding the murder of King John's nephew Arthur of Brittany. There was also a large sum of money (five thousand marks) de Braose owed the King. Whatever the reason, John demanded Maud's son William be sent to him as a hostage for her husband's loyalty. Maud refused, and stated loudly within earshot of the King's officers that 'she would not deliver her children to a king who had murdered his own nephew.' The King quickly led troops to the Welsh border and seized all of the castles that belonged to William de Braose. Maud and her eldest son William fled to Ireland, where they found refuge at Trim Castle with the de Lacys, the family of her daughter Margaret. In 1210, King John sent an expedition to Ireland. Maud and her son escaped but were apprehended in Galloway by Donnchadh, Earl of Carrick. After being briefly held at Carrickfergus Castle, they were dispatched to England.

    "Maud and her son William were first imprisoned at Windsor Castle, but were shortly afterwards transferred to Corfe Castle in Dorset where they were placed inside the dungeon. Maud and William both starved to death. [...]

    "Maud de Braose features in many Welsh legends. There is one which says that Maud built the castle of Hay-on-Wye single-handed in one night, carrying the stones in her apron. She was also said to have been extremely tall and often donned armour while leading troops into battle."

    Children:
    1. William de Briouze died in 1210 in Windsor, Berkshire, England.
    2. 4. Reynold de Briouze was born in in of Abergavenny, Monmouthshire, Wales; died between 1227 and 1228.
    3. Bertha de Briouze
    4. Matilda de Briouze died on 29 Dec 1210 in Llanbardarn Fawr, Ceredigion, Wales; was buried in Strata Florida Abbey, Ceredigion, Wales.
    5. Margaret de Briouze was born about 1181; died after 25 Jun 1245.

  3. 10.  William de Briwerre was born in in of Torre, Devon, England (son of Thomas Briwerre and (Unknown) de Albemarle); died on 24 Nov 1226; was buried in Dunkeswell Abbey, Devon, England.

    Other Events:

    • Alternate birth: Abt 1145, of King's Somborne, Ashley, Hampshire, England

    Notes:

    Also called Briwere, Briguerre. Justice of the King's Bench for both kings Richard I and John. Sheriff of Devon, 1179-89, 1200; of Berkshire 1190-94; of Oxfordshire 1190-4, 1201-2; of Nottinghamshire and Derbyshire, 1194-1200, 1203-4; of Hampshire 1199-1201, 1207-9, 1212, 1214-15; of Cornwall 1202-4; of Somerset and Dorset 1207-9; of Wiltshire 1207-9; of Sussex 1208-9; of Gloucestershire 1220. Hereditary forester of Bere Ashley Forest.

    "In 1223 he opposed the confirmation of the Magna Carta and the charter of the forest, declaring that they were 'extorted by violence.'" [Royal Ancestry]

    "When King Richard left England in 1189, he appointed Briwere to be one of the four justices to whom he committed the charge of the kingdom. Called one of King John's evil counselors who care for nothing but to please their master. One of the favorite counsellors of Henry III." [The Ancestry of Dorothea Poyntz]

    Buried in the habit of a Cistercian monk before the high altar in Dunkeswell Abbey, Devon.

    William married Beatrice de Vaux. Beatrice (daughter of Hubert de Vaux and Grace) was born about 1149; died on 24 Mar 1217; was buried in Mottisfont Priory, Hampshire, England. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]


  4. 11.  Beatrice de Vaux was born about 1149 (daughter of Hubert de Vaux and Grace); died on 24 Mar 1217; was buried in Mottisfont Priory, Hampshire, England.

    Other Events:

    • Alternate birth: Bef 1156

    Notes:

    Also called Beatrice de Valle, Beatrice de Vallibus. Former mistress of Reynold Fitz Roy, earl of Cornwall (d. 1 Jul 1175), but The Ancestry of Dorothea Poyntz says that she "may have been identical to his wife."

    Children:
    1. Margery Briwerre died after 1232.
    2. Isabel de Briwerre died before 10 Jun 1233.
    3. 5. Grace Briwerre died before 1215.
    4. Alice de Briwere died after 1239.
    5. Joan Briwerre died before 12 Jun 1233; was buried in Hospital of Sandon, Surrey, England.

  5. 12.  John fitz Gilbert was born before 1109 in of Cherhill, Wiltshire, England (son of Gilbert); died before 29 Sep 1165.

    Notes:

    Also called John the Marshal.

    Wikipedia:

    "John FitzGilbert the Marshal of the Horses [...] was a minor Anglo-Norman nobleman during the reign of King Stephen, and fought in the 12th century civil war on the side of Empress Matilda. Since at least 1130 and probably earlier, he had been the royal marshal to King Henry I. When Henry died, John FitzGilbert swore for Stephen and was granted the castles of Marlborough and Ludgershall, Wiltshire during this time. Along with Hamstead Marshal, this gave him control of the valley of the River Kennet in Wiltshire. Around 1139, John changed sides and swore for the Empress Matilda. In September 1141, Matilda fled the siege of Winchester and took refuge in the Marshal's castle at Ludgershall. While covering her retreat from Winchester, John Marshal was forced to take refuge at Wherwell Abbey. The attackers set fire to the building, and John lost an eye to dripping lead from the melting roof.

    "In 1152, John had a celebrated confrontation with King Stephen, who had besieged him at Newbury Castle. After John had broken an agreement to surrender, Stephen threatened to kill his son, whom John had given as a hostage. John refused, saying he could make more sons, but Stephen apparently took pity on the young boy and did not kill him. The boy grew up to be William Marshal, 1st Earl of Pembroke, a legendary figure in medieval lore, and one of the most powerful men in England."

    John married Sybil de Salisbury. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]


  6. 13.  Sybil de Salisbury (daughter of Walter of Salisbury and Sybil de Chaworth).

    Notes:

    Also called Sibel d'Evreux.

    Died on a 3 June, year unknown.

    Children:
    1. (Unknown) Marshal
    2. 6. William Marshal was born about 1146; died on 14 May 1219 in Caversham, Oxfordshire, England; was buried in Temple Church, London, England.

  7. 14.  Richard "Strongbow" fitz Gilbert was born about 1130 (son of Gilbert "Strongbow" fitz Gilbert and Isabel de Beaumont); died about 20 Apr 1176 in Dublin, Ireland; was buried in Christ Church, Dublin, Ireland.

    Notes:

    Earl of Pembroke. Earl of Striguil. Justiciar of Ireland.

    Also called Richard de Clare.

    "Like his father, he was also commonly known by his nickname Strongbow (Norman French: Arc-Fort). He was an English lord notable for his leading role in the Norman invasion of Ireland. [...] Strongbow was the statesman, whereas Raymond was the soldier, of the conquest. He is vividly described by Giraldus Cambrensis as a tall and fair man, of pleasing appearance, modest in his bearing, delicate in features, of a low voice, but sage in council and the idol of his soldiers." [Wikipedia]

    Richard married Eve of Leinster about 26 Aug 1170 in Waterford, Munster, Ireland. Eve (daughter of Diarmait Mac Murchada, King of Leinster and Mor ni Tuathail) was born about 1145; died after 1185; was buried in Tintern Abbey, Monmouthshire, Wales. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]


  8. 15.  Eve of Leinster was born about 1145 (daughter of Diarmait Mac Murchada, King of Leinster and Mor ni Tuathail); died after 1185; was buried in Tintern Abbey, Monmouthshire, Wales.

    Other Events:

    • Alternate death: Aft 1187

    Notes:

    Also called Aoife ni Darmait; Aoife MacMurrough; Red Eva.

    From Wikipedia:

    "On the 29 August 1170, following the Norman invasion of Ireland that her father had requested, she married Richard de Clare, 2nd Earl of Pembroke, better known as Strongbow, the leader of the Norman invasion force, in Reginald's Tower in Waterford. She had been promised to Strongbow by her father who had visited England to ask for an invasion army. He was not allowed to give his daughter away, as under Early Irish Law Aoife had the choice of whom she married, but she had to agree to an arranged marriage, that is, to select from a list of suitable suitors.

    "Under Anglo-Norman law, this gave Strongbow succession rights to the Kingdom of Leinster. Under Irish Brehon law, the marriage gave her a life interest only, after which any land would normally revert to male cousins; but Brehon law also recognised a transfer of 'swordland' following a conquest. Aoife conducted battles on behalf of her husband and is sometimes known as Red Eva (Irish: Aoife Rua)."

    Children:
    1. 7. Isabel de Clare was born in 1173; died on 7 Mar 1220; was buried in Tintern Abbey, Monmouthshire, Wales.